Abstract

This study demonstrates for the first time a continuously tunable photonic bandgap (PBG) of wide spectral range based on a blue phase (BP) wedge cell. A continuously shifting PBG of the BP wedge cell occurs due to the thickness gradient of the wedge cell at a fixed temperature. The wedge cell provides a gradient of boundary force on the LCs and thus forms a distribution of BP crystal structure with a gradient lattice. Additionally, a spatially tunable lasing emission based on a dye-doped BP (DDBP) wedge cell is also demonstrated. The tunable band of the PBG and lasing emission is about 130 nm and 70 nm, respectively, which tuning spectral ranges are significantly wider than those of CLC and DDCLC wedge cells, respectively. Such a BP device has a significant potential in applications of tunable photonic devices and displays.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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    [Crossref]
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2014 (2)

2013 (2)

S.-T. Hur, B. R. Lee, M.-J. Gim, K.-W. Park, M.-H. Song, and S.-W. Choi, “Liquid-crystalline blue phase laser with widely tunable wavelength,” Adv. Mater. 25(21), 3002–3006 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. H. Lin, Y. Li, C.-T. Wang, H.-C. Jau, C.-W. Chen, C.-C. Li, H. K. Bisoyi, T. J. Bunning, and Q. Li, “Red, green and blue reflections enabled in an optically tunable self-organized 3D cubic nanostructured thin film,” Adv. Mater. 25(36), 5050–5054 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (3)

2011 (2)

H.-Y. Liu, C.-T. Wang, C.-Y. Hsu, and T.-H. Lin, “Pinning effect on the photonic bandgaps of blue-phase liquid crystal,” Appl. Opt. 50(11), 1606–1609 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Inoue, H. Yoshida, K. Inoue, Y. Shiozaki, H. Kubo, A. Fujii, and M. Ozaki, “Tunable lasing from a cholesteric liquid crystal film embedded with a liquid crystal nanopore network,” Adv. Mater. 23(46), 5498–5501 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2010 (2)

2009 (1)

S. S. Choi, S. M. Morris, W. T. S. Huck, and H. J. Coles, “Electrically tuneable liquid crystal photonic bandgaps,” Adv. Mater. 21(38–39), 3915–3918 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (3)

H. Kukichi, “Liquid crystalline blue phases,” Struct. Bond. 128, 99–117 (2008).
[Crossref]

S. M. Morris, P. J. W. Hands, S. Findeisen-Tandel, R. H. Cole, T. D. Wilkinson, and H. J. Coles, “Polychromatic liquid crystal laser arrays towards display applications,” Opt. Express 16(23), 18827–18837 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M.-Y. Jeong, H. Choi, and J. W. Wu, “Spatial tuning of laser emission in a dye-doped cholesteric liquid crystal wedge cell,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(5), 051108 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (2)

K. Sonoyama, Y. Takanishi, K. Ishikawa, and H. Takezoe, “Position-sensitive cholesteric liquid crystal dye laser covering a full visible range,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 46(36), L874–L876 (2007).
[Crossref]

G. Chilaya, A. Chanishvili, G. Petriashvili, R. Barberi, R. Bartolino, G. Cipparrone, A. Mazzulla, and P. V. Shibaev, “Reversible tuning of lasing in cholesteric liquid crystals controlled by light-emitting diodes,” Adv. Mater. 19(4), 565–568 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (2)

Y. Huang, Y. Zhou, and S.-T. Wu, “Spatially tunable laser emission in dye-doped photonic liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(1), 011107 (2006).
[Crossref]

S. Yokoyama, S. Mashiko, H. Kikuchi, K. Uchida, and T. Nagamura, “Laser emission from a polymer-stabilized liquid-crystalline blue phase,” Adv. Mater. 18(1), 48–51 (2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (3)

A. Chanishvili, G. Chilaya, G. Petriashvili, R. Barberi, R. Bartolino, G. Cipparrone, A. Mazzulla, R. Gimenez, L. Oriol, and M. Pinol, “Widely tunable ultraviolet-visible liquid crystal laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(5), 051107 (2005).
[Crossref]

H. J. Coles and M. N. Pivnenko, “Liquid crystal ‘blue phases’ with a wide temperature range,” Nature 436(7053), 997–1000 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Chanishvili, G. Chilaya, G. Petriashvili, and P. J. Collings, “Trans-cis isomerization and the blue phases,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 71(5), 051705 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2003 (1)

M. Ozaki, M. Kasano, T. Kitasho, D. Ganzke, W. Haase, and K. Yoshino, “Electro-tunable liquid-crystal laser,” Adv. Mater. 15(12), 974–977 (2003).
[Crossref]

2002 (3)

W. Cao, A. Muñoz, P. Palffy-Muhoray, and B. Taheri, “Lasing in a three-dimensional photonic crystal of the liquid crystal blue phase II,” Nat. Mater. 1(2), 111–113 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Ozaki, M. Kasano, D. Ganzke, W. Haase, and K. Yoshino, “Mirroless lasing in a dye-doped ferroelectric liquid crystal,” Adv. Mater. 14(4), 306–309 (2002).
[Crossref]

M. Loncar, T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, P. Gonga, and Y. Qiu, “Low threshold photonic crystal laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(15), 2680–2682 (2002).
[Crossref]

2000 (1)

P. Etchegoin, “Blue phases of cholesteric liquid crystals as thermotropic photonic crystals,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Phys. Plasmas Fluids Relat. Interdiscip. Topics 62(11 Pt B), 1435–1437 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1999 (2)

