Abstract

The trapping of a weak dispersive wave by an intense soliton is a complex process occurring at the early stage of supercontinuum generation. It is theoretically predicted to arise from multiple soliton-dispersive wave interactions, producing a stepwise frequency blue shift of the dispersive wave. We report here the first experimental evidence of this frequency blue shift using a tapered fiber which acts as a prism, allowing to disperse the blue spectral components in order to identify unambiguously each soliton-dispersive wave collision.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. P. K. A. Wai, C. R. Menyuk, Y. C. Lee, and H. H. Chen, “Nonlinear pulse propagation in the neighborhood of the zero-dispersion wavelength of monomode optical fibers,” Opt. Lett. 11, 464–466 (1986).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  2. P. K. A. Wai, C. R. Menyuk, H. H. Chen, and Y. C. Lee, “Soliton at the zero-group-dispersion wavelength of a single-model fiber,” Opt. Lett. 12, 628–630 (1987).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  3. N. Akhmediev and M. Karlsson, “Cherenkov radiation emitted by solitons in optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. A 51, 2602–2607 (1995).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  4. I. Cristiani, R. Tediosi, L. Tartara, and V. Degiorgio, “Dispersive wave generation by solitons in microstructured optical fibers,” Opt. Express 12, 124–135 (2004).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  5. F. M. Mitschke and L. F. Mollenauer, “Discovery of the soliton self-frequency shift,” Opt. Lett. 11, 659–661 (1986).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  6. J. C. Travers and J. R. Taylor, “Soliton trapping of dispersive waves in tapered optical fibers,” Opt. Lett. 34, 115–117 (2009).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  7. D. V. Skryabin and A. V. Gorbach, “Colloquium: Looking at a soliton through the prism of optical supercontinuum,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 82, 1287–1299 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  8. J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, “Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 78, 1135–1184 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  9. R. Driben, F. Mitschke, and N. Zhavoronkov, “Cascaded interactions between Raman induced solitons and dispersive waves in photonic crystal fibers at the advanced stage of supercontinuum generation,” Opt. Express 18, 25993–25998 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  10. A. Kudlinski, A. K. George, J. C. Knight, J. C. Travers, A. B. Rulkov, S. V. Popov, and J. R. Taylor, “Zero-dispersion wavelength decreasing photonic crystal fibers for ultraviolet-extended supercontinuum generation,” Opt. Express 14, 5715–5722 (2006).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  11. S. T. Sørensen, A. Judge, C. L. Thomsen, and O. Bang, “Optimum fiber tapers for increasing the power in the blue edge of a supercontinuum - group-acceleration matching,” Opt. Lett. 36, 816–818 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  12. A. V. Gorbach and D. V. Skryabin, “Light trapping in gravity-like potentials and expansion of supercontinuum spectra in photonic-crystal fibres,” Nat Photon 1, 653–657 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  13. C. Liu, E. J. Rees, T. Laurila, S. Jian, and C. F. Kaminski, “Periodic interactions between solitons and dispersive waves during the generation of non-coherent supercontinuum radiation,” Opt. Express 20, 6316–6324 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  14. A. V. Yulin, D. V. Skryabin, and P. S. J. Russell, “Four-wave mixing of linear waves and solitons in fibers with higher-order dispersion,” Opt. Lett. 29, 2411–2413 (2004).