Abstract

An efficient Er:SrF2 crystal, lightly Er-doped to a concentration of 4at.%, was successfully grown by the traditional Bridgman method and displayed excellent spectral properties. A diode-end-pumped passively Q-switched dual-wavelength laser, operating at 2.79 μm wavelength, was demonstrated with this crystal by using black phosphorus as the saturable absorber (BP-SA). In the compact passively Q-switched Er:SrF2 laser, the maximum average output power of 180 mW was achieved at an absorbed pump power of 2.47 W, with a pulse duration of 702 ns and a repetition rate of 77.03 kHz. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first reported application of BP-SA to dual-wavelength pulse laser operation in the mid-infrared region.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article
OSA Recommended Articles
Black phosphorus Q-switched and mode-locked mid-infrared Er:ZBLAN fiber laser at 3.5 μm wavelength

Zhipeng Qin, Ting Hai, Guoqiang Xie, Jingui Ma, Peng Yuan, Liejia Qian, Lei Li, Luming Zhao, and Deyuan Shen
Opt. Express 26(7) 8224-8231 (2018)

Dual-wavelength, passively Q-switched Tm:YAP laser with black phosphorus saturable absorber

Haikun Zhang, Jingliang He, Zhaowei Wang, Jia Hou, Baitao Zhang, Ruwei Zhao, Kezhen Han, Kejian Yang, Hongkun Nie, and Xiaoli Sun
Opt. Mater. Express 6(7) 2328-2335 (2016)

Black phosphorus as saturable absorber for the Q-switched Er:ZBLAN fiber laser at 2.8 μm

Zhipeng Qin, Guoqiang Xie, Han Zhang, Chujun Zhao, Peng Yuan, Shuangchun Wen, and Liejia Qian
Opt. Express 23(19) 24713-24718 (2015)

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. A. Godard, “Infrared (2-12 µm) solid-state laser sources: a review,” C. R. Phys. 8(10), 1100–1128 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  2. V. G. Artjushenko, N. I. Afanasyeva, A. P. Kryukov, and E. F. Kuzin, “Medical applications of MIR-fiber spectroscopic probes,” Biochem. Med. Sens. 2085, 137–142 (1994).
    [Crossref]
  3. D. W. Chen, C. L. Fincher, T. S. Rose, F. L. Vernon, and R. A. Fields, “Diode-pumped 1-W continuous-wave Er:YAG 3-mum laser,” Opt. Lett. 24(6), 385–387 (1999).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  4. B. J. Dinerman and P. F. Moulton, “3-microm cw laser operations in erbium-doped YSGG, GGG, and YAG,” Opt. Lett. 19(15), 1143–1145 (1994).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  5. W. W. Ma, L. B. Su, X. D. Xu, J. Y. Wang, D. P. Jiang, L. H. Zheng, X. W. Fan, C. Li, J. Liu, and J. Xu, “Effect of erbium concentration on spectroscopic properties and 2.79 μm laser performance of Er:CaF2 crystals,” Opt. Mater. Express 6(2), 409–415 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  6. D. D. Arslanov, M. Spunei, J. Mandon, S. M. Cristescu, S. T. Persijn, and F. J. M. Harren, “Continuous-wave optical parametric oscillator based infrared spectroscopy for sensitive molecular gas sensing,” Laser Photonics Rev. 10(2), 1–19 (2012).
  7. D. S. Knowles and H. P. Jenssen, “Upconversion versus Pr-deactivation for Efficient 3 μm Laser Operation in Er,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28(4), 1197–1208 (1992).
    [Crossref]
  8. J. J. Liu, X. W. Fan, J. Liu, W. W. Ma, J. Y. Wang, and L. Su, “Mid-infrared self-Q-switched Er, Pr:CaF_2 diode-pumped laser,” Opt. Lett. 41(20), 4660–4663 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  9. W. Ma, X. Qian, J. Wang, J. Liu, X. Fan, J. Liu, L. Su, and J. Xu, “Highly efficient dual-wavelength mid-infrared CW Laser in diode end-pumped Er:SrF2 single crystals,” Sci. Rep. 6, 36635 (2016).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  10. T. T. Basiev, Yu. V. Orlovskii, M. V. Polyachenkova, P. P. Fedorov, S. V. Kuznetsov, V. A. Konyushkin, V. V. Osiko, O. K. Alimov, and A. Yu. Dergachev, “Continuously tunable cw lasing near 2.75 μm in diode-pumped Er3+:SrF2 and Er3+:CaF2 crystals,” Quantum Electron. 36(7), 591–594 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  11. J. Šulc, R. Švejkar, M. Němec, H. Jelínková, M. E. Doroshenko, V. A. Konyushkin, A. N. Nakladov and V. V. Osiko, “Er:SrF2 crystal for diode-pumped 2.7 μm laser,” Advanced Solid State Lasers, ATu2A–22 (2014).
  12. K. S. Novoselov, A. K. Geim, S. V. Morozov, D. Jiang, Y. Zhang, S. V. Dubonos, I. V. Grigorieva, and A. A. Firsov, “Electric Field Effect in Atomically Thin Carbon Films,” Science 306(5696), 666–669 (2004).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  13. H. Zhang, Q. L. Bao, D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, and K. P. Loh, “Large energy soliton erbrium-doped fiber laser with a graphene-polymer composite mode locker,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(14), 141103 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  14. K. K. Kim, A. Hsu, X. Jia, S. M. Kim, Y. Shi, M. Hofmann, D. Nezich, J. F. Rodriguez-Nieva, M. Dresselhaus, T. Palacios, and J. Kong, “Synthesis of monolayer hexagonal boron nitride on Cu foil using chemical vapor deposition,” Nano Lett. 12(1), 161–166 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  15. H. Liu, A. P. Luo, F. Z. Wang, R. Tang, M. Liu, Z. C. Luo, W. C. Xu, C. J. Zhao, and H. Zhang, “Femtosecond pulse erbium-doped fiber laser by a few-layer MoS2 saturable absorber,” Opt. Lett. 39(15), 4591–4594 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  16. L. Li, Y. Yu, G. J. Ye, Q. Ge, X. Ou, H. Wu, D. Feng, X. H. Chen, and Y. Zhang, “Black phosphorus field-effect transistors,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 9(5), 372–377 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  17. T. Low, R. Roldán, H. Wang, F. Xia, P. Avouris, L. M. Moreno, and F. Guinea, “Plasmons and screening in monolayer and multilayer black phosphorus,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 113(10), 106802 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  18. S. P. Koenig, R. A. Doganov, H. Schmidt, A. H. Castro Neto, and B. Özyilmaz, “Electric field effect in ultrathin black phosphorus,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(10), 103106 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  19. F. Xia, H. Wang, and Y. Jia, “Rediscovering black phosphorus as an anisotropic layered material for optoelectronics and electronics,” Nat. Commun. 5, 4458 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  20. J. Ma, S. Lu, Z. Guo, X. Xu, H. Zhang, D. Tang, and D. Fan, “Few-layer black phosphorus based saturable absorber mirror for pulsed solid-state lasers,” Opt. Express 23(17), 22643–22648 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  21. A. Morita, “Semiconducting Black Phosphorus,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 39(4), 227–242 (1986).
    [Crossref]
  22. V. Tran, R. Soklaski, Y. F. Liang, and L. Yang, “Layer-controlled band gap and anisotropic excitons in few-layer black phosphorus,” Phys. Rev. B 89(23), 235319 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  23. R. Fei and L. Yang, “Strain-Engineering the Anisotropic Electrical Conductance of Few-Layer Black Phosphorus,” Nano Lett. 14(5), 2884–2889 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  24. Z. N. Guo, H. Zhang, S. B. Lu, Z. T. Wang, S. Y. Tang, J. D. Shao, Z. B. Sun, H. H. Xie, H. Y. Wang, X. F. Yu, and P. K. Chu, “From black phosphorus to phosphorene: basic solvent exfoliation, evolution of raman scattering, and applications to ultrafast photonics,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 25(45), 6996–7002 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  25. X. Su, Y. Wang, B. Zhang, R. Zhao, K. Yang, J. He, Q. Hu, Z. Jia, and X. Tao, “Femtosecond solid-state laser based on a few-layered black phosphorus saturable absorber,” Opt. Lett. 41(9), 1945–1948 (2016).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  26. J. Ren, S. Wang, Z. Cheng, H. Yu, H. Zhang, Y. Chen, L. Mei, and P. Wang, “Passively Q-switched nanosecond erbium-doped fiber laser with MoS(2) saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 23(5), 5607–5613 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  27. Y. X. Xie, L. C. Kong, Z. P. Qin, G. Q. Xie, and J. Zhang, “Black phosphorus-based saturable absorber for Q-switched Tm:YAG ceramic laser,” Opt. Eng. 55(8), 081307 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  28. M. Q. Fan, T. Li, S. Z. Zhao, G. Q. Li, X. C. Gao, K. J. Yang, D. C. Li, and C. Kränkel, “Multilayer black phosphorus as saturable absorber for an Er:Lu2O3 laser at ∼3 μm,” Photon. Res. 4(5), 181–186 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  29. L. C. Kong, Z. P. Qin, G. Q. Xie, Z. N. Guo, H. Zhang, P. Yuan, and L. J. Qian, “Black phosphorus as broadband saturable absorber for pulsed lasers from 1μm to 2.7 μm wavelength,” Laser Phys. Lett. 13(4), 045801 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  30. Z. Qin, G. Xie, H. Zhang, C. Zhao, P. Yuan, S. Wen, and L. Qian, “Black phosphorus as saturable absorber for the Q-switched Er:ZBLAN fiber laser at 2.8 μm,” Opt. Express 23(19), 24713–24718 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  31. Z. N. Guo, H. Zhang, S. B. Lu, Z. T. Wang, S. Y. Tang, J. D. Shao, Z. B. Sun, H. H. Xie, H. Y. Wang, X. F. Yu, and P. K. Chu, “From black phosphorus to phosphorene: basic solvent exfoliation, evolution of Raman scattering, and applications to ultrafast photonics,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 25(45), 6996–7002 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  32. Y. W. Wang, G. H. Huang, H. R. Mu, S. H. Lin, J. Z. Chen, S. Xiao, Q. L. Bao, and J. He, “Ultrafast recovery time and broadband saturable absorption properties of black phosphorus suspension,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107(9), 091905 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  33. P. Tang, Z. Qin, J. Liu, C. Zhao, G. Xie, S. Wen, and L. Qian, “Watt-level passively mode-locked Er3+-doped ZBLAN fiber laser at 2.8 μm,” Opt. Lett. 40(21), 4855–4858 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  34. Z. Z. Chu, J. Liu, Z. N. Guo, and H. Zhang, “2 μm passively Q-switched laser based on black phosphorus,” Opt. Mater. Express 6(7), 2374–2379 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  35. L. Wang, H. Huang, D. Shen, J. Zhang, H. Chen, Y. Wang, X. Liu, and D. Tang, “Room temperature continuous-wave laser performance of LD pumped Er:Lu2O3 and Er:Y2O3 ceramic at 2.7 μm,” Opt. Express 22(16), 19495–19503 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2016 (8)

