Abstract

A thin film based erbium doped tellurium oxide (TeO2) waveguide amplifier producing gain from 1500nm to 1640nm when pumped at 980nm is demonstrated. At measured internal gains exceeding 14dB lasing due to end facet reflection set in producing the first tellurite waveguide laser. High gains were observed despite significant upconversion, whose impact appears to be mitigated to some extent by residual OH contamination. The device displayed no photosensitive effects from either the high pumping intensities used or the intracavity intensity at 1550nm.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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2014 (1)

2013 (1)

2011 (1)

K. T. Vu and S. J. Madden, “Reactive ion etching of tellurite and chalcogenide waveguides using hydrogen, methane, and argon,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 29(1), 011023 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (2)

2009 (2)

H. Byun, D. Pudo, S. Frolov, A. Hanjani, J. Shmulovich, I. Ippen, and F. X. Kartner, “Integrated Low-Jitter 400-MHz Femtosecond Waveguide Laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 763–765 (2009).
[Crossref]

S. J. Madden and K. T. Vu, “Very low loss reactively ion etched Tellurium Dioxide planar rib waveguides for linear and non-linear optics,” Opt. Express 17(20), 17645–17651 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2008 (4)

G. Della Valle, A. Festa, G. Sorbello, K. Ennser, C. Cassagnetes, D. Barbier, and S. Taccheo, “Single-mode and high power waveguide lasers fabricated by ion-exchange,” Opt. Express 16(16), 12334–12341 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. T. Fernandez, G. Della Valle, R. Osellame, G. Jose, N. Chiodo, A. Jha, and P. Laporta, “Active waveguides written by femtosecond laser irradiation in an Erbium-doped phospho-tellurite glass,” Opt. Express 16(19), 15198–15205 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Osellame, G. Della Valle, N. Chiodo, S. Taccheo, P. Laporta, O. Svelto, and G. Cerullo, “Lasing in femtosecond laser written optical waveguides,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 93(1), 17–26 (2008).
[Crossref]

A. Mori, “Tellurite-based fibers and their applications to optical communication networks,” Nippon Seramikkusu Kyokai Gakujutsu Ronbunshi/J. Ceram. Soc. Jpn. 116(1358), 1040–1051 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (2)

2006 (4)

S. Shen, B. Richards, and A. Jha, “Enhancement in pump inversion efficiency at 980 nm in Er3+, Er3+/Eu3+ and Er3+/Ce3+ doped tellurite glass fibers,” Opt. Express 14(12), 5050–5054 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Della Valle, R. Osellame, G. Galzerano, N. Chiodo, G. Cerullo, P. Laporta, O. Svelto, U. Morgner, A. G. Rozhin, V. Scardaci, and A. C. Ferrari, “Passive mode locking by carbon nanotubes in a femtosecond laser written waveguide laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(23), 231115 (2006).
[Crossref]

G. Della Valle, S. Taccheo, P. Laporta, G. Sorbello, E. Cianci, and V. Foglietti, “Compact high gain Erbium-ytterbium doped waveguide amplifier fabricated by Ag-Na ion exchange,” Electron. Lett. 42(11), 632–633 (2006).
[Crossref]

S. Dai, C. Yu, G. Zhou, J. Zhang, G. Wang, and L. Hu, “Concentration quenching in Erbium-doped tellurite glasses,” J. Lumin. 117(1), 39–45 (2006).
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

S. Shen, L. Huang, P. Joshi, and A. Jha, “Gain characteristics of Er3+/Ce3+ codoped tellurite short fibre amplifier pumped at 980 nm,” Electron. Lett. 39(25), 1797–1799 (2003).
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

S. Shen, A. Jha, X. Liu, M. Naftaly, K. Bindra, H. J. Bookey, and A. K. Kar, “Tellurite glasses for broadband amplifiers and integrated optics,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 85(6), 1391–1395 (2002).
[Crossref]

2001 (1)

2000 (3)

C. E. Chryssou, F. Di Pasquale, and C. W. Pitt, “Er3+-doped channel optical waveguide amplifiers for WDM systems: A comparison of tellurite, alumina and Al/P silicate materials,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6(1), 114–121 (2000).
[Crossref]

A. P. López-Barbero, W. A. Arellano-Espinoza, H. L. Fragnito, and H. E. Hernández-Figueroa, “Tellurite-based optical fiber amplifier analysis using the finite-element method,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 25, 103–107 (2000).
[Crossref]

Y. G. Choi, K. H. Kim, S. H. Park, and J. Heo, “Comparative study of energy transfers from Er3+ to Ce3+ in tellurite and sulfide glasses under 980 nm excitation,” J. Appl. Phys. 88(7), 3832–3839 (2000).
[Crossref]

1997 (1)

Y. C. Yan, A. J. Faber, H. de Waal, P. G. Kik, and A. Polman, “Erbium-doped phosphate glass waveguide on silicon with 4.1 dB/cm gain at 1.535 m,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71(20), 2922–2924 (1997).
[Crossref]

1996 (2)

G. N. van den Hoven, E. Snoeks, A. Polman, C. vanDam, J. W. M. vanUffelen, and M. K. Smit, “Upconversion in Er-implanted Al2O3 waveguides,” J. Appl. Phys. 79(3), 1258–1266 (1996).
[Crossref]

G. N. van den Hoven, R. J. I. M. Koper, A. Polman, C. van Dam, J. W. M. van Uffelen, and M. K. Smit, “Net optical gain at 1.53 µm in Er-doped Al2O3 waveguides on silicon,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 68(14), 1886–1888 (1996).
[Crossref]

1995 (1)

J. E. Román, M. Hempstead, C. Ye, S. Nouh, P. Camy, P. Laborde, and C. Lerminiaux, “1.7 μm excited state absorption measurement in erbium‐doped glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67(4), 470–472 (1995).
[Crossref]

1993 (1)

G. Tittelbach, B. Richter, and W. Karthe, “Comparison of three transmission methods for integrated optical waveguide propagation loss measurement,” Pure Appl. Opt. 2(6), 683–700 (1993).
[Crossref]

Arellano-Espinoza, W. A.

