Abstract

We report a systematic study on backward terahertz (THz) radiation generation from laser-solid interactions by changing a variety of laser/plasma parameters. We demonstrate a high-energy (with an energy flux density reaching 80 μJ/sr), broadband (>10 THz) plasma-based radiation source. The radiation energy is mainly distributed either in the >10 THz or <3 THz regions. A radial surface current formed by the lateral transport of low-energy electrons (LEE) is believed to be responsible for the radiation in the high-THz region (>10 THz), while high-energy surface fast electrons (SFE) accelerated along the target surface mainly contribute to lower frequency (<3 THz) radiation. The unifying explanation could be applied to backward THz radiation generation from solid targets with presence of relative small preplasmas.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  4. K. Y. Kim, A. J. Taylor, J. H. Glownia, and G. Rodriguez, “Coherent control of terahertz supercontinuum generation in ultrafast laser–gas interactions,” Nat. Photonics 2(10), 605–609 (2008).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  18. X. H. Yuan, Y. T. Li, M. H. Xu, Z. Y. Zheng, Q. Z. Yu, W. X. Liang, Y. Zhang, F. Liu, J. Bernhardt, S. J. Wang, Z. H. Wang, W. J. Ling, Z. Y. Wei, W. Zhao, and J. Zhang, “Effective fast electron acceleration along the target surface,” Opt. Express 16(1), 81–86 (2008).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  21. Z. Jiang and X. C. Zhang, “Electro-optic measurement of THz field pulses with a chirped optical beam,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 72(16), 1945 (1998).
    [Crossref]
  22. X.-Y. Peng, J.-H. Teng, X.-H. Zhang, and Y.-L. Foo, “Distortion analysis of pulsed terahertz signal measured with spectral-encoding technique,” J. Appl. Phys. 108(9), 093112 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  23. A. Nahata, A. S. Weling, and T. F. Heinz, “A wideband coherent terahertz spectroscopy system using optical rectification and electro-optic sampling,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 69(16), 2321 (1996).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  27. M. Chen, Z.-M. Sheng, J. Zheng, Y.-Y. Ma, M. Bari, Y.-T. Li, and J. Zhang, “Surface electron acceleration in relativistic laser-solid interactions,” Opt. Express 14(7), 3093–3098 (2006).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2015 (2)

G. Q. Liao, Y. T. Li, C. Li, L. N. Su, Y. Zheng, M. Liu, W. M. Wang, Z. D. Hu, W. C. Yan, J. Dunn, J. Nilsen, J. Hunter, Y. Liu, X. Wang, L. M. Chen, J. L. Ma, X. Lu, Z. Jin, R. Kodama, Z. M. Sheng, and J. Zhang, “Bursts of terahertz radiation from large-scale plasma irradiated by relativistic picosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 114(25), 255001 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. M. Wang, P. Gibbon, Z. M. Sheng, and Y. T. Li, “Integrated simulation approach for laser-driven fast ignition,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 91(1), 013101 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2014 (1)

2013 (2)

W. J. Ding, Z. M. Sheng, and W. S. Koh, “High-field half-cycle terahertz radiation from relativistic laser interaction with thin solid targets,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(20), 204107 (2013).
[Crossref]

A. Gopal, S. Herzer, A. Schmidt, P. Singh, A. Reinhard, W. Ziegler, D. Brömmel, A. Karmakar, P. Gibbon, U. Dillner, T. May, H.-G. Meyer, and G. G. Paulus, “Observation of gigawatt-class THz pulses from a compact laser-driven particle accelerator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111(7), 074802 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (1)

Y. T. Li, C. Li, M. L. Zhou, W. M. Wang, F. Du, W. J. Ding, X. X. Lin, F. Liu, Z. M. Sheng, X. Y. Peng, L. M. Chen, J. L. Ma, X. L. Dong, Z. H. Wang, Z. Y. Wei, and J. Zhang, “Strong terahertz radiation from relativistic laser interaction with solid density plasmas,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(25), 254101 (2012).

2011 (1)

C. Li, M. L. Zhou, W. J. Ding, F. Du, F. Liu, Y. T. Li, W. M. Wang, Z. M. Sheng, J. L. Ma, L. M. Chen, X. Lu, Q. L. Dong, Z. H. Wang, Z. Lou, S. C. Shi, Z. Y. Wei, and J. Zhang, “Effects of laser-plasma interactions on terahertz radiation from solid targets irradiated by ultrashort intense laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 84(3), 036405 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2010 (2)

X. X. Lin, Y. T. Li, B. C. Liu, F. Liu, F. Du, S. J. Wang, X. Lu, L. M. Chen, L. Zhang, X. Liu, J. Wang, F. Liu, X. L. Liu, Z. H. Wang, J. L. Ma, Z. Y. Wei, and J. Zhang, “Effect of prepulse on fast electron lateral transport at the target surface irradiated by intense femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 82(4), 046401 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X.-Y. Peng, J.-H. Teng, X.-H. Zhang, and Y.-L. Foo, “Distortion analysis of pulsed terahertz signal measured with spectral-encoding technique,” J. Appl. Phys. 108(9), 093112 (2010).
[Crossref]

2008 (3)

X. H. Yuan, Y. T. Li, M. H. Xu, Z. Y. Zheng, Q. Z. Yu, W. X. Liang, Y. Zhang, F. Liu, J. Bernhardt, S. J. Wang, Z. H. Wang, W. J. Ling, Z. Y. Wei, W. Zhao, and J. Zhang, “Effective fast electron acceleration along the target surface,” Opt. Express 16(1), 81–86 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Sagiska, H. Daido, S. Nashima, S. Orimo, K. Ogura, M. Mori, A. Yogo, J. Ma, I. Daito, A. S. Pirozhkov, S. V. Bulanov, T. Zh. Esirhepov, K. Shimizu, and M. Hosoda, “Simultaneous generation of a proton beam and terahertz radiation in high-intensity laser and thin-foil interaction,” Appl. Phys. B 90(3-4), 373–377 (2008).
[Crossref]

K. Y. Kim, A. J. Taylor, J. H. Glownia, and G. Rodriguez, “Coherent control of terahertz supercontinuum generation in ultrafast laser–gas interactions,” Nat. Photonics 2(10), 605–609 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

C. D’Amico, A. Houard, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, A. Couairon, and V. T. Tikhonchuk, “Conical forward THz emission from femtosecond-laser-beam filamentation in air,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(23), 235002 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2006 (3)

H. Habara, K. Adumi, T. Yabuuchi, T. Nakamura, Z. L. Chen, M. Kashihara, R. Kodama, K. Kondo, G. R. Kumar, L. A. Lei, T. Matsuoka, K. Mima, and K. A. Tanaka, “Surface acceleration of fast electrons with relativistic self-focusing in preformed plasma,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(9), 095004 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. T. Li, X. H. Yuan, M. H. Xu, Z. Y. Zheng, Z. M. Sheng, M. Chen, Y. Y. Ma, W. X. Liang, Q. Z. Yu, Y. Zhang, F. Liu, Z. H. Wang, Z. Y. Wei, W. Zhao, Z. Jin, and J. Zhang, “Observation of a fast electron beam emitted along the surface of a target irradiated by intense femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(16), 165003 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Chen, Z.-M. Sheng, J. Zheng, Y.-Y. Ma, M. Bari, Y.-T. Li, and J. Zhang, “Surface electron acceleration in relativistic laser-solid interactions,” Opt. Express 14(7), 3093–3098 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2005 (2)

Z.-M. Sheng, K. Mima, J. Zhang, and H. Sanuki, “Emission of electromagnetic pulses from laser wakefields through linear mode conversion,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(9), 095003 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Löffler, M. Kress, M. Thomson, and H. G. Roskos, “Efficient terahertz pulse generation in laser-induced gas plasmas,” Acta Phys. Pol. A 107, 99–108 (2005).

2004 (1)

R. B. Stephens, R. A. Snavely, Y. Aglitskiy, F. Amiranoff, C. Andersen, D. Batani, S. D. Baton, T. Cowan, R. R. Freeman, T. Hall, S. P. Hatchett, J. M. Hill, M. H. Key, J. A. King, J. A. Koch, M. Koenig, A. J. MacKinnon, K. L. Lancaster, E. Martinolli, P. Norreys, E. Perelli-Cippo, M. Rabec Le Gloahec, C. Rousseaux, J. J. Santos, and F. Scianitti, “K α fluorescence measurement of relativistic electron transport in the context of fast ignition,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 69(6), 066414 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2003 (2)

Ch. Reich, I. Uschmann, F. Ewald, S. Düsterer, A. Lübcke, H. Schwoerer, R. Sauerbrey, E. Förster, and P. Gibbon, “Spatial characteristics of K α x-ray emission from relativistic femtosecond laser plasmas,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 68(5), 056408 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. P. Leemans, C. G. R. Geddes, J. Faure, C. Tóth, J. van Tilborg, C. B. Schroeder, E. Esarey, G. Fubiani, D. Auerbach, B. Marcelis, M. A. Carnahan, R. A. Kaindl, J. Byrd, and M. C. Martin, “Observation of terahertz emission from a laser-plasma accelerated electron bunch crossing a plasma-vacuum boundary,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91(7), 074802 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1998 (1)

Z. Jiang and X. C. Zhang, “Electro-optic measurement of THz field pulses with a chirped optical beam,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 72(16), 1945 (1998).
[Crossref]

1996 (2)

A. Nahata, A. S. Weling, and T. F. Heinz, “A wideband coherent terahertz spectroscopy system using optical rectification and electro-optic sampling,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 69(16), 2321 (1996).
[Crossref]

L. A. Gizzi, D. Giulietti, A. Giulietti, P. Audebert, S. Bastiani, J. P. Geindre, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Simultaneous measurements of hard x-rays and second harmonic emission in fs laser-target interactions,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 76(13), 2278–2281 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1993 (1)

H. Hamster, A. Sullivan, S. Gordon, W. White, and R. W. Falcone, “Subpicosecond, electromagnetic pulses from intense laser-plasma interaction,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71(17), 2725–2728 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Adumi, K.

H. Habara, K. Adumi, T. Yabuuchi, T. Nakamura, Z. L. Chen, M. Kashihara, R. Kodama, K. Kondo, G. R. Kumar, L. A. Lei, T. Matsuoka, K. Mima, and K. A. Tanaka, “Surface acceleration of fast electrons with relativistic self-focusing in preformed plasma,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(9), 095004 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Aglitskiy, Y.

R. B. Stephens, R. A. Snavely, Y. Aglitskiy, F. Amiranoff, C. Andersen, D. Batani, S. D. Baton, T. Cowan, R. R. Freeman, T. Hall, S. P. Hatchett, J. M. Hill, M. H. Key, J. A. King, J. A. Koch, M. Koenig, A. J. MacKinnon, K. L. Lancaster, E. Martinolli, P. Norreys, E. Perelli-Cippo, M. Rabec Le Gloahec, C. Rousseaux, J. J. Santos, and F. Scianitti, “K α fluorescence measurement of relativistic electron transport in the context of fast ignition,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 69(6), 066414 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Amiranoff, F.

R. B. Stephens, R. A. Snavely, Y. Aglitskiy, F. Amiranoff, C. Andersen, D. Batani, S. D. Baton, T. Cowan, R. R. Freeman, T. Hall, S. P. Hatchett, J. M. Hill, M. H. Key, J. A. King, J. A. Koch, M. Koenig, A. J. MacKinnon, K. L. Lancaster, E. Martinolli, P. Norreys, E. Perelli-Cippo, M. Rabec Le Gloahec, C. Rousseaux, J. J. Santos, and F. Scianitti, “K α fluorescence measurement of relativistic electron transport in the context of fast ignition,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 69(6), 066414 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Andersen, C.

R. B. Stephens, R. A. Snavely, Y. Aglitskiy, F. Amiranoff, C. Andersen, D. Batani, S. D. Baton, T. Cowan, R. R. Freeman, T. Hall, S. P. Hatchett, J. M. Hill, M. H. Key, J. A. King, J. A. Koch, M. Koenig, A. J. MacKinnon, K. L. Lancaster, E. Martinolli, P. Norreys, E. Perelli-Cippo, M. Rabec Le Gloahec, C. Rousseaux, J. J. Santos, and F. Scianitti, “K α fluorescence measurement of relativistic electron transport in the context of fast ignition,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 69(6), 066414 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Audebert, P.

L. A. Gizzi, D. Giulietti, A. Giulietti, P. Audebert, S. Bastiani, J. P. Geindre, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Simultaneous measurements of hard x-rays and second harmonic emission in fs laser-target interactions,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 76(13), 2278–2281 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Auerbach, D.

W. P. Leemans, C. G. R. Geddes, J. Faure, C. Tóth, J. van Tilborg, C. B. Schroeder, E. Esarey, G. Fubiani, D. Auerbach, B. Marcelis, M. A. Carnahan, R. A. Kaindl, J. Byrd, and M. C. Martin, “Observation of terahertz emission from a laser-plasma accelerated electron bunch crossing a plasma-vacuum boundary,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91(7), 074802 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bari, M.

Bastiani, S.

L. A. Gizzi, D. Giulietti, A. Giulietti, P. Audebert, S. Bastiani, J. P. Geindre, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Simultaneous measurements of hard x-rays and second harmonic emission in fs laser-target interactions,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 76(13), 2278–2281 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Batani, D.

