Abstract

Consumer cameras in the megapixel range are ubiquitous, but the improvement of them is hindered by the poor performance and high cost of traditional photodetectors. Graphene, a two-dimensional micro-/nano-material, recently has exhibited exceptional properties as a sensing element in a photodetector over traditional materials. However, it is difficult to fabricate a large-scale array of graphene photodetectors to replace the traditional photodetector array. To take full advantage of the unique characteristics of the graphene photodetector, in this study we integrated a graphene photodetector in a single-pixel camera based on compressive sensing. To begin with, we introduced a method called laser scribing for fabrication the graphene. It produces the graphene components in arbitrary patterns more quickly without photoresist contamination as do traditional methods. Next, we proposed a system for calibrating the optoelectrical properties of micro/nano photodetectors based on a digital micromirror device (DMD), which changes the light intensity by controlling the number of individual micromirrors positioned at + 12°. The calibration sensitivity is driven by the sum of all micromirrors of the DMD and can be as high as 10−5 A/W. Finally, the single-pixel camera integrated with one graphene photodetector was used to recover a static image to demonstrate the feasibility of the single-pixel imaging system with the graphene photodetector. A high-resolution image can be recovered with the camera at a sampling rate much less than Nyquist rate. The study was the first demonstration for ever record of a macroscopic camera with a graphene photodetector. The camera has the potential for high-speed and high-resolution imaging at much less cost than traditional megapixel cameras.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article
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References

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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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2014 (3)

H. Tian, Y. Yang, D. Xie, Y. L. Cui, W. T. Mi, Y. Zhang, and T. L. Ren, “Wafer-scale integration of graphene-based electronic, optoelectronic and electroacoustic devices,” Sci. Rep. 4, 3598 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Tian, Y. Shu, Y. L. Cui, W. T. Mi, Y. Yang, D. Xie, and T. L. Ren, “Scalable fabrication of high-performance and flexible graphene strain sensors,” Nanoscale 6(2), 699–705 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. X. Li, P. Li, Y. C. Wang, W. X. Wang, N. Xi, and L. Q. Liu, “Efficient imaging and real-time display of scanning ion conductance microscopy based on block compressive sensing,” IEEE Trans. NanoTechnol. 8, 218–227 (2014).

2012 (2)

M. F. El-Kady, V. Strong, S. Dubin, and R. B. Kaner, “Laser scribing of high-performance and flexible graphene-based electrochemical capacitors,” Science 335(6074), 1326–1330 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Pei and H.-M. Cheng, “The reduction of graphene oxide,” Carbon 50(9), 3210–3228 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (3)

T. J. Echtermeyer, L. Britnell, P. K. Jasnos, A. Lombardo, R. V. Gorbachev, A. N. Grigorenko, A. K. Geim, A. C. Ferrari, and K. S. Novoselov, “Strong plasmonic enhancement of photovoltage in graphene,” Nat. Commun. 2, 458 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Gao, N. Singh, L. Song, Z. Liu, A. L. M. Reddy, L. Ci, R. Vajtai, Q. Zhang, B. Wei, and P. M. Ajayan, “Direct laser writing of micro-supercapacitors on hydrated graphite oxide films,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 6(8), 496–500 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Chitara, L. S. Panchakarla, S. B. Krupanidhi, and C. N. Rao, “Infrared photodetectors based on reduced graphene oxide and graphene nanoribbons,” Adv. Mater. 23(45), 5419–5424 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2010 (5)

Z. Wei, D. Wang, S. Kim, S. Y. Kim, Y. Hu, M. K. Yakes, A. R. Laracuente, Z. Dai, S. R. Marder, C. Berger, W. P. King, W. A. de Heer, P. E. Sheehan, and E. Riedo, “Nanoscale tunable reduction of graphene oxide for graphene electronics,” Science 328(5984), 1373–1376 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Xu, N. M. Gabor, J. S. Alden, A. M. van der Zande, and P. L. McEuen, “Photo-thermoelectric effect at a graphene interface junction,” Nano Lett. 10(2), 562–566 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Mueller, F. N. A. Xia, and P. Avouris, “Graphene photodetectors for high-speed optical communications,” Nat. Photonics 4(5), 297–301 (2010).
[Crossref]

F. Bonaccorso, Z. Sun, T. Hasan, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene photonics and optoelectronics,” Nat. Photonics 4(9), 611–622 (2010).
[Crossref]

E. V. Castro, H. Ochoa, M. I. Katsnelson, R. V. Gorbachev, D. C. Elias, K. S. Novoselov, A. K. Geim, and F. Guinea, “Limits on charge carrier mobility in suspended graphene due to flexural phonons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(26), 266601 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2009 (5)

F. Xia, T. Mueller, Y. M. Lin, A. Valdes-Garcia, and P. Avouris, “Ultrafast graphene photodetector,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 4(12), 839–843 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Park, Y. H. Ahn, and C. Ruiz-Vargas, “Imaging of photocurrent generation and collection in single-layer graphene,” Nano Lett. 9(5), 1742–1746 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. S. Kim, Y. Zhao, H. Jang, S. Y. Lee, J. M. Kim, K. S. Kim, J. H. Ahn, P. Kim, J. Y. Choi, and B. H. Hong, “Large-scale pattern growth of graphene films for stretchable transparent electrodes,” Nature 457(7230), 706–710 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. V. Emtsev, A. Bostwick, K. Horn, J. Jobst, G. L. Kellogg, L. Ley, J. L. McChesney, T. Ohta, S. A. Reshanov, J. Röhrl, E. Rotenberg, A. K. Schmid, D. Waldmann, H. B. Weber, and T. Seyller, “Towards wafer-size graphene layers by atmospheric pressure graphitization of silicon carbide,” Nat. Mater. 8(3), 203–207 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Xia, T. Mueller, R. Golizadeh-Mojarad, M. Freitag, Y. M. Lin, J. Tsang, V. Perebeinos, and P. Avouris, “Photocurrent imaging and efficient photon detection in a graphene transistor,” Nano Lett. 9(3), 1039–1044 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2008 (8)

E. J. Candes, “The restricted isometry property and its implications for compressed sensing,” C. R. Math. 346(9-10), 589–592 (2008).
[Crossref]

M. F. Duarte, M. A. Davenport, D. Takhar, J. N. Laska, T. Sun, K. F. Kelly, and R. G. Baraniuk, “Single-pixel imaging via compressive sampling,” IEEE Signal Process. Mag. 25(2), 83–91 (2008).
[Crossref]

