Abstract

A new model for numerical analysis of partially coherent x-ray at synchrotron beamlines is presented. The model is based on statistical optics. Four-dimensional coherence function, Mutual Optical Intensity (MOI), is applied to describe the wavefront of the partially coherent light. The propagation of MOI through optical elements in the beamline is deduced with numerical calculation. The coherence of x-ray through beamlines can be acquired. We applied the model to analyze the coherence in the STXM beamline at SSRF, and got the coherence length of the beam at the endstation. To verify the theoretical results, the diffraction experiment of a single slit was performed and the diffraction pattern was simulated to get the coherence length, (31 ± 3.0) µm × (25 ± 2.1) µm (H × V), which had a good agreement with the theoretical results, (30.7 ± 0.6) µm × (31 ± 5.3) µm (H × V). The model is applicable to analyze the coherence in synchrotron beamlines.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2014 (6)

P. Zhang, S. Yang, L. Wang, J. Zhao, Z. Zhu, B. Liu, J. Zhong, and X. Sun, “Large-scale uniform Au nanodisk arrays fabricated via x-ray interference lithography for reproducible and sensitive SERS substrate,” Nanotechnology 25(24), 245301 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

O. Chubar, “Recent updates in the “Synchrotron Radiation Workshop” code, on-going developments, simulation activities, and plans for the future,” Proc. SPIE 9209, 920907 (2014).
[Crossref]

X. Shi, R. Reininger, M. Sanchez Del Rio, and L. Assoufid, “A hybrid method for x-ray optics simulation: combining geometric ray-tracing and wavefront propagation,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 21(4), 669–678 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Singer and I. A. Vartanyants, “Coherence properties of focused x-ray beams at high-brilliance synchrotron sources,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 21(1), 5–15 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Bahrdt, U. Flechsig, W. Grizzoli, and F. Siewert, “Propagation of coherent light pulses with PHASE,” Proc. SPIE 9209, 920908 (2014).
[Crossref]

N. Canestrari, O. Chubar, and R. Reininger, “Partially coherent x-ray wavefront propagation simulations including grazing-incidence focusing optics,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 21(5), 1110–1121 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2013 (4)

W. Hua, F. Bian, L. Song, X. Li, and J. Wang, “Hard x-ray optics simulation using the coherent mode decomposition of Gaussian Schell model,” Chin. Phys. C 37(6), 068001 (2013).
[Crossref]

L. Zhang, B. Zhao, L. Xue, Z. Guo, Y. Dong, H. Fang, R. Tai, and J. Hu, “Imaging interfacial micro- and nano-bubbles by scanning transmission soft x-ray microscopy,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 20(3), 413–418 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Schaffert, B. Pfau, J. Geilhufe, C. M. Günther, M. Schneider, C. K. Schmising, and S. Eisebitt, “High-resolution magnetic-domain imaging by Fourier transform holography at 21nm wavelength,” New J. Phys. 15(9), 093042 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. S. Río, “New challenges in ray tracing simulations of x-ray optics,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 425(16), 162003 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (1)

2011 (6)

D. Pelliccia, A. Y. Nikulin, H. O. Moser, and K. A. Nugent, “Experimental characterization of the coherence properties of hard x-ray sources,” Opt. Express 19(9), 8073–8078 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Bahrdt, U. Flechsig, S. Gerhardt, and I. Schneider, “PHASE: a universal software package for the propagation of time-dependent coherent light pulses along grazing incidence optics,” Proc. SPIE 8141, 81410E (2011).
[Crossref]

L. Samoylova, A. Buzmakov, G. Geloni, O. Chubar, and H. Sinn, “Cross-platform wave optics software for XFEL applications,” Proc. SPIE 8141, 81410A (2011).
[Crossref]

M. S. del Rio, N. Canestrari, F. Jiang, and F. Cerrina, “SHADOW3: a new version of the synchrotron X-ray optics modelling package,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 18(5), 708–716 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Osterhoff and T. Salditt, “Coherence filtering of x-ray waveguides: analytical and numerical approach,” New J. Phys. 13(10), 103026 (2011).
[Crossref]

I. A. Vartanyants, A. Singer, A. P. Mancuso, O. M. Yefanov, A. Sakdinawat, Y. Liu, E. Bang, G. J. Williams, G. Cadenazzi, B. Abbey, H. Sinn, D. Attwood, K. A. Nugent, E. Weckert, T. Wang, D. Zhu, B. Wu, C. Graves, A. Scherz, J. J. Turner, W. F. Schlotter, M. Messerschmidt, J. Lüning, Y. Acremann, P. Heimann, D. C. Mancini, V. Joshi, J. Krzywinski, R. Soufli, M. Fernandez-Perea, S. Hau-Riege, A. G. Peele, Y. Feng, O. Krupin, S. Moeller, and W. Wurth, “Coherence properties of individual femtosecond pulses of an x-ray free-electron laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(14), 144801 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2010 (4)

K. A. Nugent, “Coherent methods in the x-ray sciences,” Adv. Phys. 59(1), 1–99 (2010).
[Crossref]

C. Xue, Y. Wang, Z. Guo, Y. Wu, X. Zhen, M. Chen, J. Chen, S. Xue, Z. Peng, Q. Lu, and R. Tai, “High-performance soft x-ray spectromicroscopy beamline at SSRF,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 81(10), 103502 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. A. Vartanyants and A. Singer, “Coherence properties of hard x-ray synchrotron sources and x-ray free-electron lasers,” New J. Phys. 12(3), 035004 (2010).
[Crossref]

X. Z. Zhang, Z. J. Xu, R. Z. Tai, X. J. Zhen, Y. Wang, Z. Guo, R. Yan, R. Chang, B. Wang, M. Li, J. Zhao, and F. Gao, “Ratio-contrast imaging of dual-energy absorption for element mapping with a scanning transmission x-ray microscope,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 17(6), 804–809 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2009 (3)

A. Barty, R. Soufli, T. McCarville, S. L. Baker, M. J. Pivovaroff, P. Stefan, and R. Bionta, “Predicting the coherent x-ray wavefront focal properties at the Linac Coherent Light Source (LCLS) x-ray free electron laser,” Opt. Express 17(18), 15508–15519 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. W. Whitehead, G. J. Williams, H. M. Quiney, D. J. Vine, R. A. Dilanian, S. Flewett, K. A. Nugent, A. G. Peele, E. Balaur, and I. McNulty, “Diffractive imaging using partially coherent x rays,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(24), 243902 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. B. Stephenson, A. Robert, and G. Grübel, “X-ray spectroscopy: revealing the atomic dance,” Nat. Mater. 8(9), 702–703 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2007 (1)

J. Bahrdt, “Wavefront tracking within the stationary phase approximation,” Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams 10(6), 060701 (2007).
[Crossref]

2001 (1)

T. Tanaka and H. Kitamura, “SPECTRA: a synchrotron radiation calculation code,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 8(6), 1221–1228 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2000 (1)

V. Kohn, I. Snigireva, and A. Snigirev, “Direct measurement of transverse coherence length of hard x rays from interference fringes,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85(13), 2745–2748 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Abbey, B.

I. A. Vartanyants, A. Singer, A. P. Mancuso, O. M. Yefanov, A. Sakdinawat, Y. Liu, E. Bang, G. J. Williams, G. Cadenazzi, B. Abbey, H. Sinn, D. Attwood, K. A. Nugent, E. Weckert, T. Wang, D. Zhu, B. Wu, C. Graves, A. Scherz, J. J. Turner, W. F. Schlotter, M. Messerschmidt, J. Lüning, Y. Acremann, P. Heimann, D. C. Mancini, V. Joshi, J. Krzywinski, R. Soufli, M. Fernandez-Perea, S. Hau-Riege, A. G. Peele, Y. Feng, O. Krupin, S. Moeller, and W. Wurth, “Coherence properties of individual femtosecond pulses of an x-ray free-electron laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(14), 144801 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Acremann, Y.

I. A. Vartanyants, A. Singer, A. P. Mancuso, O. M. Yefanov, A. Sakdinawat, Y. Liu, E. Bang, G. J. Williams, G. Cadenazzi, B. Abbey, H. Sinn, D. Attwood, K. A. Nugent, E. Weckert, T. Wang, D. Zhu, B. Wu, C. Graves, A. Scherz, J. J. Turner, W. F. Schlotter, M. Messerschmidt, J. Lüning, Y. Acremann, P. Heimann, D. C. Mancini, V. Joshi, J. Krzywinski, R. Soufli, M. Fernandez-Perea, S. Hau-Riege, A. G. Peele, Y. Feng, O. Krupin, S. Moeller, and W. Wurth, “Coherence properties of individual femtosecond pulses of an x-ray free-electron laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(14), 144801 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Assoufid, L.

X. Shi, R. Reininger, M. Sanchez Del Rio, and L. Assoufid, “A hybrid method for x-ray optics simulation: combining geometric ray-tracing and wavefront propagation,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 21(4), 669–678 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Attwood, D.

A. Singer, F. Sorgenfrei, A. P. Mancuso, N. Gerasimova, O. M. Yefanov, J. Gulden, T. Gorniak, T. Senkbeil, A. Sakdinawat, Y. Liu, D. Attwood, S. Dziarzhytski, D. D. Mai, R. Treusch, E. Weckert, T. Salditt, A. Rosenhahn, W. Wurth, and I. A. Vartanyants, “Spatial and temporal coherence properties of single free-electron laser pulses,” Opt. Express 20(16), 17480–17495 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. A. Vartanyants, A. Singer, A. P. Mancuso, O. M. Yefanov, A. Sakdinawat, Y. Liu, E. Bang, G. J. Williams, G. Cadenazzi, B. Abbey, H. Sinn, D. Attwood, K. A. Nugent, E. Weckert, T. Wang, D. Zhu, B. Wu, C. Graves, A. Scherz, J. J. Turner, W. F. Schlotter, M. Messerschmidt, J. Lüning, Y. Acremann, P. Heimann, D. C. Mancini, V. Joshi, J. Krzywinski, R. Soufli, M. Fernandez-Perea, S. Hau-Riege, A. G. Peele, Y. Feng, O. Krupin, S. Moeller, and W. Wurth, “Coherence properties of individual femtosecond pulses of an x-ray free-electron laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(14), 144801 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bahrdt, J.

