Abstract

Multispectral metamaterial absorbers based on metal-insulator-metal nano-square patch resonators are studied here. For a geometry consisting of perfectly nano-square patches and vertical sidewalls, double resonances in the visible regime are observed due to simultaneous excitation of electric and magnetic plasmon modes. Although slightly modifying the sizes of the square patches makes the resonance wavelengths simply shift, rounding corners of the square patches results in emergence of a third resonance due to excitation of the circular cavity modes. Sidewall angle of the patches are also observed to affect the absorption spectra significantly. Peak absorption values for the triple resonance structures are strongly affected as the sidewall angle varies from 90 to 50 degrees. Rounded corners and slanted sidewalls are typical imperfections for lithographically fabricated metamaterial structures. The presented results suggest that imperfections caused during fabrication of the top nano-structures must be taken into account when designing metamaterial absorbers. Furthermore, it is shown that these fabrication imperfections can be exploited for improving resonance properties and bandwidths of metamaterials for various potential applications such as solar energy harvesting, thermal emitters, surface enhanced spectroscopies and photodetection.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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References

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2014 (5)

F. Yi, H. Zhu, J. C. Reed, A. Y. Zhu, and E. Cubukcu, “Thermoplasmonic membrane-based infrared detector,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26(2), 202–205 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. A. Bossard, L. Lin, S. Yun, L. Liu, D. H. Werner, and T. S. Mayer, “Near-ideal optical metamaterial absorbers with super-octave bandwidth,” ACS Nano 8(2), 1517–1524 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Ko, D.-H. Ko, Y. Cho, and I. K. Han, “Broadband light absorption using a multilayered gap surface plasmon resonator,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 116(3), 857–861 (2014).
[Crossref]

P. Pitchappa, C. P. Ho, P. Kropelnicki, N. Singh, D.-L. Kwong, and C. Lee, “Dual band complementary metamaterial absorber in near infrared region,” J. Appl. Phys. 115(19), 193109 (2014).
[Crossref]

F. Minkowski, F. Wang, A. Chakrabarty, and Q.-H. Wei, “Resonant cavity modes of circular plasmonic patch nanoantennas,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(2), 021111 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (9)

C. Koechlin, P. Bouchon, F. Pardo, J. L. Pelouard, and R. Haïdar, “Analytical description of subwavelength plasmonic MIM resonators and of their combination,” Opt. Express 21(6), 7025–7032 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. D’Andrea, J. Bochterle, A. Toma, C. Huck, F. Neubrech, E. Messina, B. Fazio, O. M. Maragò, E. Di Fabrizio, M. Lamy de La Chapelle, P. G. Gucciardi, and A. Pucci, “Optical nanoantennas for multiband surface-enhanced infrared and Raman spectroscopy,” ACS Nano 7(4), 3522–3531 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Ma, Y. Wen, and X. Yu, “Broadband metamaterial absorber at mid-infrared using multiplexed cross resonators,” Opt. Express 21(25), 30724–30730 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Wang, C. Luo, G. Hong, and X. Zhao, “Metamaterial optical refractive index sensor detected by the naked eye,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(9), 091902 (2013).
[Crossref]

R. Alaee, C. Menzel, U. Huebner, E. Pshenay-Severin, S. Bin Hasan, T. Pertsch, C. Rockstuhl, and F. Lederer, “Deep-subwavelength plasmonic nanoresonators exploiting extreme coupling,” Nano Lett. 13(8), 3482–3486 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Yi, H. Zhu, J. C. Reed, and E. Cubukcu, “Plasmonically enhanced thermomechanical detection of infrared radiation,” Nano Lett. 13(4), 1638–1643 (2013).
[PubMed]

C. Cao, J. Zhang, X. Wen, S. L. Dodson, N. T. Dao, L. M. Wong, S. Wang, S. Li, A. T. Phan, and Q. Xiong, “Metamaterials-based label-free nanosensor for conformation and affinity biosensing,” ACS Nano 7(9), 7583–7591 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. W. Park, P. V. Tuong, J. Y. Rhee, K. W. Kim, W. H. Jang, E. H. Choi, L. Y. Chen, and Y. Lee, “Multi-band metamaterial absorber based on the arrangement of donut-type resonators,” Opt. Express 21(8), 9691–9702 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. Savinov, V. A. Fedotov, P. A. J. de Groot, and N. I. Zheludev, “Radiation-harvesting resonant superconducting sub-THz metamaterial bolometer,” Supercond. Sci. Technol. 26(8), 084001 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (14)

