Abstract

The enhanced optical nonlinearity enabled by localized plasmonic fields has been well studied for all-optical switching processing (AOSP) devices for future optical communication systems. In this work, plasmonic photonic crystals with a nonlinear polycarbonate/polymethine blend cladding layer are designed to enhance the third harmonic generation (THG) at the telecom wavelengths (~1550 nm). Due to the presence of he two-dimensional (2-D) gold nano-patch arrays with improved Q-factor and high local fields, more than 20 × of enhanced THG signals in the hybrid organic-plasmonic nanostructure are experimentally observed. The enhanced THG in the hybrid organic-plasmonic materials suggested that such extraordinary nonlinear effects can be used for AOSP devices and wavelength conversion.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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2013 (3)

S. Chen, W. Wong, Y. Pun, K. Cheah, and G. Li, “Surface plasmon-enhanced third harmonic generation from gold–polymer hybrid plasmonic crystal,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 1(7), 522–526 (2013).
[Crossref]

D. J. Ironside and J.-T. Shen, “Orders of magnitude enhancement of optical nonlinearity in subwavelength metal-nonlinear dielectric gratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(2), 021907 (2013).
[Crossref]

F. Ren, X. Wang, and A. Wang, “Thermo-optic modulation of plasmonic bandgap on metallic photonic crystal slab,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(18), 181101 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (4)

C. Lu, X. Hu, Y. Zhang, Z. Li, H. Yang, and Q. Gong, “Large Nonlinearity enhancement of Ag/MEH-PPV nanocomposite by surface plasmon resonance at 1,550 nm,” Plasmonics 7(1), 159–165 (2012).
[Crossref]

A. Scarpaci, A. Nantalaksakul, J. M. Hales, J. D. Matichak, S. Barlow, M. Rumi, J. W. Perry, and S. R. Marder, “Effects of dendronization on the linear and third-order nonlinear optical properties of bis (thiopyrylium) polymethine dyes in solution and the solid state,” Chem. Mater. 24(9), 1606–1618 (2012).
[Crossref]

Z. Li, Y. Liu, H. Kim, J. M. Hales, S. H. Jang, J. Luo, T. Baehr-Jones, M. Hochberg, S. R. Marder, J. W. Perry, and A. K.-Y. Jen, “High-optical-quality blends of anionic polymethine salts and polycarbonate with enhanced third-order non-linearities for silicon-organic hybrid devices,” Adv. Mater. 24(44), OP326–OP330 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Kauranen and A. V. Zayats, “Nonlinear plasmonics,” Nat. Photonics 6(11), 737–748 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (4)

W. Cai, A. P. Vasudev, and M. L. Brongersma, “Electrically controlled nonlinear generation of light with plasmonics,” Science 333(6050), 1720–1723 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Abb, P. Albella, J. Aizpurua, and O. L. Muskens, “All-optical control of a single plasmonic nanoantenna-ITO hybrid,” Nano Lett. 11(6), 2457–2463 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Grande, M. A. Vincenti, T. Stomeo, G. Morea, R. Marani, V. Marrocco, V. Petruzzelli, A. D’Orazio, R. Cingolani, M. De Vittorio, D. de Ceglia, and M. Scalora, “Experimental demonstration of a novel bio-sensing platform via plasmonic band gap formation in gold nano-patch arrays,” Opt. Express 19(22), 21385–21395 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Yang, A. Ishikawa, X. Yin, and X. Zhang, “Hybrid photonic-plasmonic crystal nanocavities,” ACS Nano 5(4), 2831–2838 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2010 (2)

B. Luk’yanchuk, N. I. Zheludev, S. A. Maier, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, H. Giessen, and C. T. Chong, “The Fano resonance in plasmonic nanostructures and metamaterials,” Nat. Mater. 9(9), 707–715 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Martínez, J. Blasco, P. Sanchis, J. V. Galán, J. García-Rupérez, E. Jordana, P. Gautier, Y. Lebour, S. Hernández, R. Spano, R. Guider, N. Daldosso, B. Garrido, J. M. Fedeli, L. Pavesi, and J. Martí, “Ultrafast all-optical switching in a silicon-nanocrystal-based silicon slot waveguide at telecom wavelengths,” Nano Lett. 10(4), 1506–1511 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2009 (3)

C. Koos, P. Vorreau, T. Vallaitis, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, B. Esembeson, I. Biaggio, T. Michinobu, F. Diederich, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “All-optical high-speed signal processing with silicon–organic hybrid slot waveguides,” Nat. Photonics 3(4), 216–219 (2009).
[Crossref]

S. Palomba, M. Danckwerts, and L. Novotny, “Nonlinear plasmonics with gold nanoparticle antennas,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 11(11), 114030 (2009).
[Crossref]

B. Corcoran, C. Monat, C. Grillet, D. J. Moss, B. J. Eggleton, T. P. White, L. O’Faolain, and T. F. Krauss, “Green light emission in silicon through slow-light enhanced third-harmonic generation in photonic-crystal waveguides,” Nat. Photonics 3(4), 206–210 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (2)

B. D. Lucas, J.-S. Kim, C. Chin, and L. J. Guo, “Nanoimprint lithography based approach for the fabrication of large-area, uniformly oriented plasmonic arrays,” Adv. Mater. 20(6), 1129–1134 (2008).
[Crossref]

G. A. Wurtz and A. V. Zayats, “Nonlinear surface plasmon polaritonic crystals,” Laser Photon. Rev. 2(3), 125–135 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

