Abstract

Simultaneous temperature and strain sensing is experimentally demonstrated based on erbium-doped fiber laser (EDFL) and Brillouin erbium fiber laser (BEFL) incorporated in a single ring laser cavity. The EDFL can be switched to BEFL by injecting the Brillouin pump into the laser cavity. Longitudinal modes beat frequency and Brillouin frequency shift are monitored to discriminate strain and temperature. The longitudinal modes beat frequency is measured by observing the self-beating signals of the EDFL, while the Brillouin frequency shift is measured by monitoring the heterodyning signal of the BEFL. The simultaneous measurement errors of strain and temperature are within ± 25.8με and ± 0.8°C. The sensor is of simple structure and compact size.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

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References

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2014 (3)

L. Chen, W. Zhang, Y. Liu, L. Wang, J. Sieg, B. Wang, Q. Zhou, L. Zhang, and T. Yan, “Real time and simultaneous measurement of displacement and temperature using fiber loop with polymer coating and fiber Bragg grating,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 85(7), 075002 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Q. Liu, Z. L. Ran, Y. J. Rao, S. C. Luo, H. Q. Yang, and Y. Huang, “Highly integrated FP/FBG sensor for simultaneous measurement of high temperature and strain,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(17), 1715–1717 (2014).
[Crossref]

L. Wang, W. Zhang, B. Wang, L. Chen, Z. Bai, S. Gao, J. Li, Y. Liu, L. Zhang, Q. Zhou, and T. Yan, “Simultaneous strain and temperature measurement by cascading few-mode fiber and single-mode fiber long-period fiber gratings,” Appl. Opt. 53(30), 7045–7049 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2013 (1)

L. Gao, L. Huang, L. Chen, and X. Chen, “Simultaneous measurement of strain and temperature with a multi-longitudinal mode erbium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 297(15), 98–101 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (1)

2011 (2)

2010 (5)

W. Shin, Y. L. Lee, B.-A. Yu, Y.-C. Noh, and T. J. Ahn, “Highly sensitive strain and bending sensor based on in-line fiber Mach–Zehnder interferometer in solid core large mode area photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Commun. 283(10), 2097–2101 (2010).
[Crossref]

W. Liu, T. Guo, A. C. Wong, H. Y. Tam, and S. He, “Highly sensitive bending sensor based on Er3+-doped DBR fiber laser,” Opt. Express 18(17), 17834–17840 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Liu, Z. Yin, L. Zhang, L. Gao, X. Chen, and J. Cheng, “Multilongitudinal mode fiber laser for strain measurement,” Opt. Lett. 35(6), 835–837 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Yin, L. Gao, S. Liu, L. Zhang, F. Wu, L. Chen, and X. Chen, “Fiber ring laser sensor for temperature measurement,” J. Lightwave Technol. 28(23), 3403–3408 (2010).

H. F. Lima, P. F. Antunes, J. D. L. Pinto, and R. N. Nogueira, “Simultaneous measurement of strain and temperature with a single fiber bragg grating written in a tapered optical fiber,” IEEE Sens. J. 10(2), 269–273 (2010).
[Crossref]

2008 (2)

2007 (1)

L. Y. Shao, X. Y. Dong, A. P. Zhang, H. Y. Tam, and S. L. He, “High-resolution strain and temperature sensor based on distributed Bragg reflector fiber laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 19(20), 1598–1600 (2007).
[Crossref]

2004 (1)

K. J. Han, Y. W. Lee, J. Kwon, S. Roh, J. Jung, and B. Lee, “Simultaneous measurement of strain and temperature incorporating a long-period fiber grating inscribed on a polarization-maintaining fiber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16(9), 2114–2116 (2004).
[Crossref]

2003 (2)

2002 (1)

Y. J. Rao, S. F. Yuan, X. K. Zeng, D. K. Lian, Y. Zhu, Y. P. Wang, S. L. Huang, T. Y. Liu, G. F. Femando, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, “Simultaneous strain and temperature measurement of advanced 3-D braided composite materials using an improved EFPI/FBG system,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 38(6), 557–566 (2002).
[Crossref]

