Abstract

An Erbium-doped fibre ring laser hybrid mode-locked with single-wall carbon nanotubes (SWNT) and nonlinear polarisation evolution (NPE) without an optical isolator has been investigated for various cavity conditions. Precise control of the state of polarisation (SOP) in the cavity ensures different losses for counter-propagating optical fields. As the result, the laser operates in quasi-unidirectional regime in both clockwise (CW) and counter-clockwise (CCW) directions with the emission strengths difference of the directions of 22 dB. Furthermore, by adjusting the net birefringence in the cavity, the laser can operate in a bidirectional generation. In this case, a laser pumped with 75 mW power at 980 nm generates almost identical 790 and 570 fs soliton pulses with an average power of 1.17 and 1.11 mW. The operation stability and pulse quality of the soliton pulses in both unidirectional regimes are highly competitive with those generated in conventional ring fibre lasers with isolator in the cavity. Demonstrated bidirectional laser operation can find vital applications in gyroscopes or precision rotation sensing technologies.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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2016 (1)

M. Chernysheva, C. Mou, R. Arif, M. AlAraimi, M. Rummeli, S. Turitsyn, and A. Rozhin, “High Power Q-Switched Thulium Doped Fibre Laser using Carbon Nanotube Polymer Composite Saturable Absorber,” Sci. Rep. 6, 24220 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2015 (3)

2014 (4)

M. A. Chernysheva, A. A. Krylov, R. N. Arif, A. G. Rozhin, M. H. Rummelli, S. K. Turitsyn, and E. M. Dianov, “Higher-Order Soliton Generation in Hybrid Mode-Locked Thulium-Doped Fiber Ring Laser,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20, 425–432 (2014).
[Crossref]

D. S. Chernykh, A. A. Krylov, A. E. Levchenko, V. V. Grebenyukov, N. R. Arutunyan, A. S. Pozharov, E. D. Obraztsova, and E. M. Dianov, “Hybrid mode-locked erbium-doped all-fiber soliton laser with a distributed polarizer,” Appl. Opt. 53(29), 6654–6662 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Yao, “Generation of bidirectional stretched pulses in a nanotube-mode-locked fiber laser,” App. Opt. 53(1), 27–31 (2014).
[Crossref]

V. Mamidala, R. I. Woodward, Y. Yang, H. H. Liu, and K. K. Chow, “Graphene-based passively mode-locked bidirectional fiber ring laser,” Opt. Express 22(4), 4539–4546 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2013 (3)

C. Zeng, X. Liu, and L. Yun, “Bidirectional fiber soliton laser mode-locked by single-wall carbon nanotubes,” Opt. Express 21(16), 18937–18942 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. Tsatourian, S. V. Sergeyev, C. Mou, A. Rozhin, V. Mikhailov, B. Rabin, P. S. Westbrook, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Polarisation dynamics of vector soliton molecules in mode locked fibre laser,” Sci. Rep. 3, 3154 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Jalas, A. Petrov, M. Eich, W. Freude, S. Fan, Z. Yu, R. Baets, M. Popovic, A. Melloni, J. D. Joannopoulos, M. Vanwolleghem, C. R. Doerr, and H. Renner, “What is and what is not an optical isolator,” Nat. Photon. 7, 579–582 (2013).
[Crossref]

2011 (1)

A. M. Kurbatov and R. A. Kurbatov, “Fiber polarizer based on W-lightguide Panda,” Tech. Phys. Lett. 37, 626–629 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (1)

Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, D. M. Basko, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene mode-locked ultrafast laser,” ACS Nano 4, 803–810 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2009 (1)

T. Hasan, Z. Sun, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, P. H. Tan, A. G. Rozhin, and A. C. Ferrari, “Nanotube-Polymer Composites for Ultrafast Photonics,” Advanced Materials 21, 3874–3899 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (1)

2007 (2)

L. M. Zhao, D. Y. Tang, T. H. Cheng, and C. Lu, “Self-started unidirectional operation of a fibre ring soliton laser without an isolator,” JOSA A 9(5), 477–479 (2007).