2006 (1)

M. Hochberg, T. Baehr-Jones, G. Wang, M. Shearn, K. Harvard, J. Luo, B. Chen, Z. Shi, R. Lawson, P. Sullivan, A. K. Y. Jen, L. Dalton, and A. Scherer, “Terahertz all-optical modulation in a silicon-polymer hybrid system,” Nat. Mater. 5(9), 703–709 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2004 (2)

V. R. Almeida, C. A. Barrios, R. R. Panepucci, and M. Lipson, “All-optical control of light on a silicon chip,” Nature 431(7012), 1081–1084 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Christ, T. Zentgraf, J. Kuhl, S. G. Tikhodeev, N. A. Gippius, and H. Giessen, “Optical properties of planar metallic photonic crystal structures: experiment and theory,” Phys. Rev. B 70(12), 125113 (2004).
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

W. Wenseleers, F. Stellacci, T. Meyer-Friedrichsen, T. Mangel, C. A. Bauer, S. J. K. Pond, S. R. Marder, and J. W. Perry, “Five orders-of-magnitude enhancement of two-photon absorption for dyes on silver nanoparticle fractal clusters,” J. Phys. Chem. B 106(27), 6853–6863 (2002).
[Crossref]

1999 (1)

J. I. Dadap, J. Shan, K. B. Eisenthal, and T. F. Heinz, “Second-harmonic rayleigh scattering from a sphere of centrosymmetric material,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83(20), 4045–4048 (1999).
[Crossref]

1998 (1)

H. B. Liao, R. F. Xiao, H. Wang, K. S. Wong, and G. K. L. Wong, “Large third-order optical nonlinearity in Au: TiO2 composite films measured on a femtosecond time scale,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 72(15), 1817 (1998).
[Crossref]

Abb, M.

M. Abb, P. Albella, J. Aizpurua, and O. L. Muskens, “All-optical control of a single plasmonic nanoantenna-ITO hybrid,” Nano Lett. 11(6), 2457–2463 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Aizpurua, J.

M. Abb, P. Albella, J. Aizpurua, and O. L. Muskens, “All-optical control of a single plasmonic nanoantenna-ITO hybrid,” Nano Lett. 11(6), 2457–2463 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Albella, P.

M. Abb, P. Albella, J. Aizpurua, and O. L. Muskens, “All-optical control of a single plasmonic nanoantenna-ITO hybrid,” Nano Lett. 11(6), 2457–2463 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Almeida, V. R.

V. R. Almeida, C. A. Barrios, R. R. Panepucci, and M. Lipson, “All-optical control of light on a silicon chip,” Nature 431(7012), 1081–1084 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Baehr-Jones, T.

Z. Li, Y. Liu, H. Kim, J. M. Hales, S. H. Jang, J. Luo, T. Baehr-Jones, M. Hochberg, S. R. Marder, J. W. Perry, and A. K.-Y. Jen, “High-optical-quality blends of anionic polymethine salts and polycarbonate with enhanced third-order non-linearities for silicon-organic hybrid devices,” Adv. Mater. 24(44), OP326–OP330 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Hochberg, T. Baehr-Jones, G. Wang, M. Shearn, K. Harvard, J. Luo, B. Chen, Z. Shi, R. Lawson, P. Sullivan, A. K. Y. Jen, L. Dalton, and A. Scherer, “Terahertz all-optical modulation in a silicon-polymer hybrid system,” Nat. Mater. 5(9), 703–709 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Baets, R.

C. Koos, P. Vorreau, T. Vallaitis, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, B. Esembeson, I. Biaggio, T. Michinobu, F. Diederich, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “All-optical high-speed signal processing with silicon–organic hybrid slot waveguides,” Nat. Photonics 3(4), 216–219 (2009).
[Crossref]

Bakker, R. M.

Barlow, S.

A. Scarpaci, A. Nantalaksakul, J. M. Hales, J. D. Matichak, S. Barlow, M. Rumi, J. W. Perry, and S. R. Marder, “Effects of dendronization on the linear and third-order nonlinear optical properties of bis (thiopyrylium) polymethine dyes in solution and the solid state,” Chem. Mater. 24(9), 1606–1618 (2012).
[Crossref]

Barrios, C. A.

V. R. Almeida, C. A. Barrios, R. R. Panepucci, and M. Lipson, “All-optical control of light on a silicon chip,” Nature 431(7012), 1081–1084 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bauer, C. A.

W. Wenseleers, F. Stellacci, T. Meyer-Friedrichsen, T. Mangel, C. A. Bauer, S. J. K. Pond, S. R. Marder, and J. W. Perry, “Five orders-of-magnitude enhancement of two-photon absorption for dyes on silver nanoparticle fractal clusters,” J. Phys. Chem. B 106(27), 6853–6863 (2002).
[Crossref]

Biaggio, I.

C. Koos, P. Vorreau, T. Vallaitis, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, B. Esembeson, I. Biaggio, T. Michinobu, F. Diederich, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “All-optical high-speed signal processing with silicon–organic hybrid slot waveguides,” Nat. Photonics 3(4), 216–219 (2009).
[Crossref]

Blasco, J.

A. Martínez, J. Blasco, P. Sanchis, J. V. Galán, J. García-Rupérez, E. Jordana, P. Gautier, Y. Lebour, S. Hernández, R. Spano, R. Guider, N. Daldosso, B. Garrido, J. M. Fedeli, L. Pavesi, and J. Martí, “Ultrafast all-optical switching in a silicon-nanocrystal-based silicon slot waveguide at telecom wavelengths,” Nano Lett. 10(4), 1506–1511 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bogaerts, W.

