Abstract

We propose a new type of integral imaging-based large-scale full-color three-dimensional (3-D) display of holographic data based on direct ray-optical conversion of holographic data into elemental images (EIs). In the proposed system, a 3-D scene is modeled as a collection of depth-sliced object images (DOIs), and three-color hologram patterns for that scene are generated by interfering each color DOI with a reference beam, and summing them all based on Fresnel convolution integrals. From these hologram patterns, full-color DOIs are reconstructed, and converted into EIs using a ray mapping-based direct pickup process. These EIs are then optically reconstructed to be a full-color 3-D scene with perspectives on the depth-priority integral imaging (DPII)-based 3-D display system employing a large-scale LCD panel. Experiments with a test video confirm the feasibility of the proposed system in the practical application fields of large-scale holographic 3-D displays.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [Crossref]
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2014 (6)

T. Senoh, K. Wakunami, Y. Ichihashi, H. Sasaki, R. Oi, and K. Yamamoto, “Multiview image and depth map coding for holographic TV system,” Opt. Eng. 53(11), 112302 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Sasaki, K. Yamamoto, Y. Ichihashi, and T. Senoh, “Image size scalable full-parallax coloured three-dimensional video by electronic holography,” Sci. Rep. 4, 4000 (2014).
[PubMed]

H. Sasaki, K. Yamamoto, K. Wakunami, Y. Ichihashi, R. Oi, and T. Senoh, “Large size three-dimensional video by electronic holography using multiple spatial light modulators,” Sci. Rep. 4, 6177 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. C. A. Read and I. Bohr, “User experience while viewing stereoscopic 3D television,” Ergonomics 57(8), 1140–1153 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J.-Y. Jang, D. Shin, and E.-S. Kim, “Optical three-dimensional refocusing from elemental images based on a sifting property of the periodic δ-function array in integral-imaging,” Opt. Express 22(2), 1533–1550 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Xue, J. Liu, X. Li, J. Jia, Z. Zhang, B. Hu, and Y. Wang, “Multiplexing encoding method for full-color dynamic 3D holographic display,” Opt. Express 22(15), 18473–18482 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2013 (1)

2012 (2)

2011 (2)

2009 (3)

2008 (2)

2007 (1)

P. Benzie, J. Watson, P. Surman, I. Rakkolainen, K. Hopf, H. Urey, V. Sainov, and C. von Kopylow, “A survey of 3DTV displays: techniques and technologies,” IEEE Trans. Circ. Syst. Vid. 17(11), 1647–1658 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

2004 (1)

2003 (1)

B. Javidi and J.-S. Jang, “Improved depth of focus, resolution, and viewing angle integral imaging for 3D TV and display,” IEEE LEOS. 2, 726–727 (2003).

2002 (1)

T. C. Poon, “Three‐dimensional television using optical scanning holography,” J. Inf. Disp. 3(3), 12–16 (2002).
[Crossref]

2001 (1)

Arimoto, H.

Baasantseren, G.

Benzie, P.

P. Benzie, J. Watson, P. Surman, I. Rakkolainen, K. Hopf, H. Urey, V. Sainov, and C. von Kopylow, “A survey of 3DTV displays: techniques and technologies,” IEEE Trans. Circ. Syst. Vid. 17(11), 1647–1658 (2007).
[Crossref]

Bohr, I.

J. C. A. Read and I. Bohr, “User experience while viewing stereoscopic 3D television,” Ergonomics 57(8), 1140–1153 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hopf, K.

P. Benzie, J. Watson, P. Surman, I. Rakkolainen, K. Hopf, H. Urey, V. Sainov, and C. von Kopylow, “A survey of 3DTV displays: techniques and technologies,” IEEE Trans. Circ. Syst. Vid. 17(11), 1647–1658 (2007).
[Crossref]

Hu, B.

Ichihashi, Y.

T. Senoh, K. Wakunami, Y. Ichihashi, H. Sasaki, R. Oi, and K. Yamamoto, “Multiview image and depth map coding for holographic TV system,” Opt. Eng. 53(11), 112302 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Sasaki, K. Yamamoto, Y. Ichihashi, and T. Senoh, “Image size scalable full-parallax coloured three-dimensional video by electronic holography,” Sci. Rep. 4, 4000 (2014).
[PubMed]

H. Sasaki, K. Yamamoto, K. Wakunami, Y. Ichihashi, R. Oi, and T. Senoh, “Large size three-dimensional video by electronic holography using multiple spatial light modulators,” Sci. Rep. 4, 6177 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ide, S.

Y. Nojiri, H. Yamanoue, S. Ide, S. Yano, and F. Okano, “Parallax distribution and visual comfort on stereoscopic HDTV,” in Proceedings of IBC (2006), pp. 373.