J. J. Liu, X. W. Fan, J. Liu, W. W. Ma, J. Y. Wang, and L. Su, “Mid-infrared self-Q-switched Er, Pr:CaF_2 diode-pumped laser,” Opt. Lett. 41(20), 4660–4663 (2016).
[Crossref]

W. Ma, X. Qian, J. Wang, J. Liu, X. Fan, J. Liu, L. Su, and J. Xu, “Highly efficient dual-wavelength mid-infrared CW Laser in diode end-pumped Er:SrF2 single crystals,” Sci. Rep. 6, 36635 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. W. Ma, L. B. Su, X. D. Xu, J. Y. Wang, D. P. Jiang, L. H. Zheng, X. W. Fan, C. Li, J. Liu, and J. Xu, “Effect of erbium concentration on spectroscopic properties and 2.79 μm laser performance of Er:CaF2 crystals,” Opt. Mater. Express 6(2), 409–415 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. X. Xie, L. C. Kong, Z. P. Qin, G. Q. Xie, and J. Zhang, “Black phosphorus-based saturable absorber for Q-switched Tm:YAG ceramic laser,” Opt. Eng. 55(8), 081307 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Q. Fan, T. Li, S. Z. Zhao, G. Q. Li, X. C. Gao, K. J. Yang, D. C. Li, and C. Kränkel, “Multilayer black phosphorus as saturable absorber for an Er:Lu2O3 laser at ∼3 μm,” Photon. Res. 4(5), 181–186 (2016).
[Crossref]

L. C. Kong, Z. P. Qin, G. Q. Xie, Z. N. Guo, H. Zhang, P. Yuan, and L. J. Qian, “Black phosphorus as broadband saturable absorber for pulsed lasers from 1μm to 2.7 μm wavelength,” Laser Phys. Lett. 13(4), 045801 (2016).
[Crossref]

X. Su, Y. Wang, B. Zhang, R. Zhao, K. Yang, J. He, Q. Hu, Z. Jia, and X. Tao, “Femtosecond solid-state laser based on a few-layered black phosphorus saturable absorber,” Opt. Lett. 41(9), 1945–1948 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Z. Chu, J. Liu, Z. N. Guo, and H. Zhang, “2 μm passively Q-switched laser based on black phosphorus,” Opt. Mater. Express 6(7), 2374–2379 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (7)

J. Ren, S. Wang, Z. Cheng, H. Yu, H. Zhang, Y. Chen, L. Mei, and P. Wang, “Passively Q-switched nanosecond erbium-doped fiber laser with MoS(2) saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 23(5), 5607–5613 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. N. Guo, H. Zhang, S. B. Lu, Z. T. Wang, S. Y. Tang, J. D. Shao, Z. B. Sun, H. H. Xie, H. Y. Wang, X. F. Yu, and P. K. Chu, “From black phosphorus to phosphorene: basic solvent exfoliation, evolution of raman scattering, and applications to ultrafast photonics,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 25(45), 6996–7002 (2015).
[Crossref]

Z. Qin, G. Xie, H. Zhang, C. Zhao, P. Yuan, S. Wen, and L. Qian, “Black phosphorus as saturable absorber for the Q-switched Er:ZBLAN fiber laser at 2.8 μm,” Opt. Express 23(19), 24713–24718 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. N. Guo, H. Zhang, S. B. Lu, Z. T. Wang, S. Y. Tang, J. D. Shao, Z. B. Sun, H. H. Xie, H. Y. Wang, X. F. Yu, and P. K. Chu, “From black phosphorus to phosphorene: basic solvent exfoliation, evolution of Raman scattering, and applications to ultrafast photonics,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 25(45), 6996–7002 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. W. Wang, G. H. Huang, H. R. Mu, S. H. Lin, J. Z. Chen, S. Xiao, Q. L. Bao, and J. He, “Ultrafast recovery time and broadband saturable absorption properties of black phosphorus suspension,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107(9), 091905 (2015).
[Crossref]

P. Tang, Z. Qin, J. Liu, C. Zhao, G. Xie, S. Wen, and L. Qian, “Watt-level passively mode-locked Er3+-doped ZBLAN fiber laser at 2.8 μm,” Opt. Lett. 40(21), 4855–4858 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Ma, S. Lu, Z. Guo, X. Xu, H. Zhang, D. Tang, and D. Fan, “Few-layer black phosphorus based saturable absorber mirror for pulsed solid-state lasers,” Opt. Express 23(17), 22643–22648 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2014 (8)

V. Tran, R. Soklaski, Y. F. Liang, and L. Yang, “Layer-controlled band gap and anisotropic excitons in few-layer black phosphorus,” Phys. Rev. B 89(23), 235319 (2014).
[Crossref]

R. Fei and L. Yang, “Strain-Engineering the Anisotropic Electrical Conductance of Few-Layer Black Phosphorus,” Nano Lett. 14(5), 2884–2889 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Wang, H. Huang, D. Shen, J. Zhang, H. Chen, Y. Wang, X. Liu, and D. Tang, “Room temperature continuous-wave laser performance of LD pumped Er:Lu2O3 and Er:Y2O3 ceramic at 2.7 μm,” Opt. Express 22(16), 19495–19503 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Liu, A. P. Luo, F. Z. Wang, R. Tang, M. Liu, Z. C. Luo, W. C. Xu, C. J. Zhao, and H. Zhang, “Femtosecond pulse erbium-doped fiber laser by a few-layer MoS2 saturable absorber,” Opt. Lett. 39(15), 4591–4594 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Li, Y. Yu, G. J. Ye, Q. Ge, X. Ou, H. Wu, D. Feng, X. H. Chen, and Y. Zhang, “Black phosphorus field-effect transistors,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 9(5), 372–377 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Low, R. Roldán, H. Wang, F. Xia, P. Avouris, L. M. Moreno, and F. Guinea, “Plasmons and screening in monolayer and multilayer black phosphorus,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 113(10), 106802 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. P. Koenig, R. A. Doganov, H. Schmidt, A. H. Castro Neto, and B. Özyilmaz, “Electric field effect in ultrathin black phosphorus,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(10), 103106 (2014).
[Crossref]

F. Xia, H. Wang, and Y. Jia, “Rediscovering black phosphorus as an anisotropic layered material for optoelectronics and electronics,” Nat. Commun. 5, 4458 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (2)

D. D. Arslanov, M. Spunei, J. Mandon, S. M. Cristescu, S. T. Persijn, and F. J. M. Harren, “Continuous-wave optical parametric oscillator based infrared spectroscopy for sensitive molecular gas sensing,” Laser Photonics Rev. 10(2), 1–19 (2012).