D. Li, M. B. Müller, S. Gilje, R. B. Kaner, and G. G. Wallace, “Processable aqueous dispersions of graphene nanosheets,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 3(2), 101–105 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. A. George, J. Strait, J. Dawlaty, S. Shivaraman, M. Chandrashekhar, F. Rana, and M. G. Spencer, “Ultrafast optical-pump terahertz-probe spectroscopy of the carrier relaxation and recombination dynamics in epitaxial graphene,” Nano Lett. 8(12), 4248–4251 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. J. Lee, K. Balasubramanian, R. T. Weitz, M. Burghard, and K. Kern, “Contact and edge effects in graphene devices,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 3(8), 486–490 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. D. Stoller, S. Park, Y. Zhu, J. An, and R. S. Ruoff, “Graphene-based ultracapacitors,” Nano Lett. 8(10), 3498–3502 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. A. Balandin, S. Ghosh, W. Bao, I. Calizo, D. Teweldebrhan, F. Miao, and C. N. Lau, “Superior thermal conductivity of single-layer graphene,” Nano Lett. 8(3), 902–907 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Lee, X. Wei, J. W. Kysar, and J. Hone, “Measurement of the elastic properties and intrinsic strength of monolayer graphene,” Science 321(5887), 385–388 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2007 (2)

R. G. Baraniuk, “Compressive sensing,” IEEE Signal Process. Mag. 24(4), 118–121 (2007).
[Crossref]

J. A. Tropp and A. C. Gilbert, “Signal recovery from random measurements via orthogonal matching pursuit,” IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory 53(12), 4655–4666 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

D. L. Donoho, “Compressed sensing,” IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory 52(4), 1289–1306 (2006).
[Crossref]

2004 (1)

K. S. Novoselov, A. K. Geim, S. V. Morozov, D. Jiang, Y. Zhang, S. V. Dubonos, I. V. Grigorieva, and A. A. Firsov, “Electric field effect in atomically thin carbon films,” Science 306(5696), 666–669 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ahn, J. H.

K. S. Kim, Y. Zhao, H. Jang, S. Y. Lee, J. M. Kim, K. S. Kim, J. H. Ahn, P. Kim, J. Y. Choi, and B. H. Hong, “Large-scale pattern growth of graphene films for stretchable transparent electrodes,” Nature 457(7230), 706–710 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ahn, Y. H.

J. Park, Y. H. Ahn, and C. Ruiz-Vargas, “Imaging of photocurrent generation and collection in single-layer graphene,” Nano Lett. 9(5), 1742–1746 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ajayan, P. M.

W. Gao, N. Singh, L. Song, Z. Liu, A. L. M. Reddy, L. Ci, R. Vajtai, Q. Zhang, B. Wei, and P. M. Ajayan, “Direct laser writing of micro-supercapacitors on hydrated graphite oxide films,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 6(8), 496–500 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Alden, J. S.

X. Xu, N. M. Gabor, J. S. Alden, A. M. van der Zande, and P. L. McEuen, “Photo-thermoelectric effect at a graphene interface junction,” Nano Lett. 10(2), 562–566 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

An, J.

M. D. Stoller, S. Park, Y. Zhu, J. An, and R. S. Ruoff, “Graphene-based ultracapacitors,” Nano Lett. 8(10), 3498–3502 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Avouris, P.

T. Mueller, F. N. A. Xia, and P. Avouris, “Graphene photodetectors for high-speed optical communications,” Nat. Photonics 4(5), 297–301 (2010).
[Crossref]

F. Xia, T. Mueller, Y. M. Lin, A. Valdes-Garcia, and P. Avouris, “Ultrafast graphene photodetector,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 4(12), 839–843 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Xia, T. Mueller, R. Golizadeh-Mojarad, M. Freitag, Y. M. Lin, J. Tsang, V. Perebeinos, and P. Avouris, “Photocurrent imaging and efficient photon detection in a graphene transistor,” Nano Lett. 9(3), 1039–1044 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Balandin, A. A.

A. A. Balandin, S. Ghosh, W. Bao, I. Calizo, D. Teweldebrhan, F. Miao, and C. N. Lau, “Superior thermal conductivity of single-layer graphene,” Nano Lett. 8(3), 902–907 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Balasubramanian, K.

E. J. Lee, K. Balasubramanian, R. T. Weitz, M. Burghard, and K. Kern, “Contact and edge effects in graphene devices,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 3(8), 486–490 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bao, W.

A. A. Balandin, S. Ghosh, W. Bao, I. Calizo, D. Teweldebrhan, F. Miao, and C. N. Lau, “Superior thermal conductivity of single-layer graphene,” Nano Lett. 8(3), 902–907 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Baraniuk, R. G.

M. F. Duarte, M. A. Davenport, D. Takhar, J. N. Laska, T. Sun, K. F. Kelly, and R. G. Baraniuk, “Single-pixel imaging via compressive sampling,” IEEE Signal Process. Mag. 25(2), 83–91 (2008).
[Crossref]

R. G. Baraniuk, “Compressive sensing,” IEEE Signal Process. Mag. 24(4), 118–121 (2007).
[Crossref]

Berger, C.

Z. Wei, D. Wang, S. Kim, S. Y. Kim, Y. Hu, M. K. Yakes, A. R. Laracuente, Z. Dai, S. R. Marder, C. Berger, W. P. King, W. A. de Heer, P. E. Sheehan, and E. Riedo, “Nanoscale tunable reduction of graphene oxide for graphene electronics,” Science 328(5984), 1373–1376 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bonaccorso, F.

F. Bonaccorso, Z. Sun, T. Hasan, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene photonics and optoelectronics,” Nat. Photonics 4(9), 611–622 (2010).
[Crossref]

Bostwick, A.

K. V. Emtsev, A. Bostwick, K. Horn, J. Jobst, G. L. Kellogg, L. Ley, J. L. McChesney, T. Ohta, S. A. Reshanov, J. Röhrl, E. Rotenberg, A. K. Schmid, D. Waldmann, H. B. Weber, and T. Seyller, “Towards wafer-size graphene layers by atmospheric pressure graphitization of silicon carbide,” Nat. Mater. 8(3), 203–207 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Britnell, L.

T. J. Echtermeyer, L. Britnell, P. K. Jasnos, A. Lombardo, R. V. Gorbachev, A. N. Grigorenko, A. K. Geim, A. C. Ferrari, and K. S. Novoselov, “Strong plasmonic enhancement of photovoltage in graphene,” Nat. Commun. 2, 458 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Burghard, M.

E. J. Lee, K. Balasubramanian, R. T. Weitz, M. Burghard, and K. Kern, “Contact and edge effects in graphene devices,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 3(8), 486–490 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Calizo, I.

A. A. Balandin, S. Ghosh, W. Bao, I. Calizo, D. Teweldebrhan, F. Miao, and C. N. Lau, “Superior thermal conductivity of single-layer graphene,” Nano Lett. 8(3), 902–907 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Candes, E. J.

E. J. Candes, “The restricted isometry property and its implications for compressed sensing,” C. R. Math. 346(9-10), 589–592 (2008).
[Crossref]

Castro, E. V.

E. V. Castro, H. Ochoa, M. I. Katsnelson, R. V. Gorbachev, D. C. Elias, K. S. Novoselov, A. K. Geim, and F. Guinea, “Limits on charge carrier mobility in suspended graphene due to flexural phonons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(26), 266601 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chandrashekhar, M.

