Abstract

We have experimentally demonstrated square pulses emission from a co-doped Er:Yb double-clad fiber laser operating in anomalous dispersion DSR regime using the nonlinear polarization evolution technique. Stable mode-locked pulses have a repetition rate of 373 kHz with 2.27 µJ energy per pulse under a pumping power of 30 W in cavity. With the increase of pump power, both the duration and the energy of the output square pulses broaden. The experimental results demonstrate that the passively mode-locked fiber laser operating in the anomalous regime can also realize a high-energy pulse, which is different from the conventional low-energy soliton pulse.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. F. Sanchez, P. Grelu, H. Leblond, A. Komarov, K. Komarov, M. Salhi, A. Niang, F. Amrani, C. Lecaplain, and S. Chouli, “Manipulating dissipative soliton ensembles in passively mode-locked fiber lasers,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 20(6), 562–574 (2014).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]

2015 (1)

2014 (2)

N. Zhao, M. Liu, H. Liu, X.-W. Zheng, Q.-Y. Ning, A.-P. Luo, Z.-C. Luo, and W.-C. Xu, “Dual-wavelength rectangular pulse Yb-doped fiber laser using a microfiber-based graphene saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 22(9), 10906–10913 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Sanchez, P. Grelu, H. Leblond, A. Komarov, K. Komarov, M. Salhi, A. Niang, F. Amrani, C. Lecaplain, and S. Chouli, “Manipulating dissipative soliton ensembles in passively mode-locked fiber lasers,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 20(6), 562–574 (2014).
[Crossref]

2012 (4)

2011 (1)

2010 (4)

2009 (3)

X. Peng, B. Jordens, A. Hooper, B. W. Baird, W. Ren, L. Xu, and L. Sun, “Generation of programmable temporal pulse shape and applications in micromachining,” Proc. SPIE 7193, 719324 (2009).
[Crossref]

W. Chang, J. M. Soto-Crespo, A. Ankiewicz, and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative soliton resonances in the anomalous dispersion regime,” Phys. Rev. A 79(3), 033840 (2009).
[Crossref]

X. Wu, D. Y. Tang, H. Zhang, and L. M. Zhao, “Dissipative soliton resonance in an all-normal-dispersion erbium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Express 17(7), 5580–5584 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2008 (1)

W. Chang, A. Ankiewicz, J. M. Soto-Crespo, and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative soliton resonances,” Phys. Rev. A 78(2), 023830 (2008).
[Crossref]

2005 (1)

M. Salhi, H. Leblond, and F. Sanchez, “High power tunable all fiber double-clad Er:Yb:silicate fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 247(1–3), 181–185 (2005).
[Crossref]

1997 (1)

L. E. Nelson, D. J. Jones, K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, “Ultrashort-pulse fiber ring lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 65(2), 277–294 (1997).
[Crossref]

Agrawal, G. P.

A. M. Kaplan, G. P. Agrawal, and D. N. Maywar, “Optical square-wave clock generation based on an all-optical flip-flop,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 22(7), 489–491 (2010).
[Crossref]

Akhmediev, N.

P. Grelu, W. Chang, A. Ankiewicz, J. M. Soto-Crespo, and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative soliton resonance as a guideline for high-energy pulse laser oscillators,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 27(11), 2336 (2010).
[Crossref]

W. Chang, J. M. Soto-Crespo, A. Ankiewicz, and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative soliton resonances in the anomalous dispersion regime,” Phys. Rev. A 79(3), 033840 (2009).
[Crossref]

W. Chang, A. Ankiewicz, J. M. Soto-Crespo, and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative soliton resonances,” Phys. Rev. A 78(2), 023830 (2008).
[Crossref]

Amrani, F.

F. Sanchez, P. Grelu, H. Leblond, A. Komarov, K. Komarov, M. Salhi, A. Niang, F. Amrani, C. Lecaplain, and S. Chouli, “Manipulating dissipative soliton ensembles in passively mode-locked fiber lasers,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 20(6), 562–574 (2014).
[Crossref]

F. Amrani, M. Salhi, P. Grelu, H. Leblond, and F. Sanchez, “Universal soliton pattern formations in passively mode-locked fiber lasers,” Opt. Lett. 36(9), 1545–1547 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ankiewicz, A.