R. B. Stephens, R. A. Snavely, Y. Aglitskiy, F. Amiranoff, C. Andersen, D. Batani, S. D. Baton, T. Cowan, R. R. Freeman, T. Hall, S. P. Hatchett, J. M. Hill, M. H. Key, J. A. King, J. A. Koch, M. Koenig, A. J. MacKinnon, K. L. Lancaster, E. Martinolli, P. Norreys, E. Perelli-Cippo, M. Rabec Le Gloahec, C. Rousseaux, J. J. Santos, and F. Scianitti, “K α fluorescence measurement of relativistic electron transport in the context of fast ignition,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 69(6), 066414 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Baton, S. D.

R. B. Stephens, R. A. Snavely, Y. Aglitskiy, F. Amiranoff, C. Andersen, D. Batani, S. D. Baton, T. Cowan, R. R. Freeman, T. Hall, S. P. Hatchett, J. M. Hill, M. H. Key, J. A. King, J. A. Koch, M. Koenig, A. J. MacKinnon, K. L. Lancaster, E. Martinolli, P. Norreys, E. Perelli-Cippo, M. Rabec Le Gloahec, C. Rousseaux, J. J. Santos, and F. Scianitti, “K α fluorescence measurement of relativistic electron transport in the context of fast ignition,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 69(6), 066414 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bernhardt, J.

Brömmel, D.

A. Gopal, S. Herzer, A. Schmidt, P. Singh, A. Reinhard, W. Ziegler, D. Brömmel, A. Karmakar, P. Gibbon, U. Dillner, T. May, H.-G. Meyer, and G. G. Paulus, “Observation of gigawatt-class THz pulses from a compact laser-driven particle accelerator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111(7), 074802 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bulanov, S. V.

A. Sagiska, H. Daido, S. Nashima, S. Orimo, K. Ogura, M. Mori, A. Yogo, J. Ma, I. Daito, A. S. Pirozhkov, S. V. Bulanov, T. Zh. Esirhepov, K. Shimizu, and M. Hosoda, “Simultaneous generation of a proton beam and terahertz radiation in high-intensity laser and thin-foil interaction,” Appl. Phys. B 90(3-4), 373–377 (2008).
[Crossref]

Byrd, J.

W. P. Leemans, C. G. R. Geddes, J. Faure, C. Tóth, J. van Tilborg, C. B. Schroeder, E. Esarey, G. Fubiani, D. Auerbach, B. Marcelis, M. A. Carnahan, R. A. Kaindl, J. Byrd, and M. C. Martin, “Observation of terahertz emission from a laser-plasma accelerated electron bunch crossing a plasma-vacuum boundary,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91(7), 074802 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Carnahan, M. A.

W. P. Leemans, C. G. R. Geddes, J. Faure, C. Tóth, J. van Tilborg, C. B. Schroeder, E. Esarey, G. Fubiani, D. Auerbach, B. Marcelis, M. A. Carnahan, R. A. Kaindl, J. Byrd, and M. C. Martin, “Observation of terahertz emission from a laser-plasma accelerated electron bunch crossing a plasma-vacuum boundary,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91(7), 074802 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, L. M.

G. Q. Liao, Y. T. Li, C. Li, L. N. Su, Y. Zheng, M. Liu, W. M. Wang, Z. D. Hu, W. C. Yan, J. Dunn, J. Nilsen, J. Hunter, Y. Liu, X. Wang, L. M. Chen, J. L. Ma, X. Lu, Z. Jin, R. Kodama, Z. M. Sheng, and J. Zhang, “Bursts of terahertz radiation from large-scale plasma irradiated by relativistic picosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 114(25), 255001 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. T. Li, C. Li, M. L. Zhou, W. M. Wang, F. Du, W. J. Ding, X. X. Lin, F. Liu, Z. M. Sheng, X. Y. Peng, L. M. Chen, J. L. Ma, X. L. Dong, Z. H. Wang, Z. Y. Wei, and J. Zhang, “Strong terahertz radiation from relativistic laser interaction with solid density plasmas,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(25), 254101 (2012).

C. Li, M. L. Zhou, W. J. Ding, F. Du, F. Liu, Y. T. Li, W. M. Wang, Z. M. Sheng, J. L. Ma, L. M. Chen, X. Lu, Q. L. Dong, Z. H. Wang, Z. Lou, S. C. Shi, Z. Y. Wei, and J. Zhang, “Effects of laser-plasma interactions on terahertz radiation from solid targets irradiated by ultrashort intense laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 84(3), 036405 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. X. Lin, Y. T. Li, B. C. Liu, F. Liu, F. Du, S. J. Wang, X. Lu, L. M. Chen, L. Zhang, X. Liu, J. Wang, F. Liu, X. L. Liu, Z. H. Wang, J. L. Ma, Z. Y. Wei, and J. Zhang, “Effect of prepulse on fast electron lateral transport at the target surface irradiated by intense femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 82(4), 046401 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, L.-M.

Chen, M.

Y. T. Li, X. H. Yuan, M. H. Xu, Z. Y. Zheng, Z. M. Sheng, M. Chen, Y. Y. Ma, W. X. Liang, Q. Z. Yu, Y. Zhang, F. Liu, Z. H. Wang, Z. Y. Wei, W. Zhao, Z. Jin, and J. Zhang, “Observation of a fast electron beam emitted along the surface of a target irradiated by intense femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(16), 165003 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Chen, Z.-M. Sheng, J. Zheng, Y.-Y. Ma, M. Bari, Y.-T. Li, and J. Zhang, “Surface electron acceleration in relativistic laser-solid interactions,” Opt. Express 14(7), 3093–3098 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, Z. L.

H. Habara, K. Adumi, T. Yabuuchi, T. Nakamura, Z. L. Chen, M. Kashihara, R. Kodama, K. Kondo, G. R. Kumar, L. A. Lei, T. Matsuoka, K. Mima, and K. A. Tanaka, “Surface acceleration of fast electrons with relativistic self-focusing in preformed plasma,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(9), 095004 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Couairon, A.

C. D’Amico, A. Houard, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, A. Couairon, and V. T. Tikhonchuk, “Conical forward THz emission from femtosecond-laser-beam filamentation in air,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(23), 235002 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cowan, T.

R. B. Stephens, R. A. Snavely, Y. Aglitskiy, F. Amiranoff, C. Andersen, D. Batani, S. D. Baton, T. Cowan, R. R. Freeman, T. Hall, S. P. Hatchett, J. M. Hill, M. H. Key, J. A. King, J. A. Koch, M. Koenig, A. J. MacKinnon, K. L. Lancaster, E. Martinolli, P. Norreys, E. Perelli-Cippo, M. Rabec Le Gloahec, C. Rousseaux, J. J. Santos, and F. Scianitti, “K α fluorescence measurement of relativistic electron transport in the context of fast ignition,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 69(6), 066414 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cui, Y.-Q.

D’Amico, C.

C. D’Amico, A. Houard, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, A. Couairon, and V. T. Tikhonchuk, “Conical forward THz emission from femtosecond-laser-beam filamentation in air,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(23), 235002 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Daido, H.

A. Sagiska, H. Daido, S. Nashima, S. Orimo, K. Ogura, M. Mori, A. Yogo, J. Ma, I. Daito, A. S. Pirozhkov, S. V. Bulanov, T. Zh. Esirhepov, K. Shimizu, and M. Hosoda, “Simultaneous generation of a proton beam and terahertz radiation in high-intensity laser and thin-foil interaction,” Appl. Phys. B 90(3-4), 373–377 (2008).
[Crossref]

Daito, I.

A. Sagiska, H. Daido, S. Nashima, S. Orimo, K. Ogura, M. Mori, A. Yogo, J. Ma, I. Daito, A. S. Pirozhkov, S. V. Bulanov, T. Zh. Esirhepov, K. Shimizu, and M. Hosoda, “Simultaneous generation of a proton beam and terahertz radiation in high-intensity laser and thin-foil interaction,” Appl. Phys. B 90(3-4), 373–377 (2008).
[Crossref]

Dillner, U.

A. Gopal, S. Herzer, A. Schmidt, P. Singh, A. Reinhard, W. Ziegler, D. Brömmel, A. Karmakar, P. Gibbon, U. Dillner, T. May, H.-G. Meyer, and G. G. Paulus, “Observation of gigawatt-class THz pulses from a compact laser-driven particle accelerator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111(7), 074802 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ding, W. J.

W. J. Ding, Z. M. Sheng, and W. S. Koh, “High-field half-cycle terahertz radiation from relativistic laser interaction with thin solid targets,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(20), 204107 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. T. Li, C. Li, M. L. Zhou, W. M. Wang, F. Du, W. J. Ding, X. X. Lin, F. Liu, Z. M. Sheng, X. Y. Peng, L. M. Chen, J. L. Ma, X. L. Dong, Z. H. Wang, Z. Y. Wei, and J. Zhang, “Strong terahertz radiation from relativistic laser interaction with solid density plasmas,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(25), 254101 (2012).

C. Li, M. L. Zhou, W. J. Ding, F. Du, F. Liu, Y. T. Li, W. M. Wang, Z. M. Sheng, J. L. Ma, L. M. Chen, X. Lu, Q. L. Dong, Z. H. Wang, Z. Lou, S. C. Shi, Z. Y. Wei, and J. Zhang, “Effects of laser-plasma interactions on terahertz radiation from solid targets irradiated by ultrashort intense laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 84(3), 036405 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dong, Q. L.

C. Li, M. L. Zhou, W. J. Ding, F. Du, F. Liu, Y. T. Li, W. M. Wang, Z. M. Sheng, J. L. Ma, L. M. Chen, X. Lu, Q. L. Dong, Z. H. Wang, Z. Lou, S. C. Shi, Z. Y. Wei, and J. Zhang, “Effects of laser-plasma interactions on terahertz radiation from solid targets irradiated by ultrashort intense laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 84(3), 036405 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dong, X. L.

Y. T. Li, C. Li, M. L. Zhou, W. M. Wang, F. Du, W. J. Ding, X. X. Lin, F. Liu, Z. M. Sheng, X. Y. Peng, L. M. Chen, J. L. Ma, X. L. Dong, Z. H. Wang, Z. Y. Wei, and J. Zhang, “Strong terahertz radiation from relativistic laser interaction with solid density plasmas,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(25), 254101 (2012).

Du, F.

C. Li, Y.-Q. Cui, M.-L. Zhou, F. Du, Y.-T. Li, W.-M. Wang, L.-M. Chen, Z.-M. Sheng, J.-L. Ma, X. Lu, and J. Zhang, “Role of resonance absorption in terahertz radiation generation from solid targets,” Opt. Express 22(10), 11797–11803 (2014).
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Y. T. Li, C. Li, M. L. Zhou, W. M. Wang, F. Du, W. J. Ding, X. X. Lin, F. Liu, Z. M. Sheng, X. Y. Peng, L. M. Chen, J. L. Ma, X. L. Dong, Z. H. Wang, Z. Y. Wei, and J. Zhang, “Strong terahertz radiation from relativistic laser interaction with solid density plasmas,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(25), 254101 (2012).

C. Li, M. L. Zhou, W. J. Ding, F. Du, F. Liu, Y. T. Li, W. M. Wang, Z. M. Sheng, J. L. Ma, L. M. Chen, X. Lu, Q. L. Dong, Z. H. Wang, Z. Lou, S. C. Shi, Z. Y. Wei, and J. Zhang, “Effects of laser-plasma interactions on terahertz radiation from solid targets irradiated by ultrashort intense laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 84(3), 036405 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. X. Lin, Y. T. Li, B. C. Liu, F. Liu, F. Du, S. J. Wang, X. Lu, L. M. Chen, L. Zhang, X. Liu, J. Wang, F. Liu, X. L. Liu, Z. H. Wang, J. L. Ma, Z. Y. Wei, and J. Zhang, “Effect of prepulse on fast electron lateral transport at the target surface irradiated by intense femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 82(4), 046401 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dunn, J.

G. Q. Liao, Y. T. Li, C. Li, L. N. Su, Y. Zheng, M. Liu, W. M. Wang, Z. D. Hu, W. C. Yan, J. Dunn, J. Nilsen, J. Hunter, Y. Liu, X. Wang, L. M. Chen, J. L. Ma, X. Lu, Z. Jin, R. Kodama, Z. M. Sheng, and J. Zhang, “Bursts of terahertz radiation from large-scale plasma irradiated by relativistic picosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 114(25), 255001 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Düsterer, S.

Ch. Reich, I. Uschmann, F. Ewald, S. Düsterer, A. Lübcke, H. Schwoerer, R. Sauerbrey, E. Förster, and P. Gibbon, “Spatial characteristics of K α x-ray emission from relativistic femtosecond laser plasmas,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 68(5), 056408 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Esarey, E.

W. P. Leemans, C. G. R. Geddes, J. Faure, C. Tóth, J. van Tilborg, C. B. Schroeder, E. Esarey, G. Fubiani, D. Auerbach, B. Marcelis, M. A. Carnahan, R. A. Kaindl, J. Byrd, and M. C. Martin, “Observation of terahertz emission from a laser-plasma accelerated electron bunch crossing a plasma-vacuum boundary,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91(7), 074802 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Esirhepov, T. Zh.

A. Sagiska, H. Daido, S. Nashima, S. Orimo, K. Ogura, M. Mori, A. Yogo, J. Ma, I. Daito, A. S. Pirozhkov, S. V. Bulanov, T. Zh. Esirhepov, K. Shimizu, and M. Hosoda, “Simultaneous generation of a proton beam and terahertz radiation in high-intensity laser and thin-foil interaction,” Appl. Phys. B 90(3-4), 373–377 (2008).
[Crossref]

Ewald, F.

