Abstract

We experimentally demonstrated an approach based on dipole and dual-quadrupole coupling to construct a planar metamaterial supporting multi-spectral plasmon induced transparency. The structure consists of two short silver wires (dipole) and two long silver wires (dual-quadrupole). The in-plane coupling between the dipole and the dual-quadrupole leads to two transmission windows even in the absorbance linewidth of the dipole. This phenomenon is well described and understood by numerical analyses and a classical oscillator model.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
  3. S. Lal, S. Link, and N. J. Halas, “Nano-optics from sensing to waveguiding,” Nat. Photon. 1, 641–648 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  4. C. Liu, Z. Dutton, C. H. Behroozi, and L. V. Hau, “Observation of coherent optical information storage in an atomic medium using halted light pulses,” Nature (London) 409, 490–493 (2001).
    [Crossref]
  5. S. Prosvirnin and S. Zouhdi, “Resonances of closed modes in thin arrays of complex particles,” in Advances in Electromagnetics of Complex Media and Metamaterials, S. Zouhdi, A. Shivola, and M. Arsalane, eds. (Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2003), pp. 281–290.
  6. S. Zhang, D. A. Genov, Y. Wang, M. Liu, and X. Zhang, “Plasmon-induced transparency in metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 047401 (2008).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  7. N. Papasimakis, V. A. Fedotov, N. I. Zheludev, and S. L. Prosvirnin, “Metamaterial analog of electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 253903 (2008).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  8. R. Singh, C. Rockstuhl, F. Lederer, and W. Zhang, “Coupling between a dark and a bright eigenmode in a terahertz metamaterial,” Phys. Rev. B 79, 085111 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  9. N. Verellen, Y. Sonnefraud, H. Sobhani, F. Hao, V. V. Moshchalkov, P. V. Dorpe, P. Nordlander, and S. A. Maier, “Fano resonances in individual coherent plasmonic nanocavities,” Nano lett. 9, 1663–1667 (2009).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  10. N. Liu, L. Langguth, T. Weiss, J. Kastel, M. Fleischhauer, T. Pfau, and H. Giessen, “Plasmonic analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency at the Drude damping limit,” Nat. Mat. 8, 758–762 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  11. N. Liu, T. Weiss, M. Mesch, L. Langguth, U. Eigenthaler, M. Hirscher, C. Sonnichsen, and H. Giessen, “Planar metamaterial analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency for plasmonic sensing,” Nano Lett. 10, 1103–1107 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  12. J. Zhang, S. Xiao, C. Jeppesen, A. Kristensen, and N. A. Mortensen, “Electromagnetically induced transparency in metamaterials at near-infrared frequency,” Opt. Express 18, 17187–17192 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  13. X. Liu, J. Gu, R. Singh, Y. Ma, J. Zhu, Z. Tian, M. He, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Electromagnetically induced transparency in terahertz plasmonic metamaterials via dual excitation pathways of the dark mode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 131101 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  14. J. Gu, R. Singh, X. Liu, X. Zhang, Y. Ma, S. Zhang, S. A. Maier, Z. Tian, A. K. Azad, H.-T. Chen, A. J. Taylor, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Active control of electromagnetically induced transparency analogue in terahertz metamaterials,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1151 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  15. X. Yin, T. Feng, S. Yip, Z. Liang, A. Hui, J. C. Ho, and J. Li, “Tailoring electromagnetically induced transparency for terahertz metamaterials: From diatomic to triatomic structural molecules,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103, 021115 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  16. Y. Zhu, X. Hu, Y. Fu, H. Yang, and Q. Gong, “Ultralow-power and ultrafast all-optical tunable plasmon-induced transparency in metamaterials at optical communication range,” Sci. Rep. 3, 2338 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  17. A. Artar, A. A. Yanik, and H. Altug, “Multispectral plasmon induced transparency in coupled meta-atoms,” Nano Lett. 11, 1685–1689 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  18. N. Liu, M. Hentschel, T. Weiss, A. P. Alivisatos, and H. Giessen, “Three-dimensional plasmon rulers,” Science 332, 1407–1410 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  19. S. Singh-Gasson, R. D. Green, Y. Yue, C. Nelson, F. Blattner, M. R. Sussman, and F. Cerrina, “Maskless fabrication of light-directed oligonucleotide microarrays using a digital micromirror array,” Nat. biotech.,  17, 974–978 (1999).
    [Crossref]
  20. K. Totsu, K. Fujishiro, S. Tanaka, and M. Esashi, “Fabrication of three-dimensional microstructure using mask-less gray-scale lithography,” Sensors Actuators A,  130, 387–392 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  21. E. Prodan, C. Radloff, N. J. Halas, and P. Nordlander, “A hybridization model for the plasmon response of complex nanostructures,” Science 302, 419–422 (2003).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  22. Z.-J. Yang, Z.-S. Zhang, L.-H. Zhang, Q.-Q. Li, Z.-H. Hao, and Q.-Q. Wang, “Fano resonances in dipole-quadrupole plasmon coupling nanorod dimers,” Opt. Lett. 36, 1542–1544 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  23. P. Tassin, L. Zhang, T. Koschny, E. N. Economou, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Low-loss metamaterials based on classical electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 053901 (2009).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2013 (2)

X. Yin, T. Feng, S. Yip, Z. Liang, A. Hui, J. C. Ho, and J. Li, “Tailoring electromagnetically induced transparency for terahertz metamaterials: From diatomic to triatomic structural molecules,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103, 021115 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. Zhu, X. Hu, Y. Fu, H. Yang, and Q. Gong, “Ultralow-power and ultrafast all-optical tunable plasmon-induced transparency in metamaterials at optical communication range,” Sci. Rep. 3, 2338 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (2)

X. Liu, J. Gu, R. Singh, Y. Ma, J. Zhu, Z. Tian, M. He, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Electromagnetically induced transparency in terahertz plasmonic metamaterials via dual excitation pathways of the dark mode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 131101 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Gu, R. Singh, X. Liu, X. Zhang, Y. Ma, S. Zhang, S. A. Maier, Z. Tian, A. K. Azad, H.-T. Chen, A. J. Taylor, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Active control of electromagnetically induced transparency analogue in terahertz metamaterials,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1151 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (3)

