Abstract

We have studied trap centers and nonradiative (NRR) recombination centers in a Ba3Si6O12N2:Eu2+ (BSON), one of promising materials for efficient and stable phosphors in white LED lamp applications. The energy distribution of four trap centers was obtained by thermo-luminescence (TL) with the excitation energy of 5.59eV. By superposing a below-gap excitation light of 1.77eV and observing the intensity change of the 5d-4f emission of Eu2+ centered at 2.36eV in our two-wavelength excited photoluminescence (TWEPL) measurement, both transient and steady state enhancement were observed. Such peculiar behavior of photo-stimulation is attributed to the coexistence of trap centers and NRR centers: the photoexcitation of electrons from trap centers generates the transient component, while that from NRR centers maintains the steady state component. An optical detection of relatively faint contribution of defects became possible in order to improve further the reliability and efficiency of phosphor materials.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
  5. Y. H. Song, M. O. Kim, M. K. Jung, K. Senthil, T. Masaki, K. Toda, and D. H. Yoon, “Photoluminescence properties of Ba3Si6O12N2:Eu2+ oxynitride phosphor synthesized by liquid phase precursor,” Mater. Lett. 77, 121–124 (2012).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  10. J. Y. Tang, J. Chen, L. Hao, X. Xu, W. J. Xie, and Q. X. Li, “Green Eu2+-doped Ba3Si6O12N2 phosphor for white light-emitting diodes: Synthesis, characterization and theoretical simulation,” J. Lumin. 131(6), 1101–1106 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  11. E. Kang, S. Choi, and S. Hong, “Synthesis of Ba3Si6O12N2:Eu2+ green phosphors using Ba3SiO5:Eu2+ precursor and their luminescent properties,” ECS J. Solid State Science and Technology 1(1), R11–R14 (2012).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  16. E. Kanoh, K. Hoshino, N. Kamata, K. Yamada, M. Nishioka, and Y. Arakawa, “Saturation of photolumine-scence quenching under below-gap excitation in a GaAs/AlGaAs quantum well,” J. Lumin. 63(5-6), 235–240 (1995).
    [Crossref]
  17. N. Kamata, J. M. Z. Ocampo, K. Hoshino, K. Yamada, M. Nishioka, T. Someya, and Y. Arakawa, “Below-gap spectroscopy of semiconductor quantum wells by two-wavelength excited photoluminescence (TWEPL),” Recent Research Developments in Quantum Electronics 1, 123–135 (1999).
  18. A. Z. M. Touhidul Islam, N. Murakoshi, T. Fukuda, H. Hirayama, and N. Kamata, “Optical detection of nonradiative recombination centers in AlGaN quantum wells for deep UV region,” Phys. Status Solidi C 11(3-4), 832–835 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  19. T. Li, Y. Kotsuka, T. Fukuda, T. Kurushima, and N. Kamata, “Nonradiative centers in Ba3Si6O12N2:Eu2+ phosphors observed by below-gap excitation method,” Mater. Lett. 145, 158–161 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  20. R. N. Hall, “Electron-hole recombination in germanium,” Phys. Rev. 87(2), 387 (1952).
    [Crossref]
  21. W. Shockley and W. T. Read., “Statistics of the recombinations of holes and electrons,” Phys. Rev. 87(5), 835–842 (1952).
    [Crossref]

2015 (1)

T. Li, Y. Kotsuka, T. Fukuda, T. Kurushima, and N. Kamata, “Nonradiative centers in Ba3Si6O12N2:Eu2+ phosphors observed by below-gap excitation method,” Mater. Lett. 145, 158–161 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (3)

M. Shang, C. Li, and J. Lin, “How to produce white light in a single-phase host?” Chem. Soc. Rev. 43(5), 1372–1386 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Geng, H. Lian, M. Shang, Y. Zhang, and J. Lin, “Oxonitridosilicate Y10(Si6O22N2)O2:Ce3+,Mn2+ phosphors: a facile synthesis via the soft-chemical ammonolysis process, luminescence, and energy-transfer properties,” Inorg. Chem. 53(4), 2230–2239 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Z. M. Touhidul Islam, N. Murakoshi, T. Fukuda, H. Hirayama, and N. Kamata, “Optical detection of nonradiative recombination centers in AlGaN quantum wells for deep UV region,” Phys. Status Solidi C 11(3-4), 832–835 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (5)

G. Chen, W. Zhuang, R. Liu, Y. Liu, Y. Hu, and H. He, “Photoluminescent properties of tunable green-emitting oxynitride (Ba3-xSrx) Si6O12N2:Eu2+ phosphor and its application in white LEDs,” J. Rare Earths 31(10), 944–949 (2013).
[Crossref]

C. Li, H. Chen, Y. Hua, L. Yu, Q. Jiang, D. Deng, S. Zhao, H. Ma, and S. Xu, “Photoluminescence and energy transfer studies on Ce3+/Eu2+ co-doped Ba3Si6O12N2 phosphor for white light-emitting-diodes,” Opt. Commun. 295, 129–133 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. Mikami, “Response function calculations of Ba3Si6O12N2 and Ba3Si6O9N4for the understanding of the optical properties of the Eu-doped phosphors,” Opt. Mater. 35(11), 1958–1961 (2013).
[Crossref]

P. Dorenbos, “A review on how lanthanide impurity levels change with chemistry and structure of inorganic compounds,” ECS J. Solid State Science and Techn. 2(2), R3001–R3011 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. Mikami, “Computational chemistry approach for white LED (oxy)nitride phosphors,” ECS J. Solid State Science and Techn. 2(2), R3048–R3058 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (2)