R. Alaee, C. Menzel, C. Rockstuhl, and F. Lederer, “Perfect absorbers on curved surfaces and their potential applications,” Opt. Express 20(16), 18370–18376 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. B. P. Niesler, J. K. Gansel, S. Fischbach, and M. Wegener, “Metamaterial metal-based bolometers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(20), 203508 (2012).
[Crossref]

P. Zhu and L. Jay Guo, “High performance broadband absorber in the visible band by engineered dispersion and geometry of a metal-dielectric-metal stack,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(24), 241116 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. G. Nielsen, A. Pors, O. Albrektsen, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Efficient absorption of visible radiation by gap plasmon resonators,” Opt. Express 20(12), 13311–13319 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Wang, C. Fan, P. Ding, J. He, Y. Cheng, W. Hu, G. Cai, E. Liang, and Q. Xue, “Tunable broad-band perfect absorber by exciting of multiple plasmon resonances at optical frequency,” Opt. Express 20(14), 14871–14878 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Moreau, C. Ciracì, J. J. Mock, R. T. Hill, Q. Wang, B. J. Wiley, A. Chilkoti, and D. R. Smith, “Controlled-reflectance surfaces with film-coupled colloidal nanoantennas,” Nature 492(7427), 86–89 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Cui, K. H. Fung, J. Xu, H. Ma, Y. Jin, S. He, and N. X. Fang, “Ultrabroadband light absorption by a sawtooth anisotropic metamaterial slab,” Nano Lett. 12(3), 1443–1447 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. P. Wang and Z. M. Zhang, “Wavelength-selective and diffuse emitter enhanced by magnetic polaritons for thermophotovoltaics,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(6), 063902 (2012).
[Crossref]

C.-W. Cheng, M. N. Abbas, C.-W. Chiu, K.-T. Lai, M.-H. Shih, and Y.-C. Chang, “Wide-angle polarization independent infrared broadband absorbers based on metallic multi-sized disk arrays,” Opt. Express 20(9), 10376–10381 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Hendrickson, J. Guo, B. Zhang, W. Buchwald, and R. Soref, “Wideband perfect light absorber at midwave infrared using multiplexed metal structures,” Opt. Lett. 37(3), 371–373 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Lansey, I. R. Hooper, J. N. Gollub, A. P. Hibbins, and D. T. Crouse, “Light localization, photon sorting, and enhanced absorption in subwavelength cavity arrays,” Opt. Express 20(22), 24226–24236 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Le Perchec, Y. Desieres, N. Rochat, and R. Espiau de Lamaestre, “Subwavelength optical absorber with an integrated photon sorter,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(11), 113305 (2012).
[Crossref]

R. Filter, J. Qi, C. Rockstuhl, and F. Lederer, “Circular optical nanoantennas: an analytical theory,” Phys. Rev. B 85(12), 125429 (2012).
[Crossref]

S. Ayas, H. Güner, B. Türker, O. O. Ekiz, F. Dirisaglik, A. K. Okyay, and A. Dâna, “Raman enhancement on a broadband meta-surface,” ACS Nano 6(8), 6852–6861 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (11)

