Abstract

By using sub-wavelength resonators, metamaterial absorber shows great potential in many scientific and technical applications due to its perfect absorption characteristics. For most practical applications, the absorption bandwidth is one of the most important performance metrics. In this paper, we demonstrate the design of an ultra-broadband infrared absorber based on metasurface. Compared with the prior work [Opt. Express 22(S7), A1713-A1724 (2014)], the proposed absorber shows more than twice the absorption bandwidth. The simulated total absorption exceeds 90% from 7.8 to 12.1 um and the full width at half maximum is 50% (from 7.5 to 12.5 μm), which is achieved by using a single layer of metasurface. Further study demonstrates that the absorption bandwidth can be greatly expanded by using two layers of metasurface, i.e. dual-layered absorber. The total absorption of the dual-layered absorber exceeds 80% from 5.2 to 13.7 um and the full width at half maximum is 95% (from 5.1 to 14.1 μm), much greater than those previously reported for infrared spectrum. The absorption decreases with fluctuations as the incident angle increases but remains quasi-constant up to relatively large angles.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2016 (2)

A. K. Azad, W. J. Kort-Kamp, M. Sykora, N. R. Weisse-Bernstein, T. S. Luk, A. J. Taylor, D. A. Dalvit, and H. T. Chen, “Metasurface broadband solar absorber,” Sci. Rep. 6, 20347 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Li, Y. Wang, and J. Xiao, “Mechanics of bioinspired imaging systems,” Theor. Appl. Mech. Lett. 6(1), 11–20 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (4)

S. Liu, H. Chen, and T. J. Cui, “A broadband terahertz absorber using multi-layer stacked bars,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(15), 151601 (2015).
[Crossref]

Z. Li and J. Xiao, “Mechanics and optics of stretchable elastomeric microlens array for artificial compound eye camera,” J. Appl. Phys. 117(1), 014904 (2015).
[Crossref]

Z. Li, Y. Wang, and J. Xiao, “Mechanics of curvilinear electronics and optoelectronics,” Curr. Opin. Solid State Mater. Sci. 19(3), 171–189 (2015).
[Crossref]

Z. Li and J. Xiao, “Strain tunable optics of elastomeric microlens array,” Extreme Mech. Lett. 4, 118–123 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (6)

W. Li and J. Valentine, “Metamaterial perfect absorber based hot electron photodetection,” Nano Lett. 14(6), 3510–3514 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Li, J. Gao, X. Cao, W. Li, Z. Zhang, and D. Zhang, “Wideband, thin and polarization-insensitive perfect absorber based the double octagonal rings metamaterials and lumped resistances,” J. Appl. Phys. 116(4), 043710 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Wang, B. S. Liu, R. B. Bian, W. Z. Mao, C. X. Liu, B. Ma, and L. Chen, “A novel ultrathin and broadband microwave metamaterial absorber,” J. Appl. Phys. 116(9), 094504 (2014).
[Crossref]

D. Kang, S. M. Lee, Z. Li, A. Seyedi, J. O’Brien, J. Xiao, and J. Yoon, “Compliant, heterogeneously integrated GaAs micro-VCSELs towards wearable and implantable integrated optoelectronics platforms,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 2(4), 373–381 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Zhu, Z. Ma, W. Sun, F. Ding, Q. He, L. Zhou, and Y. Ma, “Ultra-broadband terahertz metamaterial absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(2), 021102 (2014).
[Crossref]

R. Feng, J. Qiu, L. Liu, W. Ding, and L. Chen, “Parallel LC circuit model for multi-band absorption and preliminary design of radiative cooling,” Opt. Express 22(S7), A1713–A1724 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2013 (2)

M. Amin, M. Farhat, and H. Bağcı, “An ultra-broadband multilayered graphene absorber,” Opt. Express 21(24), 29938–29948 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. M. Song, Y. Xie, V. Malyarchuk, J. Xiao, I. Jung, K. J. Choi, Z. Liu, H. Park, C. Lu, R. H. Kim, R. Li, K. B. Crozier, Y. Huang, and J. A. Rogers, “Digital cameras with designs inspired by the arthropod eye,” Nature 497(7447), 95–99 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (5)

P. Tassin, T. Koschny, M. Kafesaki, and C. M. Soukoulis, “A comparison of graphene, superconductors and metals as conductors for metamaterials and plasmonics,” Nat. Photonics 6(4), 259–264 (2012).
[Crossref]

F. Ding, Y. Cui, X. Ge, Y. Jin, and S. He, “Ultra-broadband microwave metamaterial absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(10), 103506 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. Li, S. Xiao, Y. Y. Bai, and B. Z. Wang, “An ultrathin and broadband radar absorber using resistive FSS,” IEEE Antennas Wirel. Propag. Lett. 11, 748–751 (2012).
[Crossref]

P. Zhu and L. J. Guo, “High performance broadband absorber in the visible band by engineered dispersion and geometry of a metal-dielectric-metal stack,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(24), 241116 (2012).
[Crossref]

P. Bouchon, C. Koechlin, F. Pardo, R. Haïdar, and J. L. Pelouard, “Wideband omnidirectional infrared absorber with a patchwork of plasmonic nanoantennas,” Opt. Lett. 37(6), 1038–1040 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (7)

