Abstract

We report on a photonic crystal (PhC) nanolaser based on the heterogeneous integration of a III-V PhC nanocavity on SOI, configured to operate as a Set-Reset Flip-Flop (SR-FF). The active layer is a nanobeam cavity made of a 650nm × 285nm InP-based wire waveguide evanescently coupled to 500nm × 220nm SOI wire waveguides, demonstrating a record-low footprint of only 6.2μm2. Injection locking enables optical bistability allowing for memory operation with only 6.4fJ/bit switching energies and <50ps response times. Bit-level SR-FF memory operation was evaluated at 5Gb/s with PRBS-resembling data patterns, revealing error free operation with a negative power penalty.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

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References

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2015 (1)

2014 (4)

2013 (2)

2012 (2)

K. Nozaki, A. Shinya, S. Matsuo, Y. Suzaki, T. Segawa, T. Sato, Y. Kawaguchi, R. Takahashi, and M. Notomi, “Ultralow-power all-optical RAM based on nanocavities,” Nat. Photonics 6(4), 248–252 (2012).
[Crossref]

D. Fitsios, C. Vyrsokinos, A. Miliou, and N. Pleros, “Memory speed analysis of an optical RAM and Optical Flip-Flop circuits based on coupled SOA-MZI gates,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 18(2), 1006–1015 (2012).

2011 (3)

C. H. Chen, S. Matsuo, K. Nozaki, A. Shinya, T. Sato, Y. Kawaguchi, H. Sumikura, and M. Notomi, “All-optical memory based on injection-locking bistability in photonic crystal lasers,” Opt. Express 19(4), 3387–3395 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Borkar and A. Chien, “The future of Microprocessors,” Commun. ACM 54(5), 67–77 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. E. Cunningham and et al.., “Integration and Packaging of a Macrochip With Silicon Nanophotonic Links,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(3), 546–558 (2011).

2010 (4)

J. Wang, G. Meloni, G. Berrettini, L. Potì, and A. Bogoni, “All-Optical Clocked Flip-Flops and Binary Counting Operation Using SOA-Based SR Latch and Logic Gates,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(5), 1486–1494 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Sakaguchi, T. Katayama, and H. Kawaguchi, “High Switching-Speed Operation of Optical Memory Based on Polarization Bistable Vertical-Cavity Surface-Emitting Laser,” J. Quantum Electron. 46(11), 1526–1534 (2010).
[Crossref]

L. Liu, R. Kumar, K. Huybrechts, T. Spuesens, G. Roelkens, E. J. Geluk, T. de Vries, P. Regreny, D. Van Thourhout, R. Baets, and G. Morthier, “An ultra-small, low-power, all-optical flip-flop memory on a silicon chip,” Nat. Photonics 4(3), 182–187 (2010).
[Crossref]

T. J. Karle, Y. Halioua, F. Raineri, P. Monnier, R. Braive, L. Le Gratiet, G. Beaudoin, I. Sagnes, G. Roelkens, F. van Laere, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Raj, “Heterogeneous integration and precise alignment of InP-based photonic crystal lasers to complementary metal-oxide semiconductor fabricated silicon on insulator wire waveguides,” J. Appl. Phys. 107(6), 063103 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (1)

N. Pleros, D. Apostolopoulos, D. Petrantonakis, C. Stamatiadis, and H. Avramopoulos, “Optical Static RAM Cell,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett 21(2), 73–75 (2009).
[Crossref]

2006 (2)

Y. Liu, R. McDougall, M. T. Hill, G. Maxwell, S. Zhang, R. Harmon, E. M. Huijskens, L. Rivers, H. J. S. Dorren, and A. Poustie, “Packaged and hybrid integrated all-optical flip-flop memory,” Electron. Lett. 42(24), 1399–1400 (2006).
[Crossref]

A. Shinya, S. Mitsugi, T. Tanabe, M. Notomi, I. Yokohama, H. Takara, and S. Kawanishi, “All-optical flip-flop circuit composed of coupled two-port resonant tunneling filter in two-dimensional photonic crystal slab,” Opt. Express 14(3), 1230–1235 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2004 (1)

M. T. Hill, H. J. S. Dorren, T. De Vries, X. J. Leijtens, J. H. Den Besten, B. Smalbrugge, Y. S. Oei, H. Binsma, G. D. Khoe, and M. K. Smit, “A fast low-power optical memory based on coupled micro-ring lasers,” Nature 432(7014), 206–209 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Alexoudi, T.

Apostolopoulos, D.

N. Pleros, D. Apostolopoulos, D. Petrantonakis, C. Stamatiadis, and H. Avramopoulos, “Optical Static RAM Cell,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett 21(2), 73–75 (2009).
[Crossref]

Ardizzone, V.

Avramopoulos, H.

N. Pleros, D. Apostolopoulos, D. Petrantonakis, C. Stamatiadis, and H. Avramopoulos, “Optical Static RAM Cell,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett 21(2), 73–75 (2009).
[Crossref]

Baets, R.

L. Liu, R. Kumar, K. Huybrechts, T. Spuesens, G. Roelkens, E. J. Geluk, T. de Vries, P. Regreny, D. Van Thourhout, R. Baets, and G. Morthier, “An ultra-small, low-power, all-optical flip-flop memory on a silicon chip,” Nat. Photonics 4(3), 182–187 (2010).
[Crossref]

Bazin, A.

Beaudoin, G.

