Abstract

We demonstrate an all-optical Q-switcher based on graphene saturable absorber (GSA). Due to the cross absorption modulation (XAM) effect in graphene, we can change the transmittance of signal light periodically by introducing a train of laser pulses into graphene. This allows controlling the Q-factor of the cavity. This Q-switcher has many advantages such as all-fiber structure, all-optical modulation, broadband applications. With this Q-switcher, we have successfully fabricated an actively Q-switched ytterbium-doped fiber laser. The pulse repetition rate can be tuned from 30.32 kHz to 101.29 kHz. What’s more, synchronization of the Q-switched laser pulses and modulation laser pulses can be realized, which has many potential applications such as nonlinear frequency conversion, multi-color pump probe spectroscopy and Raman scattering spectroscopy.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]

2014 (4)

W. Li, B. Chen, C. Meng, W. Fang, Y. Xiao, X. Li, Z. Hu, Y. Xu, L. Tong, H. Wang, W. Liu, J. Bao, and Y. R. Shen, “Ultrafast all-optical graphene modulator,” Nano Lett. 14(2), 955–959 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Q. W. Sheng, M. Feng, W. Xin, H. Guo, T. Y. Han, Y. G. Li, Y. G. Liu, F. Gao, F. Song, Z. B. Liu, and J. G. Tian, “Tunable graphene saturable absorber with cross absorption modulation for mode-locking in fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(4), 041901 (2014).
[Crossref]

D. Wu, Z. Luo, F. Xiong, C. Zhang, Y. Huang, S. Chen, W. Cai, Z. Cai, and H. Xu, “Passive synchronization of 1.06 and 1.53μm Q-switched fiber laser using a common graphene Q-switcher,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(14), 1474–1477 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. Wu, Y. Chen, H. Zhang, and S. Wen, “Nanosecond Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser with wide pulse-repetition-rate range based on topological insulator,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 50(6), 393–396 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (4)

2012 (2)

L. Wei, D. P. Zhou, H. Y. Fan, and W. K. Liu, “Graphene-based Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser with wide pulse-repetition-rate range,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(4), 309–311 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. Zhang, E. J. R. Kelleher, F. Torrisi, Z. Sun, T. Hasan, D. Popa, F. Wang, A. C. Ferrari, S. V. Popov, and J. R. Taylor, “Tm-doped fiber laser mode-locked by graphene-polymer composite,” Opt. Express 20(22), 25077–25084 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (3)

2010 (3)

2009 (1)

Q. Bao, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, Z. Ni, Y. Yan, Z. X. Shen, K. P. Loh, and D. Y. Tang, “Atomic layer graphene as saturable absorber for ultrafast pulsed lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19(19), 3077–3083 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (2)

S. Kivistö, R. Koskinen, J. Paajaste, S. D. Jackson, M. Guina, and O. G. Okhotnikov, “Passively Q-switched Tm3+, Ho3+-doped silica fiber laser using a highly nonlinear saturable absorber and dynamic gain pulse compression,” Opt. Express 16(26), 22058–22063 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. P. Cheng, P. Shum, C. H. Tse, R. F. Wu, W. C. Tan, M. Tang, and J. Zhang, “All-fiber-switched ring laser with increased repetition rate,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20(10), 764–766 (2008).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

2005 (2)

2002 (2)

M. Laroche, A. M. Chardon, J. Nilsson, D. P. Shepherd, W. A. Clarkson, S. Girard, and R. Moncorgé, “Compact diode-pumped passively Q-switched tunable Er-Yb double-clad fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 27(22), 1980–1982 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. A. Russo, R. Duchowicz, J. Mora, J. L. Cruz, and M. V. Andrés, “High-efficiency Q-switched erbium fiber laser using a Bragg grating-based modulator,” Opt. Commun. 210(3-6), 361–366 (2002).
[Crossref]

2000 (1)

1999 (1)

1998 (1)

H. H. Kee, G. P. Lees, and T. P. Newson, “Narrow linewidth CW and Q-switched erbium-doped fibre loop laser,” Electron. Lett. 34(13), 1318–1319 (1998).
[Crossref]

Abramski, K. M.

Álvarez-Chavez, J. A.

Andres, M.

Andrés, M.

Andrés, M. V.

N. A. Russo, R. Duchowicz, J. Mora, J. L. Cruz, and M. V. Andrés, “High-efficiency Q-switched erbium fiber laser using a Bragg grating-based modulator,” Opt. Commun. 210(3-6), 361–366 (2002).
[Crossref]

Bae, S.

