Abstract

White and full-color displays based on upconversion (UC) processes in multilayered NaLu1-x-yYbxTmy(WO4)2/NaLu1-x-zYbxHoz(WO4)2 films deposited on 20 × 20 mm2 Pyrex glass substrates are demonstrated by scanning with a 978 nm focused beam from a diode laser. Moreover, spatially resolved red, green and blue pixels are selected by focusing the excitation light at different depths on three stacked films with compositions individually optimized for UC emission of each fundamental color. The highest temperature used in synthesis/deposition process was 580 °C allowing the use of glass substrates.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]

2012 (4)

J. S. Dam, C. Pedersen, and P. Tidemand-Lichtenberg, “Theory for upconversion of incoherent images,” Opt. Express 20(2), 1475–1482 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. Mahalingam, R. Naccache, F. Vetrone, and J. A. Capobianco, “Enhancing upconverted white light in Tm3+/Yb3+/Ho3+-doped GdVO4 nanocrystals via incorporation of Li+ ions,” Opt. Express 20(1), 111–119 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. H. Chung, J. H. Ryu, S. W. Mhin, K. M. Kim, and K. B. Shim, “Controllable white upconversion luminescence in Ho3+/Tm3+/Yb3+ codoped CaMoO4,” J. Mater. Chem. 22(9), 3997–4002 (2012).
[Crossref]

H. Kozuka, T. Fukui, M. Takahashi, H. Uchiyama, and S. Tsuboi, “Ceramic thin films on plastics: a versatile transfer process for large area as well as patterned coating,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 4(12), 6415–6420 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (5)

E. W. Barrera, M. C. Pujol, C. Cascales, J. Carvajal, X. Mateos, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “White upconversion luminescence in nanocrystalline (Ho,Tm,Yb):KLu(WO4)2 phosphor,” Phys. St. Sol C 8(9), 2676–2679 (2011).
[Crossref]

L. Guo, Y. Wang, J. Zhan, and P. Dong, “Bright white up-conversion emission from Ho3+/Yb3+/Tm3+ tri-doped Y2SiO5 phosphors,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 158(7), J225–J229 (2011).
[Crossref]

X. L. Pang, C. H. Jia, G. Q. Li, and W. F. Zhang, “Bright white upconversion luminescence from Er3+-Tm3+-Yb3+ doped CaSnO3 powders,” Opt. Mater. 34(1), 234–238 (2011).
[Crossref]

H. Desirena, E. de la Rosa, P. Salas, and O. Meza, “Red, green, blue and white light upconversion emission in Yb3+/Tm3+/Ho3+ codoped tellurite glasses,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 44(45), 455308 (2011).
[Crossref]

A. Bednarkiewicz, D. Wawrzynczyk, M. Nyk, and M. Samo, “Tuning red-green-white up-conversion color in nano NaYF4:Er/Yb phosphor,” J. Rare Earths 29(12), 1152–1156 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (1)

2009 (1)

J. Yang, C. Zhang, C. Peng, C. Li, L. Wang, R. Chai, and J. Lin, “Controllable red, green, blue (RGB) and bright white upconversion luminescence of Lu2O3:Yb3+/Er3+/Tm3+ nanocrystals through single laser excitation at 980 nm,” Chemistry 15(18), 4649–4655 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2008 (1)

V. Mahalingam, F. Mangiarini, F. Vetrone, V. Venkatramu, M. Bettinelli, A. Speghini, and J. A. Capobianco, “Bright white upconversion emission from Tm3+/Yb3+/Er3+-doped Lu3Ga5O12 nanocrystals,” J. Phys. Chem. C 112(46), 17745–17749 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (2)

A. García-Cortés, J. M. Cano-Torres, X. Han, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, X. Mateos, S. Rivier, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, and F. J. Valle, “Tunable continuous wave and femtosecond mode-locked Yb3+ laser operation in NaLu(WO4)2,” J. Appl. Phys. 101(6), 063110 (2007).
[Crossref]

D. Chen, Y. Wang, K. Zheng, T. Guo, Y. Yu, and P. Huang, “Bright upconversion white light emission in transparent glass ceramics embedding Tm3+/Er3+/Yb3+:β-YF3 nanocrystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(25), 251903 (2007).
[Crossref]

2005 (1)

S. Sivakumar, F. C. J. M. van Veggel, and M. Raudsepp, “Bright white light through up-conversion of a single NIR source from sol-gel-derived thin film made with Ln3+-doped LaF3 nanoparticles,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 127(36), 12464–12465 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2004 (1)

F. Auzel, “Upconversion and anti-Stokes processes with f and d ions in solids,” Chem. Rev. 104(1), 139–174 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2000 (1)

M. Pollnau, D. R. Gamelin, S. R. Lüthi, H. U. Gudel, and M. P. Hehlen, “Power dependence of upconversion luminescence in lanthanide and transition-metal-ion systems,” Phys. Rev. B 61(5), 3337–3346 (2000).
[Crossref]

1996 (1)

E. Downing, L. Hesselink, J. Ralston, and R. Macfarlane, “A three-color, solid-state, three-dimensional display,” Science 273(5279), 1185–1189 (1996).
[Crossref]

1972 (1)

N. Menyuk, K. Dwight, and J. W. Pierce, “NaYF4:Yb,Er—an efficient upconversion phosphor,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 21(4), 159–161 (1972).
[Crossref]

Aguiló, M.

