Abstract

We investigated the two-dimensional (2-D) confinement effect of liquid crystals (LCs) on the switching of vertically aligned LCs by an in-plane electric field. When an in-plane field is applied to a vertical alignment (VA) cell, virtual walls are built at the center of the interdigitated electrodes and at the middle of the gaps between them. The LC molecules are confined not only by the two substrates but also by the virtual walls so that the turn-off time of a VA cell driven by an in-plane field is dependent on the pitch of the interdigitated electrodes as well as the cell gap. Therefore, the turn-off time of a VA cell driven by an in-plane field can be reduced simply by decreasing the pitch of the interdigitated electrodes as a result of the enhanced anchoring provided by the virtual walls. The experimental results showed good agreement with a simple model based on the 2-D confinement effect of LCs.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article
OSA Recommended Articles
Electro-optical characteristics of an in-plane-switching liquid crystal cell with zero rubbing angle: dependence on the electrode structure

Tae-Hoon Choi, Yeongyu Choi, Jae-Hyeon Woo, Seung-Won Oh, and Tae-Hoon Yoon
Opt. Express 24(14) 15987-15996 (2016)

Interdigitated pixel electrodes with alternating tilts for fast fringe-field switching of liquid crystals

Tae-Hoon Choi, Jae-Hyeon Woo, Yeongyu Choi, and Tae-Hoon Yoon
Opt. Express 24(24) 27569-27576 (2016)

Low-power control of haze using a liquid-crystal phase-grating device with two-dimensional polymer walls

Tae-Hoon Choi, Su-Min Do, Byoung-Gyu Jeon, and Tae-Hoon Yoon
Opt. Express 27(3) 3014-3029 (2019)

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. M. Schadt and W. Helfrich, “Voltage-dependent optical activity of a twisted nematic liquid crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 18(4), 127–128 (1971).
    [Crossref]
  2. M. Oh-e and K. Kondo, “Electro-optical characteristics and switching behavior of the in-plane switching mode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67(26), 3895–3897 (1995).
    [Crossref]
  3. S. H. Lee, S. L. Lee, and H. Y. Kim, “Electro-optic characteristics and switching principle of a nematic liquid crystal cell controlled by fringe field switching,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73(20), 2881–2883 (1998).
    [Crossref]
  4. D. H. Kim, Y. J. Lim, D. E. Kim, H. Ren, S. H. Ahn, and S. H. Lee, “Past, present, and future of fringe-field switching liquid crystal display,” J. Inf. Disp. 15(2), 99–106 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  5. M. F. Schiekel and K. Fahrenschon, “Deformation of nematic liquid crystals with vertical orientation in electrical fields,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 19(10), 391–393 (1971).
    [Crossref]
  6. A. Takeda, S. Kataoka, T. Sasaki, H. Chida, H. Tsuda, K. Ohmuro, T. Sasabayashi, Y. Koike, and K. Okamoto, “A super-high image quality multi-domain vertical alignment LCD by new rubbing-less technology,” SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 29, 1077–1080 (1998).
  7. K.-H. Kim, K. Lee, S. B. Park, J.-K. Song, S. Kim, and J. H. Souk, “Domain divided vertical alignment mode with optimized fringe field effect,” Proc. Asia Display 383383–386 (1998).
  8. S. S. Kim, B. H. Berkeley, K.-H. Kim, and J.-K. Song, “New technologies for advanced LCD-TV performance,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 12(4), 353–359 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  9. S. B. Park, J.-K. Song, Y. Um, and K.-H. Kim, “Pixel-division technology for high-quality vertical-alignment LCDs,” IEEE Electron Device Lett. 31(9), 987–989 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  10. K. Miyachi, K. Kobayashi, Y. Yamada, and S. Mizushima, “The world’s first photo alignment LCD technology applied to generation ten factory,” SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 41, 579–582 (2010).
  11. J.-W. Kim, T.-H. Choi, and T.-H. Yoon, “Design of an electrode structure for the elimination of the off-axis gamma shift in a multi-domain vertical-alignment liquid crystal cell,” J. Inf. Disp. 15(1), 19–23 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  12. S. H. Lee, H. Y. Kim, I. C. Park, B. G. Rho, J. S. Park, H. S. Park, and C. H. Lee, “Rubbing-free, vertically aligned nematic liquid crystal display controlled by in-plane field,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71(19), 2851–2853 (1997).
    [Crossref]
  13. K.-H. Kim, S.-B. Park, J.-U. Shim, J.-H. Souk, and J. Chen, “New LCD modes for wide-viewing-angle applications,” SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 29, 1085–1088 (1998).
  14. W. Liu, J. Kelly, and J. Chen, “Electro-optical performance of a self-compensating vertically-aligned liquid crystal mode,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 38(Part 1, No. 5A), 2779–2784 (1999).
    [Crossref]
  15. T.-L. Ting, C.-Y. Chen, S.-W. Tsao, M.-J. Lu, Y.-Y. Kung, W.-H. Hsu, and J.-J. Su, “Vertically aligned in-plane-switching LCD mode with novel pixel circuits,” J. Disp. Technol. 9(10), 832–839 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  16. S. H. Hong, Y. H. Jeong, H. Y. Kim, H. M. Choi, W. G. Lee, and S. H. Lee, “Electro-optic characteristics of 4-domain vertical alignment nematic liquid crystal display with interdigitated electrode,” J. Appl. Phys. 87(12), 8259–8263 (2000).
    [Crossref]
  17. T.-H. Choi, S.-W. Oh, Y.-J. Park, Y. Choi, and T.-H. Yoon, “Fast fringe-field switching of a liquid crystal cell by two-dimensional confinement with virtual walls,” Sci. Rep. 6, 27936 (2016).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  18. T.-H. Choi, Y. Choi, J.-H. Woo, S.-W. Oh, and T.-H. Yoon, “Electro-optical characteristics of an in-plane-switching liquid crystal cell with zero rubbing angle: dependence on the electrode structure,” Opt. Express 24(14), 15987–15996 (2016).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  19. T. Matsushima, K. Okazaki, Y. Yang, and K. Takizawa, “New fast response time in-plane switching liquid crystal mode,” SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 46, 648–651 (2015).