A. P. López-Barbero, W. A. Arellano-Espinoza, H. L. Fragnito, and H. E. Hernández-Figueroa, “Tellurite-based optical fiber amplifier analysis using the finite-element method,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 25, 103–107 (2000).
[Crossref]

Barbier, D.

Berneschi, S.

S. Berneschi, G. Nunzi Conti, and G. C. Righini, “Planar waveguide ampflifiers,” Ceramist: J. Korean Ceram. Soc. 10, 75–85 (2007).

Bindra, K.

S. Shen, A. Jha, X. Liu, M. Naftaly, K. Bindra, H. J. Bookey, and A. K. Kar, “Tellurite glasses for broadband amplifiers and integrated optics,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 85(6), 1391–1395 (2002).
[Crossref]

Bookey, H. J.

S. Shen, A. Jha, X. Liu, M. Naftaly, K. Bindra, H. J. Bookey, and A. K. Kar, “Tellurite glasses for broadband amplifiers and integrated optics,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 85(6), 1391–1395 (2002).
[Crossref]

Bulla, D.

Byun, H.

H. Byun, D. Pudo, S. Frolov, A. Hanjani, J. Shmulovich, I. Ippen, and F. X. Kartner, “Integrated Low-Jitter 400-MHz Femtosecond Waveguide Laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 763–765 (2009).
[Crossref]

Camy, P.

J. E. Román, M. Hempstead, C. Ye, S. Nouh, P. Camy, P. Laborde, and C. Lerminiaux, “1.7 μm excited state absorption measurement in erbium‐doped glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67(4), 470–472 (1995).
[Crossref]

Cassagnetes, C.

Cerullo, G.

T. T. Fernandez, S. M. Eaton, G. Della Valle, R. M. Vazquez, M. Irannejad, G. Jose, A. Jha, G. Cerullo, R. Osellame, and P. Laporta, “Femtosecond laser written optical waveguide amplifier in phospho-tellurite glass,” Opt. Express 18(19), 20289–20297 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Osellame, G. Della Valle, N. Chiodo, S. Taccheo, P. Laporta, O. Svelto, and G. Cerullo, “Lasing in femtosecond laser written optical waveguides,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 93(1), 17–26 (2008).
[Crossref]

G. Della Valle, S. Taccheo, R. Osellame, A. Festa, G. Cerullo, and P. Laporta, “1.5 μm single longitudinal mode waveguide laser fabricated by femtosecond laser writing,” Opt. Express 15(6), 3190–3194 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Della Valle, R. Osellame, G. Galzerano, N. Chiodo, G. Cerullo, P. Laporta, O. Svelto, U. Morgner, A. G. Rozhin, V. Scardaci, and A. C. Ferrari, “Passive mode locking by carbon nanotubes in a femtosecond laser written waveguide laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(23), 231115 (2006).
[Crossref]

G. Della Valle, R. Osellame, S. Taccheo, N. Chiodo, G. Galzerano, G. Cerullo, P. Laporta, R. Ramponi, U. Morgner, and A. C. Ferrari, “Waveguide lasers in Er:Yb-doped phosphate glass fabricated by femtosecond laser writing,” in 9th International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks(2007), pp. 289–292.

Chiodo, N.

T. T. Fernandez, G. Della Valle, R. Osellame, G. Jose, N. Chiodo, A. Jha, and P. Laporta, “Active waveguides written by femtosecond laser irradiation in an Erbium-doped phospho-tellurite glass,” Opt. Express 16(19), 15198–15205 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Osellame, G. Della Valle, N. Chiodo, S. Taccheo, P. Laporta, O. Svelto, and G. Cerullo, “Lasing in femtosecond laser written optical waveguides,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 93(1), 17–26 (2008).
[Crossref]

G. Della Valle, R. Osellame, G. Galzerano, N. Chiodo, G. Cerullo, P. Laporta, O. Svelto, U. Morgner, A. G. Rozhin, V. Scardaci, and A. C. Ferrari, “Passive mode locking by carbon nanotubes in a femtosecond laser written waveguide laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(23), 231115 (2006).
[Crossref]

G. Della Valle, R. Osellame, S. Taccheo, N. Chiodo, G. Galzerano, G. Cerullo, P. Laporta, R. Ramponi, U. Morgner, and A. C. Ferrari, “Waveguide lasers in Er:Yb-doped phosphate glass fabricated by femtosecond laser writing,” in 9th International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks(2007), pp. 289–292.

Choi, D.

Choi, Y. G.

Y. G. Choi, K. H. Kim, S. H. Park, and J. Heo, “Comparative study of energy transfers from Er3+ to Ce3+ in tellurite and sulfide glasses under 980 nm excitation,” J. Appl. Phys. 88(7), 3832–3839 (2000).
[Crossref]

Chryssou, C. E.

