Abstract

To unlock the cost benefits of space division multiplexing transmission systems, higher spatial multiplicity is required. Here, we investigate a potential route to increasing the number of spatial mode channels within a single core few-mode fiber. Key for longer transmission distances and low computational complexity is the fabrication of fibers with low differential mode group delays. As such in this work, we combine wavelength and mode-division multiplexed transmission over a 4.45 km low-DMGD 6-LP-mode fiber by employing low-loss all-fiber 10-port photonic lanterns to couple light in and out of the fiber. Hence, a minimum DMGD of 0.2 ns (maximum 0.357 ns) is measured after 4.45 km. Instrumental to the multi-mode transmission system is the employed time-domain-SDM receiver, allowing 10 spatial mode channels (over both polarizations) to be captured using only 3 coherent receivers and real-time oscilloscopes in comparison with 10 for conventional methods. The spatial channels were unraveled using 20 × 20 multiple-input multiple-output digital signal processing. By employing a novel round-robin encoding technique, stable performance over a long measurement period demonstrates the feasibility of 10x increase in single-core multi-mode transmission.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article
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References

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2015 (4)

2014 (5)

R. G. H. van Uden, C. M. Okonkwo, H. Chen, H. de Waardt, and A. M. J. Koonen, “Time domain multiplexed spatial division multiplexing receiver,” Opt. Express 22(10), 12668–12677 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. G. H. van Uden, C. M. Okonkwo, V. A. J. M. Sleiffer, H. de Waardt, and A. M. J. Koonen, “MIMO equalization with adaptive step size for few-mode fiber transmission systems,” Opt. Express 22(1), 119–126 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. G. H. van Uden, C. M. Okonkwo, H. Chen, H. de Waardt, and A. M. J. Koonen, “28-GBd 32QAM FM transmission with low complexity phase estimators and single DPLL,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(8), 765–768 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Chen, R. van Uden, C. Okonkwo, and T. Koonen, “Compact spatial multiplexers for mode division multiplexing,” Opt. Express 22(26), 31582–31594 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. G. H. van Uden, R. A. Correa, E. A. Lopez, F. M. Huijskens, C. Xia, G. Li, A. Schülzgen, H. de Waardt, A. M. J. Koonen, and C. M. Okonkwo, “Ultra-high-density spatial division multiplexing with a few-mode multicore fibre,” Nat. Photonics 8(11), 865–870 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (1)

2012 (2)

2011 (2)

2005 (1)

Alam, S. U.

Alvarado, J. C.

Amezcua-Correa, R.

Antonio-Lopez, J. E.

Awaji, Y.

Birks, T. A.

T. A. Birks, I. Gris-Sánchez, S. Yerolatsitis, S. G. Leon-Saval, and R. R. Thomson, “The photonic lantern,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 7(2), 107–167 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. G. Leon-Saval, T. A. Birks, J. Bland-Hawthorn, and M. Englund, “Multimode fiber devices with single-mode performance,” Opt. Lett. 30(19), 2545–2547 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bland-Hawthorn, J.

Chen, H.

C. Okonkwo, R. van Uden, H. Chen, H. de Waardt, and T. Koonen, “Advanced coding techniques for few mode transmission systems,” Opt. Express 23(2), 1411–1420 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. G. H. van Uden, C. M. Okonkwo, H. Chen, H. de Waardt, and A. M. J. Koonen, “Time domain multiplexed spatial division multiplexing receiver,” Opt. Express 22(10), 12668–12677 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Chen, R. van Uden, C. Okonkwo, and T. Koonen, “Compact spatial multiplexers for mode division multiplexing,” Opt. Express 22(26), 31582–31594 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. G. H. van Uden, C. M. Okonkwo, H. Chen, H. de Waardt, and A. M. J. Koonen, “28-GBd 32QAM FM transmission with low complexity phase estimators and single DPLL,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(8), 765–768 (2014).
[Crossref]