2016 (2)

T.-H. Choi, S.-W. Oh, Y.-J. Park, Y. Choi, and T.-H. Yoon, “Fast fringe-field switching of a liquid crystal cell by two-dimensional confinement with virtual walls,” Sci. Rep. 6, 27936 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T.-H. Choi, Y. Choi, J.-H. Woo, S.-W. Oh, and T.-H. Yoon, “Electro-optical characteristics of an in-plane-switching liquid crystal cell with zero rubbing angle: dependence on the electrode structure,” Opt. Express 24(14), 15987–15996 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2015 (1)

T. Matsushima, K. Okazaki, Y. Yang, and K. Takizawa, “New fast response time in-plane switching liquid crystal mode,” SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 46, 648–651 (2015).

2014 (2)

D. H. Kim, Y. J. Lim, D. E. Kim, H. Ren, S. H. Ahn, and S. H. Lee, “Past, present, and future of fringe-field switching liquid crystal display,” J. Inf. Disp. 15(2), 99–106 (2014).
[Crossref]

J.-W. Kim, T.-H. Choi, and T.-H. Yoon, “Design of an electrode structure for the elimination of the off-axis gamma shift in a multi-domain vertical-alignment liquid crystal cell,” J. Inf. Disp. 15(1), 19–23 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (1)

T.-L. Ting, C.-Y. Chen, S.-W. Tsao, M.-J. Lu, Y.-Y. Kung, W.-H. Hsu, and J.-J. Su, “Vertically aligned in-plane-switching LCD mode with novel pixel circuits,” J. Disp. Technol. 9(10), 832–839 (2013).
[Crossref]

2010 (2)

S. B. Park, J.-K. Song, Y. Um, and K.-H. Kim, “Pixel-division technology for high-quality vertical-alignment LCDs,” IEEE Electron Device Lett. 31(9), 987–989 (2010).
[Crossref]

K. Miyachi, K. Kobayashi, Y. Yamada, and S. Mizushima, “The world’s first photo alignment LCD technology applied to generation ten factory,” SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 41, 579–582 (2010).

2004 (1)

S. S. Kim, B. H. Berkeley, K.-H. Kim, and J.-K. Song, “New technologies for advanced LCD-TV performance,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 12(4), 353–359 (2004).
[Crossref]

2000 (1)

S. H. Hong, Y. H. Jeong, H. Y. Kim, H. M. Choi, W. G. Lee, and S. H. Lee, “Electro-optic characteristics of 4-domain vertical alignment nematic liquid crystal display with interdigitated electrode,” J. Appl. Phys. 87(12), 8259–8263 (2000).
[Crossref]

1999 (1)

W. Liu, J. Kelly, and J. Chen, “Electro-optical performance of a self-compensating vertically-aligned liquid crystal mode,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 38(Part 1, No. 5A), 2779–2784 (1999).
[Crossref]

1998 (4)

K.-H. Kim, S.-B. Park, J.-U. Shim, J.-H. Souk, and J. Chen, “New LCD modes for wide-viewing-angle applications,” SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 29, 1085–1088 (1998).

S. H. Lee, S. L. Lee, and H. Y. Kim, “Electro-optic characteristics and switching principle of a nematic liquid crystal cell controlled by fringe field switching,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73(20), 2881–2883 (1998).
[Crossref]

A. Takeda, S. Kataoka, T. Sasaki, H. Chida, H. Tsuda, K. Ohmuro, T. Sasabayashi, Y. Koike, and K. Okamoto, “A super-high image quality multi-domain vertical alignment LCD by new rubbing-less technology,” SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 29, 1077–1080 (1998).

K.-H. Kim, K. Lee, S. B. Park, J.-K. Song, S. Kim, and J. H. Souk, “Domain divided vertical alignment mode with optimized fringe field effect,” Proc. Asia Display 383383–386 (1998).