E. Kang, S. Choi, and S. Hong, “Synthesis of Ba3Si6O12N2:Eu2+ green phosphors using Ba3SiO5:Eu2+ precursor and their luminescent properties,” ECS J. Solid State Science and Technology 1(1), R11–R14 (2012).
[Crossref]

Y. H. Song, M. O. Kim, M. K. Jung, K. Senthil, T. Masaki, K. Toda, and D. H. Yoon, “Photoluminescence properties of Ba3Si6O12N2:Eu2+ oxynitride phosphor synthesized by liquid phase precursor,” Mater. Lett. 77, 121–124 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (1)

J. Y. Tang, J. Chen, L. Hao, X. Xu, W. J. Xie, and Q. X. Li, “Green Eu2+-doped Ba3Si6O12N2 phosphor for white light-emitting diodes: Synthesis, characterization and theoretical simulation,” J. Lumin. 131(6), 1101–1106 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (2)

G. Denis, P. Deniard, X. Rocquefelte, M. Benabdesselam, and S. Jobic, “The thermally connected traps model applied to the thermoluminescence of Eu2+ doped Ba13-xAl22-2xSi10+2xO66 materials (x~0.6),” Opt. Mater. 32(9), 941–945 (2010).
[Crossref]

R. Zhang, T. Maeda, R. Maruta, S. Kusaka, B. Ding, K. Murai, and T. Moriga, “Luminescence enhancement of Eu2+, Ce3+ co-doped Ba3Si5O13-δNδ phosphors,” J. Solid State Chem. 183(3), 620–623 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (1)

M. Mikami, S. Shimooka, K. Uheda, H. Imura, and N. Kijima, “New green phosphor Ba3Si6O12N2:Eu for white LED: Crystal structure and optical properties,” Key Eng. Mater. 403, 11–14 (2009).
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

X. Q. Piao, K. Machida, T. Horikawa, H. Hanzawa, Y. Shimomura, and N. Kijima, “Preparation of CaAlSiN3: Eu3+phosphors by the self-propagating high-temperature synthesis and their luminescent properties,” Chem. Mater. 19(18), 4592–4599 (2007).
[Crossref]

1999 (1)

N. Kamata, J. M. Z. Ocampo, K. Hoshino, K. Yamada, M. Nishioka, T. Someya, and Y. Arakawa, “Below-gap spectroscopy of semiconductor quantum wells by two-wavelength excited photoluminescence (TWEPL),” Recent Research Developments in Quantum Electronics 1, 123–135 (1999).

1995 (1)

E. Kanoh, K. Hoshino, N. Kamata, K. Yamada, M. Nishioka, and Y. Arakawa, “Saturation of photolumine-scence quenching under below-gap excitation in a GaAs/AlGaAs quantum well,” J. Lumin. 63(5-6), 235–240 (1995).
[Crossref]

1952 (2)

R. N. Hall, “Electron-hole recombination in germanium,” Phys. Rev. 87(2), 387 (1952).
[Crossref]

W. Shockley and W. T. Read., “Statistics of the recombinations of holes and electrons,” Phys. Rev. 87(5), 835–842 (1952).
[Crossref]

Arakawa, Y.

N. Kamata, J. M. Z. Ocampo, K. Hoshino, K. Yamada, M. Nishioka, T. Someya, and Y. Arakawa, “Below-gap spectroscopy of semiconductor quantum wells by two-wavelength excited photoluminescence (TWEPL),” Recent Research Developments in Quantum Electronics 1, 123–135 (1999).

E. Kanoh, K. Hoshino, N. Kamata, K. Yamada, M. Nishioka, and Y. Arakawa, “Saturation of photolumine-scence quenching under below-gap excitation in a GaAs/AlGaAs quantum well,” J. Lumin. 63(5-6), 235–240 (1995).
[Crossref]

Benabdesselam, M.

G. Denis, P. Deniard, X. Rocquefelte, M. Benabdesselam, and S. Jobic, “The thermally connected traps model applied to the thermoluminescence of Eu2+ doped Ba13-xAl22-2xSi10+2xO66 materials (x~0.6),” Opt. Mater. 32(9), 941–945 (2010).
[Crossref]

Chen, G.

G. Chen, W. Zhuang, R. Liu, Y. Liu, Y. Hu, and H. He, “Photoluminescent properties of tunable green-emitting oxynitride (Ba3-xSrx) Si6O12N2:Eu2+ phosphor and its application in white LEDs,” J. Rare Earths 31(10), 944–949 (2013).
[Crossref]

Chen, H.

C. Li, H. Chen, Y. Hua, L. Yu, Q. Jiang, D. Deng, S. Zhao, H. Ma, and S. Xu, “Photoluminescence and energy transfer studies on Ce3+/Eu2+ co-doped Ba3Si6O12N2 phosphor for white light-emitting-diodes,” Opt. Commun. 295, 129–133 (2013).
[Crossref]

Chen, J.

J. Y. Tang, J. Chen, L. Hao, X. Xu, W. J. Xie, and Q. X. Li, “Green Eu2+-doped Ba3Si6O12N2 phosphor for white light-emitting diodes: Synthesis, characterization and theoretical simulation,” J. Lumin. 131(6), 1101–1106 (2011).
[Crossref]

Choi, S.

E. Kang, S. Choi, and S. Hong, “Synthesis of Ba3Si6O12N2:Eu2+ green phosphors using Ba3SiO5:Eu2+ precursor and their luminescent properties,” ECS J. Solid State Science and Technology 1(1), R11–R14 (2012).
[Crossref]

Deng, D.

