Abstract

We describe a 1.55 μm hydrogen cyanide (HCN) optical frequency and repetition rate stabilized mode-locked fiber laser, where the optical frequency was locked to the P(10) HCN absorption line and the repetition rate was locked to 9.95328 GHz by using a microwave phase-locked loop. The optical frequency stability of the laser reached 5 x 10−11 with an integration time τ of 1 s. With a bidirectional pumping scheme, the laser output power reached 64.6 mW. To obtain a short pulse train, the average dispersion in the cavity was managed so that it was zero around 1.55 μm, resulting in a 0.95 ps pulse train. In addition, the stabilization of the optical frequency and the repetition rate, meant that the entire spectral profile remained the same for 24 hours.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. M. Nakazawa, T. Yamamoto, and K. R. Tamura, “1.28 Tbit/s-70 km OTDM transmission using third- and fourth-order simultaneous dispersion compensation with a phase modulator,” Electron. Lett. 36(24), 2027–2029 (2000).
    [Crossref]
  2. H. G. Weber, S. Ferber, M. Kroh, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, R. Ludwig, V. Marembert, C. Boerner, F. Futami, S. Watanabe, and C. Schubert, “Single channel 1.28 Tbit/s and 2.56 Tbit/s DQPSK transmission,” Electron. Lett. 42(3), 178–179 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  3. K. Harako, D. Seya, D. Suzuki, T. Hirooka, and M. Nakazawa, “2.56 Tbit/s/ch (640 Gbaud) polarization-multiplexed DQPSK non-coherent Nyquist pulse transmission over 525 km,” Opt. Express 23(24), 30801–30806 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  4. The 14th Int. Conf. Ultrafast Phenomena (2004), Part XI and XIII.
  5. K. Kasai, T. Omiya, P. Guan, M. Yoshida, T. Hirooka, and M. Nakazawa, “Single-channel 400 Gbit/s, OTDM-32 RZ/QAM coherent transmission over 225 km using an optical phase-locked loop technique,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 22(8), 562–564 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  6. D. O. Otuya, K. Kasai, T. Hirooka, and M. Nakazawa, “Single-channel 1.92 Tbit/s, 64 QAM coherent Nyquist orthogonal TDM transmission with a spectral efficiency of 10.6 Bit/s/Hz,” J. Lightwave Technol. 34(2), 768–775 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  7. D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, “Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis,” Science 288(5466), 635–640 (2000).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  8. M. Nakazawa and M. Yoshida, “Scheme for independently stabilizing the repetition rate and optical frequency of a laser using a regenerative mode-locking technique,” Opt. Lett. 33(10), 1059–1061 (2008).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  9. M. Nakazawa, K. Kasai, and M. Yoshida, “C2H2 absolutely optical frequency-stabilized and 40 GHz repetition-rate-stabilized, regeneratively mode-locked picosecond erbium fiber laser at 1.53 μm,” Opt. Lett. 33(22), 2641–2643 (2008).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  10. M. Yoshida, K. Yoshida, K. Kasai, and M. Nakazawa, “A 0.95 ps, 10 GHz, 60 mW HCN frequency-stabilized and mode-locked fiber laser at 1.55 μm,” inProceedings of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, 2016), paper STu1P.3.
    [Crossref]
  11. M. Yoshida, T. Yaguchi, S. Harada, and M. Nakazawa, “A 40 GHz regeneratively and harmonically mode-locked erbium-doped fiber laser and its longitudinal-mode characteristics,” IEICE Trans. Electron. E87-C(7), 1166–1172 (2004).
  12. M. Yoshida, K. Kasai, and M. Nakazawa, “Mode-hop-free, optical frequency tunable 40-GHz mode-locked fiber laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43(8), 704–708 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  13. M. Nakazawa, E. Yoshida, and Y. Kimura, “Ultrastable harmonically and regeneratively modelocked polarization-maintaining erbium-doped fiber ring laser,” Electron. Lett. 30(19), 1603–1605 (1994).
    [Crossref]
  14. D. J. Kuizenga and A. E. Siegman, “FM and AM mode locking of the homogeneous laser - Part I: Theory,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 6(11), 694–708 (1970).
    [Crossref]
  15. K. Kasai, A. Suzuki, M. Yoshida, and M. Nakazawa, “Performance improvement of an acetylene (C2H2) frequency-stabilized fiber laser,” IEICE Electron. Express 3(22), 487–492 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  16. K. Tamura and M. Nakazawa, “Dispersion-tuned harmonically mode-locked fiber ring laser for self-synchronization to an external clock,” Opt. Lett. 21(24), 1984–1986 (1996).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  17. K. Kasai, T. Omiya, P. Guan, M. Yoshida, T. Hirooka, and M. Nakazawa, “Single-channel 400-Gb/s OTDM-32 RZ/QAM coherent transmission over 225 km using an optical phase-locked loop technique,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 22(8), 562–564 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  18. E. Palushani, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, T. Richter, M. Nölle, R. Ludwig, and C. Schubert, “Transmission of a serial 5.1-Tb/s data signal using 16-QAM and coherent detection,” in Proceedings of the European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC, 2011), paper We.8.B.5.
    [Crossref]
  19. D. O. Otuya, K. Harako, K. Kasai, T. Hirooka, and M. Nakazawa, “Singlechannel 1.92 Tbit/s, 64 QAM coherent orthogonal TDM transmission of 160 Gbaud optical Nyquist pulses with 10.6 bit/s/Hz spectral efficiency,” in Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC, 2015), paper M3G.2.

