Abstract

We report on a novel technology for high-speed inter-satellites optical communication by bidirectional beam tracking. By establishing the relation between the compensation effect and the parameters of response time and overshoot situation, the stability can be well compensated simply by the control system. Thus the relation between compensation effect and maintain time can be predicted from ground tests, and the certain evaluation standard could be established to meet the requirements of system. The other critical factors, such as signal-to-noise ratio and pointing angle error, have also been considered to improve the stability. The general approach can provide us a powerful path to overcome the performance limitation of bidirectional beam tracking, which can be expected to be widely applied in Free Space optics communications in future.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article
OSA Recommended Articles
Far-field correlation of bidirectional tracking beams due to wave-front deformation in inter-satellites optical communication links

Siyuan Yu, Zhongtian Ma, Jing Ma, Feng Wu, and Liying Tan
Opt. Express 23(6) 7263-7272 (2015)

Approach for recognizing and tracking beacon in inter-satellite optical communication based on optical flow method

Qiang Wang, Siyuan Yu, Liying Tan, and Jing Ma
Opt. Express 26(21) 28080-28090 (2018)

Pointing and tracking errors due to localized deformation in inter-satellite laser communication links

Liying Tan, Yuqiang Yang, Jing Ma, and Jianjie Yu
Opt. Express 16(17) 13372-13380 (2008)

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. X. Li, S. Yu, J. Ma, and L. Tan, “Analytical expression and optimization of spatial acquisition for intersatellite optical communications,” Opt. Express 19(3), 2381–2390 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  2. I. I. Kim, B. Riley, N. M. Wong, M. Mitchell, W. Brown, H. Hakakha, P. Adhikari, and E. J. Korevaar, “Lessons learned from the STRV-2 satellite-to-ground lasercom experiment,” Proc. SPIE 4272, 1–15 (2001).
    [Crossref]
  3. R. A. Fields, D. A. Kozlowski, H. T. Yura, L. R. Wong, J. M. Wicker, C. T. Lunde, M. Gregory, B. K. Wandernoth, F. F. Heine, and J. J. Luna, “5.625 Gbps bidirectional laser communications measurements between the NFIRE satellite and an optical ground station,” Proc. SPIE 8184, 81840D (2011).
    [Crossref]
  4. Y. Fujiwara, M. Mokuno, T. Jono, T. Yamawaki, K. Arai, M. Toyoshima, H. Kunimori, Z. Sodnik, A. Bird, and B. Demelenne, “Optical inter-orbit communications engineering test satellite (OICETS),” Acta Astronaut. 61(1-6), 163–175 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  5. I. S. Ansari, F. Yilmaz, and M.-S. Alouini, “Performance Analysis of Free-Space Optical Links Over Malaga (M) Turbulence Channels with Pointing Errors,” IEEE T Wirel, Commun. 99, 1 (2015).
  6. S. Y. Yu, Z. T. Ma, F. Wu, J. Ma, and L. Y. Tan, “Overview and trend of steady tracking in free-space optical communication links,” Proc. SPIE 9521, 95210N (2015).
  7. V. W. S. Chan, “Optical space communications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6(6), 959–975 (2000).
    [Crossref]
  8. A. E. Siegman, “Analysis of laser beam quality degradation caused by quartic phase aberrations,” Appl. Opt. 32(30), 5893–5901 (1993).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  9. S. Yu, Z. Ma, J. Ma, F. Wu, and L. Tan, “Far-field correlation of bidirectional tracking beams due to wave-front deformation in inter-satellites optical communication links,” Opt. Express 23(6), 7263–7272 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  10. N. Tanzillo, B. Dunbar, and S. Lee, “Development of a lasercom testbed for the pointing, acquisition, and tracking subsystem of satellite-to-satellite laser communications link,” Proc. SPIE 6877, 687704 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  11. S. Seel, H. Kämpfner, F. Heine, D. Dallmann, and G. Muhlnikel, M.M. Gregory, K. Reinhardt, J. Saucke, U. Muckherjee, B. Sterr, R. Wandernoth, Meyer, and R. Czichy, “Space to ground bidirectional optical communication link at 5.6 Gbps and EDRS connectivity outlook,”in Proceedings of the Aerospace Conference (IEEE, 2011), pp. 1–7.
  12. S. Y. Yu, J. Ma, and L. Y. Tan, “Methods of improving acquisition probability of scanning in intersatellite optical communication,” J. Optoelectronics Laser, Networking 16(12), 57–62 (2004).
  13. I. I. Kim, B. Riley, N. M. Wong, M. Mitchell, W. Brown, H. Hakakha, P. Adhikari, and E. J. Korevaar, “Lessons learned from the STRV-2 satellite-to-ground lasercom experiment,” Proc. SPIE 4272, 1–15 (2001).
    [Crossref]
  14. T. Tolker-Nielsen and G. Oppenhaeuser, “In Orbit test result of an Operational Optical Intersatellite Link between ARTEMIS and SPOT4, SILEX,” Proc. SPIE 4635, 1–15 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  15. C. Hindman and L. Toberton, “Beaconless satellite laser acquisition – modeling and feasibility,” in Proceedings of the MILCOM 2004-IEEE Military Communications Conference (2004), pp. 41–47.
  16. I. S. Ansari, M.-S. Alouini, and J. Cheng, “Ergodic Capacity Analysis of Free-Space Optical Links With Nonzero Boresight Pointing Errors,” IEEE T Wirel, Commun. 14(8), 4248–4264 (2015).
  17. U. Sterr, M. Gregory, and F. Heine, “Beaconless acquisition for ISL and SGL, summary of 3 years operation in space and on ground,” in Proceedings of the 2011-IEEE International Conference on Space Optical Systems and Applications (2011) pp. 38–43.
    [Crossref]

