Abstract

The orbital angular momentum (OAM) of light shows great potential in quantum communication. The transmission wavelength for telecom is usually around 1550 nm, while the common quantum information storage and processing devices based on atoms, ions or NV color centers are for photons in visible regime. Here we demonstrate a quantum information interface based on the frequency upconversion for photons carrying OAM states from telecom wavelength to visible regime by sum-frequency generation with high quantum conversion efficiency. The infrared photons at 1558 nm carrying different OAM values were converted to the visible regime of 622.2 nm, and the OAM value of the signal photons was well preserved in the frequency upconversion process with pump beam in Gaussian profile.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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2015 (1)

2014 (3)

2013 (5)

D. S. Ding, Z. Y. Zhou, B. S. Shi, and G. C. Guo, “Single-photon-level quantum image memory based on cold atomic ensembles,” Nat. Commun. 4, 2527 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Bozinovic, Y. Yue, Y. Ren, M. Tur, P. Kristensen, H. Huang, A. E. Willner, and S. Ramachandran, “Terabit-scale orbital angular momentum mode division multiplexing in fibers,” Science 340(6140), 1545–1548 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. S. Kuo, J. S. Pelc, O. Slattery, Y. S. Kim, M. M. Fejer, and X. Tang, “Reducing noise in single-photon-level frequency conversion,” Opt. Lett. 38(8), 1310–1312 (2013).
[PubMed]

M. Mafu, A. Dudley, S. Goyal, D. Giovannini, M. McLaren, M. J. Padgett, T. Konrad, F. Petruccione, N. Lutkenhaus, and A. Forbes, “Higher-dimensional orbital-angular-momentum-based quantum key distribution with mutually unbiased bases,” Phys. Rev. A 88(3), 032305 (2013).
[Crossref]

G. Shao, Z. Wu, J. Chen, F. Xu, and Y. Lu, “Nonlinear frequency conversion of fields with orbital angular momentum using quasi-phase-matching,” Phys. Rev. A 88(6), 063827 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (7)

K. Huang, X. R. Gu, H. F. Pan, E. Wu, and H. P. Zeng, “Few-photon-level two-dimensional infrared imaging by coincidence frequency upconversion,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(15), 151102 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. C. Garcia-Escartin and P. Chamorro-Posada, “Quantum computer networks with the orbital angular momentum of light,” Phys. Rev. A 86(3), 032334 (2012).
[Crossref]

K. Huang, X. R. Gu, H. F. Pan, E. Wu, and H. P. Zeng, “Synchronized fiber lasers for efficient coincidence single-photon frequency upconversion,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 18(2), 562–566 (2012).
[Crossref]

D. Li, Y. Jiang, Y. J. J. Ding, I. B. Zotova, and N. S. Prasad, “Approaching single-photon detection in near-infrared region,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(14), 141126 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. S. Pelc, Q. Zhang, C. R. Phillips, L. Yu, Y. Yamamoto, and M. M. Fejer, “Cascaded frequency upconversion for high-speed single-photon detection at 1550 nm,” Opt. Lett. 37(4), 476–478 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Wang, J.-Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

R. Fickler, R. Lapkiewicz, W. N. Plick, M. Krenn, C. Schaeff, S. Ramelow, and A. Zeilinger, “Quantum entanglement of high angular momenta,” Science 338(6107), 640–643 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (2)

A. C. Dada, J. Leach, G. S. Buller, M. J. Padgett, and E. Andersson, “Experimental high-dimensional two-photon entanglement and violations of generalized Bell inequalities,” Nat. Phys. 7(9), 677–680 (2011).
[Crossref]

J.-H. Kang, K. Kim, H.-S. Ee, Y.-H. Lee, T.-Y. Yoon, M.-K. Seo, and H.-G. Park, “Low-power nano-optical vortex trapping via plasmonic diabolo nanoantennas,” Nat. Commun. 2, 582 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2010 (3)

J. Ng, Z. Lin, and C. T. Chan, “Theory of optical trapping by an optical vortex beam,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104(10), 103601 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. T. Rakher, L. J. Ma, O. Slattery, X. A. Tang, and K. Srinivasan, “Quantum transduction of telecommunications-band single photons from a quantum dot by frequency upconversion,” Nat. Photonics 4(11), 786–791 (2010).
[Crossref]

X. R. Gu, K. Huang, Y. Li, H. F. Pan, E. Wu, and H. P. Zeng, “Temporal and spectral control of single-photon frequency upconversion for pulsed radiation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(13), 131111 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (2)

X. R. Gu, Y. Li, H. F. Pan, E. Wu, and H. P. Zeng, “High-speed single-photon frequency upconversion with synchronous pump pulses,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(6), 1748–1752 (2009).
[Crossref]

E. Nagali, L. Sansoni, F. Sciarrino, F. De Martini, L. Marrucci, B. Piccirillo, E. Karimi, and E. Santamato, “Optimal quantum cloning of orbital angular momentum photon qubits through Hong-Ou-Mandel coalescence,” Nat. Photonics 3(12), 720–723 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (1)

