Abstract

We demonstrate experimentally the transmission of single carrier 56 Gbaud 16-QAM, 8-QAM and QPSK optically modulated signals over 320, 960 and 2,880 km, respectively, using a fully packaged InP IQ modulator and a Stokes vector direct detection (SV-DD) receiver realized using discrete optics. Results show that by optimizing the carrier-to-signal-power ratio, the total throughput-times-distance product for 16 QAM and QPSK are 71,680 Gbps.km and 322,560 Gbps.km, respectively, at bit error rate (BER) below the hard decision forward error correcting threshold (HD-FEC) of 4.5 × 10−3.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]

2016 (6)

2015 (3)

2014 (3)

2013 (1)

M. Morsy-Osman, M. Chagnon, X. Xu, Q. Zhuge, M. Poulin, Y. Painchaud, M. Pelletier, C. Paquet, and D. V. Plant, “Colorless and preamplifierless reception using an integrated Si-photonic coherent receiver,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 25(11), 1027–1030 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (1)

2010 (2)

P. Johannisson, M. Sjodin, M. Karlsson, E. Tipsuwannakul, and P. Andrekson, “Cancellation of nonlinear phase distortion in self-homodyne coherent system,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 22(11), 802–804 (2010).
[Crossref]

F. Chang, K. Onohara, and T. Mizuochi, “Forward error correction for 100 G Transport networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 48(3), S48–S55 (2010).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

T. Miyazaki, “Linewidth-tolerant QPSK homodyne transmission using a polarization-multiplexed pilot carrier,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18(2), 388–390 (2006).
[Crossref]

1992 (1)

S. Benedetto and P. Poggiolini, “Theory of polarization shift keying modulation,” IEEE Trans. Commun. 40(4), 708–721 (1992).
[Crossref]

1990 (1)

S. Betti, F. Curti, G. de Marchis, and E. Iannone, “Multilevel coherent optical system based on Stokes parameters modulation,” J. Lightwave Technol. 8(7), 1127–1136 (1990).
[Crossref]

Andrekson, P.

P. Johannisson, M. Sjodin, M. Karlsson, E. Tipsuwannakul, and P. Andrekson, “Cancellation of nonlinear phase distortion in self-homodyne coherent system,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 22(11), 802–804 (2010).
[Crossref]

Benedetto, S.

S. Benedetto and P. Poggiolini, “Theory of polarization shift keying modulation,” IEEE Trans. Commun. 40(4), 708–721 (1992).
[Crossref]

Betti, S.

S. Betti, F. Curti, G. de Marchis, and E. Iannone, “Multilevel coherent optical system based on Stokes parameters modulation,” J. Lightwave Technol. 8(7), 1127–1136 (1990).
[Crossref]

Chagnon, M.

M. Y. S. Sowailem, T. M. Hoang, M. Morsy-Osman, M. Chagnon, D. Patel, S. Paquet, C. Paquet, I. Woods, O. Liboiron-Ladouceur, and D. V. Plant, “400G Single carrier 500km transmission with an InP dual polarization IQ modulator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(11), 1213–1216 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Chagnon, M. Morsy-Osman, D. Patel, V. Veerasubramanian, A. Samani, and D. Plant, “Digital signal processing for dual-polarization intensity and inter-polarization phase modulation formats using stokes detection,” J. Lightwave Technol. 34(1), 188–195 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. M. Osman, M. Chagnon, M. Poulin, S. Lessard, and D. V. Plant, “224-Gb/s 10-km transmission of PDM PAM-4 at 1.3 μm using a single intensity modulated laser and a direct detection MIMO DSP-based receiver,” J. Lightwave Technol. 33(7), 1380–1387 (2015).

M. Chagnon, M. Morsy-Osman, M. Poulin, C. Paquet, S. Lessard, and D. V. Plant, “Experimental parametric study of a silicon photonic modulator enabled 112 Gb/s PAM transmission system with a DAC and ADC,” J. Lightwave Technol. 33(7), 1380–1387 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. Morsy-Osman, M. Chagnon, X. Xu, Q. Zhuge, M. Poulin, Y. Painchaud, M. Pelletier, C. Paquet, and D. V. Plant, “Colorless and preamplifierless reception using an integrated Si-photonic coherent receiver,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 25(11), 1027–1030 (2013).
[Crossref]

Chandrasekhar, S.