J. Bahrdt, U. Flechsig, W. Grizzoli, and F. Siewert, “Propagation of coherent light pulses with PHASE,” Proc. SPIE 9209, 920908 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Bahrdt, U. Flechsig, S. Gerhardt, and I. Schneider, “PHASE: a universal software package for the propagation of time-dependent coherent light pulses along grazing incidence optics,” Proc. SPIE 8141, 81410E (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Bahrdt, “Wavefront tracking within the stationary phase approximation,” Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams 10(6), 060701 (2007).
[Crossref]

Baker, S. L.

Balaur, E.

L. W. Whitehead, G. J. Williams, H. M. Quiney, D. J. Vine, R. A. Dilanian, S. Flewett, K. A. Nugent, A. G. Peele, E. Balaur, and I. McNulty, “Diffractive imaging using partially coherent x rays,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(24), 243902 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bang, E.

I. A. Vartanyants, A. Singer, A. P. Mancuso, O. M. Yefanov, A. Sakdinawat, Y. Liu, E. Bang, G. J. Williams, G. Cadenazzi, B. Abbey, H. Sinn, D. Attwood, K. A. Nugent, E. Weckert, T. Wang, D. Zhu, B. Wu, C. Graves, A. Scherz, J. J. Turner, W. F. Schlotter, M. Messerschmidt, J. Lüning, Y. Acremann, P. Heimann, D. C. Mancini, V. Joshi, J. Krzywinski, R. Soufli, M. Fernandez-Perea, S. Hau-Riege, A. G. Peele, Y. Feng, O. Krupin, S. Moeller, and W. Wurth, “Coherence properties of individual femtosecond pulses of an x-ray free-electron laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(14), 144801 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Barty, A.

Bian, F.

W. Hua, F. Bian, L. Song, X. Li, and J. Wang, “Hard x-ray optics simulation using the coherent mode decomposition of Gaussian Schell model,” Chin. Phys. C 37(6), 068001 (2013).
[Crossref]

Bionta, R.

Buzmakov, A.

L. Samoylova, A. Buzmakov, G. Geloni, O. Chubar, and H. Sinn, “Cross-platform wave optics software for XFEL applications,” Proc. SPIE 8141, 81410A (2011).
[Crossref]

Cadenazzi, G.

I. A. Vartanyants, A. Singer, A. P. Mancuso, O. M. Yefanov, A. Sakdinawat, Y. Liu, E. Bang, G. J. Williams, G. Cadenazzi, B. Abbey, H. Sinn, D. Attwood, K. A. Nugent, E. Weckert, T. Wang, D. Zhu, B. Wu, C. Graves, A. Scherz, J. J. Turner, W. F. Schlotter, M. Messerschmidt, J. Lüning, Y. Acremann, P. Heimann, D. C. Mancini, V. Joshi, J. Krzywinski, R. Soufli, M. Fernandez-Perea, S. Hau-Riege, A. G. Peele, Y. Feng, O. Krupin, S. Moeller, and W. Wurth, “Coherence properties of individual femtosecond pulses of an x-ray free-electron laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(14), 144801 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Canestrari, N.

N. Canestrari, O. Chubar, and R. Reininger, “Partially coherent x-ray wavefront propagation simulations including grazing-incidence focusing optics,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 21(5), 1110–1121 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. S. del Rio, N. Canestrari, F. Jiang, and F. Cerrina, “SHADOW3: a new version of the synchrotron X-ray optics modelling package,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 18(5), 708–716 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cerrina, F.

M. S. del Rio, N. Canestrari, F. Jiang, and F. Cerrina, “SHADOW3: a new version of the synchrotron X-ray optics modelling package,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 18(5), 708–716 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chang, R.

X. Z. Zhang, Z. J. Xu, R. Z. Tai, X. J. Zhen, Y. Wang, Z. Guo, R. Yan, R. Chang, B. Wang, M. Li, J. Zhao, and F. Gao, “Ratio-contrast imaging of dual-energy absorption for element mapping with a scanning transmission x-ray microscope,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 17(6), 804–809 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, J.

C. Xue, Y. Wang, Z. Guo, Y. Wu, X. Zhen, M. Chen, J. Chen, S. Xue, Z. Peng, Q. Lu, and R. Tai, “High-performance soft x-ray spectromicroscopy beamline at SSRF,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 81(10), 103502 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, M.

C. Xue, Y. Wang, Z. Guo, Y. Wu, X. Zhen, M. Chen, J. Chen, S. Xue, Z. Peng, Q. Lu, and R. Tai, “High-performance soft x-ray spectromicroscopy beamline at SSRF,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 81(10), 103502 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chubar, O.

N. Canestrari, O. Chubar, and R. Reininger, “Partially coherent x-ray wavefront propagation simulations including grazing-incidence focusing optics,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 21(5), 1110–1121 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

O. Chubar, “Recent updates in the “Synchrotron Radiation Workshop” code, on-going developments, simulation activities, and plans for the future,” Proc. SPIE 9209, 920907 (2014).
[Crossref]

L. Samoylova, A. Buzmakov, G. Geloni, O. Chubar, and H. Sinn, “Cross-platform wave optics software for XFEL applications,” Proc. SPIE 8141, 81410A (2011).
[Crossref]

del Rio, M. S.

M. S. del Rio, N. Canestrari, F. Jiang, and F. Cerrina, “SHADOW3: a new version of the synchrotron X-ray optics modelling package,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 18(5), 708–716 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dilanian, R. A.

L. W. Whitehead, G. J. Williams, H. M. Quiney, D. J. Vine, R. A. Dilanian, S. Flewett, K. A. Nugent, A. G. Peele, E. Balaur, and I. McNulty, “Diffractive imaging using partially coherent x rays,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(24), 243902 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dong, Y.

L. Zhang, B. Zhao, L. Xue, Z. Guo, Y. Dong, H. Fang, R. Tai, and J. Hu, “Imaging interfacial micro- and nano-bubbles by scanning transmission soft x-ray microscopy,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 20(3), 413–418 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dziarzhytski, S.

Eisebitt, S.

S. Schaffert, B. Pfau, J. Geilhufe, C. M. Günther, M. Schneider, C. K. Schmising, and S. Eisebitt, “High-resolution magnetic-domain imaging by Fourier transform holography at 21nm wavelength,” New J. Phys. 15(9), 093042 (2013).
[Crossref]

Fang, H.

L. Zhang, B. Zhao, L. Xue, Z. Guo, Y. Dong, H. Fang, R. Tai, and J. Hu, “Imaging interfacial micro- and nano-bubbles by scanning transmission soft x-ray microscopy,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 20(3), 413–418 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Feng, Y.

I. A. Vartanyants, A. Singer, A. P. Mancuso, O. M. Yefanov, A. Sakdinawat, Y. Liu, E. Bang, G. J. Williams, G. Cadenazzi, B. Abbey, H. Sinn, D. Attwood, K. A. Nugent, E. Weckert, T. Wang, D. Zhu, B. Wu, C. Graves, A. Scherz, J. J. Turner, W. F. Schlotter, M. Messerschmidt, J. Lüning, Y. Acremann, P. Heimann, D. C. Mancini, V. Joshi, J. Krzywinski, R. Soufli, M. Fernandez-Perea, S. Hau-Riege, A. G. Peele, Y. Feng, O. Krupin, S. Moeller, and W. Wurth, “Coherence properties of individual femtosecond pulses of an x-ray free-electron laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(14), 144801 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fernandez-Perea, M.

I. A. Vartanyants, A. Singer, A. P. Mancuso, O. M. Yefanov, A. Sakdinawat, Y. Liu, E. Bang, G. J. Williams, G. Cadenazzi, B. Abbey, H. Sinn, D. Attwood, K. A. Nugent, E. Weckert, T. Wang, D. Zhu, B. Wu, C. Graves, A. Scherz, J. J. Turner, W. F. Schlotter, M. Messerschmidt, J. Lüning, Y. Acremann, P. Heimann, D. C. Mancini, V. Joshi, J. Krzywinski, R. Soufli, M. Fernandez-Perea, S. Hau-Riege, A. G. Peele, Y. Feng, O. Krupin, S. Moeller, and W. Wurth, “Coherence properties of individual femtosecond pulses of an x-ray free-electron laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(14), 144801 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Flechsig, U.

J. Bahrdt, U. Flechsig, W. Grizzoli, and F. Siewert, “Propagation of coherent light pulses with PHASE,” Proc. SPIE 9209, 920908 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Bahrdt, U. Flechsig, S. Gerhardt, and I. Schneider, “PHASE: a universal software package for the propagation of time-dependent coherent light pulses along grazing incidence optics,” Proc. SPIE 8141, 81410E (2011).
[Crossref]

Flewett, S.

L. W. Whitehead, G. J. Williams, H. M. Quiney, D. J. Vine, R. A. Dilanian, S. Flewett, K. A. Nugent, A. G. Peele, E. Balaur, and I. McNulty, “Diffractive imaging using partially coherent x rays,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(24), 243902 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gao, F.

X. Z. Zhang, Z. J. Xu, R. Z. Tai, X. J. Zhen, Y. Wang, Z. Guo, R. Yan, R. Chang, B. Wang, M. Li, J. Zhao, and F. Gao, “Ratio-contrast imaging of dual-energy absorption for element mapping with a scanning transmission x-ray microscope,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 17(6), 804–809 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Geilhufe, J.

S. Schaffert, B. Pfau, J. Geilhufe, C. M. Günther, M. Schneider, C. K. Schmising, and S. Eisebitt, “High-resolution magnetic-domain imaging by Fourier transform holography at 21nm wavelength,” New J. Phys. 15(9), 093042 (2013).
[Crossref]

Geloni, G.