P. A. George, J. Strait, J. Dawlaty, S. Shivaraman, M. Chandrashekhar, F. Rana, and M. G. Spencer, “Ultrafast optical-pump terahertz-probe spectroscopy of the carrier relaxation and recombination dynamics in epitaxial graphene,” Nano Lett. 8(12), 4248–4251 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cheng, H.-M.

S. Pei and H.-M. Cheng, “The reduction of graphene oxide,” Carbon 50(9), 3210–3228 (2012).
[Crossref]

Chitara, B.

B. Chitara, L. S. Panchakarla, S. B. Krupanidhi, and C. N. Rao, “Infrared photodetectors based on reduced graphene oxide and graphene nanoribbons,” Adv. Mater. 23(45), 5419–5424 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Choi, J. Y.

K. S. Kim, Y. Zhao, H. Jang, S. Y. Lee, J. M. Kim, K. S. Kim, J. H. Ahn, P. Kim, J. Y. Choi, and B. H. Hong, “Large-scale pattern growth of graphene films for stretchable transparent electrodes,” Nature 457(7230), 706–710 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ci, L.

W. Gao, N. Singh, L. Song, Z. Liu, A. L. M. Reddy, L. Ci, R. Vajtai, Q. Zhang, B. Wei, and P. M. Ajayan, “Direct laser writing of micro-supercapacitors on hydrated graphite oxide films,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 6(8), 496–500 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cui, Y. L.

H. Tian, Y. Shu, Y. L. Cui, W. T. Mi, Y. Yang, D. Xie, and T. L. Ren, “Scalable fabrication of high-performance and flexible graphene strain sensors,” Nanoscale 6(2), 699–705 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Tian, Y. Yang, D. Xie, Y. L. Cui, W. T. Mi, Y. Zhang, and T. L. Ren, “Wafer-scale integration of graphene-based electronic, optoelectronic and electroacoustic devices,” Sci. Rep. 4, 3598 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dai, Z.

Z. Wei, D. Wang, S. Kim, S. Y. Kim, Y. Hu, M. K. Yakes, A. R. Laracuente, Z. Dai, S. R. Marder, C. Berger, W. P. King, W. A. de Heer, P. E. Sheehan, and E. Riedo, “Nanoscale tunable reduction of graphene oxide for graphene electronics,” Science 328(5984), 1373–1376 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Davenport, M. A.

M. F. Duarte, M. A. Davenport, D. Takhar, J. N. Laska, T. Sun, K. F. Kelly, and R. G. Baraniuk, “Single-pixel imaging via compressive sampling,” IEEE Signal Process. Mag. 25(2), 83–91 (2008).
[Crossref]

Dawlaty, J.

P. A. George, J. Strait, J. Dawlaty, S. Shivaraman, M. Chandrashekhar, F. Rana, and M. G. Spencer, “Ultrafast optical-pump terahertz-probe spectroscopy of the carrier relaxation and recombination dynamics in epitaxial graphene,” Nano Lett. 8(12), 4248–4251 (2008).
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de Heer, W. A.

Z. Wei, D. Wang, S. Kim, S. Y. Kim, Y. Hu, M. K. Yakes, A. R. Laracuente, Z. Dai, S. R. Marder, C. Berger, W. P. King, W. A. de Heer, P. E. Sheehan, and E. Riedo, “Nanoscale tunable reduction of graphene oxide for graphene electronics,” Science 328(5984), 1373–1376 (2010).
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Donoho, D. L.

D. L. Donoho, “Compressed sensing,” IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory 52(4), 1289–1306 (2006).
[Crossref]

Duarte, M. F.

M. F. Duarte, M. A. Davenport, D. Takhar, J. N. Laska, T. Sun, K. F. Kelly, and R. G. Baraniuk, “Single-pixel imaging via compressive sampling,” IEEE Signal Process. Mag. 25(2), 83–91 (2008).
[Crossref]

Dubin, S.

M. F. El-Kady, V. Strong, S. Dubin, and R. B. Kaner, “Laser scribing of high-performance and flexible graphene-based electrochemical capacitors,” Science 335(6074), 1326–1330 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dubonos, S. V.

K. S. Novoselov, A. K. Geim, S. V. Morozov, D. Jiang, Y. Zhang, S. V. Dubonos, I. V. Grigorieva, and A. A. Firsov, “Electric field effect in atomically thin carbon films,” Science 306(5696), 666–669 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Echtermeyer, T. J.

T. J. Echtermeyer, L. Britnell, P. K. Jasnos, A. Lombardo, R. V. Gorbachev, A. N. Grigorenko, A. K. Geim, A. C. Ferrari, and K. S. Novoselov, “Strong plasmonic enhancement of photovoltage in graphene,” Nat. Commun. 2, 458 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Elias, D. C.

E. V. Castro, H. Ochoa, M. I. Katsnelson, R. V. Gorbachev, D. C. Elias, K. S. Novoselov, A. K. Geim, and F. Guinea, “Limits on charge carrier mobility in suspended graphene due to flexural phonons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(26), 266601 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

El-Kady, M. F.

M. F. El-Kady, V. Strong, S. Dubin, and R. B. Kaner, “Laser scribing of high-performance and flexible graphene-based electrochemical capacitors,” Science 335(6074), 1326–1330 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Emtsev, K. V.

K. V. Emtsev, A. Bostwick, K. Horn, J. Jobst, G. L. Kellogg, L. Ley, J. L. McChesney, T. Ohta, S. A. Reshanov, J. Röhrl, E. Rotenberg, A. K. Schmid, D. Waldmann, H. B. Weber, and T. Seyller, “Towards wafer-size graphene layers by atmospheric pressure graphitization of silicon carbide,” Nat. Mater. 8(3), 203–207 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ferrari, A. C.

T. J. Echtermeyer, L. Britnell, P. K. Jasnos, A. Lombardo, R. V. Gorbachev, A. N. Grigorenko, A. K. Geim, A. C. Ferrari, and K. S. Novoselov, “Strong plasmonic enhancement of photovoltage in graphene,” Nat. Commun. 2, 458 (2011).
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F. Bonaccorso, Z. Sun, T. Hasan, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene photonics and optoelectronics,” Nat. Photonics 4(9), 611–622 (2010).
[Crossref]

Firsov, A. A.

K. S. Novoselov, A. K. Geim, S. V. Morozov, D. Jiang, Y. Zhang, S. V. Dubonos, I. V. Grigorieva, and A. A. Firsov, “Electric field effect in atomically thin carbon films,” Science 306(5696), 666–669 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Freitag, M.

F. Xia, T. Mueller, R. Golizadeh-Mojarad, M. Freitag, Y. M. Lin, J. Tsang, V. Perebeinos, and P. Avouris, “Photocurrent imaging and efficient photon detection in a graphene transistor,” Nano Lett. 9(3), 1039–1044 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gabor, N. M.