2001 (1)

Y. J. Rao, X. K. Zeng, Y. P. Wang, T. Zhu, Z. L. Ran, L. Zhang, and I. Benning, “Temperature-strain discrimination using a wavelength-division-multiplexed chirped in-fiber-Bragg-Grating/extrinsic Fabry-Perot sensor system,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 18(5), 643–645 (2001).
[Crossref]

2000 (1)

1996 (1)

1977 (1)

Ahn, T. J.

W. Shin, Y. L. Lee, B.-A. Yu, Y.-C. Noh, and T. J. Ahn, “Highly sensitive strain and bending sensor based on in-line fiber Mach–Zehnder interferometer in solid core large mode area photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Commun. 283(10), 2097–2101 (2010).
[Crossref]

Antunes, P. F.

H. F. Lima, P. F. Antunes, J. D. L. Pinto, and R. N. Nogueira, “Simultaneous measurement of strain and temperature with a single fiber bragg grating written in a tapered optical fiber,” IEEE Sens. J. 10(2), 269–273 (2010).
[Crossref]

Au, H. Y.

Bai, Z.

Benning, I.

Y. J. Rao, X. K. Zeng, Y. P. Wang, T. Zhu, Z. L. Ran, L. Zhang, and I. Benning, “Temperature-strain discrimination using a wavelength-division-multiplexed chirped in-fiber-Bragg-Grating/extrinsic Fabry-Perot sensor system,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 18(5), 643–645 (2001).
[Crossref]

Bennion, I.

Y. J. Rao, S. F. Yuan, X. K. Zeng, D. K. Lian, Y. Zhu, Y. P. Wang, S. L. Huang, T. Y. Liu, G. F. Femando, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, “Simultaneous strain and temperature measurement of advanced 3-D braided composite materials using an improved EFPI/FBG system,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 38(6), 557–566 (2002).
[Crossref]

Bhatia, V.

Chan, C. C.

Chen, H. J.

Chen, L.

Chen, X.

Cheng, J.

Chung, W. H.

Chung, Y.

Cohen, L. G.

Dong, X.

Dong, X. Y.

L. Y. Shao, X. Y. Dong, A. P. Zhang, H. Y. Tam, and S. L. He, “High-resolution strain and temperature sensor based on distributed Bragg reflector fiber laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 19(20), 1598–1600 (2007).
[Crossref]

Femando, G. F.

Y. J. Rao, S. F. Yuan, X. K. Zeng, D. K. Lian, Y. Zhu, Y. P. Wang, S. L. Huang, T. Y. Liu, G. F. Femando, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, “Simultaneous strain and temperature measurement of advanced 3-D braided composite materials using an improved EFPI/FBG system,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 38(6), 557–566 (2002).
[Crossref]

Fu, H. Y.

Gao, L.

Gao, S.

Guo, T.

Han, K. J.

K. J. Han, Y. W. Lee, J. Kwon, S. Roh, J. Jung, and B. Lee, “Simultaneous measurement of strain and temperature incorporating a long-period fiber grating inscribed on a polarization-maintaining fiber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16(9), 2114–2116 (2004).
[Crossref]

Han, Y. G.

He, S.

He, S. L.

L. Y. Shao, X. Y. Dong, A. P. Zhang, H. Y. Tam, and S. L. He, “High-resolution strain and temperature sensor based on distributed Bragg reflector fiber laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 19(20), 1598–1600 (2007).
[Crossref]

Himeno, K.

M. Sudo, M. Nakai, K. Himeno, S. Suzaki, A. Wada, and R. Yamauchi, “Simultaneous measurement of temperature and strain using PANDA fiber grating,” in Proc. 12th International Conference Optical Fibre Sensors, 170–173 (1997).
[Crossref]

Huang, L.

