Abstract

The radiation-induced photoluminescence (PL) properties of Bi/Al-codoped silica optical fibers were investigated. The Bi/Al-related materials were doped into fiber core via atomic layer deposition. The pristine fiber samples were irradiated with different doses, and its absorption and PL properties were studied. A new absorption peak appeared at approximately 580 nm, and the intensity of absorption peaks is increased with the increasing of radiation doses. When the fiber samples were excited with a 532 nm pump, the intensity of the near infrared fluorescence decreased lightly. However, when the fiber samples were excited with a 980 nm pump the intensity of the fluorescence increased significantly with the increase of radiation doses (0-2.0 kGy). The intensity of fluorescence decreased when the radiation doses were increased up to 3.0 kGy. furthermore, the fluorescence intensity of the 1410 nm band increased much more than that the 1150 nm band. In addition, the microstructural characteristics of the Bi/Al-codoped silica optical fibers were analyzed using electron spin resonance (ESR). Many radiation-induced defect centers were present, and the intensity of the ESR signals also increased with the increase of radiation doses. The photoluminescence properties and microstructural characteristics were related in the radiated Bi-related silica optical fibers. A possible underlying mechanism for the radiation-induced photoluminescence enhancement process in the Bi/Al-doped silica fiber is discussed.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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References

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2015 (3)

2014 (3)

S. Firstov, S. Alyshev, M. Melkumov, K. Riumkin, A. Shubin, and E. Dianov, “Bismuth-doped optical fibers and fiber lasers for a spectral region of 1600-1800 nm,” Opt. Lett. 39(24), 6927–6930 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. A. Bufetov, M. A. Melkumov, S. V. Firstov, K. E. Riumkin, A. V. Shubin, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Bi-doped optical fibers and fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum. Electron. 20(5), 0903815 (2014).

J. C. Lagomacini, D. Bravo, A. Martín, F. J. López, P. Martín, and Á. Ibarra, “Growth kinetics of AlOHC defects in γ-irradiated silica glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 403, 5–8 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (6)

J. X. Wen, T. Y. Wang, F. F. Pang, X. L. Zeng, Z. Y. Chen, and G. D. Peng, “Photoluminescence characteristics of Bi (m+)-doped silica optical fiber: structural model and theoretical analysis,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 52(12R), 122501 (2013).
[Crossref]

Z. W. Yang, J. Y. Liao, S. F. Lai, H. J. Wu, Z. Z. Fan, J. B. Qiu, Z. G. Song, Y. Yang, and D. C. Zhou, “Energy transfer and photoluminescence properties in Bi3+ and Eu3+ co-doped ZnGa2O4,” Opt. Mater. Express 3, 350–354 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. Girard, J. Kuhnhenn, A. Gusarov, B. Brichard, M. Van Uffelen, Y. Ouerdane, A. Boukenter, and C. Marcandella, “Radiation effects on silica-based optical fibers: Recent advances and future challenges,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 60(3), 2015–2036 (2013).
[Crossref]

E. M. Dianov, “Amplification in extended transmission bands using bismuth-doped optical fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 31(4), 681–688 (2013).
[Crossref]

W. Shen, J. Ren, S. Baccaro, A. Cemmi, and G. Chen, “Broadband infrared luminescence in γ-ray irradiated bismuth borosilicate glasses,” Opt. Lett. 38(4), 516–518 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Deschamps, H. Vezin, C. Gonnet, and N. Ollier, “Evidence of AlOHC responsible for the radiation-induced darkening in Yb doped fiber,” Opt. Express 21(7), 8382–8392 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (3)

2011 (4)

H. T. Sun, Y. Sakka, M. Fujii, N. Shirahata, and H. Gao, “Ultrabroad near-infrared photoluminescence from ionic liquids containing subvalent bismuth,” Opt. Lett. 36(2), 100–102 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, I. A. Bufetov, E. G. Firstova, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Combined excitation-emission spectroscopy of bismuth active centers in optical fibers,” Opt. Express 19(20), 19551–19561 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. L. Griscom, “Trapped-electron centers in pure and doped glassy silica: A review and synthesis,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357(8), 1945–1962 (2011).
[Crossref]

F. H. ElBatal, M. A. Marzouk, and A. M. Abdel ghany, “Gamma rays interaction with bismuth borate glasses doped by transition metal ions,” J. Mater. Sci. 46(15), 5140–5152 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (4)

Y. Ou, S. Baccaro, Y. Zhang, Y. Yang, and G. Chen, “Effect of gamma-ray irradiation on the Optical Properties of PbO-B2O3-SiO2 and Bi2O3-B2O3-SiO2 glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 93(2), 338–341 (2010).
[Crossref]

Y. Fujimoto, “Local structure of the infrared bismuth luminescent center in bismuth-doped silica glass,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 93(2), 581–589 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. X. Wen, W. Y. Luo, Z. Y. Xiao, T. Y. Wang, Z. Y. Chen, and X. Y. Zeng, “Formation and conversion of defect centers in low water peak single mode optical fiber induced by gamma rays irradiation,” J. Appl. Phys. 107(4), 044904 (2010).
[Crossref]

Y. Fujimoto, “Local structure of the infrared bismuth luminescent center in bismuth-doped silica glass,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 93(2), 581–589 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (3)

V. O. Sokolov, V. G. Plotnichenko, V. V. Koltashev, and E. M. Dianov, “Centres of broadband near-IR luminescence in bismuth-doped glasses,” J. Phys. D 42(9), 095410 (2009).
[Crossref]

A. N. Trukhina, J. Teterisa, A. Fedotova, D. L. Griscomb, and G. Buscarinoc, “Photosensitivity of SiO2-Al and SiO2-Na glasses under ArF laser,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 355(18), 1066–1074 (2009).
[Crossref]

I. A. Bufetov and E. M. Dianov, “Bi-doped fiber lasers,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(7), 487–504 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (1)

2007 (3)

J. J. Ren, J. R. Qiu, D. P. Chen, C. Wang, X. W. Jiang, and C. S. Zhu, “Infrared luminescence properties of bismuth-doped barium silicate glasses,” J. Mater. Res. 22(7), 1954–1958 (2007).
[Crossref]

I. Razdobreev, L. Bigot, V. Pureur, A. Favre, G. Bouwmans, and M. Douay, “Efficient all-fiber bismuth-doped laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(3), 031103 (2007).
[Crossref]