P. Grelu, W. Chang, A. Ankiewicz, J. M. Soto-Crespo, and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative soliton resonance as a guideline for high-energy pulse laser oscillators,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 27(11), 2336 (2010).
[Crossref]

W. Chang, J. M. Soto-Crespo, A. Ankiewicz, and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative soliton resonances in the anomalous dispersion regime,” Phys. Rev. A 79(3), 033840 (2009).
[Crossref]

W. Chang, A. Ankiewicz, J. M. Soto-Crespo, and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative soliton resonances,” Phys. Rev. A 78(2), 023830 (2008).
[Crossref]

Baird, B. W.

X. Peng, B. Jordens, A. Hooper, B. W. Baird, W. Ren, L. Xu, and L. Sun, “Generation of programmable temporal pulse shape and applications in micromachining,” Proc. SPIE 7193, 719324 (2009).
[Crossref]

Cai, Z.-R.

Cao, W.-J.

Chang, W.

P. Grelu, W. Chang, A. Ankiewicz, J. M. Soto-Crespo, and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative soliton resonance as a guideline for high-energy pulse laser oscillators,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 27(11), 2336 (2010).
[Crossref]

W. Chang, J. M. Soto-Crespo, A. Ankiewicz, and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative soliton resonances in the anomalous dispersion regime,” Phys. Rev. A 79(3), 033840 (2009).
[Crossref]

W. Chang, A. Ankiewicz, J. M. Soto-Crespo, and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative soliton resonances,” Phys. Rev. A 78(2), 023830 (2008).
[Crossref]

Chen, G.

Chong, A.

Chouli, S.

F. Sanchez, P. Grelu, H. Leblond, A. Komarov, K. Komarov, M. Salhi, A. Niang, F. Amrani, C. Lecaplain, and S. Chouli, “Manipulating dissipative soliton ensembles in passively mode-locked fiber lasers,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 20(6), 562–574 (2014).
[Crossref]

Du, J.

Duan, L.

Grelu, P.

Gu, C.

Hao, Y.

Haus, H. A.

L. E. Nelson, D. J. Jones, K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, “Ultrashort-pulse fiber ring lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 65(2), 277–294 (1997).
[Crossref]

Hooper, A.

X. Peng, B. Jordens, A. Hooper, B. W. Baird, W. Ren, L. Xu, and L. Sun, “Generation of programmable temporal pulse shape and applications in micromachining,” Proc. SPIE 7193, 719324 (2009).
[Crossref]

Hu, X.

Ippen, E. P.

L. E. Nelson, D. J. Jones, K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, “Ultrashort-pulse fiber ring lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 65(2), 277–294 (1997).
[Crossref]

Jones, D. J.

L. E. Nelson, D. J. Jones, K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, “Ultrashort-pulse fiber ring lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 65(2), 277–294 (1997).
[Crossref]

Jordens, B.

X. Peng, B. Jordens, A. Hooper, B. W. Baird, W. Ren, L. Xu, and L. Sun, “Generation of programmable temporal pulse shape and applications in micromachining,” Proc. SPIE 7193, 719324 (2009).
[Crossref]

Kaplan, A. M.

A. M. Kaplan, G. P. Agrawal, and D. N. Maywar, “Optical square-wave clock generation based on an all-optical flip-flop,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 22(7), 489–491 (2010).
[Crossref]

Komarov, A.

F. Sanchez, P. Grelu, H. Leblond, A. Komarov, K. Komarov, M. Salhi, A. Niang, F. Amrani, C. Lecaplain, and S. Chouli, “Manipulating dissipative soliton ensembles in passively mode-locked fiber lasers,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 20(6), 562–574 (2014).
[Crossref]

Komarov, K.

F. Sanchez, P. Grelu, H. Leblond, A. Komarov, K. Komarov, M. Salhi, A. Niang, F. Amrani, C. Lecaplain, and S. Chouli, “Manipulating dissipative soliton ensembles in passively mode-locked fiber lasers,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 20(6), 562–574 (2014).
[Crossref]

Krzempek, K.