Ch. Reich, I. Uschmann, F. Ewald, S. Düsterer, A. Lübcke, H. Schwoerer, R. Sauerbrey, E. Förster, and P. Gibbon, “Spatial characteristics of K α x-ray emission from relativistic femtosecond laser plasmas,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 68(5), 056408 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Falcone, R. W.

H. Hamster, A. Sullivan, S. Gordon, W. White, and R. W. Falcone, “Subpicosecond, electromagnetic pulses from intense laser-plasma interaction,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71(17), 2725–2728 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Faure, J.

W. P. Leemans, C. G. R. Geddes, J. Faure, C. Tóth, J. van Tilborg, C. B. Schroeder, E. Esarey, G. Fubiani, D. Auerbach, B. Marcelis, M. A. Carnahan, R. A. Kaindl, J. Byrd, and M. C. Martin, “Observation of terahertz emission from a laser-plasma accelerated electron bunch crossing a plasma-vacuum boundary,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91(7), 074802 (2003).
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Foo, Y.-L.

X.-Y. Peng, J.-H. Teng, X.-H. Zhang, and Y.-L. Foo, “Distortion analysis of pulsed terahertz signal measured with spectral-encoding technique,” J. Appl. Phys. 108(9), 093112 (2010).
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Förster, E.

Ch. Reich, I. Uschmann, F. Ewald, S. Düsterer, A. Lübcke, H. Schwoerer, R. Sauerbrey, E. Förster, and P. Gibbon, “Spatial characteristics of K α x-ray emission from relativistic femtosecond laser plasmas,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 68(5), 056408 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Franco, M.

C. D’Amico, A. Houard, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, A. Couairon, and V. T. Tikhonchuk, “Conical forward THz emission from femtosecond-laser-beam filamentation in air,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(23), 235002 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Freeman, R. R.

R. B. Stephens, R. A. Snavely, Y. Aglitskiy, F. Amiranoff, C. Andersen, D. Batani, S. D. Baton, T. Cowan, R. R. Freeman, T. Hall, S. P. Hatchett, J. M. Hill, M. H. Key, J. A. King, J. A. Koch, M. Koenig, A. J. MacKinnon, K. L. Lancaster, E. Martinolli, P. Norreys, E. Perelli-Cippo, M. Rabec Le Gloahec, C. Rousseaux, J. J. Santos, and F. Scianitti, “K α fluorescence measurement of relativistic electron transport in the context of fast ignition,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 69(6), 066414 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fubiani, G.

W. P. Leemans, C. G. R. Geddes, J. Faure, C. Tóth, J. van Tilborg, C. B. Schroeder, E. Esarey, G. Fubiani, D. Auerbach, B. Marcelis, M. A. Carnahan, R. A. Kaindl, J. Byrd, and M. C. Martin, “Observation of terahertz emission from a laser-plasma accelerated electron bunch crossing a plasma-vacuum boundary,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91(7), 074802 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Geddes, C. G. R.

W. P. Leemans, C. G. R. Geddes, J. Faure, C. Tóth, J. van Tilborg, C. B. Schroeder, E. Esarey, G. Fubiani, D. Auerbach, B. Marcelis, M. A. Carnahan, R. A. Kaindl, J. Byrd, and M. C. Martin, “Observation of terahertz emission from a laser-plasma accelerated electron bunch crossing a plasma-vacuum boundary,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91(7), 074802 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Geindre, J. P.

L. A. Gizzi, D. Giulietti, A. Giulietti, P. Audebert, S. Bastiani, J. P. Geindre, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Simultaneous measurements of hard x-rays and second harmonic emission in fs laser-target interactions,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 76(13), 2278–2281 (1996).
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Gibbon, P.

W. M. Wang, P. Gibbon, Z. M. Sheng, and Y. T. Li, “Integrated simulation approach for laser-driven fast ignition,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 91(1), 013101 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Gopal, S. Herzer, A. Schmidt, P. Singh, A. Reinhard, W. Ziegler, D. Brömmel, A. Karmakar, P. Gibbon, U. Dillner, T. May, H.-G. Meyer, and G. G. Paulus, “Observation of gigawatt-class THz pulses from a compact laser-driven particle accelerator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111(7), 074802 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ch. Reich, I. Uschmann, F. Ewald, S. Düsterer, A. Lübcke, H. Schwoerer, R. Sauerbrey, E. Förster, and P. Gibbon, “Spatial characteristics of K α x-ray emission from relativistic femtosecond laser plasmas,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 68(5), 056408 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Giulietti, A.

L. A. Gizzi, D. Giulietti, A. Giulietti, P. Audebert, S. Bastiani, J. P. Geindre, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Simultaneous measurements of hard x-rays and second harmonic emission in fs laser-target interactions,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 76(13), 2278–2281 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Giulietti, D.

L. A. Gizzi, D. Giulietti, A. Giulietti, P. Audebert, S. Bastiani, J. P. Geindre, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Simultaneous measurements of hard x-rays and second harmonic emission in fs laser-target interactions,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 76(13), 2278–2281 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gizzi, L. A.

L. A. Gizzi, D. Giulietti, A. Giulietti, P. Audebert, S. Bastiani, J. P. Geindre, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Simultaneous measurements of hard x-rays and second harmonic emission in fs laser-target interactions,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 76(13), 2278–2281 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Glownia, J. H.

K. Y. Kim, A. J. Taylor, J. H. Glownia, and G. Rodriguez, “Coherent control of terahertz supercontinuum generation in ultrafast laser–gas interactions,” Nat. Photonics 2(10), 605–609 (2008).
[Crossref]

Gopal, A.

A. Gopal, S. Herzer, A. Schmidt, P. Singh, A. Reinhard, W. Ziegler, D. Brömmel, A. Karmakar, P. Gibbon, U. Dillner, T. May, H.-G. Meyer, and G. G. Paulus, “Observation of gigawatt-class THz pulses from a compact laser-driven particle accelerator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111(7), 074802 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gordon, S.

H. Hamster, A. Sullivan, S. Gordon, W. White, and R. W. Falcone, “Subpicosecond, electromagnetic pulses from intense laser-plasma interaction,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71(17), 2725–2728 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Habara, H.

H. Habara, K. Adumi, T. Yabuuchi, T. Nakamura, Z. L. Chen, M. Kashihara, R. Kodama, K. Kondo, G. R. Kumar, L. A. Lei, T. Matsuoka, K. Mima, and K. A. Tanaka, “Surface acceleration of fast electrons with relativistic self-focusing in preformed plasma,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(9), 095004 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hall, T.

R. B. Stephens, R. A. Snavely, Y. Aglitskiy, F. Amiranoff, C. Andersen, D. Batani, S. D. Baton, T. Cowan, R. R. Freeman, T. Hall, S. P. Hatchett, J. M. Hill, M. H. Key, J. A. King, J. A. Koch, M. Koenig, A. J. MacKinnon, K. L. Lancaster, E. Martinolli, P. Norreys, E. Perelli-Cippo, M. Rabec Le Gloahec, C. Rousseaux, J. J. Santos, and F. Scianitti, “K α fluorescence measurement of relativistic electron transport in the context of fast ignition,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 69(6), 066414 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hamster, H.

H. Hamster, A. Sullivan, S. Gordon, W. White, and R. W. Falcone, “Subpicosecond, electromagnetic pulses from intense laser-plasma interaction,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71(17), 2725–2728 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hatchett, S. P.

R. B. Stephens, R. A. Snavely, Y. Aglitskiy, F. Amiranoff, C. Andersen, D. Batani, S. D. Baton, T. Cowan, R. R. Freeman, T. Hall, S. P. Hatchett, J. M. Hill, M. H. Key, J. A. King, J. A. Koch, M. Koenig, A. J. MacKinnon, K. L. Lancaster, E. Martinolli, P. Norreys, E. Perelli-Cippo, M. Rabec Le Gloahec, C. Rousseaux, J. J. Santos, and F. Scianitti, “K α fluorescence measurement of relativistic electron transport in the context of fast ignition,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 69(6), 066414 (2004).
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Heinz, T. F.

A. Nahata, A. S. Weling, and T. F. Heinz, “A wideband coherent terahertz spectroscopy system using optical rectification and electro-optic sampling,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 69(16), 2321 (1996).
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Herzer, S.

A. Gopal, S. Herzer, A. Schmidt, P. Singh, A. Reinhard, W. Ziegler, D. Brömmel, A. Karmakar, P. Gibbon, U. Dillner, T. May, H.-G. Meyer, and G. G. Paulus, “Observation of gigawatt-class THz pulses from a compact laser-driven particle accelerator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111(7), 074802 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hill, J. M.

R. B. Stephens, R. A. Snavely, Y. Aglitskiy, F. Amiranoff, C. Andersen, D. Batani, S. D. Baton, T. Cowan, R. R. Freeman, T. Hall, S. P. Hatchett, J. M. Hill, M. H. Key, J. A. King, J. A. Koch, M. Koenig, A. J. MacKinnon, K. L. Lancaster, E. Martinolli, P. Norreys, E. Perelli-Cippo, M. Rabec Le Gloahec, C. Rousseaux, J. J. Santos, and F. Scianitti, “K α fluorescence measurement of relativistic electron transport in the context of fast ignition,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 69(6), 066414 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hosoda, M.

A. Sagiska, H. Daido, S. Nashima, S. Orimo, K. Ogura, M. Mori, A. Yogo, J. Ma, I. Daito, A. S. Pirozhkov, S. V. Bulanov, T. Zh. Esirhepov, K. Shimizu, and M. Hosoda, “Simultaneous generation of a proton beam and terahertz radiation in high-intensity laser and thin-foil interaction,” Appl. Phys. B 90(3-4), 373–377 (2008).
[Crossref]

Houard, A.

C. D’Amico, A. Houard, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, A. Couairon, and V. T. Tikhonchuk, “Conical forward THz emission from femtosecond-laser-beam filamentation in air,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(23), 235002 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hu, Z. D.

G. Q. Liao, Y. T. Li, C. Li, L. N. Su, Y. Zheng, M. Liu, W. M. Wang, Z. D. Hu, W. C. Yan, J. Dunn, J. Nilsen, J. Hunter, Y. Liu, X. Wang, L. M. Chen, J. L. Ma, X. Lu, Z. Jin, R. Kodama, Z. M. Sheng, and J. Zhang, “Bursts of terahertz radiation from large-scale plasma irradiated by relativistic picosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 114(25), 255001 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hunter, J.

G. Q. Liao, Y. T. Li, C. Li, L. N. Su, Y. Zheng, M. Liu, W. M. Wang, Z. D. Hu, W. C. Yan, J. Dunn, J. Nilsen, J. Hunter, Y. Liu, X. Wang, L. M. Chen, J. L. Ma, X. Lu, Z. Jin, R. Kodama, Z. M. Sheng, and J. Zhang, “Bursts of terahertz radiation from large-scale plasma irradiated by relativistic picosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 114(25), 255001 (2015).
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Jiang, Z.

Z. Jiang and X. C. Zhang, “Electro-optic measurement of THz field pulses with a chirped optical beam,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 72(16), 1945 (1998).
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Jin, Z.

G. Q. Liao, Y. T. Li, C. Li, L. N. Su, Y. Zheng, M. Liu, W. M. Wang, Z. D. Hu, W. C. Yan, J. Dunn, J. Nilsen, J. Hunter, Y. Liu, X. Wang, L. M. Chen, J. L. Ma, X. Lu, Z. Jin, R. Kodama, Z. M. Sheng, and J. Zhang, “Bursts of terahertz radiation from large-scale plasma irradiated by relativistic picosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 114(25), 255001 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. T. Li, X. H. Yuan, M. H. Xu, Z. Y. Zheng, Z. M. Sheng, M. Chen, Y. Y. Ma, W. X. Liang, Q. Z. Yu, Y. Zhang, F. Liu, Z. H. Wang, Z. Y. Wei, W. Zhao, Z. Jin, and J. Zhang, “Observation of a fast electron beam emitted along the surface of a target irradiated by intense femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(16), 165003 (2006).
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Kaindl, R. A.

W. P. Leemans, C. G. R. Geddes, J. Faure, C. Tóth, J. van Tilborg, C. B. Schroeder, E. Esarey, G. Fubiani, D. Auerbach, B. Marcelis, M. A. Carnahan, R. A. Kaindl, J. Byrd, and M. C. Martin, “Observation of terahertz emission from a laser-plasma accelerated electron bunch crossing a plasma-vacuum boundary,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91(7), 074802 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Karmakar, A.

A. Gopal, S. Herzer, A. Schmidt, P. Singh, A. Reinhard, W. Ziegler, D. Brömmel, A. Karmakar, P. Gibbon, U. Dillner, T. May, H.-G. Meyer, and G. G. Paulus, “Observation of gigawatt-class THz pulses from a compact laser-driven particle accelerator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111(7), 074802 (2013).
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Kashihara, M.

H. Habara, K. Adumi, T. Yabuuchi, T. Nakamura, Z. L. Chen, M. Kashihara, R. Kodama, K. Kondo, G. R. Kumar, L. A. Lei, T. Matsuoka, K. Mima, and K. A. Tanaka, “Surface acceleration of fast electrons with relativistic self-focusing in preformed plasma,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(9), 095004 (2006).
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Key, M. H.