E. W. Barrera, M. C. Pujol, C. Cascales, J. Carvajal, X. Mateos, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “White upconversion luminescence in nanocrystalline (Ho,Tm,Yb):KLu(WO4)2 phosphor,” Phys. St. Sol C 8(9), 2676–2679 (2011).
[Crossref]

Auzel, F.

F. Auzel, “Upconversion and anti-Stokes processes with f and d ions in solids,” Chem. Rev. 104(1), 139–174 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Barrera, E. W.

E. W. Barrera, M. C. Pujol, C. Cascales, J. Carvajal, X. Mateos, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “White upconversion luminescence in nanocrystalline (Ho,Tm,Yb):KLu(WO4)2 phosphor,” Phys. St. Sol C 8(9), 2676–2679 (2011).
[Crossref]

Bednarkiewicz, A.

A. Bednarkiewicz, D. Wawrzynczyk, M. Nyk, and M. Samo, “Tuning red-green-white up-conversion color in nano NaYF4:Er/Yb phosphor,” J. Rare Earths 29(12), 1152–1156 (2011).
[Crossref]

Bettinelli, M.

V. Mahalingam, F. Mangiarini, F. Vetrone, V. Venkatramu, M. Bettinelli, A. Speghini, and J. A. Capobianco, “Bright white upconversion emission from Tm3+/Yb3+/Er3+-doped Lu3Ga5O12 nanocrystals,” J. Phys. Chem. C 112(46), 17745–17749 (2008).
[Crossref]

Cano-Torres, J. M.

A. García-Cortés, J. M. Cano-Torres, X. Han, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, X. Mateos, S. Rivier, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, and F. J. Valle, “Tunable continuous wave and femtosecond mode-locked Yb3+ laser operation in NaLu(WO4)2,” J. Appl. Phys. 101(6), 063110 (2007).
[Crossref]

Capobianco, J. A.

V. Mahalingam, R. Naccache, F. Vetrone, and J. A. Capobianco, “Enhancing upconverted white light in Tm3+/Yb3+/Ho3+-doped GdVO4 nanocrystals via incorporation of Li+ ions,” Opt. Express 20(1), 111–119 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. Mahalingam, F. Mangiarini, F. Vetrone, V. Venkatramu, M. Bettinelli, A. Speghini, and J. A. Capobianco, “Bright white upconversion emission from Tm3+/Yb3+/Er3+-doped Lu3Ga5O12 nanocrystals,” J. Phys. Chem. C 112(46), 17745–17749 (2008).
[Crossref]

Carvajal, J.

E. W. Barrera, M. C. Pujol, C. Cascales, J. Carvajal, X. Mateos, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “White upconversion luminescence in nanocrystalline (Ho,Tm,Yb):KLu(WO4)2 phosphor,” Phys. St. Sol C 8(9), 2676–2679 (2011).
[Crossref]

Cascales, C.

E. W. Barrera, M. C. Pujol, C. Cascales, J. Carvajal, X. Mateos, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “White upconversion luminescence in nanocrystalline (Ho,Tm,Yb):KLu(WO4)2 phosphor,” Phys. St. Sol C 8(9), 2676–2679 (2011).
[Crossref]

A. García-Cortés, J. M. Cano-Torres, X. Han, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, X. Mateos, S. Rivier, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, and F. J. Valle, “Tunable continuous wave and femtosecond mode-locked Yb3+ laser operation in NaLu(WO4)2,” J. Appl. Phys. 101(6), 063110 (2007).
[Crossref]

Chai, R.

J. Yang, C. Zhang, C. Peng, C. Li, L. Wang, R. Chai, and J. Lin, “Controllable red, green, blue (RGB) and bright white upconversion luminescence of Lu2O3:Yb3+/Er3+/Tm3+ nanocrystals through single laser excitation at 980 nm,” Chemistry 15(18), 4649–4655 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, D.

D. Chen, Y. Wang, K. Zheng, T. Guo, Y. Yu, and P. Huang, “Bright upconversion white light emission in transparent glass ceramics embedding Tm3+/Er3+/Yb3+:β-YF3 nanocrystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(25), 251903 (2007).
[Crossref]

Chung, J. H.

