Abstract

Two-dimensional beam steering by small, square, phase patterns as small as 50 × 50 pixels on a phase-only liquid crystal on silicon (LCOS) device is experimentally verified as suitable for the application of wavelength selective switches (WSSs), in terms of the diffraction efficiency and steering accuracy. This enables a proposed highly functional and versatile stacked switch architecture, where 40 independent 1 × 12 WSSs can be realised on a single 4k LCOS device. They can be configured to support a 1 × N WSSs with N≤144, or an N × N wavelength crossconnect with N≤12.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article
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References

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2015 (1)

L. Zong, H. Zhao, Z. Feng, and Y. Yan, “8×8 flexible wavelength cross-connect for CDC ROADM application,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(24), 2603–2606 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (2)

2013 (3)

2012 (5)

2011 (2)

2010 (1)

T. A. Strasser and J. L. Wagener, “Wavelength-selective switches for ROADM applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(5), 1150–1157 (2010).
[Crossref]

2008 (1)

2005 (1)

2003 (1)

2002 (1)

2001 (2)

Abakoumov, D.

Aksyuk, V. A.

An, J.

Basavanhally, N. R.

Baxter, G.

Baxter, G. W.

Bleha, W.

M. Furuya, R. Sterling, W. Bleha, and Y. Inoue, “D-ILA® Full Resolution 8K Projector,” 2009 Annual SMPTE Tech Conference and Expo (2009), pp. 1–9.
[Crossref]

Bolger, J. A.

Bolle, C. A.

Chien-Shing, P.

Choi, J.

Chu, D.

Chu, D. P.

B. Robertson, H. Yang, M. M. Redmond, N. Collings, J. R. Moore, J. Liu, A. M. Jeziorska-Chapman, M. Pivnenko, S. Lee, A. Wonfor, I. H. White, W. A. Crossland, and D. P. Chu, “Demonstration of multi-casting in a 1 × 9 LCOS wavelength welective switch,” J. Lightwave Technol. 32(3), 402–410 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Yang, B. Robertson, D. Yu, Z. Zhang, and D. P. Chu, “Origin of transient crosstalk and its reduction in phase-only LCOS wavelength selective switches,” J. Lightwave Technol. 31(23), 3822–3829 (2013).
[Crossref]

H. Yang, B. Robertson, and D. P. Chu, “A non-intrusive in situ method of optical beam profiling in LCOS-based optical fiber switches,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 51(7), 916–920 (2013).
[Crossref]

B. Robertson, Z. Zhang, H. Yang, M. M. Redmond, N. Collings, J. Liu, R. Lin, A. M. Jeziorska-Chapman, J. R. Moore, W. A. Crossland, and D. P. Chu, “Reduction of crosstalk in a colourless multicasting LCOS-based wavelength selective switch by the application of wavefront encoding,” Proc. SPIE 8284, 82840S (2012).
[Crossref]

B. Robertson, Z. Zhang, M. M. Redmond, N. Collings, J. Liu, R. S. Lin, A. M. Jeziorska-Chapman, J. R. Moore, W. A. Crossland, and D. P. Chu, “Use of wavefront encoding in optical interconnects and fiber switches for cross talk mitigation,” Appl. Opt. 51(5), 659–668 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Robertson, Z. Zhang, H. Yang, M. M. Redmond, N. Collings, J. Liu, R. Lin, A. M. Jeziorska-Chapman, J. R. Moore, W. A. Crossland, and D. P. Chu, “Application of the fractional Fourier transform to the design of LCOS based optical interconnects and fiber switches,” Appl. Opt. 51(12), 2212–2222 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Collings, N.

B. Robertson, H. Yang, M. M. Redmond, N. Collings, J. R. Moore, J. Liu, A. M. Jeziorska-Chapman, M. Pivnenko, S. Lee, A. Wonfor, I. H. White, W. A. Crossland, and D. P. Chu, “Demonstration of multi-casting in a 1 × 9 LCOS wavelength welective switch,” J. Lightwave Technol. 32(3), 402–410 (2014).
[Crossref]