J. T. Barreiro, T. C. Wei, and P. G. Kwiat, “Beating the channel capacity limit for linear photonic superdense coding,” Nat. Phys. 4(8), 662 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

S. Bretschneider, C. Eggeling, and S. W. Hell, “Breaking the diffraction barrier in fluorescence microscopy by optical shelving,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(21), 218103 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2006 (1)

S. Gröblacher, T. Jennewein, A. Vaziri, G. Weihs, and A. Zeilinger, “Experimental quantum cryptography with qutrits,” New J. Phys. 8(5), 75 (2006).
[Crossref]

2004 (1)

2003 (1)

D. G. Grier, “A revolution in optical manipulation,” Nature 424(6950), 810–816 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2002 (1)

J. Leach, M. J. Padgett, S. M. Barnett, S. Franke-Arnold, and J. Courtial, “Measuring the orbital angular momentum of a single photon,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88(25), 257901 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2001 (1)

A. Mair, A. Vaziri, G. Weihs, and A. Zeilinger, “Entanglement of the orbital angular momentum states of photons,” Nature 412(6844), 313–316 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1992 (1)

L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. J. C. Spreeuw, and J. P. Woerdman, “Orbital angular momentum of light and the transformation of Laguerre-Gaussian laser modes,” Phys. Rev. A 45(11), 8185–8189 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1990 (1)

Ahmed, N.

J. Wang, J.-Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

Allen, L.

L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. J. C. Spreeuw, and J. P. Woerdman, “Orbital angular momentum of light and the transformation of Laguerre-Gaussian laser modes,” Phys. Rev. A 45(11), 8185–8189 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Andersson, E.

A. C. Dada, J. Leach, G. S. Buller, M. J. Padgett, and E. Andersson, “Experimental high-dimensional two-photon entanglement and violations of generalized Bell inequalities,” Nat. Phys. 7(9), 677–680 (2011).
[Crossref]

Barnett, S.

Barnett, S. M.

J. Leach, M. J. Padgett, S. M. Barnett, S. Franke-Arnold, and J. Courtial, “Measuring the orbital angular momentum of a single photon,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88(25), 257901 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Barreiro, J. T.

J. T. Barreiro, T. C. Wei, and P. G. Kwiat, “Beating the channel capacity limit for linear photonic superdense coding,” Nat. Phys. 4(8), 662 (2008).
[Crossref]

Beijersbergen, M. W.

L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. J. C. Spreeuw, and J. P. Woerdman, “Orbital angular momentum of light and the transformation of Laguerre-Gaussian laser modes,” Phys. Rev. A 45(11), 8185–8189 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bozinovic, N.

N. Bozinovic, Y. Yue, Y. Ren, M. Tur, P. Kristensen, H. Huang, A. E. Willner, and S. Ramachandran, “Terabit-scale orbital angular momentum mode division multiplexing in fibers,” Science 340(6140), 1545–1548 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bretschneider, S.

S. Bretschneider, C. Eggeling, and S. W. Hell, “Breaking the diffraction barrier in fluorescence microscopy by optical shelving,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(21), 218103 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Buller, G. S.

A. C. Dada, J. Leach, G. S. Buller, M. J. Padgett, and E. Andersson, “Experimental high-dimensional two-photon entanglement and violations of generalized Bell inequalities,” Nat. Phys. 7(9), 677–680 (2011).
[Crossref]

Chamorro-Posada, P.

J. C. Garcia-Escartin and P. Chamorro-Posada, “Quantum computer networks with the orbital angular momentum of light,” Phys. Rev. A 86(3), 032334 (2012).
[Crossref]

Chan, C. T.

J. Ng, Z. Lin, and C. T. Chan, “Theory of optical trapping by an optical vortex beam,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104(10), 103601 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, J.

G. Shao, Z. Wu, J. Chen, F. Xu, and Y. Lu, “Nonlinear frequency conversion of fields with orbital angular momentum using quasi-phase-matching,” Phys. Rev. A 88(6), 063827 (2013).
[Crossref]

Courtial, J.

G. Gibson, J. Courtial, M. Padgett, M. Vasnetsov, V. Pas’ko, S. Barnett, and S. Franke-Arnold, “Free-space information transfer using light beams carrying orbital angular momentum,” Opt. Express 12(22), 5448–5456 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Leach, M. J. Padgett, S. M. Barnett, S. Franke-Arnold, and J. Courtial, “Measuring the orbital angular momentum of a single photon,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88(25), 257901 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dada, A. C.

A. C. Dada, J. Leach, G. S. Buller, M. J. Padgett, and E. Andersson, “Experimental high-dimensional two-photon entanglement and violations of generalized Bell inequalities,” Nat. Phys. 7(9), 677–680 (2011).
[Crossref]

De Martini, F.

E. Nagali, L. Sansoni, F. Sciarrino, F. De Martini, L. Marrucci, B. Piccirillo, E. Karimi, and E. Santamato, “Optimal quantum cloning of orbital angular momentum photon qubits through Hong-Ou-Mandel coalescence,” Nat. Photonics 3(12), 720–723 (2009).
[Crossref]

Ding, D.

Ding, D. S.

Ding, Y. J. J.