J. H. Chung, J. H. Ryu, S. W. Mhin, K. M. Kim, and K. B. Shim, “Controllable white upconversion luminescence in Ho3+/Tm3+/Yb3+ codoped CaMoO4,” J. Mater. Chem. 22(9), 3997–4002 (2012).
[Crossref]

Dam, J. S.

de la Rosa, E.

H. Desirena, E. de la Rosa, P. Salas, and O. Meza, “Red, green, blue and white light upconversion emission in Yb3+/Tm3+/Ho3+ codoped tellurite glasses,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 44(45), 455308 (2011).
[Crossref]

Deng, D.

Desirena, H.

H. Desirena, E. de la Rosa, P. Salas, and O. Meza, “Red, green, blue and white light upconversion emission in Yb3+/Tm3+/Ho3+ codoped tellurite glasses,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 44(45), 455308 (2011).
[Crossref]

Díaz, F.

E. W. Barrera, M. C. Pujol, C. Cascales, J. Carvajal, X. Mateos, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “White upconversion luminescence in nanocrystalline (Ho,Tm,Yb):KLu(WO4)2 phosphor,” Phys. St. Sol C 8(9), 2676–2679 (2011).
[Crossref]

Dong, P.

L. Guo, Y. Wang, J. Zhan, and P. Dong, “Bright white up-conversion emission from Ho3+/Yb3+/Tm3+ tri-doped Y2SiO5 phosphors,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 158(7), J225–J229 (2011).
[Crossref]

Downing, E.

E. Downing, L. Hesselink, J. Ralston, and R. Macfarlane, “A three-color, solid-state, three-dimensional display,” Science 273(5279), 1185–1189 (1996).
[Crossref]

Dwight, K.

N. Menyuk, K. Dwight, and J. W. Pierce, “NaYF4:Yb,Er—an efficient upconversion phosphor,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 21(4), 159–161 (1972).
[Crossref]

Fukui, T.

H. Kozuka, T. Fukui, M. Takahashi, H. Uchiyama, and S. Tsuboi, “Ceramic thin films on plastics: a versatile transfer process for large area as well as patterned coating,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 4(12), 6415–6420 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gamelin, D. R.

M. Pollnau, D. R. Gamelin, S. R. Lüthi, H. U. Gudel, and M. P. Hehlen, “Power dependence of upconversion luminescence in lanthanide and transition-metal-ion systems,” Phys. Rev. B 61(5), 3337–3346 (2000).
[Crossref]

García-Cortés, A.

A. García-Cortés, J. M. Cano-Torres, X. Han, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, X. Mateos, S. Rivier, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, and F. J. Valle, “Tunable continuous wave and femtosecond mode-locked Yb3+ laser operation in NaLu(WO4)2,” J. Appl. Phys. 101(6), 063110 (2007).
[Crossref]

Griebner, U.

A. García-Cortés, J. M. Cano-Torres, X. Han, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, X. Mateos, S. Rivier, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, and F. J. Valle, “Tunable continuous wave and femtosecond mode-locked Yb3+ laser operation in NaLu(WO4)2,” J. Appl. Phys. 101(6), 063110 (2007).
[Crossref]

Gudel, H. U.

M. Pollnau, D. R. Gamelin, S. R. Lüthi, H. U. Gudel, and M. P. Hehlen, “Power dependence of upconversion luminescence in lanthanide and transition-metal-ion systems,” Phys. Rev. B 61(5), 3337–3346 (2000).
[Crossref]

Guo, L.

L. Guo, Y. Wang, J. Zhan, and P. Dong, “Bright white up-conversion emission from Ho3+/Yb3+/Tm3+ tri-doped Y2SiO5 phosphors,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 158(7), J225–J229 (2011).
[Crossref]

Guo, T.

D. Chen, Y. Wang, K. Zheng, T. Guo, Y. Yu, and P. Huang, “Bright upconversion white light emission in transparent glass ceramics embedding Tm3+/Er3+/Yb3+:β-YF3 nanocrystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(25), 251903 (2007).
[Crossref]

Han, X.

A. García-Cortés, J. M. Cano-Torres, X. Han, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, X. Mateos, S. Rivier, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, and F. J. Valle, “Tunable continuous wave and femtosecond mode-locked Yb3+ laser operation in NaLu(WO4)2,” J. Appl. Phys. 101(6), 063110 (2007).
[Crossref]

Hehlen, M. P.

M. Pollnau, D. R. Gamelin, S. R. Lüthi, H. U. Gudel, and M. P. Hehlen, “Power dependence of upconversion luminescence in lanthanide and transition-metal-ion systems,” Phys. Rev. B 61(5), 3337–3346 (2000).
[Crossref]

Hesselink, L.

