Abstract

A novel hybrid all-optical mode-division multiplexing and code division multiplexing architecture for flexible and scalable access networks is presented. We successfully demonstrate, for the first time, an asynchronous on-off keying modulation, 2 mode x 4 code x 10 Gbps transmission over 42-km link, using a set of single-mode and two-mode fibers, without dispersion compensation. The four phase-shift keyed optical codes are generated at a single wavelength, by a multiport encoder/decoder, and we use an optical mode multiplexer/demultiplexer in the remote node and at the central office. We also experimentally evaluate the mode crosstalk tolerance considering different access span distances for the LP01 and LP11 modes.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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References

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  3. H. Chen, V. Sleiffer, B. Snyder, M. Kuschnerov, R. V. Uden, Y. Jung, C. M. Okonkwo, O. Raz, P. O’Brien, H. de Waardt, and T. Koonen, “Demonstration of a photonic integrated mode coupler with MDM and WDM transmission,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25(21), 2039–2042 (2013).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2013 (5)

H. Chen, V. Sleiffer, B. Snyder, M. Kuschnerov, R. V. Uden, Y. Jung, C. M. Okonkwo, O. Raz, P. O’Brien, H. de Waardt, and T. Koonen, “Demonstration of a photonic integrated mode coupler with MDM and WDM transmission,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25(21), 2039–2042 (2013).
[Crossref]

D. J. Richardson, J. M. Fini, and L. E. Nelson, “Space-division multiplexing in optical fibers,” Nat. Photonics 7(5), 354–362 (2013).
[Crossref]

N. Hanzawa, K. Saitoh, T. Sakamoto, T. Matsui, K. Tsujikawa, M. Koshiba, and F. Yamamoto, “Two-mode PLC-based mode multi/demultiplexer for mode and wavelength division multiplexed transmission,” Opt. Express 21(22), 25752–25760 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Kodama, N. Wada, G. Cincotti, and K. Kitayama, “Asynchronous OCDM-based 10G-PON using cascaded multiport E/Ds to suppress MAI noise,” IEEE/OSA J. Lightwave Technol. 31(20), 3258–3266 (2013).
[Crossref]

H. Nakamura, K. Taguchi, S. Tamaki, T. Mizuno, Y. Hashizume, T. Yamada, M. Ito, H. Takahashi, S. Kimura, and N. Yoshimoto, “40Gbit/s-class-λ-tunable WDM/TDM-PON using λ-selectable B-Tx and 4 x M cyclic AWG router for flexible photonic aggregation networks,” Opt. Express 21(1), 463–468 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (4)

H. Beyranvand and J. A. Salehi, “Efficient optical resource allocation and QoS differentiation in optical burst switching networks utilizing hybrid WDM/OCDM,” IEEE/OSA J. Lightwave Technol. 30(15), 2427–2441 (2012).
[Crossref]

E. Ip, N. Bai, Y. K. Huang, E. Mateo, F. Yaman, M. J. Li, S. Bickham, S. Ten, Y. Luo, G. D. Peng, G. Li, T. Wang, J. Li, C. Montero, and V. Moreno, “6x6 MIMO transmission over 50+25+10km heterogeneous spans of few-mode fiber with inline erbium-doped fiber amplifier,” OFC NFOEC2012, OTu2C (2012).

A. Li, X. Chen, A. A. Amin, and W. Shieh, “Fused fiber mode couplers for few-mode transmission,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(21), 1953–1956 (2012).
[Crossref]

R. Ryf, S. Randel, A. H. Gnauck, C. Bolle, A. Sierra, S. Mumtaz, M. Esmaeelpour, E. C. Burrows, R.-J. Essimbre, P. J. Winzer, D. W. Peckham, A. H. McCurdy, and R. Lingle, “Mode-division multiplexing over 96km of few-mode fiber using coherent 6x6 MIMO processing,” IEEE/OSA J. Lightwave Technol. 30(4), 521–531 (2012).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

G. Cincotti, N. Wada, and K. Kitayama, “Characterization of a full encoder/decoder in the AWG configuration for code-based photonic routers. Part I: modeling and design,” IEEE/OSA J. Lightwave Technol. 24(1), 103–112 (2006).
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

P. C. Teh, M. Ibsen, J. H. Lee, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “Demonstration of a four-channel WDM/OCDMA system using 255-chip 320-Gchip/s quarternary phase coding gratings,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14(2), 227–229 (2002).
[Crossref]

1989 (1)

J. A. Salehi, “Code division multiple-access techniques in optical fiber networks. I. fundamental principles,” IEEE Trans. Commun. 37(8), 824–833 (1989).
[Crossref]

1980 (1)

K. Kitayama, Y. Kato, S. Seikai, N. Uchida, M. Akiyama, and O. Fukuda, “Transmission characteristic measurement of two-mode optical fiber with a nearly optimum indexprofile,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 28(6), 604–608 (1980).
[Crossref]

Akiyama, M.

K. Kitayama, Y. Kato, S. Seikai, N. Uchida, M. Akiyama, and O. Fukuda, “Transmission characteristic measurement of two-mode optical fiber with a nearly optimum indexprofile,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 28(6), 604–608 (1980).
[Crossref]

Amin, A. A.

A. Li, X. Chen, A. A. Amin, and W. Shieh, “Fused fiber mode couplers for few-mode transmission,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(21), 1953–1956 (2012).
[Crossref]

Bai, N.

E. Ip, N. Bai, Y. K. Huang, E. Mateo, F. Yaman, M. J. Li, S. Bickham, S. Ten, Y. Luo, G. D. Peng, G. Li, T. Wang, J. Li, C. Montero, and V. Moreno, “6x6 MIMO transmission over 50+25+10km heterogeneous spans of few-mode fiber with inline erbium-doped fiber amplifier,” OFC NFOEC2012, OTu2C (2012).

