Abstract

We investigated water condensation in a laboratory cloud chamber induced by picosecond (ps) laser pulses at ~350 ps (800 nm/1–1000 Hz) with a maximum peak power of ~25 MW. The peak power was much lower than the critical power for self-focusing in air (~3–10 GW depending on the pulse duration). Sparks, airflow and snow formation were observed under different laser energies or repetition rates. It was found that weaker ps laser pulses can also induce water condensation by exploding and breaking down ice crystals and/or water droplets into tiny particles although there was no formation of laser filament. These tiny particles would grow until precipitation in a super-saturation zone due to laser-induced airflow in a cold region with a large temperature gradient.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

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2016 (3)

J. Ju, J. Liu, H. Liang, Y. Chen, H. Sun, Y. Liu, J. Wang, C. Wang, T. Wang, R. Li, Z. Xu, and S. L. Chin, “Femtosecond laser filament induced condensation and precipitation in a cloud chamber,” Sci. Rep. 6, 25417 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Matthews, F. Pomel, C. Wender, A. Kiselev, D. Duft, J. Kasparian, J.-P. Wolf, and T. Leisner, “Laser vaporization of cirrus-like ice particles with secondary ice multiplication,” Sci. Adv. 2(5), e1501912 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Point, E. Thouin, A. Mysyrowicz, and A. Houard, “Energy deposition from focused terawatt laser pulses in air undergoing multifilamentation,” Opt. Express 24(6), 6271–6282 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2015 (3)

H. Sun, H. Liang, Y. Liu, J. Ju, Y. Wei, C. Wang, T. Wang, J. Liu, S. L. Chin, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Different patterned airflows induced by 1-kHz femtosecond laser filaments in a cloud chamber,” Appl. Phys. B 121(2), 155–169 (2015).
[Crossref]

G. Point, C. Milián, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, and A. Houard, “Generation of long-lived underdense channels using femtosecond filamentation in air,” J. Phys. B 48(9), 094009 (2015).
[Crossref]

D. Mongin, J. G. Slowik, E. Schubert, J.-G. Brisset, N. Berti, M. Moret, A. S. H. Prévôt, U. Baltensperger, J. Kasparian, and J.-P. Wolf, “Non-linear photochemical pathways in laser-induced atmospheric aerosol formation,” Sci. Rep. 5, 14978 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2014 (5)

O. Lahav, L. Levi, I. Orr, R. A. Nemirovsky, J. Nemirovsky, I. Kaminer, M. Segev, and O. Cohen, “Long-lived waveguides and sound-wave generation by laser filamentation,” Phys. Rev. A 90(2), 21801 (2014).
[Crossref]

N. Jhajj, E. W. Rosenthal, R. Birnbaum, J. K. Wahlstrand, and H. M. Milchberg, “Demonstration of long-lived high-power optical waveguides in air,” Phys. Rev. X 4(1), 011027 (2014).
[Crossref]

K. Yoshihara, Y. Sakamoto, M. Kawasaki, Y. Takatori, S. Kato, and Y. Kajii, “UV-light-induced water condensation in air and the role of hydrogen peroxide,” Bull. Chem. Soc. Jpn. 87(5), 593–602 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Ju, T. Leisner, H. Sun, A. Sridharan, T. Wang, J. Wang, C. Wang, J. Liu, R. Li, Z. Xu, and S. L. Chin, “Laser-induced supersaturation and snow formation in a sub-saturated cloud chamber,” Appl. Phys. B 117(4), 1001–1007 (2014).
[Crossref]

A. Ryabtsev, S. Pouya, M. Koochesfahani, and M. Dantus, “Vortices in the wake of a femtosecond laser filament,” Opt. Express 22(21), 26098–26102 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2013 (9)

Y.-H. Cheng, J. K. Wahlstrand, N. Jhajj, and H. M. Milchberg, “The effect of long timescale gas dynamics on femtosecond filamentation,” Opt. Express 21(4), 4740–4751 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y.-H. Cheng, J. K. Wahlstrand, N. Jhajj, and H. M. Milchberg, “The effect of long timescale gas dynamics on femtosecond filamentation,” Opt. Express 21(4), 4740–4751 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Sun, J. Liu, C. Wang, J. Ju, Z. Wang, W. Wang, X. Ge, C. Li, S. L. Chin, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Laser filamentation induced air-flow motion in a diffusion cloud chamber,” Opt. Express 21(8), 9255–9266 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Saathoff, S. Henin, K. Stelmaszczyk, M. Petrarca, R. Delagrange, Z. Hao, J. Lüder, O. Möhler, Y. Petit, P. Rohwetter, M. Schnaiter, J. Kasparian, T. Leisner, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Wöste, “Laser filament-induced aerosol formation,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 13(9), 4593–4604 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Ju, J. Liu, C. Wang, H. Sun, W. Wang, X. Ge, C. Li, S. L. Chin, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Effects of initial humidity and temperature on laser-filamentation-induced condensation and snow formation,” Appl. Phys. B 110(3), 375–380 (2013).
[Crossref]

P. Joly, M. Petrarca, A. Vogel, T. Pohl, T. Nagy, Q. Jusforgues, P. Simon, J. Kasparian, K. Weber, and J.-P. Wolf, “Laser-induced condensation by ultrashort laser pulses at 248 nm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(9), 091112 (2013).
[Crossref]

T. Leisner, D. Duft, O. Möhler, H. Saathoff, M. Schnaiter, S. Henin, K. Stelmaszczyk, M. Petrarca, R. Delagrange, Z. Hao, J. Lüder, Y. Petit, P. Rohwetter, J. Kasparian, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Wöste, “Laser-induced plasma cloud interaction and ice multiplication under cirrus cloud conditions,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 110(25), 10106–10110 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Ju, H. Sun, A. Sridharan, T. J. Wang, C. Wang, J. Liu, R. Li, Z. Xu, and S. L. Chin, “Laser-filament-induced snow formation in a subsaturated zone in a cloud chamber: experimental and theoretical study,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 88(6), 062803 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Sridharan, T.-J. Wang, A. Grégoire, J. Ju, J. Liu, R. Li, Z. Xu, D. Boudreau, and S. L. Chin, “Laser-filament-induced condensation in an inverted cloud chamber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(12), 125301 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (1)

2011 (2)

P. Rohwetter, J. Kasparian, L. Wöste, and J.-P. Wolf, “Modelling of HNO3-mediated laser-induced condensation: a parametric study,” J. Chem. Phys. 135(13), 134703 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Henin, Y. Petit, P. Rohwetter, K. Stelmaszczyk, Z. Q. Hao, W. M. Nakaema, A. Vogel, T. Pohl, F. Schneider, J. Kasparian, K. Weber, L. Wöste, and J.-P. Wolf, “Field measurements suggest the mechanism of laser-assisted water condensation,” Nat. Commun. 2, 456 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2010 (4)

Y. Petit, S. Henin, J. Kasparian, and J.-P. Wolf, “Production of ozone and nitrogen oxides by laser filamentation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(2), 021108 (2010).
[Crossref]

P. Rohwetter, J. Kasparian, K. Stelmaszczyk, Z. Hao, S. Henin, N. Lascoux, W. M. Nakaema, Y. Petit, M. Queißer, R. Salamé, E. Salmon, L. Wöste, and J.-P. Wolf, “Laser-induced water condensation in air,” Nat. Photonics 4(7), 451–456 (2010).
[Crossref]

R. Evans and S. Camacho-Lpez, “Pump-probe imaging of nanosecond laser-induced bubbles in distilled water solutions: Observations of laser-produced-plasma,” J. Appl. Phys. 108(10), 103106 (2010).
[Crossref]

V. Loriot, E. Hertz, O. Faucher, and B. Lavorel, “Kerr refractive index of major air components: erratum,” Opt. Express 18(3), 3011–3012 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (2)

V. Loriot, E. Hertz, O. Faucher, and B. Lavorel, “Measurement of high order Measurement of high order Kerr refractive index of major air components,” Opt. Express 17(16), 13429–13434 (2009).
[Crossref]

V. P. Kandidov, S. A. Shlenov, and O. G. Kosareva, “Filamentation of high-power femtosecond laser radiation,” Quantum Electron. 39(3), 205–228 (2009).
[Crossref]

2007 (4)

K. Yoshihara, Y. Takatori, K. Miyazaki, and Y. Kajii, “Ultraviolet light-induced water-droplet formation from wet ambient air,” Proc. Jpn. Acad., Ser. B, Phys. Biol. Sci. 83(9-10), 320–325 (2007).
[PubMed]

R. Salamé, N. Lascoux, E. Salmon, J. Kasparian, and J. P. Wolf, “Propagation of laser filaments through an extended turbulent region,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(17), 171106 (2007).
[Crossref]

A. Couairon and A. Mysyrowicz, “Femtosecond filamentation in transparent media,” Phys. Rep. 441(2–4), 47–189 (2007).
[Crossref]

L. Bergé, S. Skupin, R. Nuter, J. Kasparian, and J.-P. Wolf, “Ultrashort filaments of light in weakly ionized, optically transparent media,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 70(10), 1633–1713 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

F. Théberge, W. Liu, P. T. Simard, A. Becker, and S. L. Chin, “Plasma density inside a femtosecond laser filament in air: strong dependence on external focusing,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 74(3 Pt 2), 036406 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2005 (4)

G. Méjean, J. Kasparian, J. Yu, E. Salmon, S. Frey, J.-P. Wolf, S. Skupin, A. Vinçotte, R. Nuter, S. Champeaux, and L. Bergé, “Multifilamentation transmission through fog,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 72(2 Pt 2), 026611 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. L. Chin, S. A. Hosseini, W. Liu, Q. Luo, F. Théberge, N. Aközbek, A. Becker, V. P. Kandidov, O. G. Kosareva, and H. Schroeder, “The propagation of powerful femtosecond laser pulses in opticalmedia: physics, applications, and new challenges,” Can. J. Phys. 83(9), 863–905 (2005).
[Crossref]

J. E. Sansonetti and W. C. Martin, “Handbook of Basic Atomic Spectroscopic Data,” J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data 34(4), 1559–2259 (2005).
[Crossref]

W. Liu and S. Chin, “Direct measurement of the critical power of femtosecond Ti:sapphire laser pulse in air,” Opt. Express 13(15), 5750–5755 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2004 (1)

2003 (2)

F. Courvoisier, V. Boutou, C. Favre, S. C. Hill, and J.-P. Wolf, “Plasma formation dynamics within a water microdroplet on femtosecond time scales,” Opt. Lett. 28(3), 206–208 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Courvoisier, V. Boutou, J. Kasparian, E. Salmon, G. Méjean, J. Yu, and J.-P. Wolf, “Ultraintense light filaments transmitted through clouds,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(2), 213–215 (2003).
[Crossref]

2001 (1)

A. Talebpour, M. Abdel-Fattah, A. D. Bandrauk, and S. L. Chin, “Spectroscopy of the gases interacting with intense femtosecond laser pulses,” Laser Phys. 11(1), 68–76 (2001).

2000 (1)

J. Kasparian, R. Sauerbrey, and S. L. Chin, “The critical laser intensity of self-guided light filaments in air,” Appl. Phys. B 71(6), 877–879 (2000).
[Crossref]

1990 (1)

1988 (2)

1987 (1)

1986 (1)

P. B. Corkum, C. Rolland, and T. Srinivasan-Rao, “Supercontinuum generation in gases,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 57(18), 2268–2271 (1986).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1985 (1)

1973 (2)

Abdel-Fattah, M.

A. Talebpour, M. Abdel-Fattah, A. D. Bandrauk, and S. L. Chin, “Spectroscopy of the gases interacting with intense femtosecond laser pulses,” Laser Phys. 11(1), 68–76 (2001).

Aközbek, N.

S. L. Chin, S. A. Hosseini, W. Liu, Q. Luo, F. Théberge, N. Aközbek, A. Becker, V. P. Kandidov, O. G. Kosareva, and H. Schroeder, “The propagation of powerful femtosecond laser pulses in opticalmedia: physics, applications, and new challenges,” Can. J. Phys. 83(9), 863–905 (2005).
[Crossref]

Armstrong, R. L.

Baltensperger, U.

D. Mongin, J. G. Slowik, E. Schubert, J.-G. Brisset, N. Berti, M. Moret, A. S. H. Prévôt, U. Baltensperger, J. Kasparian, and J.-P. Wolf, “Non-linear photochemical pathways in laser-induced atmospheric aerosol formation,” Sci. Rep. 5, 14978 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bandrauk, A. D.

A. Talebpour, M. Abdel-Fattah, A. D. Bandrauk, and S. L. Chin, “Spectroscopy of the gases interacting with intense femtosecond laser pulses,” Laser Phys. 11(1), 68–76 (2001).

