Abstract

Multiple polarization dynamic patterns of vector solitons, including fundamental solitons, bunched solitons, loosely or tightly bound states and harmonic mode locking have been observed experimentally in an erbium-doped fiber ring laser with graphene as a saturable absorber. By carefully adjusting the pump power and the orientation of the intra-cavity polarization controller, either polarization rotation or polarization locked operation have all been achieved for the above vector solitons. This is the first time that high order harmonic mode locking of polarization rotation vector solitons has been achieved. The signal to noise ratio of our system was ~51 dB, which indicates that the laser operated with high stability.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  41. Y. F. Song, L. Li, H. Zhang, Y. Shen, D. Y. Tang, and K. P. Loh, “Vector multi-soliton operation and interaction in a graphene mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Express 21(8), 10010–10018 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  44. X. Wu, D. Y. Tang, X. N. Luan, and Q. Zhang, “Bound states of solitons in a fiber laser mode locked with carbon nanotube saturable absorber,” Opt. Commun. 284(14), 3615–3618 (2011).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  47. D. Y. Tang, B. Zhao, L. M. Zhao, and H. Y. Tam, “Soliton interaction in a fiber ring laser,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 72(1), 016616 (2005).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  48. A. Niang, F. Amrani, M. Salhi, H. Leblond, A. Komarov, and F. Sanchez, “Harmonic mode-locking in a fiber laser through continuous external optical injection,” Opt. Commun. 312, 1–6 (2014).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  50. H. F. Li, S. M. Zhang, J. Du, Y. C. Meng, Y. P. Hao, and X. L. Li, “Passively harmonic mode-locked fiber laser with controllable repetition rate based on a carbon nanotube saturable absorber,” Opt. Commun. 285(6), 1347–1351 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  51. A. Komarov, K. Komarov, A. Niang, and F. Sanchez, “Nature of soliton interaction in fiber lasers with continuous external optical injection,” Phys. Rev. A 89(1), 013833 (2014).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  54. Q. Bao, H. Zhang, Z. Ni, Y. Wang, L. Polavarapu, Z. Shen, Q. H. Xu, D. Tang, and K. P. Loh, “Monolayer graphene as a saturable absorber in a mode-locked laser,” Nano Res. 4(3), 297–307 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  55. B. Zhao, D. Y. Tang, P. Shum, W. S. Man, H. Y. Tam, Y. D. Gong, and C. Lu, “Passive harmonic mode locking of twin-pulse solitons in an erbium-doped fiber ring laser,” Opt. Commun. 229(1–6), 363–370 (2004).
    [Crossref]

2014 (7)

Y. Chen, M. Wu, P. Tang, S. Chen, J. Du, G. Jiang, Y. Li, C. Zhao, H. Zhang, and S. Wen, “The formation of various multi-soliton patterns and noise-like pulse in a fiber laser passively mode-locked by a topological insulator based saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(5), 055101 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. Liu, X. W. Zheng, Y. L. Qi, H. Liu, A. P. Luo, Z. C. Luo, W. C. Xu, C. J. Zhao, and H. Zhang, “Microfiber-based few-layer MoS2 saturable absorber for 2.5 GHz passively harmonic mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Express 22(19), 22841–22846 (2014).
[PubMed]

Y. Meng, A. Niang, K. Guesmi, M. Salhi, and F. Sanchez, “1.61 μm high-order passive harmonic mode locking in a fiber laser based on graphene saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 22(24), 29921–29926 (2014).
[PubMed]

Y. Wang, S. Wang, J. Luo, Y. Ge, L. Li, D. Tang, D. Shen, S. Zhang, F. W. Wise, and L. Zhao, “Vector soliton generation in a Tm fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26(8), 769–772 (2014).
[Crossref]

W.-C. Chen, G.-J. Chen, D.-A. Han, and B. Li, “Different temporal patterns of vector soliton bunching induced by polarization-dependent saturable absorber,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 20(3), 199–207 (2014).
[Crossref]

A. Niang, F. Amrani, M. Salhi, H. Leblond, A. Komarov, and F. Sanchez, “Harmonic mode-locking in a fiber laser through continuous external optical injection,” Opt. Commun. 312, 1–6 (2014).
[Crossref]

A. Komarov, K. Komarov, A. Niang, and F. Sanchez, “Nature of soliton interaction in fiber lasers with continuous external optical injection,” Phys. Rev. A 89(1), 013833 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (3)

2012 (7)

Y. F. Song, H. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, and Y. Shen, “Polarization rotation vector solitons in a graphene mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Express 20(24), 27283–27289 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Tang, J. G. Zhang, and Y. Liu, “Vector solitons with polarization instability and locked polarization in a fiber laser,” Opt. Eng. 51(7), 074202 (2012).
[Crossref]

S. V. Sergeyev, C. Mou, A. Rozhin, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Vector solitons with locked and precessing states of polarization,” Opt. Express 20(24), 27434–27440 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Du, S. M. Zhang, H. F. Li, Y. C. Meng, X. L. Li, and Y. P. Hao, “L band passively harmonic mode-locked fiber laser based on a graphene saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 9(12), 896–900 (2012).
[Crossref]

H. F. Li, S. M. Zhang, J. Du, Y. C. Meng, Y. P. Hao, and X. L. Li, “Passively harmonic mode-locked fiber laser with controllable repetition rate based on a carbon nanotube saturable absorber,” Opt. Commun. 285(6), 1347–1351 (2012).
[Crossref]

X. L. Li, S. M. Zhang, Y. C. Meng, Y. P. Hao, H. F. Li, J. Du, and Z. J. Yang, “Observation of soliton bound states in a graphene mode locked erbium-doped fiber laser,” Laser Phys. 22(4), 774–777 (2012).
[Crossref]

Y. Meng, S. Zhang, X. Li, H. Li, J. Du, and Y. Hao, “Multiple-soliton dynamic patterns in a graphene mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Express 20(6), 6685–6692 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (7)

X. Liu, “Coexistence of strong and weak pulses in a fiber laser with largely anomalous dispersion,” Opt. Express 19(7), 5874–5887 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. H. Wong, K. Wu, H. H. Liu, C. Ouyang, H. Wang, S. Aditya, P. Shum, S. Fu, E. J. R. Kelleher, A. Chernov, and E. D. Obraztsova, “Vector solitons in a laser passively mode-locked by single-wall carbon nanotubes,” Opt. Commun. 284(7), 2007–2011 (2011).
[Crossref]

C. Mou, S. Sergeyev, A. Rozhin, and S. Turistyn, “All-fiber polarization locked vector soliton laser using carbon nanotubes,” Opt. Lett. 36(19), 3831–3833 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Kanda, T. Higuchi, H. Shimizu, K. Konishi, K. Yoshioka, and M. Kuwata-Gonokami, “The vectorial control of magnetization by light,” Nat Commun 2, 362 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. A. Alonzo and S. H. Yun, “Harmonic mode locking in a sliding-frequency fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 36(9), 1590–1592 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Wu, D. Y. Tang, X. N. Luan, and Q. Zhang, “Bound states of solitons in a fiber laser mode locked with carbon nanotube saturable absorber,” Opt. Commun. 284(14), 3615–3618 (2011).
[Crossref]

