Abstract

A new method to perform averages of atmospheric vertical profiles is presented. The method allows changing a-posteriori the strength of the constraint used in the retrievals of the single profiles with the purpose of optimizing the trade-off between measurement error and vertical resolution. The method is used to calculate averages of HCFC-22 profiles retrieved from MIPAS observations, demonstrating the possibility of correctly obtaining retrievals with smaller constraints (that is: having at least a factor ten greater errors) and more degrees of freedom by up to a factor two.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  4. S. Ceccherini, “A generalization of optimal estimation for the retrieval of atmospheric vertical profiles,” J. Quantum Spectrosc. Radiat. 113(12), 1437–1440 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  5. S. Ceccherini, B. Carli, and P. Raspollini, “Quality quantifier of indirect measurements,” Opt. Express 20(5), 5151–5167 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  6. S. Ceccherini, B. Carli, and P. Raspollini, “Quality of MIPAS operational products,” J. Quantum Spectrosc. Radiat. 121, 45–55 (2013).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  8. A. B. Burgess, R. G. Grainger, A. Dudhia, and V. H. Payne, “MIPAS measurement of sulphur hexafluoride (SF6),” Geophys. Res. Lett. 31(5), L05112 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  9. M. Ridolfi, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, T. Von Clarmann, B. M. Dinelli, A. Dudhia, J. M. Flaud, M. Höpfner, P. E. Morris, P. Raspollini, G. Stiller, and R. J. Wells, “Optimized forward model and retrieval scheme for MIPAS near-real-time data processing,” Appl. Opt. 39(8), 1323–1340 (2000).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  15. S. Ceccherini, C. Belotti, B. Carli, P. Raspollini, and M. Ridolfi, “Technical Note: Regularization performances with the error consistency method in the case of retrieved atmospheric profiles,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 7(5), 1435–1440 (2007).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  18. A. Dudhia, V. L. Jay, and C. D. Rodgers, “Microwindow selection for high-spectral-resolution sounders,” Appl. Opt. 41(18), 3665–3673 (2002).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  19. M. Ridolfi and L. Sgheri, “On the choice of retrieval variables in the inversion of remotely sensed atmospheric measurements,” Opt. Express 21(9), 11465–11474 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
  21. A. Carissimo, I. De Feis, and C. Serio, “The physical retrieval methodology for IASI: the δ-IASI code,” Environ. Model. Softw. 20(9), 1111–1126 (2005).
    [Crossref]
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2013 (3)

S. Ceccherini, B. Carli, and P. Raspollini, “Quality of MIPAS operational products,” J. Quantum Spectrosc. Radiat. 121, 45–55 (2013).
[Crossref]

P. Raspollini, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, S. Ceccherini, A. Dehn, B. M. Dinelli, A. Dudhia, J.-M. Flaud, M. López-Puertas, F. Niro, J. J. Remedios, M. Ridolfi, H. Sembhi, L. Sgheri, and T. Von Clarmann, “Ten years of MIPAS measurements with ESA Level 2 processor V6 – Part 1: Retrieval algorithm and diagnostics of the products,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 6(9), 2419–2439 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. Ridolfi and L. Sgheri, “On the choice of retrieval variables in the inversion of remotely sensed atmospheric measurements,” Opt. Express 21(9), 11465–11474 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (2)

S. Ceccherini, “A generalization of optimal estimation for the retrieval of atmospheric vertical profiles,” J. Quantum Spectrosc. Radiat. 113(12), 1437–1440 (2012).
[Crossref]

S. Ceccherini, B. Carli, and P. Raspollini, “Quality quantifier of indirect measurements,” Opt. Express 20(5), 5151–5167 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (1)

2010 (1)

S. Ceccherini and M. Ridolfi, “Technical Note: Variance-covariance matrix and averaging kernels for the Levenberg-Marquardt solution of the retrieval of atmospheric vertical profiles,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 10(6), 3131–3139 (2010).
[Crossref]

2008 (2)

H. Fischer, M. Birk, C. Blom, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, T. Clarmann, L. Delbouille, A. Dudhia, D. Ehhalt, M. Endemann, J. M. Flaud, R. Gessner, A. Kleinert, R. Koopman, J. Langen, M. Lopez-Puertas, P. Mosner, H. Nett, H. Oelhaf, G. Perron, J. Remedios, M. Ridolfi, G. Stiller, and R. Zander, “MIPAS: an instrument for atmospheric and climate research,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8(8), 2151–2188 (2008).
[Crossref]

D. P. Moore and J. J. Remedios, “Growth rates of stratospheric HCFC-22,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8(1), 73–82 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (2)

S. Ceccherini, C. Belotti, B. Carli, P. Raspollini, and M. Ridolfi, “Technical Note: Regularization performances with the error consistency method in the case of retrieved atmospheric profiles,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 7(5), 1435–1440 (2007).
[Crossref]

J. J. Remedios, R. J. Leigh, A. M. Waterfall, D. P. Moore, H. Sembhi, I. Parkes, J. Greenhough, M. P. Chipperfield, and D. Hauglustaine, “MIPAS reference atmospheres and comparisons to V4.61/V4.62 MIPAS level 2 geophysical data sets,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss. 7(4), 9973–10017 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

P. Raspollini, C. Belotti, A. Burgess, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, S. Ceccherini, B. M. Dinelli, A. Dudhia, J. M. Flaud, B. Funke, M. Hopfner, M. Lopez-Puertas, V. Payne, C. Piccolo, J. J. Remedios, M. Ridolfi, and R. Spang, “MIPAS level 2 operational analysis,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 6(12), 5605–5630 (2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (2)

S. Ceccherini, “Analytical determination of the regularization parameter in the retrieval of atmospheric vertical profiles,” Opt. Lett. 30(19), 2554–2556 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Carissimo, I. De Feis, and C. Serio, “The physical retrieval methodology for IASI: the δ-IASI code,” Environ. Model. Softw. 20(9), 1111–1126 (2005).
[Crossref]

2004 (1)

A. B. Burgess, R. G. Grainger, A. Dudhia, and V. H. Payne, “MIPAS measurement of sulphur hexafluoride (SF6),” Geophys. Res. Lett. 31(5), L05112 (2004).
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

2000 (1)

1988 (1)

1935 (1)

R. A. Fisher, “The logic of inductive inference,” J.R. Stat. Soc. 98(1), 39–54 (1935).
[Crossref]

Belotti, C.