2015 (4)

I. S. Ansari, F. Yilmaz, and M.-S. Alouini, “Performance Analysis of Free-Space Optical Links Over Malaga (M) Turbulence Channels with Pointing Errors,” IEEE T Wirel, Commun. 99, 1 (2015).

S. Y. Yu, Z. T. Ma, F. Wu, J. Ma, and L. Y. Tan, “Overview and trend of steady tracking in free-space optical communication links,” Proc. SPIE 9521, 95210N (2015).

S. Yu, Z. Ma, J. Ma, F. Wu, and L. Tan, “Far-field correlation of bidirectional tracking beams due to wave-front deformation in inter-satellites optical communication links,” Opt. Express 23(6), 7263–7272 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. S. Ansari, M.-S. Alouini, and J. Cheng, “Ergodic Capacity Analysis of Free-Space Optical Links With Nonzero Boresight Pointing Errors,” IEEE T Wirel, Commun. 14(8), 4248–4264 (2015).

2011 (2)

X. Li, S. Yu, J. Ma, and L. Tan, “Analytical expression and optimization of spatial acquisition for intersatellite optical communications,” Opt. Express 19(3), 2381–2390 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. A. Fields, D. A. Kozlowski, H. T. Yura, L. R. Wong, J. M. Wicker, C. T. Lunde, M. Gregory, B. K. Wandernoth, F. F. Heine, and J. J. Luna, “5.625 Gbps bidirectional laser communications measurements between the NFIRE satellite and an optical ground station,” Proc. SPIE 8184, 81840D (2011).
[Crossref]

2008 (1)

N. Tanzillo, B. Dunbar, and S. Lee, “Development of a lasercom testbed for the pointing, acquisition, and tracking subsystem of satellite-to-satellite laser communications link,” Proc. SPIE 6877, 687704 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

Y. Fujiwara, M. Mokuno, T. Jono, T. Yamawaki, K. Arai, M. Toyoshima, H. Kunimori, Z. Sodnik, A. Bird, and B. Demelenne, “Optical inter-orbit communications engineering test satellite (OICETS),” Acta Astronaut. 61(1-6), 163–175 (2007).
[Crossref]

2004 (1)

S. Y. Yu, J. Ma, and L. Y. Tan, “Methods of improving acquisition probability of scanning in intersatellite optical communication,” J. Optoelectronics Laser, Networking 16(12), 57–62 (2004).

2002 (1)

T. Tolker-Nielsen and G. Oppenhaeuser, “In Orbit test result of an Operational Optical Intersatellite Link between ARTEMIS and SPOT4, SILEX,” Proc. SPIE 4635, 1–15 (2002).
[Crossref]

2001 (2)

I. I. Kim, B. Riley, N. M. Wong, M. Mitchell, W. Brown, H. Hakakha, P. Adhikari, and E. J. Korevaar, “Lessons learned from the STRV-2 satellite-to-ground lasercom experiment,” Proc. SPIE 4272, 1–15 (2001).
[Crossref]

I. I. Kim, B. Riley, N. M. Wong, M. Mitchell, W. Brown, H. Hakakha, P. Adhikari, and E. J. Korevaar, “Lessons learned from the STRV-2 satellite-to-ground lasercom experiment,” Proc. SPIE 4272, 1–15 (2001).
[Crossref]

2000 (1)

V. W. S. Chan, “Optical space communications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6(6), 959–975 (2000).
[Crossref]

1993 (1)

Adhikari, P.

I. I. Kim, B. Riley, N. M. Wong, M. Mitchell, W. Brown, H. Hakakha, P. Adhikari, and E. J. Korevaar, “Lessons learned from the STRV-2 satellite-to-ground lasercom experiment,” Proc. SPIE 4272, 1–15 (2001).
[Crossref]

I. I. Kim, B. Riley, N. M. Wong, M. Mitchell, W. Brown, H. Hakakha, P. Adhikari, and E. J. Korevaar, “Lessons learned from the STRV-2 satellite-to-ground lasercom experiment,” Proc. SPIE 4272, 1–15 (2001).
[Crossref]

Alouini, M.-S.

I. S. Ansari, M.-S. Alouini, and J. Cheng, “Ergodic Capacity Analysis of Free-Space Optical Links With Nonzero Boresight Pointing Errors,” IEEE T Wirel, Commun. 14(8), 4248–4264 (2015).

I. S. Ansari, F. Yilmaz, and M.-S. Alouini, “Performance Analysis of Free-Space Optical Links Over Malaga (M) Turbulence Channels with Pointing Errors,” IEEE T Wirel, Commun. 99, 1 (2015).