Q. Bao, H. Zhang, Z. Ni, Y. Wang, L. Polavarapu, Z. Shen, Q. H. Xu, D. Tang, and K. P. Loh, “Monolayer graphene as a saturable absorber in a mode-locked laser,” Nano Res. 4(3), 297–307 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (5)

Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, D. M. Basko, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene mode-locked ultrafast laser,” ACS Nano 4(2), 803–810 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Zhang, D. Tang, L. Zhao, Q. Bao, and K. P. Loh, “Vector dissipative solitons in graphene mode locked fiber lasers,” Opt. Commun. 283(17), 3334–3338 (2010).
[Crossref]

Y. Jiang, T. Narushima, and H. Okamoto, “Nonlinear optical effects in trapping nanoparticles with femtosecond pulses,” Nat. Phys. 6(12), 1005–1009 (2010).
[Crossref]

S. Chouli and P. Grelu, “Soliton rains in a fiber laser: An experimental study,” Phys. Rev. A 81(6), 063829 (2010).
[Crossref]

F. Amrani, A. Haboucha, M. Salhi, H. Leblond, A. Komarov, and F. Sanchez, “Dissipative solitons compounds in a fiber laser. Analogy with the states of the matter,” Appl. Phys. B 99(1–2), 107–114 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (3)

2008 (4)

D. Y. Tang, H. Zhang, L. M. Zhao, and X. Wu, “Observation of high-order polarization-locked vector solitons in a fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(15), 153904 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. M. Zhao, D. Y. Tang, H. Zhang, and X. Wu, “Polarization rotation locking of vector solitons in a fiber ring laser,” Opt. Express 16(14), 10053–10058 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Haboucha, H. Leblond, M. Salhi, A. Komarov, and F. Sanchez, “Analysis of soliton pattern formation in passively mode-locked fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 78(4), 043806 (2008).
[Crossref]

H. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, and N. Xiang, “Coherent energy exchange between components of a vector soliton in fiber lasers,” Opt. Express 16(17), 12618–12623 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2007 (1)

Z. X. Zhang, L. Zhan, X. X. Yang, S. Y. Luo, and Y. X. Xia, “Passive harmonically mode-locked erbium-doped fiber laser with scalable repetition rate up to 1.2 GHz,” Laser Phys. Lett. 4(8), 592–596 (2007).
[Crossref]

2005 (1)

D. Y. Tang, B. Zhao, L. M. Zhao, and H. Y. Tam, “Soliton interaction in a fiber ring laser,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 72(1), 016616 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2004 (1)

B. Zhao, D. Y. Tang, P. Shum, W. S. Man, H. Y. Tam, Y. D. Gong, and C. Lu, “Passive harmonic mode locking of twin-pulse solitons in an erbium-doped fiber ring laser,” Opt. Commun. 229(1–6), 363–370 (2004).
[Crossref]

2002 (2)

D. Y. Tang, B. Zhao, D. Y. Shen, C. Lu, W. S. Man, and H. Y. Tam, “Bound-soliton fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. A 66(3), 033806 (2002).
[Crossref]

G. D. VanWiggeren and R. Roy, “Communication with dynamically fluctuating states of light polarization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88(9), 097903 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2001 (1)

D. Y. Tang, W. S. Man, H. Y. Tam, and P. D. Drummond, “Observation of bound states of solitons in a passively mode-locked fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. A 64(3), 033814 (2001).
[Crossref]

2000 (2)

1999 (1)

S. T. Cundiff, B. C. Collings, N. N. Akhmediev, J. M. Soto-Crespo, K. Bergman, and W. H. Knox, “Observation of polarization-locked vector solitons in an optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(20), 3988–3991 (1999).
[Crossref]

1998 (1)

J. N. Kutz, B. C. Collings, K. Bergman, and W. H. Knox, “Stabilized pulse spacing in soliton lasers due to gain depletion and recovery,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34(9), 1749–1757 (1998).
[Crossref]

1997 (1)

1995 (2)

1992 (2)

A. B. Grudinin, D. J. Richardson, and D. N. Payne, “Energy quantisation in figure eight fiber laser,” Electron. Lett. 28(1), 67–68 (1992).
[Crossref]

S. M. J. Kelly, “Characteristic sideband instability of periodically amplified average soliton,” Electron. Lett. 28(8), 806–808 (1992).
[Crossref]

1989 (1)

1987 (1)

1980 (1)

L. F. Mollenauer, R. H. Stolen, and J. P. Gordon, “Experimental observation of picosecond pulse narrowing and solitons in optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 45(13), 1095–1098 (1980).
[Crossref]

1973 (1)

A. Hasegawa and F. Tappert, “Transmission of stationary nonlinear optical pulses in dispersive dielectric fibers. I. Anomalous dispersion,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 23(3), 142–144 (1973).
[Crossref]

Aditya, S.

J. H. Wong, K. Wu, H. H. Liu, C. Ouyang, H. Wang, S. Aditya, P. Shum, S. Fu, E. J. R. Kelleher, A. Chernov, and E. D. Obraztsova, “Vector solitons in a laser passively mode-locked by single-wall carbon nanotubes,” Opt. Commun. 284(7), 2007–2011 (2011).
[Crossref]

Afanasjev, V. V.

Akhmediev, N. N.

Alonzo, C. A.

Amrani, F.

A. Niang, F. Amrani, M. Salhi, H. Leblond, A. Komarov, and F. Sanchez, “Harmonic mode-locking in a fiber laser through continuous external optical injection,” Opt. Commun. 312, 1–6 (2014).
[Crossref]

F. Amrani, A. Haboucha, M. Salhi, H. Leblond, A. Komarov, and F. Sanchez, “Dissipative solitons compounds in a fiber laser. Analogy with the states of the matter,” Appl. Phys. B 99(1–2), 107–114 (2010).
[Crossref]

F. Amrani, A. Haboucha, M. Salhi, H. Leblond, A. Komarov, Ph. Grelu, and F. Sanchez, “Passively mode-locked erbium-doped double-clad fiber laser operating at the 322nd harmonic,” Opt. Lett. 34(14), 2120–2122 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bao, Q.

Q. Bao, H. Zhang, Z. Ni, Y. Wang, L. Polavarapu, Z. Shen, Q. H. Xu, D. Tang, and K. P. Loh, “Monolayer graphene as a saturable absorber in a mode-locked laser,” Nano Res. 4(3), 297–307 (2011).
[Crossref]

H. Zhang, D. Tang, L. Zhao, Q. Bao, and K. P. Loh, “Vector dissipative solitons in graphene mode locked fiber lasers,” Opt. Commun. 283(17), 3334–3338 (2010).
[Crossref]

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Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, D. M. Basko, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene mode-locked ultrafast laser,” ACS Nano 4(2), 803–810 (2010).
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J. M. Soto-Crespo, N. N. Akhmediev, B. C. Collings, S. T. Cundiff, K. Bergman, and W. H. Knox, “Polarization-locked temporal vector solitons in a fiber laser: theory,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17(3), 366–372 (2000).
[Crossref]

B. C. Collings, S. T. Cundiff, N. N. Akhmediev, J. M. Soto-Crespo, K. Bergman, and W. H. Knox, “Polarization-locked temporal vector solitons in a fiber laser: experiment,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17(3), 354–365 (2000).
[Crossref]

S. T. Cundiff, B. C. Collings, N. N. Akhmediev, J. M. Soto-Crespo, K. Bergman, and W. H. Knox, “Observation of polarization-locked vector solitons in an optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(20), 3988–3991 (1999).
[Crossref]

J. N. Kutz, B. C. Collings, K. Bergman, and W. H. Knox, “Stabilized pulse spacing in soliton lasers due to gain depletion and recovery,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34(9), 1749–1757 (1998).
[Crossref]

Bonaccorso, F.

Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, D. M. Basko, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene mode-locked ultrafast laser,” ACS Nano 4(2), 803–810 (2010).
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W.-C. Chen, G.-J. Chen, D.-A. Han, and B. Li, “Different temporal patterns of vector soliton bunching induced by polarization-dependent saturable absorber,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 20(3), 199–207 (2014).
[Crossref]

Chen, S.

Y. Chen, M. Wu, P. Tang, S. Chen, J. Du, G. Jiang, Y. Li, C. Zhao, H. Zhang, and S. Wen, “The formation of various multi-soliton patterns and noise-like pulse in a fiber laser passively mode-locked by a topological insulator based saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(5), 055101 (2014).
[Crossref]

Chen, W.-C.

W.-C. Chen, G.-J. Chen, D.-A. Han, and B. Li, “Different temporal patterns of vector soliton bunching induced by polarization-dependent saturable absorber,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 20(3), 199–207 (2014).
[Crossref]

Chen, Y.

Y. Chen, M. Wu, P. Tang, S. Chen, J. Du, G. Jiang, Y. Li, C. Zhao, H. Zhang, and S. Wen, “The formation of various multi-soliton patterns and noise-like pulse in a fiber laser passively mode-locked by a topological insulator based saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(5), 055101 (2014).
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J. H. Wong, K. Wu, H. H. Liu, C. Ouyang, H. Wang, S. Aditya, P. Shum, S. Fu, E. J. R. Kelleher, A. Chernov, and E. D. Obraztsova, “Vector solitons in a laser passively mode-locked by single-wall carbon nanotubes,” Opt. Commun. 284(7), 2007–2011 (2011).
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S. Chouli and P. Grelu, “Soliton rains in a fiber laser: An experimental study,” Phys. Rev. A 81(6), 063829 (2010).
[Crossref]

S. Chouli and P. Grelu, “Rains of solitons in a fiber laser,” Opt. Express 17(14), 11776–11781 (2009).
[PubMed]

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J. M. Soto-Crespo, N. N. Akhmediev, B. C. Collings, S. T. Cundiff, K. Bergman, and W. H. Knox, “Polarization-locked temporal vector solitons in a fiber laser: theory,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17(3), 366–372 (2000).
[Crossref]

B. C. Collings, S. T. Cundiff, N. N. Akhmediev, J. M. Soto-Crespo, K. Bergman, and W. H. Knox, “Polarization-locked temporal vector solitons in a fiber laser: experiment,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17(3), 354–365 (2000).
[Crossref]

S. T. Cundiff, B. C. Collings, N. N. Akhmediev, J. M. Soto-Crespo, K. Bergman, and W. H. Knox, “Observation of polarization-locked vector solitons in an optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(20), 3988–3991 (1999).
[Crossref]

J. N. Kutz, B. C. Collings, K. Bergman, and W. H. Knox, “Stabilized pulse spacing in soliton lasers due to gain depletion and recovery,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34(9), 1749–1757 (1998).
[Crossref]

Cundiff, S. T.

Drummond, P. D.

D. Y. Tang, W. S. Man, H. Y. Tam, and P. D. Drummond, “Observation of bound states of solitons in a passively mode-locked fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. A 64(3), 033814 (2001).
[Crossref]

Du, J.

Y. Chen, M. Wu, P. Tang, S. Chen, J. Du, G. Jiang, Y. Li, C. Zhao, H. Zhang, and S. Wen, “The formation of various multi-soliton patterns and noise-like pulse in a fiber laser passively mode-locked by a topological insulator based saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(5), 055101 (2014).
[Crossref]

X. L. Li, S. M. Zhang, Y. C. Meng, Y. P. Hao, H. F. Li, J. Du, and Z. J. Yang, “Observation of soliton bound states in a graphene mode locked erbium-doped fiber laser,” Laser Phys. 22(4), 774–777 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Du, S. M. Zhang, H. F. Li, Y. C. Meng, X. L. Li, and Y. P. Hao, “L band passively harmonic mode-locked fiber laser based on a graphene saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 9(12), 896–900 (2012).
[Crossref]

H. F. Li, S. M. Zhang, J. Du, Y. C. Meng, Y. P. Hao, and X. L. Li, “Passively harmonic mode-locked fiber laser with controllable repetition rate based on a carbon nanotube saturable absorber,” Opt. Commun. 285(6), 1347–1351 (2012).
[Crossref]

Y. Meng, S. Zhang, X. Li, H. Li, J. Du, and Y. Hao, “Multiple-soliton dynamic patterns in a graphene mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Express 20(6), 6685–6692 (2012).
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Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, D. M. Basko, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene mode-locked ultrafast laser,” ACS Nano 4(2), 803–810 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fu, S.

J. H. Wong, K. Wu, H. H. Liu, C. Ouyang, H. Wang, S. Aditya, P. Shum, S. Fu, E. J. R. Kelleher, A. Chernov, and E. D. Obraztsova, “Vector solitons in a laser passively mode-locked by single-wall carbon nanotubes,” Opt. Commun. 284(7), 2007–2011 (2011).
[Crossref]

Ge, Y.

Y. Wang, S. Wang, J. Luo, Y. Ge, L. Li, D. Tang, D. Shen, S. Zhang, F. W. Wise, and L. Zhao, “Vector soliton generation in a Tm fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26(8), 769–772 (2014).
[Crossref]

Golovchenko, E. A.

Gong, Y. D.

B. Zhao, D. Y. Tang, P. Shum, W. S. Man, H. Y. Tam, Y. D. Gong, and C. Lu, “Passive harmonic mode locking of twin-pulse solitons in an erbium-doped fiber ring laser,” Opt. Commun. 229(1–6), 363–370 (2004).
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M. N. Islam, C. D. Poole, and J. P. Gordon, “Soliton trapping in birefringent optical fibers,” Opt. Lett. 14(18), 1011–1013 (1989).
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Gray, S.

Grelu, P.

S. Chouli and P. Grelu, “Soliton rains in a fiber laser: An experimental study,” Phys. Rev. A 81(6), 063829 (2010).
[Crossref]

S. Chouli and P. Grelu, “Rains of solitons in a fiber laser,” Opt. Express 17(14), 11776–11781 (2009).
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F. Amrani, A. Haboucha, M. Salhi, H. Leblond, A. Komarov, and F. Sanchez, “Dissipative solitons compounds in a fiber laser. Analogy with the states of the matter,” Appl. Phys. B 99(1–2), 107–114 (2010).
[Crossref]

F. Amrani, A. Haboucha, M. Salhi, H. Leblond, A. Komarov, Ph. Grelu, and F. Sanchez, “Passively mode-locked erbium-doped double-clad fiber laser operating at the 322nd harmonic,” Opt. Lett. 34(14), 2120–2122 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Haboucha, H. Leblond, M. Salhi, A. Komarov, and F. Sanchez, “Analysis of soliton pattern formation in passively mode-locked fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 78(4), 043806 (2008).
[Crossref]

Han, D.-A.