C. Koos, P. Vorreau, T. Vallaitis, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, B. Esembeson, I. Biaggio, T. Michinobu, F. Diederich, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “All-optical high-speed signal processing with silicon–organic hybrid slot waveguides,” Nat. Photonics 3(4), 216–219 (2009).
[Crossref]

Boltasseva, A.

Brongersma, M. L.

W. Cai, A. P. Vasudev, and M. L. Brongersma, “Electrically controlled nonlinear generation of light with plasmonics,” Science 333(6050), 1720–1723 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cai, W.

W. Cai, A. P. Vasudev, and M. L. Brongersma, “Electrically controlled nonlinear generation of light with plasmonics,” Science 333(6050), 1720–1723 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cheah, K.

S. Chen, W. Wong, Y. Pun, K. Cheah, and G. Li, “Surface plasmon-enhanced third harmonic generation from gold–polymer hybrid plasmonic crystal,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 1(7), 522–526 (2013).
[Crossref]

Chen, B.

M. Hochberg, T. Baehr-Jones, G. Wang, M. Shearn, K. Harvard, J. Luo, B. Chen, Z. Shi, R. Lawson, P. Sullivan, A. K. Y. Jen, L. Dalton, and A. Scherer, “Terahertz all-optical modulation in a silicon-polymer hybrid system,” Nat. Mater. 5(9), 703–709 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, S.

S. Chen, W. Wong, Y. Pun, K. Cheah, and G. Li, “Surface plasmon-enhanced third harmonic generation from gold–polymer hybrid plasmonic crystal,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 1(7), 522–526 (2013).
[Crossref]

Chin, C.

B. D. Lucas, J.-S. Kim, C. Chin, and L. J. Guo, “Nanoimprint lithography based approach for the fabrication of large-area, uniformly oriented plasmonic arrays,” Adv. Mater. 20(6), 1129–1134 (2008).
[Crossref]

Chong, C. T.

B. Luk’yanchuk, N. I. Zheludev, S. A. Maier, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, H. Giessen, and C. T. Chong, “The Fano resonance in plasmonic nanostructures and metamaterials,” Nat. Mater. 9(9), 707–715 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Christ, A.

A. Christ, T. Zentgraf, J. Kuhl, S. G. Tikhodeev, N. A. Gippius, and H. Giessen, “Optical properties of planar metallic photonic crystal structures: experiment and theory,” Phys. Rev. B 70(12), 125113 (2004).
[Crossref]

Cingolani, R.

Corcoran, B.

B. Corcoran, C. Monat, C. Grillet, D. J. Moss, B. J. Eggleton, T. P. White, L. O’Faolain, and T. F. Krauss, “Green light emission in silicon through slow-light enhanced third-harmonic generation in photonic-crystal waveguides,” Nat. Photonics 3(4), 206–210 (2009).
[Crossref]

D’Orazio, A.

Dadap, J. I.

J. I. Dadap, J. Shan, K. B. Eisenthal, and T. F. Heinz, “Second-harmonic rayleigh scattering from a sphere of centrosymmetric material,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83(20), 4045–4048 (1999).
[Crossref]

Daldosso, N.

A. Martínez, J. Blasco, P. Sanchis, J. V. Galán, J. García-Rupérez, E. Jordana, P. Gautier, Y. Lebour, S. Hernández, R. Spano, R. Guider, N. Daldosso, B. Garrido, J. M. Fedeli, L. Pavesi, and J. Martí, “Ultrafast all-optical switching in a silicon-nanocrystal-based silicon slot waveguide at telecom wavelengths,” Nano Lett. 10(4), 1506–1511 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dalton, L.

M. Hochberg, T. Baehr-Jones, G. Wang, M. Shearn, K. Harvard, J. Luo, B. Chen, Z. Shi, R. Lawson, P. Sullivan, A. K. Y. Jen, L. Dalton, and A. Scherer, “Terahertz all-optical modulation in a silicon-polymer hybrid system,” Nat. Mater. 5(9), 703–709 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Danckwerts, M.

S. Palomba, M. Danckwerts, and L. Novotny, “Nonlinear plasmonics with gold nanoparticle antennas,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 11(11), 114030 (2009).
[Crossref]

de Ceglia, D.

De Vittorio, M.

Diederich, F.

C. Koos, P. Vorreau, T. Vallaitis, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, B. Esembeson, I. Biaggio, T. Michinobu, F. Diederich, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “All-optical high-speed signal processing with silicon–organic hybrid slot waveguides,” Nat. Photonics 3(4), 216–219 (2009).
[Crossref]

Drachev, V. P.

Dumon, P.

C. Koos, P. Vorreau, T. Vallaitis, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, B. Esembeson, I. Biaggio, T. Michinobu, F. Diederich, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “All-optical high-speed signal processing with silicon–organic hybrid slot waveguides,” Nat. Photonics 3(4), 216–219 (2009).
[Crossref]

Eggleton, B. J.

B. Corcoran, C. Monat, C. Grillet, D. J. Moss, B. J. Eggleton, T. P. White, L. O’Faolain, and T. F. Krauss, “Green light emission in silicon through slow-light enhanced third-harmonic generation in photonic-crystal waveguides,” Nat. Photonics 3(4), 206–210 (2009).
[Crossref]

Eisenthal, K. B.

