Abstract

Emission of the two electrons released from nonsequential double ionization of argon atoms is anticorrelated at lower laser intensities but is correlated at higher laser intensities. Such a transition is caused by the momentum change of recollision-induced-ionization (RII) electrons. At lower laser intensities, the Coulomb repulsion between the two RII electrons dominates the motion of electrons and pushes them leaving the laser field back-to-back. At higher laser intensities, the drift momentum obtained from the laser field dominates the motion of electrons and drives them leaving the laser field side-by-side.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article
OSA Recommended Articles
Contribution of recollision ionization to the cross-shaped structure in nonsequential double ionization

Cheng Huang, Yueming Zhou, Qingbin Zhang, and Peixiang Lu
Opt. Express 21(9) 11382-11390 (2013)

Nonsequential double ionization channels control of Ar with few-cycle elliptically polarized laser pulse by carrier-envelope-phase

Shuai Ben, Tian Wang, Tongtong Xu, Jing Guo, and Xueshen Liu
Opt. Express 24(7) 7525-7533 (2016)

Nonsequential double ionization of Mg from a doubly excited complex driven by circularly polarized laser field

Shuai Ben, Pei-Ying Guo, Kai-Li Song, Tong-Tong Xu, Wei-Wei Yu, and Xue-Shen Liu
Opt. Express 25(2) 1288-1295 (2017)

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. P. B. Corkum and F. Krausz, “Attosecond science,” Nat. Phys. 3, 381 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  2. S. X. Hu, “Boosting photoabsorption by attosecond control of electron correlation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111, 123003 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  3. A. L’Huillier, L. A. Lompre, G. Mainfray, and C. Manus, “Multiply charged ions formed by multiphoton absorption processes in the continuum,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 48, 1814–1817 (1982).
    [Crossref]
  4. D. N. Fittinghoff, P. R. Bolton, B. Chang, and K. C. Kulander, “Observation of nonsequential double ionization of helium with optical tunneling,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 69, 2642–2645 (1992).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  5. E. Eremina, X. Liu, H. Rottke, W. Sandner, M. G. Schatzel, A. Dreischuh, G. G. Paulus, H. Walther, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Influence of molecular structure on double ionization of N2 and O2 by high intensity ultra-short laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 173001 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  6. S. L. Haan, L. Breen, A. Karim, and J. H. Eberly, “Recollision dynamics and time delay in strong-field double ionization,” Opt. Express 15, 767–778 (2007).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  7. J. Guo, X.-S. Liu, and S.-I. Chu, “Exploration of nonsequential-double-ionization dynamics of Mg atoms in linearly and circularly polarized laser fields with different potentials,” Phys. Rev. A 88, 023405 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  8. J. B. Watson, A. Sanpera, D. G. Lappas, P. L. Knight, and K. Burnett, “Nonsequential double ionization of helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 1884–1887 (1997).
    [Crossref]
  9. Th. Weber, H. Giessen, M. Weckenbrock, G. Urbasch, A. Staudte, L. Spielberger, O. Jagutzki, V. Mergel, M. Vollmer, and R. Döner, “Correlated electron emission in multiphoton double ionization,” Nature (London) 405, 658–661 (2000).
    [Crossref]
  10. A. Rudenko, V. L. B. de Jesus, Th. Ergler, K. Zrost, B. Feuerstein, C. D. Schröter, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Correlated two-electron momentum spectra for strong-field nonsequential double ionization of He at 800 nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 263003 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  11. A. Staudte, C. Ruiz, M. Schöffler, S. Schössler, D. Zeidler, Th. Weber, M. Meckel, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, A. Becker, and R. Dörner, “Binary and recoil collisions in strong field double ionization of helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 263002 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  12. B. Bergues, M. Kubel, N. G. Johnson, B. Fischer, N. Camus, K. J. Betsch, O. Herrwerth, A. Senftleben, A. M. Sayler, T. Rathje, T. Pfeifer, I. Ben-Itzhak, R. R. Jones, G. G. Paulus, F. Krausz, R. Moshammer, J. Ullrich, and M. F. Kling, “Attosecond tracing of correlated electron-emission in non-sequential double ionization,” Nat. Commun. 3, 813–818 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  13. Y. Liu, S. Tschuch, A. Rudenko, M. Dürr, M. Siegel, U. Morgner, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Strong-field double ionization of Ar below the recollision threshold,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 053001 (2008).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  14. Y. Liu, D. Ye, J. Liu, A. Rudenko, S. Tschuch, M. Durr, M. Siegel, U. Morgner, Q. Gong, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Multiphoton double ionization of Ar and Ne close to threshold,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 173002 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  15. A. Emmanouilidou, “Recoil collisions as a portal to field-assisted ionization at near-uv frequencies in the strong-field double ionization of helium,” Phys. Rev. A 78, 023411 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  16. D. F. Ye and J. Liu, “Strong-field double ionization at the transition to below the recollision threshold,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 043402 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  17. T. Shaaran, M. T. Nygren, and C. Figueira de Morisson Faria, “Laser-induced nonsequential double ionization at and above the recollision-excitation-tunneling threshold,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 063413 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  18. X. L. Hao, W. D. Li, J. Liu, and J. Chen, “Effect of the electron initial longitudinal velocity on the nonsequential double-ionization process,” Phys. Rev. A 83, 053422 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  19. X. Y. Jia, X. L. Hao, D. H. Fan, W. D. Li, and J. Chen, “S-matrix and semiclassical study of electron-electron correlation in strong-field nonsequential double ionization of Ne,” Phys. Rev. A 88, 033402 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  20. P. J. Ho, R. Panfili, S. L. Haan, and J. H. Eberly, “Nonsequential double ionization as a completely classical photoelectric effect,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 093002 (2005).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  21. B. Feuerstein, R. Moshammer, D. Fischer, A. Dorn, C. D. Schroter, J. Deipenwisch, J. R. Crespo Lopez-Urrutia, C. Hohr, P. Neumayer, J. Ullrich, H. Rottke, C. Trump, M. Wittmann, G. Korn, and W. Sandner, “Separation of recollision mechanisms in nonsequential strong field double ionization of Ar: the role of excitation tunneling,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 043003 (2001).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  22. W. Becker, X. Liu, P. Ho, and J. H. Eberly, “Theories of photoelectron correlation in laser-driven multiple atomic ionization,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 84, 1011–1041 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  23. A. Becker and F. H. M. Faisal, “Interpretation of momentum distribution of recoil ions from laser induced nonsequential double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 3546–3549 (2000).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  24. R. Panfili and J. H. Eberly, “Comparing classical and quantum dynamics of strong-field double ionization,” Opt. Express 8, 431–435 (2001).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  25. W. C. Liu, J. H. Eberly, S. L. Haan, and R. Grobe, “Correlation effects in two-electron model atoms in intense laser fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 520–523 (1999).
    [Crossref]
  26. J. S. Parker, B. J. S. Doherty, K. T. Taylor, K. D. Schultz, C. I. Blaga, and L. F. DiMauro, “High-energy cutoff in the spectrum of strong-field nonsequential double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 133001 (2006).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  27. X. Wang and J. H. Eberly, “Effects of elliptical polarization on strong-field short-pulse double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 103007 (2009).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  28. Y. Zhou, C. Huang, Q. Liao, and P. Lu, “Classical simulations including electron correlations for sequential double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 053004 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  29. S. L. Haan, Z. S. Smith, K. N. Shomsky, and P. W. Plantinga, “Anticorrelated electrons from weak recollisions in nonsequential double ionization,” J. Phys. B 41, 211002 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  30. R. Panfili, S. L. Haan, and J. H. Eberly, “Slow-down collisions and nonsequential double ionization in classical simulations,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 113001 (2002).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  31. C. Huang, Y. Zhou, Q. Zhang, and P. Lu, “Contribution of recollision ionization to the cross-shaped structure in nonsequential double ionization,” Opt. Express 21, 11382 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  32. Q. Su and J. H. Eberly, “Model atom for multiphoton physics,” Phys. Rev. A 44, 5997–6008 (1991).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  33. Z. L. Zhang, L. H. Bai, and J. T. Zhang, “Double ionization of Ar below the recollision threshold intensity,” Phys. Rev. A 90, 023410 (2014).
    [Crossref]

2014 (1)

Z. L. Zhang, L. H. Bai, and J. T. Zhang, “Double ionization of Ar below the recollision threshold intensity,” Phys. Rev. A 90, 023410 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (4)

C. Huang, Y. Zhou, Q. Zhang, and P. Lu, “Contribution of recollision ionization to the cross-shaped structure in nonsequential double ionization,” Opt. Express 21, 11382 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. X. Hu, “Boosting photoabsorption by attosecond control of electron correlation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111, 123003 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Guo, X.-S. Liu, and S.-I. Chu, “Exploration of nonsequential-double-ionization dynamics of Mg atoms in linearly and circularly polarized laser fields with different potentials,” Phys. Rev. A 88, 023405 (2013).
[Crossref]