Y. Liu, L. Sun, H. Qiu, Y. Wang, Q. Tian, and X. Ma, “Bidirectional operation and gyroscopic properties of passively mode-locked Nd:YVO4 ring laser,” Las. Phys. Lett. 4, 187–190 (2007).
[Crossref]

2005 (1)

W. Lai, P. Shum, and L. Binh, “NOLM-NALM fiber ring laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41, 986–993 (2005).
[Crossref]

2004 (1)

2003 (1)

U. Keller, “Recent developments in compact ultrafast lasers,” Nature 424, 831–838 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1998 (1)

F. Kurtner, J. der Au, and U. Keller, “Mode-locking with slow and fast saturable absorbers-whats the difference?”; IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 159–168 (1998).
[Crossref]

1997 (2)

B. W. Lee, H. J. Jeong, and B. Y. Kim, “High-sensitivity mode-locked fiber laser gyroscope,” Opt. Lett. 22(2), 129–131 (1997).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Nelson, D. Jones, K. Tamura, H. Haus, and E. Ippen, “Ultrashort-pulse fiber ring lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 65(2), 277–294 (1997).
[Crossref]

1995 (1)

Y. Shi, M. Sejka, and O. Poulsen, “A unidirectional Er3+-doped fiber ring laser without isolator,” IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. 7, 290–292 (1995).
[Crossref]

1993 (2)

1991 (3)

1990 (1)

1988 (1)

1983 (2)

M. Varnham, D. Payne, R. Birch, and E. Tarbox, “Single-polarisation operation of highly birefringent bow-tie optical fibres,” Electron. Lett. 19, 246 (1983).
[Crossref]

J. Simpson, R. Stolen, F. Sears, W. Pleibel, J. MacChesney, and R. Howard, “A single-polarization fiber,” J. Lightwave Tech. 1(2), 370–374 (1983).
[Crossref]

1981 (1)

1978 (1)

R. A. Sammut, “Range of monomode operation of W-fibres,” Opt. and Quantum Electron. 10, 509–514 (1978).
[Crossref]

1975 (1)

E. G. Lariontsev and V. N. Serkin, “Possibility of using self-focusing for increasing contrast and narrowing of ultrashort light pulses,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 5, 796–800 (1975).
[Crossref]

1974 (1)

S. Kawakami and S. Nishida, “Characteristics of a doubly clad optical fiber with a low-index inner cladding,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 10, 879–887 (1974).
[Crossref]

AlAraimi, M.

M. Chernysheva, C. Mou, R. Arif, M. AlAraimi, M. Rummeli, S. Turitsyn, and A. Rozhin, “High Power Q-Switched Thulium Doped Fibre Laser using Carbon Nanotube Polymer Composite Saturable Absorber,” Sci. Rep. 6, 24220 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Arif, R.

M. Chernysheva, C. Mou, R. Arif, M. AlAraimi, M. Rummeli, S. Turitsyn, and A. Rozhin, “High Power Q-Switched Thulium Doped Fibre Laser using Carbon Nanotube Polymer Composite Saturable Absorber,” Sci. Rep. 6, 24220 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Chernysheva, A. Rozhin, Y. Fedotov, C. Mou, R. Arif, S. M. Kobtsev, E. M. Dianov, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Carbon nanotubes for ultrafast fibre lasers,” Nanophotonics (in press).

Arif, R. N.

M. A. Chernysheva, A. A. Krylov, R. N. Arif, A. G. Rozhin, M. H. Rummelli, S. K. Turitsyn, and E. M. Dianov, “Higher-Order Soliton Generation in Hybrid Mode-Locked Thulium-Doped Fiber Ring Laser,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20, 425–432 (2014).
[Crossref]

Arutunyan, N. R.

Baets, R.

D. Jalas, A. Petrov, M. Eich, W. Freude, S. Fan, Z. Yu, R. Baets, M. Popovic, A. Melloni, J. D. Joannopoulos, M. Vanwolleghem, C. R. Doerr, and H. Renner, “What is and what is not an optical isolator,” Nat. Photon. 7, 579–582 (2013).
[Crossref]

Basko, D. M.

Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, D. M. Basko, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene mode-locked ultrafast laser,” ACS Nano 4, 803–810 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Berkey, G. E.

Binh, L.

W. Lai, P. Shum, and L. Binh, “NOLM-NALM fiber ring laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41, 986–993 (2005).
[Crossref]

Birch, R.

M. Varnham, D. Payne, R. Birch, and E. Tarbox, “Single-polarisation operation of highly birefringent bow-tie optical fibres,” Electron. Lett. 19, 246 (1983).
[Crossref]

Bonaccorso, F.

Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, D. M. Basko, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene mode-locked ultrafast laser,” ACS Nano 4, 803–810 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Hasan, Z. Sun, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, P. H. Tan, A. G. Rozhin, and A. C. Ferrari, “Nanotube-Polymer Composites for Ultrafast Photonics,” Advanced Materials 21, 3874–3899 (2009).
[Crossref]

Bres, C.-S.

S. Kharitonov and C.-S. Bres, “Isolator-free unidirectional thulium-doped fiber laser,” Light: Science & Applications 4, e340 (2015).
[Crossref]

Chen, H.

Chen, X.

Cheng, T. H.

L. M. Zhao, D. Y. Tang, T. H. Cheng, and C. Lu, “Self-started unidirectional operation of a fibre ring soliton laser without an isolator,” JOSA A 9(5), 477–479 (2007).