Beyranvand, H.

H. Beyranvand and J. A. Salehi, “Efficient optical resource allocation and QoS differentiation in optical burst switching networks utilizing hybrid WDM/OCDM,” IEEE/OSA J. Lightwave Technol. 30(15), 2427–2441 (2012).
[Crossref]

Bickham, S.

E. Ip, N. Bai, Y. K. Huang, E. Mateo, F. Yaman, M. J. Li, S. Bickham, S. Ten, Y. Luo, G. D. Peng, G. Li, T. Wang, J. Li, C. Montero, and V. Moreno, “6x6 MIMO transmission over 50+25+10km heterogeneous spans of few-mode fiber with inline erbium-doped fiber amplifier,” OFC NFOEC2012, OTu2C (2012).

Bolle, C.

R. Ryf, S. Randel, A. H. Gnauck, C. Bolle, A. Sierra, S. Mumtaz, M. Esmaeelpour, E. C. Burrows, R.-J. Essimbre, P. J. Winzer, D. W. Peckham, A. H. McCurdy, and R. Lingle, “Mode-division multiplexing over 96km of few-mode fiber using coherent 6x6 MIMO processing,” IEEE/OSA J. Lightwave Technol. 30(4), 521–531 (2012).
[Crossref]

Burrows, E. C.

R. Ryf, S. Randel, A. H. Gnauck, C. Bolle, A. Sierra, S. Mumtaz, M. Esmaeelpour, E. C. Burrows, R.-J. Essimbre, P. J. Winzer, D. W. Peckham, A. H. McCurdy, and R. Lingle, “Mode-division multiplexing over 96km of few-mode fiber using coherent 6x6 MIMO processing,” IEEE/OSA J. Lightwave Technol. 30(4), 521–531 (2012).
[Crossref]

Chen, H.

H. Chen, V. Sleiffer, B. Snyder, M. Kuschnerov, R. V. Uden, Y. Jung, C. M. Okonkwo, O. Raz, P. O’Brien, H. de Waardt, and T. Koonen, “Demonstration of a photonic integrated mode coupler with MDM and WDM transmission,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25(21), 2039–2042 (2013).
[Crossref]

Chen, X.

A. Li, X. Chen, A. A. Amin, and W. Shieh, “Fused fiber mode couplers for few-mode transmission,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(21), 1953–1956 (2012).
[Crossref]

Cincotti, G.

T. Kodama, N. Wada, G. Cincotti, and K. Kitayama, “Asynchronous OCDM-based 10G-PON using cascaded multiport E/Ds to suppress MAI noise,” IEEE/OSA J. Lightwave Technol. 31(20), 3258–3266 (2013).
[Crossref]

G. Cincotti, N. Wada, and K. Kitayama, “Characterization of a full encoder/decoder in the AWG configuration for code-based photonic routers. Part I: modeling and design,” IEEE/OSA J. Lightwave Technol. 24(1), 103–112 (2006).
[Crossref]

de Waardt, H.

H. Chen, V. Sleiffer, B. Snyder, M. Kuschnerov, R. V. Uden, Y. Jung, C. M. Okonkwo, O. Raz, P. O’Brien, H. de Waardt, and T. Koonen, “Demonstration of a photonic integrated mode coupler with MDM and WDM transmission,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25(21), 2039–2042 (2013).
[Crossref]

Esmaeelpour, M.

R. Ryf, S. Randel, A. H. Gnauck, C. Bolle, A. Sierra, S. Mumtaz, M. Esmaeelpour, E. C. Burrows, R.-J. Essimbre, P. J. Winzer, D. W. Peckham, A. H. McCurdy, and R. Lingle, “Mode-division multiplexing over 96km of few-mode fiber using coherent 6x6 MIMO processing,” IEEE/OSA J. Lightwave Technol. 30(4), 521–531 (2012).
[Crossref]

Essimbre, R.-J.

R. Ryf, S. Randel, A. H. Gnauck, C. Bolle, A. Sierra, S. Mumtaz, M. Esmaeelpour, E. C. Burrows, R.-J. Essimbre, P. J. Winzer, D. W. Peckham, A. H. McCurdy, and R. Lingle, “Mode-division multiplexing over 96km of few-mode fiber using coherent 6x6 MIMO processing,” IEEE/OSA J. Lightwave Technol. 30(4), 521–531 (2012).
[Crossref]

Fini, J. M.

D. J. Richardson, J. M. Fini, and L. E. Nelson, “Space-division multiplexing in optical fibers,” Nat. Photonics 7(5), 354–362 (2013).
[Crossref]

Fukuda, O.

K. Kitayama, Y. Kato, S. Seikai, N. Uchida, M. Akiyama, and O. Fukuda, “Transmission characteristic measurement of two-mode optical fiber with a nearly optimum indexprofile,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 28(6), 604–608 (1980).
[Crossref]

Gnauck, A. H.

R. Ryf, S. Randel, A. H. Gnauck, C. Bolle, A. Sierra, S. Mumtaz, M. Esmaeelpour, E. C. Burrows, R.-J. Essimbre, P. J. Winzer, D. W. Peckham, A. H. McCurdy, and R. Lingle, “Mode-division multiplexing over 96km of few-mode fiber using coherent 6x6 MIMO processing,” IEEE/OSA J. Lightwave Technol. 30(4), 521–531 (2012).
[Crossref]

Hanzawa, N.

