Abstract

We have studied the transmission performance of amplitude and phase shift keying (APSK) format theoretically. As there is a trade-off between the performance of amplitude shift keying (ASK) and phase shift keying (PSK) through the extinction ratio of the ASK format, zero-nulling method to improve the performance of the PSK format had been proposed. A demerit of the zero-nulling method is a reduction of the total capacity. This paper described the effectiveness of the zero-nulling method when the total capacity of the system was identical.

©2008 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. S. Hayase, N. Kikuchi, K. Sekine, and S. Sasaki, “Proposal of 8-state per symbol (binary ASK and QPSK) 30-Gbit/s optical modulation/demodulation scheme,” in European Conference of Optical Communication (ECOC), Rimini, Italy, 2003, Paper Th2.6.4.
  2. S. Hayase, N. Kikuchi, K. Sekine, and S. Sasaki, “Chromatic dispersion and SPM tolerance of 8-state/symbol (binary ASK and QPSK) modulated signal,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper ThM3. http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OFC-2004-ThM3.
  3. K. Sekine, N. Kikuchi, S. Sasaki, S. Hayase, C. Hasegawa, and T. Sugawara, “40 Gbit/s, 16-ary (4 bit/symbol) optical modulation/demodulation scheme,” IEE Electron. Lett. 41, (2005).
  4. N. Kikuchi, K. Sekine, S. Sasaki, and T. Sugawara, “Study on cross-phase modulation (XPM) effect on amplitude and differentially phase-modulated multilevel signals in DWDM transmission,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1549–1551 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  5. J. Zhao, L.-K. Chen, and C.-K. Chan, “Joint maximum likelihood sequence estimation for chromatic-dispersion compensation in ASK-DPSK modulation format,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 73– 75 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  6. T. Miyazaki and F. Kubota, “Superposition of DQPSK over inverse-RZ for 3-bit/symbol modulation-demodulation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2643–2645 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  7. H. Taga, J.-Y. Wu, W.-T. Shih, and S.-S. Shu, “Numerical study of APSK format for long-haul transmission and its performance improvement by zero-nulling method,” in 12th OptoElectronics and Communications Conference and 16th International Conference on Integrated Optics and Optical Fiber Communication (OECC/IOOC), Yokohama, Japan, 2007, Paper 12B1-5.
  8. N. S. Bergano, “Wavelength division multiplexing in long-haul transoceanic transmission systems,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 4125–4139 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  9. M. Suzuki, H. Kidorf, N. Edagawa, H. Taga, N. Takeda, K. Imai, I. Morita, S. Yamamoto, E. Shibano, T. Miyakawa, E. Nazuka, M. Ma, F. Kerfoot, R. Maybach, H. Adelmann, V. Arya, C. Chen, S. Evangelides, D. Gray, B. Pedersen, and A. Puc, “170 Gb/s Transmission Over 10,850 km Using Large Core Transmission Fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 1998), paper PD17. http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OFC-1998-PD17.
  10. G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Fourth Ed.), (Academic Press, San Diego, CA, 2006).
  11. X. Wei, X. Liu, and C. Xu, “Numerical simulation of the SPM penalty in a 10-Gb/s RZ-DPSK system,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.,  15, 1636–1638 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  12. K. Kikuchi, “Phase-diversity homodyne detection of multilevel optical modulation with digital carrier phase estimation,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.,  12, 563–570 (2006).
    [Crossref]

2007 (1)

J. Zhao, L.-K. Chen, and C.-K. Chan, “Joint maximum likelihood sequence estimation for chromatic-dispersion compensation in ASK-DPSK modulation format,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 73– 75 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

K. Kikuchi, “Phase-diversity homodyne detection of multilevel optical modulation with digital carrier phase estimation,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.,  12, 563–570 (2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (3)

N. S. Bergano, “Wavelength division multiplexing in long-haul transoceanic transmission systems,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 4125–4139 (2005).
[Crossref]

K. Sekine, N. Kikuchi, S. Sasaki, S. Hayase, C. Hasegawa, and T. Sugawara, “40 Gbit/s, 16-ary (4 bit/symbol) optical modulation/demodulation scheme,” IEE Electron. Lett. 41, (2005).