W.-C. Chen, G.-J. Chen, D.-A. Han, and B. Li, “Different temporal patterns of vector soliton bunching induced by polarization-dependent saturable absorber,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 20(3), 199–207 (2014).
[Crossref]

Hao, Y.

Hao, Y. P.

H. F. Li, S. M. Zhang, J. Du, Y. C. Meng, Y. P. Hao, and X. L. Li, “Passively harmonic mode-locked fiber laser with controllable repetition rate based on a carbon nanotube saturable absorber,” Opt. Commun. 285(6), 1347–1351 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Du, S. M. Zhang, H. F. Li, Y. C. Meng, X. L. Li, and Y. P. Hao, “L band passively harmonic mode-locked fiber laser based on a graphene saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 9(12), 896–900 (2012).
[Crossref]

X. L. Li, S. M. Zhang, Y. C. Meng, Y. P. Hao, H. F. Li, J. Du, and Z. J. Yang, “Observation of soliton bound states in a graphene mode locked erbium-doped fiber laser,” Laser Phys. 22(4), 774–777 (2012).
[Crossref]

Hasan, T.

Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, D. M. Basko, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene mode-locked ultrafast laser,” ACS Nano 4(2), 803–810 (2010).
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Islam, M. N.

Jiang, G.

Y. Chen, M. Wu, P. Tang, S. Chen, J. Du, G. Jiang, Y. Li, C. Zhao, H. Zhang, and S. Wen, “The formation of various multi-soliton patterns and noise-like pulse in a fiber laser passively mode-locked by a topological insulator based saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(5), 055101 (2014).
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Jiang, Y.

Y. Jiang, T. Narushima, and H. Okamoto, “Nonlinear optical effects in trapping nanoparticles with femtosecond pulses,” Nat. Phys. 6(12), 1005–1009 (2010).
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N. Kanda, T. Higuchi, H. Shimizu, K. Konishi, K. Yoshioka, and M. Kuwata-Gonokami, “The vectorial control of magnetization by light,” Nat Commun 2, 362 (2011).
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Kelleher, E. J. R.

J. H. Wong, K. Wu, H. H. Liu, C. Ouyang, H. Wang, S. Aditya, P. Shum, S. Fu, E. J. R. Kelleher, A. Chernov, and E. D. Obraztsova, “Vector solitons in a laser passively mode-locked by single-wall carbon nanotubes,” Opt. Commun. 284(7), 2007–2011 (2011).
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S. M. J. Kelly, “Characteristic sideband instability of periodically amplified average soliton,” Electron. Lett. 28(8), 806–808 (1992).
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J. M. Soto-Crespo, N. N. Akhmediev, B. C. Collings, S. T. Cundiff, K. Bergman, and W. H. Knox, “Polarization-locked temporal vector solitons in a fiber laser: theory,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17(3), 366–372 (2000).
[Crossref]

B. C. Collings, S. T. Cundiff, N. N. Akhmediev, J. M. Soto-Crespo, K. Bergman, and W. H. Knox, “Polarization-locked temporal vector solitons in a fiber laser: experiment,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17(3), 354–365 (2000).
[Crossref]

S. T. Cundiff, B. C. Collings, N. N. Akhmediev, J. M. Soto-Crespo, K. Bergman, and W. H. Knox, “Observation of polarization-locked vector solitons in an optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(20), 3988–3991 (1999).
[Crossref]

J. N. Kutz, B. C. Collings, K. Bergman, and W. H. Knox, “Stabilized pulse spacing in soliton lasers due to gain depletion and recovery,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34(9), 1749–1757 (1998).
[Crossref]

Komarov, A.

A. Niang, F. Amrani, M. Salhi, H. Leblond, A. Komarov, and F. Sanchez, “Harmonic mode-locking in a fiber laser through continuous external optical injection,” Opt. Commun. 312, 1–6 (2014).
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A. Komarov, K. Komarov, A. Niang, and F. Sanchez, “Nature of soliton interaction in fiber lasers with continuous external optical injection,” Phys. Rev. A 89(1), 013833 (2014).
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F. Amrani, A. Haboucha, M. Salhi, H. Leblond, A. Komarov, and F. Sanchez, “Dissipative solitons compounds in a fiber laser. Analogy with the states of the matter,” Appl. Phys. B 99(1–2), 107–114 (2010).
[Crossref]

F. Amrani, A. Haboucha, M. Salhi, H. Leblond, A. Komarov, Ph. Grelu, and F. Sanchez, “Passively mode-locked erbium-doped double-clad fiber laser operating at the 322nd harmonic,” Opt. Lett. 34(14), 2120–2122 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Haboucha, H. Leblond, M. Salhi, A. Komarov, and F. Sanchez, “Analysis of soliton pattern formation in passively mode-locked fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 78(4), 043806 (2008).
[Crossref]

Komarov, K.

A. Komarov, K. Komarov, A. Niang, and F. Sanchez, “Nature of soliton interaction in fiber lasers with continuous external optical injection,” Phys. Rev. A 89(1), 013833 (2014).
[Crossref]

Konishi, K.

N. Kanda, T. Higuchi, H. Shimizu, K. Konishi, K. Yoshioka, and M. Kuwata-Gonokami, “The vectorial control of magnetization by light,” Nat Commun 2, 362 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kutz, J. N.

J. N. Kutz, B. C. Collings, K. Bergman, and W. H. Knox, “Stabilized pulse spacing in soliton lasers due to gain depletion and recovery,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34(9), 1749–1757 (1998).
[Crossref]

Kuwata-Gonokami, M.

N. Kanda, T. Higuchi, H. Shimizu, K. Konishi, K. Yoshioka, and M. Kuwata-Gonokami, “The vectorial control of magnetization by light,” Nat Commun 2, 362 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Leblond, H.

A. Niang, F. Amrani, M. Salhi, H. Leblond, A. Komarov, and F. Sanchez, “Harmonic mode-locking in a fiber laser through continuous external optical injection,” Opt. Commun. 312, 1–6 (2014).
[Crossref]

F. Amrani, A. Haboucha, M. Salhi, H. Leblond, A. Komarov, and F. Sanchez, “Dissipative solitons compounds in a fiber laser. Analogy with the states of the matter,” Appl. Phys. B 99(1–2), 107–114 (2010).
[Crossref]

F. Amrani, A. Haboucha, M. Salhi, H. Leblond, A. Komarov, Ph. Grelu, and F. Sanchez, “Passively mode-locked erbium-doped double-clad fiber laser operating at the 322nd harmonic,” Opt. Lett. 34(14), 2120–2122 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Haboucha, H. Leblond, M. Salhi, A. Komarov, and F. Sanchez, “Analysis of soliton pattern formation in passively mode-locked fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 78(4), 043806 (2008).
[Crossref]

Li, B.

W.-C. Chen, G.-J. Chen, D.-A. Han, and B. Li, “Different temporal patterns of vector soliton bunching induced by polarization-dependent saturable absorber,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 20(3), 199–207 (2014).
[Crossref]

Li, H.

Li, H. F.