M. Imada, S. Noda, A. Chutinan, T. Tokuda, M. Murata, and G. Sasaki, “Coherent two-dimensional lasing action in surface-emitting laser with triangular-lattice photonic crystal structure,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75(3), 316–318 (1999).
[Crossref]

O. Painter, R. K. Lee, A. Scherer, A. Yariv, J. D. O’Brien, P. D. Dapkus, and I. Kim, “Two-dimensional photonic band-Gap defect mode laser,” Science 284(5421), 1819–1821 (1999).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1996 (1)

R. J. Miller and H. F. Gleeson, “Lattice parameter measurements from the Kossel diagrams of the cubic liquid crystal blue phases,” J. Phys. II France 6(6), 909–922 (1996).
[Crossref]

1989 (2)

G. Heppke, B. Jerome, H.-S. Kitzerow, and P. Pieranski, “Electrostriction of BPI and BPII for blue phase systems with negative dielectric anisotropy,” J. Phys. France 50(5), 549–562 (1989).
[Crossref]

G. Heppke, B. Jerome, H.-S. Kitzerow, and P. Pieranski, “Electrostriction of the cholesteric blue phases BPI and BPII mixtures with positive dielectric anisotropy,” J. Phys. France 50(19), 2991–2998 (1989).
[Crossref]

1987 (1)

E. Yablonovitch, “Inhibited spontaneous emission in solid-state physics and electronics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 58(20), 2059–2062 (1987).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Barberi, R.

A. Mazzulla, G. Petriashvili, M. A. Matranga, M. P. De Santo, and R. Barberi, “Thermal and electrical laser tuning in liquid crystal blue phase I,” Soft Matter 8(18), 4882–4885 (2012).
[Crossref]

G. Chilaya, A. Chanishvili, G. Petriashvili, R. Barberi, R. Bartolino, G. Cipparrone, A. Mazzulla, and P. V. Shibaev, “Reversible tuning of lasing in cholesteric liquid crystals controlled by light-emitting diodes,” Adv. Mater. 19(4), 565–568 (2007).
[Crossref]

A. Chanishvili, G. Chilaya, G. Petriashvili, R. Barberi, R. Bartolino, G. Cipparrone, A. Mazzulla, R. Gimenez, L. Oriol, and M. Pinol, “Widely tunable ultraviolet-visible liquid crystal laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(5), 051107 (2005).
[Crossref]

Bartolino, R.

G. Chilaya, A. Chanishvili, G. Petriashvili, R. Barberi, R. Bartolino, G. Cipparrone, A. Mazzulla, and P. V. Shibaev, “Reversible tuning of lasing in cholesteric liquid crystals controlled by light-emitting diodes,” Adv. Mater. 19(4), 565–568 (2007).
[Crossref]

A. Chanishvili, G. Chilaya, G. Petriashvili, R. Barberi, R. Bartolino, G. Cipparrone, A. Mazzulla, R. Gimenez, L. Oriol, and M. Pinol, “Widely tunable ultraviolet-visible liquid crystal laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(5), 051107 (2005).
[Crossref]

Bisoyi, H. K.

T. H. Lin, Y. Li, C.-T. Wang, H.-C. Jau, C.-W. Chen, C.-C. Li, H. K. Bisoyi, T. J. Bunning, and Q. Li, “Red, green and blue reflections enabled in an optically tunable self-organized 3D cubic nanostructured thin film,” Adv. Mater. 25(36), 5050–5054 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bunning, T. J.

T. H. Lin, Y. Li, C.-T. Wang, H.-C. Jau, C.-W. Chen, C.-C. Li, H. K. Bisoyi, T. J. Bunning, and Q. Li, “Red, green and blue reflections enabled in an optically tunable self-organized 3D cubic nanostructured thin film,” Adv. Mater. 25(36), 5050–5054 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cao, W.

W. Cao, A. Muñoz, P. Palffy-Muhoray, and B. Taheri, “Lasing in a three-dimensional photonic crystal of the liquid crystal blue phase II,” Nat. Mater. 1(2), 111–113 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chanishvili, A.

G. Chilaya, A. Chanishvili, G. Petriashvili, R. Barberi, R. Bartolino, G. Cipparrone, A. Mazzulla, and P. V. Shibaev, “Reversible tuning of lasing in cholesteric liquid crystals controlled by light-emitting diodes,” Adv. Mater. 19(4), 565–568 (2007).
[Crossref]

A. Chanishvili, G. Chilaya, G. Petriashvili, and P. J. Collings, “Trans-cis isomerization and the blue phases,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 71(5), 051705 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Chanishvili, G. Chilaya, G. Petriashvili, R. Barberi, R. Bartolino, G. Cipparrone, A. Mazzulla, R. Gimenez, L. Oriol, and M. Pinol, “Widely tunable ultraviolet-visible liquid crystal laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(5), 051107 (2005).
[Crossref]

Chen, C.-W.

T. H. Lin, Y. Li, C.-T. Wang, H.-C. Jau, C.-W. Chen, C.-C. Li, H. K. Bisoyi, T. J. Bunning, and Q. Li, “Red, green and blue reflections enabled in an optically tunable self-organized 3D cubic nanostructured thin film,” Adv. Mater. 25(36), 5050–5054 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, H.-S.

Chen, H.-Y.

Chen, M.

Chilaya, G.