Becker, A.

F. Théberge, W. Liu, P. T. Simard, A. Becker, and S. L. Chin, “Plasma density inside a femtosecond laser filament in air: strong dependence on external focusing,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 74(3 Pt 2), 036406 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. L. Chin, S. A. Hosseini, W. Liu, Q. Luo, F. Théberge, N. Aközbek, A. Becker, V. P. Kandidov, O. G. Kosareva, and H. Schroeder, “The propagation of powerful femtosecond laser pulses in opticalmedia: physics, applications, and new challenges,” Can. J. Phys. 83(9), 863–905 (2005).
[Crossref]

Bergé, L.

L. Bergé, S. Skupin, R. Nuter, J. Kasparian, and J.-P. Wolf, “Ultrashort filaments of light in weakly ionized, optically transparent media,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 70(10), 1633–1713 (2007).
[Crossref]

G. Méjean, J. Kasparian, J. Yu, E. Salmon, S. Frey, J.-P. Wolf, S. Skupin, A. Vinçotte, R. Nuter, S. Champeaux, and L. Bergé, “Multifilamentation transmission through fog,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 72(2 Pt 2), 026611 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bernhardt, T. M.

Berti, N.

D. Mongin, J. G. Slowik, E. Schubert, J.-G. Brisset, N. Berti, M. Moret, A. S. H. Prévôt, U. Baltensperger, J. Kasparian, and J.-P. Wolf, “Non-linear photochemical pathways in laser-induced atmospheric aerosol formation,” Sci. Rep. 5, 14978 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Birnbaum, R.

N. Jhajj, E. W. Rosenthal, R. Birnbaum, J. K. Wahlstrand, and H. M. Milchberg, “Demonstration of long-lived high-power optical waveguides in air,” Phys. Rev. X 4(1), 011027 (2014).
[Crossref]

Biswas, A.

Boudreau, D.

A. Sridharan, T.-J. Wang, A. Grégoire, J. Ju, J. Liu, R. Li, Z. Xu, D. Boudreau, and S. L. Chin, “Laser-filament-induced condensation in an inverted cloud chamber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(12), 125301 (2013).
[Crossref]

Boutou, V.

F. Courvoisier, V. Boutou, C. Favre, S. C. Hill, and J.-P. Wolf, “Plasma formation dynamics within a water microdroplet on femtosecond time scales,” Opt. Lett. 28(3), 206–208 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Courvoisier, V. Boutou, J. Kasparian, E. Salmon, G. Méjean, J. Yu, and J.-P. Wolf, “Ultraintense light filaments transmitted through clouds,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(2), 213–215 (2003).
[Crossref]

Brisset, J.-G.

D. Mongin, J. G. Slowik, E. Schubert, J.-G. Brisset, N. Berti, M. Moret, A. S. H. Prévôt, U. Baltensperger, J. Kasparian, and J.-P. Wolf, “Non-linear photochemical pathways in laser-induced atmospheric aerosol formation,” Sci. Rep. 5, 14978 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Camacho-Lpez, S.

R. Evans and S. Camacho-Lpez, “Pump-probe imaging of nanosecond laser-induced bubbles in distilled water solutions: Observations of laser-produced-plasma,” J. Appl. Phys. 108(10), 103106 (2010).
[Crossref]

Champeaux, S.

G. Méjean, J. Kasparian, J. Yu, E. Salmon, S. Frey, J.-P. Wolf, S. Skupin, A. Vinçotte, R. Nuter, S. Champeaux, and L. Bergé, “Multifilamentation transmission through fog,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 72(2 Pt 2), 026611 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chang, R. K.

Chen, Y.

J. Ju, J. Liu, H. Liang, Y. Chen, H. Sun, Y. Liu, J. Wang, C. Wang, T. Wang, R. Li, Z. Xu, and S. L. Chin, “Femtosecond laser filament induced condensation and precipitation in a cloud chamber,” Sci. Rep. 6, 25417 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cheng, Y.-H.

Chin, S.

Chin, S. L.

J. Ju, J. Liu, H. Liang, Y. Chen, H. Sun, Y. Liu, J. Wang, C. Wang, T. Wang, R. Li, Z. Xu, and S. L. Chin, “Femtosecond laser filament induced condensation and precipitation in a cloud chamber,” Sci. Rep. 6, 25417 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Sun, H. Liang, Y. Liu, J. Ju, Y. Wei, C. Wang, T. Wang, J. Liu, S. L. Chin, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Different patterned airflows induced by 1-kHz femtosecond laser filaments in a cloud chamber,” Appl. Phys. B 121(2), 155–169 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Ju, T. Leisner, H. Sun, A. Sridharan, T. Wang, J. Wang, C. Wang, J. Liu, R. Li, Z. Xu, and S. L. Chin, “Laser-induced supersaturation and snow formation in a sub-saturated cloud chamber,” Appl. Phys. B 117(4), 1001–1007 (2014).
[Crossref]

A. Sridharan, T.-J. Wang, A. Grégoire, J. Ju, J. Liu, R. Li, Z. Xu, D. Boudreau, and S. L. Chin, “Laser-filament-induced condensation in an inverted cloud chamber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(12), 125301 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Ju, H. Sun, A. Sridharan, T. J. Wang, C. Wang, J. Liu, R. Li, Z. Xu, and S. L. Chin, “Laser-filament-induced snow formation in a subsaturated zone in a cloud chamber: experimental and theoretical study,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 88(6), 062803 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Ju, J. Liu, C. Wang, H. Sun, W. Wang, X. Ge, C. Li, S. L. Chin, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Effects of initial humidity and temperature on laser-filamentation-induced condensation and snow formation,” Appl. Phys. B 110(3), 375–380 (2013).
[Crossref]

H. Sun, J. Liu, C. Wang, J. Ju, Z. Wang, W. Wang, X. Ge, C. Li, S. L. Chin, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Laser filamentation induced air-flow motion in a diffusion cloud chamber,” Opt. Express 21(8), 9255–9266 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Ju, J. Liu, C. Wang, H. Sun, W. Wang, X. Ge, C. Li, S. L. Chin, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Laser-filamentation-induced condensation and snow formation in a cloud chamber,” Opt. Lett. 37(7), 1214–1216 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Théberge, W. Liu, P. T. Simard, A. Becker, and S. L. Chin, “Plasma density inside a femtosecond laser filament in air: strong dependence on external focusing,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 74(3 Pt 2), 036406 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. L. Chin, S. A. Hosseini, W. Liu, Q. Luo, F. Théberge, N. Aközbek, A. Becker, V. P. Kandidov, O. G. Kosareva, and H. Schroeder, “The propagation of powerful femtosecond laser pulses in opticalmedia: physics, applications, and new challenges,” Can. J. Phys. 83(9), 863–905 (2005).
[Crossref]

A. Talebpour, M. Abdel-Fattah, A. D. Bandrauk, and S. L. Chin, “Spectroscopy of the gases interacting with intense femtosecond laser pulses,” Laser Phys. 11(1), 68–76 (2001).

J. Kasparian, R. Sauerbrey, and S. L. Chin, “The critical laser intensity of self-guided light filaments in air,” Appl. Phys. B 71(6), 877–879 (2000).
[Crossref]

Chýlek, P.

Cohen, O.

O. Lahav, L. Levi, I. Orr, R. A. Nemirovsky, J. Nemirovsky, I. Kaminer, M. Segev, and O. Cohen, “Long-lived waveguides and sound-wave generation by laser filamentation,” Phys. Rev. A 90(2), 21801 (2014).
[Crossref]

Corkum, P. B.

P. B. Corkum, C. Rolland, and T. Srinivasan-Rao, “Supercontinuum generation in gases,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 57(18), 2268–2271 (1986).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Couairon, A.

G. Point, C. Milián, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, and A. Houard, “Generation of long-lived underdense channels using femtosecond filamentation in air,” J. Phys. B 48(9), 094009 (2015).
[Crossref]

A. Couairon and A. Mysyrowicz, “Femtosecond filamentation in transparent media,” Phys. Rep. 441(2–4), 47–189 (2007).
[Crossref]

Courvoisier, F.

F. Courvoisier, V. Boutou, J. Kasparian, E. Salmon, G. Méjean, J. Yu, and J.-P. Wolf, “Ultraintense light filaments transmitted through clouds,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(2), 213–215 (2003).
[Crossref]

F. Courvoisier, V. Boutou, C. Favre, S. C. Hill, and J.-P. Wolf, “Plasma formation dynamics within a water microdroplet on femtosecond time scales,” Opt. Lett. 28(3), 206–208 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Creegan, E.

Dantus, M.

Delagrange, R.

H. Saathoff, S. Henin, K. Stelmaszczyk, M. Petrarca, R. Delagrange, Z. Hao, J. Lüder, O. Möhler, Y. Petit, P. Rohwetter, M. Schnaiter, J. Kasparian, T. Leisner, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Wöste, “Laser filament-induced aerosol formation,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 13(9), 4593–4604 (2013).
[Crossref]

T. Leisner, D. Duft, O. Möhler, H. Saathoff, M. Schnaiter, S. Henin, K. Stelmaszczyk, M. Petrarca, R. Delagrange, Z. Hao, J. Lüder, Y. Petit, P. Rohwetter, J. Kasparian, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Wöste, “Laser-induced plasma cloud interaction and ice multiplication under cirrus cloud conditions,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 110(25), 10106–10110 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Duft, D.

M. Matthews, F. Pomel, C. Wender, A. Kiselev, D. Duft, J. Kasparian, J.-P. Wolf, and T. Leisner, “Laser vaporization of cirrus-like ice particles with secondary ice multiplication,” Sci. Adv. 2(5), e1501912 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Leisner, D. Duft, O. Möhler, H. Saathoff, M. Schnaiter, S. Henin, K. Stelmaszczyk, M. Petrarca, R. Delagrange, Z. Hao, J. Lüder, Y. Petit, P. Rohwetter, J. Kasparian, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Wöste, “Laser-induced plasma cloud interaction and ice multiplication under cirrus cloud conditions,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 110(25), 10106–10110 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Lindinger, J. Hagen, L. D. Socaciu, T. M. Bernhardt, L. Wöste, D. Duft, and T. Leisner, “Time-resolved explosion dynamics of H2O droplets induced by femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Opt. 43(27), 5263–5269 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Eickmans, J. H.

Evans, R.

R. Evans and S. Camacho-Lpez, “Pump-probe imaging of nanosecond laser-induced bubbles in distilled water solutions: Observations of laser-produced-plasma,” J. Appl. Phys. 108(10), 103106 (2010).
[Crossref]

Faucher, O.

Favre, C.

Ferdinand, A. P.

Fernáandez, G.

Fernandez, G.

Frey, S.

G. Méjean, J. Kasparian, J. Yu, E. Salmon, S. Frey, J.-P. Wolf, S. Skupin, A. Vinçotte, R. Nuter, S. Champeaux, and L. Bergé, “Multifilamentation transmission through fog,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 72(2 Pt 2), 026611 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ge, X.

Grégoire, A.

A. Sridharan, T.-J. Wang, A. Grégoire, J. Ju, J. Liu, R. Li, Z. Xu, D. Boudreau, and S. L. Chin, “Laser-filament-induced condensation in an inverted cloud chamber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(12), 125301 (2013).
[Crossref]

Hagen, J.

Hao, Z.

H. Saathoff, S. Henin, K. Stelmaszczyk, M. Petrarca, R. Delagrange, Z. Hao, J. Lüder, O. Möhler, Y. Petit, P. Rohwetter, M. Schnaiter, J. Kasparian, T. Leisner, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Wöste, “Laser filament-induced aerosol formation,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 13(9), 4593–4604 (2013).
[Crossref]

T. Leisner, D. Duft, O. Möhler, H. Saathoff, M. Schnaiter, S. Henin, K. Stelmaszczyk, M. Petrarca, R. Delagrange, Z. Hao, J. Lüder, Y. Petit, P. Rohwetter, J. Kasparian, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Wöste, “Laser-induced plasma cloud interaction and ice multiplication under cirrus cloud conditions,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 110(25), 10106–10110 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Rohwetter, J. Kasparian, K. Stelmaszczyk, Z. Hao, S. Henin, N. Lascoux, W. M. Nakaema, Y. Petit, M. Queißer, R. Salamé, E. Salmon, L. Wöste, and J.-P. Wolf, “Laser-induced water condensation in air,” Nat. Photonics 4(7), 451–456 (2010).
[Crossref]

Hao, Z. Q.