Leblond, H.

F. Sanchez, P. Grelu, H. Leblond, A. Komarov, K. Komarov, M. Salhi, A. Niang, F. Amrani, C. Lecaplain, and S. Chouli, “Manipulating dissipative soliton ensembles in passively mode-locked fiber lasers,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 20(6), 562–574 (2014).
[Crossref]

F. Amrani, M. Salhi, P. Grelu, H. Leblond, and F. Sanchez, “Universal soliton pattern formations in passively mode-locked fiber lasers,” Opt. Lett. 36(9), 1545–1547 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Salhi, H. Leblond, and F. Sanchez, “High power tunable all fiber double-clad Er:Yb:silicate fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 247(1–3), 181–185 (2005).
[Crossref]

Lecaplain, C.

F. Sanchez, P. Grelu, H. Leblond, A. Komarov, K. Komarov, M. Salhi, A. Niang, F. Amrani, C. Lecaplain, and S. Chouli, “Manipulating dissipative soliton ensembles in passively mode-locked fiber lasers,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 20(6), 562–574 (2014).
[Crossref]

Li, H.

Li, X.

Lin, Z.-B.

Liu, H.

Liu, M.

Liu, X.

Lu, H.

Luo, A.-P.

Luo, Z.-C.

Mao, D.

Maywar, D. N.

A. M. Kaplan, G. P. Agrawal, and D. N. Maywar, “Optical square-wave clock generation based on an all-optical flip-flop,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 22(7), 489–491 (2010).
[Crossref]

Meng, Y.

Ming, H.

Nelson, L. E.

L. E. Nelson, D. J. Jones, K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, “Ultrashort-pulse fiber ring lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 65(2), 277–294 (1997).
[Crossref]

Niang, A.

F. Sanchez, P. Grelu, H. Leblond, A. Komarov, K. Komarov, M. Salhi, A. Niang, F. Amrani, C. Lecaplain, and S. Chouli, “Manipulating dissipative soliton ensembles in passively mode-locked fiber lasers,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 20(6), 562–574 (2014).
[Crossref]

Ning, Q.-Y.

Peng, X.

X. Peng, B. Jordens, A. Hooper, B. W. Baird, W. Ren, L. Xu, and L. Sun, “Generation of programmable temporal pulse shape and applications in micromachining,” Proc. SPIE 7193, 719324 (2009).
[Crossref]

Ren, W.

X. Peng, B. Jordens, A. Hooper, B. W. Baird, W. Ren, L. Xu, and L. Sun, “Generation of programmable temporal pulse shape and applications in micromachining,” Proc. SPIE 7193, 719324 (2009).
[Crossref]

Renninger, W. H.

Salhi, M.

F. Sanchez, P. Grelu, H. Leblond, A. Komarov, K. Komarov, M. Salhi, A. Niang, F. Amrani, C. Lecaplain, and S. Chouli, “Manipulating dissipative soliton ensembles in passively mode-locked fiber lasers,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 20(6), 562–574 (2014).
[Crossref]

F. Amrani, M. Salhi, P. Grelu, H. Leblond, and F. Sanchez, “Universal soliton pattern formations in passively mode-locked fiber lasers,” Opt. Lett. 36(9), 1545–1547 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Salhi, H. Leblond, and F. Sanchez, “High power tunable all fiber double-clad Er:Yb:silicate fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 247(1–3), 181–185 (2005).
[Crossref]

Sanchez, F.

F. Sanchez, P. Grelu, H. Leblond, A. Komarov, K. Komarov, M. Salhi, A. Niang, F. Amrani, C. Lecaplain, and S. Chouli, “Manipulating dissipative soliton ensembles in passively mode-locked fiber lasers,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 20(6), 562–574 (2014).
[Crossref]

F. Amrani, M. Salhi, P. Grelu, H. Leblond, and F. Sanchez, “Universal soliton pattern formations in passively mode-locked fiber lasers,” Opt. Lett. 36(9), 1545–1547 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Salhi, H. Leblond, and F. Sanchez, “High power tunable all fiber double-clad Er:Yb:silicate fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 247(1–3), 181–185 (2005).
[Crossref]

Soto-Crespo, J. M.