Chang, F.

F. Chang, K. Onohara, and T. Mizuochi, “Forward error correction for 100 G Transport networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 48(3), S48–S55 (2010).
[Crossref]

Che, D.

Chen, X.

Chen, Y.-K.

Chung, Y. C.

D. H. Sim, H. Kim, and Y. C. Chung, “Direct-detection receiver for polarization-division-multiplexed OOK signals,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(21), 2238–2241 (2015).
[Crossref]

Curti, F.

S. Betti, F. Curti, G. de Marchis, and E. Iannone, “Multilevel coherent optical system based on Stokes parameters modulation,” J. Lightwave Technol. 8(7), 1127–1136 (1990).
[Crossref]

de Marchis, G.

S. Betti, F. Curti, G. de Marchis, and E. Iannone, “Multilevel coherent optical system based on Stokes parameters modulation,” J. Lightwave Technol. 8(7), 1127–1136 (1990).
[Crossref]

Dong, P.

Griffin, R. A.

Hoang, T. M.

M. Y. S. Sowailem, T. M. Hoang, M. Morsy-Osman, M. Chagnon, D. Patel, S. Paquet, C. Paquet, I. Woods, O. Liboiron-Ladouceur, and D. V. Plant, “400G Single carrier 500km transmission with an InP dual polarization IQ modulator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(11), 1213–1216 (2016).
[Crossref]

Hu, Q.

Iannone, E.

S. Betti, F. Curti, G. de Marchis, and E. Iannone, “Multilevel coherent optical system based on Stokes parameters modulation,” J. Lightwave Technol. 8(7), 1127–1136 (1990).
[Crossref]

Johannisson, P.

P. Johannisson, M. Sjodin, M. Karlsson, E. Tipsuwannakul, and P. Andrekson, “Cancellation of nonlinear phase distortion in self-homodyne coherent system,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 22(11), 802–804 (2010).
[Crossref]

Karlsson, M.

P. Johannisson, M. Sjodin, M. Karlsson, E. Tipsuwannakul, and P. Andrekson, “Cancellation of nonlinear phase distortion in self-homodyne coherent system,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 22(11), 802–804 (2010).
[Crossref]

Kawakami, S.

Kikuchi, K.

Kim, H.

D. H. Sim, H. Kim, and Y. C. Chung, “Direct-detection receiver for polarization-division-multiplexed OOK signals,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(21), 2238–2241 (2015).
[Crossref]

Kim, K.

Lessard, S.

Li, A.

Liboiron-Ladouceur, O.

M. Y. S. Sowailem, T. M. Hoang, M. Morsy-Osman, M. Chagnon, D. Patel, S. Paquet, C. Paquet, I. Woods, O. Liboiron-Ladouceur, and D. V. Plant, “400G Single carrier 500km transmission with an InP dual polarization IQ modulator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(11), 1213–1216 (2016).
[Crossref]

Liu, X.

Miyazaki, T.

T. Miyazaki, “Linewidth-tolerant QPSK homodyne transmission using a polarization-multiplexed pilot carrier,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18(2), 388–390 (2006).
[Crossref]

Mizuochi, T.

F. Chang, K. Onohara, and T. Mizuochi, “Forward error correction for 100 G Transport networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 48(3), S48–S55 (2010).
[Crossref]

Molina-Fernández, I.

Morsy-Osman, M.

M. Chagnon, M. Morsy-Osman, D. Patel, V. Veerasubramanian, A. Samani, and D. Plant, “Digital signal processing for dual-polarization intensity and inter-polarization phase modulation formats using stokes detection,” J. Lightwave Technol. 34(1), 188–195 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Y. S. Sowailem, T. M. Hoang, M. Morsy-Osman, M. Chagnon, D. Patel, S. Paquet, C. Paquet, I. Woods, O. Liboiron-Ladouceur, and D. V. Plant, “400G Single carrier 500km transmission with an InP dual polarization IQ modulator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(11), 1213–1216 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Chagnon, M. Morsy-Osman, M. Poulin, C. Paquet, S. Lessard, and D. V. Plant, “Experimental parametric study of a silicon photonic modulator enabled 112 Gb/s PAM transmission system with a DAC and ADC,” J. Lightwave Technol. 33(7), 1380–1387 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. Morsy-Osman, M. Chagnon, X. Xu, Q. Zhuge, M. Poulin, Y. Painchaud, M. Pelletier, C. Paquet, and D. V. Plant, “Colorless and preamplifierless reception using an integrated Si-photonic coherent receiver,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 25(11), 1027–1030 (2013).
[Crossref]

Moscoso-Mártir, A.