L. Samoylova, A. Buzmakov, G. Geloni, O. Chubar, and H. Sinn, “Cross-platform wave optics software for XFEL applications,” Proc. SPIE 8141, 81410A (2011).
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Gerasimova, N.

Gerhardt, S.

J. Bahrdt, U. Flechsig, S. Gerhardt, and I. Schneider, “PHASE: a universal software package for the propagation of time-dependent coherent light pulses along grazing incidence optics,” Proc. SPIE 8141, 81410E (2011).
[Crossref]

Gorniak, T.

Graves, C.

I. A. Vartanyants, A. Singer, A. P. Mancuso, O. M. Yefanov, A. Sakdinawat, Y. Liu, E. Bang, G. J. Williams, G. Cadenazzi, B. Abbey, H. Sinn, D. Attwood, K. A. Nugent, E. Weckert, T. Wang, D. Zhu, B. Wu, C. Graves, A. Scherz, J. J. Turner, W. F. Schlotter, M. Messerschmidt, J. Lüning, Y. Acremann, P. Heimann, D. C. Mancini, V. Joshi, J. Krzywinski, R. Soufli, M. Fernandez-Perea, S. Hau-Riege, A. G. Peele, Y. Feng, O. Krupin, S. Moeller, and W. Wurth, “Coherence properties of individual femtosecond pulses of an x-ray free-electron laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(14), 144801 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Grizzoli, W.

J. Bahrdt, U. Flechsig, W. Grizzoli, and F. Siewert, “Propagation of coherent light pulses with PHASE,” Proc. SPIE 9209, 920908 (2014).
[Crossref]

Grübel, G.

G. B. Stephenson, A. Robert, and G. Grübel, “X-ray spectroscopy: revealing the atomic dance,” Nat. Mater. 8(9), 702–703 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gulden, J.

Günther, C. M.

S. Schaffert, B. Pfau, J. Geilhufe, C. M. Günther, M. Schneider, C. K. Schmising, and S. Eisebitt, “High-resolution magnetic-domain imaging by Fourier transform holography at 21nm wavelength,” New J. Phys. 15(9), 093042 (2013).
[Crossref]

Guo, Z.

L. Zhang, B. Zhao, L. Xue, Z. Guo, Y. Dong, H. Fang, R. Tai, and J. Hu, “Imaging interfacial micro- and nano-bubbles by scanning transmission soft x-ray microscopy,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 20(3), 413–418 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Z. Zhang, Z. J. Xu, R. Z. Tai, X. J. Zhen, Y. Wang, Z. Guo, R. Yan, R. Chang, B. Wang, M. Li, J. Zhao, and F. Gao, “Ratio-contrast imaging of dual-energy absorption for element mapping with a scanning transmission x-ray microscope,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 17(6), 804–809 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Xue, Y. Wang, Z. Guo, Y. Wu, X. Zhen, M. Chen, J. Chen, S. Xue, Z. Peng, Q. Lu, and R. Tai, “High-performance soft x-ray spectromicroscopy beamline at SSRF,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 81(10), 103502 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hau-Riege, S.

I. A. Vartanyants, A. Singer, A. P. Mancuso, O. M. Yefanov, A. Sakdinawat, Y. Liu, E. Bang, G. J. Williams, G. Cadenazzi, B. Abbey, H. Sinn, D. Attwood, K. A. Nugent, E. Weckert, T. Wang, D. Zhu, B. Wu, C. Graves, A. Scherz, J. J. Turner, W. F. Schlotter, M. Messerschmidt, J. Lüning, Y. Acremann, P. Heimann, D. C. Mancini, V. Joshi, J. Krzywinski, R. Soufli, M. Fernandez-Perea, S. Hau-Riege, A. G. Peele, Y. Feng, O. Krupin, S. Moeller, and W. Wurth, “Coherence properties of individual femtosecond pulses of an x-ray free-electron laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(14), 144801 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Heimann, P.

I. A. Vartanyants, A. Singer, A. P. Mancuso, O. M. Yefanov, A. Sakdinawat, Y. Liu, E. Bang, G. J. Williams, G. Cadenazzi, B. Abbey, H. Sinn, D. Attwood, K. A. Nugent, E. Weckert, T. Wang, D. Zhu, B. Wu, C. Graves, A. Scherz, J. J. Turner, W. F. Schlotter, M. Messerschmidt, J. Lüning, Y. Acremann, P. Heimann, D. C. Mancini, V. Joshi, J. Krzywinski, R. Soufli, M. Fernandez-Perea, S. Hau-Riege, A. G. Peele, Y. Feng, O. Krupin, S. Moeller, and W. Wurth, “Coherence properties of individual femtosecond pulses of an x-ray free-electron laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(14), 144801 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hu, J.

L. Zhang, B. Zhao, L. Xue, Z. Guo, Y. Dong, H. Fang, R. Tai, and J. Hu, “Imaging interfacial micro- and nano-bubbles by scanning transmission soft x-ray microscopy,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 20(3), 413–418 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hua, W.

W. Hua, F. Bian, L. Song, X. Li, and J. Wang, “Hard x-ray optics simulation using the coherent mode decomposition of Gaussian Schell model,” Chin. Phys. C 37(6), 068001 (2013).
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Jiang, F.

M. S. del Rio, N. Canestrari, F. Jiang, and F. Cerrina, “SHADOW3: a new version of the synchrotron X-ray optics modelling package,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 18(5), 708–716 (2011).
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Joshi, V.

I. A. Vartanyants, A. Singer, A. P. Mancuso, O. M. Yefanov, A. Sakdinawat, Y. Liu, E. Bang, G. J. Williams, G. Cadenazzi, B. Abbey, H. Sinn, D. Attwood, K. A. Nugent, E. Weckert, T. Wang, D. Zhu, B. Wu, C. Graves, A. Scherz, J. J. Turner, W. F. Schlotter, M. Messerschmidt, J. Lüning, Y. Acremann, P. Heimann, D. C. Mancini, V. Joshi, J. Krzywinski, R. Soufli, M. Fernandez-Perea, S. Hau-Riege, A. G. Peele, Y. Feng, O. Krupin, S. Moeller, and W. Wurth, “Coherence properties of individual femtosecond pulses of an x-ray free-electron laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(14), 144801 (2011).
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T. Tanaka and H. Kitamura, “SPECTRA: a synchrotron radiation calculation code,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 8(6), 1221–1228 (2001).
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V. Kohn, I. Snigireva, and A. Snigirev, “Direct measurement of transverse coherence length of hard x rays from interference fringes,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85(13), 2745–2748 (2000).
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Krupin, O.

I. A. Vartanyants, A. Singer, A. P. Mancuso, O. M. Yefanov, A. Sakdinawat, Y. Liu, E. Bang, G. J. Williams, G. Cadenazzi, B. Abbey, H. Sinn, D. Attwood, K. A. Nugent, E. Weckert, T. Wang, D. Zhu, B. Wu, C. Graves, A. Scherz, J. J. Turner, W. F. Schlotter, M. Messerschmidt, J. Lüning, Y. Acremann, P. Heimann, D. C. Mancini, V. Joshi, J. Krzywinski, R. Soufli, M. Fernandez-Perea, S. Hau-Riege, A. G. Peele, Y. Feng, O. Krupin, S. Moeller, and W. Wurth, “Coherence properties of individual femtosecond pulses of an x-ray free-electron laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(14), 144801 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Krzywinski, J.

I. A. Vartanyants, A. Singer, A. P. Mancuso, O. M. Yefanov, A. Sakdinawat, Y. Liu, E. Bang, G. J. Williams, G. Cadenazzi, B. Abbey, H. Sinn, D. Attwood, K. A. Nugent, E. Weckert, T. Wang, D. Zhu, B. Wu, C. Graves, A. Scherz, J. J. Turner, W. F. Schlotter, M. Messerschmidt, J. Lüning, Y. Acremann, P. Heimann, D. C. Mancini, V. Joshi, J. Krzywinski, R. Soufli, M. Fernandez-Perea, S. Hau-Riege, A. G. Peele, Y. Feng, O. Krupin, S. Moeller, and W. Wurth, “Coherence properties of individual femtosecond pulses of an x-ray free-electron laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(14), 144801 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, M.

X. Z. Zhang, Z. J. Xu, R. Z. Tai, X. J. Zhen, Y. Wang, Z. Guo, R. Yan, R. Chang, B. Wang, M. Li, J. Zhao, and F. Gao, “Ratio-contrast imaging of dual-energy absorption for element mapping with a scanning transmission x-ray microscope,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 17(6), 804–809 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, X.

W. Hua, F. Bian, L. Song, X. Li, and J. Wang, “Hard x-ray optics simulation using the coherent mode decomposition of Gaussian Schell model,” Chin. Phys. C 37(6), 068001 (2013).
[Crossref]

Liu, B.

P. Zhang, S. Yang, L. Wang, J. Zhao, Z. Zhu, B. Liu, J. Zhong, and X. Sun, “Large-scale uniform Au nanodisk arrays fabricated via x-ray interference lithography for reproducible and sensitive SERS substrate,” Nanotechnology 25(24), 245301 (2014).
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Liu, Y.

A. Singer, F. Sorgenfrei, A. P. Mancuso, N. Gerasimova, O. M. Yefanov, J. Gulden, T. Gorniak, T. Senkbeil, A. Sakdinawat, Y. Liu, D. Attwood, S. Dziarzhytski, D. D. Mai, R. Treusch, E. Weckert, T. Salditt, A. Rosenhahn, W. Wurth, and I. A. Vartanyants, “Spatial and temporal coherence properties of single free-electron laser pulses,” Opt. Express 20(16), 17480–17495 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. A. Vartanyants, A. Singer, A. P. Mancuso, O. M. Yefanov, A. Sakdinawat, Y. Liu, E. Bang, G. J. Williams, G. Cadenazzi, B. Abbey, H. Sinn, D. Attwood, K. A. Nugent, E. Weckert, T. Wang, D. Zhu, B. Wu, C. Graves, A. Scherz, J. J. Turner, W. F. Schlotter, M. Messerschmidt, J. Lüning, Y. Acremann, P. Heimann, D. C. Mancini, V. Joshi, J. Krzywinski, R. Soufli, M. Fernandez-Perea, S. Hau-Riege, A. G. Peele, Y. Feng, O. Krupin, S. Moeller, and W. Wurth, “Coherence properties of individual femtosecond pulses of an x-ray free-electron laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(14), 144801 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lu, Q.

