Abstract

The optical limiting (OL) properties of single-layer graphene dispersions in different solvents were studied using a nanosecond pulse laser. The graphene dispersions, especially in heavy-atom solvents, showed much better OL properties compared with referenced C60-toluene solution. The dependences of OL thresholds and nonlinear scattering (NLS) intensities on the solvent surface tensions indicated that, NLS effect played an important role in the OL process of graphene dispersions, while nonlinear absorption (NLA) effect might also contribute in solvents with heavy atoms. The NLA measurements further demonstrated the contribution of NLA effect to the excellent OL property of graphene dispersions in heavy-atom solvents.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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2014 (2)

D. Tan, Y. Yamada, S. Zhou, Y. Shimotsuma, K. Miura, and J. Qiu, “Carbon nanodots with strong nonlinear optical response,” Carbon 69, 638–640 (2014).
[Crossref]

Q. Y. Ouyang, Z. Xu, Z. Y. Lei, H. W. Dong, H. L. Yu, L. H. Qi, C. Y. Li, and Y. J. Chen, “Enhanced nonlinear optical and optical limiting properties of graphene/ZnO hybrid organic glasses,” Carbon 67, 214–220 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (1)

2012 (3)

P. C. Haripadmam, M. K. Kavitha, H. John, B. Krishnan, and P. Gopinath, “Optical limiting studies of ZnO nanotops and its polymer nanocomposite films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(7), 071103 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Yang, Y. Song, W. Zhu, X. Su, and H. Xu, “Investigation of optical nonlinearities and transient dynamics in a stilbenzene derivative,” J. Phys. Chem. B 116(4), 1221–1225 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. C. He, W. Wei, L. Ma, R. Chen, S. X. Wu, H. Zhang, Y. H. Yang, J. Ma, L. Huang, G. G. Gurzadyan, and H. D. Sun, “Mechanism Studies on the Superior Optical Limiting Observed in Graphene Oxide Covalently Functionalized with Upconversion NaYF₄ :Yb³⁺/Er³⁺ Nanoparticles,” Small 8(14), 2163–2168 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (2)

M. Krishna, V. P. Kumar, N. Venkatramaiah, R. Venkatesan, and D. N. Rao, “Nonlinear optical properties of covalently linked graphene-metal porphyrin composite materials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(8), 081106 (2011).
[Crossref]

G. K. Lim, Z. L. Chen, J. Clark, R. Goh, W. H. Ng, H. W. Tan, R. H. Friend, P. Ho, and L. L. Chua, “Giant broadband nonlinear optical absorption response in dispersed graphene single sheets,” Nat. Photonics 5(9), 554–560 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (5)

N. Karousis, A. Sandanayaka, T. Hasobe, S. P. Economopoulos, E. Sarantopoulou, and N. Tagmatarchis, “Graphene oxide with covalently linked porphyrin antennae: Synthesis, characterization and photophysical properties,” J. Mater. Chem. 21(1), 109–117 (2010).
[Crossref]

M. Feng, H. B. Zhan, and Y. Chen, “Nonlinear optical and optical limiting properties of graphene families,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(3), 033107 (2010).
[Crossref]

F. Bonaccorso, Z. Sun, T. Hasan, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene photonics and optoelectronics,” Nat. Photonics 4(9), 611–622 (2010).
[Crossref]

Y. W. Song, S. Y. Jang, W. S. Han, and M. K. Bae, “Graphene mode-lockers for fiber lasers functioned with evanescent field interaction,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(5), 051122 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Wang, D. Fruchtl, Z. Y. Sun, J. N. Coleman, and W. J. Blau, “Control of Optical Limiting of Carbon Nanotube Dispersions by Changing Solvent Parameters,” J. Phys. Chem. C 114(13), 6148–6156 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (1)

J. Wang, Y. Hernandez, M. Lotya, J. N. Coleman, and W. J. Blau, “Broadband Nonlinear Optical Response of Graphene Dispersions,” Adv. Mater. 21(23), 2430–2435 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (2)

J. M. Dawlaty, S. Shivaraman, M. Chandrashekhar, F. Rana, and M. G. Spencer, “Measurement of ultrafast carrier dynamics in epitaxial graphene,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(4), 042116 (2008).
[Crossref]

Y. Hernandez, V. Nicolosi, M. Lotya, F. M. Blighe, Z. Y. Sun, S. De, I. T. McGovern, B. Holland, M. Byrne, Y. K. Gun’Ko, J. J. Boland, P. Niraj, G. Duesberg, S. Krishnamurthy, R. Goodhue, J. Hutchison, V. Scardaci, A. C. Ferrari, and J. N. Coleman, “High-yield production of graphene by liquid-phase exfoliation of graphite,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 3(9), 563–568 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2004 (1)

I. M. Belousova, N. G. Mironova, A. G. Scobelev, and M. S. Yur’ev, “The investigation of nonlinear optical limiting by aqueous suspensions of carbon nanoparticles,” Opt. Commun. 235(4-6), 445–452 (2004).
[Crossref]

2003 (2)

I. M. Belousova, N. G. Mironova, and M. S. Yur’Ev, “Theoretical investigation of nonlinear limiting of laser radiation power by suspensions of carbon particles,” Opt 94(Spec.), 86–91 (2003).

Y. Gao, Y. Wang, Y. Song, Y. Li, S. Qu, H. Liu, B. Dong, and J. Zu, “Strong optical limiting property of a novel silver nanoparticle containing C60 derivative,” Opt. Commun. 223(1-3), 103–108 (2003).
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

L. Vivien, P. Lancon, D. Riehl, F. Hache, and E. Anglaret, “Carbon nanotubes for optical limiting,” Carbon 40(10), 1789–1797 (2002).
[Crossref]

1999 (2)

R. C. Hollins, “Materials for optical limiters,” Curr. Opin. Solid State Mater. Sci. 4(2), 189–196 (1999).
[Crossref]

Y. P. Sun and J. E. Riggs, “Organic and inorganic optical limiting materials. From fullerenes to nanoparticles,” Int. Rev. Phys. Chem. 18(1), 43–90 (1999).
[Crossref]

1992 (1)

Anglaret, E.

L. Vivien, P. Lancon, D. Riehl, F. Hache, and E. Anglaret, “Carbon nanotubes for optical limiting,” Carbon 40(10), 1789–1797 (2002).
[Crossref]

Bae, M. K.

Y. W. Song, S. Y. Jang, W. S. Han, and M. K. Bae, “Graphene mode-lockers for fiber lasers functioned with evanescent field interaction,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(5), 051122 (2010).
[Crossref]

Belousova, I. M.