Y. Cui, J. Xu, K. H. Fung, Y. Jin, A. Kumar, S. He, and N. X. Fang, “A thin film broadband absorber based on multi-sized nanoantennas,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(25), 253101 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Grant, Y. Ma, S. Saha, L. B. Lok, A. Khalid, and D. R. S. Cumming, “Polarization insensitive terahertz metamaterial absorber,” Opt. Lett. 36(8), 1524–1526 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Sun, L. Liu, G. Dong, and J. Zhou, “An extremely broad band metamaterial absorber based on destructive interference,” Opt. Express 19(22), 21155–21162 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Koechlin, P. Bouchon, F. Pardo, J. Jaeck, X. Lafosse, J.-L. Pelouard, and R. Haidar, “Total routing and absorption of photons in dual color plasmonic antennas,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(24), 241104 (2011).
[Crossref]

X. Liu, T. Tyler, T. Starr, A. F. Starr, N. M. Jokerst, and W. J. Padilla, “Taming the blackbody with infrared metamaterials as selective thermal emitters,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(4), 045901 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Wang, Y. Chen, J. Hao, M. Yan, and M. Qiu, “Shape-dependent absorption characteristics of three-layered metamaterials absorbers at near-infrared,” J. Appl. Phys. 109(7), 074510 (2011).
[Crossref]

C. Wu, A. B. Khanikaev, R. Adato, N. Arju, A. A. Yanik, H. Altug, and G. Shvets, “Fano-resonant asymmetric metamaterials for ultrasensitive spectroscopy and identification of molecular monolayers,” Nat. Mater. 11(1), 69–75 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2010 (1)

J. Hao, J. Wang, X. Liu, W. J. Padilla, L. Zhou, and M. Qiu, “High performance optical absorber based on a plasmonic metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(25), 251104 (2010).
[Crossref]

2008 (2)

H. C. Ko, M. P. Stoykovich, J. Song, V. Malyarchuk, W. M. Choi, C. J. Yu, J. B. Geddes, J. Xiao, S. Wang, Y. Huang, and J. A. Rogers, “A hemispherical electronic eye camera based on compressible silicon optoelectronics,” Nature 454(7205), 748–753 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, “Perfect metamaterial absorber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(20), 207402 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2007 (1)

J. Yang and Z. X. Shen, “A thin and broadband absorber using double-square loops,” IEEE Antennas Wirel. Propag. Lett. 6(11), 388–391 (2007).
[Crossref]

Adato, R.

C. Wu, A. B. Khanikaev, R. Adato, N. Arju, A. A. Yanik, H. Altug, and G. Shvets, “Fano-resonant asymmetric metamaterials for ultrasensitive spectroscopy and identification of molecular monolayers,” Nat. Mater. 11(1), 69–75 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Altug, H.

C. Wu, A. B. Khanikaev, R. Adato, N. Arju, A. A. Yanik, H. Altug, and G. Shvets, “Fano-resonant asymmetric metamaterials for ultrasensitive spectroscopy and identification of molecular monolayers,” Nat. Mater. 11(1), 69–75 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Amin, M.

Arju, N.

C. Wu, A. B. Khanikaev, R. Adato, N. Arju, A. A. Yanik, H. Altug, and G. Shvets, “Fano-resonant asymmetric metamaterials for ultrasensitive spectroscopy and identification of molecular monolayers,” Nat. Mater. 11(1), 69–75 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Azad, A. K.

A. K. Azad, W. J. Kort-Kamp, M. Sykora, N. R. Weisse-Bernstein, T. S. Luk, A. J. Taylor, D. A. Dalvit, and H. T. Chen, “Metasurface broadband solar absorber,” Sci. Rep. 6, 20347 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bagci, H.

Bai, Y. Y.

M. Li, S. Xiao, Y. Y. Bai, and B. Z. Wang, “An ultrathin and broadband radar absorber using resistive FSS,” IEEE Antennas Wirel. Propag. Lett. 11, 748–751 (2012).
[Crossref]

Bian, R. B.

Y. Wang, B. S. Liu, R. B. Bian, W. Z. Mao, C. X. Liu, B. Ma, and L. Chen, “A novel ultrathin and broadband microwave metamaterial absorber,” J. Appl. Phys. 116(9), 094504 (2014).
[Crossref]

Bouchon, P.

P. Bouchon, C. Koechlin, F. Pardo, R. Haïdar, and J. L. Pelouard, “Wideband omnidirectional infrared absorber with a patchwork of plasmonic nanoantennas,” Opt. Lett. 37(6), 1038–1040 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Koechlin, P. Bouchon, F. Pardo, J. Jaeck, X. Lafosse, J.-L. Pelouard, and R. Haidar, “Total routing and absorption of photons in dual color plasmonic antennas,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(24), 241104 (2011).
[Crossref]

Cao, X.

S. Li, J. Gao, X. Cao, W. Li, Z. Zhang, and D. Zhang, “Wideband, thin and polarization-insensitive perfect absorber based the double octagonal rings metamaterials and lumped resistances,” J. Appl. Phys. 116(4), 043710 (2014).
[Crossref]

Chen, H.

S. Liu, H. Chen, and T. J. Cui, “A broadband terahertz absorber using multi-layer stacked bars,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(15), 151601 (2015).
[Crossref]

Chen, H. T.

A. K. Azad, W. J. Kort-Kamp, M. Sykora, N. R. Weisse-Bernstein, T. S. Luk, A. J. Taylor, D. A. Dalvit, and H. T. Chen, “Metasurface broadband solar absorber,” Sci. Rep. 6, 20347 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, L.