N. Hanzawa, K. Saitoh, T. Sakamoto, T. Matsui, K. Tsujikawa, M. Koshiba, and F. Yamamoto, “Two-mode PLC-based mode multi/demultiplexer for mode and wavelength division multiplexed transmission,” Opt. Express 21(22), 25752–25760 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hashizume, Y.

H. Nakamura, K. Taguchi, S. Tamaki, T. Mizuno, Y. Hashizume, T. Yamada, M. Ito, H. Takahashi, S. Kimura, and N. Yoshimoto, “40Gbit/s-class-λ-tunable WDM/TDM-PON using λ-selectable B-Tx and 4 x M cyclic AWG router for flexible photonic aggregation networks,” Opt. Express 21(1), 463–468 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Huang, Y. K.

E. Ip, N. Bai, Y. K. Huang, E. Mateo, F. Yaman, M. J. Li, S. Bickham, S. Ten, Y. Luo, G. D. Peng, G. Li, T. Wang, J. Li, C. Montero, and V. Moreno, “6x6 MIMO transmission over 50+25+10km heterogeneous spans of few-mode fiber with inline erbium-doped fiber amplifier,” OFC NFOEC2012, OTu2C (2012).

Ibsen, M.

P. C. Teh, M. Ibsen, J. H. Lee, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “Demonstration of a four-channel WDM/OCDMA system using 255-chip 320-Gchip/s quarternary phase coding gratings,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14(2), 227–229 (2002).
[Crossref]

Ip, E.

E. Ip, N. Bai, Y. K. Huang, E. Mateo, F. Yaman, M. J. Li, S. Bickham, S. Ten, Y. Luo, G. D. Peng, G. Li, T. Wang, J. Li, C. Montero, and V. Moreno, “6x6 MIMO transmission over 50+25+10km heterogeneous spans of few-mode fiber with inline erbium-doped fiber amplifier,” OFC NFOEC2012, OTu2C (2012).

Ito, M.

H. Nakamura, K. Taguchi, S. Tamaki, T. Mizuno, Y. Hashizume, T. Yamada, M. Ito, H. Takahashi, S. Kimura, and N. Yoshimoto, “40Gbit/s-class-λ-tunable WDM/TDM-PON using λ-selectable B-Tx and 4 x M cyclic AWG router for flexible photonic aggregation networks,” Opt. Express 21(1), 463–468 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jung, Y.

H. Chen, V. Sleiffer, B. Snyder, M. Kuschnerov, R. V. Uden, Y. Jung, C. M. Okonkwo, O. Raz, P. O’Brien, H. de Waardt, and T. Koonen, “Demonstration of a photonic integrated mode coupler with MDM and WDM transmission,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25(21), 2039–2042 (2013).
[Crossref]

Kato, Y.

K. Kitayama, Y. Kato, S. Seikai, N. Uchida, M. Akiyama, and O. Fukuda, “Transmission characteristic measurement of two-mode optical fiber with a nearly optimum indexprofile,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 28(6), 604–608 (1980).
[Crossref]

Kimura, S.

H. Nakamura, K. Taguchi, S. Tamaki, T. Mizuno, Y. Hashizume, T. Yamada, M. Ito, H. Takahashi, S. Kimura, and N. Yoshimoto, “40Gbit/s-class-λ-tunable WDM/TDM-PON using λ-selectable B-Tx and 4 x M cyclic AWG router for flexible photonic aggregation networks,” Opt. Express 21(1), 463–468 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kitayama, K.

T. Kodama, N. Wada, G. Cincotti, and K. Kitayama, “Asynchronous OCDM-based 10G-PON using cascaded multiport E/Ds to suppress MAI noise,” IEEE/OSA J. Lightwave Technol. 31(20), 3258–3266 (2013).
[Crossref]

G. Cincotti, N. Wada, and K. Kitayama, “Characterization of a full encoder/decoder in the AWG configuration for code-based photonic routers. Part I: modeling and design,” IEEE/OSA J. Lightwave Technol. 24(1), 103–112 (2006).
[Crossref]

K. Kitayama, Y. Kato, S. Seikai, N. Uchida, M. Akiyama, and O. Fukuda, “Transmission characteristic measurement of two-mode optical fiber with a nearly optimum indexprofile,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 28(6), 604–608 (1980).
[Crossref]

Kodama, T.

T. Kodama, N. Wada, G. Cincotti, and K. Kitayama, “Asynchronous OCDM-based 10G-PON using cascaded multiport E/Ds to suppress MAI noise,” IEEE/OSA J. Lightwave Technol. 31(20), 3258–3266 (2013).
[Crossref]

Koonen, T.

H. Chen, V. Sleiffer, B. Snyder, M. Kuschnerov, R. V. Uden, Y. Jung, C. M. Okonkwo, O. Raz, P. O’Brien, H. de Waardt, and T. Koonen, “Demonstration of a photonic integrated mode coupler with MDM and WDM transmission,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25(21), 2039–2042 (2013).
[Crossref]

Koshiba, M.

N. Hanzawa, K. Saitoh, T. Sakamoto, T. Matsui, K. Tsujikawa, M. Koshiba, and F. Yamamoto, “Two-mode PLC-based mode multi/demultiplexer for mode and wavelength division multiplexed transmission,” Opt. Express 21(22), 25752–25760 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kuschnerov, M.

H. Chen, V. Sleiffer, B. Snyder, M. Kuschnerov, R. V. Uden, Y. Jung, C. M. Okonkwo, O. Raz, P. O’Brien, H. de Waardt, and T. Koonen, “Demonstration of a photonic integrated mode coupler with MDM and WDM transmission,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25(21), 2039–2042 (2013).
[Crossref]

Lee, J. H.

P. C. Teh, M. Ibsen, J. H. Lee, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “Demonstration of a four-channel WDM/OCDMA system using 255-chip 320-Gchip/s quarternary phase coding gratings,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14(2), 227–229 (2002).
[Crossref]

Li, A.