S. Girard, B. Tortech, E. Regnier, M. Van Uffelen, A. Gusarov, Y. Ouerdane, J. Baggio, P. Paillet, V. Ferlet-Cavrois, A. Boukenter, J.-P. Meunier, F. Berghmans, J. R. Schwank, M. R. Shaneyfelt, J. A. Felix, E. W. Blackmore, and H. Thienpont, “Proton-and gamma-induced effects on erbium- doped optical fibers,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 54(6), 2426–2434 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

H. Xia and X. Wang, “Near infrared broadband emission from Bi5+-doped Al2O3-GeO2-X (X=Na2O,BaO,Y2O3) glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 051917 (2006).
[Crossref]

2004 (3)

S. S. Girard, J. Keurinck, Y. Ouerdane, J. P. Meunier, and A. Boukenter, “γ-rays and pulsed X-ray radiation responses of germanosilicate single-mode optical fibers: influence of cladding codopants,” J. Lightwave Technol. 22(8), 1915–1922 (2004).
[Crossref]

A. N. Trukhin, J. L. Jansons, and K. Truhins, “Luminescence of silica glass containing aluminum oxide,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 347(1–3), 80–86 (2004).
[Crossref]

X. Lin Xu, X. B. Yu, L. H. Mao, S. P. Yang, and Z. F. Peng, “Preparation and photoluminescence of Bi3+-doped strontium chloroapatite nano-phosphor,” Mater. Lett. 58(29), 3665–3668 (2004).
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

K. Chah, B. Boizot, B. Reynard, D. Ghaleb, and G. Petite, “Micro-Raman and EPR studies of β-radiation damages in aluminosilicate glasses,” Nucl. Instrum. Meth. B 191(1–4), 337–341 (2002).
[Crossref]

2001 (1)

Y. Fujimoto and M. Nakatsuka, “Infrared luminescence from bismuth-doped silica glass,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40(2), L279–L281 (2001).
[Crossref]

1999 (1)

J. Nishii, K. Kintaka, H. Hosono, H. Kawazoe, M. Kato, and K. Muta, “Pair generation of Ge electron centers and self-trapped hole centers in GeO2-SiO2 glasses by KrF excimer-laser irradiation,” Phys. Rev. B 60(10), 7166–7169 (1999).
[Crossref]

1985 (1)

N. Imai, K. Shimokawa, and M. Hirota, “ESR dating of volcanic ash,” Nature 314(6006), 81–83 (1985).
[Crossref]

1979 (1)

K. L. Brower, “Electron paramagnetic resonance of AlE1’centers in vitreous silica,” Phys. Rev. B 20(5), 1799–1811 (1979).
[Crossref]

1974 (1)

E. J. Friebele, D. L. Griscom, and G. H. Sigel., “Defect centers in a germanium-doped silica-core optical fiber,” J. Appl. Phys. 45(8), 3424–3428 (1974).
[Crossref]

1961 (1)

P. W. Levy, “Color centers and radiation-induced defects in Al2O3,” Phys. Rev. 123(4), 1226–1233 (1961).
[Crossref]

Abdel ghany, A. M.

F. H. ElBatal, M. A. Marzouk, and A. M. Abdel ghany, “Gamma rays interaction with bismuth borate glasses doped by transition metal ions,” J. Mater. Sci. 46(15), 5140–5152 (2011).
[Crossref]

Alyshev, S.

Baccaro, S.

W. Shen, J. Ren, S. Baccaro, A. Cemmi, and G. Chen, “Broadband infrared luminescence in γ-ray irradiated bismuth borosilicate glasses,” Opt. Lett. 38(4), 516–518 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Ou, S. Baccaro, Y. Zhang, Y. Yang, and G. Chen, “Effect of gamma-ray irradiation on the Optical Properties of PbO-B2O3-SiO2 and Bi2O3-B2O3-SiO2 glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 93(2), 338–341 (2010).
[Crossref]

Baggio, J.

S. Girard, B. Tortech, E. Regnier, M. Van Uffelen, A. Gusarov, Y. Ouerdane, J. Baggio, P. Paillet, V. Ferlet-Cavrois, A. Boukenter, J.-P. Meunier, F. Berghmans, J. R. Schwank, M. R. Shaneyfelt, J. A. Felix, E. W. Blackmore, and H. Thienpont, “Proton-and gamma-induced effects on erbium- doped optical fibers,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 54(6), 2426–2434 (2007).
[Crossref]

Berghmans, F.

S. Girard, B. Tortech, E. Regnier, M. Van Uffelen, A. Gusarov, Y. Ouerdane, J. Baggio, P. Paillet, V. Ferlet-Cavrois, A. Boukenter, J.-P. Meunier, F. Berghmans, J. R. Schwank, M. R. Shaneyfelt, J. A. Felix, E. W. Blackmore, and H. Thienpont, “Proton-and gamma-induced effects on erbium- doped optical fibers,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 54(6), 2426–2434 (2007).
[Crossref]

Bigot, L.

I. Razdobreev, L. Bigot, V. Pureur, A. Favre, G. Bouwmans, and M. Douay, “Efficient all-fiber bismuth-doped laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(3), 031103 (2007).
[Crossref]

Blackmore, E. W.

S. Girard, B. Tortech, E. Regnier, M. Van Uffelen, A. Gusarov, Y. Ouerdane, J. Baggio, P. Paillet, V. Ferlet-Cavrois, A. Boukenter, J.-P. Meunier, F. Berghmans, J. R. Schwank, M. R. Shaneyfelt, J. A. Felix, E. W. Blackmore, and H. Thienpont, “Proton-and gamma-induced effects on erbium- doped optical fibers,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 54(6), 2426–2434 (2007).
[Crossref]

Boizot, B.

K. Chah, B. Boizot, B. Reynard, D. Ghaleb, and G. Petite, “Micro-Raman and EPR studies of β-radiation damages in aluminosilicate glasses,” Nucl. Instrum. Meth. B 191(1–4), 337–341 (2002).
[Crossref]

Boukenter, A.