Y. Wang, B. S. Liu, R. B. Bian, W. Z. Mao, C. X. Liu, B. Ma, and L. Chen, “A novel ultrathin and broadband microwave metamaterial absorber,” J. Appl. Phys. 116(9), 094504 (2014).
[Crossref]

R. Feng, J. Qiu, L. Liu, W. Ding, and L. Chen, “Parallel LC circuit model for multi-band absorption and preliminary design of radiative cooling,” Opt. Express 22(S7), A1713–A1724 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, Y.

J. Wang, Y. Chen, J. Hao, M. Yan, and M. Qiu, “Shape-dependent absorption characteristics of three-layered metamaterials absorbers at near-infrared,” J. Appl. Phys. 109(7), 074510 (2011).
[Crossref]

Choi, K. J.

Y. M. Song, Y. Xie, V. Malyarchuk, J. Xiao, I. Jung, K. J. Choi, Z. Liu, H. Park, C. Lu, R. H. Kim, R. Li, K. B. Crozier, Y. Huang, and J. A. Rogers, “Digital cameras with designs inspired by the arthropod eye,” Nature 497(7447), 95–99 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Choi, W. M.

H. C. Ko, M. P. Stoykovich, J. Song, V. Malyarchuk, W. M. Choi, C. J. Yu, J. B. Geddes, J. Xiao, S. Wang, Y. Huang, and J. A. Rogers, “A hemispherical electronic eye camera based on compressible silicon optoelectronics,” Nature 454(7205), 748–753 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Crozier, K. B.

Y. M. Song, Y. Xie, V. Malyarchuk, J. Xiao, I. Jung, K. J. Choi, Z. Liu, H. Park, C. Lu, R. H. Kim, R. Li, K. B. Crozier, Y. Huang, and J. A. Rogers, “Digital cameras with designs inspired by the arthropod eye,” Nature 497(7447), 95–99 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cui, T. J.

S. Liu, H. Chen, and T. J. Cui, “A broadband terahertz absorber using multi-layer stacked bars,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(15), 151601 (2015).
[Crossref]

Cui, Y.

F. Ding, Y. Cui, X. Ge, Y. Jin, and S. He, “Ultra-broadband microwave metamaterial absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(10), 103506 (2012).
[Crossref]

Y. Cui, J. Xu, K. H. Fung, Y. Jin, A. Kumar, S. He, and N. X. Fang, “A thin film broadband absorber based on multi-sized nanoantennas,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(25), 253101 (2011).
[Crossref]

Cumming, D. R. S.

Dalvit, D. A.

A. K. Azad, W. J. Kort-Kamp, M. Sykora, N. R. Weisse-Bernstein, T. S. Luk, A. J. Taylor, D. A. Dalvit, and H. T. Chen, “Metasurface broadband solar absorber,” Sci. Rep. 6, 20347 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ding, F.

J. Zhu, Z. Ma, W. Sun, F. Ding, Q. He, L. Zhou, and Y. Ma, “Ultra-broadband terahertz metamaterial absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(2), 021102 (2014).
[Crossref]

F. Ding, Y. Cui, X. Ge, Y. Jin, and S. He, “Ultra-broadband microwave metamaterial absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(10), 103506 (2012).
[Crossref]

Ding, W.

Dong, G.

Fang, N. X.

Y. Cui, J. Xu, K. H. Fung, Y. Jin, A. Kumar, S. He, and N. X. Fang, “A thin film broadband absorber based on multi-sized nanoantennas,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(25), 253101 (2011).
[Crossref]

Farhat, M.

Feng, R.

Fung, K. H.

Y. Cui, J. Xu, K. H. Fung, Y. Jin, A. Kumar, S. He, and N. X. Fang, “A thin film broadband absorber based on multi-sized nanoantennas,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(25), 253101 (2011).
[Crossref]

Gao, J.

S. Li, J. Gao, X. Cao, W. Li, Z. Zhang, and D. Zhang, “Wideband, thin and polarization-insensitive perfect absorber based the double octagonal rings metamaterials and lumped resistances,” J. Appl. Phys. 116(4), 043710 (2014).
[Crossref]

Ge, X.

F. Ding, Y. Cui, X. Ge, Y. Jin, and S. He, “Ultra-broadband microwave metamaterial absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(10), 103506 (2012).
[Crossref]

Geddes, J. B.

H. C. Ko, M. P. Stoykovich, J. Song, V. Malyarchuk, W. M. Choi, C. J. Yu, J. B. Geddes, J. Xiao, S. Wang, Y. Huang, and J. A. Rogers, “A hemispherical electronic eye camera based on compressible silicon optoelectronics,” Nature 454(7205), 748–753 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Grant, J.

Guo, L. J.

P. Zhu and L. J. Guo, “High performance broadband absorber in the visible band by engineered dispersion and geometry of a metal-dielectric-metal stack,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(24), 241116 (2012).
[Crossref]

Haidar, R.

C. Koechlin, P. Bouchon, F. Pardo, J. Jaeck, X. Lafosse, J.-L. Pelouard, and R. Haidar, “Total routing and absorption of photons in dual color plasmonic antennas,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(24), 241104 (2011).
[Crossref]

Haïdar, R.

Hao, J.

J. Wang, Y. Chen, J. Hao, M. Yan, and M. Qiu, “Shape-dependent absorption characteristics of three-layered metamaterials absorbers at near-infrared,” J. Appl. Phys. 109(7), 074510 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Hao, J. Wang, X. Liu, W. J. Padilla, L. Zhou, and M. Qiu, “High performance optical absorber based on a plasmonic metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(25), 251104 (2010).
[Crossref]

He, Q.