B. Robertson, Z. Zhang, H. Yang, M. M. Redmond, N. Collings, J. Liu, R. Lin, A. M. Jeziorska-Chapman, J. R. Moore, W. A. Crossland, and D. P. Chu, “Application of the fractional Fourier transform to the design of LCOS based optical interconnects and fiber switches,” Appl. Opt. 51(12), 2212–2222 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Zhang, H. Yang, B. Robertson, M. Redmond, M. Pivnenko, N. Collings, W. A. Crossland, and D. Chu, “Diffraction based phase compensation method for phase-only liquid crystal on silicon devices in operation,” Appl. Opt. 51(17), 3837–3846 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Robertson, Z. Zhang, M. M. Redmond, N. Collings, J. Liu, R. S. Lin, A. M. Jeziorska-Chapman, J. R. Moore, W. A. Crossland, and D. P. Chu, “Use of wavefront encoding in optical interconnects and fiber switches for cross talk mitigation,” Appl. Opt. 51(5), 659–668 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Robertson, Z. Zhang, H. Yang, M. M. Redmond, N. Collings, J. Liu, R. Lin, A. M. Jeziorska-Chapman, J. R. Moore, W. A. Crossland, and D. P. Chu, “Reduction of crosstalk in a colourless multicasting LCOS-based wavelength selective switch by the application of wavefront encoding,” Proc. SPIE 8284, 82840S (2012).
[Crossref]

Collington, J. R.

M. P. Dames, J. R. Collington, W. A. Crossland, and R. W. A. Scarr, “The design and interconnection of a free-space photonic/electronic ATM switching module,” in Proceedings of IEEE/LEOS Summer Topical Meetings on Advanced Applications of Lasers in Materials Processing/Broadband Optical Networks/Smart Pixels/Optical MEMs and Their Applications (IEEE, 1996), pp. 101–102.
[Crossref]

Crossland, W.

Crossland, W. A.

B. Robertson, H. Yang, M. M. Redmond, N. Collings, J. R. Moore, J. Liu, A. M. Jeziorska-Chapman, M. Pivnenko, S. Lee, A. Wonfor, I. H. White, W. A. Crossland, and D. P. Chu, “Demonstration of multi-casting in a 1 × 9 LCOS wavelength welective switch,” J. Lightwave Technol. 32(3), 402–410 (2014).
[Crossref]

Z. Zhang, H. Yang, B. Robertson, M. Redmond, M. Pivnenko, N. Collings, W. A. Crossland, and D. Chu, “Diffraction based phase compensation method for phase-only liquid crystal on silicon devices in operation,” Appl. Opt. 51(17), 3837–3846 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Robertson, Z. Zhang, H. Yang, M. M. Redmond, N. Collings, J. Liu, R. Lin, A. M. Jeziorska-Chapman, J. R. Moore, W. A. Crossland, and D. P. Chu, “Application of the fractional Fourier transform to the design of LCOS based optical interconnects and fiber switches,” Appl. Opt. 51(12), 2212–2222 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Robertson, Z. Zhang, M. M. Redmond, N. Collings, J. Liu, R. S. Lin, A. M. Jeziorska-Chapman, J. R. Moore, W. A. Crossland, and D. P. Chu, “Use of wavefront encoding in optical interconnects and fiber switches for cross talk mitigation,” Appl. Opt. 51(5), 659–668 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Robertson, Z. Zhang, H. Yang, M. M. Redmond, N. Collings, J. Liu, R. Lin, A. M. Jeziorska-Chapman, J. R. Moore, W. A. Crossland, and D. P. Chu, “Reduction of crosstalk in a colourless multicasting LCOS-based wavelength selective switch by the application of wavefront encoding,” Proc. SPIE 8284, 82840S (2012).
[Crossref]

K. L. Tan, W. A. Crossland, and R. J. Mears, “Dynamic holography for optical interconnections. I. Noise floor of low-cross-talk holographic switches,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 18(1), 195–204 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. L. Tan, S. T. Warr, I. G. Manolis, T. D. Wilkinson, M. M. Redmond, W. A. Crossland, R. J. Mears, and B. Robertson, “Dynamic holography for optical interconnections. II. Routing holograms with predictable location and intensity of each diffraction order,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 18(1), 205–215 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. P. Dames, J. R. Collington, W. A. Crossland, and R. W. A. Scarr, “The design and interconnection of a free-space photonic/electronic ATM switching module,” in Proceedings of IEEE/LEOS Summer Topical Meetings on Advanced Applications of Lasers in Materials Processing/Broadband Optical Networks/Smart Pixels/Optical MEMs and Their Applications (IEEE, 1996), pp. 101–102.
[Crossref]

Dames, M. P.

M. P. Dames, J. R. Collington, W. A. Crossland, and R. W. A. Scarr, “The design and interconnection of a free-space photonic/electronic ATM switching module,” in Proceedings of IEEE/LEOS Summer Topical Meetings on Advanced Applications of Lasers in Materials Processing/Broadband Optical Networks/Smart Pixels/Optical MEMs and Their Applications (IEEE, 1996), pp. 101–102.
[Crossref]

Du, L. B.