C. E. Chryssou, F. Di Pasquale, and C. W. Pitt, “Er3+-doped channel optical waveguide amplifiers for WDM systems: A comparison of tellurite, alumina and Al/P silicate materials,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6(1), 114–121 (2000).
[Crossref]

Cianci, E.

G. Della Valle, S. Taccheo, P. Laporta, G. Sorbello, E. Cianci, and V. Foglietti, “Compact high gain Erbium-ytterbium doped waveguide amplifier fabricated by Ag-Na ion exchange,” Electron. Lett. 42(11), 632–633 (2006).
[Crossref]

Dai, S.

S. Dai, C. Yu, G. Zhou, J. Zhang, G. Wang, and L. Hu, “Concentration quenching in Erbium-doped tellurite glasses,” J. Lumin. 117(1), 39–45 (2006).
[Crossref]

de Waal, H.

Y. C. Yan, A. J. Faber, H. de Waal, P. G. Kik, and A. Polman, “Erbium-doped phosphate glass waveguide on silicon with 4.1 dB/cm gain at 1.535 m,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71(20), 2922–2924 (1997).
[Crossref]

Debbarma, S.

Della Valle, G.

T. T. Fernandez, S. M. Eaton, G. Della Valle, R. M. Vazquez, M. Irannejad, G. Jose, A. Jha, G. Cerullo, R. Osellame, and P. Laporta, “Femtosecond laser written optical waveguide amplifier in phospho-tellurite glass,” Opt. Express 18(19), 20289–20297 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. T. Fernandez, G. Della Valle, R. Osellame, G. Jose, N. Chiodo, A. Jha, and P. Laporta, “Active waveguides written by femtosecond laser irradiation in an Erbium-doped phospho-tellurite glass,” Opt. Express 16(19), 15198–15205 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Della Valle, A. Festa, G. Sorbello, K. Ennser, C. Cassagnetes, D. Barbier, and S. Taccheo, “Single-mode and high power waveguide lasers fabricated by ion-exchange,” Opt. Express 16(16), 12334–12341 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Osellame, G. Della Valle, N. Chiodo, S. Taccheo, P. Laporta, O. Svelto, and G. Cerullo, “Lasing in femtosecond laser written optical waveguides,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 93(1), 17–26 (2008).
[Crossref]

G. Della Valle, S. Taccheo, R. Osellame, A. Festa, G. Cerullo, and P. Laporta, “1.5 μm single longitudinal mode waveguide laser fabricated by femtosecond laser writing,” Opt. Express 15(6), 3190–3194 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Della Valle, S. Taccheo, P. Laporta, G. Sorbello, E. Cianci, and V. Foglietti, “Compact high gain Erbium-ytterbium doped waveguide amplifier fabricated by Ag-Na ion exchange,” Electron. Lett. 42(11), 632–633 (2006).
[Crossref]

G. Della Valle, R. Osellame, G. Galzerano, N. Chiodo, G. Cerullo, P. Laporta, O. Svelto, U. Morgner, A. G. Rozhin, V. Scardaci, and A. C. Ferrari, “Passive mode locking by carbon nanotubes in a femtosecond laser written waveguide laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(23), 231115 (2006).
[Crossref]

G. Della Valle, R. Osellame, S. Taccheo, N. Chiodo, G. Galzerano, G. Cerullo, P. Laporta, R. Ramponi, U. Morgner, and A. C. Ferrari, “Waveguide lasers in Er:Yb-doped phosphate glass fabricated by femtosecond laser writing,” in 9th International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks(2007), pp. 289–292.

Di Pasquale, F.

C. E. Chryssou, F. Di Pasquale, and C. W. Pitt, “Er3+-doped channel optical waveguide amplifiers for WDM systems: A comparison of tellurite, alumina and Al/P silicate materials,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6(1), 114–121 (2000).
[Crossref]

Ding, Y.

Eaton, S. M.

Ennser, K.

Faber, A. J.

Y. C. Yan, A. J. Faber, H. de Waal, P. G. Kik, and A. Polman, “Erbium-doped phosphate glass waveguide on silicon with 4.1 dB/cm gain at 1.535 m,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71(20), 2922–2924 (1997).
[Crossref]

Fernandez, T. T.

Ferrari, A. C.

G. Della Valle, R. Osellame, G. Galzerano, N. Chiodo, G. Cerullo, P. Laporta, O. Svelto, U. Morgner, A. G. Rozhin, V. Scardaci, and A. C. Ferrari, “Passive mode locking by carbon nanotubes in a femtosecond laser written waveguide laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(23), 231115 (2006).
[Crossref]

G. Della Valle, R. Osellame, S. Taccheo, N. Chiodo, G. Galzerano, G. Cerullo, P. Laporta, R. Ramponi, U. Morgner, and A. C. Ferrari, “Waveguide lasers in Er:Yb-doped phosphate glass fabricated by femtosecond laser writing,” in 9th International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks(2007), pp. 289–292.

Festa, A.

Foglietti, V.

G. Della Valle, S. Taccheo, P. Laporta, G. Sorbello, E. Cianci, and V. Foglietti, “Compact high gain Erbium-ytterbium doped waveguide amplifier fabricated by Ag-Na ion exchange,” Electron. Lett. 42(11), 632–633 (2006).
[Crossref]

Fragnito, H. L.