Baek, I. H.

Bao, J.

W. Li, B. Chen, C. Meng, W. Fang, Y. Xiao, X. Li, Z. Hu, Y. Xu, L. Tong, H. Wang, W. Liu, J. Bao, and Y. R. Shen, “Ultrafast all-optical graphene modulator,” Nano Lett. 14(2), 955–959 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bao, Q.

Q. Bao, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, Z. Ni, Y. Yan, Z. X. Shen, K. P. Loh, and D. Y. Tang, “Atomic layer graphene as saturable absorber for ultrafast pulsed lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19(19), 3077–3083 (2009).
[Crossref]

Bennion, I.

Cai, W.

D. Wu, Z. Luo, F. Xiong, C. Zhang, Y. Huang, S. Chen, W. Cai, Z. Cai, and H. Xu, “Passive synchronization of 1.06 and 1.53μm Q-switched fiber laser using a common graphene Q-switcher,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(14), 1474–1477 (2014).
[Crossref]

Cai, Z.

Chardon, A. M.

Chen, B.

W. Li, B. Chen, C. Meng, W. Fang, Y. Xiao, X. Li, Z. Hu, Y. Xu, L. Tong, H. Wang, W. Liu, J. Bao, and Y. R. Shen, “Ultrafast all-optical graphene modulator,” Nano Lett. 14(2), 955–959 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, S.

D. Wu, Z. Luo, F. Xiong, C. Zhang, Y. Huang, S. Chen, W. Cai, Z. Cai, and H. Xu, “Passive synchronization of 1.06 and 1.53μm Q-switched fiber laser using a common graphene Q-switcher,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(14), 1474–1477 (2014).
[Crossref]

Chen, Y.

M. Wu, Y. Chen, H. Zhang, and S. Wen, “Nanosecond Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser with wide pulse-repetition-rate range based on topological insulator,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 50(6), 393–396 (2014).
[Crossref]

Cheng, H.

Cheng, X. P.

X. P. Cheng, P. Shum, C. H. Tse, R. F. Wu, W. C. Tan, M. Tang, and J. Zhang, “All-fiber-switched ring laser with increased repetition rate,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20(10), 764–766 (2008).
[Crossref]

Cho, W. B.

Choi, S. Y.

Clarkson, W. A.

Cruz, J. L.

N. A. Russo, R. Duchowicz, J. Mora, J. L. Cruz, and M. V. Andrés, “High-efficiency Q-switched erbium fiber laser using a Bragg grating-based modulator,” Opt. Commun. 210(3-6), 361–366 (2002).
[Crossref]

Delgado-Pinar, M.

Diez, A.

Díez, A.

Duchowicz, R.

P. Pérez-Millán, A. Díez, M. Andrés, D. Zalvidea, and R. Duchowicz, “Q-switched all-fiber laser based on magnetostriction modulation of a Bragg grating,” Opt. Express 13(13), 5046–5051 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. A. Russo, R. Duchowicz, J. Mora, J. L. Cruz, and M. V. Andrés, “High-efficiency Q-switched erbium fiber laser using a Bragg grating-based modulator,” Opt. Commun. 210(3-6), 361–366 (2002).
[Crossref]

Fan, H. Y.

L. Wei, D. P. Zhou, H. Y. Fan, and W. K. Liu, “Graphene-based Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser with wide pulse-repetition-rate range,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(4), 309–311 (2012).
[Crossref]

Fang, W.

W. Li, B. Chen, C. Meng, W. Fang, Y. Xiao, X. Li, Z. Hu, Y. Xu, L. Tong, H. Wang, W. Liu, J. Bao, and Y. R. Shen, “Ultrafast all-optical graphene modulator,” Nano Lett. 14(2), 955–959 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Feng, M.

Q. W. Sheng, M. Feng, W. Xin, H. Guo, T. Y. Han, Y. G. Li, Y. G. Liu, F. Gao, F. Song, Z. B. Liu, and J. G. Tian, “Tunable graphene saturable absorber with cross absorption modulation for mode-locking in fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(4), 041901 (2014).
[Crossref]

Z. B. Liu, M. Feng, W. S. Jiang, W. Xin, P. Wang, Q. W. Sheng, Y. G. Liu, D. N. Wang, W. Y. Zhou, and J. G. Tian, “Broadband all-optical modulation using a graphene-covered-microfiber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(6), 065901 (2013).
[Crossref]

Q. Sheng, M. Feng, W. Xin, T. Han, Y. Liu, Z. Liu, and J. Tian, “Actively manipulation of operation states in passively pulsed fiber lasers by using graphene saturable absorber on microfiber,” Opt. Express 21(12), 14859–14866 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ferrari, A. C.

