Abstract

We report on the generation of 80-W average power 38-fs laser pulse from a 2-m polarization-maintaining large-mode-area photonic crystal fiber amplifier with high pump absorption coefficient. The pre-chirping management was demonstrated to play a key role on the self-similar amplification. The achieved spectral bandwidth and compressed pulse duration were determined by the interplay between self-phase modulation and finite gain bandwidth. The power scaling in the self-similar fiber amplifier system was eventually limited by the onset of stimulated Raman scattering.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. M. E. Fermann and I. Hartl, “Ultrafast fibre lasers,” Nat. Photonics 7(11), 868–874 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  2. T. Eidam, S. Hanf, E. Seise, T. V. Andersen, T. Gabler, C. Wirth, T. Schreiber, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “Femtosecond fiber CPA system emitting 830 W average output power,” Opt. Lett. 35(2), 94–96 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  3. P. Wan, L. M. Yang, and J. Liu, “All fiber-based Yb-doped high energy, high power femtosecond fiber lasers,” Opt. Express 21(24), 29854–29859 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  4. A. Ruehl, A. Marcinkevicius, M. E. Fermann, and I. Hartl, “80 W, 120 fs Yb-fiber frequency comb,” Opt. Lett. 35(18), 3015–3017 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  5. A. Fernández, K. Jespersen, L. Zhu, L. Grüner-Nielsen, A. Baltuška, A. Galvanauskas, and A. J. Verhoef, “High-fidelity, 160 fs, 5 μJ pulses from an integrated Yb-fiber laser system with a fiber stretcher matching a simple grating compressor,” Opt. Lett. 37(5), 927–929 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  6. H. Zhou, W. Li, K. Yang, N. Lin, B. Jiang, Y. Pan, and H. Zeng, “Hybrid ultra-short Yb:YAG ceramic master-oscillator high-power fiber amplifier,” Opt. Express 20(S4Suppl 4), A489–A495 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  9. V. I. Kruglov, A. C. Peacock, J. D. Harvey, and J. M. Dudley, “Self-similar propagation of parabolic pulses in normal-dispersion fiber amplifiers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19(3), 461–469 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  10. Y. Deng, C. Y. Chien, B. G. Fidric, and J. D. Kafka, “Generation of sub-50 fs pulses from a high-power Yb-doped fiber amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 34(22), 3469–3471 (2009).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  11. D. N. Papadopoulos, Y. Zaouter, M. Hanna, F. Druon, E. Mottay, E. Cormier, and P. Georges, “Generation of 63 fs 4.1 MW peak power pulses from a parabolic fiber amplifier operated beyond the gain bandwidth limit,” Opt. Lett. 32(17), 2520–2522 (2007).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  12. Y. Zaouter, D. N. Papadopoulos, M. Hanna, J. Boullet, L. Huang, C. Aguergaray, F. Druon, E. Mottay, P. Georges, and E. Cormier, “Stretcher-free high energy nonlinear amplification of femtosecond pulses in rod-type fibers,” Opt. Lett. 33(2), 107–109 (2008).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  13. S. Wang, B. Liu, C. Gu, Y. Song, C. Qian, M. Hu, L. Chai, and C. Wang, “Self-similar evolution in a short fiber amplifier through nonlinear pulse preshaping,” Opt. Lett. 38(3), 296–298 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  14. H. W. Chen, J. K. Lim, S. W. Huang, D. N. Schimpf, F. X. Kärtner, and G. Chang, “Optimization of femtosecond Yb-doped fiber amplifiers for high-quality pulse compression,” Opt. Express 20(27), 28672–28682 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  15. A. Vernaleken, J. Weitenberg, T. Sartorius, P. Russbueldt, W. Schneider, S. L. Stebbings, M. F. Kling, P. Hommelhoff, H. D. Hoffmann, R. Poprawe, F. Krausz, T. W. Hänsch, and T. Udem, “Single-pass high-harmonic generation at 20.8 MHz repetition rate,” Opt. Lett. 36(17), 3428–3430 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2013 (3)

2012 (3)

2011 (1)

2010 (2)

2009 (2)

2008 (1)

2007 (1)

2002 (1)

2000 (1)

M. E. Fermann, V. I. Kruglov, B. C. Thomsen, J. M. Dudley, and J. D. Harvey, “Self-similar propagation and amplification of parabolic pulses in optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84(26), 6010–6013 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Aguergaray, C.