S. Ceccherini, C. Belotti, B. Carli, P. Raspollini, and M. Ridolfi, “Technical Note: Regularization performances with the error consistency method in the case of retrieved atmospheric profiles,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 7(5), 1435–1440 (2007).
[Crossref]

P. Raspollini, C. Belotti, A. Burgess, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, S. Ceccherini, B. M. Dinelli, A. Dudhia, J. M. Flaud, B. Funke, M. Hopfner, M. Lopez-Puertas, V. Payne, C. Piccolo, J. J. Remedios, M. Ridolfi, and R. Spang, “MIPAS level 2 operational analysis,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 6(12), 5605–5630 (2006).
[Crossref]

Birk, M.

H. Fischer, M. Birk, C. Blom, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, T. Clarmann, L. Delbouille, A. Dudhia, D. Ehhalt, M. Endemann, J. M. Flaud, R. Gessner, A. Kleinert, R. Koopman, J. Langen, M. Lopez-Puertas, P. Mosner, H. Nett, H. Oelhaf, G. Perron, J. Remedios, M. Ridolfi, G. Stiller, and R. Zander, “MIPAS: an instrument for atmospheric and climate research,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8(8), 2151–2188 (2008).
[Crossref]

Blom, C.

H. Fischer, M. Birk, C. Blom, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, T. Clarmann, L. Delbouille, A. Dudhia, D. Ehhalt, M. Endemann, J. M. Flaud, R. Gessner, A. Kleinert, R. Koopman, J. Langen, M. Lopez-Puertas, P. Mosner, H. Nett, H. Oelhaf, G. Perron, J. Remedios, M. Ridolfi, G. Stiller, and R. Zander, “MIPAS: an instrument for atmospheric and climate research,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8(8), 2151–2188 (2008).
[Crossref]

Burgess, A.

P. Raspollini, C. Belotti, A. Burgess, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, S. Ceccherini, B. M. Dinelli, A. Dudhia, J. M. Flaud, B. Funke, M. Hopfner, M. Lopez-Puertas, V. Payne, C. Piccolo, J. J. Remedios, M. Ridolfi, and R. Spang, “MIPAS level 2 operational analysis,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 6(12), 5605–5630 (2006).
[Crossref]

Burgess, A. B.

A. B. Burgess, R. G. Grainger, A. Dudhia, and V. H. Payne, “MIPAS measurement of sulphur hexafluoride (SF6),” Geophys. Res. Lett. 31(5), L05112 (2004).
[Crossref]

Carissimo, A.

A. Carissimo, I. De Feis, and C. Serio, “The physical retrieval methodology for IASI: the δ-IASI code,” Environ. Model. Softw. 20(9), 1111–1126 (2005).
[Crossref]

Carli, B.

S. Ceccherini, B. Carli, and P. Raspollini, “Quality of MIPAS operational products,” J. Quantum Spectrosc. Radiat. 121, 45–55 (2013).
[Crossref]

P. Raspollini, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, S. Ceccherini, A. Dehn, B. M. Dinelli, A. Dudhia, J.-M. Flaud, M. López-Puertas, F. Niro, J. J. Remedios, M. Ridolfi, H. Sembhi, L. Sgheri, and T. Von Clarmann, “Ten years of MIPAS measurements with ESA Level 2 processor V6 – Part 1: Retrieval algorithm and diagnostics of the products,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 6(9), 2419–2439 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. Ceccherini, B. Carli, and P. Raspollini, “Quality quantifier of indirect measurements,” Opt. Express 20(5), 5151–5167 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Fischer, M. Birk, C. Blom, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, T. Clarmann, L. Delbouille, A. Dudhia, D. Ehhalt, M. Endemann, J. M. Flaud, R. Gessner, A. Kleinert, R. Koopman, J. Langen, M. Lopez-Puertas, P. Mosner, H. Nett, H. Oelhaf, G. Perron, J. Remedios, M. Ridolfi, G. Stiller, and R. Zander, “MIPAS: an instrument for atmospheric and climate research,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8(8), 2151–2188 (2008).
[Crossref]

S. Ceccherini, C. Belotti, B. Carli, P. Raspollini, and M. Ridolfi, “Technical Note: Regularization performances with the error consistency method in the case of retrieved atmospheric profiles,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 7(5), 1435–1440 (2007).
[Crossref]

P. Raspollini, C. Belotti, A. Burgess, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, S. Ceccherini, B. M. Dinelli, A. Dudhia, J. M. Flaud, B. Funke, M. Hopfner, M. Lopez-Puertas, V. Payne, C. Piccolo, J. J. Remedios, M. Ridolfi, and R. Spang, “MIPAS level 2 operational analysis,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 6(12), 5605–5630 (2006).
[Crossref]

M. Ridolfi, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, T. Von Clarmann, B. M. Dinelli, A. Dudhia, J. M. Flaud, M. Höpfner, P. E. Morris, P. Raspollini, G. Stiller, and R. J. Wells, “Optimized forward model and retrieval scheme for MIPAS near-real-time data processing,” Appl. Opt. 39(8), 1323–1340 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Carlotti, M.

P. Raspollini, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, S. Ceccherini, A. Dehn, B. M. Dinelli, A. Dudhia, J.-M. Flaud, M. López-Puertas, F. Niro, J. J. Remedios, M. Ridolfi, H. Sembhi, L. Sgheri, and T. Von Clarmann, “Ten years of MIPAS measurements with ESA Level 2 processor V6 – Part 1: Retrieval algorithm and diagnostics of the products,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 6(9), 2419–2439 (2013).
[Crossref]

H. Fischer, M. Birk, C. Blom, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, T. Clarmann, L. Delbouille, A. Dudhia, D. Ehhalt, M. Endemann, J. M. Flaud, R. Gessner, A. Kleinert, R. Koopman, J. Langen, M. Lopez-Puertas, P. Mosner, H. Nett, H. Oelhaf, G. Perron, J. Remedios, M. Ridolfi, G. Stiller, and R. Zander, “MIPAS: an instrument for atmospheric and climate research,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8(8), 2151–2188 (2008).
[Crossref]

P. Raspollini, C. Belotti, A. Burgess, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, S. Ceccherini, B. M. Dinelli, A. Dudhia, J. M. Flaud, B. Funke, M. Hopfner, M. Lopez-Puertas, V. Payne, C. Piccolo, J. J. Remedios, M. Ridolfi, and R. Spang, “MIPAS level 2 operational analysis,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 6(12), 5605–5630 (2006).
[Crossref]

M. Ridolfi, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, T. Von Clarmann, B. M. Dinelli, A. Dudhia, J. M. Flaud, M. Höpfner, P. E. Morris, P. Raspollini, G. Stiller, and R. J. Wells, “Optimized forward model and retrieval scheme for MIPAS near-real-time data processing,” Appl. Opt. 39(8), 1323–1340 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Carlotti, “Global-fit approach to the analysis of limb-scanning atmospheric measurements,” Appl. Opt. 27(15), 3250–3254 (1988).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ceccherini, S.