R. B. Stephens, R. A. Snavely, Y. Aglitskiy, F. Amiranoff, C. Andersen, D. Batani, S. D. Baton, T. Cowan, R. R. Freeman, T. Hall, S. P. Hatchett, J. M. Hill, M. H. Key, J. A. King, J. A. Koch, M. Koenig, A. J. MacKinnon, K. L. Lancaster, E. Martinolli, P. Norreys, E. Perelli-Cippo, M. Rabec Le Gloahec, C. Rousseaux, J. J. Santos, and F. Scianitti, “K α fluorescence measurement of relativistic electron transport in the context of fast ignition,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 69(6), 066414 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, K. Y.

K. Y. Kim, A. J. Taylor, J. H. Glownia, and G. Rodriguez, “Coherent control of terahertz supercontinuum generation in ultrafast laser–gas interactions,” Nat. Photonics 2(10), 605–609 (2008).
[Crossref]

King, J. A.

R. B. Stephens, R. A. Snavely, Y. Aglitskiy, F. Amiranoff, C. Andersen, D. Batani, S. D. Baton, T. Cowan, R. R. Freeman, T. Hall, S. P. Hatchett, J. M. Hill, M. H. Key, J. A. King, J. A. Koch, M. Koenig, A. J. MacKinnon, K. L. Lancaster, E. Martinolli, P. Norreys, E. Perelli-Cippo, M. Rabec Le Gloahec, C. Rousseaux, J. J. Santos, and F. Scianitti, “K α fluorescence measurement of relativistic electron transport in the context of fast ignition,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 69(6), 066414 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Koch, J. A.

R. B. Stephens, R. A. Snavely, Y. Aglitskiy, F. Amiranoff, C. Andersen, D. Batani, S. D. Baton, T. Cowan, R. R. Freeman, T. Hall, S. P. Hatchett, J. M. Hill, M. H. Key, J. A. King, J. A. Koch, M. Koenig, A. J. MacKinnon, K. L. Lancaster, E. Martinolli, P. Norreys, E. Perelli-Cippo, M. Rabec Le Gloahec, C. Rousseaux, J. J. Santos, and F. Scianitti, “K α fluorescence measurement of relativistic electron transport in the context of fast ignition,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 69(6), 066414 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kodama, R.

G. Q. Liao, Y. T. Li, C. Li, L. N. Su, Y. Zheng, M. Liu, W. M. Wang, Z. D. Hu, W. C. Yan, J. Dunn, J. Nilsen, J. Hunter, Y. Liu, X. Wang, L. M. Chen, J. L. Ma, X. Lu, Z. Jin, R. Kodama, Z. M. Sheng, and J. Zhang, “Bursts of terahertz radiation from large-scale plasma irradiated by relativistic picosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 114(25), 255001 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Habara, K. Adumi, T. Yabuuchi, T. Nakamura, Z. L. Chen, M. Kashihara, R. Kodama, K. Kondo, G. R. Kumar, L. A. Lei, T. Matsuoka, K. Mima, and K. A. Tanaka, “Surface acceleration of fast electrons with relativistic self-focusing in preformed plasma,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(9), 095004 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Koenig, M.

R. B. Stephens, R. A. Snavely, Y. Aglitskiy, F. Amiranoff, C. Andersen, D. Batani, S. D. Baton, T. Cowan, R. R. Freeman, T. Hall, S. P. Hatchett, J. M. Hill, M. H. Key, J. A. King, J. A. Koch, M. Koenig, A. J. MacKinnon, K. L. Lancaster, E. Martinolli, P. Norreys, E. Perelli-Cippo, M. Rabec Le Gloahec, C. Rousseaux, J. J. Santos, and F. Scianitti, “K α fluorescence measurement of relativistic electron transport in the context of fast ignition,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 69(6), 066414 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Koh, W. S.

W. J. Ding, Z. M. Sheng, and W. S. Koh, “High-field half-cycle terahertz radiation from relativistic laser interaction with thin solid targets,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(20), 204107 (2013).
[Crossref]

Kondo, K.

H. Habara, K. Adumi, T. Yabuuchi, T. Nakamura, Z. L. Chen, M. Kashihara, R. Kodama, K. Kondo, G. R. Kumar, L. A. Lei, T. Matsuoka, K. Mima, and K. A. Tanaka, “Surface acceleration of fast electrons with relativistic self-focusing in preformed plasma,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(9), 095004 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kress, M.

T. Löffler, M. Kress, M. Thomson, and H. G. Roskos, “Efficient terahertz pulse generation in laser-induced gas plasmas,” Acta Phys. Pol. A 107, 99–108 (2005).

Kumar, G. R.

H. Habara, K. Adumi, T. Yabuuchi, T. Nakamura, Z. L. Chen, M. Kashihara, R. Kodama, K. Kondo, G. R. Kumar, L. A. Lei, T. Matsuoka, K. Mima, and K. A. Tanaka, “Surface acceleration of fast electrons with relativistic self-focusing in preformed plasma,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(9), 095004 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lancaster, K. L.

R. B. Stephens, R. A. Snavely, Y. Aglitskiy, F. Amiranoff, C. Andersen, D. Batani, S. D. Baton, T. Cowan, R. R. Freeman, T. Hall, S. P. Hatchett, J. M. Hill, M. H. Key, J. A. King, J. A. Koch, M. Koenig, A. J. MacKinnon, K. L. Lancaster, E. Martinolli, P. Norreys, E. Perelli-Cippo, M. Rabec Le Gloahec, C. Rousseaux, J. J. Santos, and F. Scianitti, “K α fluorescence measurement of relativistic electron transport in the context of fast ignition,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 69(6), 066414 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Leemans, W. P.

W. P. Leemans, C. G. R. Geddes, J. Faure, C. Tóth, J. van Tilborg, C. B. Schroeder, E. Esarey, G. Fubiani, D. Auerbach, B. Marcelis, M. A. Carnahan, R. A. Kaindl, J. Byrd, and M. C. Martin, “Observation of terahertz emission from a laser-plasma accelerated electron bunch crossing a plasma-vacuum boundary,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91(7), 074802 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lei, L. A.

H. Habara, K. Adumi, T. Yabuuchi, T. Nakamura, Z. L. Chen, M. Kashihara, R. Kodama, K. Kondo, G. R. Kumar, L. A. Lei, T. Matsuoka, K. Mima, and K. A. Tanaka, “Surface acceleration of fast electrons with relativistic self-focusing in preformed plasma,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(9), 095004 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, C.

G. Q. Liao, Y. T. Li, C. Li, L. N. Su, Y. Zheng, M. Liu, W. M. Wang, Z. D. Hu, W. C. Yan, J. Dunn, J. Nilsen, J. Hunter, Y. Liu, X. Wang, L. M. Chen, J. L. Ma, X. Lu, Z. Jin, R. Kodama, Z. M. Sheng, and J. Zhang, “Bursts of terahertz radiation from large-scale plasma irradiated by relativistic picosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 114(25), 255001 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Li, Y.-Q. Cui, M.-L. Zhou, F. Du, Y.-T. Li, W.-M. Wang, L.-M. Chen, Z.-M. Sheng, J.-L. Ma, X. Lu, and J. Zhang, “Role of resonance absorption in terahertz radiation generation from solid targets,” Opt. Express 22(10), 11797–11803 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. T. Li, C. Li, M. L. Zhou, W. M. Wang, F. Du, W. J. Ding, X. X. Lin, F. Liu, Z. M. Sheng, X. Y. Peng, L. M. Chen, J. L. Ma, X. L. Dong, Z. H. Wang, Z. Y. Wei, and J. Zhang, “Strong terahertz radiation from relativistic laser interaction with solid density plasmas,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(25), 254101 (2012).

C. Li, M. L. Zhou, W. J. Ding, F. Du, F. Liu, Y. T. Li, W. M. Wang, Z. M. Sheng, J. L. Ma, L. M. Chen, X. Lu, Q. L. Dong, Z. H. Wang, Z. Lou, S. C. Shi, Z. Y. Wei, and J. Zhang, “Effects of laser-plasma interactions on terahertz radiation from solid targets irradiated by ultrashort intense laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 84(3), 036405 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, Y. T.

G. Q. Liao, Y. T. Li, C. Li, L. N. Su, Y. Zheng, M. Liu, W. M. Wang, Z. D. Hu, W. C. Yan, J. Dunn, J. Nilsen, J. Hunter, Y. Liu, X. Wang, L. M. Chen, J. L. Ma, X. Lu, Z. Jin, R. Kodama, Z. M. Sheng, and J. Zhang, “Bursts of terahertz radiation from large-scale plasma irradiated by relativistic picosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 114(25), 255001 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. M. Wang, P. Gibbon, Z. M. Sheng, and Y. T. Li, “Integrated simulation approach for laser-driven fast ignition,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 91(1), 013101 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. T. Li, C. Li, M. L. Zhou, W. M. Wang, F. Du, W. J. Ding, X. X. Lin, F. Liu, Z. M. Sheng, X. Y. Peng, L. M. Chen, J. L. Ma, X. L. Dong, Z. H. Wang, Z. Y. Wei, and J. Zhang, “Strong terahertz radiation from relativistic laser interaction with solid density plasmas,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(25), 254101 (2012).

C. Li, M. L. Zhou, W. J. Ding, F. Du, F. Liu, Y. T. Li, W. M. Wang, Z. M. Sheng, J. L. Ma, L. M. Chen, X. Lu, Q. L. Dong, Z. H. Wang, Z. Lou, S. C. Shi, Z. Y. Wei, and J. Zhang, “Effects of laser-plasma interactions on terahertz radiation from solid targets irradiated by ultrashort intense laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 84(3), 036405 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. X. Lin, Y. T. Li, B. C. Liu, F. Liu, F. Du, S. J. Wang, X. Lu, L. M. Chen, L. Zhang, X. Liu, J. Wang, F. Liu, X. L. Liu, Z. H. Wang, J. L. Ma, Z. Y. Wei, and J. Zhang, “Effect of prepulse on fast electron lateral transport at the target surface irradiated by intense femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 82(4), 046401 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. H. Yuan, Y. T. Li, M. H. Xu, Z. Y. Zheng, Q. Z. Yu, W. X. Liang, Y. Zhang, F. Liu, J. Bernhardt, S. J. Wang, Z. H. Wang, W. J. Ling, Z. Y. Wei, W. Zhao, and J. Zhang, “Effective fast electron acceleration along the target surface,” Opt. Express 16(1), 81–86 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. T. Li, X. H. Yuan, M. H. Xu, Z. Y. Zheng, Z. M. Sheng, M. Chen, Y. Y. Ma, W. X. Liang, Q. Z. Yu, Y. Zhang, F. Liu, Z. H. Wang, Z. Y. Wei, W. Zhao, Z. Jin, and J. Zhang, “Observation of a fast electron beam emitted along the surface of a target irradiated by intense femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(16), 165003 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, Y.-T.

Liang, W. X.

X. H. Yuan, Y. T. Li, M. H. Xu, Z. Y. Zheng, Q. Z. Yu, W. X. Liang, Y. Zhang, F. Liu, J. Bernhardt, S. J. Wang, Z. H. Wang, W. J. Ling, Z. Y. Wei, W. Zhao, and J. Zhang, “Effective fast electron acceleration along the target surface,” Opt. Express 16(1), 81–86 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. T. Li, X. H. Yuan, M. H. Xu, Z. Y. Zheng, Z. M. Sheng, M. Chen, Y. Y. Ma, W. X. Liang, Q. Z. Yu, Y. Zhang, F. Liu, Z. H. Wang, Z. Y. Wei, W. Zhao, Z. Jin, and J. Zhang, “Observation of a fast electron beam emitted along the surface of a target irradiated by intense femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(16), 165003 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liao, G. Q.

G. Q. Liao, Y. T. Li, C. Li, L. N. Su, Y. Zheng, M. Liu, W. M. Wang, Z. D. Hu, W. C. Yan, J. Dunn, J. Nilsen, J. Hunter, Y. Liu, X. Wang, L. M. Chen, J. L. Ma, X. Lu, Z. Jin, R. Kodama, Z. M. Sheng, and J. Zhang, “Bursts of terahertz radiation from large-scale plasma irradiated by relativistic picosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 114(25), 255001 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lin, X. X.

Y. T. Li, C. Li, M. L. Zhou, W. M. Wang, F. Du, W. J. Ding, X. X. Lin, F. Liu, Z. M. Sheng, X. Y. Peng, L. M. Chen, J. L. Ma, X. L. Dong, Z. H. Wang, Z. Y. Wei, and J. Zhang, “Strong terahertz radiation from relativistic laser interaction with solid density plasmas,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(25), 254101 (2012).

X. X. Lin, Y. T. Li, B. C. Liu, F. Liu, F. Du, S. J. Wang, X. Lu, L. M. Chen, L. Zhang, X. Liu, J. Wang, F. Liu, X. L. Liu, Z. H. Wang, J. L. Ma, Z. Y. Wei, and J. Zhang, “Effect of prepulse on fast electron lateral transport at the target surface irradiated by intense femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 82(4), 046401 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ling, W. J.

Liu, B. C.

X. X. Lin, Y. T. Li, B. C. Liu, F. Liu, F. Du, S. J. Wang, X. Lu, L. M. Chen, L. Zhang, X. Liu, J. Wang, F. Liu, X. L. Liu, Z. H. Wang, J. L. Ma, Z. Y. Wei, and J. Zhang, “Effect of prepulse on fast electron lateral transport at the target surface irradiated by intense femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 82(4), 046401 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, F.