C. Xue, Y. Wang, Z. Guo, Y. Wu, X. Zhen, M. Chen, J. Chen, S. Xue, Z. Peng, Q. Lu, and R. Tai, “High-performance soft x-ray spectromicroscopy beamline at SSRF,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 81(10), 103502 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lüning, J.

I. A. Vartanyants, A. Singer, A. P. Mancuso, O. M. Yefanov, A. Sakdinawat, Y. Liu, E. Bang, G. J. Williams, G. Cadenazzi, B. Abbey, H. Sinn, D. Attwood, K. A. Nugent, E. Weckert, T. Wang, D. Zhu, B. Wu, C. Graves, A. Scherz, J. J. Turner, W. F. Schlotter, M. Messerschmidt, J. Lüning, Y. Acremann, P. Heimann, D. C. Mancini, V. Joshi, J. Krzywinski, R. Soufli, M. Fernandez-Perea, S. Hau-Riege, A. G. Peele, Y. Feng, O. Krupin, S. Moeller, and W. Wurth, “Coherence properties of individual femtosecond pulses of an x-ray free-electron laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(14), 144801 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mai, D. D.

Mancini, D. C.

I. A. Vartanyants, A. Singer, A. P. Mancuso, O. M. Yefanov, A. Sakdinawat, Y. Liu, E. Bang, G. J. Williams, G. Cadenazzi, B. Abbey, H. Sinn, D. Attwood, K. A. Nugent, E. Weckert, T. Wang, D. Zhu, B. Wu, C. Graves, A. Scherz, J. J. Turner, W. F. Schlotter, M. Messerschmidt, J. Lüning, Y. Acremann, P. Heimann, D. C. Mancini, V. Joshi, J. Krzywinski, R. Soufli, M. Fernandez-Perea, S. Hau-Riege, A. G. Peele, Y. Feng, O. Krupin, S. Moeller, and W. Wurth, “Coherence properties of individual femtosecond pulses of an x-ray free-electron laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(14), 144801 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mancuso, A. P.

A. Singer, F. Sorgenfrei, A. P. Mancuso, N. Gerasimova, O. M. Yefanov, J. Gulden, T. Gorniak, T. Senkbeil, A. Sakdinawat, Y. Liu, D. Attwood, S. Dziarzhytski, D. D. Mai, R. Treusch, E. Weckert, T. Salditt, A. Rosenhahn, W. Wurth, and I. A. Vartanyants, “Spatial and temporal coherence properties of single free-electron laser pulses,” Opt. Express 20(16), 17480–17495 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. A. Vartanyants, A. Singer, A. P. Mancuso, O. M. Yefanov, A. Sakdinawat, Y. Liu, E. Bang, G. J. Williams, G. Cadenazzi, B. Abbey, H. Sinn, D. Attwood, K. A. Nugent, E. Weckert, T. Wang, D. Zhu, B. Wu, C. Graves, A. Scherz, J. J. Turner, W. F. Schlotter, M. Messerschmidt, J. Lüning, Y. Acremann, P. Heimann, D. C. Mancini, V. Joshi, J. Krzywinski, R. Soufli, M. Fernandez-Perea, S. Hau-Riege, A. G. Peele, Y. Feng, O. Krupin, S. Moeller, and W. Wurth, “Coherence properties of individual femtosecond pulses of an x-ray free-electron laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(14), 144801 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

McCarville, T.

McNulty, I.

L. W. Whitehead, G. J. Williams, H. M. Quiney, D. J. Vine, R. A. Dilanian, S. Flewett, K. A. Nugent, A. G. Peele, E. Balaur, and I. McNulty, “Diffractive imaging using partially coherent x rays,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(24), 243902 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Messerschmidt, M.

I. A. Vartanyants, A. Singer, A. P. Mancuso, O. M. Yefanov, A. Sakdinawat, Y. Liu, E. Bang, G. J. Williams, G. Cadenazzi, B. Abbey, H. Sinn, D. Attwood, K. A. Nugent, E. Weckert, T. Wang, D. Zhu, B. Wu, C. Graves, A. Scherz, J. J. Turner, W. F. Schlotter, M. Messerschmidt, J. Lüning, Y. Acremann, P. Heimann, D. C. Mancini, V. Joshi, J. Krzywinski, R. Soufli, M. Fernandez-Perea, S. Hau-Riege, A. G. Peele, Y. Feng, O. Krupin, S. Moeller, and W. Wurth, “Coherence properties of individual femtosecond pulses of an x-ray free-electron laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(14), 144801 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Moeller, S.

I. A. Vartanyants, A. Singer, A. P. Mancuso, O. M. Yefanov, A. Sakdinawat, Y. Liu, E. Bang, G. J. Williams, G. Cadenazzi, B. Abbey, H. Sinn, D. Attwood, K. A. Nugent, E. Weckert, T. Wang, D. Zhu, B. Wu, C. Graves, A. Scherz, J. J. Turner, W. F. Schlotter, M. Messerschmidt, J. Lüning, Y. Acremann, P. Heimann, D. C. Mancini, V. Joshi, J. Krzywinski, R. Soufli, M. Fernandez-Perea, S. Hau-Riege, A. G. Peele, Y. Feng, O. Krupin, S. Moeller, and W. Wurth, “Coherence properties of individual femtosecond pulses of an x-ray free-electron laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(14), 144801 (2011).
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Moser, H. O.

Nikulin, A. Y.

Nugent, K. A.

D. Pelliccia, A. Y. Nikulin, H. O. Moser, and K. A. Nugent, “Experimental characterization of the coherence properties of hard x-ray sources,” Opt. Express 19(9), 8073–8078 (2011).
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I. A. Vartanyants, A. Singer, A. P. Mancuso, O. M. Yefanov, A. Sakdinawat, Y. Liu, E. Bang, G. J. Williams, G. Cadenazzi, B. Abbey, H. Sinn, D. Attwood, K. A. Nugent, E. Weckert, T. Wang, D. Zhu, B. Wu, C. Graves, A. Scherz, J. J. Turner, W. F. Schlotter, M. Messerschmidt, J. Lüning, Y. Acremann, P. Heimann, D. C. Mancini, V. Joshi, J. Krzywinski, R. Soufli, M. Fernandez-Perea, S. Hau-Riege, A. G. Peele, Y. Feng, O. Krupin, S. Moeller, and W. Wurth, “Coherence properties of individual femtosecond pulses of an x-ray free-electron laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(14), 144801 (2011).
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K. A. Nugent, “Coherent methods in the x-ray sciences,” Adv. Phys. 59(1), 1–99 (2010).
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L. W. Whitehead, G. J. Williams, H. M. Quiney, D. J. Vine, R. A. Dilanian, S. Flewett, K. A. Nugent, A. G. Peele, E. Balaur, and I. McNulty, “Diffractive imaging using partially coherent x rays,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(24), 243902 (2009).
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Osterhoff, M.

M. Osterhoff and T. Salditt, “Coherence filtering of x-ray waveguides: analytical and numerical approach,” New J. Phys. 13(10), 103026 (2011).
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Peele, A. G.

I. A. Vartanyants, A. Singer, A. P. Mancuso, O. M. Yefanov, A. Sakdinawat, Y. Liu, E. Bang, G. J. Williams, G. Cadenazzi, B. Abbey, H. Sinn, D. Attwood, K. A. Nugent, E. Weckert, T. Wang, D. Zhu, B. Wu, C. Graves, A. Scherz, J. J. Turner, W. F. Schlotter, M. Messerschmidt, J. Lüning, Y. Acremann, P. Heimann, D. C. Mancini, V. Joshi, J. Krzywinski, R. Soufli, M. Fernandez-Perea, S. Hau-Riege, A. G. Peele, Y. Feng, O. Krupin, S. Moeller, and W. Wurth, “Coherence properties of individual femtosecond pulses of an x-ray free-electron laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(14), 144801 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. W. Whitehead, G. J. Williams, H. M. Quiney, D. J. Vine, R. A. Dilanian, S. Flewett, K. A. Nugent, A. G. Peele, E. Balaur, and I. McNulty, “Diffractive imaging using partially coherent x rays,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(24), 243902 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pelliccia, D.

Peng, Z.

C. Xue, Y. Wang, Z. Guo, Y. Wu, X. Zhen, M. Chen, J. Chen, S. Xue, Z. Peng, Q. Lu, and R. Tai, “High-performance soft x-ray spectromicroscopy beamline at SSRF,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 81(10), 103502 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pfau, B.

S. Schaffert, B. Pfau, J. Geilhufe, C. M. Günther, M. Schneider, C. K. Schmising, and S. Eisebitt, “High-resolution magnetic-domain imaging by Fourier transform holography at 21nm wavelength,” New J. Phys. 15(9), 093042 (2013).
[Crossref]

Pivovaroff, M. J.

Quiney, H. M.

L. W. Whitehead, G. J. Williams, H. M. Quiney, D. J. Vine, R. A. Dilanian, S. Flewett, K. A. Nugent, A. G. Peele, E. Balaur, and I. McNulty, “Diffractive imaging using partially coherent x rays,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(24), 243902 (2009).
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Reininger, R.

