Abstract

We demonstrate a 60–fold enhancement of the second harmonic generation (SHG) response at the nanoscale in a hybrid metal-dielectric system. By using complex silver nanostructures photochemically deposited on the polar surface of a ferroelectric crystal, we tune the plasmonic resonances from the visible to the near-infrared (NIR) spectral region, matching either the SH or the fundamental frequency. In both cases the SHG signal at the metal-dielectric interface is enhanced, although with substantially different enhancement values: around 5 times when the plasmonic resonance is at the SH frequency or up to 60 times when it matches the fundamental NIR radiation. The results are consistent with the more spatially-extended near-field response of complex metallic nanostructures and can be well explained by taking into account the quadratic character of the SHG process. The work points out the potential of aggregates of silver nanostructures for enhancing optical nonlinearities at the nanoscale and provides an alternative approach for the development of nanometric nonlinear photonic devices in a scalable way.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

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2016 (1)

C. L. Mueller, M. A. Arain, G. Ciani, R. T. DeRosa, A. Effler, D. Feldbaum, V. V. Frolov, P. Fulda, J. Gleason, M. Heintze, K. Kawabe, E. J. King, K. Kokeyama, W. Z. Korth, R. M. Martin, A. Mullavey, J. Peold, V. Quetschke, D. H. Reitze, D. B. Tanner, C. Vorvick, L. F. Williams, and G. Mueller, “The advanced LIGO input optics,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 87(1), 014502 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2015 (3)

E. Yraola, L. Sánchez-García, C. Tserkezis, P. Molina, M. O. Ramírez, J. L. Plaza, J. Aizpurua, and L. E. Bausá, “Controlling solid state gain media by deposition of silver nanoparticles: from thermally- quenched to plasmon-enhanced Nd3+ luminescence,” Opt. Express 23(12), 15670–15679 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Metzger, L. Gui, J. Fuchs, D. Floess, M. Hentschel, and H. Giessen, “Strong enhancement of second harmonic emission by plasmonic resonances at the second harmonic wavelength,” Nano Lett. 15(6), 3917–3922 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Lehr, J. Reinhold, I. Thiele, H. Hartung, K. Dietrich, C. Menzel, T. Pertsch, E. B. Kley, and A. Tünnermann, “Enhancing second harmonic generation in gold nanoring resonators filled with lithium niobate,” Nano Lett. 15(2), 1025–1030 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2014 (3)

L. Sánchez-García, M. O. Ramírez, P. Molina, F. Gallego-Gómez, L. Mateos, E. Yraola, J. J. Carvajal, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, C. de Las Heras, and L. E. Bausá, “Blue SHG enhancement by silver nanocubes photochemically prepared on a RbTiOPO4 ferroelectric crystal,” Adv. Mater. 26(37), 6447–6453 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Chen, M. Ren, R. Liu, C. Zhang, Y. Sheng, B. Ma, and Z. Li, “Simultaneous broadband generation of second and third harmonics from chirped nonlinear photonic crystals,” Light Sci. Appl. 3(7), e189 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Aouani, M. Rahmani, M. Navarro-Cía, and S. A. Maier, “Third-harmonic-upconversion enhancement from a single semiconductor nanoparticle coupled to a plasmonic antenna,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 9(4), 290–294 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2013 (3)

E. Yraola, P. Molina, J. L. Plaza, M. O. Ramírez, and L. E. Bausá, “Spontaneous emission and nonlinear response enhancement by silver nanoparticles in a Nd3+-doped periodically poled LiNbO₃ laser crystal,” Adv. Mater. 25(6), 910–915 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Bar-Lev and J. Scheuer, “Efficient second harmonic generation using nonlinear substrates patterned by nano-antenna arrays,” Opt. Express 21(24), 29165–29178 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Mateos, L. E. Bausa, and M. O. Ramírez, “Two dimensional ferroelectric domain patterns in Yb3+ optically active LiNbO3 fabricated by direct electron beam writing,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(4), 042910 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (2)

2011 (3)

W. Cai, A. P. Vasudev, and M. L. Brongersma, “Electrically controlled nonlinear generation of light with plasmonics,” Science 333(6050), 1720–1723 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Y. Leng, X. Q. Yu, Y. X. Gong, P. Xu, Z. D. Xie, H. Jin, C. Zhang, and S. N. Zhu, “On-chip steering of entangled photons in nonlinear photonic crystals,” Nat. Commun. 2(8), 429–434 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. A. Earp and G. B. Smith, “Evolution of plasmonic response in growing silver thin films with pre-percolation non-local conduction and emittance drop,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 44(25), 255102 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (2)

A. I. Maaroof and D. S. Sutherland, “Optimum plasmon hybridization at percolation threshold of thin film near metallic surfaces,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 43(40), 405301 (2010).
[Crossref]

A. Arie and N. Voloch, “Periodic, quasi-periodic, and random quadratic nonlinear photonic crystals,” Laser Photonics Rev. 4(3), 355–373 (2010).
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

2006 (1)

J. N. Hanson, B. J. Rodriguez, R. J. Nemanich, and A. Gruverman, “Fabrication of metallic nanowires on a ferroelectric template via photochemical reaction,” Nanotechnology 17(19), 4946–4949 (2006).
[Crossref]

2004 (2)

S. V. Kalinin, D. A. Bonnell, T. Alvarez, X. J. Lei, Z. H. Hu, R. J. Shao, and H. Ferris, “Ferroelectric lithography of multicomponent nanostructures,” Adv. Mater. 16(910), 795–799 (2004).
[Crossref]

M. V. Pack, D. J. Armstrong, and A. V. Smith, “Measurement of the χ (2) tensors of KTiOPO4, KTiOAsO4, RbTiOPO4, and RbTiOAsO4 crystals,” Appl. Opt. 43(16), 3319–3323 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2003 (1)

Y. Guillien, B. Menaert, J. P. Feve, P. Segonds, J. Douady, B. Boulanger, and O. Pacaud, “Crystal growth and refined Sellmeier equations over the complete transparency range of RbTiOPO4,” Opt. Mater. 22(2), 155–162 (2003).
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