A. Li, X. Chen, A. A. Amin, and W. Shieh, “Fused fiber mode couplers for few-mode transmission,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(21), 1953–1956 (2012).
[Crossref]

Li, G.

E. Ip, N. Bai, Y. K. Huang, E. Mateo, F. Yaman, M. J. Li, S. Bickham, S. Ten, Y. Luo, G. D. Peng, G. Li, T. Wang, J. Li, C. Montero, and V. Moreno, “6x6 MIMO transmission over 50+25+10km heterogeneous spans of few-mode fiber with inline erbium-doped fiber amplifier,” OFC NFOEC2012, OTu2C (2012).

Li, J.

E. Ip, N. Bai, Y. K. Huang, E. Mateo, F. Yaman, M. J. Li, S. Bickham, S. Ten, Y. Luo, G. D. Peng, G. Li, T. Wang, J. Li, C. Montero, and V. Moreno, “6x6 MIMO transmission over 50+25+10km heterogeneous spans of few-mode fiber with inline erbium-doped fiber amplifier,” OFC NFOEC2012, OTu2C (2012).

Li, M. J.

E. Ip, N. Bai, Y. K. Huang, E. Mateo, F. Yaman, M. J. Li, S. Bickham, S. Ten, Y. Luo, G. D. Peng, G. Li, T. Wang, J. Li, C. Montero, and V. Moreno, “6x6 MIMO transmission over 50+25+10km heterogeneous spans of few-mode fiber with inline erbium-doped fiber amplifier,” OFC NFOEC2012, OTu2C (2012).

Lingle, R.

R. Ryf, S. Randel, A. H. Gnauck, C. Bolle, A. Sierra, S. Mumtaz, M. Esmaeelpour, E. C. Burrows, R.-J. Essimbre, P. J. Winzer, D. W. Peckham, A. H. McCurdy, and R. Lingle, “Mode-division multiplexing over 96km of few-mode fiber using coherent 6x6 MIMO processing,” IEEE/OSA J. Lightwave Technol. 30(4), 521–531 (2012).
[Crossref]

Luo, Y.

E. Ip, N. Bai, Y. K. Huang, E. Mateo, F. Yaman, M. J. Li, S. Bickham, S. Ten, Y. Luo, G. D. Peng, G. Li, T. Wang, J. Li, C. Montero, and V. Moreno, “6x6 MIMO transmission over 50+25+10km heterogeneous spans of few-mode fiber with inline erbium-doped fiber amplifier,” OFC NFOEC2012, OTu2C (2012).

Mateo, E.

E. Ip, N. Bai, Y. K. Huang, E. Mateo, F. Yaman, M. J. Li, S. Bickham, S. Ten, Y. Luo, G. D. Peng, G. Li, T. Wang, J. Li, C. Montero, and V. Moreno, “6x6 MIMO transmission over 50+25+10km heterogeneous spans of few-mode fiber with inline erbium-doped fiber amplifier,” OFC NFOEC2012, OTu2C (2012).

Matsui, T.

N. Hanzawa, K. Saitoh, T. Sakamoto, T. Matsui, K. Tsujikawa, M. Koshiba, and F. Yamamoto, “Two-mode PLC-based mode multi/demultiplexer for mode and wavelength division multiplexed transmission,” Opt. Express 21(22), 25752–25760 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

McCurdy, A. H.

R. Ryf, S. Randel, A. H. Gnauck, C. Bolle, A. Sierra, S. Mumtaz, M. Esmaeelpour, E. C. Burrows, R.-J. Essimbre, P. J. Winzer, D. W. Peckham, A. H. McCurdy, and R. Lingle, “Mode-division multiplexing over 96km of few-mode fiber using coherent 6x6 MIMO processing,” IEEE/OSA J. Lightwave Technol. 30(4), 521–531 (2012).
[Crossref]

Mizuno, T.

H. Nakamura, K. Taguchi, S. Tamaki, T. Mizuno, Y. Hashizume, T. Yamada, M. Ito, H. Takahashi, S. Kimura, and N. Yoshimoto, “40Gbit/s-class-λ-tunable WDM/TDM-PON using λ-selectable B-Tx and 4 x M cyclic AWG router for flexible photonic aggregation networks,” Opt. Express 21(1), 463–468 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Montero, C.

E. Ip, N. Bai, Y. K. Huang, E. Mateo, F. Yaman, M. J. Li, S. Bickham, S. Ten, Y. Luo, G. D. Peng, G. Li, T. Wang, J. Li, C. Montero, and V. Moreno, “6x6 MIMO transmission over 50+25+10km heterogeneous spans of few-mode fiber with inline erbium-doped fiber amplifier,” OFC NFOEC2012, OTu2C (2012).

Moreno, V.

E. Ip, N. Bai, Y. K. Huang, E. Mateo, F. Yaman, M. J. Li, S. Bickham, S. Ten, Y. Luo, G. D. Peng, G. Li, T. Wang, J. Li, C. Montero, and V. Moreno, “6x6 MIMO transmission over 50+25+10km heterogeneous spans of few-mode fiber with inline erbium-doped fiber amplifier,” OFC NFOEC2012, OTu2C (2012).

Mumtaz, S.

R. Ryf, S. Randel, A. H. Gnauck, C. Bolle, A. Sierra, S. Mumtaz, M. Esmaeelpour, E. C. Burrows, R.-J. Essimbre, P. J. Winzer, D. W. Peckham, A. H. McCurdy, and R. Lingle, “Mode-division multiplexing over 96km of few-mode fiber using coherent 6x6 MIMO processing,” IEEE/OSA J. Lightwave Technol. 30(4), 521–531 (2012).
[Crossref]

Nakamura, H.