I. M. Belousova, N. G. Mironova, A. G. Scobelev, and M. S. Yur’ev, “The investigation of nonlinear optical limiting by aqueous suspensions of carbon nanoparticles,” Opt. Commun. 235(4-6), 445–452 (2004).
[Crossref]

I. M. Belousova, N. G. Mironova, and M. S. Yur’Ev, “Theoretical investigation of nonlinear limiting of laser radiation power by suspensions of carbon particles,” Opt 94(Spec.), 86–91 (2003).

Blau, W. J.

X. Cheng, N. N. Dong, B. Li, X. Y. Zhang, S. F. Zhang, J. Jiao, W. J. Blau, L. Zhang, and J. Wang, “Controllable broadband nonlinear optical response of graphene dispersions by tuning vacuum pressure,” Opt. Express 21(14), 16486–16493 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Wang, D. Fruchtl, Z. Y. Sun, J. N. Coleman, and W. J. Blau, “Control of Optical Limiting of Carbon Nanotube Dispersions by Changing Solvent Parameters,” J. Phys. Chem. C 114(13), 6148–6156 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Wang, Y. Hernandez, M. Lotya, J. N. Coleman, and W. J. Blau, “Broadband Nonlinear Optical Response of Graphene Dispersions,” Adv. Mater. 21(23), 2430–2435 (2009).
[Crossref]

Blighe, F. M.

Y. Hernandez, V. Nicolosi, M. Lotya, F. M. Blighe, Z. Y. Sun, S. De, I. T. McGovern, B. Holland, M. Byrne, Y. K. Gun’Ko, J. J. Boland, P. Niraj, G. Duesberg, S. Krishnamurthy, R. Goodhue, J. Hutchison, V. Scardaci, A. C. Ferrari, and J. N. Coleman, “High-yield production of graphene by liquid-phase exfoliation of graphite,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 3(9), 563–568 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Boland, J. J.

Y. Hernandez, V. Nicolosi, M. Lotya, F. M. Blighe, Z. Y. Sun, S. De, I. T. McGovern, B. Holland, M. Byrne, Y. K. Gun’Ko, J. J. Boland, P. Niraj, G. Duesberg, S. Krishnamurthy, R. Goodhue, J. Hutchison, V. Scardaci, A. C. Ferrari, and J. N. Coleman, “High-yield production of graphene by liquid-phase exfoliation of graphite,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 3(9), 563–568 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bonaccorso, F.

F. Bonaccorso, Z. Sun, T. Hasan, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene photonics and optoelectronics,” Nat. Photonics 4(9), 611–622 (2010).
[Crossref]

Byrne, M.

Y. Hernandez, V. Nicolosi, M. Lotya, F. M. Blighe, Z. Y. Sun, S. De, I. T. McGovern, B. Holland, M. Byrne, Y. K. Gun’Ko, J. J. Boland, P. Niraj, G. Duesberg, S. Krishnamurthy, R. Goodhue, J. Hutchison, V. Scardaci, A. C. Ferrari, and J. N. Coleman, “High-yield production of graphene by liquid-phase exfoliation of graphite,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 3(9), 563–568 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chandrashekhar, M.

J. M. Dawlaty, S. Shivaraman, M. Chandrashekhar, F. Rana, and M. G. Spencer, “Measurement of ultrafast carrier dynamics in epitaxial graphene,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(4), 042116 (2008).
[Crossref]

Chen, R.

T. C. He, W. Wei, L. Ma, R. Chen, S. X. Wu, H. Zhang, Y. H. Yang, J. Ma, L. Huang, G. G. Gurzadyan, and H. D. Sun, “Mechanism Studies on the Superior Optical Limiting Observed in Graphene Oxide Covalently Functionalized with Upconversion NaYF₄ :Yb³⁺/Er³⁺ Nanoparticles,” Small 8(14), 2163–2168 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, Y.

M. Feng, H. B. Zhan, and Y. Chen, “Nonlinear optical and optical limiting properties of graphene families,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(3), 033107 (2010).
[Crossref]

Chen, Y. J.

Q. Y. Ouyang, Z. Xu, Z. Y. Lei, H. W. Dong, H. L. Yu, L. H. Qi, C. Y. Li, and Y. J. Chen, “Enhanced nonlinear optical and optical limiting properties of graphene/ZnO hybrid organic glasses,” Carbon 67, 214–220 (2014).
[Crossref]

Chen, Z. L.

G. K. Lim, Z. L. Chen, J. Clark, R. Goh, W. H. Ng, H. W. Tan, R. H. Friend, P. Ho, and L. L. Chua, “Giant broadband nonlinear optical absorption response in dispersed graphene single sheets,” Nat. Photonics 5(9), 554–560 (2011).
[Crossref]

Cheng, X.

Chua, L. L.

G. K. Lim, Z. L. Chen, J. Clark, R. Goh, W. H. Ng, H. W. Tan, R. H. Friend, P. Ho, and L. L. Chua, “Giant broadband nonlinear optical absorption response in dispersed graphene single sheets,” Nat. Photonics 5(9), 554–560 (2011).
[Crossref]

Clark, J.

G. K. Lim, Z. L. Chen, J. Clark, R. Goh, W. H. Ng, H. W. Tan, R. H. Friend, P. Ho, and L. L. Chua, “Giant broadband nonlinear optical absorption response in dispersed graphene single sheets,” Nat. Photonics 5(9), 554–560 (2011).
[Crossref]

Coleman, J. N.

J. Wang, D. Fruchtl, Z. Y. Sun, J. N. Coleman, and W. J. Blau, “Control of Optical Limiting of Carbon Nanotube Dispersions by Changing Solvent Parameters,” J. Phys. Chem. C 114(13), 6148–6156 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Wang, Y. Hernandez, M. Lotya, J. N. Coleman, and W. J. Blau, “Broadband Nonlinear Optical Response of Graphene Dispersions,” Adv. Mater. 21(23), 2430–2435 (2009).
[Crossref]

Y. Hernandez, V. Nicolosi, M. Lotya, F. M. Blighe, Z. Y. Sun, S. De, I. T. McGovern, B. Holland, M. Byrne, Y. K. Gun’Ko, J. J. Boland, P. Niraj, G. Duesberg, S. Krishnamurthy, R. Goodhue, J. Hutchison, V. Scardaci, A. C. Ferrari, and J. N. Coleman, “High-yield production of graphene by liquid-phase exfoliation of graphite,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 3(9), 563–568 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dawlaty, J. M.

J. M. Dawlaty, S. Shivaraman, M. Chandrashekhar, F. Rana, and M. G. Spencer, “Measurement of ultrafast carrier dynamics in epitaxial graphene,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(4), 042116 (2008).
[Crossref]

De, S.