A. Artar, A. A. Yanik, and H. Altug, “Multispectral plasmon induced transparency in coupled meta-atoms,” Nano Lett. 11, 1685–1689 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Liu, M. Hentschel, T. Weiss, A. P. Alivisatos, and H. Giessen, “Three-dimensional plasmon rulers,” Science 332, 1407–1410 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z.-J. Yang, Z.-S. Zhang, L.-H. Zhang, Q.-Q. Li, Z.-H. Hao, and Q.-Q. Wang, “Fano resonances in dipole-quadrupole plasmon coupling nanorod dimers,” Opt. Lett. 36, 1542–1544 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2010 (2)

N. Liu, T. Weiss, M. Mesch, L. Langguth, U. Eigenthaler, M. Hirscher, C. Sonnichsen, and H. Giessen, “Planar metamaterial analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency for plasmonic sensing,” Nano Lett. 10, 1103–1107 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Zhang, S. Xiao, C. Jeppesen, A. Kristensen, and N. A. Mortensen, “Electromagnetically induced transparency in metamaterials at near-infrared frequency,” Opt. Express 18, 17187–17192 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2009 (4)

R. Singh, C. Rockstuhl, F. Lederer, and W. Zhang, “Coupling between a dark and a bright eigenmode in a terahertz metamaterial,” Phys. Rev. B 79, 085111 (2009).
[Crossref]

N. Verellen, Y. Sonnefraud, H. Sobhani, F. Hao, V. V. Moshchalkov, P. V. Dorpe, P. Nordlander, and S. A. Maier, “Fano resonances in individual coherent plasmonic nanocavities,” Nano lett. 9, 1663–1667 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Liu, L. Langguth, T. Weiss, J. Kastel, M. Fleischhauer, T. Pfau, and H. Giessen, “Plasmonic analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency at the Drude damping limit,” Nat. Mat. 8, 758–762 (2009).
[Crossref]

P. Tassin, L. Zhang, T. Koschny, E. N. Economou, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Low-loss metamaterials based on classical electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 053901 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2008 (2)

S. Zhang, D. A. Genov, Y. Wang, M. Liu, and X. Zhang, “Plasmon-induced transparency in metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 047401 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Papasimakis, V. A. Fedotov, N. I. Zheludev, and S. L. Prosvirnin, “Metamaterial analog of electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 253903 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2007 (1)

S. Lal, S. Link, and N. J. Halas, “Nano-optics from sensing to waveguiding,” Nat. Photon. 1, 641–648 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

K. Totsu, K. Fujishiro, S. Tanaka, and M. Esashi, “Fabrication of three-dimensional microstructure using mask-less gray-scale lithography,” Sensors Actuators A,  130, 387–392 (2006).
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

E. Prodan, C. Radloff, N. J. Halas, and P. Nordlander, “A hybridization model for the plasmon response of complex nanostructures,” Science 302, 419–422 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2001 (1)

C. Liu, Z. Dutton, C. H. Behroozi, and L. V. Hau, “Observation of coherent optical information storage in an atomic medium using halted light pulses,” Nature (London) 409, 490–493 (2001).
[Crossref]

1999 (1)

S. Singh-Gasson, R. D. Green, Y. Yue, C. Nelson, F. Blattner, M. R. Sussman, and F. Cerrina, “Maskless fabrication of light-directed oligonucleotide microarrays using a digital micromirror array,” Nat. biotech.,  17, 974–978 (1999).
[Crossref]

1997 (1)

S. E. Harris, “Electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Today 50, 36 (1997).
[Crossref]

1991 (1)

K.-J. Boller, A. Imamoglu, and S. E. Harris, “Observation of electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 2593–2596 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Alivisatos, A. P.

N. Liu, M. Hentschel, T. Weiss, A. P. Alivisatos, and H. Giessen, “Three-dimensional plasmon rulers,” Science 332, 1407–1410 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Altug, H.

A. Artar, A. A. Yanik, and H. Altug, “Multispectral plasmon induced transparency in coupled meta-atoms,” Nano Lett. 11, 1685–1689 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Artar, A.

A. Artar, A. A. Yanik, and H. Altug, “Multispectral plasmon induced transparency in coupled meta-atoms,” Nano Lett. 11, 1685–1689 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Azad, A. K.

J. Gu, R. Singh, X. Liu, X. Zhang, Y. Ma, S. Zhang, S. A. Maier, Z. Tian, A. K. Azad, H.-T. Chen, A. J. Taylor, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Active control of electromagnetically induced transparency analogue in terahertz metamaterials,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1151 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Behroozi, C. H.

C. Liu, Z. Dutton, C. H. Behroozi, and L. V. Hau, “Observation of coherent optical information storage in an atomic medium using halted light pulses,” Nature (London) 409, 490–493 (2001).
[Crossref]

Blattner, F.

S. Singh-Gasson, R. D. Green, Y. Yue, C. Nelson, F. Blattner, M. R. Sussman, and F. Cerrina, “Maskless fabrication of light-directed oligonucleotide microarrays using a digital micromirror array,” Nat. biotech.,  17, 974–978 (1999).
[Crossref]

Boller, K.-J.

K.-J. Boller, A. Imamoglu, and S. E. Harris, “Observation of electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 2593–2596 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cerrina, F.

S. Singh-Gasson, R. D. Green, Y. Yue, C. Nelson, F. Blattner, M. R. Sussman, and F. Cerrina, “Maskless fabrication of light-directed oligonucleotide microarrays using a digital micromirror array,” Nat. biotech.,  17, 974–978 (1999).
[Crossref]

Chen, H.-T.