P. Raspollini, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, S. Ceccherini, A. Dehn, B. M. Dinelli, A. Dudhia, J.-M. Flaud, M. López-Puertas, F. Niro, J. J. Remedios, M. Ridolfi, H. Sembhi, L. Sgheri, and T. Von Clarmann, “Ten years of MIPAS measurements with ESA Level 2 processor V6 – Part 1: Retrieval algorithm and diagnostics of the products,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 6(9), 2419–2439 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. Ceccherini, B. Carli, and P. Raspollini, “Quality of MIPAS operational products,” J. Quantum Spectrosc. Radiat. 121, 45–55 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. Ceccherini, “A generalization of optimal estimation for the retrieval of atmospheric vertical profiles,” J. Quantum Spectrosc. Radiat. 113(12), 1437–1440 (2012).
[Crossref]

S. Ceccherini, B. Carli, and P. Raspollini, “Quality quantifier of indirect measurements,” Opt. Express 20(5), 5151–5167 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Ceccherini and M. Ridolfi, “Technical Note: Variance-covariance matrix and averaging kernels for the Levenberg-Marquardt solution of the retrieval of atmospheric vertical profiles,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 10(6), 3131–3139 (2010).
[Crossref]

S. Ceccherini, C. Belotti, B. Carli, P. Raspollini, and M. Ridolfi, “Technical Note: Regularization performances with the error consistency method in the case of retrieved atmospheric profiles,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 7(5), 1435–1440 (2007).
[Crossref]

P. Raspollini, C. Belotti, A. Burgess, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, S. Ceccherini, B. M. Dinelli, A. Dudhia, J. M. Flaud, B. Funke, M. Hopfner, M. Lopez-Puertas, V. Payne, C. Piccolo, J. J. Remedios, M. Ridolfi, and R. Spang, “MIPAS level 2 operational analysis,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 6(12), 5605–5630 (2006).
[Crossref]

S. Ceccherini, “Analytical determination of the regularization parameter in the retrieval of atmospheric vertical profiles,” Opt. Lett. 30(19), 2554–2556 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chipperfield, M. P.

J. J. Remedios, R. J. Leigh, A. M. Waterfall, D. P. Moore, H. Sembhi, I. Parkes, J. Greenhough, M. P. Chipperfield, and D. Hauglustaine, “MIPAS reference atmospheres and comparisons to V4.61/V4.62 MIPAS level 2 geophysical data sets,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss. 7(4), 9973–10017 (2007).
[Crossref]

Clarmann, T.

H. Fischer, M. Birk, C. Blom, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, T. Clarmann, L. Delbouille, A. Dudhia, D. Ehhalt, M. Endemann, J. M. Flaud, R. Gessner, A. Kleinert, R. Koopman, J. Langen, M. Lopez-Puertas, P. Mosner, H. Nett, H. Oelhaf, G. Perron, J. Remedios, M. Ridolfi, G. Stiller, and R. Zander, “MIPAS: an instrument for atmospheric and climate research,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8(8), 2151–2188 (2008).
[Crossref]

De Feis, I.

A. Carissimo, I. De Feis, and C. Serio, “The physical retrieval methodology for IASI: the δ-IASI code,” Environ. Model. Softw. 20(9), 1111–1126 (2005).
[Crossref]

Dehn, A.

P. Raspollini, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, S. Ceccherini, A. Dehn, B. M. Dinelli, A. Dudhia, J.-M. Flaud, M. López-Puertas, F. Niro, J. J. Remedios, M. Ridolfi, H. Sembhi, L. Sgheri, and T. Von Clarmann, “Ten years of MIPAS measurements with ESA Level 2 processor V6 – Part 1: Retrieval algorithm and diagnostics of the products,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 6(9), 2419–2439 (2013).
[Crossref]

Delbouille, L.

H. Fischer, M. Birk, C. Blom, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, T. Clarmann, L. Delbouille, A. Dudhia, D. Ehhalt, M. Endemann, J. M. Flaud, R. Gessner, A. Kleinert, R. Koopman, J. Langen, M. Lopez-Puertas, P. Mosner, H. Nett, H. Oelhaf, G. Perron, J. Remedios, M. Ridolfi, G. Stiller, and R. Zander, “MIPAS: an instrument for atmospheric and climate research,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8(8), 2151–2188 (2008).
[Crossref]

Dinelli, B. M.

P. Raspollini, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, S. Ceccherini, A. Dehn, B. M. Dinelli, A. Dudhia, J.-M. Flaud, M. López-Puertas, F. Niro, J. J. Remedios, M. Ridolfi, H. Sembhi, L. Sgheri, and T. Von Clarmann, “Ten years of MIPAS measurements with ESA Level 2 processor V6 – Part 1: Retrieval algorithm and diagnostics of the products,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 6(9), 2419–2439 (2013).
[Crossref]

P. Raspollini, C. Belotti, A. Burgess, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, S. Ceccherini, B. M. Dinelli, A. Dudhia, J. M. Flaud, B. Funke, M. Hopfner, M. Lopez-Puertas, V. Payne, C. Piccolo, J. J. Remedios, M. Ridolfi, and R. Spang, “MIPAS level 2 operational analysis,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 6(12), 5605–5630 (2006).
[Crossref]

M. Ridolfi, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, T. Von Clarmann, B. M. Dinelli, A. Dudhia, J. M. Flaud, M. Höpfner, P. E. Morris, P. Raspollini, G. Stiller, and R. J. Wells, “Optimized forward model and retrieval scheme for MIPAS near-real-time data processing,” Appl. Opt. 39(8), 1323–1340 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dudhia, A.