Onohara, K.

F. Chang, K. Onohara, and T. Mizuochi, “Forward error correction for 100 G Transport networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 48(3), S48–S55 (2010).
[Crossref]

Ortega-Moñux, A.

Osman, M. M.

Painchaud, Y.

M. Morsy-Osman, M. Chagnon, X. Xu, Q. Zhuge, M. Poulin, Y. Painchaud, M. Pelletier, C. Paquet, and D. V. Plant, “Colorless and preamplifierless reception using an integrated Si-photonic coherent receiver,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 25(11), 1027–1030 (2013).
[Crossref]

Paquet, C.

M. Y. S. Sowailem, T. M. Hoang, M. Morsy-Osman, M. Chagnon, D. Patel, S. Paquet, C. Paquet, I. Woods, O. Liboiron-Ladouceur, and D. V. Plant, “400G Single carrier 500km transmission with an InP dual polarization IQ modulator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(11), 1213–1216 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Chagnon, M. Morsy-Osman, M. Poulin, C. Paquet, S. Lessard, and D. V. Plant, “Experimental parametric study of a silicon photonic modulator enabled 112 Gb/s PAM transmission system with a DAC and ADC,” J. Lightwave Technol. 33(7), 1380–1387 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. Morsy-Osman, M. Chagnon, X. Xu, Q. Zhuge, M. Poulin, Y. Painchaud, M. Pelletier, C. Paquet, and D. V. Plant, “Colorless and preamplifierless reception using an integrated Si-photonic coherent receiver,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 25(11), 1027–1030 (2013).
[Crossref]

Paquet, S.

M. Y. S. Sowailem, T. M. Hoang, M. Morsy-Osman, M. Chagnon, D. Patel, S. Paquet, C. Paquet, I. Woods, O. Liboiron-Ladouceur, and D. V. Plant, “400G Single carrier 500km transmission with an InP dual polarization IQ modulator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(11), 1213–1216 (2016).
[Crossref]

Patel, D.

M. Y. S. Sowailem, T. M. Hoang, M. Morsy-Osman, M. Chagnon, D. Patel, S. Paquet, C. Paquet, I. Woods, O. Liboiron-Ladouceur, and D. V. Plant, “400G Single carrier 500km transmission with an InP dual polarization IQ modulator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(11), 1213–1216 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Chagnon, M. Morsy-Osman, D. Patel, V. Veerasubramanian, A. Samani, and D. Plant, “Digital signal processing for dual-polarization intensity and inter-polarization phase modulation formats using stokes detection,” J. Lightwave Technol. 34(1), 188–195 (2016).
[Crossref]

Pelletier, M.

M. Morsy-Osman, M. Chagnon, X. Xu, Q. Zhuge, M. Poulin, Y. Painchaud, M. Pelletier, C. Paquet, and D. V. Plant, “Colorless and preamplifierless reception using an integrated Si-photonic coherent receiver,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 25(11), 1027–1030 (2013).
[Crossref]

Plant, D.

Plant, D. V.

M. Y. S. Sowailem, T. M. Hoang, M. Morsy-Osman, M. Chagnon, D. Patel, S. Paquet, C. Paquet, I. Woods, O. Liboiron-Ladouceur, and D. V. Plant, “400G Single carrier 500km transmission with an InP dual polarization IQ modulator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(11), 1213–1216 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Chagnon, M. Morsy-Osman, M. Poulin, C. Paquet, S. Lessard, and D. V. Plant, “Experimental parametric study of a silicon photonic modulator enabled 112 Gb/s PAM transmission system with a DAC and ADC,” J. Lightwave Technol. 33(7), 1380–1387 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. M. Osman, M. Chagnon, M. Poulin, S. Lessard, and D. V. Plant, “224-Gb/s 10-km transmission of PDM PAM-4 at 1.3 μm using a single intensity modulated laser and a direct detection MIMO DSP-based receiver,” J. Lightwave Technol. 33(7), 1380–1387 (2015).

