Abstract

This study fits within the ongoing activities aimed at filling the lack of an operational IR limb sounder after the ENVISAT fault. Notably, we report the performance of a possible evolution of the MIPAS experiment. The strategy proposed for the new experiment (that we denote as MIPAS2k) is derived from the PREMIER infrared limb sounder (IRLS) and relies on both 1D array detector technology and reduction of the spectral resolution to achieve dense atmospheric sampling. We define observation parameters and report, as an example, the performance obtained by MIPAS2k when measuring O3 fields. The information load (IL) analysis was exploited to assess the sensitivity of MIPAS2k and to select optimal spectral intervals for retrieval tests on simulated observations of the new experiment. The results of the IL analysis suggest a new approach to the retrieval strategy (denoted as full-2D) in which the unknown parameter is no longer an element of the altitude profile but the constant value taken by the atmospheric quantity within a parcel (denoted as “clove”) of the 2D discretization. We demonstrate that the clove homogeneity assumption generates errors that are below the spectral noise of MIPAS2k when an appropriate clove thickness is used. Full-2D retrievals have been carried out on MIPAS2k simulated observations corresponding to a high resolution model atmosphere. We report a test case on O3 VMR in which the retrieval precision is better than 5% between 20 and 40 km and better than 30% in the upper troposphere-lower stratosphere. We test the ability of MIPAS2k to reconstruct a fine O3 structure present in the model atmosphere and we show how this structure would have been represented by MIPAS when measuring the same scenario. We have estimated the spatial resolution of MIPAS2k products by means of the perturbation approach that, in simulated retrievals, can be adopted to evaluate the averaging kernel of the retrieval parameters. For O3 we have found the estimates of 200 km and 2.5 km for the horizontal and vertical resolutions respectively.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  15. M. Ridolfi, L. Magnani, M. Carlotti, and B. M. Dinelli, “MIPAS-ENVISAT limb-sounding measurements: trade-off study for improvement of horizontal resolution,” Appl. Opt. 43(31), 5814–5824 (2004).
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]

2013 (2)

P. Raspollini, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, S. Ceccherini, A. Dehn, B. M. Dinelli, A. Dudhia, J.-M. Flaud, M. López-Puertas, F. Niro, J. J. Remedios, M. Ridolfi, H. Sembhi, L. Sgheri, and T. von Clarmann, “Ten years of MIPAS measurements with ESA Level 2 processor V6 - Part 1: Retrieval algorithm and diagnostics of the products,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 6(9), 2419–2439 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. Carlotti, E. Arnone, E. Castelli, B. M. Dinelli, and E. Papandrea, “Position error in profiles retrieved from MIPAS observations with a 1-D algorithm,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 6(2), 419–429 (2013).
[Crossref]

2011 (1)

M. Carlotti, E. Castelli, and E. Papandrea, “Two-dimensional performance of MIPAS observation modes in the upper troposphere/lower-stratosphere,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 4(2), 355–365 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (2)

B. M. Dinelli, E. Arnone, G. Brizzi, M. Carlotti, E. Castelli, L. Magnani, E. Papandrea, M. Prevedelli, and M. Ridolfi, “The MIPAS2D database of MIPAS/ENVISAT measurements retrieved with a multi-target 2-dimensional tomographic approach,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 3(2), 355–374 (2010).
[Crossref]

M. Kiefer, E. Arnone, A. Dudhia, M. Carlotti, E. Castelli, T. von Clarmann, B. M. Dinelli, A. Kleinert, A. Linden, M. Milz, E. Papandrea, and G. Stiller, “Impact of temperature field inhomogeneities on the retrieval of atmospheric species from MIPAS IR limb emission spectra,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 3(5), 1487–1507 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (2)

T. von Clarmann, M. Hoepfner, S. Kellmann, A. Linden, S. Chauhan, B. Funke, U. Grabowski, N. Glatthor, M. Kiefer, T. Schieferdecker, G. T. Stiller, and S. Versick, “Retrieval of temperature, H2O, O3, HNO3, CH4, N2O, ClONO2 and ClO from MIPAS reduced resolution nominal mode limb emission measurements,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 2, 159–175 (2009).
[Crossref]

M. Carlotti and L. Magnani, “Two-dimensional sensitivity analysis of MIPAS observations,” Opt. Express 17(7), 5340–5357 (2009).
[PubMed]

2008 (1)

H. Fischer, M. Birk, C. Blom, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, T. von Clarmann, L. Delbouille, A. Dudhia, D. Ehhalt, M. Endemann, J.-M. Flaud, R. Gessner, A. Kleinert, R. Koopman, J. Langen, M. L’opez-Puertas, P. Mosner, H. Nett, H. Oelhaf, G. Perron, J. J. Remedios, M. Ridolfi, G. Stiller, and R. Zander, “MIPAS: an instrument for atmospheric and climate research,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8(8), 2151–2188 (2008), doi:.
[Crossref]

2007 (2)

J. J. Remedios, R. J. Leigh, A. M. Waterfall, D. P. Moore, H. Sembhi, I. Parkes, J. Greenhough, M. P. Chipperfield, and D. Hauglustaine, “MIPAS reference atmospheres and comparisons to V4.61/V4.62 MIPAS level 2 geophysical data sets,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss. 7(4), 9973–10017 (2007).
[Crossref]

M. Carlotti, B. M. Dinelli, E. Papandrea, and M. Ridolfi, “Assessment of the horizontal resolution of retrieval products derived from MIPAS observations,” Opt. Express 15(16), 10458–10472 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2006 (1)

2004 (1)

2002 (1)

2001 (1)

2000 (1)

1994 (1)

1988 (1)

Arnone, E.

M. Carlotti, E. Arnone, E. Castelli, B. M. Dinelli, and E. Papandrea, “Position error in profiles retrieved from MIPAS observations with a 1-D algorithm,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 6(2), 419–429 (2013).
[Crossref]

B. M. Dinelli, E. Arnone, G. Brizzi, M. Carlotti, E. Castelli, L. Magnani, E. Papandrea, M. Prevedelli, and M. Ridolfi, “The MIPAS2D database of MIPAS/ENVISAT measurements retrieved with a multi-target 2-dimensional tomographic approach,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 3(2), 355–374 (2010).
[Crossref]

M. Kiefer, E. Arnone, A. Dudhia, M. Carlotti, E. Castelli, T. von Clarmann, B. M. Dinelli, A. Kleinert, A. Linden, M. Milz, E. Papandrea, and G. Stiller, “Impact of temperature field inhomogeneities on the retrieval of atmospheric species from MIPAS IR limb emission spectra,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 3(5), 1487–1507 (2010).
[Crossref]

Birk, M.

H. Fischer, M. Birk, C. Blom, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, T. von Clarmann, L. Delbouille, A. Dudhia, D. Ehhalt, M. Endemann, J.-M. Flaud, R. Gessner, A. Kleinert, R. Koopman, J. Langen, M. L’opez-Puertas, P. Mosner, H. Nett, H. Oelhaf, G. Perron, J. J. Remedios, M. Ridolfi, G. Stiller, and R. Zander, “MIPAS: an instrument for atmospheric and climate research,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8(8), 2151–2188 (2008), doi:.
[Crossref]

Blom, C.

H. Fischer, M. Birk, C. Blom, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, T. von Clarmann, L. Delbouille, A. Dudhia, D. Ehhalt, M. Endemann, J.-M. Flaud, R. Gessner, A. Kleinert, R. Koopman, J. Langen, M. L’opez-Puertas, P. Mosner, H. Nett, H. Oelhaf, G. Perron, J. J. Remedios, M. Ridolfi, G. Stiller, and R. Zander, “MIPAS: an instrument for atmospheric and climate research,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8(8), 2151–2188 (2008), doi:.
[Crossref]

Brizzi, G.