S. Girard, J. Kuhnhenn, A. Gusarov, B. Brichard, M. Van Uffelen, Y. Ouerdane, A. Boukenter, and C. Marcandella, “Radiation effects on silica-based optical fibers: Recent advances and future challenges,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 60(3), 2015–2036 (2013).
[Crossref]

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S. Girard, J. Kuhnhenn, A. Gusarov, B. Brichard, M. Van Uffelen, Y. Ouerdane, A. Boukenter, and C. Marcandella, “Radiation effects on silica-based optical fibers: Recent advances and future challenges,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 60(3), 2015–2036 (2013).
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S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, I. A. Bufetov, E. G. Firstova, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Combined excitation-emission spectroscopy of bismuth active centers in optical fibers,” Opt. Express 19(20), 19551–19561 (2011).
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J. X. Wen, J. Wang, Y. H. Dong, N. Chen, Y. H. Luo, G. D. Peng, F. F. Pang, Z. Y. Chen, and T. Y. Wang, “Photoluminescence properties of Bi/Al-codoped silica optical fiber based on atomic layer deposition method,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 349, 287–291 (2015).
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J. X. Wen, J. Wang, Y. H. Dong, N. Chen, Y. H. Luo, G. D. Peng, F. F. Pang, Z. Y. Chen, and T. Y. Wang, “Photoluminescence properties of Bi/Al-codoped silica optical fiber based on atomic layer deposition method,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 349, 287–291 (2015).
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J. X. Wen, W. Y. Luo, Z. Y. Xiao, T. Y. Wang, Z. Y. Chen, and X. Y. Zeng, “Formation and conversion of defect centers in low water peak single mode optical fiber induced by gamma rays irradiation,” J. Appl. Phys. 107(4), 044904 (2010).
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Dianov, E.

Dianov, E. M.

I. A. Bufetov, M. A. Melkumov, S. V. Firstov, K. E. Riumkin, A. V. Shubin, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Bi-doped optical fibers and fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum. Electron. 20(5), 0903815 (2014).

E. M. Dianov, “Amplification in extended transmission bands using bismuth-doped optical fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 31(4), 681–688 (2013).
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S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, I. A. Bufetov, E. G. Firstova, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Combined excitation-emission spectroscopy of bismuth active centers in optical fibers,” Opt. Express 19(20), 19551–19561 (2011).
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I. Razdobreev, L. Bigot, V. Pureur, A. Favre, G. Bouwmans, and M. Douay, “Efficient all-fiber bismuth-doped laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(3), 031103 (2007).
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F. H. ElBatal, M. A. Marzouk, and A. M. Abdel ghany, “Gamma rays interaction with bismuth borate glasses doped by transition metal ions,” J. Mater. Sci. 46(15), 5140–5152 (2011).
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Z. W. Yang, J. Y. Liao, S. F. Lai, H. J. Wu, Z. Z. Fan, J. B. Qiu, Z. G. Song, Y. Yang, and D. C. Zhou, “Energy transfer and photoluminescence properties in Bi3+ and Eu3+ co-doped ZnGa2O4,” Opt. Mater. Express 3, 350–354 (2013).
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S. Girard, B. Tortech, E. Regnier, M. Van Uffelen, A. Gusarov, Y. Ouerdane, J. Baggio, P. Paillet, V. Ferlet-Cavrois, A. Boukenter, J.-P. Meunier, F. Berghmans, J. R. Schwank, M. R. Shaneyfelt, J. A. Felix, E. W. Blackmore, and H. Thienpont, “Proton-and gamma-induced effects on erbium- doped optical fibers,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 54(6), 2426–2434 (2007).
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S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, I. A. Bufetov, E. G. Firstova, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Combined excitation-emission spectroscopy of bismuth active centers in optical fibers,” Opt. Express 19(20), 19551–19561 (2011).
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Ghaleb, D.

K. Chah, B. Boizot, B. Reynard, D. Ghaleb, and G. Petite, “Micro-Raman and EPR studies of β-radiation damages in aluminosilicate glasses,” Nucl. Instrum. Meth. B 191(1–4), 337–341 (2002).
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S. Girard, J. Kuhnhenn, A. Gusarov, B. Brichard, M. Van Uffelen, Y. Ouerdane, A. Boukenter, and C. Marcandella, “Radiation effects on silica-based optical fibers: Recent advances and future challenges,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 60(3), 2015–2036 (2013).
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S. Girard, B. Tortech, E. Regnier, M. Van Uffelen, A. Gusarov, Y. Ouerdane, J. Baggio, P. Paillet, V. Ferlet-Cavrois, A. Boukenter, J.-P. Meunier, F. Berghmans, J. R. Schwank, M. R. Shaneyfelt, J. A. Felix, E. W. Blackmore, and H. Thienpont, “Proton-and gamma-induced effects on erbium- doped optical fibers,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 54(6), 2426–2434 (2007).
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A. N. Trukhina, J. Teterisa, A. Fedotova, D. L. Griscomb, and G. Buscarinoc, “Photosensitivity of SiO2-Al and SiO2-Na glasses under ArF laser,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 355(18), 1066–1074 (2009).
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Guryanov, A. N.

I. A. Bufetov, M. A. Melkumov, S. V. Firstov, K. E. Riumkin, A. V. Shubin, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Bi-doped optical fibers and fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum. Electron. 20(5), 0903815 (2014).

S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, I. A. Bufetov, E. G. Firstova, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Combined excitation-emission spectroscopy of bismuth active centers in optical fibers,” Opt. Express 19(20), 19551–19561 (2011).
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S. Girard, J. Kuhnhenn, A. Gusarov, B. Brichard, M. Van Uffelen, Y. Ouerdane, A. Boukenter, and C. Marcandella, “Radiation effects on silica-based optical fibers: Recent advances and future challenges,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 60(3), 2015–2036 (2013).
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S. Girard, B. Tortech, E. Regnier, M. Van Uffelen, A. Gusarov, Y. Ouerdane, J. Baggio, P. Paillet, V. Ferlet-Cavrois, A. Boukenter, J.-P. Meunier, F. Berghmans, J. R. Schwank, M. R. Shaneyfelt, J. A. Felix, E. W. Blackmore, and H. Thienpont, “Proton-and gamma-induced effects on erbium- doped optical fibers,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 54(6), 2426–2434 (2007).
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J. C. Lagomacini, D. Bravo, A. Martín, F. J. López, P. Martín, and Á. Ibarra, “Growth kinetics of AlOHC defects in γ-irradiated silica glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 403, 5–8 (2014).
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J. J. Ren, J. R. Qiu, D. P. Chen, C. Wang, X. W. Jiang, and C. S. Zhu, “Infrared luminescence properties of bismuth-doped barium silicate glasses,” J. Mater. Res. 22(7), 1954–1958 (2007).
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Kato, M.