J. J. Carvajal, V. Nikolov, R. Solé, J. Gavaldà, J. Massons, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Crystallization region, crystal growth, and characterization of Rubidium Titanyl Phosphate codoped with Niobium and lanthanide ions,” Chem. Mater. 14(7), 3136–3142 (2002).
[Crossref]

1999 (1)

H. Karlsson, F. Laurell, and L. K. Cheng, “Periodic poling of RbTiOPO4 for quasi-phase matched blue light generation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 74(11), 1519–1521 (1999).
[Crossref]

1998 (1)

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, J. M. Hvam, K. Pedersen, F. Laurell, H. Karlsson, T. Skettrup, and M. Belmonte, “Second-harmonic imaging of ferroelectric domain walls,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73(13), 1814–1816 (1998).
[Crossref]

1994 (1)

L. K. Cheng, L. T. Cheng, J. Galperin, P. A. M. Hotsenpiller, and J. D. Bierlein, “Crystal growth and characterization of KTiOPO4 and isomorphs from the self-fluxes,” J. Cryst. Growth 137(1–2), 107–115 (1994).
[Crossref]

1962 (1)

J. A. Armstrong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, and P. S. Pershan, “Interactions between light waves in a nonlinear dielectric,” Phys. Rev. 127(6), 1918–1939 (1962).
[Crossref]

1961 (1)

P. Franken, A. E. Hill, C. W. Peters, and G. Weinreich, “Generation of optical harmonics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 7(4), 118–120 (1961).
[Crossref]

Aguiló, M.

L. Sánchez-García, M. O. Ramírez, P. Molina, F. Gallego-Gómez, L. Mateos, E. Yraola, J. J. Carvajal, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, C. de Las Heras, and L. E. Bausá, “Blue SHG enhancement by silver nanocubes photochemically prepared on a RbTiOPO4 ferroelectric crystal,” Adv. Mater. 26(37), 6447–6453 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. J. Carvajal, V. Nikolov, R. Solé, J. Gavaldà, J. Massons, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Crystallization region, crystal growth, and characterization of Rubidium Titanyl Phosphate codoped with Niobium and lanthanide ions,” Chem. Mater. 14(7), 3136–3142 (2002).
[Crossref]

Aizpurua, J.

Albrecht, H.

Alvarez, T.

S. V. Kalinin, D. A. Bonnell, T. Alvarez, X. J. Lei, Z. H. Hu, R. J. Shao, and H. Ferris, “Ferroelectric lithography of multicomponent nanostructures,” Adv. Mater. 16(910), 795–799 (2004).
[Crossref]

Aouani, H.

H. Aouani, M. Rahmani, M. Navarro-Cía, and S. A. Maier, “Third-harmonic-upconversion enhancement from a single semiconductor nanoparticle coupled to a plasmonic antenna,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 9(4), 290–294 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Arain, M. A.

C. L. Mueller, M. A. Arain, G. Ciani, R. T. DeRosa, A. Effler, D. Feldbaum, V. V. Frolov, P. Fulda, J. Gleason, M. Heintze, K. Kawabe, E. J. King, K. Kokeyama, W. Z. Korth, R. M. Martin, A. Mullavey, J. Peold, V. Quetschke, D. H. Reitze, D. B. Tanner, C. Vorvick, L. F. Williams, and G. Mueller, “The advanced LIGO input optics,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 87(1), 014502 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Arie, A.

A. Arie and N. Voloch, “Periodic, quasi-periodic, and random quadratic nonlinear photonic crystals,” Laser Photonics Rev. 4(3), 355–373 (2010).
[Crossref]

Armstrong, D. J.

Armstrong, J. A.

J. A. Armstrong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, and P. S. Pershan, “Interactions between light waves in a nonlinear dielectric,” Phys. Rev. 127(6), 1918–1939 (1962).
[Crossref]

Bar-Lev, D.

Bausa, L. E.

L. Mateos, L. E. Bausa, and M. O. Ramírez, “Two dimensional ferroelectric domain patterns in Yb3+ optically active LiNbO3 fabricated by direct electron beam writing,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(4), 042910 (2013).
[Crossref]

Bausá, L. E.

E. Yraola, L. Sánchez-García, C. Tserkezis, P. Molina, M. O. Ramírez, J. L. Plaza, J. Aizpurua, and L. E. Bausá, “Controlling solid state gain media by deposition of silver nanoparticles: from thermally- quenched to plasmon-enhanced Nd3+ luminescence,” Opt. Express 23(12), 15670–15679 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Sánchez-García, M. O. Ramírez, P. Molina, F. Gallego-Gómez, L. Mateos, E. Yraola, J. J. Carvajal, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, C. de Las Heras, and L. E. Bausá, “Blue SHG enhancement by silver nanocubes photochemically prepared on a RbTiOPO4 ferroelectric crystal,” Adv. Mater. 26(37), 6447–6453 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Yraola, P. Molina, J. L. Plaza, M. O. Ramírez, and L. E. Bausá, “Spontaneous emission and nonlinear response enhancement by silver nanoparticles in a Nd3+-doped periodically poled LiNbO₃ laser crystal,” Adv. Mater. 25(6), 910–915 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Mateos, P. Molina, J. Galisteo, C. López, L. E. Bausá, and M. O. Ramírez, “Simultaneous generation of second to fifth harmonic conical beams in a two dimensional nonlinear photonic crystal,” Opt. Express 20(28), 29940–29948 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Belmonte, M.

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, J. M. Hvam, K. Pedersen, F. Laurell, H. Karlsson, T. Skettrup, and M. Belmonte, “Second-harmonic imaging of ferroelectric domain walls,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73(13), 1814–1816 (1998).
[Crossref]

Bierlein, J. D.

