Abstract

We show a simple way to generate three dimensional optical potentials consisting of tightly localized high intensity spots arranged in a structure with a pyramidal geometry. The three dimensional patterns are created by focusing a Gaussian beam with a symmetric cubic phase abs((ax)3) + abs((ay)3) imprinted by a spatial light modulator. We show that it is possible to trap and stack around a hundred dielectric microspheres (silica mean diameter 2.47 μm) in pyramidal structures (characteristic dimensions H, W ∼ 15 – 20μm) held together by optical binding with moderate laser power (P < 20 mW). Axial stability is mainly provided by balancing the light scattering force with the axial gradient and gravity. The microparticle structures are sufficiently stable to be easily displaced by moving the microscope stage.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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References

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2010 (4)

K. Dholakia, P. Zemánek, “Colloquium: gripped by light: optical binding,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 82, 1767–1791 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. E. Morris, T. Cizmár, H. I. C. Dalgarno, R. F. Marchington, F. J. Gunn-Moore, K. Dholakia, “Realization of curved Bessel beams: propagation around obstructions,” J. Opt. 12, 124002 (2010).
[Crossref]

S. Vo, K. Fuerschbach, K. P. Thompson, M. A. Alonso, J. P. Rolland, “Airy beams: a geometric optics perspective,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 27, 2574–2582 (2010).
[Crossref]

C. Alpmann, R. Bowman, M. Woerdemann, M. Padgett, C. Denz, “Mathieu beams as versatile light moulds for 3D micro particle assemblies,” Opt. Express 18, 26084–26091 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2009 (1)

J. Baumgartl, G. M. Hannappel, D. J. Stevenson, D. Day, M. Gu, K. Dholakia, “Optical redistribution of microparticles and cells between microwells,” Lab Chip 9, 1334–1336 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2008 (3)

J. Baumgartl, M. Mazilu, K. Dholakia, “Optically mediated particle clearing using Airy wavepackets,” Nat. Phot. 2, 675–678 (2008).
[Crossref]

T. Cizmár, V. Kollárová, X. Tsampoula, F. Gunn-Moore, W. Sibbett, Z. Bouchal, K. Dholakia, “Generation of multiple Bessel beams for a biophotonics workstation,” Opt. Express 18, 14024–14035 (2008).
[Crossref]

G. A. Siviloglou, J. Broky, A. Dogariu, D. N. Christodoulides, “Ballistic dynamics of Airy beams,” Opt. Lett. 33, 207–209 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2007 (2)

G. A. Siviloglou, D. N. Christodoulides, “Accelerating finite energy Airy beams,” Opt. Lett. 32, 979–981 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. A. Siviloglou, J. Broky, A. Dogariu, D. N. Christodoulides, “Observation of accelerating Airy beams,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 213901 (2007).
[Crossref]

2005 (1)

D. McGloin, K. Dholakia, “Bessel beams: diffraction in a new light,” Contemp. Phys. 46, 15–28 (2005).
[Crossref]

2004 (1)

2003 (2)

2002 (2)

V. Garcés-Chávez, D. McGloin, H. Melville, W. Sibbett, K. Dholakia, “Simultaneous micromanipulation in multiple planes using a self-reconstructing light beam,” Nature 419, 145–147 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. P. MacDonald, L. Paterson, K. Volke-Sepulveda, J. Arlt, W. Sibbett, K. Dholakia, “Creation and manipulation of three-dimensional optically trapped structures,” Science 296, 1101–1103 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2001 (1)

E. R. Dufresne, G. C. Spalding, M. T. Dearing, S. A. Sheets, D. G. Grier, “Computer-generated holographic optical tweezer arrays,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 72, 1810–1816 (2001).
[Crossref]

2000 (1)

1994 (1)

1988 (1)

1987 (1)

J. Durnin, J. J. Miceli, J. H. Eberly, “Diffraction-free beams,” Phys. Rev.Lett. 58, 1499–1501 (1987).

1986 (1)

1979 (1)

M. V. Berry, N. L. Balazs, “Non-spreading wave packets,” Am. J. Phys. 47, 264–267 (1979).
[Crossref]

Alonso, M. A.

