Abstract

In a monolithic perovskite/c-Si tandem device, the perovskite top cell has to be deposited onto a flat c-Si bottom cell without anti-reflective front side texture, to avoid fabrication issues. We use optical simulations to analyze the reflection losses that this induces. We then systematically minimize these losses by introducing surface textures in combination with a so-called burial layer to keep the perovskite top cell flat. Optical simulations show that, even with a flat top cell, the monolithic perovskite/c-Si tandem device can reach a matched photocurrent density as high as 19.57 mA/cm2.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  17. H. Tan, P. Babal, M. Zeman, and M. Smets, “Wide bandgap p-type nanocrystalline silicon oxide as window layer for high performance thin-film silicon multijuntion solar cells,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 132, 597–605 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  18. R. Santbergen, A. H. M. Smets, and M. Zeman, “Optical model for multilayer structures with coherent, partly coherent and incoherent layers,” Opt. Express 21(S2), A262–A267 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2016 (3)

J. Werner, C. H. Weng, A. Walter, L. Fesquet, J. P. Seif, S. De Wolf, B. Niesen, and C. Ballif, “Efficient monolithic perovskite/silicon tandem solar cell with cell area > 1 cm2,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 7(1), 161–166 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Albrecht, M. Saliba, J. P. Correa-Baena, K. Jager, L. Korte, A. Hagfeldt, M. Gratzel, and B. Rech, “Towards optical optimization of planar monolithic peerovskite/silicon-heterojunction tandem solar cells,” J. Opt. 18(6), 064012 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. A. Green, K. Emery, Y. Hishikawa, W. Warta, and E. D. Dunlop, “Solar cell efficiency tables (version 48),” Prog. Photovolt. Res. Appl. 24(7), 905–913 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (7)

P. Löper, S.-J. Moon, S. M. de Nicolas, B. Niesen, M. Ledinsky, S. Nicolay, J. Bailat, J.-H. Yum, S. De Wolf, and C. Ballif, “Organic-inorganic halide perovskite/crystalline silicon four-terminal tandem solar cells,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 17(3), 1619–1629 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Filipič, P. Löper, B. Niesen, S. De Wolf, J. Krč, C. Ballif, and M. Topič, “CH(3)NH(3)PbI(3) perovskite / silicon tandem solar cells: characterization based optical simulations,” Opt. Express 23(7), A263–A278 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Adachi, J. L. Hernández, and K. Yamamoto, “Impact of carrier recombination on fill factor for large area heterojunction crystalline silicon solar cells with 25.1% efficiency,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107(23), 233506 (2015).
[Crossref]

P. Löper, M. Stuckelberger, B. Niesen, J. Werner, M. Filipič, S. J. Moon, J. H. Yum, M. Topič, S. De Wolf, and C. Ballif, “Complex refractive index spectra of CH3NH3PbI3 perovskite thin films determined by spectroscopic ellipsometry and spectrophotometry,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 6(1), 66–71 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Albrecht, M. Saliba, J. P. Correa Baena, F. Lang, L. Kegelmann, M. Mews, L. Steier, A. Abate, J. Rappich, L. Korte, R. Schlatmann, M. K. Nazeeruddin, A. Hagfeldt, M. Gratzel, and B. Rech, “Monolithic perovskite/silicon-heterojunction tandem solar cells processed at low temperature,” Energy Environ. Sci. 9(1), 81–88 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. P. Mailoa, C. D. Bailie, E. C. Johlin, E. T. Hoke, A. J. Akey, W. H. Nguyen, M. D. McGehee, and T. Buonassisi, “A 2-terminal perovskite/silicon multijunction solar cell enabled by a silicon tunnel junction,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(12), 121105 (2015).
[Crossref]

H. Tan, P. Babal, M. Zeman, and M. Smets, “Wide bandgap p-type nanocrystalline silicon oxide as window layer for high performance thin-film silicon multijuntion solar cells,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 132, 597–605 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (1)

N. J. Jeon, J. H. Noh, Y. C. Kim, W. S. Yang, S. Ryu, and S. I. Seok, “Solvent engineering for high-performance inorganic-organic hybrid perovskite solar cells,” Nat. Mater. 13(9), 897–903 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2013 (2)

D. Zhang, I. A. Digdaya, R. Santbergen, R. A. C. M. M. van Swaaij, P. Bronsveld, M. Zeman, J. A. M. van Roosmalen, and A. W. Weeber, “Design and fabrication of a SiOx/ITO double-layer anti-reflective coating for heterojunction silicon solar cells,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 117, 132–138 (2013).
[Crossref]

R. Santbergen, A. H. M. Smets, and M. Zeman, “Optical model for multilayer structures with coherent, partly coherent and incoherent layers,” Opt. Express 21(S2), A262–A267 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (1)

Z. C. Holman, A. Descoeudres, L. Barraud, F. Z. Fernandez, J. P. Seif, S. De Wolf, and C. Ballif, “Current losses at the front of silicon heterojunction solar cells,” IEEE J. Photovolt. 2(1), 7–15 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (1)

B. Lipovsek, J. Krc, and M. Topic, “Optical model for thin-film photovoltaic devices with large surface textures at the front side,” J. Microelectron. Electron. Components Mater. 41, 264–271 (2011).

2008 (1)

R. Santbergen and R. J. C. van Zolingen, “The absorption factor of crystalline silicon PV cells: A numerical and experimental study,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 92(4), 432–444 (2008).
[Crossref]

Abate, A.

S. Albrecht, M. Saliba, J. P. Correa Baena, F. Lang, L. Kegelmann, M. Mews, L. Steier, A. Abate, J. Rappich, L. Korte, R. Schlatmann, M. K. Nazeeruddin, A. Hagfeldt, M. Gratzel, and B. Rech, “Monolithic perovskite/silicon-heterojunction tandem solar cells processed at low temperature,” Energy Environ. Sci. 9(1), 81–88 (2015).
[Crossref]

Adachi, D.