H. F. Li, S. M. Zhang, J. Du, Y. C. Meng, Y. P. Hao, and X. L. Li, “Passively harmonic mode-locked fiber laser with controllable repetition rate based on a carbon nanotube saturable absorber,” Opt. Commun. 285(6), 1347–1351 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Du, S. M. Zhang, H. F. Li, Y. C. Meng, X. L. Li, and Y. P. Hao, “L band passively harmonic mode-locked fiber laser based on a graphene saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 9(12), 896–900 (2012).
[Crossref]

X. L. Li, S. M. Zhang, Y. C. Meng, Y. P. Hao, H. F. Li, J. Du, and Z. J. Yang, “Observation of soliton bound states in a graphene mode locked erbium-doped fiber laser,” Laser Phys. 22(4), 774–777 (2012).
[Crossref]

Li, L.

Y. Wang, S. Wang, J. Luo, Y. Ge, L. Li, D. Tang, D. Shen, S. Zhang, F. W. Wise, and L. Zhao, “Vector soliton generation in a Tm fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26(8), 769–772 (2014).
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Y. F. Song, L. Li, D. Y. Tang, and D. Y. Shen, “Quasi-periodicity of vector solitons in a graphene mode-locked fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(12), 125103 (2013).
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Y. F. Song, L. Li, H. Zhang, Y. Shen, D. Y. Tang, and K. P. Loh, “Vector multi-soliton operation and interaction in a graphene mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Express 21(8), 10010–10018 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, X.

Li, X. L.

J. Du, S. M. Zhang, H. F. Li, Y. C. Meng, X. L. Li, and Y. P. Hao, “L band passively harmonic mode-locked fiber laser based on a graphene saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 9(12), 896–900 (2012).
[Crossref]

H. F. Li, S. M. Zhang, J. Du, Y. C. Meng, Y. P. Hao, and X. L. Li, “Passively harmonic mode-locked fiber laser with controllable repetition rate based on a carbon nanotube saturable absorber,” Opt. Commun. 285(6), 1347–1351 (2012).
[Crossref]

X. L. Li, S. M. Zhang, Y. C. Meng, Y. P. Hao, H. F. Li, J. Du, and Z. J. Yang, “Observation of soliton bound states in a graphene mode locked erbium-doped fiber laser,” Laser Phys. 22(4), 774–777 (2012).
[Crossref]

Li, Y.

Y. Chen, M. Wu, P. Tang, S. Chen, J. Du, G. Jiang, Y. Li, C. Zhao, H. Zhang, and S. Wen, “The formation of various multi-soliton patterns and noise-like pulse in a fiber laser passively mode-locked by a topological insulator based saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(5), 055101 (2014).
[Crossref]

Liu, H.

Liu, H. H.

J. H. Wong, K. Wu, H. H. Liu, C. Ouyang, H. Wang, S. Aditya, P. Shum, S. Fu, E. J. R. Kelleher, A. Chernov, and E. D. Obraztsova, “Vector solitons in a laser passively mode-locked by single-wall carbon nanotubes,” Opt. Commun. 284(7), 2007–2011 (2011).
[Crossref]

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Liu, X.

Liu, Y.

D. Tang, J. G. Zhang, and Y. Liu, “Vector solitons with polarization instability and locked polarization in a fiber laser,” Opt. Eng. 51(7), 074202 (2012).
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Y. F. Song, L. Li, H. Zhang, Y. Shen, D. Y. Tang, and K. P. Loh, “Vector multi-soliton operation and interaction in a graphene mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Express 21(8), 10010–10018 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Q. Bao, H. Zhang, Z. Ni, Y. Wang, L. Polavarapu, Z. Shen, Q. H. Xu, D. Tang, and K. P. Loh, “Monolayer graphene as a saturable absorber in a mode-locked laser,” Nano Res. 4(3), 297–307 (2011).
[Crossref]

H. Zhang, D. Tang, L. Zhao, Q. Bao, and K. P. Loh, “Vector dissipative solitons in graphene mode locked fiber lasers,” Opt. Commun. 283(17), 3334–3338 (2010).
[Crossref]

Lu, C.

B. Zhao, D. Y. Tang, P. Shum, W. S. Man, H. Y. Tam, Y. D. Gong, and C. Lu, “Passive harmonic mode locking of twin-pulse solitons in an erbium-doped fiber ring laser,” Opt. Commun. 229(1–6), 363–370 (2004).
[Crossref]

D. Y. Tang, B. Zhao, D. Y. Shen, C. Lu, W. S. Man, and H. Y. Tam, “Bound-soliton fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. A 66(3), 033806 (2002).
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Luan, X. N.

X. Wu, D. Y. Tang, X. N. Luan, and Q. Zhang, “Bound states of solitons in a fiber laser mode locked with carbon nanotube saturable absorber,” Opt. Commun. 284(14), 3615–3618 (2011).
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Luo, A. P.

Luo, J.

Y. Wang, S. Wang, J. Luo, Y. Ge, L. Li, D. Tang, D. Shen, S. Zhang, F. W. Wise, and L. Zhao, “Vector soliton generation in a Tm fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26(8), 769–772 (2014).
[Crossref]

Luo, S. Y.

Z. X. Zhang, L. Zhan, X. X. Yang, S. Y. Luo, and Y. X. Xia, “Passive harmonically mode-locked erbium-doped fiber laser with scalable repetition rate up to 1.2 GHz,” Laser Phys. Lett. 4(8), 592–596 (2007).
[Crossref]

Luo, Z. C.

Man, W. S.

B. Zhao, D. Y. Tang, P. Shum, W. S. Man, H. Y. Tam, Y. D. Gong, and C. Lu, “Passive harmonic mode locking of twin-pulse solitons in an erbium-doped fiber ring laser,” Opt. Commun. 229(1–6), 363–370 (2004).
[Crossref]

D. Y. Tang, B. Zhao, D. Y. Shen, C. Lu, W. S. Man, and H. Y. Tam, “Bound-soliton fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. A 66(3), 033806 (2002).
[Crossref]

D. Y. Tang, W. S. Man, H. Y. Tam, and P. D. Drummond, “Observation of bound states of solitons in a passively mode-locked fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. A 64(3), 033814 (2001).
[Crossref]

Meng, Y.

Meng, Y. C.

X. L. Li, S. M. Zhang, Y. C. Meng, Y. P. Hao, H. F. Li, J. Du, and Z. J. Yang, “Observation of soliton bound states in a graphene mode locked erbium-doped fiber laser,” Laser Phys. 22(4), 774–777 (2012).
[Crossref]

H. F. Li, S. M. Zhang, J. Du, Y. C. Meng, Y. P. Hao, and X. L. Li, “Passively harmonic mode-locked fiber laser with controllable repetition rate based on a carbon nanotube saturable absorber,” Opt. Commun. 285(6), 1347–1351 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Du, S. M. Zhang, H. F. Li, Y. C. Meng, X. L. Li, and Y. P. Hao, “L band passively harmonic mode-locked fiber laser based on a graphene saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 9(12), 896–900 (2012).
[Crossref]

Menyuk, C. R.

Mollenauer, L. F.

L. F. Mollenauer, R. H. Stolen, and J. P. Gordon, “Experimental observation of picosecond pulse narrowing and solitons in optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 45(13), 1095–1098 (1980).
[Crossref]

Mou, C.

Narushima, T.