Ito, T.

Jang, J.-S.

F. Jin, J.-S. Jang, and B. Javidi, “Effects of device resolution on three-dimensional integral imaging,” Opt. Lett. 29(12), 1345–1347 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Javidi and J.-S. Jang, “Improved depth of focus, resolution, and viewing angle integral imaging for 3D TV and display,” IEEE LEOS. 2, 726–727 (2003).

Jang, J.-Y.

Javidi, B.

Jia, J.

Jin, F.

Kang, H.

Kang, H.-H.

Kim, E.-S.

Kim, M.-S.

Kim, N.

Kim, S.-C.

Lee, J.-H.

Li, X.

Liu, J.

Masuda, N.

Mishina, T.

Nojiri, Y.

Y. Nojiri, H. Yamanoue, S. Ide, S. Yano, and F. Okano, “Parallax distribution and visual comfort on stereoscopic HDTV,” in Proceedings of IBC (2006), pp. 373.

Oi, R.

H. Sasaki, K. Yamamoto, K. Wakunami, Y. Ichihashi, R. Oi, and T. Senoh, “Large size three-dimensional video by electronic holography using multiple spatial light modulators,” Sci. Rep. 4, 6177 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Senoh, K. Wakunami, Y. Ichihashi, H. Sasaki, R. Oi, and K. Yamamoto, “Multiview image and depth map coding for holographic TV system,” Opt. Eng. 53(11), 112302 (2014).
[Crossref]

Okano, F.

T. Mishina, M. Okui, and F. Okano, “Calculation of holograms from elemental images captured by integral photography,” Appl. Opt. 45(17), 4026–4036 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Nojiri, H. Yamanoue, S. Ide, S. Yano, and F. Okano, “Parallax distribution and visual comfort on stereoscopic HDTV,” in Proceedings of IBC (2006), pp. 373.

Okui, M.

Onural, L.

Park, J.-H.

Piao, Y.

Poon, T. C.

T. C. Poon, “Three‐dimensional television using optical scanning holography,” J. Inf. Disp. 3(3), 12–16 (2002).
[Crossref]

Rakkolainen, I.

P. Benzie, J. Watson, P. Surman, I. Rakkolainen, K. Hopf, H. Urey, V. Sainov, and C. von Kopylow, “A survey of 3DTV displays: techniques and technologies,” IEEE Trans. Circ. Syst. Vid. 17(11), 1647–1658 (2007).
[Crossref]

Read, J. C. A.

J. C. A. Read and I. Bohr, “User experience while viewing stereoscopic 3D television,” Ergonomics 57(8), 1140–1153 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sainov, V.

P. Benzie, J. Watson, P. Surman, I. Rakkolainen, K. Hopf, H. Urey, V. Sainov, and C. von Kopylow, “A survey of 3DTV displays: techniques and technologies,” IEEE Trans. Circ. Syst. Vid. 17(11), 1647–1658 (2007).
[Crossref]

Sasaki, H.

H. Sasaki, K. Yamamoto, Y. Ichihashi, and T. Senoh, “Image size scalable full-parallax coloured three-dimensional video by electronic holography,” Sci. Rep. 4, 4000 (2014).
[PubMed]

T. Senoh, K. Wakunami, Y. Ichihashi, H. Sasaki, R. Oi, and K. Yamamoto, “Multiview image and depth map coding for holographic TV system,” Opt. Eng. 53(11), 112302 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Sasaki, K. Yamamoto, K. Wakunami, Y. Ichihashi, R. Oi, and T. Senoh, “Large size three-dimensional video by electronic holography using multiple spatial light modulators,” Sci. Rep. 4, 6177 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Senoh, T.

H. Sasaki, K. Yamamoto, Y. Ichihashi, and T. Senoh, “Image size scalable full-parallax coloured three-dimensional video by electronic holography,” Sci. Rep. 4, 4000 (2014).
[PubMed]

H. Sasaki, K. Yamamoto, K. Wakunami, Y. Ichihashi, R. Oi, and T. Senoh, “Large size three-dimensional video by electronic holography using multiple spatial light modulators,” Sci. Rep. 4, 6177 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Senoh, K. Wakunami, Y. Ichihashi, H. Sasaki, R. Oi, and K. Yamamoto, “Multiview image and depth map coding for holographic TV system,” Opt. Eng. 53(11), 112302 (2014).
[Crossref]

Shimobaba, T.

Shin, D.

Sukhbat, P.

Surman, P.