Eggleton, B. J.

Feng, Z.

L. Zong, H. Zhao, Z. Feng, and Y. Yan, “8×8 flexible wavelength cross-connect for CDC ROADM application,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(24), 2603–2606 (2015).
[Crossref]

Frisken, S.

Furuya, M.

M. Furuya, R. Sterling, W. Bleha, and Y. Inoue, “D-ILA® Full Resolution 8K Projector,” 2009 Annual SMPTE Tech Conference and Expo (2009), pp. 1–9.
[Crossref]

Greywall, D. S.

Hadama, K.

Y. Ishii, K. Hadama, J. Yamaguchi, Y. Kawajiri, E. Hashimoto, T. Matsuura, and F. Shimokawa, “MEMS-based 1×43 wavelength-selective switch with flat passband,” in 35th European Conference on Optical Communication, Vienna (2009), pp. 1–2.

Hah, D.

J. Tsai, S. Huang, D. Hah, and M. C. Wu, “1×N2 wavelength-selective switch with telescope-magnified 2D input/output fiber collimator array,” in Conference on Optical MEMS, 2003 IEEE/LEOS International (2003), pp. 45–46.
[Crossref]

Hansen, P.

M. Sharma, P. Hansen, B. Nayar, and P. Wigley, “Next-generation ROADM technologies and architecture,” Proc. SPIE 8283, 828309 (2012).
[Crossref]

Hård, S.

Hashimoto, E.

Y. Ishii, K. Hadama, J. Yamaguchi, Y. Kawajiri, E. Hashimoto, T. Matsuura, and F. Shimokawa, “MEMS-based 1×43 wavelength-selective switch with flat passband,” in 35th European Conference on Optical Communication, Vienna (2009), pp. 1–2.

Huang, S.

J. Tsai, S. Huang, D. Hah, and M. C. Wu, “1×N2 wavelength-selective switch with telescope-magnified 2D input/output fiber collimator array,” in Conference on Optical MEMS, 2003 IEEE/LEOS International (2003), pp. 45–46.
[Crossref]

Inoue, Y.

M. Furuya, R. Sterling, W. Bleha, and Y. Inoue, “D-ILA® Full Resolution 8K Projector,” 2009 Annual SMPTE Tech Conference and Expo (2009), pp. 1–9.
[Crossref]

Ishii, Y.

Y. Ishii, K. Hadama, J. Yamaguchi, Y. Kawajiri, E. Hashimoto, T. Matsuura, and F. Shimokawa, “MEMS-based 1×43 wavelength-selective switch with flat passband,” in 35th European Conference on Optical Communication, Vienna (2009), pp. 1–2.

Iwama, M.

M. Iwama, M. Takahashi, Y. Uchida, M. Kimura, R. Kawahara, S. I. Matsushita, and T. Mukaihara, “Low loss 1×93 wavelength selective switch using PLC-based spot size converter,” in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (IEEE, 2015), pp. 1–3.

Jeziorska-Chapman, A. M.

Johansson, M.

Kawahara, R.

M. Iwama, M. Takahashi, Y. Uchida, M. Kimura, R. Kawahara, S. I. Matsushita, and T. Mukaihara, “Low loss 1×93 wavelength selective switch using PLC-based spot size converter,” in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (IEEE, 2015), pp. 1–3.

Kawajiri, Y.

Y. Ishii, K. Hadama, J. Yamaguchi, Y. Kawajiri, E. Hashimoto, T. Matsuura, and F. Shimokawa, “MEMS-based 1×43 wavelength-selective switch with flat passband,” in 35th European Conference on Optical Communication, Vienna (2009), pp. 1–2.

Kim, N.

Kimura, M.

M. Iwama, M. Takahashi, Y. Uchida, M. Kimura, R. Kawahara, S. I. Matsushita, and T. Mukaihara, “Low loss 1×93 wavelength selective switch using PLC-based spot size converter,” in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (IEEE, 2015), pp. 1–3.

Kolodner, P.

Lee, S.

Lin, R.