D. Li, L. Qin, X. Xiong, R.-W. Peng, Q. Hu, G.-B. Ma, H.-S. Zhou, and M. Wang, “Exchange of electric and magnetic resonances in multilayered metal/dielectric nanoplates,” Opt. Express 19(23), 22942–22949 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Zhang, Y. Zhao, Q. Hao, B. Kiraly, I.-C. Khoo, S. Chen, and T. J. Huang, “Polarization-independent dual-band infrared perfect absorber based on a metal-dielectric-metal elliptical nanodisk array,” Opt. Express 19(16), 15221–15228 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. H. Jiang, S. Yun, F. Toor, D. H. Werner, and T. S. Mayer, “Conformal dual-band near-perfectly absorbing mid-infrared metamaterial coating,” ACS Nano 5(6), 4641–4647 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Elbahri, M. K. Hedayati, V. S. Kiran Chakravadhanula, M. Jamali, T. Strunkus, V. Zaporojtchenko, and F. Faupel, “An omnidirectional transparent conducting-metal-based plasmonic nanocomposite,” Adv. Mater. 23(17), 1993–1997 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. K. Hedayati, M. Javaherirahim, B. Mozooni, R. Abdelaziz, A. Tavassolizadeh, V. S. Chakravadhanula, V. S. K. Zaporojtchenko, T. Strunkus, F. Faupel, and M. Elbahri, “Design of a perfect black absorber at visible frequencies using plasmonic metamaterials,” Adv. Mater. 23(45), 5410–5414 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Aydin, V. E. Ferry, R. M. Briggs, and H. A. Atwater, “Broadband polarization-independent resonant light absorption using ultrathin plasmonic super absorbers,” Nat Commun 2, 517 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Pu, C. Hu, M. Wang, C. Huang, Z. Zhao, C. Wang, Q. Feng, and X. Luo, “Design principles for infrared wide-angle perfect absorber based on plasmonic structure,” Opt. Express 19(18), 17413–17420 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Wang, Y. Chen, X. Chen, J. Hao, M. Yan, and M. Qiu, “Photothermal reshaping of gold nanoparticles in a plasmonic absorber,” Opt. Express 19(15), 14726–14734 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Hao, L. Zhou, and M. Qiu, “Nearly total absorption of light and heat generation by plasmonic metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. B 83(16), 165107 (2011).
[Crossref]

X. Liu, T. Tyler, T. Starr, A. F. Starr, N. M. Jokerst, and W. J. Padilla, “Taming the blackbody with infrared metamaterials as selective thermal emitters,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(4), 045901 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. W. Knight, H. Sobhani, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas, “Photodetection with active optical antennas,” Science 332(6030), 702–704 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2010 (5)

J. Hao, J. Wang, X. Liu, W. J. Padilla, L. Zhou, and M. Qiu, “High performance optical absorber based on a plasmonic metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(25), 251104 (2010).
[Crossref]

H. Wakatsuchi, S. Greedy, C. Christopoulos, and J. Paul, “Customised broadband metamaterial absorbers for arbitrary polarisation,” Opt. Express 18(21), 22187–22198 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Liu, T. Starr, A. F. Starr, and W. J. Padilla, “Infrared spatial and frequency selective metamaterial with near-unity absorbance,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104(20), 207403 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Liu, M. Mesch, T. Weiss, M. Hentschel, and H. Giessen, “Infrared perfect absorber and its application as plasmonic sensor,” Nano Lett. 10(7), 2342–2348 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Chu, M. G. Banaee, and K. B. Crozier, “Double-resonance plasmon substrates for surface-enhanced Raman scattering with enhancement at excitation and stokes frequencies,” ACS Nano 4(5), 2804–2810 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2009 (2)

M. Diem, T. Koschny, and C. Soukoulis, “Wide-angle perfect absorber/thermal emitter in the terahertz regime,” Phys. Rev. B 79(3), 033101 (2009).
[Crossref]

E. Cubukcu, S. Zhang, Y.-S. Park, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “Split ring resonator sensors for infrared detection of single molecular monolayers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(4), 043113 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (4)

T. V. Teperik, F. J. García de Abajo, G. Borisov, M. Abdelsalam, P. N. Bartlett, Y. Sugawara, and J. J. Baumberg, “Omnidirectional absorption in nanostructured metal surfaces,” Nat. Photonics 2(5), 299–301 (2008).
[Crossref]

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H. Ko, D.-H. Ko, Y. Cho, and I. K. Han, “Broadband light absorption using a multilayered gap surface plasmon resonator,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 116(3), 857–861 (2014).
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H. Ko, D.-H. Ko, Y. Cho, and I. K. Han, “Broadband light absorption using a multilayered gap surface plasmon resonator,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 116(3), 857–861 (2014).
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Y. Cui, K. H. Fung, J. Xu, H. Ma, Y. Jin, S. He, and N. X. Fang, “Ultrabroadband light absorption by a sawtooth anisotropic metamaterial slab,” Nano Lett. 12(3), 1443–1447 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xue, Q.

Yan, M.

Yi, F.

F. Yi, H. Zhu, J. C. Reed, A. Y. Zhu, and E. Cubukcu, “Thermoplasmonic membrane-based infrared detector,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26(2), 202–205 (2014).
[Crossref]

F. Yi, H. Zhu, J. C. Reed, and E. Cubukcu, “Plasmonically enhanced thermomechanical detection of infrared radiation,” Nano Lett. 13(4), 1638–1643 (2013).
[PubMed]

Yu, X.