J. Gu, R. Singh, X. Liu, X. Zhang, Y. Ma, S. Zhang, S. A. Maier, Z. Tian, A. K. Azad, H.-T. Chen, A. J. Taylor, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Active control of electromagnetically induced transparency analogue in terahertz metamaterials,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1151 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dorpe, P. V.

N. Verellen, Y. Sonnefraud, H. Sobhani, F. Hao, V. V. Moshchalkov, P. V. Dorpe, P. Nordlander, and S. A. Maier, “Fano resonances in individual coherent plasmonic nanocavities,” Nano lett. 9, 1663–1667 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dutton, Z.

C. Liu, Z. Dutton, C. H. Behroozi, and L. V. Hau, “Observation of coherent optical information storage in an atomic medium using halted light pulses,” Nature (London) 409, 490–493 (2001).
[Crossref]

Economou, E. N.

P. Tassin, L. Zhang, T. Koschny, E. N. Economou, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Low-loss metamaterials based on classical electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 053901 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Eigenthaler, U.

N. Liu, T. Weiss, M. Mesch, L. Langguth, U. Eigenthaler, M. Hirscher, C. Sonnichsen, and H. Giessen, “Planar metamaterial analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency for plasmonic sensing,” Nano Lett. 10, 1103–1107 (2010).
[Crossref]

Esashi, M.

K. Totsu, K. Fujishiro, S. Tanaka, and M. Esashi, “Fabrication of three-dimensional microstructure using mask-less gray-scale lithography,” Sensors Actuators A,  130, 387–392 (2006).
[Crossref]

Fedotov, V. A.

N. Papasimakis, V. A. Fedotov, N. I. Zheludev, and S. L. Prosvirnin, “Metamaterial analog of electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 253903 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Feng, T.

X. Yin, T. Feng, S. Yip, Z. Liang, A. Hui, J. C. Ho, and J. Li, “Tailoring electromagnetically induced transparency for terahertz metamaterials: From diatomic to triatomic structural molecules,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103, 021115 (2013).
[Crossref]

Fleischhauer, M.

N. Liu, L. Langguth, T. Weiss, J. Kastel, M. Fleischhauer, T. Pfau, and H. Giessen, “Plasmonic analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency at the Drude damping limit,” Nat. Mat. 8, 758–762 (2009).
[Crossref]

Fu, Y.

Y. Zhu, X. Hu, Y. Fu, H. Yang, and Q. Gong, “Ultralow-power and ultrafast all-optical tunable plasmon-induced transparency in metamaterials at optical communication range,” Sci. Rep. 3, 2338 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fujishiro, K.

K. Totsu, K. Fujishiro, S. Tanaka, and M. Esashi, “Fabrication of three-dimensional microstructure using mask-less gray-scale lithography,” Sensors Actuators A,  130, 387–392 (2006).
[Crossref]

Genov, D. A.

S. Zhang, D. A. Genov, Y. Wang, M. Liu, and X. Zhang, “Plasmon-induced transparency in metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 047401 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Giessen, H.

N. Liu, M. Hentschel, T. Weiss, A. P. Alivisatos, and H. Giessen, “Three-dimensional plasmon rulers,” Science 332, 1407–1410 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Liu, T. Weiss, M. Mesch, L. Langguth, U. Eigenthaler, M. Hirscher, C. Sonnichsen, and H. Giessen, “Planar metamaterial analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency for plasmonic sensing,” Nano Lett. 10, 1103–1107 (2010).
[Crossref]

N. Liu, L. Langguth, T. Weiss, J. Kastel, M. Fleischhauer, T. Pfau, and H. Giessen, “Plasmonic analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency at the Drude damping limit,” Nat. Mat. 8, 758–762 (2009).
[Crossref]

Gong, Q.

Y. Zhu, X. Hu, Y. Fu, H. Yang, and Q. Gong, “Ultralow-power and ultrafast all-optical tunable plasmon-induced transparency in metamaterials at optical communication range,” Sci. Rep. 3, 2338 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Green, R. D.

S. Singh-Gasson, R. D. Green, Y. Yue, C. Nelson, F. Blattner, M. R. Sussman, and F. Cerrina, “Maskless fabrication of light-directed oligonucleotide microarrays using a digital micromirror array,” Nat. biotech.,  17, 974–978 (1999).
[Crossref]

Gu, J.

X. Liu, J. Gu, R. Singh, Y. Ma, J. Zhu, Z. Tian, M. He, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Electromagnetically induced transparency in terahertz plasmonic metamaterials via dual excitation pathways of the dark mode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 131101 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Gu, R. Singh, X. Liu, X. Zhang, Y. Ma, S. Zhang, S. A. Maier, Z. Tian, A. K. Azad, H.-T. Chen, A. J. Taylor, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Active control of electromagnetically induced transparency analogue in terahertz metamaterials,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1151 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Halas, N. J.

S. Lal, S. Link, and N. J. Halas, “Nano-optics from sensing to waveguiding,” Nat. Photon. 1, 641–648 (2007).
[Crossref]

E. Prodan, C. Radloff, N. J. Halas, and P. Nordlander, “A hybridization model for the plasmon response of complex nanostructures,” Science 302, 419–422 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Han, J.

J. Gu, R. Singh, X. Liu, X. Zhang, Y. Ma, S. Zhang, S. A. Maier, Z. Tian, A. K. Azad, H.-T. Chen, A. J. Taylor, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Active control of electromagnetically induced transparency analogue in terahertz metamaterials,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1151 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Liu, J. Gu, R. Singh, Y. Ma, J. Zhu, Z. Tian, M. He, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Electromagnetically induced transparency in terahertz plasmonic metamaterials via dual excitation pathways of the dark mode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 131101 (2012).
[Crossref]

Hao, F.

N. Verellen, Y. Sonnefraud, H. Sobhani, F. Hao, V. V. Moshchalkov, P. V. Dorpe, P. Nordlander, and S. A. Maier, “Fano resonances in individual coherent plasmonic nanocavities,” Nano lett. 9, 1663–1667 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hao, Z.-H.