B. Robertson, Z. Zhang, H. Yang, M. M. Redmond, N. Collings, J. Liu, R. Lin, A. M. Jeziorska-Chapman, J. R. Moore, W. A. Crossland, and D. P. Chu, “Application of the fractional Fourier transform to the design of LCOS based optical interconnects and fiber switches,” Appl. Opt. 51(12), 2212–2222 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Robertson, Z. Zhang, H. Yang, M. M. Redmond, N. Collings, J. Liu, R. Lin, A. M. Jeziorska-Chapman, J. R. Moore, W. A. Crossland, and D. P. Chu, “Reduction of crosstalk in a colourless multicasting LCOS-based wavelength selective switch by the application of wavefront encoding,” Proc. SPIE 8284, 82840S (2012).
[Crossref]

Lin, R. S.

Liu, J.

Lopez, D. O.

Low, Y.

Lowery, A. J.

Manolis, I.

Manolis, I. G.

Marom, D. M.

Matsushita, S. I.

M. Iwama, M. Takahashi, Y. Uchida, M. Kimura, R. Kawahara, S. I. Matsushita, and T. Mukaihara, “Low loss 1×93 wavelength selective switch using PLC-based spot size converter,” in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (IEEE, 2015), pp. 1–3.

Matsuura, T.

Y. Ishii, K. Hadama, J. Yamaguchi, Y. Kawajiri, E. Hashimoto, T. Matsuura, and F. Shimokawa, “MEMS-based 1×43 wavelength-selective switch with flat passband,” in 35th European Conference on Optical Communication, Vienna (2009), pp. 1–2.

Mears, R. J.

Moore, J. R.

Mukaihara, T.

M. Iwama, M. Takahashi, Y. Uchida, M. Kimura, R. Kawahara, S. I. Matsushita, and T. Mukaihara, “Low loss 1×93 wavelength selective switch using PLC-based spot size converter,” in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (IEEE, 2015), pp. 1–3.

Nayar, B.

M. Sharma, P. Hansen, B. Nayar, and P. Wigley, “Next-generation ROADM technologies and architecture,” Proc. SPIE 8283, 828309 (2012).
[Crossref]

Neilson, D. T.

Nguyen, T.

Pardo, F.

Pivnenko, M.

Poole, S.

Pulikkaseril, C.

Redmond, M.

Redmond, M. M.

B. Robertson, H. Yang, M. M. Redmond, N. Collings, J. R. Moore, J. Liu, A. M. Jeziorska-Chapman, M. Pivnenko, S. Lee, A. Wonfor, I. H. White, W. A. Crossland, and D. P. Chu, “Demonstration of multi-casting in a 1 × 9 LCOS wavelength welective switch,” J. Lightwave Technol. 32(3), 402–410 (2014).
[Crossref]

B. Robertson, Z. Zhang, M. M. Redmond, N. Collings, J. Liu, R. S. Lin, A. M. Jeziorska-Chapman, J. R. Moore, W. A. Crossland, and D. P. Chu, “Use of wavefront encoding in optical interconnects and fiber switches for cross talk mitigation,” Appl. Opt. 51(5), 659–668 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Robertson, Z. Zhang, H. Yang, M. M. Redmond, N. Collings, J. Liu, R. Lin, A. M. Jeziorska-Chapman, J. R. Moore, W. A. Crossland, and D. P. Chu, “Application of the fractional Fourier transform to the design of LCOS based optical interconnects and fiber switches,” Appl. Opt. 51(12), 2212–2222 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Robertson, Z. Zhang, H. Yang, M. M. Redmond, N. Collings, J. Liu, R. Lin, A. M. Jeziorska-Chapman, J. R. Moore, W. A. Crossland, and D. P. Chu, “Reduction of crosstalk in a colourless multicasting LCOS-based wavelength selective switch by the application of wavefront encoding,” Proc. SPIE 8284, 82840S (2012).
[Crossref]

K. L. Tan, S. T. Warr, I. G. Manolis, T. D. Wilkinson, M. M. Redmond, W. A. Crossland, R. J. Mears, and B. Robertson, “Dynamic holography for optical interconnections. II. Routing holograms with predictable location and intensity of each diffraction order,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 18(1), 205–215 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Robertson, B.