D. Li, Y. Jiang, Y. J. J. Ding, I. B. Zotova, and N. S. Prasad, “Approaching single-photon detection in near-infrared region,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(14), 141126 (2012).
[Crossref]

Dolinar, S.

J. Wang, J.-Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

Dudley, A.

M. Mafu, A. Dudley, S. Goyal, D. Giovannini, M. McLaren, M. J. Padgett, T. Konrad, F. Petruccione, N. Lutkenhaus, and A. Forbes, “Higher-dimensional orbital-angular-momentum-based quantum key distribution with mutually unbiased bases,” Phys. Rev. A 88(3), 032305 (2013).
[Crossref]

Ee, H.-S.

J.-H. Kang, K. Kim, H.-S. Ee, Y.-H. Lee, T.-Y. Yoon, M.-K. Seo, and H.-G. Park, “Low-power nano-optical vortex trapping via plasmonic diabolo nanoantennas,” Nat. Commun. 2, 582 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Eggeling, C.

S. Bretschneider, C. Eggeling, and S. W. Hell, “Breaking the diffraction barrier in fluorescence microscopy by optical shelving,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(21), 218103 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fazal, I. M.

J. Wang, J.-Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

Fejer, M. M.

Fickler, R.

R. Fickler, R. Lapkiewicz, W. N. Plick, M. Krenn, C. Schaeff, S. Ramelow, and A. Zeilinger, “Quantum entanglement of high angular momenta,” Science 338(6107), 640–643 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Forbes, A.

M. Mafu, A. Dudley, S. Goyal, D. Giovannini, M. McLaren, M. J. Padgett, T. Konrad, F. Petruccione, N. Lutkenhaus, and A. Forbes, “Higher-dimensional orbital-angular-momentum-based quantum key distribution with mutually unbiased bases,” Phys. Rev. A 88(3), 032305 (2013).
[Crossref]

Franke-Arnold, S.

G. Gibson, J. Courtial, M. Padgett, M. Vasnetsov, V. Pas’ko, S. Barnett, and S. Franke-Arnold, “Free-space information transfer using light beams carrying orbital angular momentum,” Opt. Express 12(22), 5448–5456 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Leach, M. J. Padgett, S. M. Barnett, S. Franke-Arnold, and J. Courtial, “Measuring the orbital angular momentum of a single photon,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88(25), 257901 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Garcia-Escartin, J. C.

J. C. Garcia-Escartin and P. Chamorro-Posada, “Quantum computer networks with the orbital angular momentum of light,” Phys. Rev. A 86(3), 032334 (2012).
[Crossref]

Giacobino, E.

A. Nicolas, L. Veissier, L. Giner, E. Giacobino, D. Maxein, and J. Laurat, “A quantum memory for orbital angular momentum photonic qubits,” Nat. Photonics 8(3), 234–238 (2014).
[Crossref]

Gibson, G.

Giner, L.

A. Nicolas, L. Veissier, L. Giner, E. Giacobino, D. Maxein, and J. Laurat, “A quantum memory for orbital angular momentum photonic qubits,” Nat. Photonics 8(3), 234–238 (2014).
[Crossref]

Giovannini, D.

M. Mafu, A. Dudley, S. Goyal, D. Giovannini, M. McLaren, M. J. Padgett, T. Konrad, F. Petruccione, N. Lutkenhaus, and A. Forbes, “Higher-dimensional orbital-angular-momentum-based quantum key distribution with mutually unbiased bases,” Phys. Rev. A 88(3), 032305 (2013).
[Crossref]

Goyal, S.

M. Mafu, A. Dudley, S. Goyal, D. Giovannini, M. McLaren, M. J. Padgett, T. Konrad, F. Petruccione, N. Lutkenhaus, and A. Forbes, “Higher-dimensional orbital-angular-momentum-based quantum key distribution with mutually unbiased bases,” Phys. Rev. A 88(3), 032305 (2013).
[Crossref]

Grier, D. G.

D. G. Grier, “A revolution in optical manipulation,” Nature 424(6950), 810–816 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gröblacher, S.

S. Gröblacher, T. Jennewein, A. Vaziri, G. Weihs, and A. Zeilinger, “Experimental quantum cryptography with qutrits,” New J. Phys. 8(5), 75 (2006).
[Crossref]

Gu, X. R.

K. Huang, X. R. Gu, H. F. Pan, E. Wu, and H. P. Zeng, “Synchronized fiber lasers for efficient coincidence single-photon frequency upconversion,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 18(2), 562–566 (2012).
[Crossref]

K. Huang, X. R. Gu, H. F. Pan, E. Wu, and H. P. Zeng, “Few-photon-level two-dimensional infrared imaging by coincidence frequency upconversion,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(15), 151102 (2012).
[Crossref]

X. R. Gu, K. Huang, Y. Li, H. F. Pan, E. Wu, and H. P. Zeng, “Temporal and spectral control of single-photon frequency upconversion for pulsed radiation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(13), 131111 (2010).
[Crossref]

X. R. Gu, Y. Li, H. F. Pan, E. Wu, and H. P. Zeng, “High-speed single-photon frequency upconversion with synchronous pump pulses,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(6), 1748–1752 (2009).
[Crossref]

Guo, G. C.