Z.-J. Yang, Z.-S. Zhang, L.-H. Zhang, Q.-Q. Li, Z.-H. Hao, and Q.-Q. Wang, “Fano resonances in dipole-quadrupole plasmon coupling nanorod dimers,” Opt. Lett. 36, 1542–1544 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Harris, S. E.

S. E. Harris, “Electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Today 50, 36 (1997).
[Crossref]

K.-J. Boller, A. Imamoglu, and S. E. Harris, “Observation of electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 2593–2596 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hau, L. V.

C. Liu, Z. Dutton, C. H. Behroozi, and L. V. Hau, “Observation of coherent optical information storage in an atomic medium using halted light pulses,” Nature (London) 409, 490–493 (2001).
[Crossref]

He, M.

X. Liu, J. Gu, R. Singh, Y. Ma, J. Zhu, Z. Tian, M. He, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Electromagnetically induced transparency in terahertz plasmonic metamaterials via dual excitation pathways of the dark mode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 131101 (2012).
[Crossref]

Hentschel, M.

N. Liu, M. Hentschel, T. Weiss, A. P. Alivisatos, and H. Giessen, “Three-dimensional plasmon rulers,” Science 332, 1407–1410 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hirscher, M.

N. Liu, T. Weiss, M. Mesch, L. Langguth, U. Eigenthaler, M. Hirscher, C. Sonnichsen, and H. Giessen, “Planar metamaterial analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency for plasmonic sensing,” Nano Lett. 10, 1103–1107 (2010).
[Crossref]

Ho, J. C.

X. Yin, T. Feng, S. Yip, Z. Liang, A. Hui, J. C. Ho, and J. Li, “Tailoring electromagnetically induced transparency for terahertz metamaterials: From diatomic to triatomic structural molecules,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103, 021115 (2013).
[Crossref]

Hu, X.

Y. Zhu, X. Hu, Y. Fu, H. Yang, and Q. Gong, “Ultralow-power and ultrafast all-optical tunable plasmon-induced transparency in metamaterials at optical communication range,” Sci. Rep. 3, 2338 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hui, A.

X. Yin, T. Feng, S. Yip, Z. Liang, A. Hui, J. C. Ho, and J. Li, “Tailoring electromagnetically induced transparency for terahertz metamaterials: From diatomic to triatomic structural molecules,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103, 021115 (2013).
[Crossref]

Imamoglu, A.

K.-J. Boller, A. Imamoglu, and S. E. Harris, “Observation of electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 2593–2596 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jeppesen, C.

J. Zhang, S. Xiao, C. Jeppesen, A. Kristensen, and N. A. Mortensen, “Electromagnetically induced transparency in metamaterials at near-infrared frequency,” Opt. Express 18, 17187–17192 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kastel, J.

N. Liu, L. Langguth, T. Weiss, J. Kastel, M. Fleischhauer, T. Pfau, and H. Giessen, “Plasmonic analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency at the Drude damping limit,” Nat. Mat. 8, 758–762 (2009).
[Crossref]

Koschny, T.

P. Tassin, L. Zhang, T. Koschny, E. N. Economou, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Low-loss metamaterials based on classical electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 053901 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kristensen, A.

J. Zhang, S. Xiao, C. Jeppesen, A. Kristensen, and N. A. Mortensen, “Electromagnetically induced transparency in metamaterials at near-infrared frequency,” Opt. Express 18, 17187–17192 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lal, S.

S. Lal, S. Link, and N. J. Halas, “Nano-optics from sensing to waveguiding,” Nat. Photon. 1, 641–648 (2007).
[Crossref]

Langguth, L.

N. Liu, T. Weiss, M. Mesch, L. Langguth, U. Eigenthaler, M. Hirscher, C. Sonnichsen, and H. Giessen, “Planar metamaterial analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency for plasmonic sensing,” Nano Lett. 10, 1103–1107 (2010).
[Crossref]

N. Liu, L. Langguth, T. Weiss, J. Kastel, M. Fleischhauer, T. Pfau, and H. Giessen, “Plasmonic analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency at the Drude damping limit,” Nat. Mat. 8, 758–762 (2009).
[Crossref]

Lederer, F.

R. Singh, C. Rockstuhl, F. Lederer, and W. Zhang, “Coupling between a dark and a bright eigenmode in a terahertz metamaterial,” Phys. Rev. B 79, 085111 (2009).
[Crossref]

Li, J.

X. Yin, T. Feng, S. Yip, Z. Liang, A. Hui, J. C. Ho, and J. Li, “Tailoring electromagnetically induced transparency for terahertz metamaterials: From diatomic to triatomic structural molecules,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103, 021115 (2013).
[Crossref]

Li, Q.-Q.

Z.-J. Yang, Z.-S. Zhang, L.-H. Zhang, Q.-Q. Li, Z.-H. Hao, and Q.-Q. Wang, “Fano resonances in dipole-quadrupole plasmon coupling nanorod dimers,” Opt. Lett. 36, 1542–1544 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liang, Z.

X. Yin, T. Feng, S. Yip, Z. Liang, A. Hui, J. C. Ho, and J. Li, “Tailoring electromagnetically induced transparency for terahertz metamaterials: From diatomic to triatomic structural molecules,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103, 021115 (2013).
[Crossref]

Link, S.

S. Lal, S. Link, and N. J. Halas, “Nano-optics from sensing to waveguiding,” Nat. Photon. 1, 641–648 (2007).
[Crossref]

Liu, C.

C. Liu, Z. Dutton, C. H. Behroozi, and L. V. Hau, “Observation of coherent optical information storage in an atomic medium using halted light pulses,” Nature (London) 409, 490–493 (2001).
[Crossref]

Liu, M.

S. Zhang, D. A. Genov, Y. Wang, M. Liu, and X. Zhang, “Plasmon-induced transparency in metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 047401 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, N.