J. Nishii, K. Kintaka, H. Hosono, H. Kawazoe, M. Kato, and K. Muta, “Pair generation of Ge electron centers and self-trapped hole centers in GeO2-SiO2 glasses by KrF excimer-laser irradiation,” Phys. Rev. B 60(10), 7166–7169 (1999).
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J. Nishii, K. Kintaka, H. Hosono, H. Kawazoe, M. Kato, and K. Muta, “Pair generation of Ge electron centers and self-trapped hole centers in GeO2-SiO2 glasses by KrF excimer-laser irradiation,” Phys. Rev. B 60(10), 7166–7169 (1999).
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Khopin, V. F.

I. A. Bufetov, M. A. Melkumov, S. V. Firstov, K. E. Riumkin, A. V. Shubin, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Bi-doped optical fibers and fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum. Electron. 20(5), 0903815 (2014).

S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, I. A. Bufetov, E. G. Firstova, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Combined excitation-emission spectroscopy of bismuth active centers in optical fibers,” Opt. Express 19(20), 19551–19561 (2011).
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J. Nishii, K. Kintaka, H. Hosono, H. Kawazoe, M. Kato, and K. Muta, “Pair generation of Ge electron centers and self-trapped hole centers in GeO2-SiO2 glasses by KrF excimer-laser irradiation,” Phys. Rev. B 60(10), 7166–7169 (1999).
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V. O. Sokolov, V. G. Plotnichenko, V. V. Koltashev, and E. M. Dianov, “Centres of broadband near-IR luminescence in bismuth-doped glasses,” J. Phys. D 42(9), 095410 (2009).
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Kuhnhenn, J.

S. Girard, J. Kuhnhenn, A. Gusarov, B. Brichard, M. Van Uffelen, Y. Ouerdane, A. Boukenter, and C. Marcandella, “Radiation effects on silica-based optical fibers: Recent advances and future challenges,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 60(3), 2015–2036 (2013).
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J. C. Lagomacini, D. Bravo, A. Martín, F. J. López, P. Martín, and Á. Ibarra, “Growth kinetics of AlOHC defects in γ-irradiated silica glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 403, 5–8 (2014).
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Z. W. Yang, J. Y. Liao, S. F. Lai, H. J. Wu, Z. Z. Fan, J. B. Qiu, Z. G. Song, Y. Yang, and D. C. Zhou, “Energy transfer and photoluminescence properties in Bi3+ and Eu3+ co-doped ZnGa2O4,” Opt. Mater. Express 3, 350–354 (2013).
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G. Violakis, H. G. Limberger, V. M. Mashinsky, and E. M. Dianov, “Dose dependence of luminescence increase in H2-loaded Bi-Al co-doped optical fibers by cw 244-nm and pulsed 193- nm laser irradiation,” Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OFC2013, P. OTh4C.2.
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J. C. Lagomacini, D. Bravo, A. Martín, F. J. López, P. Martín, and Á. Ibarra, “Growth kinetics of AlOHC defects in γ-irradiated silica glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 403, 5–8 (2014).
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J. X. Wen, W. Y. Luo, Z. Y. Xiao, T. Y. Wang, Z. Y. Chen, and X. Y. Zeng, “Formation and conversion of defect centers in low water peak single mode optical fiber induced by gamma rays irradiation,” J. Appl. Phys. 107(4), 044904 (2010).
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Luo, Y. H.

J. X. Wen, J. Wang, Y. H. Dong, N. Chen, Y. H. Luo, G. D. Peng, F. F. Pang, Z. Y. Chen, and T. Y. Wang, “Photoluminescence properties of Bi/Al-codoped silica optical fiber based on atomic layer deposition method,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 349, 287–291 (2015).
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Mao, L. H.

X. Lin Xu, X. B. Yu, L. H. Mao, S. P. Yang, and Z. F. Peng, “Preparation and photoluminescence of Bi3+-doped strontium chloroapatite nano-phosphor,” Mater. Lett. 58(29), 3665–3668 (2004).
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S. Girard, J. Kuhnhenn, A. Gusarov, B. Brichard, M. Van Uffelen, Y. Ouerdane, A. Boukenter, and C. Marcandella, “Radiation effects on silica-based optical fibers: Recent advances and future challenges,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 60(3), 2015–2036 (2013).
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J. C. Lagomacini, D. Bravo, A. Martín, F. J. López, P. Martín, and Á. Ibarra, “Growth kinetics of AlOHC defects in γ-irradiated silica glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 403, 5–8 (2014).
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J. C. Lagomacini, D. Bravo, A. Martín, F. J. López, P. Martín, and Á. Ibarra, “Growth kinetics of AlOHC defects in γ-irradiated silica glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 403, 5–8 (2014).
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F. H. ElBatal, M. A. Marzouk, and A. M. Abdel ghany, “Gamma rays interaction with bismuth borate glasses doped by transition metal ions,” J. Mater. Sci. 46(15), 5140–5152 (2011).
[Crossref]

Mashinsky, V. M.

G. Violakis, H. G. Limberger, V. M. Mashinsky, and E. M. Dianov, “Dose dependence of luminescence increase in H2-loaded Bi-Al co-doped optical fibers by cw 244-nm and pulsed 193- nm laser irradiation,” Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OFC2013, P. OTh4C.2.
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Melkumov, M. A.

I. A. Bufetov, M. A. Melkumov, S. V. Firstov, K. E. Riumkin, A. V. Shubin, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Bi-doped optical fibers and fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum. Electron. 20(5), 0903815 (2014).

Meunier, J. P.

Meunier, J.-P.