G. Chilaya, A. Chanishvili, G. Petriashvili, R. Barberi, R. Bartolino, G. Cipparrone, A. Mazzulla, and P. V. Shibaev, “Reversible tuning of lasing in cholesteric liquid crystals controlled by light-emitting diodes,” Adv. Mater. 19(4), 565–568 (2007).
[Crossref]

A. Chanishvili, G. Chilaya, G. Petriashvili, and P. J. Collings, “Trans-cis isomerization and the blue phases,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 71(5), 051705 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Chanishvili, G. Chilaya, G. Petriashvili, R. Barberi, R. Bartolino, G. Cipparrone, A. Mazzulla, R. Gimenez, L. Oriol, and M. Pinol, “Widely tunable ultraviolet-visible liquid crystal laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(5), 051107 (2005).
[Crossref]

Choi, H.

M.-Y. Jeong, H. Choi, and J. W. Wu, “Spatial tuning of laser emission in a dye-doped cholesteric liquid crystal wedge cell,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(5), 051108 (2008).
[Crossref]

Choi, S. S.

S. S. Choi, S. M. Morris, W. T. S. Huck, and H. J. Coles, “Electrically tuneable liquid crystal photonic bandgaps,” Adv. Mater. 21(38–39), 3915–3918 (2009).
[Crossref]

Choi, S.-W.

S.-T. Hur, B. R. Lee, M.-J. Gim, K.-W. Park, M.-H. Song, and S.-W. Choi, “Liquid-crystalline blue phase laser with widely tunable wavelength,” Adv. Mater. 25(21), 3002–3006 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chutinan, A.

M. Imada, S. Noda, A. Chutinan, T. Tokuda, M. Murata, and G. Sasaki, “Coherent two-dimensional lasing action in surface-emitting laser with triangular-lattice photonic crystal structure,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75(3), 316–318 (1999).
[Crossref]

Cipparrone, G.

G. Chilaya, A. Chanishvili, G. Petriashvili, R. Barberi, R. Bartolino, G. Cipparrone, A. Mazzulla, and P. V. Shibaev, “Reversible tuning of lasing in cholesteric liquid crystals controlled by light-emitting diodes,” Adv. Mater. 19(4), 565–568 (2007).
[Crossref]

A. Chanishvili, G. Chilaya, G. Petriashvili, R. Barberi, R. Bartolino, G. Cipparrone, A. Mazzulla, R. Gimenez, L. Oriol, and M. Pinol, “Widely tunable ultraviolet-visible liquid crystal laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(5), 051107 (2005).
[Crossref]

Cole, R. H.

Coles, H. J.

S. S. Choi, S. M. Morris, W. T. S. Huck, and H. J. Coles, “Electrically tuneable liquid crystal photonic bandgaps,” Adv. Mater. 21(38–39), 3915–3918 (2009).
[Crossref]

S. M. Morris, P. J. W. Hands, S. Findeisen-Tandel, R. H. Cole, T. D. Wilkinson, and H. J. Coles, “Polychromatic liquid crystal laser arrays towards display applications,” Opt. Express 16(23), 18827–18837 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. J. Coles and M. N. Pivnenko, “Liquid crystal ‘blue phases’ with a wide temperature range,” Nature 436(7053), 997–1000 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Collings, P. J.

A. Chanishvili, G. Chilaya, G. Petriashvili, and P. J. Collings, “Trans-cis isomerization and the blue phases,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 71(5), 051705 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dapkus, P. D.

O. Painter, R. K. Lee, A. Scherer, A. Yariv, J. D. O’Brien, P. D. Dapkus, and I. Kim, “Two-dimensional photonic band-Gap defect mode laser,” Science 284(5421), 1819–1821 (1999).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

De Santo, M. P.

A. Mazzulla, G. Petriashvili, M. A. Matranga, M. P. De Santo, and R. Barberi, “Thermal and electrical laser tuning in liquid crystal blue phase I,” Soft Matter 8(18), 4882–4885 (2012).
[Crossref]

Etchegoin, P.

P. Etchegoin, “Blue phases of cholesteric liquid crystals as thermotropic photonic crystals,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Phys. Plasmas Fluids Relat. Interdiscip. Topics 62(11 Pt B), 1435–1437 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Findeisen-Tandel, S.

Fujii, A.

Y. Inoue, H. Yoshida, K. Inoue, Y. Shiozaki, H. Kubo, A. Fujii, and M. Ozaki, “Tunable lasing from a cholesteric liquid crystal film embedded with a liquid crystal nanopore network,” Adv. Mater. 23(46), 5498–5501 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ganzke, D.

M. Ozaki, M. Kasano, T. Kitasho, D. Ganzke, W. Haase, and K. Yoshino, “Electro-tunable liquid-crystal laser,” Adv. Mater. 15(12), 974–977 (2003).
[Crossref]

M. Ozaki, M. Kasano, D. Ganzke, W. Haase, and K. Yoshino, “Mirroless lasing in a dye-doped ferroelectric liquid crystal,” Adv. Mater. 14(4), 306–309 (2002).
[Crossref]

Gim, M.-J.

S.-T. Hur, B. R. Lee, M.-J. Gim, K.-W. Park, M.-H. Song, and S.-W. Choi, “Liquid-crystalline blue phase laser with widely tunable wavelength,” Adv. Mater. 25(21), 3002–3006 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gimenez, R.

A. Chanishvili, G. Chilaya, G. Petriashvili, R. Barberi, R. Bartolino, G. Cipparrone, A. Mazzulla, R. Gimenez, L. Oriol, and M. Pinol, “Widely tunable ultraviolet-visible liquid crystal laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(5), 051107 (2005).
[Crossref]

Gleeson, H. F.

R. J. Miller and H. F. Gleeson, “Lattice parameter measurements from the Kossel diagrams of the cubic liquid crystal blue phases,” J. Phys. II France 6(6), 909–922 (1996).
[Crossref]

Gonga, P.