C. Li, H. Chen, Y. Hua, L. Yu, Q. Jiang, D. Deng, S. Zhao, H. Ma, and S. Xu, “Photoluminescence and energy transfer studies on Ce3+/Eu2+ co-doped Ba3Si6O12N2 phosphor for white light-emitting-diodes,” Opt. Commun. 295, 129–133 (2013).
[Crossref]

Deniard, P.

G. Denis, P. Deniard, X. Rocquefelte, M. Benabdesselam, and S. Jobic, “The thermally connected traps model applied to the thermoluminescence of Eu2+ doped Ba13-xAl22-2xSi10+2xO66 materials (x~0.6),” Opt. Mater. 32(9), 941–945 (2010).
[Crossref]

Denis, G.

G. Denis, P. Deniard, X. Rocquefelte, M. Benabdesselam, and S. Jobic, “The thermally connected traps model applied to the thermoluminescence of Eu2+ doped Ba13-xAl22-2xSi10+2xO66 materials (x~0.6),” Opt. Mater. 32(9), 941–945 (2010).
[Crossref]

Ding, B.

R. Zhang, T. Maeda, R. Maruta, S. Kusaka, B. Ding, K. Murai, and T. Moriga, “Luminescence enhancement of Eu2+, Ce3+ co-doped Ba3Si5O13-δNδ phosphors,” J. Solid State Chem. 183(3), 620–623 (2010).
[Crossref]

Dorenbos, P.

P. Dorenbos, “A review on how lanthanide impurity levels change with chemistry and structure of inorganic compounds,” ECS J. Solid State Science and Techn. 2(2), R3001–R3011 (2013).
[Crossref]

Fukuda, T.

T. Li, Y. Kotsuka, T. Fukuda, T. Kurushima, and N. Kamata, “Nonradiative centers in Ba3Si6O12N2:Eu2+ phosphors observed by below-gap excitation method,” Mater. Lett. 145, 158–161 (2015).
[Crossref]

A. Z. M. Touhidul Islam, N. Murakoshi, T. Fukuda, H. Hirayama, and N. Kamata, “Optical detection of nonradiative recombination centers in AlGaN quantum wells for deep UV region,” Phys. Status Solidi C 11(3-4), 832–835 (2014).
[Crossref]

Geng, D.

D. Geng, H. Lian, M. Shang, Y. Zhang, and J. Lin, “Oxonitridosilicate Y10(Si6O22N2)O2:Ce3+,Mn2+ phosphors: a facile synthesis via the soft-chemical ammonolysis process, luminescence, and energy-transfer properties,” Inorg. Chem. 53(4), 2230–2239 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hall, R. N.

R. N. Hall, “Electron-hole recombination in germanium,” Phys. Rev. 87(2), 387 (1952).
[Crossref]

Hanzawa, H.

X. Q. Piao, K. Machida, T. Horikawa, H. Hanzawa, Y. Shimomura, and N. Kijima, “Preparation of CaAlSiN3: Eu3+phosphors by the self-propagating high-temperature synthesis and their luminescent properties,” Chem. Mater. 19(18), 4592–4599 (2007).
[Crossref]

Hao, L.

J. Y. Tang, J. Chen, L. Hao, X. Xu, W. J. Xie, and Q. X. Li, “Green Eu2+-doped Ba3Si6O12N2 phosphor for white light-emitting diodes: Synthesis, characterization and theoretical simulation,” J. Lumin. 131(6), 1101–1106 (2011).
[Crossref]

He, H.

G. Chen, W. Zhuang, R. Liu, Y. Liu, Y. Hu, and H. He, “Photoluminescent properties of tunable green-emitting oxynitride (Ba3-xSrx) Si6O12N2:Eu2+ phosphor and its application in white LEDs,” J. Rare Earths 31(10), 944–949 (2013).
[Crossref]

Hirayama, H.

A. Z. M. Touhidul Islam, N. Murakoshi, T. Fukuda, H. Hirayama, and N. Kamata, “Optical detection of nonradiative recombination centers in AlGaN quantum wells for deep UV region,” Phys. Status Solidi C 11(3-4), 832–835 (2014).
[Crossref]

Hong, S.

E. Kang, S. Choi, and S. Hong, “Synthesis of Ba3Si6O12N2:Eu2+ green phosphors using Ba3SiO5:Eu2+ precursor and their luminescent properties,” ECS J. Solid State Science and Technology 1(1), R11–R14 (2012).
[Crossref]

Horikawa, T.

X. Q. Piao, K. Machida, T. Horikawa, H. Hanzawa, Y. Shimomura, and N. Kijima, “Preparation of CaAlSiN3: Eu3+phosphors by the self-propagating high-temperature synthesis and their luminescent properties,” Chem. Mater. 19(18), 4592–4599 (2007).
[Crossref]

Hoshino, K.

N. Kamata, J. M. Z. Ocampo, K. Hoshino, K. Yamada, M. Nishioka, T. Someya, and Y. Arakawa, “Below-gap spectroscopy of semiconductor quantum wells by two-wavelength excited photoluminescence (TWEPL),” Recent Research Developments in Quantum Electronics 1, 123–135 (1999).

E. Kanoh, K. Hoshino, N. Kamata, K. Yamada, M. Nishioka, and Y. Arakawa, “Saturation of photolumine-scence quenching under below-gap excitation in a GaAs/AlGaAs quantum well,” J. Lumin. 63(5-6), 235–240 (1995).
[Crossref]

Hu, Y.

G. Chen, W. Zhuang, R. Liu, Y. Liu, Y. Hu, and H. He, “Photoluminescent properties of tunable green-emitting oxynitride (Ba3-xSrx) Si6O12N2:Eu2+ phosphor and its application in white LEDs,” J. Rare Earths 31(10), 944–949 (2013).
[Crossref]

Hua, Y.

