Abstract

Simultaneous regeneration of four high-speed (160 Gbit/s) wavelength-division multiplexed (WDM) and polarization-division multiplexed (PDM) signals in a single highly nonlinear fiber (HNLF) is demonstrated. The regeneration operation is based on four-wave mixing in HNLF, where the degraded data signals are applied as the pump. As a result, the noise on both ‘0’ and ‘1’ levels can be suppressed simultaneously in our scheme. The stimulated Brillouin scattering (SBS) from the continuous wave (CW) is suppressed by cross-phase modulation (XPM) from the data pump, relieving the requirement of external phase modulation of the CW light. Mitigation of the inter-channel nonlinearities is achieved mainly through an inter-channel 0.5 bit slot time delay. Bidirectional propagation is also applied to relieve the inter-channel four-wave mixing. The multi-channel regeneration performance is validated by bit-error rate (BER) measurements. The receiver powers at the BER of 10−9 are improved by 1.9 dB, 1.8 dB, 1.6 dB and 1.5 dB for the four data channels, respectively.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [Crossref]
  2. A. Bogoni, X. Wu, S. R. Nuccio, and A. E. Willner, “640 Gb/S All-Optical Regenerator Based on a Periodically Poled Lithium Niobate Waveguide,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30(12), 1829–1834 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  3. L. Provost, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “Investigation of simultaneous 2R regeneration of two 40-Gb/s channels in a single optical fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(4), 270–272 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  4. L. Provost, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, D. J. Richardson, K. Mukasa, M. Takahashi, J. Hiroishi, and M. Tadakuma, “Investigation of Four-wavelength Regenerator Using Polarization- and Direction-Multiplexing,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(20), 1676–1678 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  5. J. Wang, J. Yu, T. Meng, W. Miao, B. Sun, W. Wang, and E. Yang, “Simultaneous 3R Regeneration of 4×40-Gbit/s WDM Signals in a Single Fiber,” IEEE Photon. J. 4(5), 1816–1822 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  6. F. Parmigiani, P. Vorreau, L. Provost, K. Mukasa, M. Takahashi, M. Tadakuma, P. Petropoulos, D. J. Richardson, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “2R Regeneration of Two 130 Gbit/s Channels Within a Single Fiber,” Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf., JThA56 (2009).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  8. C. Peucheret, M. Lorenzen, J. Seoane, D. Noordegraaf, C. V. Nielsen, L. Grüner-Nielsen, and K. Rottwitt, “Amplitude regeneration of RZ-DPSK Signals in Single-Pump Fiber-Optic Parametric Amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(13), 872–874 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  9. J. Luo, J. Yu, B. Han, B. Wu, J. Wang, W. Wang, H. Hu, and E. Yang, “Simultaneous Dual-Channel Retiming and Reshaping Using Two Independent Phase Clocks in Fiber-Optic Parametric Amplification,” IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. 22(11), 760–762 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  10. A. Bogris and D. Syvridis, “Regenerative Properties of a Pump-Modulated Four-Wave Mixing Scheme in Dispersion-Shifted Fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 21(9), 1892–1902 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  11. J. Wang, H. Ji, H. C. H. Mulvad, M. Galili, E. Palushani, P. Jeppesen, J. L. Yu, and L. K. Oxenløwe, “All-optical 2R regeneration of a 160-Gbit/s RZ-OOK serial data signal using a FOPA,” IEEE Photonics Conference, p. MM4 (2012).
  12. J. Wang, J. Yu, J. Luo, W. Wang, B. Han, B. Wu, and E. Yang, “40-Gb/s 2-channel all-Optical 3R regeneration using data-pump fiber parametric amplification based on HNLF,” IEEE Asia Communications and Photonics Conference, p. 86–87 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  13. K. Inoue, “Suppression of level fluctuation without extinction ratio degradation based on output saturation in higher order optical parametric interaction in fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13(4), 338–340 (2001).
    [Crossref]
  14. G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, Fourth Edition, Academic Press, 2007.
  15. M. Takahashi, M. Tadakuma, R. Sugizaki, and T. Yagi, “SBS Suppression Techniques In Highly Nonlinear Fibers,” IEEE Photon. Summer Top. Meetings., p. 149-150 (2010).
  16. H. Hu, E. Palushani, M. Galili, H. C. H. Mulvad, A. Clausen, L. K. Oxenløwe, and P. Jeppesen, “640 Gbit/s and 1.28 Tbit/s polarisation insensitive all optical wavelength conversion,” Opt. Express 18(10), 9961–9966 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (3)