J. I. Dadap, J. Shan, K. B. Eisenthal, and T. F. Heinz, “Second-harmonic rayleigh scattering from a sphere of centrosymmetric material,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83(20), 4045–4048 (1999).
[Crossref]

Esembeson, B.

C. Koos, P. Vorreau, T. Vallaitis, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, B. Esembeson, I. Biaggio, T. Michinobu, F. Diederich, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “All-optical high-speed signal processing with silicon–organic hybrid slot waveguides,” Nat. Photonics 3(4), 216–219 (2009).
[Crossref]

Fedeli, J. M.

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Gresillon, S.

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Z. Li, Y. Liu, H. Kim, J. M. Hales, S. H. Jang, J. Luo, T. Baehr-Jones, M. Hochberg, S. R. Marder, J. W. Perry, and A. K.-Y. Jen, “High-optical-quality blends of anionic polymethine salts and polycarbonate with enhanced third-order non-linearities for silicon-organic hybrid devices,” Adv. Mater. 24(44), OP326–OP330 (2012).
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B. D. Lucas, J.-S. Kim, C. Chin, and L. J. Guo, “Nanoimprint lithography based approach for the fabrication of large-area, uniformly oriented plasmonic arrays,” Adv. Mater. 20(6), 1129–1134 (2008).
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M. Hochberg, T. Baehr-Jones, G. Wang, M. Shearn, K. Harvard, J. Luo, B. Chen, Z. Shi, R. Lawson, P. Sullivan, A. K. Y. Jen, L. Dalton, and A. Scherer, “Terahertz all-optical modulation in a silicon-polymer hybrid system,” Nat. Mater. 5(9), 703–709 (2006).
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C. Koos, P. Vorreau, T. Vallaitis, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, B. Esembeson, I. Biaggio, T. Michinobu, F. Diederich, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “All-optical high-speed signal processing with silicon–organic hybrid slot waveguides,” Nat. Photonics 3(4), 216–219 (2009).
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Lu, C.

C. Lu, X. Hu, Y. Zhang, Z. Li, H. Yang, and Q. Gong, “Large Nonlinearity enhancement of Ag/MEH-PPV nanocomposite by surface plasmon resonance at 1,550 nm,” Plasmonics 7(1), 159–165 (2012).
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B. D. Lucas, J.-S. Kim, C. Chin, and L. J. Guo, “Nanoimprint lithography based approach for the fabrication of large-area, uniformly oriented plasmonic arrays,” Adv. Mater. 20(6), 1129–1134 (2008).
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B. Luk’yanchuk, N. I. Zheludev, S. A. Maier, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, H. Giessen, and C. T. Chong, “The Fano resonance in plasmonic nanostructures and metamaterials,” Nat. Mater. 9(9), 707–715 (2010).
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Z. Li, Y. Liu, H. Kim, J. M. Hales, S. H. Jang, J. Luo, T. Baehr-Jones, M. Hochberg, S. R. Marder, J. W. Perry, and A. K.-Y. Jen, “High-optical-quality blends of anionic polymethine salts and polycarbonate with enhanced third-order non-linearities for silicon-organic hybrid devices,” Adv. Mater. 24(44), OP326–OP330 (2012).
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M. Hochberg, T. Baehr-Jones, G. Wang, M. Shearn, K. Harvard, J. Luo, B. Chen, Z. Shi, R. Lawson, P. Sullivan, A. K. Y. Jen, L. Dalton, and A. Scherer, “Terahertz all-optical modulation in a silicon-polymer hybrid system,” Nat. Mater. 5(9), 703–709 (2006).
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B. Luk’yanchuk, N. I. Zheludev, S. A. Maier, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, H. Giessen, and C. T. Chong, “The Fano resonance in plasmonic nanostructures and metamaterials,” Nat. Mater. 9(9), 707–715 (2010).
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Marder, S. R.

Z. Li, Y. Liu, H. Kim, J. M. Hales, S. H. Jang, J. Luo, T. Baehr-Jones, M. Hochberg, S. R. Marder, J. W. Perry, and A. K.-Y. Jen, “High-optical-quality blends of anionic polymethine salts and polycarbonate with enhanced third-order non-linearities for silicon-organic hybrid devices,” Adv. Mater. 24(44), OP326–OP330 (2012).
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A. Scarpaci, A. Nantalaksakul, J. M. Hales, J. D. Matichak, S. Barlow, M. Rumi, J. W. Perry, and S. R. Marder, “Effects of dendronization on the linear and third-order nonlinear optical properties of bis (thiopyrylium) polymethine dyes in solution and the solid state,” Chem. Mater. 24(9), 1606–1618 (2012).
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W. Wenseleers, F. Stellacci, T. Meyer-Friedrichsen, T. Mangel, C. A. Bauer, S. J. K. Pond, S. R. Marder, and J. W. Perry, “Five orders-of-magnitude enhancement of two-photon absorption for dyes on silver nanoparticle fractal clusters,” J. Phys. Chem. B 106(27), 6853–6863 (2002).
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Martí, J.

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B. Corcoran, C. Monat, C. Grillet, D. J. Moss, B. J. Eggleton, T. P. White, L. O’Faolain, and T. F. Krauss, “Green light emission in silicon through slow-light enhanced third-harmonic generation in photonic-crystal waveguides,” Nat. Photonics 3(4), 206–210 (2009).
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Moss, D. J.