Y. Hernandez, V. Nicolosi, M. Lotya, F. M. Blighe, Z. Y. Sun, S. De, I. T. McGovern, B. Holland, M. Byrne, Y. K. Gun’Ko, J. J. Boland, P. Niraj, G. Duesberg, S. Krishnamurthy, R. Goodhue, J. Hutchison, V. Scardaci, A. C. Ferrari, and J. N. Coleman, “High-yield production of graphene by liquid-phase exfoliation of graphite,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 3(9), 563–568 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dong, B.

Y. Gao, Y. Wang, Y. Song, Y. Li, S. Qu, H. Liu, B. Dong, and J. Zu, “Strong optical limiting property of a novel silver nanoparticle containing C60 derivative,” Opt. Commun. 223(1-3), 103–108 (2003).
[Crossref]

Dong, H. W.

Q. Y. Ouyang, Z. Xu, Z. Y. Lei, H. W. Dong, H. L. Yu, L. H. Qi, C. Y. Li, and Y. J. Chen, “Enhanced nonlinear optical and optical limiting properties of graphene/ZnO hybrid organic glasses,” Carbon 67, 214–220 (2014).
[Crossref]

Dong, N. N.

Duesberg, G.

Y. Hernandez, V. Nicolosi, M. Lotya, F. M. Blighe, Z. Y. Sun, S. De, I. T. McGovern, B. Holland, M. Byrne, Y. K. Gun’Ko, J. J. Boland, P. Niraj, G. Duesberg, S. Krishnamurthy, R. Goodhue, J. Hutchison, V. Scardaci, A. C. Ferrari, and J. N. Coleman, “High-yield production of graphene by liquid-phase exfoliation of graphite,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 3(9), 563–568 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Economopoulos, S. P.

N. Karousis, A. Sandanayaka, T. Hasobe, S. P. Economopoulos, E. Sarantopoulou, and N. Tagmatarchis, “Graphene oxide with covalently linked porphyrin antennae: Synthesis, characterization and photophysical properties,” J. Mater. Chem. 21(1), 109–117 (2010).
[Crossref]

Feng, M.

M. Feng, H. B. Zhan, and Y. Chen, “Nonlinear optical and optical limiting properties of graphene families,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(3), 033107 (2010).
[Crossref]

Ferrari, A. C.

F. Bonaccorso, Z. Sun, T. Hasan, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene photonics and optoelectronics,” Nat. Photonics 4(9), 611–622 (2010).
[Crossref]

Y. Hernandez, V. Nicolosi, M. Lotya, F. M. Blighe, Z. Y. Sun, S. De, I. T. McGovern, B. Holland, M. Byrne, Y. K. Gun’Ko, J. J. Boland, P. Niraj, G. Duesberg, S. Krishnamurthy, R. Goodhue, J. Hutchison, V. Scardaci, A. C. Ferrari, and J. N. Coleman, “High-yield production of graphene by liquid-phase exfoliation of graphite,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 3(9), 563–568 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Friend, R. H.

G. K. Lim, Z. L. Chen, J. Clark, R. Goh, W. H. Ng, H. W. Tan, R. H. Friend, P. Ho, and L. L. Chua, “Giant broadband nonlinear optical absorption response in dispersed graphene single sheets,” Nat. Photonics 5(9), 554–560 (2011).
[Crossref]

Fruchtl, D.

J. Wang, D. Fruchtl, Z. Y. Sun, J. N. Coleman, and W. J. Blau, “Control of Optical Limiting of Carbon Nanotube Dispersions by Changing Solvent Parameters,” J. Phys. Chem. C 114(13), 6148–6156 (2010).
[Crossref]

Gao, Y.

Y. Gao, Y. Wang, Y. Song, Y. Li, S. Qu, H. Liu, B. Dong, and J. Zu, “Strong optical limiting property of a novel silver nanoparticle containing C60 derivative,” Opt. Commun. 223(1-3), 103–108 (2003).
[Crossref]

Goh, R.

G. K. Lim, Z. L. Chen, J. Clark, R. Goh, W. H. Ng, H. W. Tan, R. H. Friend, P. Ho, and L. L. Chua, “Giant broadband nonlinear optical absorption response in dispersed graphene single sheets,” Nat. Photonics 5(9), 554–560 (2011).
[Crossref]

Goodhue, R.

Y. Hernandez, V. Nicolosi, M. Lotya, F. M. Blighe, Z. Y. Sun, S. De, I. T. McGovern, B. Holland, M. Byrne, Y. K. Gun’Ko, J. J. Boland, P. Niraj, G. Duesberg, S. Krishnamurthy, R. Goodhue, J. Hutchison, V. Scardaci, A. C. Ferrari, and J. N. Coleman, “High-yield production of graphene by liquid-phase exfoliation of graphite,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 3(9), 563–568 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gopinath, P.

P. C. Haripadmam, M. K. Kavitha, H. John, B. Krishnan, and P. Gopinath, “Optical limiting studies of ZnO nanotops and its polymer nanocomposite films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(7), 071103 (2012).
[Crossref]

Gun’Ko, Y. K.

Y. Hernandez, V. Nicolosi, M. Lotya, F. M. Blighe, Z. Y. Sun, S. De, I. T. McGovern, B. Holland, M. Byrne, Y. K. Gun’Ko, J. J. Boland, P. Niraj, G. Duesberg, S. Krishnamurthy, R. Goodhue, J. Hutchison, V. Scardaci, A. C. Ferrari, and J. N. Coleman, “High-yield production of graphene by liquid-phase exfoliation of graphite,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 3(9), 563–568 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gurzadyan, G. G.

T. C. He, W. Wei, L. Ma, R. Chen, S. X. Wu, H. Zhang, Y. H. Yang, J. Ma, L. Huang, G. G. Gurzadyan, and H. D. Sun, “Mechanism Studies on the Superior Optical Limiting Observed in Graphene Oxide Covalently Functionalized with Upconversion NaYF₄ :Yb³⁺/Er³⁺ Nanoparticles,” Small 8(14), 2163–2168 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hache, F.

L. Vivien, P. Lancon, D. Riehl, F. Hache, and E. Anglaret, “Carbon nanotubes for optical limiting,” Carbon 40(10), 1789–1797 (2002).
[Crossref]

Han, W. S.

Y. W. Song, S. Y. Jang, W. S. Han, and M. K. Bae, “Graphene mode-lockers for fiber lasers functioned with evanescent field interaction,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(5), 051122 (2010).
[Crossref]

Haripadmam, P. C.

P. C. Haripadmam, M. K. Kavitha, H. John, B. Krishnan, and P. Gopinath, “Optical limiting studies of ZnO nanotops and its polymer nanocomposite films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(7), 071103 (2012).
[Crossref]

Hasan, T.

F. Bonaccorso, Z. Sun, T. Hasan, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene photonics and optoelectronics,” Nat. Photonics 4(9), 611–622 (2010).
[Crossref]

Hasobe, T.

