Abstract

A novel fiber Bragg grating (FBG)-based en/decoder for a coherent two-dimensional (2-D) wavelength-time (WT) optical code-division multiple-access (OCDMA) system is proposed to suppress the beat noise (BN). The feasibility of en/decoding function and the effectiveness of BN suppression are demonstrated by the simulation comparison between the conventional and proposed scheme, which are also further validated by en/decoding experiments with two users at a data rate of 2.5, 5 and 10Gb/s respectively. The further numerical performance analysis of the proposed en/decoding method reveals the BER improvement compared with the conventional system.

©2009 Optical Society of America

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    [Crossref]
  8. A. Grunnet-Jepsen, A. E. Johnson, E. S. Maniloff, T. W. Mossberg, M. J. Munroe, and J. N. Sweetser, “Fiber Bragg grating based spectral encoder/decoder for lightwave CDMA,” Electron. Lett. 35(13), 1096–1097 (1999).
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  9. P. C. Teh, P. Petropoulos, M. Ibsen, and D. J. Richardson, “A comparative study of the performance of sevenand 63-chip optical code-division multiple-access encoders and decoders based on superstructured fiber Bragg gratings,” J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 1352–1365 (2001).
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  29. R. M. H. Yim, L. R. Chen, and J. Bajcsy, “Design and performance of 2-D codes for wavelength-time optical CDMA,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14(5), 714–716 (2002).
    [Crossref]
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2008 (1)

Y. Zhang, H. W. Chen, Z. J. Si, H. Ji, and S. Z. Xie, “Design of FBG En/Decoders in Coherent 2-D Time-Wavelength OCDMA Systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(11), 891–893 (2008).
[Crossref]

2006 (4)

T. M. Bazan, D. Harle, and I. Andonovic, “Performance Analysis of 2-D Time-Wavelength OCDMA Systems with Coherent Light Sources: Code Design Considerations,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24(10), 3583–3589 (2006).
[Crossref]

C. S. Brès, Y. K. Huang, D. Rand, I. Glesk, P. R. Prucnal, T. Bazan, C. Michie, D. Harle, and I. Andonovic, “On the Experimental Characterization of Beat Noise in 2-D Time-Spreading Wavelength-Hopping OCDMA Systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(21), 2314–2316 (2006).
[Crossref]

T. M. Bazan, D. Harle, and I. Andonovic, “Mitigation of Beat Noise in Time–WavelengthOptical Code-Division Multiple-Access Systems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24(11), 4215–4222 (2006).
[Crossref]

X. Wang, N. Wada, T. Miyazaki, and K. Kitayama, “Coherent OCDMA System Using DPSK Data Format With Balanced Detection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(7), 826–828 (2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (4)

S. Ayotte and L. A. Rusch, “Experimental Comparison of Coherent Versus Incoherent Sources in a Four-User λ-t OCDMA System at 1.25 Gb/s,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(11), 2493–2495 (2005).
[Crossref]

X. Wang, N. Wada, and K. Kitayama, “Inter-symbol interference and beat noise in flexible data-rate coherent OCDMA and the BER improvement by using optical thresholding,” Opt. Express 13(26), 10469–10474 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Jiang, D. S. Seo, S. D. Yang, D. E. Leaird, R. V. Roussev, C. Langrock, M. M. Fejer, and A. M. Weiner, “Four user 10 Gb/s spectrally phase-coded O-CDMA system operating at ∼30 fj/bit,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(3), 705–707 (2005).
[Crossref]

T. M. Bazan, D. Harle, I. Andonovic, and M. Meenakshi, “Effect of beat noise on the performance of 2-D time spreading/wavelength hopping optical CDMA systems,” J. Opt. Netw. 4, 121–129 (2005).
[Crossref]

2004 (4)

2002 (3)

R. M. H. Yim, L. R. Chen, and J. Bajcsy, “Design and performance of 2-D codes for wavelength-time optical CDMA,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14(5), 714–716 (2002).
[Crossref]

J. H. Lee, P. C. Teh, Z. Yusoff, M. Ibsen, W. Belardi, T. M. Monro, and D. J. Richardson, “A holey fiber-based nonlinear thresholding device for optical CDMA receiver performance enhancement,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14(6), 876–878 (2002).
[Crossref]

P. C. Teh, M. Ibsen, J. H. Lee, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “Demonstration of a four-channel WDM/OCDMA system using 255-chip 320-Gchip/s Quarternary phase coding grating,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14(2), 227–229 (2002).
[Crossref]

2001 (1)

P. C. Teh, P. Petropoulos, M. Ibsen, and D. J. Richardson, “A comparative study of the performance of sevenand 63-chip optical code-division multiple-access encoders and decoders based on superstructured fiber Bragg gratings,” J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 1352–1365 (2001).

2000 (1)

L. Tančevski and L. A. Rusch, “Impact of beat noise on the performance of 2-D optical CDMA systems,” IEEE Commun. Lett. 4(8), 264–266 (2000).
[Crossref]

1999 (2)

N. Wada and K. Kitayama, “A 10 Gb/s optical code division multiplexing using 8-chip optical bipolar code and coherent detection,” J. Lightwave Technol. 17(10), 1758–1765 (1999).
[Crossref]

A. Grunnet-Jepsen, A. E. Johnson, E. S. Maniloff, T. W. Mossberg, M. J. Munroe, and J. N. Sweetser, “Fiber Bragg grating based spectral encoder/decoder for lightwave CDMA,” Electron. Lett. 35(13), 1096–1097 (1999).
[Crossref]

1998 (3)