B. Corcoran, C. Monat, C. Grillet, D. J. Moss, B. J. Eggleton, T. P. White, L. O’Faolain, and T. F. Krauss, “Green light emission in silicon through slow-light enhanced third-harmonic generation in photonic-crystal waveguides,” Nat. Photonics 3(4), 206–210 (2009).
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B. Luk’yanchuk, N. I. Zheludev, S. A. Maier, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, H. Giessen, and C. T. Chong, “The Fano resonance in plasmonic nanostructures and metamaterials,” Nat. Mater. 9(9), 707–715 (2010).
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V. R. Almeida, C. A. Barrios, R. R. Panepucci, and M. Lipson, “All-optical control of light on a silicon chip,” Nature 431(7012), 1081–1084 (2004).
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A. Martínez, J. Blasco, P. Sanchis, J. V. Galán, J. García-Rupérez, E. Jordana, P. Gautier, Y. Lebour, S. Hernández, R. Spano, R. Guider, N. Daldosso, B. Garrido, J. M. Fedeli, L. Pavesi, and J. Martí, “Ultrafast all-optical switching in a silicon-nanocrystal-based silicon slot waveguide at telecom wavelengths,” Nano Lett. 10(4), 1506–1511 (2010).
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Perry, J. W.

Z. Li, Y. Liu, H. Kim, J. M. Hales, S. H. Jang, J. Luo, T. Baehr-Jones, M. Hochberg, S. R. Marder, J. W. Perry, and A. K.-Y. Jen, “High-optical-quality blends of anionic polymethine salts and polycarbonate with enhanced third-order non-linearities for silicon-organic hybrid devices,” Adv. Mater. 24(44), OP326–OP330 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Scarpaci, A. Nantalaksakul, J. M. Hales, J. D. Matichak, S. Barlow, M. Rumi, J. W. Perry, and S. R. Marder, “Effects of dendronization on the linear and third-order nonlinear optical properties of bis (thiopyrylium) polymethine dyes in solution and the solid state,” Chem. Mater. 24(9), 1606–1618 (2012).
[Crossref]

W. Wenseleers, F. Stellacci, T. Meyer-Friedrichsen, T. Mangel, C. A. Bauer, S. J. K. Pond, S. R. Marder, and J. W. Perry, “Five orders-of-magnitude enhancement of two-photon absorption for dyes on silver nanoparticle fractal clusters,” J. Phys. Chem. B 106(27), 6853–6863 (2002).
[Crossref]

Petruzzelli, V.

Pond, S. J. K.

W. Wenseleers, F. Stellacci, T. Meyer-Friedrichsen, T. Mangel, C. A. Bauer, S. J. K. Pond, S. R. Marder, and J. W. Perry, “Five orders-of-magnitude enhancement of two-photon absorption for dyes on silver nanoparticle fractal clusters,” J. Phys. Chem. B 106(27), 6853–6863 (2002).
[Crossref]

Pun, Y.

S. Chen, W. Wong, Y. Pun, K. Cheah, and G. Li, “Surface plasmon-enhanced third harmonic generation from gold–polymer hybrid plasmonic crystal,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 1(7), 522–526 (2013).
[Crossref]

Ren, F.

F. Ren, X. Wang, and A. Wang, “Thermo-optic modulation of plasmonic bandgap on metallic photonic crystal slab,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(18), 181101 (2013).
[Crossref]

Rumi, M.

A. Scarpaci, A. Nantalaksakul, J. M. Hales, J. D. Matichak, S. Barlow, M. Rumi, J. W. Perry, and S. R. Marder, “Effects of dendronization on the linear and third-order nonlinear optical properties of bis (thiopyrylium) polymethine dyes in solution and the solid state,” Chem. Mater. 24(9), 1606–1618 (2012).
[Crossref]

Sanchis, P.

A. Martínez, J. Blasco, P. Sanchis, J. V. Galán, J. García-Rupérez, E. Jordana, P. Gautier, Y. Lebour, S. Hernández, R. Spano, R. Guider, N. Daldosso, B. Garrido, J. M. Fedeli, L. Pavesi, and J. Martí, “Ultrafast all-optical switching in a silicon-nanocrystal-based silicon slot waveguide at telecom wavelengths,” Nano Lett. 10(4), 1506–1511 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Scalora, M.

Scarpaci, A.

A. Scarpaci, A. Nantalaksakul, J. M. Hales, J. D. Matichak, S. Barlow, M. Rumi, J. W. Perry, and S. R. Marder, “Effects of dendronization on the linear and third-order nonlinear optical properties of bis (thiopyrylium) polymethine dyes in solution and the solid state,” Chem. Mater. 24(9), 1606–1618 (2012).
[Crossref]

Scherer, A.

M. Hochberg, T. Baehr-Jones, G. Wang, M. Shearn, K. Harvard, J. Luo, B. Chen, Z. Shi, R. Lawson, P. Sullivan, A. K. Y. Jen, L. Dalton, and A. Scherer, “Terahertz all-optical modulation in a silicon-polymer hybrid system,” Nat. Mater. 5(9), 703–709 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shalaev, V. M.

Shan, J.

J. I. Dadap, J. Shan, K. B. Eisenthal, and T. F. Heinz, “Second-harmonic rayleigh scattering from a sphere of centrosymmetric material,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83(20), 4045–4048 (1999).
[Crossref]

Shearn, M.