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  15. D. V. Skryabin and A. V. Yulin, “Theory of generation of new frequencies by mixing of solitons and dispersive waves in optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. E 72, 016619 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  16. T. G. Philbin, C. Kuklewicz, S. Robertson, S. Hill, F. König, and U. Leonhardt, “Fiber-optical analog of the event horizon,” Science 319, 1367–1370 (2008).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  17. K. E. Webb, M. Erkintalo, Y. Xu, N. G. R. Broderick, J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. G. Murdoch, “Nonlinear optics of fibre event horizons,” Nat Commun 5, 4969 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  18. G. Genty, M. Erkintalo, and J. M. Dudley, “Do optical event horizons really exist? The physics of nonlinear reflection at a soliton boundary,” in “Advanced Photonics Congress,” (Optical Society of America, 2012), OSA Technical Digest (online), p. NW3D.2.
  19. A. V. Gorbach, D. V. Skryabin, J. M. Stone, and J. C. Knight, “Four-wave mixing of solitons with radiation and quasi-nondispersive wave packets at the short-wavelength edge of a supercontinuum,” Opt. Express 14, 9854–9863 (2006).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  20. A. V. Gorbach and D. V. Skryabin, “Theory of radiation trapping by the accelerating solitons in optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. A 76, 053803 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  21. G. Genty, M. Lehtonen, and H. Ludvigsen, “Effect of cross-phase modulation on supercontinuum generated in microstructured fibers with sub-30 fs pulses,” Opt. Express 12, 4614–4624 (2004).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  22. N. Nishizawa and T. Goto, “Characteristics of pulse trapping by ultrashort soliton pulse in optical fibers across zerodispersion wavelength,” Opt. Express 10, 1151–1160 (2002).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  23. N. Nishizawa and T. Goto, “Pulse trapping by ultrashort soliton pulses in optical fibers across zero-dispersion wavelength,” Opt. Lett. 27, 152–154 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  24. A. V. Gorbach and D. V. Skryabin, “Bouncing of a dispersive pulse on an accelerating soliton and stepwise frequency conversion in optical fibers,” Opt. Express 15, 14560–14565 (2007).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  25. J. C. Travers, “Blue extension of optical fibre supercontinuum generation,” J. Opt. 12, 113001 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  26. A. Kudlinski and A. Mussot, “Visible cw-pumped supercontinuum,” Opt. Lett. 33, 2407–2409 (2008).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  27. K. Saitoh and M. Koshiba, “Empirical relations for simple design of photonic crystal fibers,” Optics Express 13, 267 (2005).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  28. F. R. Arteaga-Sierra, C. Milián, I. Torres-Gómez, M. Torres-Cisneros, A. Ferrando, and A. Dávila, “Multi-peak-spectra generation with Cherenkov radiation in a non-uniform single mode fiber,” Opt. Express 22, 2451–2458 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  29. M. Billet, F. Braud, A. Bendahmane, M. Conforti, A. Mussot, and A. Kudlinski, “Emission of multiple dispersive waves from a single Raman-shifting soliton in an axially-varying optical fiber,” Opt. Express 22, 25673–25678 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  30. A. Bendahmane, F. Braud, M. Conforti, B. Barviau, A. Mussot, and A. Kudlinski, “Dynamics of cascaded resonant radiations in a dispersion-varying optical fiber,” Optica 1, 243–249 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  31. M. Conforti, S. Trillo, A. Mussot, and A. Kudlinski, “Parametric excitation of multiple resonant radiations from localized wavepackets,” Sci. Rep. 5, 9433 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2015 (1)