P. Benzie, J. Watson, P. Surman, I. Rakkolainen, K. Hopf, H. Urey, V. Sainov, and C. von Kopylow, “A survey of 3DTV displays: techniques and technologies,” IEEE Trans. Circ. Syst. Vid. 17(11), 1647–1658 (2007).
[Crossref]

Takahashi, T.

Urey, H.

P. Benzie, J. Watson, P. Surman, I. Rakkolainen, K. Hopf, H. Urey, V. Sainov, and C. von Kopylow, “A survey of 3DTV displays: techniques and technologies,” IEEE Trans. Circ. Syst. Vid. 17(11), 1647–1658 (2007).
[Crossref]

von Kopylow, C.

P. Benzie, J. Watson, P. Surman, I. Rakkolainen, K. Hopf, H. Urey, V. Sainov, and C. von Kopylow, “A survey of 3DTV displays: techniques and technologies,” IEEE Trans. Circ. Syst. Vid. 17(11), 1647–1658 (2007).
[Crossref]

Wakunami, K.

H. Sasaki, K. Yamamoto, K. Wakunami, Y. Ichihashi, R. Oi, and T. Senoh, “Large size three-dimensional video by electronic holography using multiple spatial light modulators,” Sci. Rep. 4, 6177 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Senoh, K. Wakunami, Y. Ichihashi, H. Sasaki, R. Oi, and K. Yamamoto, “Multiview image and depth map coding for holographic TV system,” Opt. Eng. 53(11), 112302 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wang, Y.

Watson, J.

P. Benzie, J. Watson, P. Surman, I. Rakkolainen, K. Hopf, H. Urey, V. Sainov, and C. von Kopylow, “A survey of 3DTV displays: techniques and technologies,” IEEE Trans. Circ. Syst. Vid. 17(11), 1647–1658 (2007).
[Crossref]

Xue, G.

Yamamoto, K.

H. Sasaki, K. Yamamoto, Y. Ichihashi, and T. Senoh, “Image size scalable full-parallax coloured three-dimensional video by electronic holography,” Sci. Rep. 4, 4000 (2014).
[PubMed]

T. Senoh, K. Wakunami, Y. Ichihashi, H. Sasaki, R. Oi, and K. Yamamoto, “Multiview image and depth map coding for holographic TV system,” Opt. Eng. 53(11), 112302 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Sasaki, K. Yamamoto, K. Wakunami, Y. Ichihashi, R. Oi, and T. Senoh, “Large size three-dimensional video by electronic holography using multiple spatial light modulators,” Sci. Rep. 4, 6177 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yamanoue, H.

Y. Nojiri, H. Yamanoue, S. Ide, S. Yano, and F. Okano, “Parallax distribution and visual comfort on stereoscopic HDTV,” in Proceedings of IBC (2006), pp. 373.

Yano, S.

Y. Nojiri, H. Yamanoue, S. Ide, S. Yano, and F. Okano, “Parallax distribution and visual comfort on stereoscopic HDTV,” in Proceedings of IBC (2006), pp. 373.

Yaras, F.

Yöntem, A.-Ö.

Yoo, H.

Zhang, M.

Zhang, Z.

Appl. Opt. (5)

Ergonomics (1)

J. C. A. Read and I. Bohr, “User experience while viewing stereoscopic 3D television,” Ergonomics 57(8), 1140–1153 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

IEEE LEOS. (1)

B. Javidi and J.-S. Jang, “Improved depth of focus, resolution, and viewing angle integral imaging for 3D TV and display,” IEEE LEOS. 2, 726–727 (2003).

IEEE Trans. Circ. Syst. Vid. (1)

P. Benzie, J. Watson, P. Surman, I. Rakkolainen, K. Hopf, H. Urey, V. Sainov, and C. von Kopylow, “A survey of 3DTV displays: techniques and technologies,” IEEE Trans. Circ. Syst. Vid. 17(11), 1647–1658 (2007).
[Crossref]

J. Inf. Disp. (1)

T. C. Poon, “Three‐dimensional television using optical scanning holography,” J. Inf. Disp. 3(3), 12–16 (2002).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

Opt. Eng. (1)

T. Senoh, K. Wakunami, Y. Ichihashi, H. Sasaki, R. Oi, and K. Yamamoto, “Multiview image and depth map coding for holographic TV system,” Opt. Eng. 53(11), 112302 (2014).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (6)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Sci. Rep. (2)

H. Sasaki, K. Yamamoto, Y. Ichihashi, and T. Senoh, “Image size scalable full-parallax coloured three-dimensional video by electronic holography,” Sci. Rep. 4, 4000 (2014).
[PubMed]

H. Sasaki, K. Yamamoto, K. Wakunami, Y. Ichihashi, R. Oi, and T. Senoh, “Large size three-dimensional video by electronic holography using multiple spatial light modulators,” Sci. Rep. 4, 6177 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (4)

S. Reichelt, R. Häussler, N. Leister, G. Fütterer, H. Stolle, and A. Schwerdtner, “Holographic 3-D displays-electro-holography within the grasp of commercialization,” in Book of Advances in Lasers and Electro Optics, N. Costa and A. Cartaxo (Academic, 2010).

