Abstract

Silver nanoparticle/bismuth oxide composite films were deposited by cosputtering and annealed at different temperatures. The X-ray diffraction results demonstrate that the silver and bismuth oxide were well crystallized after 600°C thermal annealing. The linear absorption peaks show a red-shift behavior while increasing annealing temperature. The annealing effect of the third-order nonlinear optical susceptibilities and ultrafast nonlinear optical response of the silver nanoparticles/bismuth oxide composite thin films are investigated using the femtosecond time-resolved optical Kerr effect technique under 800 nm wavelength. The maximum value e of χ (3) of Ag:Bi2O3 thin films is 2.1×10-9 esu, which occurs at an annealing temperature of 600°C. The ultrafast optical response spectra demonstrate the temperature dependence of decay process time.

©2005 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]

2003 (3)

Y. Liu, D. Li, R. Y. Zhu, G. J. You, S. X. Qian, Y. Yang, and J. L. Shi, “Third-order nonlinear optical response of Au-core CdS-shell composite nanoparticles embedded in BaTiO3 thin films,” Appl. Phys. B 76,435 (2003).
[Crossref]

P. Zhou, G. J. You, Y. G. Li, T. Han, J. Li, S. Y. Wang, L. Y. Chen, Y. Liu, and S. X. Qian, “Linear and ultrafast nonlinear optical response of Ag:Bi2O3 composite films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83,3876 (2003).
[Crossref]

H. B. Liao, W. J. Wen, G. K. L. Wong, and G. Z. Yang, “Optical nonlinearity of nanocrystalline Au/ZnO composite films,” Opt. Lett. 28,1790 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2002 (3)

G. H. Ma, W. X. Sun, S. H. Tang, H. Z. Zhang, Z. X. Shen, and S. X. Qian, “Size and dielectric dependence of the third-order nonlinear optical response of Au nanocrystals embedded in matrices,” Opt. Lett. 27,1043 (2002).
[Crossref]

G. Yang, W. T. Wang, Y. L. Zhou, H. B. Lu, G. Z. Y, and Z. H. Chen, “Linear and nonlinear optical properties of Ag nanocluster/BaTiO3 composite films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 3969 (2002).
[Crossref]

S. K. Mandal, R. K. Roy, and A. K. Pal, “Surface plasmon resonance in nanocrystalline silver particles embedded in SiO2 matrix,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 35,2198 (2002).
[Crossref]

2001 (1)

G. H. Ma, L. J. Guo, J. Mi, Y. Liu, S. X. Qian, D. C. Pan, and Y. Huang, “Femtosecond nonlinear optical response of metallophthalocyanine films,” Solid. State. Commun. 118, 633 (2001).
[Crossref]

1999 (1)

V. Halté, J. Y. Bigot, B. Palpant, M. Broyer, B. Prével, and A. Pérez, “Size dependence of the energy relaxation in silver nanoparticles embedded in dielectric matrices,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 3799 (1999).
[Crossref]

1998 (2)

H. B. Liao, R. F. Xiao, H. Wang, K. S. Wong, and G. K. L. Wong, “Large third-order optical nonlinearity in Au:TiO2 composite films measured on a femtosecond time scale,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 1817 (1998).
[Crossref]

H. B. Liao, R. F. Xiao, J. S. Fu, H. Wang, K. S. Wong, and G. K. L. Wong, “Origin of third-order optical nonlinearity in Au : SiO2 composite films on femtosecond and picosecond time scales,” Opt. Lett. 23,388 (1998).
[Crossref]

1997 (2)

M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, A. Cavalleri, A. M. Malvezzi, A. Stella, G. Lanzani, P. Cheyssac, and R. Kofman, “Coherent acoustic oscillations in metallic nanoparticles generated with femtosecond optical pulses,” Phys. Rev. B 55, R13424(1997).
[Crossref]

H. B. Liao, R. F. Xiao, J. S. Fu, R. Yu, G. K. L. Wong, and P. Sheng, “Large third-order optical nonlinearity in Au:SiO2 compositefilms near the percolation threshold,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 70,1 (1997).
[Crossref]