V. A. J. M. Sleiffer, Y. Jung, V. Veljanovski, R. G. H. van Uden, M. Kuschnerov, H. Chen, B. Inan, L. G. Nielsen, Y. Sun, D. J. Richardson, S. U. Alam, F. Poletti, J. K. Sahu, A. Dhar, A. M. J. Koonen, B. Corbett, R. Winfield, A. D. Ellis, and H. de Waardt, “73.7 Tb/s (96 x 3 x 256-Gb/s) mode-division-multiplexed DP-16QAM transmission with inline MM-EDFA,” Opt. Express 20(26), B428–B438 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Chen, V. A. J. M. Sleiffer, R. G. H. Van Uden, C. M. Okonkwo, M. Kuschnerov, F. M. Huijskens, L. Grüner-Nielsen, Y. Sun, H. De Waardt, and A. M. J. Koonen, “3 MDMx8 WDMx320 Gb/s DP 32QAM transmission over a 120km few-mode fiber span employing 3-spot mode couplers,” Proc. 18th OptoeElectronics and Communications Conference (OECC), paper PD3–6-1 (2013).

Corbett, B.

Correa, R. A.

R. G. H. van Uden, R. A. Correa, E. A. Lopez, F. M. Huijskens, C. Xia, G. Li, A. Schülzgen, H. de Waardt, A. M. J. Koonen, and C. M. Okonkwo, “Ultra-high-density spatial division multiplexing with a few-mode multicore fibre,” Nat. Photonics 8(11), 865–870 (2014).
[Crossref]

de Waardt, H.

C. Okonkwo, R. van Uden, H. Chen, H. de Waardt, and T. Koonen, “Advanced coding techniques for few mode transmission systems,” Opt. Express 23(2), 1411–1420 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. G. H. van Uden, C. M. Okonkwo, H. Chen, H. de Waardt, and A. M. J. Koonen, “Time domain multiplexed spatial division multiplexing receiver,” Opt. Express 22(10), 12668–12677 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. G. H. van Uden, C. M. Okonkwo, V. A. J. M. Sleiffer, H. de Waardt, and A. M. J. Koonen, “MIMO equalization with adaptive step size for few-mode fiber transmission systems,” Opt. Express 22(1), 119–126 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. G. H. van Uden, R. A. Correa, E. A. Lopez, F. M. Huijskens, C. Xia, G. Li, A. Schülzgen, H. de Waardt, A. M. J. Koonen, and C. M. Okonkwo, “Ultra-high-density spatial division multiplexing with a few-mode multicore fibre,” Nat. Photonics 8(11), 865–870 (2014).
[Crossref]

R. G. H. van Uden, C. M. Okonkwo, H. Chen, H. de Waardt, and A. M. J. Koonen, “28-GBd 32QAM FM transmission with low complexity phase estimators and single DPLL,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(8), 765–768 (2014).
[Crossref]

V. A. J. M. Sleiffer, Y. Jung, V. Veljanovski, R. G. H. van Uden, M. Kuschnerov, H. Chen, B. Inan, L. G. Nielsen, Y. Sun, D. J. Richardson, S. U. Alam, F. Poletti, J. K. Sahu, A. Dhar, A. M. J. Koonen, B. Corbett, R. Winfield, A. D. Ellis, and H. de Waardt, “73.7 Tb/s (96 x 3 x 256-Gb/s) mode-division-multiplexed DP-16QAM transmission with inline MM-EDFA,” Opt. Express 20(26), B428–B438 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Chen, V. A. J. M. Sleiffer, R. G. H. Van Uden, C. M. Okonkwo, M. Kuschnerov, F. M. Huijskens, L. Grüner-Nielsen, Y. Sun, H. De Waardt, and A. M. J. Koonen, “3 MDMx8 WDMx320 Gb/s DP 32QAM transmission over a 120km few-mode fiber span employing 3-spot mode couplers,” Proc. 18th OptoeElectronics and Communications Conference (OECC), paper PD3–6-1 (2013).

Dhar, A.