A. Bazin, P. Monnier, X. Lafosse, G. Beaudoin, R. Braive, I. Sagnes, R. Raj, and F. Raineri, “Thermal management in hybrid InP/silicon photonic crystal nanobeam laser,” Opt. Express 22(9), 10570–10578 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. J. Karle, Y. Halioua, F. Raineri, P. Monnier, R. Braive, L. Le Gratiet, G. Beaudoin, I. Sagnes, G. Roelkens, F. van Laere, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Raj, “Heterogeneous integration and precise alignment of InP-based photonic crystal lasers to complementary metal-oxide semiconductor fabricated silicon on insulator wire waveguides,” J. Appl. Phys. 107(6), 063103 (2010).
[Crossref]

Berrettini, G.

J. Wang, G. Meloni, G. Berrettini, L. Potì, and A. Bogoni, “All-Optical Clocked Flip-Flops and Binary Counting Operation Using SOA-Based SR Latch and Logic Gates,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(5), 1486–1494 (2010).
[Crossref]

Binsma, H.

M. T. Hill, H. J. S. Dorren, T. De Vries, X. J. Leijtens, J. H. Den Besten, B. Smalbrugge, Y. S. Oei, H. Binsma, G. D. Khoe, and M. K. Smit, “A fast low-power optical memory based on coupled micro-ring lasers,” Nature 432(7014), 206–209 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bogoni, A.

J. Wang, G. Meloni, G. Berrettini, L. Potì, and A. Bogoni, “All-Optical Clocked Flip-Flops and Binary Counting Operation Using SOA-Based SR Latch and Logic Gates,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(5), 1486–1494 (2010).
[Crossref]

Borkar, S.

S. Borkar and A. Chien, “The future of Microprocessors,” Commun. ACM 54(5), 67–77 (2011).
[Crossref]

Braive, R.

A. Bazin, P. Monnier, X. Lafosse, G. Beaudoin, R. Braive, I. Sagnes, R. Raj, and F. Raineri, “Thermal management in hybrid InP/silicon photonic crystal nanobeam laser,” Opt. Express 22(9), 10570–10578 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. J. Karle, Y. Halioua, F. Raineri, P. Monnier, R. Braive, L. Le Gratiet, G. Beaudoin, I. Sagnes, G. Roelkens, F. van Laere, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Raj, “Heterogeneous integration and precise alignment of InP-based photonic crystal lasers to complementary metal-oxide semiconductor fabricated silicon on insulator wire waveguides,” J. Appl. Phys. 107(6), 063103 (2010).
[Crossref]

Bramerie, L.

Chen, C. H.

Chien, A.

S. Borkar and A. Chien, “The future of Microprocessors,” Commun. ACM 54(5), 67–77 (2011).
[Crossref]

Crosnier, G.

Cunningham, J. E.

J. E. Cunningham and et al.., “Integration and Packaging of a Macrochip With Silicon Nanophotonic Links,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(3), 546–558 (2011).

de Vries, T.

L. Liu, R. Kumar, K. Huybrechts, T. Spuesens, G. Roelkens, E. J. Geluk, T. de Vries, P. Regreny, D. Van Thourhout, R. Baets, and G. Morthier, “An ultra-small, low-power, all-optical flip-flop memory on a silicon chip,” Nat. Photonics 4(3), 182–187 (2010).
[Crossref]

M. T. Hill, H. J. S. Dorren, T. De Vries, X. J. Leijtens, J. H. Den Besten, B. Smalbrugge, Y. S. Oei, H. Binsma, G. D. Khoe, and M. K. Smit, “A fast low-power optical memory based on coupled micro-ring lasers,” Nature 432(7014), 206–209 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Den Besten, J. H.

M. T. Hill, H. J. S. Dorren, T. De Vries, X. J. Leijtens, J. H. Den Besten, B. Smalbrugge, Y. S. Oei, H. Binsma, G. D. Khoe, and M. K. Smit, “A fast low-power optical memory based on coupled micro-ring lasers,” Nature 432(7014), 206–209 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dorren, H. J. S.

Y. Liu, R. McDougall, M. T. Hill, G. Maxwell, S. Zhang, R. Harmon, E. M. Huijskens, L. Rivers, H. J. S. Dorren, and A. Poustie, “Packaged and hybrid integrated all-optical flip-flop memory,” Electron. Lett. 42(24), 1399–1400 (2006).
[Crossref]

M. T. Hill, H. J. S. Dorren, T. De Vries, X. J. Leijtens, J. H. Den Besten, B. Smalbrugge, Y. S. Oei, H. Binsma, G. D. Khoe, and M. K. Smit, “A fast low-power optical memory based on coupled micro-ring lasers,” Nature 432(7014), 206–209 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Egi, N.

S. Han, N. Egi, A. Panda, S. Ratnasamy, G. Shi, and S. Shenker, “Network Support for Resource Disaggregation in Next-Generation Datacenters”, in Proceedings of the 12th ACM Workshop on Hot Topics in Networks Article (2013), paper 10.
[Crossref]

Fitsios, D.

P. Maniotis, D. Fitsios, G. T. Kanellos, and N. Pleros, “Optical Buffering for Chip Multiprocessors: A 16GHz Optical Cache Memory Architecture,” J. Lightwave Technol. 31(24), 4175–4191 (2013).
[Crossref]

D. Fitsios, C. Vyrsokinos, A. Miliou, and N. Pleros, “Memory speed analysis of an optical RAM and Optical Flip-Flop circuits based on coupled SOA-MZI gates,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 18(2), 1006–1015 (2012).

Gay, M.

Geluk, E. J.