X. Y. Jia, X. L. Hao, D. H. Fan, W. D. Li, and J. Chen, “S-matrix and semiclassical study of electron-electron correlation in strong-field nonsequential double ionization of Ne,” Phys. Rev. A 88, 033402 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (3)

W. Becker, X. Liu, P. Ho, and J. H. Eberly, “Theories of photoelectron correlation in laser-driven multiple atomic ionization,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 84, 1011–1041 (2012).
[Crossref]

B. Bergues, M. Kubel, N. G. Johnson, B. Fischer, N. Camus, K. J. Betsch, O. Herrwerth, A. Senftleben, A. M. Sayler, T. Rathje, T. Pfeifer, I. Ben-Itzhak, R. R. Jones, G. G. Paulus, F. Krausz, R. Moshammer, J. Ullrich, and M. F. Kling, “Attosecond tracing of correlated electron-emission in non-sequential double ionization,” Nat. Commun. 3, 813–818 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Zhou, C. Huang, Q. Liao, and P. Lu, “Classical simulations including electron correlations for sequential double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 053004 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (1)

X. L. Hao, W. D. Li, J. Liu, and J. Chen, “Effect of the electron initial longitudinal velocity on the nonsequential double-ionization process,” Phys. Rev. A 83, 053422 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (3)

D. F. Ye and J. Liu, “Strong-field double ionization at the transition to below the recollision threshold,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 043402 (2010).
[Crossref]

T. Shaaran, M. T. Nygren, and C. Figueira de Morisson Faria, “Laser-induced nonsequential double ionization at and above the recollision-excitation-tunneling threshold,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 063413 (2010).
[Crossref]

Y. Liu, D. Ye, J. Liu, A. Rudenko, S. Tschuch, M. Durr, M. Siegel, U. Morgner, Q. Gong, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Multiphoton double ionization of Ar and Ne close to threshold,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 173002 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2009 (1)

X. Wang and J. H. Eberly, “Effects of elliptical polarization on strong-field short-pulse double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 103007 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2008 (3)

S. L. Haan, Z. S. Smith, K. N. Shomsky, and P. W. Plantinga, “Anticorrelated electrons from weak recollisions in nonsequential double ionization,” J. Phys. B 41, 211002 (2008).
[Crossref]

A. Emmanouilidou, “Recoil collisions as a portal to field-assisted ionization at near-uv frequencies in the strong-field double ionization of helium,” Phys. Rev. A 78, 023411 (2008).
[Crossref]

Y. Liu, S. Tschuch, A. Rudenko, M. Dürr, M. Siegel, U. Morgner, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Strong-field double ionization of Ar below the recollision threshold,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 053001 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2007 (4)

A. Rudenko, V. L. B. de Jesus, Th. Ergler, K. Zrost, B. Feuerstein, C. D. Schröter, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Correlated two-electron momentum spectra for strong-field nonsequential double ionization of He at 800 nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 263003 (2007).
[Crossref]

A. Staudte, C. Ruiz, M. Schöffler, S. Schössler, D. Zeidler, Th. Weber, M. Meckel, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, A. Becker, and R. Dörner, “Binary and recoil collisions in strong field double ionization of helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 263002 (2007).
[Crossref]

S. L. Haan, L. Breen, A. Karim, and J. H. Eberly, “Recollision dynamics and time delay in strong-field double ionization,” Opt. Express 15, 767–778 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. B. Corkum and F. Krausz, “Attosecond science,” Nat. Phys. 3, 381 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

J. S. Parker, B. J. S. Doherty, K. T. Taylor, K. D. Schultz, C. I. Blaga, and L. F. DiMauro, “High-energy cutoff in the spectrum of strong-field nonsequential double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 133001 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2005 (1)

P. J. Ho, R. Panfili, S. L. Haan, and J. H. Eberly, “Nonsequential double ionization as a completely classical photoelectric effect,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 093002 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2004 (1)

E. Eremina, X. Liu, H. Rottke, W. Sandner, M. G. Schatzel, A. Dreischuh, G. G. Paulus, H. Walther, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Influence of molecular structure on double ionization of N2 and O2 by high intensity ultra-short laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 173001 (2004).
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

R. Panfili, S. L. Haan, and J. H. Eberly, “Slow-down collisions and nonsequential double ionization in classical simulations,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 113001 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2001 (2)

R. Panfili and J. H. Eberly, “Comparing classical and quantum dynamics of strong-field double ionization,” Opt. Express 8, 431–435 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Feuerstein, R. Moshammer, D. Fischer, A. Dorn, C. D. Schroter, J. Deipenwisch, J. R. Crespo Lopez-Urrutia, C. Hohr, P. Neumayer, J. Ullrich, H. Rottke, C. Trump, M. Wittmann, G. Korn, and W. Sandner, “Separation of recollision mechanisms in nonsequential strong field double ionization of Ar: the role of excitation tunneling,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 043003 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2000 (2)

A. Becker and F. H. M. Faisal, “Interpretation of momentum distribution of recoil ions from laser induced nonsequential double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 3546–3549 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Th. Weber, H. Giessen, M. Weckenbrock, G. Urbasch, A. Staudte, L. Spielberger, O. Jagutzki, V. Mergel, M. Vollmer, and R. Döner, “Correlated electron emission in multiphoton double ionization,” Nature (London) 405, 658–661 (2000).
[Crossref]

1999 (1)

W. C. Liu, J. H. Eberly, S. L. Haan, and R. Grobe, “Correlation effects in two-electron model atoms in intense laser fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 520–523 (1999).
[Crossref]

1997 (1)

J. B. Watson, A. Sanpera, D. G. Lappas, P. L. Knight, and K. Burnett, “Nonsequential double ionization of helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 1884–1887 (1997).
[Crossref]

1992 (1)

D. N. Fittinghoff, P. R. Bolton, B. Chang, and K. C. Kulander, “Observation of nonsequential double ionization of helium with optical tunneling,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 69, 2642–2645 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1991 (1)

Q. Su and J. H. Eberly, “Model atom for multiphoton physics,” Phys. Rev. A 44, 5997–6008 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1982 (1)

A. L’Huillier, L. A. Lompre, G. Mainfray, and C. Manus, “Multiply charged ions formed by multiphoton absorption processes in the continuum,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 48, 1814–1817 (1982).
[Crossref]

Bai, L. H.

Z. L. Zhang, L. H. Bai, and J. T. Zhang, “Double ionization of Ar below the recollision threshold intensity,” Phys. Rev. A 90, 023410 (2014).
[Crossref]

Becker, A.

A. Staudte, C. Ruiz, M. Schöffler, S. Schössler, D. Zeidler, Th. Weber, M. Meckel, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, A. Becker, and R. Dörner, “Binary and recoil collisions in strong field double ionization of helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 263002 (2007).
[Crossref]

A. Becker and F. H. M. Faisal, “Interpretation of momentum distribution of recoil ions from laser induced nonsequential double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 3546–3549 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Becker, W.

W. Becker, X. Liu, P. Ho, and J. H. Eberly, “Theories of photoelectron correlation in laser-driven multiple atomic ionization,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 84, 1011–1041 (2012).
[Crossref]

Ben-Itzhak, I.

B. Bergues, M. Kubel, N. G. Johnson, B. Fischer, N. Camus, K. J. Betsch, O. Herrwerth, A. Senftleben, A. M. Sayler, T. Rathje, T. Pfeifer, I. Ben-Itzhak, R. R. Jones, G. G. Paulus, F. Krausz, R. Moshammer, J. Ullrich, and M. F. Kling, “Attosecond tracing of correlated electron-emission in non-sequential double ionization,” Nat. Commun. 3, 813–818 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bergues, B.

B. Bergues, M. Kubel, N. G. Johnson, B. Fischer, N. Camus, K. J. Betsch, O. Herrwerth, A. Senftleben, A. M. Sayler, T. Rathje, T. Pfeifer, I. Ben-Itzhak, R. R. Jones, G. G. Paulus, F. Krausz, R. Moshammer, J. Ullrich, and M. F. Kling, “Attosecond tracing of correlated electron-emission in non-sequential double ionization,” Nat. Commun. 3, 813–818 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Betsch, K. J.

B. Bergues, M. Kubel, N. G. Johnson, B. Fischer, N. Camus, K. J. Betsch, O. Herrwerth, A. Senftleben, A. M. Sayler, T. Rathje, T. Pfeifer, I. Ben-Itzhak, R. R. Jones, G. G. Paulus, F. Krausz, R. Moshammer, J. Ullrich, and M. F. Kling, “Attosecond tracing of correlated electron-emission in non-sequential double ionization,” Nat. Commun. 3, 813–818 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Blaga, C. I.