E. Downing, L. Hesselink, J. Ralston, and R. Macfarlane, “A three-color, solid-state, three-dimensional display,” Science 273(5279), 1185–1189 (1996).
[Crossref]

Huang, P.

D. Chen, Y. Wang, K. Zheng, T. Guo, Y. Yu, and P. Huang, “Bright upconversion white light emission in transparent glass ceramics embedding Tm3+/Er3+/Yb3+:β-YF3 nanocrystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(25), 251903 (2007).
[Crossref]

Jia, C. H.

X. L. Pang, C. H. Jia, G. Q. Li, and W. F. Zhang, “Bright white upconversion luminescence from Er3+-Tm3+-Yb3+ doped CaSnO3 powders,” Opt. Mater. 34(1), 234–238 (2011).
[Crossref]

Kim, K. M.

J. H. Chung, J. H. Ryu, S. W. Mhin, K. M. Kim, and K. B. Shim, “Controllable white upconversion luminescence in Ho3+/Tm3+/Yb3+ codoped CaMoO4,” J. Mater. Chem. 22(9), 3997–4002 (2012).
[Crossref]

Kozuka, H.

H. Kozuka, T. Fukui, M. Takahashi, H. Uchiyama, and S. Tsuboi, “Ceramic thin films on plastics: a versatile transfer process for large area as well as patterned coating,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 4(12), 6415–6420 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, C.

C. Li, S. Xu, R. Ye, S. Zhao, D. Deng, and S. Zhuang, “Er3+/Tm3+/Yb3+ tridoped oxyfluoride glass ceramics with efficient upconversion white-light emission,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 8(1), 66–69 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Yang, C. Zhang, C. Peng, C. Li, L. Wang, R. Chai, and J. Lin, “Controllable red, green, blue (RGB) and bright white upconversion luminescence of Lu2O3:Yb3+/Er3+/Tm3+ nanocrystals through single laser excitation at 980 nm,” Chemistry 15(18), 4649–4655 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, G. Q.

X. L. Pang, C. H. Jia, G. Q. Li, and W. F. Zhang, “Bright white upconversion luminescence from Er3+-Tm3+-Yb3+ doped CaSnO3 powders,” Opt. Mater. 34(1), 234–238 (2011).
[Crossref]

Lin, J.

J. Yang, C. Zhang, C. Peng, C. Li, L. Wang, R. Chai, and J. Lin, “Controllable red, green, blue (RGB) and bright white upconversion luminescence of Lu2O3:Yb3+/Er3+/Tm3+ nanocrystals through single laser excitation at 980 nm,” Chemistry 15(18), 4649–4655 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lüthi, S. R.

M. Pollnau, D. R. Gamelin, S. R. Lüthi, H. U. Gudel, and M. P. Hehlen, “Power dependence of upconversion luminescence in lanthanide and transition-metal-ion systems,” Phys. Rev. B 61(5), 3337–3346 (2000).
[Crossref]

Macfarlane, R.

E. Downing, L. Hesselink, J. Ralston, and R. Macfarlane, “A three-color, solid-state, three-dimensional display,” Science 273(5279), 1185–1189 (1996).
[Crossref]

Mahalingam, V.

V. Mahalingam, R. Naccache, F. Vetrone, and J. A. Capobianco, “Enhancing upconverted white light in Tm3+/Yb3+/Ho3+-doped GdVO4 nanocrystals via incorporation of Li+ ions,” Opt. Express 20(1), 111–119 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. Mahalingam, F. Mangiarini, F. Vetrone, V. Venkatramu, M. Bettinelli, A. Speghini, and J. A. Capobianco, “Bright white upconversion emission from Tm3+/Yb3+/Er3+-doped Lu3Ga5O12 nanocrystals,” J. Phys. Chem. C 112(46), 17745–17749 (2008).
[Crossref]

Mangiarini, F.

V. Mahalingam, F. Mangiarini, F. Vetrone, V. Venkatramu, M. Bettinelli, A. Speghini, and J. A. Capobianco, “Bright white upconversion emission from Tm3+/Yb3+/Er3+-doped Lu3Ga5O12 nanocrystals,” J. Phys. Chem. C 112(46), 17745–17749 (2008).
[Crossref]

Mateos, X.

E. W. Barrera, M. C. Pujol, C. Cascales, J. Carvajal, X. Mateos, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “White upconversion luminescence in nanocrystalline (Ho,Tm,Yb):KLu(WO4)2 phosphor,” Phys. St. Sol C 8(9), 2676–2679 (2011).
[Crossref]

A. García-Cortés, J. M. Cano-Torres, X. Han, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, X. Mateos, S. Rivier, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, and F. J. Valle, “Tunable continuous wave and femtosecond mode-locked Yb3+ laser operation in NaLu(WO4)2,” J. Appl. Phys. 101(6), 063110 (2007).
[Crossref]

Menyuk, N.