H. Nakamura, K. Taguchi, S. Tamaki, T. Mizuno, Y. Hashizume, T. Yamada, M. Ito, H. Takahashi, S. Kimura, and N. Yoshimoto, “40Gbit/s-class-λ-tunable WDM/TDM-PON using λ-selectable B-Tx and 4 x M cyclic AWG router for flexible photonic aggregation networks,” Opt. Express 21(1), 463–468 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nelson, L. E.

D. J. Richardson, J. M. Fini, and L. E. Nelson, “Space-division multiplexing in optical fibers,” Nat. Photonics 7(5), 354–362 (2013).
[Crossref]

O’Brien, P.

H. Chen, V. Sleiffer, B. Snyder, M. Kuschnerov, R. V. Uden, Y. Jung, C. M. Okonkwo, O. Raz, P. O’Brien, H. de Waardt, and T. Koonen, “Demonstration of a photonic integrated mode coupler with MDM and WDM transmission,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25(21), 2039–2042 (2013).
[Crossref]

Okonkwo, C. M.

H. Chen, V. Sleiffer, B. Snyder, M. Kuschnerov, R. V. Uden, Y. Jung, C. M. Okonkwo, O. Raz, P. O’Brien, H. de Waardt, and T. Koonen, “Demonstration of a photonic integrated mode coupler with MDM and WDM transmission,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25(21), 2039–2042 (2013).
[Crossref]

Peckham, D. W.

R. Ryf, S. Randel, A. H. Gnauck, C. Bolle, A. Sierra, S. Mumtaz, M. Esmaeelpour, E. C. Burrows, R.-J. Essimbre, P. J. Winzer, D. W. Peckham, A. H. McCurdy, and R. Lingle, “Mode-division multiplexing over 96km of few-mode fiber using coherent 6x6 MIMO processing,” IEEE/OSA J. Lightwave Technol. 30(4), 521–531 (2012).
[Crossref]

Peng, G. D.

E. Ip, N. Bai, Y. K. Huang, E. Mateo, F. Yaman, M. J. Li, S. Bickham, S. Ten, Y. Luo, G. D. Peng, G. Li, T. Wang, J. Li, C. Montero, and V. Moreno, “6x6 MIMO transmission over 50+25+10km heterogeneous spans of few-mode fiber with inline erbium-doped fiber amplifier,” OFC NFOEC2012, OTu2C (2012).

Petropoulos, P.

P. C. Teh, M. Ibsen, J. H. Lee, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “Demonstration of a four-channel WDM/OCDMA system using 255-chip 320-Gchip/s quarternary phase coding gratings,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14(2), 227–229 (2002).
[Crossref]

Randel, S.

R. Ryf, S. Randel, A. H. Gnauck, C. Bolle, A. Sierra, S. Mumtaz, M. Esmaeelpour, E. C. Burrows, R.-J. Essimbre, P. J. Winzer, D. W. Peckham, A. H. McCurdy, and R. Lingle, “Mode-division multiplexing over 96km of few-mode fiber using coherent 6x6 MIMO processing,” IEEE/OSA J. Lightwave Technol. 30(4), 521–531 (2012).
[Crossref]

Raz, O.

H. Chen, V. Sleiffer, B. Snyder, M. Kuschnerov, R. V. Uden, Y. Jung, C. M. Okonkwo, O. Raz, P. O’Brien, H. de Waardt, and T. Koonen, “Demonstration of a photonic integrated mode coupler with MDM and WDM transmission,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25(21), 2039–2042 (2013).
[Crossref]

Richardson, D. J.

D. J. Richardson, J. M. Fini, and L. E. Nelson, “Space-division multiplexing in optical fibers,” Nat. Photonics 7(5), 354–362 (2013).
[Crossref]

P. C. Teh, M. Ibsen, J. H. Lee, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “Demonstration of a four-channel WDM/OCDMA system using 255-chip 320-Gchip/s quarternary phase coding gratings,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14(2), 227–229 (2002).
[Crossref]

Ryf, R.

R. Ryf, S. Randel, A. H. Gnauck, C. Bolle, A. Sierra, S. Mumtaz, M. Esmaeelpour, E. C. Burrows, R.-J. Essimbre, P. J. Winzer, D. W. Peckham, A. H. McCurdy, and R. Lingle, “Mode-division multiplexing over 96km of few-mode fiber using coherent 6x6 MIMO processing,” IEEE/OSA J. Lightwave Technol. 30(4), 521–531 (2012).
[Crossref]

Saitoh, K.

N. Hanzawa, K. Saitoh, T. Sakamoto, T. Matsui, K. Tsujikawa, M. Koshiba, and F. Yamamoto, “Two-mode PLC-based mode multi/demultiplexer for mode and wavelength division multiplexed transmission,” Opt. Express 21(22), 25752–25760 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sakamoto, T.

N. Hanzawa, K. Saitoh, T. Sakamoto, T. Matsui, K. Tsujikawa, M. Koshiba, and F. Yamamoto, “Two-mode PLC-based mode multi/demultiplexer for mode and wavelength division multiplexed transmission,” Opt. Express 21(22), 25752–25760 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Salehi, J. A.

H. Beyranvand and J. A. Salehi, “Efficient optical resource allocation and QoS differentiation in optical burst switching networks utilizing hybrid WDM/OCDM,” IEEE/OSA J. Lightwave Technol. 30(15), 2427–2441 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. A. Salehi, “Code division multiple-access techniques in optical fiber networks. I. fundamental principles,” IEEE Trans. Commun. 37(8), 824–833 (1989).
[Crossref]

Seikai, S.