Ellis, A. D.

Englund, M.

Fontaine, N. K.

Foschini, G. J.

Gris-Sánchez, I.

T. A. Birks, I. Gris-Sánchez, S. Yerolatsitis, S. G. Leon-Saval, and R. R. Thomson, “The photonic lantern,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 7(2), 107–167 (2015).
[Crossref]

Grüner-Nielsen, L.

H. Chen, V. A. J. M. Sleiffer, R. G. H. Van Uden, C. M. Okonkwo, M. Kuschnerov, F. M. Huijskens, L. Grüner-Nielsen, Y. Sun, H. De Waardt, and A. M. J. Koonen, “3 MDMx8 WDMx320 Gb/s DP 32QAM transmission over a 120km few-mode fiber span employing 3-spot mode couplers,” Proc. 18th OptoeElectronics and Communications Conference (OECC), paper PD3–6-1 (2013).

Guan, B.

Hernández-Cordero, J.

Ho, K.-P.

Huang, B.

Huijskens, F. M.

R. G. H. van Uden, R. A. Correa, E. A. Lopez, F. M. Huijskens, C. Xia, G. Li, A. Schülzgen, H. de Waardt, A. M. J. Koonen, and C. M. Okonkwo, “Ultra-high-density spatial division multiplexing with a few-mode multicore fibre,” Nat. Photonics 8(11), 865–870 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Chen, V. A. J. M. Sleiffer, R. G. H. Van Uden, C. M. Okonkwo, M. Kuschnerov, F. M. Huijskens, L. Grüner-Nielsen, Y. Sun, H. De Waardt, and A. M. J. Koonen, “3 MDMx8 WDMx320 Gb/s DP 32QAM transmission over a 120km few-mode fiber span employing 3-spot mode couplers,” Proc. 18th OptoeElectronics and Communications Conference (OECC), paper PD3–6-1 (2013).

Imamura, K.

Inaba, H.

Inan, B.

Jung, Y.

Kahn, J. M.

Kanno, A.

Kawanishi, T.

Klaus, W.

Kobayashi, T.

Koonen, A. M. J.

R. G. H. van Uden, C. M. Okonkwo, V. A. J. M. Sleiffer, H. de Waardt, and A. M. J. Koonen, “MIMO equalization with adaptive step size for few-mode fiber transmission systems,” Opt. Express 22(1), 119–126 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. G. H. van Uden, C. M. Okonkwo, H. Chen, H. de Waardt, and A. M. J. Koonen, “Time domain multiplexed spatial division multiplexing receiver,” Opt. Express 22(10), 12668–12677 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. G. H. van Uden, C. M. Okonkwo, H. Chen, H. de Waardt, and A. M. J. Koonen, “28-GBd 32QAM FM transmission with low complexity phase estimators and single DPLL,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(8), 765–768 (2014).
[Crossref]

R. G. H. van Uden, R. A. Correa, E. A. Lopez, F. M. Huijskens, C. Xia, G. Li, A. Schülzgen, H. de Waardt, A. M. J. Koonen, and C. M. Okonkwo, “Ultra-high-density spatial division multiplexing with a few-mode multicore fibre,” Nat. Photonics 8(11), 865–870 (2014).
[Crossref]

V. A. J. M. Sleiffer, Y. Jung, V. Veljanovski, R. G. H. van Uden, M. Kuschnerov, H. Chen, B. Inan, L. G. Nielsen, Y. Sun, D. J. Richardson, S. U. Alam, F. Poletti, J. K. Sahu, A. Dhar, A. M. J. Koonen, B. Corbett, R. Winfield, A. D. Ellis, and H. de Waardt, “73.7 Tb/s (96 x 3 x 256-Gb/s) mode-division-multiplexed DP-16QAM transmission with inline MM-EDFA,” Opt. Express 20(26), B428–B438 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Chen, V. A. J. M. Sleiffer, R. G. H. Van Uden, C. M. Okonkwo, M. Kuschnerov, F. M. Huijskens, L. Grüner-Nielsen, Y. Sun, H. De Waardt, and A. M. J. Koonen, “3 MDMx8 WDMx320 Gb/s DP 32QAM transmission over a 120km few-mode fiber span employing 3-spot mode couplers,” Proc. 18th OptoeElectronics and Communications Conference (OECC), paper PD3–6-1 (2013).