K. K. Kim, A. Hsu, X. Jia, S. M. Kim, Y. Shi, M. Hofmann, D. Nezich, J. F. Rodriguez-Nieva, M. Dresselhaus, T. Palacios, and J. Kong, “Synthesis of monolayer hexagonal boron nitride on Cu foil using chemical vapor deposition,” Nano Lett. 12(1), 161–166 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2009 (1)

H. Zhang, Q. L. Bao, D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, and K. P. Loh, “Large energy soliton erbrium-doped fiber laser with a graphene-polymer composite mode locker,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(14), 141103 (2009).
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

A. Godard, “Infrared (2-12 µm) solid-state laser sources: a review,” C. R. Phys. 8(10), 1100–1128 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

T. T. Basiev, Yu. V. Orlovskii, M. V. Polyachenkova, P. P. Fedorov, S. V. Kuznetsov, V. A. Konyushkin, V. V. Osiko, O. K. Alimov, and A. Yu. Dergachev, “Continuously tunable cw lasing near 2.75 μm in diode-pumped Er3+:SrF2 and Er3+:CaF2 crystals,” Quantum Electron. 36(7), 591–594 (2006).
[Crossref]

2004 (1)

K. S. Novoselov, A. K. Geim, S. V. Morozov, D. Jiang, Y. Zhang, S. V. Dubonos, I. V. Grigorieva, and A. A. Firsov, “Electric Field Effect in Atomically Thin Carbon Films,” Science 306(5696), 666–669 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1999 (1)

1994 (2)

B. J. Dinerman and P. F. Moulton, “3-microm cw laser operations in erbium-doped YSGG, GGG, and YAG,” Opt. Lett. 19(15), 1143–1145 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. G. Artjushenko, N. I. Afanasyeva, A. P. Kryukov, and E. F. Kuzin, “Medical applications of MIR-fiber spectroscopic probes,” Biochem. Med. Sens. 2085, 137–142 (1994).
[Crossref]

1992 (1)

D. S. Knowles and H. P. Jenssen, “Upconversion versus Pr-deactivation for Efficient 3 μm Laser Operation in Er,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28(4), 1197–1208 (1992).
[Crossref]

1986 (1)

A. Morita, “Semiconducting Black Phosphorus,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 39(4), 227–242 (1986).
[Crossref]

Afanasyeva, N. I.

V. G. Artjushenko, N. I. Afanasyeva, A. P. Kryukov, and E. F. Kuzin, “Medical applications of MIR-fiber spectroscopic probes,” Biochem. Med. Sens. 2085, 137–142 (1994).
[Crossref]

Alimov, O. K.

T. T. Basiev, Yu. V. Orlovskii, M. V. Polyachenkova, P. P. Fedorov, S. V. Kuznetsov, V. A. Konyushkin, V. V. Osiko, O. K. Alimov, and A. Yu. Dergachev, “Continuously tunable cw lasing near 2.75 μm in diode-pumped Er3+:SrF2 and Er3+:CaF2 crystals,” Quantum Electron. 36(7), 591–594 (2006).
[Crossref]

Arslanov, D. D.

D. D. Arslanov, M. Spunei, J. Mandon, S. M. Cristescu, S. T. Persijn, and F. J. M. Harren, “Continuous-wave optical parametric oscillator based infrared spectroscopy for sensitive molecular gas sensing,” Laser Photonics Rev. 10(2), 1–19 (2012).

Artjushenko, V. G.

V. G. Artjushenko, N. I. Afanasyeva, A. P. Kryukov, and E. F. Kuzin, “Medical applications of MIR-fiber spectroscopic probes,” Biochem. Med. Sens. 2085, 137–142 (1994).
[Crossref]

Avouris, P.

T. Low, R. Roldán, H. Wang, F. Xia, P. Avouris, L. M. Moreno, and F. Guinea, “Plasmons and screening in monolayer and multilayer black phosphorus,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 113(10), 106802 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bao, Q. L.

Y. W. Wang, G. H. Huang, H. R. Mu, S. H. Lin, J. Z. Chen, S. Xiao, Q. L. Bao, and J. He, “Ultrafast recovery time and broadband saturable absorption properties of black phosphorus suspension,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107(9), 091905 (2015).
[Crossref]

H. Zhang, Q. L. Bao, D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, and K. P. Loh, “Large energy soliton erbrium-doped fiber laser with a graphene-polymer composite mode locker,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(14), 141103 (2009).
[Crossref]

Basiev, T. T.

T. T. Basiev, Yu. V. Orlovskii, M. V. Polyachenkova, P. P. Fedorov, S. V. Kuznetsov, V. A. Konyushkin, V. V. Osiko, O. K. Alimov, and A. Yu. Dergachev, “Continuously tunable cw lasing near 2.75 μm in diode-pumped Er3+:SrF2 and Er3+:CaF2 crystals,” Quantum Electron. 36(7), 591–594 (2006).
[Crossref]

Castro Neto, A. H.

S. P. Koenig, R. A. Doganov, H. Schmidt, A. H. Castro Neto, and B. Özyilmaz, “Electric field effect in ultrathin black phosphorus,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(10), 103106 (2014).
[Crossref]

Chen, D. W.

Chen, H.

Chen, J. Z.

Y. W. Wang, G. H. Huang, H. R. Mu, S. H. Lin, J. Z. Chen, S. Xiao, Q. L. Bao, and J. He, “Ultrafast recovery time and broadband saturable absorption properties of black phosphorus suspension,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107(9), 091905 (2015).
[Crossref]

Chen, X. H.

L. Li, Y. Yu, G. J. Ye, Q. Ge, X. Ou, H. Wu, D. Feng, X. H. Chen, and Y. Zhang, “Black phosphorus field-effect transistors,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 9(5), 372–377 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, Y.

Cheng, Z.

Chu, P. K.

Z. N. Guo, H. Zhang, S. B. Lu, Z. T. Wang, S. Y. Tang, J. D. Shao, Z. B. Sun, H. H. Xie, H. Y. Wang, X. F. Yu, and P. K. Chu, “From black phosphorus to phosphorene: basic solvent exfoliation, evolution of Raman scattering, and applications to ultrafast photonics,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 25(45), 6996–7002 (2015).
[Crossref]

Z. N. Guo, H. Zhang, S. B. Lu, Z. T. Wang, S. Y. Tang, J. D. Shao, Z. B. Sun, H. H. Xie, H. Y. Wang, X. F. Yu, and P. K. Chu, “From black phosphorus to phosphorene: basic solvent exfoliation, evolution of raman scattering, and applications to ultrafast photonics,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 25(45), 6996–7002 (2015).
[Crossref]

Chu, Z. Z.

Cristescu, S. M.

D. D. Arslanov, M. Spunei, J. Mandon, S. M. Cristescu, S. T. Persijn, and F. J. M. Harren, “Continuous-wave optical parametric oscillator based infrared spectroscopy for sensitive molecular gas sensing,” Laser Photonics Rev. 10(2), 1–19 (2012).

Dergachev, A. Yu.

T. T. Basiev, Yu. V. Orlovskii, M. V. Polyachenkova, P. P. Fedorov, S. V. Kuznetsov, V. A. Konyushkin, V. V. Osiko, O. K. Alimov, and A. Yu. Dergachev, “Continuously tunable cw lasing near 2.75 μm in diode-pumped Er3+:SrF2 and Er3+:CaF2 crystals,” Quantum Electron. 36(7), 591–594 (2006).
[Crossref]

Dinerman, B. J.

Doganov, R. A.

S. P. Koenig, R. A. Doganov, H. Schmidt, A. H. Castro Neto, and B. Özyilmaz, “Electric field effect in ultrathin black phosphorus,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(10), 103106 (2014).
[Crossref]

Dresselhaus, M.

K. K. Kim, A. Hsu, X. Jia, S. M. Kim, Y. Shi, M. Hofmann, D. Nezich, J. F. Rodriguez-Nieva, M. Dresselhaus, T. Palacios, and J. Kong, “Synthesis of monolayer hexagonal boron nitride on Cu foil using chemical vapor deposition,” Nano Lett. 12(1), 161–166 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dubonos, S. V.

K. S. Novoselov, A. K. Geim, S. V. Morozov, D. Jiang, Y. Zhang, S. V. Dubonos, I. V. Grigorieva, and A. A. Firsov, “Electric Field Effect in Atomically Thin Carbon Films,” Science 306(5696), 666–669 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fan, D.

Fan, M. Q.

Fan, X.

W. Ma, X. Qian, J. Wang, J. Liu, X. Fan, J. Liu, L. Su, and J. Xu, “Highly efficient dual-wavelength mid-infrared CW Laser in diode end-pumped Er:SrF2 single crystals,” Sci. Rep. 6, 36635 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fan, X. W.

Fedorov, P. P.

T. T. Basiev, Yu. V. Orlovskii, M. V. Polyachenkova, P. P. Fedorov, S. V. Kuznetsov, V. A. Konyushkin, V. V. Osiko, O. K. Alimov, and A. Yu. Dergachev, “Continuously tunable cw lasing near 2.75 μm in diode-pumped Er3+:SrF2 and Er3+:CaF2 crystals,” Quantum Electron. 36(7), 591–594 (2006).
[Crossref]

Fei, R.