Yun, S.

J. A. Bossard, L. Lin, S. Yun, L. Liu, D. H. Werner, and T. S. Mayer, “Near-ideal optical metamaterial absorbers with super-octave bandwidth,” ACS Nano 8(2), 1517–1524 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. H. Jiang, S. Yun, F. Toor, D. H. Werner, and T. S. Mayer, “Conformal dual-band near-perfectly absorbing mid-infrared metamaterial coating,” ACS Nano 5(6), 4641–4647 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zaporojtchenko, V.

M. Elbahri, M. K. Hedayati, V. S. Kiran Chakravadhanula, M. Jamali, T. Strunkus, V. Zaporojtchenko, and F. Faupel, “An omnidirectional transparent conducting-metal-based plasmonic nanocomposite,” Adv. Mater. 23(17), 1993–1997 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zaporojtchenko, V. S. K.

M. K. Hedayati, M. Javaherirahim, B. Mozooni, R. Abdelaziz, A. Tavassolizadeh, V. S. Chakravadhanula, V. S. K. Zaporojtchenko, T. Strunkus, F. Faupel, and M. Elbahri, “Design of a perfect black absorber at visible frequencies using plasmonic metamaterials,” Adv. Mater. 23(45), 5410–5414 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zentgraf, T.

J. Valentine, S. Zhang, T. Zentgraf, E. Ulin-Avila, D. A. Genov, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “Three-dimensional optical metamaterial with a negative refractive index,” Nature 455(7211), 376–379 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, B.

Zhang, J.

C. Cao, J. Zhang, X. Wen, S. L. Dodson, N. T. Dao, L. M. Wong, S. Wang, S. Li, A. T. Phan, and Q. Xiong, “Metamaterials-based label-free nanosensor for conformation and affinity biosensing,” ACS Nano 7(9), 7583–7591 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, S.

E. Cubukcu, S. Zhang, Y.-S. Park, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “Split ring resonator sensors for infrared detection of single molecular monolayers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(4), 043113 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. Valentine, S. Zhang, T. Zentgraf, E. Ulin-Avila, D. A. Genov, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “Three-dimensional optical metamaterial with a negative refractive index,” Nature 455(7211), 376–379 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, X.

E. Cubukcu, S. Zhang, Y.-S. Park, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “Split ring resonator sensors for infrared detection of single molecular monolayers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(4), 043113 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. Valentine, S. Zhang, T. Zentgraf, E. Ulin-Avila, D. A. Genov, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “Three-dimensional optical metamaterial with a negative refractive index,” Nature 455(7211), 376–379 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Tao, N. I. Landy, C. M. Bingham, X. Zhang, R. D. Averitt, and W. J. Padilla, “A metamaterial absorber for the terahertz regime: Design, fabrication and characterization,” Opt. Express 16(10), 7181–7188 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, Z. M.

L. P. Wang and Z. M. Zhang, “Wavelength-selective and diffuse emitter enhanced by magnetic polaritons for thermophotovoltaics,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(6), 063902 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zhao, X.

X. Wang, C. Luo, G. Hong, and X. Zhao, “Metamaterial optical refractive index sensor detected by the naked eye,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(9), 091902 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhao, Y.

Zhao, Z.

Zheludev, N. I.

V. Savinov, V. A. Fedotov, P. A. J. de Groot, and N. I. Zheludev, “Radiation-harvesting resonant superconducting sub-THz metamaterial bolometer,” Supercond. Sci. Technol. 26(8), 084001 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhou, H.-S.

Zhou, L.

J. Hao, L. Zhou, and M. Qiu, “Nearly total absorption of light and heat generation by plasmonic metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. B 83(16), 165107 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Hao, J. Wang, X. Liu, W. J. Padilla, L. Zhou, and M. Qiu, “High performance optical absorber based on a plasmonic metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(25), 251104 (2010).
[Crossref]

Zhu, A. Y.

F. Yi, H. Zhu, J. C. Reed, A. Y. Zhu, and E. Cubukcu, “Thermoplasmonic membrane-based infrared detector,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26(2), 202–205 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhu, H.

F. Yi, H. Zhu, J. C. Reed, A. Y. Zhu, and E. Cubukcu, “Thermoplasmonic membrane-based infrared detector,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26(2), 202–205 (2014).
[Crossref]

F. Yi, H. Zhu, J. C. Reed, and E. Cubukcu, “Plasmonically enhanced thermomechanical detection of infrared radiation,” Nano Lett. 13(4), 1638–1643 (2013).
[PubMed]

Zhu, P.