Chernykh, D.

D. Chernykh and A. Krylov, “Gyroscopic effect in the bidirectional femtosecond erbium-doped fiber ring laser,” in Proceedings of International Conference on Lasers Optics 2014 (2014).

Chernykh, D. S.

Chernysheva, M.

M. Chernysheva, C. Mou, R. Arif, M. AlAraimi, M. Rummeli, S. Turitsyn, and A. Rozhin, “High Power Q-Switched Thulium Doped Fibre Laser using Carbon Nanotube Polymer Composite Saturable Absorber,” Sci. Rep. 6, 24220 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Chernysheva, A. Rozhin, Y. Fedotov, C. Mou, R. Arif, S. M. Kobtsev, E. M. Dianov, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Carbon nanotubes for ultrafast fibre lasers,” Nanophotonics (in press).

Chernysheva, M. A.

M. A. Chernysheva, A. A. Krylov, R. N. Arif, A. G. Rozhin, M. H. Rummelli, S. K. Turitsyn, and E. M. Dianov, “Higher-Order Soliton Generation in Hybrid Mode-Locked Thulium-Doped Fiber Ring Laser,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20, 425–432 (2014).
[Crossref]

Chow, K. K.

Christian, W. R.

Dennis, M. L.

der Au, J.

F. Kurtner, J. der Au, and U. Keller, “Mode-locking with slow and fast saturable absorbers-whats the difference?”; IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 159–168 (1998).
[Crossref]

Dianov, E. M.

M. A. Chernysheva, A. A. Krylov, R. N. Arif, A. G. Rozhin, M. H. Rummelli, S. K. Turitsyn, and E. M. Dianov, “Higher-Order Soliton Generation in Hybrid Mode-Locked Thulium-Doped Fiber Ring Laser,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20, 425–432 (2014).
[Crossref]

D. S. Chernykh, A. A. Krylov, A. E. Levchenko, V. V. Grebenyukov, N. R. Arutunyan, A. S. Pozharov, E. D. Obraztsova, and E. M. Dianov, “Hybrid mode-locked erbium-doped all-fiber soliton laser with a distributed polarizer,” Appl. Opt. 53(29), 6654–6662 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Chernysheva, A. Rozhin, Y. Fedotov, C. Mou, R. Arif, S. M. Kobtsev, E. M. Dianov, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Carbon nanotubes for ultrafast fibre lasers,” Nanophotonics (in press).

Diels, J.-C. M.

Doerr, C. R.

D. Jalas, A. Petrov, M. Eich, W. Freude, S. Fan, Z. Yu, R. Baets, M. Popovic, A. Melloni, J. D. Joannopoulos, M. Vanwolleghem, C. R. Doerr, and H. Renner, “What is and what is not an optical isolator,” Nat. Photon. 7, 579–582 (2013).
[Crossref]

Doran,

Eich, M.

D. Jalas, A. Petrov, M. Eich, W. Freude, S. Fan, Z. Yu, R. Baets, M. Popovic, A. Melloni, J. D. Joannopoulos, M. Vanwolleghem, C. R. Doerr, and H. Renner, “What is and what is not an optical isolator,” Nat. Photon. 7, 579–582 (2013).
[Crossref]

Ernsting, N.

D. Gnass, N. Ernsting, and F. Schaefer, “Sagnac effect in the colliding-pulse-mode-locked dye ring laser,” Appl. Phys. B 53(2), 119–120 (1991).
[Crossref]

Fan, S.

D. Jalas, A. Petrov, M. Eich, W. Freude, S. Fan, Z. Yu, R. Baets, M. Popovic, A. Melloni, J. D. Joannopoulos, M. Vanwolleghem, C. R. Doerr, and H. Renner, “What is and what is not an optical isolator,” Nat. Photon. 7, 579–582 (2013).
[Crossref]

Fedotov, Y.

M. Chernysheva, A. Rozhin, Y. Fedotov, C. Mou, R. Arif, S. M. Kobtsev, E. M. Dianov, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Carbon nanotubes for ultrafast fibre lasers,” Nanophotonics (in press).

Fermann, M. E.

Ferrari, A. C.

Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, D. M. Basko, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene mode-locked ultrafast laser,” ACS Nano 4, 803–810 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Hasan, Z. Sun, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, P. H. Tan, A. G. Rozhin, and A. C. Ferrari, “Nanotube-Polymer Composites for Ultrafast Photonics,” Advanced Materials 21, 3874–3899 (2009).
[Crossref]

Freude, W.

D. Jalas, A. Petrov, M. Eich, W. Freude, S. Fan, Z. Yu, R. Baets, M. Popovic, A. Melloni, J. D. Joannopoulos, M. Vanwolleghem, C. R. Doerr, and H. Renner, “What is and what is not an optical isolator,” Nat. Photon. 7, 579–582 (2013).
[Crossref]

Fujimoto, J. G.

