Abstract

A numerical study focusing on the feasible upgrade scenario of long-haul undersea optical fiber cable system is discussed. At first, appropriateness of the simulated performance is confirmed through conventional IM-DD modulation format. Then, capacity upgrade of the system is attempted by adopting the RZ-DPSK modulation format. As the RZ-DPSK format alone does not make capacity upgrade possible, additional methods are considered, and the modification of the dispersion map is revealed to be effective. The results show that it is possible to double the capacity of the long-haul undersea system using the RZ-DPSK modulation combined with the dispersion map modification.

©2008 Optical Society of America

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A theoretical study of the effect of zero-crossing points within the dispersion map upon a long-haul RZ-DPSK system

Hidenori Taga, Seng-Sheng Shu, Jyun-Yi Wu , and Wei-Tong Shih
Opt. Express 16(9) 6163-6169 (2008)

References

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  1. DEOS Cable Re-Use Committee Report, 2003. http://www.iris.iris.edu/cable/ioc/DEOS_Cable_Re-Use_Report.pdf
  2. E. Golovchenko, L. Rahman, B. Bakhshi, D. Kovsh, F. Idrovo, and S. Abbott, “Field Deployment of WDM 10 Gb/s Capacity over 10,757 km of Reconfigured Portion of SAm-1 Cable System,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and The National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper PDP27. http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OFC-2007-PDP27
  3. S. Dupont, P. Marmier, L. d. Mouza, G. Charlet, and V. Letellier, “70 × 10 Gbps (mixed RZ-OOK and RZ-DPSK) upgrade of a 7224km conventional 32 × 10 Gbps designed system,” in European Conference of Optical Communication (ECOC), Berlin, Germany, 2007, Paper 2.3.5.
  4. H. Taga, S.-S. Shu, J.-Y. Wu, and W.-T. Shih, “A theoretical study of the effect of the dispersion map upon a long-haul RZ-DPSK transmission system,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 2060–2062 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  5. G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, Fourth ed., (Academic Press, San Diego, CA, 2006).
  6. G. Bosco, A. Carena, V. Curri, R. Gaudino, P. Poggiolini, and S. Benedetto, “Suppression of spurious tones induced by the split-step method in fiber systems simulation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 489–491 (2000).
    [Crossref]
  7. M. Suzuki, H. Kidorf, N. Edagawa, H. Taga, N. Takeda, K. Imai, I. Morita, S. Yamamoto, E. Shibano, T. Miyakawa, E. Nazuka, M. Ma, F. Kerfoot, R. Maybach, H. Adelmann, V. Arya, C. Chen, S. Evangelides, D. Gray, B. Pedersen, and A. Puc, “170 Gb/s Transmission Over 10,850 km using Large Core Transmission Fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 1998), paper PD17. http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OFC-1998-PD17
  8. N. S. Bergano, “Wavelength Division Multiplexing in Long-Haul Transoceanic Transmission Systems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 4125–4139 (2005) http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=JLT-23-12-4125
    [Crossref]
  9. R.-J. Essiambre and P. J. Winzer, “Fibre nonlinearities in electronically pre-distorted transmission,” in European Conference of Optical Communication (ECOC), Glasgow, United Kingdom, 2005, Paper Tu3.2.2.
  10. S. D. Personick, “Receiver design for digital fiber optic communication systems, I&II,” Bell System Technical Journal 52, 843–886 (1973).
  11. X. Wei, X. Liu, and C. Xu, “Numerical simulation of the SPM penalty in a 10-Gb/s RZ-DPSK system,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1636–1638 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  12. H. Taga, S. -S. Shu, J. -Y. Wu, and W. -T. Shih, “A theoretical study of the effect of zero-crossing points within the dispersion map upon a longhaul RZ-DPSK system,” Opt. Express 16, 6163–6169 (2008).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  13. G. Mohs, W. T. Anderson, and E. A. Golovchenko, “A new dispersion map for undersea optical communication systems,” in National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper JThA41. http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=NFOEC-2007-JThA41.