S. Girard, B. Tortech, E. Regnier, M. Van Uffelen, A. Gusarov, Y. Ouerdane, J. Baggio, P. Paillet, V. Ferlet-Cavrois, A. Boukenter, J.-P. Meunier, F. Berghmans, J. R. Schwank, M. R. Shaneyfelt, J. A. Felix, E. W. Blackmore, and H. Thienpont, “Proton-and gamma-induced effects on erbium- doped optical fibers,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 54(6), 2426–2434 (2007).
[Crossref]

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J. Nishii, K. Kintaka, H. Hosono, H. Kawazoe, M. Kato, and K. Muta, “Pair generation of Ge electron centers and self-trapped hole centers in GeO2-SiO2 glasses by KrF excimer-laser irradiation,” Phys. Rev. B 60(10), 7166–7169 (1999).
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Y. Fujimoto and M. Nakatsuka, “Infrared luminescence from bismuth-doped silica glass,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40(2), L279–L281 (2001).
[Crossref]

Nishii, J.

J. Nishii, K. Kintaka, H. Hosono, H. Kawazoe, M. Kato, and K. Muta, “Pair generation of Ge electron centers and self-trapped hole centers in GeO2-SiO2 glasses by KrF excimer-laser irradiation,” Phys. Rev. B 60(10), 7166–7169 (1999).
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Ou, Y.

Y. Ou, S. Baccaro, Y. Zhang, Y. Yang, and G. Chen, “Effect of gamma-ray irradiation on the Optical Properties of PbO-B2O3-SiO2 and Bi2O3-B2O3-SiO2 glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 93(2), 338–341 (2010).
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S. Girard, B. Tortech, E. Regnier, M. Van Uffelen, A. Gusarov, Y. Ouerdane, J. Baggio, P. Paillet, V. Ferlet-Cavrois, A. Boukenter, J.-P. Meunier, F. Berghmans, J. R. Schwank, M. R. Shaneyfelt, J. A. Felix, E. W. Blackmore, and H. Thienpont, “Proton-and gamma-induced effects on erbium- doped optical fibers,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 54(6), 2426–2434 (2007).
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S. S. Girard, J. Keurinck, Y. Ouerdane, J. P. Meunier, and A. Boukenter, “γ-rays and pulsed X-ray radiation responses of germanosilicate single-mode optical fibers: influence of cladding codopants,” J. Lightwave Technol. 22(8), 1915–1922 (2004).
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Paillet, P.

S. Girard, B. Tortech, E. Regnier, M. Van Uffelen, A. Gusarov, Y. Ouerdane, J. Baggio, P. Paillet, V. Ferlet-Cavrois, A. Boukenter, J.-P. Meunier, F. Berghmans, J. R. Schwank, M. R. Shaneyfelt, J. A. Felix, E. W. Blackmore, and H. Thienpont, “Proton-and gamma-induced effects on erbium- doped optical fibers,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 54(6), 2426–2434 (2007).
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Pang, F. F.

J. X. Wen, J. Wang, Y. H. Dong, N. Chen, Y. H. Luo, G. D. Peng, F. F. Pang, Z. Y. Chen, and T. Y. Wang, “Photoluminescence properties of Bi/Al-codoped silica optical fiber based on atomic layer deposition method,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 349, 287–291 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. X. Wen, T. Y. Wang, F. F. Pang, X. L. Zeng, Z. Y. Chen, and G. D. Peng, “Photoluminescence characteristics of Bi (m+)-doped silica optical fiber: structural model and theoretical analysis,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 52(12R), 122501 (2013).
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Peng, G. D.

Z. M. Sathi, J. Zhang, Y. Luo, J. Canning, and G. D. Peng, “Spectral properties and role of aluminium-related bismuth active center (BAC-Al) in bismuth and erbium co-doped fibers,” Opt. Mater. Express 5(5), 1195–1209 (2015).
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J. X. Wen, J. Wang, Y. H. Dong, N. Chen, Y. H. Luo, G. D. Peng, F. F. Pang, Z. Y. Chen, and T. Y. Wang, “Photoluminescence properties of Bi/Al-codoped silica optical fiber based on atomic layer deposition method,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 349, 287–291 (2015).
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J. X. Wen, T. Y. Wang, F. F. Pang, X. L. Zeng, Z. Y. Chen, and G. D. Peng, “Photoluminescence characteristics of Bi (m+)-doped silica optical fiber: structural model and theoretical analysis,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 52(12R), 122501 (2013).
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Y. Luo, J. Wen, J. Zhang, J. Canning, and G. D. Peng, “Bismuth and erbium codoped optical fiber with ultrabroadband luminescence across O-, E-, S-, C-, and L-bands,” Opt. Lett. 37(16), 3447–3449 (2012).
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Peng, M. Y.

L. L. Zhang, G. P. Dong, J. D. Wu, M. Y. Peng, and J. R. Qiu, “Excitation wavelength-dependent near-infrared luminescence from Bi-doped silica glass,” J. Alloys Compd. 531, 10–13 (2012).
[Crossref]

Peng, Z. F.

X. Lin Xu, X. B. Yu, L. H. Mao, S. P. Yang, and Z. F. Peng, “Preparation and photoluminescence of Bi3+-doped strontium chloroapatite nano-phosphor,” Mater. Lett. 58(29), 3665–3668 (2004).
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K. Chah, B. Boizot, B. Reynard, D. Ghaleb, and G. Petite, “Micro-Raman and EPR studies of β-radiation damages in aluminosilicate glasses,” Nucl. Instrum. Meth. B 191(1–4), 337–341 (2002).
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V. O. Sokolov, V. G. Plotnichenko, and E. M. Dianov, “Origin of broadband near-infrared luminescence in bismuth-doped glasses,” Opt. Lett. 33(13), 1488–1490 (2008).
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I. Razdobreev, L. Bigot, V. Pureur, A. Favre, G. Bouwmans, and M. Douay, “Efficient all-fiber bismuth-doped laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(3), 031103 (2007).
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Qiu, J. B.

Z. W. Yang, J. Y. Liao, S. F. Lai, H. J. Wu, Z. Z. Fan, J. B. Qiu, Z. G. Song, Y. Yang, and D. C. Zhou, “Energy transfer and photoluminescence properties in Bi3+ and Eu3+ co-doped ZnGa2O4,” Opt. Mater. Express 3, 350–354 (2013).
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Qiu, J. R.