A. P. López-Barbero, W. A. Arellano-Espinoza, H. L. Fragnito, and H. E. Hernández-Figueroa, “Tellurite-based optical fiber amplifier analysis using the finite-element method,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 25, 103–107 (2000).
[Crossref]

Frolov, S.

H. Byun, D. Pudo, S. Frolov, A. Hanjani, J. Shmulovich, I. Ippen, and F. X. Kartner, “Integrated Low-Jitter 400-MHz Femtosecond Waveguide Laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 763–765 (2009).
[Crossref]

Galzerano, G.

G. Della Valle, R. Osellame, G. Galzerano, N. Chiodo, G. Cerullo, P. Laporta, O. Svelto, U. Morgner, A. G. Rozhin, V. Scardaci, and A. C. Ferrari, “Passive mode locking by carbon nanotubes in a femtosecond laser written waveguide laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(23), 231115 (2006).
[Crossref]

G. Della Valle, R. Osellame, S. Taccheo, N. Chiodo, G. Galzerano, G. Cerullo, P. Laporta, R. Ramponi, U. Morgner, and A. C. Ferrari, “Waveguide lasers in Er:Yb-doped phosphate glass fabricated by femtosecond laser writing,” in 9th International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks(2007), pp. 289–292.

Hanjani, A.

H. Byun, D. Pudo, S. Frolov, A. Hanjani, J. Shmulovich, I. Ippen, and F. X. Kartner, “Integrated Low-Jitter 400-MHz Femtosecond Waveguide Laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 763–765 (2009).
[Crossref]

Hempstead, M.

J. E. Román, M. Hempstead, C. Ye, S. Nouh, P. Camy, P. Laborde, and C. Lerminiaux, “1.7 μm excited state absorption measurement in erbium‐doped glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67(4), 470–472 (1995).
[Crossref]

Henderson-Sapir, O.

Heo, J.

Y. G. Choi, K. H. Kim, S. H. Park, and J. Heo, “Comparative study of energy transfers from Er3+ to Ce3+ in tellurite and sulfide glasses under 980 nm excitation,” J. Appl. Phys. 88(7), 3832–3839 (2000).
[Crossref]

Hernández-Figueroa, H. E.

A. P. López-Barbero, W. A. Arellano-Espinoza, H. L. Fragnito, and H. E. Hernández-Figueroa, “Tellurite-based optical fiber amplifier analysis using the finite-element method,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 25, 103–107 (2000).
[Crossref]

Hu, L.

S. Dai, C. Yu, G. Zhou, J. Zhang, G. Wang, and L. Hu, “Concentration quenching in Erbium-doped tellurite glasses,” J. Lumin. 117(1), 39–45 (2006).
[Crossref]

Hu, Y.

Huang, L.

S. Shen, L. Huang, P. Joshi, and A. Jha, “Gain characteristics of Er3+/Ce3+ codoped tellurite short fibre amplifier pumped at 980 nm,” Electron. Lett. 39(25), 1797–1799 (2003).
[Crossref]

Hwang, B. C.

Ippen, I.

H. Byun, D. Pudo, S. Frolov, A. Hanjani, J. Shmulovich, I. Ippen, and F. X. Kartner, “Integrated Low-Jitter 400-MHz Femtosecond Waveguide Laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 763–765 (2009).
[Crossref]

Irannejad, M.

Jha, A.

Jiang, S.

Jin, Z.

Jose, G.

Joshi, P.

S. Shen, L. Huang, P. Joshi, and A. Jha, “Gain characteristics of Er3+/Ce3+ codoped tellurite short fibre amplifier pumped at 980 nm,” Electron. Lett. 39(25), 1797–1799 (2003).
[Crossref]

Kar, A. K.

S. Shen, A. Jha, X. Liu, M. Naftaly, K. Bindra, H. J. Bookey, and A. K. Kar, “Tellurite glasses for broadband amplifiers and integrated optics,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 85(6), 1391–1395 (2002).
[Crossref]

Karthe, W.

G. Tittelbach, B. Richter, and W. Karthe, “Comparison of three transmission methods for integrated optical waveguide propagation loss measurement,” Pure Appl. Opt. 2(6), 683–700 (1993).
[Crossref]

Kartner, F. X.

H. Byun, D. Pudo, S. Frolov, A. Hanjani, J. Shmulovich, I. Ippen, and F. X. Kartner, “Integrated Low-Jitter 400-MHz Femtosecond Waveguide Laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 763–765 (2009).
[Crossref]

Kik, P. G.

Y. C. Yan, A. J. Faber, H. de Waal, P. G. Kik, and A. Polman, “Erbium-doped phosphate glass waveguide on silicon with 4.1 dB/cm gain at 1.535 m,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71(20), 2922–2924 (1997).
[Crossref]

Kim, J. H.

Kim, K. H.

Y. G. Choi, K. H. Kim, S. H. Park, and J. Heo, “Comparative study of energy transfers from Er3+ to Ce3+ in tellurite and sulfide glasses under 980 nm excitation,” J. Appl. Phys. 88(7), 3832–3839 (2000).
[Crossref]

Koper, R. J. I. M.

G. N. van den Hoven, R. J. I. M. Koper, A. Polman, C. van Dam, J. W. M. van Uffelen, and M. K. Smit, “Net optical gain at 1.53 µm in Er-doped Al2O3 waveguides on silicon,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 68(14), 1886–1888 (1996).
[Crossref]

Laborde, P.