C. C. Chang, H. P. Sardesai, and A. M. Weiner, “Code-division multiple-access encoding and decoding of femtosecond optical pulses over a 2.5 Km fiber link,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10(1), 171–173 (1998).
[Crossref]

K. Kitayama, “Code division multiplexing lightwave networks based upon optical code conversion,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. 16(7), 1309–1319 (1998).
[Crossref]

E. D. J. Smith, R. J. Blaikei, and D. P. Taylor, “Performance enhancement of spectral-amplitude-coding optical CDMA using pulse-position modulation,” IEEE Trans. Commun. 46(9), 1176–1185 (1998).
[Crossref]

1997 (2)

D. D. Sampson, G. J. Pendock, and R. A. Griffin, “Photonic code-division multiple-access communications,” Fiber Integr. Opt. 16(2), 129–157 (1997).
[Crossref]

H. P. Sardesai and A. M. Weiner, “Nonlinear fibre-optic receiver for ultrashort pulse code division multiple access communications,” Electron. Lett. 33(7), 610–611 (1997).
[Crossref]

1996 (1)

P. Legg, M. Tur, and I. Andonovic, “Solution paths to limit interferometric noise induced performance degradation in ASK/direct detection lightwave networks,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14(9), 1943–1954 (1996).
[Crossref]

1994 (1)

L. Tančevski and I. Andonovic, “Wavelength hopping/time spreading code division multiple access systems,” Electron. Lett. 30(17), 1388–1390 (1994).
[Crossref]

1993 (1)

M. E. Maric, “Coherent optical CDMA networks,” J. Lightwave Technol. 11(5), 854–864 (1993).
[Crossref]

1990 (1)

J. A. Salehi, A. M. Weiner, and J. P. Heritage, “Coherent ultrashort light pulse code-division multiple access communication systems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 8(3), 478–491 (1990).
[Crossref]

Andonovic, I.

C. S. Brès, Y. K. Huang, D. Rand, I. Glesk, P. R. Prucnal, T. Bazan, C. Michie, D. Harle, and I. Andonovic, “On the Experimental Characterization of Beat Noise in 2-D Time-Spreading Wavelength-Hopping OCDMA Systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(21), 2314–2316 (2006).
[Crossref]

T. M. Bazan, D. Harle, and I. Andonovic, “Performance Analysis of 2-D Time-Wavelength OCDMA Systems with Coherent Light Sources: Code Design Considerations,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24(10), 3583–3589 (2006).
[Crossref]

T. M. Bazan, D. Harle, and I. Andonovic, “Mitigation of Beat Noise in Time–WavelengthOptical Code-Division Multiple-Access Systems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24(11), 4215–4222 (2006).
[Crossref]

T. M. Bazan, D. Harle, I. Andonovic, and M. Meenakshi, “Effect of beat noise on the performance of 2-D time spreading/wavelength hopping optical CDMA systems,” J. Opt. Netw. 4, 121–129 (2005).
[Crossref]

P. Legg, M. Tur, and I. Andonovic, “Solution paths to limit interferometric noise induced performance degradation in ASK/direct detection lightwave networks,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14(9), 1943–1954 (1996).
[Crossref]

L. Tančevski and I. Andonovic, “Wavelength hopping/time spreading code division multiple access systems,” Electron. Lett. 30(17), 1388–1390 (1994).
[Crossref]

Ayotte, S.

S. Ayotte and L. A. Rusch, “Experimental Comparison of Coherent Versus Incoherent Sources in a Four-User λ-t OCDMA System at 1.25 Gb/s,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(11), 2493–2495 (2005).
[Crossref]

Bajcsy, J.

R. M. H. Yim, L. R. Chen, and J. Bajcsy, “Design and performance of 2-D codes for wavelength-time optical CDMA,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14(5), 714–716 (2002).
[Crossref]

Bazan, T.

C. S. Brès, Y. K. Huang, D. Rand, I. Glesk, P. R. Prucnal, T. Bazan, C. Michie, D. Harle, and I. Andonovic, “On the Experimental Characterization of Beat Noise in 2-D Time-Spreading Wavelength-Hopping OCDMA Systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(21), 2314–2316 (2006).
[Crossref]

Bazan, T. M.

Belardi, W.

J. H. Lee, P. C. Teh, Z. Yusoff, M. Ibsen, W. Belardi, T. M. Monro, and D. J. Richardson, “A holey fiber-based nonlinear thresholding device for optical CDMA receiver performance enhancement,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14(6), 876–878 (2002).
[Crossref]

Bennett, C. V.

Blaikei, R. J.

E. D. J. Smith, R. J. Blaikei, and D. P. Taylor, “Performance enhancement of spectral-amplitude-coding optical CDMA using pulse-position modulation,” IEEE Trans. Commun. 46(9), 1176–1185 (1998).
[Crossref]

Brès, C. S.

C. S. Brès, Y. K. Huang, D. Rand, I. Glesk, P. R. Prucnal, T. Bazan, C. Michie, D. Harle, and I. Andonovic, “On the Experimental Characterization of Beat Noise in 2-D Time-Spreading Wavelength-Hopping OCDMA Systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(21), 2314–2316 (2006).
[Crossref]

Chang, C. C.

C. C. Chang, H. P. Sardesai, and A. M. Weiner, “Code-division multiple-access encoding and decoding of femtosecond optical pulses over a 2.5 Km fiber link,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10(1), 171–173 (1998).
[Crossref]

Chen, H. W.

Y. Zhang, H. W. Chen, Z. J. Si, H. Ji, and S. Z. Xie, “Design of FBG En/Decoders in Coherent 2-D Time-Wavelength OCDMA Systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(11), 891–893 (2008).
[Crossref]

Chen, L. R.