M. Loncar, T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, P. Gonga, and Y. Qiu, “Low threshold photonic crystal laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(15), 2680–2682 (2002).
[Crossref]

Haase, W.

M. Ozaki, M. Kasano, T. Kitasho, D. Ganzke, W. Haase, and K. Yoshino, “Electro-tunable liquid-crystal laser,” Adv. Mater. 15(12), 974–977 (2003).
[Crossref]

M. Ozaki, M. Kasano, D. Ganzke, W. Haase, and K. Yoshino, “Mirroless lasing in a dye-doped ferroelectric liquid crystal,” Adv. Mater. 14(4), 306–309 (2002).
[Crossref]

Hands, P. J. W.

Heppke, G.

G. Heppke, B. Jerome, H.-S. Kitzerow, and P. Pieranski, “Electrostriction of BPI and BPII for blue phase systems with negative dielectric anisotropy,” J. Phys. France 50(5), 549–562 (1989).
[Crossref]

G. Heppke, B. Jerome, H.-S. Kitzerow, and P. Pieranski, “Electrostriction of the cholesteric blue phases BPI and BPII mixtures with positive dielectric anisotropy,” J. Phys. France 50(19), 2991–2998 (1989).
[Crossref]

Hsu, C.-Y.

H.-Y. Liu, C.-T. Wang, C.-Y. Hsu, and T.-H. Lin, “Pinning effect on the photonic bandgaps of blue-phase liquid crystal,” Appl. Opt. 50(11), 1606–1609 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H.-Y. Liu, C.-T. Wang, C.-Y. Hsu, T.-H. Lin, and J.-H. Liu, “Optically tuneable blue phase photonic band gaps,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(12), 121103 (2010).
[Crossref]

Hsu, H.-K.

Huang, S.-Y.

Huang, Y.

Y. Huang, Y. Zhou, and S.-T. Wu, “Spatially tunable laser emission in dye-doped photonic liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(1), 011107 (2006).
[Crossref]

Huck, W. T. S.

S. S. Choi, S. M. Morris, W. T. S. Huck, and H. J. Coles, “Electrically tuneable liquid crystal photonic bandgaps,” Adv. Mater. 21(38–39), 3915–3918 (2009).
[Crossref]

Hur, S.-T.

S.-T. Hur, B. R. Lee, M.-J. Gim, K.-W. Park, M.-H. Song, and S.-W. Choi, “Liquid-crystalline blue phase laser with widely tunable wavelength,” Adv. Mater. 25(21), 3002–3006 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Imada, M.

M. Imada, S. Noda, A. Chutinan, T. Tokuda, M. Murata, and G. Sasaki, “Coherent two-dimensional lasing action in surface-emitting laser with triangular-lattice photonic crystal structure,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75(3), 316–318 (1999).
[Crossref]

Inoue, K.

Y. Inoue, H. Yoshida, K. Inoue, Y. Shiozaki, H. Kubo, A. Fujii, and M. Ozaki, “Tunable lasing from a cholesteric liquid crystal film embedded with a liquid crystal nanopore network,” Adv. Mater. 23(46), 5498–5501 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Inoue, Y.

Y. Inoue, H. Yoshida, K. Inoue, Y. Shiozaki, H. Kubo, A. Fujii, and M. Ozaki, “Tunable lasing from a cholesteric liquid crystal film embedded with a liquid crystal nanopore network,” Adv. Mater. 23(46), 5498–5501 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ishikawa, K.

K. Sonoyama, Y. Takanishi, K. Ishikawa, and H. Takezoe, “Position-sensitive cholesteric liquid crystal dye laser covering a full visible range,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 46(36), L874–L876 (2007).
[Crossref]

Jau, H.-C.

T. H. Lin, Y. Li, C.-T. Wang, H.-C. Jau, C.-W. Chen, C.-C. Li, H. K. Bisoyi, T. J. Bunning, and Q. Li, “Red, green and blue reflections enabled in an optically tunable self-organized 3D cubic nanostructured thin film,” Adv. Mater. 25(36), 5050–5054 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jeong, M.-Y.

M.-Y. Jeong, H. Choi, and J. W. Wu, “Spatial tuning of laser emission in a dye-doped cholesteric liquid crystal wedge cell,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(5), 051108 (2008).
[Crossref]

Jerome, B.

G. Heppke, B. Jerome, H.-S. Kitzerow, and P. Pieranski, “Electrostriction of the cholesteric blue phases BPI and BPII mixtures with positive dielectric anisotropy,” J. Phys. France 50(19), 2991–2998 (1989).
[Crossref]

G. Heppke, B. Jerome, H.-S. Kitzerow, and P. Pieranski, “Electrostriction of BPI and BPII for blue phase systems with negative dielectric anisotropy,” J. Phys. France 50(5), 549–562 (1989).
[Crossref]

Kasano, M.

M. Ozaki, M. Kasano, T. Kitasho, D. Ganzke, W. Haase, and K. Yoshino, “Electro-tunable liquid-crystal laser,” Adv. Mater. 15(12), 974–977 (2003).
[Crossref]

M. Ozaki, M. Kasano, D. Ganzke, W. Haase, and K. Yoshino, “Mirroless lasing in a dye-doped ferroelectric liquid crystal,” Adv. Mater. 14(4), 306–309 (2002).
[Crossref]

Kikuchi, H.

S. Yokoyama, S. Mashiko, H. Kikuchi, K. Uchida, and T. Nagamura, “Laser emission from a polymer-stabilized liquid-crystalline blue phase,” Adv. Mater. 18(1), 48–51 (2006).
[Crossref]

Kim, I.