1997 (1)

S. H. Lee, H. Y. Kim, I. C. Park, B. G. Rho, J. S. Park, H. S. Park, and C. H. Lee, “Rubbing-free, vertically aligned nematic liquid crystal display controlled by in-plane field,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71(19), 2851–2853 (1997).
[Crossref]

1995 (1)

M. Oh-e and K. Kondo, “Electro-optical characteristics and switching behavior of the in-plane switching mode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67(26), 3895–3897 (1995).
[Crossref]

1971 (2)

M. Schadt and W. Helfrich, “Voltage-dependent optical activity of a twisted nematic liquid crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 18(4), 127–128 (1971).
[Crossref]

M. F. Schiekel and K. Fahrenschon, “Deformation of nematic liquid crystals with vertical orientation in electrical fields,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 19(10), 391–393 (1971).
[Crossref]

Ahn, S. H.

D. H. Kim, Y. J. Lim, D. E. Kim, H. Ren, S. H. Ahn, and S. H. Lee, “Past, present, and future of fringe-field switching liquid crystal display,” J. Inf. Disp. 15(2), 99–106 (2014).
[Crossref]

Berkeley, B. H.

S. S. Kim, B. H. Berkeley, K.-H. Kim, and J.-K. Song, “New technologies for advanced LCD-TV performance,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 12(4), 353–359 (2004).
[Crossref]

Chen, C.-Y.

T.-L. Ting, C.-Y. Chen, S.-W. Tsao, M.-J. Lu, Y.-Y. Kung, W.-H. Hsu, and J.-J. Su, “Vertically aligned in-plane-switching LCD mode with novel pixel circuits,” J. Disp. Technol. 9(10), 832–839 (2013).
[Crossref]

Chen, J.

W. Liu, J. Kelly, and J. Chen, “Electro-optical performance of a self-compensating vertically-aligned liquid crystal mode,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 38(Part 1, No. 5A), 2779–2784 (1999).
[Crossref]

K.-H. Kim, S.-B. Park, J.-U. Shim, J.-H. Souk, and J. Chen, “New LCD modes for wide-viewing-angle applications,” SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 29, 1085–1088 (1998).

Chida, H.

A. Takeda, S. Kataoka, T. Sasaki, H. Chida, H. Tsuda, K. Ohmuro, T. Sasabayashi, Y. Koike, and K. Okamoto, “A super-high image quality multi-domain vertical alignment LCD by new rubbing-less technology,” SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 29, 1077–1080 (1998).

Choi, H. M.

S. H. Hong, Y. H. Jeong, H. Y. Kim, H. M. Choi, W. G. Lee, and S. H. Lee, “Electro-optic characteristics of 4-domain vertical alignment nematic liquid crystal display with interdigitated electrode,” J. Appl. Phys. 87(12), 8259–8263 (2000).
[Crossref]

Choi, T.-H.

T.-H. Choi, S.-W. Oh, Y.-J. Park, Y. Choi, and T.-H. Yoon, “Fast fringe-field switching of a liquid crystal cell by two-dimensional confinement with virtual walls,” Sci. Rep. 6, 27936 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T.-H. Choi, Y. Choi, J.-H. Woo, S.-W. Oh, and T.-H. Yoon, “Electro-optical characteristics of an in-plane-switching liquid crystal cell with zero rubbing angle: dependence on the electrode structure,” Opt. Express 24(14), 15987–15996 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J.-W. Kim, T.-H. Choi, and T.-H. Yoon, “Design of an electrode structure for the elimination of the off-axis gamma shift in a multi-domain vertical-alignment liquid crystal cell,” J. Inf. Disp. 15(1), 19–23 (2014).
[Crossref]

Choi, Y.

T.-H. Choi, Y. Choi, J.-H. Woo, S.-W. Oh, and T.-H. Yoon, “Electro-optical characteristics of an in-plane-switching liquid crystal cell with zero rubbing angle: dependence on the electrode structure,” Opt. Express 24(14), 15987–15996 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T.-H. Choi, S.-W. Oh, Y.-J. Park, Y. Choi, and T.-H. Yoon, “Fast fringe-field switching of a liquid crystal cell by two-dimensional confinement with virtual walls,” Sci. Rep. 6, 27936 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fahrenschon, K.

M. F. Schiekel and K. Fahrenschon, “Deformation of nematic liquid crystals with vertical orientation in electrical fields,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 19(10), 391–393 (1971).
[Crossref]

Helfrich, W.

M. Schadt and W. Helfrich, “Voltage-dependent optical activity of a twisted nematic liquid crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 18(4), 127–128 (1971).
[Crossref]

Hong, S. H.

S. H. Hong, Y. H. Jeong, H. Y. Kim, H. M. Choi, W. G. Lee, and S. H. Lee, “Electro-optic characteristics of 4-domain vertical alignment nematic liquid crystal display with interdigitated electrode,” J. Appl. Phys. 87(12), 8259–8263 (2000).
[Crossref]

Hsu, W.-H.

