Abstract

In this paper, we propose to use a semiconductor optical amplifier (SOA) in the optical network unit (ONU) to improve the loss budget in time and wavelength division multiplexed-passive optical network (TWDM-PON) systems. The SOA boosts the upstream signal to increase the output power of the electro-absorption modulated laser (EML) and simultaneously pre-amplifies the downstream signal for sensitivity improvement. The penalty caused by cross gain modulation (XGM) effect is negligible due to the low extinction ratio (ER) of upstream signal and the large wavelength difference between upstream and downstream links. In order to achieve a higher output power, the SOA is driven into its saturation region, where the self-phase modulation (SPM) effect converts the intensity into phase information and realizes on-off-keying (OOK) to phase-shifted-keying (PSK) format conversion. In this way, the pattern effect is eliminated, which releases the requirement of gain-clamping on SOA. To further improve the loss budget of upstream link, an Erbium doped fiber amplifier (EDFA) is used in the optical line terminal (OLT) to pre-amplify the received signal. For the downstream direction, directly modulated laser (DML) is used as the laser source. Taking advantage of its carrier-less characteristic, directly modulated signal shows high tolerance to fiber nonlinearity, which could support a downstream launch power as high as + 16 dBm per channel. In addition, the signal is pre-amplified by the SOA in ONU before being detected, so the sensitivity limitation for downstream link is also removed. As a result, a truly passive symmetric 40-Gb/s TWDM-PON was demonstrated, achieving a link loss budget of 51 dB.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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  16. Q. T. Le, A. Emsia, D. Briggmann, and F. Küppers, “Direct DPSK modulation of chirp-managed laser as cost-effective downstream transmitter for symmetrical 10-Gbit/s WDM PONs,” Opt. Express 20(26), B470–B478 (2012).
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  18. H. Park, M. N. Sysak, H.-W. Chen, A. W. Fang, D. Liang, L. Liao, B. R. Koch, J. Bovington, Y. Tang, K. Wong, M. Jacob-Mitos, R. Jones, and J. E. Bowers, “Device and integration technology for silicon photonic transmitters,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(3), 671–688 (2011).
    [Crossref]

2013 (1)

L. Yi, Z. Li, M. Bi, W. Wei, and W. Hu, “Symmetric 40-Gb/s TWDM-PON with 39-dB power budget,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25(7), 644–647 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (1)

2011 (1)

H. Park, M. N. Sysak, H.-W. Chen, A. W. Fang, D. Liang, L. Liao, B. R. Koch, J. Bovington, Y. Tang, K. Wong, M. Jacob-Mitos, R. Jones, and J. E. Bowers, “Device and integration technology for silicon photonic transmitters,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(3), 671–688 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (1)

D. Mahgerefteh, Y. Matsui, X. Zheng, and K. McCallion, “Chirp managed laser and applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(5), 1126–1139 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (2)

F. Saliou, P. Chanclou, F. Laurent, N. Genay, J. A. Lazaro, F. Bonada, and J. Prat, “Reach extension strategies for passive optical networks,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 1(4), C51–C60 (2009).

H. Chen, Y. Dong, H. He, W. Hu, and L. Li, “Tolerance of laser frequency offset in optical minimum-shift keying transmission systems,” Opt. Commun. 282(14), 2774–2779 (2009).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

C. Yan, Y. Su, L. Yi, L. Leng, X. Tian, X. Xu, and Y. Tian, “All-optical format conversion from NRZ to BPSK using a single saturated SOA,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(22), 2368–2370 (2006).
[Crossref]

2004 (2)

B.-K. Kim, Y.-D. Kang, B. Bae, S.-M. Park, Y. H. Lee, H.-K. Kim, D.-H. Kim, Jang, and T.-I. Kim, “Monitor-photodiode integration in the amplifier-and modulator-integrated DFB laser diode,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(8), 1933–1935 (2004).

M. D. Vaughn, D. Kozischek, D. Meis, A. Boskovic, and R. E. Wagner, “Value of reach-and-split ratio increase in FTTH access networks,” J. Lightwave Technol. 22(11), 2617–2622 (2004).
[Crossref]

1992 (1)

M. de Labachelerie, C. Latrasse, P. Kemssu, and P. Cerez, “The frequency control of laser diodes,” J. Phys. III France 2(9), 1557–1589 (1992).
[Crossref]

1988 (1)

M. Ohtsu, “Frequency stabilization in semiconductor laser diodes,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 20(4), 283–300 (1988).
[Crossref]

Bae, B.