X. Xu, N. M. Gabor, J. S. Alden, A. M. van der Zande, and P. L. McEuen, “Photo-thermoelectric effect at a graphene interface junction,” Nano Lett. 10(2), 562–566 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gao, W.

W. Gao, N. Singh, L. Song, Z. Liu, A. L. M. Reddy, L. Ci, R. Vajtai, Q. Zhang, B. Wei, and P. M. Ajayan, “Direct laser writing of micro-supercapacitors on hydrated graphite oxide films,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 6(8), 496–500 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Geim, A. K.

T. J. Echtermeyer, L. Britnell, P. K. Jasnos, A. Lombardo, R. V. Gorbachev, A. N. Grigorenko, A. K. Geim, A. C. Ferrari, and K. S. Novoselov, “Strong plasmonic enhancement of photovoltage in graphene,” Nat. Commun. 2, 458 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. V. Castro, H. Ochoa, M. I. Katsnelson, R. V. Gorbachev, D. C. Elias, K. S. Novoselov, A. K. Geim, and F. Guinea, “Limits on charge carrier mobility in suspended graphene due to flexural phonons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(26), 266601 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. S. Novoselov, A. K. Geim, S. V. Morozov, D. Jiang, Y. Zhang, S. V. Dubonos, I. V. Grigorieva, and A. A. Firsov, “Electric field effect in atomically thin carbon films,” Science 306(5696), 666–669 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

George, P. A.

P. A. George, J. Strait, J. Dawlaty, S. Shivaraman, M. Chandrashekhar, F. Rana, and M. G. Spencer, “Ultrafast optical-pump terahertz-probe spectroscopy of the carrier relaxation and recombination dynamics in epitaxial graphene,” Nano Lett. 8(12), 4248–4251 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ghosh, S.

A. A. Balandin, S. Ghosh, W. Bao, I. Calizo, D. Teweldebrhan, F. Miao, and C. N. Lau, “Superior thermal conductivity of single-layer graphene,” Nano Lett. 8(3), 902–907 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gilbert, A. C.

J. A. Tropp and A. C. Gilbert, “Signal recovery from random measurements via orthogonal matching pursuit,” IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory 53(12), 4655–4666 (2007).
[Crossref]

Gilje, S.

D. Li, M. B. Müller, S. Gilje, R. B. Kaner, and G. G. Wallace, “Processable aqueous dispersions of graphene nanosheets,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 3(2), 101–105 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Golizadeh-Mojarad, R.

F. Xia, T. Mueller, R. Golizadeh-Mojarad, M. Freitag, Y. M. Lin, J. Tsang, V. Perebeinos, and P. Avouris, “Photocurrent imaging and efficient photon detection in a graphene transistor,” Nano Lett. 9(3), 1039–1044 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gorbachev, R. V.

T. J. Echtermeyer, L. Britnell, P. K. Jasnos, A. Lombardo, R. V. Gorbachev, A. N. Grigorenko, A. K. Geim, A. C. Ferrari, and K. S. Novoselov, “Strong plasmonic enhancement of photovoltage in graphene,” Nat. Commun. 2, 458 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. V. Castro, H. Ochoa, M. I. Katsnelson, R. V. Gorbachev, D. C. Elias, K. S. Novoselov, A. K. Geim, and F. Guinea, “Limits on charge carrier mobility in suspended graphene due to flexural phonons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(26), 266601 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Grigorenko, A. N.

T. J. Echtermeyer, L. Britnell, P. K. Jasnos, A. Lombardo, R. V. Gorbachev, A. N. Grigorenko, A. K. Geim, A. C. Ferrari, and K. S. Novoselov, “Strong plasmonic enhancement of photovoltage in graphene,” Nat. Commun. 2, 458 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Grigorieva, I. V.

K. S. Novoselov, A. K. Geim, S. V. Morozov, D. Jiang, Y. Zhang, S. V. Dubonos, I. V. Grigorieva, and A. A. Firsov, “Electric field effect in atomically thin carbon films,” Science 306(5696), 666–669 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Guinea, F.

E. V. Castro, H. Ochoa, M. I. Katsnelson, R. V. Gorbachev, D. C. Elias, K. S. Novoselov, A. K. Geim, and F. Guinea, “Limits on charge carrier mobility in suspended graphene due to flexural phonons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(26), 266601 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hasan, T.

F. Bonaccorso, Z. Sun, T. Hasan, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene photonics and optoelectronics,” Nat. Photonics 4(9), 611–622 (2010).
[Crossref]

Hone, J.

C. Lee, X. Wei, J. W. Kysar, and J. Hone, “Measurement of the elastic properties and intrinsic strength of monolayer graphene,” Science 321(5887), 385–388 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hong, B. H.

K. S. Kim, Y. Zhao, H. Jang, S. Y. Lee, J. M. Kim, K. S. Kim, J. H. Ahn, P. Kim, J. Y. Choi, and B. H. Hong, “Large-scale pattern growth of graphene films for stretchable transparent electrodes,” Nature 457(7230), 706–710 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Horn, K.

K. V. Emtsev, A. Bostwick, K. Horn, J. Jobst, G. L. Kellogg, L. Ley, J. L. McChesney, T. Ohta, S. A. Reshanov, J. Röhrl, E. Rotenberg, A. K. Schmid, D. Waldmann, H. B. Weber, and T. Seyller, “Towards wafer-size graphene layers by atmospheric pressure graphitization of silicon carbide,” Nat. Mater. 8(3), 203–207 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hu, Y.

Z. Wei, D. Wang, S. Kim, S. Y. Kim, Y. Hu, M. K. Yakes, A. R. Laracuente, Z. Dai, S. R. Marder, C. Berger, W. P. King, W. A. de Heer, P. E. Sheehan, and E. Riedo, “Nanoscale tunable reduction of graphene oxide for graphene electronics,” Science 328(5984), 1373–1376 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jang, H.

K. S. Kim, Y. Zhao, H. Jang, S. Y. Lee, J. M. Kim, K. S. Kim, J. H. Ahn, P. Kim, J. Y. Choi, and B. H. Hong, “Large-scale pattern growth of graphene films for stretchable transparent electrodes,” Nature 457(7230), 706–710 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jasnos, P. K.

T. J. Echtermeyer, L. Britnell, P. K. Jasnos, A. Lombardo, R. V. Gorbachev, A. N. Grigorenko, A. K. Geim, A. C. Ferrari, and K. S. Novoselov, “Strong plasmonic enhancement of photovoltage in graphene,” Nat. Commun. 2, 458 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jiang, D.

K. S. Novoselov, A. K. Geim, S. V. Morozov, D. Jiang, Y. Zhang, S. V. Dubonos, I. V. Grigorieva, and A. A. Firsov, “Electric field effect in atomically thin carbon films,” Science 306(5696), 666–669 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jobst, J.