M. Conforti, S. Trillo, A. Mussot, and A. Kudlinski, “Parametric excitation of multiple resonant radiations from localized wavepackets,” Sci. Rep. 5, 9433 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2014 (4)

2012 (1)

2011 (1)

2010 (3)

R. Driben, F. Mitschke, and N. Zhavoronkov, “Cascaded interactions between Raman induced solitons and dispersive waves in photonic crystal fibers at the advanced stage of supercontinuum generation,” Opt. Express 18, 25993–25998 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. V. Skryabin and A. V. Gorbach, “Colloquium: Looking at a soliton through the prism of optical supercontinuum,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 82, 1287–1299 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. C. Travers, “Blue extension of optical fibre supercontinuum generation,” J. Opt. 12, 113001 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (1)

2008 (2)

A. Kudlinski and A. Mussot, “Visible cw-pumped supercontinuum,” Opt. Lett. 33, 2407–2409 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. G. Philbin, C. Kuklewicz, S. Robertson, S. Hill, F. König, and U. Leonhardt, “Fiber-optical analog of the event horizon,” Science 319, 1367–1370 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2007 (3)

A. V. Gorbach and D. V. Skryabin, “Theory of radiation trapping by the accelerating solitons in optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. A 76, 053803 (2007).
[Crossref]

A. V. Gorbach and D. V. Skryabin, “Light trapping in gravity-like potentials and expansion of supercontinuum spectra in photonic-crystal fibres,” Nat Photon 1, 653–657 (2007).
[Crossref]

A. V. Gorbach and D. V. Skryabin, “Bouncing of a dispersive pulse on an accelerating soliton and stepwise frequency conversion in optical fibers,” Opt. Express 15, 14560–14565 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2006 (3)

2005 (2)

D. V. Skryabin and A. V. Yulin, “Theory of generation of new frequencies by mixing of solitons and dispersive waves in optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. E 72, 016619 (2005).
[Crossref]

K. Saitoh and M. Koshiba, “Empirical relations for simple design of photonic crystal fibers,” Optics Express 13, 267 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2004 (3)

2002 (2)

1995 (1)

N. Akhmediev and M. Karlsson, “Cherenkov radiation emitted by solitons in optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. A 51, 2602–2607 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1987 (1)

1986 (2)

Akhmediev, N.

N. Akhmediev and M. Karlsson, “Cherenkov radiation emitted by solitons in optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. A 51, 2602–2607 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Arteaga-Sierra, F. R.

Bang, O.

Barviau, B.

Bendahmane, A.

Billet, M.

Braud, F.

Broderick, N. G. R.

K. E. Webb, M. Erkintalo, Y. Xu, N. G. R. Broderick, J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. G. Murdoch, “Nonlinear optics of fibre event horizons,” Nat Commun 5, 4969 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, H. H.

Coen, S.

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, “Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 78, 1135–1184 (2006).
[Crossref]

Conforti, M.

Cristiani, I.

Dávila, A.

Degiorgio, V.

Driben, R.

Dudley, J. M.

K. E. Webb, M. Erkintalo, Y. Xu, N. G. R. Broderick, J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. G. Murdoch, “Nonlinear optics of fibre event horizons,” Nat Commun 5, 4969 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, “Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 78, 1135–1184 (2006).
[Crossref]

G. Genty, M. Erkintalo, and J. M. Dudley, “Do optical event horizons really exist? The physics of nonlinear reflection at a soliton boundary,” in “Advanced Photonics Congress,” (Optical Society of America, 2012), OSA Technical Digest (online), p. NW3D.2.

Erkintalo, M.

K. E. Webb, M. Erkintalo, Y. Xu, N. G. R. Broderick, J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. G. Murdoch, “Nonlinear optics of fibre event horizons,” Nat Commun 5, 4969 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Genty, M. Erkintalo, and J. M. Dudley, “Do optical event horizons really exist? The physics of nonlinear reflection at a soliton boundary,” in “Advanced Photonics Congress,” (Optical Society of America, 2012), OSA Technical Digest (online), p. NW3D.2.

Ferrando, A.

Genty, G.

K. E. Webb, M. Erkintalo, Y. Xu, N. G. R. Broderick, J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. G. Murdoch, “Nonlinear optics of fibre event horizons,” Nat Commun 5, 4969 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, “Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 78, 1135–1184 (2006).
[Crossref]

G. Genty, M. Lehtonen, and H. Ludvigsen, “Effect of cross-phase modulation on supercontinuum generated in microstructured fibers with sub-30 fs pulses,” Opt. Express 12, 4614–4624 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Genty, M. Erkintalo, and J. M. Dudley, “Do optical event horizons really exist? The physics of nonlinear reflection at a soliton boundary,” in “Advanced Photonics Congress,” (Optical Society of America, 2012), OSA Technical Digest (online), p. NW3D.2.

George, A. K.

Gorbach, A. V.