B.-K. Kim, Y.-D. Kang, B. Bae, S.-M. Park, Y. H. Lee, H.-K. Kim, D.-H. Kim, Jang, and T.-I. Kim, “Monitor-photodiode integration in the amplifier-and modulator-integrated DFB laser diode,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(8), 1933–1935 (2004).

Bi, M.

L. Yi, Z. Li, M. Bi, W. Wei, and W. Hu, “Symmetric 40-Gb/s TWDM-PON with 39-dB power budget,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25(7), 644–647 (2013).
[Crossref]

Bonada, F.

Boskovic, A.

Bovington, J.

H. Park, M. N. Sysak, H.-W. Chen, A. W. Fang, D. Liang, L. Liao, B. R. Koch, J. Bovington, Y. Tang, K. Wong, M. Jacob-Mitos, R. Jones, and J. E. Bowers, “Device and integration technology for silicon photonic transmitters,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(3), 671–688 (2011).
[Crossref]

Bowers, J. E.

H. Park, M. N. Sysak, H.-W. Chen, A. W. Fang, D. Liang, L. Liao, B. R. Koch, J. Bovington, Y. Tang, K. Wong, M. Jacob-Mitos, R. Jones, and J. E. Bowers, “Device and integration technology for silicon photonic transmitters,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(3), 671–688 (2011).
[Crossref]

Briggmann, D.

Cerez, P.

M. de Labachelerie, C. Latrasse, P. Kemssu, and P. Cerez, “The frequency control of laser diodes,” J. Phys. III France 2(9), 1557–1589 (1992).
[Crossref]

Chanclou, P.

Chen, H.

H. Chen, Y. Dong, H. He, W. Hu, and L. Li, “Tolerance of laser frequency offset in optical minimum-shift keying transmission systems,” Opt. Commun. 282(14), 2774–2779 (2009).
[Crossref]

Chen, H.-W.

H. Park, M. N. Sysak, H.-W. Chen, A. W. Fang, D. Liang, L. Liao, B. R. Koch, J. Bovington, Y. Tang, K. Wong, M. Jacob-Mitos, R. Jones, and J. E. Bowers, “Device and integration technology for silicon photonic transmitters,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(3), 671–688 (2011).
[Crossref]

de Labachelerie, M.

M. de Labachelerie, C. Latrasse, P. Kemssu, and P. Cerez, “The frequency control of laser diodes,” J. Phys. III France 2(9), 1557–1589 (1992).
[Crossref]

Dong, Y.

H. Chen, Y. Dong, H. He, W. Hu, and L. Li, “Tolerance of laser frequency offset in optical minimum-shift keying transmission systems,” Opt. Commun. 282(14), 2774–2779 (2009).
[Crossref]

Emsia, A.

Fang, A. W.

H. Park, M. N. Sysak, H.-W. Chen, A. W. Fang, D. Liang, L. Liao, B. R. Koch, J. Bovington, Y. Tang, K. Wong, M. Jacob-Mitos, R. Jones, and J. E. Bowers, “Device and integration technology for silicon photonic transmitters,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(3), 671–688 (2011).
[Crossref]

Genay, N.

He, H.

H. Chen, Y. Dong, H. He, W. Hu, and L. Li, “Tolerance of laser frequency offset in optical minimum-shift keying transmission systems,” Opt. Commun. 282(14), 2774–2779 (2009).
[Crossref]

Hu, W.

L. Yi, Z. Li, M. Bi, W. Wei, and W. Hu, “Symmetric 40-Gb/s TWDM-PON with 39-dB power budget,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25(7), 644–647 (2013).
[Crossref]

H. Chen, Y. Dong, H. He, W. Hu, and L. Li, “Tolerance of laser frequency offset in optical minimum-shift keying transmission systems,” Opt. Commun. 282(14), 2774–2779 (2009).
[Crossref]

Jacob-Mitos, M.

H. Park, M. N. Sysak, H.-W. Chen, A. W. Fang, D. Liang, L. Liao, B. R. Koch, J. Bovington, Y. Tang, K. Wong, M. Jacob-Mitos, R. Jones, and J. E. Bowers, “Device and integration technology for silicon photonic transmitters,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(3), 671–688 (2011).
[Crossref]

Jang,

B.-K. Kim, Y.-D. Kang, B. Bae, S.-M. Park, Y. H. Lee, H.-K. Kim, D.-H. Kim, Jang, and T.-I. Kim, “Monitor-photodiode integration in the amplifier-and modulator-integrated DFB laser diode,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(8), 1933–1935 (2004).

Jones, R.