N. Kikuchi, K. Sekine, S. Sasaki, and T. Sugawara, “Study on cross-phase modulation (XPM) effect on amplitude and differentially phase-modulated multilevel signals in DWDM transmission,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1549–1551 (2005).
[Crossref]

2004 (1)

T. Miyazaki and F. Kubota, “Superposition of DQPSK over inverse-RZ for 3-bit/symbol modulation-demodulation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2643–2645 (2004).
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

X. Wei, X. Liu, and C. Xu, “Numerical simulation of the SPM penalty in a 10-Gb/s RZ-DPSK system,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.,  15, 1636–1638 (2003).
[Crossref]

Adelmann, H.

M. Suzuki, H. Kidorf, N. Edagawa, H. Taga, N. Takeda, K. Imai, I. Morita, S. Yamamoto, E. Shibano, T. Miyakawa, E. Nazuka, M. Ma, F. Kerfoot, R. Maybach, H. Adelmann, V. Arya, C. Chen, S. Evangelides, D. Gray, B. Pedersen, and A. Puc, “170 Gb/s Transmission Over 10,850 km Using Large Core Transmission Fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 1998), paper PD17. http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OFC-1998-PD17.

Agrawal, G. P.

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Fourth Ed.), (Academic Press, San Diego, CA, 2006).

Arya, V.

M. Suzuki, H. Kidorf, N. Edagawa, H. Taga, N. Takeda, K. Imai, I. Morita, S. Yamamoto, E. Shibano, T. Miyakawa, E. Nazuka, M. Ma, F. Kerfoot, R. Maybach, H. Adelmann, V. Arya, C. Chen, S. Evangelides, D. Gray, B. Pedersen, and A. Puc, “170 Gb/s Transmission Over 10,850 km Using Large Core Transmission Fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 1998), paper PD17. http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OFC-1998-PD17.

Bergano, N. S.

N. S. Bergano, “Wavelength division multiplexing in long-haul transoceanic transmission systems,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 4125–4139 (2005).
[Crossref]

Chan, C.-K.

J. Zhao, L.-K. Chen, and C.-K. Chan, “Joint maximum likelihood sequence estimation for chromatic-dispersion compensation in ASK-DPSK modulation format,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 73– 75 (2007).
[Crossref]

Chen, C.

M. Suzuki, H. Kidorf, N. Edagawa, H. Taga, N. Takeda, K. Imai, I. Morita, S. Yamamoto, E. Shibano, T. Miyakawa, E. Nazuka, M. Ma, F. Kerfoot, R. Maybach, H. Adelmann, V. Arya, C. Chen, S. Evangelides, D. Gray, B. Pedersen, and A. Puc, “170 Gb/s Transmission Over 10,850 km Using Large Core Transmission Fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 1998), paper PD17. http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OFC-1998-PD17.

Chen, L.-K.

J. Zhao, L.-K. Chen, and C.-K. Chan, “Joint maximum likelihood sequence estimation for chromatic-dispersion compensation in ASK-DPSK modulation format,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 73– 75 (2007).
[Crossref]

Edagawa, N.

M. Suzuki, H. Kidorf, N. Edagawa, H. Taga, N. Takeda, K. Imai, I. Morita, S. Yamamoto, E. Shibano, T. Miyakawa, E. Nazuka, M. Ma, F. Kerfoot, R. Maybach, H. Adelmann, V. Arya, C. Chen, S. Evangelides, D. Gray, B. Pedersen, and A. Puc, “170 Gb/s Transmission Over 10,850 km Using Large Core Transmission Fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 1998), paper PD17. http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OFC-1998-PD17.

Evangelides, S.

M. Suzuki, H. Kidorf, N. Edagawa, H. Taga, N. Takeda, K. Imai, I. Morita, S. Yamamoto, E. Shibano, T. Miyakawa, E. Nazuka, M. Ma, F. Kerfoot, R. Maybach, H. Adelmann, V. Arya, C. Chen, S. Evangelides, D. Gray, B. Pedersen, and A. Puc, “170 Gb/s Transmission Over 10,850 km Using Large Core Transmission Fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 1998), paper PD17. http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OFC-1998-PD17.