L. Gao, L. Huang, L. Chen, and X. Chen, “Simultaneous measurement of strain and temperature with a multi-longitudinal mode erbium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 297(15), 98–101 (2013).
[Crossref]

L. Gao, L. Chen, L. Huang, and X. Chen, “Multimode fiber laser for simultaneous measurement of strain and temperature based on beat frequency demodulation,” Opt. Express 20(20), 22517–22522 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Huang, S. L.

Y. J. Rao, S. F. Yuan, X. K. Zeng, D. K. Lian, Y. Zhu, Y. P. Wang, S. L. Huang, T. Y. Liu, G. F. Femando, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, “Simultaneous strain and temperature measurement of advanced 3-D braided composite materials using an improved EFPI/FBG system,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 38(6), 557–566 (2002).
[Crossref]

Huang, Y.

Q. Liu, Z. L. Ran, Y. J. Rao, S. C. Luo, H. Q. Yang, and Y. Huang, “Highly integrated FP/FBG sensor for simultaneous measurement of high temperature and strain,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(17), 1715–1717 (2014).
[Crossref]

Jung, J.

K. J. Han, Y. W. Lee, J. Kwon, S. Roh, J. Jung, and B. Lee, “Simultaneous measurement of strain and temperature incorporating a long-period fiber grating inscribed on a polarization-maintaining fiber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16(9), 2114–2116 (2004).
[Crossref]

J. Jung, N. Park, and B. Lee, “Simultaneous measurement of strain and temperature by use of a single fiber Bragg grating written in an erbium:ytterbium-doped fiber,” Appl. Opt. 39(7), 1118–1120 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kang, J.

Khijwania, S. K.

Kim, C. S.

Kwon, J.

K. J. Han, Y. W. Lee, J. Kwon, S. Roh, J. Jung, and B. Lee, “Simultaneous measurement of strain and temperature incorporating a long-period fiber grating inscribed on a polarization-maintaining fiber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16(9), 2114–2116 (2004).
[Crossref]

Lee, B.

K. J. Han, Y. W. Lee, J. Kwon, S. Roh, J. Jung, and B. Lee, “Simultaneous measurement of strain and temperature incorporating a long-period fiber grating inscribed on a polarization-maintaining fiber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16(9), 2114–2116 (2004).
[Crossref]

J. Jung, N. Park, and B. Lee, “Simultaneous measurement of strain and temperature by use of a single fiber Bragg grating written in an erbium:ytterbium-doped fiber,” Appl. Opt. 39(7), 1118–1120 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lee, S.

Lee, Y. L.

W. Shin, Y. L. Lee, B.-A. Yu, Y.-C. Noh, and T. J. Ahn, “Highly sensitive strain and bending sensor based on in-line fiber Mach–Zehnder interferometer in solid core large mode area photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Commun. 283(10), 2097–2101 (2010).
[Crossref]

Lee, Y. W.

K. J. Han, Y. W. Lee, J. Kwon, S. Roh, J. Jung, and B. Lee, “Simultaneous measurement of strain and temperature incorporating a long-period fiber grating inscribed on a polarization-maintaining fiber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16(9), 2114–2116 (2004).
[Crossref]

Li, J.

Lian, D. K.

Y. J. Rao, S. F. Yuan, X. K. Zeng, D. K. Lian, Y. Zhu, Y. P. Wang, S. L. Huang, T. Y. Liu, G. F. Femando, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, “Simultaneous strain and temperature measurement of advanced 3-D braided composite materials using an improved EFPI/FBG system,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 38(6), 557–566 (2002).
[Crossref]

Lima, H. F.

H. F. Lima, P. F. Antunes, J. D. L. Pinto, and R. N. Nogueira, “Simultaneous measurement of strain and temperature with a single fiber bragg grating written in a tapered optical fiber,” IEEE Sens. J. 10(2), 269–273 (2010).
[Crossref]

Lin, C.

Lit, J. W. Y.

Liu, Q.