B. M. Dinelli, E. Arnone, G. Brizzi, M. Carlotti, E. Castelli, L. Magnani, E. Papandrea, M. Prevedelli, and M. Ridolfi, “The MIPAS2D database of MIPAS/ENVISAT measurements retrieved with a multi-target 2-dimensional tomographic approach,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 3(2), 355–374 (2010).
[Crossref]

M. Carlotti, G. Brizzi, E. Papandrea, M. Prevedelli, M. Ridolfi, B. M. Dinelli, and L. Magnani, “GMTR: two-dimensional geo-fit multitarget retrieval model for michelson interferometer for passive atmospheric sounding/environmental satellite observations,” Appl. Opt. 45(4), 716–727 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Carli, B.

P. Raspollini, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, S. Ceccherini, A. Dehn, B. M. Dinelli, A. Dudhia, J.-M. Flaud, M. López-Puertas, F. Niro, J. J. Remedios, M. Ridolfi, H. Sembhi, L. Sgheri, and T. von Clarmann, “Ten years of MIPAS measurements with ESA Level 2 processor V6 - Part 1: Retrieval algorithm and diagnostics of the products,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 6(9), 2419–2439 (2013).
[Crossref]

H. Fischer, M. Birk, C. Blom, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, T. von Clarmann, L. Delbouille, A. Dudhia, D. Ehhalt, M. Endemann, J.-M. Flaud, R. Gessner, A. Kleinert, R. Koopman, J. Langen, M. L’opez-Puertas, P. Mosner, H. Nett, H. Oelhaf, G. Perron, J. J. Remedios, M. Ridolfi, G. Stiller, and R. Zander, “MIPAS: an instrument for atmospheric and climate research,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8(8), 2151–2188 (2008), doi:.
[Crossref]

M. Ridolfi, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, T. von Clarmann, B. M. Dinelli, A. Dudhia, J. M. Flaud, M. Höpfner, P. E. Morris, P. Raspollini, G. Stiller, and R. J. Wells, “Optimized forward model and retrieval scheme for MIPAS near-real-time data processing,” Appl. Opt. 39(8), 1323–1340 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Carlotti and B. Carli, “Approach to the Design and Data Analysis of a Limb-Scanning Experiment,” Appl. Opt. 33(15), 3237–3249 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Carlotti, M.

P. Raspollini, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, S. Ceccherini, A. Dehn, B. M. Dinelli, A. Dudhia, J.-M. Flaud, M. López-Puertas, F. Niro, J. J. Remedios, M. Ridolfi, H. Sembhi, L. Sgheri, and T. von Clarmann, “Ten years of MIPAS measurements with ESA Level 2 processor V6 - Part 1: Retrieval algorithm and diagnostics of the products,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 6(9), 2419–2439 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. Carlotti, E. Arnone, E. Castelli, B. M. Dinelli, and E. Papandrea, “Position error in profiles retrieved from MIPAS observations with a 1-D algorithm,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 6(2), 419–429 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. Carlotti, E. Castelli, and E. Papandrea, “Two-dimensional performance of MIPAS observation modes in the upper troposphere/lower-stratosphere,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 4(2), 355–365 (2011).
[Crossref]

M. Kiefer, E. Arnone, A. Dudhia, M. Carlotti, E. Castelli, T. von Clarmann, B. M. Dinelli, A. Kleinert, A. Linden, M. Milz, E. Papandrea, and G. Stiller, “Impact of temperature field inhomogeneities on the retrieval of atmospheric species from MIPAS IR limb emission spectra,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 3(5), 1487–1507 (2010).
[Crossref]

B. M. Dinelli, E. Arnone, G. Brizzi, M. Carlotti, E. Castelli, L. Magnani, E. Papandrea, M. Prevedelli, and M. Ridolfi, “The MIPAS2D database of MIPAS/ENVISAT measurements retrieved with a multi-target 2-dimensional tomographic approach,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 3(2), 355–374 (2010).
[Crossref]

M. Carlotti and L. Magnani, “Two-dimensional sensitivity analysis of MIPAS observations,” Opt. Express 17(7), 5340–5357 (2009).
[PubMed]

H. Fischer, M. Birk, C. Blom, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, T. von Clarmann, L. Delbouille, A. Dudhia, D. Ehhalt, M. Endemann, J.-M. Flaud, R. Gessner, A. Kleinert, R. Koopman, J. Langen, M. L’opez-Puertas, P. Mosner, H. Nett, H. Oelhaf, G. Perron, J. J. Remedios, M. Ridolfi, G. Stiller, and R. Zander, “MIPAS: an instrument for atmospheric and climate research,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8(8), 2151–2188 (2008), doi:.
[Crossref]

M. Carlotti, B. M. Dinelli, E. Papandrea, and M. Ridolfi, “Assessment of the horizontal resolution of retrieval products derived from MIPAS observations,” Opt. Express 15(16), 10458–10472 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Carlotti, G. Brizzi, E. Papandrea, M. Prevedelli, M. Ridolfi, B. M. Dinelli, and L. Magnani, “GMTR: two-dimensional geo-fit multitarget retrieval model for michelson interferometer for passive atmospheric sounding/environmental satellite observations,” Appl. Opt. 45(4), 716–727 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Ridolfi, L. Magnani, M. Carlotti, and B. M. Dinelli, “MIPAS-ENVISAT limb-sounding measurements: trade-off study for improvement of horizontal resolution,” Appl. Opt. 43(31), 5814–5824 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Carlotti, B. M. Dinelli, P. Raspollini, and M. Ridolfi, “Geo-fit approach to the analysis of limb-scanning satellite measurements,” Appl. Opt. 40(12), 1872–1885 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Ridolfi, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, T. von Clarmann, B. M. Dinelli, A. Dudhia, J. M. Flaud, M. Höpfner, P. E. Morris, P. Raspollini, G. Stiller, and R. J. Wells, “Optimized forward model and retrieval scheme for MIPAS near-real-time data processing,” Appl. Opt. 39(8), 1323–1340 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Carlotti and B. Carli, “Approach to the Design and Data Analysis of a Limb-Scanning Experiment,” Appl. Opt. 33(15), 3237–3249 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Carlotti, “Global-fit approach to the analysis of limb-scanning atmospheric measurements,” Appl. Opt. 27(15), 3250–3254 (1988).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Castelli, E.

M. Carlotti, E. Arnone, E. Castelli, B. M. Dinelli, and E. Papandrea, “Position error in profiles retrieved from MIPAS observations with a 1-D algorithm,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 6(2), 419–429 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. Carlotti, E. Castelli, and E. Papandrea, “Two-dimensional performance of MIPAS observation modes in the upper troposphere/lower-stratosphere,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 4(2), 355–365 (2011).
[Crossref]

M. Kiefer, E. Arnone, A. Dudhia, M. Carlotti, E. Castelli, T. von Clarmann, B. M. Dinelli, A. Kleinert, A. Linden, M. Milz, E. Papandrea, and G. Stiller, “Impact of temperature field inhomogeneities on the retrieval of atmospheric species from MIPAS IR limb emission spectra,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 3(5), 1487–1507 (2010).
[Crossref]

B. M. Dinelli, E. Arnone, G. Brizzi, M. Carlotti, E. Castelli, L. Magnani, E. Papandrea, M. Prevedelli, and M. Ridolfi, “The MIPAS2D database of MIPAS/ENVISAT measurements retrieved with a multi-target 2-dimensional tomographic approach,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 3(2), 355–374 (2010).
[Crossref]

Ceccherini, S.

P. Raspollini, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, S. Ceccherini, A. Dehn, B. M. Dinelli, A. Dudhia, J.-M. Flaud, M. López-Puertas, F. Niro, J. J. Remedios, M. Ridolfi, H. Sembhi, L. Sgheri, and T. von Clarmann, “Ten years of MIPAS measurements with ESA Level 2 processor V6 - Part 1: Retrieval algorithm and diagnostics of the products,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 6(9), 2419–2439 (2013).
[Crossref]

Chauhan, S.

