Abstract

We investigate highly-doped InAsSb layers lattice matched onto GaSb substrates by angular-dependent reflectance. A resonant dip is evidenced near the plasma frequency of thin layers. Based on Fresnel coefficient in the case of transverse electromagnetic wave, we interpret this resonance as due to the excitation of a leaky electromagnetic mode, the Brewster “mode”, propagating in the metallic layer deposited on a dielectric material. Potential interest of this mode for in situ monitoring during device fabrication is also discussed.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. L. Yin, V. K. Vlasko-Vlasov, J. Pearson, J. M. Hiller, J. Hua, U. Welp, D. E. Brown, and C. W. Kimball, “Subwavelength focusing and guiding of surface plasmons,” Nano Lett. 5(7), 1399–1402 (2005).
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  3. N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J.-P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334(6054), 333–337 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  4. D. R. Smith, J. B. Pendry, and M. C. K. Wiltshire, “Metamaterials and negative refractive index,” Science 305(5685), 788–792 (2004).
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  6. Z. Jacob, I. I. Smolyaninov, and E. E. Narimanov, “Broadband Purcell effect: radiative decay engineering with metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(18), 181105 (2012).
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    [Crossref]
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2012 (3)

H. N. S. Krishnamoorthy, Z. Jacob, E. Narimanov, I. Kretzschmar, and V. M. Menon, “Topological transitions in metamaterials,” Science 336(6078), 205–209 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Jacob, I. I. Smolyaninov, and E. E. Narimanov, “Broadband Purcell effect: radiative decay engineering with metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(18), 181105 (2012).
[Crossref]

S. Vassant, J.-P. Hugonin, F. Marquier, and J.-J. Greffet, “Berreman mode and epsilon near zero mode,” Opt. Express 20(21), 23971–23977 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (2)

R. T. Hinkey, Z. Tian, R. Q. Yang, T. D. Mishima, and M. B. Santos, “Reflectance spectrum of plasmon waveguide interband cascade lasers and observation of the Berreman effect,” J. Appl. Phys. 110(4), 043113 (2011).
[Crossref]

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J.-P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334(6054), 333–337 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2009 (2)

A. J. Hoffman, A. Sridhar, P. X. Braun, L. Alekseyev, S. S. Howard, K. J. Franz, L. Cheng, F.-S. Choa, D. L. Sivco, V. A. Podolskiy, E. E. Narimanov, and C. Gmachl, “Midinfrared semiconductor optical metamaterials,” J. Appl. Phys. 105(12), 122411 (2009).
[Crossref]

C. Cervera, J. B. Rodriguez, J. P. Perez, H. Aït-Kaci, R. Chaghi, L. Konczewicz, S. Contreras, and P. Christol, “Unambiguous determination of carrier concentration and mobility for InAs/GaSb superlattice photodiode optimization,” J. Appl. Phys. 106(3), 033709 (2009).
[Crossref]

2005 (2)

L. Yin, V. K. Vlasko-Vlasov, J. Pearson, J. M. Hiller, J. Hua, U. Welp, D. E. Brown, and C. W. Kimball, “Subwavelength focusing and guiding of surface plasmons,” Nano Lett. 5(7), 1399–1402 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Fang, H. Lee, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, “Sub-diffraction-limited optical imaging with a silver superlens,” Science 308(5721), 534–537 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2004 (2)

D. R. Smith, J. B. Pendry, and M. C. K. Wiltshire, “Metamaterials and negative refractive index,” Science 305(5685), 788–792 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Ibáñez, E. Tarhan, A. K. Ramdas, S. Hernandez, R. Cusco, L. Artus, M. R. Melloch, and M. Hopkinson, “Direct observation of LO phonon-plasmon coupled modes in the infrared transmission spectra of n-GaAs and n−InxGa1-xAs epilayers,” Phys. Rev. B 69(7), 075314 (2004).
[Crossref]

1990 (1)

E. Tokumitsu, “Correlation between Fermi level stabilization positions and maximum free carrier concentrations in III–V compound semiconductors,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 29(2), L698–L701 (1990).
[Crossref]

1965 (1)

O. G. Lorimor and W. G. Spitzer, “Infrared refractive index and absorption of InAs and CdTe,” J. Appl. Phys. 36(6), 1841 (1965).
[Crossref]

1963 (2)