S. Henin, Y. Petit, P. Rohwetter, K. Stelmaszczyk, Z. Q. Hao, W. M. Nakaema, A. Vogel, T. Pohl, F. Schneider, J. Kasparian, K. Weber, L. Wöste, and J.-P. Wolf, “Field measurements suggest the mechanism of laser-assisted water condensation,” Nat. Commun. 2, 456 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Henin, S.

H. Saathoff, S. Henin, K. Stelmaszczyk, M. Petrarca, R. Delagrange, Z. Hao, J. Lüder, O. Möhler, Y. Petit, P. Rohwetter, M. Schnaiter, J. Kasparian, T. Leisner, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Wöste, “Laser filament-induced aerosol formation,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 13(9), 4593–4604 (2013).
[Crossref]

T. Leisner, D. Duft, O. Möhler, H. Saathoff, M. Schnaiter, S. Henin, K. Stelmaszczyk, M. Petrarca, R. Delagrange, Z. Hao, J. Lüder, Y. Petit, P. Rohwetter, J. Kasparian, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Wöste, “Laser-induced plasma cloud interaction and ice multiplication under cirrus cloud conditions,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 110(25), 10106–10110 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Henin, Y. Petit, P. Rohwetter, K. Stelmaszczyk, Z. Q. Hao, W. M. Nakaema, A. Vogel, T. Pohl, F. Schneider, J. Kasparian, K. Weber, L. Wöste, and J.-P. Wolf, “Field measurements suggest the mechanism of laser-assisted water condensation,” Nat. Commun. 2, 456 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Petit, S. Henin, J. Kasparian, and J.-P. Wolf, “Production of ozone and nitrogen oxides by laser filamentation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(2), 021108 (2010).
[Crossref]

P. Rohwetter, J. Kasparian, K. Stelmaszczyk, Z. Hao, S. Henin, N. Lascoux, W. M. Nakaema, Y. Petit, M. Queißer, R. Salamé, E. Salmon, L. Wöste, and J.-P. Wolf, “Laser-induced water condensation in air,” Nat. Photonics 4(7), 451–456 (2010).
[Crossref]

Herrmann, J.

Hertz, E.

Hill, S. C.

Hosseini, S. A.

S. L. Chin, S. A. Hosseini, W. Liu, Q. Luo, F. Théberge, N. Aközbek, A. Becker, V. P. Kandidov, O. G. Kosareva, and H. Schroeder, “The propagation of powerful femtosecond laser pulses in opticalmedia: physics, applications, and new challenges,” Can. J. Phys. 83(9), 863–905 (2005).
[Crossref]

Houard, A.

G. Point, E. Thouin, A. Mysyrowicz, and A. Houard, “Energy deposition from focused terawatt laser pulses in air undergoing multifilamentation,” Opt. Express 24(6), 6271–6282 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Point, C. Milián, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, and A. Houard, “Generation of long-lived underdense channels using femtosecond filamentation in air,” J. Phys. B 48(9), 094009 (2015).
[Crossref]

Hsieh, W.-F.

Jarzembski, M.

Jennings, S. G.

Jhajj, N.

Joly, P.

P. Joly, M. Petrarca, A. Vogel, T. Pohl, T. Nagy, Q. Jusforgues, P. Simon, J. Kasparian, K. Weber, and J.-P. Wolf, “Laser-induced condensation by ultrashort laser pulses at 248 nm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(9), 091112 (2013).
[Crossref]

Ju, J.

J. Ju, J. Liu, H. Liang, Y. Chen, H. Sun, Y. Liu, J. Wang, C. Wang, T. Wang, R. Li, Z. Xu, and S. L. Chin, “Femtosecond laser filament induced condensation and precipitation in a cloud chamber,” Sci. Rep. 6, 25417 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Sun, H. Liang, Y. Liu, J. Ju, Y. Wei, C. Wang, T. Wang, J. Liu, S. L. Chin, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Different patterned airflows induced by 1-kHz femtosecond laser filaments in a cloud chamber,” Appl. Phys. B 121(2), 155–169 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Ju, T. Leisner, H. Sun, A. Sridharan, T. Wang, J. Wang, C. Wang, J. Liu, R. Li, Z. Xu, and S. L. Chin, “Laser-induced supersaturation and snow formation in a sub-saturated cloud chamber,” Appl. Phys. B 117(4), 1001–1007 (2014).
[Crossref]

A. Sridharan, T.-J. Wang, A. Grégoire, J. Ju, J. Liu, R. Li, Z. Xu, D. Boudreau, and S. L. Chin, “Laser-filament-induced condensation in an inverted cloud chamber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(12), 125301 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Ju, J. Liu, C. Wang, H. Sun, W. Wang, X. Ge, C. Li, S. L. Chin, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Effects of initial humidity and temperature on laser-filamentation-induced condensation and snow formation,” Appl. Phys. B 110(3), 375–380 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Ju, H. Sun, A. Sridharan, T. J. Wang, C. Wang, J. Liu, R. Li, Z. Xu, and S. L. Chin, “Laser-filament-induced snow formation in a subsaturated zone in a cloud chamber: experimental and theoretical study,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 88(6), 062803 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Sun, J. Liu, C. Wang, J. Ju, Z. Wang, W. Wang, X. Ge, C. Li, S. L. Chin, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Laser filamentation induced air-flow motion in a diffusion cloud chamber,” Opt. Express 21(8), 9255–9266 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Ju, J. Liu, C. Wang, H. Sun, W. Wang, X. Ge, C. Li, S. L. Chin, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Laser-filamentation-induced condensation and snow formation in a cloud chamber,” Opt. Lett. 37(7), 1214–1216 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jusforgues, Q.

P. Joly, M. Petrarca, A. Vogel, T. Pohl, T. Nagy, Q. Jusforgues, P. Simon, J. Kasparian, K. Weber, and J.-P. Wolf, “Laser-induced condensation by ultrashort laser pulses at 248 nm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(9), 091112 (2013).
[Crossref]

Kafalas, P.

Kajii, Y.

K. Yoshihara, Y. Sakamoto, M. Kawasaki, Y. Takatori, S. Kato, and Y. Kajii, “UV-light-induced water condensation in air and the role of hydrogen peroxide,” Bull. Chem. Soc. Jpn. 87(5), 593–602 (2014).
[Crossref]

K. Yoshihara, Y. Takatori, K. Miyazaki, and Y. Kajii, “Ultraviolet light-induced water-droplet formation from wet ambient air,” Proc. Jpn. Acad., Ser. B, Phys. Biol. Sci. 83(9-10), 320–325 (2007).
[PubMed]

Kaminer, I.

O. Lahav, L. Levi, I. Orr, R. A. Nemirovsky, J. Nemirovsky, I. Kaminer, M. Segev, and O. Cohen, “Long-lived waveguides and sound-wave generation by laser filamentation,” Phys. Rev. A 90(2), 21801 (2014).
[Crossref]

Kandidov, V. P.

V. P. Kandidov, S. A. Shlenov, and O. G. Kosareva, “Filamentation of high-power femtosecond laser radiation,” Quantum Electron. 39(3), 205–228 (2009).
[Crossref]

S. L. Chin, S. A. Hosseini, W. Liu, Q. Luo, F. Théberge, N. Aközbek, A. Becker, V. P. Kandidov, O. G. Kosareva, and H. Schroeder, “The propagation of powerful femtosecond laser pulses in opticalmedia: physics, applications, and new challenges,” Can. J. Phys. 83(9), 863–905 (2005).
[Crossref]

Kasparian, J.

M. Matthews, F. Pomel, C. Wender, A. Kiselev, D. Duft, J. Kasparian, J.-P. Wolf, and T. Leisner, “Laser vaporization of cirrus-like ice particles with secondary ice multiplication,” Sci. Adv. 2(5), e1501912 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Mongin, J. G. Slowik, E. Schubert, J.-G. Brisset, N. Berti, M. Moret, A. S. H. Prévôt, U. Baltensperger, J. Kasparian, and J.-P. Wolf, “Non-linear photochemical pathways in laser-induced atmospheric aerosol formation,” Sci. Rep. 5, 14978 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Leisner, D. Duft, O. Möhler, H. Saathoff, M. Schnaiter, S. Henin, K. Stelmaszczyk, M. Petrarca, R. Delagrange, Z. Hao, J. Lüder, Y. Petit, P. Rohwetter, J. Kasparian, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Wöste, “Laser-induced plasma cloud interaction and ice multiplication under cirrus cloud conditions,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 110(25), 10106–10110 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Saathoff, S. Henin, K. Stelmaszczyk, M. Petrarca, R. Delagrange, Z. Hao, J. Lüder, O. Möhler, Y. Petit, P. Rohwetter, M. Schnaiter, J. Kasparian, T. Leisner, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Wöste, “Laser filament-induced aerosol formation,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 13(9), 4593–4604 (2013).
[Crossref]

P. Joly, M. Petrarca, A. Vogel, T. Pohl, T. Nagy, Q. Jusforgues, P. Simon, J. Kasparian, K. Weber, and J.-P. Wolf, “Laser-induced condensation by ultrashort laser pulses at 248 nm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(9), 091112 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. Henin, Y. Petit, P. Rohwetter, K. Stelmaszczyk, Z. Q. Hao, W. M. Nakaema, A. Vogel, T. Pohl, F. Schneider, J. Kasparian, K. Weber, L. Wöste, and J.-P. Wolf, “Field measurements suggest the mechanism of laser-assisted water condensation,” Nat. Commun. 2, 456 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Rohwetter, J. Kasparian, L. Wöste, and J.-P. Wolf, “Modelling of HNO3-mediated laser-induced condensation: a parametric study,” J. Chem. Phys. 135(13), 134703 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Petit, S. Henin, J. Kasparian, and J.-P. Wolf, “Production of ozone and nitrogen oxides by laser filamentation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(2), 021108 (2010).
[Crossref]

P. Rohwetter, J. Kasparian, K. Stelmaszczyk, Z. Hao, S. Henin, N. Lascoux, W. M. Nakaema, Y. Petit, M. Queißer, R. Salamé, E. Salmon, L. Wöste, and J.-P. Wolf, “Laser-induced water condensation in air,” Nat. Photonics 4(7), 451–456 (2010).
[Crossref]

R. Salamé, N. Lascoux, E. Salmon, J. Kasparian, and J. P. Wolf, “Propagation of laser filaments through an extended turbulent region,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(17), 171106 (2007).
[Crossref]

L. Bergé, S. Skupin, R. Nuter, J. Kasparian, and J.-P. Wolf, “Ultrashort filaments of light in weakly ionized, optically transparent media,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 70(10), 1633–1713 (2007).
[Crossref]

G. Méjean, J. Kasparian, J. Yu, E. Salmon, S. Frey, J.-P. Wolf, S. Skupin, A. Vinçotte, R. Nuter, S. Champeaux, and L. Bergé, “Multifilamentation transmission through fog,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 72(2 Pt 2), 026611 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Courvoisier, V. Boutou, J. Kasparian, E. Salmon, G. Méjean, J. Yu, and J.-P. Wolf, “Ultraintense light filaments transmitted through clouds,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(2), 213–215 (2003).
[Crossref]

J. Kasparian, R. Sauerbrey, and S. L. Chin, “The critical laser intensity of self-guided light filaments in air,” Appl. Phys. B 71(6), 877–879 (2000).
[Crossref]

Kato, S.

K. Yoshihara, Y. Sakamoto, M. Kawasaki, Y. Takatori, S. Kato, and Y. Kajii, “UV-light-induced water condensation in air and the role of hydrogen peroxide,” Bull. Chem. Soc. Jpn. 87(5), 593–602 (2014).
[Crossref]

Kawasaki, M.

K. Yoshihara, Y. Sakamoto, M. Kawasaki, Y. Takatori, S. Kato, and Y. Kajii, “UV-light-induced water condensation in air and the role of hydrogen peroxide,” Bull. Chem. Soc. Jpn. 87(5), 593–602 (2014).
[Crossref]

Kiselev, A.

M. Matthews, F. Pomel, C. Wender, A. Kiselev, D. Duft, J. Kasparian, J.-P. Wolf, and T. Leisner, “Laser vaporization of cirrus-like ice particles with secondary ice multiplication,” Sci. Adv. 2(5), e1501912 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Koochesfahani, M.

Kosareva, O. G.

V. P. Kandidov, S. A. Shlenov, and O. G. Kosareva, “Filamentation of high-power femtosecond laser radiation,” Quantum Electron. 39(3), 205–228 (2009).
[Crossref]

S. L. Chin, S. A. Hosseini, W. Liu, Q. Luo, F. Théberge, N. Aközbek, A. Becker, V. P. Kandidov, O. G. Kosareva, and H. Schroeder, “The propagation of powerful femtosecond laser pulses in opticalmedia: physics, applications, and new challenges,” Can. J. Phys. 83(9), 863–905 (2005).
[Crossref]

Kwok, H. S.