T.-L. Ting, C.-Y. Chen, S.-W. Tsao, M.-J. Lu, Y.-Y. Kung, W.-H. Hsu, and J.-J. Su, “Vertically aligned in-plane-switching LCD mode with novel pixel circuits,” J. Disp. Technol. 9(10), 832–839 (2013).
[Crossref]

Jeong, Y. H.

S. H. Hong, Y. H. Jeong, H. Y. Kim, H. M. Choi, W. G. Lee, and S. H. Lee, “Electro-optic characteristics of 4-domain vertical alignment nematic liquid crystal display with interdigitated electrode,” J. Appl. Phys. 87(12), 8259–8263 (2000).
[Crossref]

Kataoka, S.

A. Takeda, S. Kataoka, T. Sasaki, H. Chida, H. Tsuda, K. Ohmuro, T. Sasabayashi, Y. Koike, and K. Okamoto, “A super-high image quality multi-domain vertical alignment LCD by new rubbing-less technology,” SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 29, 1077–1080 (1998).

Kelly, J.

W. Liu, J. Kelly, and J. Chen, “Electro-optical performance of a self-compensating vertically-aligned liquid crystal mode,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 38(Part 1, No. 5A), 2779–2784 (1999).
[Crossref]

Kim, D. E.

D. H. Kim, Y. J. Lim, D. E. Kim, H. Ren, S. H. Ahn, and S. H. Lee, “Past, present, and future of fringe-field switching liquid crystal display,” J. Inf. Disp. 15(2), 99–106 (2014).
[Crossref]

Kim, D. H.

D. H. Kim, Y. J. Lim, D. E. Kim, H. Ren, S. H. Ahn, and S. H. Lee, “Past, present, and future of fringe-field switching liquid crystal display,” J. Inf. Disp. 15(2), 99–106 (2014).
[Crossref]

Kim, H. Y.

S. H. Hong, Y. H. Jeong, H. Y. Kim, H. M. Choi, W. G. Lee, and S. H. Lee, “Electro-optic characteristics of 4-domain vertical alignment nematic liquid crystal display with interdigitated electrode,” J. Appl. Phys. 87(12), 8259–8263 (2000).
[Crossref]

S. H. Lee, S. L. Lee, and H. Y. Kim, “Electro-optic characteristics and switching principle of a nematic liquid crystal cell controlled by fringe field switching,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73(20), 2881–2883 (1998).
[Crossref]

S. H. Lee, H. Y. Kim, I. C. Park, B. G. Rho, J. S. Park, H. S. Park, and C. H. Lee, “Rubbing-free, vertically aligned nematic liquid crystal display controlled by in-plane field,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71(19), 2851–2853 (1997).
[Crossref]

Kim, J.-W.

J.-W. Kim, T.-H. Choi, and T.-H. Yoon, “Design of an electrode structure for the elimination of the off-axis gamma shift in a multi-domain vertical-alignment liquid crystal cell,” J. Inf. Disp. 15(1), 19–23 (2014).
[Crossref]

Kim, K.-H.

S. B. Park, J.-K. Song, Y. Um, and K.-H. Kim, “Pixel-division technology for high-quality vertical-alignment LCDs,” IEEE Electron Device Lett. 31(9), 987–989 (2010).
[Crossref]

S. S. Kim, B. H. Berkeley, K.-H. Kim, and J.-K. Song, “New technologies for advanced LCD-TV performance,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 12(4), 353–359 (2004).
[Crossref]

K.-H. Kim, K. Lee, S. B. Park, J.-K. Song, S. Kim, and J. H. Souk, “Domain divided vertical alignment mode with optimized fringe field effect,” Proc. Asia Display 383383–386 (1998).

K.-H. Kim, S.-B. Park, J.-U. Shim, J.-H. Souk, and J. Chen, “New LCD modes for wide-viewing-angle applications,” SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 29, 1085–1088 (1998).

Kim, S.

K.-H. Kim, K. Lee, S. B. Park, J.-K. Song, S. Kim, and J. H. Souk, “Domain divided vertical alignment mode with optimized fringe field effect,” Proc. Asia Display 383383–386 (1998).

Kim, S. S.

S. S. Kim, B. H. Berkeley, K.-H. Kim, and J.-K. Song, “New technologies for advanced LCD-TV performance,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 12(4), 353–359 (2004).
[Crossref]

Kobayashi, K.

K. Miyachi, K. Kobayashi, Y. Yamada, and S. Mizushima, “The world’s first photo alignment LCD technology applied to generation ten factory,” SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 41, 579–582 (2010).

Koike, Y.

A. Takeda, S. Kataoka, T. Sasaki, H. Chida, H. Tsuda, K. Ohmuro, T. Sasabayashi, Y. Koike, and K. Okamoto, “A super-high image quality multi-domain vertical alignment LCD by new rubbing-less technology,” SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 29, 1077–1080 (1998).

Kondo, K.

M. Oh-e and K. Kondo, “Electro-optical characteristics and switching behavior of the in-plane switching mode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67(26), 3895–3897 (1995).
[Crossref]

Kung, Y.-Y.