2008 (1)

2007 (1)

H. Taga, S.-S. Shu, J.-Y. Wu, and W.-T. Shih, “A theoretical study of the effect of the dispersion map upon a long-haul RZ-DPSK transmission system,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 2060–2062 (2007).
[Crossref]

2005 (1)

2003 (1)

X. Wei, X. Liu, and C. Xu, “Numerical simulation of the SPM penalty in a 10-Gb/s RZ-DPSK system,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1636–1638 (2003).
[Crossref]

2000 (1)

G. Bosco, A. Carena, V. Curri, R. Gaudino, P. Poggiolini, and S. Benedetto, “Suppression of spurious tones induced by the split-step method in fiber systems simulation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 489–491 (2000).
[Crossref]

1973 (1)

S. D. Personick, “Receiver design for digital fiber optic communication systems, I&II,” Bell System Technical Journal 52, 843–886 (1973).

Abbott, S.

E. Golovchenko, L. Rahman, B. Bakhshi, D. Kovsh, F. Idrovo, and S. Abbott, “Field Deployment of WDM 10 Gb/s Capacity over 10,757 km of Reconfigured Portion of SAm-1 Cable System,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and The National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper PDP27. http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OFC-2007-PDP27

Adelmann, H.

M. Suzuki, H. Kidorf, N. Edagawa, H. Taga, N. Takeda, K. Imai, I. Morita, S. Yamamoto, E. Shibano, T. Miyakawa, E. Nazuka, M. Ma, F. Kerfoot, R. Maybach, H. Adelmann, V. Arya, C. Chen, S. Evangelides, D. Gray, B. Pedersen, and A. Puc, “170 Gb/s Transmission Over 10,850 km using Large Core Transmission Fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 1998), paper PD17. http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OFC-1998-PD17

Agrawal, G. P.

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, Fourth ed., (Academic Press, San Diego, CA, 2006).

Anderson, W. T.

G. Mohs, W. T. Anderson, and E. A. Golovchenko, “A new dispersion map for undersea optical communication systems,” in National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper JThA41. http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=NFOEC-2007-JThA41.

Arya, V.

M. Suzuki, H. Kidorf, N. Edagawa, H. Taga, N. Takeda, K. Imai, I. Morita, S. Yamamoto, E. Shibano, T. Miyakawa, E. Nazuka, M. Ma, F. Kerfoot, R. Maybach, H. Adelmann, V. Arya, C. Chen, S. Evangelides, D. Gray, B. Pedersen, and A. Puc, “170 Gb/s Transmission Over 10,850 km using Large Core Transmission Fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 1998), paper PD17. http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OFC-1998-PD17

Bakhshi, B.

E. Golovchenko, L. Rahman, B. Bakhshi, D. Kovsh, F. Idrovo, and S. Abbott, “Field Deployment of WDM 10 Gb/s Capacity over 10,757 km of Reconfigured Portion of SAm-1 Cable System,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and The National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper PDP27. http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OFC-2007-PDP27

Benedetto, S.

G. Bosco, A. Carena, V. Curri, R. Gaudino, P. Poggiolini, and S. Benedetto, “Suppression of spurious tones induced by the split-step method in fiber systems simulation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 489–491 (2000).
[Crossref]

Bergano, N. S.

Bosco, G.

G. Bosco, A. Carena, V. Curri, R. Gaudino, P. Poggiolini, and S. Benedetto, “Suppression of spurious tones induced by the split-step method in fiber systems simulation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 489–491 (2000).
[Crossref]

Carena, A.

G. Bosco, A. Carena, V. Curri, R. Gaudino, P. Poggiolini, and S. Benedetto, “Suppression of spurious tones induced by the split-step method in fiber systems simulation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 489–491 (2000).
[Crossref]

Charlet, G.