K. V. Emtsev, A. Bostwick, K. Horn, J. Jobst, G. L. Kellogg, L. Ley, J. L. McChesney, T. Ohta, S. A. Reshanov, J. Röhrl, E. Rotenberg, A. K. Schmid, D. Waldmann, H. B. Weber, and T. Seyller, “Towards wafer-size graphene layers by atmospheric pressure graphitization of silicon carbide,” Nat. Mater. 8(3), 203–207 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kaner, R. B.

M. F. El-Kady, V. Strong, S. Dubin, and R. B. Kaner, “Laser scribing of high-performance and flexible graphene-based electrochemical capacitors,” Science 335(6074), 1326–1330 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Li, M. B. Müller, S. Gilje, R. B. Kaner, and G. G. Wallace, “Processable aqueous dispersions of graphene nanosheets,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 3(2), 101–105 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Katsnelson, M. I.

E. V. Castro, H. Ochoa, M. I. Katsnelson, R. V. Gorbachev, D. C. Elias, K. S. Novoselov, A. K. Geim, and F. Guinea, “Limits on charge carrier mobility in suspended graphene due to flexural phonons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(26), 266601 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kellogg, G. L.

K. V. Emtsev, A. Bostwick, K. Horn, J. Jobst, G. L. Kellogg, L. Ley, J. L. McChesney, T. Ohta, S. A. Reshanov, J. Röhrl, E. Rotenberg, A. K. Schmid, D. Waldmann, H. B. Weber, and T. Seyller, “Towards wafer-size graphene layers by atmospheric pressure graphitization of silicon carbide,” Nat. Mater. 8(3), 203–207 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kelly, K. F.

M. F. Duarte, M. A. Davenport, D. Takhar, J. N. Laska, T. Sun, K. F. Kelly, and R. G. Baraniuk, “Single-pixel imaging via compressive sampling,” IEEE Signal Process. Mag. 25(2), 83–91 (2008).
[Crossref]

Kern, K.

E. J. Lee, K. Balasubramanian, R. T. Weitz, M. Burghard, and K. Kern, “Contact and edge effects in graphene devices,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 3(8), 486–490 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, J. M.

K. S. Kim, Y. Zhao, H. Jang, S. Y. Lee, J. M. Kim, K. S. Kim, J. H. Ahn, P. Kim, J. Y. Choi, and B. H. Hong, “Large-scale pattern growth of graphene films for stretchable transparent electrodes,” Nature 457(7230), 706–710 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, K. S.

K. S. Kim, Y. Zhao, H. Jang, S. Y. Lee, J. M. Kim, K. S. Kim, J. H. Ahn, P. Kim, J. Y. Choi, and B. H. Hong, “Large-scale pattern growth of graphene films for stretchable transparent electrodes,” Nature 457(7230), 706–710 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. S. Kim, Y. Zhao, H. Jang, S. Y. Lee, J. M. Kim, K. S. Kim, J. H. Ahn, P. Kim, J. Y. Choi, and B. H. Hong, “Large-scale pattern growth of graphene films for stretchable transparent electrodes,” Nature 457(7230), 706–710 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, P.

K. S. Kim, Y. Zhao, H. Jang, S. Y. Lee, J. M. Kim, K. S. Kim, J. H. Ahn, P. Kim, J. Y. Choi, and B. H. Hong, “Large-scale pattern growth of graphene films for stretchable transparent electrodes,” Nature 457(7230), 706–710 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, S.

Z. Wei, D. Wang, S. Kim, S. Y. Kim, Y. Hu, M. K. Yakes, A. R. Laracuente, Z. Dai, S. R. Marder, C. Berger, W. P. King, W. A. de Heer, P. E. Sheehan, and E. Riedo, “Nanoscale tunable reduction of graphene oxide for graphene electronics,” Science 328(5984), 1373–1376 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, S. Y.

Z. Wei, D. Wang, S. Kim, S. Y. Kim, Y. Hu, M. K. Yakes, A. R. Laracuente, Z. Dai, S. R. Marder, C. Berger, W. P. King, W. A. de Heer, P. E. Sheehan, and E. Riedo, “Nanoscale tunable reduction of graphene oxide for graphene electronics,” Science 328(5984), 1373–1376 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

King, W. P.

Z. Wei, D. Wang, S. Kim, S. Y. Kim, Y. Hu, M. K. Yakes, A. R. Laracuente, Z. Dai, S. R. Marder, C. Berger, W. P. King, W. A. de Heer, P. E. Sheehan, and E. Riedo, “Nanoscale tunable reduction of graphene oxide for graphene electronics,” Science 328(5984), 1373–1376 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Krupanidhi, S. B.

B. Chitara, L. S. Panchakarla, S. B. Krupanidhi, and C. N. Rao, “Infrared photodetectors based on reduced graphene oxide and graphene nanoribbons,” Adv. Mater. 23(45), 5419–5424 (2011).
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Kysar, J. W.

C. Lee, X. Wei, J. W. Kysar, and J. Hone, “Measurement of the elastic properties and intrinsic strength of monolayer graphene,” Science 321(5887), 385–388 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Laracuente, A. R.

Z. Wei, D. Wang, S. Kim, S. Y. Kim, Y. Hu, M. K. Yakes, A. R. Laracuente, Z. Dai, S. R. Marder, C. Berger, W. P. King, W. A. de Heer, P. E. Sheehan, and E. Riedo, “Nanoscale tunable reduction of graphene oxide for graphene electronics,” Science 328(5984), 1373–1376 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Laska, J. N.

M. F. Duarte, M. A. Davenport, D. Takhar, J. N. Laska, T. Sun, K. F. Kelly, and R. G. Baraniuk, “Single-pixel imaging via compressive sampling,” IEEE Signal Process. Mag. 25(2), 83–91 (2008).
[Crossref]

Lau, C. N.

A. A. Balandin, S. Ghosh, W. Bao, I. Calizo, D. Teweldebrhan, F. Miao, and C. N. Lau, “Superior thermal conductivity of single-layer graphene,” Nano Lett. 8(3), 902–907 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lee, C.

C. Lee, X. Wei, J. W. Kysar, and J. Hone, “Measurement of the elastic properties and intrinsic strength of monolayer graphene,” Science 321(5887), 385–388 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lee, E. J.

E. J. Lee, K. Balasubramanian, R. T. Weitz, M. Burghard, and K. Kern, “Contact and edge effects in graphene devices,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 3(8), 486–490 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lee, S. Y.

K. S. Kim, Y. Zhao, H. Jang, S. Y. Lee, J. M. Kim, K. S. Kim, J. H. Ahn, P. Kim, J. Y. Choi, and B. H. Hong, “Large-scale pattern growth of graphene films for stretchable transparent electrodes,” Nature 457(7230), 706–710 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ley, L.