L. K. Cheng, L. T. Cheng, J. Galperin, P. A. M. Hotsenpiller, and J. D. Bierlein, “Crystal growth and characterization of KTiOPO4 and isomorphs from the self-fluxes,” J. Cryst. Growth 137(1–2), 107–115 (1994).
[Crossref]

Bloembergen, N.

J. A. Armstrong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, and P. S. Pershan, “Interactions between light waves in a nonlinear dielectric,” Phys. Rev. 127(6), 1918–1939 (1962).
[Crossref]

Bonnell, D. A.

S. V. Kalinin, D. A. Bonnell, T. Alvarez, X. J. Lei, Z. H. Hu, R. J. Shao, and H. Ferris, “Ferroelectric lithography of multicomponent nanostructures,” Adv. Mater. 16(910), 795–799 (2004).
[Crossref]

Boulanger, B.

Y. Guillien, B. Menaert, J. P. Feve, P. Segonds, J. Douady, B. Boulanger, and O. Pacaud, “Crystal growth and refined Sellmeier equations over the complete transparency range of RbTiOPO4,” Opt. Mater. 22(2), 155–162 (2003).
[Crossref]

Bozhevolnyi, S. I.

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, J. M. Hvam, K. Pedersen, F. Laurell, H. Karlsson, T. Skettrup, and M. Belmonte, “Second-harmonic imaging of ferroelectric domain walls,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73(13), 1814–1816 (1998).
[Crossref]

Brongersma, M. L.

W. Cai, A. P. Vasudev, and M. L. Brongersma, “Electrically controlled nonlinear generation of light with plasmonics,” Science 333(6050), 1720–1723 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cai, W.

W. Cai, A. P. Vasudev, and M. L. Brongersma, “Electrically controlled nonlinear generation of light with plasmonics,” Science 333(6050), 1720–1723 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Carvajal, J. J.

L. Sánchez-García, M. O. Ramírez, P. Molina, F. Gallego-Gómez, L. Mateos, E. Yraola, J. J. Carvajal, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, C. de Las Heras, and L. E. Bausá, “Blue SHG enhancement by silver nanocubes photochemically prepared on a RbTiOPO4 ferroelectric crystal,” Adv. Mater. 26(37), 6447–6453 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. J. Carvajal, V. Nikolov, R. Solé, J. Gavaldà, J. Massons, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Crystallization region, crystal growth, and characterization of Rubidium Titanyl Phosphate codoped with Niobium and lanthanide ions,” Chem. Mater. 14(7), 3136–3142 (2002).
[Crossref]

Chen, B.

B. Chen, M. Ren, R. Liu, C. Zhang, Y. Sheng, B. Ma, and Z. Li, “Simultaneous broadband generation of second and third harmonics from chirped nonlinear photonic crystals,” Light Sci. Appl. 3(7), e189 (2014).
[Crossref]

Cheng, L. K.

H. Karlsson, F. Laurell, and L. K. Cheng, “Periodic poling of RbTiOPO4 for quasi-phase matched blue light generation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 74(11), 1519–1521 (1999).
[Crossref]

L. K. Cheng, L. T. Cheng, J. Galperin, P. A. M. Hotsenpiller, and J. D. Bierlein, “Crystal growth and characterization of KTiOPO4 and isomorphs from the self-fluxes,” J. Cryst. Growth 137(1–2), 107–115 (1994).
[Crossref]

Cheng, L. T.

L. K. Cheng, L. T. Cheng, J. Galperin, P. A. M. Hotsenpiller, and J. D. Bierlein, “Crystal growth and characterization of KTiOPO4 and isomorphs from the self-fluxes,” J. Cryst. Growth 137(1–2), 107–115 (1994).
[Crossref]

Ciani, G.

C. L. Mueller, M. A. Arain, G. Ciani, R. T. DeRosa, A. Effler, D. Feldbaum, V. V. Frolov, P. Fulda, J. Gleason, M. Heintze, K. Kawabe, E. J. King, K. Kokeyama, W. Z. Korth, R. M. Martin, A. Mullavey, J. Peold, V. Quetschke, D. H. Reitze, D. B. Tanner, C. Vorvick, L. F. Williams, and G. Mueller, “The advanced LIGO input optics,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 87(1), 014502 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Commandré, M.

de Las Heras, C.

L. Sánchez-García, M. O. Ramírez, P. Molina, F. Gallego-Gómez, L. Mateos, E. Yraola, J. J. Carvajal, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, C. de Las Heras, and L. E. Bausá, “Blue SHG enhancement by silver nanocubes photochemically prepared on a RbTiOPO4 ferroelectric crystal,” Adv. Mater. 26(37), 6447–6453 (2014).
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C. L. Mueller, M. A. Arain, G. Ciani, R. T. DeRosa, A. Effler, D. Feldbaum, V. V. Frolov, P. Fulda, J. Gleason, M. Heintze, K. Kawabe, E. J. King, K. Kokeyama, W. Z. Korth, R. M. Martin, A. Mullavey, J. Peold, V. Quetschke, D. H. Reitze, D. B. Tanner, C. Vorvick, L. F. Williams, and G. Mueller, “The advanced LIGO input optics,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 87(1), 014502 (2016).
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L. Sánchez-García, M. O. Ramírez, P. Molina, F. Gallego-Gómez, L. Mateos, E. Yraola, J. J. Carvajal, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, C. de Las Heras, and L. E. Bausá, “Blue SHG enhancement by silver nanocubes photochemically prepared on a RbTiOPO4 ferroelectric crystal,” Adv. Mater. 26(37), 6447–6453 (2014).
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J. J. Carvajal, V. Nikolov, R. Solé, J. Gavaldà, J. Massons, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Crystallization region, crystal growth, and characterization of Rubidium Titanyl Phosphate codoped with Niobium and lanthanide ions,” Chem. Mater. 14(7), 3136–3142 (2002).
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D. Lehr, J. Reinhold, I. Thiele, H. Hartung, K. Dietrich, C. Menzel, T. Pertsch, E. B. Kley, and A. Tünnermann, “Enhancing second harmonic generation in gold nanoring resonators filled with lithium niobate,” Nano Lett. 15(2), 1025–1030 (2015).
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Y. Guillien, B. Menaert, J. P. Feve, P. Segonds, J. Douady, B. Boulanger, and O. Pacaud, “Crystal growth and refined Sellmeier equations over the complete transparency range of RbTiOPO4,” Opt. Mater. 22(2), 155–162 (2003).
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C. L. Mueller, M. A. Arain, G. Ciani, R. T. DeRosa, A. Effler, D. Feldbaum, V. V. Frolov, P. Fulda, J. Gleason, M. Heintze, K. Kawabe, E. J. King, K. Kokeyama, W. Z. Korth, R. M. Martin, A. Mullavey, J. Peold, V. Quetschke, D. H. Reitze, D. B. Tanner, C. Vorvick, L. F. Williams, and G. Mueller, “The advanced LIGO input optics,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 87(1), 014502 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Feldbaum, D.