D. Adachi, J. L. Hernández, and K. Yamamoto, “Impact of carrier recombination on fill factor for large area heterojunction crystalline silicon solar cells with 25.1% efficiency,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107(23), 233506 (2015).
[Crossref]

Akey, A. J.

J. P. Mailoa, C. D. Bailie, E. C. Johlin, E. T. Hoke, A. J. Akey, W. H. Nguyen, M. D. McGehee, and T. Buonassisi, “A 2-terminal perovskite/silicon multijunction solar cell enabled by a silicon tunnel junction,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(12), 121105 (2015).
[Crossref]

Albrecht, S.

S. Albrecht, M. Saliba, J. P. Correa-Baena, K. Jager, L. Korte, A. Hagfeldt, M. Gratzel, and B. Rech, “Towards optical optimization of planar monolithic peerovskite/silicon-heterojunction tandem solar cells,” J. Opt. 18(6), 064012 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. Albrecht, M. Saliba, J. P. Correa Baena, F. Lang, L. Kegelmann, M. Mews, L. Steier, A. Abate, J. Rappich, L. Korte, R. Schlatmann, M. K. Nazeeruddin, A. Hagfeldt, M. Gratzel, and B. Rech, “Monolithic perovskite/silicon-heterojunction tandem solar cells processed at low temperature,” Energy Environ. Sci. 9(1), 81–88 (2015).
[Crossref]

Babal, P.

H. Tan, P. Babal, M. Zeman, and M. Smets, “Wide bandgap p-type nanocrystalline silicon oxide as window layer for high performance thin-film silicon multijuntion solar cells,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 132, 597–605 (2015).
[Crossref]

Bailat, J.

P. Löper, S.-J. Moon, S. M. de Nicolas, B. Niesen, M. Ledinsky, S. Nicolay, J. Bailat, J.-H. Yum, S. De Wolf, and C. Ballif, “Organic-inorganic halide perovskite/crystalline silicon four-terminal tandem solar cells,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 17(3), 1619–1629 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bailie, C. D.

J. P. Mailoa, C. D. Bailie, E. C. Johlin, E. T. Hoke, A. J. Akey, W. H. Nguyen, M. D. McGehee, and T. Buonassisi, “A 2-terminal perovskite/silicon multijunction solar cell enabled by a silicon tunnel junction,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(12), 121105 (2015).
[Crossref]

Ballif, C.

J. Werner, C. H. Weng, A. Walter, L. Fesquet, J. P. Seif, S. De Wolf, B. Niesen, and C. Ballif, “Efficient monolithic perovskite/silicon tandem solar cell with cell area > 1 cm2,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 7(1), 161–166 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Filipič, P. Löper, B. Niesen, S. De Wolf, J. Krč, C. Ballif, and M. Topič, “CH(3)NH(3)PbI(3) perovskite / silicon tandem solar cells: characterization based optical simulations,” Opt. Express 23(7), A263–A278 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Löper, S.-J. Moon, S. M. de Nicolas, B. Niesen, M. Ledinsky, S. Nicolay, J. Bailat, J.-H. Yum, S. De Wolf, and C. Ballif, “Organic-inorganic halide perovskite/crystalline silicon four-terminal tandem solar cells,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 17(3), 1619–1629 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Löper, M. Stuckelberger, B. Niesen, J. Werner, M. Filipič, S. J. Moon, J. H. Yum, M. Topič, S. De Wolf, and C. Ballif, “Complex refractive index spectra of CH3NH3PbI3 perovskite thin films determined by spectroscopic ellipsometry and spectrophotometry,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 6(1), 66–71 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. C. Holman, A. Descoeudres, L. Barraud, F. Z. Fernandez, J. P. Seif, S. De Wolf, and C. Ballif, “Current losses at the front of silicon heterojunction solar cells,” IEEE J. Photovolt. 2(1), 7–15 (2012).
[Crossref]

Barraud, L.

Z. C. Holman, A. Descoeudres, L. Barraud, F. Z. Fernandez, J. P. Seif, S. De Wolf, and C. Ballif, “Current losses at the front of silicon heterojunction solar cells,” IEEE J. Photovolt. 2(1), 7–15 (2012).
[Crossref]

Bronsveld, P.

D. Zhang, I. A. Digdaya, R. Santbergen, R. A. C. M. M. van Swaaij, P. Bronsveld, M. Zeman, J. A. M. van Roosmalen, and A. W. Weeber, “Design and fabrication of a SiOx/ITO double-layer anti-reflective coating for heterojunction silicon solar cells,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 117, 132–138 (2013).
[Crossref]

Buonassisi, T.

J. P. Mailoa, C. D. Bailie, E. C. Johlin, E. T. Hoke, A. J. Akey, W. H. Nguyen, M. D. McGehee, and T. Buonassisi, “A 2-terminal perovskite/silicon multijunction solar cell enabled by a silicon tunnel junction,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(12), 121105 (2015).
[Crossref]

Correa Baena, J. P.

S. Albrecht, M. Saliba, J. P. Correa Baena, F. Lang, L. Kegelmann, M. Mews, L. Steier, A. Abate, J. Rappich, L. Korte, R. Schlatmann, M. K. Nazeeruddin, A. Hagfeldt, M. Gratzel, and B. Rech, “Monolithic perovskite/silicon-heterojunction tandem solar cells processed at low temperature,” Energy Environ. Sci. 9(1), 81–88 (2015).
[Crossref]

Correa-Baena, J. P.

S. Albrecht, M. Saliba, J. P. Correa-Baena, K. Jager, L. Korte, A. Hagfeldt, M. Gratzel, and B. Rech, “Towards optical optimization of planar monolithic peerovskite/silicon-heterojunction tandem solar cells,” J. Opt. 18(6), 064012 (2016).
[Crossref]

de Nicolas, S. M.