Hell, S. W.

S. Bretschneider, C. Eggeling, and S. W. Hell, “Breaking the diffraction barrier in fluorescence microscopy by optical shelving,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(21), 218103 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Huang, H.

N. Bozinovic, Y. Yue, Y. Ren, M. Tur, P. Kristensen, H. Huang, A. E. Willner, and S. Ramachandran, “Terabit-scale orbital angular momentum mode division multiplexing in fibers,” Science 340(6140), 1545–1548 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Wang, J.-Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

Huang, K.

K. Huang, X. R. Gu, H. F. Pan, E. Wu, and H. P. Zeng, “Synchronized fiber lasers for efficient coincidence single-photon frequency upconversion,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 18(2), 562–566 (2012).
[Crossref]

K. Huang, X. R. Gu, H. F. Pan, E. Wu, and H. P. Zeng, “Few-photon-level two-dimensional infrared imaging by coincidence frequency upconversion,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(15), 151102 (2012).
[Crossref]

X. R. Gu, K. Huang, Y. Li, H. F. Pan, E. Wu, and H. P. Zeng, “Temporal and spectral control of single-photon frequency upconversion for pulsed radiation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(13), 131111 (2010).
[Crossref]

Jennewein, T.

S. Gröblacher, T. Jennewein, A. Vaziri, G. Weihs, and A. Zeilinger, “Experimental quantum cryptography with qutrits,” New J. Phys. 8(5), 75 (2006).
[Crossref]

Jiang, Y.

D. Li, Y. Jiang, Y. J. J. Ding, I. B. Zotova, and N. S. Prasad, “Approaching single-photon detection in near-infrared region,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(14), 141126 (2012).
[Crossref]

Jiang, Y. K.

Kang, J.-H.

J.-H. Kang, K. Kim, H.-S. Ee, Y.-H. Lee, T.-Y. Yoon, M.-K. Seo, and H.-G. Park, “Low-power nano-optical vortex trapping via plasmonic diabolo nanoantennas,” Nat. Commun. 2, 582 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Karimi, E.

E. Nagali, L. Sansoni, F. Sciarrino, F. De Martini, L. Marrucci, B. Piccirillo, E. Karimi, and E. Santamato, “Optimal quantum cloning of orbital angular momentum photon qubits through Hong-Ou-Mandel coalescence,” Nat. Photonics 3(12), 720–723 (2009).
[Crossref]

Kim, K.

J.-H. Kang, K. Kim, H.-S. Ee, Y.-H. Lee, T.-Y. Yoon, M.-K. Seo, and H.-G. Park, “Low-power nano-optical vortex trapping via plasmonic diabolo nanoantennas,” Nat. Commun. 2, 582 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, Y. S.

Konrad, T.

M. Mafu, A. Dudley, S. Goyal, D. Giovannini, M. McLaren, M. J. Padgett, T. Konrad, F. Petruccione, N. Lutkenhaus, and A. Forbes, “Higher-dimensional orbital-angular-momentum-based quantum key distribution with mutually unbiased bases,” Phys. Rev. A 88(3), 032305 (2013).
[Crossref]

Krenn, M.

R. Fickler, R. Lapkiewicz, W. N. Plick, M. Krenn, C. Schaeff, S. Ramelow, and A. Zeilinger, “Quantum entanglement of high angular momenta,” Science 338(6107), 640–643 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kristensen, P.

N. Bozinovic, Y. Yue, Y. Ren, M. Tur, P. Kristensen, H. Huang, A. E. Willner, and S. Ramachandran, “Terabit-scale orbital angular momentum mode division multiplexing in fibers,” Science 340(6140), 1545–1548 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kumar, P.

Kuo, P. S.

Kwiat, P. G.

J. T. Barreiro, T. C. Wei, and P. G. Kwiat, “Beating the channel capacity limit for linear photonic superdense coding,” Nat. Phys. 4(8), 662 (2008).
[Crossref]

Lapkiewicz, R.

R. Fickler, R. Lapkiewicz, W. N. Plick, M. Krenn, C. Schaeff, S. Ramelow, and A. Zeilinger, “Quantum entanglement of high angular momenta,” Science 338(6107), 640–643 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Laurat, J.

A. Nicolas, L. Veissier, L. Giner, E. Giacobino, D. Maxein, and J. Laurat, “A quantum memory for orbital angular momentum photonic qubits,” Nat. Photonics 8(3), 234–238 (2014).
[Crossref]

Leach, J.

A. C. Dada, J. Leach, G. S. Buller, M. J. Padgett, and E. Andersson, “Experimental high-dimensional two-photon entanglement and violations of generalized Bell inequalities,” Nat. Phys. 7(9), 677–680 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Leach, M. J. Padgett, S. M. Barnett, S. Franke-Arnold, and J. Courtial, “Measuring the orbital angular momentum of a single photon,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88(25), 257901 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lee, Y.-H.