J. S. Parker, B. J. S. Doherty, K. T. Taylor, K. D. Schultz, C. I. Blaga, and L. F. DiMauro, “High-energy cutoff in the spectrum of strong-field nonsequential double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 133001 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bolton, P. R.

D. N. Fittinghoff, P. R. Bolton, B. Chang, and K. C. Kulander, “Observation of nonsequential double ionization of helium with optical tunneling,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 69, 2642–2645 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Breen, L.

Burnett, K.

J. B. Watson, A. Sanpera, D. G. Lappas, P. L. Knight, and K. Burnett, “Nonsequential double ionization of helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 1884–1887 (1997).
[Crossref]

Camus, N.

B. Bergues, M. Kubel, N. G. Johnson, B. Fischer, N. Camus, K. J. Betsch, O. Herrwerth, A. Senftleben, A. M. Sayler, T. Rathje, T. Pfeifer, I. Ben-Itzhak, R. R. Jones, G. G. Paulus, F. Krausz, R. Moshammer, J. Ullrich, and M. F. Kling, “Attosecond tracing of correlated electron-emission in non-sequential double ionization,” Nat. Commun. 3, 813–818 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chang, B.

D. N. Fittinghoff, P. R. Bolton, B. Chang, and K. C. Kulander, “Observation of nonsequential double ionization of helium with optical tunneling,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 69, 2642–2645 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, J.

X. Y. Jia, X. L. Hao, D. H. Fan, W. D. Li, and J. Chen, “S-matrix and semiclassical study of electron-electron correlation in strong-field nonsequential double ionization of Ne,” Phys. Rev. A 88, 033402 (2013).
[Crossref]

X. L. Hao, W. D. Li, J. Liu, and J. Chen, “Effect of the electron initial longitudinal velocity on the nonsequential double-ionization process,” Phys. Rev. A 83, 053422 (2011).
[Crossref]

Chu, S.-I.

J. Guo, X.-S. Liu, and S.-I. Chu, “Exploration of nonsequential-double-ionization dynamics of Mg atoms in linearly and circularly polarized laser fields with different potentials,” Phys. Rev. A 88, 023405 (2013).
[Crossref]

Corkum, P. B.

P. B. Corkum and F. Krausz, “Attosecond science,” Nat. Phys. 3, 381 (2007).
[Crossref]

A. Staudte, C. Ruiz, M. Schöffler, S. Schössler, D. Zeidler, Th. Weber, M. Meckel, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, A. Becker, and R. Dörner, “Binary and recoil collisions in strong field double ionization of helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 263002 (2007).
[Crossref]

Crespo Lopez-Urrutia, J. R.

B. Feuerstein, R. Moshammer, D. Fischer, A. Dorn, C. D. Schroter, J. Deipenwisch, J. R. Crespo Lopez-Urrutia, C. Hohr, P. Neumayer, J. Ullrich, H. Rottke, C. Trump, M. Wittmann, G. Korn, and W. Sandner, “Separation of recollision mechanisms in nonsequential strong field double ionization of Ar: the role of excitation tunneling,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 043003 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

de Jesus, V. L. B.

A. Rudenko, V. L. B. de Jesus, Th. Ergler, K. Zrost, B. Feuerstein, C. D. Schröter, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Correlated two-electron momentum spectra for strong-field nonsequential double ionization of He at 800 nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 263003 (2007).
[Crossref]

Deipenwisch, J.

B. Feuerstein, R. Moshammer, D. Fischer, A. Dorn, C. D. Schroter, J. Deipenwisch, J. R. Crespo Lopez-Urrutia, C. Hohr, P. Neumayer, J. Ullrich, H. Rottke, C. Trump, M. Wittmann, G. Korn, and W. Sandner, “Separation of recollision mechanisms in nonsequential strong field double ionization of Ar: the role of excitation tunneling,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 043003 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

DiMauro, L. F.

J. S. Parker, B. J. S. Doherty, K. T. Taylor, K. D. Schultz, C. I. Blaga, and L. F. DiMauro, “High-energy cutoff in the spectrum of strong-field nonsequential double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 133001 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Doherty, B. J. S.

J. S. Parker, B. J. S. Doherty, K. T. Taylor, K. D. Schultz, C. I. Blaga, and L. F. DiMauro, “High-energy cutoff in the spectrum of strong-field nonsequential double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 133001 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Döner, R.

Th. Weber, H. Giessen, M. Weckenbrock, G. Urbasch, A. Staudte, L. Spielberger, O. Jagutzki, V. Mergel, M. Vollmer, and R. Döner, “Correlated electron emission in multiphoton double ionization,” Nature (London) 405, 658–661 (2000).
[Crossref]

Dorn, A.

B. Feuerstein, R. Moshammer, D. Fischer, A. Dorn, C. D. Schroter, J. Deipenwisch, J. R. Crespo Lopez-Urrutia, C. Hohr, P. Neumayer, J. Ullrich, H. Rottke, C. Trump, M. Wittmann, G. Korn, and W. Sandner, “Separation of recollision mechanisms in nonsequential strong field double ionization of Ar: the role of excitation tunneling,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 043003 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dörner, R.

A. Staudte, C. Ruiz, M. Schöffler, S. Schössler, D. Zeidler, Th. Weber, M. Meckel, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, A. Becker, and R. Dörner, “Binary and recoil collisions in strong field double ionization of helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 263002 (2007).
[Crossref]

Dreischuh, A.

E. Eremina, X. Liu, H. Rottke, W. Sandner, M. G. Schatzel, A. Dreischuh, G. G. Paulus, H. Walther, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Influence of molecular structure on double ionization of N2 and O2 by high intensity ultra-short laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 173001 (2004).
[Crossref]

Durr, M.

Y. Liu, D. Ye, J. Liu, A. Rudenko, S. Tschuch, M. Durr, M. Siegel, U. Morgner, Q. Gong, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Multiphoton double ionization of Ar and Ne close to threshold,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 173002 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dürr, M.

Y. Liu, S. Tschuch, A. Rudenko, M. Dürr, M. Siegel, U. Morgner, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Strong-field double ionization of Ar below the recollision threshold,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 053001 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Eberly, J. H.

W. Becker, X. Liu, P. Ho, and J. H. Eberly, “Theories of photoelectron correlation in laser-driven multiple atomic ionization,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 84, 1011–1041 (2012).
[Crossref]

X. Wang and J. H. Eberly, “Effects of elliptical polarization on strong-field short-pulse double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 103007 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. L. Haan, L. Breen, A. Karim, and J. H. Eberly, “Recollision dynamics and time delay in strong-field double ionization,” Opt. Express 15, 767–778 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. J. Ho, R. Panfili, S. L. Haan, and J. H. Eberly, “Nonsequential double ionization as a completely classical photoelectric effect,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 093002 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Panfili, S. L. Haan, and J. H. Eberly, “Slow-down collisions and nonsequential double ionization in classical simulations,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 113001 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Panfili and J. H. Eberly, “Comparing classical and quantum dynamics of strong-field double ionization,” Opt. Express 8, 431–435 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. C. Liu, J. H. Eberly, S. L. Haan, and R. Grobe, “Correlation effects in two-electron model atoms in intense laser fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 520–523 (1999).
[Crossref]

Q. Su and J. H. Eberly, “Model atom for multiphoton physics,” Phys. Rev. A 44, 5997–6008 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Emmanouilidou, A.

A. Emmanouilidou, “Recoil collisions as a portal to field-assisted ionization at near-uv frequencies in the strong-field double ionization of helium,” Phys. Rev. A 78, 023411 (2008).
[Crossref]

Eremina, E.

E. Eremina, X. Liu, H. Rottke, W. Sandner, M. G. Schatzel, A. Dreischuh, G. G. Paulus, H. Walther, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Influence of molecular structure on double ionization of N2 and O2 by high intensity ultra-short laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 173001 (2004).
[Crossref]

Ergler, Th.

A. Rudenko, V. L. B. de Jesus, Th. Ergler, K. Zrost, B. Feuerstein, C. D. Schröter, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Correlated two-electron momentum spectra for strong-field nonsequential double ionization of He at 800 nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 263003 (2007).
[Crossref]

Faisal, F. H. M.

A. Becker and F. H. M. Faisal, “Interpretation of momentum distribution of recoil ions from laser induced nonsequential double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 3546–3549 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fan, D. H.

X. Y. Jia, X. L. Hao, D. H. Fan, W. D. Li, and J. Chen, “S-matrix and semiclassical study of electron-electron correlation in strong-field nonsequential double ionization of Ne,” Phys. Rev. A 88, 033402 (2013).
[Crossref]

Feuerstein, B.