K. V. Emtsev, A. Bostwick, K. Horn, J. Jobst, G. L. Kellogg, L. Ley, J. L. McChesney, T. Ohta, S. A. Reshanov, J. Röhrl, E. Rotenberg, A. K. Schmid, D. Waldmann, H. B. Weber, and T. Seyller, “Towards wafer-size graphene layers by atmospheric pressure graphitization of silicon carbide,” Nat. Mater. 8(3), 203–207 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, D.

D. Li, M. B. Müller, S. Gilje, R. B. Kaner, and G. G. Wallace, “Processable aqueous dispersions of graphene nanosheets,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 3(2), 101–105 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, G. X.

G. X. Li, P. Li, Y. C. Wang, W. X. Wang, N. Xi, and L. Q. Liu, “Efficient imaging and real-time display of scanning ion conductance microscopy based on block compressive sensing,” IEEE Trans. NanoTechnol. 8, 218–227 (2014).

Li, P.

G. X. Li, P. Li, Y. C. Wang, W. X. Wang, N. Xi, and L. Q. Liu, “Efficient imaging and real-time display of scanning ion conductance microscopy based on block compressive sensing,” IEEE Trans. NanoTechnol. 8, 218–227 (2014).

Lin, Y. M.

F. Xia, T. Mueller, R. Golizadeh-Mojarad, M. Freitag, Y. M. Lin, J. Tsang, V. Perebeinos, and P. Avouris, “Photocurrent imaging and efficient photon detection in a graphene transistor,” Nano Lett. 9(3), 1039–1044 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Xia, T. Mueller, Y. M. Lin, A. Valdes-Garcia, and P. Avouris, “Ultrafast graphene photodetector,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 4(12), 839–843 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, L. Q.

G. X. Li, P. Li, Y. C. Wang, W. X. Wang, N. Xi, and L. Q. Liu, “Efficient imaging and real-time display of scanning ion conductance microscopy based on block compressive sensing,” IEEE Trans. NanoTechnol. 8, 218–227 (2014).

Liu, Z.

W. Gao, N. Singh, L. Song, Z. Liu, A. L. M. Reddy, L. Ci, R. Vajtai, Q. Zhang, B. Wei, and P. M. Ajayan, “Direct laser writing of micro-supercapacitors on hydrated graphite oxide films,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 6(8), 496–500 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lombardo, A.

T. J. Echtermeyer, L. Britnell, P. K. Jasnos, A. Lombardo, R. V. Gorbachev, A. N. Grigorenko, A. K. Geim, A. C. Ferrari, and K. S. Novoselov, “Strong plasmonic enhancement of photovoltage in graphene,” Nat. Commun. 2, 458 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Marder, S. R.

Z. Wei, D. Wang, S. Kim, S. Y. Kim, Y. Hu, M. K. Yakes, A. R. Laracuente, Z. Dai, S. R. Marder, C. Berger, W. P. King, W. A. de Heer, P. E. Sheehan, and E. Riedo, “Nanoscale tunable reduction of graphene oxide for graphene electronics,” Science 328(5984), 1373–1376 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

McChesney, J. L.

K. V. Emtsev, A. Bostwick, K. Horn, J. Jobst, G. L. Kellogg, L. Ley, J. L. McChesney, T. Ohta, S. A. Reshanov, J. Röhrl, E. Rotenberg, A. K. Schmid, D. Waldmann, H. B. Weber, and T. Seyller, “Towards wafer-size graphene layers by atmospheric pressure graphitization of silicon carbide,” Nat. Mater. 8(3), 203–207 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

McEuen, P. L.

X. Xu, N. M. Gabor, J. S. Alden, A. M. van der Zande, and P. L. McEuen, “Photo-thermoelectric effect at a graphene interface junction,” Nano Lett. 10(2), 562–566 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mi, W. T.

H. Tian, Y. Yang, D. Xie, Y. L. Cui, W. T. Mi, Y. Zhang, and T. L. Ren, “Wafer-scale integration of graphene-based electronic, optoelectronic and electroacoustic devices,” Sci. Rep. 4, 3598 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Tian, Y. Shu, Y. L. Cui, W. T. Mi, Y. Yang, D. Xie, and T. L. Ren, “Scalable fabrication of high-performance and flexible graphene strain sensors,” Nanoscale 6(2), 699–705 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Miao, F.

A. A. Balandin, S. Ghosh, W. Bao, I. Calizo, D. Teweldebrhan, F. Miao, and C. N. Lau, “Superior thermal conductivity of single-layer graphene,” Nano Lett. 8(3), 902–907 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Morozov, S. V.

K. S. Novoselov, A. K. Geim, S. V. Morozov, D. Jiang, Y. Zhang, S. V. Dubonos, I. V. Grigorieva, and A. A. Firsov, “Electric field effect in atomically thin carbon films,” Science 306(5696), 666–669 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mueller, T.

T. Mueller, F. N. A. Xia, and P. Avouris, “Graphene photodetectors for high-speed optical communications,” Nat. Photonics 4(5), 297–301 (2010).
[Crossref]

F. Xia, T. Mueller, Y. M. Lin, A. Valdes-Garcia, and P. Avouris, “Ultrafast graphene photodetector,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 4(12), 839–843 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Xia, T. Mueller, R. Golizadeh-Mojarad, M. Freitag, Y. M. Lin, J. Tsang, V. Perebeinos, and P. Avouris, “Photocurrent imaging and efficient photon detection in a graphene transistor,” Nano Lett. 9(3), 1039–1044 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Müller, M. B.

D. Li, M. B. Müller, S. Gilje, R. B. Kaner, and G. G. Wallace, “Processable aqueous dispersions of graphene nanosheets,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 3(2), 101–105 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Novoselov, K. S.

T. J. Echtermeyer, L. Britnell, P. K. Jasnos, A. Lombardo, R. V. Gorbachev, A. N. Grigorenko, A. K. Geim, A. C. Ferrari, and K. S. Novoselov, “Strong plasmonic enhancement of photovoltage in graphene,” Nat. Commun. 2, 458 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. V. Castro, H. Ochoa, M. I. Katsnelson, R. V. Gorbachev, D. C. Elias, K. S. Novoselov, A. K. Geim, and F. Guinea, “Limits on charge carrier mobility in suspended graphene due to flexural phonons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(26), 266601 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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Panchakarla, L. S.