P. Löper, S.-J. Moon, S. M. de Nicolas, B. Niesen, M. Ledinsky, S. Nicolay, J. Bailat, J.-H. Yum, S. De Wolf, and C. Ballif, “Organic-inorganic halide perovskite/crystalline silicon four-terminal tandem solar cells,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 17(3), 1619–1629 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

De Wolf, S.

J. Werner, C. H. Weng, A. Walter, L. Fesquet, J. P. Seif, S. De Wolf, B. Niesen, and C. Ballif, “Efficient monolithic perovskite/silicon tandem solar cell with cell area > 1 cm2,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 7(1), 161–166 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Löper, S.-J. Moon, S. M. de Nicolas, B. Niesen, M. Ledinsky, S. Nicolay, J. Bailat, J.-H. Yum, S. De Wolf, and C. Ballif, “Organic-inorganic halide perovskite/crystalline silicon four-terminal tandem solar cells,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 17(3), 1619–1629 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Filipič, P. Löper, B. Niesen, S. De Wolf, J. Krč, C. Ballif, and M. Topič, “CH(3)NH(3)PbI(3) perovskite / silicon tandem solar cells: characterization based optical simulations,” Opt. Express 23(7), A263–A278 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Löper, M. Stuckelberger, B. Niesen, J. Werner, M. Filipič, S. J. Moon, J. H. Yum, M. Topič, S. De Wolf, and C. Ballif, “Complex refractive index spectra of CH3NH3PbI3 perovskite thin films determined by spectroscopic ellipsometry and spectrophotometry,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 6(1), 66–71 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. C. Holman, A. Descoeudres, L. Barraud, F. Z. Fernandez, J. P. Seif, S. De Wolf, and C. Ballif, “Current losses at the front of silicon heterojunction solar cells,” IEEE J. Photovolt. 2(1), 7–15 (2012).
[Crossref]

Descoeudres, A.

Z. C. Holman, A. Descoeudres, L. Barraud, F. Z. Fernandez, J. P. Seif, S. De Wolf, and C. Ballif, “Current losses at the front of silicon heterojunction solar cells,” IEEE J. Photovolt. 2(1), 7–15 (2012).
[Crossref]

Digdaya, I. A.

D. Zhang, I. A. Digdaya, R. Santbergen, R. A. C. M. M. van Swaaij, P. Bronsveld, M. Zeman, J. A. M. van Roosmalen, and A. W. Weeber, “Design and fabrication of a SiOx/ITO double-layer anti-reflective coating for heterojunction silicon solar cells,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 117, 132–138 (2013).
[Crossref]

Dunlop, E. D.

M. A. Green, K. Emery, Y. Hishikawa, W. Warta, and E. D. Dunlop, “Solar cell efficiency tables (version 48),” Prog. Photovolt. Res. Appl. 24(7), 905–913 (2016).
[Crossref]

Emery, K.

M. A. Green, K. Emery, Y. Hishikawa, W. Warta, and E. D. Dunlop, “Solar cell efficiency tables (version 48),” Prog. Photovolt. Res. Appl. 24(7), 905–913 (2016).
[Crossref]

Fernandez, F. Z.

Z. C. Holman, A. Descoeudres, L. Barraud, F. Z. Fernandez, J. P. Seif, S. De Wolf, and C. Ballif, “Current losses at the front of silicon heterojunction solar cells,” IEEE J. Photovolt. 2(1), 7–15 (2012).
[Crossref]

Fesquet, L.

J. Werner, C. H. Weng, A. Walter, L. Fesquet, J. P. Seif, S. De Wolf, B. Niesen, and C. Ballif, “Efficient monolithic perovskite/silicon tandem solar cell with cell area > 1 cm2,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 7(1), 161–166 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Filipic, M.

M. Filipič, P. Löper, B. Niesen, S. De Wolf, J. Krč, C. Ballif, and M. Topič, “CH(3)NH(3)PbI(3) perovskite / silicon tandem solar cells: characterization based optical simulations,” Opt. Express 23(7), A263–A278 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Löper, M. Stuckelberger, B. Niesen, J. Werner, M. Filipič, S. J. Moon, J. H. Yum, M. Topič, S. De Wolf, and C. Ballif, “Complex refractive index spectra of CH3NH3PbI3 perovskite thin films determined by spectroscopic ellipsometry and spectrophotometry,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 6(1), 66–71 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gratzel, M.

S. Albrecht, M. Saliba, J. P. Correa-Baena, K. Jager, L. Korte, A. Hagfeldt, M. Gratzel, and B. Rech, “Towards optical optimization of planar monolithic peerovskite/silicon-heterojunction tandem solar cells,” J. Opt. 18(6), 064012 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. Albrecht, M. Saliba, J. P. Correa Baena, F. Lang, L. Kegelmann, M. Mews, L. Steier, A. Abate, J. Rappich, L. Korte, R. Schlatmann, M. K. Nazeeruddin, A. Hagfeldt, M. Gratzel, and B. Rech, “Monolithic perovskite/silicon-heterojunction tandem solar cells processed at low temperature,” Energy Environ. Sci. 9(1), 81–88 (2015).
[Crossref]

Green, M. A.

M. A. Green, K. Emery, Y. Hishikawa, W. Warta, and E. D. Dunlop, “Solar cell efficiency tables (version 48),” Prog. Photovolt. Res. Appl. 24(7), 905–913 (2016).
[Crossref]

Hagfeldt, A.

S. Albrecht, M. Saliba, J. P. Correa-Baena, K. Jager, L. Korte, A. Hagfeldt, M. Gratzel, and B. Rech, “Towards optical optimization of planar monolithic peerovskite/silicon-heterojunction tandem solar cells,” J. Opt. 18(6), 064012 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. Albrecht, M. Saliba, J. P. Correa Baena, F. Lang, L. Kegelmann, M. Mews, L. Steier, A. Abate, J. Rappich, L. Korte, R. Schlatmann, M. K. Nazeeruddin, A. Hagfeldt, M. Gratzel, and B. Rech, “Monolithic perovskite/silicon-heterojunction tandem solar cells processed at low temperature,” Energy Environ. Sci. 9(1), 81–88 (2015).
[Crossref]

Hernández, J. L.