J. Zhu, Z. Ma, W. Sun, F. Ding, Q. He, L. Zhou, and Y. Ma, “Ultra-broadband terahertz metamaterial absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(2), 021102 (2014).
[Crossref]

He, S.

F. Ding, Y. Cui, X. Ge, Y. Jin, and S. He, “Ultra-broadband microwave metamaterial absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(10), 103506 (2012).
[Crossref]

Y. Cui, J. Xu, K. H. Fung, Y. Jin, A. Kumar, S. He, and N. X. Fang, “A thin film broadband absorber based on multi-sized nanoantennas,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(25), 253101 (2011).
[Crossref]

Huang, Y.

Y. M. Song, Y. Xie, V. Malyarchuk, J. Xiao, I. Jung, K. J. Choi, Z. Liu, H. Park, C. Lu, R. H. Kim, R. Li, K. B. Crozier, Y. Huang, and J. A. Rogers, “Digital cameras with designs inspired by the arthropod eye,” Nature 497(7447), 95–99 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. C. Ko, M. P. Stoykovich, J. Song, V. Malyarchuk, W. M. Choi, C. J. Yu, J. B. Geddes, J. Xiao, S. Wang, Y. Huang, and J. A. Rogers, “A hemispherical electronic eye camera based on compressible silicon optoelectronics,” Nature 454(7205), 748–753 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jaeck, J.

C. Koechlin, P. Bouchon, F. Pardo, J. Jaeck, X. Lafosse, J.-L. Pelouard, and R. Haidar, “Total routing and absorption of photons in dual color plasmonic antennas,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(24), 241104 (2011).
[Crossref]

Jin, Y.

F. Ding, Y. Cui, X. Ge, Y. Jin, and S. He, “Ultra-broadband microwave metamaterial absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(10), 103506 (2012).
[Crossref]

Y. Cui, J. Xu, K. H. Fung, Y. Jin, A. Kumar, S. He, and N. X. Fang, “A thin film broadband absorber based on multi-sized nanoantennas,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(25), 253101 (2011).
[Crossref]

Jokerst, N. M.

X. Liu, T. Tyler, T. Starr, A. F. Starr, N. M. Jokerst, and W. J. Padilla, “Taming the blackbody with infrared metamaterials as selective thermal emitters,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(4), 045901 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jung, I.

Y. M. Song, Y. Xie, V. Malyarchuk, J. Xiao, I. Jung, K. J. Choi, Z. Liu, H. Park, C. Lu, R. H. Kim, R. Li, K. B. Crozier, Y. Huang, and J. A. Rogers, “Digital cameras with designs inspired by the arthropod eye,” Nature 497(7447), 95–99 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kafesaki, M.

P. Tassin, T. Koschny, M. Kafesaki, and C. M. Soukoulis, “A comparison of graphene, superconductors and metals as conductors for metamaterials and plasmonics,” Nat. Photonics 6(4), 259–264 (2012).
[Crossref]

Kang, D.

D. Kang, S. M. Lee, Z. Li, A. Seyedi, J. O’Brien, J. Xiao, and J. Yoon, “Compliant, heterogeneously integrated GaAs micro-VCSELs towards wearable and implantable integrated optoelectronics platforms,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 2(4), 373–381 (2014).
[Crossref]

Khalid, A.

Khanikaev, A. B.

C. Wu, A. B. Khanikaev, R. Adato, N. Arju, A. A. Yanik, H. Altug, and G. Shvets, “Fano-resonant asymmetric metamaterials for ultrasensitive spectroscopy and identification of molecular monolayers,” Nat. Mater. 11(1), 69–75 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, R. H.

Y. M. Song, Y. Xie, V. Malyarchuk, J. Xiao, I. Jung, K. J. Choi, Z. Liu, H. Park, C. Lu, R. H. Kim, R. Li, K. B. Crozier, Y. Huang, and J. A. Rogers, “Digital cameras with designs inspired by the arthropod eye,” Nature 497(7447), 95–99 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ko, H. C.

H. C. Ko, M. P. Stoykovich, J. Song, V. Malyarchuk, W. M. Choi, C. J. Yu, J. B. Geddes, J. Xiao, S. Wang, Y. Huang, and J. A. Rogers, “A hemispherical electronic eye camera based on compressible silicon optoelectronics,” Nature 454(7205), 748–753 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Koechlin, C.

P. Bouchon, C. Koechlin, F. Pardo, R. Haïdar, and J. L. Pelouard, “Wideband omnidirectional infrared absorber with a patchwork of plasmonic nanoantennas,” Opt. Lett. 37(6), 1038–1040 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Koechlin, P. Bouchon, F. Pardo, J. Jaeck, X. Lafosse, J.-L. Pelouard, and R. Haidar, “Total routing and absorption of photons in dual color plasmonic antennas,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(24), 241104 (2011).
[Crossref]

Kort-Kamp, W. J.

A. K. Azad, W. J. Kort-Kamp, M. Sykora, N. R. Weisse-Bernstein, T. S. Luk, A. J. Taylor, D. A. Dalvit, and H. T. Chen, “Metasurface broadband solar absorber,” Sci. Rep. 6, 20347 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Koschny, T.