Gnass, D.

D. Gnass, N. Ernsting, and F. Schaefer, “Sagnac effect in the colliding-pulse-mode-locked dye ring laser,” Appl. Phys. B 53(2), 119–120 (1991).
[Crossref]

Grebenyukov, V. V.

Haberl, F.

Hasan, T.

R. I. Woodward, R. C. T. Howe, T. H. Runcorn, G. Hu, F. Torrisi, E. J. R. Kelleher, and T. Hasan, “Wideband saturable absorption in few-layer molybdenum diselenide (MoSe2) for Q-switching Yb-, Er- and Tm-doped fiber lasers,” Opt. Express 23(15), 20051–20061 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, D. M. Basko, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene mode-locked ultrafast laser,” ACS Nano 4, 803–810 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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D. Jalas, A. Petrov, M. Eich, W. Freude, S. Fan, Z. Yu, R. Baets, M. Popovic, A. Melloni, J. D. Joannopoulos, M. Vanwolleghem, C. R. Doerr, and H. Renner, “What is and what is not an optical isolator,” Nat. Photon. 7, 579–582 (2013).
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Jones, D.

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S. Kawakami and S. Nishida, “Characteristics of a doubly clad optical fiber with a low-index inner cladding,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 10, 879–887 (1974).
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S. Kharitonov and C.-S. Bres, “Isolator-free unidirectional thulium-doped fiber laser,” Light: Science & Applications 4, e340 (2015).
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Kim, B. Y.

Kobtsev, S. M.

M. Chernysheva, A. Rozhin, Y. Fedotov, C. Mou, R. Arif, S. M. Kobtsev, E. M. Dianov, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Carbon nanotubes for ultrafast fibre lasers,” Nanophotonics (in press).

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M. A. Chernysheva, A. A. Krylov, R. N. Arif, A. G. Rozhin, M. H. Rummelli, S. K. Turitsyn, and E. M. Dianov, “Higher-Order Soliton Generation in Hybrid Mode-Locked Thulium-Doped Fiber Ring Laser,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20, 425–432 (2014).
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D. S. Chernykh, A. A. Krylov, A. E. Levchenko, V. V. Grebenyukov, N. R. Arutunyan, A. S. Pozharov, E. D. Obraztsova, and E. M. Dianov, “Hybrid mode-locked erbium-doped all-fiber soliton laser with a distributed polarizer,” Appl. Opt. 53(29), 6654–6662 (2014).
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Lai, W.

W. Lai, P. Shum, and L. Binh, “NOLM-NALM fiber ring laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41, 986–993 (2005).
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E. G. Lariontsev and V. N. Serkin, “Possibility of using self-focusing for increasing contrast and narrowing of ultrashort light pulses,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 5, 796–800 (1975).
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Levchenko, A. E.

Li, D.

Li, L.

Li, M.-J.

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Liu, X.

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Y. Liu, L. Sun, H. Qiu, Y. Wang, Q. Tian, and X. Ma, “Bidirectional operation and gyroscopic properties of passively mode-locked Nd:YVO4 ring laser,” Las. Phys. Lett. 4, 187–190 (2007).
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Lu, C.

L. M. Zhao, D. Y. Tang, T. H. Cheng, and C. Lu, “Self-started unidirectional operation of a fibre ring soliton laser without an isolator,” JOSA A 9(5), 477–479 (2007).

Ma, X.

Y. Liu, L. Sun, H. Qiu, Y. Wang, Q. Tian, and X. Ma, “Bidirectional operation and gyroscopic properties of passively mode-locked Nd:YVO4 ring laser,” Las. Phys. Lett. 4, 187–190 (2007).
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J. Simpson, R. Stolen, F. Sears, W. Pleibel, J. MacChesney, and R. Howard, “A single-polarization fiber,” J. Lightwave Tech. 1(2), 370–374 (1983).
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Mamidala, V.

Mansuripur, M.

Melloni, A.