D. Adachi, J. L. Hernández, and K. Yamamoto, “Impact of carrier recombination on fill factor for large area heterojunction crystalline silicon solar cells with 25.1% efficiency,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107(23), 233506 (2015).
[Crossref]

Hishikawa, Y.

M. A. Green, K. Emery, Y. Hishikawa, W. Warta, and E. D. Dunlop, “Solar cell efficiency tables (version 48),” Prog. Photovolt. Res. Appl. 24(7), 905–913 (2016).
[Crossref]

Hoke, E. T.

J. P. Mailoa, C. D. Bailie, E. C. Johlin, E. T. Hoke, A. J. Akey, W. H. Nguyen, M. D. McGehee, and T. Buonassisi, “A 2-terminal perovskite/silicon multijunction solar cell enabled by a silicon tunnel junction,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(12), 121105 (2015).
[Crossref]

Holman, Z. C.

Z. C. Holman, A. Descoeudres, L. Barraud, F. Z. Fernandez, J. P. Seif, S. De Wolf, and C. Ballif, “Current losses at the front of silicon heterojunction solar cells,” IEEE J. Photovolt. 2(1), 7–15 (2012).
[Crossref]

Jager, K.

S. Albrecht, M. Saliba, J. P. Correa-Baena, K. Jager, L. Korte, A. Hagfeldt, M. Gratzel, and B. Rech, “Towards optical optimization of planar monolithic peerovskite/silicon-heterojunction tandem solar cells,” J. Opt. 18(6), 064012 (2016).
[Crossref]

Jeon, N. J.

N. J. Jeon, J. H. Noh, Y. C. Kim, W. S. Yang, S. Ryu, and S. I. Seok, “Solvent engineering for high-performance inorganic-organic hybrid perovskite solar cells,” Nat. Mater. 13(9), 897–903 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Johlin, E. C.

J. P. Mailoa, C. D. Bailie, E. C. Johlin, E. T. Hoke, A. J. Akey, W. H. Nguyen, M. D. McGehee, and T. Buonassisi, “A 2-terminal perovskite/silicon multijunction solar cell enabled by a silicon tunnel junction,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(12), 121105 (2015).
[Crossref]

Kegelmann, L.

S. Albrecht, M. Saliba, J. P. Correa Baena, F. Lang, L. Kegelmann, M. Mews, L. Steier, A. Abate, J. Rappich, L. Korte, R. Schlatmann, M. K. Nazeeruddin, A. Hagfeldt, M. Gratzel, and B. Rech, “Monolithic perovskite/silicon-heterojunction tandem solar cells processed at low temperature,” Energy Environ. Sci. 9(1), 81–88 (2015).
[Crossref]

Kim, Y. C.

N. J. Jeon, J. H. Noh, Y. C. Kim, W. S. Yang, S. Ryu, and S. I. Seok, “Solvent engineering for high-performance inorganic-organic hybrid perovskite solar cells,” Nat. Mater. 13(9), 897–903 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Korte, L.

S. Albrecht, M. Saliba, J. P. Correa-Baena, K. Jager, L. Korte, A. Hagfeldt, M. Gratzel, and B. Rech, “Towards optical optimization of planar monolithic peerovskite/silicon-heterojunction tandem solar cells,” J. Opt. 18(6), 064012 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. Albrecht, M. Saliba, J. P. Correa Baena, F. Lang, L. Kegelmann, M. Mews, L. Steier, A. Abate, J. Rappich, L. Korte, R. Schlatmann, M. K. Nazeeruddin, A. Hagfeldt, M. Gratzel, and B. Rech, “Monolithic perovskite/silicon-heterojunction tandem solar cells processed at low temperature,” Energy Environ. Sci. 9(1), 81–88 (2015).
[Crossref]

Krc, J.

M. Filipič, P. Löper, B. Niesen, S. De Wolf, J. Krč, C. Ballif, and M. Topič, “CH(3)NH(3)PbI(3) perovskite / silicon tandem solar cells: characterization based optical simulations,” Opt. Express 23(7), A263–A278 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Lipovsek, J. Krc, and M. Topic, “Optical model for thin-film photovoltaic devices with large surface textures at the front side,” J. Microelectron. Electron. Components Mater. 41, 264–271 (2011).

Lang, F.

S. Albrecht, M. Saliba, J. P. Correa Baena, F. Lang, L. Kegelmann, M. Mews, L. Steier, A. Abate, J. Rappich, L. Korte, R. Schlatmann, M. K. Nazeeruddin, A. Hagfeldt, M. Gratzel, and B. Rech, “Monolithic perovskite/silicon-heterojunction tandem solar cells processed at low temperature,” Energy Environ. Sci. 9(1), 81–88 (2015).
[Crossref]

Ledinsky, M.

P. Löper, S.-J. Moon, S. M. de Nicolas, B. Niesen, M. Ledinsky, S. Nicolay, J. Bailat, J.-H. Yum, S. De Wolf, and C. Ballif, “Organic-inorganic halide perovskite/crystalline silicon four-terminal tandem solar cells,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 17(3), 1619–1629 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lipovsek, B.

B. Lipovsek, J. Krc, and M. Topic, “Optical model for thin-film photovoltaic devices with large surface textures at the front side,” J. Microelectron. Electron. Components Mater. 41, 264–271 (2011).

Löper, P.