R. M. H. Yim, L. R. Chen, and J. Bajcsy, “Design and performance of 2-D codes for wavelength-time optical CDMA,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14(5), 714–716 (2002).
[Crossref]

Chen, X. F.

Cong, W.

R. P. Scott, W. Cong, K. Li, V. J. Hernandez, B. H. Kolner, J. P. Heritage, and S. J. B. Yoo, “Demonstration of an error-free 4 × 10 Gb/s multiuser SPECTS O-CDMA network testbed,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2186–2188 (2004).
[Crossref]

Dai, Y. T.

Fejer, M. M.

Z. Jiang, D. S. Seo, S. D. Yang, D. E. Leaird, R. V. Roussev, C. Langrock, M. M. Fejer, and A. M. Weiner, “Four user 10 Gb/s spectrally phase-coded O-CDMA system operating at ∼30 fj/bit,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(3), 705–707 (2005).
[Crossref]

Gagliardi, R. M.

Glesk, I.

C. S. Brès, Y. K. Huang, D. Rand, I. Glesk, P. R. Prucnal, T. Bazan, C. Michie, D. Harle, and I. Andonovic, “On the Experimental Characterization of Beat Noise in 2-D Time-Spreading Wavelength-Hopping OCDMA Systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(21), 2314–2316 (2006).
[Crossref]

Griffin, R. A.

D. D. Sampson, G. J. Pendock, and R. A. Griffin, “Photonic code-division multiple-access communications,” Fiber Integr. Opt. 16(2), 129–157 (1997).
[Crossref]

Grunnet-Jepsen, A.

A. Grunnet-Jepsen, A. E. Johnson, E. S. Maniloff, T. W. Mossberg, M. J. Munroe, and J. N. Sweetser, “Fiber Bragg grating based spectral encoder/decoder for lightwave CDMA,” Electron. Lett. 35(13), 1096–1097 (1999).
[Crossref]

Harle, D.

Heritage, J. P.

R. P. Scott, W. Cong, K. Li, V. J. Hernandez, B. H. Kolner, J. P. Heritage, and S. J. B. Yoo, “Demonstration of an error-free 4 × 10 Gb/s multiuser SPECTS O-CDMA network testbed,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2186–2188 (2004).
[Crossref]

J. A. Salehi, A. M. Weiner, and J. P. Heritage, “Coherent ultrashort light pulse code-division multiple access communication systems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 8(3), 478–491 (1990).
[Crossref]

Hernandez, V. J.

R. P. Scott, W. Cong, K. Li, V. J. Hernandez, B. H. Kolner, J. P. Heritage, and S. J. B. Yoo, “Demonstration of an error-free 4 × 10 Gb/s multiuser SPECTS O-CDMA network testbed,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2186–2188 (2004).
[Crossref]

A. J. Mendez, R. M. Gagliardi, V. J. Hernandez, C. V. Bennett, and W. J. Lennon, “High-performance optical CDMA system based on 2-D optical orthogonal codes,” J. Lightwave Technol. 22(11), 2409–2419 (2004).
[Crossref]

Huang, Y. K.

C. S. Brès, Y. K. Huang, D. Rand, I. Glesk, P. R. Prucnal, T. Bazan, C. Michie, D. Harle, and I. Andonovic, “On the Experimental Characterization of Beat Noise in 2-D Time-Spreading Wavelength-Hopping OCDMA Systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(21), 2314–2316 (2006).
[Crossref]

Ibsen, M.

J. H. Lee, P. C. Teh, Z. Yusoff, M. Ibsen, W. Belardi, T. M. Monro, and D. J. Richardson, “A holey fiber-based nonlinear thresholding device for optical CDMA receiver performance enhancement,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14(6), 876–878 (2002).
[Crossref]

P. C. Teh, M. Ibsen, J. H. Lee, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “Demonstration of a four-channel WDM/OCDMA system using 255-chip 320-Gchip/s Quarternary phase coding grating,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14(2), 227–229 (2002).
[Crossref]

P. C. Teh, P. Petropoulos, M. Ibsen, and D. J. Richardson, “A comparative study of the performance of sevenand 63-chip optical code-division multiple-access encoders and decoders based on superstructured fiber Bragg gratings,” J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 1352–1365 (2001).

Ji, H.

Y. Zhang, H. W. Chen, Z. J. Si, H. Ji, and S. Z. Xie, “Design of FBG En/Decoders in Coherent 2-D Time-Wavelength OCDMA Systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(11), 891–893 (2008).
[Crossref]

Jiang, Z.

Z. Jiang, D. S. Seo, S. D. Yang, D. E. Leaird, R. V. Roussev, C. Langrock, M. M. Fejer, and A. M. Weiner, “Four user 10 Gb/s spectrally phase-coded O-CDMA system operating at ∼30 fj/bit,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(3), 705–707 (2005).
[Crossref]

Johnson, A. E.

A. Grunnet-Jepsen, A. E. Johnson, E. S. Maniloff, T. W. Mossberg, M. J. Munroe, and J. N. Sweetser, “Fiber Bragg grating based spectral encoder/decoder for lightwave CDMA,” Electron. Lett. 35(13), 1096–1097 (1999).
[Crossref]

Kitayama, K.

Kolner, B. H.

R. P. Scott, W. Cong, K. Li, V. J. Hernandez, B. H. Kolner, J. P. Heritage, and S. J. B. Yoo, “Demonstration of an error-free 4 × 10 Gb/s multiuser SPECTS O-CDMA network testbed,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2186–2188 (2004).
[Crossref]

Langrock, C.