D. Jalas, A. Petrov, M. Eich, W. Freude, S. Fan, Z. Yu, R. Baets, M. Popovic, A. Melloni, J. D. Joannopoulos, M. Vanwolleghem, C. R. Doerr, and H. Renner, “What is and what is not an optical isolator,” Nat. Photon. 7, 579–582 (2013).
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V. Tsatourian, S. V. Sergeyev, C. Mou, A. Rozhin, V. Mikhailov, B. Rabin, P. S. Westbrook, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Polarisation dynamics of vector soliton molecules in mode locked fibre laser,” Sci. Rep. 3, 3154 (2013).
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M. Chernysheva, C. Mou, R. Arif, M. AlAraimi, M. Rummeli, S. Turitsyn, and A. Rozhin, “High Power Q-Switched Thulium Doped Fibre Laser using Carbon Nanotube Polymer Composite Saturable Absorber,” Sci. Rep. 6, 24220 (2016).
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V. Tsatourian, S. V. Sergeyev, C. Mou, A. Rozhin, V. Mikhailov, B. Rabin, P. S. Westbrook, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Polarisation dynamics of vector soliton molecules in mode locked fibre laser,” Sci. Rep. 3, 3154 (2013).
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M. Chernysheva, A. Rozhin, Y. Fedotov, C. Mou, R. Arif, S. M. Kobtsev, E. M. Dianov, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Carbon nanotubes for ultrafast fibre lasers,” Nanophotonics (in press).

Nelson, L.

L. Nelson, D. Jones, K. Tamura, H. Haus, and E. Ippen, “Ultrashort-pulse fiber ring lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 65(2), 277–294 (1997).
[Crossref]

Nishida, S.

S. Kawakami and S. Nishida, “Characteristics of a doubly clad optical fiber with a low-index inner cladding,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 10, 879–887 (1974).
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Nolan, D. A.

Obraztsova, E. D.

Payne, D.

M. Varnham, D. Payne, R. Birch, and E. Tarbox, “Single-polarisation operation of highly birefringent bow-tie optical fibres,” Electron. Lett. 19, 246 (1983).
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Petrov, A.

D. Jalas, A. Petrov, M. Eich, W. Freude, S. Fan, Z. Yu, R. Baets, M. Popovic, A. Melloni, J. D. Joannopoulos, M. Vanwolleghem, C. R. Doerr, and H. Renner, “What is and what is not an optical isolator,” Nat. Photon. 7, 579–582 (2013).
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J. Simpson, R. Stolen, F. Sears, W. Pleibel, J. MacChesney, and R. Howard, “A single-polarization fiber,” J. Lightwave Tech. 1(2), 370–374 (1983).
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Popa, D.

Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, D. M. Basko, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene mode-locked ultrafast laser,” ACS Nano 4, 803–810 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Popovic, M.

D. Jalas, A. Petrov, M. Eich, W. Freude, S. Fan, Z. Yu, R. Baets, M. Popovic, A. Melloni, J. D. Joannopoulos, M. Vanwolleghem, C. R. Doerr, and H. Renner, “What is and what is not an optical isolator,” Nat. Photon. 7, 579–582 (2013).
[Crossref]

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Y. Shi, M. Sejka, and O. Poulsen, “A unidirectional Er3+-doped fiber ring laser without isolator,” IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. 7, 290–292 (1995).
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Pozharov, A. S.

Privitera, G.

Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, D. M. Basko, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene mode-locked ultrafast laser,” ACS Nano 4, 803–810 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Qiu, H.

Y. Liu, L. Sun, H. Qiu, Y. Wang, Q. Tian, and X. Ma, “Bidirectional operation and gyroscopic properties of passively mode-locked Nd:YVO4 ring laser,” Las. Phys. Lett. 4, 187–190 (2007).
[Crossref]

Rabin, B.

V. Tsatourian, S. V. Sergeyev, C. Mou, A. Rozhin, V. Mikhailov, B. Rabin, P. S. Westbrook, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Polarisation dynamics of vector soliton molecules in mode locked fibre laser,” Sci. Rep. 3, 3154 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Renner, H.

D. Jalas, A. Petrov, M. Eich, W. Freude, S. Fan, Z. Yu, R. Baets, M. Popovic, A. Melloni, J. D. Joannopoulos, M. Vanwolleghem, C. R. Doerr, and H. Renner, “What is and what is not an optical isolator,” Nat. Photon. 7, 579–582 (2013).
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Rosker, M. J.

Rozhin, A.

M. Chernysheva, C. Mou, R. Arif, M. AlAraimi, M. Rummeli, S. Turitsyn, and A. Rozhin, “High Power Q-Switched Thulium Doped Fibre Laser using Carbon Nanotube Polymer Composite Saturable Absorber,” Sci. Rep. 6, 24220 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. Tsatourian, S. V. Sergeyev, C. Mou, A. Rozhin, V. Mikhailov, B. Rabin, P. S. Westbrook, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Polarisation dynamics of vector soliton molecules in mode locked fibre laser,” Sci. Rep. 3, 3154 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Chernysheva, A. Rozhin, Y. Fedotov, C. Mou, R. Arif, S. M. Kobtsev, E. M. Dianov, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Carbon nanotubes for ultrafast fibre lasers,” Nanophotonics (in press).

Rozhin, A. G.