L. L. Zhang, G. P. Dong, J. D. Wu, M. Y. Peng, and J. R. Qiu, “Excitation wavelength-dependent near-infrared luminescence from Bi-doped silica glass,” J. Alloys Compd. 531, 10–13 (2012).
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I. Razdobreev, L. Bigot, V. Pureur, A. Favre, G. Bouwmans, and M. Douay, “Efficient all-fiber bismuth-doped laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(3), 031103 (2007).
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Ren, J. J.

J. J. Ren, J. R. Qiu, D. P. Chen, C. Wang, X. W. Jiang, and C. S. Zhu, “Infrared luminescence properties of bismuth-doped barium silicate glasses,” J. Mater. Res. 22(7), 1954–1958 (2007).
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K. Chah, B. Boizot, B. Reynard, D. Ghaleb, and G. Petite, “Micro-Raman and EPR studies of β-radiation damages in aluminosilicate glasses,” Nucl. Instrum. Meth. B 191(1–4), 337–341 (2002).
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Sakka, Y.

Sathi, Z. M.

Schwank, J. R.

S. Girard, B. Tortech, E. Regnier, M. Van Uffelen, A. Gusarov, Y. Ouerdane, J. Baggio, P. Paillet, V. Ferlet-Cavrois, A. Boukenter, J.-P. Meunier, F. Berghmans, J. R. Schwank, M. R. Shaneyfelt, J. A. Felix, E. W. Blackmore, and H. Thienpont, “Proton-and gamma-induced effects on erbium- doped optical fibers,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 54(6), 2426–2434 (2007).
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Shaneyfelt, M. R.

S. Girard, B. Tortech, E. Regnier, M. Van Uffelen, A. Gusarov, Y. Ouerdane, J. Baggio, P. Paillet, V. Ferlet-Cavrois, A. Boukenter, J.-P. Meunier, F. Berghmans, J. R. Schwank, M. R. Shaneyfelt, J. A. Felix, E. W. Blackmore, and H. Thienpont, “Proton-and gamma-induced effects on erbium- doped optical fibers,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 54(6), 2426–2434 (2007).
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Sigel, G. H.

E. J. Friebele, D. L. Griscom, and G. H. Sigel., “Defect centers in a germanium-doped silica-core optical fiber,” J. Appl. Phys. 45(8), 3424–3428 (1974).
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Sokolov, V. O.

V. O. Sokolov, V. G. Plotnichenko, V. V. Koltashev, and E. M. Dianov, “Centres of broadband near-IR luminescence in bismuth-doped glasses,” J. Phys. D 42(9), 095410 (2009).
[Crossref]

V. O. Sokolov, V. G. Plotnichenko, and E. M. Dianov, “Origin of broadband near-infrared luminescence in bismuth-doped glasses,” Opt. Lett. 33(13), 1488–1490 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Song, Z. G.

Z. W. Yang, J. Y. Liao, S. F. Lai, H. J. Wu, Z. Z. Fan, J. B. Qiu, Z. G. Song, Y. Yang, and D. C. Zhou, “Energy transfer and photoluminescence properties in Bi3+ and Eu3+ co-doped ZnGa2O4,” Opt. Mater. Express 3, 350–354 (2013).
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Sun, H. T.

Teterisa, J.

A. N. Trukhina, J. Teterisa, A. Fedotova, D. L. Griscomb, and G. Buscarinoc, “Photosensitivity of SiO2-Al and SiO2-Na glasses under ArF laser,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 355(18), 1066–1074 (2009).
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Thienpont, H.

S. Girard, B. Tortech, E. Regnier, M. Van Uffelen, A. Gusarov, Y. Ouerdane, J. Baggio, P. Paillet, V. Ferlet-Cavrois, A. Boukenter, J.-P. Meunier, F. Berghmans, J. R. Schwank, M. R. Shaneyfelt, J. A. Felix, E. W. Blackmore, and H. Thienpont, “Proton-and gamma-induced effects on erbium- doped optical fibers,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 54(6), 2426–2434 (2007).
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S. Girard, B. Tortech, E. Regnier, M. Van Uffelen, A. Gusarov, Y. Ouerdane, J. Baggio, P. Paillet, V. Ferlet-Cavrois, A. Boukenter, J.-P. Meunier, F. Berghmans, J. R. Schwank, M. R. Shaneyfelt, J. A. Felix, E. W. Blackmore, and H. Thienpont, “Proton-and gamma-induced effects on erbium- doped optical fibers,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 54(6), 2426–2434 (2007).
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A. N. Trukhin, J. L. Jansons, and K. Truhins, “Luminescence of silica glass containing aluminum oxide,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 347(1–3), 80–86 (2004).
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Trukhin, A. N.

A. N. Trukhin, J. L. Jansons, and K. Truhins, “Luminescence of silica glass containing aluminum oxide,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 347(1–3), 80–86 (2004).
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Trukhina, A. N.

A. N. Trukhina, J. Teterisa, A. Fedotova, D. L. Griscomb, and G. Buscarinoc, “Photosensitivity of SiO2-Al and SiO2-Na glasses under ArF laser,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 355(18), 1066–1074 (2009).
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S. Girard, J. Kuhnhenn, A. Gusarov, B. Brichard, M. Van Uffelen, Y. Ouerdane, A. Boukenter, and C. Marcandella, “Radiation effects on silica-based optical fibers: Recent advances and future challenges,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 60(3), 2015–2036 (2013).
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S. Girard, B. Tortech, E. Regnier, M. Van Uffelen, A. Gusarov, Y. Ouerdane, J. Baggio, P. Paillet, V. Ferlet-Cavrois, A. Boukenter, J.-P. Meunier, F. Berghmans, J. R. Schwank, M. R. Shaneyfelt, J. A. Felix, E. W. Blackmore, and H. Thienpont, “Proton-and gamma-induced effects on erbium- doped optical fibers,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 54(6), 2426–2434 (2007).
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J. J. Ren, J. R. Qiu, D. P. Chen, C. Wang, X. W. Jiang, and C. S. Zhu, “Infrared luminescence properties of bismuth-doped barium silicate glasses,” J. Mater. Res. 22(7), 1954–1958 (2007).
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Wang, J.

J. X. Wen, J. Wang, Y. H. Dong, N. Chen, Y. H. Luo, G. D. Peng, F. F. Pang, Z. Y. Chen, and T. Y. Wang, “Photoluminescence properties of Bi/Al-codoped silica optical fiber based on atomic layer deposition method,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 349, 287–291 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wang, T. Y.

