Abstract

Linear- and nonlinear-optical properties of Eu3+:Y2SiO5 have been investigated. All the energy levels of the7F0,1,2,… ground-state manifold and the 5D0,1,2 excited-state manifold were identified, and they were found to be doubly structured because of the two inequivalent optical sites. Two absorption lines of the 7F05D0 transition were studied in detail by using nonlinear spectroscopic techniques, photon-echo and stimulated-photon-echo methods. It was found by the photon-echo measurement that the optical dephasing time for one site is extremely long and is excitation-intensity dependent. With the smallest possible intensity we observed the longest ever dephasing time in a solid, 822 μs, or a 387-Hz homogeneous linewidth. From the stimulated-photon-echo measurement, the linewidth was found to be constant over a wide range of time scales, implying the absence of spectral diffusion in this crystal. These quite advantageous properties of this crystal were used for the demonstration of two novel types of time-domain optical data readout: time- and frequency-domain hybrid optical memory and spectrally programmed coherent transients.

© 1992 Optical Society of America

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