Q. Liu, Z. L. Ran, Y. J. Rao, S. C. Luo, H. Q. Yang, and Y. Huang, “Highly integrated FP/FBG sensor for simultaneous measurement of high temperature and strain,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(17), 1715–1717 (2014).
[Crossref]

Liu, S.

Liu, T. Y.

Y. J. Rao, S. F. Yuan, X. K. Zeng, D. K. Lian, Y. Zhu, Y. P. Wang, S. L. Huang, T. Y. Liu, G. F. Femando, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, “Simultaneous strain and temperature measurement of advanced 3-D braided composite materials using an improved EFPI/FBG system,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 38(6), 557–566 (2002).
[Crossref]

Liu, W.

Liu, W. F.

Liu, W. K.

Liu, Y.

Luo, S. C.

Q. Liu, Z. L. Ran, Y. J. Rao, S. C. Luo, H. Q. Yang, and Y. Huang, “Highly integrated FP/FBG sensor for simultaneous measurement of high temperature and strain,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(17), 1715–1717 (2014).
[Crossref]

Nakai, M.

M. Sudo, M. Nakai, K. Himeno, S. Suzaki, A. Wada, and R. Yamauchi, “Simultaneous measurement of temperature and strain using PANDA fiber grating,” in Proc. 12th International Conference Optical Fibre Sensors, 170–173 (1997).
[Crossref]

Nogueira, R. N.

H. F. Lima, P. F. Antunes, J. D. L. Pinto, and R. N. Nogueira, “Simultaneous measurement of strain and temperature with a single fiber bragg grating written in a tapered optical fiber,” IEEE Sens. J. 10(2), 269–273 (2010).
[Crossref]

Noh, Y.-C.

W. Shin, Y. L. Lee, B.-A. Yu, Y.-C. Noh, and T. J. Ahn, “Highly sensitive strain and bending sensor based on in-line fiber Mach–Zehnder interferometer in solid core large mode area photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Commun. 283(10), 2097–2101 (2010).
[Crossref]

Paek, U. C.

Park, N.

Pinto, J. D. L.

H. F. Lima, P. F. Antunes, J. D. L. Pinto, and R. N. Nogueira, “Simultaneous measurement of strain and temperature with a single fiber bragg grating written in a tapered optical fiber,” IEEE Sens. J. 10(2), 269–273 (2010).
[Crossref]

Ran, Z. L.

Q. Liu, Z. L. Ran, Y. J. Rao, S. C. Luo, H. Q. Yang, and Y. Huang, “Highly integrated FP/FBG sensor for simultaneous measurement of high temperature and strain,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(17), 1715–1717 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. J. Rao, Y. P. Wang, Z. L. Ran, and T. Zhu, “Novel fiber-optic sensors based on long-period fiber gratings written by high-frequency CO2 laser pulses,” J. Lightwave Technol. 21(5), 1320–1327 (2003).
[Crossref]

Y. J. Rao, X. K. Zeng, Y. P. Wang, T. Zhu, Z. L. Ran, L. Zhang, and I. Benning, “Temperature-strain discrimination using a wavelength-division-multiplexed chirped in-fiber-Bragg-Grating/extrinsic Fabry-Perot sensor system,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 18(5), 643–645 (2001).
[Crossref]

Rao, Y. J.

Q. Liu, Z. L. Ran, Y. J. Rao, S. C. Luo, H. Q. Yang, and Y. Huang, “Highly integrated FP/FBG sensor for simultaneous measurement of high temperature and strain,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(17), 1715–1717 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. J. Rao, Y. P. Wang, Z. L. Ran, and T. Zhu, “Novel fiber-optic sensors based on long-period fiber gratings written by high-frequency CO2 laser pulses,” J. Lightwave Technol. 21(5), 1320–1327 (2003).
[Crossref]

Y. J. Rao, S. F. Yuan, X. K. Zeng, D. K. Lian, Y. Zhu, Y. P. Wang, S. L. Huang, T. Y. Liu, G. F. Femando, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, “Simultaneous strain and temperature measurement of advanced 3-D braided composite materials using an improved EFPI/FBG system,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 38(6), 557–566 (2002).
[Crossref]

Y. J. Rao, X. K. Zeng, Y. P. Wang, T. Zhu, Z. L. Ran, L. Zhang, and I. Benning, “Temperature-strain discrimination using a wavelength-division-multiplexed chirped in-fiber-Bragg-Grating/extrinsic Fabry-Perot sensor system,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 18(5), 643–645 (2001).
[Crossref]

Roh, S.