Ansari, I. S.

I. S. Ansari, F. Yilmaz, and M.-S. Alouini, “Performance Analysis of Free-Space Optical Links Over Malaga (M) Turbulence Channels with Pointing Errors,” IEEE T Wirel, Commun. 99, 1 (2015).

I. S. Ansari, M.-S. Alouini, and J. Cheng, “Ergodic Capacity Analysis of Free-Space Optical Links With Nonzero Boresight Pointing Errors,” IEEE T Wirel, Commun. 14(8), 4248–4264 (2015).

Arai, K.

Y. Fujiwara, M. Mokuno, T. Jono, T. Yamawaki, K. Arai, M. Toyoshima, H. Kunimori, Z. Sodnik, A. Bird, and B. Demelenne, “Optical inter-orbit communications engineering test satellite (OICETS),” Acta Astronaut. 61(1-6), 163–175 (2007).
[Crossref]

Bird, A.

Y. Fujiwara, M. Mokuno, T. Jono, T. Yamawaki, K. Arai, M. Toyoshima, H. Kunimori, Z. Sodnik, A. Bird, and B. Demelenne, “Optical inter-orbit communications engineering test satellite (OICETS),” Acta Astronaut. 61(1-6), 163–175 (2007).
[Crossref]

Brown, W.

I. I. Kim, B. Riley, N. M. Wong, M. Mitchell, W. Brown, H. Hakakha, P. Adhikari, and E. J. Korevaar, “Lessons learned from the STRV-2 satellite-to-ground lasercom experiment,” Proc. SPIE 4272, 1–15 (2001).
[Crossref]

I. I. Kim, B. Riley, N. M. Wong, M. Mitchell, W. Brown, H. Hakakha, P. Adhikari, and E. J. Korevaar, “Lessons learned from the STRV-2 satellite-to-ground lasercom experiment,” Proc. SPIE 4272, 1–15 (2001).
[Crossref]

Chan, V. W. S.

V. W. S. Chan, “Optical space communications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6(6), 959–975 (2000).
[Crossref]

Cheng, J.

I. S. Ansari, M.-S. Alouini, and J. Cheng, “Ergodic Capacity Analysis of Free-Space Optical Links With Nonzero Boresight Pointing Errors,” IEEE T Wirel, Commun. 14(8), 4248–4264 (2015).

Czichy, R.

S. Seel, H. Kämpfner, F. Heine, D. Dallmann, and G. Muhlnikel, M.M. Gregory, K. Reinhardt, J. Saucke, U. Muckherjee, B. Sterr, R. Wandernoth, Meyer, and R. Czichy, “Space to ground bidirectional optical communication link at 5.6 Gbps and EDRS connectivity outlook,”in Proceedings of the Aerospace Conference (IEEE, 2011), pp. 1–7.

Dallmann, D.

S. Seel, H. Kämpfner, F. Heine, D. Dallmann, and G. Muhlnikel, M.M. Gregory, K. Reinhardt, J. Saucke, U. Muckherjee, B. Sterr, R. Wandernoth, Meyer, and R. Czichy, “Space to ground bidirectional optical communication link at 5.6 Gbps and EDRS connectivity outlook,”in Proceedings of the Aerospace Conference (IEEE, 2011), pp. 1–7.

Demelenne, B.

Y. Fujiwara, M. Mokuno, T. Jono, T. Yamawaki, K. Arai, M. Toyoshima, H. Kunimori, Z. Sodnik, A. Bird, and B. Demelenne, “Optical inter-orbit communications engineering test satellite (OICETS),” Acta Astronaut. 61(1-6), 163–175 (2007).
[Crossref]

Dunbar, B.

N. Tanzillo, B. Dunbar, and S. Lee, “Development of a lasercom testbed for the pointing, acquisition, and tracking subsystem of satellite-to-satellite laser communications link,” Proc. SPIE 6877, 687704 (2008).
[Crossref]

Fields, R. A.

R. A. Fields, D. A. Kozlowski, H. T. Yura, L. R. Wong, J. M. Wicker, C. T. Lunde, M. Gregory, B. K. Wandernoth, F. F. Heine, and J. J. Luna, “5.625 Gbps bidirectional laser communications measurements between the NFIRE satellite and an optical ground station,” Proc. SPIE 8184, 81840D (2011).
[Crossref]

Fujiwara, Y.

Y. Fujiwara, M. Mokuno, T. Jono, T. Yamawaki, K. Arai, M. Toyoshima, H. Kunimori, Z. Sodnik, A. Bird, and B. Demelenne, “Optical inter-orbit communications engineering test satellite (OICETS),” Acta Astronaut. 61(1-6), 163–175 (2007).
[Crossref]

Gregory, M.