Gray, D.

M. Suzuki, H. Kidorf, N. Edagawa, H. Taga, N. Takeda, K. Imai, I. Morita, S. Yamamoto, E. Shibano, T. Miyakawa, E. Nazuka, M. Ma, F. Kerfoot, R. Maybach, H. Adelmann, V. Arya, C. Chen, S. Evangelides, D. Gray, B. Pedersen, and A. Puc, “170 Gb/s Transmission Over 10,850 km Using Large Core Transmission Fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 1998), paper PD17. http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OFC-1998-PD17.

Hasegawa, C.

K. Sekine, N. Kikuchi, S. Sasaki, S. Hayase, C. Hasegawa, and T. Sugawara, “40 Gbit/s, 16-ary (4 bit/symbol) optical modulation/demodulation scheme,” IEE Electron. Lett. 41, (2005).

Hayase, S.

K. Sekine, N. Kikuchi, S. Sasaki, S. Hayase, C. Hasegawa, and T. Sugawara, “40 Gbit/s, 16-ary (4 bit/symbol) optical modulation/demodulation scheme,” IEE Electron. Lett. 41, (2005).

S. Hayase, N. Kikuchi, K. Sekine, and S. Sasaki, “Proposal of 8-state per symbol (binary ASK and QPSK) 30-Gbit/s optical modulation/demodulation scheme,” in European Conference of Optical Communication (ECOC), Rimini, Italy, 2003, Paper Th2.6.4.

S. Hayase, N. Kikuchi, K. Sekine, and S. Sasaki, “Chromatic dispersion and SPM tolerance of 8-state/symbol (binary ASK and QPSK) modulated signal,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper ThM3. http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OFC-2004-ThM3.

Imai, K.

M. Suzuki, H. Kidorf, N. Edagawa, H. Taga, N. Takeda, K. Imai, I. Morita, S. Yamamoto, E. Shibano, T. Miyakawa, E. Nazuka, M. Ma, F. Kerfoot, R. Maybach, H. Adelmann, V. Arya, C. Chen, S. Evangelides, D. Gray, B. Pedersen, and A. Puc, “170 Gb/s Transmission Over 10,850 km Using Large Core Transmission Fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 1998), paper PD17. http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OFC-1998-PD17.

Kerfoot, F.

M. Suzuki, H. Kidorf, N. Edagawa, H. Taga, N. Takeda, K. Imai, I. Morita, S. Yamamoto, E. Shibano, T. Miyakawa, E. Nazuka, M. Ma, F. Kerfoot, R. Maybach, H. Adelmann, V. Arya, C. Chen, S. Evangelides, D. Gray, B. Pedersen, and A. Puc, “170 Gb/s Transmission Over 10,850 km Using Large Core Transmission Fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 1998), paper PD17. http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OFC-1998-PD17.

Kidorf, H.

M. Suzuki, H. Kidorf, N. Edagawa, H. Taga, N. Takeda, K. Imai, I. Morita, S. Yamamoto, E. Shibano, T. Miyakawa, E. Nazuka, M. Ma, F. Kerfoot, R. Maybach, H. Adelmann, V. Arya, C. Chen, S. Evangelides, D. Gray, B. Pedersen, and A. Puc, “170 Gb/s Transmission Over 10,850 km Using Large Core Transmission Fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 1998), paper PD17. http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OFC-1998-PD17.

Kikuchi, K.

K. Kikuchi, “Phase-diversity homodyne detection of multilevel optical modulation with digital carrier phase estimation,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.,  12, 563–570 (2006).
[Crossref]

Kikuchi, N.

K. Sekine, N. Kikuchi, S. Sasaki, S. Hayase, C. Hasegawa, and T. Sugawara, “40 Gbit/s, 16-ary (4 bit/symbol) optical modulation/demodulation scheme,” IEE Electron. Lett. 41, (2005).