S. Vo, K. Fuerschbach, K. P. Thompson, M. A. Alonso, J. P. Rolland, “Airy beams: a geometric optics perspective,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 27, 2574–2582 (2010).
[Crossref]

Alpmann, C.

Arlt, J.

M. P. MacDonald, L. Paterson, K. Volke-Sepulveda, J. Arlt, W. Sibbett, K. Dholakia, “Creation and manipulation of three-dimensional optically trapped structures,” Science 296, 1101–1103 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ashkin, A.

Balazs, N. L.

M. V. Berry, N. L. Balazs, “Non-spreading wave packets,” Am. J. Phys. 47, 264–267 (1979).
[Crossref]

Baumgartl, J.

J. Baumgartl, G. M. Hannappel, D. J. Stevenson, D. Day, M. Gu, K. Dholakia, “Optical redistribution of microparticles and cells between microwells,” Lab Chip 9, 1334–1336 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Baumgartl, M. Mazilu, K. Dholakia, “Optically mediated particle clearing using Airy wavepackets,” Nat. Phot. 2, 675–678 (2008).
[Crossref]

Berns, M. W.

Berry, M. V.

M. V. Berry, N. L. Balazs, “Non-spreading wave packets,” Am. J. Phys. 47, 264–267 (1979).
[Crossref]

Bjorkholm, J. E.

Bouchal, Z.

T. Cizmár, V. Kollárová, X. Tsampoula, F. Gunn-Moore, W. Sibbett, Z. Bouchal, K. Dholakia, “Generation of multiple Bessel beams for a biophotonics workstation,” Opt. Express 18, 14024–14035 (2008).
[Crossref]

Bowman, R.

Broky, J.

G. A. Siviloglou, J. Broky, A. Dogariu, D. N. Christodoulides, “Ballistic dynamics of Airy beams,” Opt. Lett. 33, 207–209 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. A. Siviloglou, J. Broky, A. Dogariu, D. N. Christodoulides, “Observation of accelerating Airy beams,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 213901 (2007).
[Crossref]

Chávez-Cerda, S.

Christodoulides, D. N.

Chu, S.

Cizmár, T.

J. E. Morris, T. Cizmár, H. I. C. Dalgarno, R. F. Marchington, F. J. Gunn-Moore, K. Dholakia, “Realization of curved Bessel beams: propagation around obstructions,” J. Opt. 12, 124002 (2010).
[Crossref]

T. Cizmár, V. Kollárová, X. Tsampoula, F. Gunn-Moore, W. Sibbett, Z. Bouchal, K. Dholakia, “Generation of multiple Bessel beams for a biophotonics workstation,” Opt. Express 18, 14024–14035 (2008).
[Crossref]

Courtial, J.

Dalgarno, H. I. C.

J. E. Morris, T. Cizmár, H. I. C. Dalgarno, R. F. Marchington, F. J. Gunn-Moore, K. Dholakia, “Realization of curved Bessel beams: propagation around obstructions,” J. Opt. 12, 124002 (2010).
[Crossref]

Day, D.

J. Baumgartl, G. M. Hannappel, D. J. Stevenson, D. Day, M. Gu, K. Dholakia, “Optical redistribution of microparticles and cells between microwells,” Lab Chip 9, 1334–1336 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dearing, M. T.

E. R. Dufresne, G. C. Spalding, M. T. Dearing, S. A. Sheets, D. G. Grier, “Computer-generated holographic optical tweezer arrays,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 72, 1810–1816 (2001).
[Crossref]

Denz, C.

Dholakia, K.