Andersen, T. V.

Baltuška, A.

Boullet, J.

Chai, L.

Chang, G.

Chen, H. W.

Chien, C. Y.

Cormier, E.

Deng, Y.

Druon, F.

Dudley, J. M.

V. I. Kruglov, A. C. Peacock, J. D. Harvey, and J. M. Dudley, “Self-similar propagation of parabolic pulses in normal-dispersion fiber amplifiers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19(3), 461–469 (2002).
[Crossref]

M. E. Fermann, V. I. Kruglov, B. C. Thomsen, J. M. Dudley, and J. D. Harvey, “Self-similar propagation and amplification of parabolic pulses in optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84(26), 6010–6013 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Eidam, T.

Fermann, M. E.

M. E. Fermann and I. Hartl, “Ultrafast fibre lasers,” Nat. Photonics 7(11), 868–874 (2013).
[Crossref]

A. Ruehl, A. Marcinkevicius, M. E. Fermann, and I. Hartl, “80 W, 120 fs Yb-fiber frequency comb,” Opt. Lett. 35(18), 3015–3017 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. E. Fermann, V. I. Kruglov, B. C. Thomsen, J. M. Dudley, and J. D. Harvey, “Self-similar propagation and amplification of parabolic pulses in optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84(26), 6010–6013 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fernández, A.

Fidric, B. G.

Gabler, T.

Galvanauskas, A.

Georges, P.

Grüner-Nielsen, L.

Gu, C.

Hanf, S.

Hanna, M.

Hänsch, T. W.

Hao, Q.

Hartl, I.

Harvey, J. D.

V. I. Kruglov, A. C. Peacock, J. D. Harvey, and J. M. Dudley, “Self-similar propagation of parabolic pulses in normal-dispersion fiber amplifiers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19(3), 461–469 (2002).
[Crossref]

M. E. Fermann, V. I. Kruglov, B. C. Thomsen, J. M. Dudley, and J. D. Harvey, “Self-similar propagation and amplification of parabolic pulses in optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84(26), 6010–6013 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hoffmann, H. D.

Hommelhoff, P.

Hu, M.

Huang, L.

Huang, S. W.

Jespersen, K.

Jiang, B.

Kafka, J. D.

Kärtner, F. X.

Kling, M. F.

Krausz, F.

Kruglov, V. I.

V. I. Kruglov, A. C. Peacock, J. D. Harvey, and J. M. Dudley, “Self-similar propagation of parabolic pulses in normal-dispersion fiber amplifiers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19(3), 461–469 (2002).
[Crossref]

M. E. Fermann, V. I. Kruglov, B. C. Thomsen, J. M. Dudley, and J. D. Harvey, “Self-similar propagation and amplification of parabolic pulses in optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84(26), 6010–6013 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, W.

Lim, J. K.

Limpert, J.

Lin, N.

Liu, B.

Liu, J.

Marcinkevicius, A.

Mottay, E.

Pan, Y.

Papadopoulos, D. N.

Peacock, A. C.

Poprawe, R.

Qian, C.

Ruehl, A.

Russbueldt, P.

Sartorius, T.

Schimpf, D. N.

Schneider, W.

Schreiber, T.

Seise, E.

Song, Y.

Stebbings, S. L.

Thomsen, B. C.

M. E. Fermann, V. I. Kruglov, B. C. Thomsen, J. M. Dudley, and J. D. Harvey, “Self-similar propagation and amplification of parabolic pulses in optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84(26), 6010–6013 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tünnermann, A.

Udem, T.

Verhoef, A. J.

Vernaleken, A.

Wan, P.