M. Filipič, P. Löper, B. Niesen, S. De Wolf, J. Krč, C. Ballif, and M. Topič, “CH(3)NH(3)PbI(3) perovskite / silicon tandem solar cells: characterization based optical simulations,” Opt. Express 23(7), A263–A278 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Löper, S.-J. Moon, S. M. de Nicolas, B. Niesen, M. Ledinsky, S. Nicolay, J. Bailat, J.-H. Yum, S. De Wolf, and C. Ballif, “Organic-inorganic halide perovskite/crystalline silicon four-terminal tandem solar cells,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 17(3), 1619–1629 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Löper, M. Stuckelberger, B. Niesen, J. Werner, M. Filipič, S. J. Moon, J. H. Yum, M. Topič, S. De Wolf, and C. Ballif, “Complex refractive index spectra of CH3NH3PbI3 perovskite thin films determined by spectroscopic ellipsometry and spectrophotometry,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 6(1), 66–71 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mailoa, J. P.

J. P. Mailoa, C. D. Bailie, E. C. Johlin, E. T. Hoke, A. J. Akey, W. H. Nguyen, M. D. McGehee, and T. Buonassisi, “A 2-terminal perovskite/silicon multijunction solar cell enabled by a silicon tunnel junction,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(12), 121105 (2015).
[Crossref]

McGehee, M. D.

J. P. Mailoa, C. D. Bailie, E. C. Johlin, E. T. Hoke, A. J. Akey, W. H. Nguyen, M. D. McGehee, and T. Buonassisi, “A 2-terminal perovskite/silicon multijunction solar cell enabled by a silicon tunnel junction,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(12), 121105 (2015).
[Crossref]

Mews, M.

S. Albrecht, M. Saliba, J. P. Correa Baena, F. Lang, L. Kegelmann, M. Mews, L. Steier, A. Abate, J. Rappich, L. Korte, R. Schlatmann, M. K. Nazeeruddin, A. Hagfeldt, M. Gratzel, and B. Rech, “Monolithic perovskite/silicon-heterojunction tandem solar cells processed at low temperature,” Energy Environ. Sci. 9(1), 81–88 (2015).
[Crossref]

Moon, S. J.

P. Löper, M. Stuckelberger, B. Niesen, J. Werner, M. Filipič, S. J. Moon, J. H. Yum, M. Topič, S. De Wolf, and C. Ballif, “Complex refractive index spectra of CH3NH3PbI3 perovskite thin films determined by spectroscopic ellipsometry and spectrophotometry,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 6(1), 66–71 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Moon, S.-J.

P. Löper, S.-J. Moon, S. M. de Nicolas, B. Niesen, M. Ledinsky, S. Nicolay, J. Bailat, J.-H. Yum, S. De Wolf, and C. Ballif, “Organic-inorganic halide perovskite/crystalline silicon four-terminal tandem solar cells,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 17(3), 1619–1629 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nazeeruddin, M. K.

S. Albrecht, M. Saliba, J. P. Correa Baena, F. Lang, L. Kegelmann, M. Mews, L. Steier, A. Abate, J. Rappich, L. Korte, R. Schlatmann, M. K. Nazeeruddin, A. Hagfeldt, M. Gratzel, and B. Rech, “Monolithic perovskite/silicon-heterojunction tandem solar cells processed at low temperature,” Energy Environ. Sci. 9(1), 81–88 (2015).
[Crossref]

Nguyen, W. H.

J. P. Mailoa, C. D. Bailie, E. C. Johlin, E. T. Hoke, A. J. Akey, W. H. Nguyen, M. D. McGehee, and T. Buonassisi, “A 2-terminal perovskite/silicon multijunction solar cell enabled by a silicon tunnel junction,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(12), 121105 (2015).
[Crossref]

Nicolay, S.

P. Löper, S.-J. Moon, S. M. de Nicolas, B. Niesen, M. Ledinsky, S. Nicolay, J. Bailat, J.-H. Yum, S. De Wolf, and C. Ballif, “Organic-inorganic halide perovskite/crystalline silicon four-terminal tandem solar cells,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 17(3), 1619–1629 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Niesen, B.

J. Werner, C. H. Weng, A. Walter, L. Fesquet, J. P. Seif, S. De Wolf, B. Niesen, and C. Ballif, “Efficient monolithic perovskite/silicon tandem solar cell with cell area > 1 cm2,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 7(1), 161–166 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Filipič, P. Löper, B. Niesen, S. De Wolf, J. Krč, C. Ballif, and M. Topič, “CH(3)NH(3)PbI(3) perovskite / silicon tandem solar cells: characterization based optical simulations,” Opt. Express 23(7), A263–A278 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Löper, S.-J. Moon, S. M. de Nicolas, B. Niesen, M. Ledinsky, S. Nicolay, J. Bailat, J.-H. Yum, S. De Wolf, and C. Ballif, “Organic-inorganic halide perovskite/crystalline silicon four-terminal tandem solar cells,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 17(3), 1619–1629 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Löper, M. Stuckelberger, B. Niesen, J. Werner, M. Filipič, S. J. Moon, J. H. Yum, M. Topič, S. De Wolf, and C. Ballif, “Complex refractive index spectra of CH3NH3PbI3 perovskite thin films determined by spectroscopic ellipsometry and spectrophotometry,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 6(1), 66–71 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Noh, J. H.

N. J. Jeon, J. H. Noh, Y. C. Kim, W. S. Yang, S. Ryu, and S. I. Seok, “Solvent engineering for high-performance inorganic-organic hybrid perovskite solar cells,” Nat. Mater. 13(9), 897–903 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rappich, J.

S. Albrecht, M. Saliba, J. P. Correa Baena, F. Lang, L. Kegelmann, M. Mews, L. Steier, A. Abate, J. Rappich, L. Korte, R. Schlatmann, M. K. Nazeeruddin, A. Hagfeldt, M. Gratzel, and B. Rech, “Monolithic perovskite/silicon-heterojunction tandem solar cells processed at low temperature,” Energy Environ. Sci. 9(1), 81–88 (2015).
[Crossref]

Rech, B.