K. J. Han, Y. W. Lee, J. Kwon, S. Roh, J. Jung, and B. Lee, “Simultaneous measurement of strain and temperature incorporating a long-period fiber grating inscribed on a polarization-maintaining fiber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16(9), 2114–2116 (2004).
[Crossref]

Shao, L. Y.

W. Zhou, W. C. Wong, C. C. Chan, L. Y. Shao, and X. Dong, “Highly sensitive fiber loop ringdown strain sensor using photonic crystal fiber interferometer,” Appl. Opt. 50(19), 3087–3092 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Y. Shao, X. Y. Dong, A. P. Zhang, H. Y. Tam, and S. L. He, “High-resolution strain and temperature sensor based on distributed Bragg reflector fiber laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 19(20), 1598–1600 (2007).
[Crossref]

Shin, W.

W. Shin, Y. L. Lee, B.-A. Yu, Y.-C. Noh, and T. J. Ahn, “Highly sensitive strain and bending sensor based on in-line fiber Mach–Zehnder interferometer in solid core large mode area photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Commun. 283(10), 2097–2101 (2010).
[Crossref]

Sieg, J.

L. Chen, W. Zhang, Y. Liu, L. Wang, J. Sieg, B. Wang, Q. Zhou, L. Zhang, and T. Yan, “Real time and simultaneous measurement of displacement and temperature using fiber loop with polymer coating and fiber Bragg grating,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 85(7), 075002 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sudo, M.

M. Sudo, M. Nakai, K. Himeno, S. Suzaki, A. Wada, and R. Yamauchi, “Simultaneous measurement of temperature and strain using PANDA fiber grating,” in Proc. 12th International Conference Optical Fibre Sensors, 170–173 (1997).
[Crossref]

Suzaki, S.

M. Sudo, M. Nakai, K. Himeno, S. Suzaki, A. Wada, and R. Yamauchi, “Simultaneous measurement of temperature and strain using PANDA fiber grating,” in Proc. 12th International Conference Optical Fibre Sensors, 170–173 (1997).
[Crossref]

Tam, H. Y.

Vengsarkar, A. M.

Wada, A.

M. Sudo, M. Nakai, K. Himeno, S. Suzaki, A. Wada, and R. Yamauchi, “Simultaneous measurement of temperature and strain using PANDA fiber grating,” in Proc. 12th International Conference Optical Fibre Sensors, 170–173 (1997).
[Crossref]

Wang, B.

L. Chen, W. Zhang, Y. Liu, L. Wang, J. Sieg, B. Wang, Q. Zhou, L. Zhang, and T. Yan, “Real time and simultaneous measurement of displacement and temperature using fiber loop with polymer coating and fiber Bragg grating,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 85(7), 075002 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Wang, W. Zhang, B. Wang, L. Chen, Z. Bai, S. Gao, J. Li, Y. Liu, L. Zhang, Q. Zhou, and T. Yan, “Simultaneous strain and temperature measurement by cascading few-mode fiber and single-mode fiber long-period fiber gratings,” Appl. Opt. 53(30), 7045–7049 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, L.

Wang, Y. P.