R. A. Fields, D. A. Kozlowski, H. T. Yura, L. R. Wong, J. M. Wicker, C. T. Lunde, M. Gregory, B. K. Wandernoth, F. F. Heine, and J. J. Luna, “5.625 Gbps bidirectional laser communications measurements between the NFIRE satellite and an optical ground station,” Proc. SPIE 8184, 81840D (2011).
[Crossref]

S. Seel, H. Kämpfner, F. Heine, D. Dallmann, and G. Muhlnikel, M.M. Gregory, K. Reinhardt, J. Saucke, U. Muckherjee, B. Sterr, R. Wandernoth, Meyer, and R. Czichy, “Space to ground bidirectional optical communication link at 5.6 Gbps and EDRS connectivity outlook,”in Proceedings of the Aerospace Conference (IEEE, 2011), pp. 1–7.

U. Sterr, M. Gregory, and F. Heine, “Beaconless acquisition for ISL and SGL, summary of 3 years operation in space and on ground,” in Proceedings of the 2011-IEEE International Conference on Space Optical Systems and Applications (2011) pp. 38–43.
[Crossref]

Hakakha, H.

I. I. Kim, B. Riley, N. M. Wong, M. Mitchell, W. Brown, H. Hakakha, P. Adhikari, and E. J. Korevaar, “Lessons learned from the STRV-2 satellite-to-ground lasercom experiment,” Proc. SPIE 4272, 1–15 (2001).
[Crossref]

I. I. Kim, B. Riley, N. M. Wong, M. Mitchell, W. Brown, H. Hakakha, P. Adhikari, and E. J. Korevaar, “Lessons learned from the STRV-2 satellite-to-ground lasercom experiment,” Proc. SPIE 4272, 1–15 (2001).
[Crossref]

Heine, F.

S. Seel, H. Kämpfner, F. Heine, D. Dallmann, and G. Muhlnikel, M.M. Gregory, K. Reinhardt, J. Saucke, U. Muckherjee, B. Sterr, R. Wandernoth, Meyer, and R. Czichy, “Space to ground bidirectional optical communication link at 5.6 Gbps and EDRS connectivity outlook,”in Proceedings of the Aerospace Conference (IEEE, 2011), pp. 1–7.

U. Sterr, M. Gregory, and F. Heine, “Beaconless acquisition for ISL and SGL, summary of 3 years operation in space and on ground,” in Proceedings of the 2011-IEEE International Conference on Space Optical Systems and Applications (2011) pp. 38–43.
[Crossref]

Heine, F. F.

R. A. Fields, D. A. Kozlowski, H. T. Yura, L. R. Wong, J. M. Wicker, C. T. Lunde, M. Gregory, B. K. Wandernoth, F. F. Heine, and J. J. Luna, “5.625 Gbps bidirectional laser communications measurements between the NFIRE satellite and an optical ground station,” Proc. SPIE 8184, 81840D (2011).
[Crossref]

Hindman, C.

C. Hindman and L. Toberton, “Beaconless satellite laser acquisition – modeling and feasibility,” in Proceedings of the MILCOM 2004-IEEE Military Communications Conference (2004), pp. 41–47.

Jono, T.

Y. Fujiwara, M. Mokuno, T. Jono, T. Yamawaki, K. Arai, M. Toyoshima, H. Kunimori, Z. Sodnik, A. Bird, and B. Demelenne, “Optical inter-orbit communications engineering test satellite (OICETS),” Acta Astronaut. 61(1-6), 163–175 (2007).
[Crossref]

Kämpfner, H.

S. Seel, H. Kämpfner, F. Heine, D. Dallmann, and G. Muhlnikel, M.M. Gregory, K. Reinhardt, J. Saucke, U. Muckherjee, B. Sterr, R. Wandernoth, Meyer, and R. Czichy, “Space to ground bidirectional optical communication link at 5.6 Gbps and EDRS connectivity outlook,”in Proceedings of the Aerospace Conference (IEEE, 2011), pp. 1–7.

Kim, I. I.

I. I. Kim, B. Riley, N. M. Wong, M. Mitchell, W. Brown, H. Hakakha, P. Adhikari, and E. J. Korevaar, “Lessons learned from the STRV-2 satellite-to-ground lasercom experiment,” Proc. SPIE 4272, 1–15 (2001).
[Crossref]

I. I. Kim, B. Riley, N. M. Wong, M. Mitchell, W. Brown, H. Hakakha, P. Adhikari, and E. J. Korevaar, “Lessons learned from the STRV-2 satellite-to-ground lasercom experiment,” Proc. SPIE 4272, 1–15 (2001).
[Crossref]

Korevaar, E. J.

I. I. Kim, B. Riley, N. M. Wong, M. Mitchell, W. Brown, H. Hakakha, P. Adhikari, and E. J. Korevaar, “Lessons learned from the STRV-2 satellite-to-ground lasercom experiment,” Proc. SPIE 4272, 1–15 (2001).
[Crossref]

I. I. Kim, B. Riley, N. M. Wong, M. Mitchell, W. Brown, H. Hakakha, P. Adhikari, and E. J. Korevaar, “Lessons learned from the STRV-2 satellite-to-ground lasercom experiment,” Proc. SPIE 4272, 1–15 (2001).
[Crossref]

Kozlowski, D. A.