T.-L. Ting, C.-Y. Chen, S.-W. Tsao, M.-J. Lu, Y.-Y. Kung, W.-H. Hsu, and J.-J. Su, “Vertically aligned in-plane-switching LCD mode with novel pixel circuits,” J. Disp. Technol. 9(10), 832–839 (2013).
[Crossref]

Lee, C. H.

S. H. Lee, H. Y. Kim, I. C. Park, B. G. Rho, J. S. Park, H. S. Park, and C. H. Lee, “Rubbing-free, vertically aligned nematic liquid crystal display controlled by in-plane field,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71(19), 2851–2853 (1997).
[Crossref]

Lee, K.

K.-H. Kim, K. Lee, S. B. Park, J.-K. Song, S. Kim, and J. H. Souk, “Domain divided vertical alignment mode with optimized fringe field effect,” Proc. Asia Display 383383–386 (1998).

Lee, S. H.

D. H. Kim, Y. J. Lim, D. E. Kim, H. Ren, S. H. Ahn, and S. H. Lee, “Past, present, and future of fringe-field switching liquid crystal display,” J. Inf. Disp. 15(2), 99–106 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. H. Hong, Y. H. Jeong, H. Y. Kim, H. M. Choi, W. G. Lee, and S. H. Lee, “Electro-optic characteristics of 4-domain vertical alignment nematic liquid crystal display with interdigitated electrode,” J. Appl. Phys. 87(12), 8259–8263 (2000).
[Crossref]

S. H. Lee, S. L. Lee, and H. Y. Kim, “Electro-optic characteristics and switching principle of a nematic liquid crystal cell controlled by fringe field switching,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73(20), 2881–2883 (1998).
[Crossref]

S. H. Lee, H. Y. Kim, I. C. Park, B. G. Rho, J. S. Park, H. S. Park, and C. H. Lee, “Rubbing-free, vertically aligned nematic liquid crystal display controlled by in-plane field,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71(19), 2851–2853 (1997).
[Crossref]

Lee, S. L.

S. H. Lee, S. L. Lee, and H. Y. Kim, “Electro-optic characteristics and switching principle of a nematic liquid crystal cell controlled by fringe field switching,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73(20), 2881–2883 (1998).
[Crossref]

Lee, W. G.

S. H. Hong, Y. H. Jeong, H. Y. Kim, H. M. Choi, W. G. Lee, and S. H. Lee, “Electro-optic characteristics of 4-domain vertical alignment nematic liquid crystal display with interdigitated electrode,” J. Appl. Phys. 87(12), 8259–8263 (2000).
[Crossref]

Lim, Y. J.

D. H. Kim, Y. J. Lim, D. E. Kim, H. Ren, S. H. Ahn, and S. H. Lee, “Past, present, and future of fringe-field switching liquid crystal display,” J. Inf. Disp. 15(2), 99–106 (2014).
[Crossref]

Liu, W.

W. Liu, J. Kelly, and J. Chen, “Electro-optical performance of a self-compensating vertically-aligned liquid crystal mode,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 38(Part 1, No. 5A), 2779–2784 (1999).
[Crossref]

Lu, M.-J.

T.-L. Ting, C.-Y. Chen, S.-W. Tsao, M.-J. Lu, Y.-Y. Kung, W.-H. Hsu, and J.-J. Su, “Vertically aligned in-plane-switching LCD mode with novel pixel circuits,” J. Disp. Technol. 9(10), 832–839 (2013).
[Crossref]

Matsushima, T.

T. Matsushima, K. Okazaki, Y. Yang, and K. Takizawa, “New fast response time in-plane switching liquid crystal mode,” SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 46, 648–651 (2015).

Miyachi, K.

K. Miyachi, K. Kobayashi, Y. Yamada, and S. Mizushima, “The world’s first photo alignment LCD technology applied to generation ten factory,” SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 41, 579–582 (2010).

Mizushima, S.

K. Miyachi, K. Kobayashi, Y. Yamada, and S. Mizushima, “The world’s first photo alignment LCD technology applied to generation ten factory,” SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 41, 579–582 (2010).

Oh, S.-W.

T.-H. Choi, S.-W. Oh, Y.-J. Park, Y. Choi, and T.-H. Yoon, “Fast fringe-field switching of a liquid crystal cell by two-dimensional confinement with virtual walls,” Sci. Rep. 6, 27936 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T.-H. Choi, Y. Choi, J.-H. Woo, S.-W. Oh, and T.-H. Yoon, “Electro-optical characteristics of an in-plane-switching liquid crystal cell with zero rubbing angle: dependence on the electrode structure,” Opt. Express 24(14), 15987–15996 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Oh-e, M.

M. Oh-e and K. Kondo, “Electro-optical characteristics and switching behavior of the in-plane switching mode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67(26), 3895–3897 (1995).
[Crossref]

Ohmuro, K.