R. Fei and L. Yang, “Strain-Engineering the Anisotropic Electrical Conductance of Few-Layer Black Phosphorus,” Nano Lett. 14(5), 2884–2889 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Feng, D.

L. Li, Y. Yu, G. J. Ye, Q. Ge, X. Ou, H. Wu, D. Feng, X. H. Chen, and Y. Zhang, “Black phosphorus field-effect transistors,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 9(5), 372–377 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fields, R. A.

Fincher, C. L.

Firsov, A. A.

K. S. Novoselov, A. K. Geim, S. V. Morozov, D. Jiang, Y. Zhang, S. V. Dubonos, I. V. Grigorieva, and A. A. Firsov, “Electric Field Effect in Atomically Thin Carbon Films,” Science 306(5696), 666–669 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gao, X. C.

Ge, Q.

L. Li, Y. Yu, G. J. Ye, Q. Ge, X. Ou, H. Wu, D. Feng, X. H. Chen, and Y. Zhang, “Black phosphorus field-effect transistors,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 9(5), 372–377 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Geim, A. K.

K. S. Novoselov, A. K. Geim, S. V. Morozov, D. Jiang, Y. Zhang, S. V. Dubonos, I. V. Grigorieva, and A. A. Firsov, “Electric Field Effect in Atomically Thin Carbon Films,” Science 306(5696), 666–669 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Godard, A.

A. Godard, “Infrared (2-12 µm) solid-state laser sources: a review,” C. R. Phys. 8(10), 1100–1128 (2007).
[Crossref]

Grigorieva, I. V.

K. S. Novoselov, A. K. Geim, S. V. Morozov, D. Jiang, Y. Zhang, S. V. Dubonos, I. V. Grigorieva, and A. A. Firsov, “Electric Field Effect in Atomically Thin Carbon Films,” Science 306(5696), 666–669 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Guinea, F.

T. Low, R. Roldán, H. Wang, F. Xia, P. Avouris, L. M. Moreno, and F. Guinea, “Plasmons and screening in monolayer and multilayer black phosphorus,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 113(10), 106802 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Guo, Z.

Guo, Z. N.

Z. Z. Chu, J. Liu, Z. N. Guo, and H. Zhang, “2 μm passively Q-switched laser based on black phosphorus,” Opt. Mater. Express 6(7), 2374–2379 (2016).
[Crossref]

L. C. Kong, Z. P. Qin, G. Q. Xie, Z. N. Guo, H. Zhang, P. Yuan, and L. J. Qian, “Black phosphorus as broadband saturable absorber for pulsed lasers from 1μm to 2.7 μm wavelength,” Laser Phys. Lett. 13(4), 045801 (2016).
[Crossref]

Z. N. Guo, H. Zhang, S. B. Lu, Z. T. Wang, S. Y. Tang, J. D. Shao, Z. B. Sun, H. H. Xie, H. Y. Wang, X. F. Yu, and P. K. Chu, “From black phosphorus to phosphorene: basic solvent exfoliation, evolution of raman scattering, and applications to ultrafast photonics,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 25(45), 6996–7002 (2015).
[Crossref]

Z. N. Guo, H. Zhang, S. B. Lu, Z. T. Wang, S. Y. Tang, J. D. Shao, Z. B. Sun, H. H. Xie, H. Y. Wang, X. F. Yu, and P. K. Chu, “From black phosphorus to phosphorene: basic solvent exfoliation, evolution of Raman scattering, and applications to ultrafast photonics,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 25(45), 6996–7002 (2015).
[Crossref]

Harren, F. J. M.

D. D. Arslanov, M. Spunei, J. Mandon, S. M. Cristescu, S. T. Persijn, and F. J. M. Harren, “Continuous-wave optical parametric oscillator based infrared spectroscopy for sensitive molecular gas sensing,” Laser Photonics Rev. 10(2), 1–19 (2012).

He, J.

X. Su, Y. Wang, B. Zhang, R. Zhao, K. Yang, J. He, Q. Hu, Z. Jia, and X. Tao, “Femtosecond solid-state laser based on a few-layered black phosphorus saturable absorber,” Opt. Lett. 41(9), 1945–1948 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. W. Wang, G. H. Huang, H. R. Mu, S. H. Lin, J. Z. Chen, S. Xiao, Q. L. Bao, and J. He, “Ultrafast recovery time and broadband saturable absorption properties of black phosphorus suspension,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107(9), 091905 (2015).
[Crossref]

Hofmann, M.

K. K. Kim, A. Hsu, X. Jia, S. M. Kim, Y. Shi, M. Hofmann, D. Nezich, J. F. Rodriguez-Nieva, M. Dresselhaus, T. Palacios, and J. Kong, “Synthesis of monolayer hexagonal boron nitride on Cu foil using chemical vapor deposition,” Nano Lett. 12(1), 161–166 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hsu, A.

K. K. Kim, A. Hsu, X. Jia, S. M. Kim, Y. Shi, M. Hofmann, D. Nezich, J. F. Rodriguez-Nieva, M. Dresselhaus, T. Palacios, and J. Kong, “Synthesis of monolayer hexagonal boron nitride on Cu foil using chemical vapor deposition,” Nano Lett. 12(1), 161–166 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hu, Q.

Huang, G. H.

Y. W. Wang, G. H. Huang, H. R. Mu, S. H. Lin, J. Z. Chen, S. Xiao, Q. L. Bao, and J. He, “Ultrafast recovery time and broadband saturable absorption properties of black phosphorus suspension,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107(9), 091905 (2015).
[Crossref]

Huang, H.

Jenssen, H. P.

D. S. Knowles and H. P. Jenssen, “Upconversion versus Pr-deactivation for Efficient 3 μm Laser Operation in Er,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28(4), 1197–1208 (1992).
[Crossref]

Jia, X.

K. K. Kim, A. Hsu, X. Jia, S. M. Kim, Y. Shi, M. Hofmann, D. Nezich, J. F. Rodriguez-Nieva, M. Dresselhaus, T. Palacios, and J. Kong, “Synthesis of monolayer hexagonal boron nitride on Cu foil using chemical vapor deposition,” Nano Lett. 12(1), 161–166 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jia, Y.

F. Xia, H. Wang, and Y. Jia, “Rediscovering black phosphorus as an anisotropic layered material for optoelectronics and electronics,” Nat. Commun. 5, 4458 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jia, Z.

Jiang, D.

K. S. Novoselov, A. K. Geim, S. V. Morozov, D. Jiang, Y. Zhang, S. V. Dubonos, I. V. Grigorieva, and A. A. Firsov, “Electric Field Effect in Atomically Thin Carbon Films,” Science 306(5696), 666–669 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jiang, D. P.

Kim, K. K.

K. K. Kim, A. Hsu, X. Jia, S. M. Kim, Y. Shi, M. Hofmann, D. Nezich, J. F. Rodriguez-Nieva, M. Dresselhaus, T. Palacios, and J. Kong, “Synthesis of monolayer hexagonal boron nitride on Cu foil using chemical vapor deposition,” Nano Lett. 12(1), 161–166 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, S. M.

K. K. Kim, A. Hsu, X. Jia, S. M. Kim, Y. Shi, M. Hofmann, D. Nezich, J. F. Rodriguez-Nieva, M. Dresselhaus, T. Palacios, and J. Kong, “Synthesis of monolayer hexagonal boron nitride on Cu foil using chemical vapor deposition,” Nano Lett. 12(1), 161–166 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Knowles, D. S.

D. S. Knowles and H. P. Jenssen, “Upconversion versus Pr-deactivation for Efficient 3 μm Laser Operation in Er,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28(4), 1197–1208 (1992).
[Crossref]

Koenig, S. P.

S. P. Koenig, R. A. Doganov, H. Schmidt, A. H. Castro Neto, and B. Özyilmaz, “Electric field effect in ultrathin black phosphorus,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(10), 103106 (2014).
[Crossref]

Kong, J.

K. K. Kim, A. Hsu, X. Jia, S. M. Kim, Y. Shi, M. Hofmann, D. Nezich, J. F. Rodriguez-Nieva, M. Dresselhaus, T. Palacios, and J. Kong, “Synthesis of monolayer hexagonal boron nitride on Cu foil using chemical vapor deposition,” Nano Lett. 12(1), 161–166 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kong, L. C.

Y. X. Xie, L. C. Kong, Z. P. Qin, G. Q. Xie, and J. Zhang, “Black phosphorus-based saturable absorber for Q-switched Tm:YAG ceramic laser,” Opt. Eng. 55(8), 081307 (2016).
[Crossref]

L. C. Kong, Z. P. Qin, G. Q. Xie, Z. N. Guo, H. Zhang, P. Yuan, and L. J. Qian, “Black phosphorus as broadband saturable absorber for pulsed lasers from 1μm to 2.7 μm wavelength,” Laser Phys. Lett. 13(4), 045801 (2016).
[Crossref]

Konyushkin, V. A.