2016 (1)

2015 (1)

2010 (2)

K. Kasai, T. Omiya, P. Guan, M. Yoshida, T. Hirooka, and M. Nakazawa, “Single-channel 400 Gbit/s, OTDM-32 RZ/QAM coherent transmission over 225 km using an optical phase-locked loop technique,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 22(8), 562–564 (2010).
[Crossref]

K. Kasai, T. Omiya, P. Guan, M. Yoshida, T. Hirooka, and M. Nakazawa, “Single-channel 400-Gb/s OTDM-32 RZ/QAM coherent transmission over 225 km using an optical phase-locked loop technique,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 22(8), 562–564 (2010).
[Crossref]

2008 (2)

2007 (1)

M. Yoshida, K. Kasai, and M. Nakazawa, “Mode-hop-free, optical frequency tunable 40-GHz mode-locked fiber laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43(8), 704–708 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (2)

K. Kasai, A. Suzuki, M. Yoshida, and M. Nakazawa, “Performance improvement of an acetylene (C2H2) frequency-stabilized fiber laser,” IEICE Electron. Express 3(22), 487–492 (2006).
[Crossref]

H. G. Weber, S. Ferber, M. Kroh, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, R. Ludwig, V. Marembert, C. Boerner, F. Futami, S. Watanabe, and C. Schubert, “Single channel 1.28 Tbit/s and 2.56 Tbit/s DQPSK transmission,” Electron. Lett. 42(3), 178–179 (2006).
[Crossref]

2004 (1)

M. Yoshida, T. Yaguchi, S. Harada, and M. Nakazawa, “A 40 GHz regeneratively and harmonically mode-locked erbium-doped fiber laser and its longitudinal-mode characteristics,” IEICE Trans. Electron. E87-C(7), 1166–1172 (2004).

2000 (2)

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, “Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis,” Science 288(5466), 635–640 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Nakazawa, T. Yamamoto, and K. R. Tamura, “1.28 Tbit/s-70 km OTDM transmission using third- and fourth-order simultaneous dispersion compensation with a phase modulator,” Electron. Lett. 36(24), 2027–2029 (2000).
[Crossref]

1996 (1)

1994 (1)

M. Nakazawa, E. Yoshida, and Y. Kimura, “Ultrastable harmonically and regeneratively modelocked polarization-maintaining erbium-doped fiber ring laser,” Electron. Lett. 30(19), 1603–1605 (1994).
[Crossref]

1970 (1)

D. J. Kuizenga and A. E. Siegman, “FM and AM mode locking of the homogeneous laser - Part I: Theory,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 6(11), 694–708 (1970).
[Crossref]

Boerner, C.

H. G. Weber, S. Ferber, M. Kroh, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, R. Ludwig, V. Marembert, C. Boerner, F. Futami, S. Watanabe, and C. Schubert, “Single channel 1.28 Tbit/s and 2.56 Tbit/s DQPSK transmission,” Electron. Lett. 42(3), 178–179 (2006).
[Crossref]

Cundiff, S. T.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, “Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis,” Science 288(5466), 635–640 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Diddams, S. A.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, “Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis,” Science 288(5466), 635–640 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ferber, S.