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M. D. Stoller, S. Park, Y. Zhu, J. An, and R. S. Ruoff, “Graphene-based ultracapacitors,” Nano Lett. 8(10), 3498–3502 (2008).
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H. Tian, Y. Shu, Y. L. Cui, W. T. Mi, Y. Yang, D. Xie, and T. L. Ren, “Scalable fabrication of high-performance and flexible graphene strain sensors,” Nanoscale 6(2), 699–705 (2014).
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H. Tian, Y. Yang, D. Xie, Y. L. Cui, W. T. Mi, Y. Zhang, and T. L. Ren, “Wafer-scale integration of graphene-based electronic, optoelectronic and electroacoustic devices,” Sci. Rep. 4, 3598 (2014).
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J. Park, Y. H. Ahn, and C. Ruiz-Vargas, “Imaging of photocurrent generation and collection in single-layer graphene,” Nano Lett. 9(5), 1742–1746 (2009).
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M. D. Stoller, S. Park, Y. Zhu, J. An, and R. S. Ruoff, “Graphene-based ultracapacitors,” Nano Lett. 8(10), 3498–3502 (2008).
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H. Tian, Y. Shu, Y. L. Cui, W. T. Mi, Y. Yang, D. Xie, and T. L. Ren, “Scalable fabrication of high-performance and flexible graphene strain sensors,” Nanoscale 6(2), 699–705 (2014).
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W. Gao, N. Singh, L. Song, Z. Liu, A. L. M. Reddy, L. Ci, R. Vajtai, Q. Zhang, B. Wei, and P. M. Ajayan, “Direct laser writing of micro-supercapacitors on hydrated graphite oxide films,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 6(8), 496–500 (2011).
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W. Gao, N. Singh, L. Song, Z. Liu, A. L. M. Reddy, L. Ci, R. Vajtai, Q. Zhang, B. Wei, and P. M. Ajayan, “Direct laser writing of micro-supercapacitors on hydrated graphite oxide films,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 6(8), 496–500 (2011).
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P. A. George, J. Strait, J. Dawlaty, S. Shivaraman, M. Chandrashekhar, F. Rana, and M. G. Spencer, “Ultrafast optical-pump terahertz-probe spectroscopy of the carrier relaxation and recombination dynamics in epitaxial graphene,” Nano Lett. 8(12), 4248–4251 (2008).
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M. D. Stoller, S. Park, Y. Zhu, J. An, and R. S. Ruoff, “Graphene-based ultracapacitors,” Nano Lett. 8(10), 3498–3502 (2008).
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P. A. George, J. Strait, J. Dawlaty, S. Shivaraman, M. Chandrashekhar, F. Rana, and M. G. Spencer, “Ultrafast optical-pump terahertz-probe spectroscopy of the carrier relaxation and recombination dynamics in epitaxial graphene,” Nano Lett. 8(12), 4248–4251 (2008).
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F. Bonaccorso, Z. Sun, T. Hasan, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene photonics and optoelectronics,” Nat. Photonics 4(9), 611–622 (2010).
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A. A. Balandin, S. Ghosh, W. Bao, I. Calizo, D. Teweldebrhan, F. Miao, and C. N. Lau, “Superior thermal conductivity of single-layer graphene,” Nano Lett. 8(3), 902–907 (2008).
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H. Tian, Y. Yang, D. Xie, Y. L. Cui, W. T. Mi, Y. Zhang, and T. L. Ren, “Wafer-scale integration of graphene-based electronic, optoelectronic and electroacoustic devices,” Sci. Rep. 4, 3598 (2014).
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H. Tian, Y. Shu, Y. L. Cui, W. T. Mi, Y. Yang, D. Xie, and T. L. Ren, “Scalable fabrication of high-performance and flexible graphene strain sensors,” Nanoscale 6(2), 699–705 (2014).
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J. A. Tropp and A. C. Gilbert, “Signal recovery from random measurements via orthogonal matching pursuit,” IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory 53(12), 4655–4666 (2007).
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F. Xia, T. Mueller, R. Golizadeh-Mojarad, M. Freitag, Y. M. Lin, J. Tsang, V. Perebeinos, and P. Avouris, “Photocurrent imaging and efficient photon detection in a graphene transistor,” Nano Lett. 9(3), 1039–1044 (2009).
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W. Gao, N. Singh, L. Song, Z. Liu, A. L. M. Reddy, L. Ci, R. Vajtai, Q. Zhang, B. Wei, and P. M. Ajayan, “Direct laser writing of micro-supercapacitors on hydrated graphite oxide films,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 6(8), 496–500 (2011).
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F. Xia, T. Mueller, Y. M. Lin, A. Valdes-Garcia, and P. Avouris, “Ultrafast graphene photodetector,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 4(12), 839–843 (2009).
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X. Xu, N. M. Gabor, J. S. Alden, A. M. van der Zande, and P. L. McEuen, “Photo-thermoelectric effect at a graphene interface junction,” Nano Lett. 10(2), 562–566 (2010).
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G. X. Li, P. Li, Y. C. Wang, W. X. Wang, N. Xi, and L. Q. Liu, “Efficient imaging and real-time display of scanning ion conductance microscopy based on block compressive sensing,” IEEE Trans. NanoTechnol. 8, 218–227 (2014).

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E. J. Lee, K. Balasubramanian, R. T. Weitz, M. Burghard, and K. Kern, “Contact and edge effects in graphene devices,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 3(8), 486–490 (2008).
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G. X. Li, P. Li, Y. C. Wang, W. X. Wang, N. Xi, and L. Q. Liu, “Efficient imaging and real-time display of scanning ion conductance microscopy based on block compressive sensing,” IEEE Trans. NanoTechnol. 8, 218–227 (2014).

Xia, F.

F. Xia, T. Mueller, R. Golizadeh-Mojarad, M. Freitag, Y. M. Lin, J. Tsang, V. Perebeinos, and P. Avouris, “Photocurrent imaging and efficient photon detection in a graphene transistor,” Nano Lett. 9(3), 1039–1044 (2009).
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F. Xia, T. Mueller, Y. M. Lin, A. Valdes-Garcia, and P. Avouris, “Ultrafast graphene photodetector,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 4(12), 839–843 (2009).
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H. Tian, Y. Shu, Y. L. Cui, W. T. Mi, Y. Yang, D. Xie, and T. L. Ren, “Scalable fabrication of high-performance and flexible graphene strain sensors,” Nanoscale 6(2), 699–705 (2014).
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X. Xu, N. M. Gabor, J. S. Alden, A. M. van der Zande, and P. L. McEuen, “Photo-thermoelectric effect at a graphene interface junction,” Nano Lett. 10(2), 562–566 (2010).
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H. Tian, Y. Shu, Y. L. Cui, W. T. Mi, Y. Yang, D. Xie, and T. L. Ren, “Scalable fabrication of high-performance and flexible graphene strain sensors,” Nanoscale 6(2), 699–705 (2014).
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W. Gao, N. Singh, L. Song, Z. Liu, A. L. M. Reddy, L. Ci, R. Vajtai, Q. Zhang, B. Wei, and P. M. Ajayan, “Direct laser writing of micro-supercapacitors on hydrated graphite oxide films,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 6(8), 496–500 (2011).
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H. Tian, Y. Yang, D. Xie, Y. L. Cui, W. T. Mi, Y. Zhang, and T. L. Ren, “Wafer-scale integration of graphene-based electronic, optoelectronic and electroacoustic devices,” Sci. Rep. 4, 3598 (2014).
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K. S. Kim, Y. Zhao, H. Jang, S. Y. Lee, J. M. Kim, K. S. Kim, J. H. Ahn, P. Kim, J. Y. Choi, and B. H. Hong, “Large-scale pattern growth of graphene films for stretchable transparent electrodes,” Nature 457(7230), 706–710 (2009).
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M. D. Stoller, S. Park, Y. Zhu, J. An, and R. S. Ruoff, “Graphene-based ultracapacitors,” Nano Lett. 8(10), 3498–3502 (2008).
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Adv. Mater. (1)