1995 (1)

S. Kinoshita, Y. Kai, M. Yamaguchi, and T. Yagi, “Direct comparison between ultrafast optical kerr-effect and high-resolution light scattering spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 148 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1994 (1)

S. Ogama, Y. Hayashi, N. Kobayashi, T. Tokizaki, and A. Nakamura, “Novel preparation method of metal particles dispersed in polymer-films and their 3rd-order optical nonlinearities,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys 33, L331 (1994).
[Crossref]

1991 (1)

D. McMorrow and W. T. Lotshaw, “Intermolecular dynamics in acetonitrile probed with femtosecond fourier-transform raman-spectroscopy,” J. Phys. Chem. 95, 10395 (1991).
[Crossref]

1990 (1)

Ashley, P. R.

Bigot, J. Y.

V. Halté, J. Y. Bigot, B. Palpant, M. Broyer, B. Prével, and A. Pérez, “Size dependence of the energy relaxation in silver nanoparticles embedded in dielectric matrices,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 3799 (1999).
[Crossref]

Bloemer, M. J.

Broyer, M.

V. Halté, J. Y. Bigot, B. Palpant, M. Broyer, B. Prével, and A. Pérez, “Size dependence of the energy relaxation in silver nanoparticles embedded in dielectric matrices,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 3799 (1999).
[Crossref]

Cavalleri, A.

M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, A. Cavalleri, A. M. Malvezzi, A. Stella, G. Lanzani, P. Cheyssac, and R. Kofman, “Coherent acoustic oscillations in metallic nanoparticles generated with femtosecond optical pulses,” Phys. Rev. B 55, R13424(1997).
[Crossref]

Chen, L. Y.

P. Zhou, G. J. You, Y. G. Li, T. Han, J. Li, S. Y. Wang, L. Y. Chen, Y. Liu, and S. X. Qian, “Linear and ultrafast nonlinear optical response of Ag:Bi2O3 composite films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83,3876 (2003).
[Crossref]

Chen, Z. H.

G. Yang, W. T. Wang, Y. L. Zhou, H. B. Lu, G. Z. Y, and Z. H. Chen, “Linear and nonlinear optical properties of Ag nanocluster/BaTiO3 composite films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 3969 (2002).
[Crossref]

Cheyssac, P.

M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, A. Cavalleri, A. M. Malvezzi, A. Stella, G. Lanzani, P. Cheyssac, and R. Kofman, “Coherent acoustic oscillations in metallic nanoparticles generated with femtosecond optical pulses,” Phys. Rev. B 55, R13424(1997).
[Crossref]

De Silvestri, S.

M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, A. Cavalleri, A. M. Malvezzi, A. Stella, G. Lanzani, P. Cheyssac, and R. Kofman, “Coherent acoustic oscillations in metallic nanoparticles generated with femtosecond optical pulses,” Phys. Rev. B 55, R13424(1997).
[Crossref]

Fu, J. S.

H. B. Liao, R. F. Xiao, J. S. Fu, H. Wang, K. S. Wong, and G. K. L. Wong, “Origin of third-order optical nonlinearity in Au : SiO2 composite films on femtosecond and picosecond time scales,” Opt. Lett. 23,388 (1998).
[Crossref]

H. B. Liao, R. F. Xiao, J. S. Fu, R. Yu, G. K. L. Wong, and P. Sheng, “Large third-order optical nonlinearity in Au:SiO2 compositefilms near the percolation threshold,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 70,1 (1997).
[Crossref]

G. Z. Y,

G. Yang, W. T. Wang, Y. L. Zhou, H. B. Lu, G. Z. Y, and Z. H. Chen, “Linear and nonlinear optical properties of Ag nanocluster/BaTiO3 composite films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 3969 (2002).
[Crossref]

Guo, L. J.