K. Kitayama, Y. Kato, S. Seikai, N. Uchida, M. Akiyama, and O. Fukuda, “Transmission characteristic measurement of two-mode optical fiber with a nearly optimum indexprofile,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 28(6), 604–608 (1980).
[Crossref]

Shieh, W.

A. Li, X. Chen, A. A. Amin, and W. Shieh, “Fused fiber mode couplers for few-mode transmission,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(21), 1953–1956 (2012).
[Crossref]

Sierra, A.

R. Ryf, S. Randel, A. H. Gnauck, C. Bolle, A. Sierra, S. Mumtaz, M. Esmaeelpour, E. C. Burrows, R.-J. Essimbre, P. J. Winzer, D. W. Peckham, A. H. McCurdy, and R. Lingle, “Mode-division multiplexing over 96km of few-mode fiber using coherent 6x6 MIMO processing,” IEEE/OSA J. Lightwave Technol. 30(4), 521–531 (2012).
[Crossref]

Sleiffer, V.

H. Chen, V. Sleiffer, B. Snyder, M. Kuschnerov, R. V. Uden, Y. Jung, C. M. Okonkwo, O. Raz, P. O’Brien, H. de Waardt, and T. Koonen, “Demonstration of a photonic integrated mode coupler with MDM and WDM transmission,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25(21), 2039–2042 (2013).
[Crossref]

Snyder, B.

H. Chen, V. Sleiffer, B. Snyder, M. Kuschnerov, R. V. Uden, Y. Jung, C. M. Okonkwo, O. Raz, P. O’Brien, H. de Waardt, and T. Koonen, “Demonstration of a photonic integrated mode coupler with MDM and WDM transmission,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25(21), 2039–2042 (2013).
[Crossref]

Taguchi, K.

H. Nakamura, K. Taguchi, S. Tamaki, T. Mizuno, Y. Hashizume, T. Yamada, M. Ito, H. Takahashi, S. Kimura, and N. Yoshimoto, “40Gbit/s-class-λ-tunable WDM/TDM-PON using λ-selectable B-Tx and 4 x M cyclic AWG router for flexible photonic aggregation networks,” Opt. Express 21(1), 463–468 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Takahashi, H.

H. Nakamura, K. Taguchi, S. Tamaki, T. Mizuno, Y. Hashizume, T. Yamada, M. Ito, H. Takahashi, S. Kimura, and N. Yoshimoto, “40Gbit/s-class-λ-tunable WDM/TDM-PON using λ-selectable B-Tx and 4 x M cyclic AWG router for flexible photonic aggregation networks,” Opt. Express 21(1), 463–468 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tamaki, S.

H. Nakamura, K. Taguchi, S. Tamaki, T. Mizuno, Y. Hashizume, T. Yamada, M. Ito, H. Takahashi, S. Kimura, and N. Yoshimoto, “40Gbit/s-class-λ-tunable WDM/TDM-PON using λ-selectable B-Tx and 4 x M cyclic AWG router for flexible photonic aggregation networks,” Opt. Express 21(1), 463–468 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Teh, P. C.

P. C. Teh, M. Ibsen, J. H. Lee, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “Demonstration of a four-channel WDM/OCDMA system using 255-chip 320-Gchip/s quarternary phase coding gratings,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14(2), 227–229 (2002).
[Crossref]

Ten, S.

E. Ip, N. Bai, Y. K. Huang, E. Mateo, F. Yaman, M. J. Li, S. Bickham, S. Ten, Y. Luo, G. D. Peng, G. Li, T. Wang, J. Li, C. Montero, and V. Moreno, “6x6 MIMO transmission over 50+25+10km heterogeneous spans of few-mode fiber with inline erbium-doped fiber amplifier,” OFC NFOEC2012, OTu2C (2012).

Tsujikawa, K.

N. Hanzawa, K. Saitoh, T. Sakamoto, T. Matsui, K. Tsujikawa, M. Koshiba, and F. Yamamoto, “Two-mode PLC-based mode multi/demultiplexer for mode and wavelength division multiplexed transmission,” Opt. Express 21(22), 25752–25760 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Uchida, N.

K. Kitayama, Y. Kato, S. Seikai, N. Uchida, M. Akiyama, and O. Fukuda, “Transmission characteristic measurement of two-mode optical fiber with a nearly optimum indexprofile,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 28(6), 604–608 (1980).
[Crossref]

Uden, R. V.

H. Chen, V. Sleiffer, B. Snyder, M. Kuschnerov, R. V. Uden, Y. Jung, C. M. Okonkwo, O. Raz, P. O’Brien, H. de Waardt, and T. Koonen, “Demonstration of a photonic integrated mode coupler with MDM and WDM transmission,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25(21), 2039–2042 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wada, N.

T. Kodama, N. Wada, G. Cincotti, and K. Kitayama, “Asynchronous OCDM-based 10G-PON using cascaded multiport E/Ds to suppress MAI noise,” IEEE/OSA J. Lightwave Technol. 31(20), 3258–3266 (2013).
[Crossref]

G. Cincotti, N. Wada, and K. Kitayama, “Characterization of a full encoder/decoder in the AWG configuration for code-based photonic routers. Part I: modeling and design,” IEEE/OSA J. Lightwave Technol. 24(1), 103–112 (2006).
[Crossref]

Wang, T.

E. Ip, N. Bai, Y. K. Huang, E. Mateo, F. Yaman, M. J. Li, S. Bickham, S. Ten, Y. Luo, G. D. Peng, G. Li, T. Wang, J. Li, C. Montero, and V. Moreno, “6x6 MIMO transmission over 50+25+10km heterogeneous spans of few-mode fiber with inline erbium-doped fiber amplifier,” OFC NFOEC2012, OTu2C (2012).