C. L. Mueller, M. A. Arain, G. Ciani, R. T. DeRosa, A. Effler, D. Feldbaum, V. V. Frolov, P. Fulda, J. Gleason, M. Heintze, K. Kawabe, E. J. King, K. Kokeyama, W. Z. Korth, R. M. Martin, A. Mullavey, J. Peold, V. Quetschke, D. H. Reitze, D. B. Tanner, C. Vorvick, L. F. Williams, and G. Mueller, “The advanced LIGO input optics,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 87(1), 014502 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ferris, H.

S. V. Kalinin, D. A. Bonnell, T. Alvarez, X. J. Lei, Z. H. Hu, R. J. Shao, and H. Ferris, “Ferroelectric lithography of multicomponent nanostructures,” Adv. Mater. 16(910), 795–799 (2004).
[Crossref]

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Y. Guillien, B. Menaert, J. P. Feve, P. Segonds, J. Douady, B. Boulanger, and O. Pacaud, “Crystal growth and refined Sellmeier equations over the complete transparency range of RbTiOPO4,” Opt. Mater. 22(2), 155–162 (2003).
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Floess, D.

B. Metzger, L. Gui, J. Fuchs, D. Floess, M. Hentschel, and H. Giessen, “Strong enhancement of second harmonic emission by plasmonic resonances at the second harmonic wavelength,” Nano Lett. 15(6), 3917–3922 (2015).
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P. Franken, A. E. Hill, C. W. Peters, and G. Weinreich, “Generation of optical harmonics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 7(4), 118–120 (1961).
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C. L. Mueller, M. A. Arain, G. Ciani, R. T. DeRosa, A. Effler, D. Feldbaum, V. V. Frolov, P. Fulda, J. Gleason, M. Heintze, K. Kawabe, E. J. King, K. Kokeyama, W. Z. Korth, R. M. Martin, A. Mullavey, J. Peold, V. Quetschke, D. H. Reitze, D. B. Tanner, C. Vorvick, L. F. Williams, and G. Mueller, “The advanced LIGO input optics,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 87(1), 014502 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fuchs, J.

B. Metzger, L. Gui, J. Fuchs, D. Floess, M. Hentschel, and H. Giessen, “Strong enhancement of second harmonic emission by plasmonic resonances at the second harmonic wavelength,” Nano Lett. 15(6), 3917–3922 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fulda, P.

C. L. Mueller, M. A. Arain, G. Ciani, R. T. DeRosa, A. Effler, D. Feldbaum, V. V. Frolov, P. Fulda, J. Gleason, M. Heintze, K. Kawabe, E. J. King, K. Kokeyama, W. Z. Korth, R. M. Martin, A. Mullavey, J. Peold, V. Quetschke, D. H. Reitze, D. B. Tanner, C. Vorvick, L. F. Williams, and G. Mueller, “The advanced LIGO input optics,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 87(1), 014502 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Galisteo, J.

Gallego-Gómez, F.

L. Sánchez-García, M. O. Ramírez, P. Molina, F. Gallego-Gómez, L. Mateos, E. Yraola, J. J. Carvajal, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, C. de Las Heras, and L. E. Bausá, “Blue SHG enhancement by silver nanocubes photochemically prepared on a RbTiOPO4 ferroelectric crystal,” Adv. Mater. 26(37), 6447–6453 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Galperin, J.

L. K. Cheng, L. T. Cheng, J. Galperin, P. A. M. Hotsenpiller, and J. D. Bierlein, “Crystal growth and characterization of KTiOPO4 and isomorphs from the self-fluxes,” J. Cryst. Growth 137(1–2), 107–115 (1994).
[Crossref]

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J. J. Carvajal, V. Nikolov, R. Solé, J. Gavaldà, J. Massons, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Crystallization region, crystal growth, and characterization of Rubidium Titanyl Phosphate codoped with Niobium and lanthanide ions,” Chem. Mater. 14(7), 3136–3142 (2002).
[Crossref]

Giessen, H.

B. Metzger, L. Gui, J. Fuchs, D. Floess, M. Hentschel, and H. Giessen, “Strong enhancement of second harmonic emission by plasmonic resonances at the second harmonic wavelength,” Nano Lett. 15(6), 3917–3922 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gleason, J.

C. L. Mueller, M. A. Arain, G. Ciani, R. T. DeRosa, A. Effler, D. Feldbaum, V. V. Frolov, P. Fulda, J. Gleason, M. Heintze, K. Kawabe, E. J. King, K. Kokeyama, W. Z. Korth, R. M. Martin, A. Mullavey, J. Peold, V. Quetschke, D. H. Reitze, D. B. Tanner, C. Vorvick, L. F. Williams, and G. Mueller, “The advanced LIGO input optics,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 87(1), 014502 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gong, Y. X.

H. Y. Leng, X. Q. Yu, Y. X. Gong, P. Xu, Z. D. Xie, H. Jin, C. Zhang, and S. N. Zhu, “On-chip steering of entangled photons in nonlinear photonic crystals,” Nat. Commun. 2(8), 429–434 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gruverman, A.