S. Albrecht, M. Saliba, J. P. Correa-Baena, K. Jager, L. Korte, A. Hagfeldt, M. Gratzel, and B. Rech, “Towards optical optimization of planar monolithic peerovskite/silicon-heterojunction tandem solar cells,” J. Opt. 18(6), 064012 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. Albrecht, M. Saliba, J. P. Correa Baena, F. Lang, L. Kegelmann, M. Mews, L. Steier, A. Abate, J. Rappich, L. Korte, R. Schlatmann, M. K. Nazeeruddin, A. Hagfeldt, M. Gratzel, and B. Rech, “Monolithic perovskite/silicon-heterojunction tandem solar cells processed at low temperature,” Energy Environ. Sci. 9(1), 81–88 (2015).
[Crossref]

Ryu, S.

N. J. Jeon, J. H. Noh, Y. C. Kim, W. S. Yang, S. Ryu, and S. I. Seok, “Solvent engineering for high-performance inorganic-organic hybrid perovskite solar cells,” Nat. Mater. 13(9), 897–903 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Saliba, M.

S. Albrecht, M. Saliba, J. P. Correa-Baena, K. Jager, L. Korte, A. Hagfeldt, M. Gratzel, and B. Rech, “Towards optical optimization of planar monolithic peerovskite/silicon-heterojunction tandem solar cells,” J. Opt. 18(6), 064012 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. Albrecht, M. Saliba, J. P. Correa Baena, F. Lang, L. Kegelmann, M. Mews, L. Steier, A. Abate, J. Rappich, L. Korte, R. Schlatmann, M. K. Nazeeruddin, A. Hagfeldt, M. Gratzel, and B. Rech, “Monolithic perovskite/silicon-heterojunction tandem solar cells processed at low temperature,” Energy Environ. Sci. 9(1), 81–88 (2015).
[Crossref]

Santbergen, R.

D. Zhang, I. A. Digdaya, R. Santbergen, R. A. C. M. M. van Swaaij, P. Bronsveld, M. Zeman, J. A. M. van Roosmalen, and A. W. Weeber, “Design and fabrication of a SiOx/ITO double-layer anti-reflective coating for heterojunction silicon solar cells,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 117, 132–138 (2013).
[Crossref]

R. Santbergen, A. H. M. Smets, and M. Zeman, “Optical model for multilayer structures with coherent, partly coherent and incoherent layers,” Opt. Express 21(S2), A262–A267 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Santbergen and R. J. C. van Zolingen, “The absorption factor of crystalline silicon PV cells: A numerical and experimental study,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 92(4), 432–444 (2008).
[Crossref]

Schlatmann, R.

S. Albrecht, M. Saliba, J. P. Correa Baena, F. Lang, L. Kegelmann, M. Mews, L. Steier, A. Abate, J. Rappich, L. Korte, R. Schlatmann, M. K. Nazeeruddin, A. Hagfeldt, M. Gratzel, and B. Rech, “Monolithic perovskite/silicon-heterojunction tandem solar cells processed at low temperature,” Energy Environ. Sci. 9(1), 81–88 (2015).
[Crossref]

Seif, J. P.

J. Werner, C. H. Weng, A. Walter, L. Fesquet, J. P. Seif, S. De Wolf, B. Niesen, and C. Ballif, “Efficient monolithic perovskite/silicon tandem solar cell with cell area > 1 cm2,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 7(1), 161–166 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. C. Holman, A. Descoeudres, L. Barraud, F. Z. Fernandez, J. P. Seif, S. De Wolf, and C. Ballif, “Current losses at the front of silicon heterojunction solar cells,” IEEE J. Photovolt. 2(1), 7–15 (2012).
[Crossref]

Seok, S. I.

N. J. Jeon, J. H. Noh, Y. C. Kim, W. S. Yang, S. Ryu, and S. I. Seok, “Solvent engineering for high-performance inorganic-organic hybrid perovskite solar cells,” Nat. Mater. 13(9), 897–903 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Smets, A. H. M.

Smets, M.

H. Tan, P. Babal, M. Zeman, and M. Smets, “Wide bandgap p-type nanocrystalline silicon oxide as window layer for high performance thin-film silicon multijuntion solar cells,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 132, 597–605 (2015).
[Crossref]

Steier, L.

S. Albrecht, M. Saliba, J. P. Correa Baena, F. Lang, L. Kegelmann, M. Mews, L. Steier, A. Abate, J. Rappich, L. Korte, R. Schlatmann, M. K. Nazeeruddin, A. Hagfeldt, M. Gratzel, and B. Rech, “Monolithic perovskite/silicon-heterojunction tandem solar cells processed at low temperature,” Energy Environ. Sci. 9(1), 81–88 (2015).
[Crossref]

Stuckelberger, M.

P. Löper, M. Stuckelberger, B. Niesen, J. Werner, M. Filipič, S. J. Moon, J. H. Yum, M. Topič, S. De Wolf, and C. Ballif, “Complex refractive index spectra of CH3NH3PbI3 perovskite thin films determined by spectroscopic ellipsometry and spectrophotometry,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 6(1), 66–71 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tan, H.

H. Tan, P. Babal, M. Zeman, and M. Smets, “Wide bandgap p-type nanocrystalline silicon oxide as window layer for high performance thin-film silicon multijuntion solar cells,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 132, 597–605 (2015).
[Crossref]

Topic, M.

P. Löper, M. Stuckelberger, B. Niesen, J. Werner, M. Filipič, S. J. Moon, J. H. Yum, M. Topič, S. De Wolf, and C. Ballif, “Complex refractive index spectra of CH3NH3PbI3 perovskite thin films determined by spectroscopic ellipsometry and spectrophotometry,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 6(1), 66–71 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Filipič, P. Löper, B. Niesen, S. De Wolf, J. Krč, C. Ballif, and M. Topič, “CH(3)NH(3)PbI(3) perovskite / silicon tandem solar cells: characterization based optical simulations,” Opt. Express 23(7), A263–A278 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Lipovsek, J. Krc, and M. Topic, “Optical model for thin-film photovoltaic devices with large surface textures at the front side,” J. Microelectron. Electron. Components Mater. 41, 264–271 (2011).

van Roosmalen, J. A. M.