D. W. Berreman, “Infrared absorption at longitudinal optic frequency in cubic crystal films,” Phys. Rev. 130(6), 2193–2198 (1963).
[Crossref]

A. J. McAlister and E. A. Stern, “Plasma resonance absorption in thin metal films,” Phys. Rev. 132(4), 1599–1602 (1963).
[Crossref]

1962 (1)

E. A. Stern, “Transition radiation from metal films,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 8(1), 7–10 (1962).
[Crossref]

1961 (1)

V. P. Silin and E. P. Fetisov, “Interpretation of the electromagnetic radiation from electron passage through metal films,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 7(10), 374–377 (1961).
[Crossref]

1960 (2)

W. Steinmann, “Experimental verification of radiation of plasma oscillations in thin silver films,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 5(10), 470–472 (1960).
[Crossref]

R. W. Brown, P. Wessel, and E. Trounson, “Plasmon reradiation from silver films,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 5(10), 472–473 (1960).
[Crossref]

1958 (1)

R. A. Ferrell, “Predicted radiation of plasma oscillations in metal films,” Phys. Rev. 111(5), 1214–1222 (1958).
[Crossref]

1957 (1)

R. H. Ritchie, “Plasmon losses by fast electrons in thin films,” Phys. Rev. 106(5), 874–881 (1957).
[Crossref]

1954 (1)

E. Burstein, “Anomalous optical absorption limit in InSb,” Phys. Rev. 93(3), 632–633 (1954).
[Crossref]

Aieta, F.

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J.-P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334(6054), 333–337 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Aït-Kaci, H.

C. Cervera, J. B. Rodriguez, J. P. Perez, H. Aït-Kaci, R. Chaghi, L. Konczewicz, S. Contreras, and P. Christol, “Unambiguous determination of carrier concentration and mobility for InAs/GaSb superlattice photodiode optimization,” J. Appl. Phys. 106(3), 033709 (2009).
[Crossref]

Alekseyev, L.

A. J. Hoffman, A. Sridhar, P. X. Braun, L. Alekseyev, S. S. Howard, K. J. Franz, L. Cheng, F.-S. Choa, D. L. Sivco, V. A. Podolskiy, E. E. Narimanov, and C. Gmachl, “Midinfrared semiconductor optical metamaterials,” J. Appl. Phys. 105(12), 122411 (2009).
[Crossref]

Artus, L.

J. Ibáñez, E. Tarhan, A. K. Ramdas, S. Hernandez, R. Cusco, L. Artus, M. R. Melloch, and M. Hopkinson, “Direct observation of LO phonon-plasmon coupled modes in the infrared transmission spectra of n-GaAs and n−InxGa1-xAs epilayers,” Phys. Rev. B 69(7), 075314 (2004).
[Crossref]

Berreman, D. W.

D. W. Berreman, “Infrared absorption at longitudinal optic frequency in cubic crystal films,” Phys. Rev. 130(6), 2193–2198 (1963).
[Crossref]

Braun, P. X.

A. J. Hoffman, A. Sridhar, P. X. Braun, L. Alekseyev, S. S. Howard, K. J. Franz, L. Cheng, F.-S. Choa, D. L. Sivco, V. A. Podolskiy, E. E. Narimanov, and C. Gmachl, “Midinfrared semiconductor optical metamaterials,” J. Appl. Phys. 105(12), 122411 (2009).
[Crossref]

Brown, D. E.

L. Yin, V. K. Vlasko-Vlasov, J. Pearson, J. M. Hiller, J. Hua, U. Welp, D. E. Brown, and C. W. Kimball, “Subwavelength focusing and guiding of surface plasmons,” Nano Lett. 5(7), 1399–1402 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Brown, R. W.

R. W. Brown, P. Wessel, and E. Trounson, “Plasmon reradiation from silver films,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 5(10), 472–473 (1960).
[Crossref]

Burstein, E.

E. Burstein, “Anomalous optical absorption limit in InSb,” Phys. Rev. 93(3), 632–633 (1954).
[Crossref]

Capasso, F.

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J.-P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334(6054), 333–337 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cervera, C.

C. Cervera, J. B. Rodriguez, J. P. Perez, H. Aït-Kaci, R. Chaghi, L. Konczewicz, S. Contreras, and P. Christol, “Unambiguous determination of carrier concentration and mobility for InAs/GaSb superlattice photodiode optimization,” J. Appl. Phys. 106(3), 033709 (2009).
[Crossref]

Chaghi, R.