Y. Nojiri, H. Yamanoue, A. Hanazato, M. Emoto, and F. Okano, “Visual comfort/discomfort and visual fatigue caused by stereoscopic HDTV viewing,” in Proceedings of Electronic Imaging 2004, International Society for Optics and Photonics (ISOP, 2004), pp. 303–313.

C. J. Kuo and M. H. Tsai, Three-Dimensional Holographic Imaging (John Wiley, 2002).

Y. Nojiri, H. Yamanoue, S. Ide, S. Yano, and F. Okano, “Parallax distribution and visual comfort on stereoscopic HDTV,” in Proceedings of IBC (2006), pp. 373.

Supplementary Material (1)

NameDescription
» Visualization 1: AVI (3087 KB)      Optically reconstructed 3-D scene

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Figures (10)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Block diagram of the proposed system composed of four processes.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Optical configuration to generate the Fresnel off-axis hologram of a 3-D scene.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Reconstruction of a virtual 3-D scene from three-color hologram patterns.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Three-color DOIs reconstructed from their corresponding color holograms and synthesized DOIs on four neighboring depth planes: (a) R-color DOIs, (b) G-color DOIs, (c) B-color DOIs, (d) Synthesized full-color DOIs.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Optical geometry for capturing EIs from the DOIs reconstructed from three-color hologram patterns.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Optical configuration of the DPII-based 3-D display system.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Intensity and depth images of the test video for the 1st, 10th, 20th and 30th frames: (a) Color intensity images, (b) Depth images, (c) Depth distribution of the airplane and cloud image points of the 1st, 10th, 20th and 30th frames.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 Structural diagram of the DPII-based 3-D display system and reconstructed 3-D scenes from EIAs for the 1st and 30th video frames.
Fig. 9
Fig. 9 Optically fabricated DPII-based 3-D display system by combined use of an IBM LCD monitor and a 295 × 184 lens array.
Fig. 10
Fig. 10 Optically reconstructed 3-D scenes viewed from the left, center and right directions for each case of the (a) 1st, (b) 10th, (c) 20th, and (d) 30th frames (see Visualization 1).

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 System parameters for the holographic data and DPII-based 3-D display system.

Equations (14)

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O( x,y )= z=1 N m=1 M a m r m exp[ j( k r m + φ m ) ]
r m = ( x x m ) 2 + ( y y m ) 2 + z m 2
O( x,y )= e jkz jλz z=1 N ξ,η u( ξ,η;z )exp{ j k 2z [ ( xξ ) 2 + ( yη ) 2 ] }
O( x,y )= z=1 N O z ( x,y ) = z=1 N u( x,y;z ) h z ( x,y ) = z=1 N F 1 { F[ u( x,y;z ) ]F[ h z ( x,y ) ] }
h z ( x,y )= e jkz jλz exp[ jk 2z ( x 2 + y 2 ) ]
R( x,y )=a R exp [ j( kx sin θ R ) ]
I( x,y )= z=1 N I z ( x,y ) = z=1 N | O z ( x,y )+R( x,y ) | 2 | O z ( x,y ) | 2 | R( x,y ) | 2 = z=1 N O z ( x,y ) R * ( x,y )+ O z * ( x,y )R( x,y )
O z ( x,y )= I z ( x,y ) R * ( x,y ) =[ O z ( x,y ) R * ( x,y )+ O z * ( x,y )R( x,y ) ] R * ( x,y ) = O z ( x,y ) a R 2 exp[ 2j( kxsin θ R ) ]+ O z * ( x,y ) a R 2
u( x,y;z )= O z ( x,y ) h z ( x,y )= F 1 { F[ O z ( x,y ) ]F[ h z ( x,y ) ] }
s z = d+( z1 )Δz g p
( s sx , s sy )=( p[ ( x 1 2 ) d+( z1 )Δz 2g ], p[ ( y 1 2 ) d+( z1 )Δz 2g ] )
( s ex , s ey )=( p[ ( x 1 2 )+ d+( z1 )Δz 2g ], p[ ( y 1 2 )+ d+( z1 )Δz 2g ] )
E I x,y =Z( . )I( . ) z=1 N u z [ s sx : s ex , s sy : s ey ]
EIA= x y E I x,y

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