P. Zhu and L. Jay Guo, “High performance broadband absorber in the visible band by engineered dispersion and geometry of a metal-dielectric-metal stack,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(24), 241116 (2012).
[Crossref]

ACS Nano (6)

C. Cao, J. Zhang, X. Wen, S. L. Dodson, N. T. Dao, L. M. Wong, S. Wang, S. Li, A. T. Phan, and Q. Xiong, “Metamaterials-based label-free nanosensor for conformation and affinity biosensing,” ACS Nano 7(9), 7583–7591 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. A. Bossard, L. Lin, S. Yun, L. Liu, D. H. Werner, and T. S. Mayer, “Near-ideal optical metamaterial absorbers with super-octave bandwidth,” ACS Nano 8(2), 1517–1524 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. H. Jiang, S. Yun, F. Toor, D. H. Werner, and T. S. Mayer, “Conformal dual-band near-perfectly absorbing mid-infrared metamaterial coating,” ACS Nano 5(6), 4641–4647 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. D’Andrea, J. Bochterle, A. Toma, C. Huck, F. Neubrech, E. Messina, B. Fazio, O. M. Maragò, E. Di Fabrizio, M. Lamy de La Chapelle, P. G. Gucciardi, and A. Pucci, “Optical nanoantennas for multiband surface-enhanced infrared and Raman spectroscopy,” ACS Nano 7(4), 3522–3531 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Ayas, H. Güner, B. Türker, O. O. Ekiz, F. Dirisaglik, A. K. Okyay, and A. Dâna, “Raman enhancement on a broadband meta-surface,” ACS Nano 6(8), 6852–6861 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Chu, M. G. Banaee, and K. B. Crozier, “Double-resonance plasmon substrates for surface-enhanced Raman scattering with enhancement at excitation and stokes frequencies,” ACS Nano 4(5), 2804–2810 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Adv. Mater. (2)

M. Elbahri, M. K. Hedayati, V. S. Kiran Chakravadhanula, M. Jamali, T. Strunkus, V. Zaporojtchenko, and F. Faupel, “An omnidirectional transparent conducting-metal-based plasmonic nanocomposite,” Adv. Mater. 23(17), 1993–1997 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. K. Hedayati, M. Javaherirahim, B. Mozooni, R. Abdelaziz, A. Tavassolizadeh, V. S. Chakravadhanula, V. S. K. Zaporojtchenko, T. Strunkus, F. Faupel, and M. Elbahri, “Design of a perfect black absorber at visible frequencies using plasmonic metamaterials,” Adv. Mater. 23(45), 5410–5414 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (8)

X. Wang, C. Luo, G. Hong, and X. Zhao, “Metamaterial optical refractive index sensor detected by the naked eye,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(9), 091902 (2013).
[Crossref]

P. Zhu and L. Jay Guo, “High performance broadband absorber in the visible band by engineered dispersion and geometry of a metal-dielectric-metal stack,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(24), 241116 (2012).
[Crossref]

L. P. Wang and Z. M. Zhang, “Wavelength-selective and diffuse emitter enhanced by magnetic polaritons for thermophotovoltaics,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(6), 063902 (2012).
[Crossref]

E. Cubukcu, S. Zhang, Y.-S. Park, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “Split ring resonator sensors for infrared detection of single molecular monolayers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(4), 043113 (2009).
[Crossref]

F. B. P. Niesler, J. K. Gansel, S. Fischbach, and M. Wegener, “Metamaterial metal-based bolometers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(20), 203508 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Hao, J. Wang, X. Liu, W. J. Padilla, L. Zhou, and M. Qiu, “High performance optical absorber based on a plasmonic metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(25), 251104 (2010).
[Crossref]

F. Minkowski, F. Wang, A. Chakrabarty, and Q.-H. Wei, “Resonant cavity modes of circular plasmonic patch nanoantennas,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(2), 021111 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Le Perchec, Y. Desieres, N. Rochat, and R. Espiau de Lamaestre, “Subwavelength optical absorber with an integrated photon sorter,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(11), 113305 (2012).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. (1)

H. Ko, D.-H. Ko, Y. Cho, and I. K. Han, “Broadband light absorption using a multilayered gap surface plasmon resonator,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 116(3), 857–861 (2014).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