T. von Clarmann, M. Hoepfner, S. Kellmann, A. Linden, S. Chauhan, B. Funke, U. Grabowski, N. Glatthor, M. Kiefer, T. Schieferdecker, G. T. Stiller, and S. Versick, “Retrieval of temperature, H2O, O3, HNO3, CH4, N2O, ClONO2 and ClO from MIPAS reduced resolution nominal mode limb emission measurements,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 2, 159–175 (2009).
[Crossref]

Chipperfield, M. P.

J. J. Remedios, R. J. Leigh, A. M. Waterfall, D. P. Moore, H. Sembhi, I. Parkes, J. Greenhough, M. P. Chipperfield, and D. Hauglustaine, “MIPAS reference atmospheres and comparisons to V4.61/V4.62 MIPAS level 2 geophysical data sets,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss. 7(4), 9973–10017 (2007).
[Crossref]

Dehn, A.

P. Raspollini, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, S. Ceccherini, A. Dehn, B. M. Dinelli, A. Dudhia, J.-M. Flaud, M. López-Puertas, F. Niro, J. J. Remedios, M. Ridolfi, H. Sembhi, L. Sgheri, and T. von Clarmann, “Ten years of MIPAS measurements with ESA Level 2 processor V6 - Part 1: Retrieval algorithm and diagnostics of the products,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 6(9), 2419–2439 (2013).
[Crossref]

Delbouille, L.

H. Fischer, M. Birk, C. Blom, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, T. von Clarmann, L. Delbouille, A. Dudhia, D. Ehhalt, M. Endemann, J.-M. Flaud, R. Gessner, A. Kleinert, R. Koopman, J. Langen, M. L’opez-Puertas, P. Mosner, H. Nett, H. Oelhaf, G. Perron, J. J. Remedios, M. Ridolfi, G. Stiller, and R. Zander, “MIPAS: an instrument for atmospheric and climate research,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8(8), 2151–2188 (2008), doi:.
[Crossref]

Dinelli, B. M.

P. Raspollini, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, S. Ceccherini, A. Dehn, B. M. Dinelli, A. Dudhia, J.-M. Flaud, M. López-Puertas, F. Niro, J. J. Remedios, M. Ridolfi, H. Sembhi, L. Sgheri, and T. von Clarmann, “Ten years of MIPAS measurements with ESA Level 2 processor V6 - Part 1: Retrieval algorithm and diagnostics of the products,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 6(9), 2419–2439 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. Carlotti, E. Arnone, E. Castelli, B. M. Dinelli, and E. Papandrea, “Position error in profiles retrieved from MIPAS observations with a 1-D algorithm,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 6(2), 419–429 (2013).
[Crossref]

B. M. Dinelli, E. Arnone, G. Brizzi, M. Carlotti, E. Castelli, L. Magnani, E. Papandrea, M. Prevedelli, and M. Ridolfi, “The MIPAS2D database of MIPAS/ENVISAT measurements retrieved with a multi-target 2-dimensional tomographic approach,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 3(2), 355–374 (2010).
[Crossref]

M. Kiefer, E. Arnone, A. Dudhia, M. Carlotti, E. Castelli, T. von Clarmann, B. M. Dinelli, A. Kleinert, A. Linden, M. Milz, E. Papandrea, and G. Stiller, “Impact of temperature field inhomogeneities on the retrieval of atmospheric species from MIPAS IR limb emission spectra,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 3(5), 1487–1507 (2010).
[Crossref]

M. Carlotti, B. M. Dinelli, E. Papandrea, and M. Ridolfi, “Assessment of the horizontal resolution of retrieval products derived from MIPAS observations,” Opt. Express 15(16), 10458–10472 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Carlotti, G. Brizzi, E. Papandrea, M. Prevedelli, M. Ridolfi, B. M. Dinelli, and L. Magnani, “GMTR: two-dimensional geo-fit multitarget retrieval model for michelson interferometer for passive atmospheric sounding/environmental satellite observations,” Appl. Opt. 45(4), 716–727 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Ridolfi, L. Magnani, M. Carlotti, and B. M. Dinelli, “MIPAS-ENVISAT limb-sounding measurements: trade-off study for improvement of horizontal resolution,” Appl. Opt. 43(31), 5814–5824 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Carlotti, B. M. Dinelli, P. Raspollini, and M. Ridolfi, “Geo-fit approach to the analysis of limb-scanning satellite measurements,” Appl. Opt. 40(12), 1872–1885 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Ridolfi, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, T. von Clarmann, B. M. Dinelli, A. Dudhia, J. M. Flaud, M. Höpfner, P. E. Morris, P. Raspollini, G. Stiller, and R. J. Wells, “Optimized forward model and retrieval scheme for MIPAS near-real-time data processing,” Appl. Opt. 39(8), 1323–1340 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dudhia, A.

P. Raspollini, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, S. Ceccherini, A. Dehn, B. M. Dinelli, A. Dudhia, J.-M. Flaud, M. López-Puertas, F. Niro, J. J. Remedios, M. Ridolfi, H. Sembhi, L. Sgheri, and T. von Clarmann, “Ten years of MIPAS measurements with ESA Level 2 processor V6 - Part 1: Retrieval algorithm and diagnostics of the products,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 6(9), 2419–2439 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. Kiefer, E. Arnone, A. Dudhia, M. Carlotti, E. Castelli, T. von Clarmann, B. M. Dinelli, A. Kleinert, A. Linden, M. Milz, E. Papandrea, and G. Stiller, “Impact of temperature field inhomogeneities on the retrieval of atmospheric species from MIPAS IR limb emission spectra,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 3(5), 1487–1507 (2010).
[Crossref]

H. Fischer, M. Birk, C. Blom, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, T. von Clarmann, L. Delbouille, A. Dudhia, D. Ehhalt, M. Endemann, J.-M. Flaud, R. Gessner, A. Kleinert, R. Koopman, J. Langen, M. L’opez-Puertas, P. Mosner, H. Nett, H. Oelhaf, G. Perron, J. J. Remedios, M. Ridolfi, G. Stiller, and R. Zander, “MIPAS: an instrument for atmospheric and climate research,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8(8), 2151–2188 (2008), doi:.
[Crossref]

A. Dudhia, V. L. Jay, and C. D. Rodgers, “Microwindow selection for high-spectral-resolution sounders,” Appl. Opt. 41(18), 3665–3673 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Ridolfi, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, T. von Clarmann, B. M. Dinelli, A. Dudhia, J. M. Flaud, M. Höpfner, P. E. Morris, P. Raspollini, G. Stiller, and R. J. Wells, “Optimized forward model and retrieval scheme for MIPAS near-real-time data processing,” Appl. Opt. 39(8), 1323–1340 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ehhalt, D.

H. Fischer, M. Birk, C. Blom, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, T. von Clarmann, L. Delbouille, A. Dudhia, D. Ehhalt, M. Endemann, J.-M. Flaud, R. Gessner, A. Kleinert, R. Koopman, J. Langen, M. L’opez-Puertas, P. Mosner, H. Nett, H. Oelhaf, G. Perron, J. J. Remedios, M. Ridolfi, G. Stiller, and R. Zander, “MIPAS: an instrument for atmospheric and climate research,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8(8), 2151–2188 (2008), doi:.
[Crossref]

Endemann, M.

H. Fischer, M. Birk, C. Blom, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, T. von Clarmann, L. Delbouille, A. Dudhia, D. Ehhalt, M. Endemann, J.-M. Flaud, R. Gessner, A. Kleinert, R. Koopman, J. Langen, M. L’opez-Puertas, P. Mosner, H. Nett, H. Oelhaf, G. Perron, J. J. Remedios, M. Ridolfi, G. Stiller, and R. Zander, “MIPAS: an instrument for atmospheric and climate research,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8(8), 2151–2188 (2008), doi:.
[Crossref]

Fischer, H.