O. Painter, R. K. Lee, A. Scherer, A. Yariv, J. D. O’Brien, P. D. Dapkus, and I. Kim, “Two-dimensional photonic band-Gap defect mode laser,” Science 284(5421), 1819–1821 (1999).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kitasho, T.

M. Ozaki, M. Kasano, T. Kitasho, D. Ganzke, W. Haase, and K. Yoshino, “Electro-tunable liquid-crystal laser,” Adv. Mater. 15(12), 974–977 (2003).
[Crossref]

Kitzerow, H.-S.

G. Heppke, B. Jerome, H.-S. Kitzerow, and P. Pieranski, “Electrostriction of BPI and BPII for blue phase systems with negative dielectric anisotropy,” J. Phys. France 50(5), 549–562 (1989).
[Crossref]

G. Heppke, B. Jerome, H.-S. Kitzerow, and P. Pieranski, “Electrostriction of the cholesteric blue phases BPI and BPII mixtures with positive dielectric anisotropy,” J. Phys. France 50(19), 2991–2998 (1989).
[Crossref]

Kubo, H.

Y. Inoue, H. Yoshida, K. Inoue, Y. Shiozaki, H. Kubo, A. Fujii, and M. Ozaki, “Tunable lasing from a cholesteric liquid crystal film embedded with a liquid crystal nanopore network,” Adv. Mater. 23(46), 5498–5501 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kukichi, H.

H. Kukichi, “Liquid crystalline blue phases,” Struct. Bond. 128, 99–117 (2008).
[Crossref]

Lee, B. R.

S.-T. Hur, B. R. Lee, M.-J. Gim, K.-W. Park, M.-H. Song, and S.-W. Choi, “Liquid-crystalline blue phase laser with widely tunable wavelength,” Adv. Mater. 25(21), 3002–3006 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lee, C.-R.

Lee, R. K.

O. Painter, R. K. Lee, A. Scherer, A. Yariv, J. D. O’Brien, P. D. Dapkus, and I. Kim, “Two-dimensional photonic band-Gap defect mode laser,” Science 284(5421), 1819–1821 (1999).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, C.-C.

T. H. Lin, Y. Li, C.-T. Wang, H.-C. Jau, C.-W. Chen, C.-C. Li, H. K. Bisoyi, T. J. Bunning, and Q. Li, “Red, green and blue reflections enabled in an optically tunable self-organized 3D cubic nanostructured thin film,” Adv. Mater. 25(36), 5050–5054 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, Q.

T. H. Lin, Y. Li, C.-T. Wang, H.-C. Jau, C.-W. Chen, C.-C. Li, H. K. Bisoyi, T. J. Bunning, and Q. Li, “Red, green and blue reflections enabled in an optically tunable self-organized 3D cubic nanostructured thin film,” Adv. Mater. 25(36), 5050–5054 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, Y.

T. H. Lin, Y. Li, C.-T. Wang, H.-C. Jau, C.-W. Chen, C.-C. Li, H. K. Bisoyi, T. J. Bunning, and Q. Li, “Red, green and blue reflections enabled in an optically tunable self-organized 3D cubic nanostructured thin film,” Adv. Mater. 25(36), 5050–5054 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lin, J.-D.

Lin, S.-H.

Lin, T. H.

T. H. Lin, Y. Li, C.-T. Wang, H.-C. Jau, C.-W. Chen, C.-C. Li, H. K. Bisoyi, T. J. Bunning, and Q. Li, “Red, green and blue reflections enabled in an optically tunable self-organized 3D cubic nanostructured thin film,” Adv. Mater. 25(36), 5050–5054 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lin, T.-H.

H.-Y. Liu, C.-T. Wang, C.-Y. Hsu, and T.-H. Lin, “Pinning effect on the photonic bandgaps of blue-phase liquid crystal,” Appl. Opt. 50(11), 1606–1609 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H.-Y. Liu, C.-T. Wang, C.-Y. Hsu, T.-H. Lin, and J.-H. Liu, “Optically tuneable blue phase photonic band gaps,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(12), 121103 (2010).
[Crossref]

Lin, Y.-H.

Lin, Y.-M.

Liu, H.-Y.

H.-Y. Liu, C.-T. Wang, C.-Y. Hsu, and T.-H. Lin, “Pinning effect on the photonic bandgaps of blue-phase liquid crystal,” Appl. Opt. 50(11), 1606–1609 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H.-Y. Liu, C.-T. Wang, C.-Y. Hsu, T.-H. Lin, and J.-H. Liu, “Optically tuneable blue phase photonic band gaps,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(12), 121103 (2010).
[Crossref]

Liu, J.-H.

Loncar, M.

M. Loncar, T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, P. Gonga, and Y. Qiu, “Low threshold photonic crystal laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(15), 2680–2682 (2002).
[Crossref]

Mashiko, S.

S. Yokoyama, S. Mashiko, H. Kikuchi, K. Uchida, and T. Nagamura, “Laser emission from a polymer-stabilized liquid-crystalline blue phase,” Adv. Mater. 18(1), 48–51 (2006).
[Crossref]

Matranga, M. A.

A. Mazzulla, G. Petriashvili, M. A. Matranga, M. P. De Santo, and R. Barberi, “Thermal and electrical laser tuning in liquid crystal blue phase I,” Soft Matter 8(18), 4882–4885 (2012).
[Crossref]

Mazzulla, A.