Koonen, T.

Kuschnerov, M.

V. A. J. M. Sleiffer, Y. Jung, V. Veljanovski, R. G. H. van Uden, M. Kuschnerov, H. Chen, B. Inan, L. G. Nielsen, Y. Sun, D. J. Richardson, S. U. Alam, F. Poletti, J. K. Sahu, A. Dhar, A. M. J. Koonen, B. Corbett, R. Winfield, A. D. Ellis, and H. de Waardt, “73.7 Tb/s (96 x 3 x 256-Gb/s) mode-division-multiplexed DP-16QAM transmission with inline MM-EDFA,” Opt. Express 20(26), B428–B438 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Chen, V. A. J. M. Sleiffer, R. G. H. Van Uden, C. M. Okonkwo, M. Kuschnerov, F. M. Huijskens, L. Grüner-Nielsen, Y. Sun, H. De Waardt, and A. M. J. Koonen, “3 MDMx8 WDMx320 Gb/s DP 32QAM transmission over a 120km few-mode fiber span employing 3-spot mode couplers,” Proc. 18th OptoeElectronics and Communications Conference (OECC), paper PD3–6-1 (2013).

Leon-Saval, S. G.

Li, G.

B. Huang, N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, B. Guan, S. G. Leon-Saval, R. Shubochkin, Y. Sun, R. Lingle, and G. Li, “All-fiber mode-group-selective photonic lantern using graded-index multimode fibers,” Opt. Express 23(1), 224–234 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. G. H. van Uden, R. A. Correa, E. A. Lopez, F. M. Huijskens, C. Xia, G. Li, A. Schülzgen, H. de Waardt, A. M. J. Koonen, and C. M. Okonkwo, “Ultra-high-density spatial division multiplexing with a few-mode multicore fibre,” Nat. Photonics 8(11), 865–870 (2014).
[Crossref]

Lingle, R.

Lopez, E. A.

R. G. H. van Uden, R. A. Correa, E. A. Lopez, F. M. Huijskens, C. Xia, G. Li, A. Schülzgen, H. de Waardt, A. M. J. Koonen, and C. M. Okonkwo, “Ultra-high-density spatial division multiplexing with a few-mode multicore fibre,” Nat. Photonics 8(11), 865–870 (2014).
[Crossref]

Lopez-Galmiche, G.

Mukasa, K.

Nielsen, L. G.

Okonkwo, C.

Okonkwo, C. M.

A. M. Velazquez-Benitez, J. C. Alvarado, G. Lopez-Galmiche, J. E. Antonio-Lopez, J. Hernández-Cordero, J. Sanchez-Mondragon, P. Sillard, C. M. Okonkwo, and R. Amezcua-Correa, “Six mode selective fiber optic spatial multiplexer,” Opt. Lett. 40(8), 1663–1666 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. G. H. van Uden, C. M. Okonkwo, H. Chen, H. de Waardt, and A. M. J. Koonen, “Time domain multiplexed spatial division multiplexing receiver,” Opt. Express 22(10), 12668–12677 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. G. H. van Uden, C. M. Okonkwo, V. A. J. M. Sleiffer, H. de Waardt, and A. M. J. Koonen, “MIMO equalization with adaptive step size for few-mode fiber transmission systems,” Opt. Express 22(1), 119–126 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. G. H. van Uden, R. A. Correa, E. A. Lopez, F. M. Huijskens, C. Xia, G. Li, A. Schülzgen, H. de Waardt, A. M. J. Koonen, and C. M. Okonkwo, “Ultra-high-density spatial division multiplexing with a few-mode multicore fibre,” Nat. Photonics 8(11), 865–870 (2014).
[Crossref]