B. Robertson, H. Yang, M. M. Redmond, N. Collings, J. R. Moore, J. Liu, A. M. Jeziorska-Chapman, M. Pivnenko, S. Lee, A. Wonfor, I. H. White, W. A. Crossland, and D. P. Chu, “Demonstration of multi-casting in a 1 × 9 LCOS wavelength welective switch,” J. Lightwave Technol. 32(3), 402–410 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Yang, B. Robertson, and D. P. Chu, “A non-intrusive in situ method of optical beam profiling in LCOS-based optical fiber switches,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 51(7), 916–920 (2013).
[Crossref]

H. Yang, B. Robertson, D. Yu, Z. Zhang, and D. P. Chu, “Origin of transient crosstalk and its reduction in phase-only LCOS wavelength selective switches,” J. Lightwave Technol. 31(23), 3822–3829 (2013).
[Crossref]

Z. Zhang, H. Yang, B. Robertson, M. Redmond, M. Pivnenko, N. Collings, W. A. Crossland, and D. Chu, “Diffraction based phase compensation method for phase-only liquid crystal on silicon devices in operation,” Appl. Opt. 51(17), 3837–3846 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Robertson, Z. Zhang, H. Yang, M. M. Redmond, N. Collings, J. Liu, R. Lin, A. M. Jeziorska-Chapman, J. R. Moore, W. A. Crossland, and D. P. Chu, “Application of the fractional Fourier transform to the design of LCOS based optical interconnects and fiber switches,” Appl. Opt. 51(12), 2212–2222 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Robertson, Z. Zhang, M. M. Redmond, N. Collings, J. Liu, R. S. Lin, A. M. Jeziorska-Chapman, J. R. Moore, W. A. Crossland, and D. P. Chu, “Use of wavefront encoding in optical interconnects and fiber switches for cross talk mitigation,” Appl. Opt. 51(5), 659–668 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Robertson, Z. Zhang, H. Yang, M. M. Redmond, N. Collings, J. Liu, R. Lin, A. M. Jeziorska-Chapman, J. R. Moore, W. A. Crossland, and D. P. Chu, “Reduction of crosstalk in a colourless multicasting LCOS-based wavelength selective switch by the application of wavefront encoding,” Proc. SPIE 8284, 82840S (2012).
[Crossref]

M. Johansson, S. Hård, B. Robertson, I. Manolis, T. Wilkinson, and W. Crossland, “Adaptive beam steering implemented in a ferroelectric liquid-crystal spatial-light-modulator free-space, fiber-optic switch,” Appl. Opt. 41(23), 4904–4911 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. L. Tan, S. T. Warr, I. G. Manolis, T. D. Wilkinson, M. M. Redmond, W. A. Crossland, R. J. Mears, and B. Robertson, “Dynamic holography for optical interconnections. II. Routing holograms with predictable location and intensity of each diffraction order,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 18(1), 205–215 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Roelens, M. A. F.

Scarr, R. W. A.

M. P. Dames, J. R. Collington, W. A. Crossland, and R. W. A. Scarr, “The design and interconnection of a free-space photonic/electronic ATM switching module,” in Proceedings of IEEE/LEOS Summer Topical Meetings on Advanced Applications of Lasers in Materials Processing/Broadband Optical Networks/Smart Pixels/Optical MEMs and Their Applications (IEEE, 1996), pp. 101–102.
[Crossref]

Schröder, J.

Sharma, M.

M. Sharma, P. Hansen, B. Nayar, and P. Wigley, “Next-generation ROADM technologies and architecture,” Proc. SPIE 8283, 828309 (2012).
[Crossref]

Shimokawa, F.

Y. Ishii, K. Hadama, J. Yamaguchi, Y. Kawajiri, E. Hashimoto, T. Matsuura, and F. Shimokawa, “MEMS-based 1×43 wavelength-selective switch with flat passband,” in 35th European Conference on Optical Communication, Vienna (2009), pp. 1–2.

Simon, M. E.

Sinefeld, D.

Sterling, R.

M. Furuya, R. Sterling, W. Bleha, and Y. Inoue, “D-ILA® Full Resolution 8K Projector,” 2009 Annual SMPTE Tech Conference and Expo (2009), pp. 1–9.
[Crossref]

Stewart, L. A.

Strasser, T. A.

T. A. Strasser and J. L. Wagener, “Wavelength-selective switches for ROADM applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(5), 1150–1157 (2010).
[Crossref]

Takahashi, M.

M. Iwama, M. Takahashi, Y. Uchida, M. Kimura, R. Kawahara, S. I. Matsushita, and T. Mukaihara, “Low loss 1×93 wavelength selective switch using PLC-based spot size converter,” in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (IEEE, 2015), pp. 1–3.

Tan, K. L.

Tsai, J.

J. Tsai, S. Huang, D. Hah, and M. C. Wu, “1×N2 wavelength-selective switch with telescope-magnified 2D input/output fiber collimator array,” in Conference on Optical MEMS, 2003 IEEE/LEOS International (2003), pp. 45–46.
[Crossref]

Uchida, Y.