Y. Jiang, T. Narushima, and H. Okamoto, “Nonlinear optical effects in trapping nanoparticles with femtosecond pulses,” Nat. Phys. 6(12), 1005–1009 (2010).
[Crossref]

Ni, Z.

Q. Bao, H. Zhang, Z. Ni, Y. Wang, L. Polavarapu, Z. Shen, Q. H. Xu, D. Tang, and K. P. Loh, “Monolayer graphene as a saturable absorber in a mode-locked laser,” Nano Res. 4(3), 297–307 (2011).
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Y. Meng, A. Niang, K. Guesmi, M. Salhi, and F. Sanchez, “1.61 μm high-order passive harmonic mode locking in a fiber laser based on graphene saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 22(24), 29921–29926 (2014).
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A. Niang, F. Amrani, M. Salhi, H. Leblond, A. Komarov, and F. Sanchez, “Harmonic mode-locking in a fiber laser through continuous external optical injection,” Opt. Commun. 312, 1–6 (2014).
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A. Komarov, K. Komarov, A. Niang, and F. Sanchez, “Nature of soliton interaction in fiber lasers with continuous external optical injection,” Phys. Rev. A 89(1), 013833 (2014).
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A. Niang, F. Amrani, M. Salhi, H. Leblond, A. Komarov, and F. Sanchez, “Harmonic mode-locking in a fiber laser through continuous external optical injection,” Opt. Commun. 312, 1–6 (2014).
[Crossref]

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F. Amrani, A. Haboucha, M. Salhi, H. Leblond, A. Komarov, and F. Sanchez, “Dissipative solitons compounds in a fiber laser. Analogy with the states of the matter,” Appl. Phys. B 99(1–2), 107–114 (2010).
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F. Amrani, A. Haboucha, M. Salhi, H. Leblond, A. Komarov, Ph. Grelu, and F. Sanchez, “Passively mode-locked erbium-doped double-clad fiber laser operating at the 322nd harmonic,” Opt. Lett. 34(14), 2120–2122 (2009).
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Y. F. Song, L. Li, D. Y. Tang, and D. Y. Shen, “Quasi-periodicity of vector solitons in a graphene mode-locked fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(12), 125103 (2013).
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D. Y. Tang, B. Zhao, D. Y. Shen, C. Lu, W. S. Man, and H. Y. Tam, “Bound-soliton fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. A 66(3), 033806 (2002).
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Shen, Z.

Q. Bao, H. Zhang, Z. Ni, Y. Wang, L. Polavarapu, Z. Shen, Q. H. Xu, D. Tang, and K. P. Loh, “Monolayer graphene as a saturable absorber in a mode-locked laser,” Nano Res. 4(3), 297–307 (2011).
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B. Zhao, D. Y. Tang, P. Shum, W. S. Man, H. Y. Tam, Y. D. Gong, and C. Lu, “Passive harmonic mode locking of twin-pulse solitons in an erbium-doped fiber ring laser,” Opt. Commun. 229(1–6), 363–370 (2004).
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Tam, H. Y.

H. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, X. Wu, and H. Y. Tam, “Dissipative vector solitons in a dispersionmanaged cavity fiber laser with net positive cavity dispersion,” Opt. Express 17(2), 455–460 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Y. Tang, B. Zhao, L. M. Zhao, and H. Y. Tam, “Soliton interaction in a fiber ring laser,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 72(1), 016616 (2005).
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B. Zhao, D. Y. Tang, P. Shum, W. S. Man, H. Y. Tam, Y. D. Gong, and C. Lu, “Passive harmonic mode locking of twin-pulse solitons in an erbium-doped fiber ring laser,” Opt. Commun. 229(1–6), 363–370 (2004).
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D. Y. Tang, B. Zhao, D. Y. Shen, C. Lu, W. S. Man, and H. Y. Tam, “Bound-soliton fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. A 66(3), 033806 (2002).
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D. Y. Tang, W. S. Man, H. Y. Tam, and P. D. Drummond, “Observation of bound states of solitons in a passively mode-locked fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. A 64(3), 033814 (2001).
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Y. Wang, S. Wang, J. Luo, Y. Ge, L. Li, D. Tang, D. Shen, S. Zhang, F. W. Wise, and L. Zhao, “Vector soliton generation in a Tm fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26(8), 769–772 (2014).
[Crossref]

D. Tang, J. G. Zhang, and Y. Liu, “Vector solitons with polarization instability and locked polarization in a fiber laser,” Opt. Eng. 51(7), 074202 (2012).
[Crossref]

Q. Bao, H. Zhang, Z. Ni, Y. Wang, L. Polavarapu, Z. Shen, Q. H. Xu, D. Tang, and K. P. Loh, “Monolayer graphene as a saturable absorber in a mode-locked laser,” Nano Res. 4(3), 297–307 (2011).
[Crossref]

H. Zhang, D. Tang, L. Zhao, Q. Bao, and K. P. Loh, “Vector dissipative solitons in graphene mode locked fiber lasers,” Opt. Commun. 283(17), 3334–3338 (2010).
[Crossref]

Tang, D. Y.

Y. F. Song, L. Li, D. Y. Tang, and D. Y. Shen, “Quasi-periodicity of vector solitons in a graphene mode-locked fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(12), 125103 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. F. Song, L. Li, H. Zhang, Y. Shen, D. Y. Tang, and K. P. Loh, “Vector multi-soliton operation and interaction in a graphene mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Express 21(8), 10010–10018 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. F. Song, H. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, and Y. Shen, “Polarization rotation vector solitons in a graphene mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Express 20(24), 27283–27289 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Wu, D. Y. Tang, X. N. Luan, and Q. Zhang, “Bound states of solitons in a fiber laser mode locked with carbon nanotube saturable absorber,” Opt. Commun. 284(14), 3615–3618 (2011).
[Crossref]

H. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, X. Wu, and H. Y. Tam, “Dissipative vector solitons in a dispersionmanaged cavity fiber laser with net positive cavity dispersion,” Opt. Express 17(2), 455–460 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. M. Zhao, D. Y. Tang, H. Zhang, and X. Wu, “Polarization rotation locking of vector solitons in a fiber ring laser,” Opt. Express 16(14), 10053–10058 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, and N. Xiang, “Coherent energy exchange between components of a vector soliton in fiber lasers,” Opt. Express 16(17), 12618–12623 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Y. Tang, H. Zhang, L. M. Zhao, and X. Wu, “Observation of high-order polarization-locked vector solitons in a fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(15), 153904 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Y. Tang, B. Zhao, L. M. Zhao, and H. Y. Tam, “Soliton interaction in a fiber ring laser,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 72(1), 016616 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Zhao, D. Y. Tang, P. Shum, W. S. Man, H. Y. Tam, Y. D. Gong, and C. Lu, “Passive harmonic mode locking of twin-pulse solitons in an erbium-doped fiber ring laser,” Opt. Commun. 229(1–6), 363–370 (2004).
[Crossref]

D. Y. Tang, B. Zhao, D. Y. Shen, C. Lu, W. S. Man, and H. Y. Tam, “Bound-soliton fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. A 66(3), 033806 (2002).
[Crossref]

D. Y. Tang, W. S. Man, H. Y. Tam, and P. D. Drummond, “Observation of bound states of solitons in a passively mode-locked fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. A 64(3), 033814 (2001).
[Crossref]

Tang, P.