M. Matsumoto, “Fiber-Based All-Optical Signal Regeneration,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. 18(2), 738–752 (2012).
[Crossref]

A. Bogoni, X. Wu, S. R. Nuccio, and A. E. Willner, “640 Gb/S All-Optical Regenerator Based on a Periodically Poled Lithium Niobate Waveguide,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30(12), 1829–1834 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Wang, J. Yu, T. Meng, W. Miao, B. Sun, W. Wang, and E. Yang, “Simultaneous 3R Regeneration of 4×40-Gbit/s WDM Signals in a Single Fiber,” IEEE Photon. J. 4(5), 1816–1822 (2012).
[Crossref]

2010 (2)

J. Luo, J. Yu, B. Han, B. Wu, J. Wang, W. Wang, H. Hu, and E. Yang, “Simultaneous Dual-Channel Retiming and Reshaping Using Two Independent Phase Clocks in Fiber-Optic Parametric Amplification,” IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. 22(11), 760–762 (2010).
[Crossref]

H. Hu, E. Palushani, M. Galili, H. C. H. Mulvad, A. Clausen, L. K. Oxenløwe, and P. Jeppesen, “640 Gbit/s and 1.28 Tbit/s polarisation insensitive all optical wavelength conversion,” Opt. Express 18(10), 9961–9966 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2009 (1)

C. Peucheret, M. Lorenzen, J. Seoane, D. Noordegraaf, C. V. Nielsen, L. Grüner-Nielsen, and K. Rottwitt, “Amplitude regeneration of RZ-DPSK Signals in Single-Pump Fiber-Optic Parametric Amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(13), 872–874 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (2)

L. Provost, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “Investigation of simultaneous 2R regeneration of two 40-Gb/s channels in a single optical fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(4), 270–272 (2008).
[Crossref]

L. Provost, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, D. J. Richardson, K. Mukasa, M. Takahashi, J. Hiroishi, and M. Tadakuma, “Investigation of Four-wavelength Regenerator Using Polarization- and Direction-Multiplexing,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(20), 1676–1678 (2008).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

C. Yu, T. Luo, B. Zhang, Z. Pan, M. Adler, Y. Wang, J. E. McGeehan, and A. E. Willner, “Wavelength-shift-free 3R Regenerator for 40-Gbit/s RZ System by Optical Parametric Amplification in Fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(24), 2569–2571 (2006).
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

A. Bogris and D. Syvridis, “Regenerative Properties of a Pump-Modulated Four-Wave Mixing Scheme in Dispersion-Shifted Fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 21(9), 1892–1902 (2003).
[Crossref]

2001 (1)

K. Inoue, “Suppression of level fluctuation without extinction ratio degradation based on output saturation in higher order optical parametric interaction in fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13(4), 338–340 (2001).
[Crossref]

Adler, M.

C. Yu, T. Luo, B. Zhang, Z. Pan, M. Adler, Y. Wang, J. E. McGeehan, and A. E. Willner, “Wavelength-shift-free 3R Regenerator for 40-Gbit/s RZ System by Optical Parametric Amplification in Fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(24), 2569–2571 (2006).
[Crossref]

Bogoni, A.

A. Bogoni, X. Wu, S. R. Nuccio, and A. E. Willner, “640 Gb/S All-Optical Regenerator Based on a Periodically Poled Lithium Niobate Waveguide,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30(12), 1829–1834 (2012).
[Crossref]

Bogris, A.

A. Bogris and D. Syvridis, “Regenerative Properties of a Pump-Modulated Four-Wave Mixing Scheme in Dispersion-Shifted Fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 21(9), 1892–1902 (2003).
[Crossref]

Clausen, A.

H. Hu, E. Palushani, M. Galili, H. C. H. Mulvad, A. Clausen, L. K. Oxenløwe, and P. Jeppesen, “640 Gbit/s and 1.28 Tbit/s polarisation insensitive all optical wavelength conversion,” Opt. Express 18(10), 9961–9966 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Galili, M.

H. Hu, E. Palushani, M. Galili, H. C. H. Mulvad, A. Clausen, L. K. Oxenløwe, and P. Jeppesen, “640 Gbit/s and 1.28 Tbit/s polarisation insensitive all optical wavelength conversion,” Opt. Express 18(10), 9961–9966 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Wang, H. Ji, H. C. H. Mulvad, M. Galili, E. Palushani, P. Jeppesen, J. L. Yu, and L. K. Oxenløwe, “All-optical 2R regeneration of a 160-Gbit/s RZ-OOK serial data signal using a FOPA,” IEEE Photonics Conference, p. MM4 (2012).