C. Li, H. Chen, Y. Hua, L. Yu, Q. Jiang, D. Deng, S. Zhao, H. Ma, and S. Xu, “Photoluminescence and energy transfer studies on Ce3+/Eu2+ co-doped Ba3Si6O12N2 phosphor for white light-emitting-diodes,” Opt. Commun. 295, 129–133 (2013).
[Crossref]

Imura, H.

M. Mikami, S. Shimooka, K. Uheda, H. Imura, and N. Kijima, “New green phosphor Ba3Si6O12N2:Eu for white LED: Crystal structure and optical properties,” Key Eng. Mater. 403, 11–14 (2009).
[Crossref]

Jiang, Q.

C. Li, H. Chen, Y. Hua, L. Yu, Q. Jiang, D. Deng, S. Zhao, H. Ma, and S. Xu, “Photoluminescence and energy transfer studies on Ce3+/Eu2+ co-doped Ba3Si6O12N2 phosphor for white light-emitting-diodes,” Opt. Commun. 295, 129–133 (2013).
[Crossref]

Jobic, S.

G. Denis, P. Deniard, X. Rocquefelte, M. Benabdesselam, and S. Jobic, “The thermally connected traps model applied to the thermoluminescence of Eu2+ doped Ba13-xAl22-2xSi10+2xO66 materials (x~0.6),” Opt. Mater. 32(9), 941–945 (2010).
[Crossref]

Jung, M. K.

Y. H. Song, M. O. Kim, M. K. Jung, K. Senthil, T. Masaki, K. Toda, and D. H. Yoon, “Photoluminescence properties of Ba3Si6O12N2:Eu2+ oxynitride phosphor synthesized by liquid phase precursor,” Mater. Lett. 77, 121–124 (2012).
[Crossref]

Kamata, N.

T. Li, Y. Kotsuka, T. Fukuda, T. Kurushima, and N. Kamata, “Nonradiative centers in Ba3Si6O12N2:Eu2+ phosphors observed by below-gap excitation method,” Mater. Lett. 145, 158–161 (2015).
[Crossref]

A. Z. M. Touhidul Islam, N. Murakoshi, T. Fukuda, H. Hirayama, and N. Kamata, “Optical detection of nonradiative recombination centers in AlGaN quantum wells for deep UV region,” Phys. Status Solidi C 11(3-4), 832–835 (2014).
[Crossref]

N. Kamata, J. M. Z. Ocampo, K. Hoshino, K. Yamada, M. Nishioka, T. Someya, and Y. Arakawa, “Below-gap spectroscopy of semiconductor quantum wells by two-wavelength excited photoluminescence (TWEPL),” Recent Research Developments in Quantum Electronics 1, 123–135 (1999).

E. Kanoh, K. Hoshino, N. Kamata, K. Yamada, M. Nishioka, and Y. Arakawa, “Saturation of photolumine-scence quenching under below-gap excitation in a GaAs/AlGaAs quantum well,” J. Lumin. 63(5-6), 235–240 (1995).
[Crossref]

Kang, E.

E. Kang, S. Choi, and S. Hong, “Synthesis of Ba3Si6O12N2:Eu2+ green phosphors using Ba3SiO5:Eu2+ precursor and their luminescent properties,” ECS J. Solid State Science and Technology 1(1), R11–R14 (2012).
[Crossref]

Kanoh, E.

E. Kanoh, K. Hoshino, N. Kamata, K. Yamada, M. Nishioka, and Y. Arakawa, “Saturation of photolumine-scence quenching under below-gap excitation in a GaAs/AlGaAs quantum well,” J. Lumin. 63(5-6), 235–240 (1995).
[Crossref]

Kijima, N.

M. Mikami, S. Shimooka, K. Uheda, H. Imura, and N. Kijima, “New green phosphor Ba3Si6O12N2:Eu for white LED: Crystal structure and optical properties,” Key Eng. Mater. 403, 11–14 (2009).
[Crossref]

X. Q. Piao, K. Machida, T. Horikawa, H. Hanzawa, Y. Shimomura, and N. Kijima, “Preparation of CaAlSiN3: Eu3+phosphors by the self-propagating high-temperature synthesis and their luminescent properties,” Chem. Mater. 19(18), 4592–4599 (2007).
[Crossref]

Kim, M. O.

Y. H. Song, M. O. Kim, M. K. Jung, K. Senthil, T. Masaki, K. Toda, and D. H. Yoon, “Photoluminescence properties of Ba3Si6O12N2:Eu2+ oxynitride phosphor synthesized by liquid phase precursor,” Mater. Lett. 77, 121–124 (2012).
[Crossref]

Kotsuka, Y.

T. Li, Y. Kotsuka, T. Fukuda, T. Kurushima, and N. Kamata, “Nonradiative centers in Ba3Si6O12N2:Eu2+ phosphors observed by below-gap excitation method,” Mater. Lett. 145, 158–161 (2015).
[Crossref]

Kurushima, T.

T. Li, Y. Kotsuka, T. Fukuda, T. Kurushima, and N. Kamata, “Nonradiative centers in Ba3Si6O12N2:Eu2+ phosphors observed by below-gap excitation method,” Mater. Lett. 145, 158–161 (2015).
[Crossref]

Kusaka, S.

R. Zhang, T. Maeda, R. Maruta, S. Kusaka, B. Ding, K. Murai, and T. Moriga, “Luminescence enhancement of Eu2+, Ce3+ co-doped Ba3Si5O13-δNδ phosphors,” J. Solid State Chem. 183(3), 620–623 (2010).
[Crossref]

Li, C.