D. V. Skryabin and A. V. Gorbach, “Colloquium: Looking at a soliton through the prism of optical supercontinuum,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 82, 1287–1299 (2010).
[Crossref]

A. V. Gorbach and D. V. Skryabin, “Light trapping in gravity-like potentials and expansion of supercontinuum spectra in photonic-crystal fibres,” Nat Photon 1, 653–657 (2007).
[Crossref]

A. V. Gorbach and D. V. Skryabin, “Theory of radiation trapping by the accelerating solitons in optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. A 76, 053803 (2007).
[Crossref]

A. V. Gorbach and D. V. Skryabin, “Bouncing of a dispersive pulse on an accelerating soliton and stepwise frequency conversion in optical fibers,” Opt. Express 15, 14560–14565 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. V. Gorbach, D. V. Skryabin, J. M. Stone, and J. C. Knight, “Four-wave mixing of solitons with radiation and quasi-nondispersive wave packets at the short-wavelength edge of a supercontinuum,” Opt. Express 14, 9854–9863 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Goto, T.

Hill, S.

T. G. Philbin, C. Kuklewicz, S. Robertson, S. Hill, F. König, and U. Leonhardt, “Fiber-optical analog of the event horizon,” Science 319, 1367–1370 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jian, S.

Judge, A.

Kaminski, C. F.

Karlsson, M.

N. Akhmediev and M. Karlsson, “Cherenkov radiation emitted by solitons in optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. A 51, 2602–2607 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Knight, J. C.

König, F.

T. G. Philbin, C. Kuklewicz, S. Robertson, S. Hill, F. König, and U. Leonhardt, “Fiber-optical analog of the event horizon,” Science 319, 1367–1370 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Koshiba, M.

K. Saitoh and M. Koshiba, “Empirical relations for simple design of photonic crystal fibers,” Optics Express 13, 267 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kudlinski, A.

Kuklewicz, C.

T. G. Philbin, C. Kuklewicz, S. Robertson, S. Hill, F. König, and U. Leonhardt, “Fiber-optical analog of the event horizon,” Science 319, 1367–1370 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Laurila, T.

Lee, Y. C.

Lehtonen, M.

Leonhardt, U.

T. G. Philbin, C. Kuklewicz, S. Robertson, S. Hill, F. König, and U. Leonhardt, “Fiber-optical analog of the event horizon,” Science 319, 1367–1370 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, C.

Ludvigsen, H.

Menyuk, C. R.

Milián, C.

Mitschke, F.

Mitschke, F. M.

Mollenauer, L. F.

Murdoch, S. G.

K. E. Webb, M. Erkintalo, Y. Xu, N. G. R. Broderick, J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. G. Murdoch, “Nonlinear optics of fibre event horizons,” Nat Commun 5, 4969 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mussot, A.

Nishizawa, N.

Philbin, T. G.

T. G. Philbin, C. Kuklewicz, S. Robertson, S. Hill, F. König, and U. Leonhardt, “Fiber-optical analog of the event horizon,” Science 319, 1367–1370 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Popov, S. V.

Rees, E. J.

Robertson, S.

T. G. Philbin, C. Kuklewicz, S. Robertson, S. Hill, F. König, and U. Leonhardt, “Fiber-optical analog of the event horizon,” Science 319, 1367–1370 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rulkov, A. B.

Russell, P. S. J.

Saitoh, K.

K. Saitoh and M. Koshiba, “Empirical relations for simple design of photonic crystal fibers,” Optics Express 13, 267 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Skryabin, D. V.

D. V. Skryabin and A. V. Gorbach, “Colloquium: Looking at a soliton through the prism of optical supercontinuum,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 82, 1287–1299 (2010).
[Crossref]

A. V. Gorbach and D. V. Skryabin, “Theory of radiation trapping by the accelerating solitons in optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. A 76, 053803 (2007).
[Crossref]

A. V. Gorbach and D. V. Skryabin, “Light trapping in gravity-like potentials and expansion of supercontinuum spectra in photonic-crystal fibres,” Nat Photon 1, 653–657 (2007).
[Crossref]