Grüner-Nielsen, L.

C. Peucheret, M. Lorenzen, J. Seoane, D. Noordegraaf, C. V. Nielsen, L. Grüner-Nielsen, and K. Rottwitt, “Amplitude regeneration of RZ-DPSK Signals in Single-Pump Fiber-Optic Parametric Amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(13), 872–874 (2009).
[Crossref]

Han, B.

J. Luo, J. Yu, B. Han, B. Wu, J. Wang, W. Wang, H. Hu, and E. Yang, “Simultaneous Dual-Channel Retiming and Reshaping Using Two Independent Phase Clocks in Fiber-Optic Parametric Amplification,” IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. 22(11), 760–762 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Wang, J. Yu, J. Luo, W. Wang, B. Han, B. Wu, and E. Yang, “40-Gb/s 2-channel all-Optical 3R regeneration using data-pump fiber parametric amplification based on HNLF,” IEEE Asia Communications and Photonics Conference, p. 86–87 (2010).
[Crossref]

Hiroishi, J.

L. Provost, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, D. J. Richardson, K. Mukasa, M. Takahashi, J. Hiroishi, and M. Tadakuma, “Investigation of Four-wavelength Regenerator Using Polarization- and Direction-Multiplexing,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(20), 1676–1678 (2008).
[Crossref]

Hu, H.

H. Hu, E. Palushani, M. Galili, H. C. H. Mulvad, A. Clausen, L. K. Oxenløwe, and P. Jeppesen, “640 Gbit/s and 1.28 Tbit/s polarisation insensitive all optical wavelength conversion,” Opt. Express 18(10), 9961–9966 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Luo, J. Yu, B. Han, B. Wu, J. Wang, W. Wang, H. Hu, and E. Yang, “Simultaneous Dual-Channel Retiming and Reshaping Using Two Independent Phase Clocks in Fiber-Optic Parametric Amplification,” IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. 22(11), 760–762 (2010).
[Crossref]

Inoue, K.

K. Inoue, “Suppression of level fluctuation without extinction ratio degradation based on output saturation in higher order optical parametric interaction in fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13(4), 338–340 (2001).
[Crossref]

Jeppesen, P.

H. Hu, E. Palushani, M. Galili, H. C. H. Mulvad, A. Clausen, L. K. Oxenløwe, and P. Jeppesen, “640 Gbit/s and 1.28 Tbit/s polarisation insensitive all optical wavelength conversion,” Opt. Express 18(10), 9961–9966 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Wang, H. Ji, H. C. H. Mulvad, M. Galili, E. Palushani, P. Jeppesen, J. L. Yu, and L. K. Oxenløwe, “All-optical 2R regeneration of a 160-Gbit/s RZ-OOK serial data signal using a FOPA,” IEEE Photonics Conference, p. MM4 (2012).

Ji, H.

J. Wang, H. Ji, H. C. H. Mulvad, M. Galili, E. Palushani, P. Jeppesen, J. L. Yu, and L. K. Oxenløwe, “All-optical 2R regeneration of a 160-Gbit/s RZ-OOK serial data signal using a FOPA,” IEEE Photonics Conference, p. MM4 (2012).

Lorenzen, M.

C. Peucheret, M. Lorenzen, J. Seoane, D. Noordegraaf, C. V. Nielsen, L. Grüner-Nielsen, and K. Rottwitt, “Amplitude regeneration of RZ-DPSK Signals in Single-Pump Fiber-Optic Parametric Amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(13), 872–874 (2009).
[Crossref]

Luo, J.

J. Luo, J. Yu, B. Han, B. Wu, J. Wang, W. Wang, H. Hu, and E. Yang, “Simultaneous Dual-Channel Retiming and Reshaping Using Two Independent Phase Clocks in Fiber-Optic Parametric Amplification,” IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. 22(11), 760–762 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Wang, J. Yu, J. Luo, W. Wang, B. Han, B. Wu, and E. Yang, “40-Gb/s 2-channel all-Optical 3R regeneration using data-pump fiber parametric amplification based on HNLF,” IEEE Asia Communications and Photonics Conference, p. 86–87 (2010).
[Crossref]

Luo, T.