A. Rudenko, V. L. B. de Jesus, Th. Ergler, K. Zrost, B. Feuerstein, C. D. Schröter, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Correlated two-electron momentum spectra for strong-field nonsequential double ionization of He at 800 nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 263003 (2007).
[Crossref]

B. Feuerstein, R. Moshammer, D. Fischer, A. Dorn, C. D. Schroter, J. Deipenwisch, J. R. Crespo Lopez-Urrutia, C. Hohr, P. Neumayer, J. Ullrich, H. Rottke, C. Trump, M. Wittmann, G. Korn, and W. Sandner, “Separation of recollision mechanisms in nonsequential strong field double ionization of Ar: the role of excitation tunneling,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 043003 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Figueira de Morisson Faria, C.

T. Shaaran, M. T. Nygren, and C. Figueira de Morisson Faria, “Laser-induced nonsequential double ionization at and above the recollision-excitation-tunneling threshold,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 063413 (2010).
[Crossref]

Fischer, B.

B. Bergues, M. Kubel, N. G. Johnson, B. Fischer, N. Camus, K. J. Betsch, O. Herrwerth, A. Senftleben, A. M. Sayler, T. Rathje, T. Pfeifer, I. Ben-Itzhak, R. R. Jones, G. G. Paulus, F. Krausz, R. Moshammer, J. Ullrich, and M. F. Kling, “Attosecond tracing of correlated electron-emission in non-sequential double ionization,” Nat. Commun. 3, 813–818 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fischer, D.

B. Feuerstein, R. Moshammer, D. Fischer, A. Dorn, C. D. Schroter, J. Deipenwisch, J. R. Crespo Lopez-Urrutia, C. Hohr, P. Neumayer, J. Ullrich, H. Rottke, C. Trump, M. Wittmann, G. Korn, and W. Sandner, “Separation of recollision mechanisms in nonsequential strong field double ionization of Ar: the role of excitation tunneling,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 043003 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fittinghoff, D. N.

D. N. Fittinghoff, P. R. Bolton, B. Chang, and K. C. Kulander, “Observation of nonsequential double ionization of helium with optical tunneling,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 69, 2642–2645 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Giessen, H.

Th. Weber, H. Giessen, M. Weckenbrock, G. Urbasch, A. Staudte, L. Spielberger, O. Jagutzki, V. Mergel, M. Vollmer, and R. Döner, “Correlated electron emission in multiphoton double ionization,” Nature (London) 405, 658–661 (2000).
[Crossref]

Gong, Q.

Y. Liu, D. Ye, J. Liu, A. Rudenko, S. Tschuch, M. Durr, M. Siegel, U. Morgner, Q. Gong, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Multiphoton double ionization of Ar and Ne close to threshold,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 173002 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Grobe, R.

W. C. Liu, J. H. Eberly, S. L. Haan, and R. Grobe, “Correlation effects in two-electron model atoms in intense laser fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 520–523 (1999).
[Crossref]

Guo, J.

J. Guo, X.-S. Liu, and S.-I. Chu, “Exploration of nonsequential-double-ionization dynamics of Mg atoms in linearly and circularly polarized laser fields with different potentials,” Phys. Rev. A 88, 023405 (2013).
[Crossref]

Haan, S. L.

S. L. Haan, Z. S. Smith, K. N. Shomsky, and P. W. Plantinga, “Anticorrelated electrons from weak recollisions in nonsequential double ionization,” J. Phys. B 41, 211002 (2008).
[Crossref]

S. L. Haan, L. Breen, A. Karim, and J. H. Eberly, “Recollision dynamics and time delay in strong-field double ionization,” Opt. Express 15, 767–778 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. J. Ho, R. Panfili, S. L. Haan, and J. H. Eberly, “Nonsequential double ionization as a completely classical photoelectric effect,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 093002 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Panfili, S. L. Haan, and J. H. Eberly, “Slow-down collisions and nonsequential double ionization in classical simulations,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 113001 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. C. Liu, J. H. Eberly, S. L. Haan, and R. Grobe, “Correlation effects in two-electron model atoms in intense laser fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 520–523 (1999).
[Crossref]

Hao, X. L.

X. Y. Jia, X. L. Hao, D. H. Fan, W. D. Li, and J. Chen, “S-matrix and semiclassical study of electron-electron correlation in strong-field nonsequential double ionization of Ne,” Phys. Rev. A 88, 033402 (2013).
[Crossref]

X. L. Hao, W. D. Li, J. Liu, and J. Chen, “Effect of the electron initial longitudinal velocity on the nonsequential double-ionization process,” Phys. Rev. A 83, 053422 (2011).
[Crossref]

Herrwerth, O.

B. Bergues, M. Kubel, N. G. Johnson, B. Fischer, N. Camus, K. J. Betsch, O. Herrwerth, A. Senftleben, A. M. Sayler, T. Rathje, T. Pfeifer, I. Ben-Itzhak, R. R. Jones, G. G. Paulus, F. Krausz, R. Moshammer, J. Ullrich, and M. F. Kling, “Attosecond tracing of correlated electron-emission in non-sequential double ionization,” Nat. Commun. 3, 813–818 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ho, P.

W. Becker, X. Liu, P. Ho, and J. H. Eberly, “Theories of photoelectron correlation in laser-driven multiple atomic ionization,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 84, 1011–1041 (2012).
[Crossref]

Ho, P. J.

P. J. Ho, R. Panfili, S. L. Haan, and J. H. Eberly, “Nonsequential double ionization as a completely classical photoelectric effect,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 093002 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hohr, C.

B. Feuerstein, R. Moshammer, D. Fischer, A. Dorn, C. D. Schroter, J. Deipenwisch, J. R. Crespo Lopez-Urrutia, C. Hohr, P. Neumayer, J. Ullrich, H. Rottke, C. Trump, M. Wittmann, G. Korn, and W. Sandner, “Separation of recollision mechanisms in nonsequential strong field double ionization of Ar: the role of excitation tunneling,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 043003 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hu, S. X.

S. X. Hu, “Boosting photoabsorption by attosecond control of electron correlation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111, 123003 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Huang, C.

C. Huang, Y. Zhou, Q. Zhang, and P. Lu, “Contribution of recollision ionization to the cross-shaped structure in nonsequential double ionization,” Opt. Express 21, 11382 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Zhou, C. Huang, Q. Liao, and P. Lu, “Classical simulations including electron correlations for sequential double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 053004 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jagutzki, O.

Th. Weber, H. Giessen, M. Weckenbrock, G. Urbasch, A. Staudte, L. Spielberger, O. Jagutzki, V. Mergel, M. Vollmer, and R. Döner, “Correlated electron emission in multiphoton double ionization,” Nature (London) 405, 658–661 (2000).
[Crossref]

Jia, X. Y.

X. Y. Jia, X. L. Hao, D. H. Fan, W. D. Li, and J. Chen, “S-matrix and semiclassical study of electron-electron correlation in strong-field nonsequential double ionization of Ne,” Phys. Rev. A 88, 033402 (2013).
[Crossref]

Johnson, N. G.

B. Bergues, M. Kubel, N. G. Johnson, B. Fischer, N. Camus, K. J. Betsch, O. Herrwerth, A. Senftleben, A. M. Sayler, T. Rathje, T. Pfeifer, I. Ben-Itzhak, R. R. Jones, G. G. Paulus, F. Krausz, R. Moshammer, J. Ullrich, and M. F. Kling, “Attosecond tracing of correlated electron-emission in non-sequential double ionization,” Nat. Commun. 3, 813–818 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jones, R. R.

B. Bergues, M. Kubel, N. G. Johnson, B. Fischer, N. Camus, K. J. Betsch, O. Herrwerth, A. Senftleben, A. M. Sayler, T. Rathje, T. Pfeifer, I. Ben-Itzhak, R. R. Jones, G. G. Paulus, F. Krausz, R. Moshammer, J. Ullrich, and M. F. Kling, “Attosecond tracing of correlated electron-emission in non-sequential double ionization,” Nat. Commun. 3, 813–818 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Karim, A.

Kling, M. F.

B. Bergues, M. Kubel, N. G. Johnson, B. Fischer, N. Camus, K. J. Betsch, O. Herrwerth, A. Senftleben, A. M. Sayler, T. Rathje, T. Pfeifer, I. Ben-Itzhak, R. R. Jones, G. G. Paulus, F. Krausz, R. Moshammer, J. Ullrich, and M. F. Kling, “Attosecond tracing of correlated electron-emission in non-sequential double ionization,” Nat. Commun. 3, 813–818 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Knight, P. L.

J. B. Watson, A. Sanpera, D. G. Lappas, P. L. Knight, and K. Burnett, “Nonsequential double ionization of helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 1884–1887 (1997).
[Crossref]

Korn, G.

B. Feuerstein, R. Moshammer, D. Fischer, A. Dorn, C. D. Schroter, J. Deipenwisch, J. R. Crespo Lopez-Urrutia, C. Hohr, P. Neumayer, J. Ullrich, H. Rottke, C. Trump, M. Wittmann, G. Korn, and W. Sandner, “Separation of recollision mechanisms in nonsequential strong field double ionization of Ar: the role of excitation tunneling,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 043003 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Krausz, F.