N. Liu, M. Hentschel, T. Weiss, A. P. Alivisatos, and H. Giessen, “Three-dimensional plasmon rulers,” Science 332, 1407–1410 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Liu, T. Weiss, M. Mesch, L. Langguth, U. Eigenthaler, M. Hirscher, C. Sonnichsen, and H. Giessen, “Planar metamaterial analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency for plasmonic sensing,” Nano Lett. 10, 1103–1107 (2010).
[Crossref]

N. Liu, L. Langguth, T. Weiss, J. Kastel, M. Fleischhauer, T. Pfau, and H. Giessen, “Plasmonic analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency at the Drude damping limit,” Nat. Mat. 8, 758–762 (2009).
[Crossref]

Liu, X.

X. Liu, J. Gu, R. Singh, Y. Ma, J. Zhu, Z. Tian, M. He, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Electromagnetically induced transparency in terahertz plasmonic metamaterials via dual excitation pathways of the dark mode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 131101 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Gu, R. Singh, X. Liu, X. Zhang, Y. Ma, S. Zhang, S. A. Maier, Z. Tian, A. K. Azad, H.-T. Chen, A. J. Taylor, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Active control of electromagnetically induced transparency analogue in terahertz metamaterials,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1151 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ma, Y.

J. Gu, R. Singh, X. Liu, X. Zhang, Y. Ma, S. Zhang, S. A. Maier, Z. Tian, A. K. Azad, H.-T. Chen, A. J. Taylor, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Active control of electromagnetically induced transparency analogue in terahertz metamaterials,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1151 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Liu, J. Gu, R. Singh, Y. Ma, J. Zhu, Z. Tian, M. He, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Electromagnetically induced transparency in terahertz plasmonic metamaterials via dual excitation pathways of the dark mode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 131101 (2012).
[Crossref]

Maier, S. A.

J. Gu, R. Singh, X. Liu, X. Zhang, Y. Ma, S. Zhang, S. A. Maier, Z. Tian, A. K. Azad, H.-T. Chen, A. J. Taylor, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Active control of electromagnetically induced transparency analogue in terahertz metamaterials,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1151 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Verellen, Y. Sonnefraud, H. Sobhani, F. Hao, V. V. Moshchalkov, P. V. Dorpe, P. Nordlander, and S. A. Maier, “Fano resonances in individual coherent plasmonic nanocavities,” Nano lett. 9, 1663–1667 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mesch, M.

N. Liu, T. Weiss, M. Mesch, L. Langguth, U. Eigenthaler, M. Hirscher, C. Sonnichsen, and H. Giessen, “Planar metamaterial analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency for plasmonic sensing,” Nano Lett. 10, 1103–1107 (2010).
[Crossref]

Mortensen, N. A.

J. Zhang, S. Xiao, C. Jeppesen, A. Kristensen, and N. A. Mortensen, “Electromagnetically induced transparency in metamaterials at near-infrared frequency,” Opt. Express 18, 17187–17192 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Moshchalkov, V. V.

N. Verellen, Y. Sonnefraud, H. Sobhani, F. Hao, V. V. Moshchalkov, P. V. Dorpe, P. Nordlander, and S. A. Maier, “Fano resonances in individual coherent plasmonic nanocavities,” Nano lett. 9, 1663–1667 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nelson, C.

S. Singh-Gasson, R. D. Green, Y. Yue, C. Nelson, F. Blattner, M. R. Sussman, and F. Cerrina, “Maskless fabrication of light-directed oligonucleotide microarrays using a digital micromirror array,” Nat. biotech.,  17, 974–978 (1999).
[Crossref]

Nordlander, P.

N. Verellen, Y. Sonnefraud, H. Sobhani, F. Hao, V. V. Moshchalkov, P. V. Dorpe, P. Nordlander, and S. A. Maier, “Fano resonances in individual coherent plasmonic nanocavities,” Nano lett. 9, 1663–1667 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Prodan, C. Radloff, N. J. Halas, and P. Nordlander, “A hybridization model for the plasmon response of complex nanostructures,” Science 302, 419–422 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Papasimakis, N.

N. Papasimakis, V. A. Fedotov, N. I. Zheludev, and S. L. Prosvirnin, “Metamaterial analog of electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 253903 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pfau, T.

N. Liu, L. Langguth, T. Weiss, J. Kastel, M. Fleischhauer, T. Pfau, and H. Giessen, “Plasmonic analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency at the Drude damping limit,” Nat. Mat. 8, 758–762 (2009).
[Crossref]

Prodan, E.

E. Prodan, C. Radloff, N. J. Halas, and P. Nordlander, “A hybridization model for the plasmon response of complex nanostructures,” Science 302, 419–422 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Prosvirnin, S.

S. Prosvirnin and S. Zouhdi, “Resonances of closed modes in thin arrays of complex particles,” in Advances in Electromagnetics of Complex Media and Metamaterials, S. Zouhdi, A. Shivola, and M. Arsalane, eds. (Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2003), pp. 281–290.

Prosvirnin, S. L.

N. Papasimakis, V. A. Fedotov, N. I. Zheludev, and S. L. Prosvirnin, “Metamaterial analog of electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 253903 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Radloff, C.

E. Prodan, C. Radloff, N. J. Halas, and P. Nordlander, “A hybridization model for the plasmon response of complex nanostructures,” Science 302, 419–422 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rockstuhl, C.

R. Singh, C. Rockstuhl, F. Lederer, and W. Zhang, “Coupling between a dark and a bright eigenmode in a terahertz metamaterial,” Phys. Rev. B 79, 085111 (2009).
[Crossref]

Singh, R.

X. Liu, J. Gu, R. Singh, Y. Ma, J. Zhu, Z. Tian, M. He, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Electromagnetically induced transparency in terahertz plasmonic metamaterials via dual excitation pathways of the dark mode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 131101 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Gu, R. Singh, X. Liu, X. Zhang, Y. Ma, S. Zhang, S. A. Maier, Z. Tian, A. K. Azad, H.-T. Chen, A. J. Taylor, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Active control of electromagnetically induced transparency analogue in terahertz metamaterials,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1151 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Singh, C. Rockstuhl, F. Lederer, and W. Zhang, “Coupling between a dark and a bright eigenmode in a terahertz metamaterial,” Phys. Rev. B 79, 085111 (2009).
[Crossref]

Singh-Gasson, S.