L. Liu, R. Kumar, K. Huybrechts, T. Spuesens, G. Roelkens, E. J. Geluk, T. de Vries, P. Regreny, D. Van Thourhout, R. Baets, and G. Morthier, “An ultra-small, low-power, all-optical flip-flop memory on a silicon chip,” Nat. Photonics 4(3), 182–187 (2010).
[Crossref]

Halioua, Y.

T. J. Karle, Y. Halioua, F. Raineri, P. Monnier, R. Braive, L. Le Gratiet, G. Beaudoin, I. Sagnes, G. Roelkens, F. van Laere, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Raj, “Heterogeneous integration and precise alignment of InP-based photonic crystal lasers to complementary metal-oxide semiconductor fabricated silicon on insulator wire waveguides,” J. Appl. Phys. 107(6), 063103 (2010).
[Crossref]

Han, S.

S. Han, N. Egi, A. Panda, S. Ratnasamy, G. Shi, and S. Shenker, “Network Support for Resource Disaggregation in Next-Generation Datacenters”, in Proceedings of the 12th ACM Workshop on Hot Topics in Networks Article (2013), paper 10.
[Crossref]

Harmon, R.

Y. Liu, R. McDougall, M. T. Hill, G. Maxwell, S. Zhang, R. Harmon, E. M. Huijskens, L. Rivers, H. J. S. Dorren, and A. Poustie, “Packaged and hybrid integrated all-optical flip-flop memory,” Electron. Lett. 42(24), 1399–1400 (2006).
[Crossref]

Hill, M. T.

Y. Liu, R. McDougall, M. T. Hill, G. Maxwell, S. Zhang, R. Harmon, E. M. Huijskens, L. Rivers, H. J. S. Dorren, and A. Poustie, “Packaged and hybrid integrated all-optical flip-flop memory,” Electron. Lett. 42(24), 1399–1400 (2006).
[Crossref]

M. T. Hill, H. J. S. Dorren, T. De Vries, X. J. Leijtens, J. H. Den Besten, B. Smalbrugge, Y. S. Oei, H. Binsma, G. D. Khoe, and M. K. Smit, “A fast low-power optical memory based on coupled micro-ring lasers,” Nature 432(7014), 206–209 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Huijskens, E. M.

Y. Liu, R. McDougall, M. T. Hill, G. Maxwell, S. Zhang, R. Harmon, E. M. Huijskens, L. Rivers, H. J. S. Dorren, and A. Poustie, “Packaged and hybrid integrated all-optical flip-flop memory,” Electron. Lett. 42(24), 1399–1400 (2006).
[Crossref]

Huybrechts, K.

L. Liu, R. Kumar, K. Huybrechts, T. Spuesens, G. Roelkens, E. J. Geluk, T. de Vries, P. Regreny, D. Van Thourhout, R. Baets, and G. Morthier, “An ultra-small, low-power, all-optical flip-flop memory on a silicon chip,” Nat. Photonics 4(3), 182–187 (2010).
[Crossref]

Kanellos, G. T.

Karle, T. J.

T. J. Karle, Y. Halioua, F. Raineri, P. Monnier, R. Braive, L. Le Gratiet, G. Beaudoin, I. Sagnes, G. Roelkens, F. van Laere, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Raj, “Heterogeneous integration and precise alignment of InP-based photonic crystal lasers to complementary metal-oxide semiconductor fabricated silicon on insulator wire waveguides,” J. Appl. Phys. 107(6), 063103 (2010).
[Crossref]

Katayama, T.

J. Sakaguchi, T. Katayama, and H. Kawaguchi, “High Switching-Speed Operation of Optical Memory Based on Polarization Bistable Vertical-Cavity Surface-Emitting Laser,” J. Quantum Electron. 46(11), 1526–1534 (2010).
[Crossref]

Kawaguchi, H.

J. Sakaguchi, T. Katayama, and H. Kawaguchi, “High Switching-Speed Operation of Optical Memory Based on Polarization Bistable Vertical-Cavity Surface-Emitting Laser,” J. Quantum Electron. 46(11), 1526–1534 (2010).
[Crossref]

Kawaguchi, Y.

K. Nozaki, A. Shinya, S. Matsuo, Y. Suzaki, T. Segawa, T. Sato, Y. Kawaguchi, R. Takahashi, and M. Notomi, “Ultralow-power all-optical RAM based on nanocavities,” Nat. Photonics 6(4), 248–252 (2012).
[Crossref]

C. H. Chen, S. Matsuo, K. Nozaki, A. Shinya, T. Sato, Y. Kawaguchi, H. Sumikura, and M. Notomi, “All-optical memory based on injection-locking bistability in photonic crystal lasers,” Opt. Express 19(4), 3387–3395 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kawanishi, S.

Khoe, G. D.

M. T. Hill, H. J. S. Dorren, T. De Vries, X. J. Leijtens, J. H. Den Besten, B. Smalbrugge, Y. S. Oei, H. Binsma, G. D. Khoe, and M. K. Smit, “A fast low-power optical memory based on coupled micro-ring lasers,” Nature 432(7014), 206–209 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kumar, R.

L. Liu, R. Kumar, K. Huybrechts, T. Spuesens, G. Roelkens, E. J. Geluk, T. de Vries, P. Regreny, D. Van Thourhout, R. Baets, and G. Morthier, “An ultra-small, low-power, all-optical flip-flop memory on a silicon chip,” Nat. Photonics 4(3), 182–187 (2010).
[Crossref]

Kuramochi, E.