M. Hochberg, T. Baehr-Jones, G. Wang, M. Shearn, K. Harvard, J. Luo, B. Chen, Z. Shi, R. Lawson, P. Sullivan, A. K. Y. Jen, L. Dalton, and A. Scherer, “Terahertz all-optical modulation in a silicon-polymer hybrid system,” Nat. Mater. 5(9), 703–709 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shen, J.-T.

D. J. Ironside and J.-T. Shen, “Orders of magnitude enhancement of optical nonlinearity in subwavelength metal-nonlinear dielectric gratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(2), 021907 (2013).
[Crossref]

Shi, Z.

M. Hochberg, T. Baehr-Jones, G. Wang, M. Shearn, K. Harvard, J. Luo, B. Chen, Z. Shi, R. Lawson, P. Sullivan, A. K. Y. Jen, L. Dalton, and A. Scherer, “Terahertz all-optical modulation in a silicon-polymer hybrid system,” Nat. Mater. 5(9), 703–709 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Spano, R.

A. Martínez, J. Blasco, P. Sanchis, J. V. Galán, J. García-Rupérez, E. Jordana, P. Gautier, Y. Lebour, S. Hernández, R. Spano, R. Guider, N. Daldosso, B. Garrido, J. M. Fedeli, L. Pavesi, and J. Martí, “Ultrafast all-optical switching in a silicon-nanocrystal-based silicon slot waveguide at telecom wavelengths,” Nano Lett. 10(4), 1506–1511 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Stellacci, F.

W. Wenseleers, F. Stellacci, T. Meyer-Friedrichsen, T. Mangel, C. A. Bauer, S. J. K. Pond, S. R. Marder, and J. W. Perry, “Five orders-of-magnitude enhancement of two-photon absorption for dyes on silver nanoparticle fractal clusters,” J. Phys. Chem. B 106(27), 6853–6863 (2002).
[Crossref]

Stomeo, T.

Sullivan, P.

M. Hochberg, T. Baehr-Jones, G. Wang, M. Shearn, K. Harvard, J. Luo, B. Chen, Z. Shi, R. Lawson, P. Sullivan, A. K. Y. Jen, L. Dalton, and A. Scherer, “Terahertz all-optical modulation in a silicon-polymer hybrid system,” Nat. Mater. 5(9), 703–709 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tikhodeev, S. G.

A. Christ, T. Zentgraf, J. Kuhl, S. G. Tikhodeev, N. A. Gippius, and H. Giessen, “Optical properties of planar metallic photonic crystal structures: experiment and theory,” Phys. Rev. B 70(12), 125113 (2004).
[Crossref]

Vallaitis, T.

C. Koos, P. Vorreau, T. Vallaitis, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, B. Esembeson, I. Biaggio, T. Michinobu, F. Diederich, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “All-optical high-speed signal processing with silicon–organic hybrid slot waveguides,” Nat. Photonics 3(4), 216–219 (2009).
[Crossref]

Vasudev, A. P.

W. Cai, A. P. Vasudev, and M. L. Brongersma, “Electrically controlled nonlinear generation of light with plasmonics,” Science 333(6050), 1720–1723 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Vincenti, M. A.

Vorreau, P.

C. Koos, P. Vorreau, T. Vallaitis, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, B. Esembeson, I. Biaggio, T. Michinobu, F. Diederich, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “All-optical high-speed signal processing with silicon–organic hybrid slot waveguides,” Nat. Photonics 3(4), 216–219 (2009).
[Crossref]

Wang, A.

F. Ren, X. Wang, and A. Wang, “Thermo-optic modulation of plasmonic bandgap on metallic photonic crystal slab,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(18), 181101 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wang, G.

M. Hochberg, T. Baehr-Jones, G. Wang, M. Shearn, K. Harvard, J. Luo, B. Chen, Z. Shi, R. Lawson, P. Sullivan, A. K. Y. Jen, L. Dalton, and A. Scherer, “Terahertz all-optical modulation in a silicon-polymer hybrid system,” Nat. Mater. 5(9), 703–709 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, H.

H. B. Liao, R. F. Xiao, H. Wang, K. S. Wong, and G. K. L. Wong, “Large third-order optical nonlinearity in Au: TiO2 composite films measured on a femtosecond time scale,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 72(15), 1817 (1998).
[Crossref]

Wang, X.

F. Ren, X. Wang, and A. Wang, “Thermo-optic modulation of plasmonic bandgap on metallic photonic crystal slab,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(18), 181101 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wenseleers, W.

W. Wenseleers, F. Stellacci, T. Meyer-Friedrichsen, T. Mangel, C. A. Bauer, S. J. K. Pond, S. R. Marder, and J. W. Perry, “Five orders-of-magnitude enhancement of two-photon absorption for dyes on silver nanoparticle fractal clusters,” J. Phys. Chem. B 106(27), 6853–6863 (2002).
[Crossref]

White, T. P.

B. Corcoran, C. Monat, C. Grillet, D. J. Moss, B. J. Eggleton, T. P. White, L. O’Faolain, and T. F. Krauss, “Green light emission in silicon through slow-light enhanced third-harmonic generation in photonic-crystal waveguides,” Nat. Photonics 3(4), 206–210 (2009).
[Crossref]

Wong, G. K. L.

H. B. Liao, R. F. Xiao, H. Wang, K. S. Wong, and G. K. L. Wong, “Large third-order optical nonlinearity in Au: TiO2 composite films measured on a femtosecond time scale,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 72(15), 1817 (1998).
[Crossref]

Wong, K. S.