Lahav, O.

O. Lahav, L. Levi, I. Orr, R. A. Nemirovsky, J. Nemirovsky, I. Kaminer, M. Segev, and O. Cohen, “Long-lived waveguides and sound-wave generation by laser filamentation,” Phys. Rev. A 90(2), 21801 (2014).
[Crossref]

Lascoux, N.

P. Rohwetter, J. Kasparian, K. Stelmaszczyk, Z. Hao, S. Henin, N. Lascoux, W. M. Nakaema, Y. Petit, M. Queißer, R. Salamé, E. Salmon, L. Wöste, and J.-P. Wolf, “Laser-induced water condensation in air,” Nat. Photonics 4(7), 451–456 (2010).
[Crossref]

R. Salamé, N. Lascoux, E. Salmon, J. Kasparian, and J. P. Wolf, “Propagation of laser filaments through an extended turbulent region,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(17), 171106 (2007).
[Crossref]

Lau, W. S.

Lavorel, B.

Leisner, T.

M. Matthews, F. Pomel, C. Wender, A. Kiselev, D. Duft, J. Kasparian, J.-P. Wolf, and T. Leisner, “Laser vaporization of cirrus-like ice particles with secondary ice multiplication,” Sci. Adv. 2(5), e1501912 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Ju, T. Leisner, H. Sun, A. Sridharan, T. Wang, J. Wang, C. Wang, J. Liu, R. Li, Z. Xu, and S. L. Chin, “Laser-induced supersaturation and snow formation in a sub-saturated cloud chamber,” Appl. Phys. B 117(4), 1001–1007 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Saathoff, S. Henin, K. Stelmaszczyk, M. Petrarca, R. Delagrange, Z. Hao, J. Lüder, O. Möhler, Y. Petit, P. Rohwetter, M. Schnaiter, J. Kasparian, T. Leisner, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Wöste, “Laser filament-induced aerosol formation,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 13(9), 4593–4604 (2013).
[Crossref]

T. Leisner, D. Duft, O. Möhler, H. Saathoff, M. Schnaiter, S. Henin, K. Stelmaszczyk, M. Petrarca, R. Delagrange, Z. Hao, J. Lüder, Y. Petit, P. Rohwetter, J. Kasparian, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Wöste, “Laser-induced plasma cloud interaction and ice multiplication under cirrus cloud conditions,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 110(25), 10106–10110 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Lindinger, J. Hagen, L. D. Socaciu, T. M. Bernhardt, L. Wöste, D. Duft, and T. Leisner, “Time-resolved explosion dynamics of H2O droplets induced by femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Opt. 43(27), 5263–5269 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Levi, L.

O. Lahav, L. Levi, I. Orr, R. A. Nemirovsky, J. Nemirovsky, I. Kaminer, M. Segev, and O. Cohen, “Long-lived waveguides and sound-wave generation by laser filamentation,” Phys. Rev. A 90(2), 21801 (2014).
[Crossref]

Li, C.

Li, R.

J. Ju, J. Liu, H. Liang, Y. Chen, H. Sun, Y. Liu, J. Wang, C. Wang, T. Wang, R. Li, Z. Xu, and S. L. Chin, “Femtosecond laser filament induced condensation and precipitation in a cloud chamber,” Sci. Rep. 6, 25417 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Sun, H. Liang, Y. Liu, J. Ju, Y. Wei, C. Wang, T. Wang, J. Liu, S. L. Chin, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Different patterned airflows induced by 1-kHz femtosecond laser filaments in a cloud chamber,” Appl. Phys. B 121(2), 155–169 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Ju, T. Leisner, H. Sun, A. Sridharan, T. Wang, J. Wang, C. Wang, J. Liu, R. Li, Z. Xu, and S. L. Chin, “Laser-induced supersaturation and snow formation in a sub-saturated cloud chamber,” Appl. Phys. B 117(4), 1001–1007 (2014).
[Crossref]

A. Sridharan, T.-J. Wang, A. Grégoire, J. Ju, J. Liu, R. Li, Z. Xu, D. Boudreau, and S. L. Chin, “Laser-filament-induced condensation in an inverted cloud chamber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(12), 125301 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Ju, H. Sun, A. Sridharan, T. J. Wang, C. Wang, J. Liu, R. Li, Z. Xu, and S. L. Chin, “Laser-filament-induced snow formation in a subsaturated zone in a cloud chamber: experimental and theoretical study,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 88(6), 062803 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Ju, J. Liu, C. Wang, H. Sun, W. Wang, X. Ge, C. Li, S. L. Chin, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Effects of initial humidity and temperature on laser-filamentation-induced condensation and snow formation,” Appl. Phys. B 110(3), 375–380 (2013).
[Crossref]

H. Sun, J. Liu, C. Wang, J. Ju, Z. Wang, W. Wang, X. Ge, C. Li, S. L. Chin, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Laser filamentation induced air-flow motion in a diffusion cloud chamber,” Opt. Express 21(8), 9255–9266 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Ju, J. Liu, C. Wang, H. Sun, W. Wang, X. Ge, C. Li, S. L. Chin, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Laser-filamentation-induced condensation and snow formation in a cloud chamber,” Opt. Lett. 37(7), 1214–1216 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liang, H.

J. Ju, J. Liu, H. Liang, Y. Chen, H. Sun, Y. Liu, J. Wang, C. Wang, T. Wang, R. Li, Z. Xu, and S. L. Chin, “Femtosecond laser filament induced condensation and precipitation in a cloud chamber,” Sci. Rep. 6, 25417 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Sun, H. Liang, Y. Liu, J. Ju, Y. Wei, C. Wang, T. Wang, J. Liu, S. L. Chin, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Different patterned airflows induced by 1-kHz femtosecond laser filaments in a cloud chamber,” Appl. Phys. B 121(2), 155–169 (2015).
[Crossref]

Lindinger, A.

Liu, J.

J. Ju, J. Liu, H. Liang, Y. Chen, H. Sun, Y. Liu, J. Wang, C. Wang, T. Wang, R. Li, Z. Xu, and S. L. Chin, “Femtosecond laser filament induced condensation and precipitation in a cloud chamber,” Sci. Rep. 6, 25417 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Sun, H. Liang, Y. Liu, J. Ju, Y. Wei, C. Wang, T. Wang, J. Liu, S. L. Chin, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Different patterned airflows induced by 1-kHz femtosecond laser filaments in a cloud chamber,” Appl. Phys. B 121(2), 155–169 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Ju, T. Leisner, H. Sun, A. Sridharan, T. Wang, J. Wang, C. Wang, J. Liu, R. Li, Z. Xu, and S. L. Chin, “Laser-induced supersaturation and snow formation in a sub-saturated cloud chamber,” Appl. Phys. B 117(4), 1001–1007 (2014).
[Crossref]

A. Sridharan, T.-J. Wang, A. Grégoire, J. Ju, J. Liu, R. Li, Z. Xu, D. Boudreau, and S. L. Chin, “Laser-filament-induced condensation in an inverted cloud chamber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(12), 125301 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Ju, J. Liu, C. Wang, H. Sun, W. Wang, X. Ge, C. Li, S. L. Chin, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Effects of initial humidity and temperature on laser-filamentation-induced condensation and snow formation,” Appl. Phys. B 110(3), 375–380 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Ju, H. Sun, A. Sridharan, T. J. Wang, C. Wang, J. Liu, R. Li, Z. Xu, and S. L. Chin, “Laser-filament-induced snow formation in a subsaturated zone in a cloud chamber: experimental and theoretical study,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 88(6), 062803 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Sun, J. Liu, C. Wang, J. Ju, Z. Wang, W. Wang, X. Ge, C. Li, S. L. Chin, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Laser filamentation induced air-flow motion in a diffusion cloud chamber,” Opt. Express 21(8), 9255–9266 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Ju, J. Liu, C. Wang, H. Sun, W. Wang, X. Ge, C. Li, S. L. Chin, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Laser-filamentation-induced condensation and snow formation in a cloud chamber,” Opt. Lett. 37(7), 1214–1216 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, W.

F. Théberge, W. Liu, P. T. Simard, A. Becker, and S. L. Chin, “Plasma density inside a femtosecond laser filament in air: strong dependence on external focusing,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 74(3 Pt 2), 036406 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. L. Chin, S. A. Hosseini, W. Liu, Q. Luo, F. Théberge, N. Aközbek, A. Becker, V. P. Kandidov, O. G. Kosareva, and H. Schroeder, “The propagation of powerful femtosecond laser pulses in opticalmedia: physics, applications, and new challenges,” Can. J. Phys. 83(9), 863–905 (2005).
[Crossref]

W. Liu and S. Chin, “Direct measurement of the critical power of femtosecond Ti:sapphire laser pulse in air,” Opt. Express 13(15), 5750–5755 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, Y.

J. Ju, J. Liu, H. Liang, Y. Chen, H. Sun, Y. Liu, J. Wang, C. Wang, T. Wang, R. Li, Z. Xu, and S. L. Chin, “Femtosecond laser filament induced condensation and precipitation in a cloud chamber,” Sci. Rep. 6, 25417 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Sun, H. Liang, Y. Liu, J. Ju, Y. Wei, C. Wang, T. Wang, J. Liu, S. L. Chin, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Different patterned airflows induced by 1-kHz femtosecond laser filaments in a cloud chamber,” Appl. Phys. B 121(2), 155–169 (2015).
[Crossref]

Loriot, V.

Lüder, J.

T. Leisner, D. Duft, O. Möhler, H. Saathoff, M. Schnaiter, S. Henin, K. Stelmaszczyk, M. Petrarca, R. Delagrange, Z. Hao, J. Lüder, Y. Petit, P. Rohwetter, J. Kasparian, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Wöste, “Laser-induced plasma cloud interaction and ice multiplication under cirrus cloud conditions,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 110(25), 10106–10110 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Saathoff, S. Henin, K. Stelmaszczyk, M. Petrarca, R. Delagrange, Z. Hao, J. Lüder, O. Möhler, Y. Petit, P. Rohwetter, M. Schnaiter, J. Kasparian, T. Leisner, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Wöste, “Laser filament-induced aerosol formation,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 13(9), 4593–4604 (2013).
[Crossref]

Luo, Q.

S. L. Chin, S. A. Hosseini, W. Liu, Q. Luo, F. Théberge, N. Aközbek, A. Becker, V. P. Kandidov, O. G. Kosareva, and H. Schroeder, “The propagation of powerful femtosecond laser pulses in opticalmedia: physics, applications, and new challenges,” Can. J. Phys. 83(9), 863–905 (2005).
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J. E. Sansonetti and W. C. Martin, “Handbook of Basic Atomic Spectroscopic Data,” J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data 34(4), 1559–2259 (2005).
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M. Matthews, F. Pomel, C. Wender, A. Kiselev, D. Duft, J. Kasparian, J.-P. Wolf, and T. Leisner, “Laser vaporization of cirrus-like ice particles with secondary ice multiplication,” Sci. Adv. 2(5), e1501912 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Méjean, G.

G. Méjean, J. Kasparian, J. Yu, E. Salmon, S. Frey, J.-P. Wolf, S. Skupin, A. Vinçotte, R. Nuter, S. Champeaux, and L. Bergé, “Multifilamentation transmission through fog,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 72(2 Pt 2), 026611 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Courvoisier, V. Boutou, J. Kasparian, E. Salmon, G. Méjean, J. Yu, and J.-P. Wolf, “Ultraintense light filaments transmitted through clouds,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(2), 213–215 (2003).
[Crossref]

Milchberg, H. M.

Milián, C.

G. Point, C. Milián, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, and A. Houard, “Generation of long-lived underdense channels using femtosecond filamentation in air,” J. Phys. B 48(9), 094009 (2015).
[Crossref]

Miyazaki, K.

K. Yoshihara, Y. Takatori, K. Miyazaki, and Y. Kajii, “Ultraviolet light-induced water-droplet formation from wet ambient air,” Proc. Jpn. Acad., Ser. B, Phys. Biol. Sci. 83(9-10), 320–325 (2007).
[PubMed]

Möhler, O.

T. Leisner, D. Duft, O. Möhler, H. Saathoff, M. Schnaiter, S. Henin, K. Stelmaszczyk, M. Petrarca, R. Delagrange, Z. Hao, J. Lüder, Y. Petit, P. Rohwetter, J. Kasparian, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Wöste, “Laser-induced plasma cloud interaction and ice multiplication under cirrus cloud conditions,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 110(25), 10106–10110 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Saathoff, S. Henin, K. Stelmaszczyk, M. Petrarca, R. Delagrange, Z. Hao, J. Lüder, O. Möhler, Y. Petit, P. Rohwetter, M. Schnaiter, J. Kasparian, T. Leisner, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Wöste, “Laser filament-induced aerosol formation,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 13(9), 4593–4604 (2013).
[Crossref]

Mongin, D.