C. Yu, T. Luo, B. Zhang, Z. Pan, M. Adler, Y. Wang, J. E. McGeehan, and A. E. Willner, “Wavelength-shift-free 3R Regenerator for 40-Gbit/s RZ System by Optical Parametric Amplification in Fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(24), 2569–2571 (2006).
[Crossref]

Matsumoto, M.

M. Matsumoto, “Fiber-Based All-Optical Signal Regeneration,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. 18(2), 738–752 (2012).
[Crossref]

McGeehan, J. E.

C. Yu, T. Luo, B. Zhang, Z. Pan, M. Adler, Y. Wang, J. E. McGeehan, and A. E. Willner, “Wavelength-shift-free 3R Regenerator for 40-Gbit/s RZ System by Optical Parametric Amplification in Fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(24), 2569–2571 (2006).
[Crossref]

Meng, T.

J. Wang, J. Yu, T. Meng, W. Miao, B. Sun, W. Wang, and E. Yang, “Simultaneous 3R Regeneration of 4×40-Gbit/s WDM Signals in a Single Fiber,” IEEE Photon. J. 4(5), 1816–1822 (2012).
[Crossref]

Miao, W.

J. Wang, J. Yu, T. Meng, W. Miao, B. Sun, W. Wang, and E. Yang, “Simultaneous 3R Regeneration of 4×40-Gbit/s WDM Signals in a Single Fiber,” IEEE Photon. J. 4(5), 1816–1822 (2012).
[Crossref]

Mukasa, K.

L. Provost, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, D. J. Richardson, K. Mukasa, M. Takahashi, J. Hiroishi, and M. Tadakuma, “Investigation of Four-wavelength Regenerator Using Polarization- and Direction-Multiplexing,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(20), 1676–1678 (2008).
[Crossref]

Mulvad, H. C. H.

H. Hu, E. Palushani, M. Galili, H. C. H. Mulvad, A. Clausen, L. K. Oxenløwe, and P. Jeppesen, “640 Gbit/s and 1.28 Tbit/s polarisation insensitive all optical wavelength conversion,” Opt. Express 18(10), 9961–9966 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Wang, H. Ji, H. C. H. Mulvad, M. Galili, E. Palushani, P. Jeppesen, J. L. Yu, and L. K. Oxenløwe, “All-optical 2R regeneration of a 160-Gbit/s RZ-OOK serial data signal using a FOPA,” IEEE Photonics Conference, p. MM4 (2012).

Nielsen, C. V.

C. Peucheret, M. Lorenzen, J. Seoane, D. Noordegraaf, C. V. Nielsen, L. Grüner-Nielsen, and K. Rottwitt, “Amplitude regeneration of RZ-DPSK Signals in Single-Pump Fiber-Optic Parametric Amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(13), 872–874 (2009).
[Crossref]

Noordegraaf, D.

C. Peucheret, M. Lorenzen, J. Seoane, D. Noordegraaf, C. V. Nielsen, L. Grüner-Nielsen, and K. Rottwitt, “Amplitude regeneration of RZ-DPSK Signals in Single-Pump Fiber-Optic Parametric Amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(13), 872–874 (2009).
[Crossref]

Nuccio, S. R.

A. Bogoni, X. Wu, S. R. Nuccio, and A. E. Willner, “640 Gb/S All-Optical Regenerator Based on a Periodically Poled Lithium Niobate Waveguide,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30(12), 1829–1834 (2012).
[Crossref]

Oxenløwe, L. K.

H. Hu, E. Palushani, M. Galili, H. C. H. Mulvad, A. Clausen, L. K. Oxenløwe, and P. Jeppesen, “640 Gbit/s and 1.28 Tbit/s polarisation insensitive all optical wavelength conversion,” Opt. Express 18(10), 9961–9966 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Wang, H. Ji, H. C. H. Mulvad, M. Galili, E. Palushani, P. Jeppesen, J. L. Yu, and L. K. Oxenløwe, “All-optical 2R regeneration of a 160-Gbit/s RZ-OOK serial data signal using a FOPA,” IEEE Photonics Conference, p. MM4 (2012).

Palushani, E.