A. Mazzulla, G. Petriashvili, M. A. Matranga, M. P. De Santo, and R. Barberi, “Thermal and electrical laser tuning in liquid crystal blue phase I,” Soft Matter 8(18), 4882–4885 (2012).
[Crossref]

G. Chilaya, A. Chanishvili, G. Petriashvili, R. Barberi, R. Bartolino, G. Cipparrone, A. Mazzulla, and P. V. Shibaev, “Reversible tuning of lasing in cholesteric liquid crystals controlled by light-emitting diodes,” Adv. Mater. 19(4), 565–568 (2007).
[Crossref]

A. Chanishvili, G. Chilaya, G. Petriashvili, R. Barberi, R. Bartolino, G. Cipparrone, A. Mazzulla, R. Gimenez, L. Oriol, and M. Pinol, “Widely tunable ultraviolet-visible liquid crystal laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(5), 051107 (2005).
[Crossref]

Miller, R. J.

R. J. Miller and H. F. Gleeson, “Lattice parameter measurements from the Kossel diagrams of the cubic liquid crystal blue phases,” J. Phys. II France 6(6), 909–922 (1996).
[Crossref]

Mo, T.-S.

Moritake, H.

Morris, S. M.

S. S. Choi, S. M. Morris, W. T. S. Huck, and H. J. Coles, “Electrically tuneable liquid crystal photonic bandgaps,” Adv. Mater. 21(38–39), 3915–3918 (2009).
[Crossref]

S. M. Morris, P. J. W. Hands, S. Findeisen-Tandel, R. H. Cole, T. D. Wilkinson, and H. J. Coles, “Polychromatic liquid crystal laser arrays towards display applications,” Opt. Express 16(23), 18827–18837 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Muñoz, A.

W. Cao, A. Muñoz, P. Palffy-Muhoray, and B. Taheri, “Lasing in a three-dimensional photonic crystal of the liquid crystal blue phase II,” Nat. Mater. 1(2), 111–113 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Murata, M.

M. Imada, S. Noda, A. Chutinan, T. Tokuda, M. Murata, and G. Sasaki, “Coherent two-dimensional lasing action in surface-emitting laser with triangular-lattice photonic crystal structure,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75(3), 316–318 (1999).
[Crossref]

Nagamura, T.

S. Yokoyama, S. Mashiko, H. Kikuchi, K. Uchida, and T. Nagamura, “Laser emission from a polymer-stabilized liquid-crystalline blue phase,” Adv. Mater. 18(1), 48–51 (2006).
[Crossref]

Noda, S.

M. Imada, S. Noda, A. Chutinan, T. Tokuda, M. Murata, and G. Sasaki, “Coherent two-dimensional lasing action in surface-emitting laser with triangular-lattice photonic crystal structure,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75(3), 316–318 (1999).
[Crossref]

O’Brien, J. D.

O. Painter, R. K. Lee, A. Scherer, A. Yariv, J. D. O’Brien, P. D. Dapkus, and I. Kim, “Two-dimensional photonic band-Gap defect mode laser,” Science 284(5421), 1819–1821 (1999).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Oriol, L.

A. Chanishvili, G. Chilaya, G. Petriashvili, R. Barberi, R. Bartolino, G. Cipparrone, A. Mazzulla, R. Gimenez, L. Oriol, and M. Pinol, “Widely tunable ultraviolet-visible liquid crystal laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(5), 051107 (2005).
[Crossref]

Ozaki, M.

Y. Inoue, H. Yoshida, K. Inoue, Y. Shiozaki, H. Kubo, A. Fujii, and M. Ozaki, “Tunable lasing from a cholesteric liquid crystal film embedded with a liquid crystal nanopore network,” Adv. Mater. 23(46), 5498–5501 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Ozaki, M. Kasano, T. Kitasho, D. Ganzke, W. Haase, and K. Yoshino, “Electro-tunable liquid-crystal laser,” Adv. Mater. 15(12), 974–977 (2003).
[Crossref]

M. Ozaki, M. Kasano, D. Ganzke, W. Haase, and K. Yoshino, “Mirroless lasing in a dye-doped ferroelectric liquid crystal,” Adv. Mater. 14(4), 306–309 (2002).
[Crossref]

Ozaki, R.

Painter, O.

O. Painter, R. K. Lee, A. Scherer, A. Yariv, J. D. O’Brien, P. D. Dapkus, and I. Kim, “Two-dimensional photonic band-Gap defect mode laser,” Science 284(5421), 1819–1821 (1999).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Palffy-Muhoray, P.

W. Cao, A. Muñoz, P. Palffy-Muhoray, and B. Taheri, “Lasing in a three-dimensional photonic crystal of the liquid crystal blue phase II,” Nat. Mater. 1(2), 111–113 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Park, K.-W.

S.-T. Hur, B. R. Lee, M.-J. Gim, K.-W. Park, M.-H. Song, and S.-W. Choi, “Liquid-crystalline blue phase laser with widely tunable wavelength,” Adv. Mater. 25(21), 3002–3006 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Petriashvili, G.

A. Mazzulla, G. Petriashvili, M. A. Matranga, M. P. De Santo, and R. Barberi, “Thermal and electrical laser tuning in liquid crystal blue phase I,” Soft Matter 8(18), 4882–4885 (2012).
[Crossref]

G. Chilaya, A. Chanishvili, G. Petriashvili, R. Barberi, R. Bartolino, G. Cipparrone, A. Mazzulla, and P. V. Shibaev, “Reversible tuning of lasing in cholesteric liquid crystals controlled by light-emitting diodes,” Adv. Mater. 19(4), 565–568 (2007).
[Crossref]

A. Chanishvili, G. Chilaya, G. Petriashvili, and P. J. Collings, “Trans-cis isomerization and the blue phases,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 71(5), 051705 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Chanishvili, G. Chilaya, G. Petriashvili, R. Barberi, R. Bartolino, G. Cipparrone, A. Mazzulla, R. Gimenez, L. Oriol, and M. Pinol, “Widely tunable ultraviolet-visible liquid crystal laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(5), 051107 (2005).
[Crossref]

Pieranski, P.