D. Mongin, J. G. Slowik, E. Schubert, J.-G. Brisset, N. Berti, M. Moret, A. S. H. Prévôt, U. Baltensperger, J. Kasparian, and J.-P. Wolf, “Non-linear photochemical pathways in laser-induced atmospheric aerosol formation,” Sci. Rep. 5, 14978 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Moret, M.

D. Mongin, J. G. Slowik, E. Schubert, J.-G. Brisset, N. Berti, M. Moret, A. S. H. Prévôt, U. Baltensperger, J. Kasparian, and J.-P. Wolf, “Non-linear photochemical pathways in laser-induced atmospheric aerosol formation,” Sci. Rep. 5, 14978 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mysyrowicz, A.

G. Point, E. Thouin, A. Mysyrowicz, and A. Houard, “Energy deposition from focused terawatt laser pulses in air undergoing multifilamentation,” Opt. Express 24(6), 6271–6282 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Point, C. Milián, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, and A. Houard, “Generation of long-lived underdense channels using femtosecond filamentation in air,” J. Phys. B 48(9), 094009 (2015).
[Crossref]

A. Couairon and A. Mysyrowicz, “Femtosecond filamentation in transparent media,” Phys. Rep. 441(2–4), 47–189 (2007).
[Crossref]

Nagy, T.

P. Joly, M. Petrarca, A. Vogel, T. Pohl, T. Nagy, Q. Jusforgues, P. Simon, J. Kasparian, K. Weber, and J.-P. Wolf, “Laser-induced condensation by ultrashort laser pulses at 248 nm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(9), 091112 (2013).
[Crossref]

Nakaema, W. M.

S. Henin, Y. Petit, P. Rohwetter, K. Stelmaszczyk, Z. Q. Hao, W. M. Nakaema, A. Vogel, T. Pohl, F. Schneider, J. Kasparian, K. Weber, L. Wöste, and J.-P. Wolf, “Field measurements suggest the mechanism of laser-assisted water condensation,” Nat. Commun. 2, 456 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Rohwetter, J. Kasparian, K. Stelmaszczyk, Z. Hao, S. Henin, N. Lascoux, W. M. Nakaema, Y. Petit, M. Queißer, R. Salamé, E. Salmon, L. Wöste, and J.-P. Wolf, “Laser-induced water condensation in air,” Nat. Photonics 4(7), 451–456 (2010).
[Crossref]

Nemirovsky, J.

O. Lahav, L. Levi, I. Orr, R. A. Nemirovsky, J. Nemirovsky, I. Kaminer, M. Segev, and O. Cohen, “Long-lived waveguides and sound-wave generation by laser filamentation,” Phys. Rev. A 90(2), 21801 (2014).
[Crossref]

Nemirovsky, R. A.

O. Lahav, L. Levi, I. Orr, R. A. Nemirovsky, J. Nemirovsky, I. Kaminer, M. Segev, and O. Cohen, “Long-lived waveguides and sound-wave generation by laser filamentation,” Phys. Rev. A 90(2), 21801 (2014).
[Crossref]

Nuter, R.

L. Bergé, S. Skupin, R. Nuter, J. Kasparian, and J.-P. Wolf, “Ultrashort filaments of light in weakly ionized, optically transparent media,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 70(10), 1633–1713 (2007).
[Crossref]

G. Méjean, J. Kasparian, J. Yu, E. Salmon, S. Frey, J.-P. Wolf, S. Skupin, A. Vinçotte, R. Nuter, S. Champeaux, and L. Bergé, “Multifilamentation transmission through fog,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 72(2 Pt 2), 026611 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Orr, I.

O. Lahav, L. Levi, I. Orr, R. A. Nemirovsky, J. Nemirovsky, I. Kaminer, M. Segev, and O. Cohen, “Long-lived waveguides and sound-wave generation by laser filamentation,” Phys. Rev. A 90(2), 21801 (2014).
[Crossref]

Pendleton, J. D.

Petit, Y.

T. Leisner, D. Duft, O. Möhler, H. Saathoff, M. Schnaiter, S. Henin, K. Stelmaszczyk, M. Petrarca, R. Delagrange, Z. Hao, J. Lüder, Y. Petit, P. Rohwetter, J. Kasparian, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Wöste, “Laser-induced plasma cloud interaction and ice multiplication under cirrus cloud conditions,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 110(25), 10106–10110 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Saathoff, S. Henin, K. Stelmaszczyk, M. Petrarca, R. Delagrange, Z. Hao, J. Lüder, O. Möhler, Y. Petit, P. Rohwetter, M. Schnaiter, J. Kasparian, T. Leisner, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Wöste, “Laser filament-induced aerosol formation,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 13(9), 4593–4604 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. Henin, Y. Petit, P. Rohwetter, K. Stelmaszczyk, Z. Q. Hao, W. M. Nakaema, A. Vogel, T. Pohl, F. Schneider, J. Kasparian, K. Weber, L. Wöste, and J.-P. Wolf, “Field measurements suggest the mechanism of laser-assisted water condensation,” Nat. Commun. 2, 456 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Petit, S. Henin, J. Kasparian, and J.-P. Wolf, “Production of ozone and nitrogen oxides by laser filamentation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(2), 021108 (2010).
[Crossref]

P. Rohwetter, J. Kasparian, K. Stelmaszczyk, Z. Hao, S. Henin, N. Lascoux, W. M. Nakaema, Y. Petit, M. Queißer, R. Salamé, E. Salmon, L. Wöste, and J.-P. Wolf, “Laser-induced water condensation in air,” Nat. Photonics 4(7), 451–456 (2010).
[Crossref]

Petrarca, M.

H. Saathoff, S. Henin, K. Stelmaszczyk, M. Petrarca, R. Delagrange, Z. Hao, J. Lüder, O. Möhler, Y. Petit, P. Rohwetter, M. Schnaiter, J. Kasparian, T. Leisner, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Wöste, “Laser filament-induced aerosol formation,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 13(9), 4593–4604 (2013).
[Crossref]

T. Leisner, D. Duft, O. Möhler, H. Saathoff, M. Schnaiter, S. Henin, K. Stelmaszczyk, M. Petrarca, R. Delagrange, Z. Hao, J. Lüder, Y. Petit, P. Rohwetter, J. Kasparian, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Wöste, “Laser-induced plasma cloud interaction and ice multiplication under cirrus cloud conditions,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 110(25), 10106–10110 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Joly, M. Petrarca, A. Vogel, T. Pohl, T. Nagy, Q. Jusforgues, P. Simon, J. Kasparian, K. Weber, and J.-P. Wolf, “Laser-induced condensation by ultrashort laser pulses at 248 nm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(9), 091112 (2013).
[Crossref]

Pinnick, R. G.

Pohl, T.

P. Joly, M. Petrarca, A. Vogel, T. Pohl, T. Nagy, Q. Jusforgues, P. Simon, J. Kasparian, K. Weber, and J.-P. Wolf, “Laser-induced condensation by ultrashort laser pulses at 248 nm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(9), 091112 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. Henin, Y. Petit, P. Rohwetter, K. Stelmaszczyk, Z. Q. Hao, W. M. Nakaema, A. Vogel, T. Pohl, F. Schneider, J. Kasparian, K. Weber, L. Wöste, and J.-P. Wolf, “Field measurements suggest the mechanism of laser-assisted water condensation,” Nat. Commun. 2, 456 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Point, G.

G. Point, E. Thouin, A. Mysyrowicz, and A. Houard, “Energy deposition from focused terawatt laser pulses in air undergoing multifilamentation,” Opt. Express 24(6), 6271–6282 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Point, C. Milián, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, and A. Houard, “Generation of long-lived underdense channels using femtosecond filamentation in air,” J. Phys. B 48(9), 094009 (2015).
[Crossref]

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Pouya, S.

Prévôt, A. S. H.

D. Mongin, J. G. Slowik, E. Schubert, J.-G. Brisset, N. Berti, M. Moret, A. S. H. Prévôt, U. Baltensperger, J. Kasparian, and J.-P. Wolf, “Non-linear photochemical pathways in laser-induced atmospheric aerosol formation,” Sci. Rep. 5, 14978 (2015).
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Qian, S.-X.

Queißer, M.

P. Rohwetter, J. Kasparian, K. Stelmaszczyk, Z. Hao, S. Henin, N. Lascoux, W. M. Nakaema, Y. Petit, M. Queißer, R. Salamé, E. Salmon, L. Wöste, and J.-P. Wolf, “Laser-induced water condensation in air,” Nat. Photonics 4(7), 451–456 (2010).
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Rohwetter, P.

H. Saathoff, S. Henin, K. Stelmaszczyk, M. Petrarca, R. Delagrange, Z. Hao, J. Lüder, O. Möhler, Y. Petit, P. Rohwetter, M. Schnaiter, J. Kasparian, T. Leisner, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Wöste, “Laser filament-induced aerosol formation,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 13(9), 4593–4604 (2013).
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T. Leisner, D. Duft, O. Möhler, H. Saathoff, M. Schnaiter, S. Henin, K. Stelmaszczyk, M. Petrarca, R. Delagrange, Z. Hao, J. Lüder, Y. Petit, P. Rohwetter, J. Kasparian, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Wöste, “Laser-induced plasma cloud interaction and ice multiplication under cirrus cloud conditions,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 110(25), 10106–10110 (2013).
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P. Rohwetter, J. Kasparian, L. Wöste, and J.-P. Wolf, “Modelling of HNO3-mediated laser-induced condensation: a parametric study,” J. Chem. Phys. 135(13), 134703 (2011).
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S. Henin, Y. Petit, P. Rohwetter, K. Stelmaszczyk, Z. Q. Hao, W. M. Nakaema, A. Vogel, T. Pohl, F. Schneider, J. Kasparian, K. Weber, L. Wöste, and J.-P. Wolf, “Field measurements suggest the mechanism of laser-assisted water condensation,” Nat. Commun. 2, 456 (2011).
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P. Rohwetter, J. Kasparian, K. Stelmaszczyk, Z. Hao, S. Henin, N. Lascoux, W. M. Nakaema, Y. Petit, M. Queißer, R. Salamé, E. Salmon, L. Wöste, and J.-P. Wolf, “Laser-induced water condensation in air,” Nat. Photonics 4(7), 451–456 (2010).
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P. B. Corkum, C. Rolland, and T. Srinivasan-Rao, “Supercontinuum generation in gases,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 57(18), 2268–2271 (1986).
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N. Jhajj, E. W. Rosenthal, R. Birnbaum, J. K. Wahlstrand, and H. M. Milchberg, “Demonstration of long-lived high-power optical waveguides in air,” Phys. Rev. X 4(1), 011027 (2014).
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H. Saathoff, S. Henin, K. Stelmaszczyk, M. Petrarca, R. Delagrange, Z. Hao, J. Lüder, O. Möhler, Y. Petit, P. Rohwetter, M. Schnaiter, J. Kasparian, T. Leisner, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Wöste, “Laser filament-induced aerosol formation,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 13(9), 4593–4604 (2013).
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Sakamoto, Y.

K. Yoshihara, Y. Sakamoto, M. Kawasaki, Y. Takatori, S. Kato, and Y. Kajii, “UV-light-induced water condensation in air and the role of hydrogen peroxide,” Bull. Chem. Soc. Jpn. 87(5), 593–602 (2014).
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P. Rohwetter, J. Kasparian, K. Stelmaszczyk, Z. Hao, S. Henin, N. Lascoux, W. M. Nakaema, Y. Petit, M. Queißer, R. Salamé, E. Salmon, L. Wöste, and J.-P. Wolf, “Laser-induced water condensation in air,” Nat. Photonics 4(7), 451–456 (2010).
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R. Salamé, N. Lascoux, E. Salmon, J. Kasparian, and J. P. Wolf, “Propagation of laser filaments through an extended turbulent region,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(17), 171106 (2007).
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P. Rohwetter, J. Kasparian, K. Stelmaszczyk, Z. Hao, S. Henin, N. Lascoux, W. M. Nakaema, Y. Petit, M. Queißer, R. Salamé, E. Salmon, L. Wöste, and J.-P. Wolf, “Laser-induced water condensation in air,” Nat. Photonics 4(7), 451–456 (2010).
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R. Salamé, N. Lascoux, E. Salmon, J. Kasparian, and J. P. Wolf, “Propagation of laser filaments through an extended turbulent region,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(17), 171106 (2007).
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G. Méjean, J. Kasparian, J. Yu, E. Salmon, S. Frey, J.-P. Wolf, S. Skupin, A. Vinçotte, R. Nuter, S. Champeaux, and L. Bergé, “Multifilamentation transmission through fog,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 72(2 Pt 2), 026611 (2005).
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F. Courvoisier, V. Boutou, J. Kasparian, E. Salmon, G. Méjean, J. Yu, and J.-P. Wolf, “Ultraintense light filaments transmitted through clouds,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(2), 213–215 (2003).
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J. E. Sansonetti and W. C. Martin, “Handbook of Basic Atomic Spectroscopic Data,” J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data 34(4), 1559–2259 (2005).
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J. Kasparian, R. Sauerbrey, and S. L. Chin, “The critical laser intensity of self-guided light filaments in air,” Appl. Phys. B 71(6), 877–879 (2000).
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T. Leisner, D. Duft, O. Möhler, H. Saathoff, M. Schnaiter, S. Henin, K. Stelmaszczyk, M. Petrarca, R. Delagrange, Z. Hao, J. Lüder, Y. Petit, P. Rohwetter, J. Kasparian, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Wöste, “Laser-induced plasma cloud interaction and ice multiplication under cirrus cloud conditions,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 110(25), 10106–10110 (2013).
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H. Saathoff, S. Henin, K. Stelmaszczyk, M. Petrarca, R. Delagrange, Z. Hao, J. Lüder, O. Möhler, Y. Petit, P. Rohwetter, M. Schnaiter, J. Kasparian, T. Leisner, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Wöste, “Laser filament-induced aerosol formation,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 13(9), 4593–4604 (2013).
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Schneider, F.