H. Park, M. N. Sysak, H.-W. Chen, A. W. Fang, D. Liang, L. Liao, B. R. Koch, J. Bovington, Y. Tang, K. Wong, M. Jacob-Mitos, R. Jones, and J. E. Bowers, “Device and integration technology for silicon photonic transmitters,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(3), 671–688 (2011).
[Crossref]

Kang, Y.-D.

B.-K. Kim, Y.-D. Kang, B. Bae, S.-M. Park, Y. H. Lee, H.-K. Kim, D.-H. Kim, Jang, and T.-I. Kim, “Monitor-photodiode integration in the amplifier-and modulator-integrated DFB laser diode,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(8), 1933–1935 (2004).

Kemssu, P.

M. de Labachelerie, C. Latrasse, P. Kemssu, and P. Cerez, “The frequency control of laser diodes,” J. Phys. III France 2(9), 1557–1589 (1992).
[Crossref]

Kim, B.-K.

B.-K. Kim, Y.-D. Kang, B. Bae, S.-M. Park, Y. H. Lee, H.-K. Kim, D.-H. Kim, Jang, and T.-I. Kim, “Monitor-photodiode integration in the amplifier-and modulator-integrated DFB laser diode,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(8), 1933–1935 (2004).

Kim, D.-H.

B.-K. Kim, Y.-D. Kang, B. Bae, S.-M. Park, Y. H. Lee, H.-K. Kim, D.-H. Kim, Jang, and T.-I. Kim, “Monitor-photodiode integration in the amplifier-and modulator-integrated DFB laser diode,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(8), 1933–1935 (2004).

Kim, H.-K.

B.-K. Kim, Y.-D. Kang, B. Bae, S.-M. Park, Y. H. Lee, H.-K. Kim, D.-H. Kim, Jang, and T.-I. Kim, “Monitor-photodiode integration in the amplifier-and modulator-integrated DFB laser diode,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(8), 1933–1935 (2004).

Kim, T.-I.

B.-K. Kim, Y.-D. Kang, B. Bae, S.-M. Park, Y. H. Lee, H.-K. Kim, D.-H. Kim, Jang, and T.-I. Kim, “Monitor-photodiode integration in the amplifier-and modulator-integrated DFB laser diode,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(8), 1933–1935 (2004).

Koch, B. R.

H. Park, M. N. Sysak, H.-W. Chen, A. W. Fang, D. Liang, L. Liao, B. R. Koch, J. Bovington, Y. Tang, K. Wong, M. Jacob-Mitos, R. Jones, and J. E. Bowers, “Device and integration technology for silicon photonic transmitters,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(3), 671–688 (2011).
[Crossref]

Kozischek, D.

Küppers, F.

Latrasse, C.

M. de Labachelerie, C. Latrasse, P. Kemssu, and P. Cerez, “The frequency control of laser diodes,” J. Phys. III France 2(9), 1557–1589 (1992).
[Crossref]

Laurent, F.

Lazaro, J. A.

Le, Q. T.

Lee, Y. H.

B.-K. Kim, Y.-D. Kang, B. Bae, S.-M. Park, Y. H. Lee, H.-K. Kim, D.-H. Kim, Jang, and T.-I. Kim, “Monitor-photodiode integration in the amplifier-and modulator-integrated DFB laser diode,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(8), 1933–1935 (2004).

Leng, L.

C. Yan, Y. Su, L. Yi, L. Leng, X. Tian, X. Xu, and Y. Tian, “All-optical format conversion from NRZ to BPSK using a single saturated SOA,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(22), 2368–2370 (2006).
[Crossref]

Li, L.

H. Chen, Y. Dong, H. He, W. Hu, and L. Li, “Tolerance of laser frequency offset in optical minimum-shift keying transmission systems,” Opt. Commun. 282(14), 2774–2779 (2009).
[Crossref]

Li, Z.

L. Yi, Z. Li, M. Bi, W. Wei, and W. Hu, “Symmetric 40-Gb/s TWDM-PON with 39-dB power budget,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25(7), 644–647 (2013).
[Crossref]

Liang, D.

H. Park, M. N. Sysak, H.-W. Chen, A. W. Fang, D. Liang, L. Liao, B. R. Koch, J. Bovington, Y. Tang, K. Wong, M. Jacob-Mitos, R. Jones, and J. E. Bowers, “Device and integration technology for silicon photonic transmitters,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(3), 671–688 (2011).
[Crossref]

Liao, L.

H. Park, M. N. Sysak, H.-W. Chen, A. W. Fang, D. Liang, L. Liao, B. R. Koch, J. Bovington, Y. Tang, K. Wong, M. Jacob-Mitos, R. Jones, and J. E. Bowers, “Device and integration technology for silicon photonic transmitters,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(3), 671–688 (2011).
[Crossref]

Mahgerefteh, D.

