Abstract

In the theoretical study of photoionization, certain properties of the photoelectrons are not defined in terms of any (even idealized) model for the electron-detection process, in contrast to the well-known Glauber theory of photon detection. Thus, for instance, the energy spectrum of the electron produced in atomic ionization is usually defined simply as the long-time probability for the electron to have a given energy. In this paper a formal model for an electron detector localized to a small region in space, similar to the DeWitt monopole detector, is set up in terms of which results analogous to those obtained for photon detection in the Glauber theory can be obtained. In addition, it is possible to define correlation functions describing the joint probability of detecting an electron and a photon. This correlation function is calculated here in the case of two-photon ionization of an atom modeled as having two discrete energy levels and an ionization continuum. When the atom is subjected to an incident driving field, both a photoelectron and scattered photons arising from the spontaneous decay of the upper of the two discrete levels are produced. Correlations between these photons and the photoelectron are studied here by considering the joint probability of detection of a photoelectron and a scattered photon for a monochromatic driving field.

© 1989 Optical Society of America

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