F. Yi, H. Zhu, J. C. Reed, A. Y. Zhu, and E. Cubukcu, “Thermoplasmonic membrane-based infrared detector,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26(2), 202–205 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

P. Pitchappa, C. P. Ho, P. Kropelnicki, N. Singh, D.-L. Kwong, and C. Lee, “Dual band complementary metamaterial absorber in near infrared region,” J. Appl. Phys. 115(19), 193109 (2014).
[Crossref]

Nano Lett. (4)

Y. Cui, K. H. Fung, J. Xu, H. Ma, Y. Jin, S. He, and N. X. Fang, “Ultrabroadband light absorption by a sawtooth anisotropic metamaterial slab,” Nano Lett. 12(3), 1443–1447 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Yi, H. Zhu, J. C. Reed, and E. Cubukcu, “Plasmonically enhanced thermomechanical detection of infrared radiation,” Nano Lett. 13(4), 1638–1643 (2013).
[PubMed]

R. Alaee, C. Menzel, U. Huebner, E. Pshenay-Severin, S. Bin Hasan, T. Pertsch, C. Rockstuhl, and F. Lederer, “Deep-subwavelength plasmonic nanoresonators exploiting extreme coupling,” Nano Lett. 13(8), 3482–3486 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Liu, M. Mesch, T. Weiss, M. Hentschel, and H. Giessen, “Infrared perfect absorber and its application as plasmonic sensor,” Nano Lett. 10(7), 2342–2348 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat Commun (1)

K. Aydin, V. E. Ferry, R. M. Briggs, and H. A. Atwater, “Broadband polarization-independent resonant light absorption using ultrathin plasmonic super absorbers,” Nat Commun 2, 517 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Photonics (1)

T. V. Teperik, F. J. García de Abajo, G. Borisov, M. Abdelsalam, P. N. Bartlett, Y. Sugawara, and J. J. Baumberg, “Omnidirectional absorption in nanostructured metal surfaces,” Nat. Photonics 2(5), 299–301 (2008).
[Crossref]

Nature (2)

J. Valentine, S. Zhang, T. Zentgraf, E. Ulin-Avila, D. A. Genov, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “Three-dimensional optical metamaterial with a negative refractive index,” Nature 455(7211), 376–379 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Moreau, C. Ciracì, J. J. Mock, R. T. Hill, Q. Wang, B. J. Wiley, A. Chilkoti, and D. R. Smith, “Controlled-reflectance surfaces with film-coupled colloidal nanoantennas,” Nature 492(7427), 86–89 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (14)

B. Zhang, Y. Zhao, Q. Hao, B. Kiraly, I.-C. Khoo, S. Chen, and T. J. Huang, “Polarization-independent dual-band infrared perfect absorber based on a metal-dielectric-metal elliptical nanodisk array,” Opt. Express 19(16), 15221–15228 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C.-W. Cheng, M. N. Abbas, C.-W. Chiu, K.-T. Lai, M.-H. Shih, and Y.-C. Chang, “Wide-angle polarization independent infrared broadband absorbers based on metallic multi-sized disk arrays,” Opt. Express 20(9), 10376–10381 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. G. Nielsen, A. Pors, O. Albrektsen, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Efficient absorption of visible radiation by gap plasmon resonators,” Opt. Express 20(12), 13311–13319 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Wang, C. Fan, P. Ding, J. He, Y. Cheng, W. Hu, G. Cai, E. Liang, and Q. Xue, “Tunable broad-band perfect absorber by exciting of multiple plasmon resonances at optical frequency,” Opt. Express 20(14), 14871–14878 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Pu, C. Hu, M. Wang, C. Huang, Z. Zhao, C. Wang, Q. Feng, and X. Luo, “Design principles for infrared wide-angle perfect absorber based on plasmonic structure,” Opt. Express 19(18), 17413–17420 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Wang, Y. Chen, X. Chen, J. Hao, M. Yan, and M. Qiu, “Photothermal reshaping of gold nanoparticles in a plasmonic absorber,” Opt. Express 19(15), 14726–14734 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. W. Park, P. V. Tuong, J. Y. Rhee, K. W. Kim, W. H. Jang, E. H. Choi, L. Y. Chen, and Y. Lee, “Multi-band metamaterial absorber based on the arrangement of donut-type resonators,” Opt. Express 21(8), 9691–9702 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Wakatsuchi, S. Greedy, C. Christopoulos, and J. Paul, “Customised broadband metamaterial absorbers for arbitrary polarisation,” Opt. Express 18(21), 22187–22198 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Tao, N. I. Landy, C. M. Bingham, X. Zhang, R. D. Averitt, and W. J. Padilla, “A metamaterial absorber for the terahertz regime: Design, fabrication and characterization,” Opt. Express 16(10), 7181–7188 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Alaee, C. Menzel, C. Rockstuhl, and F. Lederer, “Perfect absorbers on curved surfaces and their potential applications,” Opt. Express 20(16), 18370–18376 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Lansey, I. R. Hooper, J. N. Gollub, A. P. Hibbins, and D. T. Crouse, “Light localization, photon sorting, and enhanced absorption in subwavelength cavity arrays,” Opt. Express 20(22), 24226–24236 (2012).
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W. Ma, Y. Wen, and X. Yu, “Broadband metamaterial absorber at mid-infrared using multiplexed cross resonators,” Opt. Express 21(25), 30724–30730 (2013).
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D. Li, L. Qin, X. Xiong, R.-W. Peng, Q. Hu, G.-B. Ma, H.-S. Zhou, and M. Wang, “Exchange of electric and magnetic resonances in multilayered metal/dielectric nanoplates,” Opt. Express 19(23), 22942–22949 (2011).
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C. Koechlin, P. Bouchon, F. Pardo, J. L. Pelouard, and R. Haïdar, “Analytical description of subwavelength plasmonic MIM resonators and of their combination,” Opt. Express 21(6), 7025–7032 (2013).
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Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. B (3)