Y. Chen, M. Wu, P. Tang, S. Chen, J. Du, G. Jiang, Y. Li, C. Zhao, H. Zhang, and S. Wen, “The formation of various multi-soliton patterns and noise-like pulse in a fiber laser passively mode-locked by a topological insulator based saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(5), 055101 (2014).
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Turitsyn, S. K.

VanWiggeren, G. D.

G. D. VanWiggeren and R. Roy, “Communication with dynamically fluctuating states of light polarization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88(9), 097903 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, D. M. Basko, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene mode-locked ultrafast laser,” ACS Nano 4(2), 803–810 (2010).
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J. H. Wong, K. Wu, H. H. Liu, C. Ouyang, H. Wang, S. Aditya, P. Shum, S. Fu, E. J. R. Kelleher, A. Chernov, and E. D. Obraztsova, “Vector solitons in a laser passively mode-locked by single-wall carbon nanotubes,” Opt. Commun. 284(7), 2007–2011 (2011).
[Crossref]

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Y. Wang, S. Wang, J. Luo, Y. Ge, L. Li, D. Tang, D. Shen, S. Zhang, F. W. Wise, and L. Zhao, “Vector soliton generation in a Tm fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26(8), 769–772 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wang, Y.

Y. Wang, S. Wang, J. Luo, Y. Ge, L. Li, D. Tang, D. Shen, S. Zhang, F. W. Wise, and L. Zhao, “Vector soliton generation in a Tm fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26(8), 769–772 (2014).
[Crossref]

Q. Bao, H. Zhang, Z. Ni, Y. Wang, L. Polavarapu, Z. Shen, Q. H. Xu, D. Tang, and K. P. Loh, “Monolayer graphene as a saturable absorber in a mode-locked laser,” Nano Res. 4(3), 297–307 (2011).
[Crossref]

Wen, S.

Y. Chen, M. Wu, P. Tang, S. Chen, J. Du, G. Jiang, Y. Li, C. Zhao, H. Zhang, and S. Wen, “The formation of various multi-soliton patterns and noise-like pulse in a fiber laser passively mode-locked by a topological insulator based saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(5), 055101 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wise, F. W.

Y. Wang, S. Wang, J. Luo, Y. Ge, L. Li, D. Tang, D. Shen, S. Zhang, F. W. Wise, and L. Zhao, “Vector soliton generation in a Tm fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26(8), 769–772 (2014).
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J. H. Wong, K. Wu, H. H. Liu, C. Ouyang, H. Wang, S. Aditya, P. Shum, S. Fu, E. J. R. Kelleher, A. Chernov, and E. D. Obraztsova, “Vector solitons in a laser passively mode-locked by single-wall carbon nanotubes,” Opt. Commun. 284(7), 2007–2011 (2011).
[Crossref]

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J. H. Wong, K. Wu, H. H. Liu, C. Ouyang, H. Wang, S. Aditya, P. Shum, S. Fu, E. J. R. Kelleher, A. Chernov, and E. D. Obraztsova, “Vector solitons in a laser passively mode-locked by single-wall carbon nanotubes,” Opt. Commun. 284(7), 2007–2011 (2011).
[Crossref]

Wu, M.

Y. Chen, M. Wu, P. Tang, S. Chen, J. Du, G. Jiang, Y. Li, C. Zhao, H. Zhang, and S. Wen, “The formation of various multi-soliton patterns and noise-like pulse in a fiber laser passively mode-locked by a topological insulator based saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(5), 055101 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wu, X.

X. Wu, D. Y. Tang, X. N. Luan, and Q. Zhang, “Bound states of solitons in a fiber laser mode locked with carbon nanotube saturable absorber,” Opt. Commun. 284(14), 3615–3618 (2011).
[Crossref]

H. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, X. Wu, and H. Y. Tam, “Dissipative vector solitons in a dispersionmanaged cavity fiber laser with net positive cavity dispersion,” Opt. Express 17(2), 455–460 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. M. Zhao, D. Y. Tang, H. Zhang, and X. Wu, “Polarization rotation locking of vector solitons in a fiber ring laser,” Opt. Express 16(14), 10053–10058 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Y. Tang, H. Zhang, L. M. Zhao, and X. Wu, “Observation of high-order polarization-locked vector solitons in a fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(15), 153904 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xia, Y. X.

Z. X. Zhang, L. Zhan, X. X. Yang, S. Y. Luo, and Y. X. Xia, “Passive harmonically mode-locked erbium-doped fiber laser with scalable repetition rate up to 1.2 GHz,” Laser Phys. Lett. 4(8), 592–596 (2007).
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Xiang, N.

Xu, Q. H.

Q. Bao, H. Zhang, Z. Ni, Y. Wang, L. Polavarapu, Z. Shen, Q. H. Xu, D. Tang, and K. P. Loh, “Monolayer graphene as a saturable absorber in a mode-locked laser,” Nano Res. 4(3), 297–307 (2011).
[Crossref]

Xu, W. C.

Yang, X. X.

Z. X. Zhang, L. Zhan, X. X. Yang, S. Y. Luo, and Y. X. Xia, “Passive harmonically mode-locked erbium-doped fiber laser with scalable repetition rate up to 1.2 GHz,” Laser Phys. Lett. 4(8), 592–596 (2007).
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Yang, Z. J.

X. L. Li, S. M. Zhang, Y. C. Meng, Y. P. Hao, H. F. Li, J. Du, and Z. J. Yang, “Observation of soliton bound states in a graphene mode locked erbium-doped fiber laser,” Laser Phys. 22(4), 774–777 (2012).
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Yoshioka, K.

N. Kanda, T. Higuchi, H. Shimizu, K. Konishi, K. Yoshioka, and M. Kuwata-Gonokami, “The vectorial control of magnetization by light,” Nat Commun 2, 362 (2011).
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Yun, S. H.

Zhan, L.

Z. X. Zhang, L. Zhan, X. X. Yang, S. Y. Luo, and Y. X. Xia, “Passive harmonically mode-locked erbium-doped fiber laser with scalable repetition rate up to 1.2 GHz,” Laser Phys. Lett. 4(8), 592–596 (2007).
[Crossref]

Zhang, H.