N. Canestrari, O. Chubar, and R. Reininger, “Partially coherent x-ray wavefront propagation simulations including grazing-incidence focusing optics,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 21(5), 1110–1121 (2014).
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X. Shi, R. Reininger, M. Sanchez Del Rio, and L. Assoufid, “A hybrid method for x-ray optics simulation: combining geometric ray-tracing and wavefront propagation,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 21(4), 669–678 (2014).
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M. S. Río, “New challenges in ray tracing simulations of x-ray optics,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 425(16), 162003 (2013).
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Robert, A.

G. B. Stephenson, A. Robert, and G. Grübel, “X-ray spectroscopy: revealing the atomic dance,” Nat. Mater. 8(9), 702–703 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rosenhahn, A.

Sakdinawat, A.

A. Singer, F. Sorgenfrei, A. P. Mancuso, N. Gerasimova, O. M. Yefanov, J. Gulden, T. Gorniak, T. Senkbeil, A. Sakdinawat, Y. Liu, D. Attwood, S. Dziarzhytski, D. D. Mai, R. Treusch, E. Weckert, T. Salditt, A. Rosenhahn, W. Wurth, and I. A. Vartanyants, “Spatial and temporal coherence properties of single free-electron laser pulses,” Opt. Express 20(16), 17480–17495 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. A. Vartanyants, A. Singer, A. P. Mancuso, O. M. Yefanov, A. Sakdinawat, Y. Liu, E. Bang, G. J. Williams, G. Cadenazzi, B. Abbey, H. Sinn, D. Attwood, K. A. Nugent, E. Weckert, T. Wang, D. Zhu, B. Wu, C. Graves, A. Scherz, J. J. Turner, W. F. Schlotter, M. Messerschmidt, J. Lüning, Y. Acremann, P. Heimann, D. C. Mancini, V. Joshi, J. Krzywinski, R. Soufli, M. Fernandez-Perea, S. Hau-Riege, A. G. Peele, Y. Feng, O. Krupin, S. Moeller, and W. Wurth, “Coherence properties of individual femtosecond pulses of an x-ray free-electron laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(14), 144801 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Salditt, T.

Samoylova, L.

L. Samoylova, A. Buzmakov, G. Geloni, O. Chubar, and H. Sinn, “Cross-platform wave optics software for XFEL applications,” Proc. SPIE 8141, 81410A (2011).
[Crossref]

Sanchez Del Rio, M.

X. Shi, R. Reininger, M. Sanchez Del Rio, and L. Assoufid, “A hybrid method for x-ray optics simulation: combining geometric ray-tracing and wavefront propagation,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 21(4), 669–678 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schaffert, S.

S. Schaffert, B. Pfau, J. Geilhufe, C. M. Günther, M. Schneider, C. K. Schmising, and S. Eisebitt, “High-resolution magnetic-domain imaging by Fourier transform holography at 21nm wavelength,” New J. Phys. 15(9), 093042 (2013).
[Crossref]

Scherz, A.

I. A. Vartanyants, A. Singer, A. P. Mancuso, O. M. Yefanov, A. Sakdinawat, Y. Liu, E. Bang, G. J. Williams, G. Cadenazzi, B. Abbey, H. Sinn, D. Attwood, K. A. Nugent, E. Weckert, T. Wang, D. Zhu, B. Wu, C. Graves, A. Scherz, J. J. Turner, W. F. Schlotter, M. Messerschmidt, J. Lüning, Y. Acremann, P. Heimann, D. C. Mancini, V. Joshi, J. Krzywinski, R. Soufli, M. Fernandez-Perea, S. Hau-Riege, A. G. Peele, Y. Feng, O. Krupin, S. Moeller, and W. Wurth, “Coherence properties of individual femtosecond pulses of an x-ray free-electron laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(14), 144801 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schlotter, W. F.

I. A. Vartanyants, A. Singer, A. P. Mancuso, O. M. Yefanov, A. Sakdinawat, Y. Liu, E. Bang, G. J. Williams, G. Cadenazzi, B. Abbey, H. Sinn, D. Attwood, K. A. Nugent, E. Weckert, T. Wang, D. Zhu, B. Wu, C. Graves, A. Scherz, J. J. Turner, W. F. Schlotter, M. Messerschmidt, J. Lüning, Y. Acremann, P. Heimann, D. C. Mancini, V. Joshi, J. Krzywinski, R. Soufli, M. Fernandez-Perea, S. Hau-Riege, A. G. Peele, Y. Feng, O. Krupin, S. Moeller, and W. Wurth, “Coherence properties of individual femtosecond pulses of an x-ray free-electron laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(14), 144801 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schmising, C. K.

S. Schaffert, B. Pfau, J. Geilhufe, C. M. Günther, M. Schneider, C. K. Schmising, and S. Eisebitt, “High-resolution magnetic-domain imaging by Fourier transform holography at 21nm wavelength,” New J. Phys. 15(9), 093042 (2013).
[Crossref]

Schneider, I.

J. Bahrdt, U. Flechsig, S. Gerhardt, and I. Schneider, “PHASE: a universal software package for the propagation of time-dependent coherent light pulses along grazing incidence optics,” Proc. SPIE 8141, 81410E (2011).
[Crossref]

Schneider, M.

S. Schaffert, B. Pfau, J. Geilhufe, C. M. Günther, M. Schneider, C. K. Schmising, and S. Eisebitt, “High-resolution magnetic-domain imaging by Fourier transform holography at 21nm wavelength,” New J. Phys. 15(9), 093042 (2013).
[Crossref]

Senkbeil, T.

Shi, X.

X. Shi, R. Reininger, M. Sanchez Del Rio, and L. Assoufid, “A hybrid method for x-ray optics simulation: combining geometric ray-tracing and wavefront propagation,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 21(4), 669–678 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Siewert, F.

J. Bahrdt, U. Flechsig, W. Grizzoli, and F. Siewert, “Propagation of coherent light pulses with PHASE,” Proc. SPIE 9209, 920908 (2014).
[Crossref]

Singer, A.

A. Singer and I. A. Vartanyants, “Coherence properties of focused x-ray beams at high-brilliance synchrotron sources,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 21(1), 5–15 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Singer, F. Sorgenfrei, A. P. Mancuso, N. Gerasimova, O. M. Yefanov, J. Gulden, T. Gorniak, T. Senkbeil, A. Sakdinawat, Y. Liu, D. Attwood, S. Dziarzhytski, D. D. Mai, R. Treusch, E. Weckert, T. Salditt, A. Rosenhahn, W. Wurth, and I. A. Vartanyants, “Spatial and temporal coherence properties of single free-electron laser pulses,” Opt. Express 20(16), 17480–17495 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. A. Vartanyants, A. Singer, A. P. Mancuso, O. M. Yefanov, A. Sakdinawat, Y. Liu, E. Bang, G. J. Williams, G. Cadenazzi, B. Abbey, H. Sinn, D. Attwood, K. A. Nugent, E. Weckert, T. Wang, D. Zhu, B. Wu, C. Graves, A. Scherz, J. J. Turner, W. F. Schlotter, M. Messerschmidt, J. Lüning, Y. Acremann, P. Heimann, D. C. Mancini, V. Joshi, J. Krzywinski, R. Soufli, M. Fernandez-Perea, S. Hau-Riege, A. G. Peele, Y. Feng, O. Krupin, S. Moeller, and W. Wurth, “Coherence properties of individual femtosecond pulses of an x-ray free-electron laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(14), 144801 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. A. Vartanyants and A. Singer, “Coherence properties of hard x-ray synchrotron sources and x-ray free-electron lasers,” New J. Phys. 12(3), 035004 (2010).
[Crossref]

Sinn, H.

I. A. Vartanyants, A. Singer, A. P. Mancuso, O. M. Yefanov, A. Sakdinawat, Y. Liu, E. Bang, G. J. Williams, G. Cadenazzi, B. Abbey, H. Sinn, D. Attwood, K. A. Nugent, E. Weckert, T. Wang, D. Zhu, B. Wu, C. Graves, A. Scherz, J. J. Turner, W. F. Schlotter, M. Messerschmidt, J. Lüning, Y. Acremann, P. Heimann, D. C. Mancini, V. Joshi, J. Krzywinski, R. Soufli, M. Fernandez-Perea, S. Hau-Riege, A. G. Peele, Y. Feng, O. Krupin, S. Moeller, and W. Wurth, “Coherence properties of individual femtosecond pulses of an x-ray free-electron laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(14), 144801 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Samoylova, A. Buzmakov, G. Geloni, O. Chubar, and H. Sinn, “Cross-platform wave optics software for XFEL applications,” Proc. SPIE 8141, 81410A (2011).
[Crossref]

Snigirev, A.

V. Kohn, I. Snigireva, and A. Snigirev, “Direct measurement of transverse coherence length of hard x rays from interference fringes,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85(13), 2745–2748 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Snigireva, I.

V. Kohn, I. Snigireva, and A. Snigirev, “Direct measurement of transverse coherence length of hard x rays from interference fringes,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85(13), 2745–2748 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Song, L.

W. Hua, F. Bian, L. Song, X. Li, and J. Wang, “Hard x-ray optics simulation using the coherent mode decomposition of Gaussian Schell model,” Chin. Phys. C 37(6), 068001 (2013).
[Crossref]

Sorgenfrei, F.

Soufli, R.

I. A. Vartanyants, A. Singer, A. P. Mancuso, O. M. Yefanov, A. Sakdinawat, Y. Liu, E. Bang, G. J. Williams, G. Cadenazzi, B. Abbey, H. Sinn, D. Attwood, K. A. Nugent, E. Weckert, T. Wang, D. Zhu, B. Wu, C. Graves, A. Scherz, J. J. Turner, W. F. Schlotter, M. Messerschmidt, J. Lüning, Y. Acremann, P. Heimann, D. C. Mancini, V. Joshi, J. Krzywinski, R. Soufli, M. Fernandez-Perea, S. Hau-Riege, A. G. Peele, Y. Feng, O. Krupin, S. Moeller, and W. Wurth, “Coherence properties of individual femtosecond pulses of an x-ray free-electron laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(14), 144801 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Barty, R. Soufli, T. McCarville, S. L. Baker, M. J. Pivovaroff, P. Stefan, and R. Bionta, “Predicting the coherent x-ray wavefront focal properties at the Linac Coherent Light Source (LCLS) x-ray free electron laser,” Opt. Express 17(18), 15508–15519 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Stefan, P.