D. Zhang, I. A. Digdaya, R. Santbergen, R. A. C. M. M. van Swaaij, P. Bronsveld, M. Zeman, J. A. M. van Roosmalen, and A. W. Weeber, “Design and fabrication of a SiOx/ITO double-layer anti-reflective coating for heterojunction silicon solar cells,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 117, 132–138 (2013).
[Crossref]

van Swaaij, R. A. C. M. M.

D. Zhang, I. A. Digdaya, R. Santbergen, R. A. C. M. M. van Swaaij, P. Bronsveld, M. Zeman, J. A. M. van Roosmalen, and A. W. Weeber, “Design and fabrication of a SiOx/ITO double-layer anti-reflective coating for heterojunction silicon solar cells,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 117, 132–138 (2013).
[Crossref]

van Zolingen, R. J. C.

R. Santbergen and R. J. C. van Zolingen, “The absorption factor of crystalline silicon PV cells: A numerical and experimental study,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 92(4), 432–444 (2008).
[Crossref]

Walter, A.

J. Werner, C. H. Weng, A. Walter, L. Fesquet, J. P. Seif, S. De Wolf, B. Niesen, and C. Ballif, “Efficient monolithic perovskite/silicon tandem solar cell with cell area > 1 cm2,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 7(1), 161–166 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Warta, W.

M. A. Green, K. Emery, Y. Hishikawa, W. Warta, and E. D. Dunlop, “Solar cell efficiency tables (version 48),” Prog. Photovolt. Res. Appl. 24(7), 905–913 (2016).
[Crossref]

Weeber, A. W.

D. Zhang, I. A. Digdaya, R. Santbergen, R. A. C. M. M. van Swaaij, P. Bronsveld, M. Zeman, J. A. M. van Roosmalen, and A. W. Weeber, “Design and fabrication of a SiOx/ITO double-layer anti-reflective coating for heterojunction silicon solar cells,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 117, 132–138 (2013).
[Crossref]

Weng, C. H.

J. Werner, C. H. Weng, A. Walter, L. Fesquet, J. P. Seif, S. De Wolf, B. Niesen, and C. Ballif, “Efficient monolithic perovskite/silicon tandem solar cell with cell area > 1 cm2,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 7(1), 161–166 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Werner, J.

J. Werner, C. H. Weng, A. Walter, L. Fesquet, J. P. Seif, S. De Wolf, B. Niesen, and C. Ballif, “Efficient monolithic perovskite/silicon tandem solar cell with cell area > 1 cm2,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 7(1), 161–166 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Löper, M. Stuckelberger, B. Niesen, J. Werner, M. Filipič, S. J. Moon, J. H. Yum, M. Topič, S. De Wolf, and C. Ballif, “Complex refractive index spectra of CH3NH3PbI3 perovskite thin films determined by spectroscopic ellipsometry and spectrophotometry,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 6(1), 66–71 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yamamoto, K.

D. Adachi, J. L. Hernández, and K. Yamamoto, “Impact of carrier recombination on fill factor for large area heterojunction crystalline silicon solar cells with 25.1% efficiency,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107(23), 233506 (2015).
[Crossref]

Yang, W. S.

N. J. Jeon, J. H. Noh, Y. C. Kim, W. S. Yang, S. Ryu, and S. I. Seok, “Solvent engineering for high-performance inorganic-organic hybrid perovskite solar cells,” Nat. Mater. 13(9), 897–903 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yum, J. H.

P. Löper, M. Stuckelberger, B. Niesen, J. Werner, M. Filipič, S. J. Moon, J. H. Yum, M. Topič, S. De Wolf, and C. Ballif, “Complex refractive index spectra of CH3NH3PbI3 perovskite thin films determined by spectroscopic ellipsometry and spectrophotometry,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 6(1), 66–71 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yum, J.-H.

P. Löper, S.-J. Moon, S. M. de Nicolas, B. Niesen, M. Ledinsky, S. Nicolay, J. Bailat, J.-H. Yum, S. De Wolf, and C. Ballif, “Organic-inorganic halide perovskite/crystalline silicon four-terminal tandem solar cells,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 17(3), 1619–1629 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zeman, M.

H. Tan, P. Babal, M. Zeman, and M. Smets, “Wide bandgap p-type nanocrystalline silicon oxide as window layer for high performance thin-film silicon multijuntion solar cells,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 132, 597–605 (2015).
[Crossref]

D. Zhang, I. A. Digdaya, R. Santbergen, R. A. C. M. M. van Swaaij, P. Bronsveld, M. Zeman, J. A. M. van Roosmalen, and A. W. Weeber, “Design and fabrication of a SiOx/ITO double-layer anti-reflective coating for heterojunction silicon solar cells,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 117, 132–138 (2013).
[Crossref]

R. Santbergen, A. H. M. Smets, and M. Zeman, “Optical model for multilayer structures with coherent, partly coherent and incoherent layers,” Opt. Express 21(S2), A262–A267 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, D.