B. Chitara, L. S. Panchakarla, S. B. Krupanidhi, and C. N. Rao, “Infrared photodetectors based on reduced graphene oxide and graphene nanoribbons,” Adv. Mater. 23(45), 5419–5424 (2011).
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C. R. Math. (1)

E. J. Candes, “The restricted isometry property and its implications for compressed sensing,” C. R. Math. 346(9-10), 589–592 (2008).
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Carbon (1)

S. Pei and H.-M. Cheng, “The reduction of graphene oxide,” Carbon 50(9), 3210–3228 (2012).
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IEEE Signal Process. Mag. (2)

M. F. Duarte, M. A. Davenport, D. Takhar, J. N. Laska, T. Sun, K. F. Kelly, and R. G. Baraniuk, “Single-pixel imaging via compressive sampling,” IEEE Signal Process. Mag. 25(2), 83–91 (2008).
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R. G. Baraniuk, “Compressive sensing,” IEEE Signal Process. Mag. 24(4), 118–121 (2007).
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IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory (2)

D. L. Donoho, “Compressed sensing,” IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory 52(4), 1289–1306 (2006).
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J. A. Tropp and A. C. Gilbert, “Signal recovery from random measurements via orthogonal matching pursuit,” IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory 53(12), 4655–4666 (2007).
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IEEE Trans. NanoTechnol. (1)

G. X. Li, P. Li, Y. C. Wang, W. X. Wang, N. Xi, and L. Q. Liu, “Efficient imaging and real-time display of scanning ion conductance microscopy based on block compressive sensing,” IEEE Trans. NanoTechnol. 8, 218–227 (2014).

Nano Lett. (6)

M. D. Stoller, S. Park, Y. Zhu, J. An, and R. S. Ruoff, “Graphene-based ultracapacitors,” Nano Lett. 8(10), 3498–3502 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. A. Balandin, S. Ghosh, W. Bao, I. Calizo, D. Teweldebrhan, F. Miao, and C. N. Lau, “Superior thermal conductivity of single-layer graphene,” Nano Lett. 8(3), 902–907 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Park, Y. H. Ahn, and C. Ruiz-Vargas, “Imaging of photocurrent generation and collection in single-layer graphene,” Nano Lett. 9(5), 1742–1746 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Xu, N. M. Gabor, J. S. Alden, A. M. van der Zande, and P. L. McEuen, “Photo-thermoelectric effect at a graphene interface junction,” Nano Lett. 10(2), 562–566 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. A. George, J. Strait, J. Dawlaty, S. Shivaraman, M. Chandrashekhar, F. Rana, and M. G. Spencer, “Ultrafast optical-pump terahertz-probe spectroscopy of the carrier relaxation and recombination dynamics in epitaxial graphene,” Nano Lett. 8(12), 4248–4251 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Xia, T. Mueller, R. Golizadeh-Mojarad, M. Freitag, Y. M. Lin, J. Tsang, V. Perebeinos, and P. Avouris, “Photocurrent imaging and efficient photon detection in a graphene transistor,” Nano Lett. 9(3), 1039–1044 (2009).
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Nanoscale (1)

H. Tian, Y. Shu, Y. L. Cui, W. T. Mi, Y. Yang, D. Xie, and T. L. Ren, “Scalable fabrication of high-performance and flexible graphene strain sensors,” Nanoscale 6(2), 699–705 (2014).
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Nat. Commun. (1)

T. J. Echtermeyer, L. Britnell, P. K. Jasnos, A. Lombardo, R. V. Gorbachev, A. N. Grigorenko, A. K. Geim, A. C. Ferrari, and K. S. Novoselov, “Strong plasmonic enhancement of photovoltage in graphene,” Nat. Commun. 2, 458 (2011).
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Nat. Mater. (1)

K. V. Emtsev, A. Bostwick, K. Horn, J. Jobst, G. L. Kellogg, L. Ley, J. L. McChesney, T. Ohta, S. A. Reshanov, J. Röhrl, E. Rotenberg, A. K. Schmid, D. Waldmann, H. B. Weber, and T. Seyller, “Towards wafer-size graphene layers by atmospheric pressure graphitization of silicon carbide,” Nat. Mater. 8(3), 203–207 (2009).
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Nat. Nanotechnol. (4)

D. Li, M. B. Müller, S. Gilje, R. B. Kaner, and G. G. Wallace, “Processable aqueous dispersions of graphene nanosheets,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 3(2), 101–105 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. J. Lee, K. Balasubramanian, R. T. Weitz, M. Burghard, and K. Kern, “Contact and edge effects in graphene devices,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 3(8), 486–490 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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[Crossref]

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[Crossref]

Nature (1)

K. S. Kim, Y. Zhao, H. Jang, S. Y. Lee, J. M. Kim, K. S. Kim, J. H. Ahn, P. Kim, J. Y. Choi, and B. H. Hong, “Large-scale pattern growth of graphene films for stretchable transparent electrodes,” Nature 457(7230), 706–710 (2009).
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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Fabrication and structure of a graphene photodetector. (a) A schematic diagram of the fabrication of a graphene photodetector through reduction of graphene oxide using laser engraver. (b) Structure of the graphene photodetector.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 SEM image of the graphene photodetector through reduction of graphene oxide using laser scribing. (a) The graphene photodetector on the PET film. (b) The morphology of the graphene produced by laser scribing. (c) The surface profile of the GO layer on the PET film.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 The optoelectrical characteristics of graphene photodetector. (a) I-V curves of the photodetector with 380 nm light source on and off, respectively. (b) The current of graphene photodetector versus time with the light switched on and off periodically under the constant input voltage. The light was on 65 s and off 65 s for each cycle.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Calibration of graphene photodetector. (a) Schematic diagram of the proposed system for calibrating the photodetector at nano-/micro-scale. (b) The setup of calibration system. (c) Photocurrent of the photodetector at 1 V versus the number of micromirrors at + 12°. (d) Light intensity projected onto the graphene photodetector versus the number of micromirrors at + 12°. (e) Photocurrent of photodetector at 1 V versus the light intensity of 380 nm.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Single-pixel camera integrated with a graphene photodetector. (a) Schematic diagram of the single-pixel camera integrated with a graphene photodetector. (b) The setup of the single-pixel camera. (c) Objective image used for the experiment to test the imaging feasibility with a graphene photodetector. (d) The recovered image by the single-pixel camera with the graphene photodetector. (e) The recovered image by the single-pixel camera with a commercial photodiode.

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