Abstract

We demonstrate a spectrally selective reflector that exploits asymmetric photonic resonances of a 1D photonic crystal. The proposed spectrally selective reflector has a very simple structure – essentially just a single high-index slab of GaN, properly perforated, and supported by a transparent sapphire substrate. With the proper 1D array design, nearly 100% reflection is achieved with a narrow spectral width between 10 cm−1 – 18 cm–1, while the background reflection remains low across the entire mid-IR range. The reflection peak can be tuned over a large wavelength span based on physical parameters. Resonant transmission dips in the experimentally measured spectra corroborate the device theory and simulation, exhibiting the narrowband low-background mid-IR reflection as predicted.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article
OSA Recommended Articles
Optimally designed narrowband guided-mode resonance reflectance filters for mid-infrared spectroscopy

Jui-Nung Liu, Matthew V. Schulmerich, Rohit Bhargava, and Brian T. Cunningham
Opt. Express 19(24) 24182-24197 (2011)

Sculpting narrowband Fano resonances inherent in the large-area mid-infrared photonic crystal microresonators for spectroscopic imaging

Jui-Nung Liu, Matthew V. Schulmerich, Rohit Bhargava, and Brian T. Cunningham
Opt. Express 22(15) 18142-18158 (2014)

Guided resonances in asymmetrical GaN photonic crystal slabs observed in the visible spectrum

A. Rosenberg, Michael W. Carter, J. A. Casey, Mijin Kim, Ronald T. Holm, Richard L. Henry, Charles R Eddy, V. A. Shamamian, K. Bussmann, Shouyuan Shi, and Dennis W. Prather
Opt. Express 13(17) 6564-6571 (2005)

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. M. Born and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics (Cambridge University Press, 1999).
  2. M. Tuohiniemi and M. Blomberg, “Surface-micromachined silicon air-gap Bragg reflector for thermal infrared,” J. Micromech. Microeng. 21(7), 075014 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  3. I. A. Avrutsky and V. A. Sychugov, “Reflection of a beam of finite size from a corrugated waveguide,” J. Mod. Opt. 36(11), 1527–1539 (1989).
    [Crossref]
  4. Z. S. Liu, S. Tibuleac, D. Shin, P. P. Young, and R. Magnusson, “High-efficiency guided-mode resonance filter,” Opt. Lett. 23(19), 1556–1558 (1998).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  5. S. H. Fan and J. D. Joannopoulos, “Analysis of guided resonances in photonic crystal slabs,” Phys. Rev. B 65(23), 235112 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  6. S. G. Johnson, S. H. Fan, P. R. Villeneuve, J. D. Joannopoulos, and L. A. Kolodziejski, “Guided modes in photonic crystal slabs,” Phys. Rev. B 60(8), 5751–5758 (1999).
    [Crossref]
  7. T. Prasad, V. L. Colvin, and D. M. Mittleman, “Dependence of the guided resonances on the structural parameters of the THz photonic crystal slabs,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25(4), 633–644 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  8. D. Rosenblatt, A. Sharon, and A. A. Friesem, “Resonant grating waveguide structures,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33(11), 2038–2059 (1997).
    [Crossref]
  9. N. Destouches, J.-C. Pommier, O. Parriaux, T. Clausnitzer, N. Lyndin, and S. Tonchev, “Narrow band resonant grating of 100% reflection under normal incidence,” Opt. Express 14(26), 12613–12622 (2006).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  10. A. Rosenberg, M. Carter, J. Casey, M. Kim, R. Holm, R. Henry, C. Eddy, V. Shamamian, K. Bussmann, S. Shi, and D. Prather, “Guided resonances in asymmetrical GaN photonic crystal slabs observed in the visible spectrum,” Opt. Express 13(17), 6564–6571 (2005).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  11. D. M. Whittaker and I. S. Culshaw, “Scattering-matrix treatment of patterned multilayer photonic structures,” Phys. Rev. B 60(4), 2610–2618 (1999).
    [Crossref]
  12. M. Liscidini, D. Gerace, L. C. Andreani, and J. E. Sipe, “Scattering-matrix analysis of periodically patterned multilayers with asymmetric unit cells and birefringent media,” Phys. Rev. B 77(3), 035324 (2008).
    [Crossref]

2011 (1)

M. Tuohiniemi and M. Blomberg, “Surface-micromachined silicon air-gap Bragg reflector for thermal infrared,” J. Micromech. Microeng. 21(7), 075014 (2011).
[Crossref]

2008 (2)

T. Prasad, V. L. Colvin, and D. M. Mittleman, “Dependence of the guided resonances on the structural parameters of the THz photonic crystal slabs,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25(4), 633–644 (2008).
[Crossref]