G. H. Ma, L. J. Guo, J. Mi, Y. Liu, S. X. Qian, D. C. Pan, and Y. Huang, “Femtosecond nonlinear optical response of metallophthalocyanine films,” Solid. State. Commun. 118, 633 (2001).
[Crossref]

Halté, V.

V. Halté, J. Y. Bigot, B. Palpant, M. Broyer, B. Prével, and A. Pérez, “Size dependence of the energy relaxation in silver nanoparticles embedded in dielectric matrices,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 3799 (1999).
[Crossref]

Han, T.

P. Zhou, G. J. You, Y. G. Li, T. Han, J. Li, S. Y. Wang, L. Y. Chen, Y. Liu, and S. X. Qian, “Linear and ultrafast nonlinear optical response of Ag:Bi2O3 composite films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83,3876 (2003).
[Crossref]

Haus, J. W.

Hayashi, Y.

S. Ogama, Y. Hayashi, N. Kobayashi, T. Tokizaki, and A. Nakamura, “Novel preparation method of metal particles dispersed in polymer-films and their 3rd-order optical nonlinearities,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys 33, L331 (1994).
[Crossref]

Huang, Y.

G. H. Ma, L. J. Guo, J. Mi, Y. Liu, S. X. Qian, D. C. Pan, and Y. Huang, “Femtosecond nonlinear optical response of metallophthalocyanine films,” Solid. State. Commun. 118, 633 (2001).
[Crossref]

Kai, Y.

S. Kinoshita, Y. Kai, M. Yamaguchi, and T. Yagi, “Direct comparison between ultrafast optical kerr-effect and high-resolution light scattering spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 148 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kinoshita, S.

S. Kinoshita, Y. Kai, M. Yamaguchi, and T. Yagi, “Direct comparison between ultrafast optical kerr-effect and high-resolution light scattering spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 148 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kobayashi, N.

S. Ogama, Y. Hayashi, N. Kobayashi, T. Tokizaki, and A. Nakamura, “Novel preparation method of metal particles dispersed in polymer-films and their 3rd-order optical nonlinearities,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys 33, L331 (1994).
[Crossref]

Kofman, R.

M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, A. Cavalleri, A. M. Malvezzi, A. Stella, G. Lanzani, P. Cheyssac, and R. Kofman, “Coherent acoustic oscillations in metallic nanoparticles generated with femtosecond optical pulses,” Phys. Rev. B 55, R13424(1997).
[Crossref]

Kreibig, U.

U. Kreibig and V. Michael, Optical Properties of Metal Clusters,Springer, Berlin (1995).

Lanzani, G.

M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, A. Cavalleri, A. M. Malvezzi, A. Stella, G. Lanzani, P. Cheyssac, and R. Kofman, “Coherent acoustic oscillations in metallic nanoparticles generated with femtosecond optical pulses,” Phys. Rev. B 55, R13424(1997).
[Crossref]

Li, D.

Y. Liu, D. Li, R. Y. Zhu, G. J. You, S. X. Qian, Y. Yang, and J. L. Shi, “Third-order nonlinear optical response of Au-core CdS-shell composite nanoparticles embedded in BaTiO3 thin films,” Appl. Phys. B 76,435 (2003).
[Crossref]

Li, J.

P. Zhou, G. J. You, Y. G. Li, T. Han, J. Li, S. Y. Wang, L. Y. Chen, Y. Liu, and S. X. Qian, “Linear and ultrafast nonlinear optical response of Ag:Bi2O3 composite films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83,3876 (2003).
[Crossref]

Li, Y. G.

P. Zhou, G. J. You, Y. G. Li, T. Han, J. Li, S. Y. Wang, L. Y. Chen, Y. Liu, and S. X. Qian, “Linear and ultrafast nonlinear optical response of Ag:Bi2O3 composite films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83,3876 (2003).
[Crossref]

Liao, H. B.