B. Bergues, M. Kubel, N. G. Johnson, B. Fischer, N. Camus, K. J. Betsch, O. Herrwerth, A. Senftleben, A. M. Sayler, T. Rathje, T. Pfeifer, I. Ben-Itzhak, R. R. Jones, G. G. Paulus, F. Krausz, R. Moshammer, J. Ullrich, and M. F. Kling, “Attosecond tracing of correlated electron-emission in non-sequential double ionization,” Nat. Commun. 3, 813–818 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. B. Corkum and F. Krausz, “Attosecond science,” Nat. Phys. 3, 381 (2007).
[Crossref]

Kubel, M.

B. Bergues, M. Kubel, N. G. Johnson, B. Fischer, N. Camus, K. J. Betsch, O. Herrwerth, A. Senftleben, A. M. Sayler, T. Rathje, T. Pfeifer, I. Ben-Itzhak, R. R. Jones, G. G. Paulus, F. Krausz, R. Moshammer, J. Ullrich, and M. F. Kling, “Attosecond tracing of correlated electron-emission in non-sequential double ionization,” Nat. Commun. 3, 813–818 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kulander, K. C.

D. N. Fittinghoff, P. R. Bolton, B. Chang, and K. C. Kulander, “Observation of nonsequential double ionization of helium with optical tunneling,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 69, 2642–2645 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L’Huillier, A.

A. L’Huillier, L. A. Lompre, G. Mainfray, and C. Manus, “Multiply charged ions formed by multiphoton absorption processes in the continuum,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 48, 1814–1817 (1982).
[Crossref]

Lappas, D. G.

J. B. Watson, A. Sanpera, D. G. Lappas, P. L. Knight, and K. Burnett, “Nonsequential double ionization of helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 1884–1887 (1997).
[Crossref]

Li, W. D.

X. Y. Jia, X. L. Hao, D. H. Fan, W. D. Li, and J. Chen, “S-matrix and semiclassical study of electron-electron correlation in strong-field nonsequential double ionization of Ne,” Phys. Rev. A 88, 033402 (2013).
[Crossref]

X. L. Hao, W. D. Li, J. Liu, and J. Chen, “Effect of the electron initial longitudinal velocity on the nonsequential double-ionization process,” Phys. Rev. A 83, 053422 (2011).
[Crossref]

Liao, Q.

Y. Zhou, C. Huang, Q. Liao, and P. Lu, “Classical simulations including electron correlations for sequential double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 053004 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, J.

X. L. Hao, W. D. Li, J. Liu, and J. Chen, “Effect of the electron initial longitudinal velocity on the nonsequential double-ionization process,” Phys. Rev. A 83, 053422 (2011).
[Crossref]

Y. Liu, D. Ye, J. Liu, A. Rudenko, S. Tschuch, M. Durr, M. Siegel, U. Morgner, Q. Gong, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Multiphoton double ionization of Ar and Ne close to threshold,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 173002 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. F. Ye and J. Liu, “Strong-field double ionization at the transition to below the recollision threshold,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 043402 (2010).
[Crossref]

Liu, W. C.

W. C. Liu, J. H. Eberly, S. L. Haan, and R. Grobe, “Correlation effects in two-electron model atoms in intense laser fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 520–523 (1999).
[Crossref]

Liu, X.

W. Becker, X. Liu, P. Ho, and J. H. Eberly, “Theories of photoelectron correlation in laser-driven multiple atomic ionization,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 84, 1011–1041 (2012).
[Crossref]

E. Eremina, X. Liu, H. Rottke, W. Sandner, M. G. Schatzel, A. Dreischuh, G. G. Paulus, H. Walther, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Influence of molecular structure on double ionization of N2 and O2 by high intensity ultra-short laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 173001 (2004).
[Crossref]

Liu, X.-S.

J. Guo, X.-S. Liu, and S.-I. Chu, “Exploration of nonsequential-double-ionization dynamics of Mg atoms in linearly and circularly polarized laser fields with different potentials,” Phys. Rev. A 88, 023405 (2013).
[Crossref]

Liu, Y.

Y. Liu, D. Ye, J. Liu, A. Rudenko, S. Tschuch, M. Durr, M. Siegel, U. Morgner, Q. Gong, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Multiphoton double ionization of Ar and Ne close to threshold,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 173002 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Liu, S. Tschuch, A. Rudenko, M. Dürr, M. Siegel, U. Morgner, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Strong-field double ionization of Ar below the recollision threshold,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 053001 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lompre, L. A.

A. L’Huillier, L. A. Lompre, G. Mainfray, and C. Manus, “Multiply charged ions formed by multiphoton absorption processes in the continuum,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 48, 1814–1817 (1982).
[Crossref]

Lu, P.

C. Huang, Y. Zhou, Q. Zhang, and P. Lu, “Contribution of recollision ionization to the cross-shaped structure in nonsequential double ionization,” Opt. Express 21, 11382 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Zhou, C. Huang, Q. Liao, and P. Lu, “Classical simulations including electron correlations for sequential double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 053004 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mainfray, G.

A. L’Huillier, L. A. Lompre, G. Mainfray, and C. Manus, “Multiply charged ions formed by multiphoton absorption processes in the continuum,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 48, 1814–1817 (1982).
[Crossref]

Manus, C.

A. L’Huillier, L. A. Lompre, G. Mainfray, and C. Manus, “Multiply charged ions formed by multiphoton absorption processes in the continuum,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 48, 1814–1817 (1982).
[Crossref]

Meckel, M.

A. Staudte, C. Ruiz, M. Schöffler, S. Schössler, D. Zeidler, Th. Weber, M. Meckel, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, A. Becker, and R. Dörner, “Binary and recoil collisions in strong field double ionization of helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 263002 (2007).
[Crossref]

Mergel, V.

Th. Weber, H. Giessen, M. Weckenbrock, G. Urbasch, A. Staudte, L. Spielberger, O. Jagutzki, V. Mergel, M. Vollmer, and R. Döner, “Correlated electron emission in multiphoton double ionization,” Nature (London) 405, 658–661 (2000).
[Crossref]

Morgner, U.

Y. Liu, D. Ye, J. Liu, A. Rudenko, S. Tschuch, M. Durr, M. Siegel, U. Morgner, Q. Gong, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Multiphoton double ionization of Ar and Ne close to threshold,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 173002 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Liu, S. Tschuch, A. Rudenko, M. Dürr, M. Siegel, U. Morgner, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Strong-field double ionization of Ar below the recollision threshold,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 053001 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Moshammer, R.

B. Bergues, M. Kubel, N. G. Johnson, B. Fischer, N. Camus, K. J. Betsch, O. Herrwerth, A. Senftleben, A. M. Sayler, T. Rathje, T. Pfeifer, I. Ben-Itzhak, R. R. Jones, G. G. Paulus, F. Krausz, R. Moshammer, J. Ullrich, and M. F. Kling, “Attosecond tracing of correlated electron-emission in non-sequential double ionization,” Nat. Commun. 3, 813–818 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Liu, D. Ye, J. Liu, A. Rudenko, S. Tschuch, M. Durr, M. Siegel, U. Morgner, Q. Gong, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Multiphoton double ionization of Ar and Ne close to threshold,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 173002 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Liu, S. Tschuch, A. Rudenko, M. Dürr, M. Siegel, U. Morgner, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Strong-field double ionization of Ar below the recollision threshold,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 053001 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Rudenko, V. L. B. de Jesus, Th. Ergler, K. Zrost, B. Feuerstein, C. D. Schröter, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Correlated two-electron momentum spectra for strong-field nonsequential double ionization of He at 800 nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 263003 (2007).
[Crossref]

E. Eremina, X. Liu, H. Rottke, W. Sandner, M. G. Schatzel, A. Dreischuh, G. G. Paulus, H. Walther, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Influence of molecular structure on double ionization of N2 and O2 by high intensity ultra-short laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 173001 (2004).
[Crossref]

B. Feuerstein, R. Moshammer, D. Fischer, A. Dorn, C. D. Schroter, J. Deipenwisch, J. R. Crespo Lopez-Urrutia, C. Hohr, P. Neumayer, J. Ullrich, H. Rottke, C. Trump, M. Wittmann, G. Korn, and W. Sandner, “Separation of recollision mechanisms in nonsequential strong field double ionization of Ar: the role of excitation tunneling,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 043003 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Neumayer, P.

B. Feuerstein, R. Moshammer, D. Fischer, A. Dorn, C. D. Schroter, J. Deipenwisch, J. R. Crespo Lopez-Urrutia, C. Hohr, P. Neumayer, J. Ullrich, H. Rottke, C. Trump, M. Wittmann, G. Korn, and W. Sandner, “Separation of recollision mechanisms in nonsequential strong field double ionization of Ar: the role of excitation tunneling,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 043003 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nygren, M. T.