P. Tassin, T. Koschny, M. Kafesaki, and C. M. Soukoulis, “A comparison of graphene, superconductors and metals as conductors for metamaterials and plasmonics,” Nat. Photonics 6(4), 259–264 (2012).
[Crossref]

Kumar, A.

Y. Cui, J. Xu, K. H. Fung, Y. Jin, A. Kumar, S. He, and N. X. Fang, “A thin film broadband absorber based on multi-sized nanoantennas,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(25), 253101 (2011).
[Crossref]

Lafosse, X.

C. Koechlin, P. Bouchon, F. Pardo, J. Jaeck, X. Lafosse, J.-L. Pelouard, and R. Haidar, “Total routing and absorption of photons in dual color plasmonic antennas,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(24), 241104 (2011).
[Crossref]

Landy, N. I.

N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, “Perfect metamaterial absorber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(20), 207402 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lee, S. M.

D. Kang, S. M. Lee, Z. Li, A. Seyedi, J. O’Brien, J. Xiao, and J. Yoon, “Compliant, heterogeneously integrated GaAs micro-VCSELs towards wearable and implantable integrated optoelectronics platforms,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 2(4), 373–381 (2014).
[Crossref]

Li, M.

M. Li, S. Xiao, Y. Y. Bai, and B. Z. Wang, “An ultrathin and broadband radar absorber using resistive FSS,” IEEE Antennas Wirel. Propag. Lett. 11, 748–751 (2012).
[Crossref]

Li, R.

Y. M. Song, Y. Xie, V. Malyarchuk, J. Xiao, I. Jung, K. J. Choi, Z. Liu, H. Park, C. Lu, R. H. Kim, R. Li, K. B. Crozier, Y. Huang, and J. A. Rogers, “Digital cameras with designs inspired by the arthropod eye,” Nature 497(7447), 95–99 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, S.

S. Li, J. Gao, X. Cao, W. Li, Z. Zhang, and D. Zhang, “Wideband, thin and polarization-insensitive perfect absorber based the double octagonal rings metamaterials and lumped resistances,” J. Appl. Phys. 116(4), 043710 (2014).
[Crossref]

Li, W.

S. Li, J. Gao, X. Cao, W. Li, Z. Zhang, and D. Zhang, “Wideband, thin and polarization-insensitive perfect absorber based the double octagonal rings metamaterials and lumped resistances,” J. Appl. Phys. 116(4), 043710 (2014).
[Crossref]

W. Li and J. Valentine, “Metamaterial perfect absorber based hot electron photodetection,” Nano Lett. 14(6), 3510–3514 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, Z.

Z. Li, Y. Wang, and J. Xiao, “Mechanics of bioinspired imaging systems,” Theor. Appl. Mech. Lett. 6(1), 11–20 (2016).
[Crossref]

Z. Li and J. Xiao, “Strain tunable optics of elastomeric microlens array,” Extreme Mech. Lett. 4, 118–123 (2015).
[Crossref]

Z. Li and J. Xiao, “Mechanics and optics of stretchable elastomeric microlens array for artificial compound eye camera,” J. Appl. Phys. 117(1), 014904 (2015).
[Crossref]

Z. Li, Y. Wang, and J. Xiao, “Mechanics of curvilinear electronics and optoelectronics,” Curr. Opin. Solid State Mater. Sci. 19(3), 171–189 (2015).
[Crossref]

D. Kang, S. M. Lee, Z. Li, A. Seyedi, J. O’Brien, J. Xiao, and J. Yoon, “Compliant, heterogeneously integrated GaAs micro-VCSELs towards wearable and implantable integrated optoelectronics platforms,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 2(4), 373–381 (2014).
[Crossref]

Liu, B. S.

Y. Wang, B. S. Liu, R. B. Bian, W. Z. Mao, C. X. Liu, B. Ma, and L. Chen, “A novel ultrathin and broadband microwave metamaterial absorber,” J. Appl. Phys. 116(9), 094504 (2014).
[Crossref]

Liu, C. X.

Y. Wang, B. S. Liu, R. B. Bian, W. Z. Mao, C. X. Liu, B. Ma, and L. Chen, “A novel ultrathin and broadband microwave metamaterial absorber,” J. Appl. Phys. 116(9), 094504 (2014).
[Crossref]

Liu, L.

Liu, S.

S. Liu, H. Chen, and T. J. Cui, “A broadband terahertz absorber using multi-layer stacked bars,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(15), 151601 (2015).
[Crossref]

Liu, X.

X. Liu, T. Tyler, T. Starr, A. F. Starr, N. M. Jokerst, and W. J. Padilla, “Taming the blackbody with infrared metamaterials as selective thermal emitters,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(4), 045901 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Hao, J. Wang, X. Liu, W. J. Padilla, L. Zhou, and M. Qiu, “High performance optical absorber based on a plasmonic metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(25), 251104 (2010).
[Crossref]

Liu, Z.

Y. M. Song, Y. Xie, V. Malyarchuk, J. Xiao, I. Jung, K. J. Choi, Z. Liu, H. Park, C. Lu, R. H. Kim, R. Li, K. B. Crozier, Y. Huang, and J. A. Rogers, “Digital cameras with designs inspired by the arthropod eye,” Nature 497(7447), 95–99 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lok, L. B.

Lu, C.

Y. M. Song, Y. Xie, V. Malyarchuk, J. Xiao, I. Jung, K. J. Choi, Z. Liu, H. Park, C. Lu, R. H. Kim, R. Li, K. B. Crozier, Y. Huang, and J. A. Rogers, “Digital cameras with designs inspired by the arthropod eye,” Nature 497(7447), 95–99 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Luk, T. S.