Y. T. Li, C. Li, M. L. Zhou, W. M. Wang, F. Du, W. J. Ding, X. X. Lin, F. Liu, Z. M. Sheng, X. Y. Peng, L. M. Chen, J. L. Ma, X. L. Dong, Z. H. Wang, Z. Y. Wei, and J. Zhang, “Strong terahertz radiation from relativistic laser interaction with solid density plasmas,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(25), 254101 (2012).

C. Li, M. L. Zhou, W. J. Ding, F. Du, F. Liu, Y. T. Li, W. M. Wang, Z. M. Sheng, J. L. Ma, L. M. Chen, X. Lu, Q. L. Dong, Z. H. Wang, Z. Lou, S. C. Shi, Z. Y. Wei, and J. Zhang, “Effects of laser-plasma interactions on terahertz radiation from solid targets irradiated by ultrashort intense laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 84(3), 036405 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. X. Lin, Y. T. Li, B. C. Liu, F. Liu, F. Du, S. J. Wang, X. Lu, L. M. Chen, L. Zhang, X. Liu, J. Wang, F. Liu, X. L. Liu, Z. H. Wang, J. L. Ma, Z. Y. Wei, and J. Zhang, “Effect of prepulse on fast electron lateral transport at the target surface irradiated by intense femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 82(4), 046401 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. X. Lin, Y. T. Li, B. C. Liu, F. Liu, F. Du, S. J. Wang, X. Lu, L. M. Chen, L. Zhang, X. Liu, J. Wang, F. Liu, X. L. Liu, Z. H. Wang, J. L. Ma, Z. Y. Wei, and J. Zhang, “Effect of prepulse on fast electron lateral transport at the target surface irradiated by intense femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 82(4), 046401 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. H. Yuan, Y. T. Li, M. H. Xu, Z. Y. Zheng, Q. Z. Yu, W. X. Liang, Y. Zhang, F. Liu, J. Bernhardt, S. J. Wang, Z. H. Wang, W. J. Ling, Z. Y. Wei, W. Zhao, and J. Zhang, “Effective fast electron acceleration along the target surface,” Opt. Express 16(1), 81–86 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. T. Li, X. H. Yuan, M. H. Xu, Z. Y. Zheng, Z. M. Sheng, M. Chen, Y. Y. Ma, W. X. Liang, Q. Z. Yu, Y. Zhang, F. Liu, Z. H. Wang, Z. Y. Wei, W. Zhao, Z. Jin, and J. Zhang, “Observation of a fast electron beam emitted along the surface of a target irradiated by intense femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(16), 165003 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, M.

G. Q. Liao, Y. T. Li, C. Li, L. N. Su, Y. Zheng, M. Liu, W. M. Wang, Z. D. Hu, W. C. Yan, J. Dunn, J. Nilsen, J. Hunter, Y. Liu, X. Wang, L. M. Chen, J. L. Ma, X. Lu, Z. Jin, R. Kodama, Z. M. Sheng, and J. Zhang, “Bursts of terahertz radiation from large-scale plasma irradiated by relativistic picosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 114(25), 255001 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, X.

X. X. Lin, Y. T. Li, B. C. Liu, F. Liu, F. Du, S. J. Wang, X. Lu, L. M. Chen, L. Zhang, X. Liu, J. Wang, F. Liu, X. L. Liu, Z. H. Wang, J. L. Ma, Z. Y. Wei, and J. Zhang, “Effect of prepulse on fast electron lateral transport at the target surface irradiated by intense femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 82(4), 046401 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, X. L.

X. X. Lin, Y. T. Li, B. C. Liu, F. Liu, F. Du, S. J. Wang, X. Lu, L. M. Chen, L. Zhang, X. Liu, J. Wang, F. Liu, X. L. Liu, Z. H. Wang, J. L. Ma, Z. Y. Wei, and J. Zhang, “Effect of prepulse on fast electron lateral transport at the target surface irradiated by intense femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 82(4), 046401 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, Y.

G. Q. Liao, Y. T. Li, C. Li, L. N. Su, Y. Zheng, M. Liu, W. M. Wang, Z. D. Hu, W. C. Yan, J. Dunn, J. Nilsen, J. Hunter, Y. Liu, X. Wang, L. M. Chen, J. L. Ma, X. Lu, Z. Jin, R. Kodama, Z. M. Sheng, and J. Zhang, “Bursts of terahertz radiation from large-scale plasma irradiated by relativistic picosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 114(25), 255001 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Löffler, T.

T. Löffler, M. Kress, M. Thomson, and H. G. Roskos, “Efficient terahertz pulse generation in laser-induced gas plasmas,” Acta Phys. Pol. A 107, 99–108 (2005).

Lou, Z.

C. Li, M. L. Zhou, W. J. Ding, F. Du, F. Liu, Y. T. Li, W. M. Wang, Z. M. Sheng, J. L. Ma, L. M. Chen, X. Lu, Q. L. Dong, Z. H. Wang, Z. Lou, S. C. Shi, Z. Y. Wei, and J. Zhang, “Effects of laser-plasma interactions on terahertz radiation from solid targets irradiated by ultrashort intense laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 84(3), 036405 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lu, X.

G. Q. Liao, Y. T. Li, C. Li, L. N. Su, Y. Zheng, M. Liu, W. M. Wang, Z. D. Hu, W. C. Yan, J. Dunn, J. Nilsen, J. Hunter, Y. Liu, X. Wang, L. M. Chen, J. L. Ma, X. Lu, Z. Jin, R. Kodama, Z. M. Sheng, and J. Zhang, “Bursts of terahertz radiation from large-scale plasma irradiated by relativistic picosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 114(25), 255001 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Li, Y.-Q. Cui, M.-L. Zhou, F. Du, Y.-T. Li, W.-M. Wang, L.-M. Chen, Z.-M. Sheng, J.-L. Ma, X. Lu, and J. Zhang, “Role of resonance absorption in terahertz radiation generation from solid targets,” Opt. Express 22(10), 11797–11803 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Li, M. L. Zhou, W. J. Ding, F. Du, F. Liu, Y. T. Li, W. M. Wang, Z. M. Sheng, J. L. Ma, L. M. Chen, X. Lu, Q. L. Dong, Z. H. Wang, Z. Lou, S. C. Shi, Z. Y. Wei, and J. Zhang, “Effects of laser-plasma interactions on terahertz radiation from solid targets irradiated by ultrashort intense laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 84(3), 036405 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. X. Lin, Y. T. Li, B. C. Liu, F. Liu, F. Du, S. J. Wang, X. Lu, L. M. Chen, L. Zhang, X. Liu, J. Wang, F. Liu, X. L. Liu, Z. H. Wang, J. L. Ma, Z. Y. Wei, and J. Zhang, “Effect of prepulse on fast electron lateral transport at the target surface irradiated by intense femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 82(4), 046401 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lübcke, A.

Ch. Reich, I. Uschmann, F. Ewald, S. Düsterer, A. Lübcke, H. Schwoerer, R. Sauerbrey, E. Förster, and P. Gibbon, “Spatial characteristics of K α x-ray emission from relativistic femtosecond laser plasmas,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 68(5), 056408 (2003).
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Ma, J.

A. Sagiska, H. Daido, S. Nashima, S. Orimo, K. Ogura, M. Mori, A. Yogo, J. Ma, I. Daito, A. S. Pirozhkov, S. V. Bulanov, T. Zh. Esirhepov, K. Shimizu, and M. Hosoda, “Simultaneous generation of a proton beam and terahertz radiation in high-intensity laser and thin-foil interaction,” Appl. Phys. B 90(3-4), 373–377 (2008).
[Crossref]

Ma, J. L.

G. Q. Liao, Y. T. Li, C. Li, L. N. Su, Y. Zheng, M. Liu, W. M. Wang, Z. D. Hu, W. C. Yan, J. Dunn, J. Nilsen, J. Hunter, Y. Liu, X. Wang, L. M. Chen, J. L. Ma, X. Lu, Z. Jin, R. Kodama, Z. M. Sheng, and J. Zhang, “Bursts of terahertz radiation from large-scale plasma irradiated by relativistic picosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 114(25), 255001 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. T. Li, C. Li, M. L. Zhou, W. M. Wang, F. Du, W. J. Ding, X. X. Lin, F. Liu, Z. M. Sheng, X. Y. Peng, L. M. Chen, J. L. Ma, X. L. Dong, Z. H. Wang, Z. Y. Wei, and J. Zhang, “Strong terahertz radiation from relativistic laser interaction with solid density plasmas,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(25), 254101 (2012).

C. Li, M. L. Zhou, W. J. Ding, F. Du, F. Liu, Y. T. Li, W. M. Wang, Z. M. Sheng, J. L. Ma, L. M. Chen, X. Lu, Q. L. Dong, Z. H. Wang, Z. Lou, S. C. Shi, Z. Y. Wei, and J. Zhang, “Effects of laser-plasma interactions on terahertz radiation from solid targets irradiated by ultrashort intense laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 84(3), 036405 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. X. Lin, Y. T. Li, B. C. Liu, F. Liu, F. Du, S. J. Wang, X. Lu, L. M. Chen, L. Zhang, X. Liu, J. Wang, F. Liu, X. L. Liu, Z. H. Wang, J. L. Ma, Z. Y. Wei, and J. Zhang, “Effect of prepulse on fast electron lateral transport at the target surface irradiated by intense femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 82(4), 046401 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ma, J.-L.

Ma, Y. Y.

Y. T. Li, X. H. Yuan, M. H. Xu, Z. Y. Zheng, Z. M. Sheng, M. Chen, Y. Y. Ma, W. X. Liang, Q. Z. Yu, Y. Zhang, F. Liu, Z. H. Wang, Z. Y. Wei, W. Zhao, Z. Jin, and J. Zhang, “Observation of a fast electron beam emitted along the surface of a target irradiated by intense femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(16), 165003 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ma, Y.-Y.

MacKinnon, A. J.

R. B. Stephens, R. A. Snavely, Y. Aglitskiy, F. Amiranoff, C. Andersen, D. Batani, S. D. Baton, T. Cowan, R. R. Freeman, T. Hall, S. P. Hatchett, J. M. Hill, M. H. Key, J. A. King, J. A. Koch, M. Koenig, A. J. MacKinnon, K. L. Lancaster, E. Martinolli, P. Norreys, E. Perelli-Cippo, M. Rabec Le Gloahec, C. Rousseaux, J. J. Santos, and F. Scianitti, “K α fluorescence measurement of relativistic electron transport in the context of fast ignition,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 69(6), 066414 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Marcelis, B.

W. P. Leemans, C. G. R. Geddes, J. Faure, C. Tóth, J. van Tilborg, C. B. Schroeder, E. Esarey, G. Fubiani, D. Auerbach, B. Marcelis, M. A. Carnahan, R. A. Kaindl, J. Byrd, and M. C. Martin, “Observation of terahertz emission from a laser-plasma accelerated electron bunch crossing a plasma-vacuum boundary,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91(7), 074802 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Martin, M. C.

W. P. Leemans, C. G. R. Geddes, J. Faure, C. Tóth, J. van Tilborg, C. B. Schroeder, E. Esarey, G. Fubiani, D. Auerbach, B. Marcelis, M. A. Carnahan, R. A. Kaindl, J. Byrd, and M. C. Martin, “Observation of terahertz emission from a laser-plasma accelerated electron bunch crossing a plasma-vacuum boundary,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91(7), 074802 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Martinolli, E.

R. B. Stephens, R. A. Snavely, Y. Aglitskiy, F. Amiranoff, C. Andersen, D. Batani, S. D. Baton, T. Cowan, R. R. Freeman, T. Hall, S. P. Hatchett, J. M. Hill, M. H. Key, J. A. King, J. A. Koch, M. Koenig, A. J. MacKinnon, K. L. Lancaster, E. Martinolli, P. Norreys, E. Perelli-Cippo, M. Rabec Le Gloahec, C. Rousseaux, J. J. Santos, and F. Scianitti, “K α fluorescence measurement of relativistic electron transport in the context of fast ignition,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 69(6), 066414 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Matsuoka, T.

H. Habara, K. Adumi, T. Yabuuchi, T. Nakamura, Z. L. Chen, M. Kashihara, R. Kodama, K. Kondo, G. R. Kumar, L. A. Lei, T. Matsuoka, K. Mima, and K. A. Tanaka, “Surface acceleration of fast electrons with relativistic self-focusing in preformed plasma,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(9), 095004 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

May, T.

A. Gopal, S. Herzer, A. Schmidt, P. Singh, A. Reinhard, W. Ziegler, D. Brömmel, A. Karmakar, P. Gibbon, U. Dillner, T. May, H.-G. Meyer, and G. G. Paulus, “Observation of gigawatt-class THz pulses from a compact laser-driven particle accelerator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111(7), 074802 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Meyer, H.-G.

A. Gopal, S. Herzer, A. Schmidt, P. Singh, A. Reinhard, W. Ziegler, D. Brömmel, A. Karmakar, P. Gibbon, U. Dillner, T. May, H.-G. Meyer, and G. G. Paulus, “Observation of gigawatt-class THz pulses from a compact laser-driven particle accelerator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111(7), 074802 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mima, K.