H. G. Weber, S. Ferber, M. Kroh, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, R. Ludwig, V. Marembert, C. Boerner, F. Futami, S. Watanabe, and C. Schubert, “Single channel 1.28 Tbit/s and 2.56 Tbit/s DQPSK transmission,” Electron. Lett. 42(3), 178–179 (2006).
[Crossref]

Futami, F.

H. G. Weber, S. Ferber, M. Kroh, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, R. Ludwig, V. Marembert, C. Boerner, F. Futami, S. Watanabe, and C. Schubert, “Single channel 1.28 Tbit/s and 2.56 Tbit/s DQPSK transmission,” Electron. Lett. 42(3), 178–179 (2006).
[Crossref]

Guan, P.

K. Kasai, T. Omiya, P. Guan, M. Yoshida, T. Hirooka, and M. Nakazawa, “Single-channel 400 Gbit/s, OTDM-32 RZ/QAM coherent transmission over 225 km using an optical phase-locked loop technique,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 22(8), 562–564 (2010).
[Crossref]

K. Kasai, T. Omiya, P. Guan, M. Yoshida, T. Hirooka, and M. Nakazawa, “Single-channel 400-Gb/s OTDM-32 RZ/QAM coherent transmission over 225 km using an optical phase-locked loop technique,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 22(8), 562–564 (2010).
[Crossref]

Hall, J. L.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, “Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis,” Science 288(5466), 635–640 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Harada, S.

M. Yoshida, T. Yaguchi, S. Harada, and M. Nakazawa, “A 40 GHz regeneratively and harmonically mode-locked erbium-doped fiber laser and its longitudinal-mode characteristics,” IEICE Trans. Electron. E87-C(7), 1166–1172 (2004).

Harako, K.

Hirooka, T.

D. O. Otuya, K. Kasai, T. Hirooka, and M. Nakazawa, “Single-channel 1.92 Tbit/s, 64 QAM coherent Nyquist orthogonal TDM transmission with a spectral efficiency of 10.6 Bit/s/Hz,” J. Lightwave Technol. 34(2), 768–775 (2016).
[Crossref]

K. Harako, D. Seya, D. Suzuki, T. Hirooka, and M. Nakazawa, “2.56 Tbit/s/ch (640 Gbaud) polarization-multiplexed DQPSK non-coherent Nyquist pulse transmission over 525 km,” Opt. Express 23(24), 30801–30806 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Kasai, T. Omiya, P. Guan, M. Yoshida, T. Hirooka, and M. Nakazawa, “Single-channel 400-Gb/s OTDM-32 RZ/QAM coherent transmission over 225 km using an optical phase-locked loop technique,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 22(8), 562–564 (2010).
[Crossref]

K. Kasai, T. Omiya, P. Guan, M. Yoshida, T. Hirooka, and M. Nakazawa, “Single-channel 400 Gbit/s, OTDM-32 RZ/QAM coherent transmission over 225 km using an optical phase-locked loop technique,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 22(8), 562–564 (2010).
[Crossref]

Jones, D. J.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, “Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis,” Science 288(5466), 635–640 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kasai, K.

D. O. Otuya, K. Kasai, T. Hirooka, and M. Nakazawa, “Single-channel 1.92 Tbit/s, 64 QAM coherent Nyquist orthogonal TDM transmission with a spectral efficiency of 10.6 Bit/s/Hz,” J. Lightwave Technol. 34(2), 768–775 (2016).
[Crossref]

K. Kasai, T. Omiya, P. Guan, M. Yoshida, T. Hirooka, and M. Nakazawa, “Single-channel 400-Gb/s OTDM-32 RZ/QAM coherent transmission over 225 km using an optical phase-locked loop technique,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 22(8), 562–564 (2010).
[Crossref]

K. Kasai, T. Omiya, P. Guan, M. Yoshida, T. Hirooka, and M. Nakazawa, “Single-channel 400 Gbit/s, OTDM-32 RZ/QAM coherent transmission over 225 km using an optical phase-locked loop technique,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 22(8), 562–564 (2010).
[Crossref]

M. Nakazawa, K. Kasai, and M. Yoshida, “C2H2 absolutely optical frequency-stabilized and 40 GHz repetition-rate-stabilized, regeneratively mode-locked picosecond erbium fiber laser at 1.53 μm,” Opt. Lett. 33(22), 2641–2643 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Yoshida, K. Kasai, and M. Nakazawa, “Mode-hop-free, optical frequency tunable 40-GHz mode-locked fiber laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43(8), 704–708 (2007).
[Crossref]

K. Kasai, A. Suzuki, M. Yoshida, and M. Nakazawa, “Performance improvement of an acetylene (C2H2) frequency-stabilized fiber laser,” IEICE Electron. Express 3(22), 487–492 (2006).
[Crossref]

Kimura, Y.