J.-H. Kang, K. Kim, H.-S. Ee, Y.-H. Lee, T.-Y. Yoon, M.-K. Seo, and H.-G. Park, “Low-power nano-optical vortex trapping via plasmonic diabolo nanoantennas,” Nat. Commun. 2, 582 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, D.

D. Li, Y. Jiang, Y. J. J. Ding, I. B. Zotova, and N. S. Prasad, “Approaching single-photon detection in near-infrared region,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(14), 141126 (2012).
[Crossref]

Li, Y.

Lin, Z.

J. Ng, Z. Lin, and C. T. Chan, “Theory of optical trapping by an optical vortex beam,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104(10), 103601 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lu, Y.

G. Shao, Z. Wu, J. Chen, F. Xu, and Y. Lu, “Nonlinear frequency conversion of fields with orbital angular momentum using quasi-phase-matching,” Phys. Rev. A 88(6), 063827 (2013).
[Crossref]

Lutkenhaus, N.

M. Mafu, A. Dudley, S. Goyal, D. Giovannini, M. McLaren, M. J. Padgett, T. Konrad, F. Petruccione, N. Lutkenhaus, and A. Forbes, “Higher-dimensional orbital-angular-momentum-based quantum key distribution with mutually unbiased bases,” Phys. Rev. A 88(3), 032305 (2013).
[Crossref]

Ma, L. J.

M. T. Rakher, L. J. Ma, O. Slattery, X. A. Tang, and K. Srinivasan, “Quantum transduction of telecommunications-band single photons from a quantum dot by frequency upconversion,” Nat. Photonics 4(11), 786–791 (2010).
[Crossref]

Mafu, M.

M. Mafu, A. Dudley, S. Goyal, D. Giovannini, M. McLaren, M. J. Padgett, T. Konrad, F. Petruccione, N. Lutkenhaus, and A. Forbes, “Higher-dimensional orbital-angular-momentum-based quantum key distribution with mutually unbiased bases,” Phys. Rev. A 88(3), 032305 (2013).
[Crossref]

Mair, A.

A. Mair, A. Vaziri, G. Weihs, and A. Zeilinger, “Entanglement of the orbital angular momentum states of photons,” Nature 412(6844), 313–316 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Marrucci, L.

E. Nagali, L. Sansoni, F. Sciarrino, F. De Martini, L. Marrucci, B. Piccirillo, E. Karimi, and E. Santamato, “Optimal quantum cloning of orbital angular momentum photon qubits through Hong-Ou-Mandel coalescence,” Nat. Photonics 3(12), 720–723 (2009).
[Crossref]

Maxein, D.

A. Nicolas, L. Veissier, L. Giner, E. Giacobino, D. Maxein, and J. Laurat, “A quantum memory for orbital angular momentum photonic qubits,” Nat. Photonics 8(3), 234–238 (2014).
[Crossref]

McLaren, M.

M. Mafu, A. Dudley, S. Goyal, D. Giovannini, M. McLaren, M. J. Padgett, T. Konrad, F. Petruccione, N. Lutkenhaus, and A. Forbes, “Higher-dimensional orbital-angular-momentum-based quantum key distribution with mutually unbiased bases,” Phys. Rev. A 88(3), 032305 (2013).
[Crossref]

Nagali, E.

E. Nagali, L. Sansoni, F. Sciarrino, F. De Martini, L. Marrucci, B. Piccirillo, E. Karimi, and E. Santamato, “Optimal quantum cloning of orbital angular momentum photon qubits through Hong-Ou-Mandel coalescence,” Nat. Photonics 3(12), 720–723 (2009).
[Crossref]

Ng, J.

J. Ng, Z. Lin, and C. T. Chan, “Theory of optical trapping by an optical vortex beam,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104(10), 103601 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nicolas, A.

A. Nicolas, L. Veissier, L. Giner, E. Giacobino, D. Maxein, and J. Laurat, “A quantum memory for orbital angular momentum photonic qubits,” Nat. Photonics 8(3), 234–238 (2014).
[Crossref]

Padgett, M.

Padgett, M. J.

M. Mafu, A. Dudley, S. Goyal, D. Giovannini, M. McLaren, M. J. Padgett, T. Konrad, F. Petruccione, N. Lutkenhaus, and A. Forbes, “Higher-dimensional orbital-angular-momentum-based quantum key distribution with mutually unbiased bases,” Phys. Rev. A 88(3), 032305 (2013).
[Crossref]

A. C. Dada, J. Leach, G. S. Buller, M. J. Padgett, and E. Andersson, “Experimental high-dimensional two-photon entanglement and violations of generalized Bell inequalities,” Nat. Phys. 7(9), 677–680 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Leach, M. J. Padgett, S. M. Barnett, S. Franke-Arnold, and J. Courtial, “Measuring the orbital angular momentum of a single photon,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88(25), 257901 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pan, H. F.