H. Fischer, M. Birk, C. Blom, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, T. von Clarmann, L. Delbouille, A. Dudhia, D. Ehhalt, M. Endemann, J.-M. Flaud, R. Gessner, A. Kleinert, R. Koopman, J. Langen, M. L’opez-Puertas, P. Mosner, H. Nett, H. Oelhaf, G. Perron, J. J. Remedios, M. Ridolfi, G. Stiller, and R. Zander, “MIPAS: an instrument for atmospheric and climate research,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8(8), 2151–2188 (2008), doi:.
[Crossref]

Flaud, J. M.

Flaud, J.-M.

P. Raspollini, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, S. Ceccherini, A. Dehn, B. M. Dinelli, A. Dudhia, J.-M. Flaud, M. López-Puertas, F. Niro, J. J. Remedios, M. Ridolfi, H. Sembhi, L. Sgheri, and T. von Clarmann, “Ten years of MIPAS measurements with ESA Level 2 processor V6 - Part 1: Retrieval algorithm and diagnostics of the products,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 6(9), 2419–2439 (2013).
[Crossref]

H. Fischer, M. Birk, C. Blom, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, T. von Clarmann, L. Delbouille, A. Dudhia, D. Ehhalt, M. Endemann, J.-M. Flaud, R. Gessner, A. Kleinert, R. Koopman, J. Langen, M. L’opez-Puertas, P. Mosner, H. Nett, H. Oelhaf, G. Perron, J. J. Remedios, M. Ridolfi, G. Stiller, and R. Zander, “MIPAS: an instrument for atmospheric and climate research,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8(8), 2151–2188 (2008), doi:.
[Crossref]

Funke, B.

T. von Clarmann, M. Hoepfner, S. Kellmann, A. Linden, S. Chauhan, B. Funke, U. Grabowski, N. Glatthor, M. Kiefer, T. Schieferdecker, G. T. Stiller, and S. Versick, “Retrieval of temperature, H2O, O3, HNO3, CH4, N2O, ClONO2 and ClO from MIPAS reduced resolution nominal mode limb emission measurements,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 2, 159–175 (2009).
[Crossref]

Gessner, R.

H. Fischer, M. Birk, C. Blom, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, T. von Clarmann, L. Delbouille, A. Dudhia, D. Ehhalt, M. Endemann, J.-M. Flaud, R. Gessner, A. Kleinert, R. Koopman, J. Langen, M. L’opez-Puertas, P. Mosner, H. Nett, H. Oelhaf, G. Perron, J. J. Remedios, M. Ridolfi, G. Stiller, and R. Zander, “MIPAS: an instrument for atmospheric and climate research,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8(8), 2151–2188 (2008), doi:.
[Crossref]

Glatthor, N.

T. von Clarmann, M. Hoepfner, S. Kellmann, A. Linden, S. Chauhan, B. Funke, U. Grabowski, N. Glatthor, M. Kiefer, T. Schieferdecker, G. T. Stiller, and S. Versick, “Retrieval of temperature, H2O, O3, HNO3, CH4, N2O, ClONO2 and ClO from MIPAS reduced resolution nominal mode limb emission measurements,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 2, 159–175 (2009).
[Crossref]

Grabowski, U.

T. von Clarmann, M. Hoepfner, S. Kellmann, A. Linden, S. Chauhan, B. Funke, U. Grabowski, N. Glatthor, M. Kiefer, T. Schieferdecker, G. T. Stiller, and S. Versick, “Retrieval of temperature, H2O, O3, HNO3, CH4, N2O, ClONO2 and ClO from MIPAS reduced resolution nominal mode limb emission measurements,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 2, 159–175 (2009).
[Crossref]

Greenhough, J.

J. J. Remedios, R. J. Leigh, A. M. Waterfall, D. P. Moore, H. Sembhi, I. Parkes, J. Greenhough, M. P. Chipperfield, and D. Hauglustaine, “MIPAS reference atmospheres and comparisons to V4.61/V4.62 MIPAS level 2 geophysical data sets,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss. 7(4), 9973–10017 (2007).
[Crossref]

Hauglustaine, D.

J. J. Remedios, R. J. Leigh, A. M. Waterfall, D. P. Moore, H. Sembhi, I. Parkes, J. Greenhough, M. P. Chipperfield, and D. Hauglustaine, “MIPAS reference atmospheres and comparisons to V4.61/V4.62 MIPAS level 2 geophysical data sets,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss. 7(4), 9973–10017 (2007).
[Crossref]

Hoepfner, M.

T. von Clarmann, M. Hoepfner, S. Kellmann, A. Linden, S. Chauhan, B. Funke, U. Grabowski, N. Glatthor, M. Kiefer, T. Schieferdecker, G. T. Stiller, and S. Versick, “Retrieval of temperature, H2O, O3, HNO3, CH4, N2O, ClONO2 and ClO from MIPAS reduced resolution nominal mode limb emission measurements,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 2, 159–175 (2009).
[Crossref]

Höpfner, M.

Jay, V. L.

Kellmann, S.

T. von Clarmann, M. Hoepfner, S. Kellmann, A. Linden, S. Chauhan, B. Funke, U. Grabowski, N. Glatthor, M. Kiefer, T. Schieferdecker, G. T. Stiller, and S. Versick, “Retrieval of temperature, H2O, O3, HNO3, CH4, N2O, ClONO2 and ClO from MIPAS reduced resolution nominal mode limb emission measurements,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 2, 159–175 (2009).
[Crossref]

Kiefer, M.

M. Kiefer, E. Arnone, A. Dudhia, M. Carlotti, E. Castelli, T. von Clarmann, B. M. Dinelli, A. Kleinert, A. Linden, M. Milz, E. Papandrea, and G. Stiller, “Impact of temperature field inhomogeneities on the retrieval of atmospheric species from MIPAS IR limb emission spectra,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 3(5), 1487–1507 (2010).
[Crossref]

T. von Clarmann, M. Hoepfner, S. Kellmann, A. Linden, S. Chauhan, B. Funke, U. Grabowski, N. Glatthor, M. Kiefer, T. Schieferdecker, G. T. Stiller, and S. Versick, “Retrieval of temperature, H2O, O3, HNO3, CH4, N2O, ClONO2 and ClO from MIPAS reduced resolution nominal mode limb emission measurements,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 2, 159–175 (2009).
[Crossref]

Kleinert, A.

M. Kiefer, E. Arnone, A. Dudhia, M. Carlotti, E. Castelli, T. von Clarmann, B. M. Dinelli, A. Kleinert, A. Linden, M. Milz, E. Papandrea, and G. Stiller, “Impact of temperature field inhomogeneities on the retrieval of atmospheric species from MIPAS IR limb emission spectra,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 3(5), 1487–1507 (2010).
[Crossref]

H. Fischer, M. Birk, C. Blom, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, T. von Clarmann, L. Delbouille, A. Dudhia, D. Ehhalt, M. Endemann, J.-M. Flaud, R. Gessner, A. Kleinert, R. Koopman, J. Langen, M. L’opez-Puertas, P. Mosner, H. Nett, H. Oelhaf, G. Perron, J. J. Remedios, M. Ridolfi, G. Stiller, and R. Zander, “MIPAS: an instrument for atmospheric and climate research,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8(8), 2151–2188 (2008), doi:.
[Crossref]

Koopman, R.