E. Kuramochi, K. Nozaki, A. Shinya, K. Takeda, T. Sato, S. Matsuo, H. Taniyama, H. Sumikura, and M. Notomi, “Large-scale integration of wavelength-addressable all-optical memories on a photonic crystal chip,” Nat. Photonics 8(6), 474–481 (2014).
[Crossref]

Lafosse, X.

Le Gratiet, L.

T. J. Karle, Y. Halioua, F. Raineri, P. Monnier, R. Braive, L. Le Gratiet, G. Beaudoin, I. Sagnes, G. Roelkens, F. van Laere, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Raj, “Heterogeneous integration and precise alignment of InP-based photonic crystal lasers to complementary metal-oxide semiconductor fabricated silicon on insulator wire waveguides,” J. Appl. Phys. 107(6), 063103 (2010).
[Crossref]

Leijtens, X. J.

M. T. Hill, H. J. S. Dorren, T. De Vries, X. J. Leijtens, J. H. Den Besten, B. Smalbrugge, Y. S. Oei, H. Binsma, G. D. Khoe, and M. K. Smit, “A fast low-power optical memory based on coupled micro-ring lasers,” Nature 432(7014), 206–209 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lengle, K.

Liu, L.

L. Liu, R. Kumar, K. Huybrechts, T. Spuesens, G. Roelkens, E. J. Geluk, T. de Vries, P. Regreny, D. Van Thourhout, R. Baets, and G. Morthier, “An ultra-small, low-power, all-optical flip-flop memory on a silicon chip,” Nat. Photonics 4(3), 182–187 (2010).
[Crossref]

Liu, Y.

Y. Liu, R. McDougall, M. T. Hill, G. Maxwell, S. Zhang, R. Harmon, E. M. Huijskens, L. Rivers, H. J. S. Dorren, and A. Poustie, “Packaged and hybrid integrated all-optical flip-flop memory,” Electron. Lett. 42(24), 1399–1400 (2006).
[Crossref]

Maniotis, P.

Matsuo, S.

E. Kuramochi, K. Nozaki, A. Shinya, K. Takeda, T. Sato, S. Matsuo, H. Taniyama, H. Sumikura, and M. Notomi, “Large-scale integration of wavelength-addressable all-optical memories on a photonic crystal chip,” Nat. Photonics 8(6), 474–481 (2014).
[Crossref]

K. Nozaki, A. Shinya, S. Matsuo, Y. Suzaki, T. Segawa, T. Sato, Y. Kawaguchi, R. Takahashi, and M. Notomi, “Ultralow-power all-optical RAM based on nanocavities,” Nat. Photonics 6(4), 248–252 (2012).
[Crossref]

C. H. Chen, S. Matsuo, K. Nozaki, A. Shinya, T. Sato, Y. Kawaguchi, H. Sumikura, and M. Notomi, “All-optical memory based on injection-locking bistability in photonic crystal lasers,” Opt. Express 19(4), 3387–3395 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Maxwell, G.

Y. Liu, R. McDougall, M. T. Hill, G. Maxwell, S. Zhang, R. Harmon, E. M. Huijskens, L. Rivers, H. J. S. Dorren, and A. Poustie, “Packaged and hybrid integrated all-optical flip-flop memory,” Electron. Lett. 42(24), 1399–1400 (2006).
[Crossref]

McDougall, R.

Y. Liu, R. McDougall, M. T. Hill, G. Maxwell, S. Zhang, R. Harmon, E. M. Huijskens, L. Rivers, H. J. S. Dorren, and A. Poustie, “Packaged and hybrid integrated all-optical flip-flop memory,” Electron. Lett. 42(24), 1399–1400 (2006).
[Crossref]

Meloni, G.

J. Wang, G. Meloni, G. Berrettini, L. Potì, and A. Bogoni, “All-Optical Clocked Flip-Flops and Binary Counting Operation Using SOA-Based SR Latch and Logic Gates,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(5), 1486–1494 (2010).
[Crossref]

Miliou, A.

T. Alexoudi, S. Papaioannou, G. T. Kanellos, A. Miliou, and N. Pleros, “Optical Cache memory Peripheral Circuitry: Row and Column Address Selectors for Optical Static RAM Banks,” J. Lightwave Technol. 31(24), 4098–4110 (2013).
[Crossref]

D. Fitsios, C. Vyrsokinos, A. Miliou, and N. Pleros, “Memory speed analysis of an optical RAM and Optical Flip-Flop circuits based on coupled SOA-MZI gates,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 18(2), 1006–1015 (2012).

Mitsugi, S.

Monnier, P.

G. Crosnier, A. Bazin, V. Ardizzone, P. Monnier, R. Raj, and F. Raineri, “Subduing surface recombination for continuous-wave operation of photonic crystal nanolasers integrated on Silicon waveguides,” Opt. Express 23(21), 27953–27959 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Bazin, P. Monnier, X. Lafosse, G. Beaudoin, R. Braive, I. Sagnes, R. Raj, and F. Raineri, “Thermal management in hybrid InP/silicon photonic crystal nanobeam laser,” Opt. Express 22(9), 10570–10578 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. J. Karle, Y. Halioua, F. Raineri, P. Monnier, R. Braive, L. Le Gratiet, G. Beaudoin, I. Sagnes, G. Roelkens, F. van Laere, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Raj, “Heterogeneous integration and precise alignment of InP-based photonic crystal lasers to complementary metal-oxide semiconductor fabricated silicon on insulator wire waveguides,” J. Appl. Phys. 107(6), 063103 (2010).
[Crossref]

Morthier, G.