A. V. Gorbach and D. V. Skryabin, “Bouncing of a dispersive pulse on an accelerating soliton and stepwise frequency conversion in optical fibers,” Opt. Express 15, 14560–14565 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. V. Gorbach, D. V. Skryabin, J. M. Stone, and J. C. Knight, “Four-wave mixing of solitons with radiation and quasi-nondispersive wave packets at the short-wavelength edge of a supercontinuum,” Opt. Express 14, 9854–9863 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. V. Skryabin and A. V. Yulin, “Theory of generation of new frequencies by mixing of solitons and dispersive waves in optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. E 72, 016619 (2005).
[Crossref]

A. V. Yulin, D. V. Skryabin, and P. S. J. Russell, “Four-wave mixing of linear waves and solitons in fibers with higher-order dispersion,” Opt. Lett. 29, 2411–2413 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sørensen, S. T.

Stone, J. M.

Tartara, L.

Taylor, J. R.

Tediosi, R.

Thomsen, C. L.

Torres-Cisneros, M.

Torres-Gómez, I.

Travers, J. C.

Trillo, S.

M. Conforti, S. Trillo, A. Mussot, and A. Kudlinski, “Parametric excitation of multiple resonant radiations from localized wavepackets,” Sci. Rep. 5, 9433 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wai, P. K. A.

Webb, K. E.

K. E. Webb, M. Erkintalo, Y. Xu, N. G. R. Broderick, J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. G. Murdoch, “Nonlinear optics of fibre event horizons,” Nat Commun 5, 4969 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xu, Y.

K. E. Webb, M. Erkintalo, Y. Xu, N. G. R. Broderick, J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. G. Murdoch, “Nonlinear optics of fibre event horizons,” Nat Commun 5, 4969 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yulin, A. V.

D. V. Skryabin and A. V. Yulin, “Theory of generation of new frequencies by mixing of solitons and dispersive waves in optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. E 72, 016619 (2005).
[Crossref]

A. V. Yulin, D. V. Skryabin, and P. S. J. Russell, “Four-wave mixing of linear waves and solitons in fibers with higher-order dispersion,” Opt. Lett. 29, 2411–2413 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhavoronkov, N.

J. Opt. (1)

J. C. Travers, “Blue extension of optical fibre supercontinuum generation,” J. Opt. 12, 113001 (2010).
[Crossref]

Nat Commun (1)

K. E. Webb, M. Erkintalo, Y. Xu, N. G. R. Broderick, J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. G. Murdoch, “Nonlinear optics of fibre event horizons,” Nat Commun 5, 4969 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat Photon (1)

A. V. Gorbach and D. V. Skryabin, “Light trapping in gravity-like potentials and expansion of supercontinuum spectra in photonic-crystal fibres,” Nat Photon 1, 653–657 (2007).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (10)

C. Liu, E. J. Rees, T. Laurila, S. Jian, and C. F. Kaminski, “Periodic interactions between solitons and dispersive waves during the generation of non-coherent supercontinuum radiation,” Opt. Express 20, 6316–6324 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. V. Gorbach, D. V. Skryabin, J. M. Stone, and J. C. Knight, “Four-wave mixing of solitons with radiation and quasi-nondispersive wave packets at the short-wavelength edge of a supercontinuum,” Opt. Express 14, 9854–9863 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. Cristiani, R. Tediosi, L. Tartara, and V. Degiorgio, “Dispersive wave generation by solitons in microstructured optical fibers,” Opt. Express 12, 124–135 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Driben, F. Mitschke, and N. Zhavoronkov, “Cascaded interactions between Raman induced solitons and dispersive waves in photonic crystal fibers at the advanced stage of supercontinuum generation,” Opt. Express 18, 25993–25998 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Kudlinski, A. K. George, J. C. Knight, J. C. Travers, A. B. Rulkov, S. V. Popov, and J. R. Taylor, “Zero-dispersion wavelength decreasing photonic crystal fibers for ultraviolet-extended supercontinuum generation,” Opt. Express 14, 5715–5722 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Genty, M. Lehtonen, and H. Ludvigsen, “Effect of cross-phase modulation on supercontinuum generated in microstructured fibers with sub-30 fs pulses,” Opt. Express 12, 4614–4624 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Nishizawa and T. Goto, “Characteristics of pulse trapping by ultrashort soliton pulse in optical fibers across zerodispersion wavelength,” Opt. Express 10, 1151–1160 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. R. Arteaga-Sierra, C. Milián, I. Torres-Gómez, M. Torres-Cisneros, A. Ferrando, and A. Dávila, “Multi-peak-spectra generation with Cherenkov radiation in a non-uniform single mode fiber,” Opt. Express 22, 2451–2458 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Billet, F. Braud, A. Bendahmane, M. Conforti, A. Mussot, and A. Kudlinski, “Emission of multiple dispersive waves from a single Raman-shifting soliton in an axially-varying optical fiber,” Opt. Express 22, 25673–25678 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. V. Gorbach and D. V. Skryabin, “Bouncing of a dispersive pulse on an accelerating soliton and stepwise frequency conversion in optical fibers,” Opt. Express 15, 14560–14565 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (8)