Y. J. Rao, Y. P. Wang, Z. L. Ran, and T. Zhu, “Novel fiber-optic sensors based on long-period fiber gratings written by high-frequency CO2 laser pulses,” J. Lightwave Technol. 21(5), 1320–1327 (2003).
[Crossref]

Y. J. Rao, S. F. Yuan, X. K. Zeng, D. K. Lian, Y. Zhu, Y. P. Wang, S. L. Huang, T. Y. Liu, G. F. Femando, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, “Simultaneous strain and temperature measurement of advanced 3-D braided composite materials using an improved EFPI/FBG system,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 38(6), 557–566 (2002).
[Crossref]

Y. J. Rao, X. K. Zeng, Y. P. Wang, T. Zhu, Z. L. Ran, L. Zhang, and I. Benning, “Temperature-strain discrimination using a wavelength-division-multiplexed chirped in-fiber-Bragg-Grating/extrinsic Fabry-Perot sensor system,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 18(5), 643–645 (2001).
[Crossref]

Wei, L.

Wong, A. C.

Wong, W. C.

Wu, F.

Yamauchi, R.

M. Sudo, M. Nakai, K. Himeno, S. Suzaki, A. Wada, and R. Yamauchi, “Simultaneous measurement of temperature and strain using PANDA fiber grating,” in Proc. 12th International Conference Optical Fibre Sensors, 170–173 (1997).
[Crossref]

Yan, T.

L. Chen, W. Zhang, Y. Liu, L. Wang, J. Sieg, B. Wang, Q. Zhou, L. Zhang, and T. Yan, “Real time and simultaneous measurement of displacement and temperature using fiber loop with polymer coating and fiber Bragg grating,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 85(7), 075002 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Wang, W. Zhang, B. Wang, L. Chen, Z. Bai, S. Gao, J. Li, Y. Liu, L. Zhang, Q. Zhou, and T. Yan, “Simultaneous strain and temperature measurement by cascading few-mode fiber and single-mode fiber long-period fiber gratings,” Appl. Opt. 53(30), 7045–7049 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yang, H. Q.

Q. Liu, Z. L. Ran, Y. J. Rao, S. C. Luo, H. Q. Yang, and Y. Huang, “Highly integrated FP/FBG sensor for simultaneous measurement of high temperature and strain,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(17), 1715–1717 (2014).
[Crossref]

Yin, Z.

Yu, B.-A.

W. Shin, Y. L. Lee, B.-A. Yu, Y.-C. Noh, and T. J. Ahn, “Highly sensitive strain and bending sensor based on in-line fiber Mach–Zehnder interferometer in solid core large mode area photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Commun. 283(10), 2097–2101 (2010).
[Crossref]

Yuan, S. F.

Y. J. Rao, S. F. Yuan, X. K. Zeng, D. K. Lian, Y. Zhu, Y. P. Wang, S. L. Huang, T. Y. Liu, G. F. Femando, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, “Simultaneous strain and temperature measurement of advanced 3-D braided composite materials using an improved EFPI/FBG system,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 38(6), 557–566 (2002).
[Crossref]

Zeng, X. K.

Y. J. Rao, S. F. Yuan, X. K. Zeng, D. K. Lian, Y. Zhu, Y. P. Wang, S. L. Huang, T. Y. Liu, G. F. Femando, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, “Simultaneous strain and temperature measurement of advanced 3-D braided composite materials using an improved EFPI/FBG system,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 38(6), 557–566 (2002).
[Crossref]

Y. J. Rao, X. K. Zeng, Y. P. Wang, T. Zhu, Z. L. Ran, L. Zhang, and I. Benning, “Temperature-strain discrimination using a wavelength-division-multiplexed chirped in-fiber-Bragg-Grating/extrinsic Fabry-Perot sensor system,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 18(5), 643–645 (2001).
[Crossref]

Zhang, A. P.

L. Y. Shao, X. Y. Dong, A. P. Zhang, H. Y. Tam, and S. L. He, “High-resolution strain and temperature sensor based on distributed Bragg reflector fiber laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 19(20), 1598–1600 (2007).
[Crossref]

Zhang, L.

