Abstract

A reflection-type integral imaging (InIm) system using a diffuser holographic optical element (DHOE) is proposed for improving the fill factor of displayed three-dimensional images. The DHOE performs an optical function similar to that for a conventional diffuser only for Bragg matched light, while Bragg mismatched light passes through the DHOE. Elemental images projected under Bragg matching condition are scattered by the DHOE. Meanwhile, light reflected by a concave mirror-array becomes Bragg mismatched light, and is integrated into three-dimensional images without the fill factor problem. The optical characteristics of the DHOE are examined by measuring diffraction efficiencies, and the feasibility of the fill-factor-improved InIm is verified by a concave mirror-array and DHOE.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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References

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2014 (5)

2013 (1)

B. Lee, “Three-dimensional displays, past and present,” Phys. Today 66(4), 36–41 (2013).
[Crossref]

2010 (2)

2009 (1)

2006 (1)

2004 (2)

2003 (1)

2002 (1)

1996 (1)

1994 (2)

S. Wadle, D. Wuest, J. Cantalupo, and R. S. Lakes, “Holographic diffusers,” Opt. Eng. 33(1), 213–218 (1994).
[Crossref]

M. Yamaguchi, T. Koyama, N. Ohyama, and T. Honda, “A Stereographic display using a reflection holographic screen,” Opt. Rev. 1(2), 191–194 (1994).
[Crossref]

1908 (1)

G. Lippmann, “La photograhie integrale,” Comptes Rendus Acad. Sci., Paris, CR (East Lansing, Mich.) 146, 446–451 (1908).

Arai, J.

Bruder, F.-K.

Cantalupo, J.

S. Wadle, D. Wuest, J. Cantalupo, and R. S. Lakes, “Holographic diffusers,” Opt. Eng. 33(1), 213–218 (1994).
[Crossref]

Chen, N.

S.- Park, J. Yeom, Y. Jeong, N. Chen, J.-Y. Hong, and B. Lee, “Recent issues on integral imaging and its applications,” J. Inf. Disp. 15(1), 37–46 (2014).
[Crossref]

Choi, Y. S.

Dai, F.

Fäcke, T.

Gu, C.

Hagen, R.

Ham, Y. N.

Honda, T.

M. Yamaguchi, T. Koyama, N. Ohyama, and T. Honda, “A Stereographic display using a reflection holographic screen,” Opt. Rev. 1(2), 191–194 (1994).
[Crossref]

Hong, J.

Hong, J.-H.

Hong, J.-Y.

S.- Park, J. Yeom, Y. Jeong, N. Chen, J.-Y. Hong, and B. Lee, “Recent issues on integral imaging and its applications,” J. Inf. Disp. 15(1), 37–46 (2014).
[Crossref]

Hong, K.

Hwang, Y. S.

Jang, C.

Jang, J.-S.

Jang, J.-Y.

Javidi, B.

Jeong, Y.

S.- Park, J. Yeom, Y. Jeong, N. Chen, J.-Y. Hong, and B. Lee, “Recent issues on integral imaging and its applications,” J. Inf. Disp. 15(1), 37–46 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Jeong, S. Jung, J.-H. Park, and B. Lee, “Reflection-type integral imaging scheme for displaying three-dimensional images,” Opt. Lett. 27(9), 704–706 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jung, S.

Kim, E.-S.

Kim, J. M.

Kim, S. I.

Kim, S.-C.

Kim, Y.

Koyama, T.

M. Yamaguchi, T. Koyama, N. Ohyama, and T. Honda, “A Stereographic display using a reflection holographic screen,” Opt. Rev. 1(2), 191–194 (1994).
[Crossref]

Lakes, R. S.

S. Wadle, D. Wuest, J. Cantalupo, and R. S. Lakes, “Holographic diffusers,” Opt. Eng. 33(1), 213–218 (1994).
[Crossref]

Lee, B.

S.- Park, J. Yeom, Y. Jeong, N. Chen, J.-Y. Hong, and B. Lee, “Recent issues on integral imaging and its applications,” J. Inf. Disp. 15(1), 37–46 (2014).
[Crossref]

K. Hong, J. Yeom, C. Jang, J. Hong, and B. Lee, “Full-color lens-array holographic optical element for three-dimensional optical see-through augmented reality,” Opt. Lett. 39(1), 127–130 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Hong, J. Yeom, C. Jang, G. Li, J. Hong, and B. Lee, “Two-dimensional and three-dimensional transparent screens based on lens-array holographic optical elements,” Opt. Express 22(12), 14363–14374 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Lee, “Three-dimensional displays, past and present,” Phys. Today 66(4), 36–41 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Hong, Y. Kim, S. G. Park, J.-H. Hong, S.-W. Min, S.-D. Lee, and B. Lee, “3D/2D convertible projection-type integral imaging using concave half mirror array,” Opt. Express 18(20), 20628–20637 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J.-H. Park, K. Hong, and B. Lee, “Recent progress in three-dimensional information processing based on integral imaging,” Appl. Opt. 48(34), H77–H94 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S.-W. Min, J. Hong, and B. Lee, “Analysis of an optical depth converter used in a three-dimensional integral imaging system,” Appl. Opt. 43(23), 4539–4549 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Jeong, S. Jung, J.-H. Park, and B. Lee, “Reflection-type integral imaging scheme for displaying three-dimensional images,” Opt. Lett. 27(9), 704–706 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lee, B.-G.