N. Menyuk, K. Dwight, and J. W. Pierce, “NaYF4:Yb,Er—an efficient upconversion phosphor,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 21(4), 159–161 (1972).
[Crossref]

Meza, O.

H. Desirena, E. de la Rosa, P. Salas, and O. Meza, “Red, green, blue and white light upconversion emission in Yb3+/Tm3+/Ho3+ codoped tellurite glasses,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 44(45), 455308 (2011).
[Crossref]

Mhin, S. W.

J. H. Chung, J. H. Ryu, S. W. Mhin, K. M. Kim, and K. B. Shim, “Controllable white upconversion luminescence in Ho3+/Tm3+/Yb3+ codoped CaMoO4,” J. Mater. Chem. 22(9), 3997–4002 (2012).
[Crossref]

Naccache, R.

Nyk, M.

A. Bednarkiewicz, D. Wawrzynczyk, M. Nyk, and M. Samo, “Tuning red-green-white up-conversion color in nano NaYF4:Er/Yb phosphor,” J. Rare Earths 29(12), 1152–1156 (2011).
[Crossref]

Pang, X. L.

X. L. Pang, C. H. Jia, G. Q. Li, and W. F. Zhang, “Bright white upconversion luminescence from Er3+-Tm3+-Yb3+ doped CaSnO3 powders,” Opt. Mater. 34(1), 234–238 (2011).
[Crossref]

Pedersen, C.

Peng, C.

J. Yang, C. Zhang, C. Peng, C. Li, L. Wang, R. Chai, and J. Lin, “Controllable red, green, blue (RGB) and bright white upconversion luminescence of Lu2O3:Yb3+/Er3+/Tm3+ nanocrystals through single laser excitation at 980 nm,” Chemistry 15(18), 4649–4655 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Petrov, V.

A. García-Cortés, J. M. Cano-Torres, X. Han, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, X. Mateos, S. Rivier, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, and F. J. Valle, “Tunable continuous wave and femtosecond mode-locked Yb3+ laser operation in NaLu(WO4)2,” J. Appl. Phys. 101(6), 063110 (2007).
[Crossref]

Pierce, J. W.

N. Menyuk, K. Dwight, and J. W. Pierce, “NaYF4:Yb,Er—an efficient upconversion phosphor,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 21(4), 159–161 (1972).
[Crossref]

Pollnau, M.

M. Pollnau, D. R. Gamelin, S. R. Lüthi, H. U. Gudel, and M. P. Hehlen, “Power dependence of upconversion luminescence in lanthanide and transition-metal-ion systems,” Phys. Rev. B 61(5), 3337–3346 (2000).
[Crossref]

Pujol, M. C.

E. W. Barrera, M. C. Pujol, C. Cascales, J. Carvajal, X. Mateos, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “White upconversion luminescence in nanocrystalline (Ho,Tm,Yb):KLu(WO4)2 phosphor,” Phys. St. Sol C 8(9), 2676–2679 (2011).
[Crossref]

Ralston, J.

E. Downing, L. Hesselink, J. Ralston, and R. Macfarlane, “A three-color, solid-state, three-dimensional display,” Science 273(5279), 1185–1189 (1996).
[Crossref]

Raudsepp, M.

S. Sivakumar, F. C. J. M. van Veggel, and M. Raudsepp, “Bright white light through up-conversion of a single NIR source from sol-gel-derived thin film made with Ln3+-doped LaF3 nanoparticles,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 127(36), 12464–12465 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rivier, S.

A. García-Cortés, J. M. Cano-Torres, X. Han, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, X. Mateos, S. Rivier, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, and F. J. Valle, “Tunable continuous wave and femtosecond mode-locked Yb3+ laser operation in NaLu(WO4)2,” J. Appl. Phys. 101(6), 063110 (2007).
[Crossref]

Ryu, J. H.

J. H. Chung, J. H. Ryu, S. W. Mhin, K. M. Kim, and K. B. Shim, “Controllable white upconversion luminescence in Ho3+/Tm3+/Yb3+ codoped CaMoO4,” J. Mater. Chem. 22(9), 3997–4002 (2012).
[Crossref]

Salas, P.

H. Desirena, E. de la Rosa, P. Salas, and O. Meza, “Red, green, blue and white light upconversion emission in Yb3+/Tm3+/Ho3+ codoped tellurite glasses,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 44(45), 455308 (2011).
[Crossref]

Samo, M.