S. Dupont, P. Marmier, L. d. Mouza, G. Charlet, and V. Letellier, “70 × 10 Gbps (mixed RZ-OOK and RZ-DPSK) upgrade of a 7224km conventional 32 × 10 Gbps designed system,” in European Conference of Optical Communication (ECOC), Berlin, Germany, 2007, Paper 2.3.5.

Chen, C.

M. Suzuki, H. Kidorf, N. Edagawa, H. Taga, N. Takeda, K. Imai, I. Morita, S. Yamamoto, E. Shibano, T. Miyakawa, E. Nazuka, M. Ma, F. Kerfoot, R. Maybach, H. Adelmann, V. Arya, C. Chen, S. Evangelides, D. Gray, B. Pedersen, and A. Puc, “170 Gb/s Transmission Over 10,850 km using Large Core Transmission Fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 1998), paper PD17. http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OFC-1998-PD17

Curri, V.

G. Bosco, A. Carena, V. Curri, R. Gaudino, P. Poggiolini, and S. Benedetto, “Suppression of spurious tones induced by the split-step method in fiber systems simulation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 489–491 (2000).
[Crossref]

Dupont, S.

S. Dupont, P. Marmier, L. d. Mouza, G. Charlet, and V. Letellier, “70 × 10 Gbps (mixed RZ-OOK and RZ-DPSK) upgrade of a 7224km conventional 32 × 10 Gbps designed system,” in European Conference of Optical Communication (ECOC), Berlin, Germany, 2007, Paper 2.3.5.

Edagawa, N.

M. Suzuki, H. Kidorf, N. Edagawa, H. Taga, N. Takeda, K. Imai, I. Morita, S. Yamamoto, E. Shibano, T. Miyakawa, E. Nazuka, M. Ma, F. Kerfoot, R. Maybach, H. Adelmann, V. Arya, C. Chen, S. Evangelides, D. Gray, B. Pedersen, and A. Puc, “170 Gb/s Transmission Over 10,850 km using Large Core Transmission Fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 1998), paper PD17. http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OFC-1998-PD17

Essiambre, R.-J.

R.-J. Essiambre and P. J. Winzer, “Fibre nonlinearities in electronically pre-distorted transmission,” in European Conference of Optical Communication (ECOC), Glasgow, United Kingdom, 2005, Paper Tu3.2.2.

Evangelides, S.

M. Suzuki, H. Kidorf, N. Edagawa, H. Taga, N. Takeda, K. Imai, I. Morita, S. Yamamoto, E. Shibano, T. Miyakawa, E. Nazuka, M. Ma, F. Kerfoot, R. Maybach, H. Adelmann, V. Arya, C. Chen, S. Evangelides, D. Gray, B. Pedersen, and A. Puc, “170 Gb/s Transmission Over 10,850 km using Large Core Transmission Fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 1998), paper PD17. http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OFC-1998-PD17

Gaudino, R.

G. Bosco, A. Carena, V. Curri, R. Gaudino, P. Poggiolini, and S. Benedetto, “Suppression of spurious tones induced by the split-step method in fiber systems simulation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 489–491 (2000).
[Crossref]

Golovchenko, E.

E. Golovchenko, L. Rahman, B. Bakhshi, D. Kovsh, F. Idrovo, and S. Abbott, “Field Deployment of WDM 10 Gb/s Capacity over 10,757 km of Reconfigured Portion of SAm-1 Cable System,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and The National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper PDP27. http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OFC-2007-PDP27

Golovchenko, E. A.

G. Mohs, W. T. Anderson, and E. A. Golovchenko, “A new dispersion map for undersea optical communication systems,” in National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper JThA41. http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=NFOEC-2007-JThA41.

Gray, D.

M. Suzuki, H. Kidorf, N. Edagawa, H. Taga, N. Takeda, K. Imai, I. Morita, S. Yamamoto, E. Shibano, T. Miyakawa, E. Nazuka, M. Ma, F. Kerfoot, R. Maybach, H. Adelmann, V. Arya, C. Chen, S. Evangelides, D. Gray, B. Pedersen, and A. Puc, “170 Gb/s Transmission Over 10,850 km using Large Core Transmission Fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 1998), paper PD17. http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OFC-1998-PD17

Idrovo, F.