N. Kikuchi, K. Sekine, S. Sasaki, and T. Sugawara, “Study on cross-phase modulation (XPM) effect on amplitude and differentially phase-modulated multilevel signals in DWDM transmission,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1549–1551 (2005).
[Crossref]

S. Hayase, N. Kikuchi, K. Sekine, and S. Sasaki, “Chromatic dispersion and SPM tolerance of 8-state/symbol (binary ASK and QPSK) modulated signal,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper ThM3. http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OFC-2004-ThM3.

S. Hayase, N. Kikuchi, K. Sekine, and S. Sasaki, “Proposal of 8-state per symbol (binary ASK and QPSK) 30-Gbit/s optical modulation/demodulation scheme,” in European Conference of Optical Communication (ECOC), Rimini, Italy, 2003, Paper Th2.6.4.

Kubota, F.

T. Miyazaki and F. Kubota, “Superposition of DQPSK over inverse-RZ for 3-bit/symbol modulation-demodulation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2643–2645 (2004).
[Crossref]

Liu, X.

X. Wei, X. Liu, and C. Xu, “Numerical simulation of the SPM penalty in a 10-Gb/s RZ-DPSK system,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.,  15, 1636–1638 (2003).
[Crossref]

Ma, M.

M. Suzuki, H. Kidorf, N. Edagawa, H. Taga, N. Takeda, K. Imai, I. Morita, S. Yamamoto, E. Shibano, T. Miyakawa, E. Nazuka, M. Ma, F. Kerfoot, R. Maybach, H. Adelmann, V. Arya, C. Chen, S. Evangelides, D. Gray, B. Pedersen, and A. Puc, “170 Gb/s Transmission Over 10,850 km Using Large Core Transmission Fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 1998), paper PD17. http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OFC-1998-PD17.

Maybach, R.

M. Suzuki, H. Kidorf, N. Edagawa, H. Taga, N. Takeda, K. Imai, I. Morita, S. Yamamoto, E. Shibano, T. Miyakawa, E. Nazuka, M. Ma, F. Kerfoot, R. Maybach, H. Adelmann, V. Arya, C. Chen, S. Evangelides, D. Gray, B. Pedersen, and A. Puc, “170 Gb/s Transmission Over 10,850 km Using Large Core Transmission Fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 1998), paper PD17. http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OFC-1998-PD17.

Miyakawa, T.

M. Suzuki, H. Kidorf, N. Edagawa, H. Taga, N. Takeda, K. Imai, I. Morita, S. Yamamoto, E. Shibano, T. Miyakawa, E. Nazuka, M. Ma, F. Kerfoot, R. Maybach, H. Adelmann, V. Arya, C. Chen, S. Evangelides, D. Gray, B. Pedersen, and A. Puc, “170 Gb/s Transmission Over 10,850 km Using Large Core Transmission Fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 1998), paper PD17. http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OFC-1998-PD17.

Miyazaki, T.

T. Miyazaki and F. Kubota, “Superposition of DQPSK over inverse-RZ for 3-bit/symbol modulation-demodulation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2643–2645 (2004).
[Crossref]

Morita, I.

M. Suzuki, H. Kidorf, N. Edagawa, H. Taga, N. Takeda, K. Imai, I. Morita, S. Yamamoto, E. Shibano, T. Miyakawa, E. Nazuka, M. Ma, F. Kerfoot, R. Maybach, H. Adelmann, V. Arya, C. Chen, S. Evangelides, D. Gray, B. Pedersen, and A. Puc, “170 Gb/s Transmission Over 10,850 km Using Large Core Transmission Fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 1998), paper PD17. http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OFC-1998-PD17.

Nazuka, E.

M. Suzuki, H. Kidorf, N. Edagawa, H. Taga, N. Takeda, K. Imai, I. Morita, S. Yamamoto, E. Shibano, T. Miyakawa, E. Nazuka, M. Ma, F. Kerfoot, R. Maybach, H. Adelmann, V. Arya, C. Chen, S. Evangelides, D. Gray, B. Pedersen, and A. Puc, “170 Gb/s Transmission Over 10,850 km Using Large Core Transmission Fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 1998), paper PD17. http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OFC-1998-PD17.