C. Cervera, J. B. Rodriguez, J. P. Perez, H. Aït-Kaci, R. Chaghi, L. Konczewicz, S. Contreras, and P. Christol, “Unambiguous determination of carrier concentration and mobility for InAs/GaSb superlattice photodiode optimization,” J. Appl. Phys. 106(3), 033709 (2009).
[Crossref]

Cheng, L.

A. J. Hoffman, A. Sridhar, P. X. Braun, L. Alekseyev, S. S. Howard, K. J. Franz, L. Cheng, F.-S. Choa, D. L. Sivco, V. A. Podolskiy, E. E. Narimanov, and C. Gmachl, “Midinfrared semiconductor optical metamaterials,” J. Appl. Phys. 105(12), 122411 (2009).
[Crossref]

Choa, F.-S.

A. J. Hoffman, A. Sridhar, P. X. Braun, L. Alekseyev, S. S. Howard, K. J. Franz, L. Cheng, F.-S. Choa, D. L. Sivco, V. A. Podolskiy, E. E. Narimanov, and C. Gmachl, “Midinfrared semiconductor optical metamaterials,” J. Appl. Phys. 105(12), 122411 (2009).
[Crossref]

Christol, P.

C. Cervera, J. B. Rodriguez, J. P. Perez, H. Aït-Kaci, R. Chaghi, L. Konczewicz, S. Contreras, and P. Christol, “Unambiguous determination of carrier concentration and mobility for InAs/GaSb superlattice photodiode optimization,” J. Appl. Phys. 106(3), 033709 (2009).
[Crossref]

Contreras, S.

C. Cervera, J. B. Rodriguez, J. P. Perez, H. Aït-Kaci, R. Chaghi, L. Konczewicz, S. Contreras, and P. Christol, “Unambiguous determination of carrier concentration and mobility for InAs/GaSb superlattice photodiode optimization,” J. Appl. Phys. 106(3), 033709 (2009).
[Crossref]

Cusco, R.

J. Ibáñez, E. Tarhan, A. K. Ramdas, S. Hernandez, R. Cusco, L. Artus, M. R. Melloch, and M. Hopkinson, “Direct observation of LO phonon-plasmon coupled modes in the infrared transmission spectra of n-GaAs and n−InxGa1-xAs epilayers,” Phys. Rev. B 69(7), 075314 (2004).
[Crossref]

Fang, N.

N. Fang, H. Lee, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, “Sub-diffraction-limited optical imaging with a silver superlens,” Science 308(5721), 534–537 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ferrell, R. A.

R. A. Ferrell, “Predicted radiation of plasma oscillations in metal films,” Phys. Rev. 111(5), 1214–1222 (1958).
[Crossref]

Fetisov, E. P.

V. P. Silin and E. P. Fetisov, “Interpretation of the electromagnetic radiation from electron passage through metal films,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 7(10), 374–377 (1961).
[Crossref]

Franz, K. J.

A. J. Hoffman, A. Sridhar, P. X. Braun, L. Alekseyev, S. S. Howard, K. J. Franz, L. Cheng, F.-S. Choa, D. L. Sivco, V. A. Podolskiy, E. E. Narimanov, and C. Gmachl, “Midinfrared semiconductor optical metamaterials,” J. Appl. Phys. 105(12), 122411 (2009).
[Crossref]

Gaburro, Z.

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J.-P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334(6054), 333–337 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Genevet, P.

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J.-P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334(6054), 333–337 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gmachl, C.

A. J. Hoffman, A. Sridhar, P. X. Braun, L. Alekseyev, S. S. Howard, K. J. Franz, L. Cheng, F.-S. Choa, D. L. Sivco, V. A. Podolskiy, E. E. Narimanov, and C. Gmachl, “Midinfrared semiconductor optical metamaterials,” J. Appl. Phys. 105(12), 122411 (2009).
[Crossref]

Greffet, J.-J.

Hernandez, S.

J. Ibáñez, E. Tarhan, A. K. Ramdas, S. Hernandez, R. Cusco, L. Artus, M. R. Melloch, and M. Hopkinson, “Direct observation of LO phonon-plasmon coupled modes in the infrared transmission spectra of n-GaAs and n−InxGa1-xAs epilayers,” Phys. Rev. B 69(7), 075314 (2004).
[Crossref]

Hiller, J. M.