M. Shang, C. Li, and J. Lin, “How to produce white light in a single-phase host?” Chem. Soc. Rev. 43(5), 1372–1386 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Li, H. Chen, Y. Hua, L. Yu, Q. Jiang, D. Deng, S. Zhao, H. Ma, and S. Xu, “Photoluminescence and energy transfer studies on Ce3+/Eu2+ co-doped Ba3Si6O12N2 phosphor for white light-emitting-diodes,” Opt. Commun. 295, 129–133 (2013).
[Crossref]

Li, Q. X.

J. Y. Tang, J. Chen, L. Hao, X. Xu, W. J. Xie, and Q. X. Li, “Green Eu2+-doped Ba3Si6O12N2 phosphor for white light-emitting diodes: Synthesis, characterization and theoretical simulation,” J. Lumin. 131(6), 1101–1106 (2011).
[Crossref]

Li, T.

T. Li, Y. Kotsuka, T. Fukuda, T. Kurushima, and N. Kamata, “Nonradiative centers in Ba3Si6O12N2:Eu2+ phosphors observed by below-gap excitation method,” Mater. Lett. 145, 158–161 (2015).
[Crossref]

Lian, H.

D. Geng, H. Lian, M. Shang, Y. Zhang, and J. Lin, “Oxonitridosilicate Y10(Si6O22N2)O2:Ce3+,Mn2+ phosphors: a facile synthesis via the soft-chemical ammonolysis process, luminescence, and energy-transfer properties,” Inorg. Chem. 53(4), 2230–2239 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lin, J.

M. Shang, C. Li, and J. Lin, “How to produce white light in a single-phase host?” Chem. Soc. Rev. 43(5), 1372–1386 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Geng, H. Lian, M. Shang, Y. Zhang, and J. Lin, “Oxonitridosilicate Y10(Si6O22N2)O2:Ce3+,Mn2+ phosphors: a facile synthesis via the soft-chemical ammonolysis process, luminescence, and energy-transfer properties,” Inorg. Chem. 53(4), 2230–2239 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, R.

G. Chen, W. Zhuang, R. Liu, Y. Liu, Y. Hu, and H. He, “Photoluminescent properties of tunable green-emitting oxynitride (Ba3-xSrx) Si6O12N2:Eu2+ phosphor and its application in white LEDs,” J. Rare Earths 31(10), 944–949 (2013).
[Crossref]

Liu, Y.

G. Chen, W. Zhuang, R. Liu, Y. Liu, Y. Hu, and H. He, “Photoluminescent properties of tunable green-emitting oxynitride (Ba3-xSrx) Si6O12N2:Eu2+ phosphor and its application in white LEDs,” J. Rare Earths 31(10), 944–949 (2013).
[Crossref]

Ma, H.

C. Li, H. Chen, Y. Hua, L. Yu, Q. Jiang, D. Deng, S. Zhao, H. Ma, and S. Xu, “Photoluminescence and energy transfer studies on Ce3+/Eu2+ co-doped Ba3Si6O12N2 phosphor for white light-emitting-diodes,” Opt. Commun. 295, 129–133 (2013).
[Crossref]

Machida, K.

X. Q. Piao, K. Machida, T. Horikawa, H. Hanzawa, Y. Shimomura, and N. Kijima, “Preparation of CaAlSiN3: Eu3+phosphors by the self-propagating high-temperature synthesis and their luminescent properties,” Chem. Mater. 19(18), 4592–4599 (2007).
[Crossref]

Maeda, T.

R. Zhang, T. Maeda, R. Maruta, S. Kusaka, B. Ding, K. Murai, and T. Moriga, “Luminescence enhancement of Eu2+, Ce3+ co-doped Ba3Si5O13-δNδ phosphors,” J. Solid State Chem. 183(3), 620–623 (2010).
[Crossref]

Maruta, R.

R. Zhang, T. Maeda, R. Maruta, S. Kusaka, B. Ding, K. Murai, and T. Moriga, “Luminescence enhancement of Eu2+, Ce3+ co-doped Ba3Si5O13-δNδ phosphors,” J. Solid State Chem. 183(3), 620–623 (2010).
[Crossref]

Masaki, T.

Y. H. Song, M. O. Kim, M. K. Jung, K. Senthil, T. Masaki, K. Toda, and D. H. Yoon, “Photoluminescence properties of Ba3Si6O12N2:Eu2+ oxynitride phosphor synthesized by liquid phase precursor,” Mater. Lett. 77, 121–124 (2012).
[Crossref]

Mikami, M.

M. Mikami, “Response function calculations of Ba3Si6O12N2 and Ba3Si6O9N4for the understanding of the optical properties of the Eu-doped phosphors,” Opt. Mater. 35(11), 1958–1961 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. Mikami, “Computational chemistry approach for white LED (oxy)nitride phosphors,” ECS J. Solid State Science and Techn. 2(2), R3048–R3058 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. Mikami, S. Shimooka, K. Uheda, H. Imura, and N. Kijima, “New green phosphor Ba3Si6O12N2:Eu for white LED: Crystal structure and optical properties,” Key Eng. Mater. 403, 11–14 (2009).
[Crossref]

Moriga, T.

R. Zhang, T. Maeda, R. Maruta, S. Kusaka, B. Ding, K. Murai, and T. Moriga, “Luminescence enhancement of Eu2+, Ce3+ co-doped Ba3Si5O13-δNδ phosphors,” J. Solid State Chem. 183(3), 620–623 (2010).
[Crossref]

Murai, K.