D. Zhang, I. A. Digdaya, R. Santbergen, R. A. C. M. M. van Swaaij, P. Bronsveld, M. Zeman, J. A. M. van Roosmalen, and A. W. Weeber, “Design and fabrication of a SiOx/ITO double-layer anti-reflective coating for heterojunction silicon solar cells,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 117, 132–138 (2013).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

D. Adachi, J. L. Hernández, and K. Yamamoto, “Impact of carrier recombination on fill factor for large area heterojunction crystalline silicon solar cells with 25.1% efficiency,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107(23), 233506 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. P. Mailoa, C. D. Bailie, E. C. Johlin, E. T. Hoke, A. J. Akey, W. H. Nguyen, M. D. McGehee, and T. Buonassisi, “A 2-terminal perovskite/silicon multijunction solar cell enabled by a silicon tunnel junction,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(12), 121105 (2015).
[Crossref]

Energy Environ. Sci. (1)

S. Albrecht, M. Saliba, J. P. Correa Baena, F. Lang, L. Kegelmann, M. Mews, L. Steier, A. Abate, J. Rappich, L. Korte, R. Schlatmann, M. K. Nazeeruddin, A. Hagfeldt, M. Gratzel, and B. Rech, “Monolithic perovskite/silicon-heterojunction tandem solar cells processed at low temperature,” Energy Environ. Sci. 9(1), 81–88 (2015).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Photovolt. (1)

Z. C. Holman, A. Descoeudres, L. Barraud, F. Z. Fernandez, J. P. Seif, S. De Wolf, and C. Ballif, “Current losses at the front of silicon heterojunction solar cells,” IEEE J. Photovolt. 2(1), 7–15 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Microelectron. Electron. Components Mater. (1)

B. Lipovsek, J. Krc, and M. Topic, “Optical model for thin-film photovoltaic devices with large surface textures at the front side,” J. Microelectron. Electron. Components Mater. 41, 264–271 (2011).

J. Opt. (1)

S. Albrecht, M. Saliba, J. P. Correa-Baena, K. Jager, L. Korte, A. Hagfeldt, M. Gratzel, and B. Rech, “Towards optical optimization of planar monolithic peerovskite/silicon-heterojunction tandem solar cells,” J. Opt. 18(6), 064012 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Phys. Chem. Lett. (2)

P. Löper, M. Stuckelberger, B. Niesen, J. Werner, M. Filipič, S. J. Moon, J. H. Yum, M. Topič, S. De Wolf, and C. Ballif, “Complex refractive index spectra of CH3NH3PbI3 perovskite thin films determined by spectroscopic ellipsometry and spectrophotometry,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 6(1), 66–71 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Werner, C. H. Weng, A. Walter, L. Fesquet, J. P. Seif, S. De Wolf, B. Niesen, and C. Ballif, “Efficient monolithic perovskite/silicon tandem solar cell with cell area > 1 cm2,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 7(1), 161–166 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Mater. (1)

N. J. Jeon, J. H. Noh, Y. C. Kim, W. S. Yang, S. Ryu, and S. I. Seok, “Solvent engineering for high-performance inorganic-organic hybrid perovskite solar cells,” Nat. Mater. 13(9), 897–903 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (2)

Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. (1)

P. Löper, S.-J. Moon, S. M. de Nicolas, B. Niesen, M. Ledinsky, S. Nicolay, J. Bailat, J.-H. Yum, S. De Wolf, and C. Ballif, “Organic-inorganic halide perovskite/crystalline silicon four-terminal tandem solar cells,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 17(3), 1619–1629 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Prog. Photovolt. Res. Appl. (1)

M. A. Green, K. Emery, Y. Hishikawa, W. Warta, and E. D. Dunlop, “Solar cell efficiency tables (version 48),” Prog. Photovolt. Res. Appl. 24(7), 905–913 (2016).
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Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells (3)

R. Santbergen and R. J. C. van Zolingen, “The absorption factor of crystalline silicon PV cells: A numerical and experimental study,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 92(4), 432–444 (2008).
[Crossref]

D. Zhang, I. A. Digdaya, R. Santbergen, R. A. C. M. M. van Swaaij, P. Bronsveld, M. Zeman, J. A. M. van Roosmalen, and A. W. Weeber, “Design and fabrication of a SiOx/ITO double-layer anti-reflective coating for heterojunction silicon solar cells,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 117, 132–138 (2013).
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Other (2)

D. Zhang, W. Verhees, M. Dorenkamper, W. Qiu, K. Bakker, A. Gutjahr, S. Veenstra, R. Gehlhaar, U.W. Paetzold, W. Soppe, I. Romijn, L.J. Geerlings, T. Aernouts, A. Weeber, “Combination of advanced optical modeling with electrical simulations for performance evaluation of practical 4-terminal perovskite/c-Si tandem modules,” SiliconPV conference 2016, to be published in Energy Procedia.

C. Ballif, J. Werner, G. Nogay, A. Walter, J. Geissbuhler, J. P. Seif, F. J. Haug, S. de Wolf, B. Niesen, C. Allebe, D. Saccetto, M. Despeisse, S. J. Moon, S. Nicolay, and J. Bailat, “Silicon solar cells with passivated contacts and their application in high-efficiency perovskite/c-Si tandem solar cells,” in EUPVSEC (2016), paper 2DO.16.6.

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Figures (11)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 The measured EQE (red circles) [1] and simulated absorptance in c-Si (black line) of the Kaneka c-Si heterojunction solar cell.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Measured optical constants of HTM (blue), perovskite (red) and ETM (green). Optical constants of perovskite from literature [14] are given as red dashed lines. a) refractive index n, b) extinction coefficient k.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Perovskite/c-Si tandem devices A to F. The layer thicknesses and the reflection losses R1, R2 and R3 are indicated in Fig. (A).
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Simulated absorptance and reflectance of current matched perovskite/c-Si tandem device A.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Simulated absorptances in perovskite and c-Si for current matched tandem device configurations A to F shown in Fig. 3.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Simulated matched current density in tandem device C (see Fig. 3(c)) as a function of interlayer thickness and refractive index.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Simulated matched current density as a function of interlayer/burial layer index. The gray line represents device C in the limit of large interlayer thickness. The green line represents device D.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 Simulated matched current density in tandem device E as a function of MgF2 coating thickness.
Fig. 9
Fig. 9 Simulated absorptance and reflectance of current matched perovskite/c-Si tandem device E.
Fig. 10
Fig. 10 Simulated absorptance and reflectance of current matched perovskite/c-Si tandem device F.
Fig. 11
Fig. 11 Useful absorptance (red), parasitic absorptance (dark gray) and reflectance contributions R1, R2 and R3 (light gray) expressed in mA/cm2 for tandem devices A to F and single junction device S.

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