M. Liscidini, D. Gerace, L. C. Andreani, and J. E. Sipe, “Scattering-matrix analysis of periodically patterned multilayers with asymmetric unit cells and birefringent media,” Phys. Rev. B 77(3), 035324 (2008).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

2005 (1)

2002 (1)

S. H. Fan and J. D. Joannopoulos, “Analysis of guided resonances in photonic crystal slabs,” Phys. Rev. B 65(23), 235112 (2002).
[Crossref]

1999 (2)

S. G. Johnson, S. H. Fan, P. R. Villeneuve, J. D. Joannopoulos, and L. A. Kolodziejski, “Guided modes in photonic crystal slabs,” Phys. Rev. B 60(8), 5751–5758 (1999).
[Crossref]

D. M. Whittaker and I. S. Culshaw, “Scattering-matrix treatment of patterned multilayer photonic structures,” Phys. Rev. B 60(4), 2610–2618 (1999).
[Crossref]

1998 (1)

1997 (1)

D. Rosenblatt, A. Sharon, and A. A. Friesem, “Resonant grating waveguide structures,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33(11), 2038–2059 (1997).
[Crossref]

1989 (1)

I. A. Avrutsky and V. A. Sychugov, “Reflection of a beam of finite size from a corrugated waveguide,” J. Mod. Opt. 36(11), 1527–1539 (1989).
[Crossref]

Andreani, L. C.

M. Liscidini, D. Gerace, L. C. Andreani, and J. E. Sipe, “Scattering-matrix analysis of periodically patterned multilayers with asymmetric unit cells and birefringent media,” Phys. Rev. B 77(3), 035324 (2008).
[Crossref]

Avrutsky, I. A.

I. A. Avrutsky and V. A. Sychugov, “Reflection of a beam of finite size from a corrugated waveguide,” J. Mod. Opt. 36(11), 1527–1539 (1989).
[Crossref]

Blomberg, M.

M. Tuohiniemi and M. Blomberg, “Surface-micromachined silicon air-gap Bragg reflector for thermal infrared,” J. Micromech. Microeng. 21(7), 075014 (2011).
[Crossref]

Bussmann, K.

Carter, M.

Casey, J.

Clausnitzer, T.

Colvin, V. L.

Culshaw, I. S.

D. M. Whittaker and I. S. Culshaw, “Scattering-matrix treatment of patterned multilayer photonic structures,” Phys. Rev. B 60(4), 2610–2618 (1999).
[Crossref]

Destouches, N.

Eddy, C.

Fan, S. H.

S. H. Fan and J. D. Joannopoulos, “Analysis of guided resonances in photonic crystal slabs,” Phys. Rev. B 65(23), 235112 (2002).
[Crossref]

S. G. Johnson, S. H. Fan, P. R. Villeneuve, J. D. Joannopoulos, and L. A. Kolodziejski, “Guided modes in photonic crystal slabs,” Phys. Rev. B 60(8), 5751–5758 (1999).
[Crossref]

Friesem, A. A.

D. Rosenblatt, A. Sharon, and A. A. Friesem, “Resonant grating waveguide structures,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33(11), 2038–2059 (1997).
[Crossref]

Gerace, D.

M. Liscidini, D. Gerace, L. C. Andreani, and J. E. Sipe, “Scattering-matrix analysis of periodically patterned multilayers with asymmetric unit cells and birefringent media,” Phys. Rev. B 77(3), 035324 (2008).
[Crossref]

Henry, R.

Holm, R.

Joannopoulos, J. D.

S. H. Fan and J. D. Joannopoulos, “Analysis of guided resonances in photonic crystal slabs,” Phys. Rev. B 65(23), 235112 (2002).
[Crossref]

S. G. Johnson, S. H. Fan, P. R. Villeneuve, J. D. Joannopoulos, and L. A. Kolodziejski, “Guided modes in photonic crystal slabs,” Phys. Rev. B 60(8), 5751–5758 (1999).
[Crossref]

Johnson, S. G.

S. G. Johnson, S. H. Fan, P. R. Villeneuve, J. D. Joannopoulos, and L. A. Kolodziejski, “Guided modes in photonic crystal slabs,” Phys. Rev. B 60(8), 5751–5758 (1999).
[Crossref]

Kim, M.

Kolodziejski, L. A.

S. G. Johnson, S. H. Fan, P. R. Villeneuve, J. D. Joannopoulos, and L. A. Kolodziejski, “Guided modes in photonic crystal slabs,” Phys. Rev. B 60(8), 5751–5758 (1999).
[Crossref]

Liscidini, M.