J. E. Román, M. Hempstead, C. Ye, S. Nouh, P. Camy, P. Laborde, and C. Lerminiaux, “1.7 μm excited state absorption measurement in erbium‐doped glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67(4), 470–472 (1995).
[Crossref]

Laporta, P.

T. T. Fernandez, S. M. Eaton, G. Della Valle, R. M. Vazquez, M. Irannejad, G. Jose, A. Jha, G. Cerullo, R. Osellame, and P. Laporta, “Femtosecond laser written optical waveguide amplifier in phospho-tellurite glass,” Opt. Express 18(19), 20289–20297 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Osellame, G. Della Valle, N. Chiodo, S. Taccheo, P. Laporta, O. Svelto, and G. Cerullo, “Lasing in femtosecond laser written optical waveguides,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 93(1), 17–26 (2008).
[Crossref]

T. T. Fernandez, G. Della Valle, R. Osellame, G. Jose, N. Chiodo, A. Jha, and P. Laporta, “Active waveguides written by femtosecond laser irradiation in an Erbium-doped phospho-tellurite glass,” Opt. Express 16(19), 15198–15205 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Della Valle, S. Taccheo, R. Osellame, A. Festa, G. Cerullo, and P. Laporta, “1.5 μm single longitudinal mode waveguide laser fabricated by femtosecond laser writing,” Opt. Express 15(6), 3190–3194 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Della Valle, R. Osellame, G. Galzerano, N. Chiodo, G. Cerullo, P. Laporta, O. Svelto, U. Morgner, A. G. Rozhin, V. Scardaci, and A. C. Ferrari, “Passive mode locking by carbon nanotubes in a femtosecond laser written waveguide laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(23), 231115 (2006).
[Crossref]

G. Della Valle, S. Taccheo, P. Laporta, G. Sorbello, E. Cianci, and V. Foglietti, “Compact high gain Erbium-ytterbium doped waveguide amplifier fabricated by Ag-Na ion exchange,” Electron. Lett. 42(11), 632–633 (2006).
[Crossref]

G. Della Valle, R. Osellame, S. Taccheo, N. Chiodo, G. Galzerano, G. Cerullo, P. Laporta, R. Ramponi, U. Morgner, and A. C. Ferrari, “Waveguide lasers in Er:Yb-doped phosphate glass fabricated by femtosecond laser writing,” in 9th International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks(2007), pp. 289–292.

Lerminiaux, C.

J. E. Román, M. Hempstead, C. Ye, S. Nouh, P. Camy, P. Laborde, and C. Lerminiaux, “1.7 μm excited state absorption measurement in erbium‐doped glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67(4), 470–472 (1995).
[Crossref]

Liu, X.

S. Shen, A. Jha, X. Liu, M. Naftaly, K. Bindra, H. J. Bookey, and A. K. Kar, “Tellurite glasses for broadband amplifiers and integrated optics,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 85(6), 1391–1395 (2002).
[Crossref]

López-Barbero, A. P.

A. P. López-Barbero, W. A. Arellano-Espinoza, H. L. Fragnito, and H. E. Hernández-Figueroa, “Tellurite-based optical fiber amplifier analysis using the finite-element method,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 25, 103–107 (2000).
[Crossref]

Luo, T.

Luther-Davies, B.

Madden, S.

Madden, S. J.

K. T. Vu and S. J. Madden, “Reactive ion etching of tellurite and chalcogenide waveguides using hydrogen, methane, and argon,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 29(1), 011023 (2011).
[Crossref]

S. J. Madden and K. T. Vu, “Very low loss reactively ion etched Tellurium Dioxide planar rib waveguides for linear and non-linear optics,” Opt. Express 17(20), 17645–17651 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Morgner, U.

G. Della Valle, R. Osellame, G. Galzerano, N. Chiodo, G. Cerullo, P. Laporta, O. Svelto, U. Morgner, A. G. Rozhin, V. Scardaci, and A. C. Ferrari, “Passive mode locking by carbon nanotubes in a femtosecond laser written waveguide laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(23), 231115 (2006).
[Crossref]

G. Della Valle, R. Osellame, S. Taccheo, N. Chiodo, G. Galzerano, G. Cerullo, P. Laporta, R. Ramponi, U. Morgner, and A. C. Ferrari, “Waveguide lasers in Er:Yb-doped phosphate glass fabricated by femtosecond laser writing,” in 9th International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks(2007), pp. 289–292.

Mori, A.

A. Mori, “Tellurite-based fibers and their applications to optical communication networks,” Nippon Seramikkusu Kyokai Gakujutsu Ronbunshi/J. Ceram. Soc. Jpn. 116(1358), 1040–1051 (2008).
[Crossref]

Munch, J.

Naftaly, M.

S. Shen, A. Jha, X. Liu, M. Naftaly, K. Bindra, H. J. Bookey, and A. K. Kar, “Tellurite glasses for broadband amplifiers and integrated optics,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 85(6), 1391–1395 (2002).
[Crossref]

Nouh, S.

J. E. Román, M. Hempstead, C. Ye, S. Nouh, P. Camy, P. Laborde, and C. Lerminiaux, “1.7 μm excited state absorption measurement in erbium‐doped glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67(4), 470–472 (1995).
[Crossref]

Nunzi Conti, G.