P. Raspollini, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, S. Ceccherini, A. Dehn, B. M. Dinelli, A. Dudhia, J.-M. Flaud, M. López-Puertas, F. Niro, J. J. Remedios, M. Ridolfi, H. Sembhi, L. Sgheri, and T. Von Clarmann, “Ten years of MIPAS measurements with ESA Level 2 processor V6 – Part 1: Retrieval algorithm and diagnostics of the products,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 6(9), 2419–2439 (2013).
[Crossref]

H. Fischer, M. Birk, C. Blom, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, T. Clarmann, L. Delbouille, A. Dudhia, D. Ehhalt, M. Endemann, J. M. Flaud, R. Gessner, A. Kleinert, R. Koopman, J. Langen, M. Lopez-Puertas, P. Mosner, H. Nett, H. Oelhaf, G. Perron, J. Remedios, M. Ridolfi, G. Stiller, and R. Zander, “MIPAS: an instrument for atmospheric and climate research,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8(8), 2151–2188 (2008).
[Crossref]

P. Raspollini, C. Belotti, A. Burgess, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, S. Ceccherini, B. M. Dinelli, A. Dudhia, J. M. Flaud, B. Funke, M. Hopfner, M. Lopez-Puertas, V. Payne, C. Piccolo, J. J. Remedios, M. Ridolfi, and R. Spang, “MIPAS level 2 operational analysis,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 6(12), 5605–5630 (2006).
[Crossref]

A. B. Burgess, R. G. Grainger, A. Dudhia, and V. H. Payne, “MIPAS measurement of sulphur hexafluoride (SF6),” Geophys. Res. Lett. 31(5), L05112 (2004).
[Crossref]

A. Dudhia, V. L. Jay, and C. D. Rodgers, “Microwindow selection for high-spectral-resolution sounders,” Appl. Opt. 41(18), 3665–3673 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Ridolfi, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, T. Von Clarmann, B. M. Dinelli, A. Dudhia, J. M. Flaud, M. Höpfner, P. E. Morris, P. Raspollini, G. Stiller, and R. J. Wells, “Optimized forward model and retrieval scheme for MIPAS near-real-time data processing,” Appl. Opt. 39(8), 1323–1340 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ehhalt, D.

H. Fischer, M. Birk, C. Blom, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, T. Clarmann, L. Delbouille, A. Dudhia, D. Ehhalt, M. Endemann, J. M. Flaud, R. Gessner, A. Kleinert, R. Koopman, J. Langen, M. Lopez-Puertas, P. Mosner, H. Nett, H. Oelhaf, G. Perron, J. Remedios, M. Ridolfi, G. Stiller, and R. Zander, “MIPAS: an instrument for atmospheric and climate research,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8(8), 2151–2188 (2008).
[Crossref]

Endemann, M.

H. Fischer, M. Birk, C. Blom, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, T. Clarmann, L. Delbouille, A. Dudhia, D. Ehhalt, M. Endemann, J. M. Flaud, R. Gessner, A. Kleinert, R. Koopman, J. Langen, M. Lopez-Puertas, P. Mosner, H. Nett, H. Oelhaf, G. Perron, J. Remedios, M. Ridolfi, G. Stiller, and R. Zander, “MIPAS: an instrument for atmospheric and climate research,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8(8), 2151–2188 (2008).
[Crossref]

Fischer, H.

H. Fischer, M. Birk, C. Blom, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, T. Clarmann, L. Delbouille, A. Dudhia, D. Ehhalt, M. Endemann, J. M. Flaud, R. Gessner, A. Kleinert, R. Koopman, J. Langen, M. Lopez-Puertas, P. Mosner, H. Nett, H. Oelhaf, G. Perron, J. Remedios, M. Ridolfi, G. Stiller, and R. Zander, “MIPAS: an instrument for atmospheric and climate research,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8(8), 2151–2188 (2008).
[Crossref]

Fisher, R. A.

R. A. Fisher, “The logic of inductive inference,” J.R. Stat. Soc. 98(1), 39–54 (1935).
[Crossref]

Flaud, J. M.

H. Fischer, M. Birk, C. Blom, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, T. Clarmann, L. Delbouille, A. Dudhia, D. Ehhalt, M. Endemann, J. M. Flaud, R. Gessner, A. Kleinert, R. Koopman, J. Langen, M. Lopez-Puertas, P. Mosner, H. Nett, H. Oelhaf, G. Perron, J. Remedios, M. Ridolfi, G. Stiller, and R. Zander, “MIPAS: an instrument for atmospheric and climate research,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8(8), 2151–2188 (2008).
[Crossref]

P. Raspollini, C. Belotti, A. Burgess, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, S. Ceccherini, B. M. Dinelli, A. Dudhia, J. M. Flaud, B. Funke, M. Hopfner, M. Lopez-Puertas, V. Payne, C. Piccolo, J. J. Remedios, M. Ridolfi, and R. Spang, “MIPAS level 2 operational analysis,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 6(12), 5605–5630 (2006).
[Crossref]

M. Ridolfi, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, T. Von Clarmann, B. M. Dinelli, A. Dudhia, J. M. Flaud, M. Höpfner, P. E. Morris, P. Raspollini, G. Stiller, and R. J. Wells, “Optimized forward model and retrieval scheme for MIPAS near-real-time data processing,” Appl. Opt. 39(8), 1323–1340 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Flaud, J.-M.

P. Raspollini, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, S. Ceccherini, A. Dehn, B. M. Dinelli, A. Dudhia, J.-M. Flaud, M. López-Puertas, F. Niro, J. J. Remedios, M. Ridolfi, H. Sembhi, L. Sgheri, and T. Von Clarmann, “Ten years of MIPAS measurements with ESA Level 2 processor V6 – Part 1: Retrieval algorithm and diagnostics of the products,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 6(9), 2419–2439 (2013).
[Crossref]

Funke, B.

P. Raspollini, C. Belotti, A. Burgess, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, S. Ceccherini, B. M. Dinelli, A. Dudhia, J. M. Flaud, B. Funke, M. Hopfner, M. Lopez-Puertas, V. Payne, C. Piccolo, J. J. Remedios, M. Ridolfi, and R. Spang, “MIPAS level 2 operational analysis,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 6(12), 5605–5630 (2006).
[Crossref]

Gessner, R.

H. Fischer, M. Birk, C. Blom, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, T. Clarmann, L. Delbouille, A. Dudhia, D. Ehhalt, M. Endemann, J. M. Flaud, R. Gessner, A. Kleinert, R. Koopman, J. Langen, M. Lopez-Puertas, P. Mosner, H. Nett, H. Oelhaf, G. Perron, J. Remedios, M. Ridolfi, G. Stiller, and R. Zander, “MIPAS: an instrument for atmospheric and climate research,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8(8), 2151–2188 (2008).
[Crossref]

Grainger, R. G.

A. B. Burgess, R. G. Grainger, A. Dudhia, and V. H. Payne, “MIPAS measurement of sulphur hexafluoride (SF6),” Geophys. Res. Lett. 31(5), L05112 (2004).
[Crossref]

Greenhough, J.

J. J. Remedios, R. J. Leigh, A. M. Waterfall, D. P. Moore, H. Sembhi, I. Parkes, J. Greenhough, M. P. Chipperfield, and D. Hauglustaine, “MIPAS reference atmospheres and comparisons to V4.61/V4.62 MIPAS level 2 geophysical data sets,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss. 7(4), 9973–10017 (2007).
[Crossref]

Hauglustaine, D.