Gao, F.

Q. W. Sheng, M. Feng, W. Xin, H. Guo, T. Y. Han, Y. G. Li, Y. G. Liu, F. Gao, F. Song, Z. B. Liu, and J. G. Tian, “Tunable graphene saturable absorber with cross absorption modulation for mode-locking in fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(4), 041901 (2014).
[Crossref]

Gini, E.

Girard, S.

Guina, M.

Guo, H.

Q. W. Sheng, M. Feng, W. Xin, H. Guo, T. Y. Han, Y. G. Li, Y. G. Liu, F. Gao, F. Song, Z. B. Liu, and J. G. Tian, “Tunable graphene saturable absorber with cross absorption modulation for mode-locking in fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(4), 041901 (2014).
[Crossref]

Han, T.

Han, T. Y.

Q. W. Sheng, M. Feng, W. Xin, H. Guo, T. Y. Han, Y. G. Li, Y. G. Liu, F. Gao, F. Song, Z. B. Liu, and J. G. Tian, “Tunable graphene saturable absorber with cross absorption modulation for mode-locking in fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(4), 041901 (2014).
[Crossref]

Häring, R.

Hasan, T.

Hong, B. H.

Hu, Z.

W. Li, B. Chen, C. Meng, W. Fang, Y. Xiao, X. Li, Z. Hu, Y. Xu, L. Tong, H. Wang, W. Liu, J. Bao, and Y. R. Shen, “Ultrafast all-optical graphene modulator,” Nano Lett. 14(2), 955–959 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Huang, G.

Huang, Y.

D. Wu, Z. Luo, F. Xiong, C. Zhang, Y. Huang, S. Chen, W. Cai, Z. Cai, and H. Xu, “Passive synchronization of 1.06 and 1.53μm Q-switched fiber laser using a common graphene Q-switcher,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(14), 1474–1477 (2014).
[Crossref]

Z. Luo, Y. Huang, J. Weng, H. Cheng, Z. Lin, B. Xu, Z. Cai, and H. Xu, “1.06 μm Q-switched ytterbium-doped fiber laser using few-layer topological insulator Bi₂Se₃ as a saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 21(24), 29516–29522 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Itoga, E.

Jackson, S. D.

Jiang, W. S.

Z. B. Liu, M. Feng, W. S. Jiang, W. Xin, P. Wang, Q. W. Sheng, Y. G. Liu, D. N. Wang, W. Y. Zhou, and J. G. Tian, “Broadband all-optical modulation using a graphene-covered-microfiber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(6), 065901 (2013).
[Crossref]

Jovanovic, N.

Kataura, H.

Kazaoui, S.

Kee, H. H.

H. H. Kee, G. P. Lees, and T. P. Newson, “Narrow linewidth CW and Q-switched erbium-doped fibre loop laser,” Electron. Lett. 34(13), 1318–1319 (1998).
[Crossref]

Kelleher, E. J. R.

Keller, U.

Kim, J. W.

Kim, K.

Kivistö, S.

Koskinen, R.

Krajewska, A.

Laroche, M.

Lee, H. W.

Lees, G. P.

H. H. Kee, G. P. Lees, and T. P. Newson, “Narrow linewidth CW and Q-switched erbium-doped fibre loop laser,” Electron. Lett. 34(13), 1318–1319 (1998).
[Crossref]

Li, W.

W. Li, B. Chen, C. Meng, W. Fang, Y. Xiao, X. Li, Z. Hu, Y. Xu, L. Tong, H. Wang, W. Liu, J. Bao, and Y. R. Shen, “Ultrafast all-optical graphene modulator,” Nano Lett. 14(2), 955–959 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, X.

W. Li, B. Chen, C. Meng, W. Fang, Y. Xiao, X. Li, Z. Hu, Y. Xu, L. Tong, H. Wang, W. Liu, J. Bao, and Y. R. Shen, “Ultrafast all-optical graphene modulator,” Nano Lett. 14(2), 955–959 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, Y. G.