Pedersen, B.

M. Suzuki, H. Kidorf, N. Edagawa, H. Taga, N. Takeda, K. Imai, I. Morita, S. Yamamoto, E. Shibano, T. Miyakawa, E. Nazuka, M. Ma, F. Kerfoot, R. Maybach, H. Adelmann, V. Arya, C. Chen, S. Evangelides, D. Gray, B. Pedersen, and A. Puc, “170 Gb/s Transmission Over 10,850 km Using Large Core Transmission Fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 1998), paper PD17. http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OFC-1998-PD17.

Puc, A.

M. Suzuki, H. Kidorf, N. Edagawa, H. Taga, N. Takeda, K. Imai, I. Morita, S. Yamamoto, E. Shibano, T. Miyakawa, E. Nazuka, M. Ma, F. Kerfoot, R. Maybach, H. Adelmann, V. Arya, C. Chen, S. Evangelides, D. Gray, B. Pedersen, and A. Puc, “170 Gb/s Transmission Over 10,850 km Using Large Core Transmission Fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 1998), paper PD17. http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OFC-1998-PD17.

Sasaki, S.

K. Sekine, N. Kikuchi, S. Sasaki, S. Hayase, C. Hasegawa, and T. Sugawara, “40 Gbit/s, 16-ary (4 bit/symbol) optical modulation/demodulation scheme,” IEE Electron. Lett. 41, (2005).

N. Kikuchi, K. Sekine, S. Sasaki, and T. Sugawara, “Study on cross-phase modulation (XPM) effect on amplitude and differentially phase-modulated multilevel signals in DWDM transmission,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1549–1551 (2005).
[Crossref]

S. Hayase, N. Kikuchi, K. Sekine, and S. Sasaki, “Proposal of 8-state per symbol (binary ASK and QPSK) 30-Gbit/s optical modulation/demodulation scheme,” in European Conference of Optical Communication (ECOC), Rimini, Italy, 2003, Paper Th2.6.4.

S. Hayase, N. Kikuchi, K. Sekine, and S. Sasaki, “Chromatic dispersion and SPM tolerance of 8-state/symbol (binary ASK and QPSK) modulated signal,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper ThM3. http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OFC-2004-ThM3.

Sekine, K.

K. Sekine, N. Kikuchi, S. Sasaki, S. Hayase, C. Hasegawa, and T. Sugawara, “40 Gbit/s, 16-ary (4 bit/symbol) optical modulation/demodulation scheme,” IEE Electron. Lett. 41, (2005).

N. Kikuchi, K. Sekine, S. Sasaki, and T. Sugawara, “Study on cross-phase modulation (XPM) effect on amplitude and differentially phase-modulated multilevel signals in DWDM transmission,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1549–1551 (2005).
[Crossref]

S. Hayase, N. Kikuchi, K. Sekine, and S. Sasaki, “Proposal of 8-state per symbol (binary ASK and QPSK) 30-Gbit/s optical modulation/demodulation scheme,” in European Conference of Optical Communication (ECOC), Rimini, Italy, 2003, Paper Th2.6.4.

S. Hayase, N. Kikuchi, K. Sekine, and S. Sasaki, “Chromatic dispersion and SPM tolerance of 8-state/symbol (binary ASK and QPSK) modulated signal,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper ThM3. http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OFC-2004-ThM3.

Shibano, E.

M. Suzuki, H. Kidorf, N. Edagawa, H. Taga, N. Takeda, K. Imai, I. Morita, S. Yamamoto, E. Shibano, T. Miyakawa, E. Nazuka, M. Ma, F. Kerfoot, R. Maybach, H. Adelmann, V. Arya, C. Chen, S. Evangelides, D. Gray, B. Pedersen, and A. Puc, “170 Gb/s Transmission Over 10,850 km Using Large Core Transmission Fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 1998), paper PD17. http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OFC-1998-PD17.

Shih, W.-T.

H. Taga, J.-Y. Wu, W.-T. Shih, and S.-S. Shu, “Numerical study of APSK format for long-haul transmission and its performance improvement by zero-nulling method,” in 12th OptoElectronics and Communications Conference and 16th International Conference on Integrated Optics and Optical Fiber Communication (OECC/IOOC), Yokohama, Japan, 2007, Paper 12B1-5.