D. Mahgerefteh, Y. Matsui, X. Zheng, and K. McCallion, “Chirp managed laser and applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(5), 1126–1139 (2010).
[Crossref]

Matsui, Y.

D. Mahgerefteh, Y. Matsui, X. Zheng, and K. McCallion, “Chirp managed laser and applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(5), 1126–1139 (2010).
[Crossref]

McCallion, K.

D. Mahgerefteh, Y. Matsui, X. Zheng, and K. McCallion, “Chirp managed laser and applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(5), 1126–1139 (2010).
[Crossref]

Meis, D.

Ohtsu, M.

M. Ohtsu, “Frequency stabilization in semiconductor laser diodes,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 20(4), 283–300 (1988).
[Crossref]

Park, H.

H. Park, M. N. Sysak, H.-W. Chen, A. W. Fang, D. Liang, L. Liao, B. R. Koch, J. Bovington, Y. Tang, K. Wong, M. Jacob-Mitos, R. Jones, and J. E. Bowers, “Device and integration technology for silicon photonic transmitters,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(3), 671–688 (2011).
[Crossref]

Park, S.-M.

B.-K. Kim, Y.-D. Kang, B. Bae, S.-M. Park, Y. H. Lee, H.-K. Kim, D.-H. Kim, Jang, and T.-I. Kim, “Monitor-photodiode integration in the amplifier-and modulator-integrated DFB laser diode,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(8), 1933–1935 (2004).

Prat, J.

Saliou, F.

Su, Y.

C. Yan, Y. Su, L. Yi, L. Leng, X. Tian, X. Xu, and Y. Tian, “All-optical format conversion from NRZ to BPSK using a single saturated SOA,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(22), 2368–2370 (2006).
[Crossref]

Sysak, M. N.

H. Park, M. N. Sysak, H.-W. Chen, A. W. Fang, D. Liang, L. Liao, B. R. Koch, J. Bovington, Y. Tang, K. Wong, M. Jacob-Mitos, R. Jones, and J. E. Bowers, “Device and integration technology for silicon photonic transmitters,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(3), 671–688 (2011).
[Crossref]

Tang, Y.

H. Park, M. N. Sysak, H.-W. Chen, A. W. Fang, D. Liang, L. Liao, B. R. Koch, J. Bovington, Y. Tang, K. Wong, M. Jacob-Mitos, R. Jones, and J. E. Bowers, “Device and integration technology for silicon photonic transmitters,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(3), 671–688 (2011).
[Crossref]

Tian, X.

C. Yan, Y. Su, L. Yi, L. Leng, X. Tian, X. Xu, and Y. Tian, “All-optical format conversion from NRZ to BPSK using a single saturated SOA,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(22), 2368–2370 (2006).
[Crossref]

Tian, Y.

C. Yan, Y. Su, L. Yi, L. Leng, X. Tian, X. Xu, and Y. Tian, “All-optical format conversion from NRZ to BPSK using a single saturated SOA,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(22), 2368–2370 (2006).
[Crossref]

Vaughn, M. D.

Wagner, R. E.

Wei, W.

L. Yi, Z. Li, M. Bi, W. Wei, and W. Hu, “Symmetric 40-Gb/s TWDM-PON with 39-dB power budget,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25(7), 644–647 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wong, K.

H. Park, M. N. Sysak, H.-W. Chen, A. W. Fang, D. Liang, L. Liao, B. R. Koch, J. Bovington, Y. Tang, K. Wong, M. Jacob-Mitos, R. Jones, and J. E. Bowers, “Device and integration technology for silicon photonic transmitters,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(3), 671–688 (2011).
[Crossref]

Xu, X.

C. Yan, Y. Su, L. Yi, L. Leng, X. Tian, X. Xu, and Y. Tian, “All-optical format conversion from NRZ to BPSK using a single saturated SOA,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(22), 2368–2370 (2006).
[Crossref]

Yan, C.

C. Yan, Y. Su, L. Yi, L. Leng, X. Tian, X. Xu, and Y. Tian, “All-optical format conversion from NRZ to BPSK using a single saturated SOA,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(22), 2368–2370 (2006).
[Crossref]

Yi, L.

L. Yi, Z. Li, M. Bi, W. Wei, and W. Hu, “Symmetric 40-Gb/s TWDM-PON with 39-dB power budget,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25(7), 644–647 (2013).
[Crossref]

C. Yan, Y. Su, L. Yi, L. Leng, X. Tian, X. Xu, and Y. Tian, “All-optical format conversion from NRZ to BPSK using a single saturated SOA,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(22), 2368–2370 (2006).
[Crossref]

Zheng, X.