M. Nakazawa, E. Yoshida, and Y. Kimura, “Ultrastable harmonically and regeneratively modelocked polarization-maintaining erbium-doped fiber ring laser,” Electron. Lett. 30(19), 1603–1605 (1994).
[Crossref]

Kroh, M.

H. G. Weber, S. Ferber, M. Kroh, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, R. Ludwig, V. Marembert, C. Boerner, F. Futami, S. Watanabe, and C. Schubert, “Single channel 1.28 Tbit/s and 2.56 Tbit/s DQPSK transmission,” Electron. Lett. 42(3), 178–179 (2006).
[Crossref]

Kuizenga, D. J.

D. J. Kuizenga and A. E. Siegman, “FM and AM mode locking of the homogeneous laser - Part I: Theory,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 6(11), 694–708 (1970).
[Crossref]

Ludwig, R.

H. G. Weber, S. Ferber, M. Kroh, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, R. Ludwig, V. Marembert, C. Boerner, F. Futami, S. Watanabe, and C. Schubert, “Single channel 1.28 Tbit/s and 2.56 Tbit/s DQPSK transmission,” Electron. Lett. 42(3), 178–179 (2006).
[Crossref]

Marembert, V.

H. G. Weber, S. Ferber, M. Kroh, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, R. Ludwig, V. Marembert, C. Boerner, F. Futami, S. Watanabe, and C. Schubert, “Single channel 1.28 Tbit/s and 2.56 Tbit/s DQPSK transmission,” Electron. Lett. 42(3), 178–179 (2006).
[Crossref]

Nakazawa, M.

D. O. Otuya, K. Kasai, T. Hirooka, and M. Nakazawa, “Single-channel 1.92 Tbit/s, 64 QAM coherent Nyquist orthogonal TDM transmission with a spectral efficiency of 10.6 Bit/s/Hz,” J. Lightwave Technol. 34(2), 768–775 (2016).
[Crossref]

K. Harako, D. Seya, D. Suzuki, T. Hirooka, and M. Nakazawa, “2.56 Tbit/s/ch (640 Gbaud) polarization-multiplexed DQPSK non-coherent Nyquist pulse transmission over 525 km,” Opt. Express 23(24), 30801–30806 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Kasai, T. Omiya, P. Guan, M. Yoshida, T. Hirooka, and M. Nakazawa, “Single-channel 400-Gb/s OTDM-32 RZ/QAM coherent transmission over 225 km using an optical phase-locked loop technique,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 22(8), 562–564 (2010).
[Crossref]

K. Kasai, T. Omiya, P. Guan, M. Yoshida, T. Hirooka, and M. Nakazawa, “Single-channel 400 Gbit/s, OTDM-32 RZ/QAM coherent transmission over 225 km using an optical phase-locked loop technique,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 22(8), 562–564 (2010).
[Crossref]

M. Nakazawa and M. Yoshida, “Scheme for independently stabilizing the repetition rate and optical frequency of a laser using a regenerative mode-locking technique,” Opt. Lett. 33(10), 1059–1061 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Nakazawa, K. Kasai, and M. Yoshida, “C2H2 absolutely optical frequency-stabilized and 40 GHz repetition-rate-stabilized, regeneratively mode-locked picosecond erbium fiber laser at 1.53 μm,” Opt. Lett. 33(22), 2641–2643 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Yoshida, K. Kasai, and M. Nakazawa, “Mode-hop-free, optical frequency tunable 40-GHz mode-locked fiber laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43(8), 704–708 (2007).
[Crossref]

K. Kasai, A. Suzuki, M. Yoshida, and M. Nakazawa, “Performance improvement of an acetylene (C2H2) frequency-stabilized fiber laser,” IEICE Electron. Express 3(22), 487–492 (2006).
[Crossref]

M. Yoshida, T. Yaguchi, S. Harada, and M. Nakazawa, “A 40 GHz regeneratively and harmonically mode-locked erbium-doped fiber laser and its longitudinal-mode characteristics,” IEICE Trans. Electron. E87-C(7), 1166–1172 (2004).