Stephenson, G. B.

G. B. Stephenson, A. Robert, and G. Grübel, “X-ray spectroscopy: revealing the atomic dance,” Nat. Mater. 8(9), 702–703 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sun, X.

P. Zhang, S. Yang, L. Wang, J. Zhao, Z. Zhu, B. Liu, J. Zhong, and X. Sun, “Large-scale uniform Au nanodisk arrays fabricated via x-ray interference lithography for reproducible and sensitive SERS substrate,” Nanotechnology 25(24), 245301 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tai, R.

L. Zhang, B. Zhao, L. Xue, Z. Guo, Y. Dong, H. Fang, R. Tai, and J. Hu, “Imaging interfacial micro- and nano-bubbles by scanning transmission soft x-ray microscopy,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 20(3), 413–418 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Xue, Y. Wang, Z. Guo, Y. Wu, X. Zhen, M. Chen, J. Chen, S. Xue, Z. Peng, Q. Lu, and R. Tai, “High-performance soft x-ray spectromicroscopy beamline at SSRF,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 81(10), 103502 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tai, R. Z.

X. Z. Zhang, Z. J. Xu, R. Z. Tai, X. J. Zhen, Y. Wang, Z. Guo, R. Yan, R. Chang, B. Wang, M. Li, J. Zhao, and F. Gao, “Ratio-contrast imaging of dual-energy absorption for element mapping with a scanning transmission x-ray microscope,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 17(6), 804–809 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tanaka, T.

T. Tanaka and H. Kitamura, “SPECTRA: a synchrotron radiation calculation code,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 8(6), 1221–1228 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Treusch, R.

Turner, J. J.

I. A. Vartanyants, A. Singer, A. P. Mancuso, O. M. Yefanov, A. Sakdinawat, Y. Liu, E. Bang, G. J. Williams, G. Cadenazzi, B. Abbey, H. Sinn, D. Attwood, K. A. Nugent, E. Weckert, T. Wang, D. Zhu, B. Wu, C. Graves, A. Scherz, J. J. Turner, W. F. Schlotter, M. Messerschmidt, J. Lüning, Y. Acremann, P. Heimann, D. C. Mancini, V. Joshi, J. Krzywinski, R. Soufli, M. Fernandez-Perea, S. Hau-Riege, A. G. Peele, Y. Feng, O. Krupin, S. Moeller, and W. Wurth, “Coherence properties of individual femtosecond pulses of an x-ray free-electron laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(14), 144801 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Vartanyants, I. A.

A. Singer and I. A. Vartanyants, “Coherence properties of focused x-ray beams at high-brilliance synchrotron sources,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 21(1), 5–15 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Singer, F. Sorgenfrei, A. P. Mancuso, N. Gerasimova, O. M. Yefanov, J. Gulden, T. Gorniak, T. Senkbeil, A. Sakdinawat, Y. Liu, D. Attwood, S. Dziarzhytski, D. D. Mai, R. Treusch, E. Weckert, T. Salditt, A. Rosenhahn, W. Wurth, and I. A. Vartanyants, “Spatial and temporal coherence properties of single free-electron laser pulses,” Opt. Express 20(16), 17480–17495 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. A. Vartanyants, A. Singer, A. P. Mancuso, O. M. Yefanov, A. Sakdinawat, Y. Liu, E. Bang, G. J. Williams, G. Cadenazzi, B. Abbey, H. Sinn, D. Attwood, K. A. Nugent, E. Weckert, T. Wang, D. Zhu, B. Wu, C. Graves, A. Scherz, J. J. Turner, W. F. Schlotter, M. Messerschmidt, J. Lüning, Y. Acremann, P. Heimann, D. C. Mancini, V. Joshi, J. Krzywinski, R. Soufli, M. Fernandez-Perea, S. Hau-Riege, A. G. Peele, Y. Feng, O. Krupin, S. Moeller, and W. Wurth, “Coherence properties of individual femtosecond pulses of an x-ray free-electron laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(14), 144801 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. A. Vartanyants and A. Singer, “Coherence properties of hard x-ray synchrotron sources and x-ray free-electron lasers,” New J. Phys. 12(3), 035004 (2010).
[Crossref]

Vine, D. J.

L. W. Whitehead, G. J. Williams, H. M. Quiney, D. J. Vine, R. A. Dilanian, S. Flewett, K. A. Nugent, A. G. Peele, E. Balaur, and I. McNulty, “Diffractive imaging using partially coherent x rays,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(24), 243902 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, B.

X. Z. Zhang, Z. J. Xu, R. Z. Tai, X. J. Zhen, Y. Wang, Z. Guo, R. Yan, R. Chang, B. Wang, M. Li, J. Zhao, and F. Gao, “Ratio-contrast imaging of dual-energy absorption for element mapping with a scanning transmission x-ray microscope,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 17(6), 804–809 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, J.

W. Hua, F. Bian, L. Song, X. Li, and J. Wang, “Hard x-ray optics simulation using the coherent mode decomposition of Gaussian Schell model,” Chin. Phys. C 37(6), 068001 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wang, L.

P. Zhang, S. Yang, L. Wang, J. Zhao, Z. Zhu, B. Liu, J. Zhong, and X. Sun, “Large-scale uniform Au nanodisk arrays fabricated via x-ray interference lithography for reproducible and sensitive SERS substrate,” Nanotechnology 25(24), 245301 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, T.

I. A. Vartanyants, A. Singer, A. P. Mancuso, O. M. Yefanov, A. Sakdinawat, Y. Liu, E. Bang, G. J. Williams, G. Cadenazzi, B. Abbey, H. Sinn, D. Attwood, K. A. Nugent, E. Weckert, T. Wang, D. Zhu, B. Wu, C. Graves, A. Scherz, J. J. Turner, W. F. Schlotter, M. Messerschmidt, J. Lüning, Y. Acremann, P. Heimann, D. C. Mancini, V. Joshi, J. Krzywinski, R. Soufli, M. Fernandez-Perea, S. Hau-Riege, A. G. Peele, Y. Feng, O. Krupin, S. Moeller, and W. Wurth, “Coherence properties of individual femtosecond pulses of an x-ray free-electron laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(14), 144801 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, Y.

C. Xue, Y. Wang, Z. Guo, Y. Wu, X. Zhen, M. Chen, J. Chen, S. Xue, Z. Peng, Q. Lu, and R. Tai, “High-performance soft x-ray spectromicroscopy beamline at SSRF,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 81(10), 103502 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Z. Zhang, Z. J. Xu, R. Z. Tai, X. J. Zhen, Y. Wang, Z. Guo, R. Yan, R. Chang, B. Wang, M. Li, J. Zhao, and F. Gao, “Ratio-contrast imaging of dual-energy absorption for element mapping with a scanning transmission x-ray microscope,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 17(6), 804–809 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Weckert, E.

A. Singer, F. Sorgenfrei, A. P. Mancuso, N. Gerasimova, O. M. Yefanov, J. Gulden, T. Gorniak, T. Senkbeil, A. Sakdinawat, Y. Liu, D. Attwood, S. Dziarzhytski, D. D. Mai, R. Treusch, E. Weckert, T. Salditt, A. Rosenhahn, W. Wurth, and I. A. Vartanyants, “Spatial and temporal coherence properties of single free-electron laser pulses,” Opt. Express 20(16), 17480–17495 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. A. Vartanyants, A. Singer, A. P. Mancuso, O. M. Yefanov, A. Sakdinawat, Y. Liu, E. Bang, G. J. Williams, G. Cadenazzi, B. Abbey, H. Sinn, D. Attwood, K. A. Nugent, E. Weckert, T. Wang, D. Zhu, B. Wu, C. Graves, A. Scherz, J. J. Turner, W. F. Schlotter, M. Messerschmidt, J. Lüning, Y. Acremann, P. Heimann, D. C. Mancini, V. Joshi, J. Krzywinski, R. Soufli, M. Fernandez-Perea, S. Hau-Riege, A. G. Peele, Y. Feng, O. Krupin, S. Moeller, and W. Wurth, “Coherence properties of individual femtosecond pulses of an x-ray free-electron laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(14), 144801 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Whitehead, L. W.

L. W. Whitehead, G. J. Williams, H. M. Quiney, D. J. Vine, R. A. Dilanian, S. Flewett, K. A. Nugent, A. G. Peele, E. Balaur, and I. McNulty, “Diffractive imaging using partially coherent x rays,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(24), 243902 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Williams, G. J.

I. A. Vartanyants, A. Singer, A. P. Mancuso, O. M. Yefanov, A. Sakdinawat, Y. Liu, E. Bang, G. J. Williams, G. Cadenazzi, B. Abbey, H. Sinn, D. Attwood, K. A. Nugent, E. Weckert, T. Wang, D. Zhu, B. Wu, C. Graves, A. Scherz, J. J. Turner, W. F. Schlotter, M. Messerschmidt, J. Lüning, Y. Acremann, P. Heimann, D. C. Mancini, V. Joshi, J. Krzywinski, R. Soufli, M. Fernandez-Perea, S. Hau-Riege, A. G. Peele, Y. Feng, O. Krupin, S. Moeller, and W. Wurth, “Coherence properties of individual femtosecond pulses of an x-ray free-electron laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(14), 144801 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. W. Whitehead, G. J. Williams, H. M. Quiney, D. J. Vine, R. A. Dilanian, S. Flewett, K. A. Nugent, A. G. Peele, E. Balaur, and I. McNulty, “Diffractive imaging using partially coherent x rays,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(24), 243902 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wu, B.

