Abstract

We demonstrate a spectrally selective reflector that exploits asymmetric photonic resonances of a 1D photonic crystal. The proposed spectrally selective reflector has a very simple structure – essentially just a single high-index slab of GaN, properly perforated, and supported by a transparent sapphire substrate. With the proper 1D array design, nearly 100% reflection is achieved with a narrow spectral width between 10 cm−1 – 18 cm–1, while the background reflection remains low across the entire mid-IR range. The reflection peak can be tuned over a large wavelength span based on physical parameters. Resonant transmission dips in the experimentally measured spectra corroborate the device theory and simulation, exhibiting the narrowband low-background mid-IR reflection as predicted.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]

2011 (1)

M. Tuohiniemi and M. Blomberg, “Surface-micromachined silicon air-gap Bragg reflector for thermal infrared,” J. Micromech. Microeng. 21(7), 075014 (2011).
[Crossref]

2008 (2)

T. Prasad, V. L. Colvin, and D. M. Mittleman, “Dependence of the guided resonances on the structural parameters of the THz photonic crystal slabs,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25(4), 633–644 (2008).
[Crossref]

M. Liscidini, D. Gerace, L. C. Andreani, and J. E. Sipe, “Scattering-matrix analysis of periodically patterned multilayers with asymmetric unit cells and birefringent media,” Phys. Rev. B 77(3), 035324 (2008).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

2005 (1)

2002 (1)

S. H. Fan and J. D. Joannopoulos, “Analysis of guided resonances in photonic crystal slabs,” Phys. Rev. B 65(23), 235112 (2002).
[Crossref]

1999 (2)

S. G. Johnson, S. H. Fan, P. R. Villeneuve, J. D. Joannopoulos, and L. A. Kolodziejski, “Guided modes in photonic crystal slabs,” Phys. Rev. B 60(8), 5751–5758 (1999).
[Crossref]

D. M. Whittaker and I. S. Culshaw, “Scattering-matrix treatment of patterned multilayer photonic structures,” Phys. Rev. B 60(4), 2610–2618 (1999).
[Crossref]

1998 (1)

1997 (1)

D. Rosenblatt, A. Sharon, and A. A. Friesem, “Resonant grating waveguide structures,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33(11), 2038–2059 (1997).
[Crossref]

1989 (1)

I. A. Avrutsky and V. A. Sychugov, “Reflection of a beam of finite size from a corrugated waveguide,” J. Mod. Opt. 36(11), 1527–1539 (1989).
[Crossref]

Andreani, L. C.

M. Liscidini, D. Gerace, L. C. Andreani, and J. E. Sipe, “Scattering-matrix analysis of periodically patterned multilayers with asymmetric unit cells and birefringent media,” Phys. Rev. B 77(3), 035324 (2008).
[Crossref]

Avrutsky, I. A.

I. A. Avrutsky and V. A. Sychugov, “Reflection of a beam of finite size from a corrugated waveguide,” J. Mod. Opt. 36(11), 1527–1539 (1989).
[Crossref]

Blomberg, M.

M. Tuohiniemi and M. Blomberg, “Surface-micromachined silicon air-gap Bragg reflector for thermal infrared,” J. Micromech. Microeng. 21(7), 075014 (2011).
[Crossref]

Bussmann, K.

Carter, M.

Casey, J.

Clausnitzer, T.

Colvin, V. L.

Culshaw, I. S.

D. M. Whittaker and I. S. Culshaw, “Scattering-matrix treatment of patterned multilayer photonic structures,” Phys. Rev. B 60(4), 2610–2618 (1999).
[Crossref]

Destouches, N.

Eddy, C.

Fan, S. H.

S. H. Fan and J. D. Joannopoulos, “Analysis of guided resonances in photonic crystal slabs,” Phys. Rev. B 65(23), 235112 (2002).
[Crossref]

S. G. Johnson, S. H. Fan, P. R. Villeneuve, J. D. Joannopoulos, and L. A. Kolodziejski, “Guided modes in photonic crystal slabs,” Phys. Rev. B 60(8), 5751–5758 (1999).
[Crossref]

Friesem, A. A.

D. Rosenblatt, A. Sharon, and A. A. Friesem, “Resonant grating waveguide structures,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33(11), 2038–2059 (1997).
[Crossref]

Gerace, D.

M. Liscidini, D. Gerace, L. C. Andreani, and J. E. Sipe, “Scattering-matrix analysis of periodically patterned multilayers with asymmetric unit cells and birefringent media,” Phys. Rev. B 77(3), 035324 (2008).
[Crossref]

Henry, R.

Holm, R.

Joannopoulos, J. D.

S. H. Fan and J. D. Joannopoulos, “Analysis of guided resonances in photonic crystal slabs,” Phys. Rev. B 65(23), 235112 (2002).
[Crossref]

S. G. Johnson, S. H. Fan, P. R. Villeneuve, J. D. Joannopoulos, and L. A. Kolodziejski, “Guided modes in photonic crystal slabs,” Phys. Rev. B 60(8), 5751–5758 (1999).
[Crossref]

Johnson, S. G.

S. G. Johnson, S. H. Fan, P. R. Villeneuve, J. D. Joannopoulos, and L. A. Kolodziejski, “Guided modes in photonic crystal slabs,” Phys. Rev. B 60(8), 5751–5758 (1999).
[Crossref]

Kim, M.