S. Singh-Gasson, R. D. Green, Y. Yue, C. Nelson, F. Blattner, M. R. Sussman, and F. Cerrina, “Maskless fabrication of light-directed oligonucleotide microarrays using a digital micromirror array,” Nat. biotech.,  17, 974–978 (1999).
[Crossref]

Sobhani, H.

N. Verellen, Y. Sonnefraud, H. Sobhani, F. Hao, V. V. Moshchalkov, P. V. Dorpe, P. Nordlander, and S. A. Maier, “Fano resonances in individual coherent plasmonic nanocavities,” Nano lett. 9, 1663–1667 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sonnefraud, Y.

N. Verellen, Y. Sonnefraud, H. Sobhani, F. Hao, V. V. Moshchalkov, P. V. Dorpe, P. Nordlander, and S. A. Maier, “Fano resonances in individual coherent plasmonic nanocavities,” Nano lett. 9, 1663–1667 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sonnichsen, C.

N. Liu, T. Weiss, M. Mesch, L. Langguth, U. Eigenthaler, M. Hirscher, C. Sonnichsen, and H. Giessen, “Planar metamaterial analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency for plasmonic sensing,” Nano Lett. 10, 1103–1107 (2010).
[Crossref]

Soukoulis, C. M.

P. Tassin, L. Zhang, T. Koschny, E. N. Economou, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Low-loss metamaterials based on classical electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 053901 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sussman, M. R.

S. Singh-Gasson, R. D. Green, Y. Yue, C. Nelson, F. Blattner, M. R. Sussman, and F. Cerrina, “Maskless fabrication of light-directed oligonucleotide microarrays using a digital micromirror array,” Nat. biotech.,  17, 974–978 (1999).
[Crossref]

Tanaka, S.

K. Totsu, K. Fujishiro, S. Tanaka, and M. Esashi, “Fabrication of three-dimensional microstructure using mask-less gray-scale lithography,” Sensors Actuators A,  130, 387–392 (2006).
[Crossref]

Tassin, P.

P. Tassin, L. Zhang, T. Koschny, E. N. Economou, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Low-loss metamaterials based on classical electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 053901 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Taylor, A. J.

J. Gu, R. Singh, X. Liu, X. Zhang, Y. Ma, S. Zhang, S. A. Maier, Z. Tian, A. K. Azad, H.-T. Chen, A. J. Taylor, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Active control of electromagnetically induced transparency analogue in terahertz metamaterials,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1151 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tian, Z.

J. Gu, R. Singh, X. Liu, X. Zhang, Y. Ma, S. Zhang, S. A. Maier, Z. Tian, A. K. Azad, H.-T. Chen, A. J. Taylor, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Active control of electromagnetically induced transparency analogue in terahertz metamaterials,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1151 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Liu, J. Gu, R. Singh, Y. Ma, J. Zhu, Z. Tian, M. He, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Electromagnetically induced transparency in terahertz plasmonic metamaterials via dual excitation pathways of the dark mode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 131101 (2012).
[Crossref]

Totsu, K.

K. Totsu, K. Fujishiro, S. Tanaka, and M. Esashi, “Fabrication of three-dimensional microstructure using mask-less gray-scale lithography,” Sensors Actuators A,  130, 387–392 (2006).
[Crossref]

Verellen, N.

N. Verellen, Y. Sonnefraud, H. Sobhani, F. Hao, V. V. Moshchalkov, P. V. Dorpe, P. Nordlander, and S. A. Maier, “Fano resonances in individual coherent plasmonic nanocavities,” Nano lett. 9, 1663–1667 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, Q.-Q.

Z.-J. Yang, Z.-S. Zhang, L.-H. Zhang, Q.-Q. Li, Z.-H. Hao, and Q.-Q. Wang, “Fano resonances in dipole-quadrupole plasmon coupling nanorod dimers,” Opt. Lett. 36, 1542–1544 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, Y.

S. Zhang, D. A. Genov, Y. Wang, M. Liu, and X. Zhang, “Plasmon-induced transparency in metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 047401 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Weiss, T.

N. Liu, M. Hentschel, T. Weiss, A. P. Alivisatos, and H. Giessen, “Three-dimensional plasmon rulers,” Science 332, 1407–1410 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Liu, T. Weiss, M. Mesch, L. Langguth, U. Eigenthaler, M. Hirscher, C. Sonnichsen, and H. Giessen, “Planar metamaterial analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency for plasmonic sensing,” Nano Lett. 10, 1103–1107 (2010).
[Crossref]

N. Liu, L. Langguth, T. Weiss, J. Kastel, M. Fleischhauer, T. Pfau, and H. Giessen, “Plasmonic analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency at the Drude damping limit,” Nat. Mat. 8, 758–762 (2009).
[Crossref]

Xiao, S.

J. Zhang, S. Xiao, C. Jeppesen, A. Kristensen, and N. A. Mortensen, “Electromagnetically induced transparency in metamaterials at near-infrared frequency,” Opt. Express 18, 17187–17192 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yang, H.

Y. Zhu, X. Hu, Y. Fu, H. Yang, and Q. Gong, “Ultralow-power and ultrafast all-optical tunable plasmon-induced transparency in metamaterials at optical communication range,” Sci. Rep. 3, 2338 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yang, Z.-J.

Z.-J. Yang, Z.-S. Zhang, L.-H. Zhang, Q.-Q. Li, Z.-H. Hao, and Q.-Q. Wang, “Fano resonances in dipole-quadrupole plasmon coupling nanorod dimers,” Opt. Lett. 36, 1542–1544 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yanik, A. A.

A. Artar, A. A. Yanik, and H. Altug, “Multispectral plasmon induced transparency in coupled meta-atoms,” Nano Lett. 11, 1685–1689 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yin, X.