E. Golovchenko, L. Rahman, B. Bakhshi, D. Kovsh, F. Idrovo, and S. Abbott, “Field Deployment of WDM 10 Gb/s Capacity over 10,757 km of Reconfigured Portion of SAm-1 Cable System,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and The National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper PDP27. http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OFC-2007-PDP27

Imai, K.

M. Suzuki, H. Kidorf, N. Edagawa, H. Taga, N. Takeda, K. Imai, I. Morita, S. Yamamoto, E. Shibano, T. Miyakawa, E. Nazuka, M. Ma, F. Kerfoot, R. Maybach, H. Adelmann, V. Arya, C. Chen, S. Evangelides, D. Gray, B. Pedersen, and A. Puc, “170 Gb/s Transmission Over 10,850 km using Large Core Transmission Fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 1998), paper PD17. http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OFC-1998-PD17

Kerfoot, F.

M. Suzuki, H. Kidorf, N. Edagawa, H. Taga, N. Takeda, K. Imai, I. Morita, S. Yamamoto, E. Shibano, T. Miyakawa, E. Nazuka, M. Ma, F. Kerfoot, R. Maybach, H. Adelmann, V. Arya, C. Chen, S. Evangelides, D. Gray, B. Pedersen, and A. Puc, “170 Gb/s Transmission Over 10,850 km using Large Core Transmission Fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 1998), paper PD17. http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OFC-1998-PD17

Kidorf, H.

M. Suzuki, H. Kidorf, N. Edagawa, H. Taga, N. Takeda, K. Imai, I. Morita, S. Yamamoto, E. Shibano, T. Miyakawa, E. Nazuka, M. Ma, F. Kerfoot, R. Maybach, H. Adelmann, V. Arya, C. Chen, S. Evangelides, D. Gray, B. Pedersen, and A. Puc, “170 Gb/s Transmission Over 10,850 km using Large Core Transmission Fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 1998), paper PD17. http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OFC-1998-PD17

Kovsh, D.

E. Golovchenko, L. Rahman, B. Bakhshi, D. Kovsh, F. Idrovo, and S. Abbott, “Field Deployment of WDM 10 Gb/s Capacity over 10,757 km of Reconfigured Portion of SAm-1 Cable System,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and The National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper PDP27. http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OFC-2007-PDP27

Letellier, V.

S. Dupont, P. Marmier, L. d. Mouza, G. Charlet, and V. Letellier, “70 × 10 Gbps (mixed RZ-OOK and RZ-DPSK) upgrade of a 7224km conventional 32 × 10 Gbps designed system,” in European Conference of Optical Communication (ECOC), Berlin, Germany, 2007, Paper 2.3.5.

Liu, X.

X. Wei, X. Liu, and C. Xu, “Numerical simulation of the SPM penalty in a 10-Gb/s RZ-DPSK system,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1636–1638 (2003).
[Crossref]

Ma, M.

M. Suzuki, H. Kidorf, N. Edagawa, H. Taga, N. Takeda, K. Imai, I. Morita, S. Yamamoto, E. Shibano, T. Miyakawa, E. Nazuka, M. Ma, F. Kerfoot, R. Maybach, H. Adelmann, V. Arya, C. Chen, S. Evangelides, D. Gray, B. Pedersen, and A. Puc, “170 Gb/s Transmission Over 10,850 km using Large Core Transmission Fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 1998), paper PD17. http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OFC-1998-PD17

Marmier, P.

S. Dupont, P. Marmier, L. d. Mouza, G. Charlet, and V. Letellier, “70 × 10 Gbps (mixed RZ-OOK and RZ-DPSK) upgrade of a 7224km conventional 32 × 10 Gbps designed system,” in European Conference of Optical Communication (ECOC), Berlin, Germany, 2007, Paper 2.3.5.