Z. Jiang, D. S. Seo, S. D. Yang, D. E. Leaird, R. V. Roussev, C. Langrock, M. M. Fejer, and A. M. Weiner, “Four user 10 Gb/s spectrally phase-coded O-CDMA system operating at ∼30 fj/bit,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(3), 705–707 (2005).
[Crossref]

Leaird, D. E.

Z. Jiang, D. S. Seo, S. D. Yang, D. E. Leaird, R. V. Roussev, C. Langrock, M. M. Fejer, and A. M. Weiner, “Four user 10 Gb/s spectrally phase-coded O-CDMA system operating at ∼30 fj/bit,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(3), 705–707 (2005).
[Crossref]

Lee, J. H.

J. H. Lee, P. C. Teh, Z. Yusoff, M. Ibsen, W. Belardi, T. M. Monro, and D. J. Richardson, “A holey fiber-based nonlinear thresholding device for optical CDMA receiver performance enhancement,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14(6), 876–878 (2002).
[Crossref]

P. C. Teh, M. Ibsen, J. H. Lee, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “Demonstration of a four-channel WDM/OCDMA system using 255-chip 320-Gchip/s Quarternary phase coding grating,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14(2), 227–229 (2002).
[Crossref]

Legg, P.

P. Legg, M. Tur, and I. Andonovic, “Solution paths to limit interferometric noise induced performance degradation in ASK/direct detection lightwave networks,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14(9), 1943–1954 (1996).
[Crossref]

Lennon, W. J.

Li, K.

R. P. Scott, W. Cong, K. Li, V. J. Hernandez, B. H. Kolner, J. P. Heritage, and S. J. B. Yoo, “Demonstration of an error-free 4 × 10 Gb/s multiuser SPECTS O-CDMA network testbed,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2186–2188 (2004).
[Crossref]

Maniloff, E. S.

A. Grunnet-Jepsen, A. E. Johnson, E. S. Maniloff, T. W. Mossberg, M. J. Munroe, and J. N. Sweetser, “Fiber Bragg grating based spectral encoder/decoder for lightwave CDMA,” Electron. Lett. 35(13), 1096–1097 (1999).
[Crossref]

Maric, M. E.

M. E. Maric, “Coherent optical CDMA networks,” J. Lightwave Technol. 11(5), 854–864 (1993).
[Crossref]

Meenakshi, M.

Mendez, A. J.

Michie, C.

C. S. Brès, Y. K. Huang, D. Rand, I. Glesk, P. R. Prucnal, T. Bazan, C. Michie, D. Harle, and I. Andonovic, “On the Experimental Characterization of Beat Noise in 2-D Time-Spreading Wavelength-Hopping OCDMA Systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(21), 2314–2316 (2006).
[Crossref]

Miyazaki, T.

X. Wang, N. Wada, T. Miyazaki, and K. Kitayama, “Coherent OCDMA System Using DPSK Data Format With Balanced Detection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(7), 826–828 (2006).
[Crossref]

Monro, T. M.

J. H. Lee, P. C. Teh, Z. Yusoff, M. Ibsen, W. Belardi, T. M. Monro, and D. J. Richardson, “A holey fiber-based nonlinear thresholding device for optical CDMA receiver performance enhancement,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14(6), 876–878 (2002).
[Crossref]

Mossberg, T. W.

A. Grunnet-Jepsen, A. E. Johnson, E. S. Maniloff, T. W. Mossberg, M. J. Munroe, and J. N. Sweetser, “Fiber Bragg grating based spectral encoder/decoder for lightwave CDMA,” Electron. Lett. 35(13), 1096–1097 (1999).
[Crossref]

Munroe, M. J.

A. Grunnet-Jepsen, A. E. Johnson, E. S. Maniloff, T. W. Mossberg, M. J. Munroe, and J. N. Sweetser, “Fiber Bragg grating based spectral encoder/decoder for lightwave CDMA,” Electron. Lett. 35(13), 1096–1097 (1999).
[Crossref]

Pendock, G. J.

D. D. Sampson, G. J. Pendock, and R. A. Griffin, “Photonic code-division multiple-access communications,” Fiber Integr. Opt. 16(2), 129–157 (1997).
[Crossref]

Petropoulos, P.

P. C. Teh, M. Ibsen, J. H. Lee, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “Demonstration of a four-channel WDM/OCDMA system using 255-chip 320-Gchip/s Quarternary phase coding grating,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14(2), 227–229 (2002).
[Crossref]

P. C. Teh, P. Petropoulos, M. Ibsen, and D. J. Richardson, “A comparative study of the performance of sevenand 63-chip optical code-division multiple-access encoders and decoders based on superstructured fiber Bragg gratings,” J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 1352–1365 (2001).

Prucnal, P. R.

C. S. Brès, Y. K. Huang, D. Rand, I. Glesk, P. R. Prucnal, T. Bazan, C. Michie, D. Harle, and I. Andonovic, “On the Experimental Characterization of Beat Noise in 2-D Time-Spreading Wavelength-Hopping OCDMA Systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(21), 2314–2316 (2006).
[Crossref]

Rand, D.

C. S. Brès, Y. K. Huang, D. Rand, I. Glesk, P. R. Prucnal, T. Bazan, C. Michie, D. Harle, and I. Andonovic, “On the Experimental Characterization of Beat Noise in 2-D Time-Spreading Wavelength-Hopping OCDMA Systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(21), 2314–2316 (2006).
[Crossref]

Richardson, D. J.