X. Yin, T. Feng, S. Yip, Z. Liang, A. Hui, J. C. Ho, and J. Li, “Tailoring electromagnetically induced transparency for terahertz metamaterials: From diatomic to triatomic structural molecules,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103, 021115 (2013).
[Crossref]

Yip, S.

X. Yin, T. Feng, S. Yip, Z. Liang, A. Hui, J. C. Ho, and J. Li, “Tailoring electromagnetically induced transparency for terahertz metamaterials: From diatomic to triatomic structural molecules,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103, 021115 (2013).
[Crossref]

Yue, Y.

S. Singh-Gasson, R. D. Green, Y. Yue, C. Nelson, F. Blattner, M. R. Sussman, and F. Cerrina, “Maskless fabrication of light-directed oligonucleotide microarrays using a digital micromirror array,” Nat. biotech.,  17, 974–978 (1999).
[Crossref]

Zhang, J.

J. Zhang, S. Xiao, C. Jeppesen, A. Kristensen, and N. A. Mortensen, “Electromagnetically induced transparency in metamaterials at near-infrared frequency,” Opt. Express 18, 17187–17192 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, L.

P. Tassin, L. Zhang, T. Koschny, E. N. Economou, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Low-loss metamaterials based on classical electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 053901 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, L.-H.

Z.-J. Yang, Z.-S. Zhang, L.-H. Zhang, Q.-Q. Li, Z.-H. Hao, and Q.-Q. Wang, “Fano resonances in dipole-quadrupole plasmon coupling nanorod dimers,” Opt. Lett. 36, 1542–1544 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, S.

J. Gu, R. Singh, X. Liu, X. Zhang, Y. Ma, S. Zhang, S. A. Maier, Z. Tian, A. K. Azad, H.-T. Chen, A. J. Taylor, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Active control of electromagnetically induced transparency analogue in terahertz metamaterials,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1151 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Zhang, D. A. Genov, Y. Wang, M. Liu, and X. Zhang, “Plasmon-induced transparency in metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 047401 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, W.

X. Liu, J. Gu, R. Singh, Y. Ma, J. Zhu, Z. Tian, M. He, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Electromagnetically induced transparency in terahertz plasmonic metamaterials via dual excitation pathways of the dark mode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 131101 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Gu, R. Singh, X. Liu, X. Zhang, Y. Ma, S. Zhang, S. A. Maier, Z. Tian, A. K. Azad, H.-T. Chen, A. J. Taylor, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Active control of electromagnetically induced transparency analogue in terahertz metamaterials,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1151 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Singh, C. Rockstuhl, F. Lederer, and W. Zhang, “Coupling between a dark and a bright eigenmode in a terahertz metamaterial,” Phys. Rev. B 79, 085111 (2009).
[Crossref]

Zhang, X.

J. Gu, R. Singh, X. Liu, X. Zhang, Y. Ma, S. Zhang, S. A. Maier, Z. Tian, A. K. Azad, H.-T. Chen, A. J. Taylor, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Active control of electromagnetically induced transparency analogue in terahertz metamaterials,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1151 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Zhang, D. A. Genov, Y. Wang, M. Liu, and X. Zhang, “Plasmon-induced transparency in metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 047401 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, Z.-S.

Z.-J. Yang, Z.-S. Zhang, L.-H. Zhang, Q.-Q. Li, Z.-H. Hao, and Q.-Q. Wang, “Fano resonances in dipole-quadrupole plasmon coupling nanorod dimers,” Opt. Lett. 36, 1542–1544 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zheludev, N. I.

N. Papasimakis, V. A. Fedotov, N. I. Zheludev, and S. L. Prosvirnin, “Metamaterial analog of electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 253903 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhu, J.

X. Liu, J. Gu, R. Singh, Y. Ma, J. Zhu, Z. Tian, M. He, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Electromagnetically induced transparency in terahertz plasmonic metamaterials via dual excitation pathways of the dark mode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 131101 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zhu, Y.

Y. Zhu, X. Hu, Y. Fu, H. Yang, and Q. Gong, “Ultralow-power and ultrafast all-optical tunable plasmon-induced transparency in metamaterials at optical communication range,” Sci. Rep. 3, 2338 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zouhdi, S.

S. Prosvirnin and S. Zouhdi, “Resonances of closed modes in thin arrays of complex particles,” in Advances in Electromagnetics of Complex Media and Metamaterials, S. Zouhdi, A. Shivola, and M. Arsalane, eds. (Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2003), pp. 281–290.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

X. Liu, J. Gu, R. Singh, Y. Ma, J. Zhu, Z. Tian, M. He, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Electromagnetically induced transparency in terahertz plasmonic metamaterials via dual excitation pathways of the dark mode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 131101 (2012).
[Crossref]

X. Yin, T. Feng, S. Yip, Z. Liang, A. Hui, J. C. Ho, and J. Li, “Tailoring electromagnetically induced transparency for terahertz metamaterials: From diatomic to triatomic structural molecules,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103, 021115 (2013).
[Crossref]

Nano Lett. (2)

A. Artar, A. A. Yanik, and H. Altug, “Multispectral plasmon induced transparency in coupled meta-atoms,” Nano Lett. 11, 1685–1689 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Liu, T. Weiss, M. Mesch, L. Langguth, U. Eigenthaler, M. Hirscher, C. Sonnichsen, and H. Giessen, “Planar metamaterial analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency for plasmonic sensing,” Nano Lett. 10, 1103–1107 (2010).
[Crossref]

N. Verellen, Y. Sonnefraud, H. Sobhani, F. Hao, V. V. Moshchalkov, P. V. Dorpe, P. Nordlander, and S. A. Maier, “Fano resonances in individual coherent plasmonic nanocavities,” Nano lett. 9, 1663–1667 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. biotech. (1)

S. Singh-Gasson, R. D. Green, Y. Yue, C. Nelson, F. Blattner, M. R. Sussman, and F. Cerrina, “Maskless fabrication of light-directed oligonucleotide microarrays using a digital micromirror array,” Nat. biotech.,  17, 974–978 (1999).
[Crossref]