Y. Chen, M. Wu, P. Tang, S. Chen, J. Du, G. Jiang, Y. Li, C. Zhao, H. Zhang, and S. Wen, “The formation of various multi-soliton patterns and noise-like pulse in a fiber laser passively mode-locked by a topological insulator based saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(5), 055101 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. Liu, X. W. Zheng, Y. L. Qi, H. Liu, A. P. Luo, Z. C. Luo, W. C. Xu, C. J. Zhao, and H. Zhang, “Microfiber-based few-layer MoS2 saturable absorber for 2.5 GHz passively harmonic mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Express 22(19), 22841–22846 (2014).
[PubMed]

Y. F. Song, L. Li, H. Zhang, Y. Shen, D. Y. Tang, and K. P. Loh, “Vector multi-soliton operation and interaction in a graphene mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Express 21(8), 10010–10018 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. F. Song, H. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, and Y. Shen, “Polarization rotation vector solitons in a graphene mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Express 20(24), 27283–27289 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Q. Bao, H. Zhang, Z. Ni, Y. Wang, L. Polavarapu, Z. Shen, Q. H. Xu, D. Tang, and K. P. Loh, “Monolayer graphene as a saturable absorber in a mode-locked laser,” Nano Res. 4(3), 297–307 (2011).
[Crossref]

H. Zhang, D. Tang, L. Zhao, Q. Bao, and K. P. Loh, “Vector dissipative solitons in graphene mode locked fiber lasers,” Opt. Commun. 283(17), 3334–3338 (2010).
[Crossref]

H. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, X. Wu, and H. Y. Tam, “Dissipative vector solitons in a dispersionmanaged cavity fiber laser with net positive cavity dispersion,” Opt. Express 17(2), 455–460 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, and N. Xiang, “Coherent energy exchange between components of a vector soliton in fiber lasers,” Opt. Express 16(17), 12618–12623 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. M. Zhao, D. Y. Tang, H. Zhang, and X. Wu, “Polarization rotation locking of vector solitons in a fiber ring laser,” Opt. Express 16(14), 10053–10058 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Y. Tang, H. Zhang, L. M. Zhao, and X. Wu, “Observation of high-order polarization-locked vector solitons in a fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(15), 153904 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, J. G.

D. Tang, J. G. Zhang, and Y. Liu, “Vector solitons with polarization instability and locked polarization in a fiber laser,” Opt. Eng. 51(7), 074202 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Q.

X. Wu, D. Y. Tang, X. N. Luan, and Q. Zhang, “Bound states of solitons in a fiber laser mode locked with carbon nanotube saturable absorber,” Opt. Commun. 284(14), 3615–3618 (2011).
[Crossref]

Zhang, S.

Y. Wang, S. Wang, J. Luo, Y. Ge, L. Li, D. Tang, D. Shen, S. Zhang, F. W. Wise, and L. Zhao, “Vector soliton generation in a Tm fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26(8), 769–772 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Meng, S. Zhang, X. Li, H. Li, J. Du, and Y. Hao, “Multiple-soliton dynamic patterns in a graphene mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Express 20(6), 6685–6692 (2012).
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Zhang, S. M.

J. Du, S. M. Zhang, H. F. Li, Y. C. Meng, X. L. Li, and Y. P. Hao, “L band passively harmonic mode-locked fiber laser based on a graphene saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 9(12), 896–900 (2012).
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H. F. Li, S. M. Zhang, J. Du, Y. C. Meng, Y. P. Hao, and X. L. Li, “Passively harmonic mode-locked fiber laser with controllable repetition rate based on a carbon nanotube saturable absorber,” Opt. Commun. 285(6), 1347–1351 (2012).
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X. L. Li, S. M. Zhang, Y. C. Meng, Y. P. Hao, H. F. Li, J. Du, and Z. J. Yang, “Observation of soliton bound states in a graphene mode locked erbium-doped fiber laser,” Laser Phys. 22(4), 774–777 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Z. X.

Z. X. Zhang, L. Zhan, X. X. Yang, S. Y. Luo, and Y. X. Xia, “Passive harmonically mode-locked erbium-doped fiber laser with scalable repetition rate up to 1.2 GHz,” Laser Phys. Lett. 4(8), 592–596 (2007).
[Crossref]

Zhao, B.

D. Y. Tang, B. Zhao, L. M. Zhao, and H. Y. Tam, “Soliton interaction in a fiber ring laser,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 72(1), 016616 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Zhao, D. Y. Tang, P. Shum, W. S. Man, H. Y. Tam, Y. D. Gong, and C. Lu, “Passive harmonic mode locking of twin-pulse solitons in an erbium-doped fiber ring laser,” Opt. Commun. 229(1–6), 363–370 (2004).
[Crossref]

D. Y. Tang, B. Zhao, D. Y. Shen, C. Lu, W. S. Man, and H. Y. Tam, “Bound-soliton fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. A 66(3), 033806 (2002).
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Figures (11)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Schematic setup of the vector soliton fiber laser. WDM: wavelength division multiplexer, HDCEDF: high doping concentration erbium-doped fiber, PI-ISO: polarization insensitive isolator, PC1 and PC2: polarization controller, OC1: 10/90 optical coupler, OC2: 50/50 optical coupler, PBS: polarization beam splitter.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 The vector characteristics of fundamental PLVSs. (a) Soliton spectra before (blue line) and after (orange and green lines) passing through the PBS. The insert in part (a) shows the pulse traces before passing through the PBS; (b) autocorrelation trace of a single pulse before the PBS; (c) the wideband RF spectrum up to 300 MHz (Insert: the narrow bandwidth RF spectrum up to 45 MHz); (d) the two pulse traces after a PBS.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 The vector characteristics of fundamental PRVSs. (a) Pulse traces before (blue line) and after (orange and green lines) passing through a PBS; (b) optical spectra before (blue line) and after (orange and green lines) passing through a PBS.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 The vector characteristics of polarization locked tightly bound vector solitons. (a) Optical spectra before (blue line) and after (orange and green lines) passing though the PBS; (b) autocorrelation trace of the total pulse; (c) pulse trace before passing through the PBS; (d) pulse traces of two polarization components after passing through the PBS.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 The vector characteristics of polarization rotation tightly bound vector solitons. (a) Optical spectra (Insert: autocorrelation trace of the total pulse) before (blue line) and after (orange and green lines) passing through the PBS; (b) pulse traces before (blue line) and after (orange and green lines) passing through the PBS.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 The vector characteristics of polarization locked loosely bound vector solitons. (a) Optical spectra (Insert: autocorrelation trace of total pulse) before (blue line) and after (orange and green lines) passing through the PBS; (b) pulse traces before (blue line) and after (orange and green lines) passing through the PBS.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 The vector characteristics of polarization rotation loosely vector BSs. (a) Optical spectra (left insert: autocorrelation trace of total pulse; right insert: enlargement of part of the spectrum) before (blue line) and after (orange and green lines) passing through the PBS; (b) pulse traces before (blue line) and after (orange and green lines) passing through the PBS.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 The vector characteristics of polarization locked vector soliton bunching. (a) Pulse traces before (blue line) and after (orange and green lines) passing through the PBS; (b) a single pulse group in pulse bunching mode before passing through the PBS; (c) optical spectra before (blue line) and after (orange and green lines) passing through the PBS.
Fig. 9
Fig. 9 The vector characteristics of polarization rotation vector soliton bunching. (a) Pulse traces before (blue line) and after (orange and green lines) passing through the PBS; (b) optical spectra before (blue line) and after (orange and green lines) passing through the PBS.
Fig. 10
Fig. 10 The vector characteristics of polarization locked harmonic mode locking vector solitons. (a) The pulse trace before passing through the PBS; (b) the pulse traces after passing through the PBS; (c) the wideband RF spectrum up to 800 MHz (insert: the narrow bandwidth RF spectrum between 120 and 200 MHz); (d) the spectra before (blue line) and after (orange and green lines) passing through the PBS.
Fig. 11
Fig. 11 The vector characteristics of polarization rotation 7th harmonic vector solitons. (a) Pulse traces before (blue line) and after (orange and green lines) passing through the PBS; (b) optical spectra before (blue line) and after (orange and green lines) passing through the PBS; (c) the wideband RF spectrum up to 800 MHz (insert: the narrow bandwidth RF spectrum between 50 and 150 MHz).

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