H. B. Liao, W. J. Wen, G. K. L. Wong, and G. Z. Yang, “Optical nonlinearity of nanocrystalline Au/ZnO composite films,” Opt. Lett. 28,1790 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. B. Liao, R. F. Xiao, J. S. Fu, H. Wang, K. S. Wong, and G. K. L. Wong, “Origin of third-order optical nonlinearity in Au : SiO2 composite films on femtosecond and picosecond time scales,” Opt. Lett. 23,388 (1998).
[Crossref]

H. B. Liao, R. F. Xiao, H. Wang, K. S. Wong, and G. K. L. Wong, “Large third-order optical nonlinearity in Au:TiO2 composite films measured on a femtosecond time scale,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 1817 (1998).
[Crossref]

H. B. Liao, R. F. Xiao, J. S. Fu, R. Yu, G. K. L. Wong, and P. Sheng, “Large third-order optical nonlinearity in Au:SiO2 compositefilms near the percolation threshold,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 70,1 (1997).
[Crossref]

Liu, Y.

Y. Liu, D. Li, R. Y. Zhu, G. J. You, S. X. Qian, Y. Yang, and J. L. Shi, “Third-order nonlinear optical response of Au-core CdS-shell composite nanoparticles embedded in BaTiO3 thin films,” Appl. Phys. B 76,435 (2003).
[Crossref]

P. Zhou, G. J. You, Y. G. Li, T. Han, J. Li, S. Y. Wang, L. Y. Chen, Y. Liu, and S. X. Qian, “Linear and ultrafast nonlinear optical response of Ag:Bi2O3 composite films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83,3876 (2003).
[Crossref]

G. H. Ma, L. J. Guo, J. Mi, Y. Liu, S. X. Qian, D. C. Pan, and Y. Huang, “Femtosecond nonlinear optical response of metallophthalocyanine films,” Solid. State. Commun. 118, 633 (2001).
[Crossref]

Lotshaw, W. T.

D. McMorrow and W. T. Lotshaw, “Intermolecular dynamics in acetonitrile probed with femtosecond fourier-transform raman-spectroscopy,” J. Phys. Chem. 95, 10395 (1991).
[Crossref]

Lu, H. B.

G. Yang, W. T. Wang, Y. L. Zhou, H. B. Lu, G. Z. Y, and Z. H. Chen, “Linear and nonlinear optical properties of Ag nanocluster/BaTiO3 composite films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 3969 (2002).
[Crossref]

Ma, G. H.

G. H. Ma, W. X. Sun, S. H. Tang, H. Z. Zhang, Z. X. Shen, and S. X. Qian, “Size and dielectric dependence of the third-order nonlinear optical response of Au nanocrystals embedded in matrices,” Opt. Lett. 27,1043 (2002).
[Crossref]

G. H. Ma, L. J. Guo, J. Mi, Y. Liu, S. X. Qian, D. C. Pan, and Y. Huang, “Femtosecond nonlinear optical response of metallophthalocyanine films,” Solid. State. Commun. 118, 633 (2001).
[Crossref]

Malvezzi, A. M.

M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, A. Cavalleri, A. M. Malvezzi, A. Stella, G. Lanzani, P. Cheyssac, and R. Kofman, “Coherent acoustic oscillations in metallic nanoparticles generated with femtosecond optical pulses,” Phys. Rev. B 55, R13424(1997).
[Crossref]

Mandal, S. K.

S. K. Mandal, R. K. Roy, and A. K. Pal, “Surface plasmon resonance in nanocrystalline silver particles embedded in SiO2 matrix,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 35,2198 (2002).
[Crossref]

McMorrow, D.

D. McMorrow and W. T. Lotshaw, “Intermolecular dynamics in acetonitrile probed with femtosecond fourier-transform raman-spectroscopy,” J. Phys. Chem. 95, 10395 (1991).
[Crossref]

Mi, J.

G. H. Ma, L. J. Guo, J. Mi, Y. Liu, S. X. Qian, D. C. Pan, and Y. Huang, “Femtosecond nonlinear optical response of metallophthalocyanine films,” Solid. State. Commun. 118, 633 (2001).
[Crossref]

Michael, V.

U. Kreibig and V. Michael, Optical Properties of Metal Clusters,Springer, Berlin (1995).

Nakamura, A.