H. Hu, E. Palushani, M. Galili, H. C. H. Mulvad, A. Clausen, L. K. Oxenløwe, and P. Jeppesen, “640 Gbit/s and 1.28 Tbit/s polarisation insensitive all optical wavelength conversion,” Opt. Express 18(10), 9961–9966 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Wang, H. Ji, H. C. H. Mulvad, M. Galili, E. Palushani, P. Jeppesen, J. L. Yu, and L. K. Oxenløwe, “All-optical 2R regeneration of a 160-Gbit/s RZ-OOK serial data signal using a FOPA,” IEEE Photonics Conference, p. MM4 (2012).

Pan, Z.

C. Yu, T. Luo, B. Zhang, Z. Pan, M. Adler, Y. Wang, J. E. McGeehan, and A. E. Willner, “Wavelength-shift-free 3R Regenerator for 40-Gbit/s RZ System by Optical Parametric Amplification in Fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(24), 2569–2571 (2006).
[Crossref]

Parmigiani, F.

L. Provost, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “Investigation of simultaneous 2R regeneration of two 40-Gb/s channels in a single optical fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(4), 270–272 (2008).
[Crossref]

L. Provost, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, D. J. Richardson, K. Mukasa, M. Takahashi, J. Hiroishi, and M. Tadakuma, “Investigation of Four-wavelength Regenerator Using Polarization- and Direction-Multiplexing,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(20), 1676–1678 (2008).
[Crossref]

Petropoulos, P.

L. Provost, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, D. J. Richardson, K. Mukasa, M. Takahashi, J. Hiroishi, and M. Tadakuma, “Investigation of Four-wavelength Regenerator Using Polarization- and Direction-Multiplexing,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(20), 1676–1678 (2008).
[Crossref]

L. Provost, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “Investigation of simultaneous 2R regeneration of two 40-Gb/s channels in a single optical fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(4), 270–272 (2008).
[Crossref]

Peucheret, C.

C. Peucheret, M. Lorenzen, J. Seoane, D. Noordegraaf, C. V. Nielsen, L. Grüner-Nielsen, and K. Rottwitt, “Amplitude regeneration of RZ-DPSK Signals in Single-Pump Fiber-Optic Parametric Amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(13), 872–874 (2009).
[Crossref]

Provost, L.

L. Provost, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, D. J. Richardson, K. Mukasa, M. Takahashi, J. Hiroishi, and M. Tadakuma, “Investigation of Four-wavelength Regenerator Using Polarization- and Direction-Multiplexing,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(20), 1676–1678 (2008).
[Crossref]

L. Provost, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “Investigation of simultaneous 2R regeneration of two 40-Gb/s channels in a single optical fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(4), 270–272 (2008).
[Crossref]

Richardson, D. J.

L. Provost, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “Investigation of simultaneous 2R regeneration of two 40-Gb/s channels in a single optical fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(4), 270–272 (2008).
[Crossref]

L. Provost, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, D. J. Richardson, K. Mukasa, M. Takahashi, J. Hiroishi, and M. Tadakuma, “Investigation of Four-wavelength Regenerator Using Polarization- and Direction-Multiplexing,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(20), 1676–1678 (2008).
[Crossref]

Rottwitt, K.

C. Peucheret, M. Lorenzen, J. Seoane, D. Noordegraaf, C. V. Nielsen, L. Grüner-Nielsen, and K. Rottwitt, “Amplitude regeneration of RZ-DPSK Signals in Single-Pump Fiber-Optic Parametric Amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(13), 872–874 (2009).
[Crossref]

Seoane, J.

C. Peucheret, M. Lorenzen, J. Seoane, D. Noordegraaf, C. V. Nielsen, L. Grüner-Nielsen, and K. Rottwitt, “Amplitude regeneration of RZ-DPSK Signals in Single-Pump Fiber-Optic Parametric Amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(13), 872–874 (2009).
[Crossref]

Sugizaki, R.

M. Takahashi, M. Tadakuma, R. Sugizaki, and T. Yagi, “SBS Suppression Techniques In Highly Nonlinear Fibers,” IEEE Photon. Summer Top. Meetings., p. 149-150 (2010).

Sun, B.

J. Wang, J. Yu, T. Meng, W. Miao, B. Sun, W. Wang, and E. Yang, “Simultaneous 3R Regeneration of 4×40-Gbit/s WDM Signals in a Single Fiber,” IEEE Photon. J. 4(5), 1816–1822 (2012).
[Crossref]

Syvridis, D.

A. Bogris and D. Syvridis, “Regenerative Properties of a Pump-Modulated Four-Wave Mixing Scheme in Dispersion-Shifted Fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 21(9), 1892–1902 (2003).
[Crossref]

Tadakuma, M.