J. Hao, L. Zhou, and M. Qiu, “Nearly total absorption of light and heat generation by plasmonic metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. B 83(16), 165107 (2011).
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M. Diem, T. Koschny, and C. Soukoulis, “Wide-angle perfect absorber/thermal emitter in the terahertz regime,” Phys. Rev. B 79(3), 033101 (2009).
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R. Filter, J. Qi, C. Rockstuhl, and F. Lederer, “Circular optical nanoantennas: an analytical theory,” Phys. Rev. B 85(12), 125429 (2012).
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Phys. Rev. Lett. (3)

N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, “Perfect metamaterial absorber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(20), 207402 (2008).
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X. Liu, T. Tyler, T. Starr, A. F. Starr, N. M. Jokerst, and W. J. Padilla, “Taming the blackbody with infrared metamaterials as selective thermal emitters,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(4), 045901 (2011).
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X. Liu, T. Starr, A. F. Starr, and W. J. Padilla, “Infrared spatial and frequency selective metamaterial with near-unity absorbance,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104(20), 207403 (2010).
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Science (1)

M. W. Knight, H. Sobhani, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas, “Photodetection with active optical antennas,” Science 332(6030), 702–704 (2011).
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Supercond. Sci. Technol. (1)

V. Savinov, V. A. Fedotov, P. A. J. de Groot, and N. I. Zheludev, “Radiation-harvesting resonant superconducting sub-THz metamaterial bolometer,” Supercond. Sci. Technol. 26(8), 084001 (2013).
[Crossref]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 3D illustration of the studied MMA surface (a). Top (b) and side (c) views. Periods in x and y directions are 250nm. W is the nano-square width and R is the curvature of the corners.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Absorption spectra for perfect nano-square patches (R = 0nm, straight sidewalls) for tox = 0 (blue) and tox = 30nm (green) (a). Absorption spectra for various nano-square patch widths (tox = 30 nm) (b). Magnetic (c) and electric (d) field profiles at the resonances shown in (a).
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Absorption spectra for varying curvature radius for W = 200nm (a), (b) and W = 210nm (c), (d) with tox = 30nm. Absorption spectra for varying oxide thickness for W = 200nm and R = 100nm (e), (f).
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Origin of resonances for W = 200nm, R = 100nm and tox = 30nm. Simulated z component of electric field profiles for λ = 550nm (a) and λ = 600nm (b). Calculated electrical field profiles for modes m = 1, n = 2 (c) and m = 3, n = 1 (d).
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Cross section of the simulated structure (a). Absorption spectra for varying sidewall angle for W = 200nm, R = 100nm (b), (c).

Equations (1)

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ρ (ρ E z ρ )+ 1 ρ 2 (ρ 2 E z φ 2 )+ 2 E z z 2 + k 2 E z =0

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