L. Liu, R. Kumar, K. Huybrechts, T. Spuesens, G. Roelkens, E. J. Geluk, T. de Vries, P. Regreny, D. Van Thourhout, R. Baets, and G. Morthier, “An ultra-small, low-power, all-optical flip-flop memory on a silicon chip,” Nat. Photonics 4(3), 182–187 (2010).
[Crossref]

Nguyen, T. N.

Notomi, M.

E. Kuramochi, K. Nozaki, A. Shinya, K. Takeda, T. Sato, S. Matsuo, H. Taniyama, H. Sumikura, and M. Notomi, “Large-scale integration of wavelength-addressable all-optical memories on a photonic crystal chip,” Nat. Photonics 8(6), 474–481 (2014).
[Crossref]

K. Nozaki, A. Shinya, S. Matsuo, Y. Suzaki, T. Segawa, T. Sato, Y. Kawaguchi, R. Takahashi, and M. Notomi, “Ultralow-power all-optical RAM based on nanocavities,” Nat. Photonics 6(4), 248–252 (2012).
[Crossref]

C. H. Chen, S. Matsuo, K. Nozaki, A. Shinya, T. Sato, Y. Kawaguchi, H. Sumikura, and M. Notomi, “All-optical memory based on injection-locking bistability in photonic crystal lasers,” Opt. Express 19(4), 3387–3395 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Shinya, S. Mitsugi, T. Tanabe, M. Notomi, I. Yokohama, H. Takara, and S. Kawanishi, “All-optical flip-flop circuit composed of coupled two-port resonant tunneling filter in two-dimensional photonic crystal slab,” Opt. Express 14(3), 1230–1235 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nozaki, K.

E. Kuramochi, K. Nozaki, A. Shinya, K. Takeda, T. Sato, S. Matsuo, H. Taniyama, H. Sumikura, and M. Notomi, “Large-scale integration of wavelength-addressable all-optical memories on a photonic crystal chip,” Nat. Photonics 8(6), 474–481 (2014).
[Crossref]

K. Nozaki, A. Shinya, S. Matsuo, Y. Suzaki, T. Segawa, T. Sato, Y. Kawaguchi, R. Takahashi, and M. Notomi, “Ultralow-power all-optical RAM based on nanocavities,” Nat. Photonics 6(4), 248–252 (2012).
[Crossref]

C. H. Chen, S. Matsuo, K. Nozaki, A. Shinya, T. Sato, Y. Kawaguchi, H. Sumikura, and M. Notomi, “All-optical memory based on injection-locking bistability in photonic crystal lasers,” Opt. Express 19(4), 3387–3395 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Oei, Y. S.

M. T. Hill, H. J. S. Dorren, T. De Vries, X. J. Leijtens, J. H. Den Besten, B. Smalbrugge, Y. S. Oei, H. Binsma, G. D. Khoe, and M. K. Smit, “A fast low-power optical memory based on coupled micro-ring lasers,” Nature 432(7014), 206–209 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Panda, A.

S. Han, N. Egi, A. Panda, S. Ratnasamy, G. Shi, and S. Shenker, “Network Support for Resource Disaggregation in Next-Generation Datacenters”, in Proceedings of the 12th ACM Workshop on Hot Topics in Networks Article (2013), paper 10.
[Crossref]

Papaioannou, S.

Petrantonakis, D.

N. Pleros, D. Apostolopoulos, D. Petrantonakis, C. Stamatiadis, and H. Avramopoulos, “Optical Static RAM Cell,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett 21(2), 73–75 (2009).
[Crossref]

Pleros, N.

T. Alexoudi, S. Papaioannou, G. T. Kanellos, A. Miliou, and N. Pleros, “Optical Cache memory Peripheral Circuitry: Row and Column Address Selectors for Optical Static RAM Banks,” J. Lightwave Technol. 31(24), 4098–4110 (2013).
[Crossref]

P. Maniotis, D. Fitsios, G. T. Kanellos, and N. Pleros, “Optical Buffering for Chip Multiprocessors: A 16GHz Optical Cache Memory Architecture,” J. Lightwave Technol. 31(24), 4175–4191 (2013).
[Crossref]

D. Fitsios, C. Vyrsokinos, A. Miliou, and N. Pleros, “Memory speed analysis of an optical RAM and Optical Flip-Flop circuits based on coupled SOA-MZI gates,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 18(2), 1006–1015 (2012).

N. Pleros, D. Apostolopoulos, D. Petrantonakis, C. Stamatiadis, and H. Avramopoulos, “Optical Static RAM Cell,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett 21(2), 73–75 (2009).
[Crossref]

Potì, L.

J. Wang, G. Meloni, G. Berrettini, L. Potì, and A. Bogoni, “All-Optical Clocked Flip-Flops and Binary Counting Operation Using SOA-Based SR Latch and Logic Gates,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(5), 1486–1494 (2010).
[Crossref]

Poustie, A.

Y. Liu, R. McDougall, M. T. Hill, G. Maxwell, S. Zhang, R. Harmon, E. M. Huijskens, L. Rivers, H. J. S. Dorren, and A. Poustie, “Packaged and hybrid integrated all-optical flip-flop memory,” Electron. Lett. 42(24), 1399–1400 (2006).
[Crossref]

Raineri, F.

Raj, R.

Ratnasamy, S.

S. Han, N. Egi, A. Panda, S. Ratnasamy, G. Shi, and S. Shenker, “Network Support for Resource Disaggregation in Next-Generation Datacenters”, in Proceedings of the 12th ACM Workshop on Hot Topics in Networks Article (2013), paper 10.
[Crossref]

Regreny, P.