H. Fischer, M. Birk, C. Blom, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, T. von Clarmann, L. Delbouille, A. Dudhia, D. Ehhalt, M. Endemann, J.-M. Flaud, R. Gessner, A. Kleinert, R. Koopman, J. Langen, M. L’opez-Puertas, P. Mosner, H. Nett, H. Oelhaf, G. Perron, J. J. Remedios, M. Ridolfi, G. Stiller, and R. Zander, “MIPAS: an instrument for atmospheric and climate research,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8(8), 2151–2188 (2008), doi:.
[Crossref]

L’opez-Puertas, M.

H. Fischer, M. Birk, C. Blom, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, T. von Clarmann, L. Delbouille, A. Dudhia, D. Ehhalt, M. Endemann, J.-M. Flaud, R. Gessner, A. Kleinert, R. Koopman, J. Langen, M. L’opez-Puertas, P. Mosner, H. Nett, H. Oelhaf, G. Perron, J. J. Remedios, M. Ridolfi, G. Stiller, and R. Zander, “MIPAS: an instrument for atmospheric and climate research,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8(8), 2151–2188 (2008), doi:.
[Crossref]

Langen, J.

H. Fischer, M. Birk, C. Blom, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, T. von Clarmann, L. Delbouille, A. Dudhia, D. Ehhalt, M. Endemann, J.-M. Flaud, R. Gessner, A. Kleinert, R. Koopman, J. Langen, M. L’opez-Puertas, P. Mosner, H. Nett, H. Oelhaf, G. Perron, J. J. Remedios, M. Ridolfi, G. Stiller, and R. Zander, “MIPAS: an instrument for atmospheric and climate research,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8(8), 2151–2188 (2008), doi:.
[Crossref]

Leigh, R. J.

J. J. Remedios, R. J. Leigh, A. M. Waterfall, D. P. Moore, H. Sembhi, I. Parkes, J. Greenhough, M. P. Chipperfield, and D. Hauglustaine, “MIPAS reference atmospheres and comparisons to V4.61/V4.62 MIPAS level 2 geophysical data sets,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss. 7(4), 9973–10017 (2007).
[Crossref]

Linden, A.

M. Kiefer, E. Arnone, A. Dudhia, M. Carlotti, E. Castelli, T. von Clarmann, B. M. Dinelli, A. Kleinert, A. Linden, M. Milz, E. Papandrea, and G. Stiller, “Impact of temperature field inhomogeneities on the retrieval of atmospheric species from MIPAS IR limb emission spectra,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 3(5), 1487–1507 (2010).
[Crossref]

T. von Clarmann, M. Hoepfner, S. Kellmann, A. Linden, S. Chauhan, B. Funke, U. Grabowski, N. Glatthor, M. Kiefer, T. Schieferdecker, G. T. Stiller, and S. Versick, “Retrieval of temperature, H2O, O3, HNO3, CH4, N2O, ClONO2 and ClO from MIPAS reduced resolution nominal mode limb emission measurements,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 2, 159–175 (2009).
[Crossref]

López-Puertas, M.

P. Raspollini, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, S. Ceccherini, A. Dehn, B. M. Dinelli, A. Dudhia, J.-M. Flaud, M. López-Puertas, F. Niro, J. J. Remedios, M. Ridolfi, H. Sembhi, L. Sgheri, and T. von Clarmann, “Ten years of MIPAS measurements with ESA Level 2 processor V6 - Part 1: Retrieval algorithm and diagnostics of the products,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 6(9), 2419–2439 (2013).
[Crossref]

Magnani, L.

Milz, M.

M. Kiefer, E. Arnone, A. Dudhia, M. Carlotti, E. Castelli, T. von Clarmann, B. M. Dinelli, A. Kleinert, A. Linden, M. Milz, E. Papandrea, and G. Stiller, “Impact of temperature field inhomogeneities on the retrieval of atmospheric species from MIPAS IR limb emission spectra,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 3(5), 1487–1507 (2010).
[Crossref]

Moore, D. P.

J. J. Remedios, R. J. Leigh, A. M. Waterfall, D. P. Moore, H. Sembhi, I. Parkes, J. Greenhough, M. P. Chipperfield, and D. Hauglustaine, “MIPAS reference atmospheres and comparisons to V4.61/V4.62 MIPAS level 2 geophysical data sets,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss. 7(4), 9973–10017 (2007).
[Crossref]

Morris, P. E.

Mosner, P.

H. Fischer, M. Birk, C. Blom, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, T. von Clarmann, L. Delbouille, A. Dudhia, D. Ehhalt, M. Endemann, J.-M. Flaud, R. Gessner, A. Kleinert, R. Koopman, J. Langen, M. L’opez-Puertas, P. Mosner, H. Nett, H. Oelhaf, G. Perron, J. J. Remedios, M. Ridolfi, G. Stiller, and R. Zander, “MIPAS: an instrument for atmospheric and climate research,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8(8), 2151–2188 (2008), doi:.
[Crossref]

Nett, H.

H. Fischer, M. Birk, C. Blom, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, T. von Clarmann, L. Delbouille, A. Dudhia, D. Ehhalt, M. Endemann, J.-M. Flaud, R. Gessner, A. Kleinert, R. Koopman, J. Langen, M. L’opez-Puertas, P. Mosner, H. Nett, H. Oelhaf, G. Perron, J. J. Remedios, M. Ridolfi, G. Stiller, and R. Zander, “MIPAS: an instrument for atmospheric and climate research,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8(8), 2151–2188 (2008), doi:.
[Crossref]

Niro, F.

P. Raspollini, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, S. Ceccherini, A. Dehn, B. M. Dinelli, A. Dudhia, J.-M. Flaud, M. López-Puertas, F. Niro, J. J. Remedios, M. Ridolfi, H. Sembhi, L. Sgheri, and T. von Clarmann, “Ten years of MIPAS measurements with ESA Level 2 processor V6 - Part 1: Retrieval algorithm and diagnostics of the products,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 6(9), 2419–2439 (2013).
[Crossref]

Oelhaf, H.

H. Fischer, M. Birk, C. Blom, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, T. von Clarmann, L. Delbouille, A. Dudhia, D. Ehhalt, M. Endemann, J.-M. Flaud, R. Gessner, A. Kleinert, R. Koopman, J. Langen, M. L’opez-Puertas, P. Mosner, H. Nett, H. Oelhaf, G. Perron, J. J. Remedios, M. Ridolfi, G. Stiller, and R. Zander, “MIPAS: an instrument for atmospheric and climate research,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8(8), 2151–2188 (2008), doi:.
[Crossref]

Papandrea, E.

M. Carlotti, E. Arnone, E. Castelli, B. M. Dinelli, and E. Papandrea, “Position error in profiles retrieved from MIPAS observations with a 1-D algorithm,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 6(2), 419–429 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. Carlotti, E. Castelli, and E. Papandrea, “Two-dimensional performance of MIPAS observation modes in the upper troposphere/lower-stratosphere,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 4(2), 355–365 (2011).
[Crossref]

M. Kiefer, E. Arnone, A. Dudhia, M. Carlotti, E. Castelli, T. von Clarmann, B. M. Dinelli, A. Kleinert, A. Linden, M. Milz, E. Papandrea, and G. Stiller, “Impact of temperature field inhomogeneities on the retrieval of atmospheric species from MIPAS IR limb emission spectra,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 3(5), 1487–1507 (2010).
[Crossref]

B. M. Dinelli, E. Arnone, G. Brizzi, M. Carlotti, E. Castelli, L. Magnani, E. Papandrea, M. Prevedelli, and M. Ridolfi, “The MIPAS2D database of MIPAS/ENVISAT measurements retrieved with a multi-target 2-dimensional tomographic approach,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 3(2), 355–374 (2010).
[Crossref]

M. Carlotti, B. M. Dinelli, E. Papandrea, and M. Ridolfi, “Assessment of the horizontal resolution of retrieval products derived from MIPAS observations,” Opt. Express 15(16), 10458–10472 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Carlotti, G. Brizzi, E. Papandrea, M. Prevedelli, M. Ridolfi, B. M. Dinelli, and L. Magnani, “GMTR: two-dimensional geo-fit multitarget retrieval model for michelson interferometer for passive atmospheric sounding/environmental satellite observations,” Appl. Opt. 45(4), 716–727 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Parkes, I.