Q. W. Sheng, M. Feng, W. Xin, H. Guo, T. Y. Han, Y. G. Li, Y. G. Liu, F. Gao, F. Song, Z. B. Liu, and J. G. Tian, “Tunable graphene saturable absorber with cross absorption modulation for mode-locking in fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(4), 041901 (2014).
[Crossref]

Lin, Z.

Liu, J.

Liu, W.

W. Li, B. Chen, C. Meng, W. Fang, Y. Xiao, X. Li, Z. Hu, Y. Xu, L. Tong, H. Wang, W. Liu, J. Bao, and Y. R. Shen, “Ultrafast all-optical graphene modulator,” Nano Lett. 14(2), 955–959 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, W. K.

L. Wei, D. P. Zhou, H. Y. Fan, and W. K. Liu, “Graphene-based Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser with wide pulse-repetition-rate range,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(4), 309–311 (2012).
[Crossref]

Liu, Y.

Liu, Y. G.

Q. W. Sheng, M. Feng, W. Xin, H. Guo, T. Y. Han, Y. G. Li, Y. G. Liu, F. Gao, F. Song, Z. B. Liu, and J. G. Tian, “Tunable graphene saturable absorber with cross absorption modulation for mode-locking in fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(4), 041901 (2014).
[Crossref]

Z. B. Liu, M. Feng, W. S. Jiang, W. Xin, P. Wang, Q. W. Sheng, Y. G. Liu, D. N. Wang, W. Y. Zhou, and J. G. Tian, “Broadband all-optical modulation using a graphene-covered-microfiber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(6), 065901 (2013).
[Crossref]

Liu, Z.

Liu, Z. B.

Q. W. Sheng, M. Feng, W. Xin, H. Guo, T. Y. Han, Y. G. Li, Y. G. Liu, F. Gao, F. Song, Z. B. Liu, and J. G. Tian, “Tunable graphene saturable absorber with cross absorption modulation for mode-locking in fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(4), 041901 (2014).
[Crossref]

Z. B. Liu, M. Feng, W. S. Jiang, W. Xin, P. Wang, Q. W. Sheng, Y. G. Liu, D. N. Wang, W. Y. Zhou, and J. G. Tian, “Broadband all-optical modulation using a graphene-covered-microfiber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(6), 065901 (2013).
[Crossref]

Loh, K. P.

Q. Bao, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, Z. Ni, Y. Yan, Z. X. Shen, K. P. Loh, and D. Y. Tang, “Atomic layer graphene as saturable absorber for ultrafast pulsed lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19(19), 3077–3083 (2009).
[Crossref]

Luo, Z.

Marshall, G. D.

Martinez, A.

Melchior, H.

Meng, C.

W. Li, B. Chen, C. Meng, W. Fang, Y. Xiao, X. Li, Z. Hu, Y. Xu, L. Tong, H. Wang, W. Liu, J. Bao, and Y. R. Shen, “Ultrafast all-optical graphene modulator,” Nano Lett. 14(2), 955–959 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Minami, N.

Minoshima, K.

Miyashita, K.

Moncorgé, R.

Mora, J.

N. A. Russo, R. Duchowicz, J. Mora, J. L. Cruz, and M. V. Andrés, “High-efficiency Q-switched erbium fiber laser using a Bragg grating-based modulator,” Opt. Commun. 210(3-6), 361–366 (2002).
[Crossref]

Newson, T. P.

H. H. Kee, G. P. Lees, and T. P. Newson, “Narrow linewidth CW and Q-switched erbium-doped fibre loop laser,” Electron. Lett. 34(13), 1318–1319 (1998).
[Crossref]

Ni, Z.

Q. Bao, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, Z. Ni, Y. Yan, Z. X. Shen, K. P. Loh, and D. Y. Tang, “Atomic layer graphene as saturable absorber for ultrafast pulsed lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19(19), 3077–3083 (2009).
[Crossref]

Nilsson, J.

Offerhaus, H. L.

Okhotnikov, O. G.

Paajaste, J.

Paschotta, R.

Pasternak, I.

Perez-Millan, P.

Pérez-Millán, P.

Popa, D.

Popov, S. V.

Richardson, D. J.

Rotermund, F.

Russo, N. A.

N. A. Russo, R. Duchowicz, J. Mora, J. L. Cruz, and M. V. Andrés, “High-efficiency Q-switched erbium fiber laser using a Bragg grating-based modulator,” Opt. Commun. 210(3-6), 361–366 (2002).
[Crossref]

Sakakibara, Y.