R. G. H. van Uden, C. M. Okonkwo, H. Chen, H. de Waardt, and A. M. J. Koonen, “28-GBd 32QAM FM transmission with low complexity phase estimators and single DPLL,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(8), 765–768 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Chen, V. A. J. M. Sleiffer, R. G. H. Van Uden, C. M. Okonkwo, M. Kuschnerov, F. M. Huijskens, L. Grüner-Nielsen, Y. Sun, H. De Waardt, and A. M. J. Koonen, “3 MDMx8 WDMx320 Gb/s DP 32QAM transmission over a 120km few-mode fiber span employing 3-spot mode couplers,” Proc. 18th OptoeElectronics and Communications Conference (OECC), paper PD3–6-1 (2013).

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R. G. H. van Uden, R. A. Correa, E. A. Lopez, F. M. Huijskens, C. Xia, G. Li, A. Schülzgen, H. de Waardt, A. M. J. Koonen, and C. M. Okonkwo, “Ultra-high-density spatial division multiplexing with a few-mode multicore fibre,” Nat. Photonics 8(11), 865–870 (2014).
[Crossref]

Shubochkin, R.

Sillard, P.

Sleiffer, V. A. J. M.

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T. A. Birks, I. Gris-Sánchez, S. Yerolatsitis, S. G. Leon-Saval, and R. R. Thomson, “The photonic lantern,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 7(2), 107–167 (2015).
[Crossref]

van Uden, R.

van Uden, R. G. H.

R. G. H. van Uden, C. M. Okonkwo, V. A. J. M. Sleiffer, H. de Waardt, and A. M. J. Koonen, “MIMO equalization with adaptive step size for few-mode fiber transmission systems,” Opt. Express 22(1), 119–126 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. G. H. van Uden, C. M. Okonkwo, H. Chen, H. de Waardt, and A. M. J. Koonen, “Time domain multiplexed spatial division multiplexing receiver,” Opt. Express 22(10), 12668–12677 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. G. H. van Uden, C. M. Okonkwo, H. Chen, H. de Waardt, and A. M. J. Koonen, “28-GBd 32QAM FM transmission with low complexity phase estimators and single DPLL,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(8), 765–768 (2014).
[Crossref]

R. G. H. van Uden, R. A. Correa, E. A. Lopez, F. M. Huijskens, C. Xia, G. Li, A. Schülzgen, H. de Waardt, A. M. J. Koonen, and C. M. Okonkwo, “Ultra-high-density spatial division multiplexing with a few-mode multicore fibre,” Nat. Photonics 8(11), 865–870 (2014).
[Crossref]

V. A. J. M. Sleiffer, Y. Jung, V. Veljanovski, R. G. H. van Uden, M. Kuschnerov, H. Chen, B. Inan, L. G. Nielsen, Y. Sun, D. J. Richardson, S. U. Alam, F. Poletti, J. K. Sahu, A. Dhar, A. M. J. Koonen, B. Corbett, R. Winfield, A. D. Ellis, and H. de Waardt, “73.7 Tb/s (96 x 3 x 256-Gb/s) mode-division-multiplexed DP-16QAM transmission with inline MM-EDFA,” Opt. Express 20(26), B428–B438 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Chen, V. A. J. M. Sleiffer, R. G. H. Van Uden, C. M. Okonkwo, M. Kuschnerov, F. M. Huijskens, L. Grüner-Nielsen, Y. Sun, H. De Waardt, and A. M. J. Koonen, “3 MDMx8 WDMx320 Gb/s DP 32QAM transmission over a 120km few-mode fiber span employing 3-spot mode couplers,” Proc. 18th OptoeElectronics and Communications Conference (OECC), paper PD3–6-1 (2013).

Velazquez-Benitez, A. M.

Veljanovski, V.

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Winzer, P. J.