A. Takeda, S. Kataoka, T. Sasaki, H. Chida, H. Tsuda, K. Ohmuro, T. Sasabayashi, Y. Koike, and K. Okamoto, “A super-high image quality multi-domain vertical alignment LCD by new rubbing-less technology,” SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 29, 1077–1080 (1998).

Okamoto, K.

A. Takeda, S. Kataoka, T. Sasaki, H. Chida, H. Tsuda, K. Ohmuro, T. Sasabayashi, Y. Koike, and K. Okamoto, “A super-high image quality multi-domain vertical alignment LCD by new rubbing-less technology,” SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 29, 1077–1080 (1998).

Okazaki, K.

T. Matsushima, K. Okazaki, Y. Yang, and K. Takizawa, “New fast response time in-plane switching liquid crystal mode,” SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 46, 648–651 (2015).

Park, H. S.

S. H. Lee, H. Y. Kim, I. C. Park, B. G. Rho, J. S. Park, H. S. Park, and C. H. Lee, “Rubbing-free, vertically aligned nematic liquid crystal display controlled by in-plane field,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71(19), 2851–2853 (1997).
[Crossref]

Park, I. C.

S. H. Lee, H. Y. Kim, I. C. Park, B. G. Rho, J. S. Park, H. S. Park, and C. H. Lee, “Rubbing-free, vertically aligned nematic liquid crystal display controlled by in-plane field,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71(19), 2851–2853 (1997).
[Crossref]

Park, J. S.

S. H. Lee, H. Y. Kim, I. C. Park, B. G. Rho, J. S. Park, H. S. Park, and C. H. Lee, “Rubbing-free, vertically aligned nematic liquid crystal display controlled by in-plane field,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71(19), 2851–2853 (1997).
[Crossref]

Park, S. B.

S. B. Park, J.-K. Song, Y. Um, and K.-H. Kim, “Pixel-division technology for high-quality vertical-alignment LCDs,” IEEE Electron Device Lett. 31(9), 987–989 (2010).
[Crossref]

K.-H. Kim, K. Lee, S. B. Park, J.-K. Song, S. Kim, and J. H. Souk, “Domain divided vertical alignment mode with optimized fringe field effect,” Proc. Asia Display 383383–386 (1998).

Park, S.-B.

K.-H. Kim, S.-B. Park, J.-U. Shim, J.-H. Souk, and J. Chen, “New LCD modes for wide-viewing-angle applications,” SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 29, 1085–1088 (1998).

Park, Y.-J.

T.-H. Choi, S.-W. Oh, Y.-J. Park, Y. Choi, and T.-H. Yoon, “Fast fringe-field switching of a liquid crystal cell by two-dimensional confinement with virtual walls,” Sci. Rep. 6, 27936 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ren, H.

D. H. Kim, Y. J. Lim, D. E. Kim, H. Ren, S. H. Ahn, and S. H. Lee, “Past, present, and future of fringe-field switching liquid crystal display,” J. Inf. Disp. 15(2), 99–106 (2014).
[Crossref]

Rho, B. G.

S. H. Lee, H. Y. Kim, I. C. Park, B. G. Rho, J. S. Park, H. S. Park, and C. H. Lee, “Rubbing-free, vertically aligned nematic liquid crystal display controlled by in-plane field,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71(19), 2851–2853 (1997).
[Crossref]

Sasabayashi, T.

A. Takeda, S. Kataoka, T. Sasaki, H. Chida, H. Tsuda, K. Ohmuro, T. Sasabayashi, Y. Koike, and K. Okamoto, “A super-high image quality multi-domain vertical alignment LCD by new rubbing-less technology,” SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 29, 1077–1080 (1998).

Sasaki, T.

A. Takeda, S. Kataoka, T. Sasaki, H. Chida, H. Tsuda, K. Ohmuro, T. Sasabayashi, Y. Koike, and K. Okamoto, “A super-high image quality multi-domain vertical alignment LCD by new rubbing-less technology,” SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 29, 1077–1080 (1998).

Schadt, M.

M. Schadt and W. Helfrich, “Voltage-dependent optical activity of a twisted nematic liquid crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 18(4), 127–128 (1971).
[Crossref]

Schiekel, M. F.

M. F. Schiekel and K. Fahrenschon, “Deformation of nematic liquid crystals with vertical orientation in electrical fields,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 19(10), 391–393 (1971).
[Crossref]

Shim, J.-U.

K.-H. Kim, S.-B. Park, J.-U. Shim, J.-H. Souk, and J. Chen, “New LCD modes for wide-viewing-angle applications,” SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 29, 1085–1088 (1998).

Song, J.-K.

S. B. Park, J.-K. Song, Y. Um, and K.-H. Kim, “Pixel-division technology for high-quality vertical-alignment LCDs,” IEEE Electron Device Lett. 31(9), 987–989 (2010).
[Crossref]

S. S. Kim, B. H. Berkeley, K.-H. Kim, and J.-K. Song, “New technologies for advanced LCD-TV performance,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 12(4), 353–359 (2004).
[Crossref]

K.-H. Kim, K. Lee, S. B. Park, J.-K. Song, S. Kim, and J. H. Souk, “Domain divided vertical alignment mode with optimized fringe field effect,” Proc. Asia Display 383383–386 (1998).