J. J. Remedios, R. J. Leigh, A. M. Waterfall, D. P. Moore, H. Sembhi, I. Parkes, J. Greenhough, M. P. Chipperfield, and D. Hauglustaine, “MIPAS reference atmospheres and comparisons to V4.61/V4.62 MIPAS level 2 geophysical data sets,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss. 7(4), 9973–10017 (2007).
[Crossref]

Hopfner, M.

P. Raspollini, C. Belotti, A. Burgess, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, S. Ceccherini, B. M. Dinelli, A. Dudhia, J. M. Flaud, B. Funke, M. Hopfner, M. Lopez-Puertas, V. Payne, C. Piccolo, J. J. Remedios, M. Ridolfi, and R. Spang, “MIPAS level 2 operational analysis,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 6(12), 5605–5630 (2006).
[Crossref]

Höpfner, M.

Jay, V. L.

Kleinert, A.

H. Fischer, M. Birk, C. Blom, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, T. Clarmann, L. Delbouille, A. Dudhia, D. Ehhalt, M. Endemann, J. M. Flaud, R. Gessner, A. Kleinert, R. Koopman, J. Langen, M. Lopez-Puertas, P. Mosner, H. Nett, H. Oelhaf, G. Perron, J. Remedios, M. Ridolfi, G. Stiller, and R. Zander, “MIPAS: an instrument for atmospheric and climate research,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8(8), 2151–2188 (2008).
[Crossref]

Koopman, R.

H. Fischer, M. Birk, C. Blom, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, T. Clarmann, L. Delbouille, A. Dudhia, D. Ehhalt, M. Endemann, J. M. Flaud, R. Gessner, A. Kleinert, R. Koopman, J. Langen, M. Lopez-Puertas, P. Mosner, H. Nett, H. Oelhaf, G. Perron, J. Remedios, M. Ridolfi, G. Stiller, and R. Zander, “MIPAS: an instrument for atmospheric and climate research,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8(8), 2151–2188 (2008).
[Crossref]

Langen, J.

H. Fischer, M. Birk, C. Blom, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, T. Clarmann, L. Delbouille, A. Dudhia, D. Ehhalt, M. Endemann, J. M. Flaud, R. Gessner, A. Kleinert, R. Koopman, J. Langen, M. Lopez-Puertas, P. Mosner, H. Nett, H. Oelhaf, G. Perron, J. Remedios, M. Ridolfi, G. Stiller, and R. Zander, “MIPAS: an instrument for atmospheric and climate research,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8(8), 2151–2188 (2008).
[Crossref]

Leigh, R. J.

J. J. Remedios, R. J. Leigh, A. M. Waterfall, D. P. Moore, H. Sembhi, I. Parkes, J. Greenhough, M. P. Chipperfield, and D. Hauglustaine, “MIPAS reference atmospheres and comparisons to V4.61/V4.62 MIPAS level 2 geophysical data sets,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss. 7(4), 9973–10017 (2007).
[Crossref]

Lopez-Puertas, M.

H. Fischer, M. Birk, C. Blom, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, T. Clarmann, L. Delbouille, A. Dudhia, D. Ehhalt, M. Endemann, J. M. Flaud, R. Gessner, A. Kleinert, R. Koopman, J. Langen, M. Lopez-Puertas, P. Mosner, H. Nett, H. Oelhaf, G. Perron, J. Remedios, M. Ridolfi, G. Stiller, and R. Zander, “MIPAS: an instrument for atmospheric and climate research,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8(8), 2151–2188 (2008).
[Crossref]

P. Raspollini, C. Belotti, A. Burgess, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, S. Ceccherini, B. M. Dinelli, A. Dudhia, J. M. Flaud, B. Funke, M. Hopfner, M. Lopez-Puertas, V. Payne, C. Piccolo, J. J. Remedios, M. Ridolfi, and R. Spang, “MIPAS level 2 operational analysis,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 6(12), 5605–5630 (2006).
[Crossref]

López-Puertas, M.

P. Raspollini, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, S. Ceccherini, A. Dehn, B. M. Dinelli, A. Dudhia, J.-M. Flaud, M. López-Puertas, F. Niro, J. J. Remedios, M. Ridolfi, H. Sembhi, L. Sgheri, and T. Von Clarmann, “Ten years of MIPAS measurements with ESA Level 2 processor V6 – Part 1: Retrieval algorithm and diagnostics of the products,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 6(9), 2419–2439 (2013).
[Crossref]

Moore, D. P.

D. P. Moore and J. J. Remedios, “Growth rates of stratospheric HCFC-22,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8(1), 73–82 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. J. Remedios, R. J. Leigh, A. M. Waterfall, D. P. Moore, H. Sembhi, I. Parkes, J. Greenhough, M. P. Chipperfield, and D. Hauglustaine, “MIPAS reference atmospheres and comparisons to V4.61/V4.62 MIPAS level 2 geophysical data sets,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss. 7(4), 9973–10017 (2007).
[Crossref]

Morris, P. E.

Mosner, P.

H. Fischer, M. Birk, C. Blom, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, T. Clarmann, L. Delbouille, A. Dudhia, D. Ehhalt, M. Endemann, J. M. Flaud, R. Gessner, A. Kleinert, R. Koopman, J. Langen, M. Lopez-Puertas, P. Mosner, H. Nett, H. Oelhaf, G. Perron, J. Remedios, M. Ridolfi, G. Stiller, and R. Zander, “MIPAS: an instrument for atmospheric and climate research,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8(8), 2151–2188 (2008).
[Crossref]

Nett, H.

H. Fischer, M. Birk, C. Blom, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, T. Clarmann, L. Delbouille, A. Dudhia, D. Ehhalt, M. Endemann, J. M. Flaud, R. Gessner, A. Kleinert, R. Koopman, J. Langen, M. Lopez-Puertas, P. Mosner, H. Nett, H. Oelhaf, G. Perron, J. Remedios, M. Ridolfi, G. Stiller, and R. Zander, “MIPAS: an instrument for atmospheric and climate research,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8(8), 2151–2188 (2008).
[Crossref]

Niro, F.

P. Raspollini, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, S. Ceccherini, A. Dehn, B. M. Dinelli, A. Dudhia, J.-M. Flaud, M. López-Puertas, F. Niro, J. J. Remedios, M. Ridolfi, H. Sembhi, L. Sgheri, and T. Von Clarmann, “Ten years of MIPAS measurements with ESA Level 2 processor V6 – Part 1: Retrieval algorithm and diagnostics of the products,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 6(9), 2419–2439 (2013).
[Crossref]

Oelhaf, H.