S. Ogama, Y. Hayashi, N. Kobayashi, T. Tokizaki, and A. Nakamura, “Novel preparation method of metal particles dispersed in polymer-films and their 3rd-order optical nonlinearities,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys 33, L331 (1994).
[Crossref]

Nisoli, M.

M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, A. Cavalleri, A. M. Malvezzi, A. Stella, G. Lanzani, P. Cheyssac, and R. Kofman, “Coherent acoustic oscillations in metallic nanoparticles generated with femtosecond optical pulses,” Phys. Rev. B 55, R13424(1997).
[Crossref]

Ogama, S.

S. Ogama, Y. Hayashi, N. Kobayashi, T. Tokizaki, and A. Nakamura, “Novel preparation method of metal particles dispersed in polymer-films and their 3rd-order optical nonlinearities,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys 33, L331 (1994).
[Crossref]

Pal, A. K.

S. K. Mandal, R. K. Roy, and A. K. Pal, “Surface plasmon resonance in nanocrystalline silver particles embedded in SiO2 matrix,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 35,2198 (2002).
[Crossref]

Palpant, B.

V. Halté, J. Y. Bigot, B. Palpant, M. Broyer, B. Prével, and A. Pérez, “Size dependence of the energy relaxation in silver nanoparticles embedded in dielectric matrices,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 3799 (1999).
[Crossref]

Pan, D. C.

G. H. Ma, L. J. Guo, J. Mi, Y. Liu, S. X. Qian, D. C. Pan, and Y. Huang, “Femtosecond nonlinear optical response of metallophthalocyanine films,” Solid. State. Commun. 118, 633 (2001).
[Crossref]

Pérez, A.

V. Halté, J. Y. Bigot, B. Palpant, M. Broyer, B. Prével, and A. Pérez, “Size dependence of the energy relaxation in silver nanoparticles embedded in dielectric matrices,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 3799 (1999).
[Crossref]

Prével, B.

V. Halté, J. Y. Bigot, B. Palpant, M. Broyer, B. Prével, and A. Pérez, “Size dependence of the energy relaxation in silver nanoparticles embedded in dielectric matrices,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 3799 (1999).
[Crossref]

Qian, S. X.

P. Zhou, G. J. You, Y. G. Li, T. Han, J. Li, S. Y. Wang, L. Y. Chen, Y. Liu, and S. X. Qian, “Linear and ultrafast nonlinear optical response of Ag:Bi2O3 composite films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83,3876 (2003).
[Crossref]

Y. Liu, D. Li, R. Y. Zhu, G. J. You, S. X. Qian, Y. Yang, and J. L. Shi, “Third-order nonlinear optical response of Au-core CdS-shell composite nanoparticles embedded in BaTiO3 thin films,” Appl. Phys. B 76,435 (2003).
[Crossref]

G. H. Ma, W. X. Sun, S. H. Tang, H. Z. Zhang, Z. X. Shen, and S. X. Qian, “Size and dielectric dependence of the third-order nonlinear optical response of Au nanocrystals embedded in matrices,” Opt. Lett. 27,1043 (2002).
[Crossref]

G. H. Ma, L. J. Guo, J. Mi, Y. Liu, S. X. Qian, D. C. Pan, and Y. Huang, “Femtosecond nonlinear optical response of metallophthalocyanine films,” Solid. State. Commun. 118, 633 (2001).
[Crossref]

Roy, R. K.

S. K. Mandal, R. K. Roy, and A. K. Pal, “Surface plasmon resonance in nanocrystalline silver particles embedded in SiO2 matrix,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 35,2198 (2002).
[Crossref]

Sakai, J. I.

J. I. Sakai, Phase Conjugate Optics (McGraw-Hill, Singapore,1992).

Shen, Z. X.

Sheng, P.

H. B. Liao, R. F. Xiao, J. S. Fu, R. Yu, G. K. L. Wong, and P. Sheng, “Large third-order optical nonlinearity in Au:SiO2 compositefilms near the percolation threshold,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 70,1 (1997).
[Crossref]

Shi, J. L.