Souk, J. H.

K.-H. Kim, K. Lee, S. B. Park, J.-K. Song, S. Kim, and J. H. Souk, “Domain divided vertical alignment mode with optimized fringe field effect,” Proc. Asia Display 383383–386 (1998).

Souk, J.-H.

K.-H. Kim, S.-B. Park, J.-U. Shim, J.-H. Souk, and J. Chen, “New LCD modes for wide-viewing-angle applications,” SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 29, 1085–1088 (1998).

Su, J.-J.

T.-L. Ting, C.-Y. Chen, S.-W. Tsao, M.-J. Lu, Y.-Y. Kung, W.-H. Hsu, and J.-J. Su, “Vertically aligned in-plane-switching LCD mode with novel pixel circuits,” J. Disp. Technol. 9(10), 832–839 (2013).
[Crossref]

Takeda, A.

A. Takeda, S. Kataoka, T. Sasaki, H. Chida, H. Tsuda, K. Ohmuro, T. Sasabayashi, Y. Koike, and K. Okamoto, “A super-high image quality multi-domain vertical alignment LCD by new rubbing-less technology,” SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 29, 1077–1080 (1998).

Takizawa, K.

T. Matsushima, K. Okazaki, Y. Yang, and K. Takizawa, “New fast response time in-plane switching liquid crystal mode,” SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 46, 648–651 (2015).

Ting, T.-L.

T.-L. Ting, C.-Y. Chen, S.-W. Tsao, M.-J. Lu, Y.-Y. Kung, W.-H. Hsu, and J.-J. Su, “Vertically aligned in-plane-switching LCD mode with novel pixel circuits,” J. Disp. Technol. 9(10), 832–839 (2013).
[Crossref]

Tsao, S.-W.

T.-L. Ting, C.-Y. Chen, S.-W. Tsao, M.-J. Lu, Y.-Y. Kung, W.-H. Hsu, and J.-J. Su, “Vertically aligned in-plane-switching LCD mode with novel pixel circuits,” J. Disp. Technol. 9(10), 832–839 (2013).
[Crossref]

Tsuda, H.

A. Takeda, S. Kataoka, T. Sasaki, H. Chida, H. Tsuda, K. Ohmuro, T. Sasabayashi, Y. Koike, and K. Okamoto, “A super-high image quality multi-domain vertical alignment LCD by new rubbing-less technology,” SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 29, 1077–1080 (1998).

Um, Y.

S. B. Park, J.-K. Song, Y. Um, and K.-H. Kim, “Pixel-division technology for high-quality vertical-alignment LCDs,” IEEE Electron Device Lett. 31(9), 987–989 (2010).
[Crossref]

Woo, J.-H.

Yamada, Y.

K. Miyachi, K. Kobayashi, Y. Yamada, and S. Mizushima, “The world’s first photo alignment LCD technology applied to generation ten factory,” SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 41, 579–582 (2010).

Yang, Y.

T. Matsushima, K. Okazaki, Y. Yang, and K. Takizawa, “New fast response time in-plane switching liquid crystal mode,” SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 46, 648–651 (2015).

Yoon, T.-H.

T.-H. Choi, S.-W. Oh, Y.-J. Park, Y. Choi, and T.-H. Yoon, “Fast fringe-field switching of a liquid crystal cell by two-dimensional confinement with virtual walls,” Sci. Rep. 6, 27936 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T.-H. Choi, Y. Choi, J.-H. Woo, S.-W. Oh, and T.-H. Yoon, “Electro-optical characteristics of an in-plane-switching liquid crystal cell with zero rubbing angle: dependence on the electrode structure,” Opt. Express 24(14), 15987–15996 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J.-W. Kim, T.-H. Choi, and T.-H. Yoon, “Design of an electrode structure for the elimination of the off-axis gamma shift in a multi-domain vertical-alignment liquid crystal cell,” J. Inf. Disp. 15(1), 19–23 (2014).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (5)

M. Schadt and W. Helfrich, “Voltage-dependent optical activity of a twisted nematic liquid crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 18(4), 127–128 (1971).
[Crossref]

M. Oh-e and K. Kondo, “Electro-optical characteristics and switching behavior of the in-plane switching mode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67(26), 3895–3897 (1995).
[Crossref]

S. H. Lee, S. L. Lee, and H. Y. Kim, “Electro-optic characteristics and switching principle of a nematic liquid crystal cell controlled by fringe field switching,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73(20), 2881–2883 (1998).
[Crossref]

M. F. Schiekel and K. Fahrenschon, “Deformation of nematic liquid crystals with vertical orientation in electrical fields,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 19(10), 391–393 (1971).
[Crossref]

S. H. Lee, H. Y. Kim, I. C. Park, B. G. Rho, J. S. Park, H. S. Park, and C. H. Lee, “Rubbing-free, vertically aligned nematic liquid crystal display controlled by in-plane field,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71(19), 2851–2853 (1997).
[Crossref]