J. J. Remedios, R. J. Leigh, A. M. Waterfall, D. P. Moore, H. Sembhi, I. Parkes, J. Greenhough, M. P. Chipperfield, and D. Hauglustaine, “MIPAS reference atmospheres and comparisons to V4.61/V4.62 MIPAS level 2 geophysical data sets,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss. 7(4), 9973–10017 (2007).
[Crossref]

Perron, G.

H. Fischer, M. Birk, C. Blom, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, T. von Clarmann, L. Delbouille, A. Dudhia, D. Ehhalt, M. Endemann, J.-M. Flaud, R. Gessner, A. Kleinert, R. Koopman, J. Langen, M. L’opez-Puertas, P. Mosner, H. Nett, H. Oelhaf, G. Perron, J. J. Remedios, M. Ridolfi, G. Stiller, and R. Zander, “MIPAS: an instrument for atmospheric and climate research,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8(8), 2151–2188 (2008), doi:.
[Crossref]

Prevedelli, M.

B. M. Dinelli, E. Arnone, G. Brizzi, M. Carlotti, E. Castelli, L. Magnani, E. Papandrea, M. Prevedelli, and M. Ridolfi, “The MIPAS2D database of MIPAS/ENVISAT measurements retrieved with a multi-target 2-dimensional tomographic approach,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 3(2), 355–374 (2010).
[Crossref]

M. Carlotti, G. Brizzi, E. Papandrea, M. Prevedelli, M. Ridolfi, B. M. Dinelli, and L. Magnani, “GMTR: two-dimensional geo-fit multitarget retrieval model for michelson interferometer for passive atmospheric sounding/environmental satellite observations,” Appl. Opt. 45(4), 716–727 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Raspollini, P.

P. Raspollini, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, S. Ceccherini, A. Dehn, B. M. Dinelli, A. Dudhia, J.-M. Flaud, M. López-Puertas, F. Niro, J. J. Remedios, M. Ridolfi, H. Sembhi, L. Sgheri, and T. von Clarmann, “Ten years of MIPAS measurements with ESA Level 2 processor V6 - Part 1: Retrieval algorithm and diagnostics of the products,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 6(9), 2419–2439 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. Carlotti, B. M. Dinelli, P. Raspollini, and M. Ridolfi, “Geo-fit approach to the analysis of limb-scanning satellite measurements,” Appl. Opt. 40(12), 1872–1885 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Ridolfi, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, T. von Clarmann, B. M. Dinelli, A. Dudhia, J. M. Flaud, M. Höpfner, P. E. Morris, P. Raspollini, G. Stiller, and R. J. Wells, “Optimized forward model and retrieval scheme for MIPAS near-real-time data processing,” Appl. Opt. 39(8), 1323–1340 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Remedios, J. J.

P. Raspollini, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, S. Ceccherini, A. Dehn, B. M. Dinelli, A. Dudhia, J.-M. Flaud, M. López-Puertas, F. Niro, J. J. Remedios, M. Ridolfi, H. Sembhi, L. Sgheri, and T. von Clarmann, “Ten years of MIPAS measurements with ESA Level 2 processor V6 - Part 1: Retrieval algorithm and diagnostics of the products,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 6(9), 2419–2439 (2013).
[Crossref]

H. Fischer, M. Birk, C. Blom, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, T. von Clarmann, L. Delbouille, A. Dudhia, D. Ehhalt, M. Endemann, J.-M. Flaud, R. Gessner, A. Kleinert, R. Koopman, J. Langen, M. L’opez-Puertas, P. Mosner, H. Nett, H. Oelhaf, G. Perron, J. J. Remedios, M. Ridolfi, G. Stiller, and R. Zander, “MIPAS: an instrument for atmospheric and climate research,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8(8), 2151–2188 (2008), doi:.
[Crossref]

J. J. Remedios, R. J. Leigh, A. M. Waterfall, D. P. Moore, H. Sembhi, I. Parkes, J. Greenhough, M. P. Chipperfield, and D. Hauglustaine, “MIPAS reference atmospheres and comparisons to V4.61/V4.62 MIPAS level 2 geophysical data sets,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss. 7(4), 9973–10017 (2007).
[Crossref]

Ridolfi, M.

P. Raspollini, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, S. Ceccherini, A. Dehn, B. M. Dinelli, A. Dudhia, J.-M. Flaud, M. López-Puertas, F. Niro, J. J. Remedios, M. Ridolfi, H. Sembhi, L. Sgheri, and T. von Clarmann, “Ten years of MIPAS measurements with ESA Level 2 processor V6 - Part 1: Retrieval algorithm and diagnostics of the products,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 6(9), 2419–2439 (2013).
[Crossref]

B. M. Dinelli, E. Arnone, G. Brizzi, M. Carlotti, E. Castelli, L. Magnani, E. Papandrea, M. Prevedelli, and M. Ridolfi, “The MIPAS2D database of MIPAS/ENVISAT measurements retrieved with a multi-target 2-dimensional tomographic approach,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 3(2), 355–374 (2010).
[Crossref]

H. Fischer, M. Birk, C. Blom, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, T. von Clarmann, L. Delbouille, A. Dudhia, D. Ehhalt, M. Endemann, J.-M. Flaud, R. Gessner, A. Kleinert, R. Koopman, J. Langen, M. L’opez-Puertas, P. Mosner, H. Nett, H. Oelhaf, G. Perron, J. J. Remedios, M. Ridolfi, G. Stiller, and R. Zander, “MIPAS: an instrument for atmospheric and climate research,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8(8), 2151–2188 (2008), doi:.
[Crossref]

M. Carlotti, B. M. Dinelli, E. Papandrea, and M. Ridolfi, “Assessment of the horizontal resolution of retrieval products derived from MIPAS observations,” Opt. Express 15(16), 10458–10472 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Carlotti, G. Brizzi, E. Papandrea, M. Prevedelli, M. Ridolfi, B. M. Dinelli, and L. Magnani, “GMTR: two-dimensional geo-fit multitarget retrieval model for michelson interferometer for passive atmospheric sounding/environmental satellite observations,” Appl. Opt. 45(4), 716–727 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Ridolfi, L. Magnani, M. Carlotti, and B. M. Dinelli, “MIPAS-ENVISAT limb-sounding measurements: trade-off study for improvement of horizontal resolution,” Appl. Opt. 43(31), 5814–5824 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Carlotti, B. M. Dinelli, P. Raspollini, and M. Ridolfi, “Geo-fit approach to the analysis of limb-scanning satellite measurements,” Appl. Opt. 40(12), 1872–1885 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Ridolfi, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, T. von Clarmann, B. M. Dinelli, A. Dudhia, J. M. Flaud, M. Höpfner, P. E. Morris, P. Raspollini, G. Stiller, and R. J. Wells, “Optimized forward model and retrieval scheme for MIPAS near-real-time data processing,” Appl. Opt. 39(8), 1323–1340 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rodgers, C. D.

Schieferdecker, T.

T. von Clarmann, M. Hoepfner, S. Kellmann, A. Linden, S. Chauhan, B. Funke, U. Grabowski, N. Glatthor, M. Kiefer, T. Schieferdecker, G. T. Stiller, and S. Versick, “Retrieval of temperature, H2O, O3, HNO3, CH4, N2O, ClONO2 and ClO from MIPAS reduced resolution nominal mode limb emission measurements,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 2, 159–175 (2009).
[Crossref]

Sembhi, H.