S. Henin, Y. Petit, P. Rohwetter, K. Stelmaszczyk, Z. Q. Hao, W. M. Nakaema, A. Vogel, T. Pohl, F. Schneider, J. Kasparian, K. Weber, L. Wöste, and J.-P. Wolf, “Field measurements suggest the mechanism of laser-assisted water condensation,” Nat. Commun. 2, 456 (2011).
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Schroeder, H.

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D. Mongin, J. G. Slowik, E. Schubert, J.-G. Brisset, N. Berti, M. Moret, A. S. H. Prévôt, U. Baltensperger, J. Kasparian, and J.-P. Wolf, “Non-linear photochemical pathways in laser-induced atmospheric aerosol formation,” Sci. Rep. 5, 14978 (2015).
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Shlenov, S. A.

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F. Théberge, W. Liu, P. T. Simard, A. Becker, and S. L. Chin, “Plasma density inside a femtosecond laser filament in air: strong dependence on external focusing,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 74(3 Pt 2), 036406 (2006).
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Simon, P.

P. Joly, M. Petrarca, A. Vogel, T. Pohl, T. Nagy, Q. Jusforgues, P. Simon, J. Kasparian, K. Weber, and J.-P. Wolf, “Laser-induced condensation by ultrashort laser pulses at 248 nm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(9), 091112 (2013).
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Skupin, S.

L. Bergé, S. Skupin, R. Nuter, J. Kasparian, and J.-P. Wolf, “Ultrashort filaments of light in weakly ionized, optically transparent media,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 70(10), 1633–1713 (2007).
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G. Méjean, J. Kasparian, J. Yu, E. Salmon, S. Frey, J.-P. Wolf, S. Skupin, A. Vinçotte, R. Nuter, S. Champeaux, and L. Bergé, “Multifilamentation transmission through fog,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 72(2 Pt 2), 026611 (2005).
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Slowik, J. G.

D. Mongin, J. G. Slowik, E. Schubert, J.-G. Brisset, N. Berti, M. Moret, A. S. H. Prévôt, U. Baltensperger, J. Kasparian, and J.-P. Wolf, “Non-linear photochemical pathways in laser-induced atmospheric aerosol formation,” Sci. Rep. 5, 14978 (2015).
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Snow, J. B.

Socaciu, L. D.

Sridharan, A.

J. Ju, T. Leisner, H. Sun, A. Sridharan, T. Wang, J. Wang, C. Wang, J. Liu, R. Li, Z. Xu, and S. L. Chin, “Laser-induced supersaturation and snow formation in a sub-saturated cloud chamber,” Appl. Phys. B 117(4), 1001–1007 (2014).
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A. Sridharan, T.-J. Wang, A. Grégoire, J. Ju, J. Liu, R. Li, Z. Xu, D. Boudreau, and S. L. Chin, “Laser-filament-induced condensation in an inverted cloud chamber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(12), 125301 (2013).
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J. Ju, H. Sun, A. Sridharan, T. J. Wang, C. Wang, J. Liu, R. Li, Z. Xu, and S. L. Chin, “Laser-filament-induced snow formation in a subsaturated zone in a cloud chamber: experimental and theoretical study,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 88(6), 062803 (2013).
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Srinivasan-Rao, T.

P. B. Corkum, C. Rolland, and T. Srinivasan-Rao, “Supercontinuum generation in gases,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 57(18), 2268–2271 (1986).
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Srivastava, V.

Stelmaszczyk, K.

T. Leisner, D. Duft, O. Möhler, H. Saathoff, M. Schnaiter, S. Henin, K. Stelmaszczyk, M. Petrarca, R. Delagrange, Z. Hao, J. Lüder, Y. Petit, P. Rohwetter, J. Kasparian, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Wöste, “Laser-induced plasma cloud interaction and ice multiplication under cirrus cloud conditions,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 110(25), 10106–10110 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Saathoff, S. Henin, K. Stelmaszczyk, M. Petrarca, R. Delagrange, Z. Hao, J. Lüder, O. Möhler, Y. Petit, P. Rohwetter, M. Schnaiter, J. Kasparian, T. Leisner, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Wöste, “Laser filament-induced aerosol formation,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 13(9), 4593–4604 (2013).
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S. Henin, Y. Petit, P. Rohwetter, K. Stelmaszczyk, Z. Q. Hao, W. M. Nakaema, A. Vogel, T. Pohl, F. Schneider, J. Kasparian, K. Weber, L. Wöste, and J.-P. Wolf, “Field measurements suggest the mechanism of laser-assisted water condensation,” Nat. Commun. 2, 456 (2011).
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P. Rohwetter, J. Kasparian, K. Stelmaszczyk, Z. Hao, S. Henin, N. Lascoux, W. M. Nakaema, Y. Petit, M. Queißer, R. Salamé, E. Salmon, L. Wöste, and J.-P. Wolf, “Laser-induced water condensation in air,” Nat. Photonics 4(7), 451–456 (2010).
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Sun, H.

J. Ju, J. Liu, H. Liang, Y. Chen, H. Sun, Y. Liu, J. Wang, C. Wang, T. Wang, R. Li, Z. Xu, and S. L. Chin, “Femtosecond laser filament induced condensation and precipitation in a cloud chamber,” Sci. Rep. 6, 25417 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Sun, H. Liang, Y. Liu, J. Ju, Y. Wei, C. Wang, T. Wang, J. Liu, S. L. Chin, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Different patterned airflows induced by 1-kHz femtosecond laser filaments in a cloud chamber,” Appl. Phys. B 121(2), 155–169 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Ju, T. Leisner, H. Sun, A. Sridharan, T. Wang, J. Wang, C. Wang, J. Liu, R. Li, Z. Xu, and S. L. Chin, “Laser-induced supersaturation and snow formation in a sub-saturated cloud chamber,” Appl. Phys. B 117(4), 1001–1007 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Ju, J. Liu, C. Wang, H. Sun, W. Wang, X. Ge, C. Li, S. L. Chin, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Effects of initial humidity and temperature on laser-filamentation-induced condensation and snow formation,” Appl. Phys. B 110(3), 375–380 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Ju, H. Sun, A. Sridharan, T. J. Wang, C. Wang, J. Liu, R. Li, Z. Xu, and S. L. Chin, “Laser-filament-induced snow formation in a subsaturated zone in a cloud chamber: experimental and theoretical study,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 88(6), 062803 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Sun, J. Liu, C. Wang, J. Ju, Z. Wang, W. Wang, X. Ge, C. Li, S. L. Chin, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Laser filamentation induced air-flow motion in a diffusion cloud chamber,” Opt. Express 21(8), 9255–9266 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Ju, J. Liu, C. Wang, H. Sun, W. Wang, X. Ge, C. Li, S. L. Chin, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Laser-filamentation-induced condensation and snow formation in a cloud chamber,” Opt. Lett. 37(7), 1214–1216 (2012).
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Takatori, Y.

K. Yoshihara, Y. Sakamoto, M. Kawasaki, Y. Takatori, S. Kato, and Y. Kajii, “UV-light-induced water condensation in air and the role of hydrogen peroxide,” Bull. Chem. Soc. Jpn. 87(5), 593–602 (2014).
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K. Yoshihara, Y. Takatori, K. Miyazaki, and Y. Kajii, “Ultraviolet light-induced water-droplet formation from wet ambient air,” Proc. Jpn. Acad., Ser. B, Phys. Biol. Sci. 83(9-10), 320–325 (2007).
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Théberge, F.

F. Théberge, W. Liu, P. T. Simard, A. Becker, and S. L. Chin, “Plasma density inside a femtosecond laser filament in air: strong dependence on external focusing,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 74(3 Pt 2), 036406 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. L. Chin, S. A. Hosseini, W. Liu, Q. Luo, F. Théberge, N. Aközbek, A. Becker, V. P. Kandidov, O. G. Kosareva, and H. Schroeder, “The propagation of powerful femtosecond laser pulses in opticalmedia: physics, applications, and new challenges,” Can. J. Phys. 83(9), 863–905 (2005).
[Crossref]

Thouin, E.

Vinçotte, A.

G. Méjean, J. Kasparian, J. Yu, E. Salmon, S. Frey, J.-P. Wolf, S. Skupin, A. Vinçotte, R. Nuter, S. Champeaux, and L. Bergé, “Multifilamentation transmission through fog,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 72(2 Pt 2), 026611 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Vogel, A.

P. Joly, M. Petrarca, A. Vogel, T. Pohl, T. Nagy, Q. Jusforgues, P. Simon, J. Kasparian, K. Weber, and J.-P. Wolf, “Laser-induced condensation by ultrashort laser pulses at 248 nm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(9), 091112 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. Henin, Y. Petit, P. Rohwetter, K. Stelmaszczyk, Z. Q. Hao, W. M. Nakaema, A. Vogel, T. Pohl, F. Schneider, J. Kasparian, K. Weber, L. Wöste, and J.-P. Wolf, “Field measurements suggest the mechanism of laser-assisted water condensation,” Nat. Commun. 2, 456 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wahlstrand, J. K.

Wang, C.

J. Ju, J. Liu, H. Liang, Y. Chen, H. Sun, Y. Liu, J. Wang, C. Wang, T. Wang, R. Li, Z. Xu, and S. L. Chin, “Femtosecond laser filament induced condensation and precipitation in a cloud chamber,” Sci. Rep. 6, 25417 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Sun, H. Liang, Y. Liu, J. Ju, Y. Wei, C. Wang, T. Wang, J. Liu, S. L. Chin, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Different patterned airflows induced by 1-kHz femtosecond laser filaments in a cloud chamber,” Appl. Phys. B 121(2), 155–169 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Ju, T. Leisner, H. Sun, A. Sridharan, T. Wang, J. Wang, C. Wang, J. Liu, R. Li, Z. Xu, and S. L. Chin, “Laser-induced supersaturation and snow formation in a sub-saturated cloud chamber,” Appl. Phys. B 117(4), 1001–1007 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Ju, J. Liu, C. Wang, H. Sun, W. Wang, X. Ge, C. Li, S. L. Chin, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Effects of initial humidity and temperature on laser-filamentation-induced condensation and snow formation,” Appl. Phys. B 110(3), 375–380 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Ju, H. Sun, A. Sridharan, T. J. Wang, C. Wang, J. Liu, R. Li, Z. Xu, and S. L. Chin, “Laser-filament-induced snow formation in a subsaturated zone in a cloud chamber: experimental and theoretical study,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 88(6), 062803 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Sun, J. Liu, C. Wang, J. Ju, Z. Wang, W. Wang, X. Ge, C. Li, S. L. Chin, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Laser filamentation induced air-flow motion in a diffusion cloud chamber,” Opt. Express 21(8), 9255–9266 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Ju, J. Liu, C. Wang, H. Sun, W. Wang, X. Ge, C. Li, S. L. Chin, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Laser-filamentation-induced condensation and snow formation in a cloud chamber,” Opt. Lett. 37(7), 1214–1216 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, J.