Lee, S.-D.

Li, G.

Lien, J.-R.

Lippmann, G.

G. Lippmann, “La photograhie integrale,” Comptes Rendus Acad. Sci., Paris, CR (East Lansing, Mich.) 146, 446–451 (1908).

Min, S.-W.

Nojiri, Y.

Ohyama, N.

M. Yamaguchi, T. Koyama, N. Ohyama, and T. Honda, “A Stereographic display using a reflection holographic screen,” Opt. Rev. 1(2), 191–194 (1994).
[Crossref]

Okano, F.

Okui, M.

Park, C. Y.

Park, J.-H.

Park, S.-

S.- Park, J. Yeom, Y. Jeong, N. Chen, J.-Y. Hong, and B. Lee, “Recent issues on integral imaging and its applications,” J. Inf. Disp. 15(1), 37–46 (2014).
[Crossref]

S.- Park, B.-S. Song, and S.-W. Min, “Analysis of image visibility in projection-type integral imaging system without diffuser,” J. Opt. Soc. Korea 14(2), 121–126 (2010).
[Crossref]

Park, S. G.

Shin, D.

Song, B.-S.

Wadle, S.

S. Wadle, D. Wuest, J. Cantalupo, and R. S. Lakes, “Holographic diffusers,” Opt. Eng. 33(1), 213–218 (1994).
[Crossref]

Walze, G.

Wuest, D.

S. Wadle, D. Wuest, J. Cantalupo, and R. S. Lakes, “Holographic diffusers,” Opt. Eng. 33(1), 213–218 (1994).
[Crossref]

Yamaguchi, M.

M. Yamaguchi, T. Koyama, N. Ohyama, and T. Honda, “A Stereographic display using a reflection holographic screen,” Opt. Rev. 1(2), 191–194 (1994).
[Crossref]

Yeom, J.

Appl. Opt. (4)

Comptes Rendus Acad. Sci., Paris, CR (East Lansing, Mich.) (1)

G. Lippmann, “La photograhie integrale,” Comptes Rendus Acad. Sci., Paris, CR (East Lansing, Mich.) 146, 446–451 (1908).

J. Inf. Disp. (1)

S.- Park, J. Yeom, Y. Jeong, N. Chen, J.-Y. Hong, and B. Lee, “Recent issues on integral imaging and its applications,” J. Inf. Disp. 15(1), 37–46 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Korea (1)

Opt. Eng. (1)

S. Wadle, D. Wuest, J. Cantalupo, and R. S. Lakes, “Holographic diffusers,” Opt. Eng. 33(1), 213–218 (1994).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Opt. Rev. (1)

M. Yamaguchi, T. Koyama, N. Ohyama, and T. Honda, “A Stereographic display using a reflection holographic screen,” Opt. Rev. 1(2), 191–194 (1994).
[Crossref]

Phys. Today (1)

B. Lee, “Three-dimensional displays, past and present,” Phys. Today 66(4), 36–41 (2013).
[Crossref]

Other (2)

B. Javidi and F. Okano, eds., Three Dimensional Television, Video, and Display Technology (Springer, 2002).

B.-S. Song, H. Sung, and S.-W. Min, “Three-dimensional screen using retroreflector,” in Digital Holography and Three-Dimensional Imaging, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper DM2A.4.

Supplementary Material (1)

» Media 1: MOV (1343 KB)     

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Reflection-type InIm with a CMA: (a) a conventional reflection-type InIm with a fill factor problem, and (b) proposed method for solving the fill factor problem of displayed 3D images.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Emission angles of pixels in elemental images required to prevent a fill factor problem.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 The fill factor problem in a reflection-type InIm: schematic diagrams for describing (a) changes of emission angles and chief rays of pixels according to positions, and (b) shift of images of projector exit pupil on a CMA.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Recording and reconstruction geometries for DHOE: (a) recording geometry realized with 4-f optics, and (b) reconstruction geometry.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Schematic diagrams of the use of a DHOE in a reflection-type InIm: (a) scattering of elemental images by the DHOE when the elemental images are incident with Bragg matching conditions, and (b) integration of 3D pixels with rays passing through the DHOE after being reflected at the CMA.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Photograph of an experimental setup for recording a DHOE with 4-f optics.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Diffraction characteristics of DHOE: (a) a schematic diagram of measuring selectivity and diffusing angle, results of (b) diffusing angle measurements, and (c) angular selectivity measurements of the DHOE.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 Experimental setup for displaying InIm: (a) a photograph of experimental setup, and (b) elemental images.
Fig. 9
Fig. 9 Experimental results: integrated images by using (a) CMA with DHOE (Media 1), and (b) CMA with directly projecting elemental images.

Equations (3)

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θ min =2 tan 1 P m g ,
θ emission (x)= tan 1 x+ P p /2 D p tan 1 x P p /2 D p ,
θ DHOE =2 tan 1 ( F 1 F 2 tan θ d 2 ),

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