T. T. Basiev, Yu. V. Orlovskii, M. V. Polyachenkova, P. P. Fedorov, S. V. Kuznetsov, V. A. Konyushkin, V. V. Osiko, O. K. Alimov, and A. Yu. Dergachev, “Continuously tunable cw lasing near 2.75 μm in diode-pumped Er3+:SrF2 and Er3+:CaF2 crystals,” Quantum Electron. 36(7), 591–594 (2006).
[Crossref]

Kränkel, C.

Kryukov, A. P.

V. G. Artjushenko, N. I. Afanasyeva, A. P. Kryukov, and E. F. Kuzin, “Medical applications of MIR-fiber spectroscopic probes,” Biochem. Med. Sens. 2085, 137–142 (1994).
[Crossref]

Kuzin, E. F.

V. G. Artjushenko, N. I. Afanasyeva, A. P. Kryukov, and E. F. Kuzin, “Medical applications of MIR-fiber spectroscopic probes,” Biochem. Med. Sens. 2085, 137–142 (1994).
[Crossref]

Kuznetsov, S. V.

T. T. Basiev, Yu. V. Orlovskii, M. V. Polyachenkova, P. P. Fedorov, S. V. Kuznetsov, V. A. Konyushkin, V. V. Osiko, O. K. Alimov, and A. Yu. Dergachev, “Continuously tunable cw lasing near 2.75 μm in diode-pumped Er3+:SrF2 and Er3+:CaF2 crystals,” Quantum Electron. 36(7), 591–594 (2006).
[Crossref]

Li, C.

Li, D. C.

Li, G. Q.

Li, L.

L. Li, Y. Yu, G. J. Ye, Q. Ge, X. Ou, H. Wu, D. Feng, X. H. Chen, and Y. Zhang, “Black phosphorus field-effect transistors,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 9(5), 372–377 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, T.

Liang, Y. F.

V. Tran, R. Soklaski, Y. F. Liang, and L. Yang, “Layer-controlled band gap and anisotropic excitons in few-layer black phosphorus,” Phys. Rev. B 89(23), 235319 (2014).
[Crossref]

Lin, S. H.

Y. W. Wang, G. H. Huang, H. R. Mu, S. H. Lin, J. Z. Chen, S. Xiao, Q. L. Bao, and J. He, “Ultrafast recovery time and broadband saturable absorption properties of black phosphorus suspension,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107(9), 091905 (2015).
[Crossref]

Liu, H.

Liu, J.

Liu, J. J.

Liu, M.

Liu, X.

Loh, K. P.

H. Zhang, Q. L. Bao, D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, and K. P. Loh, “Large energy soliton erbrium-doped fiber laser with a graphene-polymer composite mode locker,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(14), 141103 (2009).
[Crossref]

Low, T.

T. Low, R. Roldán, H. Wang, F. Xia, P. Avouris, L. M. Moreno, and F. Guinea, “Plasmons and screening in monolayer and multilayer black phosphorus,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 113(10), 106802 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lu, S.

Lu, S. B.

Z. N. Guo, H. Zhang, S. B. Lu, Z. T. Wang, S. Y. Tang, J. D. Shao, Z. B. Sun, H. H. Xie, H. Y. Wang, X. F. Yu, and P. K. Chu, “From black phosphorus to phosphorene: basic solvent exfoliation, evolution of Raman scattering, and applications to ultrafast photonics,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 25(45), 6996–7002 (2015).
[Crossref]

Z. N. Guo, H. Zhang, S. B. Lu, Z. T. Wang, S. Y. Tang, J. D. Shao, Z. B. Sun, H. H. Xie, H. Y. Wang, X. F. Yu, and P. K. Chu, “From black phosphorus to phosphorene: basic solvent exfoliation, evolution of raman scattering, and applications to ultrafast photonics,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 25(45), 6996–7002 (2015).
[Crossref]

Luo, A. P.

Luo, Z. C.

Ma, J.

Ma, W.

W. Ma, X. Qian, J. Wang, J. Liu, X. Fan, J. Liu, L. Su, and J. Xu, “Highly efficient dual-wavelength mid-infrared CW Laser in diode end-pumped Er:SrF2 single crystals,” Sci. Rep. 6, 36635 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ma, W. W.

Mandon, J.

D. D. Arslanov, M. Spunei, J. Mandon, S. M. Cristescu, S. T. Persijn, and F. J. M. Harren, “Continuous-wave optical parametric oscillator based infrared spectroscopy for sensitive molecular gas sensing,” Laser Photonics Rev. 10(2), 1–19 (2012).

Mei, L.

Moreno, L. M.

T. Low, R. Roldán, H. Wang, F. Xia, P. Avouris, L. M. Moreno, and F. Guinea, “Plasmons and screening in monolayer and multilayer black phosphorus,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 113(10), 106802 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Morita, A.

A. Morita, “Semiconducting Black Phosphorus,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 39(4), 227–242 (1986).
[Crossref]

Morozov, S. V.

K. S. Novoselov, A. K. Geim, S. V. Morozov, D. Jiang, Y. Zhang, S. V. Dubonos, I. V. Grigorieva, and A. A. Firsov, “Electric Field Effect in Atomically Thin Carbon Films,” Science 306(5696), 666–669 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Moulton, P. F.

Mu, H. R.

Y. W. Wang, G. H. Huang, H. R. Mu, S. H. Lin, J. Z. Chen, S. Xiao, Q. L. Bao, and J. He, “Ultrafast recovery time and broadband saturable absorption properties of black phosphorus suspension,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107(9), 091905 (2015).
[Crossref]

Nezich, D.

K. K. Kim, A. Hsu, X. Jia, S. M. Kim, Y. Shi, M. Hofmann, D. Nezich, J. F. Rodriguez-Nieva, M. Dresselhaus, T. Palacios, and J. Kong, “Synthesis of monolayer hexagonal boron nitride on Cu foil using chemical vapor deposition,” Nano Lett. 12(1), 161–166 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Novoselov, K. S.

K. S. Novoselov, A. K. Geim, S. V. Morozov, D. Jiang, Y. Zhang, S. V. Dubonos, I. V. Grigorieva, and A. A. Firsov, “Electric Field Effect in Atomically Thin Carbon Films,” Science 306(5696), 666–669 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Orlovskii, Yu. V.

T. T. Basiev, Yu. V. Orlovskii, M. V. Polyachenkova, P. P. Fedorov, S. V. Kuznetsov, V. A. Konyushkin, V. V. Osiko, O. K. Alimov, and A. Yu. Dergachev, “Continuously tunable cw lasing near 2.75 μm in diode-pumped Er3+:SrF2 and Er3+:CaF2 crystals,” Quantum Electron. 36(7), 591–594 (2006).
[Crossref]

Osiko, V. V.

T. T. Basiev, Yu. V. Orlovskii, M. V. Polyachenkova, P. P. Fedorov, S. V. Kuznetsov, V. A. Konyushkin, V. V. Osiko, O. K. Alimov, and A. Yu. Dergachev, “Continuously tunable cw lasing near 2.75 μm in diode-pumped Er3+:SrF2 and Er3+:CaF2 crystals,” Quantum Electron. 36(7), 591–594 (2006).
[Crossref]

Ou, X.

L. Li, Y. Yu, G. J. Ye, Q. Ge, X. Ou, H. Wu, D. Feng, X. H. Chen, and Y. Zhang, “Black phosphorus field-effect transistors,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 9(5), 372–377 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Özyilmaz, B.

S. P. Koenig, R. A. Doganov, H. Schmidt, A. H. Castro Neto, and B. Özyilmaz, “Electric field effect in ultrathin black phosphorus,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(10), 103106 (2014).
[Crossref]

Palacios, T.

K. K. Kim, A. Hsu, X. Jia, S. M. Kim, Y. Shi, M. Hofmann, D. Nezich, J. F. Rodriguez-Nieva, M. Dresselhaus, T. Palacios, and J. Kong, “Synthesis of monolayer hexagonal boron nitride on Cu foil using chemical vapor deposition,” Nano Lett. 12(1), 161–166 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Persijn, S. T.

D. D. Arslanov, M. Spunei, J. Mandon, S. M. Cristescu, S. T. Persijn, and F. J. M. Harren, “Continuous-wave optical parametric oscillator based infrared spectroscopy for sensitive molecular gas sensing,” Laser Photonics Rev. 10(2), 1–19 (2012).

Polyachenkova, M. V.

T. T. Basiev, Yu. V. Orlovskii, M. V. Polyachenkova, P. P. Fedorov, S. V. Kuznetsov, V. A. Konyushkin, V. V. Osiko, O. K. Alimov, and A. Yu. Dergachev, “Continuously tunable cw lasing near 2.75 μm in diode-pumped Er3+:SrF2 and Er3+:CaF2 crystals,” Quantum Electron. 36(7), 591–594 (2006).
[Crossref]

Qian, L.