H. B. Liao, R. F. Xiao, H. Wang, K. S. Wong, and G. K. L. Wong, “Large third-order optical nonlinearity in Au: TiO2 composite films measured on a femtosecond time scale,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 72(15), 1817 (1998).
[Crossref]

Wong, W.

S. Chen, W. Wong, Y. Pun, K. Cheah, and G. Li, “Surface plasmon-enhanced third harmonic generation from gold–polymer hybrid plasmonic crystal,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 1(7), 522–526 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wurtz, G. A.

G. A. Wurtz and A. V. Zayats, “Nonlinear surface plasmon polaritonic crystals,” Laser Photon. Rev. 2(3), 125–135 (2008).
[Crossref]

Xiao, R. F.

H. B. Liao, R. F. Xiao, H. Wang, K. S. Wong, and G. K. L. Wong, “Large third-order optical nonlinearity in Au: TiO2 composite films measured on a femtosecond time scale,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 72(15), 1817 (1998).
[Crossref]

Yang, H.

C. Lu, X. Hu, Y. Zhang, Z. Li, H. Yang, and Q. Gong, “Large Nonlinearity enhancement of Ag/MEH-PPV nanocomposite by surface plasmon resonance at 1,550 nm,” Plasmonics 7(1), 159–165 (2012).
[Crossref]

Yang, X.

X. Yang, A. Ishikawa, X. Yin, and X. Zhang, “Hybrid photonic-plasmonic crystal nanocavities,” ACS Nano 5(4), 2831–2838 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yin, X.

X. Yang, A. Ishikawa, X. Yin, and X. Zhang, “Hybrid photonic-plasmonic crystal nanocavities,” ACS Nano 5(4), 2831–2838 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zayats, A. V.

M. Kauranen and A. V. Zayats, “Nonlinear plasmonics,” Nat. Photonics 6(11), 737–748 (2012).
[Crossref]

G. A. Wurtz and A. V. Zayats, “Nonlinear surface plasmon polaritonic crystals,” Laser Photon. Rev. 2(3), 125–135 (2008).
[Crossref]

Zentgraf, T.

A. Christ, T. Zentgraf, J. Kuhl, S. G. Tikhodeev, N. A. Gippius, and H. Giessen, “Optical properties of planar metallic photonic crystal structures: experiment and theory,” Phys. Rev. B 70(12), 125113 (2004).
[Crossref]

Zhang, X.

X. Yang, A. Ishikawa, X. Yin, and X. Zhang, “Hybrid photonic-plasmonic crystal nanocavities,” ACS Nano 5(4), 2831–2838 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, Y.

C. Lu, X. Hu, Y. Zhang, Z. Li, H. Yang, and Q. Gong, “Large Nonlinearity enhancement of Ag/MEH-PPV nanocomposite by surface plasmon resonance at 1,550 nm,” Plasmonics 7(1), 159–165 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zheludev, N. I.

B. Luk’yanchuk, N. I. Zheludev, S. A. Maier, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, H. Giessen, and C. T. Chong, “The Fano resonance in plasmonic nanostructures and metamaterials,” Nat. Mater. 9(9), 707–715 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

ACS Nano (1)

X. Yang, A. Ishikawa, X. Yin, and X. Zhang, “Hybrid photonic-plasmonic crystal nanocavities,” ACS Nano 5(4), 2831–2838 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Adv. Mater. (2)

Z. Li, Y. Liu, H. Kim, J. M. Hales, S. H. Jang, J. Luo, T. Baehr-Jones, M. Hochberg, S. R. Marder, J. W. Perry, and A. K.-Y. Jen, “High-optical-quality blends of anionic polymethine salts and polycarbonate with enhanced third-order non-linearities for silicon-organic hybrid devices,” Adv. Mater. 24(44), OP326–OP330 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. D. Lucas, J.-S. Kim, C. Chin, and L. J. Guo, “Nanoimprint lithography based approach for the fabrication of large-area, uniformly oriented plasmonic arrays,” Adv. Mater. 20(6), 1129–1134 (2008).
[Crossref]

Adv. Opt. Mater. (1)

S. Chen, W. Wong, Y. Pun, K. Cheah, and G. Li, “Surface plasmon-enhanced third harmonic generation from gold–polymer hybrid plasmonic crystal,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 1(7), 522–526 (2013).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

D. J. Ironside and J.-T. Shen, “Orders of magnitude enhancement of optical nonlinearity in subwavelength metal-nonlinear dielectric gratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(2), 021907 (2013).
[Crossref]

H. B. Liao, R. F. Xiao, H. Wang, K. S. Wong, and G. K. L. Wong, “Large third-order optical nonlinearity in Au: TiO2 composite films measured on a femtosecond time scale,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 72(15), 1817 (1998).
[Crossref]

F. Ren, X. Wang, and A. Wang, “Thermo-optic modulation of plasmonic bandgap on metallic photonic crystal slab,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(18), 181101 (2013).
[Crossref]

Chem. Mater. (1)

A. Scarpaci, A. Nantalaksakul, J. M. Hales, J. D. Matichak, S. Barlow, M. Rumi, J. W. Perry, and S. R. Marder, “Effects of dendronization on the linear and third-order nonlinear optical properties of bis (thiopyrylium) polymethine dyes in solution and the solid state,” Chem. Mater. 24(9), 1606–1618 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. (1)

S. Palomba, M. Danckwerts, and L. Novotny, “Nonlinear plasmonics with gold nanoparticle antennas,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 11(11), 114030 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. Phys. Chem. B (1)