L. Yin, V. K. Vlasko-Vlasov, J. Pearson, J. M. Hiller, J. Hua, U. Welp, D. E. Brown, and C. W. Kimball, “Subwavelength focusing and guiding of surface plasmons,” Nano Lett. 5(7), 1399–1402 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hinkey, R. T.

R. T. Hinkey, Z. Tian, R. Q. Yang, T. D. Mishima, and M. B. Santos, “Reflectance spectrum of plasmon waveguide interband cascade lasers and observation of the Berreman effect,” J. Appl. Phys. 110(4), 043113 (2011).
[Crossref]

Hoffman, A. J.

A. J. Hoffman, A. Sridhar, P. X. Braun, L. Alekseyev, S. S. Howard, K. J. Franz, L. Cheng, F.-S. Choa, D. L. Sivco, V. A. Podolskiy, E. E. Narimanov, and C. Gmachl, “Midinfrared semiconductor optical metamaterials,” J. Appl. Phys. 105(12), 122411 (2009).
[Crossref]

Hopkinson, M.

J. Ibáñez, E. Tarhan, A. K. Ramdas, S. Hernandez, R. Cusco, L. Artus, M. R. Melloch, and M. Hopkinson, “Direct observation of LO phonon-plasmon coupled modes in the infrared transmission spectra of n-GaAs and n−InxGa1-xAs epilayers,” Phys. Rev. B 69(7), 075314 (2004).
[Crossref]

Howard, S. S.

A. J. Hoffman, A. Sridhar, P. X. Braun, L. Alekseyev, S. S. Howard, K. J. Franz, L. Cheng, F.-S. Choa, D. L. Sivco, V. A. Podolskiy, E. E. Narimanov, and C. Gmachl, “Midinfrared semiconductor optical metamaterials,” J. Appl. Phys. 105(12), 122411 (2009).
[Crossref]

Hua, J.

L. Yin, V. K. Vlasko-Vlasov, J. Pearson, J. M. Hiller, J. Hua, U. Welp, D. E. Brown, and C. W. Kimball, “Subwavelength focusing and guiding of surface plasmons,” Nano Lett. 5(7), 1399–1402 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hugonin, J.-P.

Ibáñez, J.

J. Ibáñez, E. Tarhan, A. K. Ramdas, S. Hernandez, R. Cusco, L. Artus, M. R. Melloch, and M. Hopkinson, “Direct observation of LO phonon-plasmon coupled modes in the infrared transmission spectra of n-GaAs and n−InxGa1-xAs epilayers,” Phys. Rev. B 69(7), 075314 (2004).
[Crossref]

Jacob, Z.

Z. Jacob, I. I. Smolyaninov, and E. E. Narimanov, “Broadband Purcell effect: radiative decay engineering with metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(18), 181105 (2012).
[Crossref]

H. N. S. Krishnamoorthy, Z. Jacob, E. Narimanov, I. Kretzschmar, and V. M. Menon, “Topological transitions in metamaterials,” Science 336(6078), 205–209 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kats, M. A.

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J.-P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334(6054), 333–337 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kimball, C. W.

L. Yin, V. K. Vlasko-Vlasov, J. Pearson, J. M. Hiller, J. Hua, U. Welp, D. E. Brown, and C. W. Kimball, “Subwavelength focusing and guiding of surface plasmons,” Nano Lett. 5(7), 1399–1402 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Konczewicz, L.

C. Cervera, J. B. Rodriguez, J. P. Perez, H. Aït-Kaci, R. Chaghi, L. Konczewicz, S. Contreras, and P. Christol, “Unambiguous determination of carrier concentration and mobility for InAs/GaSb superlattice photodiode optimization,” J. Appl. Phys. 106(3), 033709 (2009).
[Crossref]

Kretzschmar, I.

H. N. S. Krishnamoorthy, Z. Jacob, E. Narimanov, I. Kretzschmar, and V. M. Menon, “Topological transitions in metamaterials,” Science 336(6078), 205–209 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Krishnamoorthy, H. N. S.

H. N. S. Krishnamoorthy, Z. Jacob, E. Narimanov, I. Kretzschmar, and V. M. Menon, “Topological transitions in metamaterials,” Science 336(6078), 205–209 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lee, H.

N. Fang, H. Lee, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, “Sub-diffraction-limited optical imaging with a silver superlens,” Science 308(5721), 534–537 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lorimor, O. G.