M. Iwama, M. Takahashi, Y. Uchida, M. Kimura, R. Kawahara, S. I. Matsushita, and T. Mukaihara, “Low loss 1×93 wavelength selective switch using PLC-based spot size converter,” in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (IEEE, 2015), pp. 1–3.

Wagener, J. L.

T. A. Strasser and J. L. Wagener, “Wavelength-selective switches for ROADM applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(5), 1150–1157 (2010).
[Crossref]

Warr, S. T.

White, I. H.

Wigley, P.

M. Sharma, P. Hansen, B. Nayar, and P. Wigley, “Next-generation ROADM technologies and architecture,” Proc. SPIE 8283, 828309 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wilkinson, T.

Wilkinson, T. D.

Wonfor, A.

Wu, M. C.

J. Tsai, S. Huang, D. Hah, and M. C. Wu, “1×N2 wavelength-selective switch with telescope-magnified 2D input/output fiber collimator array,” in Conference on Optical MEMS, 2003 IEEE/LEOS International (2003), pp. 45–46.
[Crossref]

Yamaguchi, J.

Y. Ishii, K. Hadama, J. Yamaguchi, Y. Kawajiri, E. Hashimoto, T. Matsuura, and F. Shimokawa, “MEMS-based 1×43 wavelength-selective switch with flat passband,” in 35th European Conference on Optical Communication, Vienna (2009), pp. 1–2.

Yan, Y.

L. Zong, H. Zhao, Z. Feng, and Y. Yan, “8×8 flexible wavelength cross-connect for CDC ROADM application,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(24), 2603–2606 (2015).
[Crossref]

Yang, H.

B. Robertson, H. Yang, M. M. Redmond, N. Collings, J. R. Moore, J. Liu, A. M. Jeziorska-Chapman, M. Pivnenko, S. Lee, A. Wonfor, I. H. White, W. A. Crossland, and D. P. Chu, “Demonstration of multi-casting in a 1 × 9 LCOS wavelength welective switch,” J. Lightwave Technol. 32(3), 402–410 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Yang, B. Robertson, and D. P. Chu, “A non-intrusive in situ method of optical beam profiling in LCOS-based optical fiber switches,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 51(7), 916–920 (2013).
[Crossref]

H. Yang, B. Robertson, D. Yu, Z. Zhang, and D. P. Chu, “Origin of transient crosstalk and its reduction in phase-only LCOS wavelength selective switches,” J. Lightwave Technol. 31(23), 3822–3829 (2013).
[Crossref]

Z. Zhang, H. Yang, B. Robertson, M. Redmond, M. Pivnenko, N. Collings, W. A. Crossland, and D. Chu, “Diffraction based phase compensation method for phase-only liquid crystal on silicon devices in operation,” Appl. Opt. 51(17), 3837–3846 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Robertson, Z. Zhang, H. Yang, M. M. Redmond, N. Collings, J. Liu, R. Lin, A. M. Jeziorska-Chapman, J. R. Moore, W. A. Crossland, and D. P. Chu, “Application of the fractional Fourier transform to the design of LCOS based optical interconnects and fiber switches,” Appl. Opt. 51(12), 2212–2222 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Robertson, Z. Zhang, H. Yang, M. M. Redmond, N. Collings, J. Liu, R. Lin, A. M. Jeziorska-Chapman, J. R. Moore, W. A. Crossland, and D. P. Chu, “Reduction of crosstalk in a colourless multicasting LCOS-based wavelength selective switch by the application of wavefront encoding,” Proc. SPIE 8284, 82840S (2012).
[Crossref]

You, Z.

Z. Zhang, Z. You, and D. Chu, “Fundamentals of phase-only liquid crystal on silicon (LCOS) devices,” Light Sci. Appl. 3(10), e213 (2014).
[Crossref]

Yu, D.

Zhang, Z.

Z. Zhang, Z. You, and D. Chu, “Fundamentals of phase-only liquid crystal on silicon (LCOS) devices,” Light Sci. Appl. 3(10), e213 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Yang, B. Robertson, D. Yu, Z. Zhang, and D. P. Chu, “Origin of transient crosstalk and its reduction in phase-only LCOS wavelength selective switches,” J. Lightwave Technol. 31(23), 3822–3829 (2013).
[Crossref]