K. Huang, X. R. Gu, H. F. Pan, E. Wu, and H. P. Zeng, “Few-photon-level two-dimensional infrared imaging by coincidence frequency upconversion,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(15), 151102 (2012).
[Crossref]

K. Huang, X. R. Gu, H. F. Pan, E. Wu, and H. P. Zeng, “Synchronized fiber lasers for efficient coincidence single-photon frequency upconversion,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 18(2), 562–566 (2012).
[Crossref]

X. R. Gu, K. Huang, Y. Li, H. F. Pan, E. Wu, and H. P. Zeng, “Temporal and spectral control of single-photon frequency upconversion for pulsed radiation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(13), 131111 (2010).
[Crossref]

X. R. Gu, Y. Li, H. F. Pan, E. Wu, and H. P. Zeng, “High-speed single-photon frequency upconversion with synchronous pump pulses,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(6), 1748–1752 (2009).
[Crossref]

Park, H.-G.

J.-H. Kang, K. Kim, H.-S. Ee, Y.-H. Lee, T.-Y. Yoon, M.-K. Seo, and H.-G. Park, “Low-power nano-optical vortex trapping via plasmonic diabolo nanoantennas,” Nat. Commun. 2, 582 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pas’ko, V.

Pelc, J. S.

Petruccione, F.

M. Mafu, A. Dudley, S. Goyal, D. Giovannini, M. McLaren, M. J. Padgett, T. Konrad, F. Petruccione, N. Lutkenhaus, and A. Forbes, “Higher-dimensional orbital-angular-momentum-based quantum key distribution with mutually unbiased bases,” Phys. Rev. A 88(3), 032305 (2013).
[Crossref]

Phillips, C. R.

Piccirillo, B.

E. Nagali, L. Sansoni, F. Sciarrino, F. De Martini, L. Marrucci, B. Piccirillo, E. Karimi, and E. Santamato, “Optimal quantum cloning of orbital angular momentum photon qubits through Hong-Ou-Mandel coalescence,” Nat. Photonics 3(12), 720–723 (2009).
[Crossref]

Plick, W. N.

R. Fickler, R. Lapkiewicz, W. N. Plick, M. Krenn, C. Schaeff, S. Ramelow, and A. Zeilinger, “Quantum entanglement of high angular momenta,” Science 338(6107), 640–643 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Prasad, N. S.

D. Li, Y. Jiang, Y. J. J. Ding, I. B. Zotova, and N. S. Prasad, “Approaching single-photon detection in near-infrared region,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(14), 141126 (2012).
[Crossref]

Rakher, M. T.

M. T. Rakher, L. J. Ma, O. Slattery, X. A. Tang, and K. Srinivasan, “Quantum transduction of telecommunications-band single photons from a quantum dot by frequency upconversion,” Nat. Photonics 4(11), 786–791 (2010).
[Crossref]

Ramachandran, S.

N. Bozinovic, Y. Yue, Y. Ren, M. Tur, P. Kristensen, H. Huang, A. E. Willner, and S. Ramachandran, “Terabit-scale orbital angular momentum mode division multiplexing in fibers,” Science 340(6140), 1545–1548 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ramelow, S.

R. Fickler, R. Lapkiewicz, W. N. Plick, M. Krenn, C. Schaeff, S. Ramelow, and A. Zeilinger, “Quantum entanglement of high angular momenta,” Science 338(6107), 640–643 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ren, Y.

N. Bozinovic, Y. Yue, Y. Ren, M. Tur, P. Kristensen, H. Huang, A. E. Willner, and S. Ramachandran, “Terabit-scale orbital angular momentum mode division multiplexing in fibers,” Science 340(6140), 1545–1548 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Wang, J.-Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

Sansoni, L.

E. Nagali, L. Sansoni, F. Sciarrino, F. De Martini, L. Marrucci, B. Piccirillo, E. Karimi, and E. Santamato, “Optimal quantum cloning of orbital angular momentum photon qubits through Hong-Ou-Mandel coalescence,” Nat. Photonics 3(12), 720–723 (2009).
[Crossref]

Santamato, E.

E. Nagali, L. Sansoni, F. Sciarrino, F. De Martini, L. Marrucci, B. Piccirillo, E. Karimi, and E. Santamato, “Optimal quantum cloning of orbital angular momentum photon qubits through Hong-Ou-Mandel coalescence,” Nat. Photonics 3(12), 720–723 (2009).
[Crossref]

Schaeff, C.

R. Fickler, R. Lapkiewicz, W. N. Plick, M. Krenn, C. Schaeff, S. Ramelow, and A. Zeilinger, “Quantum entanglement of high angular momenta,” Science 338(6107), 640–643 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sciarrino, F.

E. Nagali, L. Sansoni, F. Sciarrino, F. De Martini, L. Marrucci, B. Piccirillo, E. Karimi, and E. Santamato, “Optimal quantum cloning of orbital angular momentum photon qubits through Hong-Ou-Mandel coalescence,” Nat. Photonics 3(12), 720–723 (2009).
[Crossref]

Seo, M.-K.

J.-H. Kang, K. Kim, H.-S. Ee, Y.-H. Lee, T.-Y. Yoon, M.-K. Seo, and H.-G. Park, “Low-power nano-optical vortex trapping via plasmonic diabolo nanoantennas,” Nat. Commun. 2, 582 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shao, G.