R. A. Fields, D. A. Kozlowski, H. T. Yura, L. R. Wong, J. M. Wicker, C. T. Lunde, M. Gregory, B. K. Wandernoth, F. F. Heine, and J. J. Luna, “5.625 Gbps bidirectional laser communications measurements between the NFIRE satellite and an optical ground station,” Proc. SPIE 8184, 81840D (2011).
[Crossref]

Kunimori, H.

Y. Fujiwara, M. Mokuno, T. Jono, T. Yamawaki, K. Arai, M. Toyoshima, H. Kunimori, Z. Sodnik, A. Bird, and B. Demelenne, “Optical inter-orbit communications engineering test satellite (OICETS),” Acta Astronaut. 61(1-6), 163–175 (2007).
[Crossref]

Lee, S.

N. Tanzillo, B. Dunbar, and S. Lee, “Development of a lasercom testbed for the pointing, acquisition, and tracking subsystem of satellite-to-satellite laser communications link,” Proc. SPIE 6877, 687704 (2008).
[Crossref]

Li, X.

Luna, J. J.

R. A. Fields, D. A. Kozlowski, H. T. Yura, L. R. Wong, J. M. Wicker, C. T. Lunde, M. Gregory, B. K. Wandernoth, F. F. Heine, and J. J. Luna, “5.625 Gbps bidirectional laser communications measurements between the NFIRE satellite and an optical ground station,” Proc. SPIE 8184, 81840D (2011).
[Crossref]

Lunde, C. T.

R. A. Fields, D. A. Kozlowski, H. T. Yura, L. R. Wong, J. M. Wicker, C. T. Lunde, M. Gregory, B. K. Wandernoth, F. F. Heine, and J. J. Luna, “5.625 Gbps bidirectional laser communications measurements between the NFIRE satellite and an optical ground station,” Proc. SPIE 8184, 81840D (2011).
[Crossref]

Ma, J.

S. Yu, Z. Ma, J. Ma, F. Wu, and L. Tan, “Far-field correlation of bidirectional tracking beams due to wave-front deformation in inter-satellites optical communication links,” Opt. Express 23(6), 7263–7272 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Y. Yu, Z. T. Ma, F. Wu, J. Ma, and L. Y. Tan, “Overview and trend of steady tracking in free-space optical communication links,” Proc. SPIE 9521, 95210N (2015).

X. Li, S. Yu, J. Ma, and L. Tan, “Analytical expression and optimization of spatial acquisition for intersatellite optical communications,” Opt. Express 19(3), 2381–2390 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Y. Yu, J. Ma, and L. Y. Tan, “Methods of improving acquisition probability of scanning in intersatellite optical communication,” J. Optoelectronics Laser, Networking 16(12), 57–62 (2004).

Ma, Z.

Ma, Z. T.

S. Y. Yu, Z. T. Ma, F. Wu, J. Ma, and L. Y. Tan, “Overview and trend of steady tracking in free-space optical communication links,” Proc. SPIE 9521, 95210N (2015).

Meyer,

S. Seel, H. Kämpfner, F. Heine, D. Dallmann, and G. Muhlnikel, M.M. Gregory, K. Reinhardt, J. Saucke, U. Muckherjee, B. Sterr, R. Wandernoth, Meyer, and R. Czichy, “Space to ground bidirectional optical communication link at 5.6 Gbps and EDRS connectivity outlook,”in Proceedings of the Aerospace Conference (IEEE, 2011), pp. 1–7.

Mitchell, M.

I. I. Kim, B. Riley, N. M. Wong, M. Mitchell, W. Brown, H. Hakakha, P. Adhikari, and E. J. Korevaar, “Lessons learned from the STRV-2 satellite-to-ground lasercom experiment,” Proc. SPIE 4272, 1–15 (2001).
[Crossref]

I. I. Kim, B. Riley, N. M. Wong, M. Mitchell, W. Brown, H. Hakakha, P. Adhikari, and E. J. Korevaar, “Lessons learned from the STRV-2 satellite-to-ground lasercom experiment,” Proc. SPIE 4272, 1–15 (2001).
[Crossref]

Mokuno, M.

Y. Fujiwara, M. Mokuno, T. Jono, T. Yamawaki, K. Arai, M. Toyoshima, H. Kunimori, Z. Sodnik, A. Bird, and B. Demelenne, “Optical inter-orbit communications engineering test satellite (OICETS),” Acta Astronaut. 61(1-6), 163–175 (2007).
[Crossref]

Muckherjee, U.

S. Seel, H. Kämpfner, F. Heine, D. Dallmann, and G. Muhlnikel, M.M. Gregory, K. Reinhardt, J. Saucke, U. Muckherjee, B. Sterr, R. Wandernoth, Meyer, and R. Czichy, “Space to ground bidirectional optical communication link at 5.6 Gbps and EDRS connectivity outlook,”in Proceedings of the Aerospace Conference (IEEE, 2011), pp. 1–7.

Muhlnikel, G.

S. Seel, H. Kämpfner, F. Heine, D. Dallmann, and G. Muhlnikel, M.M. Gregory, K. Reinhardt, J. Saucke, U. Muckherjee, B. Sterr, R. Wandernoth, Meyer, and R. Czichy, “Space to ground bidirectional optical communication link at 5.6 Gbps and EDRS connectivity outlook,”in Proceedings of the Aerospace Conference (IEEE, 2011), pp. 1–7.