K. Dholakia, P. Zemánek, “Colloquium: gripped by light: optical binding,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 82, 1767–1791 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. E. Morris, T. Cizmár, H. I. C. Dalgarno, R. F. Marchington, F. J. Gunn-Moore, K. Dholakia, “Realization of curved Bessel beams: propagation around obstructions,” J. Opt. 12, 124002 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Baumgartl, G. M. Hannappel, D. J. Stevenson, D. Day, M. Gu, K. Dholakia, “Optical redistribution of microparticles and cells between microwells,” Lab Chip 9, 1334–1336 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Baumgartl, M. Mazilu, K. Dholakia, “Optically mediated particle clearing using Airy wavepackets,” Nat. Phot. 2, 675–678 (2008).
[Crossref]

T. Cizmár, V. Kollárová, X. Tsampoula, F. Gunn-Moore, W. Sibbett, Z. Bouchal, K. Dholakia, “Generation of multiple Bessel beams for a biophotonics workstation,” Opt. Express 18, 14024–14035 (2008).
[Crossref]

D. McGloin, K. Dholakia, “Bessel beams: diffraction in a new light,” Contemp. Phys. 46, 15–28 (2005).
[Crossref]

H. Melville, G. F. Milne, G. C. Spalding, W. Sibbett, K. Dholakia, D. McGloin, “Optical trapping of three-dimensional structures using dynamic holograms,” Opt. Express 11, 3562–3567 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. P. MacDonald, L. Paterson, K. Volke-Sepulveda, J. Arlt, W. Sibbett, K. Dholakia, “Creation and manipulation of three-dimensional optically trapped structures,” Science 296, 1101–1103 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. Garcés-Chávez, D. McGloin, H. Melville, W. Sibbett, K. Dholakia, “Simultaneous micromanipulation in multiple planes using a self-reconstructing light beam,” Nature 419, 145–147 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dogariu, A.

G. A. Siviloglou, J. Broky, A. Dogariu, D. N. Christodoulides, “Ballistic dynamics of Airy beams,” Opt. Lett. 33, 207–209 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. A. Siviloglou, J. Broky, A. Dogariu, D. N. Christodoulides, “Observation of accelerating Airy beams,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 213901 (2007).
[Crossref]

Dufresne, E. R.

E. R. Dufresne, G. C. Spalding, M. T. Dearing, S. A. Sheets, D. G. Grier, “Computer-generated holographic optical tweezer arrays,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 72, 1810–1816 (2001).
[Crossref]

Durnin, J.

J. Durnin, J. J. Miceli, J. H. Eberly, “Comparison of Bessel and Gaussian beams,” Opt. Lett. 13, 79–80 (1988).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Durnin, J. J. Miceli, J. H. Eberly, “Diffraction-free beams,” Phys. Rev.Lett. 58, 1499–1501 (1987).

Dziedzic, J. M.

Eberly, J. H.

J. Durnin, J. J. Miceli, J. H. Eberly, “Comparison of Bessel and Gaussian beams,” Opt. Lett. 13, 79–80 (1988).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Durnin, J. J. Miceli, J. H. Eberly, “Diffraction-free beams,” Phys. Rev.Lett. 58, 1499–1501 (1987).

Fuerschbach, K.

S. Vo, K. Fuerschbach, K. P. Thompson, M. A. Alonso, J. P. Rolland, “Airy beams: a geometric optics perspective,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 27, 2574–2582 (2010).
[Crossref]

Garcés-Chávez, V.

V. Garcés-Chávez, D. McGloin, H. Melville, W. Sibbett, K. Dholakia, “Simultaneous micromanipulation in multiple planes using a self-reconstructing light beam,” Nature 419, 145–147 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Grier, D. G.

D. G. Grier, “A revolution in optical manipulation,” Nature 424, 810–816 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. R. Dufresne, G. C. Spalding, M. T. Dearing, S. A. Sheets, D. G. Grier, “Computer-generated holographic optical tweezer arrays,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 72, 1810–1816 (2001).
[Crossref]

Gu, M.