J. N. Hanson, B. J. Rodriguez, R. J. Nemanich, and A. Gruverman, “Fabrication of metallic nanowires on a ferroelectric template via photochemical reaction,” Nanotechnology 17(19), 4946–4949 (2006).
[Crossref]

Gui, L.

B. Metzger, L. Gui, J. Fuchs, D. Floess, M. Hentschel, and H. Giessen, “Strong enhancement of second harmonic emission by plasmonic resonances at the second harmonic wavelength,” Nano Lett. 15(6), 3917–3922 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Guillien, Y.

Y. Guillien, B. Menaert, J. P. Feve, P. Segonds, J. Douady, B. Boulanger, and O. Pacaud, “Crystal growth and refined Sellmeier equations over the complete transparency range of RbTiOPO4,” Opt. Mater. 22(2), 155–162 (2003).
[Crossref]

Hanson, J. N.

J. N. Hanson, B. J. Rodriguez, R. J. Nemanich, and A. Gruverman, “Fabrication of metallic nanowires on a ferroelectric template via photochemical reaction,” Nanotechnology 17(19), 4946–4949 (2006).
[Crossref]

Hartung, H.

D. Lehr, J. Reinhold, I. Thiele, H. Hartung, K. Dietrich, C. Menzel, T. Pertsch, E. B. Kley, and A. Tünnermann, “Enhancing second harmonic generation in gold nanoring resonators filled with lithium niobate,” Nano Lett. 15(2), 1025–1030 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Heintze, M.

C. L. Mueller, M. A. Arain, G. Ciani, R. T. DeRosa, A. Effler, D. Feldbaum, V. V. Frolov, P. Fulda, J. Gleason, M. Heintze, K. Kawabe, E. J. King, K. Kokeyama, W. Z. Korth, R. M. Martin, A. Mullavey, J. Peold, V. Quetschke, D. H. Reitze, D. B. Tanner, C. Vorvick, L. F. Williams, and G. Mueller, “The advanced LIGO input optics,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 87(1), 014502 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hentschel, M.

B. Metzger, L. Gui, J. Fuchs, D. Floess, M. Hentschel, and H. Giessen, “Strong enhancement of second harmonic emission by plasmonic resonances at the second harmonic wavelength,” Nano Lett. 15(6), 3917–3922 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hildenbrand, A.

Hill, A. E.

P. Franken, A. E. Hill, C. W. Peters, and G. Weinreich, “Generation of optical harmonics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 7(4), 118–120 (1961).
[Crossref]

Hotsenpiller, P. A. M.

L. K. Cheng, L. T. Cheng, J. Galperin, P. A. M. Hotsenpiller, and J. D. Bierlein, “Crystal growth and characterization of KTiOPO4 and isomorphs from the self-fluxes,” J. Cryst. Growth 137(1–2), 107–115 (1994).
[Crossref]

Hu, Z. H.

S. V. Kalinin, D. A. Bonnell, T. Alvarez, X. J. Lei, Z. H. Hu, R. J. Shao, and H. Ferris, “Ferroelectric lithography of multicomponent nanostructures,” Adv. Mater. 16(910), 795–799 (2004).
[Crossref]

Hvam, J. M.

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, J. M. Hvam, K. Pedersen, F. Laurell, H. Karlsson, T. Skettrup, and M. Belmonte, “Second-harmonic imaging of ferroelectric domain walls,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73(13), 1814–1816 (1998).
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Jin, H.

H. Y. Leng, X. Q. Yu, Y. X. Gong, P. Xu, Z. D. Xie, H. Jin, C. Zhang, and S. N. Zhu, “On-chip steering of entangled photons in nonlinear photonic crystals,” Nat. Commun. 2(8), 429–434 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kalinin, S. V.

S. V. Kalinin, D. A. Bonnell, T. Alvarez, X. J. Lei, Z. H. Hu, R. J. Shao, and H. Ferris, “Ferroelectric lithography of multicomponent nanostructures,” Adv. Mater. 16(910), 795–799 (2004).
[Crossref]

Karlsson, H.

H. Karlsson, F. Laurell, and L. K. Cheng, “Periodic poling of RbTiOPO4 for quasi-phase matched blue light generation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 74(11), 1519–1521 (1999).
[Crossref]

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, J. M. Hvam, K. Pedersen, F. Laurell, H. Karlsson, T. Skettrup, and M. Belmonte, “Second-harmonic imaging of ferroelectric domain walls,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73(13), 1814–1816 (1998).
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N. Kauranen and A. V. Zayats, “Nonlinear plasmonics,” Nat. Photonics 6(11), 737–748 (2012).
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C. L. Mueller, M. A. Arain, G. Ciani, R. T. DeRosa, A. Effler, D. Feldbaum, V. V. Frolov, P. Fulda, J. Gleason, M. Heintze, K. Kawabe, E. J. King, K. Kokeyama, W. Z. Korth, R. M. Martin, A. Mullavey, J. Peold, V. Quetschke, D. H. Reitze, D. B. Tanner, C. Vorvick, L. F. Williams, and G. Mueller, “The advanced LIGO input optics,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 87(1), 014502 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

King, E. J.

C. L. Mueller, M. A. Arain, G. Ciani, R. T. DeRosa, A. Effler, D. Feldbaum, V. V. Frolov, P. Fulda, J. Gleason, M. Heintze, K. Kawabe, E. J. King, K. Kokeyama, W. Z. Korth, R. M. Martin, A. Mullavey, J. Peold, V. Quetschke, D. H. Reitze, D. B. Tanner, C. Vorvick, L. F. Williams, and G. Mueller, “The advanced LIGO input optics,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 87(1), 014502 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kley, E. B.

D. Lehr, J. Reinhold, I. Thiele, H. Hartung, K. Dietrich, C. Menzel, T. Pertsch, E. B. Kley, and A. Tünnermann, “Enhancing second harmonic generation in gold nanoring resonators filled with lithium niobate,” Nano Lett. 15(2), 1025–1030 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kokeyama, K.