L. Liu, R. Kumar, K. Huybrechts, T. Spuesens, G. Roelkens, E. J. Geluk, T. de Vries, P. Regreny, D. Van Thourhout, R. Baets, and G. Morthier, “An ultra-small, low-power, all-optical flip-flop memory on a silicon chip,” Nat. Photonics 4(3), 182–187 (2010).
[Crossref]

Rivers, L.

Y. Liu, R. McDougall, M. T. Hill, G. Maxwell, S. Zhang, R. Harmon, E. M. Huijskens, L. Rivers, H. J. S. Dorren, and A. Poustie, “Packaged and hybrid integrated all-optical flip-flop memory,” Electron. Lett. 42(24), 1399–1400 (2006).
[Crossref]

Roelkens, G.

L. Liu, R. Kumar, K. Huybrechts, T. Spuesens, G. Roelkens, E. J. Geluk, T. de Vries, P. Regreny, D. Van Thourhout, R. Baets, and G. Morthier, “An ultra-small, low-power, all-optical flip-flop memory on a silicon chip,” Nat. Photonics 4(3), 182–187 (2010).
[Crossref]

T. J. Karle, Y. Halioua, F. Raineri, P. Monnier, R. Braive, L. Le Gratiet, G. Beaudoin, I. Sagnes, G. Roelkens, F. van Laere, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Raj, “Heterogeneous integration and precise alignment of InP-based photonic crystal lasers to complementary metal-oxide semiconductor fabricated silicon on insulator wire waveguides,” J. Appl. Phys. 107(6), 063103 (2010).
[Crossref]

Sagnes, I.

A. Bazin, P. Monnier, X. Lafosse, G. Beaudoin, R. Braive, I. Sagnes, R. Raj, and F. Raineri, “Thermal management in hybrid InP/silicon photonic crystal nanobeam laser,” Opt. Express 22(9), 10570–10578 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. J. Karle, Y. Halioua, F. Raineri, P. Monnier, R. Braive, L. Le Gratiet, G. Beaudoin, I. Sagnes, G. Roelkens, F. van Laere, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Raj, “Heterogeneous integration and precise alignment of InP-based photonic crystal lasers to complementary metal-oxide semiconductor fabricated silicon on insulator wire waveguides,” J. Appl. Phys. 107(6), 063103 (2010).
[Crossref]

Sakaguchi, J.

J. Sakaguchi, T. Katayama, and H. Kawaguchi, “High Switching-Speed Operation of Optical Memory Based on Polarization Bistable Vertical-Cavity Surface-Emitting Laser,” J. Quantum Electron. 46(11), 1526–1534 (2010).
[Crossref]

Sato, T.

E. Kuramochi, K. Nozaki, A. Shinya, K. Takeda, T. Sato, S. Matsuo, H. Taniyama, H. Sumikura, and M. Notomi, “Large-scale integration of wavelength-addressable all-optical memories on a photonic crystal chip,” Nat. Photonics 8(6), 474–481 (2014).
[Crossref]

K. Nozaki, A. Shinya, S. Matsuo, Y. Suzaki, T. Segawa, T. Sato, Y. Kawaguchi, R. Takahashi, and M. Notomi, “Ultralow-power all-optical RAM based on nanocavities,” Nat. Photonics 6(4), 248–252 (2012).
[Crossref]

C. H. Chen, S. Matsuo, K. Nozaki, A. Shinya, T. Sato, Y. Kawaguchi, H. Sumikura, and M. Notomi, “All-optical memory based on injection-locking bistability in photonic crystal lasers,” Opt. Express 19(4), 3387–3395 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Segawa, T.

K. Nozaki, A. Shinya, S. Matsuo, Y. Suzaki, T. Segawa, T. Sato, Y. Kawaguchi, R. Takahashi, and M. Notomi, “Ultralow-power all-optical RAM based on nanocavities,” Nat. Photonics 6(4), 248–252 (2012).
[Crossref]

Shenker, S.

S. Han, N. Egi, A. Panda, S. Ratnasamy, G. Shi, and S. Shenker, “Network Support for Resource Disaggregation in Next-Generation Datacenters”, in Proceedings of the 12th ACM Workshop on Hot Topics in Networks Article (2013), paper 10.
[Crossref]

Shi, G.

S. Han, N. Egi, A. Panda, S. Ratnasamy, G. Shi, and S. Shenker, “Network Support for Resource Disaggregation in Next-Generation Datacenters”, in Proceedings of the 12th ACM Workshop on Hot Topics in Networks Article (2013), paper 10.
[Crossref]

Shinya, A.

E. Kuramochi, K. Nozaki, A. Shinya, K. Takeda, T. Sato, S. Matsuo, H. Taniyama, H. Sumikura, and M. Notomi, “Large-scale integration of wavelength-addressable all-optical memories on a photonic crystal chip,” Nat. Photonics 8(6), 474–481 (2014).
[Crossref]

K. Nozaki, A. Shinya, S. Matsuo, Y. Suzaki, T. Segawa, T. Sato, Y. Kawaguchi, R. Takahashi, and M. Notomi, “Ultralow-power all-optical RAM based on nanocavities,” Nat. Photonics 6(4), 248–252 (2012).
[Crossref]

C. H. Chen, S. Matsuo, K. Nozaki, A. Shinya, T. Sato, Y. Kawaguchi, H. Sumikura, and M. Notomi, “All-optical memory based on injection-locking bistability in photonic crystal lasers,” Opt. Express 19(4), 3387–3395 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Shinya, S. Mitsugi, T. Tanabe, M. Notomi, I. Yokohama, H. Takara, and S. Kawanishi, “All-optical flip-flop circuit composed of coupled two-port resonant tunneling filter in two-dimensional photonic crystal slab,” Opt. Express 14(3), 1230–1235 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Simon, J. C.