Qian, L. J.

L. C. Kong, Z. P. Qin, G. Q. Xie, Z. N. Guo, H. Zhang, P. Yuan, and L. J. Qian, “Black phosphorus as broadband saturable absorber for pulsed lasers from 1μm to 2.7 μm wavelength,” Laser Phys. Lett. 13(4), 045801 (2016).
[Crossref]

Qian, X.

W. Ma, X. Qian, J. Wang, J. Liu, X. Fan, J. Liu, L. Su, and J. Xu, “Highly efficient dual-wavelength mid-infrared CW Laser in diode end-pumped Er:SrF2 single crystals,” Sci. Rep. 6, 36635 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Qin, Z.

Qin, Z. P.

Y. X. Xie, L. C. Kong, Z. P. Qin, G. Q. Xie, and J. Zhang, “Black phosphorus-based saturable absorber for Q-switched Tm:YAG ceramic laser,” Opt. Eng. 55(8), 081307 (2016).
[Crossref]

L. C. Kong, Z. P. Qin, G. Q. Xie, Z. N. Guo, H. Zhang, P. Yuan, and L. J. Qian, “Black phosphorus as broadband saturable absorber for pulsed lasers from 1μm to 2.7 μm wavelength,” Laser Phys. Lett. 13(4), 045801 (2016).
[Crossref]

Ren, J.

Rodriguez-Nieva, J. F.

K. K. Kim, A. Hsu, X. Jia, S. M. Kim, Y. Shi, M. Hofmann, D. Nezich, J. F. Rodriguez-Nieva, M. Dresselhaus, T. Palacios, and J. Kong, “Synthesis of monolayer hexagonal boron nitride on Cu foil using chemical vapor deposition,” Nano Lett. 12(1), 161–166 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Roldán, R.

T. Low, R. Roldán, H. Wang, F. Xia, P. Avouris, L. M. Moreno, and F. Guinea, “Plasmons and screening in monolayer and multilayer black phosphorus,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 113(10), 106802 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rose, T. S.

Schmidt, H.

S. P. Koenig, R. A. Doganov, H. Schmidt, A. H. Castro Neto, and B. Özyilmaz, “Electric field effect in ultrathin black phosphorus,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(10), 103106 (2014).
[Crossref]

Shao, J. D.

Z. N. Guo, H. Zhang, S. B. Lu, Z. T. Wang, S. Y. Tang, J. D. Shao, Z. B. Sun, H. H. Xie, H. Y. Wang, X. F. Yu, and P. K. Chu, “From black phosphorus to phosphorene: basic solvent exfoliation, evolution of Raman scattering, and applications to ultrafast photonics,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 25(45), 6996–7002 (2015).
[Crossref]

Z. N. Guo, H. Zhang, S. B. Lu, Z. T. Wang, S. Y. Tang, J. D. Shao, Z. B. Sun, H. H. Xie, H. Y. Wang, X. F. Yu, and P. K. Chu, “From black phosphorus to phosphorene: basic solvent exfoliation, evolution of raman scattering, and applications to ultrafast photonics,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 25(45), 6996–7002 (2015).
[Crossref]

Shen, D.

Shi, Y.

K. K. Kim, A. Hsu, X. Jia, S. M. Kim, Y. Shi, M. Hofmann, D. Nezich, J. F. Rodriguez-Nieva, M. Dresselhaus, T. Palacios, and J. Kong, “Synthesis of monolayer hexagonal boron nitride on Cu foil using chemical vapor deposition,” Nano Lett. 12(1), 161–166 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Soklaski, R.

V. Tran, R. Soklaski, Y. F. Liang, and L. Yang, “Layer-controlled band gap and anisotropic excitons in few-layer black phosphorus,” Phys. Rev. B 89(23), 235319 (2014).
[Crossref]

Spunei, M.

D. D. Arslanov, M. Spunei, J. Mandon, S. M. Cristescu, S. T. Persijn, and F. J. M. Harren, “Continuous-wave optical parametric oscillator based infrared spectroscopy for sensitive molecular gas sensing,” Laser Photonics Rev. 10(2), 1–19 (2012).

Su, L.

W. Ma, X. Qian, J. Wang, J. Liu, X. Fan, J. Liu, L. Su, and J. Xu, “Highly efficient dual-wavelength mid-infrared CW Laser in diode end-pumped Er:SrF2 single crystals,” Sci. Rep. 6, 36635 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. J. Liu, X. W. Fan, J. Liu, W. W. Ma, J. Y. Wang, and L. Su, “Mid-infrared self-Q-switched Er, Pr:CaF_2 diode-pumped laser,” Opt. Lett. 41(20), 4660–4663 (2016).
[Crossref]

Su, L. B.

Su, X.

Sun, Z. B.

Z. N. Guo, H. Zhang, S. B. Lu, Z. T. Wang, S. Y. Tang, J. D. Shao, Z. B. Sun, H. H. Xie, H. Y. Wang, X. F. Yu, and P. K. Chu, “From black phosphorus to phosphorene: basic solvent exfoliation, evolution of raman scattering, and applications to ultrafast photonics,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 25(45), 6996–7002 (2015).
[Crossref]

Z. N. Guo, H. Zhang, S. B. Lu, Z. T. Wang, S. Y. Tang, J. D. Shao, Z. B. Sun, H. H. Xie, H. Y. Wang, X. F. Yu, and P. K. Chu, “From black phosphorus to phosphorene: basic solvent exfoliation, evolution of Raman scattering, and applications to ultrafast photonics,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 25(45), 6996–7002 (2015).
[Crossref]

Tang, D.

Tang, D. Y.

H. Zhang, Q. L. Bao, D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, and K. P. Loh, “Large energy soliton erbrium-doped fiber laser with a graphene-polymer composite mode locker,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(14), 141103 (2009).
[Crossref]

Tang, P.

Tang, R.

Tang, S. Y.

Z. N. Guo, H. Zhang, S. B. Lu, Z. T. Wang, S. Y. Tang, J. D. Shao, Z. B. Sun, H. H. Xie, H. Y. Wang, X. F. Yu, and P. K. Chu, “From black phosphorus to phosphorene: basic solvent exfoliation, evolution of Raman scattering, and applications to ultrafast photonics,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 25(45), 6996–7002 (2015).
[Crossref]

Z. N. Guo, H. Zhang, S. B. Lu, Z. T. Wang, S. Y. Tang, J. D. Shao, Z. B. Sun, H. H. Xie, H. Y. Wang, X. F. Yu, and P. K. Chu, “From black phosphorus to phosphorene: basic solvent exfoliation, evolution of raman scattering, and applications to ultrafast photonics,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 25(45), 6996–7002 (2015).
[Crossref]

Tao, X.

Tran, V.

V. Tran, R. Soklaski, Y. F. Liang, and L. Yang, “Layer-controlled band gap and anisotropic excitons in few-layer black phosphorus,” Phys. Rev. B 89(23), 235319 (2014).
[Crossref]

Vernon, F. L.

Wang, F. Z.

Wang, H.

F. Xia, H. Wang, and Y. Jia, “Rediscovering black phosphorus as an anisotropic layered material for optoelectronics and electronics,” Nat. Commun. 5, 4458 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Low, R. Roldán, H. Wang, F. Xia, P. Avouris, L. M. Moreno, and F. Guinea, “Plasmons and screening in monolayer and multilayer black phosphorus,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 113(10), 106802 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, H. Y.

Z. N. Guo, H. Zhang, S. B. Lu, Z. T. Wang, S. Y. Tang, J. D. Shao, Z. B. Sun, H. H. Xie, H. Y. Wang, X. F. Yu, and P. K. Chu, “From black phosphorus to phosphorene: basic solvent exfoliation, evolution of Raman scattering, and applications to ultrafast photonics,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 25(45), 6996–7002 (2015).
[Crossref]

Z. N. Guo, H. Zhang, S. B. Lu, Z. T. Wang, S. Y. Tang, J. D. Shao, Z. B. Sun, H. H. Xie, H. Y. Wang, X. F. Yu, and P. K. Chu, “From black phosphorus to phosphorene: basic solvent exfoliation, evolution of raman scattering, and applications to ultrafast photonics,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 25(45), 6996–7002 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wang, J.

W. Ma, X. Qian, J. Wang, J. Liu, X. Fan, J. Liu, L. Su, and J. Xu, “Highly efficient dual-wavelength mid-infrared CW Laser in diode end-pumped Er:SrF2 single crystals,” Sci. Rep. 6, 36635 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, J. Y.

Wang, L.

Wang, P.

Wang, S.

Wang, Y.

Wang, Y. W.

Y. W. Wang, G. H. Huang, H. R. Mu, S. H. Lin, J. Z. Chen, S. Xiao, Q. L. Bao, and J. He, “Ultrafast recovery time and broadband saturable absorption properties of black phosphorus suspension,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107(9), 091905 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wang, Z. T.