A. Bednarkiewicz, D. Wawrzynczyk, M. Nyk, and M. Samo, “Tuning red-green-white up-conversion color in nano NaYF4:Er/Yb phosphor,” J. Rare Earths 29(12), 1152–1156 (2011).
[Crossref]

Shim, K. B.

J. H. Chung, J. H. Ryu, S. W. Mhin, K. M. Kim, and K. B. Shim, “Controllable white upconversion luminescence in Ho3+/Tm3+/Yb3+ codoped CaMoO4,” J. Mater. Chem. 22(9), 3997–4002 (2012).
[Crossref]

Sivakumar, S.

S. Sivakumar, F. C. J. M. van Veggel, and M. Raudsepp, “Bright white light through up-conversion of a single NIR source from sol-gel-derived thin film made with Ln3+-doped LaF3 nanoparticles,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 127(36), 12464–12465 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Speghini, A.

V. Mahalingam, F. Mangiarini, F. Vetrone, V. Venkatramu, M. Bettinelli, A. Speghini, and J. A. Capobianco, “Bright white upconversion emission from Tm3+/Yb3+/Er3+-doped Lu3Ga5O12 nanocrystals,” J. Phys. Chem. C 112(46), 17745–17749 (2008).
[Crossref]

Takahashi, M.

H. Kozuka, T. Fukui, M. Takahashi, H. Uchiyama, and S. Tsuboi, “Ceramic thin films on plastics: a versatile transfer process for large area as well as patterned coating,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 4(12), 6415–6420 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tidemand-Lichtenberg, P.

Tsuboi, S.

H. Kozuka, T. Fukui, M. Takahashi, H. Uchiyama, and S. Tsuboi, “Ceramic thin films on plastics: a versatile transfer process for large area as well as patterned coating,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 4(12), 6415–6420 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Uchiyama, H.

H. Kozuka, T. Fukui, M. Takahashi, H. Uchiyama, and S. Tsuboi, “Ceramic thin films on plastics: a versatile transfer process for large area as well as patterned coating,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 4(12), 6415–6420 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Valle, F. J.

A. García-Cortés, J. M. Cano-Torres, X. Han, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, X. Mateos, S. Rivier, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, and F. J. Valle, “Tunable continuous wave and femtosecond mode-locked Yb3+ laser operation in NaLu(WO4)2,” J. Appl. Phys. 101(6), 063110 (2007).
[Crossref]

van Veggel, F. C. J. M.

S. Sivakumar, F. C. J. M. van Veggel, and M. Raudsepp, “Bright white light through up-conversion of a single NIR source from sol-gel-derived thin film made with Ln3+-doped LaF3 nanoparticles,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 127(36), 12464–12465 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Venkatramu, V.

V. Mahalingam, F. Mangiarini, F. Vetrone, V. Venkatramu, M. Bettinelli, A. Speghini, and J. A. Capobianco, “Bright white upconversion emission from Tm3+/Yb3+/Er3+-doped Lu3Ga5O12 nanocrystals,” J. Phys. Chem. C 112(46), 17745–17749 (2008).
[Crossref]

Vetrone, F.

V. Mahalingam, R. Naccache, F. Vetrone, and J. A. Capobianco, “Enhancing upconverted white light in Tm3+/Yb3+/Ho3+-doped GdVO4 nanocrystals via incorporation of Li+ ions,” Opt. Express 20(1), 111–119 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. Mahalingam, F. Mangiarini, F. Vetrone, V. Venkatramu, M. Bettinelli, A. Speghini, and J. A. Capobianco, “Bright white upconversion emission from Tm3+/Yb3+/Er3+-doped Lu3Ga5O12 nanocrystals,” J. Phys. Chem. C 112(46), 17745–17749 (2008).
[Crossref]

Wang, L.

J. Yang, C. Zhang, C. Peng, C. Li, L. Wang, R. Chai, and J. Lin, “Controllable red, green, blue (RGB) and bright white upconversion luminescence of Lu2O3:Yb3+/Er3+/Tm3+ nanocrystals through single laser excitation at 980 nm,” Chemistry 15(18), 4649–4655 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, Y.

L. Guo, Y. Wang, J. Zhan, and P. Dong, “Bright white up-conversion emission from Ho3+/Yb3+/Tm3+ tri-doped Y2SiO5 phosphors,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 158(7), J225–J229 (2011).
[Crossref]

D. Chen, Y. Wang, K. Zheng, T. Guo, Y. Yu, and P. Huang, “Bright upconversion white light emission in transparent glass ceramics embedding Tm3+/Er3+/Yb3+:β-YF3 nanocrystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(25), 251903 (2007).
[Crossref]

Wawrzynczyk, D.