H. Habara, K. Adumi, T. Yabuuchi, T. Nakamura, Z. L. Chen, M. Kashihara, R. Kodama, K. Kondo, G. R. Kumar, L. A. Lei, T. Matsuoka, K. Mima, and K. A. Tanaka, “Surface acceleration of fast electrons with relativistic self-focusing in preformed plasma,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(9), 095004 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z.-M. Sheng, K. Mima, J. Zhang, and H. Sanuki, “Emission of electromagnetic pulses from laser wakefields through linear mode conversion,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(9), 095003 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mori, M.

A. Sagiska, H. Daido, S. Nashima, S. Orimo, K. Ogura, M. Mori, A. Yogo, J. Ma, I. Daito, A. S. Pirozhkov, S. V. Bulanov, T. Zh. Esirhepov, K. Shimizu, and M. Hosoda, “Simultaneous generation of a proton beam and terahertz radiation in high-intensity laser and thin-foil interaction,” Appl. Phys. B 90(3-4), 373–377 (2008).
[Crossref]

Mysyrowicz, A.

C. D’Amico, A. Houard, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, A. Couairon, and V. T. Tikhonchuk, “Conical forward THz emission from femtosecond-laser-beam filamentation in air,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(23), 235002 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. A. Gizzi, D. Giulietti, A. Giulietti, P. Audebert, S. Bastiani, J. P. Geindre, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Simultaneous measurements of hard x-rays and second harmonic emission in fs laser-target interactions,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 76(13), 2278–2281 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nahata, A.

A. Nahata, A. S. Weling, and T. F. Heinz, “A wideband coherent terahertz spectroscopy system using optical rectification and electro-optic sampling,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 69(16), 2321 (1996).
[Crossref]

Nakamura, T.

H. Habara, K. Adumi, T. Yabuuchi, T. Nakamura, Z. L. Chen, M. Kashihara, R. Kodama, K. Kondo, G. R. Kumar, L. A. Lei, T. Matsuoka, K. Mima, and K. A. Tanaka, “Surface acceleration of fast electrons with relativistic self-focusing in preformed plasma,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(9), 095004 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nashima, S.

A. Sagiska, H. Daido, S. Nashima, S. Orimo, K. Ogura, M. Mori, A. Yogo, J. Ma, I. Daito, A. S. Pirozhkov, S. V. Bulanov, T. Zh. Esirhepov, K. Shimizu, and M. Hosoda, “Simultaneous generation of a proton beam and terahertz radiation in high-intensity laser and thin-foil interaction,” Appl. Phys. B 90(3-4), 373–377 (2008).
[Crossref]

Nilsen, J.

G. Q. Liao, Y. T. Li, C. Li, L. N. Su, Y. Zheng, M. Liu, W. M. Wang, Z. D. Hu, W. C. Yan, J. Dunn, J. Nilsen, J. Hunter, Y. Liu, X. Wang, L. M. Chen, J. L. Ma, X. Lu, Z. Jin, R. Kodama, Z. M. Sheng, and J. Zhang, “Bursts of terahertz radiation from large-scale plasma irradiated by relativistic picosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 114(25), 255001 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Norreys, P.

R. B. Stephens, R. A. Snavely, Y. Aglitskiy, F. Amiranoff, C. Andersen, D. Batani, S. D. Baton, T. Cowan, R. R. Freeman, T. Hall, S. P. Hatchett, J. M. Hill, M. H. Key, J. A. King, J. A. Koch, M. Koenig, A. J. MacKinnon, K. L. Lancaster, E. Martinolli, P. Norreys, E. Perelli-Cippo, M. Rabec Le Gloahec, C. Rousseaux, J. J. Santos, and F. Scianitti, “K α fluorescence measurement of relativistic electron transport in the context of fast ignition,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 69(6), 066414 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ogura, K.

A. Sagiska, H. Daido, S. Nashima, S. Orimo, K. Ogura, M. Mori, A. Yogo, J. Ma, I. Daito, A. S. Pirozhkov, S. V. Bulanov, T. Zh. Esirhepov, K. Shimizu, and M. Hosoda, “Simultaneous generation of a proton beam and terahertz radiation in high-intensity laser and thin-foil interaction,” Appl. Phys. B 90(3-4), 373–377 (2008).
[Crossref]

Orimo, S.

A. Sagiska, H. Daido, S. Nashima, S. Orimo, K. Ogura, M. Mori, A. Yogo, J. Ma, I. Daito, A. S. Pirozhkov, S. V. Bulanov, T. Zh. Esirhepov, K. Shimizu, and M. Hosoda, “Simultaneous generation of a proton beam and terahertz radiation in high-intensity laser and thin-foil interaction,” Appl. Phys. B 90(3-4), 373–377 (2008).
[Crossref]

Paulus, G. G.

A. Gopal, S. Herzer, A. Schmidt, P. Singh, A. Reinhard, W. Ziegler, D. Brömmel, A. Karmakar, P. Gibbon, U. Dillner, T. May, H.-G. Meyer, and G. G. Paulus, “Observation of gigawatt-class THz pulses from a compact laser-driven particle accelerator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111(7), 074802 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Peng, X. Y.

Y. T. Li, C. Li, M. L. Zhou, W. M. Wang, F. Du, W. J. Ding, X. X. Lin, F. Liu, Z. M. Sheng, X. Y. Peng, L. M. Chen, J. L. Ma, X. L. Dong, Z. H. Wang, Z. Y. Wei, and J. Zhang, “Strong terahertz radiation from relativistic laser interaction with solid density plasmas,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(25), 254101 (2012).

Peng, X.-Y.

X.-Y. Peng, J.-H. Teng, X.-H. Zhang, and Y.-L. Foo, “Distortion analysis of pulsed terahertz signal measured with spectral-encoding technique,” J. Appl. Phys. 108(9), 093112 (2010).
[Crossref]

Perelli-Cippo, E.

R. B. Stephens, R. A. Snavely, Y. Aglitskiy, F. Amiranoff, C. Andersen, D. Batani, S. D. Baton, T. Cowan, R. R. Freeman, T. Hall, S. P. Hatchett, J. M. Hill, M. H. Key, J. A. King, J. A. Koch, M. Koenig, A. J. MacKinnon, K. L. Lancaster, E. Martinolli, P. Norreys, E. Perelli-Cippo, M. Rabec Le Gloahec, C. Rousseaux, J. J. Santos, and F. Scianitti, “K α fluorescence measurement of relativistic electron transport in the context of fast ignition,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 69(6), 066414 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pirozhkov, A. S.

A. Sagiska, H. Daido, S. Nashima, S. Orimo, K. Ogura, M. Mori, A. Yogo, J. Ma, I. Daito, A. S. Pirozhkov, S. V. Bulanov, T. Zh. Esirhepov, K. Shimizu, and M. Hosoda, “Simultaneous generation of a proton beam and terahertz radiation in high-intensity laser and thin-foil interaction,” Appl. Phys. B 90(3-4), 373–377 (2008).
[Crossref]

Prade, B.

C. D’Amico, A. Houard, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, A. Couairon, and V. T. Tikhonchuk, “Conical forward THz emission from femtosecond-laser-beam filamentation in air,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(23), 235002 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rabec Le Gloahec, M.

R. B. Stephens, R. A. Snavely, Y. Aglitskiy, F. Amiranoff, C. Andersen, D. Batani, S. D. Baton, T. Cowan, R. R. Freeman, T. Hall, S. P. Hatchett, J. M. Hill, M. H. Key, J. A. King, J. A. Koch, M. Koenig, A. J. MacKinnon, K. L. Lancaster, E. Martinolli, P. Norreys, E. Perelli-Cippo, M. Rabec Le Gloahec, C. Rousseaux, J. J. Santos, and F. Scianitti, “K α fluorescence measurement of relativistic electron transport in the context of fast ignition,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 69(6), 066414 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Reich, Ch.

Ch. Reich, I. Uschmann, F. Ewald, S. Düsterer, A. Lübcke, H. Schwoerer, R. Sauerbrey, E. Förster, and P. Gibbon, “Spatial characteristics of K α x-ray emission from relativistic femtosecond laser plasmas,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 68(5), 056408 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Reinhard, A.

A. Gopal, S. Herzer, A. Schmidt, P. Singh, A. Reinhard, W. Ziegler, D. Brömmel, A. Karmakar, P. Gibbon, U. Dillner, T. May, H.-G. Meyer, and G. G. Paulus, “Observation of gigawatt-class THz pulses from a compact laser-driven particle accelerator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111(7), 074802 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rodriguez, G.

K. Y. Kim, A. J. Taylor, J. H. Glownia, and G. Rodriguez, “Coherent control of terahertz supercontinuum generation in ultrafast laser–gas interactions,” Nat. Photonics 2(10), 605–609 (2008).
[Crossref]

Roskos, H. G.

T. Löffler, M. Kress, M. Thomson, and H. G. Roskos, “Efficient terahertz pulse generation in laser-induced gas plasmas,” Acta Phys. Pol. A 107, 99–108 (2005).

Rousseaux, C.

R. B. Stephens, R. A. Snavely, Y. Aglitskiy, F. Amiranoff, C. Andersen, D. Batani, S. D. Baton, T. Cowan, R. R. Freeman, T. Hall, S. P. Hatchett, J. M. Hill, M. H. Key, J. A. King, J. A. Koch, M. Koenig, A. J. MacKinnon, K. L. Lancaster, E. Martinolli, P. Norreys, E. Perelli-Cippo, M. Rabec Le Gloahec, C. Rousseaux, J. J. Santos, and F. Scianitti, “K α fluorescence measurement of relativistic electron transport in the context of fast ignition,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 69(6), 066414 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sagiska, A.

A. Sagiska, H. Daido, S. Nashima, S. Orimo, K. Ogura, M. Mori, A. Yogo, J. Ma, I. Daito, A. S. Pirozhkov, S. V. Bulanov, T. Zh. Esirhepov, K. Shimizu, and M. Hosoda, “Simultaneous generation of a proton beam and terahertz radiation in high-intensity laser and thin-foil interaction,” Appl. Phys. B 90(3-4), 373–377 (2008).
[Crossref]

Santos, J. J.

R. B. Stephens, R. A. Snavely, Y. Aglitskiy, F. Amiranoff, C. Andersen, D. Batani, S. D. Baton, T. Cowan, R. R. Freeman, T. Hall, S. P. Hatchett, J. M. Hill, M. H. Key, J. A. King, J. A. Koch, M. Koenig, A. J. MacKinnon, K. L. Lancaster, E. Martinolli, P. Norreys, E. Perelli-Cippo, M. Rabec Le Gloahec, C. Rousseaux, J. J. Santos, and F. Scianitti, “K α fluorescence measurement of relativistic electron transport in the context of fast ignition,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 69(6), 066414 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sanuki, H.

Z.-M. Sheng, K. Mima, J. Zhang, and H. Sanuki, “Emission of electromagnetic pulses from laser wakefields through linear mode conversion,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(9), 095003 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sauerbrey, R.

Ch. Reich, I. Uschmann, F. Ewald, S. Düsterer, A. Lübcke, H. Schwoerer, R. Sauerbrey, E. Förster, and P. Gibbon, “Spatial characteristics of K α x-ray emission from relativistic femtosecond laser plasmas,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 68(5), 056408 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schmidt, A.

A. Gopal, S. Herzer, A. Schmidt, P. Singh, A. Reinhard, W. Ziegler, D. Brömmel, A. Karmakar, P. Gibbon, U. Dillner, T. May, H.-G. Meyer, and G. G. Paulus, “Observation of gigawatt-class THz pulses from a compact laser-driven particle accelerator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111(7), 074802 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schroeder, C. B.

W. P. Leemans, C. G. R. Geddes, J. Faure, C. Tóth, J. van Tilborg, C. B. Schroeder, E. Esarey, G. Fubiani, D. Auerbach, B. Marcelis, M. A. Carnahan, R. A. Kaindl, J. Byrd, and M. C. Martin, “Observation of terahertz emission from a laser-plasma accelerated electron bunch crossing a plasma-vacuum boundary,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91(7), 074802 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schwoerer, H.

Ch. Reich, I. Uschmann, F. Ewald, S. Düsterer, A. Lübcke, H. Schwoerer, R. Sauerbrey, E. Förster, and P. Gibbon, “Spatial characteristics of K α x-ray emission from relativistic femtosecond laser plasmas,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 68(5), 056408 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Scianitti, F.

R. B. Stephens, R. A. Snavely, Y. Aglitskiy, F. Amiranoff, C. Andersen, D. Batani, S. D. Baton, T. Cowan, R. R. Freeman, T. Hall, S. P. Hatchett, J. M. Hill, M. H. Key, J. A. King, J. A. Koch, M. Koenig, A. J. MacKinnon, K. L. Lancaster, E. Martinolli, P. Norreys, E. Perelli-Cippo, M. Rabec Le Gloahec, C. Rousseaux, J. J. Santos, and F. Scianitti, “K α fluorescence measurement of relativistic electron transport in the context of fast ignition,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 69(6), 066414 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sheng, Z. M.