L. Provost, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, D. J. Richardson, K. Mukasa, M. Takahashi, J. Hiroishi, and M. Tadakuma, “Investigation of Four-wavelength Regenerator Using Polarization- and Direction-Multiplexing,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(20), 1676–1678 (2008).
[Crossref]

M. Takahashi, M. Tadakuma, R. Sugizaki, and T. Yagi, “SBS Suppression Techniques In Highly Nonlinear Fibers,” IEEE Photon. Summer Top. Meetings., p. 149-150 (2010).

Takahashi, M.

L. Provost, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, D. J. Richardson, K. Mukasa, M. Takahashi, J. Hiroishi, and M. Tadakuma, “Investigation of Four-wavelength Regenerator Using Polarization- and Direction-Multiplexing,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(20), 1676–1678 (2008).
[Crossref]

M. Takahashi, M. Tadakuma, R. Sugizaki, and T. Yagi, “SBS Suppression Techniques In Highly Nonlinear Fibers,” IEEE Photon. Summer Top. Meetings., p. 149-150 (2010).

Wang, J.

J. Wang, J. Yu, T. Meng, W. Miao, B. Sun, W. Wang, and E. Yang, “Simultaneous 3R Regeneration of 4×40-Gbit/s WDM Signals in a Single Fiber,” IEEE Photon. J. 4(5), 1816–1822 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Luo, J. Yu, B. Han, B. Wu, J. Wang, W. Wang, H. Hu, and E. Yang, “Simultaneous Dual-Channel Retiming and Reshaping Using Two Independent Phase Clocks in Fiber-Optic Parametric Amplification,” IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. 22(11), 760–762 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Wang, H. Ji, H. C. H. Mulvad, M. Galili, E. Palushani, P. Jeppesen, J. L. Yu, and L. K. Oxenløwe, “All-optical 2R regeneration of a 160-Gbit/s RZ-OOK serial data signal using a FOPA,” IEEE Photonics Conference, p. MM4 (2012).

J. Wang, J. Yu, J. Luo, W. Wang, B. Han, B. Wu, and E. Yang, “40-Gb/s 2-channel all-Optical 3R regeneration using data-pump fiber parametric amplification based on HNLF,” IEEE Asia Communications and Photonics Conference, p. 86–87 (2010).
[Crossref]

Wang, W.

J. Wang, J. Yu, T. Meng, W. Miao, B. Sun, W. Wang, and E. Yang, “Simultaneous 3R Regeneration of 4×40-Gbit/s WDM Signals in a Single Fiber,” IEEE Photon. J. 4(5), 1816–1822 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Luo, J. Yu, B. Han, B. Wu, J. Wang, W. Wang, H. Hu, and E. Yang, “Simultaneous Dual-Channel Retiming and Reshaping Using Two Independent Phase Clocks in Fiber-Optic Parametric Amplification,” IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. 22(11), 760–762 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Wang, J. Yu, J. Luo, W. Wang, B. Han, B. Wu, and E. Yang, “40-Gb/s 2-channel all-Optical 3R regeneration using data-pump fiber parametric amplification based on HNLF,” IEEE Asia Communications and Photonics Conference, p. 86–87 (2010).
[Crossref]

Wang, Y.

C. Yu, T. Luo, B. Zhang, Z. Pan, M. Adler, Y. Wang, J. E. McGeehan, and A. E. Willner, “Wavelength-shift-free 3R Regenerator for 40-Gbit/s RZ System by Optical Parametric Amplification in Fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(24), 2569–2571 (2006).
[Crossref]

Willner, A. E.

A. Bogoni, X. Wu, S. R. Nuccio, and A. E. Willner, “640 Gb/S All-Optical Regenerator Based on a Periodically Poled Lithium Niobate Waveguide,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30(12), 1829–1834 (2012).
[Crossref]

C. Yu, T. Luo, B. Zhang, Z. Pan, M. Adler, Y. Wang, J. E. McGeehan, and A. E. Willner, “Wavelength-shift-free 3R Regenerator for 40-Gbit/s RZ System by Optical Parametric Amplification in Fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(24), 2569–2571 (2006).
[Crossref]

Wu, B.