Y. Liu, D. Li, R. Y. Zhu, G. J. You, S. X. Qian, Y. Yang, and J. L. Shi, “Third-order nonlinear optical response of Au-core CdS-shell composite nanoparticles embedded in BaTiO3 thin films,” Appl. Phys. B 76,435 (2003).
[Crossref]

Stella, A.

M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, A. Cavalleri, A. M. Malvezzi, A. Stella, G. Lanzani, P. Cheyssac, and R. Kofman, “Coherent acoustic oscillations in metallic nanoparticles generated with femtosecond optical pulses,” Phys. Rev. B 55, R13424(1997).
[Crossref]

Sun, W. X.

Tang, S. H.

Tokizaki, T.

S. Ogama, Y. Hayashi, N. Kobayashi, T. Tokizaki, and A. Nakamura, “Novel preparation method of metal particles dispersed in polymer-films and their 3rd-order optical nonlinearities,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys 33, L331 (1994).
[Crossref]

Wang, H.

H. B. Liao, R. F. Xiao, H. Wang, K. S. Wong, and G. K. L. Wong, “Large third-order optical nonlinearity in Au:TiO2 composite films measured on a femtosecond time scale,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 1817 (1998).
[Crossref]

H. B. Liao, R. F. Xiao, J. S. Fu, H. Wang, K. S. Wong, and G. K. L. Wong, “Origin of third-order optical nonlinearity in Au : SiO2 composite films on femtosecond and picosecond time scales,” Opt. Lett. 23,388 (1998).
[Crossref]

Wang, S. Y.

P. Zhou, G. J. You, Y. G. Li, T. Han, J. Li, S. Y. Wang, L. Y. Chen, Y. Liu, and S. X. Qian, “Linear and ultrafast nonlinear optical response of Ag:Bi2O3 composite films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83,3876 (2003).
[Crossref]

Wang, W. T.

G. Yang, W. T. Wang, Y. L. Zhou, H. B. Lu, G. Z. Y, and Z. H. Chen, “Linear and nonlinear optical properties of Ag nanocluster/BaTiO3 composite films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 3969 (2002).
[Crossref]

Wen, W. J.

Wong, G. K. L.

H. B. Liao, W. J. Wen, G. K. L. Wong, and G. Z. Yang, “Optical nonlinearity of nanocrystalline Au/ZnO composite films,” Opt. Lett. 28,1790 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. B. Liao, R. F. Xiao, J. S. Fu, H. Wang, K. S. Wong, and G. K. L. Wong, “Origin of third-order optical nonlinearity in Au : SiO2 composite films on femtosecond and picosecond time scales,” Opt. Lett. 23,388 (1998).
[Crossref]

H. B. Liao, R. F. Xiao, H. Wang, K. S. Wong, and G. K. L. Wong, “Large third-order optical nonlinearity in Au:TiO2 composite films measured on a femtosecond time scale,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 1817 (1998).
[Crossref]

H. B. Liao, R. F. Xiao, J. S. Fu, R. Yu, G. K. L. Wong, and P. Sheng, “Large third-order optical nonlinearity in Au:SiO2 compositefilms near the percolation threshold,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 70,1 (1997).
[Crossref]

Wong, K. S.

H. B. Liao, R. F. Xiao, H. Wang, K. S. Wong, and G. K. L. Wong, “Large third-order optical nonlinearity in Au:TiO2 composite films measured on a femtosecond time scale,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 1817 (1998).
[Crossref]

H. B. Liao, R. F. Xiao, J. S. Fu, H. Wang, K. S. Wong, and G. K. L. Wong, “Origin of third-order optical nonlinearity in Au : SiO2 composite films on femtosecond and picosecond time scales,” Opt. Lett. 23,388 (1998).
[Crossref]

Xiao, R. F.