R. Zhang, T. Maeda, R. Maruta, S. Kusaka, B. Ding, K. Murai, and T. Moriga, “Luminescence enhancement of Eu2+, Ce3+ co-doped Ba3Si5O13-δNδ phosphors,” J. Solid State Chem. 183(3), 620–623 (2010).
[Crossref]

Murakoshi, N.

A. Z. M. Touhidul Islam, N. Murakoshi, T. Fukuda, H. Hirayama, and N. Kamata, “Optical detection of nonradiative recombination centers in AlGaN quantum wells for deep UV region,” Phys. Status Solidi C 11(3-4), 832–835 (2014).
[Crossref]

Nishioka, M.

N. Kamata, J. M. Z. Ocampo, K. Hoshino, K. Yamada, M. Nishioka, T. Someya, and Y. Arakawa, “Below-gap spectroscopy of semiconductor quantum wells by two-wavelength excited photoluminescence (TWEPL),” Recent Research Developments in Quantum Electronics 1, 123–135 (1999).

E. Kanoh, K. Hoshino, N. Kamata, K. Yamada, M. Nishioka, and Y. Arakawa, “Saturation of photolumine-scence quenching under below-gap excitation in a GaAs/AlGaAs quantum well,” J. Lumin. 63(5-6), 235–240 (1995).
[Crossref]

Ocampo, J. M. Z.

N. Kamata, J. M. Z. Ocampo, K. Hoshino, K. Yamada, M. Nishioka, T. Someya, and Y. Arakawa, “Below-gap spectroscopy of semiconductor quantum wells by two-wavelength excited photoluminescence (TWEPL),” Recent Research Developments in Quantum Electronics 1, 123–135 (1999).

Piao, X. Q.

X. Q. Piao, K. Machida, T. Horikawa, H. Hanzawa, Y. Shimomura, and N. Kijima, “Preparation of CaAlSiN3: Eu3+phosphors by the self-propagating high-temperature synthesis and their luminescent properties,” Chem. Mater. 19(18), 4592–4599 (2007).
[Crossref]

Read, W. T.

W. Shockley and W. T. Read., “Statistics of the recombinations of holes and electrons,” Phys. Rev. 87(5), 835–842 (1952).
[Crossref]

Rocquefelte, X.

G. Denis, P. Deniard, X. Rocquefelte, M. Benabdesselam, and S. Jobic, “The thermally connected traps model applied to the thermoluminescence of Eu2+ doped Ba13-xAl22-2xSi10+2xO66 materials (x~0.6),” Opt. Mater. 32(9), 941–945 (2010).
[Crossref]

Senthil, K.

Y. H. Song, M. O. Kim, M. K. Jung, K. Senthil, T. Masaki, K. Toda, and D. H. Yoon, “Photoluminescence properties of Ba3Si6O12N2:Eu2+ oxynitride phosphor synthesized by liquid phase precursor,” Mater. Lett. 77, 121–124 (2012).
[Crossref]

Shang, M.

D. Geng, H. Lian, M. Shang, Y. Zhang, and J. Lin, “Oxonitridosilicate Y10(Si6O22N2)O2:Ce3+,Mn2+ phosphors: a facile synthesis via the soft-chemical ammonolysis process, luminescence, and energy-transfer properties,” Inorg. Chem. 53(4), 2230–2239 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Shang, C. Li, and J. Lin, “How to produce white light in a single-phase host?” Chem. Soc. Rev. 43(5), 1372–1386 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shimomura, Y.

X. Q. Piao, K. Machida, T. Horikawa, H. Hanzawa, Y. Shimomura, and N. Kijima, “Preparation of CaAlSiN3: Eu3+phosphors by the self-propagating high-temperature synthesis and their luminescent properties,” Chem. Mater. 19(18), 4592–4599 (2007).
[Crossref]

Shimooka, S.

M. Mikami, S. Shimooka, K. Uheda, H. Imura, and N. Kijima, “New green phosphor Ba3Si6O12N2:Eu for white LED: Crystal structure and optical properties,” Key Eng. Mater. 403, 11–14 (2009).
[Crossref]

Shockley, W.

W. Shockley and W. T. Read., “Statistics of the recombinations of holes and electrons,” Phys. Rev. 87(5), 835–842 (1952).
[Crossref]

Someya, T.

N. Kamata, J. M. Z. Ocampo, K. Hoshino, K. Yamada, M. Nishioka, T. Someya, and Y. Arakawa, “Below-gap spectroscopy of semiconductor quantum wells by two-wavelength excited photoluminescence (TWEPL),” Recent Research Developments in Quantum Electronics 1, 123–135 (1999).

Song, Y. H.

Y. H. Song, M. O. Kim, M. K. Jung, K. Senthil, T. Masaki, K. Toda, and D. H. Yoon, “Photoluminescence properties of Ba3Si6O12N2:Eu2+ oxynitride phosphor synthesized by liquid phase precursor,” Mater. Lett. 77, 121–124 (2012).
[Crossref]

Tang, J. Y.

J. Y. Tang, J. Chen, L. Hao, X. Xu, W. J. Xie, and Q. X. Li, “Green Eu2+-doped Ba3Si6O12N2 phosphor for white light-emitting diodes: Synthesis, characterization and theoretical simulation,” J. Lumin. 131(6), 1101–1106 (2011).
[Crossref]

Toda, K.

Y. H. Song, M. O. Kim, M. K. Jung, K. Senthil, T. Masaki, K. Toda, and D. H. Yoon, “Photoluminescence properties of Ba3Si6O12N2:Eu2+ oxynitride phosphor synthesized by liquid phase precursor,” Mater. Lett. 77, 121–124 (2012).
[Crossref]

Touhidul Islam, A. Z. M.