Winzer, P. J.

R. Ryf, S. Randel, A. H. Gnauck, C. Bolle, A. Sierra, S. Mumtaz, M. Esmaeelpour, E. C. Burrows, R.-J. Essimbre, P. J. Winzer, D. W. Peckham, A. H. McCurdy, and R. Lingle, “Mode-division multiplexing over 96km of few-mode fiber using coherent 6x6 MIMO processing,” IEEE/OSA J. Lightwave Technol. 30(4), 521–531 (2012).
[Crossref]

Yamada, T.

H. Nakamura, K. Taguchi, S. Tamaki, T. Mizuno, Y. Hashizume, T. Yamada, M. Ito, H. Takahashi, S. Kimura, and N. Yoshimoto, “40Gbit/s-class-λ-tunable WDM/TDM-PON using λ-selectable B-Tx and 4 x M cyclic AWG router for flexible photonic aggregation networks,” Opt. Express 21(1), 463–468 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yamamoto, F.

N. Hanzawa, K. Saitoh, T. Sakamoto, T. Matsui, K. Tsujikawa, M. Koshiba, and F. Yamamoto, “Two-mode PLC-based mode multi/demultiplexer for mode and wavelength division multiplexed transmission,” Opt. Express 21(22), 25752–25760 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yaman, F.

E. Ip, N. Bai, Y. K. Huang, E. Mateo, F. Yaman, M. J. Li, S. Bickham, S. Ten, Y. Luo, G. D. Peng, G. Li, T. Wang, J. Li, C. Montero, and V. Moreno, “6x6 MIMO transmission over 50+25+10km heterogeneous spans of few-mode fiber with inline erbium-doped fiber amplifier,” OFC NFOEC2012, OTu2C (2012).

Yoshimoto, N.

H. Nakamura, K. Taguchi, S. Tamaki, T. Mizuno, Y. Hashizume, T. Yamada, M. Ito, H. Takahashi, S. Kimura, and N. Yoshimoto, “40Gbit/s-class-λ-tunable WDM/TDM-PON using λ-selectable B-Tx and 4 x M cyclic AWG router for flexible photonic aggregation networks,” Opt. Express 21(1), 463–468 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (3)

H. Chen, V. Sleiffer, B. Snyder, M. Kuschnerov, R. V. Uden, Y. Jung, C. M. Okonkwo, O. Raz, P. O’Brien, H. de Waardt, and T. Koonen, “Demonstration of a photonic integrated mode coupler with MDM and WDM transmission,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25(21), 2039–2042 (2013).
[Crossref]

A. Li, X. Chen, A. A. Amin, and W. Shieh, “Fused fiber mode couplers for few-mode transmission,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(21), 1953–1956 (2012).
[Crossref]

P. C. Teh, M. Ibsen, J. H. Lee, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “Demonstration of a four-channel WDM/OCDMA system using 255-chip 320-Gchip/s quarternary phase coding gratings,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14(2), 227–229 (2002).
[Crossref]

IEEE Trans. Commun. (1)

J. A. Salehi, “Code division multiple-access techniques in optical fiber networks. I. fundamental principles,” IEEE Trans. Commun. 37(8), 824–833 (1989).
[Crossref]

IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. (1)

K. Kitayama, Y. Kato, S. Seikai, N. Uchida, M. Akiyama, and O. Fukuda, “Transmission characteristic measurement of two-mode optical fiber with a nearly optimum indexprofile,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 28(6), 604–608 (1980).
[Crossref]

IEEE/OSA J. Lightwave Technol. (4)

R. Ryf, S. Randel, A. H. Gnauck, C. Bolle, A. Sierra, S. Mumtaz, M. Esmaeelpour, E. C. Burrows, R.-J. Essimbre, P. J. Winzer, D. W. Peckham, A. H. McCurdy, and R. Lingle, “Mode-division multiplexing over 96km of few-mode fiber using coherent 6x6 MIMO processing,” IEEE/OSA J. Lightwave Technol. 30(4), 521–531 (2012).
[Crossref]

H. Beyranvand and J. A. Salehi, “Efficient optical resource allocation and QoS differentiation in optical burst switching networks utilizing hybrid WDM/OCDM,” IEEE/OSA J. Lightwave Technol. 30(15), 2427–2441 (2012).
[Crossref]

T. Kodama, N. Wada, G. Cincotti, and K. Kitayama, “Asynchronous OCDM-based 10G-PON using cascaded multiport E/Ds to suppress MAI noise,” IEEE/OSA J. Lightwave Technol. 31(20), 3258–3266 (2013).
[Crossref]

G. Cincotti, N. Wada, and K. Kitayama, “Characterization of a full encoder/decoder in the AWG configuration for code-based photonic routers. Part I: modeling and design,” IEEE/OSA J. Lightwave Technol. 24(1), 103–112 (2006).
[Crossref]

Nat. Photonics (1)

D. J. Richardson, J. M. Fini, and L. E. Nelson, “Space-division multiplexing in optical fibers,” Nat. Photonics 7(5), 354–362 (2013).
[Crossref]

OFC (1)

E. Ip, N. Bai, Y. K. Huang, E. Mateo, F. Yaman, M. J. Li, S. Bickham, S. Ten, Y. Luo, G. D. Peng, G. Li, T. Wang, J. Li, C. Montero, and V. Moreno, “6x6 MIMO transmission over 50+25+10km heterogeneous spans of few-mode fiber with inline erbium-doped fiber amplifier,” OFC NFOEC2012, OTu2C (2012).