T. Shaaran, M. T. Nygren, and C. Figueira de Morisson Faria, “Laser-induced nonsequential double ionization at and above the recollision-excitation-tunneling threshold,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 063413 (2010).
[Crossref]

Panfili, R.

P. J. Ho, R. Panfili, S. L. Haan, and J. H. Eberly, “Nonsequential double ionization as a completely classical photoelectric effect,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 093002 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Panfili, S. L. Haan, and J. H. Eberly, “Slow-down collisions and nonsequential double ionization in classical simulations,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 113001 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Panfili and J. H. Eberly, “Comparing classical and quantum dynamics of strong-field double ionization,” Opt. Express 8, 431–435 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Parker, J. S.

J. S. Parker, B. J. S. Doherty, K. T. Taylor, K. D. Schultz, C. I. Blaga, and L. F. DiMauro, “High-energy cutoff in the spectrum of strong-field nonsequential double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 133001 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Paulus, G. G.

B. Bergues, M. Kubel, N. G. Johnson, B. Fischer, N. Camus, K. J. Betsch, O. Herrwerth, A. Senftleben, A. M. Sayler, T. Rathje, T. Pfeifer, I. Ben-Itzhak, R. R. Jones, G. G. Paulus, F. Krausz, R. Moshammer, J. Ullrich, and M. F. Kling, “Attosecond tracing of correlated electron-emission in non-sequential double ionization,” Nat. Commun. 3, 813–818 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Eremina, X. Liu, H. Rottke, W. Sandner, M. G. Schatzel, A. Dreischuh, G. G. Paulus, H. Walther, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Influence of molecular structure on double ionization of N2 and O2 by high intensity ultra-short laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 173001 (2004).
[Crossref]

Pfeifer, T.

B. Bergues, M. Kubel, N. G. Johnson, B. Fischer, N. Camus, K. J. Betsch, O. Herrwerth, A. Senftleben, A. M. Sayler, T. Rathje, T. Pfeifer, I. Ben-Itzhak, R. R. Jones, G. G. Paulus, F. Krausz, R. Moshammer, J. Ullrich, and M. F. Kling, “Attosecond tracing of correlated electron-emission in non-sequential double ionization,” Nat. Commun. 3, 813–818 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Plantinga, P. W.

S. L. Haan, Z. S. Smith, K. N. Shomsky, and P. W. Plantinga, “Anticorrelated electrons from weak recollisions in nonsequential double ionization,” J. Phys. B 41, 211002 (2008).
[Crossref]

Rathje, T.

B. Bergues, M. Kubel, N. G. Johnson, B. Fischer, N. Camus, K. J. Betsch, O. Herrwerth, A. Senftleben, A. M. Sayler, T. Rathje, T. Pfeifer, I. Ben-Itzhak, R. R. Jones, G. G. Paulus, F. Krausz, R. Moshammer, J. Ullrich, and M. F. Kling, “Attosecond tracing of correlated electron-emission in non-sequential double ionization,” Nat. Commun. 3, 813–818 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rottke, H.

E. Eremina, X. Liu, H. Rottke, W. Sandner, M. G. Schatzel, A. Dreischuh, G. G. Paulus, H. Walther, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Influence of molecular structure on double ionization of N2 and O2 by high intensity ultra-short laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 173001 (2004).
[Crossref]

B. Feuerstein, R. Moshammer, D. Fischer, A. Dorn, C. D. Schroter, J. Deipenwisch, J. R. Crespo Lopez-Urrutia, C. Hohr, P. Neumayer, J. Ullrich, H. Rottke, C. Trump, M. Wittmann, G. Korn, and W. Sandner, “Separation of recollision mechanisms in nonsequential strong field double ionization of Ar: the role of excitation tunneling,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 043003 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rudenko, A.

Y. Liu, D. Ye, J. Liu, A. Rudenko, S. Tschuch, M. Durr, M. Siegel, U. Morgner, Q. Gong, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Multiphoton double ionization of Ar and Ne close to threshold,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 173002 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Liu, S. Tschuch, A. Rudenko, M. Dürr, M. Siegel, U. Morgner, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Strong-field double ionization of Ar below the recollision threshold,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 053001 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Rudenko, V. L. B. de Jesus, Th. Ergler, K. Zrost, B. Feuerstein, C. D. Schröter, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Correlated two-electron momentum spectra for strong-field nonsequential double ionization of He at 800 nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 263003 (2007).
[Crossref]

Ruiz, C.

A. Staudte, C. Ruiz, M. Schöffler, S. Schössler, D. Zeidler, Th. Weber, M. Meckel, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, A. Becker, and R. Dörner, “Binary and recoil collisions in strong field double ionization of helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 263002 (2007).
[Crossref]

Sandner, W.

E. Eremina, X. Liu, H. Rottke, W. Sandner, M. G. Schatzel, A. Dreischuh, G. G. Paulus, H. Walther, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Influence of molecular structure on double ionization of N2 and O2 by high intensity ultra-short laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 173001 (2004).
[Crossref]

B. Feuerstein, R. Moshammer, D. Fischer, A. Dorn, C. D. Schroter, J. Deipenwisch, J. R. Crespo Lopez-Urrutia, C. Hohr, P. Neumayer, J. Ullrich, H. Rottke, C. Trump, M. Wittmann, G. Korn, and W. Sandner, “Separation of recollision mechanisms in nonsequential strong field double ionization of Ar: the role of excitation tunneling,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 043003 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sanpera, A.

J. B. Watson, A. Sanpera, D. G. Lappas, P. L. Knight, and K. Burnett, “Nonsequential double ionization of helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 1884–1887 (1997).
[Crossref]

Sayler, A. M.

B. Bergues, M. Kubel, N. G. Johnson, B. Fischer, N. Camus, K. J. Betsch, O. Herrwerth, A. Senftleben, A. M. Sayler, T. Rathje, T. Pfeifer, I. Ben-Itzhak, R. R. Jones, G. G. Paulus, F. Krausz, R. Moshammer, J. Ullrich, and M. F. Kling, “Attosecond tracing of correlated electron-emission in non-sequential double ionization,” Nat. Commun. 3, 813–818 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schatzel, M. G.

E. Eremina, X. Liu, H. Rottke, W. Sandner, M. G. Schatzel, A. Dreischuh, G. G. Paulus, H. Walther, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Influence of molecular structure on double ionization of N2 and O2 by high intensity ultra-short laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 173001 (2004).
[Crossref]

Schöffler, M.

A. Staudte, C. Ruiz, M. Schöffler, S. Schössler, D. Zeidler, Th. Weber, M. Meckel, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, A. Becker, and R. Dörner, “Binary and recoil collisions in strong field double ionization of helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 263002 (2007).
[Crossref]

Schössler, S.

A. Staudte, C. Ruiz, M. Schöffler, S. Schössler, D. Zeidler, Th. Weber, M. Meckel, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, A. Becker, and R. Dörner, “Binary and recoil collisions in strong field double ionization of helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 263002 (2007).
[Crossref]

Schroter, C. D.

B. Feuerstein, R. Moshammer, D. Fischer, A. Dorn, C. D. Schroter, J. Deipenwisch, J. R. Crespo Lopez-Urrutia, C. Hohr, P. Neumayer, J. Ullrich, H. Rottke, C. Trump, M. Wittmann, G. Korn, and W. Sandner, “Separation of recollision mechanisms in nonsequential strong field double ionization of Ar: the role of excitation tunneling,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 043003 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schröter, C. D.

A. Rudenko, V. L. B. de Jesus, Th. Ergler, K. Zrost, B. Feuerstein, C. D. Schröter, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Correlated two-electron momentum spectra for strong-field nonsequential double ionization of He at 800 nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 263003 (2007).
[Crossref]

Schultz, K. D.

J. S. Parker, B. J. S. Doherty, K. T. Taylor, K. D. Schultz, C. I. Blaga, and L. F. DiMauro, “High-energy cutoff in the spectrum of strong-field nonsequential double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 133001 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Senftleben, A.

B. Bergues, M. Kubel, N. G. Johnson, B. Fischer, N. Camus, K. J. Betsch, O. Herrwerth, A. Senftleben, A. M. Sayler, T. Rathje, T. Pfeifer, I. Ben-Itzhak, R. R. Jones, G. G. Paulus, F. Krausz, R. Moshammer, J. Ullrich, and M. F. Kling, “Attosecond tracing of correlated electron-emission in non-sequential double ionization,” Nat. Commun. 3, 813–818 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shaaran, T.

T. Shaaran, M. T. Nygren, and C. Figueira de Morisson Faria, “Laser-induced nonsequential double ionization at and above the recollision-excitation-tunneling threshold,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 063413 (2010).
[Crossref]

Shomsky, K. N.