Maybach, R.

M. Suzuki, H. Kidorf, N. Edagawa, H. Taga, N. Takeda, K. Imai, I. Morita, S. Yamamoto, E. Shibano, T. Miyakawa, E. Nazuka, M. Ma, F. Kerfoot, R. Maybach, H. Adelmann, V. Arya, C. Chen, S. Evangelides, D. Gray, B. Pedersen, and A. Puc, “170 Gb/s Transmission Over 10,850 km using Large Core Transmission Fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 1998), paper PD17. http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OFC-1998-PD17

Miyakawa, T.

M. Suzuki, H. Kidorf, N. Edagawa, H. Taga, N. Takeda, K. Imai, I. Morita, S. Yamamoto, E. Shibano, T. Miyakawa, E. Nazuka, M. Ma, F. Kerfoot, R. Maybach, H. Adelmann, V. Arya, C. Chen, S. Evangelides, D. Gray, B. Pedersen, and A. Puc, “170 Gb/s Transmission Over 10,850 km using Large Core Transmission Fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 1998), paper PD17. http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OFC-1998-PD17

Mohs, G.

G. Mohs, W. T. Anderson, and E. A. Golovchenko, “A new dispersion map for undersea optical communication systems,” in National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper JThA41. http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=NFOEC-2007-JThA41.

Morita, I.

M. Suzuki, H. Kidorf, N. Edagawa, H. Taga, N. Takeda, K. Imai, I. Morita, S. Yamamoto, E. Shibano, T. Miyakawa, E. Nazuka, M. Ma, F. Kerfoot, R. Maybach, H. Adelmann, V. Arya, C. Chen, S. Evangelides, D. Gray, B. Pedersen, and A. Puc, “170 Gb/s Transmission Over 10,850 km using Large Core Transmission Fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 1998), paper PD17. http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OFC-1998-PD17

Mouza, L. d.

S. Dupont, P. Marmier, L. d. Mouza, G. Charlet, and V. Letellier, “70 × 10 Gbps (mixed RZ-OOK and RZ-DPSK) upgrade of a 7224km conventional 32 × 10 Gbps designed system,” in European Conference of Optical Communication (ECOC), Berlin, Germany, 2007, Paper 2.3.5.

Nazuka, E.

M. Suzuki, H. Kidorf, N. Edagawa, H. Taga, N. Takeda, K. Imai, I. Morita, S. Yamamoto, E. Shibano, T. Miyakawa, E. Nazuka, M. Ma, F. Kerfoot, R. Maybach, H. Adelmann, V. Arya, C. Chen, S. Evangelides, D. Gray, B. Pedersen, and A. Puc, “170 Gb/s Transmission Over 10,850 km using Large Core Transmission Fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 1998), paper PD17. http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OFC-1998-PD17

Pedersen, B.

M. Suzuki, H. Kidorf, N. Edagawa, H. Taga, N. Takeda, K. Imai, I. Morita, S. Yamamoto, E. Shibano, T. Miyakawa, E. Nazuka, M. Ma, F. Kerfoot, R. Maybach, H. Adelmann, V. Arya, C. Chen, S. Evangelides, D. Gray, B. Pedersen, and A. Puc, “170 Gb/s Transmission Over 10,850 km using Large Core Transmission Fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 1998), paper PD17. http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OFC-1998-PD17

Personick, S. D.

S. D. Personick, “Receiver design for digital fiber optic communication systems, I&II,” Bell System Technical Journal 52, 843–886 (1973).

Poggiolini, P.

G. Bosco, A. Carena, V. Curri, R. Gaudino, P. Poggiolini, and S. Benedetto, “Suppression of spurious tones induced by the split-step method in fiber systems simulation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 489–491 (2000).
[Crossref]

Puc, A.