A. Bednarkiewicz, D. Wawrzynczyk, M. Nyk, and M. Samo, “Tuning red-green-white up-conversion color in nano NaYF4:Er/Yb phosphor,” J. Rare Earths 29(12), 1152–1156 (2011).
[Crossref]

Xu, S.

Yang, J.

J. Yang, C. Zhang, C. Peng, C. Li, L. Wang, R. Chai, and J. Lin, “Controllable red, green, blue (RGB) and bright white upconversion luminescence of Lu2O3:Yb3+/Er3+/Tm3+ nanocrystals through single laser excitation at 980 nm,” Chemistry 15(18), 4649–4655 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ye, R.

Yu, Y.

D. Chen, Y. Wang, K. Zheng, T. Guo, Y. Yu, and P. Huang, “Bright upconversion white light emission in transparent glass ceramics embedding Tm3+/Er3+/Yb3+:β-YF3 nanocrystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(25), 251903 (2007).
[Crossref]

Zaldo, C.

A. García-Cortés, J. M. Cano-Torres, X. Han, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, X. Mateos, S. Rivier, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, and F. J. Valle, “Tunable continuous wave and femtosecond mode-locked Yb3+ laser operation in NaLu(WO4)2,” J. Appl. Phys. 101(6), 063110 (2007).
[Crossref]

Zhan, J.

L. Guo, Y. Wang, J. Zhan, and P. Dong, “Bright white up-conversion emission from Ho3+/Yb3+/Tm3+ tri-doped Y2SiO5 phosphors,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 158(7), J225–J229 (2011).
[Crossref]

Zhang, C.

J. Yang, C. Zhang, C. Peng, C. Li, L. Wang, R. Chai, and J. Lin, “Controllable red, green, blue (RGB) and bright white upconversion luminescence of Lu2O3:Yb3+/Er3+/Tm3+ nanocrystals through single laser excitation at 980 nm,” Chemistry 15(18), 4649–4655 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, W. F.

X. L. Pang, C. H. Jia, G. Q. Li, and W. F. Zhang, “Bright white upconversion luminescence from Er3+-Tm3+-Yb3+ doped CaSnO3 powders,” Opt. Mater. 34(1), 234–238 (2011).
[Crossref]

Zhao, S.

Zheng, K.

D. Chen, Y. Wang, K. Zheng, T. Guo, Y. Yu, and P. Huang, “Bright upconversion white light emission in transparent glass ceramics embedding Tm3+/Er3+/Yb3+:β-YF3 nanocrystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(25), 251903 (2007).
[Crossref]

Zhuang, S.

ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces (1)

H. Kozuka, T. Fukui, M. Takahashi, H. Uchiyama, and S. Tsuboi, “Ceramic thin films on plastics: a versatile transfer process for large area as well as patterned coating,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 4(12), 6415–6420 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

D. Chen, Y. Wang, K. Zheng, T. Guo, Y. Yu, and P. Huang, “Bright upconversion white light emission in transparent glass ceramics embedding Tm3+/Er3+/Yb3+:β-YF3 nanocrystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(25), 251903 (2007).
[Crossref]

N. Menyuk, K. Dwight, and J. W. Pierce, “NaYF4:Yb,Er—an efficient upconversion phosphor,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 21(4), 159–161 (1972).
[Crossref]

Chem. Rev. (1)

F. Auzel, “Upconversion and anti-Stokes processes with f and d ions in solids,” Chem. Rev. 104(1), 139–174 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chemistry (1)

J. Yang, C. Zhang, C. Peng, C. Li, L. Wang, R. Chai, and J. Lin, “Controllable red, green, blue (RGB) and bright white upconversion luminescence of Lu2O3:Yb3+/Er3+/Tm3+ nanocrystals through single laser excitation at 980 nm,” Chemistry 15(18), 4649–4655 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chin. Opt. Lett. (1)

J. Am. Chem. Soc. (1)

S. Sivakumar, F. C. J. M. van Veggel, and M. Raudsepp, “Bright white light through up-conversion of a single NIR source from sol-gel-derived thin film made with Ln3+-doped LaF3 nanoparticles,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 127(36), 12464–12465 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

A. García-Cortés, J. M. Cano-Torres, X. Han, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, X. Mateos, S. Rivier, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, and F. J. Valle, “Tunable continuous wave and femtosecond mode-locked Yb3+ laser operation in NaLu(WO4)2,” J. Appl. Phys. 101(6), 063110 (2007).
[Crossref]

J. Electrochem. Soc. (1)

L. Guo, Y. Wang, J. Zhan, and P. Dong, “Bright white up-conversion emission from Ho3+/Yb3+/Tm3+ tri-doped Y2SiO5 phosphors,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 158(7), J225–J229 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Mater. Chem. (1)