Oppenhaeuser, G.

T. Tolker-Nielsen and G. Oppenhaeuser, “In Orbit test result of an Operational Optical Intersatellite Link between ARTEMIS and SPOT4, SILEX,” Proc. SPIE 4635, 1–15 (2002).
[Crossref]

Reinhardt, K.

S. Seel, H. Kämpfner, F. Heine, D. Dallmann, and G. Muhlnikel, M.M. Gregory, K. Reinhardt, J. Saucke, U. Muckherjee, B. Sterr, R. Wandernoth, Meyer, and R. Czichy, “Space to ground bidirectional optical communication link at 5.6 Gbps and EDRS connectivity outlook,”in Proceedings of the Aerospace Conference (IEEE, 2011), pp. 1–7.

Riley, B.

I. I. Kim, B. Riley, N. M. Wong, M. Mitchell, W. Brown, H. Hakakha, P. Adhikari, and E. J. Korevaar, “Lessons learned from the STRV-2 satellite-to-ground lasercom experiment,” Proc. SPIE 4272, 1–15 (2001).
[Crossref]

I. I. Kim, B. Riley, N. M. Wong, M. Mitchell, W. Brown, H. Hakakha, P. Adhikari, and E. J. Korevaar, “Lessons learned from the STRV-2 satellite-to-ground lasercom experiment,” Proc. SPIE 4272, 1–15 (2001).
[Crossref]

Saucke, J.

S. Seel, H. Kämpfner, F. Heine, D. Dallmann, and G. Muhlnikel, M.M. Gregory, K. Reinhardt, J. Saucke, U. Muckherjee, B. Sterr, R. Wandernoth, Meyer, and R. Czichy, “Space to ground bidirectional optical communication link at 5.6 Gbps and EDRS connectivity outlook,”in Proceedings of the Aerospace Conference (IEEE, 2011), pp. 1–7.

Seel, S.

S. Seel, H. Kämpfner, F. Heine, D. Dallmann, and G. Muhlnikel, M.M. Gregory, K. Reinhardt, J. Saucke, U. Muckherjee, B. Sterr, R. Wandernoth, Meyer, and R. Czichy, “Space to ground bidirectional optical communication link at 5.6 Gbps and EDRS connectivity outlook,”in Proceedings of the Aerospace Conference (IEEE, 2011), pp. 1–7.

Siegman, A. E.

Sodnik, Z.

Y. Fujiwara, M. Mokuno, T. Jono, T. Yamawaki, K. Arai, M. Toyoshima, H. Kunimori, Z. Sodnik, A. Bird, and B. Demelenne, “Optical inter-orbit communications engineering test satellite (OICETS),” Acta Astronaut. 61(1-6), 163–175 (2007).
[Crossref]

Sterr, B.

S. Seel, H. Kämpfner, F. Heine, D. Dallmann, and G. Muhlnikel, M.M. Gregory, K. Reinhardt, J. Saucke, U. Muckherjee, B. Sterr, R. Wandernoth, Meyer, and R. Czichy, “Space to ground bidirectional optical communication link at 5.6 Gbps and EDRS connectivity outlook,”in Proceedings of the Aerospace Conference (IEEE, 2011), pp. 1–7.

Sterr, U.

U. Sterr, M. Gregory, and F. Heine, “Beaconless acquisition for ISL and SGL, summary of 3 years operation in space and on ground,” in Proceedings of the 2011-IEEE International Conference on Space Optical Systems and Applications (2011) pp. 38–43.
[Crossref]

Tan, L.

Tan, L. Y.

S. Y. Yu, Z. T. Ma, F. Wu, J. Ma, and L. Y. Tan, “Overview and trend of steady tracking in free-space optical communication links,” Proc. SPIE 9521, 95210N (2015).

S. Y. Yu, J. Ma, and L. Y. Tan, “Methods of improving acquisition probability of scanning in intersatellite optical communication,” J. Optoelectronics Laser, Networking 16(12), 57–62 (2004).

Tanzillo, N.

N. Tanzillo, B. Dunbar, and S. Lee, “Development of a lasercom testbed for the pointing, acquisition, and tracking subsystem of satellite-to-satellite laser communications link,” Proc. SPIE 6877, 687704 (2008).
[Crossref]

Toberton, L.

C. Hindman and L. Toberton, “Beaconless satellite laser acquisition – modeling and feasibility,” in Proceedings of the MILCOM 2004-IEEE Military Communications Conference (2004), pp. 41–47.

Tolker-Nielsen, T.

T. Tolker-Nielsen and G. Oppenhaeuser, “In Orbit test result of an Operational Optical Intersatellite Link between ARTEMIS and SPOT4, SILEX,” Proc. SPIE 4635, 1–15 (2002).
[Crossref]

Toyoshima, M.

Y. Fujiwara, M. Mokuno, T. Jono, T. Yamawaki, K. Arai, M. Toyoshima, H. Kunimori, Z. Sodnik, A. Bird, and B. Demelenne, “Optical inter-orbit communications engineering test satellite (OICETS),” Acta Astronaut. 61(1-6), 163–175 (2007).
[Crossref]

Wandernoth, B. K.