J. Baumgartl, G. M. Hannappel, D. J. Stevenson, D. Day, M. Gu, K. Dholakia, “Optical redistribution of microparticles and cells between microwells,” Lab Chip 9, 1334–1336 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gunn-Moore, F.

T. Cizmár, V. Kollárová, X. Tsampoula, F. Gunn-Moore, W. Sibbett, Z. Bouchal, K. Dholakia, “Generation of multiple Bessel beams for a biophotonics workstation,” Opt. Express 18, 14024–14035 (2008).
[Crossref]

Gunn-Moore, F. J.

J. E. Morris, T. Cizmár, H. I. C. Dalgarno, R. F. Marchington, F. J. Gunn-Moore, K. Dholakia, “Realization of curved Bessel beams: propagation around obstructions,” J. Opt. 12, 124002 (2010).
[Crossref]

Gutiérrez-Vega, J. C.

Hannappel, G. M.

J. Baumgartl, G. M. Hannappel, D. J. Stevenson, D. Day, M. Gu, K. Dholakia, “Optical redistribution of microparticles and cells between microwells,” Lab Chip 9, 1334–1336 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Iturbe-Castillo, M. D.

Jordan, P.

Kollárová, V.

T. Cizmár, V. Kollárová, X. Tsampoula, F. Gunn-Moore, W. Sibbett, Z. Bouchal, K. Dholakia, “Generation of multiple Bessel beams for a biophotonics workstation,” Opt. Express 18, 14024–14035 (2008).
[Crossref]

Leach, J.

MacDonald, M. P.

M. P. MacDonald, L. Paterson, K. Volke-Sepulveda, J. Arlt, W. Sibbett, K. Dholakia, “Creation and manipulation of three-dimensional optically trapped structures,” Science 296, 1101–1103 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Marchington, R. F.

J. E. Morris, T. Cizmár, H. I. C. Dalgarno, R. F. Marchington, F. J. Gunn-Moore, K. Dholakia, “Realization of curved Bessel beams: propagation around obstructions,” J. Opt. 12, 124002 (2010).
[Crossref]

Mazilu, M.

J. Baumgartl, M. Mazilu, K. Dholakia, “Optically mediated particle clearing using Airy wavepackets,” Nat. Phot. 2, 675–678 (2008).
[Crossref]

McGloin, D.

D. McGloin, K. Dholakia, “Bessel beams: diffraction in a new light,” Contemp. Phys. 46, 15–28 (2005).
[Crossref]

H. Melville, G. F. Milne, G. C. Spalding, W. Sibbett, K. Dholakia, D. McGloin, “Optical trapping of three-dimensional structures using dynamic holograms,” Opt. Express 11, 3562–3567 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. Garcés-Chávez, D. McGloin, H. Melville, W. Sibbett, K. Dholakia, “Simultaneous micromanipulation in multiple planes using a self-reconstructing light beam,” Nature 419, 145–147 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Melville, H.

H. Melville, G. F. Milne, G. C. Spalding, W. Sibbett, K. Dholakia, D. McGloin, “Optical trapping of three-dimensional structures using dynamic holograms,” Opt. Express 11, 3562–3567 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. Garcés-Chávez, D. McGloin, H. Melville, W. Sibbett, K. Dholakia, “Simultaneous micromanipulation in multiple planes using a self-reconstructing light beam,” Nature 419, 145–147 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Miceli, J. J.

J. Durnin, J. J. Miceli, J. H. Eberly, “Comparison of Bessel and Gaussian beams,” Opt. Lett. 13, 79–80 (1988).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Durnin, J. J. Miceli, J. H. Eberly, “Diffraction-free beams,” Phys. Rev.Lett. 58, 1499–1501 (1987).

Milne, G. F.

Morris, J. E.