P. Raspollini, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, S. Ceccherini, A. Dehn, B. M. Dinelli, A. Dudhia, J.-M. Flaud, M. López-Puertas, F. Niro, J. J. Remedios, M. Ridolfi, H. Sembhi, L. Sgheri, and T. von Clarmann, “Ten years of MIPAS measurements with ESA Level 2 processor V6 - Part 1: Retrieval algorithm and diagnostics of the products,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 6(9), 2419–2439 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. J. Remedios, R. J. Leigh, A. M. Waterfall, D. P. Moore, H. Sembhi, I. Parkes, J. Greenhough, M. P. Chipperfield, and D. Hauglustaine, “MIPAS reference atmospheres and comparisons to V4.61/V4.62 MIPAS level 2 geophysical data sets,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss. 7(4), 9973–10017 (2007).
[Crossref]

Sgheri, L.

P. Raspollini, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, S. Ceccherini, A. Dehn, B. M. Dinelli, A. Dudhia, J.-M. Flaud, M. López-Puertas, F. Niro, J. J. Remedios, M. Ridolfi, H. Sembhi, L. Sgheri, and T. von Clarmann, “Ten years of MIPAS measurements with ESA Level 2 processor V6 - Part 1: Retrieval algorithm and diagnostics of the products,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 6(9), 2419–2439 (2013).
[Crossref]

Stiller, G.

M. Kiefer, E. Arnone, A. Dudhia, M. Carlotti, E. Castelli, T. von Clarmann, B. M. Dinelli, A. Kleinert, A. Linden, M. Milz, E. Papandrea, and G. Stiller, “Impact of temperature field inhomogeneities on the retrieval of atmospheric species from MIPAS IR limb emission spectra,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 3(5), 1487–1507 (2010).
[Crossref]

H. Fischer, M. Birk, C. Blom, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, T. von Clarmann, L. Delbouille, A. Dudhia, D. Ehhalt, M. Endemann, J.-M. Flaud, R. Gessner, A. Kleinert, R. Koopman, J. Langen, M. L’opez-Puertas, P. Mosner, H. Nett, H. Oelhaf, G. Perron, J. J. Remedios, M. Ridolfi, G. Stiller, and R. Zander, “MIPAS: an instrument for atmospheric and climate research,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8(8), 2151–2188 (2008), doi:.
[Crossref]

M. Ridolfi, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, T. von Clarmann, B. M. Dinelli, A. Dudhia, J. M. Flaud, M. Höpfner, P. E. Morris, P. Raspollini, G. Stiller, and R. J. Wells, “Optimized forward model and retrieval scheme for MIPAS near-real-time data processing,” Appl. Opt. 39(8), 1323–1340 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Stiller, G. T.

T. von Clarmann, M. Hoepfner, S. Kellmann, A. Linden, S. Chauhan, B. Funke, U. Grabowski, N. Glatthor, M. Kiefer, T. Schieferdecker, G. T. Stiller, and S. Versick, “Retrieval of temperature, H2O, O3, HNO3, CH4, N2O, ClONO2 and ClO from MIPAS reduced resolution nominal mode limb emission measurements,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 2, 159–175 (2009).
[Crossref]

Versick, S.

T. von Clarmann, M. Hoepfner, S. Kellmann, A. Linden, S. Chauhan, B. Funke, U. Grabowski, N. Glatthor, M. Kiefer, T. Schieferdecker, G. T. Stiller, and S. Versick, “Retrieval of temperature, H2O, O3, HNO3, CH4, N2O, ClONO2 and ClO from MIPAS reduced resolution nominal mode limb emission measurements,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 2, 159–175 (2009).
[Crossref]

von Clarmann, T.

P. Raspollini, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, S. Ceccherini, A. Dehn, B. M. Dinelli, A. Dudhia, J.-M. Flaud, M. López-Puertas, F. Niro, J. J. Remedios, M. Ridolfi, H. Sembhi, L. Sgheri, and T. von Clarmann, “Ten years of MIPAS measurements with ESA Level 2 processor V6 - Part 1: Retrieval algorithm and diagnostics of the products,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 6(9), 2419–2439 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. Kiefer, E. Arnone, A. Dudhia, M. Carlotti, E. Castelli, T. von Clarmann, B. M. Dinelli, A. Kleinert, A. Linden, M. Milz, E. Papandrea, and G. Stiller, “Impact of temperature field inhomogeneities on the retrieval of atmospheric species from MIPAS IR limb emission spectra,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 3(5), 1487–1507 (2010).
[Crossref]

T. von Clarmann, M. Hoepfner, S. Kellmann, A. Linden, S. Chauhan, B. Funke, U. Grabowski, N. Glatthor, M. Kiefer, T. Schieferdecker, G. T. Stiller, and S. Versick, “Retrieval of temperature, H2O, O3, HNO3, CH4, N2O, ClONO2 and ClO from MIPAS reduced resolution nominal mode limb emission measurements,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 2, 159–175 (2009).
[Crossref]

H. Fischer, M. Birk, C. Blom, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, T. von Clarmann, L. Delbouille, A. Dudhia, D. Ehhalt, M. Endemann, J.-M. Flaud, R. Gessner, A. Kleinert, R. Koopman, J. Langen, M. L’opez-Puertas, P. Mosner, H. Nett, H. Oelhaf, G. Perron, J. J. Remedios, M. Ridolfi, G. Stiller, and R. Zander, “MIPAS: an instrument for atmospheric and climate research,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8(8), 2151–2188 (2008), doi:.
[Crossref]

M. Ridolfi, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, T. von Clarmann, B. M. Dinelli, A. Dudhia, J. M. Flaud, M. Höpfner, P. E. Morris, P. Raspollini, G. Stiller, and R. J. Wells, “Optimized forward model and retrieval scheme for MIPAS near-real-time data processing,” Appl. Opt. 39(8), 1323–1340 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Waterfall, A. M.

J. J. Remedios, R. J. Leigh, A. M. Waterfall, D. P. Moore, H. Sembhi, I. Parkes, J. Greenhough, M. P. Chipperfield, and D. Hauglustaine, “MIPAS reference atmospheres and comparisons to V4.61/V4.62 MIPAS level 2 geophysical data sets,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss. 7(4), 9973–10017 (2007).
[Crossref]

Wells, R. J.

Zander, R.

H. Fischer, M. Birk, C. Blom, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, T. von Clarmann, L. Delbouille, A. Dudhia, D. Ehhalt, M. Endemann, J.-M. Flaud, R. Gessner, A. Kleinert, R. Koopman, J. Langen, M. L’opez-Puertas, P. Mosner, H. Nett, H. Oelhaf, G. Perron, J. J. Remedios, M. Ridolfi, G. Stiller, and R. Zander, “MIPAS: an instrument for atmospheric and climate research,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8(8), 2151–2188 (2008), doi:.
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (7)

M. Carlotti, “Global-fit approach to the analysis of limb-scanning atmospheric measurements,” Appl. Opt. 27(15), 3250–3254 (1988).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Carlotti and B. Carli, “Approach to the Design and Data Analysis of a Limb-Scanning Experiment,” Appl. Opt. 33(15), 3237–3249 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Carlotti, B. M. Dinelli, P. Raspollini, and M. Ridolfi, “Geo-fit approach to the analysis of limb-scanning satellite measurements,” Appl. Opt. 40(12), 1872–1885 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Ridolfi, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, T. von Clarmann, B. M. Dinelli, A. Dudhia, J. M. Flaud, M. Höpfner, P. E. Morris, P. Raspollini, G. Stiller, and R. J. Wells, “Optimized forward model and retrieval scheme for MIPAS near-real-time data processing,” Appl. Opt. 39(8), 1323–1340 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Dudhia, V. L. Jay, and C. D. Rodgers, “Microwindow selection for high-spectral-resolution sounders,” Appl. Opt. 41(18), 3665–3673 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Ridolfi, L. Magnani, M. Carlotti, and B. M. Dinelli, “MIPAS-ENVISAT limb-sounding measurements: trade-off study for improvement of horizontal resolution,” Appl. Opt. 43(31), 5814–5824 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Carlotti, G. Brizzi, E. Papandrea, M. Prevedelli, M. Ridolfi, B. M. Dinelli, and L. Magnani, “GMTR: two-dimensional geo-fit multitarget retrieval model for michelson interferometer for passive atmospheric sounding/environmental satellite observations,” Appl. Opt. 45(4), 716–727 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Atmos. Chem. Phys. (1)