Shu, S.-S.

H. Taga, J.-Y. Wu, W.-T. Shih, and S.-S. Shu, “Numerical study of APSK format for long-haul transmission and its performance improvement by zero-nulling method,” in 12th OptoElectronics and Communications Conference and 16th International Conference on Integrated Optics and Optical Fiber Communication (OECC/IOOC), Yokohama, Japan, 2007, Paper 12B1-5.

Sugawara, T.

N. Kikuchi, K. Sekine, S. Sasaki, and T. Sugawara, “Study on cross-phase modulation (XPM) effect on amplitude and differentially phase-modulated multilevel signals in DWDM transmission,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1549–1551 (2005).
[Crossref]

K. Sekine, N. Kikuchi, S. Sasaki, S. Hayase, C. Hasegawa, and T. Sugawara, “40 Gbit/s, 16-ary (4 bit/symbol) optical modulation/demodulation scheme,” IEE Electron. Lett. 41, (2005).

Suzuki, M.

M. Suzuki, H. Kidorf, N. Edagawa, H. Taga, N. Takeda, K. Imai, I. Morita, S. Yamamoto, E. Shibano, T. Miyakawa, E. Nazuka, M. Ma, F. Kerfoot, R. Maybach, H. Adelmann, V. Arya, C. Chen, S. Evangelides, D. Gray, B. Pedersen, and A. Puc, “170 Gb/s Transmission Over 10,850 km Using Large Core Transmission Fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 1998), paper PD17. http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OFC-1998-PD17.

Taga, H.

H. Taga, J.-Y. Wu, W.-T. Shih, and S.-S. Shu, “Numerical study of APSK format for long-haul transmission and its performance improvement by zero-nulling method,” in 12th OptoElectronics and Communications Conference and 16th International Conference on Integrated Optics and Optical Fiber Communication (OECC/IOOC), Yokohama, Japan, 2007, Paper 12B1-5.

M. Suzuki, H. Kidorf, N. Edagawa, H. Taga, N. Takeda, K. Imai, I. Morita, S. Yamamoto, E. Shibano, T. Miyakawa, E. Nazuka, M. Ma, F. Kerfoot, R. Maybach, H. Adelmann, V. Arya, C. Chen, S. Evangelides, D. Gray, B. Pedersen, and A. Puc, “170 Gb/s Transmission Over 10,850 km Using Large Core Transmission Fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 1998), paper PD17. http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OFC-1998-PD17.

Takeda, N.

M. Suzuki, H. Kidorf, N. Edagawa, H. Taga, N. Takeda, K. Imai, I. Morita, S. Yamamoto, E. Shibano, T. Miyakawa, E. Nazuka, M. Ma, F. Kerfoot, R. Maybach, H. Adelmann, V. Arya, C. Chen, S. Evangelides, D. Gray, B. Pedersen, and A. Puc, “170 Gb/s Transmission Over 10,850 km Using Large Core Transmission Fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 1998), paper PD17. http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OFC-1998-PD17.

Wei, X.

X. Wei, X. Liu, and C. Xu, “Numerical simulation of the SPM penalty in a 10-Gb/s RZ-DPSK system,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.,  15, 1636–1638 (2003).
[Crossref]

Wu, J.-Y.

H. Taga, J.-Y. Wu, W.-T. Shih, and S.-S. Shu, “Numerical study of APSK format for long-haul transmission and its performance improvement by zero-nulling method,” in 12th OptoElectronics and Communications Conference and 16th International Conference on Integrated Optics and Optical Fiber Communication (OECC/IOOC), Yokohama, Japan, 2007, Paper 12B1-5.

Xu, C.

X. Wei, X. Liu, and C. Xu, “Numerical simulation of the SPM penalty in a 10-Gb/s RZ-DPSK system,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.,  15, 1636–1638 (2003).
[Crossref]

Yamamoto, S.