Nat. Commun. (1)

J. Gu, R. Singh, X. Liu, X. Zhang, Y. Ma, S. Zhang, S. A. Maier, Z. Tian, A. K. Azad, H.-T. Chen, A. J. Taylor, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Active control of electromagnetically induced transparency analogue in terahertz metamaterials,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1151 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Mat. (1)

N. Liu, L. Langguth, T. Weiss, J. Kastel, M. Fleischhauer, T. Pfau, and H. Giessen, “Plasmonic analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency at the Drude damping limit,” Nat. Mat. 8, 758–762 (2009).
[Crossref]

Nat. Photon. (1)

S. Lal, S. Link, and N. J. Halas, “Nano-optics from sensing to waveguiding,” Nat. Photon. 1, 641–648 (2007).
[Crossref]

Nature (London) (1)

C. Liu, Z. Dutton, C. H. Behroozi, and L. V. Hau, “Observation of coherent optical information storage in an atomic medium using halted light pulses,” Nature (London) 409, 490–493 (2001).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (1)

J. Zhang, S. Xiao, C. Jeppesen, A. Kristensen, and N. A. Mortensen, “Electromagnetically induced transparency in metamaterials at near-infrared frequency,” Opt. Express 18, 17187–17192 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Z.-J. Yang, Z.-S. Zhang, L.-H. Zhang, Q.-Q. Li, Z.-H. Hao, and Q.-Q. Wang, “Fano resonances in dipole-quadrupole plasmon coupling nanorod dimers,” Opt. Lett. 36, 1542–1544 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. B (1)

R. Singh, C. Rockstuhl, F. Lederer, and W. Zhang, “Coupling between a dark and a bright eigenmode in a terahertz metamaterial,” Phys. Rev. B 79, 085111 (2009).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (4)

P. Tassin, L. Zhang, T. Koschny, E. N. Economou, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Low-loss metamaterials based on classical electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 053901 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K.-J. Boller, A. Imamoglu, and S. E. Harris, “Observation of electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 2593–2596 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Zhang, D. A. Genov, Y. Wang, M. Liu, and X. Zhang, “Plasmon-induced transparency in metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 047401 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Papasimakis, V. A. Fedotov, N. I. Zheludev, and S. L. Prosvirnin, “Metamaterial analog of electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 253903 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Phys. Today (1)

S. E. Harris, “Electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Today 50, 36 (1997).
[Crossref]

Sci. Rep. (1)

Y. Zhu, X. Hu, Y. Fu, H. Yang, and Q. Gong, “Ultralow-power and ultrafast all-optical tunable plasmon-induced transparency in metamaterials at optical communication range,” Sci. Rep. 3, 2338 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Science (2)

N. Liu, M. Hentschel, T. Weiss, A. P. Alivisatos, and H. Giessen, “Three-dimensional plasmon rulers,” Science 332, 1407–1410 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Prodan, C. Radloff, N. J. Halas, and P. Nordlander, “A hybridization model for the plasmon response of complex nanostructures,” Science 302, 419–422 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sensors Actuators A (1)

K. Totsu, K. Fujishiro, S. Tanaka, and M. Esashi, “Fabrication of three-dimensional microstructure using mask-less gray-scale lithography,” Sensors Actuators A,  130, 387–392 (2006).
[Crossref]

Other (1)

S. Prosvirnin and S. Zouhdi, “Resonances of closed modes in thin arrays of complex particles,” in Advances in Electromagnetics of Complex Media and Metamaterials, S. Zouhdi, A. Shivola, and M. Arsalane, eds. (Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2003), pp. 281–290.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Structural geometry of PIT metamaterials with dipole and dual-quadrupole coupling. (a) Schematic diagram of a PIT metamaterial with definitions of the geometrical parameters: l3 = 6 μm, w1 = w2 = 1 μm and g = 1 μm. The silver thickness is 100 nm on a silicon substrate. The periods in the x and y directions are 19 μm and 7 μm, respectively. The unit cells are shifted by half of the x period along the y axis. (b) Normal view of the sample with s = 1.5 μm, l1 = 13 μm and l2 = 14 μm. Inset: Enlarged view. The scale bar is 5 μm.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Experimental transmittance spectra in dependence on lateral displacement s. SEM images of the corresponding structures are shown in the left column. The scale bars are 2 μm. Black and red curves represent the experimental and calculated transmittance spectra, respectively.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Experimental transmittance and extinction spectra in dependence on the wire length l1. (a) SEM images of the corresponding structures are shown in the left column. The scale bars are 2 μm. The lateral displacement s and the one wire length l2 were fixed to 1.5 μm and 14 μm, respectively. Black and red curves represent the experimental and calculated transmittance spectra, respectively. (b) Blue curves represent the experimental extinction spectra (E = 1 − T). Red dashed lines represent the fitting curves calculated from the three-oscillator model. (c) Field distributions (Ez) on silver surfaces of the metamaterials at resonances as indicated by the green triangles (A–C) in (a).
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Extracted experimental oscillation parameters for the dipole and dual-quadrupole antennas as a function of wire length l1. (a) Resonance frequencies. Inset: Normal view of the typical sample (l1 = 13 μm). The scale bar is 2 μm. The dipole and quadrupole antennas are indicated in red, blue (upper) and green (lower), respectively, corresponding to the colors in the graph. (b) Damping and coupling parameters. All values are extracted from the fitted curves according to equation 1.

Equations (2)

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P ( ω ) 1 A ( ω q 1 ω i γ q 1 2 ) ( ω q 2 ω i γ q 2 2 ) ,
A = ( ω q 1 ω i γ q 1 2 ) ( ω d ω i γ d 2 ) ( ω q 2 ω i γ q 2 2 ) κ q 2 2 4 ( ω q 1 ω i γ q 1 2 ) κ q 1 2 4 ( ω q 2 ω i γ q 2 2 ) .

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