H. B. Liao, R. F. Xiao, J. S. Fu, H. Wang, K. S. Wong, and G. K. L. Wong, “Origin of third-order optical nonlinearity in Au : SiO2 composite films on femtosecond and picosecond time scales,” Opt. Lett. 23,388 (1998).
[Crossref]

H. B. Liao, R. F. Xiao, H. Wang, K. S. Wong, and G. K. L. Wong, “Large third-order optical nonlinearity in Au:TiO2 composite films measured on a femtosecond time scale,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 1817 (1998).
[Crossref]

H. B. Liao, R. F. Xiao, J. S. Fu, R. Yu, G. K. L. Wong, and P. Sheng, “Large third-order optical nonlinearity in Au:SiO2 compositefilms near the percolation threshold,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 70,1 (1997).
[Crossref]

Yagi, T.

S. Kinoshita, Y. Kai, M. Yamaguchi, and T. Yagi, “Direct comparison between ultrafast optical kerr-effect and high-resolution light scattering spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 148 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yamaguchi, M.

S. Kinoshita, Y. Kai, M. Yamaguchi, and T. Yagi, “Direct comparison between ultrafast optical kerr-effect and high-resolution light scattering spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 148 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yang, G.

G. Yang, W. T. Wang, Y. L. Zhou, H. B. Lu, G. Z. Y, and Z. H. Chen, “Linear and nonlinear optical properties of Ag nanocluster/BaTiO3 composite films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 3969 (2002).
[Crossref]

Yang, G. Z.

Yang, Y.

Y. Liu, D. Li, R. Y. Zhu, G. J. You, S. X. Qian, Y. Yang, and J. L. Shi, “Third-order nonlinear optical response of Au-core CdS-shell composite nanoparticles embedded in BaTiO3 thin films,” Appl. Phys. B 76,435 (2003).
[Crossref]

You, G. J.

Y. Liu, D. Li, R. Y. Zhu, G. J. You, S. X. Qian, Y. Yang, and J. L. Shi, “Third-order nonlinear optical response of Au-core CdS-shell composite nanoparticles embedded in BaTiO3 thin films,” Appl. Phys. B 76,435 (2003).
[Crossref]

P. Zhou, G. J. You, Y. G. Li, T. Han, J. Li, S. Y. Wang, L. Y. Chen, Y. Liu, and S. X. Qian, “Linear and ultrafast nonlinear optical response of Ag:Bi2O3 composite films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83,3876 (2003).
[Crossref]

Yu, R.

H. B. Liao, R. F. Xiao, J. S. Fu, R. Yu, G. K. L. Wong, and P. Sheng, “Large third-order optical nonlinearity in Au:SiO2 compositefilms near the percolation threshold,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 70,1 (1997).
[Crossref]

Zhang, H. Z.

Zhou, P.

P. Zhou, G. J. You, Y. G. Li, T. Han, J. Li, S. Y. Wang, L. Y. Chen, Y. Liu, and S. X. Qian, “Linear and ultrafast nonlinear optical response of Ag:Bi2O3 composite films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83,3876 (2003).
[Crossref]

Zhou, Y. L.

G. Yang, W. T. Wang, Y. L. Zhou, H. B. Lu, G. Z. Y, and Z. H. Chen, “Linear and nonlinear optical properties of Ag nanocluster/BaTiO3 composite films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 3969 (2002).
[Crossref]

Zhu, R. Y.

Y. Liu, D. Li, R. Y. Zhu, G. J. You, S. X. Qian, Y. Yang, and J. L. Shi, “Third-order nonlinear optical response of Au-core CdS-shell composite nanoparticles embedded in BaTiO3 thin films,” Appl. Phys. B 76,435 (2003).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

Y. Liu, D. Li, R. Y. Zhu, G. J. You, S. X. Qian, Y. Yang, and J. L. Shi, “Third-order nonlinear optical response of Au-core CdS-shell composite nanoparticles embedded in BaTiO3 thin films,” Appl. Phys. B 76,435 (2003).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (5)

H. B. Liao, R. F. Xiao, J. S. Fu, R. Yu, G. K. L. Wong, and P. Sheng, “Large third-order optical nonlinearity in Au:SiO2 compositefilms near the percolation threshold,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 70,1 (1997).
[Crossref]