Smalbrugge, B.

M. T. Hill, H. J. S. Dorren, T. De Vries, X. J. Leijtens, J. H. Den Besten, B. Smalbrugge, Y. S. Oei, H. Binsma, G. D. Khoe, and M. K. Smit, “A fast low-power optical memory based on coupled micro-ring lasers,” Nature 432(7014), 206–209 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Smit, M. K.

M. T. Hill, H. J. S. Dorren, T. De Vries, X. J. Leijtens, J. H. Den Besten, B. Smalbrugge, Y. S. Oei, H. Binsma, G. D. Khoe, and M. K. Smit, “A fast low-power optical memory based on coupled micro-ring lasers,” Nature 432(7014), 206–209 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Spuesens, T.

L. Liu, R. Kumar, K. Huybrechts, T. Spuesens, G. Roelkens, E. J. Geluk, T. de Vries, P. Regreny, D. Van Thourhout, R. Baets, and G. Morthier, “An ultra-small, low-power, all-optical flip-flop memory on a silicon chip,” Nat. Photonics 4(3), 182–187 (2010).
[Crossref]

Stamatiadis, C.

N. Pleros, D. Apostolopoulos, D. Petrantonakis, C. Stamatiadis, and H. Avramopoulos, “Optical Static RAM Cell,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett 21(2), 73–75 (2009).
[Crossref]

Sumikura, H.

E. Kuramochi, K. Nozaki, A. Shinya, K. Takeda, T. Sato, S. Matsuo, H. Taniyama, H. Sumikura, and M. Notomi, “Large-scale integration of wavelength-addressable all-optical memories on a photonic crystal chip,” Nat. Photonics 8(6), 474–481 (2014).
[Crossref]

C. H. Chen, S. Matsuo, K. Nozaki, A. Shinya, T. Sato, Y. Kawaguchi, H. Sumikura, and M. Notomi, “All-optical memory based on injection-locking bistability in photonic crystal lasers,” Opt. Express 19(4), 3387–3395 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Suzaki, Y.

K. Nozaki, A. Shinya, S. Matsuo, Y. Suzaki, T. Segawa, T. Sato, Y. Kawaguchi, R. Takahashi, and M. Notomi, “Ultralow-power all-optical RAM based on nanocavities,” Nat. Photonics 6(4), 248–252 (2012).
[Crossref]

Takahashi, R.

K. Nozaki, A. Shinya, S. Matsuo, Y. Suzaki, T. Segawa, T. Sato, Y. Kawaguchi, R. Takahashi, and M. Notomi, “Ultralow-power all-optical RAM based on nanocavities,” Nat. Photonics 6(4), 248–252 (2012).
[Crossref]

Takara, H.

Takeda, K.

E. Kuramochi, K. Nozaki, A. Shinya, K. Takeda, T. Sato, S. Matsuo, H. Taniyama, H. Sumikura, and M. Notomi, “Large-scale integration of wavelength-addressable all-optical memories on a photonic crystal chip,” Nat. Photonics 8(6), 474–481 (2014).
[Crossref]

Tanabe, T.

Taniyama, H.

E. Kuramochi, K. Nozaki, A. Shinya, K. Takeda, T. Sato, S. Matsuo, H. Taniyama, H. Sumikura, and M. Notomi, “Large-scale integration of wavelength-addressable all-optical memories on a photonic crystal chip,” Nat. Photonics 8(6), 474–481 (2014).
[Crossref]

van Laere, F.

T. J. Karle, Y. Halioua, F. Raineri, P. Monnier, R. Braive, L. Le Gratiet, G. Beaudoin, I. Sagnes, G. Roelkens, F. van Laere, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Raj, “Heterogeneous integration and precise alignment of InP-based photonic crystal lasers to complementary metal-oxide semiconductor fabricated silicon on insulator wire waveguides,” J. Appl. Phys. 107(6), 063103 (2010).
[Crossref]

Van Thourhout, D.

T. J. Karle, Y. Halioua, F. Raineri, P. Monnier, R. Braive, L. Le Gratiet, G. Beaudoin, I. Sagnes, G. Roelkens, F. van Laere, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Raj, “Heterogeneous integration and precise alignment of InP-based photonic crystal lasers to complementary metal-oxide semiconductor fabricated silicon on insulator wire waveguides,” J. Appl. Phys. 107(6), 063103 (2010).
[Crossref]

L. Liu, R. Kumar, K. Huybrechts, T. Spuesens, G. Roelkens, E. J. Geluk, T. de Vries, P. Regreny, D. Van Thourhout, R. Baets, and G. Morthier, “An ultra-small, low-power, all-optical flip-flop memory on a silicon chip,” Nat. Photonics 4(3), 182–187 (2010).
[Crossref]

Vyrsokinos, C.

D. Fitsios, C. Vyrsokinos, A. Miliou, and N. Pleros, “Memory speed analysis of an optical RAM and Optical Flip-Flop circuits based on coupled SOA-MZI gates,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 18(2), 1006–1015 (2012).

Wang, J.