S. Berneschi, G. Nunzi Conti, and G. C. Righini, “Planar waveguide ampflifiers,” Ceramist: J. Korean Ceram. Soc. 10, 75–85 (2007).

Osellame, R.

T. T. Fernandez, S. M. Eaton, G. Della Valle, R. M. Vazquez, M. Irannejad, G. Jose, A. Jha, G. Cerullo, R. Osellame, and P. Laporta, “Femtosecond laser written optical waveguide amplifier in phospho-tellurite glass,” Opt. Express 18(19), 20289–20297 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Osellame, G. Della Valle, N. Chiodo, S. Taccheo, P. Laporta, O. Svelto, and G. Cerullo, “Lasing in femtosecond laser written optical waveguides,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 93(1), 17–26 (2008).
[Crossref]

T. T. Fernandez, G. Della Valle, R. Osellame, G. Jose, N. Chiodo, A. Jha, and P. Laporta, “Active waveguides written by femtosecond laser irradiation in an Erbium-doped phospho-tellurite glass,” Opt. Express 16(19), 15198–15205 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Della Valle, S. Taccheo, R. Osellame, A. Festa, G. Cerullo, and P. Laporta, “1.5 μm single longitudinal mode waveguide laser fabricated by femtosecond laser writing,” Opt. Express 15(6), 3190–3194 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Della Valle, R. Osellame, G. Galzerano, N. Chiodo, G. Cerullo, P. Laporta, O. Svelto, U. Morgner, A. G. Rozhin, V. Scardaci, and A. C. Ferrari, “Passive mode locking by carbon nanotubes in a femtosecond laser written waveguide laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(23), 231115 (2006).
[Crossref]

G. Della Valle, R. Osellame, S. Taccheo, N. Chiodo, G. Galzerano, G. Cerullo, P. Laporta, R. Ramponi, U. Morgner, and A. C. Ferrari, “Waveguide lasers in Er:Yb-doped phosphate glass fabricated by femtosecond laser writing,” in 9th International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks(2007), pp. 289–292.

Ottaway, D. J.

Park, S. H.

Y. G. Choi, K. H. Kim, S. H. Park, and J. Heo, “Comparative study of energy transfers from Er3+ to Ce3+ in tellurite and sulfide glasses under 980 nm excitation,” J. Appl. Phys. 88(7), 3832–3839 (2000).
[Crossref]

Peyghambarian, N.

Pitt, C. W.

C. E. Chryssou, F. Di Pasquale, and C. W. Pitt, “Er3+-doped channel optical waveguide amplifiers for WDM systems: A comparison of tellurite, alumina and Al/P silicate materials,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6(1), 114–121 (2000).
[Crossref]

Polman, A.

Y. C. Yan, A. J. Faber, H. de Waal, P. G. Kik, and A. Polman, “Erbium-doped phosphate glass waveguide on silicon with 4.1 dB/cm gain at 1.535 m,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71(20), 2922–2924 (1997).
[Crossref]

G. N. van den Hoven, R. J. I. M. Koper, A. Polman, C. van Dam, J. W. M. van Uffelen, and M. K. Smit, “Net optical gain at 1.53 µm in Er-doped Al2O3 waveguides on silicon,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 68(14), 1886–1888 (1996).
[Crossref]

G. N. van den Hoven, E. Snoeks, A. Polman, C. vanDam, J. W. M. vanUffelen, and M. K. Smit, “Upconversion in Er-implanted Al2O3 waveguides,” J. Appl. Phys. 79(3), 1258–1266 (1996).
[Crossref]

Pudo, D.

H. Byun, D. Pudo, S. Frolov, A. Hanjani, J. Shmulovich, I. Ippen, and F. X. Kartner, “Integrated Low-Jitter 400-MHz Femtosecond Waveguide Laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 763–765 (2009).
[Crossref]

Ramponi, R.

G. Della Valle, R. Osellame, S. Taccheo, N. Chiodo, G. Galzerano, G. Cerullo, P. Laporta, R. Ramponi, U. Morgner, and A. C. Ferrari, “Waveguide lasers in Er:Yb-doped phosphate glass fabricated by femtosecond laser writing,” in 9th International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks(2007), pp. 289–292.

Richards, B.

Richter, B.

G. Tittelbach, B. Richter, and W. Karthe, “Comparison of three transmission methods for integrated optical waveguide propagation loss measurement,” Pure Appl. Opt. 2(6), 683–700 (1993).
[Crossref]

Righini, G. C.

S. Berneschi, G. Nunzi Conti, and G. C. Righini, “Planar waveguide ampflifiers,” Ceramist: J. Korean Ceram. Soc. 10, 75–85 (2007).

Román, J. E.

J. E. Román, M. Hempstead, C. Ye, S. Nouh, P. Camy, P. Laborde, and C. Lerminiaux, “1.7 μm excited state absorption measurement in erbium‐doped glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67(4), 470–472 (1995).
[Crossref]

Rozhin, A. G.

G. Della Valle, R. Osellame, G. Galzerano, N. Chiodo, G. Cerullo, P. Laporta, O. Svelto, U. Morgner, A. G. Rozhin, V. Scardaci, and A. C. Ferrari, “Passive mode locking by carbon nanotubes in a femtosecond laser written waveguide laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(23), 231115 (2006).
[Crossref]

Scardaci, V.