A. K. Azad, W. J. Kort-Kamp, M. Sykora, N. R. Weisse-Bernstein, T. S. Luk, A. J. Taylor, D. A. Dalvit, and H. T. Chen, “Metasurface broadband solar absorber,” Sci. Rep. 6, 20347 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ma, B.

Y. Wang, B. S. Liu, R. B. Bian, W. Z. Mao, C. X. Liu, B. Ma, and L. Chen, “A novel ultrathin and broadband microwave metamaterial absorber,” J. Appl. Phys. 116(9), 094504 (2014).
[Crossref]

Ma, Y.

J. Zhu, Z. Ma, W. Sun, F. Ding, Q. He, L. Zhou, and Y. Ma, “Ultra-broadband terahertz metamaterial absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(2), 021102 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Grant, Y. Ma, S. Saha, L. B. Lok, A. Khalid, and D. R. S. Cumming, “Polarization insensitive terahertz metamaterial absorber,” Opt. Lett. 36(8), 1524–1526 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ma, Z.

J. Zhu, Z. Ma, W. Sun, F. Ding, Q. He, L. Zhou, and Y. Ma, “Ultra-broadband terahertz metamaterial absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(2), 021102 (2014).
[Crossref]

Malyarchuk, V.

Y. M. Song, Y. Xie, V. Malyarchuk, J. Xiao, I. Jung, K. J. Choi, Z. Liu, H. Park, C. Lu, R. H. Kim, R. Li, K. B. Crozier, Y. Huang, and J. A. Rogers, “Digital cameras with designs inspired by the arthropod eye,” Nature 497(7447), 95–99 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. C. Ko, M. P. Stoykovich, J. Song, V. Malyarchuk, W. M. Choi, C. J. Yu, J. B. Geddes, J. Xiao, S. Wang, Y. Huang, and J. A. Rogers, “A hemispherical electronic eye camera based on compressible silicon optoelectronics,” Nature 454(7205), 748–753 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mao, W. Z.

Y. Wang, B. S. Liu, R. B. Bian, W. Z. Mao, C. X. Liu, B. Ma, and L. Chen, “A novel ultrathin and broadband microwave metamaterial absorber,” J. Appl. Phys. 116(9), 094504 (2014).
[Crossref]

Mock, J. J.

N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, “Perfect metamaterial absorber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(20), 207402 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

O’Brien, J.

D. Kang, S. M. Lee, Z. Li, A. Seyedi, J. O’Brien, J. Xiao, and J. Yoon, “Compliant, heterogeneously integrated GaAs micro-VCSELs towards wearable and implantable integrated optoelectronics platforms,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 2(4), 373–381 (2014).
[Crossref]

Padilla, W. J.

X. Liu, T. Tyler, T. Starr, A. F. Starr, N. M. Jokerst, and W. J. Padilla, “Taming the blackbody with infrared metamaterials as selective thermal emitters,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(4), 045901 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Hao, J. Wang, X. Liu, W. J. Padilla, L. Zhou, and M. Qiu, “High performance optical absorber based on a plasmonic metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(25), 251104 (2010).
[Crossref]

N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, “Perfect metamaterial absorber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(20), 207402 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pardo, F.

P. Bouchon, C. Koechlin, F. Pardo, R. Haïdar, and J. L. Pelouard, “Wideband omnidirectional infrared absorber with a patchwork of plasmonic nanoantennas,” Opt. Lett. 37(6), 1038–1040 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Koechlin, P. Bouchon, F. Pardo, J. Jaeck, X. Lafosse, J.-L. Pelouard, and R. Haidar, “Total routing and absorption of photons in dual color plasmonic antennas,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(24), 241104 (2011).
[Crossref]

Park, H.

Y. M. Song, Y. Xie, V. Malyarchuk, J. Xiao, I. Jung, K. J. Choi, Z. Liu, H. Park, C. Lu, R. H. Kim, R. Li, K. B. Crozier, Y. Huang, and J. A. Rogers, “Digital cameras with designs inspired by the arthropod eye,” Nature 497(7447), 95–99 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pelouard, J. L.

Pelouard, J.-L.

C. Koechlin, P. Bouchon, F. Pardo, J. Jaeck, X. Lafosse, J.-L. Pelouard, and R. Haidar, “Total routing and absorption of photons in dual color plasmonic antennas,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(24), 241104 (2011).
[Crossref]

Qiu, J.

Qiu, M.

J. Wang, Y. Chen, J. Hao, M. Yan, and M. Qiu, “Shape-dependent absorption characteristics of three-layered metamaterials absorbers at near-infrared,” J. Appl. Phys. 109(7), 074510 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Hao, J. Wang, X. Liu, W. J. Padilla, L. Zhou, and M. Qiu, “High performance optical absorber based on a plasmonic metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(25), 251104 (2010).
[Crossref]

Rogers, J. A.

Y. M. Song, Y. Xie, V. Malyarchuk, J. Xiao, I. Jung, K. J. Choi, Z. Liu, H. Park, C. Lu, R. H. Kim, R. Li, K. B. Crozier, Y. Huang, and J. A. Rogers, “Digital cameras with designs inspired by the arthropod eye,” Nature 497(7447), 95–99 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. C. Ko, M. P. Stoykovich, J. Song, V. Malyarchuk, W. M. Choi, C. J. Yu, J. B. Geddes, J. Xiao, S. Wang, Y. Huang, and J. A. Rogers, “A hemispherical electronic eye camera based on compressible silicon optoelectronics,” Nature 454(7205), 748–753 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Saha, S.