Kolodziejski, L. A.

S. G. Johnson, S. H. Fan, P. R. Villeneuve, J. D. Joannopoulos, and L. A. Kolodziejski, “Guided modes in photonic crystal slabs,” Phys. Rev. B 60(8), 5751–5758 (1999).
[Crossref]

Liscidini, M.

M. Liscidini, D. Gerace, L. C. Andreani, and J. E. Sipe, “Scattering-matrix analysis of periodically patterned multilayers with asymmetric unit cells and birefringent media,” Phys. Rev. B 77(3), 035324 (2008).
[Crossref]

Liu, Z. S.

Lyndin, N.

Magnusson, R.

Mittleman, D. M.

Parriaux, O.

Pommier, J.-C.

Prasad, T.

Prather, D.

Rosenberg, A.

Rosenblatt, D.

D. Rosenblatt, A. Sharon, and A. A. Friesem, “Resonant grating waveguide structures,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33(11), 2038–2059 (1997).
[Crossref]

Shamamian, V.

Sharon, A.

D. Rosenblatt, A. Sharon, and A. A. Friesem, “Resonant grating waveguide structures,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33(11), 2038–2059 (1997).
[Crossref]

Shi, S.

Shin, D.

Sipe, J. E.

M. Liscidini, D. Gerace, L. C. Andreani, and J. E. Sipe, “Scattering-matrix analysis of periodically patterned multilayers with asymmetric unit cells and birefringent media,” Phys. Rev. B 77(3), 035324 (2008).
[Crossref]

Sychugov, V. A.

I. A. Avrutsky and V. A. Sychugov, “Reflection of a beam of finite size from a corrugated waveguide,” J. Mod. Opt. 36(11), 1527–1539 (1989).
[Crossref]

Tibuleac, S.

Tonchev, S.

Tuohiniemi, M.

M. Tuohiniemi and M. Blomberg, “Surface-micromachined silicon air-gap Bragg reflector for thermal infrared,” J. Micromech. Microeng. 21(7), 075014 (2011).
[Crossref]

Villeneuve, P. R.

S. G. Johnson, S. H. Fan, P. R. Villeneuve, J. D. Joannopoulos, and L. A. Kolodziejski, “Guided modes in photonic crystal slabs,” Phys. Rev. B 60(8), 5751–5758 (1999).
[Crossref]

Whittaker, D. M.

D. M. Whittaker and I. S. Culshaw, “Scattering-matrix treatment of patterned multilayer photonic structures,” Phys. Rev. B 60(4), 2610–2618 (1999).
[Crossref]

Young, P. P.

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

D. Rosenblatt, A. Sharon, and A. A. Friesem, “Resonant grating waveguide structures,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33(11), 2038–2059 (1997).
[Crossref]

J. Micromech. Microeng. (1)

M. Tuohiniemi and M. Blomberg, “Surface-micromachined silicon air-gap Bragg reflector for thermal infrared,” J. Micromech. Microeng. 21(7), 075014 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Mod. Opt. (1)

I. A. Avrutsky and V. A. Sychugov, “Reflection of a beam of finite size from a corrugated waveguide,” J. Mod. Opt. 36(11), 1527–1539 (1989).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. B (4)

S. H. Fan and J. D. Joannopoulos, “Analysis of guided resonances in photonic crystal slabs,” Phys. Rev. B 65(23), 235112 (2002).
[Crossref]

S. G. Johnson, S. H. Fan, P. R. Villeneuve, J. D. Joannopoulos, and L. A. Kolodziejski, “Guided modes in photonic crystal slabs,” Phys. Rev. B 60(8), 5751–5758 (1999).
[Crossref]

D. M. Whittaker and I. S. Culshaw, “Scattering-matrix treatment of patterned multilayer photonic structures,” Phys. Rev. B 60(4), 2610–2618 (1999).
[Crossref]

M. Liscidini, D. Gerace, L. C. Andreani, and J. E. Sipe, “Scattering-matrix analysis of periodically patterned multilayers with asymmetric unit cells and birefringent media,” Phys. Rev. B 77(3), 035324 (2008).
[Crossref]

Other (1)

M. Born and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics (Cambridge University Press, 1999).

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Schematic of the high-index single slab structure.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Reflection spectrum of a representative 1D photonic crystal.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 TM transmission spectrum of a representative 1D photonic crystal.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Details of the out-of-resonance reflection spectrum. The out-of-resonance reflection for the structure with f = 80% remains below 1% across the entire spectral range of interest.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Reflection spectra for structures with different fill factor.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Reflection spectra for different values of the film thickness.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Reflection spectra for the structures with different periods.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 SEM iamges of 1D gratings with (left) 78% fill factor and (right) 60% fill factor.
Fig. 9
Fig. 9 Transmission spectra for samples with fill factors 78%, 78% and 60%.

Equations (5)

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ε =f ε f +( 1f ) ε g ,
ε 1 =f ε f 1 +( 1f ) ε g 1
n 0 sinθ+r λ Λ =sign( r ) n *
λ 1 =Λ( n * ( d )+ n 0 sinθ )
λ 2 =Λ( n s + n 0 sinθ )

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