M. Nakazawa, T. Yamamoto, and K. R. Tamura, “1.28 Tbit/s-70 km OTDM transmission using third- and fourth-order simultaneous dispersion compensation with a phase modulator,” Electron. Lett. 36(24), 2027–2029 (2000).
[Crossref]

K. Tamura and M. Nakazawa, “Dispersion-tuned harmonically mode-locked fiber ring laser for self-synchronization to an external clock,” Opt. Lett. 21(24), 1984–1986 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Nakazawa, E. Yoshida, and Y. Kimura, “Ultrastable harmonically and regeneratively modelocked polarization-maintaining erbium-doped fiber ring laser,” Electron. Lett. 30(19), 1603–1605 (1994).
[Crossref]

Omiya, T.

K. Kasai, T. Omiya, P. Guan, M. Yoshida, T. Hirooka, and M. Nakazawa, “Single-channel 400 Gbit/s, OTDM-32 RZ/QAM coherent transmission over 225 km using an optical phase-locked loop technique,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 22(8), 562–564 (2010).
[Crossref]

K. Kasai, T. Omiya, P. Guan, M. Yoshida, T. Hirooka, and M. Nakazawa, “Single-channel 400-Gb/s OTDM-32 RZ/QAM coherent transmission over 225 km using an optical phase-locked loop technique,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 22(8), 562–564 (2010).
[Crossref]

Otuya, D. O.

Ranka, J. K.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, “Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis,” Science 288(5466), 635–640 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schmidt-Langhorst, C.

H. G. Weber, S. Ferber, M. Kroh, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, R. Ludwig, V. Marembert, C. Boerner, F. Futami, S. Watanabe, and C. Schubert, “Single channel 1.28 Tbit/s and 2.56 Tbit/s DQPSK transmission,” Electron. Lett. 42(3), 178–179 (2006).
[Crossref]

Schubert, C.

H. G. Weber, S. Ferber, M. Kroh, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, R. Ludwig, V. Marembert, C. Boerner, F. Futami, S. Watanabe, and C. Schubert, “Single channel 1.28 Tbit/s and 2.56 Tbit/s DQPSK transmission,” Electron. Lett. 42(3), 178–179 (2006).
[Crossref]

Seya, D.

Siegman, A. E.

D. J. Kuizenga and A. E. Siegman, “FM and AM mode locking of the homogeneous laser - Part I: Theory,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 6(11), 694–708 (1970).
[Crossref]

Stentz, A.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, “Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis,” Science 288(5466), 635–640 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Suzuki, A.

K. Kasai, A. Suzuki, M. Yoshida, and M. Nakazawa, “Performance improvement of an acetylene (C2H2) frequency-stabilized fiber laser,” IEICE Electron. Express 3(22), 487–492 (2006).
[Crossref]

Suzuki, D.

Tamura, K.

Tamura, K. R.

M. Nakazawa, T. Yamamoto, and K. R. Tamura, “1.28 Tbit/s-70 km OTDM transmission using third- and fourth-order simultaneous dispersion compensation with a phase modulator,” Electron. Lett. 36(24), 2027–2029 (2000).
[Crossref]

Watanabe, S.

H. G. Weber, S. Ferber, M. Kroh, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, R. Ludwig, V. Marembert, C. Boerner, F. Futami, S. Watanabe, and C. Schubert, “Single channel 1.28 Tbit/s and 2.56 Tbit/s DQPSK transmission,” Electron. Lett. 42(3), 178–179 (2006).
[Crossref]

Weber, H. G.

H. G. Weber, S. Ferber, M. Kroh, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, R. Ludwig, V. Marembert, C. Boerner, F. Futami, S. Watanabe, and C. Schubert, “Single channel 1.28 Tbit/s and 2.56 Tbit/s DQPSK transmission,” Electron. Lett. 42(3), 178–179 (2006).
[Crossref]

Windeler, R. S.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, “Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis,” Science 288(5466), 635–640 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yaguchi, T.