N. Karousis, A. Sandanayaka, T. Hasobe, S. P. Economopoulos, E. Sarantopoulou, and N. Tagmatarchis, “Graphene oxide with covalently linked porphyrin antennae: Synthesis, characterization and photophysical properties,” J. Mater. Chem. 21(1), 109–117 (2010).
[Crossref]

He, T. C.

T. C. He, W. Wei, L. Ma, R. Chen, S. X. Wu, H. Zhang, Y. H. Yang, J. Ma, L. Huang, G. G. Gurzadyan, and H. D. Sun, “Mechanism Studies on the Superior Optical Limiting Observed in Graphene Oxide Covalently Functionalized with Upconversion NaYF₄ :Yb³⁺/Er³⁺ Nanoparticles,” Small 8(14), 2163–2168 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hernandez, Y.

J. Wang, Y. Hernandez, M. Lotya, J. N. Coleman, and W. J. Blau, “Broadband Nonlinear Optical Response of Graphene Dispersions,” Adv. Mater. 21(23), 2430–2435 (2009).
[Crossref]

Y. Hernandez, V. Nicolosi, M. Lotya, F. M. Blighe, Z. Y. Sun, S. De, I. T. McGovern, B. Holland, M. Byrne, Y. K. Gun’Ko, J. J. Boland, P. Niraj, G. Duesberg, S. Krishnamurthy, R. Goodhue, J. Hutchison, V. Scardaci, A. C. Ferrari, and J. N. Coleman, “High-yield production of graphene by liquid-phase exfoliation of graphite,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 3(9), 563–568 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ho, P.

G. K. Lim, Z. L. Chen, J. Clark, R. Goh, W. H. Ng, H. W. Tan, R. H. Friend, P. Ho, and L. L. Chua, “Giant broadband nonlinear optical absorption response in dispersed graphene single sheets,” Nat. Photonics 5(9), 554–560 (2011).
[Crossref]

Holland, B.

Y. Hernandez, V. Nicolosi, M. Lotya, F. M. Blighe, Z. Y. Sun, S. De, I. T. McGovern, B. Holland, M. Byrne, Y. K. Gun’Ko, J. J. Boland, P. Niraj, G. Duesberg, S. Krishnamurthy, R. Goodhue, J. Hutchison, V. Scardaci, A. C. Ferrari, and J. N. Coleman, “High-yield production of graphene by liquid-phase exfoliation of graphite,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 3(9), 563–568 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hollins, R. C.

R. C. Hollins, “Materials for optical limiters,” Curr. Opin. Solid State Mater. Sci. 4(2), 189–196 (1999).
[Crossref]

Huang, L.

T. C. He, W. Wei, L. Ma, R. Chen, S. X. Wu, H. Zhang, Y. H. Yang, J. Ma, L. Huang, G. G. Gurzadyan, and H. D. Sun, “Mechanism Studies on the Superior Optical Limiting Observed in Graphene Oxide Covalently Functionalized with Upconversion NaYF₄ :Yb³⁺/Er³⁺ Nanoparticles,” Small 8(14), 2163–2168 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hutchison, J.

Y. Hernandez, V. Nicolosi, M. Lotya, F. M. Blighe, Z. Y. Sun, S. De, I. T. McGovern, B. Holland, M. Byrne, Y. K. Gun’Ko, J. J. Boland, P. Niraj, G. Duesberg, S. Krishnamurthy, R. Goodhue, J. Hutchison, V. Scardaci, A. C. Ferrari, and J. N. Coleman, “High-yield production of graphene by liquid-phase exfoliation of graphite,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 3(9), 563–568 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jang, S. Y.

Y. W. Song, S. Y. Jang, W. S. Han, and M. K. Bae, “Graphene mode-lockers for fiber lasers functioned with evanescent field interaction,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(5), 051122 (2010).
[Crossref]

Jiao, J.

John, H.

P. C. Haripadmam, M. K. Kavitha, H. John, B. Krishnan, and P. Gopinath, “Optical limiting studies of ZnO nanotops and its polymer nanocomposite films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(7), 071103 (2012).
[Crossref]

Karousis, N.

N. Karousis, A. Sandanayaka, T. Hasobe, S. P. Economopoulos, E. Sarantopoulou, and N. Tagmatarchis, “Graphene oxide with covalently linked porphyrin antennae: Synthesis, characterization and photophysical properties,” J. Mater. Chem. 21(1), 109–117 (2010).
[Crossref]

Kavitha, M. K.

P. C. Haripadmam, M. K. Kavitha, H. John, B. Krishnan, and P. Gopinath, “Optical limiting studies of ZnO nanotops and its polymer nanocomposite films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(7), 071103 (2012).
[Crossref]

Krishna, M.

M. Krishna, V. P. Kumar, N. Venkatramaiah, R. Venkatesan, and D. N. Rao, “Nonlinear optical properties of covalently linked graphene-metal porphyrin composite materials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(8), 081106 (2011).
[Crossref]

Krishnamurthy, S.

Y. Hernandez, V. Nicolosi, M. Lotya, F. M. Blighe, Z. Y. Sun, S. De, I. T. McGovern, B. Holland, M. Byrne, Y. K. Gun’Ko, J. J. Boland, P. Niraj, G. Duesberg, S. Krishnamurthy, R. Goodhue, J. Hutchison, V. Scardaci, A. C. Ferrari, and J. N. Coleman, “High-yield production of graphene by liquid-phase exfoliation of graphite,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 3(9), 563–568 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Krishnan, B.

P. C. Haripadmam, M. K. Kavitha, H. John, B. Krishnan, and P. Gopinath, “Optical limiting studies of ZnO nanotops and its polymer nanocomposite films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(7), 071103 (2012).
[Crossref]

Kumar, V. P.

M. Krishna, V. P. Kumar, N. Venkatramaiah, R. Venkatesan, and D. N. Rao, “Nonlinear optical properties of covalently linked graphene-metal porphyrin composite materials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(8), 081106 (2011).
[Crossref]

Lancon, P.

L. Vivien, P. Lancon, D. Riehl, F. Hache, and E. Anglaret, “Carbon nanotubes for optical limiting,” Carbon 40(10), 1789–1797 (2002).
[Crossref]

Lei, Z. Y.

Q. Y. Ouyang, Z. Xu, Z. Y. Lei, H. W. Dong, H. L. Yu, L. H. Qi, C. Y. Li, and Y. J. Chen, “Enhanced nonlinear optical and optical limiting properties of graphene/ZnO hybrid organic glasses,” Carbon 67, 214–220 (2014).
[Crossref]

Li, B.

Li, C. Y.