G. Shao, Z. Wu, J. Chen, F. Xu, and Y. Lu, “Nonlinear frequency conversion of fields with orbital angular momentum using quasi-phase-matching,” Phys. Rev. A 88(6), 063827 (2013).
[Crossref]

Shi, B.

Shi, B. S.

Shi, S.

Slattery, O.

P. S. Kuo, J. S. Pelc, O. Slattery, Y. S. Kim, M. M. Fejer, and X. Tang, “Reducing noise in single-photon-level frequency conversion,” Opt. Lett. 38(8), 1310–1312 (2013).
[PubMed]

M. T. Rakher, L. J. Ma, O. Slattery, X. A. Tang, and K. Srinivasan, “Quantum transduction of telecommunications-band single photons from a quantum dot by frequency upconversion,” Nat. Photonics 4(11), 786–791 (2010).
[Crossref]

Spreeuw, R. J. C.

L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. J. C. Spreeuw, and J. P. Woerdman, “Orbital angular momentum of light and the transformation of Laguerre-Gaussian laser modes,” Phys. Rev. A 45(11), 8185–8189 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Srinivasan, K.

M. T. Rakher, L. J. Ma, O. Slattery, X. A. Tang, and K. Srinivasan, “Quantum transduction of telecommunications-band single photons from a quantum dot by frequency upconversion,” Nat. Photonics 4(11), 786–791 (2010).
[Crossref]

Tang, X.

Tang, X. A.

M. T. Rakher, L. J. Ma, O. Slattery, X. A. Tang, and K. Srinivasan, “Quantum transduction of telecommunications-band single photons from a quantum dot by frequency upconversion,” Nat. Photonics 4(11), 786–791 (2010).
[Crossref]

Tur, M.

N. Bozinovic, Y. Yue, Y. Ren, M. Tur, P. Kristensen, H. Huang, A. E. Willner, and S. Ramachandran, “Terabit-scale orbital angular momentum mode division multiplexing in fibers,” Science 340(6140), 1545–1548 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Wang, J.-Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

Vasnetsov, M.

Vaziri, A.

S. Gröblacher, T. Jennewein, A. Vaziri, G. Weihs, and A. Zeilinger, “Experimental quantum cryptography with qutrits,” New J. Phys. 8(5), 75 (2006).
[Crossref]

A. Mair, A. Vaziri, G. Weihs, and A. Zeilinger, “Entanglement of the orbital angular momentum states of photons,” Nature 412(6844), 313–316 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Veissier, L.

A. Nicolas, L. Veissier, L. Giner, E. Giacobino, D. Maxein, and J. Laurat, “A quantum memory for orbital angular momentum photonic qubits,” Nat. Photonics 8(3), 234–238 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wang, J.

J. Wang, J.-Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wang, X. S.

Wei, T. C.

J. T. Barreiro, T. C. Wei, and P. G. Kwiat, “Beating the channel capacity limit for linear photonic superdense coding,” Nat. Phys. 4(8), 662 (2008).
[Crossref]

Weihs, G.

S. Gröblacher, T. Jennewein, A. Vaziri, G. Weihs, and A. Zeilinger, “Experimental quantum cryptography with qutrits,” New J. Phys. 8(5), 75 (2006).
[Crossref]

A. Mair, A. Vaziri, G. Weihs, and A. Zeilinger, “Entanglement of the orbital angular momentum states of photons,” Nature 412(6844), 313–316 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Willner, A. E.

N. Bozinovic, Y. Yue, Y. Ren, M. Tur, P. Kristensen, H. Huang, A. E. Willner, and S. Ramachandran, “Terabit-scale orbital angular momentum mode division multiplexing in fibers,” Science 340(6140), 1545–1548 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Wang, J.-Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

Woerdman, J. P.

L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. J. C. Spreeuw, and J. P. Woerdman, “Orbital angular momentum of light and the transformation of Laguerre-Gaussian laser modes,” Phys. Rev. A 45(11), 8185–8189 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wu, E.

K. Huang, X. R. Gu, H. F. Pan, E. Wu, and H. P. Zeng, “Synchronized fiber lasers for efficient coincidence single-photon frequency upconversion,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 18(2), 562–566 (2012).
[Crossref]

K. Huang, X. R. Gu, H. F. Pan, E. Wu, and H. P. Zeng, “Few-photon-level two-dimensional infrared imaging by coincidence frequency upconversion,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(15), 151102 (2012).
[Crossref]

X. R. Gu, K. Huang, Y. Li, H. F. Pan, E. Wu, and H. P. Zeng, “Temporal and spectral control of single-photon frequency upconversion for pulsed radiation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(13), 131111 (2010).
[Crossref]

X. R. Gu, Y. Li, H. F. Pan, E. Wu, and H. P. Zeng, “High-speed single-photon frequency upconversion with synchronous pump pulses,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(6), 1748–1752 (2009).
[Crossref]

Wu, Z.

G. Shao, Z. Wu, J. Chen, F. Xu, and Y. Lu, “Nonlinear frequency conversion of fields with orbital angular momentum using quasi-phase-matching,” Phys. Rev. A 88(6), 063827 (2013).
[Crossref]

Xu, F.