C. L. Mueller, M. A. Arain, G. Ciani, R. T. DeRosa, A. Effler, D. Feldbaum, V. V. Frolov, P. Fulda, J. Gleason, M. Heintze, K. Kawabe, E. J. King, K. Kokeyama, W. Z. Korth, R. M. Martin, A. Mullavey, J. Peold, V. Quetschke, D. H. Reitze, D. B. Tanner, C. Vorvick, L. F. Williams, and G. Mueller, “The advanced LIGO input optics,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 87(1), 014502 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Korth, W. Z.

C. L. Mueller, M. A. Arain, G. Ciani, R. T. DeRosa, A. Effler, D. Feldbaum, V. V. Frolov, P. Fulda, J. Gleason, M. Heintze, K. Kawabe, E. J. King, K. Kokeyama, W. Z. Korth, R. M. Martin, A. Mullavey, J. Peold, V. Quetschke, D. H. Reitze, D. B. Tanner, C. Vorvick, L. F. Williams, and G. Mueller, “The advanced LIGO input optics,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 87(1), 014502 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Laurell, F.

H. Karlsson, F. Laurell, and L. K. Cheng, “Periodic poling of RbTiOPO4 for quasi-phase matched blue light generation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 74(11), 1519–1521 (1999).
[Crossref]

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, J. M. Hvam, K. Pedersen, F. Laurell, H. Karlsson, T. Skettrup, and M. Belmonte, “Second-harmonic imaging of ferroelectric domain walls,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73(13), 1814–1816 (1998).
[Crossref]

Lehr, D.

D. Lehr, J. Reinhold, I. Thiele, H. Hartung, K. Dietrich, C. Menzel, T. Pertsch, E. B. Kley, and A. Tünnermann, “Enhancing second harmonic generation in gold nanoring resonators filled with lithium niobate,” Nano Lett. 15(2), 1025–1030 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lei, X. J.

S. V. Kalinin, D. A. Bonnell, T. Alvarez, X. J. Lei, Z. H. Hu, R. J. Shao, and H. Ferris, “Ferroelectric lithography of multicomponent nanostructures,” Adv. Mater. 16(910), 795–799 (2004).
[Crossref]

Leng, H. Y.

H. Y. Leng, X. Q. Yu, Y. X. Gong, P. Xu, Z. D. Xie, H. Jin, C. Zhang, and S. N. Zhu, “On-chip steering of entangled photons in nonlinear photonic crystals,” Nat. Commun. 2(8), 429–434 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, Z.

B. Chen, M. Ren, R. Liu, C. Zhang, Y. Sheng, B. Ma, and Z. Li, “Simultaneous broadband generation of second and third harmonics from chirped nonlinear photonic crystals,” Light Sci. Appl. 3(7), e189 (2014).
[Crossref]

Liu, R.

B. Chen, M. Ren, R. Liu, C. Zhang, Y. Sheng, B. Ma, and Z. Li, “Simultaneous broadband generation of second and third harmonics from chirped nonlinear photonic crystals,” Light Sci. Appl. 3(7), e189 (2014).
[Crossref]

López, C.

Ma, B.

B. Chen, M. Ren, R. Liu, C. Zhang, Y. Sheng, B. Ma, and Z. Li, “Simultaneous broadband generation of second and third harmonics from chirped nonlinear photonic crystals,” Light Sci. Appl. 3(7), e189 (2014).
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A. I. Maaroof and D. S. Sutherland, “Optimum plasmon hybridization at percolation threshold of thin film near metallic surfaces,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 43(40), 405301 (2010).
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H. Aouani, M. Rahmani, M. Navarro-Cía, and S. A. Maier, “Third-harmonic-upconversion enhancement from a single semiconductor nanoparticle coupled to a plasmonic antenna,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 9(4), 290–294 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Martin, R. M.

C. L. Mueller, M. A. Arain, G. Ciani, R. T. DeRosa, A. Effler, D. Feldbaum, V. V. Frolov, P. Fulda, J. Gleason, M. Heintze, K. Kawabe, E. J. King, K. Kokeyama, W. Z. Korth, R. M. Martin, A. Mullavey, J. Peold, V. Quetschke, D. H. Reitze, D. B. Tanner, C. Vorvick, L. F. Williams, and G. Mueller, “The advanced LIGO input optics,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 87(1), 014502 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Massons, J.

J. J. Carvajal, V. Nikolov, R. Solé, J. Gavaldà, J. Massons, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Crystallization region, crystal growth, and characterization of Rubidium Titanyl Phosphate codoped with Niobium and lanthanide ions,” Chem. Mater. 14(7), 3136–3142 (2002).
[Crossref]

Mateos, L.

L. Sánchez-García, M. O. Ramírez, P. Molina, F. Gallego-Gómez, L. Mateos, E. Yraola, J. J. Carvajal, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, C. de Las Heras, and L. E. Bausá, “Blue SHG enhancement by silver nanocubes photochemically prepared on a RbTiOPO4 ferroelectric crystal,” Adv. Mater. 26(37), 6447–6453 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Mateos, L. E. Bausa, and M. O. Ramírez, “Two dimensional ferroelectric domain patterns in Yb3+ optically active LiNbO3 fabricated by direct electron beam writing,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(4), 042910 (2013).
[Crossref]

L. Mateos, P. Molina, J. Galisteo, C. López, L. E. Bausá, and M. O. Ramírez, “Simultaneous generation of second to fifth harmonic conical beams in a two dimensional nonlinear photonic crystal,” Opt. Express 20(28), 29940–29948 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Menaert, B.

Y. Guillien, B. Menaert, J. P. Feve, P. Segonds, J. Douady, B. Boulanger, and O. Pacaud, “Crystal growth and refined Sellmeier equations over the complete transparency range of RbTiOPO4,” Opt. Mater. 22(2), 155–162 (2003).
[Crossref]

Menzel, C.