Q. Y. Ouyang, Z. Xu, Z. Y. Lei, H. W. Dong, H. L. Yu, L. H. Qi, C. Y. Li, and Y. J. Chen, “Enhanced nonlinear optical and optical limiting properties of graphene/ZnO hybrid organic glasses,” Carbon 67, 214–220 (2014).
[Crossref]

Li, Y.

Y. Gao, Y. Wang, Y. Song, Y. Li, S. Qu, H. Liu, B. Dong, and J. Zu, “Strong optical limiting property of a novel silver nanoparticle containing C60 derivative,” Opt. Commun. 223(1-3), 103–108 (2003).
[Crossref]

Lim, G. K.

G. K. Lim, Z. L. Chen, J. Clark, R. Goh, W. H. Ng, H. W. Tan, R. H. Friend, P. Ho, and L. L. Chua, “Giant broadband nonlinear optical absorption response in dispersed graphene single sheets,” Nat. Photonics 5(9), 554–560 (2011).
[Crossref]

Liu, H.

Y. Gao, Y. Wang, Y. Song, Y. Li, S. Qu, H. Liu, B. Dong, and J. Zu, “Strong optical limiting property of a novel silver nanoparticle containing C60 derivative,” Opt. Commun. 223(1-3), 103–108 (2003).
[Crossref]

Lotya, M.

J. Wang, Y. Hernandez, M. Lotya, J. N. Coleman, and W. J. Blau, “Broadband Nonlinear Optical Response of Graphene Dispersions,” Adv. Mater. 21(23), 2430–2435 (2009).
[Crossref]

Y. Hernandez, V. Nicolosi, M. Lotya, F. M. Blighe, Z. Y. Sun, S. De, I. T. McGovern, B. Holland, M. Byrne, Y. K. Gun’Ko, J. J. Boland, P. Niraj, G. Duesberg, S. Krishnamurthy, R. Goodhue, J. Hutchison, V. Scardaci, A. C. Ferrari, and J. N. Coleman, “High-yield production of graphene by liquid-phase exfoliation of graphite,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 3(9), 563–568 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ma, J.

T. C. He, W. Wei, L. Ma, R. Chen, S. X. Wu, H. Zhang, Y. H. Yang, J. Ma, L. Huang, G. G. Gurzadyan, and H. D. Sun, “Mechanism Studies on the Superior Optical Limiting Observed in Graphene Oxide Covalently Functionalized with Upconversion NaYF₄ :Yb³⁺/Er³⁺ Nanoparticles,” Small 8(14), 2163–2168 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ma, L.

T. C. He, W. Wei, L. Ma, R. Chen, S. X. Wu, H. Zhang, Y. H. Yang, J. Ma, L. Huang, G. G. Gurzadyan, and H. D. Sun, “Mechanism Studies on the Superior Optical Limiting Observed in Graphene Oxide Covalently Functionalized with Upconversion NaYF₄ :Yb³⁺/Er³⁺ Nanoparticles,” Small 8(14), 2163–2168 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mansour, K.

McGovern, I. T.

Y. Hernandez, V. Nicolosi, M. Lotya, F. M. Blighe, Z. Y. Sun, S. De, I. T. McGovern, B. Holland, M. Byrne, Y. K. Gun’Ko, J. J. Boland, P. Niraj, G. Duesberg, S. Krishnamurthy, R. Goodhue, J. Hutchison, V. Scardaci, A. C. Ferrari, and J. N. Coleman, “High-yield production of graphene by liquid-phase exfoliation of graphite,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 3(9), 563–568 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mironova, N. G.

I. M. Belousova, N. G. Mironova, A. G. Scobelev, and M. S. Yur’ev, “The investigation of nonlinear optical limiting by aqueous suspensions of carbon nanoparticles,” Opt. Commun. 235(4-6), 445–452 (2004).
[Crossref]

I. M. Belousova, N. G. Mironova, and M. S. Yur’Ev, “Theoretical investigation of nonlinear limiting of laser radiation power by suspensions of carbon particles,” Opt 94(Spec.), 86–91 (2003).

Miura, K.

D. Tan, Y. Yamada, S. Zhou, Y. Shimotsuma, K. Miura, and J. Qiu, “Carbon nanodots with strong nonlinear optical response,” Carbon 69, 638–640 (2014).
[Crossref]

Ng, W. H.

G. K. Lim, Z. L. Chen, J. Clark, R. Goh, W. H. Ng, H. W. Tan, R. H. Friend, P. Ho, and L. L. Chua, “Giant broadband nonlinear optical absorption response in dispersed graphene single sheets,” Nat. Photonics 5(9), 554–560 (2011).
[Crossref]

Nicolosi, V.

Y. Hernandez, V. Nicolosi, M. Lotya, F. M. Blighe, Z. Y. Sun, S. De, I. T. McGovern, B. Holland, M. Byrne, Y. K. Gun’Ko, J. J. Boland, P. Niraj, G. Duesberg, S. Krishnamurthy, R. Goodhue, J. Hutchison, V. Scardaci, A. C. Ferrari, and J. N. Coleman, “High-yield production of graphene by liquid-phase exfoliation of graphite,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 3(9), 563–568 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Niraj, P.

Y. Hernandez, V. Nicolosi, M. Lotya, F. M. Blighe, Z. Y. Sun, S. De, I. T. McGovern, B. Holland, M. Byrne, Y. K. Gun’Ko, J. J. Boland, P. Niraj, G. Duesberg, S. Krishnamurthy, R. Goodhue, J. Hutchison, V. Scardaci, A. C. Ferrari, and J. N. Coleman, “High-yield production of graphene by liquid-phase exfoliation of graphite,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 3(9), 563–568 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ouyang, Q. Y.

Q. Y. Ouyang, Z. Xu, Z. Y. Lei, H. W. Dong, H. L. Yu, L. H. Qi, C. Y. Li, and Y. J. Chen, “Enhanced nonlinear optical and optical limiting properties of graphene/ZnO hybrid organic glasses,” Carbon 67, 214–220 (2014).
[Crossref]

Qi, L. H.

Q. Y. Ouyang, Z. Xu, Z. Y. Lei, H. W. Dong, H. L. Yu, L. H. Qi, C. Y. Li, and Y. J. Chen, “Enhanced nonlinear optical and optical limiting properties of graphene/ZnO hybrid organic glasses,” Carbon 67, 214–220 (2014).
[Crossref]

Qiu, J.

D. Tan, Y. Yamada, S. Zhou, Y. Shimotsuma, K. Miura, and J. Qiu, “Carbon nanodots with strong nonlinear optical response,” Carbon 69, 638–640 (2014).
[Crossref]

Qu, S.

Y. Gao, Y. Wang, Y. Song, Y. Li, S. Qu, H. Liu, B. Dong, and J. Zu, “Strong optical limiting property of a novel silver nanoparticle containing C60 derivative,” Opt. Commun. 223(1-3), 103–108 (2003).
[Crossref]

Rana, F.