J. Ju, J. Liu, H. Liang, Y. Chen, H. Sun, Y. Liu, J. Wang, C. Wang, T. Wang, R. Li, Z. Xu, and S. L. Chin, “Femtosecond laser filament induced condensation and precipitation in a cloud chamber,” Sci. Rep. 6, 25417 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Ju, T. Leisner, H. Sun, A. Sridharan, T. Wang, J. Wang, C. Wang, J. Liu, R. Li, Z. Xu, and S. L. Chin, “Laser-induced supersaturation and snow formation in a sub-saturated cloud chamber,” Appl. Phys. B 117(4), 1001–1007 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wang, T.

J. Ju, J. Liu, H. Liang, Y. Chen, H. Sun, Y. Liu, J. Wang, C. Wang, T. Wang, R. Li, Z. Xu, and S. L. Chin, “Femtosecond laser filament induced condensation and precipitation in a cloud chamber,” Sci. Rep. 6, 25417 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Sun, H. Liang, Y. Liu, J. Ju, Y. Wei, C. Wang, T. Wang, J. Liu, S. L. Chin, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Different patterned airflows induced by 1-kHz femtosecond laser filaments in a cloud chamber,” Appl. Phys. B 121(2), 155–169 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Ju, T. Leisner, H. Sun, A. Sridharan, T. Wang, J. Wang, C. Wang, J. Liu, R. Li, Z. Xu, and S. L. Chin, “Laser-induced supersaturation and snow formation in a sub-saturated cloud chamber,” Appl. Phys. B 117(4), 1001–1007 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wang, T. J.

J. Ju, H. Sun, A. Sridharan, T. J. Wang, C. Wang, J. Liu, R. Li, Z. Xu, and S. L. Chin, “Laser-filament-induced snow formation in a subsaturated zone in a cloud chamber: experimental and theoretical study,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 88(6), 062803 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, T.-J.

A. Sridharan, T.-J. Wang, A. Grégoire, J. Ju, J. Liu, R. Li, Z. Xu, D. Boudreau, and S. L. Chin, “Laser-filament-induced condensation in an inverted cloud chamber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(12), 125301 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wang, W.

Wang, Z.

Weber, K.

P. Joly, M. Petrarca, A. Vogel, T. Pohl, T. Nagy, Q. Jusforgues, P. Simon, J. Kasparian, K. Weber, and J.-P. Wolf, “Laser-induced condensation by ultrashort laser pulses at 248 nm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(9), 091112 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. Henin, Y. Petit, P. Rohwetter, K. Stelmaszczyk, Z. Q. Hao, W. M. Nakaema, A. Vogel, T. Pohl, F. Schneider, J. Kasparian, K. Weber, L. Wöste, and J.-P. Wolf, “Field measurements suggest the mechanism of laser-assisted water condensation,” Nat. Commun. 2, 456 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wei, Y.

H. Sun, H. Liang, Y. Liu, J. Ju, Y. Wei, C. Wang, T. Wang, J. Liu, S. L. Chin, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Different patterned airflows induced by 1-kHz femtosecond laser filaments in a cloud chamber,” Appl. Phys. B 121(2), 155–169 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wender, C.

M. Matthews, F. Pomel, C. Wender, A. Kiselev, D. Duft, J. Kasparian, J.-P. Wolf, and T. Leisner, “Laser vaporization of cirrus-like ice particles with secondary ice multiplication,” Sci. Adv. 2(5), e1501912 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wolf, J. P.

R. Salamé, N. Lascoux, E. Salmon, J. Kasparian, and J. P. Wolf, “Propagation of laser filaments through an extended turbulent region,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(17), 171106 (2007).
[Crossref]

Wolf, J.-P.

M. Matthews, F. Pomel, C. Wender, A. Kiselev, D. Duft, J. Kasparian, J.-P. Wolf, and T. Leisner, “Laser vaporization of cirrus-like ice particles with secondary ice multiplication,” Sci. Adv. 2(5), e1501912 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Mongin, J. G. Slowik, E. Schubert, J.-G. Brisset, N. Berti, M. Moret, A. S. H. Prévôt, U. Baltensperger, J. Kasparian, and J.-P. Wolf, “Non-linear photochemical pathways in laser-induced atmospheric aerosol formation,” Sci. Rep. 5, 14978 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Leisner, D. Duft, O. Möhler, H. Saathoff, M. Schnaiter, S. Henin, K. Stelmaszczyk, M. Petrarca, R. Delagrange, Z. Hao, J. Lüder, Y. Petit, P. Rohwetter, J. Kasparian, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Wöste, “Laser-induced plasma cloud interaction and ice multiplication under cirrus cloud conditions,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 110(25), 10106–10110 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Saathoff, S. Henin, K. Stelmaszczyk, M. Petrarca, R. Delagrange, Z. Hao, J. Lüder, O. Möhler, Y. Petit, P. Rohwetter, M. Schnaiter, J. Kasparian, T. Leisner, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Wöste, “Laser filament-induced aerosol formation,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 13(9), 4593–4604 (2013).
[Crossref]

P. Joly, M. Petrarca, A. Vogel, T. Pohl, T. Nagy, Q. Jusforgues, P. Simon, J. Kasparian, K. Weber, and J.-P. Wolf, “Laser-induced condensation by ultrashort laser pulses at 248 nm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(9), 091112 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. Henin, Y. Petit, P. Rohwetter, K. Stelmaszczyk, Z. Q. Hao, W. M. Nakaema, A. Vogel, T. Pohl, F. Schneider, J. Kasparian, K. Weber, L. Wöste, and J.-P. Wolf, “Field measurements suggest the mechanism of laser-assisted water condensation,” Nat. Commun. 2, 456 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Rohwetter, J. Kasparian, L. Wöste, and J.-P. Wolf, “Modelling of HNO3-mediated laser-induced condensation: a parametric study,” J. Chem. Phys. 135(13), 134703 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Petit, S. Henin, J. Kasparian, and J.-P. Wolf, “Production of ozone and nitrogen oxides by laser filamentation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(2), 021108 (2010).
[Crossref]

P. Rohwetter, J. Kasparian, K. Stelmaszczyk, Z. Hao, S. Henin, N. Lascoux, W. M. Nakaema, Y. Petit, M. Queißer, R. Salamé, E. Salmon, L. Wöste, and J.-P. Wolf, “Laser-induced water condensation in air,” Nat. Photonics 4(7), 451–456 (2010).
[Crossref]

L. Bergé, S. Skupin, R. Nuter, J. Kasparian, and J.-P. Wolf, “Ultrashort filaments of light in weakly ionized, optically transparent media,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 70(10), 1633–1713 (2007).
[Crossref]

G. Méjean, J. Kasparian, J. Yu, E. Salmon, S. Frey, J.-P. Wolf, S. Skupin, A. Vinçotte, R. Nuter, S. Champeaux, and L. Bergé, “Multifilamentation transmission through fog,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 72(2 Pt 2), 026611 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Courvoisier, V. Boutou, J. Kasparian, E. Salmon, G. Méjean, J. Yu, and J.-P. Wolf, “Ultraintense light filaments transmitted through clouds,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(2), 213–215 (2003).
[Crossref]

F. Courvoisier, V. Boutou, C. Favre, S. C. Hill, and J.-P. Wolf, “Plasma formation dynamics within a water microdroplet on femtosecond time scales,” Opt. Lett. 28(3), 206–208 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wöste, L.

H. Saathoff, S. Henin, K. Stelmaszczyk, M. Petrarca, R. Delagrange, Z. Hao, J. Lüder, O. Möhler, Y. Petit, P. Rohwetter, M. Schnaiter, J. Kasparian, T. Leisner, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Wöste, “Laser filament-induced aerosol formation,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 13(9), 4593–4604 (2013).
[Crossref]

T. Leisner, D. Duft, O. Möhler, H. Saathoff, M. Schnaiter, S. Henin, K. Stelmaszczyk, M. Petrarca, R. Delagrange, Z. Hao, J. Lüder, Y. Petit, P. Rohwetter, J. Kasparian, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Wöste, “Laser-induced plasma cloud interaction and ice multiplication under cirrus cloud conditions,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 110(25), 10106–10110 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Rohwetter, J. Kasparian, L. Wöste, and J.-P. Wolf, “Modelling of HNO3-mediated laser-induced condensation: a parametric study,” J. Chem. Phys. 135(13), 134703 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Henin, Y. Petit, P. Rohwetter, K. Stelmaszczyk, Z. Q. Hao, W. M. Nakaema, A. Vogel, T. Pohl, F. Schneider, J. Kasparian, K. Weber, L. Wöste, and J.-P. Wolf, “Field measurements suggest the mechanism of laser-assisted water condensation,” Nat. Commun. 2, 456 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Rohwetter, J. Kasparian, K. Stelmaszczyk, Z. Hao, S. Henin, N. Lascoux, W. M. Nakaema, Y. Petit, M. Queißer, R. Salamé, E. Salmon, L. Wöste, and J.-P. Wolf, “Laser-induced water condensation in air,” Nat. Photonics 4(7), 451–456 (2010).
[Crossref]

A. Lindinger, J. Hagen, L. D. Socaciu, T. M. Bernhardt, L. Wöste, D. Duft, and T. Leisner, “Time-resolved explosion dynamics of H2O droplets induced by femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Opt. 43(27), 5263–5269 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xu, Z.

J. Ju, J. Liu, H. Liang, Y. Chen, H. Sun, Y. Liu, J. Wang, C. Wang, T. Wang, R. Li, Z. Xu, and S. L. Chin, “Femtosecond laser filament induced condensation and precipitation in a cloud chamber,” Sci. Rep. 6, 25417 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Sun, H. Liang, Y. Liu, J. Ju, Y. Wei, C. Wang, T. Wang, J. Liu, S. L. Chin, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Different patterned airflows induced by 1-kHz femtosecond laser filaments in a cloud chamber,” Appl. Phys. B 121(2), 155–169 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Ju, T. Leisner, H. Sun, A. Sridharan, T. Wang, J. Wang, C. Wang, J. Liu, R. Li, Z. Xu, and S. L. Chin, “Laser-induced supersaturation and snow formation in a sub-saturated cloud chamber,” Appl. Phys. B 117(4), 1001–1007 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Ju, H. Sun, A. Sridharan, T. J. Wang, C. Wang, J. Liu, R. Li, Z. Xu, and S. L. Chin, “Laser-filament-induced snow formation in a subsaturated zone in a cloud chamber: experimental and theoretical study,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 88(6), 062803 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Sridharan, T.-J. Wang, A. Grégoire, J. Ju, J. Liu, R. Li, Z. Xu, D. Boudreau, and S. L. Chin, “Laser-filament-induced condensation in an inverted cloud chamber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(12), 125301 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Ju, J. Liu, C. Wang, H. Sun, W. Wang, X. Ge, C. Li, S. L. Chin, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Effects of initial humidity and temperature on laser-filamentation-induced condensation and snow formation,” Appl. Phys. B 110(3), 375–380 (2013).
[Crossref]

H. Sun, J. Liu, C. Wang, J. Ju, Z. Wang, W. Wang, X. Ge, C. Li, S. L. Chin, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Laser filamentation induced air-flow motion in a diffusion cloud chamber,” Opt. Express 21(8), 9255–9266 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Ju, J. Liu, C. Wang, H. Sun, W. Wang, X. Ge, C. Li, S. L. Chin, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Laser-filamentation-induced condensation and snow formation in a cloud chamber,” Opt. Lett. 37(7), 1214–1216 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yoshihara, K.

K. Yoshihara, Y. Sakamoto, M. Kawasaki, Y. Takatori, S. Kato, and Y. Kajii, “UV-light-induced water condensation in air and the role of hydrogen peroxide,” Bull. Chem. Soc. Jpn. 87(5), 593–602 (2014).
[Crossref]

K. Yoshihara, Y. Takatori, K. Miyazaki, and Y. Kajii, “Ultraviolet light-induced water-droplet formation from wet ambient air,” Proc. Jpn. Acad., Ser. B, Phys. Biol. Sci. 83(9-10), 320–325 (2007).
[PubMed]

Yu, J.