J. H. Lee, P. C. Teh, Z. Yusoff, M. Ibsen, W. Belardi, T. M. Monro, and D. J. Richardson, “A holey fiber-based nonlinear thresholding device for optical CDMA receiver performance enhancement,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14(6), 876–878 (2002).
[Crossref]

P. C. Teh, M. Ibsen, J. H. Lee, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “Demonstration of a four-channel WDM/OCDMA system using 255-chip 320-Gchip/s Quarternary phase coding grating,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14(2), 227–229 (2002).
[Crossref]

P. C. Teh, P. Petropoulos, M. Ibsen, and D. J. Richardson, “A comparative study of the performance of sevenand 63-chip optical code-division multiple-access encoders and decoders based on superstructured fiber Bragg gratings,” J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 1352–1365 (2001).

Roussev, R. V.

Z. Jiang, D. S. Seo, S. D. Yang, D. E. Leaird, R. V. Roussev, C. Langrock, M. M. Fejer, and A. M. Weiner, “Four user 10 Gb/s spectrally phase-coded O-CDMA system operating at ∼30 fj/bit,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(3), 705–707 (2005).
[Crossref]

Rusch, L. A.

S. Ayotte and L. A. Rusch, “Experimental Comparison of Coherent Versus Incoherent Sources in a Four-User λ-t OCDMA System at 1.25 Gb/s,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(11), 2493–2495 (2005).
[Crossref]

L. Tančevski and L. A. Rusch, “Impact of beat noise on the performance of 2-D optical CDMA systems,” IEEE Commun. Lett. 4(8), 264–266 (2000).
[Crossref]

Salehi, J. A.

J. A. Salehi, A. M. Weiner, and J. P. Heritage, “Coherent ultrashort light pulse code-division multiple access communication systems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 8(3), 478–491 (1990).
[Crossref]

Sampson, D. D.

D. D. Sampson, G. J. Pendock, and R. A. Griffin, “Photonic code-division multiple-access communications,” Fiber Integr. Opt. 16(2), 129–157 (1997).
[Crossref]

Sardesai, H. P.

C. C. Chang, H. P. Sardesai, and A. M. Weiner, “Code-division multiple-access encoding and decoding of femtosecond optical pulses over a 2.5 Km fiber link,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10(1), 171–173 (1998).
[Crossref]

H. P. Sardesai and A. M. Weiner, “Nonlinear fibre-optic receiver for ultrashort pulse code division multiple access communications,” Electron. Lett. 33(7), 610–611 (1997).
[Crossref]

Scott, R. P.

R. P. Scott, W. Cong, K. Li, V. J. Hernandez, B. H. Kolner, J. P. Heritage, and S. J. B. Yoo, “Demonstration of an error-free 4 × 10 Gb/s multiuser SPECTS O-CDMA network testbed,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2186–2188 (2004).
[Crossref]

Seo, D. S.

Z. Jiang, D. S. Seo, S. D. Yang, D. E. Leaird, R. V. Roussev, C. Langrock, M. M. Fejer, and A. M. Weiner, “Four user 10 Gb/s spectrally phase-coded O-CDMA system operating at ∼30 fj/bit,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(3), 705–707 (2005).
[Crossref]

Si, Z. J.

Y. Zhang, H. W. Chen, Z. J. Si, H. Ji, and S. Z. Xie, “Design of FBG En/Decoders in Coherent 2-D Time-Wavelength OCDMA Systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(11), 891–893 (2008).
[Crossref]

Smith, E. D. J.

E. D. J. Smith, R. J. Blaikei, and D. P. Taylor, “Performance enhancement of spectral-amplitude-coding optical CDMA using pulse-position modulation,” IEEE Trans. Commun. 46(9), 1176–1185 (1998).
[Crossref]

Sweetser, J. N.

A. Grunnet-Jepsen, A. E. Johnson, E. S. Maniloff, T. W. Mossberg, M. J. Munroe, and J. N. Sweetser, “Fiber Bragg grating based spectral encoder/decoder for lightwave CDMA,” Electron. Lett. 35(13), 1096–1097 (1999).
[Crossref]

Tancevski, L.

L. Tančevski and L. A. Rusch, “Impact of beat noise on the performance of 2-D optical CDMA systems,” IEEE Commun. Lett. 4(8), 264–266 (2000).
[Crossref]

L. Tančevski and I. Andonovic, “Wavelength hopping/time spreading code division multiple access systems,” Electron. Lett. 30(17), 1388–1390 (1994).
[Crossref]

Taylor, D. P.

E. D. J. Smith, R. J. Blaikei, and D. P. Taylor, “Performance enhancement of spectral-amplitude-coding optical CDMA using pulse-position modulation,” IEEE Trans. Commun. 46(9), 1176–1185 (1998).
[Crossref]

Teh, P. C.

J. H. Lee, P. C. Teh, Z. Yusoff, M. Ibsen, W. Belardi, T. M. Monro, and D. J. Richardson, “A holey fiber-based nonlinear thresholding device for optical CDMA receiver performance enhancement,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14(6), 876–878 (2002).
[Crossref]

P. C. Teh, M. Ibsen, J. H. Lee, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “Demonstration of a four-channel WDM/OCDMA system using 255-chip 320-Gchip/s Quarternary phase coding grating,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14(2), 227–229 (2002).
[Crossref]

P. C. Teh, P. Petropoulos, M. Ibsen, and D. J. Richardson, “A comparative study of the performance of sevenand 63-chip optical code-division multiple-access encoders and decoders based on superstructured fiber Bragg gratings,” J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 1352–1365 (2001).

Tur, M.

P. Legg, M. Tur, and I. Andonovic, “Solution paths to limit interferometric noise induced performance degradation in ASK/direct detection lightwave networks,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14(9), 1943–1954 (1996).
[Crossref]

Wada, N.

Wang, X.

Weiner, A. M.