L. Chen, W. Zhang, Y. Liu, L. Wang, J. Sieg, B. Wang, Q. Zhou, L. Zhang, and T. Yan, “Real time and simultaneous measurement of displacement and temperature using fiber loop with polymer coating and fiber Bragg grating,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 85(7), 075002 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Wang, W. Zhang, B. Wang, L. Chen, Z. Bai, S. Gao, J. Li, Y. Liu, L. Zhang, Q. Zhou, and T. Yan, “Simultaneous strain and temperature measurement by cascading few-mode fiber and single-mode fiber long-period fiber gratings,” Appl. Opt. 53(30), 7045–7049 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Liu, Z. Yin, L. Zhang, L. Gao, X. Chen, and J. Cheng, “Multilongitudinal mode fiber laser for strain measurement,” Opt. Lett. 35(6), 835–837 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Yin, L. Gao, S. Liu, L. Zhang, F. Wu, L. Chen, and X. Chen, “Fiber ring laser sensor for temperature measurement,” J. Lightwave Technol. 28(23), 3403–3408 (2010).

Y. J. Rao, S. F. Yuan, X. K. Zeng, D. K. Lian, Y. Zhu, Y. P. Wang, S. L. Huang, T. Y. Liu, G. F. Femando, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, “Simultaneous strain and temperature measurement of advanced 3-D braided composite materials using an improved EFPI/FBG system,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 38(6), 557–566 (2002).
[Crossref]

Y. J. Rao, X. K. Zeng, Y. P. Wang, T. Zhu, Z. L. Ran, L. Zhang, and I. Benning, “Temperature-strain discrimination using a wavelength-division-multiplexed chirped in-fiber-Bragg-Grating/extrinsic Fabry-Perot sensor system,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 18(5), 643–645 (2001).
[Crossref]

Zhang, W.

L. Chen, W. Zhang, Y. Liu, L. Wang, J. Sieg, B. Wang, Q. Zhou, L. Zhang, and T. Yan, “Real time and simultaneous measurement of displacement and temperature using fiber loop with polymer coating and fiber Bragg grating,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 85(7), 075002 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Wang, W. Zhang, B. Wang, L. Chen, Z. Bai, S. Gao, J. Li, Y. Liu, L. Zhang, Q. Zhou, and T. Yan, “Simultaneous strain and temperature measurement by cascading few-mode fiber and single-mode fiber long-period fiber gratings,” Appl. Opt. 53(30), 7045–7049 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhou, D. P.

Zhou, Q.

L. Wang, W. Zhang, B. Wang, L. Chen, Z. Bai, S. Gao, J. Li, Y. Liu, L. Zhang, Q. Zhou, and T. Yan, “Simultaneous strain and temperature measurement by cascading few-mode fiber and single-mode fiber long-period fiber gratings,” Appl. Opt. 53(30), 7045–7049 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Chen, W. Zhang, Y. Liu, L. Wang, J. Sieg, B. Wang, Q. Zhou, L. Zhang, and T. Yan, “Real time and simultaneous measurement of displacement and temperature using fiber loop with polymer coating and fiber Bragg grating,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 85(7), 075002 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhou, W.

Zhu, T.

Y. J. Rao, Y. P. Wang, Z. L. Ran, and T. Zhu, “Novel fiber-optic sensors based on long-period fiber gratings written by high-frequency CO2 laser pulses,” J. Lightwave Technol. 21(5), 1320–1327 (2003).
[Crossref]

Y. J. Rao, X. K. Zeng, Y. P. Wang, T. Zhu, Z. L. Ran, L. Zhang, and I. Benning, “Temperature-strain discrimination using a wavelength-division-multiplexed chirped in-fiber-Bragg-Grating/extrinsic Fabry-Perot sensor system,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 18(5), 643–645 (2001).
[Crossref]

Zhu, Y.