Schibli, T.

Shen, Y. R.

W. Li, B. Chen, C. Meng, W. Fang, Y. Xiao, X. Li, Z. Hu, Y. Xu, L. Tong, H. Wang, W. Liu, J. Bao, and Y. R. Shen, “Ultrafast all-optical graphene modulator,” Nano Lett. 14(2), 955–959 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shen, Z. X.

Q. Bao, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, Z. Ni, Y. Yan, Z. X. Shen, K. P. Loh, and D. Y. Tang, “Atomic layer graphene as saturable absorber for ultrafast pulsed lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19(19), 3077–3083 (2009).
[Crossref]

Sheng, Q.

Sheng, Q. W.

Q. W. Sheng, M. Feng, W. Xin, H. Guo, T. Y. Han, Y. G. Li, Y. G. Liu, F. Gao, F. Song, Z. B. Liu, and J. G. Tian, “Tunable graphene saturable absorber with cross absorption modulation for mode-locking in fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(4), 041901 (2014).
[Crossref]

Z. B. Liu, M. Feng, W. S. Jiang, W. Xin, P. Wang, Q. W. Sheng, Y. G. Liu, D. N. Wang, W. Y. Zhou, and J. G. Tian, “Broadband all-optical modulation using a graphene-covered-microfiber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(6), 065901 (2013).
[Crossref]

Shepherd, D. P.

Shum, P.

X. P. Cheng, P. Shum, C. H. Tse, R. F. Wu, W. C. Tan, M. Tang, and J. Zhang, “All-fiber-switched ring laser with increased repetition rate,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20(10), 764–766 (2008).
[Crossref]

Sobon, G.

Song, F.

Q. W. Sheng, M. Feng, W. Xin, H. Guo, T. Y. Han, Y. G. Li, Y. G. Liu, F. Gao, F. Song, Z. B. Liu, and J. G. Tian, “Tunable graphene saturable absorber with cross absorption modulation for mode-locking in fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(4), 041901 (2014).
[Crossref]

Sotor, J.

Strupinski, W.

Sun, Z.

Tan, W. C.

X. P. Cheng, P. Shum, C. H. Tse, R. F. Wu, W. C. Tan, M. Tang, and J. Zhang, “All-fiber-switched ring laser with increased repetition rate,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20(10), 764–766 (2008).
[Crossref]

Tang, D. Y.

Q. Bao, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, Z. Ni, Y. Yan, Z. X. Shen, K. P. Loh, and D. Y. Tang, “Atomic layer graphene as saturable absorber for ultrafast pulsed lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19(19), 3077–3083 (2009).
[Crossref]

Tang, M.

X. P. Cheng, P. Shum, C. H. Tse, R. F. Wu, W. C. Tan, M. Tang, and J. Zhang, “All-fiber-switched ring laser with increased repetition rate,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20(10), 764–766 (2008).
[Crossref]

Taylor, J. R.

Tian, J.

Tian, J. G.

Q. W. Sheng, M. Feng, W. Xin, H. Guo, T. Y. Han, Y. G. Li, Y. G. Liu, F. Gao, F. Song, Z. B. Liu, and J. G. Tian, “Tunable graphene saturable absorber with cross absorption modulation for mode-locking in fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(4), 041901 (2014).
[Crossref]

Z. B. Liu, M. Feng, W. S. Jiang, W. Xin, P. Wang, Q. W. Sheng, Y. G. Liu, D. N. Wang, W. Y. Zhou, and J. G. Tian, “Broadband all-optical modulation using a graphene-covered-microfiber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(6), 065901 (2013).
[Crossref]

Tokumoto, M.

Tong, L.

W. Li, B. Chen, C. Meng, W. Fang, Y. Xiao, X. Li, Z. Hu, Y. Xu, L. Tong, H. Wang, W. Liu, J. Bao, and Y. R. Shen, “Ultrafast all-optical graphene modulator,” Nano Lett. 14(2), 955–959 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Torrisi, F.

Tse, C. H.

X. P. Cheng, P. Shum, C. H. Tse, R. F. Wu, W. C. Tan, M. Tang, and J. Zhang, “All-fiber-switched ring laser with increased repetition rate,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20(10), 764–766 (2008).
[Crossref]

Turner, P. W.

Wang, D. N.

