Besides the illumination wavelength also the numerical aperture (NA) of a microscope objective affects the fringe spacing in interference microscopy. Therefore, at high NA values an effective wavelength should be obtained by calibration. At step height structures both, the effective wavelength and the batwing effect strongly depend on the height-to-wavelength-ratio (HWR). Therefore, changes of the effective wavelength considering temporal and spatial coherence enable us to estimate the batwing effect in measurement results. For high NA systems and broadband illumination two different theoretical approaches for signal modeling are introduced to study the influence of the center wavelength, the temporal, and the spatial coherence of the illuminating light on measurement results of a rectangular grating. In both models diffraction is considered. While the first simulation model (Kirchhoff) is mostly analytical the second one (Richards-Wolf) is primarily numerical. Simulation results of both models show a good agreement with experimental measurement results.
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