M. Suzuki, H. Kidorf, N. Edagawa, H. Taga, N. Takeda, K. Imai, I. Morita, S. Yamamoto, E. Shibano, T. Miyakawa, E. Nazuka, M. Ma, F. Kerfoot, R. Maybach, H. Adelmann, V. Arya, C. Chen, S. Evangelides, D. Gray, B. Pedersen, and A. Puc, “170 Gb/s Transmission Over 10,850 km Using Large Core Transmission Fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 1998), paper PD17. http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OFC-1998-PD17.

Zhao, J.

J. Zhao, L.-K. Chen, and C.-K. Chan, “Joint maximum likelihood sequence estimation for chromatic-dispersion compensation in ASK-DPSK modulation format,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 73– 75 (2007).
[Crossref]

IEE Electron. Lett. (1)

K. Sekine, N. Kikuchi, S. Sasaki, S. Hayase, C. Hasegawa, and T. Sugawara, “40 Gbit/s, 16-ary (4 bit/symbol) optical modulation/demodulation scheme,” IEE Electron. Lett. 41, (2005).

IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

N. S. Bergano, “Wavelength division multiplexing in long-haul transoceanic transmission systems,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 4125–4139 (2005).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

K. Kikuchi, “Phase-diversity homodyne detection of multilevel optical modulation with digital carrier phase estimation,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.,  12, 563–570 (2006).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (4)

X. Wei, X. Liu, and C. Xu, “Numerical simulation of the SPM penalty in a 10-Gb/s RZ-DPSK system,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.,  15, 1636–1638 (2003).
[Crossref]

N. Kikuchi, K. Sekine, S. Sasaki, and T. Sugawara, “Study on cross-phase modulation (XPM) effect on amplitude and differentially phase-modulated multilevel signals in DWDM transmission,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1549–1551 (2005).
[Crossref]

J. Zhao, L.-K. Chen, and C.-K. Chan, “Joint maximum likelihood sequence estimation for chromatic-dispersion compensation in ASK-DPSK modulation format,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 73– 75 (2007).
[Crossref]

T. Miyazaki and F. Kubota, “Superposition of DQPSK over inverse-RZ for 3-bit/symbol modulation-demodulation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2643–2645 (2004).
[Crossref]

Other (5)

H. Taga, J.-Y. Wu, W.-T. Shih, and S.-S. Shu, “Numerical study of APSK format for long-haul transmission and its performance improvement by zero-nulling method,” in 12th OptoElectronics and Communications Conference and 16th International Conference on Integrated Optics and Optical Fiber Communication (OECC/IOOC), Yokohama, Japan, 2007, Paper 12B1-5.

M. Suzuki, H. Kidorf, N. Edagawa, H. Taga, N. Takeda, K. Imai, I. Morita, S. Yamamoto, E. Shibano, T. Miyakawa, E. Nazuka, M. Ma, F. Kerfoot, R. Maybach, H. Adelmann, V. Arya, C. Chen, S. Evangelides, D. Gray, B. Pedersen, and A. Puc, “170 Gb/s Transmission Over 10,850 km Using Large Core Transmission Fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 1998), paper PD17. http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OFC-1998-PD17.

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Fourth Ed.), (Academic Press, San Diego, CA, 2006).

S. Hayase, N. Kikuchi, K. Sekine, and S. Sasaki, “Proposal of 8-state per symbol (binary ASK and QPSK) 30-Gbit/s optical modulation/demodulation scheme,” in European Conference of Optical Communication (ECOC), Rimini, Italy, 2003, Paper Th2.6.4.

S. Hayase, N. Kikuchi, K. Sekine, and S. Sasaki, “Chromatic dispersion and SPM tolerance of 8-state/symbol (binary ASK and QPSK) modulated signal,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper ThM3. http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OFC-2004-ThM3.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. A schematic diagram of the simulation model.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. Dispersion map used for the simulation.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. A schematic to explain the difference between the original and the zeronulling APSK.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. Transmission performance of the APSK format.
Fig. 5.
Fig. 5. Transmission performance of the APSK format with optimized extinction ratio.

Tables (1)

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Table 1. Parameters of the transmission fiber at 1550nm

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