M. Liscidini, D. Gerace, L. C. Andreani, and J. E. Sipe, “Scattering-matrix analysis of periodically patterned multilayers with asymmetric unit cells and birefringent media,” Phys. Rev. B 77(3), 035324 (2008).
[Crossref]

Liu, Z. S.

Lyndin, N.

Magnusson, R.

Mittleman, D. M.

Parriaux, O.

Pommier, J.-C.

Prasad, T.

Prather, D.

Rosenberg, A.

Rosenblatt, D.

D. Rosenblatt, A. Sharon, and A. A. Friesem, “Resonant grating waveguide structures,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33(11), 2038–2059 (1997).
[Crossref]

Shamamian, V.

Sharon, A.

D. Rosenblatt, A. Sharon, and A. A. Friesem, “Resonant grating waveguide structures,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33(11), 2038–2059 (1997).
[Crossref]

Shi, S.

Shin, D.

Sipe, J. E.

M. Liscidini, D. Gerace, L. C. Andreani, and J. E. Sipe, “Scattering-matrix analysis of periodically patterned multilayers with asymmetric unit cells and birefringent media,” Phys. Rev. B 77(3), 035324 (2008).
[Crossref]

Sychugov, V. A.

I. A. Avrutsky and V. A. Sychugov, “Reflection of a beam of finite size from a corrugated waveguide,” J. Mod. Opt. 36(11), 1527–1539 (1989).
[Crossref]

Tibuleac, S.

Tonchev, S.

Tuohiniemi, M.

M. Tuohiniemi and M. Blomberg, “Surface-micromachined silicon air-gap Bragg reflector for thermal infrared,” J. Micromech. Microeng. 21(7), 075014 (2011).
[Crossref]

Villeneuve, P. R.

S. G. Johnson, S. H. Fan, P. R. Villeneuve, J. D. Joannopoulos, and L. A. Kolodziejski, “Guided modes in photonic crystal slabs,” Phys. Rev. B 60(8), 5751–5758 (1999).
[Crossref]

Whittaker, D. M.

D. M. Whittaker and I. S. Culshaw, “Scattering-matrix treatment of patterned multilayer photonic structures,” Phys. Rev. B 60(4), 2610–2618 (1999).
[Crossref]

Young, P. P.

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

D. Rosenblatt, A. Sharon, and A. A. Friesem, “Resonant grating waveguide structures,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33(11), 2038–2059 (1997).
[Crossref]

J. Micromech. Microeng. (1)

M. Tuohiniemi and M. Blomberg, “Surface-micromachined silicon air-gap Bragg reflector for thermal infrared,” J. Micromech. Microeng. 21(7), 075014 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Mod. Opt. (1)

I. A. Avrutsky and V. A. Sychugov, “Reflection of a beam of finite size from a corrugated waveguide,” J. Mod. Opt. 36(11), 1527–1539 (1989).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. B (4)

S. H. Fan and J. D. Joannopoulos, “Analysis of guided resonances in photonic crystal slabs,” Phys. Rev. B 65(23), 235112 (2002).
[Crossref]

S. G. Johnson, S. H. Fan, P. R. Villeneuve, J. D. Joannopoulos, and L. A. Kolodziejski, “Guided modes in photonic crystal slabs,” Phys. Rev. B 60(8), 5751–5758 (1999).
[Crossref]

D. M. Whittaker and I. S. Culshaw, “Scattering-matrix treatment of patterned multilayer photonic structures,” Phys. Rev. B 60(4), 2610–2618 (1999).
[Crossref]

M. Liscidini, D. Gerace, L. C. Andreani, and J. E. Sipe, “Scattering-matrix analysis of periodically patterned multilayers with asymmetric unit cells and birefringent media,” Phys. Rev. B 77(3), 035324 (2008).
[Crossref]

Other (1)

M. Born and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics (Cambridge University Press, 1999).

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Schematic of the high-index single slab structure.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Reflection spectrum of a representative 1D photonic crystal.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 TM transmission spectrum of a representative 1D photonic crystal.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Details of the out-of-resonance reflection spectrum. The out-of-resonance reflection for the structure with f = 80% remains below 1% across the entire spectral range of interest.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Reflection spectra for structures with different fill factor.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Reflection spectra for different values of the film thickness.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Reflection spectra for the structures with different periods.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 SEM iamges of 1D gratings with (left) 78% fill factor and (right) 60% fill factor.
Fig. 9
Fig. 9 Transmission spectra for samples with fill factors 78%, 78% and 60%.

Equations (5)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

ε =f ε f +( 1f ) ε g ,
ε 1 =f ε f 1 +( 1f ) ε g 1
n 0 sinθ+r λ Λ =sign( r ) n *
λ 1 =Λ( n * ( d )+ n 0 sinθ )
λ 2 =Λ( n s + n 0 sinθ )

Metrics