J. H. Chung, J. H. Ryu, S. W. Mhin, K. M. Kim, and K. B. Shim, “Controllable white upconversion luminescence in Ho3+/Tm3+/Yb3+ codoped CaMoO4,” J. Mater. Chem. 22(9), 3997–4002 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Phys. Chem. C (1)

V. Mahalingam, F. Mangiarini, F. Vetrone, V. Venkatramu, M. Bettinelli, A. Speghini, and J. A. Capobianco, “Bright white upconversion emission from Tm3+/Yb3+/Er3+-doped Lu3Ga5O12 nanocrystals,” J. Phys. Chem. C 112(46), 17745–17749 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. (1)

H. Desirena, E. de la Rosa, P. Salas, and O. Meza, “Red, green, blue and white light upconversion emission in Yb3+/Tm3+/Ho3+ codoped tellurite glasses,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 44(45), 455308 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Rare Earths (1)

A. Bednarkiewicz, D. Wawrzynczyk, M. Nyk, and M. Samo, “Tuning red-green-white up-conversion color in nano NaYF4:Er/Yb phosphor,” J. Rare Earths 29(12), 1152–1156 (2011).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Mater. (1)

X. L. Pang, C. H. Jia, G. Q. Li, and W. F. Zhang, “Bright white upconversion luminescence from Er3+-Tm3+-Yb3+ doped CaSnO3 powders,” Opt. Mater. 34(1), 234–238 (2011).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. B (1)

M. Pollnau, D. R. Gamelin, S. R. Lüthi, H. U. Gudel, and M. P. Hehlen, “Power dependence of upconversion luminescence in lanthanide and transition-metal-ion systems,” Phys. Rev. B 61(5), 3337–3346 (2000).
[Crossref]

Phys. St. Sol C (1)

E. W. Barrera, M. C. Pujol, C. Cascales, J. Carvajal, X. Mateos, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “White upconversion luminescence in nanocrystalline (Ho,Tm,Yb):KLu(WO4)2 phosphor,” Phys. St. Sol C 8(9), 2676–2679 (2011).
[Crossref]

Science (1)

E. Downing, L. Hesselink, J. Ralston, and R. Macfarlane, “A three-color, solid-state, three-dimensional display,” Science 273(5279), 1185–1189 (1996).
[Crossref]

Other (2)

S. A. Pollack, EU Patent application Nº 91303859.2 (1991).

C. J. Brinker and G. W. Scherer, Sol-Gel Science, The Physics and Chemistry of Sol-Gel Processing (Academic, 1990).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 NaLu1-xYbx(WO4)2 films on Pyrex. (a) Cross section SEM image of a Pyrex / 46 layers of NaLu0.88Yb0.02Ho0.10(WO4)2/18 layers of NaLu0.965Yb0.03Tm0.005(WO4)2 sample annealed to 580 °C. (b) Image of a Pyrex / 15 layers of NaLu0.845Yb0.15Er0.005(WO4)2 sample annealed to 580 °C. (c) Comparison of the optical transmission of a Pyrex substrate and the above film.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Upconversion of NaLu1-x-y-zYbxTmyHoz(WO4)2 for 2.4 kW/cm2 excitation (λEXC = 978 nm, Yb3+, 2F7/22F5/2) power density. (a) NaLu0.84Yb0.15Tm0.01(WO4)2 and (b) NaLu0.80Yb0.15Ho0.05(WO4)2. The corresponding excitation and luminescence paths are shown for reference, (c) Yb3+-Tm3+ and (d) Yb3+-Ho3+.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a,b) Images created by scanning (420 nm/s) with a focused cw DL beam a Pyrex / 46 layers of NaLu0.88Yb0.02Ho0.10(WO4)2 / 18 layers of NaLu0.965Yb0.03Tm0.005(WO4)2 sample. The laser excitation power density was ≈800 W/cm2. Images created in the latter sample and observed through different band-pass optical filters: (c) Blue filter. (d) Green filter. (e) Red filter. The central bright point visible in all cases corresponds to the starting and final positions of the scanning beam.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Evolution of the integrated UC intensity (IUC) versus 978 nm excitation light power density (IEXC) (a), and its logarithmic representation (b) for a Pyrex / 46 layers of NaLu0.88Yb0.02Ho0.10(WO4)2 / 18 layers of NaLu0.965Yb0.03Tm0.005(WO4)2 sample. (red ▲) 725-600 nm UC. (green ●) 600-515 nm UC. (blue ■) 515-425 nm UC.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Excitation scheme for selection of red, green and blue UC emissions from three stacked films. The left side shows the implementation in an integrated device. The right image shows the implemented demonstration and the bottom image shows the result obtained under stationary cw excitation.

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