G. Méjean, J. Kasparian, J. Yu, E. Salmon, S. Frey, J.-P. Wolf, S. Skupin, A. Vinçotte, R. Nuter, S. Champeaux, and L. Bergé, “Multifilamentation transmission through fog,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 72(2 Pt 2), 026611 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Courvoisier, V. Boutou, J. Kasparian, E. Salmon, G. Méjean, J. Yu, and J.-P. Wolf, “Ultraintense light filaments transmitted through clouds,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(2), 213–215 (2003).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (5)

Appl. Phys. B (4)

J. Kasparian, R. Sauerbrey, and S. L. Chin, “The critical laser intensity of self-guided light filaments in air,” Appl. Phys. B 71(6), 877–879 (2000).
[Crossref]

J. Ju, J. Liu, C. Wang, H. Sun, W. Wang, X. Ge, C. Li, S. L. Chin, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Effects of initial humidity and temperature on laser-filamentation-induced condensation and snow formation,” Appl. Phys. B 110(3), 375–380 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Ju, T. Leisner, H. Sun, A. Sridharan, T. Wang, J. Wang, C. Wang, J. Liu, R. Li, Z. Xu, and S. L. Chin, “Laser-induced supersaturation and snow formation in a sub-saturated cloud chamber,” Appl. Phys. B 117(4), 1001–1007 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Sun, H. Liang, Y. Liu, J. Ju, Y. Wei, C. Wang, T. Wang, J. Liu, S. L. Chin, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Different patterned airflows induced by 1-kHz femtosecond laser filaments in a cloud chamber,” Appl. Phys. B 121(2), 155–169 (2015).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (4)

P. Joly, M. Petrarca, A. Vogel, T. Pohl, T. Nagy, Q. Jusforgues, P. Simon, J. Kasparian, K. Weber, and J.-P. Wolf, “Laser-induced condensation by ultrashort laser pulses at 248 nm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(9), 091112 (2013).
[Crossref]

F. Courvoisier, V. Boutou, J. Kasparian, E. Salmon, G. Méjean, J. Yu, and J.-P. Wolf, “Ultraintense light filaments transmitted through clouds,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(2), 213–215 (2003).
[Crossref]

R. Salamé, N. Lascoux, E. Salmon, J. Kasparian, and J. P. Wolf, “Propagation of laser filaments through an extended turbulent region,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(17), 171106 (2007).
[Crossref]

Y. Petit, S. Henin, J. Kasparian, and J.-P. Wolf, “Production of ozone and nitrogen oxides by laser filamentation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(2), 021108 (2010).
[Crossref]

Atmos. Chem. Phys. (1)

H. Saathoff, S. Henin, K. Stelmaszczyk, M. Petrarca, R. Delagrange, Z. Hao, J. Lüder, O. Möhler, Y. Petit, P. Rohwetter, M. Schnaiter, J. Kasparian, T. Leisner, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Wöste, “Laser filament-induced aerosol formation,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 13(9), 4593–4604 (2013).
[Crossref]

Bull. Chem. Soc. Jpn. (1)

K. Yoshihara, Y. Sakamoto, M. Kawasaki, Y. Takatori, S. Kato, and Y. Kajii, “UV-light-induced water condensation in air and the role of hydrogen peroxide,” Bull. Chem. Soc. Jpn. 87(5), 593–602 (2014).
[Crossref]

Can. J. Phys. (1)

S. L. Chin, S. A. Hosseini, W. Liu, Q. Luo, F. Théberge, N. Aközbek, A. Becker, V. P. Kandidov, O. G. Kosareva, and H. Schroeder, “The propagation of powerful femtosecond laser pulses in opticalmedia: physics, applications, and new challenges,” Can. J. Phys. 83(9), 863–905 (2005).
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J. Appl. Phys. (1)

R. Evans and S. Camacho-Lpez, “Pump-probe imaging of nanosecond laser-induced bubbles in distilled water solutions: Observations of laser-produced-plasma,” J. Appl. Phys. 108(10), 103106 (2010).
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J. Chem. Phys. (1)

P. Rohwetter, J. Kasparian, L. Wöste, and J.-P. Wolf, “Modelling of HNO3-mediated laser-induced condensation: a parametric study,” J. Chem. Phys. 135(13), 134703 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Phys. B (1)

G. Point, C. Milián, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, and A. Houard, “Generation of long-lived underdense channels using femtosecond filamentation in air,” J. Phys. B 48(9), 094009 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data (1)

J. E. Sansonetti and W. C. Martin, “Handbook of Basic Atomic Spectroscopic Data,” J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data 34(4), 1559–2259 (2005).
[Crossref]

Laser Phys. (1)

A. Talebpour, M. Abdel-Fattah, A. D. Bandrauk, and S. L. Chin, “Spectroscopy of the gases interacting with intense femtosecond laser pulses,” Laser Phys. 11(1), 68–76 (2001).

Laser Phys. Lett. (1)

A. Sridharan, T.-J. Wang, A. Grégoire, J. Ju, J. Liu, R. Li, Z. Xu, D. Boudreau, and S. L. Chin, “Laser-filament-induced condensation in an inverted cloud chamber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(12), 125301 (2013).
[Crossref]

Nat. Commun. (1)

S. Henin, Y. Petit, P. Rohwetter, K. Stelmaszczyk, Z. Q. Hao, W. M. Nakaema, A. Vogel, T. Pohl, F. Schneider, J. Kasparian, K. Weber, L. Wöste, and J.-P. Wolf, “Field measurements suggest the mechanism of laser-assisted water condensation,” Nat. Commun. 2, 456 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Photonics (1)

P. Rohwetter, J. Kasparian, K. Stelmaszczyk, Z. Hao, S. Henin, N. Lascoux, W. M. Nakaema, Y. Petit, M. Queißer, R. Salamé, E. Salmon, L. Wöste, and J.-P. Wolf, “Laser-induced water condensation in air,” Nat. Photonics 4(7), 451–456 (2010).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (8)

Y.-H. Cheng, J. K. Wahlstrand, N. Jhajj, and H. M. Milchberg, “The effect of long timescale gas dynamics on femtosecond filamentation,” Opt. Express 21(4), 4740–4751 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Sun, J. Liu, C. Wang, J. Ju, Z. Wang, W. Wang, X. Ge, C. Li, S. L. Chin, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Laser filamentation induced air-flow motion in a diffusion cloud chamber,” Opt. Express 21(8), 9255–9266 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y.-H. Cheng, J. K. Wahlstrand, N. Jhajj, and H. M. Milchberg, “The effect of long timescale gas dynamics on femtosecond filamentation,” Opt. Express 21(4), 4740–4751 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Ryabtsev, S. Pouya, M. Koochesfahani, and M. Dantus, “Vortices in the wake of a femtosecond laser filament,” Opt. Express 22(21), 26098–26102 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Point, E. Thouin, A. Mysyrowicz, and A. Houard, “Energy deposition from focused terawatt laser pulses in air undergoing multifilamentation,” Opt. Express 24(6), 6271–6282 (2016).
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V. Loriot, E. Hertz, O. Faucher, and B. Lavorel, “Measurement of high order Measurement of high order Kerr refractive index of major air components,” Opt. Express 17(16), 13429–13434 (2009).
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V. Loriot, E. Hertz, O. Faucher, and B. Lavorel, “Kerr refractive index of major air components: erratum,” Opt. Express 18(3), 3011–3012 (2010).
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W. Liu and S. Chin, “Direct measurement of the critical power of femtosecond Ti:sapphire laser pulse in air,” Opt. Express 13(15), 5750–5755 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (5)

Phys. Rep. (1)

A. Couairon and A. Mysyrowicz, “Femtosecond filamentation in transparent media,” Phys. Rep. 441(2–4), 47–189 (2007).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. A (1)

O. Lahav, L. Levi, I. Orr, R. A. Nemirovsky, J. Nemirovsky, I. Kaminer, M. Segev, and O. Cohen, “Long-lived waveguides and sound-wave generation by laser filamentation,” Phys. Rev. A 90(2), 21801 (2014).
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Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. (3)

F. Théberge, W. Liu, P. T. Simard, A. Becker, and S. L. Chin, “Plasma density inside a femtosecond laser filament in air: strong dependence on external focusing,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 74(3 Pt 2), 036406 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Méjean, J. Kasparian, J. Yu, E. Salmon, S. Frey, J.-P. Wolf, S. Skupin, A. Vinçotte, R. Nuter, S. Champeaux, and L. Bergé, “Multifilamentation transmission through fog,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 72(2 Pt 2), 026611 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Ju, H. Sun, A. Sridharan, T. J. Wang, C. Wang, J. Liu, R. Li, Z. Xu, and S. L. Chin, “Laser-filament-induced snow formation in a subsaturated zone in a cloud chamber: experimental and theoretical study,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 88(6), 062803 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

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Phys. Rev. X (1)

N. Jhajj, E. W. Rosenthal, R. Birnbaum, J. K. Wahlstrand, and H. M. Milchberg, “Demonstration of long-lived high-power optical waveguides in air,” Phys. Rev. X 4(1), 011027 (2014).
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Proc. Jpn. Acad., Ser. B, Phys. Biol. Sci. (1)

K. Yoshihara, Y. Takatori, K. Miyazaki, and Y. Kajii, “Ultraviolet light-induced water-droplet formation from wet ambient air,” Proc. Jpn. Acad., Ser. B, Phys. Biol. Sci. 83(9-10), 320–325 (2007).
[PubMed]

Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (1)

T. Leisner, D. Duft, O. Möhler, H. Saathoff, M. Schnaiter, S. Henin, K. Stelmaszczyk, M. Petrarca, R. Delagrange, Z. Hao, J. Lüder, Y. Petit, P. Rohwetter, J. Kasparian, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Wöste, “Laser-induced plasma cloud interaction and ice multiplication under cirrus cloud conditions,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 110(25), 10106–10110 (2013).
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V. P. Kandidov, S. A. Shlenov, and O. G. Kosareva, “Filamentation of high-power femtosecond laser radiation,” Quantum Electron. 39(3), 205–228 (2009).
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L. Bergé, S. Skupin, R. Nuter, J. Kasparian, and J.-P. Wolf, “Ultrashort filaments of light in weakly ionized, optically transparent media,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 70(10), 1633–1713 (2007).
[Crossref]

Sci. Adv. (1)

M. Matthews, F. Pomel, C. Wender, A. Kiselev, D. Duft, J. Kasparian, J.-P. Wolf, and T. Leisner, “Laser vaporization of cirrus-like ice particles with secondary ice multiplication,” Sci. Adv. 2(5), e1501912 (2016).
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Sci. Rep. (2)

D. Mongin, J. G. Slowik, E. Schubert, J.-G. Brisset, N. Berti, M. Moret, A. S. H. Prévôt, U. Baltensperger, J. Kasparian, and J.-P. Wolf, “Non-linear photochemical pathways in laser-induced atmospheric aerosol formation,” Sci. Rep. 5, 14978 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Ju, J. Liu, H. Liang, Y. Chen, H. Sun, Y. Liu, J. Wang, C. Wang, T. Wang, R. Li, Z. Xu, and S. L. Chin, “Femtosecond laser filament induced condensation and precipitation in a cloud chamber,” Sci. Rep. 6, 25417 (2016).
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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 The schematic of the experimental setup.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a) Background before the launching of ps laser pulses; (b)–(d) Sparks induced by a single pulse with the energy of ~9.3 mJ (a), laser pulses at 20 Hz with the energy of ~10 mJ per pulse (b), and 1 kHz with the energy of ~8.9 mJ per pulse (c), respectively. The shooting conditions of the Nikon D7000 camera are f number (F) = 3.2, shutter speed (S) = 1/50 s, and light sensitivity (ISO) = 400.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Sparks and airflow induced by the pulse energy of 5.2 mJ (a) and 3.6 mJ (b) at 1 kHz, respectively. The images below (a) and (b) are the enlarged figures of the corresponding rectangular areas. The shooting conditions of the camera are S = 1/25 s, F = 8, and ISO = 6400 (a) and F = 3.5, S = 1/200 s, and ISO = 4000 (b), respectively.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (a) Snow on the cold plate without laser shooting. (b) Close-up view of (a). The shooting conditions of the camera are S = 1/15 s, F = 5, and ISO = 500.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 (a) Snow on the cold plate with the laser shooting with the pulse energy of ~8.9 mJ at 1 kHz. (b) Acid test by wiping clean pH papers at positions a, b and c on the cold plate; (c) Close-up view of (b). The shooting conditions of the camera are S = 1/15 s, F = 3.2, and ISO = 800 for (a); they are S = 1/15 s, F = 5 s, and ISO = 500 for (b) and (c).
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 (a) Snow on the cold plate with the laser shooting at the pulse energy of ~3.6 mJ at 1 kHz. (b) Acidity test by a pH paper. The shooting conditions of the camera are S = 1/15 s, F = 3.2, and ISO = 800 for all images.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 (a) Attempt to observe the generation of sparks in the cloud chamber without humidity added with no success (background RH~27%). (b) The generated sparks compared with (a) when humidity was added (RH~57%). The laser pulse energy was 8.9 mJ at 1 kHz. The shooting conditions of the camera are S = 1/80 s, F = 10, and ISO = 400.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 (a)–(c) Side fluorescence spectra of sparks with the laser power of 8.9 W at 1 kHz. The identification of spectral lines is from [47–49].

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Net increase in snow mass under different pulse energy at 1 kHza

Tables Icon

Table 2 Efficiency of energy deposition with laser pulses at 1 kHza

Metrics