Opt. Express (2)

H. Nakamura, K. Taguchi, S. Tamaki, T. Mizuno, Y. Hashizume, T. Yamada, M. Ito, H. Takahashi, S. Kimura, and N. Yoshimoto, “40Gbit/s-class-λ-tunable WDM/TDM-PON using λ-selectable B-Tx and 4 x M cyclic AWG router for flexible photonic aggregation networks,” Opt. Express 21(1), 463–468 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Hanzawa, K. Saitoh, T. Sakamoto, T. Matsui, K. Tsujikawa, M. Koshiba, and F. Yamamoto, “Two-mode PLC-based mode multi/demultiplexer for mode and wavelength division multiplexed transmission,” Opt. Express 21(22), 25752–25760 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (7)

N. Kataoka, N. Wada, X. Wang, G. Cincotti, and K. Kitayama, “Demonstration of 10Gbps, 4-user, OCDMA transmission over 59km single mode fiber without inline dispersion compensation,” Optical Fiber Communication (OFC), collocated National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, 2010 Conference on (OFC/NFOEC) 21-25 March 2010.

G. Cincotti, N. Kataoka, N. Wada, X. Wang, T. Miyazaki, and K. Kitayama, “Demonstration of asynchronous, 10Gbps OCDMA PON system with colorless and sourceless ONUs,” Optical Communication, 2009. ECOC '09. 35th European Conference on, 20-24 Sept. 2009, 6.5.7.

H. Nakamura, “NG-PON2 Technology,” Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OFC/NFOEC), (2013), paper Nth4F.5.

X. Wang, N. Wada, N. Kataoka, T. Miyazaki, G. Cincotti, and K. Kitayama, “100km field trial of 1.24 Tbit/s, spectral efficient, asynchronous 5 WDM x 25 DPSK-OCDMA using one set of 50 x 50 ports large scale en/decoder,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and The National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper PDP14.

T. Isoda, H. Terauchi, K. Tatsumi, A. Maruta, R. Maruyama, N. Kuwaki, S. Matsuo, and K. Kitayama, “Mode division multiplexed transmission through two-mode fiber using space-optics based mode multiplexer/demultiplexer,” in 201318th OptoElectronics and Communications Conference held jointly with 2013 International Conference on Photonics in Switching (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper TuS4_3.

H. Chen, R. V. Uden, C. M. Okonkwo, B. Snyder, O. Raz, P. O’Brien, H. V. D. Boom, H. D. Waardt, and T. Koonen, “Employing an integrated mode multiplexer on silicon-on-insulator for few-mode fiber transmission,” Optical Communication (ECOC 2013), 39th European Conference and Exhibition on, 2-26 Sept. 2013, paper Tu.1.B.4.

M. Oguma, T. Kitoh, A. Mori, and H. Takahashi, “Ultrawide-passband tandem MZI-synchronized AWG and group delay ripple balancing out technique,” Optical Communication (ECOC), 2010 36th European Conference and Exhibition on, 19-23 Sept. 2010, We.8.E.

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 MDM/CDM system using a TMF.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Mode crosstalk evaluation model.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Experimental setup for the ONUs and the sub-RN.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Experimental setup of the RN and OLT.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 BER for (a) LP01 mode, (b) LP11 mode.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Experimental setup to evaluate the mode crosstalk performance.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Power difference as a function of BER.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Comparison between WDM-CDM and MDM-CDM.

Tables Icon

Table 2 Three different cases for span distances.

Equations (3)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

Z = 0 T b E d a c 2 ( t ) d t + i = 2 N 0 T b E d c c i 2 ( t ) d t + 0 T b E u a c 2 ( t ) d t + i = 2 N 0 T b E u c c i 2 ( t ) d t + 2 i = 2 N 0 T b | E d a c ( t ) | | E d c c i ( t ) | cos [ d a c ( t ) d c c i ( t ) ] d t + 2 0 T b | E d a c ( t ) | | E u a c ( t ) | cos [ d a c ( t ) u a c ( t ) ] d t + 2 i = 2 N 0 T b | E d a c ( t ) | | E u c c i ( t ) | cos [ d a c ( t ) u c c i ( t ) ] d t + 2 i , j = 2   ( i > j ) N 0 T b | E d c c i ( t ) | | E d c c j ( t ) | cos [ d c c i ( t ) d c c j ( t ) ] d t + 2 i = 2 N 0 T b | E d c c i ( t ) | | E u a c ( t ) | cos [ d c c i ( t ) u a c ( t ) ] d t + 2 i , j = 2   ( i > j ) N 0 T b | E d c c i ( t ) | | E u c c j ( t ) | cos [ d c c i ( t ) u c c j ( t ) ] d t + 2 i = 2 N 0 T b | E u a c ( t ) | | E u c c i ( t ) | cos [ u a c ( t ) u c c i ( t ) ] d t + 2 i , j = 2   ( i > j ) N 0 T b | E u c c i ( t ) | | E u c c j ( t ) | cos [ u c c i ( t ) u c c j ( t ) ] d t + n ( t ) ,  
Z= 0 T b E dac 2 ( t )dt+ i=2 N 0 T b E dcci 2 ( t )dt+ 0 T b E uac 2 ( t )dt +2 i=2 N 0 T b | E dac ( t ) || E dcci ( t ) |cos[ dac ( t ) dcci ( t ) ]dt +2 0 T b | E dac ( t ) || E uac ( t ) |cos[ dac ( t ) uac ( t ) ]dt+n( t ).  
Z = 0 T b E d a c 2 ( t ) d t + 0 T b E u a c 2 ( t ) d t + 2 0 T b | E d a c ( t ) | | E u a c ( t ) | cos [ d a c ( t ) u a c ( t ) ] d t + n ( t ) .  

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