J. E. Morris, T. Cizmár, H. I. C. Dalgarno, R. F. Marchington, F. J. Gunn-Moore, K. Dholakia, “Realization of curved Bessel beams: propagation around obstructions,” J. Opt. 12, 124002 (2010).
[Crossref]

Padgett, M.

Padgett, M. J.

Paterson, L.

M. P. MacDonald, L. Paterson, K. Volke-Sepulveda, J. Arlt, W. Sibbett, K. Dholakia, “Creation and manipulation of three-dimensional optically trapped structures,” Science 296, 1101–1103 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rolland, J. P.

S. Vo, K. Fuerschbach, K. P. Thompson, M. A. Alonso, J. P. Rolland, “Airy beams: a geometric optics perspective,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 27, 2574–2582 (2010).
[Crossref]

Sheets, S. A.

E. R. Dufresne, G. C. Spalding, M. T. Dearing, S. A. Sheets, D. G. Grier, “Computer-generated holographic optical tweezer arrays,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 72, 1810–1816 (2001).
[Crossref]

Sibbett, W.

T. Cizmár, V. Kollárová, X. Tsampoula, F. Gunn-Moore, W. Sibbett, Z. Bouchal, K. Dholakia, “Generation of multiple Bessel beams for a biophotonics workstation,” Opt. Express 18, 14024–14035 (2008).
[Crossref]

H. Melville, G. F. Milne, G. C. Spalding, W. Sibbett, K. Dholakia, D. McGloin, “Optical trapping of three-dimensional structures using dynamic holograms,” Opt. Express 11, 3562–3567 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. Garcés-Chávez, D. McGloin, H. Melville, W. Sibbett, K. Dholakia, “Simultaneous micromanipulation in multiple planes using a self-reconstructing light beam,” Nature 419, 145–147 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. P. MacDonald, L. Paterson, K. Volke-Sepulveda, J. Arlt, W. Sibbett, K. Dholakia, “Creation and manipulation of three-dimensional optically trapped structures,” Science 296, 1101–1103 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sinclair, G.

Siviloglou, G. A.

Sonek, G. J.

Spalding, G. C.

H. Melville, G. F. Milne, G. C. Spalding, W. Sibbett, K. Dholakia, D. McGloin, “Optical trapping of three-dimensional structures using dynamic holograms,” Opt. Express 11, 3562–3567 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. R. Dufresne, G. C. Spalding, M. T. Dearing, S. A. Sheets, D. G. Grier, “Computer-generated holographic optical tweezer arrays,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 72, 1810–1816 (2001).
[Crossref]

Stevenson, D. J.

J. Baumgartl, G. M. Hannappel, D. J. Stevenson, D. Day, M. Gu, K. Dholakia, “Optical redistribution of microparticles and cells between microwells,” Lab Chip 9, 1334–1336 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Thompson, K. P.

S. Vo, K. Fuerschbach, K. P. Thompson, M. A. Alonso, J. P. Rolland, “Airy beams: a geometric optics perspective,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 27, 2574–2582 (2010).
[Crossref]

Tsampoula, X.

T. Cizmár, V. Kollárová, X. Tsampoula, F. Gunn-Moore, W. Sibbett, Z. Bouchal, K. Dholakia, “Generation of multiple Bessel beams for a biophotonics workstation,” Opt. Express 18, 14024–14035 (2008).
[Crossref]

Vo, S.

S. Vo, K. Fuerschbach, K. P. Thompson, M. A. Alonso, J. P. Rolland, “Airy beams: a geometric optics perspective,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 27, 2574–2582 (2010).
[Crossref]

Volke-Sepulveda, K.

M. P. MacDonald, L. Paterson, K. Volke-Sepulveda, J. Arlt, W. Sibbett, K. Dholakia, “Creation and manipulation of three-dimensional optically trapped structures,” Science 296, 1101–1103 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Woerdemann, M.

Wright, W. H.

Zemánek, P.