M. Yoshida, T. Yaguchi, S. Harada, and M. Nakazawa, “A 40 GHz regeneratively and harmonically mode-locked erbium-doped fiber laser and its longitudinal-mode characteristics,” IEICE Trans. Electron. E87-C(7), 1166–1172 (2004).

Yamamoto, T.

M. Nakazawa, T. Yamamoto, and K. R. Tamura, “1.28 Tbit/s-70 km OTDM transmission using third- and fourth-order simultaneous dispersion compensation with a phase modulator,” Electron. Lett. 36(24), 2027–2029 (2000).
[Crossref]

Yoshida, E.

M. Nakazawa, E. Yoshida, and Y. Kimura, “Ultrastable harmonically and regeneratively modelocked polarization-maintaining erbium-doped fiber ring laser,” Electron. Lett. 30(19), 1603–1605 (1994).
[Crossref]

Yoshida, M.

K. Kasai, T. Omiya, P. Guan, M. Yoshida, T. Hirooka, and M. Nakazawa, “Single-channel 400 Gbit/s, OTDM-32 RZ/QAM coherent transmission over 225 km using an optical phase-locked loop technique,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 22(8), 562–564 (2010).
[Crossref]

K. Kasai, T. Omiya, P. Guan, M. Yoshida, T. Hirooka, and M. Nakazawa, “Single-channel 400-Gb/s OTDM-32 RZ/QAM coherent transmission over 225 km using an optical phase-locked loop technique,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 22(8), 562–564 (2010).
[Crossref]

M. Nakazawa and M. Yoshida, “Scheme for independently stabilizing the repetition rate and optical frequency of a laser using a regenerative mode-locking technique,” Opt. Lett. 33(10), 1059–1061 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Nakazawa, K. Kasai, and M. Yoshida, “C2H2 absolutely optical frequency-stabilized and 40 GHz repetition-rate-stabilized, regeneratively mode-locked picosecond erbium fiber laser at 1.53 μm,” Opt. Lett. 33(22), 2641–2643 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Yoshida, K. Kasai, and M. Nakazawa, “Mode-hop-free, optical frequency tunable 40-GHz mode-locked fiber laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43(8), 704–708 (2007).
[Crossref]

K. Kasai, A. Suzuki, M. Yoshida, and M. Nakazawa, “Performance improvement of an acetylene (C2H2) frequency-stabilized fiber laser,” IEICE Electron. Express 3(22), 487–492 (2006).
[Crossref]

M. Yoshida, T. Yaguchi, S. Harada, and M. Nakazawa, “A 40 GHz regeneratively and harmonically mode-locked erbium-doped fiber laser and its longitudinal-mode characteristics,” IEICE Trans. Electron. E87-C(7), 1166–1172 (2004).

Electron. Lett. (3)

M. Nakazawa, T. Yamamoto, and K. R. Tamura, “1.28 Tbit/s-70 km OTDM transmission using third- and fourth-order simultaneous dispersion compensation with a phase modulator,” Electron. Lett. 36(24), 2027–2029 (2000).
[Crossref]

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Figures (11)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a) Configuration of 10 GHz regeneratively mode-locked fiber laser, (b) Average dispersion of laser cavity.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Transmittance characteristics of etalon around 1.55 μm.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Numerical result of transient pulse evolution in laser cavity.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Numerical result for relationship between spectral width of laser output and average dispersion in laser cavity.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Numerical results for laser output pulse. (a-1), (a-2) Pulse waveform and spectrum obtained without any DCF (14.7 ps/nm/km), (b-1), (b-2) pulse waveform and spectrum obtained with DCF (0 ps/nm/km).
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Laser output characteristics. (a) Output power versus pump power, (b) autocorrelation waveform, (c) optical spectrum, (d) RF spectrum of 10 GHz clock signal.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Change in laser spectral width as a function of etalon temperature.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 Configuration of an optical frequency stabilization circuit with an HCN gas cell as a frequency reference.
Fig. 9
Fig. 9 Frequency stability of mode-locked fiber laser. (a) Change in optical frequency estimated from error signal, (b) its Allan deviation.
Fig. 10
Fig. 10 Changes in laser spectrum without (a) and with optical frequency stabilization (b).
Fig. 11
Fig. 11 Changes in center wavelength of laser oscillation without and with optical frequency stabilization.

Equations (1)

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δ ϕ microwave =2π λ optical λ microwave =3.2× 10 4 rad (=1.86× 10 2 deg)

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