IEEE Electron Device Lett. (1)

S. B. Park, J.-K. Song, Y. Um, and K.-H. Kim, “Pixel-division technology for high-quality vertical-alignment LCDs,” IEEE Electron Device Lett. 31(9), 987–989 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

S. H. Hong, Y. H. Jeong, H. Y. Kim, H. M. Choi, W. G. Lee, and S. H. Lee, “Electro-optic characteristics of 4-domain vertical alignment nematic liquid crystal display with interdigitated electrode,” J. Appl. Phys. 87(12), 8259–8263 (2000).
[Crossref]

J. Disp. Technol. (1)

T.-L. Ting, C.-Y. Chen, S.-W. Tsao, M.-J. Lu, Y.-Y. Kung, W.-H. Hsu, and J.-J. Su, “Vertically aligned in-plane-switching LCD mode with novel pixel circuits,” J. Disp. Technol. 9(10), 832–839 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Inf. Disp. (2)

J.-W. Kim, T.-H. Choi, and T.-H. Yoon, “Design of an electrode structure for the elimination of the off-axis gamma shift in a multi-domain vertical-alignment liquid crystal cell,” J. Inf. Disp. 15(1), 19–23 (2014).
[Crossref]

D. H. Kim, Y. J. Lim, D. E. Kim, H. Ren, S. H. Ahn, and S. H. Lee, “Past, present, and future of fringe-field switching liquid crystal display,” J. Inf. Disp. 15(2), 99–106 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Soc. Inf. Disp. (1)

S. S. Kim, B. H. Berkeley, K.-H. Kim, and J.-K. Song, “New technologies for advanced LCD-TV performance,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 12(4), 353–359 (2004).
[Crossref]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

W. Liu, J. Kelly, and J. Chen, “Electro-optical performance of a self-compensating vertically-aligned liquid crystal mode,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 38(Part 1, No. 5A), 2779–2784 (1999).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (1)

Proc. Asia Display (1)

K.-H. Kim, K. Lee, S. B. Park, J.-K. Song, S. Kim, and J. H. Souk, “Domain divided vertical alignment mode with optimized fringe field effect,” Proc. Asia Display 383383–386 (1998).

Sci. Rep. (1)

T.-H. Choi, S.-W. Oh, Y.-J. Park, Y. Choi, and T.-H. Yoon, “Fast fringe-field switching of a liquid crystal cell by two-dimensional confinement with virtual walls,” Sci. Rep. 6, 27936 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. (4)

K. Miyachi, K. Kobayashi, Y. Yamada, and S. Mizushima, “The world’s first photo alignment LCD technology applied to generation ten factory,” SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 41, 579–582 (2010).

K.-H. Kim, S.-B. Park, J.-U. Shim, J.-H. Souk, and J. Chen, “New LCD modes for wide-viewing-angle applications,” SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 29, 1085–1088 (1998).

A. Takeda, S. Kataoka, T. Sasaki, H. Chida, H. Tsuda, K. Ohmuro, T. Sasabayashi, Y. Koike, and K. Okamoto, “A super-high image quality multi-domain vertical alignment LCD by new rubbing-less technology,” SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 29, 1077–1080 (1998).

T. Matsushima, K. Okazaki, Y. Yang, and K. Takizawa, “New fast response time in-plane switching liquid crystal mode,” SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 46, 648–651 (2015).

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Device structure of a VA-IPS cell with LC director configurations in (a) the off state and (b) the on state.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Turn-off times of VA-IPS cells obtained by 1-D model, 2-D model, numerical calculation and the experiment as functions of the pitch of interdigitated electrodes.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Dependence of the turn-off time on the pitch of interdigitated electrodes in VA-IPS cells; the dots represent numerical and measured results whereas the solid lines were obtained through fitting with Eq. (3).
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Dependence of the turn-off time on the cell gap in VA-IPS cells fabricated by using three different LC materials. (a) LC I, (b) LC II, and (c) LC III. (W: L = 3 μm: 5 μm)
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Numerically calculated response time of a VA-IPS cell vs. the ratio L/W for a fixed pitch of 8 µm.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Dependence of the turn-off times on the cell gap in VA-IPS cells obtained through experiment, by the 2-D model, and by the modified 2-D model. (W: L = 3 μm: 5 μm)
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Measured temporal switching behaviors during (a) the turn-on and (b) turn-off processes in VA-IPS cells with three different LC materials. (W: L = 5 μm: 5 μm)

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Physical Properties of the Three Different LC Materials used in Our Experiment

Tables Icon

Table 2 Turn-off Times of VA-IPS Cells Employing Three Different LC Materials Obtained by the 2-D Model, Modified 2-D Model, and through Experiment

Equations (3)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

τ off  ~ γ K 33 ( π d ) 2 .
τ off  ~ γ K 33 ( π d ) 2 + K 11 ( π P/2 ) 2 .
τ off  ~ γ K 33 ( π d ) 2 +A· K 11 ( π P/2 ) 2 .

Metrics