Z. Jiang, D. S. Seo, S. D. Yang, D. E. Leaird, R. V. Roussev, C. Langrock, M. M. Fejer, and A. M. Weiner, “Four user 10 Gb/s spectrally phase-coded O-CDMA system operating at ∼30 fj/bit,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(3), 705–707 (2005).
[Crossref]

C. C. Chang, H. P. Sardesai, and A. M. Weiner, “Code-division multiple-access encoding and decoding of femtosecond optical pulses over a 2.5 Km fiber link,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10(1), 171–173 (1998).
[Crossref]

H. P. Sardesai and A. M. Weiner, “Nonlinear fibre-optic receiver for ultrashort pulse code division multiple access communications,” Electron. Lett. 33(7), 610–611 (1997).
[Crossref]

J. A. Salehi, A. M. Weiner, and J. P. Heritage, “Coherent ultrashort light pulse code-division multiple access communication systems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 8(3), 478–491 (1990).
[Crossref]

Xia, L.

Xie, S. Z.

Y. Zhang, H. W. Chen, Z. J. Si, H. Ji, and S. Z. Xie, “Design of FBG En/Decoders in Coherent 2-D Time-Wavelength OCDMA Systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(11), 891–893 (2008).
[Crossref]

Y. T. Dai, X. F. Chen, L. Xia, Y. J. Zhang, and S. Z. Xie, “Sampled Bragg grating with desired response in one channel by use of a reconstruction algorithm and equivalent chirp,” Opt. Lett. 29(12), 1333–1335 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yang, S. D.

Z. Jiang, D. S. Seo, S. D. Yang, D. E. Leaird, R. V. Roussev, C. Langrock, M. M. Fejer, and A. M. Weiner, “Four user 10 Gb/s spectrally phase-coded O-CDMA system operating at ∼30 fj/bit,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(3), 705–707 (2005).
[Crossref]

Yim, R. M. H.

R. M. H. Yim, L. R. Chen, and J. Bajcsy, “Design and performance of 2-D codes for wavelength-time optical CDMA,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14(5), 714–716 (2002).
[Crossref]

Yoo, S. J. B.

R. P. Scott, W. Cong, K. Li, V. J. Hernandez, B. H. Kolner, J. P. Heritage, and S. J. B. Yoo, “Demonstration of an error-free 4 × 10 Gb/s multiuser SPECTS O-CDMA network testbed,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2186–2188 (2004).
[Crossref]

Yusoff, Z.

J. H. Lee, P. C. Teh, Z. Yusoff, M. Ibsen, W. Belardi, T. M. Monro, and D. J. Richardson, “A holey fiber-based nonlinear thresholding device for optical CDMA receiver performance enhancement,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14(6), 876–878 (2002).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Y.

Y. Zhang, H. W. Chen, Z. J. Si, H. Ji, and S. Z. Xie, “Design of FBG En/Decoders in Coherent 2-D Time-Wavelength OCDMA Systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(11), 891–893 (2008).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Y. J.

Electron. Lett. (3)

A. Grunnet-Jepsen, A. E. Johnson, E. S. Maniloff, T. W. Mossberg, M. J. Munroe, and J. N. Sweetser, “Fiber Bragg grating based spectral encoder/decoder for lightwave CDMA,” Electron. Lett. 35(13), 1096–1097 (1999).
[Crossref]

H. P. Sardesai and A. M. Weiner, “Nonlinear fibre-optic receiver for ultrashort pulse code division multiple access communications,” Electron. Lett. 33(7), 610–611 (1997).
[Crossref]

L. Tančevski and I. Andonovic, “Wavelength hopping/time spreading code division multiple access systems,” Electron. Lett. 30(17), 1388–1390 (1994).
[Crossref]

Fiber Integr. Opt. (1)

D. D. Sampson, G. J. Pendock, and R. A. Griffin, “Photonic code-division multiple-access communications,” Fiber Integr. Opt. 16(2), 129–157 (1997).
[Crossref]

IEEE Commun. Lett. (1)

L. Tančevski and L. A. Rusch, “Impact of beat noise on the performance of 2-D optical CDMA systems,” IEEE Commun. Lett. 4(8), 264–266 (2000).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. (1)

K. Kitayama, “Code division multiplexing lightwave networks based upon optical code conversion,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. 16(7), 1309–1319 (1998).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (10)

P. C. Teh, M. Ibsen, J. H. Lee, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “Demonstration of a four-channel WDM/OCDMA system using 255-chip 320-Gchip/s Quarternary phase coding grating,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14(2), 227–229 (2002).
[Crossref]

C. C. Chang, H. P. Sardesai, and A. M. Weiner, “Code-division multiple-access encoding and decoding of femtosecond optical pulses over a 2.5 Km fiber link,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10(1), 171–173 (1998).
[Crossref]

Y. Zhang, H. W. Chen, Z. J. Si, H. Ji, and S. Z. Xie, “Design of FBG En/Decoders in Coherent 2-D Time-Wavelength OCDMA Systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(11), 891–893 (2008).
[Crossref]

S. Ayotte and L. A. Rusch, “Experimental Comparison of Coherent Versus Incoherent Sources in a Four-User λ-t OCDMA System at 1.25 Gb/s,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(11), 2493–2495 (2005).
[Crossref]

Z. Jiang, D. S. Seo, S. D. Yang, D. E. Leaird, R. V. Roussev, C. Langrock, M. M. Fejer, and A. M. Weiner, “Four user 10 Gb/s spectrally phase-coded O-CDMA system operating at ∼30 fj/bit,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(3), 705–707 (2005).
[Crossref]