O. G. Lorimor and W. G. Spitzer, “Infrared refractive index and absorption of InAs and CdTe,” J. Appl. Phys. 36(6), 1841 (1965).
[Crossref]

Marquier, F.

McAlister, A. J.

A. J. McAlister and E. A. Stern, “Plasma resonance absorption in thin metal films,” Phys. Rev. 132(4), 1599–1602 (1963).
[Crossref]

Melloch, M. R.

J. Ibáñez, E. Tarhan, A. K. Ramdas, S. Hernandez, R. Cusco, L. Artus, M. R. Melloch, and M. Hopkinson, “Direct observation of LO phonon-plasmon coupled modes in the infrared transmission spectra of n-GaAs and n−InxGa1-xAs epilayers,” Phys. Rev. B 69(7), 075314 (2004).
[Crossref]

Menon, V. M.

H. N. S. Krishnamoorthy, Z. Jacob, E. Narimanov, I. Kretzschmar, and V. M. Menon, “Topological transitions in metamaterials,” Science 336(6078), 205–209 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mishima, T. D.

R. T. Hinkey, Z. Tian, R. Q. Yang, T. D. Mishima, and M. B. Santos, “Reflectance spectrum of plasmon waveguide interband cascade lasers and observation of the Berreman effect,” J. Appl. Phys. 110(4), 043113 (2011).
[Crossref]

Narimanov, E.

H. N. S. Krishnamoorthy, Z. Jacob, E. Narimanov, I. Kretzschmar, and V. M. Menon, “Topological transitions in metamaterials,” Science 336(6078), 205–209 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Narimanov, E. E.

Z. Jacob, I. I. Smolyaninov, and E. E. Narimanov, “Broadband Purcell effect: radiative decay engineering with metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(18), 181105 (2012).
[Crossref]

A. J. Hoffman, A. Sridhar, P. X. Braun, L. Alekseyev, S. S. Howard, K. J. Franz, L. Cheng, F.-S. Choa, D. L. Sivco, V. A. Podolskiy, E. E. Narimanov, and C. Gmachl, “Midinfrared semiconductor optical metamaterials,” J. Appl. Phys. 105(12), 122411 (2009).
[Crossref]

Pearson, J.

L. Yin, V. K. Vlasko-Vlasov, J. Pearson, J. M. Hiller, J. Hua, U. Welp, D. E. Brown, and C. W. Kimball, “Subwavelength focusing and guiding of surface plasmons,” Nano Lett. 5(7), 1399–1402 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pendry, J. B.

D. R. Smith, J. B. Pendry, and M. C. K. Wiltshire, “Metamaterials and negative refractive index,” Science 305(5685), 788–792 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Perez, J. P.

C. Cervera, J. B. Rodriguez, J. P. Perez, H. Aït-Kaci, R. Chaghi, L. Konczewicz, S. Contreras, and P. Christol, “Unambiguous determination of carrier concentration and mobility for InAs/GaSb superlattice photodiode optimization,” J. Appl. Phys. 106(3), 033709 (2009).
[Crossref]

Podolskiy, V. A.

A. J. Hoffman, A. Sridhar, P. X. Braun, L. Alekseyev, S. S. Howard, K. J. Franz, L. Cheng, F.-S. Choa, D. L. Sivco, V. A. Podolskiy, E. E. Narimanov, and C. Gmachl, “Midinfrared semiconductor optical metamaterials,” J. Appl. Phys. 105(12), 122411 (2009).
[Crossref]

Ramdas, A. K.

J. Ibáñez, E. Tarhan, A. K. Ramdas, S. Hernandez, R. Cusco, L. Artus, M. R. Melloch, and M. Hopkinson, “Direct observation of LO phonon-plasmon coupled modes in the infrared transmission spectra of n-GaAs and n−InxGa1-xAs epilayers,” Phys. Rev. B 69(7), 075314 (2004).
[Crossref]

Ritchie, R. H.

R. H. Ritchie, “Plasmon losses by fast electrons in thin films,” Phys. Rev. 106(5), 874–881 (1957).
[Crossref]

Rodriguez, J. B.

C. Cervera, J. B. Rodriguez, J. P. Perez, H. Aït-Kaci, R. Chaghi, L. Konczewicz, S. Contreras, and P. Christol, “Unambiguous determination of carrier concentration and mobility for InAs/GaSb superlattice photodiode optimization,” J. Appl. Phys. 106(3), 033709 (2009).
[Crossref]

Santos, M. B.