M. A. Chernysheva, A. A. Krylov, R. N. Arif, A. G. Rozhin, M. H. Rummelli, S. K. Turitsyn, and E. M. Dianov, “Higher-Order Soliton Generation in Hybrid Mode-Locked Thulium-Doped Fiber Ring Laser,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20, 425–432 (2014).
[Crossref]

T. Hasan, Z. Sun, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, P. H. Tan, A. G. Rozhin, and A. C. Ferrari, “Nanotube-Polymer Composites for Ultrafast Photonics,” Advanced Materials 21, 3874–3899 (2009).
[Crossref]

Rummeli, M.

M. Chernysheva, C. Mou, R. Arif, M. AlAraimi, M. Rummeli, S. Turitsyn, and A. Rozhin, “High Power Q-Switched Thulium Doped Fibre Laser using Carbon Nanotube Polymer Composite Saturable Absorber,” Sci. Rep. 6, 24220 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rummelli, M. H.

M. A. Chernysheva, A. A. Krylov, R. N. Arif, A. G. Rozhin, M. H. Rummelli, S. K. Turitsyn, and E. M. Dianov, “Higher-Order Soliton Generation in Hybrid Mode-Locked Thulium-Doped Fiber Ring Laser,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20, 425–432 (2014).
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Sammut, R. A.

R. A. Sammut, “Range of monomode operation of W-fibres,” Opt. and Quantum Electron. 10, 509–514 (1978).
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D. Gnass, N. Ernsting, and F. Schaefer, “Sagnac effect in the colliding-pulse-mode-locked dye ring laser,” Appl. Phys. B 53(2), 119–120 (1991).
[Crossref]

Sears, F.

J. Simpson, R. Stolen, F. Sears, W. Pleibel, J. MacChesney, and R. Howard, “A single-polarization fiber,” J. Lightwave Tech. 1(2), 370–374 (1983).
[Crossref]

Sejka, M.

Y. Shi, M. Sejka, and O. Poulsen, “A unidirectional Er3+-doped fiber ring laser without isolator,” IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. 7, 290–292 (1995).
[Crossref]

Sergeyev, S. V.

V. Tsatourian, S. V. Sergeyev, C. Mou, A. Rozhin, V. Mikhailov, B. Rabin, P. S. Westbrook, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Polarisation dynamics of vector soliton molecules in mode locked fibre laser,” Sci. Rep. 3, 3154 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Serkin, V. N.

E. G. Lariontsev and V. N. Serkin, “Possibility of using self-focusing for increasing contrast and narrowing of ultrashort light pulses,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 5, 796–800 (1975).
[Crossref]

Shen, D.

Shi, Y.

Y. Shi, M. Sejka, and O. Poulsen, “A unidirectional Er3+-doped fiber ring laser without isolator,” IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. 7, 290–292 (1995).
[Crossref]

Shum, P.

W. Lai, P. Shum, and L. Binh, “NOLM-NALM fiber ring laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41, 986–993 (2005).
[Crossref]

Simpson, J.

J. Simpson, R. Stolen, F. Sears, W. Pleibel, J. MacChesney, and R. Howard, “A single-polarization fiber,” J. Lightwave Tech. 1(2), 370–374 (1983).
[Crossref]

Stolen, R.

J. Simpson, R. Stolen, F. Sears, W. Pleibel, J. MacChesney, and R. Howard, “A single-polarization fiber,” J. Lightwave Tech. 1(2), 370–374 (1983).
[Crossref]

Stolen, R. H.

Sun, L.

Y. Liu, L. Sun, H. Qiu, Y. Wang, Q. Tian, and X. Ma, “Bidirectional operation and gyroscopic properties of passively mode-locked Nd:YVO4 ring laser,” Las. Phys. Lett. 4, 187–190 (2007).
[Crossref]

Sun, Z.

Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, D. M. Basko, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene mode-locked ultrafast laser,” ACS Nano 4, 803–810 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Hasan, Z. Sun, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, P. H. Tan, A. G. Rozhin, and A. C. Ferrari, “Nanotube-Polymer Composites for Ultrafast Photonics,” Advanced Materials 21, 3874–3899 (2009).
[Crossref]

Tamura, K.

Tan, P. H.

T. Hasan, Z. Sun, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, P. H. Tan, A. G. Rozhin, and A. C. Ferrari, “Nanotube-Polymer Composites for Ultrafast Photonics,” Advanced Materials 21, 3874–3899 (2009).
[Crossref]

Tang, D.

Tang, D. Y.

L. M. Zhao, D. Y. Tang, T. H. Cheng, and C. Lu, “Self-started unidirectional operation of a fibre ring soliton laser without an isolator,” JOSA A 9(5), 477–479 (2007).

Tarbox, E.