S. L. Haan, Z. S. Smith, K. N. Shomsky, and P. W. Plantinga, “Anticorrelated electrons from weak recollisions in nonsequential double ionization,” J. Phys. B 41, 211002 (2008).
[Crossref]

Siegel, M.

Y. Liu, D. Ye, J. Liu, A. Rudenko, S. Tschuch, M. Durr, M. Siegel, U. Morgner, Q. Gong, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Multiphoton double ionization of Ar and Ne close to threshold,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 173002 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Liu, S. Tschuch, A. Rudenko, M. Dürr, M. Siegel, U. Morgner, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Strong-field double ionization of Ar below the recollision threshold,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 053001 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Smith, Z. S.

S. L. Haan, Z. S. Smith, K. N. Shomsky, and P. W. Plantinga, “Anticorrelated electrons from weak recollisions in nonsequential double ionization,” J. Phys. B 41, 211002 (2008).
[Crossref]

Spielberger, L.

Th. Weber, H. Giessen, M. Weckenbrock, G. Urbasch, A. Staudte, L. Spielberger, O. Jagutzki, V. Mergel, M. Vollmer, and R. Döner, “Correlated electron emission in multiphoton double ionization,” Nature (London) 405, 658–661 (2000).
[Crossref]

Staudte, A.

A. Staudte, C. Ruiz, M. Schöffler, S. Schössler, D. Zeidler, Th. Weber, M. Meckel, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, A. Becker, and R. Dörner, “Binary and recoil collisions in strong field double ionization of helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 263002 (2007).
[Crossref]

Th. Weber, H. Giessen, M. Weckenbrock, G. Urbasch, A. Staudte, L. Spielberger, O. Jagutzki, V. Mergel, M. Vollmer, and R. Döner, “Correlated electron emission in multiphoton double ionization,” Nature (London) 405, 658–661 (2000).
[Crossref]

Su, Q.

Q. Su and J. H. Eberly, “Model atom for multiphoton physics,” Phys. Rev. A 44, 5997–6008 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Taylor, K. T.

J. S. Parker, B. J. S. Doherty, K. T. Taylor, K. D. Schultz, C. I. Blaga, and L. F. DiMauro, “High-energy cutoff in the spectrum of strong-field nonsequential double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 133001 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Trump, C.

B. Feuerstein, R. Moshammer, D. Fischer, A. Dorn, C. D. Schroter, J. Deipenwisch, J. R. Crespo Lopez-Urrutia, C. Hohr, P. Neumayer, J. Ullrich, H. Rottke, C. Trump, M. Wittmann, G. Korn, and W. Sandner, “Separation of recollision mechanisms in nonsequential strong field double ionization of Ar: the role of excitation tunneling,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 043003 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tschuch, S.

Y. Liu, D. Ye, J. Liu, A. Rudenko, S. Tschuch, M. Durr, M. Siegel, U. Morgner, Q. Gong, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Multiphoton double ionization of Ar and Ne close to threshold,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 173002 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Liu, S. Tschuch, A. Rudenko, M. Dürr, M. Siegel, U. Morgner, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Strong-field double ionization of Ar below the recollision threshold,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 053001 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ullrich, J.

B. Bergues, M. Kubel, N. G. Johnson, B. Fischer, N. Camus, K. J. Betsch, O. Herrwerth, A. Senftleben, A. M. Sayler, T. Rathje, T. Pfeifer, I. Ben-Itzhak, R. R. Jones, G. G. Paulus, F. Krausz, R. Moshammer, J. Ullrich, and M. F. Kling, “Attosecond tracing of correlated electron-emission in non-sequential double ionization,” Nat. Commun. 3, 813–818 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Liu, D. Ye, J. Liu, A. Rudenko, S. Tschuch, M. Durr, M. Siegel, U. Morgner, Q. Gong, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Multiphoton double ionization of Ar and Ne close to threshold,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 173002 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Liu, S. Tschuch, A. Rudenko, M. Dürr, M. Siegel, U. Morgner, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Strong-field double ionization of Ar below the recollision threshold,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 053001 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Rudenko, V. L. B. de Jesus, Th. Ergler, K. Zrost, B. Feuerstein, C. D. Schröter, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Correlated two-electron momentum spectra for strong-field nonsequential double ionization of He at 800 nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 263003 (2007).
[Crossref]

E. Eremina, X. Liu, H. Rottke, W. Sandner, M. G. Schatzel, A. Dreischuh, G. G. Paulus, H. Walther, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Influence of molecular structure on double ionization of N2 and O2 by high intensity ultra-short laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 173001 (2004).
[Crossref]

B. Feuerstein, R. Moshammer, D. Fischer, A. Dorn, C. D. Schroter, J. Deipenwisch, J. R. Crespo Lopez-Urrutia, C. Hohr, P. Neumayer, J. Ullrich, H. Rottke, C. Trump, M. Wittmann, G. Korn, and W. Sandner, “Separation of recollision mechanisms in nonsequential strong field double ionization of Ar: the role of excitation tunneling,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 043003 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Urbasch, G.

Th. Weber, H. Giessen, M. Weckenbrock, G. Urbasch, A. Staudte, L. Spielberger, O. Jagutzki, V. Mergel, M. Vollmer, and R. Döner, “Correlated electron emission in multiphoton double ionization,” Nature (London) 405, 658–661 (2000).
[Crossref]

Villeneuve, D. M.

A. Staudte, C. Ruiz, M. Schöffler, S. Schössler, D. Zeidler, Th. Weber, M. Meckel, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, A. Becker, and R. Dörner, “Binary and recoil collisions in strong field double ionization of helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 263002 (2007).
[Crossref]

Vollmer, M.

Th. Weber, H. Giessen, M. Weckenbrock, G. Urbasch, A. Staudte, L. Spielberger, O. Jagutzki, V. Mergel, M. Vollmer, and R. Döner, “Correlated electron emission in multiphoton double ionization,” Nature (London) 405, 658–661 (2000).
[Crossref]

Walther, H.

E. Eremina, X. Liu, H. Rottke, W. Sandner, M. G. Schatzel, A. Dreischuh, G. G. Paulus, H. Walther, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Influence of molecular structure on double ionization of N2 and O2 by high intensity ultra-short laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 173001 (2004).
[Crossref]

Wang, X.

X. Wang and J. H. Eberly, “Effects of elliptical polarization on strong-field short-pulse double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 103007 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Watson, J. B.

J. B. Watson, A. Sanpera, D. G. Lappas, P. L. Knight, and K. Burnett, “Nonsequential double ionization of helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 1884–1887 (1997).
[Crossref]

Weber, Th.

A. Staudte, C. Ruiz, M. Schöffler, S. Schössler, D. Zeidler, Th. Weber, M. Meckel, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, A. Becker, and R. Dörner, “Binary and recoil collisions in strong field double ionization of helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 263002 (2007).
[Crossref]

Th. Weber, H. Giessen, M. Weckenbrock, G. Urbasch, A. Staudte, L. Spielberger, O. Jagutzki, V. Mergel, M. Vollmer, and R. Döner, “Correlated electron emission in multiphoton double ionization,” Nature (London) 405, 658–661 (2000).
[Crossref]

Weckenbrock, M.

Th. Weber, H. Giessen, M. Weckenbrock, G. Urbasch, A. Staudte, L. Spielberger, O. Jagutzki, V. Mergel, M. Vollmer, and R. Döner, “Correlated electron emission in multiphoton double ionization,” Nature (London) 405, 658–661 (2000).
[Crossref]

Wittmann, M.

B. Feuerstein, R. Moshammer, D. Fischer, A. Dorn, C. D. Schroter, J. Deipenwisch, J. R. Crespo Lopez-Urrutia, C. Hohr, P. Neumayer, J. Ullrich, H. Rottke, C. Trump, M. Wittmann, G. Korn, and W. Sandner, “Separation of recollision mechanisms in nonsequential strong field double ionization of Ar: the role of excitation tunneling,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 043003 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ye, D.

Y. Liu, D. Ye, J. Liu, A. Rudenko, S. Tschuch, M. Durr, M. Siegel, U. Morgner, Q. Gong, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Multiphoton double ionization of Ar and Ne close to threshold,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 173002 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ye, D. F.

D. F. Ye and J. Liu, “Strong-field double ionization at the transition to below the recollision threshold,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 043402 (2010).
[Crossref]

Zeidler, D.

A. Staudte, C. Ruiz, M. Schöffler, S. Schössler, D. Zeidler, Th. Weber, M. Meckel, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, A. Becker, and R. Dörner, “Binary and recoil collisions in strong field double ionization of helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 263002 (2007).
[Crossref]

Zhang, J. T.

Z. L. Zhang, L. H. Bai, and J. T. Zhang, “Double ionization of Ar below the recollision threshold intensity,” Phys. Rev. A 90, 023410 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Q.

Zhang, Z. L.