G. Della Valle, R. Osellame, G. Galzerano, N. Chiodo, G. Cerullo, P. Laporta, O. Svelto, U. Morgner, A. G. Rozhin, V. Scardaci, and A. C. Ferrari, “Passive mode locking by carbon nanotubes in a femtosecond laser written waveguide laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(23), 231115 (2006).
[Crossref]

Seo, H. J.

Shen, S.

S. Shen, B. Richards, and A. Jha, “Enhancement in pump inversion efficiency at 980 nm in Er3+, Er3+/Eu3+ and Er3+/Ce3+ doped tellurite glass fibers,” Opt. Express 14(12), 5050–5054 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Shen, L. Huang, P. Joshi, and A. Jha, “Gain characteristics of Er3+/Ce3+ codoped tellurite short fibre amplifier pumped at 980 nm,” Electron. Lett. 39(25), 1797–1799 (2003).
[Crossref]

S. Shen, A. Jha, X. Liu, M. Naftaly, K. Bindra, H. J. Bookey, and A. K. Kar, “Tellurite glasses for broadband amplifiers and integrated optics,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 85(6), 1391–1395 (2002).
[Crossref]

Shmulovich, J.

H. Byun, D. Pudo, S. Frolov, A. Hanjani, J. Shmulovich, I. Ippen, and F. X. Kartner, “Integrated Low-Jitter 400-MHz Femtosecond Waveguide Laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 763–765 (2009).
[Crossref]

Smit, M. K.

G. N. van den Hoven, E. Snoeks, A. Polman, C. vanDam, J. W. M. vanUffelen, and M. K. Smit, “Upconversion in Er-implanted Al2O3 waveguides,” J. Appl. Phys. 79(3), 1258–1266 (1996).
[Crossref]

G. N. van den Hoven, R. J. I. M. Koper, A. Polman, C. van Dam, J. W. M. van Uffelen, and M. K. Smit, “Net optical gain at 1.53 µm in Er-doped Al2O3 waveguides on silicon,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 68(14), 1886–1888 (1996).
[Crossref]

Snoeks, E.

G. N. van den Hoven, E. Snoeks, A. Polman, C. vanDam, J. W. M. vanUffelen, and M. K. Smit, “Upconversion in Er-implanted Al2O3 waveguides,” J. Appl. Phys. 79(3), 1258–1266 (1996).
[Crossref]

Sorbello, G.

Svelto, O.

R. Osellame, G. Della Valle, N. Chiodo, S. Taccheo, P. Laporta, O. Svelto, and G. Cerullo, “Lasing in femtosecond laser written optical waveguides,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 93(1), 17–26 (2008).
[Crossref]

G. Della Valle, R. Osellame, G. Galzerano, N. Chiodo, G. Cerullo, P. Laporta, O. Svelto, U. Morgner, A. G. Rozhin, V. Scardaci, and A. C. Ferrari, “Passive mode locking by carbon nanotubes in a femtosecond laser written waveguide laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(23), 231115 (2006).
[Crossref]

Taccheo, S.

R. Osellame, G. Della Valle, N. Chiodo, S. Taccheo, P. Laporta, O. Svelto, and G. Cerullo, “Lasing in femtosecond laser written optical waveguides,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 93(1), 17–26 (2008).
[Crossref]

G. Della Valle, A. Festa, G. Sorbello, K. Ennser, C. Cassagnetes, D. Barbier, and S. Taccheo, “Single-mode and high power waveguide lasers fabricated by ion-exchange,” Opt. Express 16(16), 12334–12341 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Della Valle, S. Taccheo, R. Osellame, A. Festa, G. Cerullo, and P. Laporta, “1.5 μm single longitudinal mode waveguide laser fabricated by femtosecond laser writing,” Opt. Express 15(6), 3190–3194 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Della Valle, S. Taccheo, P. Laporta, G. Sorbello, E. Cianci, and V. Foglietti, “Compact high gain Erbium-ytterbium doped waveguide amplifier fabricated by Ag-Na ion exchange,” Electron. Lett. 42(11), 632–633 (2006).
[Crossref]

G. Della Valle, R. Osellame, S. Taccheo, N. Chiodo, G. Galzerano, G. Cerullo, P. Laporta, R. Ramponi, U. Morgner, and A. C. Ferrari, “Waveguide lasers in Er:Yb-doped phosphate glass fabricated by femtosecond laser writing,” in 9th International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks(2007), pp. 289–292.

Tittelbach, G.

G. Tittelbach, B. Richter, and W. Karthe, “Comparison of three transmission methods for integrated optical waveguide propagation loss measurement,” Pure Appl. Opt. 2(6), 683–700 (1993).
[Crossref]

van Dam, C.

G. N. van den Hoven, R. J. I. M. Koper, A. Polman, C. van Dam, J. W. M. van Uffelen, and M. K. Smit, “Net optical gain at 1.53 µm in Er-doped Al2O3 waveguides on silicon,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 68(14), 1886–1888 (1996).
[Crossref]

van den Hoven, G. N.

G. N. van den Hoven, R. J. I. M. Koper, A. Polman, C. van Dam, J. W. M. van Uffelen, and M. K. Smit, “Net optical gain at 1.53 µm in Er-doped Al2O3 waveguides on silicon,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 68(14), 1886–1888 (1996).
[Crossref]

G. N. van den Hoven, E. Snoeks, A. Polman, C. vanDam, J. W. M. vanUffelen, and M. K. Smit, “Upconversion in Er-implanted Al2O3 waveguides,” J. Appl. Phys. 79(3), 1258–1266 (1996).
[Crossref]

van Uffelen, J. W. M.