Z. B. Liu, M. Feng, W. S. Jiang, W. Xin, P. Wang, Q. W. Sheng, Y. G. Liu, D. N. Wang, W. Y. Zhou, and J. G. Tian, “Broadband all-optical modulation using a graphene-covered-microfiber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(6), 065901 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wang, F.

Wang, H.

W. Li, B. Chen, C. Meng, W. Fang, Y. Xiao, X. Li, Z. Hu, Y. Xu, L. Tong, H. Wang, W. Liu, J. Bao, and Y. R. Shen, “Ultrafast all-optical graphene modulator,” Nano Lett. 14(2), 955–959 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, P.

Z. B. Liu, M. Feng, W. S. Jiang, W. Xin, P. Wang, Q. W. Sheng, Y. G. Liu, D. N. Wang, W. Y. Zhou, and J. G. Tian, “Broadband all-optical modulation using a graphene-covered-microfiber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(6), 065901 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Liu, S. Wu, Q. H. Yang, and P. Wang, “Stable nanosecond pulse generation from a graphene-based passively Q-switched Yb-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 36(20), 4008–4010 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, Y.

Q. Bao, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, Z. Ni, Y. Yan, Z. X. Shen, K. P. Loh, and D. Y. Tang, “Atomic layer graphene as saturable absorber for ultrafast pulsed lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19(19), 3077–3083 (2009).
[Crossref]

Wei, L.

L. Wei, D. P. Zhou, H. Y. Fan, and W. K. Liu, “Graphene-based Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser with wide pulse-repetition-rate range,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(4), 309–311 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wen, S.

M. Wu, Y. Chen, H. Zhang, and S. Wen, “Nanosecond Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser with wide pulse-repetition-rate range based on topological insulator,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 50(6), 393–396 (2014).
[Crossref]

Weng, J.

Williams, R. J.

Withford, M. J.

Wu, D.

D. Wu, Z. Luo, F. Xiong, C. Zhang, Y. Huang, S. Chen, W. Cai, Z. Cai, and H. Xu, “Passive synchronization of 1.06 and 1.53μm Q-switched fiber laser using a common graphene Q-switcher,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(14), 1474–1477 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wu, M.

M. Wu, Y. Chen, H. Zhang, and S. Wen, “Nanosecond Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser with wide pulse-repetition-rate range based on topological insulator,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 50(6), 393–396 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wu, R. F.

X. P. Cheng, P. Shum, C. H. Tse, R. F. Wu, W. C. Tan, M. Tang, and J. Zhang, “All-fiber-switched ring laser with increased repetition rate,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20(10), 764–766 (2008).
[Crossref]

Wu, S.

Xiao, Y.

W. Li, B. Chen, C. Meng, W. Fang, Y. Xiao, X. Li, Z. Hu, Y. Xu, L. Tong, H. Wang, W. Liu, J. Bao, and Y. R. Shen, “Ultrafast all-optical graphene modulator,” Nano Lett. 14(2), 955–959 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xin, W.

Q. W. Sheng, M. Feng, W. Xin, H. Guo, T. Y. Han, Y. G. Li, Y. G. Liu, F. Gao, F. Song, Z. B. Liu, and J. G. Tian, “Tunable graphene saturable absorber with cross absorption modulation for mode-locking in fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(4), 041901 (2014).
[Crossref]

Z. B. Liu, M. Feng, W. S. Jiang, W. Xin, P. Wang, Q. W. Sheng, Y. G. Liu, D. N. Wang, W. Y. Zhou, and J. G. Tian, “Broadband all-optical modulation using a graphene-covered-microfiber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(6), 065901 (2013).
[Crossref]

Q. Sheng, M. Feng, W. Xin, T. Han, Y. Liu, Z. Liu, and J. Tian, “Actively manipulation of operation states in passively pulsed fiber lasers by using graphene saturable absorber on microfiber,” Opt. Express 21(12), 14859–14866 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xiong, F.

D. Wu, Z. Luo, F. Xiong, C. Zhang, Y. Huang, S. Chen, W. Cai, Z. Cai, and H. Xu, “Passive synchronization of 1.06 and 1.53μm Q-switched fiber laser using a common graphene Q-switcher,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(14), 1474–1477 (2014).
[Crossref]

Xu, B.

Xu, H.

Xu, Y.

W. Li, B. Chen, C. Meng, W. Fang, Y. Xiao, X. Li, Z. Hu, Y. Xu, L. Tong, H. Wang, W. Liu, J. Bao, and Y. R. Shen, “Ultrafast all-optical graphene modulator,” Nano Lett. 14(2), 955–959 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yamashita, S.