Sajuyigbe, S.

N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, “Perfect metamaterial absorber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(20), 207402 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Seyedi, A.

D. Kang, S. M. Lee, Z. Li, A. Seyedi, J. O’Brien, J. Xiao, and J. Yoon, “Compliant, heterogeneously integrated GaAs micro-VCSELs towards wearable and implantable integrated optoelectronics platforms,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 2(4), 373–381 (2014).
[Crossref]

Shen, Z. X.

J. Yang and Z. X. Shen, “A thin and broadband absorber using double-square loops,” IEEE Antennas Wirel. Propag. Lett. 6(11), 388–391 (2007).
[Crossref]

Shvets, G.

C. Wu, A. B. Khanikaev, R. Adato, N. Arju, A. A. Yanik, H. Altug, and G. Shvets, “Fano-resonant asymmetric metamaterials for ultrasensitive spectroscopy and identification of molecular monolayers,” Nat. Mater. 11(1), 69–75 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Smith, D. R.

N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, “Perfect metamaterial absorber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(20), 207402 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Song, J.

H. C. Ko, M. P. Stoykovich, J. Song, V. Malyarchuk, W. M. Choi, C. J. Yu, J. B. Geddes, J. Xiao, S. Wang, Y. Huang, and J. A. Rogers, “A hemispherical electronic eye camera based on compressible silicon optoelectronics,” Nature 454(7205), 748–753 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Song, Y. M.

Y. M. Song, Y. Xie, V. Malyarchuk, J. Xiao, I. Jung, K. J. Choi, Z. Liu, H. Park, C. Lu, R. H. Kim, R. Li, K. B. Crozier, Y. Huang, and J. A. Rogers, “Digital cameras with designs inspired by the arthropod eye,” Nature 497(7447), 95–99 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Soukoulis, C. M.

P. Tassin, T. Koschny, M. Kafesaki, and C. M. Soukoulis, “A comparison of graphene, superconductors and metals as conductors for metamaterials and plasmonics,” Nat. Photonics 6(4), 259–264 (2012).
[Crossref]

Starr, A. F.

X. Liu, T. Tyler, T. Starr, A. F. Starr, N. M. Jokerst, and W. J. Padilla, “Taming the blackbody with infrared metamaterials as selective thermal emitters,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(4), 045901 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Starr, T.

X. Liu, T. Tyler, T. Starr, A. F. Starr, N. M. Jokerst, and W. J. Padilla, “Taming the blackbody with infrared metamaterials as selective thermal emitters,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(4), 045901 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Stoykovich, M. P.

H. C. Ko, M. P. Stoykovich, J. Song, V. Malyarchuk, W. M. Choi, C. J. Yu, J. B. Geddes, J. Xiao, S. Wang, Y. Huang, and J. A. Rogers, “A hemispherical electronic eye camera based on compressible silicon optoelectronics,” Nature 454(7205), 748–753 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sun, J.

Sun, W.

J. Zhu, Z. Ma, W. Sun, F. Ding, Q. He, L. Zhou, and Y. Ma, “Ultra-broadband terahertz metamaterial absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(2), 021102 (2014).
[Crossref]

Sykora, M.

A. K. Azad, W. J. Kort-Kamp, M. Sykora, N. R. Weisse-Bernstein, T. S. Luk, A. J. Taylor, D. A. Dalvit, and H. T. Chen, “Metasurface broadband solar absorber,” Sci. Rep. 6, 20347 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tassin, P.

P. Tassin, T. Koschny, M. Kafesaki, and C. M. Soukoulis, “A comparison of graphene, superconductors and metals as conductors for metamaterials and plasmonics,” Nat. Photonics 6(4), 259–264 (2012).
[Crossref]

Taylor, A. J.

A. K. Azad, W. J. Kort-Kamp, M. Sykora, N. R. Weisse-Bernstein, T. S. Luk, A. J. Taylor, D. A. Dalvit, and H. T. Chen, “Metasurface broadband solar absorber,” Sci. Rep. 6, 20347 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tyler, T.

X. Liu, T. Tyler, T. Starr, A. F. Starr, N. M. Jokerst, and W. J. Padilla, “Taming the blackbody with infrared metamaterials as selective thermal emitters,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(4), 045901 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Valentine, J.

W. Li and J. Valentine, “Metamaterial perfect absorber based hot electron photodetection,” Nano Lett. 14(6), 3510–3514 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, B. Z.

M. Li, S. Xiao, Y. Y. Bai, and B. Z. Wang, “An ultrathin and broadband radar absorber using resistive FSS,” IEEE Antennas Wirel. Propag. Lett. 11, 748–751 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wang, J.

J. Wang, Y. Chen, J. Hao, M. Yan, and M. Qiu, “Shape-dependent absorption characteristics of three-layered metamaterials absorbers at near-infrared,” J. Appl. Phys. 109(7), 074510 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Hao, J. Wang, X. Liu, W. J. Padilla, L. Zhou, and M. Qiu, “High performance optical absorber based on a plasmonic metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(25), 251104 (2010).
[Crossref]

Wang, S.