J. Wang, G. Meloni, G. Berrettini, L. Potì, and A. Bogoni, “All-Optical Clocked Flip-Flops and Binary Counting Operation Using SOA-Based SR Latch and Logic Gates,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(5), 1486–1494 (2010).
[Crossref]

Yokohama, I.

Zhang, S.

Y. Liu, R. McDougall, M. T. Hill, G. Maxwell, S. Zhang, R. Harmon, E. M. Huijskens, L. Rivers, H. J. S. Dorren, and A. Poustie, “Packaged and hybrid integrated all-optical flip-flop memory,” Electron. Lett. 42(24), 1399–1400 (2006).
[Crossref]

Commun. ACM (1)

S. Borkar and A. Chien, “The future of Microprocessors,” Commun. ACM 54(5), 67–77 (2011).
[Crossref]

Electron. Lett. (1)

Y. Liu, R. McDougall, M. T. Hill, G. Maxwell, S. Zhang, R. Harmon, E. M. Huijskens, L. Rivers, H. J. S. Dorren, and A. Poustie, “Packaged and hybrid integrated all-optical flip-flop memory,” Electron. Lett. 42(24), 1399–1400 (2006).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (3)

J. Wang, G. Meloni, G. Berrettini, L. Potì, and A. Bogoni, “All-Optical Clocked Flip-Flops and Binary Counting Operation Using SOA-Based SR Latch and Logic Gates,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(5), 1486–1494 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. E. Cunningham and et al.., “Integration and Packaging of a Macrochip With Silicon Nanophotonic Links,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(3), 546–558 (2011).

D. Fitsios, C. Vyrsokinos, A. Miliou, and N. Pleros, “Memory speed analysis of an optical RAM and Optical Flip-Flop circuits based on coupled SOA-MZI gates,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 18(2), 1006–1015 (2012).

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett (1)

N. Pleros, D. Apostolopoulos, D. Petrantonakis, C. Stamatiadis, and H. Avramopoulos, “Optical Static RAM Cell,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett 21(2), 73–75 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

T. J. Karle, Y. Halioua, F. Raineri, P. Monnier, R. Braive, L. Le Gratiet, G. Beaudoin, I. Sagnes, G. Roelkens, F. van Laere, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Raj, “Heterogeneous integration and precise alignment of InP-based photonic crystal lasers to complementary metal-oxide semiconductor fabricated silicon on insulator wire waveguides,” J. Appl. Phys. 107(6), 063103 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (3)

J. Quantum Electron. (1)

J. Sakaguchi, T. Katayama, and H. Kawaguchi, “High Switching-Speed Operation of Optical Memory Based on Polarization Bistable Vertical-Cavity Surface-Emitting Laser,” J. Quantum Electron. 46(11), 1526–1534 (2010).
[Crossref]

Nat. Photonics (3)

L. Liu, R. Kumar, K. Huybrechts, T. Spuesens, G. Roelkens, E. J. Geluk, T. de Vries, P. Regreny, D. Van Thourhout, R. Baets, and G. Morthier, “An ultra-small, low-power, all-optical flip-flop memory on a silicon chip,” Nat. Photonics 4(3), 182–187 (2010).
[Crossref]

K. Nozaki, A. Shinya, S. Matsuo, Y. Suzaki, T. Segawa, T. Sato, Y. Kawaguchi, R. Takahashi, and M. Notomi, “Ultralow-power all-optical RAM based on nanocavities,” Nat. Photonics 6(4), 248–252 (2012).
[Crossref]

E. Kuramochi, K. Nozaki, A. Shinya, K. Takeda, T. Sato, S. Matsuo, H. Taniyama, H. Sumikura, and M. Notomi, “Large-scale integration of wavelength-addressable all-optical memories on a photonic crystal chip,” Nat. Photonics 8(6), 474–481 (2014).
[Crossref]

Nature (1)

M. T. Hill, H. J. S. Dorren, T. De Vries, X. J. Leijtens, J. H. Den Besten, B. Smalbrugge, Y. S. Oei, H. Binsma, G. D. Khoe, and M. K. Smit, “A fast low-power optical memory based on coupled micro-ring lasers,” Nature 432(7014), 206–209 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Other (3)

A. Bazin, III–V Semiconductor Nanocavities on Silicon-On-Insulator Waveguide: Laser Emission, Switching and Optical Memory (PhD Thesis, Université Paris Diderot, 2013), Chap. 6.

S. McKee, “Reflections on the Memory Wall,” in Proceedings of the 1st Conf. on Comp. frontiers, Ischia, Italy, 14–16 Apr. (2004).
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S. Han, N. Egi, A. Panda, S. Ratnasamy, G. Shi, and S. Shenker, “Network Support for Resource Disaggregation in Next-Generation Datacenters”, in Proceedings of the 12th ACM Workshop on Hot Topics in Networks Article (2013), paper 10.
[Crossref]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a) Process of injection locking of the bistable PhC nanolaser b) Hysteresis loop of the bistable PhC laser.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a) Representation of the SR-FF operation of the bistable PhC nanolaser, (b) SEM image of the photonic crystal nanolaser, (c) schematic view of the layers stack, (d) Ey field distribution in the hybrid structure.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Experimental setup.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 a) Input pulse trace with three logical levels (logical one, bias, logical zero) inserted into the PhC-based SR-FF, b) Output pulse trace obtained at the exit of the SR-FF, c) Rising and d) Falling time of the FF output pulses, e) Set/Reset/Bias eye diagram, f) SR-FF output eye diagram, g) BER curves for PhC-based SR-FF operation at 5Gb/s.

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