J. X. Wen, J. Wang, Y. H. Dong, N. Chen, Y. H. Luo, G. D. Peng, F. F. Pang, Z. Y. Chen, and T. Y. Wang, “Photoluminescence properties of Bi/Al-codoped silica optical fiber based on atomic layer deposition method,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 349, 287–291 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. X. Wen, T. Y. Wang, F. F. Pang, X. L. Zeng, Z. Y. Chen, and G. D. Peng, “Photoluminescence characteristics of Bi (m+)-doped silica optical fiber: structural model and theoretical analysis,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 52(12R), 122501 (2013).
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J. X. Wen, W. Y. Luo, Z. Y. Xiao, T. Y. Wang, Z. Y. Chen, and X. Y. Zeng, “Formation and conversion of defect centers in low water peak single mode optical fiber induced by gamma rays irradiation,” J. Appl. Phys. 107(4), 044904 (2010).
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Wang, X.

H. Xia and X. Wang, “Near infrared broadband emission from Bi5+-doped Al2O3-GeO2-X (X=Na2O,BaO,Y2O3) glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 051917 (2006).
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Wen, J.

Wen, J. X.

J. X. Wen, J. Wang, Y. H. Dong, N. Chen, Y. H. Luo, G. D. Peng, F. F. Pang, Z. Y. Chen, and T. Y. Wang, “Photoluminescence properties of Bi/Al-codoped silica optical fiber based on atomic layer deposition method,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 349, 287–291 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. X. Wen, T. Y. Wang, F. F. Pang, X. L. Zeng, Z. Y. Chen, and G. D. Peng, “Photoluminescence characteristics of Bi (m+)-doped silica optical fiber: structural model and theoretical analysis,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 52(12R), 122501 (2013).
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J. X. Wen, W. Y. Luo, Z. Y. Xiao, T. Y. Wang, Z. Y. Chen, and X. Y. Zeng, “Formation and conversion of defect centers in low water peak single mode optical fiber induced by gamma rays irradiation,” J. Appl. Phys. 107(4), 044904 (2010).
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Wu, H. J.

Z. W. Yang, J. Y. Liao, S. F. Lai, H. J. Wu, Z. Z. Fan, J. B. Qiu, Z. G. Song, Y. Yang, and D. C. Zhou, “Energy transfer and photoluminescence properties in Bi3+ and Eu3+ co-doped ZnGa2O4,” Opt. Mater. Express 3, 350–354 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wu, J. D.

L. L. Zhang, G. P. Dong, J. D. Wu, M. Y. Peng, and J. R. Qiu, “Excitation wavelength-dependent near-infrared luminescence from Bi-doped silica glass,” J. Alloys Compd. 531, 10–13 (2012).
[Crossref]

Xia, H.

H. Xia and X. Wang, “Near infrared broadband emission from Bi5+-doped Al2O3-GeO2-X (X=Na2O,BaO,Y2O3) glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 051917 (2006).
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Xiao, Z. Y.

J. X. Wen, W. Y. Luo, Z. Y. Xiao, T. Y. Wang, Z. Y. Chen, and X. Y. Zeng, “Formation and conversion of defect centers in low water peak single mode optical fiber induced by gamma rays irradiation,” J. Appl. Phys. 107(4), 044904 (2010).
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Xu, S.

Yang, S. P.

X. Lin Xu, X. B. Yu, L. H. Mao, S. P. Yang, and Z. F. Peng, “Preparation and photoluminescence of Bi3+-doped strontium chloroapatite nano-phosphor,” Mater. Lett. 58(29), 3665–3668 (2004).
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Yang, Y.

Z. W. Yang, J. Y. Liao, S. F. Lai, H. J. Wu, Z. Z. Fan, J. B. Qiu, Z. G. Song, Y. Yang, and D. C. Zhou, “Energy transfer and photoluminescence properties in Bi3+ and Eu3+ co-doped ZnGa2O4,” Opt. Mater. Express 3, 350–354 (2013).
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Y. Ou, S. Baccaro, Y. Zhang, Y. Yang, and G. Chen, “Effect of gamma-ray irradiation on the Optical Properties of PbO-B2O3-SiO2 and Bi2O3-B2O3-SiO2 glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 93(2), 338–341 (2010).
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Yang, Z. W.

Z. W. Yang, J. Y. Liao, S. F. Lai, H. J. Wu, Z. Z. Fan, J. B. Qiu, Z. G. Song, Y. Yang, and D. C. Zhou, “Energy transfer and photoluminescence properties in Bi3+ and Eu3+ co-doped ZnGa2O4,” Opt. Mater. Express 3, 350–354 (2013).
[Crossref]

Yu, X. B.

X. Lin Xu, X. B. Yu, L. H. Mao, S. P. Yang, and Z. F. Peng, “Preparation and photoluminescence of Bi3+-doped strontium chloroapatite nano-phosphor,” Mater. Lett. 58(29), 3665–3668 (2004).
[Crossref]

Zeng, X. L.

J. X. Wen, T. Y. Wang, F. F. Pang, X. L. Zeng, Z. Y. Chen, and G. D. Peng, “Photoluminescence characteristics of Bi (m+)-doped silica optical fiber: structural model and theoretical analysis,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 52(12R), 122501 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zeng, X. Y.

J. X. Wen, W. Y. Luo, Z. Y. Xiao, T. Y. Wang, Z. Y. Chen, and X. Y. Zeng, “Formation and conversion of defect centers in low water peak single mode optical fiber induced by gamma rays irradiation,” J. Appl. Phys. 107(4), 044904 (2010).
[Crossref]

Zhang, J.

Zhang, L. L.

L. L. Zhang, G. P. Dong, J. D. Wu, M. Y. Peng, and J. R. Qiu, “Excitation wavelength-dependent near-infrared luminescence from Bi-doped silica glass,” J. Alloys Compd. 531, 10–13 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Y.

Y. Ou, S. Baccaro, Y. Zhang, Y. Yang, and G. Chen, “Effect of gamma-ray irradiation on the Optical Properties of PbO-B2O3-SiO2 and Bi2O3-B2O3-SiO2 glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 93(2), 338–341 (2010).
[Crossref]

Zheng, J.

Zhou, D. C.