D. Lehr, J. Reinhold, I. Thiele, H. Hartung, K. Dietrich, C. Menzel, T. Pertsch, E. B. Kley, and A. Tünnermann, “Enhancing second harmonic generation in gold nanoring resonators filled with lithium niobate,” Nano Lett. 15(2), 1025–1030 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Metzger, B.

B. Metzger, L. Gui, J. Fuchs, D. Floess, M. Hentschel, and H. Giessen, “Strong enhancement of second harmonic emission by plasmonic resonances at the second harmonic wavelength,” Nano Lett. 15(6), 3917–3922 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Molina, P.

E. Yraola, L. Sánchez-García, C. Tserkezis, P. Molina, M. O. Ramírez, J. L. Plaza, J. Aizpurua, and L. E. Bausá, “Controlling solid state gain media by deposition of silver nanoparticles: from thermally- quenched to plasmon-enhanced Nd3+ luminescence,” Opt. Express 23(12), 15670–15679 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Sánchez-García, M. O. Ramírez, P. Molina, F. Gallego-Gómez, L. Mateos, E. Yraola, J. J. Carvajal, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, C. de Las Heras, and L. E. Bausá, “Blue SHG enhancement by silver nanocubes photochemically prepared on a RbTiOPO4 ferroelectric crystal,” Adv. Mater. 26(37), 6447–6453 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Yraola, P. Molina, J. L. Plaza, M. O. Ramírez, and L. E. Bausá, “Spontaneous emission and nonlinear response enhancement by silver nanoparticles in a Nd3+-doped periodically poled LiNbO₃ laser crystal,” Adv. Mater. 25(6), 910–915 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Mateos, P. Molina, J. Galisteo, C. López, L. E. Bausá, and M. O. Ramírez, “Simultaneous generation of second to fifth harmonic conical beams in a two dimensional nonlinear photonic crystal,” Opt. Express 20(28), 29940–29948 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mueller, C. L.

C. L. Mueller, M. A. Arain, G. Ciani, R. T. DeRosa, A. Effler, D. Feldbaum, V. V. Frolov, P. Fulda, J. Gleason, M. Heintze, K. Kawabe, E. J. King, K. Kokeyama, W. Z. Korth, R. M. Martin, A. Mullavey, J. Peold, V. Quetschke, D. H. Reitze, D. B. Tanner, C. Vorvick, L. F. Williams, and G. Mueller, “The advanced LIGO input optics,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 87(1), 014502 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mueller, G.

C. L. Mueller, M. A. Arain, G. Ciani, R. T. DeRosa, A. Effler, D. Feldbaum, V. V. Frolov, P. Fulda, J. Gleason, M. Heintze, K. Kawabe, E. J. King, K. Kokeyama, W. Z. Korth, R. M. Martin, A. Mullavey, J. Peold, V. Quetschke, D. H. Reitze, D. B. Tanner, C. Vorvick, L. F. Williams, and G. Mueller, “The advanced LIGO input optics,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 87(1), 014502 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mullavey, A.

C. L. Mueller, M. A. Arain, G. Ciani, R. T. DeRosa, A. Effler, D. Feldbaum, V. V. Frolov, P. Fulda, J. Gleason, M. Heintze, K. Kawabe, E. J. King, K. Kokeyama, W. Z. Korth, R. M. Martin, A. Mullavey, J. Peold, V. Quetschke, D. H. Reitze, D. B. Tanner, C. Vorvick, L. F. Williams, and G. Mueller, “The advanced LIGO input optics,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 87(1), 014502 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Natoli, J. Y.

Navarro-Cía, M.

H. Aouani, M. Rahmani, M. Navarro-Cía, and S. A. Maier, “Third-harmonic-upconversion enhancement from a single semiconductor nanoparticle coupled to a plasmonic antenna,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 9(4), 290–294 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nemanich, R. J.

J. N. Hanson, B. J. Rodriguez, R. J. Nemanich, and A. Gruverman, “Fabrication of metallic nanowires on a ferroelectric template via photochemical reaction,” Nanotechnology 17(19), 4946–4949 (2006).
[Crossref]

Nikolov, V.

J. J. Carvajal, V. Nikolov, R. Solé, J. Gavaldà, J. Massons, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Crystallization region, crystal growth, and characterization of Rubidium Titanyl Phosphate codoped with Niobium and lanthanide ions,” Chem. Mater. 14(7), 3136–3142 (2002).
[Crossref]

Pacaud, O.

Y. Guillien, B. Menaert, J. P. Feve, P. Segonds, J. Douady, B. Boulanger, and O. Pacaud, “Crystal growth and refined Sellmeier equations over the complete transparency range of RbTiOPO4,” Opt. Mater. 22(2), 155–162 (2003).
[Crossref]

Pack, M. V.

Pedersen, K.

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, J. M. Hvam, K. Pedersen, F. Laurell, H. Karlsson, T. Skettrup, and M. Belmonte, “Second-harmonic imaging of ferroelectric domain walls,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73(13), 1814–1816 (1998).
[Crossref]

Peold, J.

C. L. Mueller, M. A. Arain, G. Ciani, R. T. DeRosa, A. Effler, D. Feldbaum, V. V. Frolov, P. Fulda, J. Gleason, M. Heintze, K. Kawabe, E. J. King, K. Kokeyama, W. Z. Korth, R. M. Martin, A. Mullavey, J. Peold, V. Quetschke, D. H. Reitze, D. B. Tanner, C. Vorvick, L. F. Williams, and G. Mueller, “The advanced LIGO input optics,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 87(1), 014502 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pershan, P. S.

J. A. Armstrong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, and P. S. Pershan, “Interactions between light waves in a nonlinear dielectric,” Phys. Rev. 127(6), 1918–1939 (1962).
[Crossref]

Pertsch, T.

D. Lehr, J. Reinhold, I. Thiele, H. Hartung, K. Dietrich, C. Menzel, T. Pertsch, E. B. Kley, and A. Tünnermann, “Enhancing second harmonic generation in gold nanoring resonators filled with lithium niobate,” Nano Lett. 15(2), 1025–1030 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Peters, C. W.