K. Dholakia, P. Zemánek, “Colloquium: gripped by light: optical binding,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 82, 1767–1791 (2010).
[Crossref]

Am. J. Phys. (1)

M. V. Berry, N. L. Balazs, “Non-spreading wave packets,” Am. J. Phys. 47, 264–267 (1979).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Contemp. Phys. (1)

D. McGloin, K. Dholakia, “Bessel beams: diffraction in a new light,” Contemp. Phys. 46, 15–28 (2005).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. (1)

J. E. Morris, T. Cizmár, H. I. C. Dalgarno, R. F. Marchington, F. J. Gunn-Moore, K. Dholakia, “Realization of curved Bessel beams: propagation around obstructions,” J. Opt. 12, 124002 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

S. Vo, K. Fuerschbach, K. P. Thompson, M. A. Alonso, J. P. Rolland, “Airy beams: a geometric optics perspective,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 27, 2574–2582 (2010).
[Crossref]

Lab Chip (1)

J. Baumgartl, G. M. Hannappel, D. J. Stevenson, D. Day, M. Gu, K. Dholakia, “Optical redistribution of microparticles and cells between microwells,” Lab Chip 9, 1334–1336 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Phot. (1)

J. Baumgartl, M. Mazilu, K. Dholakia, “Optically mediated particle clearing using Airy wavepackets,” Nat. Phot. 2, 675–678 (2008).
[Crossref]

Nature (2)

D. G. Grier, “A revolution in optical manipulation,” Nature 424, 810–816 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. Garcés-Chávez, D. McGloin, H. Melville, W. Sibbett, K. Dholakia, “Simultaneous micromanipulation in multiple planes using a self-reconstructing light beam,” Nature 419, 145–147 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (1)

T. Cizmár, V. Kollárová, X. Tsampoula, F. Gunn-Moore, W. Sibbett, Z. Bouchal, K. Dholakia, “Generation of multiple Bessel beams for a biophotonics workstation,” Opt. Express 18, 14024–14035 (2008).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (5)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

G. A. Siviloglou, J. Broky, A. Dogariu, D. N. Christodoulides, “Observation of accelerating Airy beams,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 213901 (2007).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev.Lett. (1)

J. Durnin, J. J. Miceli, J. H. Eberly, “Diffraction-free beams,” Phys. Rev.Lett. 58, 1499–1501 (1987).

Rev. Mod. Phys. (1)

K. Dholakia, P. Zemánek, “Colloquium: gripped by light: optical binding,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 82, 1767–1791 (2010).
[Crossref]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

E. R. Dufresne, G. C. Spalding, M. T. Dearing, S. A. Sheets, D. G. Grier, “Computer-generated holographic optical tweezer arrays,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 72, 1810–1816 (2001).
[Crossref]

Science (1)

M. P. MacDonald, L. Paterson, K. Volke-Sepulveda, J. Arlt, W. Sibbett, K. Dholakia, “Creation and manipulation of three-dimensional optically trapped structures,” Science 296, 1101–1103 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Supplementary Material (3)

» Media 1: AVI (3905 KB)     
» Media 2: AVI (3999 KB)     
» Media 3: AVI (4090 KB)     

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Experimental setup and holograms projected in the SLM (upper left corner), constant phase and symmetric cubic with a = 0.001 μm−1.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Cross sections. Top row: Constant phase. Bottom row: Symmetric cubic phase. Digital holograms shown in Fig. 1 (upper left corner).
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Isosurfaces from the cross sections in Fig. 2 (bottom row).
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 A. Apex at bottom. Raising gradually the apex: frames B.,C.,D. E., ( Media 1, frame width 30 μm). F. Microparticle pyramids with different sizes. P=12.5 mW.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Releasing the trap to estimate the number of trapped particles with P=12.5 mW ( Media 2, frame width 42 μm).
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Translation of the pattern by displacing the microscope stage P=12.5 mW ( Media 3, frame width 42 μm).

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