H. Fischer, M. Birk, C. Blom, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, T. Clarmann, L. Delbouille, A. Dudhia, D. Ehhalt, M. Endemann, J. M. Flaud, R. Gessner, A. Kleinert, R. Koopman, J. Langen, M. Lopez-Puertas, P. Mosner, H. Nett, H. Oelhaf, G. Perron, J. Remedios, M. Ridolfi, G. Stiller, and R. Zander, “MIPAS: an instrument for atmospheric and climate research,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8(8), 2151–2188 (2008).
[Crossref]

Parkes, I.

J. J. Remedios, R. J. Leigh, A. M. Waterfall, D. P. Moore, H. Sembhi, I. Parkes, J. Greenhough, M. P. Chipperfield, and D. Hauglustaine, “MIPAS reference atmospheres and comparisons to V4.61/V4.62 MIPAS level 2 geophysical data sets,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss. 7(4), 9973–10017 (2007).
[Crossref]

Payne, V.

P. Raspollini, C. Belotti, A. Burgess, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, S. Ceccherini, B. M. Dinelli, A. Dudhia, J. M. Flaud, B. Funke, M. Hopfner, M. Lopez-Puertas, V. Payne, C. Piccolo, J. J. Remedios, M. Ridolfi, and R. Spang, “MIPAS level 2 operational analysis,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 6(12), 5605–5630 (2006).
[Crossref]

Payne, V. H.

A. B. Burgess, R. G. Grainger, A. Dudhia, and V. H. Payne, “MIPAS measurement of sulphur hexafluoride (SF6),” Geophys. Res. Lett. 31(5), L05112 (2004).
[Crossref]

Perron, G.

H. Fischer, M. Birk, C. Blom, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, T. Clarmann, L. Delbouille, A. Dudhia, D. Ehhalt, M. Endemann, J. M. Flaud, R. Gessner, A. Kleinert, R. Koopman, J. Langen, M. Lopez-Puertas, P. Mosner, H. Nett, H. Oelhaf, G. Perron, J. Remedios, M. Ridolfi, G. Stiller, and R. Zander, “MIPAS: an instrument for atmospheric and climate research,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8(8), 2151–2188 (2008).
[Crossref]

Piccolo, C.

P. Raspollini, C. Belotti, A. Burgess, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, S. Ceccherini, B. M. Dinelli, A. Dudhia, J. M. Flaud, B. Funke, M. Hopfner, M. Lopez-Puertas, V. Payne, C. Piccolo, J. J. Remedios, M. Ridolfi, and R. Spang, “MIPAS level 2 operational analysis,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 6(12), 5605–5630 (2006).
[Crossref]

Raspollini, P.

P. Raspollini, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, S. Ceccherini, A. Dehn, B. M. Dinelli, A. Dudhia, J.-M. Flaud, M. López-Puertas, F. Niro, J. J. Remedios, M. Ridolfi, H. Sembhi, L. Sgheri, and T. Von Clarmann, “Ten years of MIPAS measurements with ESA Level 2 processor V6 – Part 1: Retrieval algorithm and diagnostics of the products,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 6(9), 2419–2439 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. Ceccherini, B. Carli, and P. Raspollini, “Quality of MIPAS operational products,” J. Quantum Spectrosc. Radiat. 121, 45–55 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. Ceccherini, B. Carli, and P. Raspollini, “Quality quantifier of indirect measurements,” Opt. Express 20(5), 5151–5167 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Ceccherini, C. Belotti, B. Carli, P. Raspollini, and M. Ridolfi, “Technical Note: Regularization performances with the error consistency method in the case of retrieved atmospheric profiles,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 7(5), 1435–1440 (2007).
[Crossref]

P. Raspollini, C. Belotti, A. Burgess, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, S. Ceccherini, B. M. Dinelli, A. Dudhia, J. M. Flaud, B. Funke, M. Hopfner, M. Lopez-Puertas, V. Payne, C. Piccolo, J. J. Remedios, M. Ridolfi, and R. Spang, “MIPAS level 2 operational analysis,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 6(12), 5605–5630 (2006).
[Crossref]

M. Ridolfi, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, T. Von Clarmann, B. M. Dinelli, A. Dudhia, J. M. Flaud, M. Höpfner, P. E. Morris, P. Raspollini, G. Stiller, and R. J. Wells, “Optimized forward model and retrieval scheme for MIPAS near-real-time data processing,” Appl. Opt. 39(8), 1323–1340 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Remedios, J.

H. Fischer, M. Birk, C. Blom, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, T. Clarmann, L. Delbouille, A. Dudhia, D. Ehhalt, M. Endemann, J. M. Flaud, R. Gessner, A. Kleinert, R. Koopman, J. Langen, M. Lopez-Puertas, P. Mosner, H. Nett, H. Oelhaf, G. Perron, J. Remedios, M. Ridolfi, G. Stiller, and R. Zander, “MIPAS: an instrument for atmospheric and climate research,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8(8), 2151–2188 (2008).
[Crossref]

Remedios, J. J.

P. Raspollini, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, S. Ceccherini, A. Dehn, B. M. Dinelli, A. Dudhia, J.-M. Flaud, M. López-Puertas, F. Niro, J. J. Remedios, M. Ridolfi, H. Sembhi, L. Sgheri, and T. Von Clarmann, “Ten years of MIPAS measurements with ESA Level 2 processor V6 – Part 1: Retrieval algorithm and diagnostics of the products,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 6(9), 2419–2439 (2013).
[Crossref]

D. P. Moore and J. J. Remedios, “Growth rates of stratospheric HCFC-22,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8(1), 73–82 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. J. Remedios, R. J. Leigh, A. M. Waterfall, D. P. Moore, H. Sembhi, I. Parkes, J. Greenhough, M. P. Chipperfield, and D. Hauglustaine, “MIPAS reference atmospheres and comparisons to V4.61/V4.62 MIPAS level 2 geophysical data sets,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss. 7(4), 9973–10017 (2007).
[Crossref]

P. Raspollini, C. Belotti, A. Burgess, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, S. Ceccherini, B. M. Dinelli, A. Dudhia, J. M. Flaud, B. Funke, M. Hopfner, M. Lopez-Puertas, V. Payne, C. Piccolo, J. J. Remedios, M. Ridolfi, and R. Spang, “MIPAS level 2 operational analysis,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 6(12), 5605–5630 (2006).
[Crossref]

Ridolfi, M.