J. Luo, J. Yu, B. Han, B. Wu, J. Wang, W. Wang, H. Hu, and E. Yang, “Simultaneous Dual-Channel Retiming and Reshaping Using Two Independent Phase Clocks in Fiber-Optic Parametric Amplification,” IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. 22(11), 760–762 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Wang, J. Yu, J. Luo, W. Wang, B. Han, B. Wu, and E. Yang, “40-Gb/s 2-channel all-Optical 3R regeneration using data-pump fiber parametric amplification based on HNLF,” IEEE Asia Communications and Photonics Conference, p. 86–87 (2010).
[Crossref]

Wu, X.

A. Bogoni, X. Wu, S. R. Nuccio, and A. E. Willner, “640 Gb/S All-Optical Regenerator Based on a Periodically Poled Lithium Niobate Waveguide,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30(12), 1829–1834 (2012).
[Crossref]

Yagi, T.

M. Takahashi, M. Tadakuma, R. Sugizaki, and T. Yagi, “SBS Suppression Techniques In Highly Nonlinear Fibers,” IEEE Photon. Summer Top. Meetings., p. 149-150 (2010).

Yang, E.

J. Wang, J. Yu, T. Meng, W. Miao, B. Sun, W. Wang, and E. Yang, “Simultaneous 3R Regeneration of 4×40-Gbit/s WDM Signals in a Single Fiber,” IEEE Photon. J. 4(5), 1816–1822 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Luo, J. Yu, B. Han, B. Wu, J. Wang, W. Wang, H. Hu, and E. Yang, “Simultaneous Dual-Channel Retiming and Reshaping Using Two Independent Phase Clocks in Fiber-Optic Parametric Amplification,” IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. 22(11), 760–762 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Wang, J. Yu, J. Luo, W. Wang, B. Han, B. Wu, and E. Yang, “40-Gb/s 2-channel all-Optical 3R regeneration using data-pump fiber parametric amplification based on HNLF,” IEEE Asia Communications and Photonics Conference, p. 86–87 (2010).
[Crossref]

Yu, C.

C. Yu, T. Luo, B. Zhang, Z. Pan, M. Adler, Y. Wang, J. E. McGeehan, and A. E. Willner, “Wavelength-shift-free 3R Regenerator for 40-Gbit/s RZ System by Optical Parametric Amplification in Fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(24), 2569–2571 (2006).
[Crossref]

Yu, J.

J. Wang, J. Yu, T. Meng, W. Miao, B. Sun, W. Wang, and E. Yang, “Simultaneous 3R Regeneration of 4×40-Gbit/s WDM Signals in a Single Fiber,” IEEE Photon. J. 4(5), 1816–1822 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Luo, J. Yu, B. Han, B. Wu, J. Wang, W. Wang, H. Hu, and E. Yang, “Simultaneous Dual-Channel Retiming and Reshaping Using Two Independent Phase Clocks in Fiber-Optic Parametric Amplification,” IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. 22(11), 760–762 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Wang, J. Yu, J. Luo, W. Wang, B. Han, B. Wu, and E. Yang, “40-Gb/s 2-channel all-Optical 3R regeneration using data-pump fiber parametric amplification based on HNLF,” IEEE Asia Communications and Photonics Conference, p. 86–87 (2010).
[Crossref]

Yu, J. L.

J. Wang, H. Ji, H. C. H. Mulvad, M. Galili, E. Palushani, P. Jeppesen, J. L. Yu, and L. K. Oxenløwe, “All-optical 2R regeneration of a 160-Gbit/s RZ-OOK serial data signal using a FOPA,” IEEE Photonics Conference, p. MM4 (2012).

Zhang, B.

C. Yu, T. Luo, B. Zhang, Z. Pan, M. Adler, Y. Wang, J. E. McGeehan, and A. E. Willner, “Wavelength-shift-free 3R Regenerator for 40-Gbit/s RZ System by Optical Parametric Amplification in Fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(24), 2569–2571 (2006).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. (1)

M. Matsumoto, “Fiber-Based All-Optical Signal Regeneration,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. 18(2), 738–752 (2012).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photon. J. (1)

J. Wang, J. Yu, T. Meng, W. Miao, B. Sun, W. Wang, and E. Yang, “Simultaneous 3R Regeneration of 4×40-Gbit/s WDM Signals in a Single Fiber,” IEEE Photon. J. 4(5), 1816–1822 (2012).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. (1)

J. Luo, J. Yu, B. Han, B. Wu, J. Wang, W. Wang, H. Hu, and E. Yang, “Simultaneous Dual-Channel Retiming and Reshaping Using Two Independent Phase Clocks in Fiber-Optic Parametric Amplification,” IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. 22(11), 760–762 (2010).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (5)