B. Robertson, Z. Zhang, H. Yang, M. M. Redmond, N. Collings, J. Liu, R. Lin, A. M. Jeziorska-Chapman, J. R. Moore, W. A. Crossland, and D. P. Chu, “Application of the fractional Fourier transform to the design of LCOS based optical interconnects and fiber switches,” Appl. Opt. 51(12), 2212–2222 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Zhang, H. Yang, B. Robertson, M. Redmond, M. Pivnenko, N. Collings, W. A. Crossland, and D. Chu, “Diffraction based phase compensation method for phase-only liquid crystal on silicon devices in operation,” Appl. Opt. 51(17), 3837–3846 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Robertson, Z. Zhang, M. M. Redmond, N. Collings, J. Liu, R. S. Lin, A. M. Jeziorska-Chapman, J. R. Moore, W. A. Crossland, and D. P. Chu, “Use of wavefront encoding in optical interconnects and fiber switches for cross talk mitigation,” Appl. Opt. 51(5), 659–668 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Robertson, Z. Zhang, H. Yang, M. M. Redmond, N. Collings, J. Liu, R. Lin, A. M. Jeziorska-Chapman, J. R. Moore, W. A. Crossland, and D. P. Chu, “Reduction of crosstalk in a colourless multicasting LCOS-based wavelength selective switch by the application of wavefront encoding,” Proc. SPIE 8284, 82840S (2012).
[Crossref]

Zhao, H.

L. Zong, H. Zhao, Z. Feng, and Y. Yan, “8×8 flexible wavelength cross-connect for CDC ROADM application,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(24), 2603–2606 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zong, L.

L. Zong, H. Zhao, Z. Feng, and Y. Yan, “8×8 flexible wavelength cross-connect for CDC ROADM application,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(24), 2603–2606 (2015).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (4)

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

T. A. Strasser and J. L. Wagener, “Wavelength-selective switches for ROADM applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(5), 1150–1157 (2010).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (1)

L. Zong, H. Zhao, Z. Feng, and Y. Yan, “8×8 flexible wavelength cross-connect for CDC ROADM application,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(24), 2603–2606 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (5)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (2)

J. Opt. Soc. Korea (1)

Light Sci. Appl. (1)

Z. Zhang, Z. You, and D. Chu, “Fundamentals of phase-only liquid crystal on silicon (LCOS) devices,” Light Sci. Appl. 3(10), e213 (2014).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lasers Eng. (1)

H. Yang, B. Robertson, and D. P. Chu, “A non-intrusive in situ method of optical beam profiling in LCOS-based optical fiber switches,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 51(7), 916–920 (2013).
[Crossref]

Proc. SPIE (2)

B. Robertson, Z. Zhang, H. Yang, M. M. Redmond, N. Collings, J. Liu, R. Lin, A. M. Jeziorska-Chapman, J. R. Moore, W. A. Crossland, and D. P. Chu, “Reduction of crosstalk in a colourless multicasting LCOS-based wavelength selective switch by the application of wavefront encoding,” Proc. SPIE 8284, 82840S (2012).
[Crossref]

M. Sharma, P. Hansen, B. Nayar, and P. Wigley, “Next-generation ROADM technologies and architecture,” Proc. SPIE 8283, 828309 (2012).
[Crossref]

Other (21)

B. C. Collings, “Advanced ROADM technology and architecture,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2015), paper Tu3D.3.

S. Frisken, G. Baxter, D. Abakoumov, H. Zhou, I. Clarke, and S. Poole, “Flexible and grid-less wavelength welective wwitch using LCOS technology,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper OTuM3.

S. Frisken, H. Zhou, D. Abakoumov, G. Baxter, S. Poole, H. Ereifej, and P. Hallemeier, “High performance ‘drop and continue’ functionality in a wavelength selective switch,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper PDP14.
[Crossref]

B. Robertson, H. Yang, M. M. Redmond, N. Collings, J. Liu, A. M. Jerziorska-Chapman, J. R. Moore, Z. Zhang, W. A. Crossland, A. Wonfor, I. H. White, S. H. Lee, and D. Chu, “The use of wavefront encoding to reduce crosstalk in a multicasting fiber telecom switch,” Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper OM2J.6.
[Crossref]

H. Yang, B. Robertson, and D. Chu, “Crosstalk reduction in holographic wavelength selective switches based on phase-only LCOS devices,” Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2014), paper Th2A.23.
[Crossref]

H. Yang, B. Robertson, and D. Chu, “Transient Crosstalk in LCOS Based WSS and a Method to Suppress the Crosstalk Levels,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper OW1C.3.
[Crossref]

K. Suzuki, Y. Ikuma, E. Hashimoto, K. Yamaguchi, M. Itoh, and T. Takahashi, “Ultra-high port count wavelength selective switch employing waveguide-based I/O frontend,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2015), paper Tu3A.7.
[Crossref]

Y. Ikuma, K. Suzuki, N. Nemoto, E. Hashimoto, O. Moriwaki, and T. Takahashi, “8 × 24 wavelength selective switch for low-loss transponder aggregator,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference Post Deadline Papers, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2015), paper Th5A.4.