W. M. Wang, P. Gibbon, Z. M. Sheng, and Y. T. Li, “Integrated simulation approach for laser-driven fast ignition,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 91(1), 013101 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Q. Liao, Y. T. Li, C. Li, L. N. Su, Y. Zheng, M. Liu, W. M. Wang, Z. D. Hu, W. C. Yan, J. Dunn, J. Nilsen, J. Hunter, Y. Liu, X. Wang, L. M. Chen, J. L. Ma, X. Lu, Z. Jin, R. Kodama, Z. M. Sheng, and J. Zhang, “Bursts of terahertz radiation from large-scale plasma irradiated by relativistic picosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 114(25), 255001 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. J. Ding, Z. M. Sheng, and W. S. Koh, “High-field half-cycle terahertz radiation from relativistic laser interaction with thin solid targets,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(20), 204107 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. T. Li, C. Li, M. L. Zhou, W. M. Wang, F. Du, W. J. Ding, X. X. Lin, F. Liu, Z. M. Sheng, X. Y. Peng, L. M. Chen, J. L. Ma, X. L. Dong, Z. H. Wang, Z. Y. Wei, and J. Zhang, “Strong terahertz radiation from relativistic laser interaction with solid density plasmas,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(25), 254101 (2012).

C. Li, M. L. Zhou, W. J. Ding, F. Du, F. Liu, Y. T. Li, W. M. Wang, Z. M. Sheng, J. L. Ma, L. M. Chen, X. Lu, Q. L. Dong, Z. H. Wang, Z. Lou, S. C. Shi, Z. Y. Wei, and J. Zhang, “Effects of laser-plasma interactions on terahertz radiation from solid targets irradiated by ultrashort intense laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 84(3), 036405 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. T. Li, X. H. Yuan, M. H. Xu, Z. Y. Zheng, Z. M. Sheng, M. Chen, Y. Y. Ma, W. X. Liang, Q. Z. Yu, Y. Zhang, F. Liu, Z. H. Wang, Z. Y. Wei, W. Zhao, Z. Jin, and J. Zhang, “Observation of a fast electron beam emitted along the surface of a target irradiated by intense femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(16), 165003 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sheng, Z.-M.

Shi, S. C.

C. Li, M. L. Zhou, W. J. Ding, F. Du, F. Liu, Y. T. Li, W. M. Wang, Z. M. Sheng, J. L. Ma, L. M. Chen, X. Lu, Q. L. Dong, Z. H. Wang, Z. Lou, S. C. Shi, Z. Y. Wei, and J. Zhang, “Effects of laser-plasma interactions on terahertz radiation from solid targets irradiated by ultrashort intense laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 84(3), 036405 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shimizu, K.

A. Sagiska, H. Daido, S. Nashima, S. Orimo, K. Ogura, M. Mori, A. Yogo, J. Ma, I. Daito, A. S. Pirozhkov, S. V. Bulanov, T. Zh. Esirhepov, K. Shimizu, and M. Hosoda, “Simultaneous generation of a proton beam and terahertz radiation in high-intensity laser and thin-foil interaction,” Appl. Phys. B 90(3-4), 373–377 (2008).
[Crossref]

Singh, P.

A. Gopal, S. Herzer, A. Schmidt, P. Singh, A. Reinhard, W. Ziegler, D. Brömmel, A. Karmakar, P. Gibbon, U. Dillner, T. May, H.-G. Meyer, and G. G. Paulus, “Observation of gigawatt-class THz pulses from a compact laser-driven particle accelerator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111(7), 074802 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Snavely, R. A.

R. B. Stephens, R. A. Snavely, Y. Aglitskiy, F. Amiranoff, C. Andersen, D. Batani, S. D. Baton, T. Cowan, R. R. Freeman, T. Hall, S. P. Hatchett, J. M. Hill, M. H. Key, J. A. King, J. A. Koch, M. Koenig, A. J. MacKinnon, K. L. Lancaster, E. Martinolli, P. Norreys, E. Perelli-Cippo, M. Rabec Le Gloahec, C. Rousseaux, J. J. Santos, and F. Scianitti, “K α fluorescence measurement of relativistic electron transport in the context of fast ignition,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 69(6), 066414 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Stephens, R. B.

R. B. Stephens, R. A. Snavely, Y. Aglitskiy, F. Amiranoff, C. Andersen, D. Batani, S. D. Baton, T. Cowan, R. R. Freeman, T. Hall, S. P. Hatchett, J. M. Hill, M. H. Key, J. A. King, J. A. Koch, M. Koenig, A. J. MacKinnon, K. L. Lancaster, E. Martinolli, P. Norreys, E. Perelli-Cippo, M. Rabec Le Gloahec, C. Rousseaux, J. J. Santos, and F. Scianitti, “K α fluorescence measurement of relativistic electron transport in the context of fast ignition,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 69(6), 066414 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Su, L. N.

G. Q. Liao, Y. T. Li, C. Li, L. N. Su, Y. Zheng, M. Liu, W. M. Wang, Z. D. Hu, W. C. Yan, J. Dunn, J. Nilsen, J. Hunter, Y. Liu, X. Wang, L. M. Chen, J. L. Ma, X. Lu, Z. Jin, R. Kodama, Z. M. Sheng, and J. Zhang, “Bursts of terahertz radiation from large-scale plasma irradiated by relativistic picosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 114(25), 255001 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sullivan, A.

H. Hamster, A. Sullivan, S. Gordon, W. White, and R. W. Falcone, “Subpicosecond, electromagnetic pulses from intense laser-plasma interaction,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71(17), 2725–2728 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tanaka, K. A.

H. Habara, K. Adumi, T. Yabuuchi, T. Nakamura, Z. L. Chen, M. Kashihara, R. Kodama, K. Kondo, G. R. Kumar, L. A. Lei, T. Matsuoka, K. Mima, and K. A. Tanaka, “Surface acceleration of fast electrons with relativistic self-focusing in preformed plasma,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(9), 095004 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Taylor, A. J.

K. Y. Kim, A. J. Taylor, J. H. Glownia, and G. Rodriguez, “Coherent control of terahertz supercontinuum generation in ultrafast laser–gas interactions,” Nat. Photonics 2(10), 605–609 (2008).
[Crossref]

Teng, J.-H.

X.-Y. Peng, J.-H. Teng, X.-H. Zhang, and Y.-L. Foo, “Distortion analysis of pulsed terahertz signal measured with spectral-encoding technique,” J. Appl. Phys. 108(9), 093112 (2010).
[Crossref]

Thomson, M.

T. Löffler, M. Kress, M. Thomson, and H. G. Roskos, “Efficient terahertz pulse generation in laser-induced gas plasmas,” Acta Phys. Pol. A 107, 99–108 (2005).

Tikhonchuk, V. T.

C. D’Amico, A. Houard, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, A. Couairon, and V. T. Tikhonchuk, “Conical forward THz emission from femtosecond-laser-beam filamentation in air,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(23), 235002 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tóth, C.

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Ch. Reich, I. Uschmann, F. Ewald, S. Düsterer, A. Lübcke, H. Schwoerer, R. Sauerbrey, E. Förster, and P. Gibbon, “Spatial characteristics of K α x-ray emission from relativistic femtosecond laser plasmas,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 68(5), 056408 (2003).
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Wang, J.

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Wang, S. J.

X. X. Lin, Y. T. Li, B. C. Liu, F. Liu, F. Du, S. J. Wang, X. Lu, L. M. Chen, L. Zhang, X. Liu, J. Wang, F. Liu, X. L. Liu, Z. H. Wang, J. L. Ma, Z. Y. Wei, and J. Zhang, “Effect of prepulse on fast electron lateral transport at the target surface irradiated by intense femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 82(4), 046401 (2010).
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Wang, W. M.

W. M. Wang, P. Gibbon, Z. M. Sheng, and Y. T. Li, “Integrated simulation approach for laser-driven fast ignition,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 91(1), 013101 (2015).
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G. Q. Liao, Y. T. Li, C. Li, L. N. Su, Y. Zheng, M. Liu, W. M. Wang, Z. D. Hu, W. C. Yan, J. Dunn, J. Nilsen, J. Hunter, Y. Liu, X. Wang, L. M. Chen, J. L. Ma, X. Lu, Z. Jin, R. Kodama, Z. M. Sheng, and J. Zhang, “Bursts of terahertz radiation from large-scale plasma irradiated by relativistic picosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 114(25), 255001 (2015).
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C. Li, M. L. Zhou, W. J. Ding, F. Du, F. Liu, Y. T. Li, W. M. Wang, Z. M. Sheng, J. L. Ma, L. M. Chen, X. Lu, Q. L. Dong, Z. H. Wang, Z. Lou, S. C. Shi, Z. Y. Wei, and J. Zhang, “Effects of laser-plasma interactions on terahertz radiation from solid targets irradiated by ultrashort intense laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 84(3), 036405 (2011).
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Wang, W.-M.

Wang, X.

G. Q. Liao, Y. T. Li, C. Li, L. N. Su, Y. Zheng, M. Liu, W. M. Wang, Z. D. Hu, W. C. Yan, J. Dunn, J. Nilsen, J. Hunter, Y. Liu, X. Wang, L. M. Chen, J. L. Ma, X. Lu, Z. Jin, R. Kodama, Z. M. Sheng, and J. Zhang, “Bursts of terahertz radiation from large-scale plasma irradiated by relativistic picosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 114(25), 255001 (2015).
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Y. T. Li, X. H. Yuan, M. H. Xu, Z. Y. Zheng, Z. M. Sheng, M. Chen, Y. Y. Ma, W. X. Liang, Q. Z. Yu, Y. Zhang, F. Liu, Z. H. Wang, Z. Y. Wei, W. Zhao, Z. Jin, and J. Zhang, “Observation of a fast electron beam emitted along the surface of a target irradiated by intense femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(16), 165003 (2006).
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Wei, Z. Y.

Y. T. Li, C. Li, M. L. Zhou, W. M. Wang, F. Du, W. J. Ding, X. X. Lin, F. Liu, Z. M. Sheng, X. Y. Peng, L. M. Chen, J. L. Ma, X. L. Dong, Z. H. Wang, Z. Y. Wei, and J. Zhang, “Strong terahertz radiation from relativistic laser interaction with solid density plasmas,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(25), 254101 (2012).

C. Li, M. L. Zhou, W. J. Ding, F. Du, F. Liu, Y. T. Li, W. M. Wang, Z. M. Sheng, J. L. Ma, L. M. Chen, X. Lu, Q. L. Dong, Z. H. Wang, Z. Lou, S. C. Shi, Z. Y. Wei, and J. Zhang, “Effects of laser-plasma interactions on terahertz radiation from solid targets irradiated by ultrashort intense laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 84(3), 036405 (2011).
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X. X. Lin, Y. T. Li, B. C. Liu, F. Liu, F. Du, S. J. Wang, X. Lu, L. M. Chen, L. Zhang, X. Liu, J. Wang, F. Liu, X. L. Liu, Z. H. Wang, J. L. Ma, Z. Y. Wei, and J. Zhang, “Effect of prepulse on fast electron lateral transport at the target surface irradiated by intense femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 82(4), 046401 (2010).
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X. H. Yuan, Y. T. Li, M. H. Xu, Z. Y. Zheng, Q. Z. Yu, W. X. Liang, Y. Zhang, F. Liu, J. Bernhardt, S. J. Wang, Z. H. Wang, W. J. Ling, Z. Y. Wei, W. Zhao, and J. Zhang, “Effective fast electron acceleration along the target surface,” Opt. Express 16(1), 81–86 (2008).
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Y. T. Li, X. H. Yuan, M. H. Xu, Z. Y. Zheng, Z. M. Sheng, M. Chen, Y. Y. Ma, W. X. Liang, Q. Z. Yu, Y. Zhang, F. Liu, Z. H. Wang, Z. Y. Wei, W. Zhao, Z. Jin, and J. Zhang, “Observation of a fast electron beam emitted along the surface of a target irradiated by intense femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(16), 165003 (2006).
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Weling, A. S.

A. Nahata, A. S. Weling, and T. F. Heinz, “A wideband coherent terahertz spectroscopy system using optical rectification and electro-optic sampling,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 69(16), 2321 (1996).
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Y. T. Li, X. H. Yuan, M. H. Xu, Z. Y. Zheng, Z. M. Sheng, M. Chen, Y. Y. Ma, W. X. Liang, Q. Z. Yu, Y. Zhang, F. Liu, Z. H. Wang, Z. Y. Wei, W. Zhao, Z. Jin, and J. Zhang, “Observation of a fast electron beam emitted along the surface of a target irradiated by intense femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(16), 165003 (2006).
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A. Sagiska, H. Daido, S. Nashima, S. Orimo, K. Ogura, M. Mori, A. Yogo, J. Ma, I. Daito, A. S. Pirozhkov, S. V. Bulanov, T. Zh. Esirhepov, K. Shimizu, and M. Hosoda, “Simultaneous generation of a proton beam and terahertz radiation in high-intensity laser and thin-foil interaction,” Appl. Phys. B 90(3-4), 373–377 (2008).
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Yu, Q. Z.

X. H. Yuan, Y. T. Li, M. H. Xu, Z. Y. Zheng, Q. Z. Yu, W. X. Liang, Y. Zhang, F. Liu, J. Bernhardt, S. J. Wang, Z. H. Wang, W. J. Ling, Z. Y. Wei, W. Zhao, and J. Zhang, “Effective fast electron acceleration along the target surface,” Opt. Express 16(1), 81–86 (2008).
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Y. T. Li, X. H. Yuan, M. H. Xu, Z. Y. Zheng, Z. M. Sheng, M. Chen, Y. Y. Ma, W. X. Liang, Q. Z. Yu, Y. Zhang, F. Liu, Z. H. Wang, Z. Y. Wei, W. Zhao, Z. Jin, and J. Zhang, “Observation of a fast electron beam emitted along the surface of a target irradiated by intense femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(16), 165003 (2006).
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Yuan, X. H.