G. Heppke, B. Jerome, H.-S. Kitzerow, and P. Pieranski, “Electrostriction of the cholesteric blue phases BPI and BPII mixtures with positive dielectric anisotropy,” J. Phys. France 50(19), 2991–2998 (1989).
[Crossref]

G. Heppke, B. Jerome, H.-S. Kitzerow, and P. Pieranski, “Electrostriction of BPI and BPII for blue phase systems with negative dielectric anisotropy,” J. Phys. France 50(5), 549–562 (1989).
[Crossref]

Pinol, M.

A. Chanishvili, G. Chilaya, G. Petriashvili, R. Barberi, R. Bartolino, G. Cipparrone, A. Mazzulla, R. Gimenez, L. Oriol, and M. Pinol, “Widely tunable ultraviolet-visible liquid crystal laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(5), 051107 (2005).
[Crossref]

Pivnenko, M. N.

H. J. Coles and M. N. Pivnenko, “Liquid crystal ‘blue phases’ with a wide temperature range,” Nature 436(7053), 997–1000 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Qiu, Y.

M. Loncar, T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, P. Gonga, and Y. Qiu, “Low threshold photonic crystal laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(15), 2680–2682 (2002).
[Crossref]

Sasaki, G.

M. Imada, S. Noda, A. Chutinan, T. Tokuda, M. Murata, and G. Sasaki, “Coherent two-dimensional lasing action in surface-emitting laser with triangular-lattice photonic crystal structure,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75(3), 316–318 (1999).
[Crossref]

Scherer, A.

M. Loncar, T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, P. Gonga, and Y. Qiu, “Low threshold photonic crystal laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(15), 2680–2682 (2002).
[Crossref]

O. Painter, R. K. Lee, A. Scherer, A. Yariv, J. D. O’Brien, P. D. Dapkus, and I. Kim, “Two-dimensional photonic band-Gap defect mode laser,” Science 284(5421), 1819–1821 (1999).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shibaev, P. V.

G. Chilaya, A. Chanishvili, G. Petriashvili, R. Barberi, R. Bartolino, G. Cipparrone, A. Mazzulla, and P. V. Shibaev, “Reversible tuning of lasing in cholesteric liquid crystals controlled by light-emitting diodes,” Adv. Mater. 19(4), 565–568 (2007).
[Crossref]

Shiozaki, Y.

Y. Inoue, H. Yoshida, K. Inoue, Y. Shiozaki, H. Kubo, A. Fujii, and M. Ozaki, “Tunable lasing from a cholesteric liquid crystal film embedded with a liquid crystal nanopore network,” Adv. Mater. 23(46), 5498–5501 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shyu, C.-Y.

Song, M.-H.

S.-T. Hur, B. R. Lee, M.-J. Gim, K.-W. Park, M.-H. Song, and S.-W. Choi, “Liquid-crystalline blue phase laser with widely tunable wavelength,” Adv. Mater. 25(21), 3002–3006 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sonoyama, K.

K. Sonoyama, Y. Takanishi, K. Ishikawa, and H. Takezoe, “Position-sensitive cholesteric liquid crystal dye laser covering a full visible range,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 46(36), L874–L876 (2007).
[Crossref]

Taheri, B.

W. Cao, A. Muñoz, P. Palffy-Muhoray, and B. Taheri, “Lasing in a three-dimensional photonic crystal of the liquid crystal blue phase II,” Nat. Mater. 1(2), 111–113 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Takanishi, Y.

K. Sonoyama, Y. Takanishi, K. Ishikawa, and H. Takezoe, “Position-sensitive cholesteric liquid crystal dye laser covering a full visible range,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 46(36), L874–L876 (2007).
[Crossref]

Takezoe, H.

K. Sonoyama, Y. Takanishi, K. Ishikawa, and H. Takezoe, “Position-sensitive cholesteric liquid crystal dye laser covering a full visible range,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 46(36), L874–L876 (2007).
[Crossref]

Tokuda, T.

M. Imada, S. Noda, A. Chutinan, T. Tokuda, M. Murata, and G. Sasaki, “Coherent two-dimensional lasing action in surface-emitting laser with triangular-lattice photonic crystal structure,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75(3), 316–318 (1999).
[Crossref]

Uchida, K.

S. Yokoyama, S. Mashiko, H. Kikuchi, K. Uchida, and T. Nagamura, “Laser emission from a polymer-stabilized liquid-crystalline blue phase,” Adv. Mater. 18(1), 48–51 (2006).
[Crossref]

Wang, C.-T.

T. H. Lin, Y. Li, C.-T. Wang, H.-C. Jau, C.-W. Chen, C.-C. Li, H. K. Bisoyi, T. J. Bunning, and Q. Li, “Red, green and blue reflections enabled in an optically tunable self-organized 3D cubic nanostructured thin film,” Adv. Mater. 25(36), 5050–5054 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H.-Y. Liu, C.-T. Wang, C.-Y. Hsu, and T.-H. Lin, “Pinning effect on the photonic bandgaps of blue-phase liquid crystal,” Appl. Opt. 50(11), 1606–1609 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H.-Y. Liu, C.-T. Wang, C.-Y. Hsu, T.-H. Lin, and J.-H. Liu, “Optically tuneable blue phase photonic band gaps,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(12), 121103 (2010).
[Crossref]

Wilkinson, T. D.