Yan, Y.

Q. Bao, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, Z. Ni, Y. Yan, Z. X. Shen, K. P. Loh, and D. Y. Tang, “Atomic layer graphene as saturable absorber for ultrafast pulsed lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19(19), 3077–3083 (2009).
[Crossref]

Yang, Q. H.

Ye, C.

Yeom, D.-I.

Zalvidea, D.

Zhang, C.

D. Wu, Z. Luo, F. Xiong, C. Zhang, Y. Huang, S. Chen, W. Cai, Z. Cai, and H. Xu, “Passive synchronization of 1.06 and 1.53μm Q-switched fiber laser using a common graphene Q-switcher,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(14), 1474–1477 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhang, H.

M. Wu, Y. Chen, H. Zhang, and S. Wen, “Nanosecond Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser with wide pulse-repetition-rate range based on topological insulator,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 50(6), 393–396 (2014).
[Crossref]

Q. Bao, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, Z. Ni, Y. Yan, Z. X. Shen, K. P. Loh, and D. Y. Tang, “Atomic layer graphene as saturable absorber for ultrafast pulsed lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19(19), 3077–3083 (2009).
[Crossref]

Zhang, J.

X. P. Cheng, P. Shum, C. H. Tse, R. F. Wu, W. C. Tan, M. Tang, and J. Zhang, “All-fiber-switched ring laser with increased repetition rate,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20(10), 764–766 (2008).
[Crossref]

Zhang, M.

Zhou, D. P.

L. Wei, D. P. Zhou, H. Y. Fan, and W. K. Liu, “Graphene-based Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser with wide pulse-repetition-rate range,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(4), 309–311 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zhou, K.

Zhou, M.

Zhou, W. Y.

Z. B. Liu, M. Feng, W. S. Jiang, W. Xin, P. Wang, Q. W. Sheng, Y. G. Liu, D. N. Wang, W. Y. Zhou, and J. G. Tian, “Broadband all-optical modulation using a graphene-covered-microfiber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(6), 065901 (2013).
[Crossref]

Adv. Funct. Mater. (1)

Q. Bao, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, Z. Ni, Y. Yan, Z. X. Shen, K. P. Loh, and D. Y. Tang, “Atomic layer graphene as saturable absorber for ultrafast pulsed lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19(19), 3077–3083 (2009).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

D. Popa, Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, F. Wang, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene Q-switched, tunable fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(7), 073106 (2011).
[Crossref]

Q. W. Sheng, M. Feng, W. Xin, H. Guo, T. Y. Han, Y. G. Li, Y. G. Liu, F. Gao, F. Song, Z. B. Liu, and J. G. Tian, “Tunable graphene saturable absorber with cross absorption modulation for mode-locking in fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(4), 041901 (2014).
[Crossref]

Electron. Lett. (1)

H. H. Kee, G. P. Lees, and T. P. Newson, “Narrow linewidth CW and Q-switched erbium-doped fibre loop laser,” Electron. Lett. 34(13), 1318–1319 (1998).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

M. Wu, Y. Chen, H. Zhang, and S. Wen, “Nanosecond Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser with wide pulse-repetition-rate range based on topological insulator,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 50(6), 393–396 (2014).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (3)

X. P. Cheng, P. Shum, C. H. Tse, R. F. Wu, W. C. Tan, M. Tang, and J. Zhang, “All-fiber-switched ring laser with increased repetition rate,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20(10), 764–766 (2008).
[Crossref]

L. Wei, D. P. Zhou, H. Y. Fan, and W. K. Liu, “Graphene-based Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser with wide pulse-repetition-rate range,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(4), 309–311 (2012).
[Crossref]

D. Wu, Z. Luo, F. Xiong, C. Zhang, Y. Huang, S. Chen, W. Cai, Z. Cai, and H. Xu, “Passive synchronization of 1.06 and 1.53μm Q-switched fiber laser using a common graphene Q-switcher,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(14), 1474–1477 (2014).
[Crossref]

Laser Phys. Lett. (1)

Z. B. Liu, M. Feng, W. S. Jiang, W. Xin, P. Wang, Q. W. Sheng, Y. G. Liu, D. N. Wang, W. Y. Zhou, and J. G. Tian, “Broadband all-optical modulation using a graphene-covered-microfiber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(6), 065901 (2013).
[Crossref]