Z. L. Zhang, L. H. Bai, and J. T. Zhang, “Double ionization of Ar below the recollision threshold intensity,” Phys. Rev. A 90, 023410 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhou, Y.

C. Huang, Y. Zhou, Q. Zhang, and P. Lu, “Contribution of recollision ionization to the cross-shaped structure in nonsequential double ionization,” Opt. Express 21, 11382 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Zhou, C. Huang, Q. Liao, and P. Lu, “Classical simulations including electron correlations for sequential double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 053004 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zrost, K.

A. Rudenko, V. L. B. de Jesus, Th. Ergler, K. Zrost, B. Feuerstein, C. D. Schröter, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Correlated two-electron momentum spectra for strong-field nonsequential double ionization of He at 800 nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 263003 (2007).
[Crossref]

J. Phys. B (1)

S. L. Haan, Z. S. Smith, K. N. Shomsky, and P. W. Plantinga, “Anticorrelated electrons from weak recollisions in nonsequential double ionization,” J. Phys. B 41, 211002 (2008).
[Crossref]

Nat. Commun. (1)

B. Bergues, M. Kubel, N. G. Johnson, B. Fischer, N. Camus, K. J. Betsch, O. Herrwerth, A. Senftleben, A. M. Sayler, T. Rathje, T. Pfeifer, I. Ben-Itzhak, R. R. Jones, G. G. Paulus, F. Krausz, R. Moshammer, J. Ullrich, and M. F. Kling, “Attosecond tracing of correlated electron-emission in non-sequential double ionization,” Nat. Commun. 3, 813–818 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Phys. (1)

P. B. Corkum and F. Krausz, “Attosecond science,” Nat. Phys. 3, 381 (2007).
[Crossref]

Nature (London) (1)

Th. Weber, H. Giessen, M. Weckenbrock, G. Urbasch, A. Staudte, L. Spielberger, O. Jagutzki, V. Mergel, M. Vollmer, and R. Döner, “Correlated electron emission in multiphoton double ionization,” Nature (London) 405, 658–661 (2000).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (3)

Phys. Rev. A (8)

Q. Su and J. H. Eberly, “Model atom for multiphoton physics,” Phys. Rev. A 44, 5997–6008 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. L. Zhang, L. H. Bai, and J. T. Zhang, “Double ionization of Ar below the recollision threshold intensity,” Phys. Rev. A 90, 023410 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Guo, X.-S. Liu, and S.-I. Chu, “Exploration of nonsequential-double-ionization dynamics of Mg atoms in linearly and circularly polarized laser fields with different potentials,” Phys. Rev. A 88, 023405 (2013).
[Crossref]

A. Emmanouilidou, “Recoil collisions as a portal to field-assisted ionization at near-uv frequencies in the strong-field double ionization of helium,” Phys. Rev. A 78, 023411 (2008).
[Crossref]

D. F. Ye and J. Liu, “Strong-field double ionization at the transition to below the recollision threshold,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 043402 (2010).
[Crossref]

T. Shaaran, M. T. Nygren, and C. Figueira de Morisson Faria, “Laser-induced nonsequential double ionization at and above the recollision-excitation-tunneling threshold,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 063413 (2010).
[Crossref]

X. L. Hao, W. D. Li, J. Liu, and J. Chen, “Effect of the electron initial longitudinal velocity on the nonsequential double-ionization process,” Phys. Rev. A 83, 053422 (2011).
[Crossref]

X. Y. Jia, X. L. Hao, D. H. Fan, W. D. Li, and J. Chen, “S-matrix and semiclassical study of electron-electron correlation in strong-field nonsequential double ionization of Ne,” Phys. Rev. A 88, 033402 (2013).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (17)

P. J. Ho, R. Panfili, S. L. Haan, and J. H. Eberly, “Nonsequential double ionization as a completely classical photoelectric effect,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 093002 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Feuerstein, R. Moshammer, D. Fischer, A. Dorn, C. D. Schroter, J. Deipenwisch, J. R. Crespo Lopez-Urrutia, C. Hohr, P. Neumayer, J. Ullrich, H. Rottke, C. Trump, M. Wittmann, G. Korn, and W. Sandner, “Separation of recollision mechanisms in nonsequential strong field double ionization of Ar: the role of excitation tunneling,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 043003 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. X. Hu, “Boosting photoabsorption by attosecond control of electron correlation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111, 123003 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. L’Huillier, L. A. Lompre, G. Mainfray, and C. Manus, “Multiply charged ions formed by multiphoton absorption processes in the continuum,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 48, 1814–1817 (1982).
[Crossref]

D. N. Fittinghoff, P. R. Bolton, B. Chang, and K. C. Kulander, “Observation of nonsequential double ionization of helium with optical tunneling,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 69, 2642–2645 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Eremina, X. Liu, H. Rottke, W. Sandner, M. G. Schatzel, A. Dreischuh, G. G. Paulus, H. Walther, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Influence of molecular structure on double ionization of N2 and O2 by high intensity ultra-short laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 173001 (2004).
[Crossref]

W. C. Liu, J. H. Eberly, S. L. Haan, and R. Grobe, “Correlation effects in two-electron model atoms in intense laser fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 520–523 (1999).
[Crossref]

J. S. Parker, B. J. S. Doherty, K. T. Taylor, K. D. Schultz, C. I. Blaga, and L. F. DiMauro, “High-energy cutoff in the spectrum of strong-field nonsequential double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 133001 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Wang and J. H. Eberly, “Effects of elliptical polarization on strong-field short-pulse double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 103007 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Zhou, C. Huang, Q. Liao, and P. Lu, “Classical simulations including electron correlations for sequential double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 053004 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. B. Watson, A. Sanpera, D. G. Lappas, P. L. Knight, and K. Burnett, “Nonsequential double ionization of helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 1884–1887 (1997).
[Crossref]

A. Rudenko, V. L. B. de Jesus, Th. Ergler, K. Zrost, B. Feuerstein, C. D. Schröter, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Correlated two-electron momentum spectra for strong-field nonsequential double ionization of He at 800 nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 263003 (2007).
[Crossref]

A. Staudte, C. Ruiz, M. Schöffler, S. Schössler, D. Zeidler, Th. Weber, M. Meckel, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, A. Becker, and R. Dörner, “Binary and recoil collisions in strong field double ionization of helium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 263002 (2007).
[Crossref]

Y. Liu, S. Tschuch, A. Rudenko, M. Dürr, M. Siegel, U. Morgner, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Strong-field double ionization of Ar below the recollision threshold,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 053001 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Liu, D. Ye, J. Liu, A. Rudenko, S. Tschuch, M. Durr, M. Siegel, U. Morgner, Q. Gong, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Multiphoton double ionization of Ar and Ne close to threshold,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 173002 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Panfili, S. L. Haan, and J. H. Eberly, “Slow-down collisions and nonsequential double ionization in classical simulations,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 113001 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Becker and F. H. M. Faisal, “Interpretation of momentum distribution of recoil ions from laser induced nonsequential double ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 3546–3549 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rev. Mod. Phys. (1)

W. Becker, X. Liu, P. Ho, and J. H. Eberly, “Theories of photoelectron correlation in laser-driven multiple atomic ionization,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 84, 1011–1041 (2012).
[Crossref]

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Longitudinal momentum distributions of the two correlated electrons in NSDI of Ar by laser pulses of intensity (a) 0.75, (b) 0.9, (c) 1.0, and (d) 2.0 × 1014 W/cm2, respectively. The black boxes indicate 2 U p boundary where Up is the ponderomotive energy. The dash-dot lines represent y = −x diagonal.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 The longitudinal momentum distributions of the RESI electrons (upper row) and the RII electrons (bottom row). Laser intensities are 0.75 (a, d), 0.9 (b, e), and 1.0 (c, f) ×1014 W/cm2, respectively.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 The momentum distributions of Ar2+ ions for the RII process at different laser intensities. The laser intensity marked in the figure is in the unit of 1012 W/cm2.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 The longitudinal momenta and trajectories of the two electrons in the laser pulses of intensities 7.5 × 1013 W/cm2 (left column) and 1.0 × 1013 W/cm2 (right column). The dot lines indicate the electric field of the laser pulses.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 The longitudinal momentum distributions calculated at 7.5 × 1013 W/cm2 (a–c) and 2.0 × 1014 W/cm2 (d–f) at different moments: (a) 5.0T, (b) 5.1T, (c) 5.6T, (d) 3.0T, (e) 3.1T, and (f) 3.6T, respectively.

Equations (4)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

H = H e + ( r 1 + r 2 ) E ( t ) ,
H e = i = 1 , 2 [ P i 2 2 2 r i 2 + a 2 ] + 1 r 12 2 + b 2 ,
d r i d t = H p i , d p i d t = H r i ,
P drift = t i E ( t ) d t = E 0 ω sin ( ω t i ) ,

Metrics