J. H. Lee, P. C. Teh, Z. Yusoff, M. Ibsen, W. Belardi, T. M. Monro, and D. J. Richardson, “A holey fiber-based nonlinear thresholding device for optical CDMA receiver performance enhancement,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14(6), 876–878 (2002).
[Crossref]

R. P. Scott, W. Cong, K. Li, V. J. Hernandez, B. H. Kolner, J. P. Heritage, and S. J. B. Yoo, “Demonstration of an error-free 4 × 10 Gb/s multiuser SPECTS O-CDMA network testbed,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2186–2188 (2004).
[Crossref]

C. S. Brès, Y. K. Huang, D. Rand, I. Glesk, P. R. Prucnal, T. Bazan, C. Michie, D. Harle, and I. Andonovic, “On the Experimental Characterization of Beat Noise in 2-D Time-Spreading Wavelength-Hopping OCDMA Systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(21), 2314–2316 (2006).
[Crossref]

R. M. H. Yim, L. R. Chen, and J. Bajcsy, “Design and performance of 2-D codes for wavelength-time optical CDMA,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14(5), 714–716 (2002).
[Crossref]

X. Wang, N. Wada, T. Miyazaki, and K. Kitayama, “Coherent OCDMA System Using DPSK Data Format With Balanced Detection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(7), 826–828 (2006).
[Crossref]

IEEE Trans. Commun. (1)

E. D. J. Smith, R. J. Blaikei, and D. P. Taylor, “Performance enhancement of spectral-amplitude-coding optical CDMA using pulse-position modulation,” IEEE Trans. Commun. 46(9), 1176–1185 (1998).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (9)

A. J. Mendez, R. M. Gagliardi, V. J. Hernandez, C. V. Bennett, and W. J. Lennon, “High-performance optical CDMA system based on 2-D optical orthogonal codes,” J. Lightwave Technol. 22(11), 2409–2419 (2004).
[Crossref]

T. M. Bazan, D. Harle, and I. Andonovic, “Mitigation of Beat Noise in Time–WavelengthOptical Code-Division Multiple-Access Systems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24(11), 4215–4222 (2006).
[Crossref]

T. M. Bazan, D. Harle, and I. Andonovic, “Performance Analysis of 2-D Time-Wavelength OCDMA Systems with Coherent Light Sources: Code Design Considerations,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24(10), 3583–3589 (2006).
[Crossref]

P. Legg, M. Tur, and I. Andonovic, “Solution paths to limit interferometric noise induced performance degradation in ASK/direct detection lightwave networks,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14(9), 1943–1954 (1996).
[Crossref]

P. C. Teh, P. Petropoulos, M. Ibsen, and D. J. Richardson, “A comparative study of the performance of sevenand 63-chip optical code-division multiple-access encoders and decoders based on superstructured fiber Bragg gratings,” J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 1352–1365 (2001).

X. Wang and K. Kitayama, “Analysis of beat noise in coherent and incoherent time-spreading OCDMA,” J. Lightwave Technol. 22(10), 2226–2235 (2004).
[Crossref]

M. E. Maric, “Coherent optical CDMA networks,” J. Lightwave Technol. 11(5), 854–864 (1993).
[Crossref]

N. Wada and K. Kitayama, “A 10 Gb/s optical code division multiplexing using 8-chip optical bipolar code and coherent detection,” J. Lightwave Technol. 17(10), 1758–1765 (1999).
[Crossref]

J. A. Salehi, A. M. Weiner, and J. P. Heritage, “Coherent ultrashort light pulse code-division multiple access communication systems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 8(3), 478–491 (1990).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Netw. (1)

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Other (2)

X. Wang, and K. T. Chan, “Enhancement of transmission data rates in incoherent FO-CDMA systems,” OptoElectronics Communication Conference (OECC’00), (Chiba, Japan, 2000), Tech. Dig., 14A2–5.

X. Wang, K. Matsushima, A. Nishiki, N. Wada, F. Kubota, and K. Kitayama, “ Experimental demonstration of 511-chip 640Gchip/s superstructured FBG for high performance optical code processing,” in European Conference of Optical Communication (ECOC’04) (Stockholm, Sweden, 2004), Tu1.3.7.

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Figures (10)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Illustration of 2-D en/decoder: (a) Conventional structure; (b) Proposed chirp-coded structure.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Illustration of beating between the data chip and the interferer chip (with different phase noise) for the conventional (upper part) and the novel (bottom part) scheme.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Wavelength spectra of the two kinds of encoders: the conventional (left) and the novel (right)
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Encoded waveforms and frequency distribution corresponding to code word for the conventional (left) and the novel (right) scheme.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Eye diagrams after 30-GHz PIN and 10-GHz PIN with different interferer users for the conventional (upper part) and the novel (lower part) scheme.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Measured wavelength spectrum of encoder (left) and experiment setup (right)
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Measured (upper) and simulated (lower) eye diagrams of decoded signals for one user and two users with different data rate
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 Comparison of BER performance versus the number of simultaneous users between the conventional and novel scheme for PH (left) and APH (rigth)
Fig. 9
Fig. 9 Influence of the different amount of chirp on the BER performance for PH (left) and APH (rigth)
Fig. 10
Fig. 10 BER performance versus different threshold values for the number of simultaneous users K = 5~40, step = 5. PH (left) and APH (rigth)

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1 The codes used for chirp-coded scheme. The order of numbers follows its corresponding time chips, numbers 1~4 represent four wavelength chips, and the minus punctuation “-” represents inverse chirp polarity.