M. Morsy-Osman, M. Chagnon, X. Xu, Q. Zhuge, M. Poulin, Y. Painchaud, M. Pelletier, C. Paquet, and D. V. Plant, “Colorless and preamplifierless reception using an integrated Si-photonic coherent receiver,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 25(11), 1027–1030 (2013).
[Crossref]

Poggiolini, P.

S. Benedetto and P. Poggiolini, “Theory of polarization shift keying modulation,” IEEE Trans. Commun. 40(4), 708–721 (1992).
[Crossref]

Poulin, M.

Rafique, D.

Reyes-Iglesias, P. J.

Samani, A.

Shieh, W.

Sim, D. H.

D. H. Sim, H. Kim, and Y. C. Chung, “Direct-detection receiver for polarization-division-multiplexed OOK signals,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(21), 2238–2241 (2015).
[Crossref]

Simsarian, J. E.

Sinsky, J. H.

Sjodin, M.

P. Johannisson, M. Sjodin, M. Karlsson, E. Tipsuwannakul, and P. Andrekson, “Cancellation of nonlinear phase distortion in self-homodyne coherent system,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 22(11), 802–804 (2010).
[Crossref]

Sowailem, M. Y. S.

M. Y. S. Sowailem, T. M. Hoang, M. Morsy-Osman, M. Chagnon, D. Patel, S. Paquet, C. Paquet, I. Woods, O. Liboiron-Ladouceur, and D. V. Plant, “400G Single carrier 500km transmission with an InP dual polarization IQ modulator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(11), 1213–1216 (2016).
[Crossref]

Tipsuwannakul, E.

P. Johannisson, M. Sjodin, M. Karlsson, E. Tipsuwannakul, and P. Andrekson, “Cancellation of nonlinear phase distortion in self-homodyne coherent system,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 22(11), 802–804 (2010).
[Crossref]

Veerasubramanian, V.

Wang, Y.

Winzer, P. J.

Woods, I.

M. Y. S. Sowailem, T. M. Hoang, M. Morsy-Osman, M. Chagnon, D. Patel, S. Paquet, C. Paquet, I. Woods, O. Liboiron-Ladouceur, and D. V. Plant, “400G Single carrier 500km transmission with an InP dual polarization IQ modulator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(11), 1213–1216 (2016).
[Crossref]

Xu, X.

M. Morsy-Osman, M. Chagnon, X. Xu, Q. Zhuge, M. Poulin, Y. Painchaud, M. Pelletier, C. Paquet, and D. V. Plant, “Colorless and preamplifierless reception using an integrated Si-photonic coherent receiver,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 25(11), 1027–1030 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhuge, Q.

M. Morsy-Osman, M. Chagnon, X. Xu, Q. Zhuge, M. Poulin, Y. Painchaud, M. Pelletier, C. Paquet, and D. V. Plant, “Colorless and preamplifierless reception using an integrated Si-photonic coherent receiver,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 25(11), 1027–1030 (2013).
[Crossref]

IEEE Commun. Mag. (1)

F. Chang, K. Onohara, and T. Mizuochi, “Forward error correction for 100 G Transport networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 48(3), S48–S55 (2010).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (5)

T. Miyazaki, “Linewidth-tolerant QPSK homodyne transmission using a polarization-multiplexed pilot carrier,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 18(2), 388–390 (2006).
[Crossref]

P. Johannisson, M. Sjodin, M. Karlsson, E. Tipsuwannakul, and P. Andrekson, “Cancellation of nonlinear phase distortion in self-homodyne coherent system,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 22(11), 802–804 (2010).
[Crossref]

M. Y. S. Sowailem, T. M. Hoang, M. Morsy-Osman, M. Chagnon, D. Patel, S. Paquet, C. Paquet, I. Woods, O. Liboiron-Ladouceur, and D. V. Plant, “400G Single carrier 500km transmission with an InP dual polarization IQ modulator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 28(11), 1213–1216 (2016).
[Crossref]