J. M. Dawlaty, S. Shivaraman, M. Chandrashekhar, F. Rana, and M. G. Spencer, “Measurement of ultrafast carrier dynamics in epitaxial graphene,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(4), 042116 (2008).
[Crossref]

Rao, D. N.

M. Krishna, V. P. Kumar, N. Venkatramaiah, R. Venkatesan, and D. N. Rao, “Nonlinear optical properties of covalently linked graphene-metal porphyrin composite materials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(8), 081106 (2011).
[Crossref]

Riehl, D.

L. Vivien, P. Lancon, D. Riehl, F. Hache, and E. Anglaret, “Carbon nanotubes for optical limiting,” Carbon 40(10), 1789–1797 (2002).
[Crossref]

Riggs, J. E.

Y. P. Sun and J. E. Riggs, “Organic and inorganic optical limiting materials. From fullerenes to nanoparticles,” Int. Rev. Phys. Chem. 18(1), 43–90 (1999).
[Crossref]

Sandanayaka, A.

N. Karousis, A. Sandanayaka, T. Hasobe, S. P. Economopoulos, E. Sarantopoulou, and N. Tagmatarchis, “Graphene oxide with covalently linked porphyrin antennae: Synthesis, characterization and photophysical properties,” J. Mater. Chem. 21(1), 109–117 (2010).
[Crossref]

Sarantopoulou, E.

N. Karousis, A. Sandanayaka, T. Hasobe, S. P. Economopoulos, E. Sarantopoulou, and N. Tagmatarchis, “Graphene oxide with covalently linked porphyrin antennae: Synthesis, characterization and photophysical properties,” J. Mater. Chem. 21(1), 109–117 (2010).
[Crossref]

Scardaci, V.

Y. Hernandez, V. Nicolosi, M. Lotya, F. M. Blighe, Z. Y. Sun, S. De, I. T. McGovern, B. Holland, M. Byrne, Y. K. Gun’Ko, J. J. Boland, P. Niraj, G. Duesberg, S. Krishnamurthy, R. Goodhue, J. Hutchison, V. Scardaci, A. C. Ferrari, and J. N. Coleman, “High-yield production of graphene by liquid-phase exfoliation of graphite,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 3(9), 563–568 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Scobelev, A. G.

I. M. Belousova, N. G. Mironova, A. G. Scobelev, and M. S. Yur’ev, “The investigation of nonlinear optical limiting by aqueous suspensions of carbon nanoparticles,” Opt. Commun. 235(4-6), 445–452 (2004).
[Crossref]

Shimotsuma, Y.

D. Tan, Y. Yamada, S. Zhou, Y. Shimotsuma, K. Miura, and J. Qiu, “Carbon nanodots with strong nonlinear optical response,” Carbon 69, 638–640 (2014).
[Crossref]

Shivaraman, S.

J. M. Dawlaty, S. Shivaraman, M. Chandrashekhar, F. Rana, and M. G. Spencer, “Measurement of ultrafast carrier dynamics in epitaxial graphene,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(4), 042116 (2008).
[Crossref]

Soileau, M. J.

Song, Y.

J. Yang, Y. Song, W. Zhu, X. Su, and H. Xu, “Investigation of optical nonlinearities and transient dynamics in a stilbenzene derivative,” J. Phys. Chem. B 116(4), 1221–1225 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Gao, Y. Wang, Y. Song, Y. Li, S. Qu, H. Liu, B. Dong, and J. Zu, “Strong optical limiting property of a novel silver nanoparticle containing C60 derivative,” Opt. Commun. 223(1-3), 103–108 (2003).
[Crossref]

Song, Y. W.

Y. W. Song, S. Y. Jang, W. S. Han, and M. K. Bae, “Graphene mode-lockers for fiber lasers functioned with evanescent field interaction,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(5), 051122 (2010).
[Crossref]

Spencer, M. G.

J. M. Dawlaty, S. Shivaraman, M. Chandrashekhar, F. Rana, and M. G. Spencer, “Measurement of ultrafast carrier dynamics in epitaxial graphene,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(4), 042116 (2008).
[Crossref]

Su, X.

J. Yang, Y. Song, W. Zhu, X. Su, and H. Xu, “Investigation of optical nonlinearities and transient dynamics in a stilbenzene derivative,” J. Phys. Chem. B 116(4), 1221–1225 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sun, H. D.

T. C. He, W. Wei, L. Ma, R. Chen, S. X. Wu, H. Zhang, Y. H. Yang, J. Ma, L. Huang, G. G. Gurzadyan, and H. D. Sun, “Mechanism Studies on the Superior Optical Limiting Observed in Graphene Oxide Covalently Functionalized with Upconversion NaYF₄ :Yb³⁺/Er³⁺ Nanoparticles,” Small 8(14), 2163–2168 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sun, Y. P.

Y. P. Sun and J. E. Riggs, “Organic and inorganic optical limiting materials. From fullerenes to nanoparticles,” Int. Rev. Phys. Chem. 18(1), 43–90 (1999).
[Crossref]

Sun, Z.

F. Bonaccorso, Z. Sun, T. Hasan, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene photonics and optoelectronics,” Nat. Photonics 4(9), 611–622 (2010).
[Crossref]

Sun, Z. Y.

J. Wang, D. Fruchtl, Z. Y. Sun, J. N. Coleman, and W. J. Blau, “Control of Optical Limiting of Carbon Nanotube Dispersions by Changing Solvent Parameters,” J. Phys. Chem. C 114(13), 6148–6156 (2010).
[Crossref]

Y. Hernandez, V. Nicolosi, M. Lotya, F. M. Blighe, Z. Y. Sun, S. De, I. T. McGovern, B. Holland, M. Byrne, Y. K. Gun’Ko, J. J. Boland, P. Niraj, G. Duesberg, S. Krishnamurthy, R. Goodhue, J. Hutchison, V. Scardaci, A. C. Ferrari, and J. N. Coleman, “High-yield production of graphene by liquid-phase exfoliation of graphite,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 3(9), 563–568 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tagmatarchis, N.

N. Karousis, A. Sandanayaka, T. Hasobe, S. P. Economopoulos, E. Sarantopoulou, and N. Tagmatarchis, “Graphene oxide with covalently linked porphyrin antennae: Synthesis, characterization and photophysical properties,” J. Mater. Chem. 21(1), 109–117 (2010).
[Crossref]

Tan, D.

D. Tan, Y. Yamada, S. Zhou, Y. Shimotsuma, K. Miura, and J. Qiu, “Carbon nanodots with strong nonlinear optical response,” Carbon 69, 638–640 (2014).
[Crossref]

Tan, H. W.