I. A. Vartanyants, A. Singer, A. P. Mancuso, O. M. Yefanov, A. Sakdinawat, Y. Liu, E. Bang, G. J. Williams, G. Cadenazzi, B. Abbey, H. Sinn, D. Attwood, K. A. Nugent, E. Weckert, T. Wang, D. Zhu, B. Wu, C. Graves, A. Scherz, J. J. Turner, W. F. Schlotter, M. Messerschmidt, J. Lüning, Y. Acremann, P. Heimann, D. C. Mancini, V. Joshi, J. Krzywinski, R. Soufli, M. Fernandez-Perea, S. Hau-Riege, A. G. Peele, Y. Feng, O. Krupin, S. Moeller, and W. Wurth, “Coherence properties of individual femtosecond pulses of an x-ray free-electron laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(14), 144801 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wu, Y.

C. Xue, Y. Wang, Z. Guo, Y. Wu, X. Zhen, M. Chen, J. Chen, S. Xue, Z. Peng, Q. Lu, and R. Tai, “High-performance soft x-ray spectromicroscopy beamline at SSRF,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 81(10), 103502 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wurth, W.

A. Singer, F. Sorgenfrei, A. P. Mancuso, N. Gerasimova, O. M. Yefanov, J. Gulden, T. Gorniak, T. Senkbeil, A. Sakdinawat, Y. Liu, D. Attwood, S. Dziarzhytski, D. D. Mai, R. Treusch, E. Weckert, T. Salditt, A. Rosenhahn, W. Wurth, and I. A. Vartanyants, “Spatial and temporal coherence properties of single free-electron laser pulses,” Opt. Express 20(16), 17480–17495 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. A. Vartanyants, A. Singer, A. P. Mancuso, O. M. Yefanov, A. Sakdinawat, Y. Liu, E. Bang, G. J. Williams, G. Cadenazzi, B. Abbey, H. Sinn, D. Attwood, K. A. Nugent, E. Weckert, T. Wang, D. Zhu, B. Wu, C. Graves, A. Scherz, J. J. Turner, W. F. Schlotter, M. Messerschmidt, J. Lüning, Y. Acremann, P. Heimann, D. C. Mancini, V. Joshi, J. Krzywinski, R. Soufli, M. Fernandez-Perea, S. Hau-Riege, A. G. Peele, Y. Feng, O. Krupin, S. Moeller, and W. Wurth, “Coherence properties of individual femtosecond pulses of an x-ray free-electron laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(14), 144801 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xu, Z. J.

X. Z. Zhang, Z. J. Xu, R. Z. Tai, X. J. Zhen, Y. Wang, Z. Guo, R. Yan, R. Chang, B. Wang, M. Li, J. Zhao, and F. Gao, “Ratio-contrast imaging of dual-energy absorption for element mapping with a scanning transmission x-ray microscope,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 17(6), 804–809 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xue, C.

C. Xue, Y. Wang, Z. Guo, Y. Wu, X. Zhen, M. Chen, J. Chen, S. Xue, Z. Peng, Q. Lu, and R. Tai, “High-performance soft x-ray spectromicroscopy beamline at SSRF,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 81(10), 103502 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xue, L.

L. Zhang, B. Zhao, L. Xue, Z. Guo, Y. Dong, H. Fang, R. Tai, and J. Hu, “Imaging interfacial micro- and nano-bubbles by scanning transmission soft x-ray microscopy,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 20(3), 413–418 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xue, S.

C. Xue, Y. Wang, Z. Guo, Y. Wu, X. Zhen, M. Chen, J. Chen, S. Xue, Z. Peng, Q. Lu, and R. Tai, “High-performance soft x-ray spectromicroscopy beamline at SSRF,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 81(10), 103502 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yan, R.

X. Z. Zhang, Z. J. Xu, R. Z. Tai, X. J. Zhen, Y. Wang, Z. Guo, R. Yan, R. Chang, B. Wang, M. Li, J. Zhao, and F. Gao, “Ratio-contrast imaging of dual-energy absorption for element mapping with a scanning transmission x-ray microscope,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 17(6), 804–809 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yang, S.

P. Zhang, S. Yang, L. Wang, J. Zhao, Z. Zhu, B. Liu, J. Zhong, and X. Sun, “Large-scale uniform Au nanodisk arrays fabricated via x-ray interference lithography for reproducible and sensitive SERS substrate,” Nanotechnology 25(24), 245301 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yefanov, O. M.

A. Singer, F. Sorgenfrei, A. P. Mancuso, N. Gerasimova, O. M. Yefanov, J. Gulden, T. Gorniak, T. Senkbeil, A. Sakdinawat, Y. Liu, D. Attwood, S. Dziarzhytski, D. D. Mai, R. Treusch, E. Weckert, T. Salditt, A. Rosenhahn, W. Wurth, and I. A. Vartanyants, “Spatial and temporal coherence properties of single free-electron laser pulses,” Opt. Express 20(16), 17480–17495 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. A. Vartanyants, A. Singer, A. P. Mancuso, O. M. Yefanov, A. Sakdinawat, Y. Liu, E. Bang, G. J. Williams, G. Cadenazzi, B. Abbey, H. Sinn, D. Attwood, K. A. Nugent, E. Weckert, T. Wang, D. Zhu, B. Wu, C. Graves, A. Scherz, J. J. Turner, W. F. Schlotter, M. Messerschmidt, J. Lüning, Y. Acremann, P. Heimann, D. C. Mancini, V. Joshi, J. Krzywinski, R. Soufli, M. Fernandez-Perea, S. Hau-Riege, A. G. Peele, Y. Feng, O. Krupin, S. Moeller, and W. Wurth, “Coherence properties of individual femtosecond pulses of an x-ray free-electron laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(14), 144801 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, L.

L. Zhang, B. Zhao, L. Xue, Z. Guo, Y. Dong, H. Fang, R. Tai, and J. Hu, “Imaging interfacial micro- and nano-bubbles by scanning transmission soft x-ray microscopy,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 20(3), 413–418 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, P.

P. Zhang, S. Yang, L. Wang, J. Zhao, Z. Zhu, B. Liu, J. Zhong, and X. Sun, “Large-scale uniform Au nanodisk arrays fabricated via x-ray interference lithography for reproducible and sensitive SERS substrate,” Nanotechnology 25(24), 245301 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, X. Z.

X. Z. Zhang, Z. J. Xu, R. Z. Tai, X. J. Zhen, Y. Wang, Z. Guo, R. Yan, R. Chang, B. Wang, M. Li, J. Zhao, and F. Gao, “Ratio-contrast imaging of dual-energy absorption for element mapping with a scanning transmission x-ray microscope,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 17(6), 804–809 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhao, B.

L. Zhang, B. Zhao, L. Xue, Z. Guo, Y. Dong, H. Fang, R. Tai, and J. Hu, “Imaging interfacial micro- and nano-bubbles by scanning transmission soft x-ray microscopy,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 20(3), 413–418 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhao, J.

P. Zhang, S. Yang, L. Wang, J. Zhao, Z. Zhu, B. Liu, J. Zhong, and X. Sun, “Large-scale uniform Au nanodisk arrays fabricated via x-ray interference lithography for reproducible and sensitive SERS substrate,” Nanotechnology 25(24), 245301 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Z. Zhang, Z. J. Xu, R. Z. Tai, X. J. Zhen, Y. Wang, Z. Guo, R. Yan, R. Chang, B. Wang, M. Li, J. Zhao, and F. Gao, “Ratio-contrast imaging of dual-energy absorption for element mapping with a scanning transmission x-ray microscope,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 17(6), 804–809 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhen, X.

C. Xue, Y. Wang, Z. Guo, Y. Wu, X. Zhen, M. Chen, J. Chen, S. Xue, Z. Peng, Q. Lu, and R. Tai, “High-performance soft x-ray spectromicroscopy beamline at SSRF,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 81(10), 103502 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhen, X. J.

X. Z. Zhang, Z. J. Xu, R. Z. Tai, X. J. Zhen, Y. Wang, Z. Guo, R. Yan, R. Chang, B. Wang, M. Li, J. Zhao, and F. Gao, “Ratio-contrast imaging of dual-energy absorption for element mapping with a scanning transmission x-ray microscope,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 17(6), 804–809 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhong, J.

P. Zhang, S. Yang, L. Wang, J. Zhao, Z. Zhu, B. Liu, J. Zhong, and X. Sun, “Large-scale uniform Au nanodisk arrays fabricated via x-ray interference lithography for reproducible and sensitive SERS substrate,” Nanotechnology 25(24), 245301 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhu, D.

I. A. Vartanyants, A. Singer, A. P. Mancuso, O. M. Yefanov, A. Sakdinawat, Y. Liu, E. Bang, G. J. Williams, G. Cadenazzi, B. Abbey, H. Sinn, D. Attwood, K. A. Nugent, E. Weckert, T. Wang, D. Zhu, B. Wu, C. Graves, A. Scherz, J. J. Turner, W. F. Schlotter, M. Messerschmidt, J. Lüning, Y. Acremann, P. Heimann, D. C. Mancini, V. Joshi, J. Krzywinski, R. Soufli, M. Fernandez-Perea, S. Hau-Riege, A. G. Peele, Y. Feng, O. Krupin, S. Moeller, and W. Wurth, “Coherence properties of individual femtosecond pulses of an x-ray free-electron laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(14), 144801 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhu, Z.