D. H. Sim, H. Kim, and Y. C. Chung, “Direct-detection receiver for polarization-division-multiplexed OOK signals,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27(21), 2238–2241 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. Morsy-Osman, M. Chagnon, X. Xu, Q. Zhuge, M. Poulin, Y. Painchaud, M. Pelletier, C. Paquet, and D. V. Plant, “Colorless and preamplifierless reception using an integrated Si-photonic coherent receiver,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 25(11), 1027–1030 (2013).
[Crossref]

IEEE Trans. Commun. (1)

S. Benedetto and P. Poggiolini, “Theory of polarization shift keying modulation,” IEEE Trans. Commun. 40(4), 708–721 (1992).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (8)

S. Betti, F. Curti, G. de Marchis, and E. Iannone, “Multilevel coherent optical system based on Stokes parameters modulation,” J. Lightwave Technol. 8(7), 1127–1136 (1990).
[Crossref]

K. Kikuchi, “Fundamentals of coherent optical fiber communications,” J. Lightwave Technol. 34(1), 157–179 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Chagnon, M. Morsy-Osman, M. Poulin, C. Paquet, S. Lessard, and D. V. Plant, “Experimental parametric study of a silicon photonic modulator enabled 112 Gb/s PAM transmission system with a DAC and ADC,” J. Lightwave Technol. 33(7), 1380–1387 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Chandrasekhar, X. Liu, P. J. Winzer, J. E. Simsarian, and R. A. Griffin, “Compact all-InP laser-vector-modulator for generation and transmission of 100-Gb/s PDM-QPSK and 200-Gb/s PDM-16QAM,” J. Lightwave Technol. 32(4), 736–742 (2014).
[Crossref]

D. Rafique, “Fiber nonlinearity compensation: commercial applications and complexity analysis,” J. Lightwave Technol. 34(2), 544–553 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. M. Osman, M. Chagnon, M. Poulin, S. Lessard, and D. V. Plant, “224-Gb/s 10-km transmission of PDM PAM-4 at 1.3 μm using a single intensity modulated laser and a direct detection MIMO DSP-based receiver,” J. Lightwave Technol. 33(7), 1380–1387 (2015).

M. Chagnon, M. Morsy-Osman, D. Patel, V. Veerasubramanian, A. Samani, and D. Plant, “Digital signal processing for dual-polarization intensity and inter-polarization phase modulation formats using stokes detection,” J. Lightwave Technol. 34(1), 188–195 (2016).
[Crossref]

D. Che and W. Shieh, “Polarization demultiplexing for Stokes vector direct detection,” J. Lightwave Technol. 34(2), 754–760 (2016).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Other (3)

Optical Internetworking Forum (OIF), “OIF-FEC-100-01.0- 100G Forward Error Correction White Paper,” 2010.

Optical Internetworking Forum (OIF), “OIF-Tech-Options-400G-01.0- Technology options for 400G Implementation Forward,” 2015.

D. Che, Q. Hu, X. Chen, and W. Shieh, “1-Tb/s Stokes vector direct detection over 480-km SSMF transmission,” in Proc. OECC (2014), paper THPDP.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Schematic diagram of SV-DD transceiver (a) transmitter, (b) receiver
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a) Experimental setup (b) SVR details (c) B2B optical spectrum with 0.05 nm resolution bandwidth
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 DSP stack used for the SV transmission: (a) Tx-DSP; (b) Rx-DSP.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 BER versus transmission distance at the optimum CSR and the optimum launch power for QPSK, 16-QAM and 8-QAM modulation formats at 56 Gbaud using SV-DD.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 BER versus CSR of various format at fixed transmitted distance with constellations.

Tables (1)

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Table 1 Schemes for SV-DD compared to 400G coherent system demonstration (SP-IQM: single polarization IQ modulator, IFFT: inverse fast Fourier transform).

Equations (1)

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[ S 2 t S 3 t ]=[ m 11 m 12 m 13 m 21 m 22 m 23 ][ S 1 r S 2 r S 3 r ].

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