G. K. Lim, Z. L. Chen, J. Clark, R. Goh, W. H. Ng, H. W. Tan, R. H. Friend, P. Ho, and L. L. Chua, “Giant broadband nonlinear optical absorption response in dispersed graphene single sheets,” Nat. Photonics 5(9), 554–560 (2011).
[Crossref]

Van Stryland, E. W.

Venkatesan, R.

M. Krishna, V. P. Kumar, N. Venkatramaiah, R. Venkatesan, and D. N. Rao, “Nonlinear optical properties of covalently linked graphene-metal porphyrin composite materials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(8), 081106 (2011).
[Crossref]

Venkatramaiah, N.

M. Krishna, V. P. Kumar, N. Venkatramaiah, R. Venkatesan, and D. N. Rao, “Nonlinear optical properties of covalently linked graphene-metal porphyrin composite materials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(8), 081106 (2011).
[Crossref]

Vivien, L.

L. Vivien, P. Lancon, D. Riehl, F. Hache, and E. Anglaret, “Carbon nanotubes for optical limiting,” Carbon 40(10), 1789–1797 (2002).
[Crossref]

Wang, J.

X. Cheng, N. N. Dong, B. Li, X. Y. Zhang, S. F. Zhang, J. Jiao, W. J. Blau, L. Zhang, and J. Wang, “Controllable broadband nonlinear optical response of graphene dispersions by tuning vacuum pressure,” Opt. Express 21(14), 16486–16493 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Wang, D. Fruchtl, Z. Y. Sun, J. N. Coleman, and W. J. Blau, “Control of Optical Limiting of Carbon Nanotube Dispersions by Changing Solvent Parameters,” J. Phys. Chem. C 114(13), 6148–6156 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Wang, Y. Hernandez, M. Lotya, J. N. Coleman, and W. J. Blau, “Broadband Nonlinear Optical Response of Graphene Dispersions,” Adv. Mater. 21(23), 2430–2435 (2009).
[Crossref]

Wang, Y.

Y. Gao, Y. Wang, Y. Song, Y. Li, S. Qu, H. Liu, B. Dong, and J. Zu, “Strong optical limiting property of a novel silver nanoparticle containing C60 derivative,” Opt. Commun. 223(1-3), 103–108 (2003).
[Crossref]

Wei, W.

T. C. He, W. Wei, L. Ma, R. Chen, S. X. Wu, H. Zhang, Y. H. Yang, J. Ma, L. Huang, G. G. Gurzadyan, and H. D. Sun, “Mechanism Studies on the Superior Optical Limiting Observed in Graphene Oxide Covalently Functionalized with Upconversion NaYF₄ :Yb³⁺/Er³⁺ Nanoparticles,” Small 8(14), 2163–2168 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wu, S. X.

T. C. He, W. Wei, L. Ma, R. Chen, S. X. Wu, H. Zhang, Y. H. Yang, J. Ma, L. Huang, G. G. Gurzadyan, and H. D. Sun, “Mechanism Studies on the Superior Optical Limiting Observed in Graphene Oxide Covalently Functionalized with Upconversion NaYF₄ :Yb³⁺/Er³⁺ Nanoparticles,” Small 8(14), 2163–2168 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xu, H.

J. Yang, Y. Song, W. Zhu, X. Su, and H. Xu, “Investigation of optical nonlinearities and transient dynamics in a stilbenzene derivative,” J. Phys. Chem. B 116(4), 1221–1225 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xu, Z.

Q. Y. Ouyang, Z. Xu, Z. Y. Lei, H. W. Dong, H. L. Yu, L. H. Qi, C. Y. Li, and Y. J. Chen, “Enhanced nonlinear optical and optical limiting properties of graphene/ZnO hybrid organic glasses,” Carbon 67, 214–220 (2014).
[Crossref]

Yamada, Y.

D. Tan, Y. Yamada, S. Zhou, Y. Shimotsuma, K. Miura, and J. Qiu, “Carbon nanodots with strong nonlinear optical response,” Carbon 69, 638–640 (2014).
[Crossref]

Yang, J.

J. Yang, Y. Song, W. Zhu, X. Su, and H. Xu, “Investigation of optical nonlinearities and transient dynamics in a stilbenzene derivative,” J. Phys. Chem. B 116(4), 1221–1225 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yang, Y. H.

T. C. He, W. Wei, L. Ma, R. Chen, S. X. Wu, H. Zhang, Y. H. Yang, J. Ma, L. Huang, G. G. Gurzadyan, and H. D. Sun, “Mechanism Studies on the Superior Optical Limiting Observed in Graphene Oxide Covalently Functionalized with Upconversion NaYF₄ :Yb³⁺/Er³⁺ Nanoparticles,” Small 8(14), 2163–2168 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yu, H. L.

Q. Y. Ouyang, Z. Xu, Z. Y. Lei, H. W. Dong, H. L. Yu, L. H. Qi, C. Y. Li, and Y. J. Chen, “Enhanced nonlinear optical and optical limiting properties of graphene/ZnO hybrid organic glasses,” Carbon 67, 214–220 (2014).
[Crossref]

Yur’ev, M. S.

I. M. Belousova, N. G. Mironova, A. G. Scobelev, and M. S. Yur’ev, “The investigation of nonlinear optical limiting by aqueous suspensions of carbon nanoparticles,” Opt. Commun. 235(4-6), 445–452 (2004).
[Crossref]

I. M. Belousova, N. G. Mironova, and M. S. Yur’Ev, “Theoretical investigation of nonlinear limiting of laser radiation power by suspensions of carbon particles,” Opt 94(Spec.), 86–91 (2003).

Zhan, H. B.

M. Feng, H. B. Zhan, and Y. Chen, “Nonlinear optical and optical limiting properties of graphene families,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(3), 033107 (2010).
[Crossref]

Zhang, H.

T. C. He, W. Wei, L. Ma, R. Chen, S. X. Wu, H. Zhang, Y. H. Yang, J. Ma, L. Huang, G. G. Gurzadyan, and H. D. Sun, “Mechanism Studies on the Superior Optical Limiting Observed in Graphene Oxide Covalently Functionalized with Upconversion NaYF₄ :Yb³⁺/Er³⁺ Nanoparticles,” Small 8(14), 2163–2168 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, L.

Zhang, S. F.

Zhang, X. Y.

Zhou, S.

D. Tan, Y. Yamada, S. Zhou, Y. Shimotsuma, K. Miura, and J. Qiu, “Carbon nanodots with strong nonlinear optical response,” Carbon 69, 638–640 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhu, W.

J. Yang, Y. Song, W. Zhu, X. Su, and H. Xu, “Investigation of optical nonlinearities and transient dynamics in a stilbenzene derivative,” J. Phys. Chem. B 116(4), 1221–1225 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zu, J.