W. Wenseleers, F. Stellacci, T. Meyer-Friedrichsen, T. Mangel, C. A. Bauer, S. J. K. Pond, S. R. Marder, and J. W. Perry, “Five orders-of-magnitude enhancement of two-photon absorption for dyes on silver nanoparticle fractal clusters,” J. Phys. Chem. B 106(27), 6853–6863 (2002).
[Crossref]

Laser Photon. Rev. (1)

G. A. Wurtz and A. V. Zayats, “Nonlinear surface plasmon polaritonic crystals,” Laser Photon. Rev. 2(3), 125–135 (2008).
[Crossref]

Nano Lett. (2)

M. Abb, P. Albella, J. Aizpurua, and O. L. Muskens, “All-optical control of a single plasmonic nanoantenna-ITO hybrid,” Nano Lett. 11(6), 2457–2463 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Martínez, J. Blasco, P. Sanchis, J. V. Galán, J. García-Rupérez, E. Jordana, P. Gautier, Y. Lebour, S. Hernández, R. Spano, R. Guider, N. Daldosso, B. Garrido, J. M. Fedeli, L. Pavesi, and J. Martí, “Ultrafast all-optical switching in a silicon-nanocrystal-based silicon slot waveguide at telecom wavelengths,” Nano Lett. 10(4), 1506–1511 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Mater. (2)

M. Hochberg, T. Baehr-Jones, G. Wang, M. Shearn, K. Harvard, J. Luo, B. Chen, Z. Shi, R. Lawson, P. Sullivan, A. K. Y. Jen, L. Dalton, and A. Scherer, “Terahertz all-optical modulation in a silicon-polymer hybrid system,” Nat. Mater. 5(9), 703–709 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Luk’yanchuk, N. I. Zheludev, S. A. Maier, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, H. Giessen, and C. T. Chong, “The Fano resonance in plasmonic nanostructures and metamaterials,” Nat. Mater. 9(9), 707–715 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Photonics (3)

B. Corcoran, C. Monat, C. Grillet, D. J. Moss, B. J. Eggleton, T. P. White, L. O’Faolain, and T. F. Krauss, “Green light emission in silicon through slow-light enhanced third-harmonic generation in photonic-crystal waveguides,” Nat. Photonics 3(4), 206–210 (2009).
[Crossref]

C. Koos, P. Vorreau, T. Vallaitis, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, B. Esembeson, I. Biaggio, T. Michinobu, F. Diederich, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “All-optical high-speed signal processing with silicon–organic hybrid slot waveguides,” Nat. Photonics 3(4), 216–219 (2009).
[Crossref]

M. Kauranen and A. V. Zayats, “Nonlinear plasmonics,” Nat. Photonics 6(11), 737–748 (2012).
[Crossref]

Nature (1)

V. R. Almeida, C. A. Barrios, R. R. Panepucci, and M. Lipson, “All-optical control of light on a silicon chip,” Nature 431(7012), 1081–1084 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (2)

Phys. Rev. B (1)

A. Christ, T. Zentgraf, J. Kuhl, S. G. Tikhodeev, N. A. Gippius, and H. Giessen, “Optical properties of planar metallic photonic crystal structures: experiment and theory,” Phys. Rev. B 70(12), 125113 (2004).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

J. I. Dadap, J. Shan, K. B. Eisenthal, and T. F. Heinz, “Second-harmonic rayleigh scattering from a sphere of centrosymmetric material,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83(20), 4045–4048 (1999).
[Crossref]

Plasmonics (1)

C. Lu, X. Hu, Y. Zhang, Z. Li, H. Yang, and Q. Gong, “Large Nonlinearity enhancement of Ag/MEH-PPV nanocomposite by surface plasmon resonance at 1,550 nm,” Plasmonics 7(1), 159–165 (2012).
[Crossref]

Science (1)

W. Cai, A. P. Vasudev, and M. L. Brongersma, “Electrically controlled nonlinear generation of light with plasmonics,” Science 333(6050), 1720–1723 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (2)

H. Raether, Surface Polaritons on Smooth and Rough Surfaces and on Gratings, Springer-Verlag, Berlin (1988).

R. Boyd, Nonlinear Optics, Ch. 2, Academic Press (1992).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a)Sketch of the 2D gold nano-patch arrays on a glass substrate. The top layer is the nonlinear optical polycarbonate composite films doped with 50 wt% AJBC 1725(not to scale) (b) the cross-sectional view of the device structure.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 The simulated (black) and experimental (red) transmission spectra are shown in (a). The intensity distribution of 2D periodic gold arrays for normally incident x-polarized E-field (b) from the cross-sectional view (c) from the top view (100 nm from the Au surface).
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a) A representative photograph of the nonlinear polymer thin film on a glass substrate (not to scale) (b) The SEM image of the plasmonic structure after FIB process, showing highly ordered nano-patch arrays (c) The optical image of the plasmonic structure.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (a) The experimental setup of the THG signal imaging system for the devices. (b) The captured THG signal intensities from the plasmonic-organic structure (c) The captured THG intensities from polymer without the plasmonic structure.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 (a) The THG wavelength dependence of the nonlinear optical polymer composite with and without plasmonic structure respectively. The inset figure shows the enhancementment factors as a function of wavelengths. (b) The THG power dependence of the polymer with and without plasmonic structure, respectively.

Equations (1)

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λ 0 = n spp p,with n spp =Re ( ε Au ε d ε Au + ε d )

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