A. Z. M. Touhidul Islam, N. Murakoshi, T. Fukuda, H. Hirayama, and N. Kamata, “Optical detection of nonradiative recombination centers in AlGaN quantum wells for deep UV region,” Phys. Status Solidi C 11(3-4), 832–835 (2014).
[Crossref]

Uheda, K.

M. Mikami, S. Shimooka, K. Uheda, H. Imura, and N. Kijima, “New green phosphor Ba3Si6O12N2:Eu for white LED: Crystal structure and optical properties,” Key Eng. Mater. 403, 11–14 (2009).
[Crossref]

Xie, W. J.

J. Y. Tang, J. Chen, L. Hao, X. Xu, W. J. Xie, and Q. X. Li, “Green Eu2+-doped Ba3Si6O12N2 phosphor for white light-emitting diodes: Synthesis, characterization and theoretical simulation,” J. Lumin. 131(6), 1101–1106 (2011).
[Crossref]

Xu, S.

C. Li, H. Chen, Y. Hua, L. Yu, Q. Jiang, D. Deng, S. Zhao, H. Ma, and S. Xu, “Photoluminescence and energy transfer studies on Ce3+/Eu2+ co-doped Ba3Si6O12N2 phosphor for white light-emitting-diodes,” Opt. Commun. 295, 129–133 (2013).
[Crossref]

Xu, X.

J. Y. Tang, J. Chen, L. Hao, X. Xu, W. J. Xie, and Q. X. Li, “Green Eu2+-doped Ba3Si6O12N2 phosphor for white light-emitting diodes: Synthesis, characterization and theoretical simulation,” J. Lumin. 131(6), 1101–1106 (2011).
[Crossref]

Yamada, K.

N. Kamata, J. M. Z. Ocampo, K. Hoshino, K. Yamada, M. Nishioka, T. Someya, and Y. Arakawa, “Below-gap spectroscopy of semiconductor quantum wells by two-wavelength excited photoluminescence (TWEPL),” Recent Research Developments in Quantum Electronics 1, 123–135 (1999).

E. Kanoh, K. Hoshino, N. Kamata, K. Yamada, M. Nishioka, and Y. Arakawa, “Saturation of photolumine-scence quenching under below-gap excitation in a GaAs/AlGaAs quantum well,” J. Lumin. 63(5-6), 235–240 (1995).
[Crossref]

Yoon, D. H.

Y. H. Song, M. O. Kim, M. K. Jung, K. Senthil, T. Masaki, K. Toda, and D. H. Yoon, “Photoluminescence properties of Ba3Si6O12N2:Eu2+ oxynitride phosphor synthesized by liquid phase precursor,” Mater. Lett. 77, 121–124 (2012).
[Crossref]

Yu, L.

C. Li, H. Chen, Y. Hua, L. Yu, Q. Jiang, D. Deng, S. Zhao, H. Ma, and S. Xu, “Photoluminescence and energy transfer studies on Ce3+/Eu2+ co-doped Ba3Si6O12N2 phosphor for white light-emitting-diodes,” Opt. Commun. 295, 129–133 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhang, R.

R. Zhang, T. Maeda, R. Maruta, S. Kusaka, B. Ding, K. Murai, and T. Moriga, “Luminescence enhancement of Eu2+, Ce3+ co-doped Ba3Si5O13-δNδ phosphors,” J. Solid State Chem. 183(3), 620–623 (2010).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Y.

D. Geng, H. Lian, M. Shang, Y. Zhang, and J. Lin, “Oxonitridosilicate Y10(Si6O22N2)O2:Ce3+,Mn2+ phosphors: a facile synthesis via the soft-chemical ammonolysis process, luminescence, and energy-transfer properties,” Inorg. Chem. 53(4), 2230–2239 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhao, S.

C. Li, H. Chen, Y. Hua, L. Yu, Q. Jiang, D. Deng, S. Zhao, H. Ma, and S. Xu, “Photoluminescence and energy transfer studies on Ce3+/Eu2+ co-doped Ba3Si6O12N2 phosphor for white light-emitting-diodes,” Opt. Commun. 295, 129–133 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhuang, W.

G. Chen, W. Zhuang, R. Liu, Y. Liu, Y. Hu, and H. He, “Photoluminescent properties of tunable green-emitting oxynitride (Ba3-xSrx) Si6O12N2:Eu2+ phosphor and its application in white LEDs,” J. Rare Earths 31(10), 944–949 (2013).
[Crossref]

Chem. Mater. (1)

X. Q. Piao, K. Machida, T. Horikawa, H. Hanzawa, Y. Shimomura, and N. Kijima, “Preparation of CaAlSiN3: Eu3+phosphors by the self-propagating high-temperature synthesis and their luminescent properties,” Chem. Mater. 19(18), 4592–4599 (2007).
[Crossref]

Chem. Soc. Rev. (1)

M. Shang, C. Li, and J. Lin, “How to produce white light in a single-phase host?” Chem. Soc. Rev. 43(5), 1372–1386 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

ECS J. Solid State Science and Techn. (2)

P. Dorenbos, “A review on how lanthanide impurity levels change with chemistry and structure of inorganic compounds,” ECS J. Solid State Science and Techn. 2(2), R3001–R3011 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. Mikami, “Computational chemistry approach for white LED (oxy)nitride phosphors,” ECS J. Solid State Science and Techn. 2(2), R3048–R3058 (2013).
[Crossref]

ECS J. Solid State Science and Technology (1)