R. A. Fields, D. A. Kozlowski, H. T. Yura, L. R. Wong, J. M. Wicker, C. T. Lunde, M. Gregory, B. K. Wandernoth, F. F. Heine, and J. J. Luna, “5.625 Gbps bidirectional laser communications measurements between the NFIRE satellite and an optical ground station,” Proc. SPIE 8184, 81840D (2011).
[Crossref]

Wandernoth, R.

S. Seel, H. Kämpfner, F. Heine, D. Dallmann, and G. Muhlnikel, M.M. Gregory, K. Reinhardt, J. Saucke, U. Muckherjee, B. Sterr, R. Wandernoth, Meyer, and R. Czichy, “Space to ground bidirectional optical communication link at 5.6 Gbps and EDRS connectivity outlook,”in Proceedings of the Aerospace Conference (IEEE, 2011), pp. 1–7.

Wicker, J. M.

R. A. Fields, D. A. Kozlowski, H. T. Yura, L. R. Wong, J. M. Wicker, C. T. Lunde, M. Gregory, B. K. Wandernoth, F. F. Heine, and J. J. Luna, “5.625 Gbps bidirectional laser communications measurements between the NFIRE satellite and an optical ground station,” Proc. SPIE 8184, 81840D (2011).
[Crossref]

Wong, L. R.

R. A. Fields, D. A. Kozlowski, H. T. Yura, L. R. Wong, J. M. Wicker, C. T. Lunde, M. Gregory, B. K. Wandernoth, F. F. Heine, and J. J. Luna, “5.625 Gbps bidirectional laser communications measurements between the NFIRE satellite and an optical ground station,” Proc. SPIE 8184, 81840D (2011).
[Crossref]

Wong, N. M.

I. I. Kim, B. Riley, N. M. Wong, M. Mitchell, W. Brown, H. Hakakha, P. Adhikari, and E. J. Korevaar, “Lessons learned from the STRV-2 satellite-to-ground lasercom experiment,” Proc. SPIE 4272, 1–15 (2001).
[Crossref]

I. I. Kim, B. Riley, N. M. Wong, M. Mitchell, W. Brown, H. Hakakha, P. Adhikari, and E. J. Korevaar, “Lessons learned from the STRV-2 satellite-to-ground lasercom experiment,” Proc. SPIE 4272, 1–15 (2001).
[Crossref]

Wu, F.

S. Yu, Z. Ma, J. Ma, F. Wu, and L. Tan, “Far-field correlation of bidirectional tracking beams due to wave-front deformation in inter-satellites optical communication links,” Opt. Express 23(6), 7263–7272 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Y. Yu, Z. T. Ma, F. Wu, J. Ma, and L. Y. Tan, “Overview and trend of steady tracking in free-space optical communication links,” Proc. SPIE 9521, 95210N (2015).

Yamawaki, T.

Y. Fujiwara, M. Mokuno, T. Jono, T. Yamawaki, K. Arai, M. Toyoshima, H. Kunimori, Z. Sodnik, A. Bird, and B. Demelenne, “Optical inter-orbit communications engineering test satellite (OICETS),” Acta Astronaut. 61(1-6), 163–175 (2007).
[Crossref]

Yilmaz, F.

I. S. Ansari, F. Yilmaz, and M.-S. Alouini, “Performance Analysis of Free-Space Optical Links Over Malaga (M) Turbulence Channels with Pointing Errors,” IEEE T Wirel, Commun. 99, 1 (2015).

Yu, S.

Yu, S. Y.

S. Y. Yu, Z. T. Ma, F. Wu, J. Ma, and L. Y. Tan, “Overview and trend of steady tracking in free-space optical communication links,” Proc. SPIE 9521, 95210N (2015).

S. Y. Yu, J. Ma, and L. Y. Tan, “Methods of improving acquisition probability of scanning in intersatellite optical communication,” J. Optoelectronics Laser, Networking 16(12), 57–62 (2004).

Yura, H. T.

R. A. Fields, D. A. Kozlowski, H. T. Yura, L. R. Wong, J. M. Wicker, C. T. Lunde, M. Gregory, B. K. Wandernoth, F. F. Heine, and J. J. Luna, “5.625 Gbps bidirectional laser communications measurements between the NFIRE satellite and an optical ground station,” Proc. SPIE 8184, 81840D (2011).
[Crossref]

Acta Astronaut. (1)

Y. Fujiwara, M. Mokuno, T. Jono, T. Yamawaki, K. Arai, M. Toyoshima, H. Kunimori, Z. Sodnik, A. Bird, and B. Demelenne, “Optical inter-orbit communications engineering test satellite (OICETS),” Acta Astronaut. 61(1-6), 163–175 (2007).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (1)

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

V. W. S. Chan, “Optical space communications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6(6), 959–975 (2000).
[Crossref]

IEEE T Wirel, Commun. (2)

I. S. Ansari, M.-S. Alouini, and J. Cheng, “Ergodic Capacity Analysis of Free-Space Optical Links With Nonzero Boresight Pointing Errors,” IEEE T Wirel, Commun. 14(8), 4248–4264 (2015).