P. Zhang, S. Yang, L. Wang, J. Zhao, Z. Zhu, B. Liu, J. Zhong, and X. Sun, “Large-scale uniform Au nanodisk arrays fabricated via x-ray interference lithography for reproducible and sensitive SERS substrate,” Nanotechnology 25(24), 245301 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Adv. Phys. (1)

K. A. Nugent, “Coherent methods in the x-ray sciences,” Adv. Phys. 59(1), 1–99 (2010).
[Crossref]

Chin. Phys. C (1)

W. Hua, F. Bian, L. Song, X. Li, and J. Wang, “Hard x-ray optics simulation using the coherent mode decomposition of Gaussian Schell model,” Chin. Phys. C 37(6), 068001 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Phys. Conf. Ser. (1)

M. S. Río, “New challenges in ray tracing simulations of x-ray optics,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 425(16), 162003 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Synchrotron Radiat. (7)

X. Shi, R. Reininger, M. Sanchez Del Rio, and L. Assoufid, “A hybrid method for x-ray optics simulation: combining geometric ray-tracing and wavefront propagation,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 21(4), 669–678 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Singer and I. A. Vartanyants, “Coherence properties of focused x-ray beams at high-brilliance synchrotron sources,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 21(1), 5–15 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. S. del Rio, N. Canestrari, F. Jiang, and F. Cerrina, “SHADOW3: a new version of the synchrotron X-ray optics modelling package,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 18(5), 708–716 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Tanaka and H. Kitamura, “SPECTRA: a synchrotron radiation calculation code,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 8(6), 1221–1228 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Canestrari, O. Chubar, and R. Reininger, “Partially coherent x-ray wavefront propagation simulations including grazing-incidence focusing optics,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 21(5), 1110–1121 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Z. Zhang, Z. J. Xu, R. Z. Tai, X. J. Zhen, Y. Wang, Z. Guo, R. Yan, R. Chang, B. Wang, M. Li, J. Zhao, and F. Gao, “Ratio-contrast imaging of dual-energy absorption for element mapping with a scanning transmission x-ray microscope,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 17(6), 804–809 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Zhang, B. Zhao, L. Xue, Z. Guo, Y. Dong, H. Fang, R. Tai, and J. Hu, “Imaging interfacial micro- and nano-bubbles by scanning transmission soft x-ray microscopy,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 20(3), 413–418 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nanotechnology (1)

P. Zhang, S. Yang, L. Wang, J. Zhao, Z. Zhu, B. Liu, J. Zhong, and X. Sun, “Large-scale uniform Au nanodisk arrays fabricated via x-ray interference lithography for reproducible and sensitive SERS substrate,” Nanotechnology 25(24), 245301 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Mater. (1)

G. B. Stephenson, A. Robert, and G. Grübel, “X-ray spectroscopy: revealing the atomic dance,” Nat. Mater. 8(9), 702–703 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

New J. Phys. (3)

I. A. Vartanyants and A. Singer, “Coherence properties of hard x-ray synchrotron sources and x-ray free-electron lasers,” New J. Phys. 12(3), 035004 (2010).
[Crossref]

S. Schaffert, B. Pfau, J. Geilhufe, C. M. Günther, M. Schneider, C. K. Schmising, and S. Eisebitt, “High-resolution magnetic-domain imaging by Fourier transform holography at 21nm wavelength,” New J. Phys. 15(9), 093042 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. Osterhoff and T. Salditt, “Coherence filtering of x-ray waveguides: analytical and numerical approach,” New J. Phys. 13(10), 103026 (2011).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (3)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (3)

I. A. Vartanyants, A. Singer, A. P. Mancuso, O. M. Yefanov, A. Sakdinawat, Y. Liu, E. Bang, G. J. Williams, G. Cadenazzi, B. Abbey, H. Sinn, D. Attwood, K. A. Nugent, E. Weckert, T. Wang, D. Zhu, B. Wu, C. Graves, A. Scherz, J. J. Turner, W. F. Schlotter, M. Messerschmidt, J. Lüning, Y. Acremann, P. Heimann, D. C. Mancini, V. Joshi, J. Krzywinski, R. Soufli, M. Fernandez-Perea, S. Hau-Riege, A. G. Peele, Y. Feng, O. Krupin, S. Moeller, and W. Wurth, “Coherence properties of individual femtosecond pulses of an x-ray free-electron laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(14), 144801 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. W. Whitehead, G. J. Williams, H. M. Quiney, D. J. Vine, R. A. Dilanian, S. Flewett, K. A. Nugent, A. G. Peele, E. Balaur, and I. McNulty, “Diffractive imaging using partially coherent x rays,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(24), 243902 (2009).
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V. Kohn, I. Snigireva, and A. Snigirev, “Direct measurement of transverse coherence length of hard x rays from interference fringes,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85(13), 2745–2748 (2000).
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Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams (1)

J. Bahrdt, “Wavefront tracking within the stationary phase approximation,” Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams 10(6), 060701 (2007).
[Crossref]

Proc. SPIE (4)

J. Bahrdt, U. Flechsig, S. Gerhardt, and I. Schneider, “PHASE: a universal software package for the propagation of time-dependent coherent light pulses along grazing incidence optics,” Proc. SPIE 8141, 81410E (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Bahrdt, U. Flechsig, W. Grizzoli, and F. Siewert, “Propagation of coherent light pulses with PHASE,” Proc. SPIE 9209, 920908 (2014).
[Crossref]

L. Samoylova, A. Buzmakov, G. Geloni, O. Chubar, and H. Sinn, “Cross-platform wave optics software for XFEL applications,” Proc. SPIE 8141, 81410A (2011).
[Crossref]

O. Chubar, “Recent updates in the “Synchrotron Radiation Workshop” code, on-going developments, simulation activities, and plans for the future,” Proc. SPIE 9209, 920907 (2014).
[Crossref]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

C. Xue, Y. Wang, Z. Guo, Y. Wu, X. Zhen, M. Chen, J. Chen, S. Xue, Z. Peng, Q. Lu, and R. Tai, “High-performance soft x-ray spectromicroscopy beamline at SSRF,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 81(10), 103502 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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L. D. Landau and E. M. Lifshitz, The Classical Theory of Fields (Butterworth & Heinemann, 1980).

J. W. Goodman, Statistical Optics (John Wiley & Sons, 2000).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 The sketch for propagation of MOI from wavefront P to wavefront Q in free space. Wavefronts are separated into many elements, r1 and r2 are the distances of MOI propagation between different pionts, θ1 and θ2 are inclination angles.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Schematic layout of the BL08U beamline, the SX700-type monochromator consists of Plane Mirror and Grating Mirror.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 The distribution of the intensity and the degree of coherence at the optical elements, the degree of coherence between central point and other points. (a), (b) The intensity and the degree of coherence distribution at the four-blade-aperture. (c), (d) The intensity and the degree of coherence distribution at the cylindrical mirror. (e), (f) The intensity and the degree of coherence distribution at the exit slit. (g), (h) The intensity and the degree of coherence distribution at the endstation.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Diffraction pattern of a single slit. (a) Experimental result of the diffraction pattern at the PMT; (b) Simulation of the diffraction pattern; (c) The degree of coherence between the central point and every other point calculated from the simulation; (d), (e) The degree of coherence between every two points at EPU source on horizontal and vertical axis, respectively; (f), (g) The degree of coherence between every two points at the endstation on horizontal and vertical axis, respectively.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Intensity profiles on axis through single slit diffraction. Experimental profiles (black dots) and fitting results (red line) in horizontal (a) and vertical (b) direction indicate apparent Fresnel diffraction curves. The insets show enlarged regions of the intensity profiles.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Source parameters in STXM beamline.

Tables Icon

Table 2 MOI parameters through STXM beamline.

Equations (16)

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Γ 12 ( P 1 , P 1 ,τ)=<u( P 1 ,t+τ) u * ( P 2 ,t)>,
Γ 12 (0)=J( P 1 , P 2 )=<u( P 1 ,t) u * ( P 2 ,t)>.
J( Q 1 , Q 2 )= J( P 1 , P 2 ) e i 2π λ ( r 2 r 1 ) χ( θ 1 ) λ r 1 χ( θ 2 ) λ r 2 d S 1 d S 2 .
γ 12 = | J 12 | I 1 I 2 .
J( Q 1 , Q 2 )= lm e i 2π λ r P 2 Q 2 χ( θ 2 ) λ r P 2 Q 2 ( hj J( P 1 , P 2 ) e i 2π λ r P 1 Q 1 χ( θ 1 ) λ r P 1 Q 1 d S hj )d S lm ,
J( Q 1 , Q 2 )= lm J( P hj , P lm ) e i 2π λ r P lm Q 2 χ( θ 2 ) λ r P lm Q 2 ( hj e i 2π λ r P hj Q 1 χ( θ 1 ) λ r P hj Q 1 d S hj )d S lm ,
A hj Q 1 = e i 2π λ r P hj Q 1 χ( θ 1 ) λ r P hj Q 1 d S hj .
J( Q 1 , Q 2 )= lm ( A lm Q 2 * hj J( P hj , P lm ) A hj Q 1 ) .
J QQ = ( A PQ ) T* J PP A PQ .
K(Q,P)=t(P)exp[i 2π λ Γ(Q,P)]δ[ P P ˜ (Q)],
J r ( Q 1 , Q 2 )= J i ( P 1 , P 2 ) K( Q 1 , P 1 ) K * ( Q 2 , P 2 )d S 1 d S 2 ,
J r ( Q 1 , Q 2 )= J i ( P ˜ ( Q 1 ), P ˜ ( Q 2 ))t( P ˜ ( Q 1 )) t * ( P ˜ ( Q 2 ))exp{i 2π λ [Γ( Q 1 , P ˜ ( Q 1 ))Γ( Q 2 , P ˜ ( Q 2 ))]}.
J r ( Q 1 , Q 2 )= J i ( cosα cosβ Q 1 , cosα cosβ Q 2 )t( cosα cosβ Q 1 ) t * ( cosα cosβ Q 2 )exp{i 2π λ [Γ( Q 1 , P ˜ ( Q 1 ))Γ( Q 2 , P ˜ ( Q 2 ))]}.
D(x,y)= I 0 exp( x 2 2 σ x 2 y 2 2 σ y 2 ),
J( x 1 , y 1 , x 2 , y 2 )= D 1 D 2 exp( ( x 1 x 2 ) 2 2 ξ x 2 ( y 1 y 2 ) 2 2 ξ y 2 ),
1 η x,y 2 = 1 (2 σ x,y ) 2 + 1 ξ x,y 2 .

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