Z. N. Guo, H. Zhang, S. B. Lu, Z. T. Wang, S. Y. Tang, J. D. Shao, Z. B. Sun, H. H. Xie, H. Y. Wang, X. F. Yu, and P. K. Chu, “From black phosphorus to phosphorene: basic solvent exfoliation, evolution of Raman scattering, and applications to ultrafast photonics,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 25(45), 6996–7002 (2015).
[Crossref]

Z. N. Guo, H. Zhang, S. B. Lu, Z. T. Wang, S. Y. Tang, J. D. Shao, Z. B. Sun, H. H. Xie, H. Y. Wang, X. F. Yu, and P. K. Chu, “From black phosphorus to phosphorene: basic solvent exfoliation, evolution of raman scattering, and applications to ultrafast photonics,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 25(45), 6996–7002 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wen, S.

Wu, H.

L. Li, Y. Yu, G. J. Ye, Q. Ge, X. Ou, H. Wu, D. Feng, X. H. Chen, and Y. Zhang, “Black phosphorus field-effect transistors,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 9(5), 372–377 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xia, F.

T. Low, R. Roldán, H. Wang, F. Xia, P. Avouris, L. M. Moreno, and F. Guinea, “Plasmons and screening in monolayer and multilayer black phosphorus,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 113(10), 106802 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Xia, H. Wang, and Y. Jia, “Rediscovering black phosphorus as an anisotropic layered material for optoelectronics and electronics,” Nat. Commun. 5, 4458 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xiao, S.

Y. W. Wang, G. H. Huang, H. R. Mu, S. H. Lin, J. Z. Chen, S. Xiao, Q. L. Bao, and J. He, “Ultrafast recovery time and broadband saturable absorption properties of black phosphorus suspension,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107(9), 091905 (2015).
[Crossref]

Xie, G.

Xie, G. Q.

L. C. Kong, Z. P. Qin, G. Q. Xie, Z. N. Guo, H. Zhang, P. Yuan, and L. J. Qian, “Black phosphorus as broadband saturable absorber for pulsed lasers from 1μm to 2.7 μm wavelength,” Laser Phys. Lett. 13(4), 045801 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. X. Xie, L. C. Kong, Z. P. Qin, G. Q. Xie, and J. Zhang, “Black phosphorus-based saturable absorber for Q-switched Tm:YAG ceramic laser,” Opt. Eng. 55(8), 081307 (2016).
[Crossref]

Xie, H. H.

Z. N. Guo, H. Zhang, S. B. Lu, Z. T. Wang, S. Y. Tang, J. D. Shao, Z. B. Sun, H. H. Xie, H. Y. Wang, X. F. Yu, and P. K. Chu, “From black phosphorus to phosphorene: basic solvent exfoliation, evolution of raman scattering, and applications to ultrafast photonics,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 25(45), 6996–7002 (2015).
[Crossref]

Z. N. Guo, H. Zhang, S. B. Lu, Z. T. Wang, S. Y. Tang, J. D. Shao, Z. B. Sun, H. H. Xie, H. Y. Wang, X. F. Yu, and P. K. Chu, “From black phosphorus to phosphorene: basic solvent exfoliation, evolution of Raman scattering, and applications to ultrafast photonics,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 25(45), 6996–7002 (2015).
[Crossref]

Xie, Y. X.

Y. X. Xie, L. C. Kong, Z. P. Qin, G. Q. Xie, and J. Zhang, “Black phosphorus-based saturable absorber for Q-switched Tm:YAG ceramic laser,” Opt. Eng. 55(8), 081307 (2016).
[Crossref]

Xu, J.

W. Ma, X. Qian, J. Wang, J. Liu, X. Fan, J. Liu, L. Su, and J. Xu, “Highly efficient dual-wavelength mid-infrared CW Laser in diode end-pumped Er:SrF2 single crystals,” Sci. Rep. 6, 36635 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. W. Ma, L. B. Su, X. D. Xu, J. Y. Wang, D. P. Jiang, L. H. Zheng, X. W. Fan, C. Li, J. Liu, and J. Xu, “Effect of erbium concentration on spectroscopic properties and 2.79 μm laser performance of Er:CaF2 crystals,” Opt. Mater. Express 6(2), 409–415 (2016).
[Crossref]

Xu, W. C.

Xu, X.

Xu, X. D.

Yang, K.

Yang, K. J.

Yang, L.

V. Tran, R. Soklaski, Y. F. Liang, and L. Yang, “Layer-controlled band gap and anisotropic excitons in few-layer black phosphorus,” Phys. Rev. B 89(23), 235319 (2014).
[Crossref]

R. Fei and L. Yang, “Strain-Engineering the Anisotropic Electrical Conductance of Few-Layer Black Phosphorus,” Nano Lett. 14(5), 2884–2889 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ye, G. J.

L. Li, Y. Yu, G. J. Ye, Q. Ge, X. Ou, H. Wu, D. Feng, X. H. Chen, and Y. Zhang, “Black phosphorus field-effect transistors,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 9(5), 372–377 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yu, H.

Yu, X. F.

Z. N. Guo, H. Zhang, S. B. Lu, Z. T. Wang, S. Y. Tang, J. D. Shao, Z. B. Sun, H. H. Xie, H. Y. Wang, X. F. Yu, and P. K. Chu, “From black phosphorus to phosphorene: basic solvent exfoliation, evolution of raman scattering, and applications to ultrafast photonics,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 25(45), 6996–7002 (2015).
[Crossref]

Z. N. Guo, H. Zhang, S. B. Lu, Z. T. Wang, S. Y. Tang, J. D. Shao, Z. B. Sun, H. H. Xie, H. Y. Wang, X. F. Yu, and P. K. Chu, “From black phosphorus to phosphorene: basic solvent exfoliation, evolution of Raman scattering, and applications to ultrafast photonics,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 25(45), 6996–7002 (2015).
[Crossref]

Yu, Y.

L. Li, Y. Yu, G. J. Ye, Q. Ge, X. Ou, H. Wu, D. Feng, X. H. Chen, and Y. Zhang, “Black phosphorus field-effect transistors,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 9(5), 372–377 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yuan, P.

L. C. Kong, Z. P. Qin, G. Q. Xie, Z. N. Guo, H. Zhang, P. Yuan, and L. J. Qian, “Black phosphorus as broadband saturable absorber for pulsed lasers from 1μm to 2.7 μm wavelength,” Laser Phys. Lett. 13(4), 045801 (2016).
[Crossref]

Z. Qin, G. Xie, H. Zhang, C. Zhao, P. Yuan, S. Wen, and L. Qian, “Black phosphorus as saturable absorber for the Q-switched Er:ZBLAN fiber laser at 2.8 μm,” Opt. Express 23(19), 24713–24718 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, B.

Zhang, H.

Z. Z. Chu, J. Liu, Z. N. Guo, and H. Zhang, “2 μm passively Q-switched laser based on black phosphorus,” Opt. Mater. Express 6(7), 2374–2379 (2016).
[Crossref]

L. C. Kong, Z. P. Qin, G. Q. Xie, Z. N. Guo, H. Zhang, P. Yuan, and L. J. Qian, “Black phosphorus as broadband saturable absorber for pulsed lasers from 1μm to 2.7 μm wavelength,” Laser Phys. Lett. 13(4), 045801 (2016).
[Crossref]

Z. N. Guo, H. Zhang, S. B. Lu, Z. T. Wang, S. Y. Tang, J. D. Shao, Z. B. Sun, H. H. Xie, H. Y. Wang, X. F. Yu, and P. K. Chu, “From black phosphorus to phosphorene: basic solvent exfoliation, evolution of raman scattering, and applications to ultrafast photonics,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 25(45), 6996–7002 (2015).
[Crossref]

Z. N. Guo, H. Zhang, S. B. Lu, Z. T. Wang, S. Y. Tang, J. D. Shao, Z. B. Sun, H. H. Xie, H. Y. Wang, X. F. Yu, and P. K. Chu, “From black phosphorus to phosphorene: basic solvent exfoliation, evolution of Raman scattering, and applications to ultrafast photonics,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 25(45), 6996–7002 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Ma, S. Lu, Z. Guo, X. Xu, H. Zhang, D. Tang, and D. Fan, “Few-layer black phosphorus based saturable absorber mirror for pulsed solid-state lasers,” Opt. Express 23(17), 22643–22648 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Qin, G. Xie, H. Zhang, C. Zhao, P. Yuan, S. Wen, and L. Qian, “Black phosphorus as saturable absorber for the Q-switched Er:ZBLAN fiber laser at 2.8 μm,” Opt. Express 23(19), 24713–24718 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Ren, S. Wang, Z. Cheng, H. Yu, H. Zhang, Y. Chen, L. Mei, and P. Wang, “Passively Q-switched nanosecond erbium-doped fiber laser with MoS(2) saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 23(5), 5607–5613 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Liu, A. P. Luo, F. Z. Wang, R. Tang, M. Liu, Z. C. Luo, W. C. Xu, C. J. Zhao, and H. Zhang, “Femtosecond pulse erbium-doped fiber laser by a few-layer MoS2 saturable absorber,” Opt. Lett. 39(15), 4591–4594 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Zhang, Q. L. Bao, D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, and K. P. Loh, “Large energy soliton erbrium-doped fiber laser with a graphene-polymer composite mode locker,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(14), 141103 (2009).
[Crossref]

Zhang, J.