G. N. van den Hoven, R. J. I. M. Koper, A. Polman, C. van Dam, J. W. M. van Uffelen, and M. K. Smit, “Net optical gain at 1.53 µm in Er-doped Al2O3 waveguides on silicon,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 68(14), 1886–1888 (1996).
[Crossref]

vanDam, C.

G. N. van den Hoven, E. Snoeks, A. Polman, C. vanDam, J. W. M. vanUffelen, and M. K. Smit, “Upconversion in Er-implanted Al2O3 waveguides,” J. Appl. Phys. 79(3), 1258–1266 (1996).
[Crossref]

vanUffelen, J. W. M.

G. N. van den Hoven, E. Snoeks, A. Polman, C. vanDam, J. W. M. vanUffelen, and M. K. Smit, “Upconversion in Er-implanted Al2O3 waveguides,” J. Appl. Phys. 79(3), 1258–1266 (1996).
[Crossref]

Vazquez, R. M.

Vu, K.

Vu, K. T.

K. T. Vu and S. J. Madden, “Reactive ion etching of tellurite and chalcogenide waveguides using hydrogen, methane, and argon,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 29(1), 011023 (2011).
[Crossref]

S. J. Madden and K. T. Vu, “Very low loss reactively ion etched Tellurium Dioxide planar rib waveguides for linear and non-linear optics,” Opt. Express 17(20), 17645–17651 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, G.

S. Dai, C. Yu, G. Zhou, J. Zhang, G. Wang, and L. Hu, “Concentration quenching in Erbium-doped tellurite glasses,” J. Lumin. 117(1), 39–45 (2006).
[Crossref]

Yan, Y. C.

Y. C. Yan, A. J. Faber, H. de Waal, P. G. Kik, and A. Polman, “Erbium-doped phosphate glass waveguide on silicon with 4.1 dB/cm gain at 1.535 m,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71(20), 2922–2924 (1997).
[Crossref]

Ye, C.

J. E. Román, M. Hempstead, C. Ye, S. Nouh, P. Camy, P. Laborde, and C. Lerminiaux, “1.7 μm excited state absorption measurement in erbium‐doped glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67(4), 470–472 (1995).
[Crossref]

Yu, C.

S. Dai, C. Yu, G. Zhou, J. Zhang, G. Wang, and L. Hu, “Concentration quenching in Erbium-doped tellurite glasses,” J. Lumin. 117(1), 39–45 (2006).
[Crossref]

Zhang, J.

S. Dai, C. Yu, G. Zhou, J. Zhang, G. Wang, and L. Hu, “Concentration quenching in Erbium-doped tellurite glasses,” J. Lumin. 117(1), 39–45 (2006).
[Crossref]

Zhou, G.

S. Dai, C. Yu, G. Zhou, J. Zhang, G. Wang, and L. Hu, “Concentration quenching in Erbium-doped tellurite glasses,” J. Lumin. 117(1), 39–45 (2006).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (4)

G. N. van den Hoven, R. J. I. M. Koper, A. Polman, C. van Dam, J. W. M. van Uffelen, and M. K. Smit, “Net optical gain at 1.53 µm in Er-doped Al2O3 waveguides on silicon,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 68(14), 1886–1888 (1996).
[Crossref]

J. E. Román, M. Hempstead, C. Ye, S. Nouh, P. Camy, P. Laborde, and C. Lerminiaux, “1.7 μm excited state absorption measurement in erbium‐doped glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67(4), 470–472 (1995).
[Crossref]

Y. C. Yan, A. J. Faber, H. de Waal, P. G. Kik, and A. Polman, “Erbium-doped phosphate glass waveguide on silicon with 4.1 dB/cm gain at 1.535 m,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71(20), 2922–2924 (1997).
[Crossref]

G. Della Valle, R. Osellame, G. Galzerano, N. Chiodo, G. Cerullo, P. Laporta, O. Svelto, U. Morgner, A. G. Rozhin, V. Scardaci, and A. C. Ferrari, “Passive mode locking by carbon nanotubes in a femtosecond laser written waveguide laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(23), 231115 (2006).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. (1)

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Total insertion loss of the waveguide including connectors and lens tipped fibers.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Experimental set up for gain measurement and lasing schemes a) gain measurement and laser cavity with only end facet reflections, b) Fiber Bragg grating is inserted to stablise the lasing wavelengths.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Gain measurement versus total pump power at both waveguide facets a) gain spectra when there is no lasing action, b) at the onset of lasing c) 1533nm gain with extrapolation curve, d) ground state and excited state absorption cross sections of Er doped TeO2 film.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Laser emission with 1550nm FBG at 105mW pump power a) wide span spectrum b) narrow span spectrum
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 a) Comparison of visible emission between 980nm and 1490nm pumping, note 20x integration time difference between traces; b) peak intensity at different emission wavelengths with 980nm pump, c) peak intensity at different emission wavelengths with 1490nm pump.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Simulation of gain for pumping at 980nm a) Energy level diagram and interaction between Erbium ions b) gain spectra at different total pump power in launched into waveguide and c) gain against pump power at 1535nm, 155nm and 1600nm.

Tables (1)

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Table 1 Parameters for gain simulations. Some parameters are based on [25,26].

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