Y. J. Rao, S. F. Yuan, X. K. Zeng, D. K. Lian, Y. Zhu, Y. P. Wang, S. L. Huang, T. Y. Liu, G. F. Femando, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, “Simultaneous strain and temperature measurement of advanced 3-D braided composite materials using an improved EFPI/FBG system,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 38(6), 557–566 (2002).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (6)

Chin. Phys. Lett. (1)

Y. J. Rao, X. K. Zeng, Y. P. Wang, T. Zhu, Z. L. Ran, L. Zhang, and I. Benning, “Temperature-strain discrimination using a wavelength-division-multiplexed chirped in-fiber-Bragg-Grating/extrinsic Fabry-Perot sensor system,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 18(5), 643–645 (2001).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (3)

L. Y. Shao, X. Y. Dong, A. P. Zhang, H. Y. Tam, and S. L. He, “High-resolution strain and temperature sensor based on distributed Bragg reflector fiber laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 19(20), 1598–1600 (2007).
[Crossref]

K. J. Han, Y. W. Lee, J. Kwon, S. Roh, J. Jung, and B. Lee, “Simultaneous measurement of strain and temperature incorporating a long-period fiber grating inscribed on a polarization-maintaining fiber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16(9), 2114–2116 (2004).
[Crossref]

Q. Liu, Z. L. Ran, Y. J. Rao, S. C. Luo, H. Q. Yang, and Y. Huang, “Highly integrated FP/FBG sensor for simultaneous measurement of high temperature and strain,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(17), 1715–1717 (2014).
[Crossref]

IEEE Sens. J. (1)

H. F. Lima, P. F. Antunes, J. D. L. Pinto, and R. N. Nogueira, “Simultaneous measurement of strain and temperature with a single fiber bragg grating written in a tapered optical fiber,” IEEE Sens. J. 10(2), 269–273 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (3)

Opt. Commun. (2)

W. Shin, Y. L. Lee, B.-A. Yu, Y.-C. Noh, and T. J. Ahn, “Highly sensitive strain and bending sensor based on in-line fiber Mach–Zehnder interferometer in solid core large mode area photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Commun. 283(10), 2097–2101 (2010).
[Crossref]

L. Gao, L. Huang, L. Chen, and X. Chen, “Simultaneous measurement of strain and temperature with a multi-longitudinal mode erbium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 297(15), 98–101 (2013).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lasers Eng. (1)

Y. J. Rao, S. F. Yuan, X. K. Zeng, D. K. Lian, Y. Zhu, Y. P. Wang, S. L. Huang, T. Y. Liu, G. F. Femando, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, “Simultaneous strain and temperature measurement of advanced 3-D braided composite materials using an improved EFPI/FBG system,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 38(6), 557–566 (2002).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

L. Chen, W. Zhang, Y. Liu, L. Wang, J. Sieg, B. Wang, Q. Zhou, L. Zhang, and T. Yan, “Real time and simultaneous measurement of displacement and temperature using fiber loop with polymer coating and fiber Bragg grating,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 85(7), 075002 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (4)

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 4th ed. (Academic Press, 2006).

M. Sudo, M. Nakai, K. Himeno, S. Suzaki, A. Wada, and R. Yamauchi, “Simultaneous measurement of temperature and strain using PANDA fiber grating,” in Proc. 12th International Conference Optical Fibre Sensors, 170–173 (1997).
[Crossref]

H. A. Macleod, Thin-Film Optical Filters (Adam Hilger Ltd, 2001).

R. Kashyap, Fiber Bragg Gratings (Academic Press, 1999).

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Experiment set-up of simultaneous strain and temperature sensing.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a) EDFL output spectrum; (b) self-beating signal of EDFL.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a) BEFL output spectrum; (b) heterodyning signal spectrum between BEFL and amplified BP.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 BFS and LMBF response to temperature from 50°C to 110°C.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Calculated BFS and LMBF dependence on temperature.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 LMBF response to strain.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Comparison between simultaneously applied strain-temperature and measured strain-temperature.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 (a) Spectra of EDFL at various temperature. (b) temperature sensitivity of the FBG.
Fig. 9
Fig. 9 Tunable range of the BEFL.

Equations (1)

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v LMBF = (pq)c nL

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