K. Inoue, “Suppression of level fluctuation without extinction ratio degradation based on output saturation in higher order optical parametric interaction in fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13(4), 338–340 (2001).
[Crossref]

C. Yu, T. Luo, B. Zhang, Z. Pan, M. Adler, Y. Wang, J. E. McGeehan, and A. E. Willner, “Wavelength-shift-free 3R Regenerator for 40-Gbit/s RZ System by Optical Parametric Amplification in Fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(24), 2569–2571 (2006).
[Crossref]

C. Peucheret, M. Lorenzen, J. Seoane, D. Noordegraaf, C. V. Nielsen, L. Grüner-Nielsen, and K. Rottwitt, “Amplitude regeneration of RZ-DPSK Signals in Single-Pump Fiber-Optic Parametric Amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(13), 872–874 (2009).
[Crossref]

L. Provost, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “Investigation of simultaneous 2R regeneration of two 40-Gb/s channels in a single optical fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(4), 270–272 (2008).
[Crossref]

L. Provost, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, D. J. Richardson, K. Mukasa, M. Takahashi, J. Hiroishi, and M. Tadakuma, “Investigation of Four-wavelength Regenerator Using Polarization- and Direction-Multiplexing,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(20), 1676–1678 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

A. Bogoni, X. Wu, S. R. Nuccio, and A. E. Willner, “640 Gb/S All-Optical Regenerator Based on a Periodically Poled Lithium Niobate Waveguide,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30(12), 1829–1834 (2012).
[Crossref]

A. Bogris and D. Syvridis, “Regenerative Properties of a Pump-Modulated Four-Wave Mixing Scheme in Dispersion-Shifted Fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 21(9), 1892–1902 (2003).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (1)

H. Hu, E. Palushani, M. Galili, H. C. H. Mulvad, A. Clausen, L. K. Oxenløwe, and P. Jeppesen, “640 Gbit/s and 1.28 Tbit/s polarisation insensitive all optical wavelength conversion,” Opt. Express 18(10), 9961–9966 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (5)

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, Fourth Edition, Academic Press, 2007.

M. Takahashi, M. Tadakuma, R. Sugizaki, and T. Yagi, “SBS Suppression Techniques In Highly Nonlinear Fibers,” IEEE Photon. Summer Top. Meetings., p. 149-150 (2010).

J. Wang, H. Ji, H. C. H. Mulvad, M. Galili, E. Palushani, P. Jeppesen, J. L. Yu, and L. K. Oxenløwe, “All-optical 2R regeneration of a 160-Gbit/s RZ-OOK serial data signal using a FOPA,” IEEE Photonics Conference, p. MM4 (2012).

J. Wang, J. Yu, J. Luo, W. Wang, B. Han, B. Wu, and E. Yang, “40-Gb/s 2-channel all-Optical 3R regeneration using data-pump fiber parametric amplification based on HNLF,” IEEE Asia Communications and Photonics Conference, p. 86–87 (2010).
[Crossref]

F. Parmigiani, P. Vorreau, L. Provost, K. Mukasa, M. Takahashi, M. Tadakuma, P. Petropoulos, D. J. Richardson, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “2R Regeneration of Two 130 Gbit/s Channels Within a Single Fiber,” Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf., JThA56 (2009).
[Crossref]

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 FWM principle using data pump.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 BER bathtub curves for back-to-back, degraded and regenerated 160-Gbit/s RZ-OOK signals.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a) wavelengths of the 4 × 160-Gbit/s data signals and two cw lights (b) FWM transfer curves for the two wavelengths.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Experimental setup of SBS measurement in data-pump FWM. PC: polarization controller; VOA: variable optical attenuator; OPM: optical power meter; OBPF: optical bandpass filter; HNLF: highly non-linear fiber.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Reflected SBS power versus input CW power (a) data 1, 2 (b) data 3, 4.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Principle of regenerator operation for 4 × 160-Gbit/s WDM-PDM signals, which is based on FWM in a single fiber.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 (a) Wavelength position and polarization relationship of the four channels and CW signals; (b) Experimental setup of the regenerator of 4 × 160-Gbit/s WDM and PDM channels
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 Spectra at input and output of HNLF1and the regenerated data signal after filtering and amplification for (a) data1 and data2, (b) that for data3 and data4.
Fig. 9
Fig. 9 10-Gbit/s BER performance after demultiplexing for data1, data2, data3 and data4.

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