R. T. Hinkey, Z. Tian, R. Q. Yang, T. D. Mishima, and M. B. Santos, “Reflectance spectrum of plasmon waveguide interband cascade lasers and observation of the Berreman effect,” J. Appl. Phys. 110(4), 043113 (2011).
[Crossref]

Silin, V. P.

V. P. Silin and E. P. Fetisov, “Interpretation of the electromagnetic radiation from electron passage through metal films,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 7(10), 374–377 (1961).
[Crossref]

Sivco, D. L.

A. J. Hoffman, A. Sridhar, P. X. Braun, L. Alekseyev, S. S. Howard, K. J. Franz, L. Cheng, F.-S. Choa, D. L. Sivco, V. A. Podolskiy, E. E. Narimanov, and C. Gmachl, “Midinfrared semiconductor optical metamaterials,” J. Appl. Phys. 105(12), 122411 (2009).
[Crossref]

Smith, D. R.

D. R. Smith, J. B. Pendry, and M. C. K. Wiltshire, “Metamaterials and negative refractive index,” Science 305(5685), 788–792 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Smolyaninov, I. I.

Z. Jacob, I. I. Smolyaninov, and E. E. Narimanov, “Broadband Purcell effect: radiative decay engineering with metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(18), 181105 (2012).
[Crossref]

Spitzer, W. G.

O. G. Lorimor and W. G. Spitzer, “Infrared refractive index and absorption of InAs and CdTe,” J. Appl. Phys. 36(6), 1841 (1965).
[Crossref]

Sridhar, A.

A. J. Hoffman, A. Sridhar, P. X. Braun, L. Alekseyev, S. S. Howard, K. J. Franz, L. Cheng, F.-S. Choa, D. L. Sivco, V. A. Podolskiy, E. E. Narimanov, and C. Gmachl, “Midinfrared semiconductor optical metamaterials,” J. Appl. Phys. 105(12), 122411 (2009).
[Crossref]

Steinmann, W.

W. Steinmann, “Experimental verification of radiation of plasma oscillations in thin silver films,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 5(10), 470–472 (1960).
[Crossref]

Stern, E. A.

A. J. McAlister and E. A. Stern, “Plasma resonance absorption in thin metal films,” Phys. Rev. 132(4), 1599–1602 (1963).
[Crossref]

E. A. Stern, “Transition radiation from metal films,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 8(1), 7–10 (1962).
[Crossref]

Sun, C.

N. Fang, H. Lee, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, “Sub-diffraction-limited optical imaging with a silver superlens,” Science 308(5721), 534–537 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tarhan, E.

J. Ibáñez, E. Tarhan, A. K. Ramdas, S. Hernandez, R. Cusco, L. Artus, M. R. Melloch, and M. Hopkinson, “Direct observation of LO phonon-plasmon coupled modes in the infrared transmission spectra of n-GaAs and n−InxGa1-xAs epilayers,” Phys. Rev. B 69(7), 075314 (2004).
[Crossref]

Tetienne, J.-P.

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J.-P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334(6054), 333–337 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tian, Z.

R. T. Hinkey, Z. Tian, R. Q. Yang, T. D. Mishima, and M. B. Santos, “Reflectance spectrum of plasmon waveguide interband cascade lasers and observation of the Berreman effect,” J. Appl. Phys. 110(4), 043113 (2011).
[Crossref]

Tokumitsu, E.

E. Tokumitsu, “Correlation between Fermi level stabilization positions and maximum free carrier concentrations in III–V compound semiconductors,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 29(2), L698–L701 (1990).
[Crossref]

Trounson, E.

R. W. Brown, P. Wessel, and E. Trounson, “Plasmon reradiation from silver films,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 5(10), 472–473 (1960).
[Crossref]

Vassant, S.

Vlasko-Vlasov, V. K.

L. Yin, V. K. Vlasko-Vlasov, J. Pearson, J. M. Hiller, J. Hua, U. Welp, D. E. Brown, and C. W. Kimball, “Subwavelength focusing and guiding of surface plasmons,” Nano Lett. 5(7), 1399–1402 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Welp, U.

L. Yin, V. K. Vlasko-Vlasov, J. Pearson, J. M. Hiller, J. Hua, U. Welp, D. E. Brown, and C. W. Kimball, “Subwavelength focusing and guiding of surface plasmons,” Nano Lett. 5(7), 1399–1402 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wessel, P.