M. Iwama, M. Takahashi, Y. Uchida, M. Kimura, R. Kawahara, S. I. Matsushita, and T. Mukaihara, “Low loss 1×93 wavelength selective switch using PLC-based spot size converter,” in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (IEEE, 2015), pp. 1–3.

J. Tsai, S. Huang, D. Hah, and M. C. Wu, “Wavelength-selective 1×N2 switches with two-dimensional input/output fiber arrays,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2003), paper CTuQ4.

J. Tsai and M. C. Wu, “1×N2 wavelength-selective switches with high fill-factor two-axis analog micromirror arrays,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper MF42.

J. Tsai, S. Huang, D. Hah, and M. C. Wu, “1×N2 wavelength-selective switch with telescope-magnified 2D input/output fiber collimator array,” in Conference on Optical MEMS, 2003 IEEE/LEOS International (2003), pp. 45–46.
[Crossref]

Y. Ishii, K. Hadama, J. Yamaguchi, Y. Kawajiri, E. Hashimoto, T. Matsuura, and F. Shimokawa, “MEMS-based 1×43 wavelength-selective switch with flat passband,” in 35th European Conference on Optical Communication, Vienna (2009), pp. 1–2.

M. P. Dames, J. R. Collington, W. A. Crossland, and R. W. A. Scarr, “The design and interconnection of a free-space photonic/electronic ATM switching module,” in Proceedings of IEEE/LEOS Summer Topical Meetings on Advanced Applications of Lasers in Materials Processing/Broadband Optical Networks/Smart Pixels/Optical MEMs and Their Applications (IEEE, 1996), pp. 101–102.
[Crossref]

Thorlabs F240APC-1550, http://www.thorlabs.de/thorproduct.cfm?partnumber=F240APC-1550 .

Jasper Display JD2552, http://www.jasperdisplay.com/products/detail/245/

Jasper Display JD2704, http://www.jasperdisplay.com/products/detail/377/

ITU G.694.1: Spectral grids for WDM applications: DWDM frequency grid, https://www.itu.int/rec/T-REC-G.694.1-201202-I/en

H. Yang, B. Robertson, P. Wilkinson, and D. Chu, “Stacked Wavelength Selective Switch Design for Low-cost CDC ROADMs,” to be presented in Optoelectronics and Communications Conference / International Conference on Photonics in Switching, (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper ME2.

M. Furuya, R. Sterling, W. Bleha, and Y. Inoue, “D-ILA® Full Resolution 8K Projector,” 2009 Annual SMPTE Tech Conference and Expo (2009), pp. 1–9.
[Crossref]

J. Goodman, Introduction to Fourier Optics (Roberts and Company Publishers, 2005).

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Figures (12)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Beam steering by an LCOS device in the conventional Fourier transform optical system.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Phase patterns of blazed gratings with periods of 10.00 and 10.01 pixels.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 The relationship between the number of unique switchable positions and the number of phase levels available on the LCOS device.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Optical setup for evaluating 2D beam steering by small sub-holograms on LCOS devices.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 The relationship between the grating period and + 1st diffraction order beam’s offset from the target position in both horizontal and vertical directions.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 The experimental deviation from the theoretical beam steering position.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 The relationship between the grating period in both horizontal and vertical directions and the optical power coupled into the corresponding fibres.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 Design principle for the stacked WSSs based on a single LCOS device, (a) side view, (b) top view, and (c) system view.
Fig. 9
Fig. 9 (a) Output optics design; 2D beam steering over the fibre ports arranged on (b) a Cartesian grid and (c) a hexagonal grid.
Fig. 10
Fig. 10 Passband shapes when the signal is switched to a port in the direction (a) along the dispersion axis and (b) orthogonal to dispersion axis, respectively.
Fig. 11
Fig. 11 Detailed passband tops when the signal is switched to a port in the direction (a) along the dispersion axis and (b) orthogonal to dispersion axis.
Fig. 12
Fig. 12 (a) The cascaded configuration for high port count WSS; (b) 4 × 4 WXC with extra 8 add/drop ports for each direction.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 1 × N WSS switch power budget.

Equations (2)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

ω SLM = f 1 λ/( π ω IN/OUT ).
δo= f 1 λ/T.

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