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R. G. H. van Uden, R. A. Correa, E. A. Lopez, F. M. Huijskens, C. Xia, G. Li, A. Schülzgen, H. de Waardt, A. M. J. Koonen, and C. M. Okonkwo, “Ultra-high-density spatial division multiplexing with a few-mode multicore fibre,” Nat. Photonics 8(11), 865–870 (2014).
[Crossref]

Yerolatsitis, S.

T. A. Birks, I. Gris-Sánchez, S. Yerolatsitis, S. G. Leon-Saval, and R. R. Thomson, “The photonic lantern,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 7(2), 107–167 (2015).
[Crossref]

Adv. Opt. Photonics (1)

T. A. Birks, I. Gris-Sánchez, S. Yerolatsitis, S. G. Leon-Saval, and R. R. Thomson, “The photonic lantern,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 7(2), 107–167 (2015).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (1)

R. G. H. van Uden, C. M. Okonkwo, H. Chen, H. de Waardt, and A. M. J. Koonen, “28-GBd 32QAM FM transmission with low complexity phase estimators and single DPLL,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(8), 765–768 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

Nat. Photonics (1)

R. G. H. van Uden, R. A. Correa, E. A. Lopez, F. M. Huijskens, C. Xia, G. Li, A. Schülzgen, H. de Waardt, A. M. J. Koonen, and C. M. Okonkwo, “Ultra-high-density spatial division multiplexing with a few-mode multicore fibre,” Nat. Photonics 8(11), 865–870 (2014).
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Opt. Express (9)

H. Chen, R. van Uden, C. Okonkwo, and T. Koonen, “Compact spatial multiplexers for mode division multiplexing,” Opt. Express 22(26), 31582–31594 (2014).
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N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, J. Bland-Hawthorn, and S. G. Leon-Saval, “Geometric requirements for photonic lanterns in space division multiplexing,” Opt. Express 20(24), 27123–27132 (2012).
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V. A. J. M. Sleiffer, Y. Jung, V. Veljanovski, R. G. H. van Uden, M. Kuschnerov, H. Chen, B. Inan, L. G. Nielsen, Y. Sun, D. J. Richardson, S. U. Alam, F. Poletti, J. K. Sahu, A. Dhar, A. M. J. Koonen, B. Corbett, R. Winfield, A. D. Ellis, and H. de Waardt, “73.7 Tb/s (96 x 3 x 256-Gb/s) mode-division-multiplexed DP-16QAM transmission with inline MM-EDFA,” Opt. Express 20(26), B428–B438 (2012).
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P. J. Winzer and G. J. Foschini, “MIMO capacities and outage probabilities in spatially multiplexed optical transport systems,” Opt. Express 19(17), 16680–16696 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K.-P. Ho and J. M. Kahn, “Mode-dependent loss and gain: statistics and effect on mode-division multiplexing,” Opt. Express 19(17), 16612–16635 (2011).
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R. G. H. van Uden, C. M. Okonkwo, V. A. J. M. Sleiffer, H. de Waardt, and A. M. J. Koonen, “MIMO equalization with adaptive step size for few-mode fiber transmission systems,” Opt. Express 22(1), 119–126 (2014).
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B. Huang, N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, B. Guan, S. G. Leon-Saval, R. Shubochkin, Y. Sun, R. Lingle, and G. Li, “All-fiber mode-group-selective photonic lantern using graded-index multimode fibers,” Opt. Express 23(1), 224–234 (2015).
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C. Okonkwo, R. van Uden, H. Chen, H. de Waardt, and T. Koonen, “Advanced coding techniques for few mode transmission systems,” Opt. Express 23(2), 1411–1420 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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H. Chen, V. A. J. M. Sleiffer, R. G. H. Van Uden, C. M. Okonkwo, M. Kuschnerov, F. M. Huijskens, L. Grüner-Nielsen, Y. Sun, H. De Waardt, and A. M. J. Koonen, “3 MDMx8 WDMx320 Gb/s DP 32QAM transmission over a 120km few-mode fiber span employing 3-spot mode couplers,” Proc. 18th OptoeElectronics and Communications Conference (OECC), paper PD3–6-1 (2013).