M. Varnham, D. Payne, R. Birch, and E. Tarbox, “Single-polarisation operation of highly birefringent bow-tie optical fibres,” Electron. Lett. 19, 246 (1983).
[Crossref]

Tian, Q.

Y. Liu, L. Sun, H. Qiu, Y. Wang, Q. Tian, and X. Ma, “Bidirectional operation and gyroscopic properties of passively mode-locked Nd:YVO4 ring laser,” Las. Phys. Lett. 4, 187–190 (2007).
[Crossref]

Torrisi, F.

Tsatourian, V.

V. Tsatourian, S. V. Sergeyev, C. Mou, A. Rozhin, V. Mikhailov, B. Rabin, P. S. Westbrook, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Polarisation dynamics of vector soliton molecules in mode locked fibre laser,” Sci. Rep. 3, 3154 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Turitsyn, S.

M. Chernysheva, C. Mou, R. Arif, M. AlAraimi, M. Rummeli, S. Turitsyn, and A. Rozhin, “High Power Q-Switched Thulium Doped Fibre Laser using Carbon Nanotube Polymer Composite Saturable Absorber,” Sci. Rep. 6, 24220 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Turitsyn, S. K.

M. A. Chernysheva, A. A. Krylov, R. N. Arif, A. G. Rozhin, M. H. Rummelli, S. K. Turitsyn, and E. M. Dianov, “Higher-Order Soliton Generation in Hybrid Mode-Locked Thulium-Doped Fiber Ring Laser,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20, 425–432 (2014).
[Crossref]

V. Tsatourian, S. V. Sergeyev, C. Mou, A. Rozhin, V. Mikhailov, B. Rabin, P. S. Westbrook, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Polarisation dynamics of vector soliton molecules in mode locked fibre laser,” Sci. Rep. 3, 3154 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Chernysheva, A. Rozhin, Y. Fedotov, C. Mou, R. Arif, S. M. Kobtsev, E. M. Dianov, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Carbon nanotubes for ultrafast fibre lasers,” Nanophotonics (in press).

Turner, E. H.

Vanwolleghem, M.

D. Jalas, A. Petrov, M. Eich, W. Freude, S. Fan, Z. Yu, R. Baets, M. Popovic, A. Melloni, J. D. Joannopoulos, M. Vanwolleghem, C. R. Doerr, and H. Renner, “What is and what is not an optical isolator,” Nat. Photon. 7, 579–582 (2013).
[Crossref]

Varnham, M.

M. Varnham, D. Payne, R. Birch, and E. Tarbox, “Single-polarisation operation of highly birefringent bow-tie optical fibres,” Electron. Lett. 19, 246 (1983).
[Crossref]

Wang, F.

Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, D. M. Basko, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene mode-locked ultrafast laser,” ACS Nano 4, 803–810 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Hasan, Z. Sun, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, P. H. Tan, A. G. Rozhin, and A. C. Ferrari, “Nanotube-Polymer Composites for Ultrafast Photonics,” Advanced Materials 21, 3874–3899 (2009).
[Crossref]

Wang, Y.

Y. Liu, L. Sun, H. Qiu, Y. Wang, Q. Tian, and X. Ma, “Bidirectional operation and gyroscopic properties of passively mode-locked Nd:YVO4 ring laser,” Las. Phys. Lett. 4, 187–190 (2007).
[Crossref]

Westbrook, P. S.

V. Tsatourian, S. V. Sergeyev, C. Mou, A. Rozhin, V. Mikhailov, B. Rabin, P. S. Westbrook, and S. K. Turitsyn, “Polarisation dynamics of vector soliton molecules in mode locked fibre laser,” Sci. Rep. 3, 3154 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wood, D.

Wood, W. A.

Woodward, R. I.

Yang, Y.

Yao, X.

X. Yao, “Generation of bidirectional stretched pulses in a nanotube-mode-locked fiber laser,” App. Opt. 53(1), 27–31 (2014).
[Crossref]

Yu, Z.

D. Jalas, A. Petrov, M. Eich, W. Freude, S. Fan, Z. Yu, R. Baets, M. Popovic, A. Melloni, J. D. Joannopoulos, M. Vanwolleghem, C. R. Doerr, and H. Renner, “What is and what is not an optical isolator,” Nat. Photon. 7, 579–582 (2013).
[Crossref]

Yun, L.

Zeng, C.

Zenteno, L. A.

Zhao, L.

Zhao, L. M.

L. M. Zhao, D. Y. Tang, T. H. Cheng, and C. Lu, “Self-started unidirectional operation of a fibre ring soliton laser without an isolator,” JOSA A 9(5), 477–479 (2007).