D. Mahgerefteh, Y. Matsui, X. Zheng, and K. McCallion, “Chirp managed laser and applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(5), 1126–1139 (2010).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (2)

D. Mahgerefteh, Y. Matsui, X. Zheng, and K. McCallion, “Chirp managed laser and applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(5), 1126–1139 (2010).
[Crossref]

H. Park, M. N. Sysak, H.-W. Chen, A. W. Fang, D. Liang, L. Liao, B. R. Koch, J. Bovington, Y. Tang, K. Wong, M. Jacob-Mitos, R. Jones, and J. E. Bowers, “Device and integration technology for silicon photonic transmitters,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(3), 671–688 (2011).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (3)

B.-K. Kim, Y.-D. Kang, B. Bae, S.-M. Park, Y. H. Lee, H.-K. Kim, D.-H. Kim, Jang, and T.-I. Kim, “Monitor-photodiode integration in the amplifier-and modulator-integrated DFB laser diode,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(8), 1933–1935 (2004).

C. Yan, Y. Su, L. Yi, L. Leng, X. Tian, X. Xu, and Y. Tian, “All-optical format conversion from NRZ to BPSK using a single saturated SOA,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(22), 2368–2370 (2006).
[Crossref]

L. Yi, Z. Li, M. Bi, W. Wei, and W. Hu, “Symmetric 40-Gb/s TWDM-PON with 39-dB power budget,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25(7), 644–647 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

J. Opt. Commun. Netw. (1)

J. Phys. III France (1)

M. de Labachelerie, C. Latrasse, P. Kemssu, and P. Cerez, “The frequency control of laser diodes,” J. Phys. III France 2(9), 1557–1589 (1992).
[Crossref]

Opt. Commun. (1)

H. Chen, Y. Dong, H. He, W. Hu, and L. Li, “Tolerance of laser frequency offset in optical minimum-shift keying transmission systems,” Opt. Commun. 282(14), 2774–2779 (2009).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Quantum Electron. (1)

M. Ohtsu, “Frequency stabilization in semiconductor laser diodes,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 20(4), 283–300 (1988).
[Crossref]

Other (7)

ITU-T Series Recommendation G.989.2, (03/2013).

Z. Li, L. Yi, and W. Hu, “Comparison of downstream transmitters for high loss budget of long-reach 10G-PON,” in Proc. OFC/NFOEC 2014, paper Tu2C. 4.
[Crossref]

Y. Ma, Y. Qian, G. Peng, X. Zhou, X. Wang, J. Yu, Y. Luo, X. Yan, and F. Effenberger, “Demonstration of a 40Gb/s time and Wavelength Division Multiplexed passive optical network prototype system,” in Proc. OFC/NFOEC 2012, paper. PDP5D.7.
[Crossref]

N. Cheng, J. Gao, C. Xu, B. Gao, X. Wu, D. Liu, L. Wang, X. Zhou, H. Lin, and F. Effenberger, “World’s first demonstration of pluggable optical transceiver modules for flexible TWDM PONs” in Proc. ECOC 2013, paper PD.4.F.4.

D. Qian, E. Mateo, and M.-F. Huang, “A 105km reach fully passive 10G-PON using a novel digital OLT,” in Proc. ECOC 2012, paper. Tu.1.B.2.
[Crossref]

K. Taguchi, M. Fujiware, T. Imai, K.-I. Suzuki, H. Ishii, and N. Yoshimoto, “Pattern effect suppression technique of synchronized gain-clamping light injection for downstream SOA in optically amplified PON systems,” in Proc.OFC/NFOEC 2012, paper OTH4G.5.
[Crossref]

K. Taguchi, H. Nakamura, K. Asaka, T. Mizuno, Y. Hashizume, T. Yamada, M. Itoh, H. Takahashi, S. Kimura, and N. Yoshimoto, “40-km reach symmetric 40-Gbit/s λ-tunable WDM/TDM-PON using synchronized gain-clamping SOA,” in Proc. OFC/NFOEC 2013, paper OW4D.6.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Performance evaluation of OOK to PSK format conversion.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Demonstration of format conversion and demodulation using data patterns.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Experimental setup.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 BER curves of downstream (a) and upstream (b) signals.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Eye diagrams of upstream directly modulated signal (a) original 10 Gb/s upstream signal (b) SOA amplified 10 Gb/s upstream signal.

Tables (1)

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Table 1 Loss Budget Evaluation

Equations (2)

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b n = mod ( a n + b n 1 )
c n = mod ( b n + b n 1 )

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