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, M. A. Mestre, S. Randel, X. Palou, C. Bolle, A. H. Gnauck, S. Chandrasekhar, X. Liu, B. Guan, R. Essiambre, P. J. Winzer, S. Leon-Saval, J. Bland-Hawthorn, R. Delbue, P. Pupalaikis, A. Sureka, Y. Sun, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. V. Jensen, and R. Lingle, “12 x 12 MIMO Transmission over 130-km Few-Mode Fiber,” in Frontiers in Optics 2012/Laser Science XXVIII, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper FW6C.4.
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N. K. Fontaine, R. Ryf, H. Chen, A. V. Benitez, B. Guan, R. Scott, B. Ercan, S. J. B. Yoo, L. E. Grüner-Nielsen, Y. Sun, R. Lingle, E. Antonio-Lopez, and R. Amezcua-Correa, “30×30 MIMO Transmission over 15 Spatial Modes,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference Post Deadline Papers, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2015), paper Th5C.1.

P. Sillard, D. Molin, M. Bigot-Astruc, H. Maerten, D. van Ras, and F. Achten, “Low-DMGD 6-LP-Mode Fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2014), paper M3F.2.
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P. Sillard, D. Molin, M. Bigot-Astruc, K. de Jongh, and F. Achten, “Low-Differential-Mode-Group-Delay 9-LP-Mode Fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2015), paper M2C.2.

Sandvine, “Global Internet Phenomena Report 2H 2013,” 2013.

A. M. J. Koonen, H. S. Chen, R. G. H. van Uden, and C. M. Okonkwo, “Compact integrated solutions for mode (de-)multiplexing,” in Proceedings of the 2014 OptoElectronics and Communication Conference (OECC) and Australian Conference on Optical Fibre Technology (IEEE, 2014), pp. 164–166.

M. Kushnerov and V. Sleiffer, “Multi-mode SDM systems: upgrade scenario for legacy systems and achievable system cost,” in Proceedings of the European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC, 2013), pp. 1-22.

N. Benvenuto and G. Cherubini, Algorithms for Communications Systems and their Applications (Wiley, 2002).

R. G. H. van Uden, C. M. Okonkwo, V. A. J. M. Sleiffer, H. de Waardt, and A. M. J. Koonen, “Performance comparison of CSI estimation techniques for FMF transmission systems,” in Photonics Society Summer Topical Meeting Series, Waikoloa, 2013.

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Figures (10)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 a) Refractive index profile of the 6-LP mode fiber. b) DMGD plot of the 6-LP Mode fiber.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Photonic lantern: Schematic of the fiber geometric arrangement to achieve the adiabatically tapered coupler and the resulting end facet of the 10 mode photonic lantern. Depicting the SMF core (86 and 125 µm), outer diameter of the front facet (900 µm), inner (28 µm) and outer (57 µm) diameter of the end facet, and the tapering length (5.75 cm).
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Near field mode profiles measured at the output facet for each port of the non mode-selective photonic lantern.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Loss of the PL and coupling losses into 50µm GI fiber for MUX and DMUX PL.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 a) Experimental transmission setup. b) Graphical representation of the round-robin coding scheme. c) TDM-SDM receiver and corresponding oscilloscope displays depicting 10 modes.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Average time domain equalizer weight response of the 20 x 20 MIMO elements.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 TDE error convergence over time for the 6-LP Mode fiber and B2B SMF.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 Round-robin coding system BER, individual channel BER and constellations of the best and worst performing channels.
Fig. 9
Fig. 9 BER for 5 wavelength channels ranging from 1546.12 nm to 1549.32 nm.
Fig. 10
Fig. 10 Long term 20 spatial channel BER and MDL measurement over 10 hours.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 The 6LP modes formed by field modes, where red and blue correspond to the positive and negative phase, respectively. The number of spatial channels includes linear polarizations of the spatial LP modes.

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