M. Suzuki, H. Kidorf, N. Edagawa, H. Taga, N. Takeda, K. Imai, I. Morita, S. Yamamoto, E. Shibano, T. Miyakawa, E. Nazuka, M. Ma, F. Kerfoot, R. Maybach, H. Adelmann, V. Arya, C. Chen, S. Evangelides, D. Gray, B. Pedersen, and A. Puc, “170 Gb/s Transmission Over 10,850 km using Large Core Transmission Fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 1998), paper PD17. http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OFC-1998-PD17

Rahman, L.

E. Golovchenko, L. Rahman, B. Bakhshi, D. Kovsh, F. Idrovo, and S. Abbott, “Field Deployment of WDM 10 Gb/s Capacity over 10,757 km of Reconfigured Portion of SAm-1 Cable System,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and The National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper PDP27. http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OFC-2007-PDP27

Shibano, E.

M. Suzuki, H. Kidorf, N. Edagawa, H. Taga, N. Takeda, K. Imai, I. Morita, S. Yamamoto, E. Shibano, T. Miyakawa, E. Nazuka, M. Ma, F. Kerfoot, R. Maybach, H. Adelmann, V. Arya, C. Chen, S. Evangelides, D. Gray, B. Pedersen, and A. Puc, “170 Gb/s Transmission Over 10,850 km using Large Core Transmission Fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 1998), paper PD17. http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OFC-1998-PD17

Shih, W. -T.

Shih, W.-T.

H. Taga, S.-S. Shu, J.-Y. Wu, and W.-T. Shih, “A theoretical study of the effect of the dispersion map upon a long-haul RZ-DPSK transmission system,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 2060–2062 (2007).
[Crossref]

Shu, S. -S.

Shu, S.-S.

H. Taga, S.-S. Shu, J.-Y. Wu, and W.-T. Shih, “A theoretical study of the effect of the dispersion map upon a long-haul RZ-DPSK transmission system,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 2060–2062 (2007).
[Crossref]

Suzuki, M.

M. Suzuki, H. Kidorf, N. Edagawa, H. Taga, N. Takeda, K. Imai, I. Morita, S. Yamamoto, E. Shibano, T. Miyakawa, E. Nazuka, M. Ma, F. Kerfoot, R. Maybach, H. Adelmann, V. Arya, C. Chen, S. Evangelides, D. Gray, B. Pedersen, and A. Puc, “170 Gb/s Transmission Over 10,850 km using Large Core Transmission Fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 1998), paper PD17. http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OFC-1998-PD17

Taga, H.

H. Taga, S. -S. Shu, J. -Y. Wu, and W. -T. Shih, “A theoretical study of the effect of zero-crossing points within the dispersion map upon a longhaul RZ-DPSK system,” Opt. Express 16, 6163–6169 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Taga, S.-S. Shu, J.-Y. Wu, and W.-T. Shih, “A theoretical study of the effect of the dispersion map upon a long-haul RZ-DPSK transmission system,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 2060–2062 (2007).
[Crossref]

M. Suzuki, H. Kidorf, N. Edagawa, H. Taga, N. Takeda, K. Imai, I. Morita, S. Yamamoto, E. Shibano, T. Miyakawa, E. Nazuka, M. Ma, F. Kerfoot, R. Maybach, H. Adelmann, V. Arya, C. Chen, S. Evangelides, D. Gray, B. Pedersen, and A. Puc, “170 Gb/s Transmission Over 10,850 km using Large Core Transmission Fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 1998), paper PD17. http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OFC-1998-PD17

Takeda, N.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. A schematic diagram of the simulation model.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. Simulated performance of original CRZ format and upgraded RZ-DPSK format.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. Simulated performance of hybrid system.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. Original and modified dispersion maps of the system at 1550nm.
Fig. 5.
Fig. 5. Transmission performances of upgraded system with various dispersion maps.

Equations (1)

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A j z + i 2 β 2 j 2 A j T 2 β 3 j 6 3 A j T 3 + α j 2 A j = i γ j [ A j 2 + 2 k j A k 2 ] A j

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