Nano Lett. (1)

W. Li, B. Chen, C. Meng, W. Fang, Y. Xiao, X. Li, Z. Hu, Y. Xu, L. Tong, H. Wang, W. Liu, J. Bao, and Y. R. Shen, “Ultrafast all-optical graphene modulator,” Nano Lett. 14(2), 955–959 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Commun. (1)

N. A. Russo, R. Duchowicz, J. Mora, J. L. Cruz, and M. V. Andrés, “High-efficiency Q-switched erbium fiber laser using a Bragg grating-based modulator,” Opt. Commun. 210(3-6), 361–366 (2002).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (10)

P. Pérez-Millán, A. Díez, M. Andrés, D. Zalvidea, and R. Duchowicz, “Q-switched all-fiber laser based on magnetostriction modulation of a Bragg grating,” Opt. Express 13(13), 5046–5051 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Schibli, K. Minoshima, H. Kataura, E. Itoga, N. Minami, S. Kazaoui, K. Miyashita, M. Tokumoto, and Y. Sakakibara, “Ultrashort pulse-generation by saturable absorber mirrors based on polymer-embedded carbon nanotubes,” Opt. Express 13(20), 8025–8031 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Delgado-Pinar, D. Zalvidea, A. Diez, P. Perez-Millan, and M. Andres, “Q-switching of an all-fiber laser by acousto-optic modulation of a fiber Bragg grating,” Opt. Express 14(3), 1106–1112 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Kivistö, R. Koskinen, J. Paajaste, S. D. Jackson, M. Guina, and O. G. Okhotnikov, “Passively Q-switched Tm3+, Ho3+-doped silica fiber laser using a highly nonlinear saturable absorber and dynamic gain pulse compression,” Opt. Express 16(26), 22058–22063 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. J. Williams, N. Jovanovic, G. D. Marshall, and M. J. Withford, “All-optical, actively Q-switched fiber laser,” Opt. Express 18(8), 7714–7723 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Martinez, K. Zhou, I. Bennion, and S. Yamashita, “Passive mode-locked lasing by injecting a carbon nanotube-solution in the core of an optical fiber,” Opt. Express 18(11), 11008–11014 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Zhang, E. J. R. Kelleher, F. Torrisi, Z. Sun, T. Hasan, D. Popa, F. Wang, A. C. Ferrari, S. V. Popov, and J. R. Taylor, “Tm-doped fiber laser mode-locked by graphene-polymer composite,” Opt. Express 20(22), 25077–25084 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Q. Sheng, M. Feng, W. Xin, T. Han, Y. Liu, Z. Liu, and J. Tian, “Actively manipulation of operation states in passively pulsed fiber lasers by using graphene saturable absorber on microfiber,” Opt. Express 21(12), 14859–14866 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Sotor, G. Sobon, I. Pasternak, A. Krajewska, W. Strupinski, and K. M. Abramski, “Simultaneous mode-locking at 1565 nm and 1944 nm in fiber laser based on common graphene saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 21(16), 18994–19002 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Luo, Y. Huang, J. Weng, H. Cheng, Z. Lin, B. Xu, Z. Cai, and H. Xu, “1.06 μm Q-switched ytterbium-doped fiber laser using few-layer topological insulator Bi₂Se₃ as a saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 21(24), 29516–29522 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (6)

Other (1)

A. E. Siegman, Lasers (Oxford University Press, 1986), Chap. 26.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 The schematic experimental setup for measurement of characteristics of the graphene-based all-optical Q-switcher microfiber base GSA.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 The properties of the graphene-based all-optical Q-switcher. (a) The 1060 nm optical transmission as a function of the power of 1550 nm light. (b) The transient response of Q-switcher used in this experiment.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 The experimental setup of the actively Q-switched YDFL with all-optical Q-switcher.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Output characteristics of the Q-switched YDFL with modulation repetition rate of 40.19 kHz. (a) Output pulse trains under pump power of 382.4 mW. (b) Output optical spectrum of YDFL. (c) Output power and pulse width as a function of pump power. (d) Pulse energy and peak power as a function of pump power.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Output characteristics of the YDFL with pump power of 382 mW. (a) Pulse energy and pulse width as a function of repetition rate. (b) Average power and peak power as a function of repetition rate.

Equations (1)

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T b ( 25 ± 5 ) r 1 × T δ c ,

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