R. W. Brown, P. Wessel, and E. Trounson, “Plasmon reradiation from silver films,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 5(10), 472–473 (1960).
[Crossref]

Wiltshire, M. C. K.

D. R. Smith, J. B. Pendry, and M. C. K. Wiltshire, “Metamaterials and negative refractive index,” Science 305(5685), 788–792 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yang, R. Q.

R. T. Hinkey, Z. Tian, R. Q. Yang, T. D. Mishima, and M. B. Santos, “Reflectance spectrum of plasmon waveguide interband cascade lasers and observation of the Berreman effect,” J. Appl. Phys. 110(4), 043113 (2011).
[Crossref]

Yin, L.

L. Yin, V. K. Vlasko-Vlasov, J. Pearson, J. M. Hiller, J. Hua, U. Welp, D. E. Brown, and C. W. Kimball, “Subwavelength focusing and guiding of surface plasmons,” Nano Lett. 5(7), 1399–1402 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yu, N.

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J.-P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334(6054), 333–337 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, X.

N. Fang, H. Lee, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, “Sub-diffraction-limited optical imaging with a silver superlens,” Science 308(5721), 534–537 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

Z. Jacob, I. I. Smolyaninov, and E. E. Narimanov, “Broadband Purcell effect: radiative decay engineering with metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(18), 181105 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (4)

A. J. Hoffman, A. Sridhar, P. X. Braun, L. Alekseyev, S. S. Howard, K. J. Franz, L. Cheng, F.-S. Choa, D. L. Sivco, V. A. Podolskiy, E. E. Narimanov, and C. Gmachl, “Midinfrared semiconductor optical metamaterials,” J. Appl. Phys. 105(12), 122411 (2009).
[Crossref]

R. T. Hinkey, Z. Tian, R. Q. Yang, T. D. Mishima, and M. B. Santos, “Reflectance spectrum of plasmon waveguide interband cascade lasers and observation of the Berreman effect,” J. Appl. Phys. 110(4), 043113 (2011).
[Crossref]

O. G. Lorimor and W. G. Spitzer, “Infrared refractive index and absorption of InAs and CdTe,” J. Appl. Phys. 36(6), 1841 (1965).
[Crossref]

C. Cervera, J. B. Rodriguez, J. P. Perez, H. Aït-Kaci, R. Chaghi, L. Konczewicz, S. Contreras, and P. Christol, “Unambiguous determination of carrier concentration and mobility for InAs/GaSb superlattice photodiode optimization,” J. Appl. Phys. 106(3), 033709 (2009).
[Crossref]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

E. Tokumitsu, “Correlation between Fermi level stabilization positions and maximum free carrier concentrations in III–V compound semiconductors,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 29(2), L698–L701 (1990).
[Crossref]

Nano Lett. (1)

L. Yin, V. K. Vlasko-Vlasov, J. Pearson, J. M. Hiller, J. Hua, U. Welp, D. E. Brown, and C. W. Kimball, “Subwavelength focusing and guiding of surface plasmons,” Nano Lett. 5(7), 1399–1402 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (1)

Phys. Rev. (5)

E. Burstein, “Anomalous optical absorption limit in InSb,” Phys. Rev. 93(3), 632–633 (1954).
[Crossref]

A. J. McAlister and E. A. Stern, “Plasma resonance absorption in thin metal films,” Phys. Rev. 132(4), 1599–1602 (1963).
[Crossref]

D. W. Berreman, “Infrared absorption at longitudinal optic frequency in cubic crystal films,” Phys. Rev. 130(6), 2193–2198 (1963).
[Crossref]

R. H. Ritchie, “Plasmon losses by fast electrons in thin films,” Phys. Rev. 106(5), 874–881 (1957).
[Crossref]

R. A. Ferrell, “Predicted radiation of plasma oscillations in metal films,” Phys. Rev. 111(5), 1214–1222 (1958).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. B (1)

J. Ibáñez, E. Tarhan, A. K. Ramdas, S. Hernandez, R. Cusco, L. Artus, M. R. Melloch, and M. Hopkinson, “Direct observation of LO phonon-plasmon coupled modes in the infrared transmission spectra of n-GaAs and n−InxGa1-xAs epilayers,” Phys. Rev. B 69(7), 075314 (2004).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (4)