Optica (1)

Optics Express (1)

K. Saitoh and M. Koshiba, “Empirical relations for simple design of photonic crystal fibers,” Optics Express 13, 267 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. A (2)

A. V. Gorbach and D. V. Skryabin, “Theory of radiation trapping by the accelerating solitons in optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. A 76, 053803 (2007).
[Crossref]

N. Akhmediev and M. Karlsson, “Cherenkov radiation emitted by solitons in optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. A 51, 2602–2607 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. E (1)

D. V. Skryabin and A. V. Yulin, “Theory of generation of new frequencies by mixing of solitons and dispersive waves in optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. E 72, 016619 (2005).
[Crossref]

Rev. Mod. Phys. (2)

D. V. Skryabin and A. V. Gorbach, “Colloquium: Looking at a soliton through the prism of optical supercontinuum,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 82, 1287–1299 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, “Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 78, 1135–1184 (2006).
[Crossref]

Sci. Rep. (1)

M. Conforti, S. Trillo, A. Mussot, and A. Kudlinski, “Parametric excitation of multiple resonant radiations from localized wavepackets,” Sci. Rep. 5, 9433 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Science (1)

T. G. Philbin, C. Kuklewicz, S. Robertson, S. Hill, F. König, and U. Leonhardt, “Fiber-optical analog of the event horizon,” Science 319, 1367–1370 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (1)

G. Genty, M. Erkintalo, and J. M. Dudley, “Do optical event horizons really exist? The physics of nonlinear reflection at a soliton boundary,” in “Advanced Photonics Congress,” (Optical Society of America, 2012), OSA Technical Digest (online), p. NW3D.2.

Supplementary Material (1)

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a)–(b) Experiments: (a) output spectrum and (b) spectral dynamics along the fiber measured by successive cutbacks. (c)–(d) Corresponding GNLSE simulations: (c) output spectrum and (d) simulated spectral dynamics with fiber length. The grey line in (c) is the simulated output spectrum in a uniform fiber (with the same properties as the input of the tapered fiber described in the text). The colorbar is the same for (b) and (d). In (d), black solid and dashed lines represent respectively the calculated ZDW and the GVM wavelength with the soliton deduced from numerical simulations. ( Visualization 1): simulated evolution of the output spectrum (right panel) for increasing slope of the tapering section (left panel).
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Measured short wavelength edge (full black circles) and DW wavelength after each collision (full grey circles) as a function of fiber length. The red solid line represents the GVM wavelength with the soliton deduced from numerical simulations.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Simulated temporal evolution of various DWs involved in the multi-collision process. A numerical short-pass filter was used, with a cutoff wavelength of 960 nm in order to highlight the evolution of the DWs. The dashed red line represent the evolution of the soliton central wavelength deduced from numerical simulations of Fig. 1(d). Inset: Simulated full (red line) and filtered (blue line) temporal profile at 21 m

Equations (1)

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i Z A + d ( i t ) A + γ ( 1 + i τ s t ) ( A R ( t ) | A ( t t ) | 2 ) = 0 ,

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