Wu, C.-H.

Wu, J. W.

M.-Y. Jeong, H. Choi, and J. W. Wu, “Spatial tuning of laser emission in a dye-doped cholesteric liquid crystal wedge cell,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(5), 051108 (2008).
[Crossref]

Wu, S.-T.

Y. Huang, Y. Zhou, and S.-T. Wu, “Spatially tunable laser emission in dye-doped photonic liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(1), 011107 (2006).
[Crossref]

Yablonovitch, E.

E. Yablonovitch, “Inhibited spontaneous emission in solid-state physics and electronics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 58(20), 2059–2062 (1987).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yang, P.-C.

Yariv, A.

O. Painter, R. K. Lee, A. Scherer, A. Yariv, J. D. O’Brien, P. D. Dapkus, and I. Kim, “Two-dimensional photonic band-Gap defect mode laser,” Science 284(5421), 1819–1821 (1999).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yokoyama, S.

S. Yokoyama, S. Mashiko, H. Kikuchi, K. Uchida, and T. Nagamura, “Laser emission from a polymer-stabilized liquid-crystalline blue phase,” Adv. Mater. 18(1), 48–51 (2006).
[Crossref]

Yoshida, H.

Y. Inoue, H. Yoshida, K. Inoue, Y. Shiozaki, H. Kubo, A. Fujii, and M. Ozaki, “Tunable lasing from a cholesteric liquid crystal film embedded with a liquid crystal nanopore network,” Adv. Mater. 23(46), 5498–5501 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yoshie, T.

M. Loncar, T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, P. Gonga, and Y. Qiu, “Low threshold photonic crystal laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(15), 2680–2682 (2002).
[Crossref]

Yoshino, K.

M. Ozaki, M. Kasano, T. Kitasho, D. Ganzke, W. Haase, and K. Yoshino, “Electro-tunable liquid-crystal laser,” Adv. Mater. 15(12), 974–977 (2003).
[Crossref]

M. Ozaki, M. Kasano, D. Ganzke, W. Haase, and K. Yoshino, “Mirroless lasing in a dye-doped ferroelectric liquid crystal,” Adv. Mater. 14(4), 306–309 (2002).
[Crossref]

Zhou, Y.

Y. Huang, Y. Zhou, and S.-T. Wu, “Spatially tunable laser emission in dye-doped photonic liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(1), 011107 (2006).
[Crossref]

Adv. Mater. (8)

S. S. Choi, S. M. Morris, W. T. S. Huck, and H. J. Coles, “Electrically tuneable liquid crystal photonic bandgaps,” Adv. Mater. 21(38–39), 3915–3918 (2009).
[Crossref]

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Experimental setup used in measuring the reflection and lasing emission spectra of the BP and DDBP wedge cells. Each cell is fixed on the hot stage which is pre-fixed on a XYZ translation stage. The hot stage can be moved along Y-axis to change the detected position of the wedge cell.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 The thickness-dependent PBG features of the BP wedge cell with corresponding R-POM BP images at (a) 57 °C, (b) 56 °C, (c) 55 °C, and (d) 54 °C measured at the positions with various thicknesses in the wedge cell.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 The thickness-dependent PBG of the BP wedge cell at 53 °C. (a) R-POM images, Kossel diagrams obtained (b) experimentally and (c) theoretically, and (d) the corresponding reflection spectra of the BP at the positions with thickness of 20, 57, 93, 129, 166, 202, and 238 μm in the wedge cell. (e) The variations of the central reflective wavelength of the BP with the cell thickness.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Variations of the peak wavelength of the BP reflection band with the thickness of the wedge cell and temperature.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Schematic of the BP wedge cell and its thermal images at various temperatures.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Measured absorption and fluorescence emission spectra (blue and red curves, respectively) of 1.0 wt% P597 doped in BP at isotropic state.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 (a) Measured reflection spectra and corresponding R-POM BP images for the DDBP wedge cell at y = 2.5 mm to 28.5 mm (t = 20 μm to 238 μm) at 54.5 °C. (b) Measured lasing spectra (solid curves with sharp peaks) and corresponding reflection spectra (dotted curves, same as those shown in (a)) for the DDBP wedge cell measured at y = 2.5 mm to 28.5 mm (t = 20 μm to 238 μm) at 54.5 °C. The black solid curve is the fluorescence emission spectrum of the laser dye.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 Variations of the measured peak intensity of the fluorescence output and its corresponding full-width at half-maximum (FWHM) with pumped energy for the DDBP wedge cell at various thicknesses of t = (a) 20, (b) 57, (c) 93, (d) 129, (e) 166, (f) 202, and (g) 238 μm.
Fig. 9
Fig. 9 (a) Linear variation of the lasing wavelength with the thickness of the DDBP wedge laser. (b) Variation of the lasing threshold with the thickness and thus the lasing wavelength of the DDBP wedge cell. The corresponding thicknesses of the wedge cell are indicated under the solid black dots. The blue solid curve is the fluorescence emission spectrum of the laser dye (same as that shown in Fig. 7).

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Prescriptions for preparing BP and DDBP mixtures.

Tables Icon

Table 2 Variations of the peak wavelength of the BP PBG with thickness and temperature. These variations are summarized from the experimental results in Fig. 4. The peak wavelengths of the BP PBG appearing as just transiting from isotropic to blue phase [λI-BP (nm)], transition temperatures from isotropic to BP [TI-BP (°C)], and the temperature range of BP [ΔTBP (°C)] in cooling process are all dependent on the thickness of the BP wedge cell.

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