E. Kang, S. Choi, and S. Hong, “Synthesis of Ba3Si6O12N2:Eu2+ green phosphors using Ba3SiO5:Eu2+ precursor and their luminescent properties,” ECS J. Solid State Science and Technology 1(1), R11–R14 (2012).
[Crossref]

Inorg. Chem. (1)

D. Geng, H. Lian, M. Shang, Y. Zhang, and J. Lin, “Oxonitridosilicate Y10(Si6O22N2)O2:Ce3+,Mn2+ phosphors: a facile synthesis via the soft-chemical ammonolysis process, luminescence, and energy-transfer properties,” Inorg. Chem. 53(4), 2230–2239 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Lumin. (2)

J. Y. Tang, J. Chen, L. Hao, X. Xu, W. J. Xie, and Q. X. Li, “Green Eu2+-doped Ba3Si6O12N2 phosphor for white light-emitting diodes: Synthesis, characterization and theoretical simulation,” J. Lumin. 131(6), 1101–1106 (2011).
[Crossref]

E. Kanoh, K. Hoshino, N. Kamata, K. Yamada, M. Nishioka, and Y. Arakawa, “Saturation of photolumine-scence quenching under below-gap excitation in a GaAs/AlGaAs quantum well,” J. Lumin. 63(5-6), 235–240 (1995).
[Crossref]

J. Rare Earths (1)

G. Chen, W. Zhuang, R. Liu, Y. Liu, Y. Hu, and H. He, “Photoluminescent properties of tunable green-emitting oxynitride (Ba3-xSrx) Si6O12N2:Eu2+ phosphor and its application in white LEDs,” J. Rare Earths 31(10), 944–949 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Solid State Chem. (1)

R. Zhang, T. Maeda, R. Maruta, S. Kusaka, B. Ding, K. Murai, and T. Moriga, “Luminescence enhancement of Eu2+, Ce3+ co-doped Ba3Si5O13-δNδ phosphors,” J. Solid State Chem. 183(3), 620–623 (2010).
[Crossref]

Key Eng. Mater. (1)

M. Mikami, S. Shimooka, K. Uheda, H. Imura, and N. Kijima, “New green phosphor Ba3Si6O12N2:Eu for white LED: Crystal structure and optical properties,” Key Eng. Mater. 403, 11–14 (2009).
[Crossref]

Mater. Lett. (2)

T. Li, Y. Kotsuka, T. Fukuda, T. Kurushima, and N. Kamata, “Nonradiative centers in Ba3Si6O12N2:Eu2+ phosphors observed by below-gap excitation method,” Mater. Lett. 145, 158–161 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. H. Song, M. O. Kim, M. K. Jung, K. Senthil, T. Masaki, K. Toda, and D. H. Yoon, “Photoluminescence properties of Ba3Si6O12N2:Eu2+ oxynitride phosphor synthesized by liquid phase precursor,” Mater. Lett. 77, 121–124 (2012).
[Crossref]

Opt. Commun. (1)

C. Li, H. Chen, Y. Hua, L. Yu, Q. Jiang, D. Deng, S. Zhao, H. Ma, and S. Xu, “Photoluminescence and energy transfer studies on Ce3+/Eu2+ co-doped Ba3Si6O12N2 phosphor for white light-emitting-diodes,” Opt. Commun. 295, 129–133 (2013).
[Crossref]

Opt. Mater. (2)

G. Denis, P. Deniard, X. Rocquefelte, M. Benabdesselam, and S. Jobic, “The thermally connected traps model applied to the thermoluminescence of Eu2+ doped Ba13-xAl22-2xSi10+2xO66 materials (x~0.6),” Opt. Mater. 32(9), 941–945 (2010).
[Crossref]

M. Mikami, “Response function calculations of Ba3Si6O12N2 and Ba3Si6O9N4for the understanding of the optical properties of the Eu-doped phosphors,” Opt. Mater. 35(11), 1958–1961 (2013).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. (2)

R. N. Hall, “Electron-hole recombination in germanium,” Phys. Rev. 87(2), 387 (1952).
[Crossref]

W. Shockley and W. T. Read., “Statistics of the recombinations of holes and electrons,” Phys. Rev. 87(5), 835–842 (1952).
[Crossref]

Phys. Status Solidi C (1)

A. Z. M. Touhidul Islam, N. Murakoshi, T. Fukuda, H. Hirayama, and N. Kamata, “Optical detection of nonradiative recombination centers in AlGaN quantum wells for deep UV region,” Phys. Status Solidi C 11(3-4), 832–835 (2014).
[Crossref]

Recent Research Developments in Quantum Electronics (1)

N. Kamata, J. M. Z. Ocampo, K. Hoshino, K. Yamada, M. Nishioka, T. Someya, and Y. Arakawa, “Below-gap spectroscopy of semiconductor quantum wells by two-wavelength excited photoluminescence (TWEPL),” Recent Research Developments in Quantum Electronics 1, 123–135 (1999).

Other (1)

S. Nakamuru and G. Fasol, The Blue Laser Diode: GaN based Light Emitters and Lasers (Springer-Verlag, 1997).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 XRD patterns (a) and PL and PLE spectrum (b) of BSON phosphor.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 TL spectra of BSON excited by 5.59eV (a), those excited by 3.31eV (b), and the Hoogenstraaten plot of both cases (c).
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 TWEPL response of BSON phosphor.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 The BGE photon number density dependence of IN for BSON phosphor (a) and the BGE photon energy dependence of IN at the same photon number density (b).
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 A schematic diagram of excitation and recombination with NRR and trap centers.

Equations (2)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

I N = ( I A+B I B ) ( I A I D )
ε k ( 1 T m2 1 T m1 )=ln( β 1 β 2 T m2 2 T m1 2 )

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