X. H. Yuan, Y. T. Li, M. H. Xu, Z. Y. Zheng, Q. Z. Yu, W. X. Liang, Y. Zhang, F. Liu, J. Bernhardt, S. J. Wang, Z. H. Wang, W. J. Ling, Z. Y. Wei, W. Zhao, and J. Zhang, “Effective fast electron acceleration along the target surface,” Opt. Express 16(1), 81–86 (2008).
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Y. T. Li, X. H. Yuan, M. H. Xu, Z. Y. Zheng, Z. M. Sheng, M. Chen, Y. Y. Ma, W. X. Liang, Q. Z. Yu, Y. Zhang, F. Liu, Z. H. Wang, Z. Y. Wei, W. Zhao, Z. Jin, and J. Zhang, “Observation of a fast electron beam emitted along the surface of a target irradiated by intense femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(16), 165003 (2006).
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Zhang, J.

G. Q. Liao, Y. T. Li, C. Li, L. N. Su, Y. Zheng, M. Liu, W. M. Wang, Z. D. Hu, W. C. Yan, J. Dunn, J. Nilsen, J. Hunter, Y. Liu, X. Wang, L. M. Chen, J. L. Ma, X. Lu, Z. Jin, R. Kodama, Z. M. Sheng, and J. Zhang, “Bursts of terahertz radiation from large-scale plasma irradiated by relativistic picosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 114(25), 255001 (2015).
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C. Li, Y.-Q. Cui, M.-L. Zhou, F. Du, Y.-T. Li, W.-M. Wang, L.-M. Chen, Z.-M. Sheng, J.-L. Ma, X. Lu, and J. Zhang, “Role of resonance absorption in terahertz radiation generation from solid targets,” Opt. Express 22(10), 11797–11803 (2014).
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Y. T. Li, C. Li, M. L. Zhou, W. M. Wang, F. Du, W. J. Ding, X. X. Lin, F. Liu, Z. M. Sheng, X. Y. Peng, L. M. Chen, J. L. Ma, X. L. Dong, Z. H. Wang, Z. Y. Wei, and J. Zhang, “Strong terahertz radiation from relativistic laser interaction with solid density plasmas,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(25), 254101 (2012).

C. Li, M. L. Zhou, W. J. Ding, F. Du, F. Liu, Y. T. Li, W. M. Wang, Z. M. Sheng, J. L. Ma, L. M. Chen, X. Lu, Q. L. Dong, Z. H. Wang, Z. Lou, S. C. Shi, Z. Y. Wei, and J. Zhang, “Effects of laser-plasma interactions on terahertz radiation from solid targets irradiated by ultrashort intense laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 84(3), 036405 (2011).
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X. X. Lin, Y. T. Li, B. C. Liu, F. Liu, F. Du, S. J. Wang, X. Lu, L. M. Chen, L. Zhang, X. Liu, J. Wang, F. Liu, X. L. Liu, Z. H. Wang, J. L. Ma, Z. Y. Wei, and J. Zhang, “Effect of prepulse on fast electron lateral transport at the target surface irradiated by intense femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 82(4), 046401 (2010).
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X. H. Yuan, Y. T. Li, M. H. Xu, Z. Y. Zheng, Q. Z. Yu, W. X. Liang, Y. Zhang, F. Liu, J. Bernhardt, S. J. Wang, Z. H. Wang, W. J. Ling, Z. Y. Wei, W. Zhao, and J. Zhang, “Effective fast electron acceleration along the target surface,” Opt. Express 16(1), 81–86 (2008).
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Y. T. Li, X. H. Yuan, M. H. Xu, Z. Y. Zheng, Z. M. Sheng, M. Chen, Y. Y. Ma, W. X. Liang, Q. Z. Yu, Y. Zhang, F. Liu, Z. H. Wang, Z. Y. Wei, W. Zhao, Z. Jin, and J. Zhang, “Observation of a fast electron beam emitted along the surface of a target irradiated by intense femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(16), 165003 (2006).
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Zhang, X. C.

Z. Jiang and X. C. Zhang, “Electro-optic measurement of THz field pulses with a chirped optical beam,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 72(16), 1945 (1998).
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Zhang, X.-H.

X.-Y. Peng, J.-H. Teng, X.-H. Zhang, and Y.-L. Foo, “Distortion analysis of pulsed terahertz signal measured with spectral-encoding technique,” J. Appl. Phys. 108(9), 093112 (2010).
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Zhang, Y.

X. H. Yuan, Y. T. Li, M. H. Xu, Z. Y. Zheng, Q. Z. Yu, W. X. Liang, Y. Zhang, F. Liu, J. Bernhardt, S. J. Wang, Z. H. Wang, W. J. Ling, Z. Y. Wei, W. Zhao, and J. Zhang, “Effective fast electron acceleration along the target surface,” Opt. Express 16(1), 81–86 (2008).
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Y. T. Li, X. H. Yuan, M. H. Xu, Z. Y. Zheng, Z. M. Sheng, M. Chen, Y. Y. Ma, W. X. Liang, Q. Z. Yu, Y. Zhang, F. Liu, Z. H. Wang, Z. Y. Wei, W. Zhao, Z. Jin, and J. Zhang, “Observation of a fast electron beam emitted along the surface of a target irradiated by intense femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(16), 165003 (2006).
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Zhao, W.

X. H. Yuan, Y. T. Li, M. H. Xu, Z. Y. Zheng, Q. Z. Yu, W. X. Liang, Y. Zhang, F. Liu, J. Bernhardt, S. J. Wang, Z. H. Wang, W. J. Ling, Z. Y. Wei, W. Zhao, and J. Zhang, “Effective fast electron acceleration along the target surface,” Opt. Express 16(1), 81–86 (2008).
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Y. T. Li, X. H. Yuan, M. H. Xu, Z. Y. Zheng, Z. M. Sheng, M. Chen, Y. Y. Ma, W. X. Liang, Q. Z. Yu, Y. Zhang, F. Liu, Z. H. Wang, Z. Y. Wei, W. Zhao, Z. Jin, and J. Zhang, “Observation of a fast electron beam emitted along the surface of a target irradiated by intense femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(16), 165003 (2006).
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Zheng, J.

Zheng, Y.

G. Q. Liao, Y. T. Li, C. Li, L. N. Su, Y. Zheng, M. Liu, W. M. Wang, Z. D. Hu, W. C. Yan, J. Dunn, J. Nilsen, J. Hunter, Y. Liu, X. Wang, L. M. Chen, J. L. Ma, X. Lu, Z. Jin, R. Kodama, Z. M. Sheng, and J. Zhang, “Bursts of terahertz radiation from large-scale plasma irradiated by relativistic picosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 114(25), 255001 (2015).
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Zheng, Z. Y.

X. H. Yuan, Y. T. Li, M. H. Xu, Z. Y. Zheng, Q. Z. Yu, W. X. Liang, Y. Zhang, F. Liu, J. Bernhardt, S. J. Wang, Z. H. Wang, W. J. Ling, Z. Y. Wei, W. Zhao, and J. Zhang, “Effective fast electron acceleration along the target surface,” Opt. Express 16(1), 81–86 (2008).
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Y. T. Li, X. H. Yuan, M. H. Xu, Z. Y. Zheng, Z. M. Sheng, M. Chen, Y. Y. Ma, W. X. Liang, Q. Z. Yu, Y. Zhang, F. Liu, Z. H. Wang, Z. Y. Wei, W. Zhao, Z. Jin, and J. Zhang, “Observation of a fast electron beam emitted along the surface of a target irradiated by intense femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(16), 165003 (2006).
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Y. T. Li, C. Li, M. L. Zhou, W. M. Wang, F. Du, W. J. Ding, X. X. Lin, F. Liu, Z. M. Sheng, X. Y. Peng, L. M. Chen, J. L. Ma, X. L. Dong, Z. H. Wang, Z. Y. Wei, and J. Zhang, “Strong terahertz radiation from relativistic laser interaction with solid density plasmas,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(25), 254101 (2012).

C. Li, M. L. Zhou, W. J. Ding, F. Du, F. Liu, Y. T. Li, W. M. Wang, Z. M. Sheng, J. L. Ma, L. M. Chen, X. Lu, Q. L. Dong, Z. H. Wang, Z. Lou, S. C. Shi, Z. Y. Wei, and J. Zhang, “Effects of laser-plasma interactions on terahertz radiation from solid targets irradiated by ultrashort intense laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 84(3), 036405 (2011).
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Zhou, M.-L.

Ziegler, W.

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Acta Phys. Pol. A (1)

T. Löffler, M. Kress, M. Thomson, and H. G. Roskos, “Efficient terahertz pulse generation in laser-induced gas plasmas,” Acta Phys. Pol. A 107, 99–108 (2005).

Appl. Phys. B (1)

A. Sagiska, H. Daido, S. Nashima, S. Orimo, K. Ogura, M. Mori, A. Yogo, J. Ma, I. Daito, A. S. Pirozhkov, S. V. Bulanov, T. Zh. Esirhepov, K. Shimizu, and M. Hosoda, “Simultaneous generation of a proton beam and terahertz radiation in high-intensity laser and thin-foil interaction,” Appl. Phys. B 90(3-4), 373–377 (2008).
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Appl. Phys. Lett. (4)

Y. T. Li, C. Li, M. L. Zhou, W. M. Wang, F. Du, W. J. Ding, X. X. Lin, F. Liu, Z. M. Sheng, X. Y. Peng, L. M. Chen, J. L. Ma, X. L. Dong, Z. H. Wang, Z. Y. Wei, and J. Zhang, “Strong terahertz radiation from relativistic laser interaction with solid density plasmas,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(25), 254101 (2012).

W. J. Ding, Z. M. Sheng, and W. S. Koh, “High-field half-cycle terahertz radiation from relativistic laser interaction with thin solid targets,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(20), 204107 (2013).
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Z. Jiang and X. C. Zhang, “Electro-optic measurement of THz field pulses with a chirped optical beam,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 72(16), 1945 (1998).
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J. Appl. Phys. (1)

X.-Y. Peng, J.-H. Teng, X.-H. Zhang, and Y.-L. Foo, “Distortion analysis of pulsed terahertz signal measured with spectral-encoding technique,” J. Appl. Phys. 108(9), 093112 (2010).
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Opt. Express (3)

Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. (5)

W. M. Wang, P. Gibbon, Z. M. Sheng, and Y. T. Li, “Integrated simulation approach for laser-driven fast ignition,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 91(1), 013101 (2015).
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Other (2)

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Schematic of experimental setup. TL: TPX lens; TW: TPX window; QL: quartz lens; BS: 50/50 beamsplitter @ 800 nm; ZnTe: 1-mm thickness; Bulk medium: schott SF57HHT; HR-Si wafers were inserted before all three of the pyroelectric detectors to avoid visible light. The transmission curves of involved THz materials can be queried from Tydex®. (Inset) Definition of the target-binding frame X-Y-Z.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Energy flux density of backward THz radiation measured by the three-channel scheme. P-polarized light of (180 ± 10) mJ per pulse is incident onto the target at different angles of incidence. The polar coordinates show the relative angles α ' with respect to the target normal direction, while the colors of data point stand for different incidence angles θ. The units of angles θ and α’ are degrees. The squares and triangles stand for higher (>10 THz) and lower (<3 THz) frequencies, respectively. The average fluctuation of THz signals in the measurement is about ± 20%.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a) Energy flux densities of backward THz radiation in 0.3-3 THz region measured at an incidence angle of 45° for p-polarized light of (190 ± 10) mJ pulse energy. Each data point represents an average of ~20 laser shots. A mean fluctuation of ± 20% of the intensities of THz signals has been observed in the measurement. Red and blue arrows represent the direction of laser incidence and SFE emission, respectively. (b) The dependence of SFE beam emission direction α (with respect to the target surface + Y) on electron kinetic energies, calculated by Eq. (2).
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Schematics of the laser-target interaction geometry and of the two effective areas for electron counting are shown in (a). Time-dependent energy spectra of electrons emitted into vacuum within 20° to + y (I) and those laterally transported in underdense plasma along + y (II) are shown in (b) and (c), respectively. The laser pulse is incident at an angle of 60° with a small preplasma scale length of L / λ 0 = 0.1.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Angular distribution of electrons in vacuum at T = 400τ 0, where angles are defined as tan−1 (py /px ). Specifically, (a) for θ = 60°, a 0 = 1, (b) for electrons with energies >200 keV under different angles of incidence at a 0 = 1.3. Red arrows represent the direction of laser incidence.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 (a) Energy spectra of electrons in the underdense plasma over 2π integration at T = 80τ 0 for the incident angles θ = 20° and 60°, plasma scale length L/λ 0 = 0.1 and 2, respectively. (b) Time-dependent angular distribution of electrons in the underdense plasma for θ = 20° and L/λ 0 = 2. Angles are defined as tan−1(py/px ). Red and blue arrows represent the direction of laser incidence and polarization, respectively.

Tables (1)

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Table 1 Spectral distribution of THz radiation (energy in percentage) in every frequency domain between 0.1 and 250 THz.*

Equations (2)

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sin 2 α ( 1 β cos α ) 5 ,
sin 2 α ( 1 β cos α ) 5 = 2 sin 2 ( 45 α ) [ 1 β cos ( 45 α ) ] 5 .

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