G. Shao, Z. Wu, J. Chen, F. Xu, and Y. Lu, “Nonlinear frequency conversion of fields with orbital angular momentum using quasi-phase-matching,” Phys. Rev. A 88(6), 063827 (2013).
[Crossref]

Yamamoto, Y.

Yan, Y.

J. Wang, J.-Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

Yang, J.-Y.

J. Wang, J.-Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

Yoon, T.-Y.

J.-H. Kang, K. Kim, H.-S. Ee, Y.-H. Lee, T.-Y. Yoon, M.-K. Seo, and H.-G. Park, “Low-power nano-optical vortex trapping via plasmonic diabolo nanoantennas,” Nat. Commun. 2, 582 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yu, L.

Yuan, Z.

Yue, Y.

N. Bozinovic, Y. Yue, Y. Ren, M. Tur, P. Kristensen, H. Huang, A. E. Willner, and S. Ramachandran, “Terabit-scale orbital angular momentum mode division multiplexing in fibers,” Science 340(6140), 1545–1548 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Wang, J.-Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zeilinger, A.

R. Fickler, R. Lapkiewicz, W. N. Plick, M. Krenn, C. Schaeff, S. Ramelow, and A. Zeilinger, “Quantum entanglement of high angular momenta,” Science 338(6107), 640–643 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Gröblacher, T. Jennewein, A. Vaziri, G. Weihs, and A. Zeilinger, “Experimental quantum cryptography with qutrits,” New J. Phys. 8(5), 75 (2006).
[Crossref]

A. Mair, A. Vaziri, G. Weihs, and A. Zeilinger, “Entanglement of the orbital angular momentum states of photons,” Nature 412(6844), 313–316 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zeng, H. P.

K. Huang, X. R. Gu, H. F. Pan, E. Wu, and H. P. Zeng, “Few-photon-level two-dimensional infrared imaging by coincidence frequency upconversion,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(15), 151102 (2012).
[Crossref]

K. Huang, X. R. Gu, H. F. Pan, E. Wu, and H. P. Zeng, “Synchronized fiber lasers for efficient coincidence single-photon frequency upconversion,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 18(2), 562–566 (2012).
[Crossref]

X. R. Gu, K. Huang, Y. Li, H. F. Pan, E. Wu, and H. P. Zeng, “Temporal and spectral control of single-photon frequency upconversion for pulsed radiation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(13), 131111 (2010).
[Crossref]

X. R. Gu, Y. Li, H. F. Pan, E. Wu, and H. P. Zeng, “High-speed single-photon frequency upconversion with synchronous pump pulses,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(6), 1748–1752 (2009).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Q.

Zhang, W.

Zhou, Z. Y.

Zotova, I. B.

D. Li, Y. Jiang, Y. J. J. Ding, I. B. Zotova, and N. S. Prasad, “Approaching single-photon detection in near-infrared region,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(14), 141126 (2012).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

X. R. Gu, K. Huang, Y. Li, H. F. Pan, E. Wu, and H. P. Zeng, “Temporal and spectral control of single-photon frequency upconversion for pulsed radiation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(13), 131111 (2010).
[Crossref]

D. Li, Y. Jiang, Y. J. J. Ding, I. B. Zotova, and N. S. Prasad, “Approaching single-photon detection in near-infrared region,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(14), 141126 (2012).
[Crossref]

K. Huang, X. R. Gu, H. F. Pan, E. Wu, and H. P. Zeng, “Few-photon-level two-dimensional infrared imaging by coincidence frequency upconversion,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(15), 151102 (2012).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (2)

X. R. Gu, Y. Li, H. F. Pan, E. Wu, and H. P. Zeng, “High-speed single-photon frequency upconversion with synchronous pump pulses,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(6), 1748–1752 (2009).
[Crossref]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Schematic of experimental setup. PC: polarization control; VPP, vortex phase plate; DM: dichronic mirror; L1,2: Lenses; PPLN: period poled lithium niobate; FM: flip mirror; SPCM: single photon counting module; BS1,2: beam splitters; DP: dove prism; CCD: charge coupled device camera.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a) the constant phase of a Gaussian beam with OAM value of 0; (b) and (c) the experimental and simulated intensity images of SFG output carrying OAM value of 0; (d) and (e) are the experimental and simulated images of SFG output interferometer pattern of the beam in (b) and (c); (f) the phase of the Vortex Phase Plate used to generate the LG beam; (g) and (h) experimental and simulated images of SFG output carrying OAM value of ћ; (i) and (j) are the experimental and simulated images of SFG output interferometer pattern of the beam in (g) and (h).
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Quantum conversion efficiency of signal photons carrying OAM 0 (blue line) and 1 ћ (red line) as a function of the pump power.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Signal to noise ratio for different OAM value beams (Left) and the background noise (Right) as a function of the pump power.

Equations (3)

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a ^ 1 ( L )= a ^ 1 ( 0 )cos( γ E 2 L ) a ^ 3 sin( γ E 2 L ),
a ^ 3 ( L )= a ^ 1 ( 0 )sin( γ E 2 L )+ a ^ 3 cos( γ E 2 L ),
F=  I theory I exp dxdy ,

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