Y. Gao, Y. Wang, Y. Song, Y. Li, S. Qu, H. Liu, B. Dong, and J. Zu, “Strong optical limiting property of a novel silver nanoparticle containing C60 derivative,” Opt. Commun. 223(1-3), 103–108 (2003).
[Crossref]

Adv. Mater. (1)

J. Wang, Y. Hernandez, M. Lotya, J. N. Coleman, and W. J. Blau, “Broadband Nonlinear Optical Response of Graphene Dispersions,” Adv. Mater. 21(23), 2430–2435 (2009).
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M. Feng, H. B. Zhan, and Y. Chen, “Nonlinear optical and optical limiting properties of graphene families,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(3), 033107 (2010).
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P. C. Haripadmam, M. K. Kavitha, H. John, B. Krishnan, and P. Gopinath, “Optical limiting studies of ZnO nanotops and its polymer nanocomposite films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(7), 071103 (2012).
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J. M. Dawlaty, S. Shivaraman, M. Chandrashekhar, F. Rana, and M. G. Spencer, “Measurement of ultrafast carrier dynamics in epitaxial graphene,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(4), 042116 (2008).
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Y. W. Song, S. Y. Jang, W. S. Han, and M. K. Bae, “Graphene mode-lockers for fiber lasers functioned with evanescent field interaction,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(5), 051122 (2010).
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Carbon (3)

L. Vivien, P. Lancon, D. Riehl, F. Hache, and E. Anglaret, “Carbon nanotubes for optical limiting,” Carbon 40(10), 1789–1797 (2002).
[Crossref]

D. Tan, Y. Yamada, S. Zhou, Y. Shimotsuma, K. Miura, and J. Qiu, “Carbon nanodots with strong nonlinear optical response,” Carbon 69, 638–640 (2014).
[Crossref]

Q. Y. Ouyang, Z. Xu, Z. Y. Lei, H. W. Dong, H. L. Yu, L. H. Qi, C. Y. Li, and Y. J. Chen, “Enhanced nonlinear optical and optical limiting properties of graphene/ZnO hybrid organic glasses,” Carbon 67, 214–220 (2014).
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Y. P. Sun and J. E. Riggs, “Organic and inorganic optical limiting materials. From fullerenes to nanoparticles,” Int. Rev. Phys. Chem. 18(1), 43–90 (1999).
[Crossref]

J. Mater. Chem. (1)

N. Karousis, A. Sandanayaka, T. Hasobe, S. P. Economopoulos, E. Sarantopoulou, and N. Tagmatarchis, “Graphene oxide with covalently linked porphyrin antennae: Synthesis, characterization and photophysical properties,” J. Mater. Chem. 21(1), 109–117 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

J. Phys. Chem. B (1)

J. Yang, Y. Song, W. Zhu, X. Su, and H. Xu, “Investigation of optical nonlinearities and transient dynamics in a stilbenzene derivative,” J. Phys. Chem. B 116(4), 1221–1225 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Phys. Chem. C (1)

J. Wang, D. Fruchtl, Z. Y. Sun, J. N. Coleman, and W. J. Blau, “Control of Optical Limiting of Carbon Nanotube Dispersions by Changing Solvent Parameters,” J. Phys. Chem. C 114(13), 6148–6156 (2010).
[Crossref]

Nat. Nanotechnol. (1)

Y. Hernandez, V. Nicolosi, M. Lotya, F. M. Blighe, Z. Y. Sun, S. De, I. T. McGovern, B. Holland, M. Byrne, Y. K. Gun’Ko, J. J. Boland, P. Niraj, G. Duesberg, S. Krishnamurthy, R. Goodhue, J. Hutchison, V. Scardaci, A. C. Ferrari, and J. N. Coleman, “High-yield production of graphene by liquid-phase exfoliation of graphite,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 3(9), 563–568 (2008).
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Nat. Photonics (2)

F. Bonaccorso, Z. Sun, T. Hasan, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene photonics and optoelectronics,” Nat. Photonics 4(9), 611–622 (2010).
[Crossref]

G. K. Lim, Z. L. Chen, J. Clark, R. Goh, W. H. Ng, H. W. Tan, R. H. Friend, P. Ho, and L. L. Chua, “Giant broadband nonlinear optical absorption response in dispersed graphene single sheets,” Nat. Photonics 5(9), 554–560 (2011).
[Crossref]

Opt (1)

I. M. Belousova, N. G. Mironova, and M. S. Yur’Ev, “Theoretical investigation of nonlinear limiting of laser radiation power by suspensions of carbon particles,” Opt 94(Spec.), 86–91 (2003).

Opt. Commun. (2)

I. M. Belousova, N. G. Mironova, A. G. Scobelev, and M. S. Yur’ev, “The investigation of nonlinear optical limiting by aqueous suspensions of carbon nanoparticles,” Opt. Commun. 235(4-6), 445–452 (2004).
[Crossref]

Y. Gao, Y. Wang, Y. Song, Y. Li, S. Qu, H. Liu, B. Dong, and J. Zu, “Strong optical limiting property of a novel silver nanoparticle containing C60 derivative,” Opt. Commun. 223(1-3), 103–108 (2003).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (1)

Small (1)

T. C. He, W. Wei, L. Ma, R. Chen, S. X. Wu, H. Zhang, Y. H. Yang, J. Ma, L. Huang, G. G. Gurzadyan, and H. D. Sun, “Mechanism Studies on the Superior Optical Limiting Observed in Graphene Oxide Covalently Functionalized with Upconversion NaYF₄ :Yb³⁺/Er³⁺ Nanoparticles,” Small 8(14), 2163–2168 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (1)

Q. Y. Ouyang, H. L. Yu, Z. Xu, Y. Zhang, C. Y. Li, L. H. Qi, and Y. J. Chen, “Synthesis and enhanced nonlinear optical properties of graphene/CdS organic glass,” Appl Phys Lett, 102, 19123–1-3 (2013).
[Crossref]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Input energy intensity dependence of (a) nonlinear transmittance and (b) nonlinear scattered light intensity for single-layer graphene dispersed in TOL (red circles), NMP (cyan diamonds), DMF (blue triangles), and CB (black squares), respectively. The solid squares in (a) and (b) indicate the nonlinear transmittance and scattered light intensity for C60-toluene solution.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Nonlinear transmittance and scattered light intensity for single-layer graphene dispersed in CB (squares), BB (triangles), and 2CB (circles), respectively.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Scattered light intensity (a) and OL threshold (b) of different graphene dispersions as functions of the surface tensions of solvents.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Input energy intensity dependence of the output energy intensity detected by (a) D1 with an aperture blocking the NLS light, and (b) D2 with a lens collecting mounts of the NLS light into the detector, respectively.

Equations (1)

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2γ= 3nRT 4π r B 2 p r B

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