I. S. Ansari, F. Yilmaz, and M.-S. Alouini, “Performance Analysis of Free-Space Optical Links Over Malaga (M) Turbulence Channels with Pointing Errors,” IEEE T Wirel, Commun. 99, 1 (2015).

J. Optoelectronics Laser, Networking (1)

S. Y. Yu, J. Ma, and L. Y. Tan, “Methods of improving acquisition probability of scanning in intersatellite optical communication,” J. Optoelectronics Laser, Networking 16(12), 57–62 (2004).

Opt. Express (2)

Proc. SPIE (6)

N. Tanzillo, B. Dunbar, and S. Lee, “Development of a lasercom testbed for the pointing, acquisition, and tracking subsystem of satellite-to-satellite laser communications link,” Proc. SPIE 6877, 687704 (2008).
[Crossref]

I. I. Kim, B. Riley, N. M. Wong, M. Mitchell, W. Brown, H. Hakakha, P. Adhikari, and E. J. Korevaar, “Lessons learned from the STRV-2 satellite-to-ground lasercom experiment,” Proc. SPIE 4272, 1–15 (2001).
[Crossref]

T. Tolker-Nielsen and G. Oppenhaeuser, “In Orbit test result of an Operational Optical Intersatellite Link between ARTEMIS and SPOT4, SILEX,” Proc. SPIE 4635, 1–15 (2002).
[Crossref]

S. Y. Yu, Z. T. Ma, F. Wu, J. Ma, and L. Y. Tan, “Overview and trend of steady tracking in free-space optical communication links,” Proc. SPIE 9521, 95210N (2015).

I. I. Kim, B. Riley, N. M. Wong, M. Mitchell, W. Brown, H. Hakakha, P. Adhikari, and E. J. Korevaar, “Lessons learned from the STRV-2 satellite-to-ground lasercom experiment,” Proc. SPIE 4272, 1–15 (2001).
[Crossref]

R. A. Fields, D. A. Kozlowski, H. T. Yura, L. R. Wong, J. M. Wicker, C. T. Lunde, M. Gregory, B. K. Wandernoth, F. F. Heine, and J. J. Luna, “5.625 Gbps bidirectional laser communications measurements between the NFIRE satellite and an optical ground station,” Proc. SPIE 8184, 81840D (2011).
[Crossref]

Other (3)

C. Hindman and L. Toberton, “Beaconless satellite laser acquisition – modeling and feasibility,” in Proceedings of the MILCOM 2004-IEEE Military Communications Conference (2004), pp. 41–47.

S. Seel, H. Kämpfner, F. Heine, D. Dallmann, and G. Muhlnikel, M.M. Gregory, K. Reinhardt, J. Saucke, U. Muckherjee, B. Sterr, R. Wandernoth, Meyer, and R. Czichy, “Space to ground bidirectional optical communication link at 5.6 Gbps and EDRS connectivity outlook,”in Proceedings of the Aerospace Conference (IEEE, 2011), pp. 1–7.

U. Sterr, M. Gregory, and F. Heine, “Beaconless acquisition for ISL and SGL, summary of 3 years operation in space and on ground,” in Proceedings of the 2011-IEEE International Conference on Space Optical Systems and Applications (2011) pp. 38–43.
[Crossref]

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 The structure of the inter-satellites optical communication.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 The whole system of the inter-satellites optical communication.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 The control unit.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 The relationships of maximal σ2 with θb(a), η and SNR0(b).
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 The block diagram of typical two order control system.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 The relationships of η with overshoot Mp and response time ts.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 The experiment tracking system in laboratory.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 Comparison of the maintain time of link (statistical data from 10 experiments).

Equations (16)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

η= θ out θ in =1 lim s0 1 s(1+F(s)) .
x ^ = i n x i ( S i + N i ) i n ( S i + N i ) ,
SNR= i=1 n S i i=1 n N i .
Δx= 1 1+SNR ( x ¯ x ¯ ),
x ¯ = i=1 n x i S i i=1 n S i , x ¯ = i=1 n x i N i i=1 n N i .
ΔΦ= 1 1+SN R 0 G(Φ) Φ,
G(Φ)=exp( 8 Φ 2 θ b 2 )
ΔΦ= Φ 1+SN R 0 exp( 8 Φ 2 θ b 2 ) ,
σ 1 θ b 4 2q .
η= θ out θ in =1 lim s0 1 s(1+F(s)) ,
Φ A,B (t)=(1η)[ Φ B,A (tT)+ Φ A,B (t) ].
Φ A,B < { 1 8 ln[ SN R 0 ( η 2 12 η 2 ) ] } 1 2 θ b .
σ 2 < { 1 8 ln[ SN R 0 ( η 2 12 η 2 ) ]( 1 n(1 η 2 ) 1 n 2 (1η) 2 ) } 1 2 θ b .
Mp= e πξ 1 ξ 2 100%,
ts= 3 ξ ω n .
η=1 2ts ln 2 ( Mp ) 3( ln 2 ( Mp )+ π 2 ) .

Metrics