ACS Nano (1)

Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, D. M. Basko, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene mode-locked ultrafast laser,” ACS Nano 4, 803–810 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Advanced Materials (1)

T. Hasan, Z. Sun, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, P. H. Tan, A. G. Rozhin, and A. C. Ferrari, “Nanotube-Polymer Composites for Ultrafast Photonics,” Advanced Materials 21, 3874–3899 (2009).
[Crossref]

App. Opt. (1)

X. Yao, “Generation of bidirectional stretched pulses in a nanotube-mode-locked fiber laser,” App. Opt. 53(1), 27–31 (2014).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (2)

Appl. Phys. B (2)

L. Nelson, D. Jones, K. Tamura, H. Haus, and E. Ippen, “Ultrashort-pulse fiber ring lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 65(2), 277–294 (1997).
[Crossref]

D. Gnass, N. Ernsting, and F. Schaefer, “Sagnac effect in the colliding-pulse-mode-locked dye ring laser,” Appl. Phys. B 53(2), 119–120 (1991).
[Crossref]

Electron. Lett. (1)

M. Varnham, D. Payne, R. Birch, and E. Tarbox, “Single-polarisation operation of highly birefringent bow-tie optical fibres,” Electron. Lett. 19, 246 (1983).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

S. Kawakami and S. Nishida, “Characteristics of a doubly clad optical fiber with a low-index inner cladding,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 10, 879–887 (1974).
[Crossref]

W. Lai, P. Shum, and L. Binh, “NOLM-NALM fiber ring laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41, 986–993 (2005).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (2)

F. Kurtner, J. der Au, and U. Keller, “Mode-locking with slow and fast saturable absorbers-whats the difference?”; IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 159–168 (1998).
[Crossref]

M. A. Chernysheva, A. A. Krylov, R. N. Arif, A. G. Rozhin, M. H. Rummelli, S. K. Turitsyn, and E. M. Dianov, “Higher-Order Soliton Generation in Hybrid Mode-Locked Thulium-Doped Fiber Ring Laser,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20, 425–432 (2014).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. (1)

Y. Shi, M. Sejka, and O. Poulsen, “A unidirectional Er3+-doped fiber ring laser without isolator,” IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. 7, 290–292 (1995).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Tech. (1)

J. Simpson, R. Stolen, F. Sears, W. Pleibel, J. MacChesney, and R. Howard, “A single-polarization fiber,” J. Lightwave Tech. 1(2), 370–374 (1983).
[Crossref]

JOSA A (1)

L. M. Zhao, D. Y. Tang, T. H. Cheng, and C. Lu, “Self-started unidirectional operation of a fibre ring soliton laser without an isolator,” JOSA A 9(5), 477–479 (2007).

Las. Phys. Lett. (1)

Y. Liu, L. Sun, H. Qiu, Y. Wang, Q. Tian, and X. Ma, “Bidirectional operation and gyroscopic properties of passively mode-locked Nd:YVO4 ring laser,” Las. Phys. Lett. 4, 187–190 (2007).
[Crossref]

Light: Science & Applications (1)

S. Kharitonov and C.-S. Bres, “Isolator-free unidirectional thulium-doped fiber laser,” Light: Science & Applications 4, e340 (2015).
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Nat. Photon. (1)

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Schematic setup of the isolator-free ring Erbium-doped hybrid mode-locked fibre laser.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Mode-locked laser output parameters at dominating CCW (a–c) and CW (d–f) directions: a,d) Output spectra for CW and CCW; b,e) Autocorrelation traces of dominating direction; c,f) RF spectra of dominating direction. Insets: CW and CCW pulse trains.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Bidirectional mode-locked laser output parameters for CW and CCW directions: a) Output spectra; b) Autocorrelation traces of dominating direction; c) RF spectra of dominating direction. Inset: CW and CCW pulse trains.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Polarization dynamics in terms of the normalized Stokes parameters (a, d, g), DOP and output powers for the orthogonally polarized modes (b,c, e,f, h,i) for the unidirectional (a–f) and bidirectional (g–i) operations. Notations: a) CCW dominating channel (squares); CW suppressed channel (dots); b) DOP and output powers for suppressed CW channel; c) DOP and output powers for favoured CCW channel; d) CW dominating channel (squares), CCW - suppressed channel (dots); e) DOP and output powers for favoured CW channel; f) DOP and output powers for suppressed CCW channel; g) CCW channel (squares), CW Channel (dots); h) DOP and output powers for CW channel; i) DOP and output powers for CCW channel.

Equations (2)

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Δ ω = ± 1 τ m 8 Z 0 Z p 1
S 0 = P x + P y , S 1 = P x P , S 2 = 2 P x P y c o s Δ ϕ , S 3 = 2 P x P y s i n Δ ϕ s i = S i S 1 2 + S 2 2 + S 3 2 , D O P = S 1 2 + S 2 2 + S 3 2 S 0 , ( i = 1 , 2 , 3 )

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