H. Fischer, M. Birk, C. Blom, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, T. von Clarmann, L. Delbouille, A. Dudhia, D. Ehhalt, M. Endemann, J.-M. Flaud, R. Gessner, A. Kleinert, R. Koopman, J. Langen, M. L’opez-Puertas, P. Mosner, H. Nett, H. Oelhaf, G. Perron, J. J. Remedios, M. Ridolfi, G. Stiller, and R. Zander, “MIPAS: an instrument for atmospheric and climate research,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8(8), 2151–2188 (2008), doi:.
[Crossref]

Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss. (1)

J. J. Remedios, R. J. Leigh, A. M. Waterfall, D. P. Moore, H. Sembhi, I. Parkes, J. Greenhough, M. P. Chipperfield, and D. Hauglustaine, “MIPAS reference atmospheres and comparisons to V4.61/V4.62 MIPAS level 2 geophysical data sets,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss. 7(4), 9973–10017 (2007).
[Crossref]

Atmos. Meas. Tech. (6)

B. M. Dinelli, E. Arnone, G. Brizzi, M. Carlotti, E. Castelli, L. Magnani, E. Papandrea, M. Prevedelli, and M. Ridolfi, “The MIPAS2D database of MIPAS/ENVISAT measurements retrieved with a multi-target 2-dimensional tomographic approach,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 3(2), 355–374 (2010).
[Crossref]

M. Kiefer, E. Arnone, A. Dudhia, M. Carlotti, E. Castelli, T. von Clarmann, B. M. Dinelli, A. Kleinert, A. Linden, M. Milz, E. Papandrea, and G. Stiller, “Impact of temperature field inhomogeneities on the retrieval of atmospheric species from MIPAS IR limb emission spectra,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 3(5), 1487–1507 (2010).
[Crossref]

T. von Clarmann, M. Hoepfner, S. Kellmann, A. Linden, S. Chauhan, B. Funke, U. Grabowski, N. Glatthor, M. Kiefer, T. Schieferdecker, G. T. Stiller, and S. Versick, “Retrieval of temperature, H2O, O3, HNO3, CH4, N2O, ClONO2 and ClO from MIPAS reduced resolution nominal mode limb emission measurements,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 2, 159–175 (2009).
[Crossref]

M. Carlotti, E. Castelli, and E. Papandrea, “Two-dimensional performance of MIPAS observation modes in the upper troposphere/lower-stratosphere,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 4(2), 355–365 (2011).
[Crossref]

M. Carlotti, E. Arnone, E. Castelli, B. M. Dinelli, and E. Papandrea, “Position error in profiles retrieved from MIPAS observations with a 1-D algorithm,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 6(2), 419–429 (2013).
[Crossref]

P. Raspollini, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, S. Ceccherini, A. Dehn, B. M. Dinelli, A. Dudhia, J.-M. Flaud, M. López-Puertas, F. Niro, J. J. Remedios, M. Ridolfi, H. Sembhi, L. Sgheri, and T. von Clarmann, “Ten years of MIPAS measurements with ESA Level 2 processor V6 - Part 1: Retrieval algorithm and diagnostics of the products,” Atmos. Meas. Tech. 6(9), 2419–2439 (2013).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (2)

Other (5)

ESA, Candidate Earth Explorer Core Missions – Report for Assessment: PREMIER – PRocess Exploitation through Measurements of Infrared and millimetre-wave Emitted Radiation, SP-1313/5, ESA Publications Division, ESTEC, Keplerlaan 1, 2200 AG Noordwijk, The Netherlands, (2008).

European Space Agency, ed., “ENVISAT-MIPAS: an instrument for atmospheric chemistry and climate research,” ESA Rep. SP-1229. (European Space Research and Technology Center, Noordwijk, The Netherlands, March 2000).

P. Raspollini, F. Barbara, B. Carli, M. Carlotti, E. Castelli, S. Ceccherini, A. Dehn, M. De Laurentis, B. M. Dinelli, A. Dudhia, T. Fehr, H. Fischer, J.-M. Flaud, B. Funke, M. Hoepfner, M. Kiefer, M. Lopez-Puertas, H. Oelhaf, F. Niro, J. J. Remedios, M. Ridolfi, H. Sembhi, L. Sgheri, T. von Clarmann, and H. Weber, “Ten years of MIPAS measurements with ESA Level 2 processor V6,” in Proceedings of Advances in Atmospheric Science and Applications (ATMOS 2012) Bruges, 18–22 Jun, 2012.

A. Dudhia, University of Oxford, AOPP, Oxford, UK, (personal communication, 2013).

J. T. Houghton, The Physics of Atmospheres, 2nd ed. (Cambridge University, 1977).

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 2D discretization of the atmosphere. A clove, highlighted in green, is crossed by the LOS of three observation geometries.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Left panel: Ozone WΩ distribution for an orbit of the OR nominal MIPAS observation mode. Horizontal lines mark altitudes from 5 to 50 km at 5 km steps. Right panel: detail of the WΩ distribution (in polar coordinates) around the OC value of 25 deg. The atmosphere is expanded by a factor of 10 with respect to the Earth’s radius.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Sample distributions of the O3 WΩ quantifier at 20 km in the 19-33 deg OC interval. Black lines, measured by the left-hand y axis, refer to different MIPAS observation modes: solid to OR NOM, dot-dashed and dashed to UTLS-2 and S6 respectively. The red line, measured by the right-hand y axis, refers to MIPAS2k.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Maps of WΩ w.r.t. O3 VMR for an orbit of MIPAS2k. Plotting formats are as in Fig. 2.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Differences between full-2D and Geo-fit simulations calculated for all the spectral points of the two O3 MWs over the lower part of a mid-latitude limb scan. The two MWs are paired and lined up along the x axis that reports the corresponding tangent altitudes. Red line: simulations with cloves that are 2 km thick and 1 deg wide. Green and blue lines: simulations with clove thickness of 1.0, and 0.5 km respectively. The horizontal blue lines delimit the r.m.s. of MIPAS2k spectral noise.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 (a) O3 VMR distribution used to generate the simulated observations; (b) distribution used as initial guess for the retrieval process; (c) result of the full-2D retrieval; (d) relative values of the difference between retrieved and reference O3 VMRs.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 (a) Detail of the reference O3 field in full-2D representation; (b) result of the full-2D retrieval; (c) layout of the retrieval parameters, in the considered atmospheric section, as defined by the Geo-fit; VMR values are represented with the same color scale as in the other panels; (d) O3 field obtained by interpolating the VMR values of panel (c) over the orbit plane.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 (a) Detail of the reference atmosphere in the Antarctic region where the O3 VMR has been enhanced by 50% within a clove around 30 km and 180 deg.; (b) O3 field retrieved from the observations simulated with the atmosphere in panel (a);(c) and (d) differences, along the OC and altitude of the perturbed clove, between values retrieved with the perturbed and unperturbed clove divided by the perturbation value.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Observational Parameters of MIPAS2k

Tables Icon

Table 2 Computational Details for the Full-2D and the Geo-fit Retrievals

Equations (2)

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Ω ( q , h ) = [ ( k T k ) h ] 1/2
W Ω ( q , h ) = [ ( k T S -1 k ) h ] 1/2

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