Wang, C.

Wang, S.

Weitenberg, J.

Wirth, C.

Yang, K.

Yang, L. M.

Zaouter, Y.

Zeng, H.

Zhou, H.

Zhu, L.

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Nat. Photonics (1)

M. E. Fermann and I. Hartl, “Ultrafast fibre lasers,” Nat. Photonics 7(11), 868–874 (2013).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (8)

A. Vernaleken, J. Weitenberg, T. Sartorius, P. Russbueldt, W. Schneider, S. L. Stebbings, M. F. Kling, P. Hommelhoff, H. D. Hoffmann, R. Poprawe, F. Krausz, T. W. Hänsch, and T. Udem, “Single-pass high-harmonic generation at 20.8 MHz repetition rate,” Opt. Lett. 36(17), 3428–3430 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Ruehl, A. Marcinkevicius, M. E. Fermann, and I. Hartl, “80 W, 120 fs Yb-fiber frequency comb,” Opt. Lett. 35(18), 3015–3017 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Fernández, K. Jespersen, L. Zhu, L. Grüner-Nielsen, A. Baltuška, A. Galvanauskas, and A. J. Verhoef, “High-fidelity, 160 fs, 5 μJ pulses from an integrated Yb-fiber laser system with a fiber stretcher matching a simple grating compressor,” Opt. Lett. 37(5), 927–929 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Eidam, S. Hanf, E. Seise, T. V. Andersen, T. Gabler, C. Wirth, T. Schreiber, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “Femtosecond fiber CPA system emitting 830 W average output power,” Opt. Lett. 35(2), 94–96 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Deng, C. Y. Chien, B. G. Fidric, and J. D. Kafka, “Generation of sub-50 fs pulses from a high-power Yb-doped fiber amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 34(22), 3469–3471 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. N. Papadopoulos, Y. Zaouter, M. Hanna, F. Druon, E. Mottay, E. Cormier, and P. Georges, “Generation of 63 fs 4.1 MW peak power pulses from a parabolic fiber amplifier operated beyond the gain bandwidth limit,” Opt. Lett. 32(17), 2520–2522 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Zaouter, D. N. Papadopoulos, M. Hanna, J. Boullet, L. Huang, C. Aguergaray, F. Druon, E. Mottay, P. Georges, and E. Cormier, “Stretcher-free high energy nonlinear amplification of femtosecond pulses in rod-type fibers,” Opt. Lett. 33(2), 107–109 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Wang, B. Liu, C. Gu, Y. Song, C. Qian, M. Hu, L. Chai, and C. Wang, “Self-similar evolution in a short fiber amplifier through nonlinear pulse preshaping,” Opt. Lett. 38(3), 296–298 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

M. E. Fermann, V. I. Kruglov, B. C. Thomsen, J. M. Dudley, and J. D. Harvey, “Self-similar propagation and amplification of parabolic pulses in optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84(26), 6010–6013 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Schematic of the experimental setup. WDM: wavelength-division multiplexing; OI: optical isolator; Yb-SMF: Yb-doped single-mode fiber; LMA Yb-PCF: large-mode-area Yb-doped photonic crystal fiber; DM: dichroic mirror.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Output power of the main amplifier versus launched pump power before (black square) and after (red dotted) compression.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a) The measured autocorrelation trace of 80-W compressed pulse at different pre-chirping GDD of 1.0 × 104 fs2 (black), 0 (red), −2.2 × 104 fs2 (blue), and −3.0 × 104 fs2 (yellow), respectively. Inset picture shows the pulse profile with Gaussian fitting at −2.2 × 104 fs2 pre-chirping GDD. (b) The optimal pre-chirping versus compressed average power.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (a) The evolution of spectrum with output power across the parabolic amplification regime. (b) The spectral bandwidth and recompressed pulse duration versus the average power of the compressed pulse.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 The spectrum (a) and autocorrelation trace (b) of the recompressed pulse above the SRS threshold with 90 W (red curve) and 120 W (blue curve) average power output.

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