W. Steinmann, “Experimental verification of radiation of plasma oscillations in thin silver films,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 5(10), 470–472 (1960).
[Crossref]

R. W. Brown, P. Wessel, and E. Trounson, “Plasmon reradiation from silver films,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 5(10), 472–473 (1960).
[Crossref]

V. P. Silin and E. P. Fetisov, “Interpretation of the electromagnetic radiation from electron passage through metal films,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 7(10), 374–377 (1961).
[Crossref]

E. A. Stern, “Transition radiation from metal films,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 8(1), 7–10 (1962).
[Crossref]

Science (4)

N. Fang, H. Lee, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, “Sub-diffraction-limited optical imaging with a silver superlens,” Science 308(5721), 534–537 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J.-P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334(6054), 333–337 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. R. Smith, J. B. Pendry, and M. C. K. Wiltshire, “Metamaterials and negative refractive index,” Science 305(5685), 788–792 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. N. S. Krishnamoorthy, Z. Jacob, E. Narimanov, I. Kretzschmar, and V. M. Menon, “Topological transitions in metamaterials,” Science 336(6078), 205–209 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (3)

A. D. Boardman, in Electromagnetic surface modes (Wiley, 1982).

P. K. Basu, Theory of optical processes in semiconductors bulk and microstructures (Oxford University, 1997), chap. 9.

M. P. Mikhailova, in Handbook series on semiconductor parameters, M. Levinshtein, S. Rumyantsev and M. Shur, ed., (World Scientific, 1996) vol. I, pp. 147–168.

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Dispersion relation of sample A (1 µm thick InAsSb layer doped at 5.8 x1019 cm−3 deposited on a GaSb substrate). The magenta dashed lines correspond to the four horizontal asymptotes corresponding to the plasma frequency ωp, the SPP frequency at the interface air/semiconductor ωspp1, the SPP frequency at the interface semiconductor/substrate ωspp2 and the TO-phonon frequency ωTO. The magenta dotted lines correspond to the two oblique asymptotes for the light line in air (most vertical) or in substrate (most horizontal). Inset schematizes the structure.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Field profile |Hy|2 and |Ez|2 (arbitrary units) for the Brewster mode (point I in Fig. 1), the SPP mode at the upper interface (point II in Fig. 1) and the SPP mode at the lower interface (point III in Fig. 1). Coefficient in the right bottom part of the electric field intensity profile is calculated relative to the magnetic field intensity profile.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Reflectance dispersion of sample A, a) under TE or s-polarized light, b) under TM or p-polarized light obtained by angular resolved reflectance. The black dashed line is the light line in air. The black solid line corresponds to the Brewster angle of the highly doped InAsSb (72°).
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Reflectance dispersion under TM or p polarization of sample C obtained by angular resolved reflectance experiment. The dark dashed line is the light line in air.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Reflectance dispersion under TM or p polarization of sample B obtained by angular resolved reflectance a) simulation or b) experiment. The black dashed line is the light line in air. The black circles correspond to wavenumbers associated to the dispersion relation calculated with Eq. (3) with sample B parameters. Insets correspond to the spectra for q = 0 (white) or 0.800 µm−1 (black) corresponding to the black dashed line of the 2D image.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Critical wavelength, λp, versus the carrier density in the case of InAs (dark square). The red dashed line corresponds to the power law extracted from Fig. 6. The grey part of the figure corresponds to the Reststrahlen band due to optical phonon. The open symbols correspond to our experimental values.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Characteristics of the three samples. Columns from the left to the right correspond to the thickness, the plasma wavelength, the plasma wavenumber, the broadening, the carrier mobility, the carrier density obtained from Hall-effect, SIMS measurements and nominal values expected from the growth parameters.

Equations (6)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

ε 2 = ε ( 1 ω p 2 ω( ω+iγ ) )+ ε ω LO 2 ω 2 iωΓ ω TO 2 ω 2 iωΓ ,
ω p = N e 2 ε ε 0 m e ,
( 1+ ε 1 k z1 ε 3 k z3 )=itan( k z2 d )( ε 2 k z3 ε 3 k z2 + ε 1 k z2 ε 2 k z1 ),
k zi = ( ε i ω 2 c 2 q 2 ) 1 2 ,
( ε 1 + ε 2 )( 1 ε 3 + 1 ε 2 )=0.
ω p = 2πc λ p = N e 2 ε 0 ε m * .

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