Y. X. Xie, L. C. Kong, Z. P. Qin, G. Q. Xie, and J. Zhang, “Black phosphorus-based saturable absorber for Q-switched Tm:YAG ceramic laser,” Opt. Eng. 55(8), 081307 (2016).
[Crossref]

L. Wang, H. Huang, D. Shen, J. Zhang, H. Chen, Y. Wang, X. Liu, and D. Tang, “Room temperature continuous-wave laser performance of LD pumped Er:Lu2O3 and Er:Y2O3 ceramic at 2.7 μm,” Opt. Express 22(16), 19495–19503 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, Y.

L. Li, Y. Yu, G. J. Ye, Q. Ge, X. Ou, H. Wu, D. Feng, X. H. Chen, and Y. Zhang, “Black phosphorus field-effect transistors,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 9(5), 372–377 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. S. Novoselov, A. K. Geim, S. V. Morozov, D. Jiang, Y. Zhang, S. V. Dubonos, I. V. Grigorieva, and A. A. Firsov, “Electric Field Effect in Atomically Thin Carbon Films,” Science 306(5696), 666–669 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhao, C.

Zhao, C. J.

Zhao, L. M.

H. Zhang, Q. L. Bao, D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, and K. P. Loh, “Large energy soliton erbrium-doped fiber laser with a graphene-polymer composite mode locker,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(14), 141103 (2009).
[Crossref]

Zhao, R.

Zhao, S. Z.

Zheng, L. H.

Adv. Funct. Mater. (2)

Z. N. Guo, H. Zhang, S. B. Lu, Z. T. Wang, S. Y. Tang, J. D. Shao, Z. B. Sun, H. H. Xie, H. Y. Wang, X. F. Yu, and P. K. Chu, “From black phosphorus to phosphorene: basic solvent exfoliation, evolution of raman scattering, and applications to ultrafast photonics,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 25(45), 6996–7002 (2015).
[Crossref]

Z. N. Guo, H. Zhang, S. B. Lu, Z. T. Wang, S. Y. Tang, J. D. Shao, Z. B. Sun, H. H. Xie, H. Y. Wang, X. F. Yu, and P. K. Chu, “From black phosphorus to phosphorene: basic solvent exfoliation, evolution of Raman scattering, and applications to ultrafast photonics,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 25(45), 6996–7002 (2015).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

Y. W. Wang, G. H. Huang, H. R. Mu, S. H. Lin, J. Z. Chen, S. Xiao, Q. L. Bao, and J. He, “Ultrafast recovery time and broadband saturable absorption properties of black phosphorus suspension,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107(9), 091905 (2015).
[Crossref]

H. Zhang, Q. L. Bao, D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, and K. P. Loh, “Large energy soliton erbrium-doped fiber laser with a graphene-polymer composite mode locker,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(14), 141103 (2009).
[Crossref]

S. P. Koenig, R. A. Doganov, H. Schmidt, A. H. Castro Neto, and B. Özyilmaz, “Electric field effect in ultrathin black phosphorus,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(10), 103106 (2014).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. (1)

A. Morita, “Semiconducting Black Phosphorus,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 39(4), 227–242 (1986).
[Crossref]

Biochem. Med. Sens. (1)

V. G. Artjushenko, N. I. Afanasyeva, A. P. Kryukov, and E. F. Kuzin, “Medical applications of MIR-fiber spectroscopic probes,” Biochem. Med. Sens. 2085, 137–142 (1994).
[Crossref]

C. R. Phys. (1)

A. Godard, “Infrared (2-12 µm) solid-state laser sources: a review,” C. R. Phys. 8(10), 1100–1128 (2007).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

D. S. Knowles and H. P. Jenssen, “Upconversion versus Pr-deactivation for Efficient 3 μm Laser Operation in Er,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28(4), 1197–1208 (1992).
[Crossref]

Laser Photonics Rev. (1)

D. D. Arslanov, M. Spunei, J. Mandon, S. M. Cristescu, S. T. Persijn, and F. J. M. Harren, “Continuous-wave optical parametric oscillator based infrared spectroscopy for sensitive molecular gas sensing,” Laser Photonics Rev. 10(2), 1–19 (2012).

Laser Phys. Lett. (1)

L. C. Kong, Z. P. Qin, G. Q. Xie, Z. N. Guo, H. Zhang, P. Yuan, and L. J. Qian, “Black phosphorus as broadband saturable absorber for pulsed lasers from 1μm to 2.7 μm wavelength,” Laser Phys. Lett. 13(4), 045801 (2016).
[Crossref]

Nano Lett. (2)

R. Fei and L. Yang, “Strain-Engineering the Anisotropic Electrical Conductance of Few-Layer Black Phosphorus,” Nano Lett. 14(5), 2884–2889 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. K. Kim, A. Hsu, X. Jia, S. M. Kim, Y. Shi, M. Hofmann, D. Nezich, J. F. Rodriguez-Nieva, M. Dresselhaus, T. Palacios, and J. Kong, “Synthesis of monolayer hexagonal boron nitride on Cu foil using chemical vapor deposition,” Nano Lett. 12(1), 161–166 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Commun. (1)

F. Xia, H. Wang, and Y. Jia, “Rediscovering black phosphorus as an anisotropic layered material for optoelectronics and electronics,” Nat. Commun. 5, 4458 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Nanotechnol. (1)

L. Li, Y. Yu, G. J. Ye, Q. Ge, X. Ou, H. Wu, D. Feng, X. H. Chen, and Y. Zhang, “Black phosphorus field-effect transistors,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 9(5), 372–377 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Eng. (1)

Y. X. Xie, L. C. Kong, Z. P. Qin, G. Q. Xie, and J. Zhang, “Black phosphorus-based saturable absorber for Q-switched Tm:YAG ceramic laser,” Opt. Eng. 55(8), 081307 (2016).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (6)

Opt. Mater. Express (2)

Photon. Res. (1)

Phys. Rev. B (1)

V. Tran, R. Soklaski, Y. F. Liang, and L. Yang, “Layer-controlled band gap and anisotropic excitons in few-layer black phosphorus,” Phys. Rev. B 89(23), 235319 (2014).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

T. Low, R. Roldán, H. Wang, F. Xia, P. Avouris, L. M. Moreno, and F. Guinea, “Plasmons and screening in monolayer and multilayer black phosphorus,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 113(10), 106802 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Quantum Electron. (1)

T. T. Basiev, Yu. V. Orlovskii, M. V. Polyachenkova, P. P. Fedorov, S. V. Kuznetsov, V. A. Konyushkin, V. V. Osiko, O. K. Alimov, and A. Yu. Dergachev, “Continuously tunable cw lasing near 2.75 μm in diode-pumped Er3+:SrF2 and Er3+:CaF2 crystals,” Quantum Electron. 36(7), 591–594 (2006).
[Crossref]

Sci. Rep. (1)

W. Ma, X. Qian, J. Wang, J. Liu, X. Fan, J. Liu, L. Su, and J. Xu, “Highly efficient dual-wavelength mid-infrared CW Laser in diode end-pumped Er:SrF2 single crystals,” Sci. Rep. 6, 36635 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Science (1)

K. S. Novoselov, A. K. Geim, S. V. Morozov, D. Jiang, Y. Zhang, S. V. Dubonos, I. V. Grigorieva, and A. A. Firsov, “Electric Field Effect in Atomically Thin Carbon Films,” Science 306(5696), 666–669 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (1)

J. Šulc, R. Švejkar, M. Němec, H. Jelínková, M. E. Doroshenko, V. A. Konyushkin, A. N. Nakladov and V. V. Osiko, “Er:SrF2 crystal for diode-pumped 2.7 μm laser,” Advanced Solid State Lasers, ATu2A–22 (2014).

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a) Absorption spectrum of Er3+:SrF2 at room temperature. (b) Emission spectrum.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Parameters of multilayer BP: (a) Photograph of multilayer BP dispersed in NMP; (b) Raman spectrum; (c) AFM scan image; (d) Height profiles.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Passively Q-switching laser with a BP-SA.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (a) Average output power of CW Er3+:SrF2 laser. (b) Average output power of Q-switched Er3+:SrF2 laser.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 (a) Pulse repetition rate and pulse duration versus the absorbed pump power. (b) Single pulse energy and peak power dependences on the absorbed pump power. (c) Laser beam profile. (d) 3D light-intensity distribution.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Oscilloscope display of Q-switched pulse trains, at 1 and 100 μs /div resolutions, captured at the maximum output power of 180 mW.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 CW and Q-switched laser spectra measured at the maximum output power.

Metrics