H. C. Ko, M. P. Stoykovich, J. Song, V. Malyarchuk, W. M. Choi, C. J. Yu, J. B. Geddes, J. Xiao, S. Wang, Y. Huang, and J. A. Rogers, “A hemispherical electronic eye camera based on compressible silicon optoelectronics,” Nature 454(7205), 748–753 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, Y.

Z. Li, Y. Wang, and J. Xiao, “Mechanics of bioinspired imaging systems,” Theor. Appl. Mech. Lett. 6(1), 11–20 (2016).
[Crossref]

Z. Li, Y. Wang, and J. Xiao, “Mechanics of curvilinear electronics and optoelectronics,” Curr. Opin. Solid State Mater. Sci. 19(3), 171–189 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Wang, B. S. Liu, R. B. Bian, W. Z. Mao, C. X. Liu, B. Ma, and L. Chen, “A novel ultrathin and broadband microwave metamaterial absorber,” J. Appl. Phys. 116(9), 094504 (2014).
[Crossref]

Weisse-Bernstein, N. R.

A. K. Azad, W. J. Kort-Kamp, M. Sykora, N. R. Weisse-Bernstein, T. S. Luk, A. J. Taylor, D. A. Dalvit, and H. T. Chen, “Metasurface broadband solar absorber,” Sci. Rep. 6, 20347 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wu, C.

C. Wu, A. B. Khanikaev, R. Adato, N. Arju, A. A. Yanik, H. Altug, and G. Shvets, “Fano-resonant asymmetric metamaterials for ultrasensitive spectroscopy and identification of molecular monolayers,” Nat. Mater. 11(1), 69–75 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xiao, J.

Z. Li, Y. Wang, and J. Xiao, “Mechanics of bioinspired imaging systems,” Theor. Appl. Mech. Lett. 6(1), 11–20 (2016).
[Crossref]

Z. Li and J. Xiao, “Strain tunable optics of elastomeric microlens array,” Extreme Mech. Lett. 4, 118–123 (2015).
[Crossref]

Z. Li, Y. Wang, and J. Xiao, “Mechanics of curvilinear electronics and optoelectronics,” Curr. Opin. Solid State Mater. Sci. 19(3), 171–189 (2015).
[Crossref]

Z. Li and J. Xiao, “Mechanics and optics of stretchable elastomeric microlens array for artificial compound eye camera,” J. Appl. Phys. 117(1), 014904 (2015).
[Crossref]

D. Kang, S. M. Lee, Z. Li, A. Seyedi, J. O’Brien, J. Xiao, and J. Yoon, “Compliant, heterogeneously integrated GaAs micro-VCSELs towards wearable and implantable integrated optoelectronics platforms,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 2(4), 373–381 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. M. Song, Y. Xie, V. Malyarchuk, J. Xiao, I. Jung, K. J. Choi, Z. Liu, H. Park, C. Lu, R. H. Kim, R. Li, K. B. Crozier, Y. Huang, and J. A. Rogers, “Digital cameras with designs inspired by the arthropod eye,” Nature 497(7447), 95–99 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. C. Ko, M. P. Stoykovich, J. Song, V. Malyarchuk, W. M. Choi, C. J. Yu, J. B. Geddes, J. Xiao, S. Wang, Y. Huang, and J. A. Rogers, “A hemispherical electronic eye camera based on compressible silicon optoelectronics,” Nature 454(7205), 748–753 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xiao, S.

M. Li, S. Xiao, Y. Y. Bai, and B. Z. Wang, “An ultrathin and broadband radar absorber using resistive FSS,” IEEE Antennas Wirel. Propag. Lett. 11, 748–751 (2012).
[Crossref]

Xie, Y.

Y. M. Song, Y. Xie, V. Malyarchuk, J. Xiao, I. Jung, K. J. Choi, Z. Liu, H. Park, C. Lu, R. H. Kim, R. Li, K. B. Crozier, Y. Huang, and J. A. Rogers, “Digital cameras with designs inspired by the arthropod eye,” Nature 497(7447), 95–99 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xu, J.

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J. Wang, Y. Chen, J. Hao, M. Yan, and M. Qiu, “Shape-dependent absorption characteristics of three-layered metamaterials absorbers at near-infrared,” J. Appl. Phys. 109(7), 074510 (2011).
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J. Hao, J. Wang, X. Liu, W. J. Padilla, L. Zhou, and M. Qiu, “High performance optical absorber based on a plasmonic metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(25), 251104 (2010).
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Y. Wang, B. S. Liu, R. B. Bian, W. Z. Mao, C. X. Liu, B. Ma, and L. Chen, “A novel ultrathin and broadband microwave metamaterial absorber,” J. Appl. Phys. 116(9), 094504 (2014).
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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a) Schematic of the single resonator structure. (b) Simulated absorption spectra of the single resonator structure at the normal incidence. (c) Schematic of the single-layered GMBA. (d) Simulated absorption spectra of the single-layered GMBA.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a) Distributions of the magnetic field at the resonance wavelength of 7.94 μm, 8.6 μm, 9.68 μm, and 11.43 μm, respectively. (b) Absorption spectrum for TE polarization with different chamfer L. (c) Absorption spectrum for TM polarization with different L.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a) Absorption map as a function of the wavelength, and the angle of incidence for an azimuthal angle φ = 0°. (b) Absorption spectra under normal incidence with different azimuthal angles for TE and TM polarizations, respectively.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (a) Schematic of the dual-layered GMBA. (d) Simulated absorption spectra of the dual-layered GMBA for TE (black) and TM (red) polarizations.

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