V. Halté, J. Y. Bigot, B. Palpant, M. Broyer, B. Prével, and A. Pérez, “Size dependence of the energy relaxation in silver nanoparticles embedded in dielectric matrices,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 3799 (1999).
[Crossref]

H. B. Liao, R. F. Xiao, H. Wang, K. S. Wong, and G. K. L. Wong, “Large third-order optical nonlinearity in Au:TiO2 composite films measured on a femtosecond time scale,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 1817 (1998).
[Crossref]

G. Yang, W. T. Wang, Y. L. Zhou, H. B. Lu, G. Z. Y, and Z. H. Chen, “Linear and nonlinear optical properties of Ag nanocluster/BaTiO3 composite films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 3969 (2002).
[Crossref]

P. Zhou, G. J. You, Y. G. Li, T. Han, J. Li, S. Y. Wang, L. Y. Chen, Y. Liu, and S. X. Qian, “Linear and ultrafast nonlinear optical response of Ag:Bi2O3 composite films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83,3876 (2003).
[Crossref]

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D. McMorrow and W. T. Lotshaw, “Intermolecular dynamics in acetonitrile probed with femtosecond fourier-transform raman-spectroscopy,” J. Phys. Chem. 95, 10395 (1991).
[Crossref]

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S. K. Mandal, R. K. Roy, and A. K. Pal, “Surface plasmon resonance in nanocrystalline silver particles embedded in SiO2 matrix,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 35,2198 (2002).
[Crossref]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys (1)

S. Ogama, Y. Hayashi, N. Kobayashi, T. Tokizaki, and A. Nakamura, “Novel preparation method of metal particles dispersed in polymer-films and their 3rd-order optical nonlinearities,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys 33, L331 (1994).
[Crossref]

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Phys. Rev. B (1)

M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, A. Cavalleri, A. M. Malvezzi, A. Stella, G. Lanzani, P. Cheyssac, and R. Kofman, “Coherent acoustic oscillations in metallic nanoparticles generated with femtosecond optical pulses,” Phys. Rev. B 55, R13424(1997).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

S. Kinoshita, Y. Kai, M. Yamaguchi, and T. Yagi, “Direct comparison between ultrafast optical kerr-effect and high-resolution light scattering spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 148 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Solid. State. Commun. (1)

G. H. Ma, L. J. Guo, J. Mi, Y. Liu, S. X. Qian, D. C. Pan, and Y. Huang, “Femtosecond nonlinear optical response of metallophthalocyanine films,” Solid. State. Commun. 118, 633 (2001).
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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. The optical absorption spectra of Ag:Bi2O3 composite films with different annealing temperature. Curve A, as-deposited film; curves B, C, D, E, and F, films annealed for 1hour at 300, 400, 500, 600, and 700°C, respectively.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. XRD pattern for Ag:Bi2O3 composite films. A, the as-deposited film; the other films are annealed at B, 300°C for 1 h; C, 400°C for 1 h; D, 500°C for 1 h; E, 600°C for 1 h ;and F, 700°C for 1 h. The Ag nanoparticles peak after 600°C annealed is zoomed in the inset.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. Dependence of third-order nonlinear optical susceptibility [χ (3)] on annealing temperature. Solid circle and line indicates the experimental value and the Lorentz model fitting result, respectively.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. Femtosecond OKE response of Ag:Bi2O3 thin films with different annealing temperatures. Open symbol: experimental data; Solid line: fit of experimental data using exponential decay convolved with 100 fs Gaussian pulse.

Equations (4)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

d = 0.89 λ β cos θ
χ s ( 3 ) = χ r ( 3 ) ( I s I r ) 1 2 ( L r L s ) ( n s n r ) 2 1 R
R = [ 1 exp ( α L ) ] exp ( α L ) α L
χ fit ( 3 ) = A + ( 2 B π ) [ C ( 4 ( T T 0 ) 2 + C 2 ) ]

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