P. Grelu, W. Chang, A. Ankiewicz, J. M. Soto-Crespo, and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative soliton resonance as a guideline for high-energy pulse laser oscillators,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 27(11), 2336 (2010).
[Crossref]

W. Chang, J. M. Soto-Crespo, A. Ankiewicz, and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative soliton resonances in the anomalous dispersion regime,” Phys. Rev. A 79(3), 033840 (2009).
[Crossref]

W. Chang, A. Ankiewicz, J. M. Soto-Crespo, and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative soliton resonances,” Phys. Rev. A 78(2), 023830 (2008).
[Crossref]

Sun, B.

Sun, L.

X. Peng, B. Jordens, A. Hooper, B. W. Baird, W. Ren, L. Xu, and L. Sun, “Generation of programmable temporal pulse shape and applications in micromachining,” Proc. SPIE 7193, 719324 (2009).
[Crossref]

Tamura, K.

L. E. Nelson, D. J. Jones, K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, “Ultrashort-pulse fiber ring lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 65(2), 277–294 (1997).
[Crossref]

Tang, D. Y.

Wang, A.

Wang, G.

Wang, L.

Wang, Y.

Wise, F. W.

Wu, X.

Xu, L.

X. Zhang, C. Gu, G. Chen, B. Sun, L. Xu, A. Wang, and H. Ming, “Square-wave pulse with ultra-wide tuning range in a passively mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 37(8), 1334–1336 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Peng, B. Jordens, A. Hooper, B. W. Baird, W. Ren, L. Xu, and L. Sun, “Generation of programmable temporal pulse shape and applications in micromachining,” Proc. SPIE 7193, 719324 (2009).
[Crossref]

Xu, W.-C.

Zhang, H.

Zhang, S.

Zhang, X.

Zhao, L. M.

Zhao, N.

Zhao, W.

Zheng, X.-W.

Appl. Phys. B (1)

L. E. Nelson, D. J. Jones, K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, “Ultrashort-pulse fiber ring lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 65(2), 277–294 (1997).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (1)

A. M. Kaplan, G. P. Agrawal, and D. N. Maywar, “Optical square-wave clock generation based on an all-optical flip-flop,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 22(7), 489–491 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

Opt. Commun. (1)

M. Salhi, H. Leblond, and F. Sanchez, “High power tunable all fiber double-clad Er:Yb:silicate fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 247(1–3), 181–185 (2005).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (5)

Opt. Fiber Technol. (1)

F. Sanchez, P. Grelu, H. Leblond, A. Komarov, K. Komarov, M. Salhi, A. Niang, F. Amrani, C. Lecaplain, and S. Chouli, “Manipulating dissipative soliton ensembles in passively mode-locked fiber lasers,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 20(6), 562–574 (2014).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (4)

Phys. Rev. A (2)

W. Chang, J. M. Soto-Crespo, A. Ankiewicz, and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative soliton resonances in the anomalous dispersion regime,” Phys. Rev. A 79(3), 033840 (2009).
[Crossref]

W. Chang, A. Ankiewicz, J. M. Soto-Crespo, and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative soliton resonances,” Phys. Rev. A 78(2), 023830 (2008).
[Crossref]

Proc. SPIE (1)

X. Peng, B. Jordens, A. Hooper, B. W. Baird, W. Ren, L. Xu, and L. Sun, “Generation of programmable temporal pulse shape and applications in micromachining,” Proc. SPIE 7193, 719324 (2009).
[Crossref]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Experimental setup of the ring cavity. OC: 10/90 output coupler. PC: polarization controller. OSA: optical spectrum analyzer. OSC: oscilloscope. RF: radio-frequency analyzer. Watt: wattmeter.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Mode locked emission at 5.4 W of pumping power: (a) Optical spectrum trace, (b) temporal pulse trace and (c) RF spectrum trace with 1 Hz bandwidth, the inset shows the RF spectrum trace with 500 MHz span.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a) Evolution of the pulse duration and energy versus pump power. (b) Evolution of the peak power and pulse duration against pump power.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Tuning range of the generated DSR square-wave pulse
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Variation of the optical spectrum trace with the change of pumping power.

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