Z. W. Yang, J. Y. Liao, S. F. Lai, H. J. Wu, Z. Z. Fan, J. B. Qiu, Z. G. Song, Y. Yang, and D. C. Zhou, “Energy transfer and photoluminescence properties in Bi3+ and Eu3+ co-doped ZnGa2O4,” Opt. Mater. Express 3, 350–354 (2013).
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Zhu, C. S.

J. J. Ren, J. R. Qiu, D. P. Chen, C. Wang, X. W. Jiang, and C. S. Zhu, “Infrared luminescence properties of bismuth-doped barium silicate glasses,” J. Mater. Res. 22(7), 1954–1958 (2007).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

I. Razdobreev, L. Bigot, V. Pureur, A. Favre, G. Bouwmans, and M. Douay, “Efficient all-fiber bismuth-doped laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(3), 031103 (2007).
[Crossref]

H. Xia and X. Wang, “Near infrared broadband emission from Bi5+-doped Al2O3-GeO2-X (X=Na2O,BaO,Y2O3) glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 051917 (2006).
[Crossref]

Appl. Surf. Sci. (1)

J. X. Wen, J. Wang, Y. H. Dong, N. Chen, Y. H. Luo, G. D. Peng, F. F. Pang, Z. Y. Chen, and T. Y. Wang, “Photoluminescence properties of Bi/Al-codoped silica optical fiber based on atomic layer deposition method,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 349, 287–291 (2015).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum. Electron. (1)

I. A. Bufetov, M. A. Melkumov, S. V. Firstov, K. E. Riumkin, A. V. Shubin, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Bi-doped optical fibers and fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum. Electron. 20(5), 0903815 (2014).

IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. (2)

S. Girard, B. Tortech, E. Regnier, M. Van Uffelen, A. Gusarov, Y. Ouerdane, J. Baggio, P. Paillet, V. Ferlet-Cavrois, A. Boukenter, J.-P. Meunier, F. Berghmans, J. R. Schwank, M. R. Shaneyfelt, J. A. Felix, E. W. Blackmore, and H. Thienpont, “Proton-and gamma-induced effects on erbium- doped optical fibers,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 54(6), 2426–2434 (2007).
[Crossref]

S. Girard, J. Kuhnhenn, A. Gusarov, B. Brichard, M. Van Uffelen, Y. Ouerdane, A. Boukenter, and C. Marcandella, “Radiation effects on silica-based optical fibers: Recent advances and future challenges,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 60(3), 2015–2036 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Alloys Compd. (1)

L. L. Zhang, G. P. Dong, J. D. Wu, M. Y. Peng, and J. R. Qiu, “Excitation wavelength-dependent near-infrared luminescence from Bi-doped silica glass,” J. Alloys Compd. 531, 10–13 (2012).
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J. Am. Ceram. Soc. (3)

Y. Fujimoto, “Local structure of the infrared bismuth luminescent center in bismuth-doped silica glass,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 93(2), 581–589 (2010).
[Crossref]

Y. Ou, S. Baccaro, Y. Zhang, Y. Yang, and G. Chen, “Effect of gamma-ray irradiation on the Optical Properties of PbO-B2O3-SiO2 and Bi2O3-B2O3-SiO2 glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 93(2), 338–341 (2010).
[Crossref]

Y. Fujimoto, “Local structure of the infrared bismuth luminescent center in bismuth-doped silica glass,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 93(2), 581–589 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (2)

J. X. Wen, W. Y. Luo, Z. Y. Xiao, T. Y. Wang, Z. Y. Chen, and X. Y. Zeng, “Formation and conversion of defect centers in low water peak single mode optical fiber induced by gamma rays irradiation,” J. Appl. Phys. 107(4), 044904 (2010).
[Crossref]

E. J. Friebele, D. L. Griscom, and G. H. Sigel., “Defect centers in a germanium-doped silica-core optical fiber,” J. Appl. Phys. 45(8), 3424–3428 (1974).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

J. Mater. Res. (1)

J. J. Ren, J. R. Qiu, D. P. Chen, C. Wang, X. W. Jiang, and C. S. Zhu, “Infrared luminescence properties of bismuth-doped barium silicate glasses,” J. Mater. Res. 22(7), 1954–1958 (2007).
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J. Mater. Sci. (1)

F. H. ElBatal, M. A. Marzouk, and A. M. Abdel ghany, “Gamma rays interaction with bismuth borate glasses doped by transition metal ions,” J. Mater. Sci. 46(15), 5140–5152 (2011).
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J. Non-Cryst. Solids (4)

A. N. Trukhin, J. L. Jansons, and K. Truhins, “Luminescence of silica glass containing aluminum oxide,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 347(1–3), 80–86 (2004).
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D. L. Griscom, “Trapped-electron centers in pure and doped glassy silica: A review and synthesis,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357(8), 1945–1962 (2011).
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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Absorption spectra of Bi/Al-codoped silica optical fibers before and after irradiation.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Fluorescence spectra of the Bi/Al-codoped silica fibers excited by 532 nm pump before and after irradiation.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Possible energy levels of BAC-Al pumped by 532 nm, NRT: non radiative transition, GSA: ground state absorption.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Fluorescence spectra of Bi-doped silica fibers excited with 980 nm pump before and after irradiation: (a) Pump power 0.025 mW; (b) Relationship between intensity of fluorescence peaks and different radiation doses with 0.025 mW pumping; (c) Pump power 0.06 mW; (d) Relationship between intensity of fluorescence peaks and different radiation doses with 0.6 mW pumping.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Possible energy levels of BAC-Al (a) and BAC-Si (b) excited with 980 nm pumping.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 ESR spectra of Bi/Al-codoped silica fibers before and after irradiation at room temperature (a) and 77 K (b).

Tables (2)

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Table 1 Composition of the Bi/Al-codoped silica optical fiber preform material

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Table 2 Principal g-values of the defect centers observed in the literature and our experiments (Expts.)

Equations (6)

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B i 5+ +2e hv B i 3+ B i 5+ +4e hv B i + B i 5+ +5e hv B i 0
B i 3+ +2e hv B i + B i 3+ +3e hv B i 0
SiOSi hv Si O + Si
SiOGe hv Si O + Ge
=Al(Bi) Si | | OSi hv =Al(Bi) Si | | O + Si
=AlO Si | | hv =Al O + Si

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