Tables Icon

Table 2 The joint probability distribution of (x,y)

Equations (31)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

E(t)=Ed(t)+Ei(t)
E(t)Pdl=1wPd(t)exp{j(ωd,lt+ϕd,l(t))}+Pil=1wi=1K1Pi(t)exp{j(ωc,l,i(tτl,i)+ϕc,l,i(tτl,i))}
Z=0Tc(EE)dt+0Tcn0(t)dt=TcwPd¯Data+Tci=1K1Pi¯Interference+2Pdl=1wi=1K1Pi0Tccos(ϕc,l,i(tτl,i)ωd,lτl,iϕd,l+Δωi(t)(tτl,i))dt¯Data-interference beat terms+2l=1wi=1K1g=i+1K2PiPg0Tccos(ϕc,l,i(tτl,i)ωd,lτl,i+ωd,lτl,gϕc,l,g(tτl,g)¯+(Δωi(t)Δωg(t))(tτl,i)Δωg(t)τi,g)dt¯Interference-interference beat terms+0Tcn0(t)dt¯Receiver noise
Δωi(t)={        0                        Probability=12Δω2+ΔωTct         Probability=14Δω2ΔωTct            Probability=14
Δωi(t)Δωg(t)={       0                                  Probability=38Δω2+ΔωTct                  Probability=14Δω2ΔωTct                    Probability=142(Δω2+ΔωTct)              Probability=1162(Δω2ΔωTct)                 Probability=116         
Pi={ξPd               if    Δωi(t)=0                                                       ξPd2           if     Δωi(t)=(Δω2+ΔωTct)(Δω2ΔωTct)
Φ1=ϕc,l,i(tτl,i)ωd,lτl,iϕd,l
Φ2=ϕc,l,i(tτl,i)ωd,lτl,i+ωd,lτl,gϕc,l,g(tτl,g)
ZBN=2Pdl=1wi=1K1Pi[cos(Φ1)0Tccos(Δωi(t)(tτl,i))dtsin(Φ1)0Tcsin(Δωi(t)(tτl,i))dt]+2l=1wi=1K1g=i+1K2PiPg[cos(Φ2)0Tccos((Δωi(t)Δωg(t))(tτl,i)Δωg(t)τi,g)dtsin(Φ2)0Tcsin((Δωi(t)Δωg(t))(tτl,i)Δωg(t)τi,g)dt]
2l=1wi=1K1g=i+1K2PiPg[cos(Φ2)(0Tcos((Δωi(t)Δωg(t))(tτl,i)))dt0Tccos(Δωg(t)τi,g)dt0Tcsin((Δωi(t)Δωg(t))(tτl,i)))dt0Tcsin(Δωg(t)τi,g)dt)sin(Φ2)(0Tsin((Δωi(t)Δωg(t))(tτl,i)))dt0Tccos(Δωg(t)τi,g)dt0Tcos((Δωi(t)Δωg(t))(tτl,i)))dt0Tcsin(Δωg(t)τi,g)dt)]
E((1Tc0Tccos(Δωi(t)(tτl,i))dt)2)=1.1523e-4
E((1Tc0Tcsin(Δωi(t)(tτl,i))dt)2)=2.7612e-5
E((1Tc0Tccos((Δωi(t)Δωg(t))(tτl,i))dt)2)=4.6128e-5
E((1Tc0Tcsin((Δωi(t)Δωg(t))(tτl,i))dt)2)=3.1280e-6
E((1Tc0Tccos(Δωi(t)τi,g)dt)2)=0.0012
E((1Tc0Tcsin(Δωi(t)τi,g)dt)2)=0
SNR1=P1σth2+σsh12+σRIN12+σsigint2+σintint2
P1=(ωPd+k'ξPdP(Pi=ξPd)+k'ξPd2P(Pi=ξPd2)ωPdD)2
σth2=(4KBTBe)RL
σsh12=2q(ωPd+k'ξPdP(Pi=ξPd)+k'ξPd2P(Pi=ξPd2))Be
σRIN12=RIN(ωPd+k'ξPdP(Pi=ξPd)+k'ξPd2P(Pi=ξPd2))2Be
σsigint2=Var(datainterference/Δωi(t)=0)P(Δωi(t)=0)+Var(datainterference/Δωi(t)=Δω2+ΔωTct)P(Δωi(t)=Δω2+ΔωTct)+Var(datainterference/Δωi(t)=Δω2ΔωTct)P(Δωi(t)=Δω2ΔωTct)=122ξPd2k'+124PdξPd2k'[Var(1Tccos(Φ1)0Tccos(Δωi(t)(tτl,i))dt)+Var(1Tcsin(Φ1)0Tcsin(Δωi(t)(tτl,i))dt)]
σintint2=Variance00P(x=0,y=0)+Variancesingle0P(x=single,y=0)+Variance0-singleP(x=0,y=single)+VariancedoublesingleP(x=double,y=single)+VariancesinglesingleP(x=single,y=single)
SNR0=P0σth2+σsh02+σRIN02+σintint2
P0=(ωPdD(k'ξPdP(Pi=ξPd)+k'ξPd2P(Pi=ξPd2)))2
σth2=(4KBTBe)RL
σsh02=2q(k'ξPdP(Pi=ξPd)+k'ξPd2P(Pi=ξPd2))Be
σRIN02=RIN(k'ξPdP(Pi=ξPd)+k'ξPd2P(Pi=ξPd2))2Be
σintint2=Variance00P(x=0,y=0)+Variancesingle0P(x=single,y=0)+Variance0-singleP(x=0,y=single)+VariancedoublesingleP(x=double,y=single)+VariancesinglesingleP(x=single,y=single)
Pe=i=1K1(K1i)2(K1)j=1i(ij)(hav)j(1hav)ij12{Q(sqrt(SNR1)+Q(sqrt(SNR0))}
Q(x)=12πxexp(y22)dy

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