P. Raspollini, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, S. Ceccherini, A. Dehn, B. M. Dinelli, A. Dudhia, J.-M. Flaud, M. López-Puertas, F. Niro, J. J. Remedios, M. Ridolfi, H. Sembhi, L. Sgheri, and T. Von Clarmann, “Ten years of MIPAS measurements with ESA Level 2 processor V6 – Part 1: Retrieval algorithm and diagnostics of the products,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 6(9), 2419–2439 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. Ridolfi and L. Sgheri, “On the choice of retrieval variables in the inversion of remotely sensed atmospheric measurements,” Opt. Express 21(9), 11465–11474 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Ridolfi and L. Sgheri, “Iterative approach to self-adapting and altitude-dependent regularization for atmospheric profile retrievals,” Opt. Express 19(27), 26696–26709 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Ceccherini and M. Ridolfi, “Technical Note: Variance-covariance matrix and averaging kernels for the Levenberg-Marquardt solution of the retrieval of atmospheric vertical profiles,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 10(6), 3131–3139 (2010).
[Crossref]

H. Fischer, M. Birk, C. Blom, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, T. Clarmann, L. Delbouille, A. Dudhia, D. Ehhalt, M. Endemann, J. M. Flaud, R. Gessner, A. Kleinert, R. Koopman, J. Langen, M. Lopez-Puertas, P. Mosner, H. Nett, H. Oelhaf, G. Perron, J. Remedios, M. Ridolfi, G. Stiller, and R. Zander, “MIPAS: an instrument for atmospheric and climate research,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8(8), 2151–2188 (2008).
[Crossref]

S. Ceccherini, C. Belotti, B. Carli, P. Raspollini, and M. Ridolfi, “Technical Note: Regularization performances with the error consistency method in the case of retrieved atmospheric profiles,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 7(5), 1435–1440 (2007).
[Crossref]

P. Raspollini, C. Belotti, A. Burgess, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, S. Ceccherini, B. M. Dinelli, A. Dudhia, J. M. Flaud, B. Funke, M. Hopfner, M. Lopez-Puertas, V. Payne, C. Piccolo, J. J. Remedios, M. Ridolfi, and R. Spang, “MIPAS level 2 operational analysis,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 6(12), 5605–5630 (2006).
[Crossref]

M. Ridolfi, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, T. Von Clarmann, B. M. Dinelli, A. Dudhia, J. M. Flaud, M. Höpfner, P. E. Morris, P. Raspollini, G. Stiller, and R. J. Wells, “Optimized forward model and retrieval scheme for MIPAS near-real-time data processing,” Appl. Opt. 39(8), 1323–1340 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rodgers, C. D.

Sembhi, H.

P. Raspollini, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, S. Ceccherini, A. Dehn, B. M. Dinelli, A. Dudhia, J.-M. Flaud, M. López-Puertas, F. Niro, J. J. Remedios, M. Ridolfi, H. Sembhi, L. Sgheri, and T. Von Clarmann, “Ten years of MIPAS measurements with ESA Level 2 processor V6 – Part 1: Retrieval algorithm and diagnostics of the products,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 6(9), 2419–2439 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. J. Remedios, R. J. Leigh, A. M. Waterfall, D. P. Moore, H. Sembhi, I. Parkes, J. Greenhough, M. P. Chipperfield, and D. Hauglustaine, “MIPAS reference atmospheres and comparisons to V4.61/V4.62 MIPAS level 2 geophysical data sets,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss. 7(4), 9973–10017 (2007).
[Crossref]

Serio, C.

A. Carissimo, I. De Feis, and C. Serio, “The physical retrieval methodology for IASI: the δ-IASI code,” Environ. Model. Softw. 20(9), 1111–1126 (2005).
[Crossref]

Sgheri, L.

M. Ridolfi and L. Sgheri, “On the choice of retrieval variables in the inversion of remotely sensed atmospheric measurements,” Opt. Express 21(9), 11465–11474 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Raspollini, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, S. Ceccherini, A. Dehn, B. M. Dinelli, A. Dudhia, J.-M. Flaud, M. López-Puertas, F. Niro, J. J. Remedios, M. Ridolfi, H. Sembhi, L. Sgheri, and T. Von Clarmann, “Ten years of MIPAS measurements with ESA Level 2 processor V6 – Part 1: Retrieval algorithm and diagnostics of the products,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 6(9), 2419–2439 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. Ridolfi and L. Sgheri, “Iterative approach to self-adapting and altitude-dependent regularization for atmospheric profile retrievals,” Opt. Express 19(27), 26696–26709 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Spang, R.

P. Raspollini, C. Belotti, A. Burgess, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, S. Ceccherini, B. M. Dinelli, A. Dudhia, J. M. Flaud, B. Funke, M. Hopfner, M. Lopez-Puertas, V. Payne, C. Piccolo, J. J. Remedios, M. Ridolfi, and R. Spang, “MIPAS level 2 operational analysis,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 6(12), 5605–5630 (2006).
[Crossref]

Stiller, G.

H. Fischer, M. Birk, C. Blom, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, T. Clarmann, L. Delbouille, A. Dudhia, D. Ehhalt, M. Endemann, J. M. Flaud, R. Gessner, A. Kleinert, R. Koopman, J. Langen, M. Lopez-Puertas, P. Mosner, H. Nett, H. Oelhaf, G. Perron, J. Remedios, M. Ridolfi, G. Stiller, and R. Zander, “MIPAS: an instrument for atmospheric and climate research,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8(8), 2151–2188 (2008).
[Crossref]

M. Ridolfi, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, T. Von Clarmann, B. M. Dinelli, A. Dudhia, J. M. Flaud, M. Höpfner, P. E. Morris, P. Raspollini, G. Stiller, and R. J. Wells, “Optimized forward model and retrieval scheme for MIPAS near-real-time data processing,” Appl. Opt. 39(8), 1323–1340 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Von Clarmann, T.

P. Raspollini, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, S. Ceccherini, A. Dehn, B. M. Dinelli, A. Dudhia, J.-M. Flaud, M. López-Puertas, F. Niro, J. J. Remedios, M. Ridolfi, H. Sembhi, L. Sgheri, and T. Von Clarmann, “Ten years of MIPAS measurements with ESA Level 2 processor V6 – Part 1: Retrieval algorithm and diagnostics of the products,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 6(9), 2419–2439 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. Ridolfi, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, T. Von Clarmann, B. M. Dinelli, A. Dudhia, J. M. Flaud, M. Höpfner, P. E. Morris, P. Raspollini, G. Stiller, and R. J. Wells, “Optimized forward model and retrieval scheme for MIPAS near-real-time data processing,” Appl. Opt. 39(8), 1323–1340 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Waterfall, A. M.

J. J. Remedios, R. J. Leigh, A. M. Waterfall, D. P. Moore, H. Sembhi, I. Parkes, J. Greenhough, M. P. Chipperfield, and D. Hauglustaine, “MIPAS reference atmospheres and comparisons to V4.61/V4.62 MIPAS level 2 geophysical data sets,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss. 7(4), 9973–10017 (2007).
[Crossref]

Wells, R. J.

Zander, R.

H. Fischer, M. Birk, C. Blom, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, T. Clarmann, L. Delbouille, A. Dudhia, D. Ehhalt, M. Endemann, J. M. Flaud, R. Gessner, A. Kleinert, R. Koopman, J. Langen, M. Lopez-Puertas, P. Mosner, H. Nett, H. Oelhaf, G. Perron, J. Remedios, M. Ridolfi, G. Stiller, and R. Zander, “MIPAS: an instrument for atmospheric and climate research,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8(8), 2151–2188 (2008).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (3)

Atmos. Chem. Phys. (5)

S. Ceccherini, C. Belotti, B. Carli, P. Raspollini, and M. Ridolfi, “Technical Note: Regularization performances with the error consistency method in the case of retrieved atmospheric profiles,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 7(5), 1435–1440 (2007).
[Crossref]

P. Raspollini, C. Belotti, A. Burgess, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, S. Ceccherini, B. M. Dinelli, A. Dudhia, J. M. Flaud, B. Funke, M. Hopfner, M. Lopez-Puertas, V. Payne, C. Piccolo, J. J. Remedios, M. Ridolfi, and R. Spang, “MIPAS level 2 operational analysis,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 6(12), 5605–5630 (2006).
[Crossref]

D. P. Moore and J. J. Remedios, “Growth rates of stratospheric HCFC-22,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8(1), 73–82 (2008).
[Crossref]

S. Ceccherini and M. Ridolfi, “Technical Note: Variance-covariance matrix and averaging kernels for the Levenberg-Marquardt solution of the retrieval of atmospheric vertical profiles,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 10(6), 3131–3139 (2010).
[Crossref]

H. Fischer, M. Birk, C. Blom, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, T. Clarmann, L. Delbouille, A. Dudhia, D. Ehhalt, M. Endemann, J. M. Flaud, R. Gessner, A. Kleinert, R. Koopman, J. Langen, M. Lopez-Puertas, P. Mosner, H. Nett, H. Oelhaf, G. Perron, J. Remedios, M. Ridolfi, G. Stiller, and R. Zander, “MIPAS: an instrument for atmospheric and climate research,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8(8), 2151–2188 (2008).
[Crossref]

Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss. (1)

J. J. Remedios, R. J. Leigh, A. M. Waterfall, D. P. Moore, H. Sembhi, I. Parkes, J. Greenhough, M. P. Chipperfield, and D. Hauglustaine, “MIPAS reference atmospheres and comparisons to V4.61/V4.62 MIPAS level 2 geophysical data sets,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss. 7(4), 9973–10017 (2007).
[Crossref]

Atmos. Meas. Tech. (1)

P. Raspollini, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, S. Ceccherini, A. Dehn, B. M. Dinelli, A. Dudhia, J.-M. Flaud, M. López-Puertas, F. Niro, J. J. Remedios, M. Ridolfi, H. Sembhi, L. Sgheri, and T. Von Clarmann, “Ten years of MIPAS measurements with ESA Level 2 processor V6 – Part 1: Retrieval algorithm and diagnostics of the products,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 6(9), 2419–2439 (2013).
[Crossref]

Environ. Model. Softw. (1)

A. Carissimo, I. De Feis, and C. Serio, “The physical retrieval methodology for IASI: the δ-IASI code,” Environ. Model. Softw. 20(9), 1111–1126 (2005).
[Crossref]

Geophys. Res. Lett. (1)

A. B. Burgess, R. G. Grainger, A. Dudhia, and V. H. Payne, “MIPAS measurement of sulphur hexafluoride (SF6),” Geophys. Res. Lett. 31(5), L05112 (2004).
[Crossref]

J. Quantum Spectrosc. Radiat. (2)

S. Ceccherini, B. Carli, and P. Raspollini, “Quality of MIPAS operational products,” J. Quantum Spectrosc. Radiat. 121, 45–55 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. Ceccherini, “A generalization of optimal estimation for the retrieval of atmospheric vertical profiles,” J. Quantum Spectrosc. Radiat. 113(12), 1437–1440 (2012).
[Crossref]

J.R. Stat. Soc. (1)

R. A. Fisher, “The logic of inductive inference,” J.R. Stat. Soc. 98(1), 39–54 (1935).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Other (3)

D. S. Sivia, Data Analysis (Oxford University, 1996).

A. Doicu, T. Trautmann, and F. Schreier, Numerical regularization for atmospheric inverse problems (Springer, 2010).

C. D. Rodgers, Inverse Methods for Atmospheric Sounding: Theory and Practice, Vol. 2 of Series on Atmospheric, Oceanic and Planetary Physics (World Scientific, 2000).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Average vertical profile of HCFC-22 VMR obtained changing with Eq. (7) the strength of the constraint from k = 1 to k = 10 (black line). Average of ORM profiles obtained with k = 1 (red line) and with k = 10 (blue line). A-priori profile (green line).
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 As Fig. 1 when the new strength of the constraint is obtained using k = 100.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 As Fig. 1 when the new strength of the constraint is obtained using k = 1000.

Tables (1)

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Table 1 Average DOF as a function of k.

Equations (10)

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x ¯ = 1 N i=1 N x ^ i .
x ^ i H i x ^ i .
x ^ i = x ai + A i ( x i x ai )+ ε i .
x ^ i ( I A i ) x ai = A i x i + ε i .
α i = x ^ i ( I A i ) x ai ,
c i ( x )= ( A i x α i ) T S i 1 ( A i x α i )+ ( x x ai ) T S ai 1 ( x x ai ),
x ^ i = ( A i T S i 1 A i + S ai 1 ) 1 ( A i T S i 1 α i + S ai 1 x ai )
S i = ( A i T S i 1 A i + S ai 1 ) 1 A i T S i 1 A i ( A i T S i 1 A i + S ai 1 ) 1 .
A i = ( A i T S i 1 A i + S ai 1 ) 1 A i T S i 1 A i .
σ j = 1 N( N1 ) i=1 N ( ( x ^ i ) j ( x ¯ ) j ) 2 ,

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