P. Franken, A. E. Hill, C. W. Peters, and G. Weinreich, “Generation of optical harmonics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 7(4), 118–120 (1961).
[Crossref]

Plaza, J. L.

E. Yraola, L. Sánchez-García, C. Tserkezis, P. Molina, M. O. Ramírez, J. L. Plaza, J. Aizpurua, and L. E. Bausá, “Controlling solid state gain media by deposition of silver nanoparticles: from thermally- quenched to plasmon-enhanced Nd3+ luminescence,” Opt. Express 23(12), 15670–15679 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Yraola, P. Molina, J. L. Plaza, M. O. Ramírez, and L. E. Bausá, “Spontaneous emission and nonlinear response enhancement by silver nanoparticles in a Nd3+-doped periodically poled LiNbO₃ laser crystal,” Adv. Mater. 25(6), 910–915 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Quetschke, V.

C. L. Mueller, M. A. Arain, G. Ciani, R. T. DeRosa, A. Effler, D. Feldbaum, V. V. Frolov, P. Fulda, J. Gleason, M. Heintze, K. Kawabe, E. J. King, K. Kokeyama, W. Z. Korth, R. M. Martin, A. Mullavey, J. Peold, V. Quetschke, D. H. Reitze, D. B. Tanner, C. Vorvick, L. F. Williams, and G. Mueller, “The advanced LIGO input optics,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 87(1), 014502 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rahmani, M.

H. Aouani, M. Rahmani, M. Navarro-Cía, and S. A. Maier, “Third-harmonic-upconversion enhancement from a single semiconductor nanoparticle coupled to a plasmonic antenna,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 9(4), 290–294 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ramírez, M. O.

E. Yraola, L. Sánchez-García, C. Tserkezis, P. Molina, M. O. Ramírez, J. L. Plaza, J. Aizpurua, and L. E. Bausá, “Controlling solid state gain media by deposition of silver nanoparticles: from thermally- quenched to plasmon-enhanced Nd3+ luminescence,” Opt. Express 23(12), 15670–15679 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Sánchez-García, M. O. Ramírez, P. Molina, F. Gallego-Gómez, L. Mateos, E. Yraola, J. J. Carvajal, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, C. de Las Heras, and L. E. Bausá, “Blue SHG enhancement by silver nanocubes photochemically prepared on a RbTiOPO4 ferroelectric crystal,” Adv. Mater. 26(37), 6447–6453 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Yraola, P. Molina, J. L. Plaza, M. O. Ramírez, and L. E. Bausá, “Spontaneous emission and nonlinear response enhancement by silver nanoparticles in a Nd3+-doped periodically poled LiNbO₃ laser crystal,” Adv. Mater. 25(6), 910–915 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Mateos, L. E. Bausa, and M. O. Ramírez, “Two dimensional ferroelectric domain patterns in Yb3+ optically active LiNbO3 fabricated by direct electron beam writing,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(4), 042910 (2013).
[Crossref]

L. Mateos, P. Molina, J. Galisteo, C. López, L. E. Bausá, and M. O. Ramírez, “Simultaneous generation of second to fifth harmonic conical beams in a two dimensional nonlinear photonic crystal,” Opt. Express 20(28), 29940–29948 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Reinhold, J.

D. Lehr, J. Reinhold, I. Thiele, H. Hartung, K. Dietrich, C. Menzel, T. Pertsch, E. B. Kley, and A. Tünnermann, “Enhancing second harmonic generation in gold nanoring resonators filled with lithium niobate,” Nano Lett. 15(2), 1025–1030 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Reitze, D. H.

C. L. Mueller, M. A. Arain, G. Ciani, R. T. DeRosa, A. Effler, D. Feldbaum, V. V. Frolov, P. Fulda, J. Gleason, M. Heintze, K. Kawabe, E. J. King, K. Kokeyama, W. Z. Korth, R. M. Martin, A. Mullavey, J. Peold, V. Quetschke, D. H. Reitze, D. B. Tanner, C. Vorvick, L. F. Williams, and G. Mueller, “The advanced LIGO input optics,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 87(1), 014502 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ren, M.

B. Chen, M. Ren, R. Liu, C. Zhang, Y. Sheng, B. Ma, and Z. Li, “Simultaneous broadband generation of second and third harmonics from chirped nonlinear photonic crystals,” Light Sci. Appl. 3(7), e189 (2014).
[Crossref]

Rodriguez, B. J.

J. N. Hanson, B. J. Rodriguez, R. J. Nemanich, and A. Gruverman, “Fabrication of metallic nanowires on a ferroelectric template via photochemical reaction,” Nanotechnology 17(19), 4946–4949 (2006).
[Crossref]

Sánchez-García, L.

E. Yraola, L. Sánchez-García, C. Tserkezis, P. Molina, M. O. Ramírez, J. L. Plaza, J. Aizpurua, and L. E. Bausá, “Controlling solid state gain media by deposition of silver nanoparticles: from thermally- quenched to plasmon-enhanced Nd3+ luminescence,” Opt. Express 23(12), 15670–15679 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Sánchez-García, M. O. Ramírez, P. Molina, F. Gallego-Gómez, L. Mateos, E. Yraola, J. J. Carvajal, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, C. de Las Heras, and L. E. Bausá, “Blue SHG enhancement by silver nanocubes photochemically prepared on a RbTiOPO4 ferroelectric crystal,” Adv. Mater. 26(37), 6447–6453 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Scheuer, J.

Segonds, P.

Y. Guillien, B. Menaert, J. P. Feve, P. Segonds, J. Douady, B. Boulanger, and O. Pacaud, “Crystal growth and refined Sellmeier equations over the complete transparency range of RbTiOPO4,” Opt. Mater. 22(2), 155–162 (2003).
[Crossref]

Shao, R. J.

S. V. Kalinin, D. A. Bonnell, T. Alvarez, X. J. Lei, Z. H. Hu, R. J. Shao, and H. Ferris, “Ferroelectric lithography of multicomponent nanostructures,” Adv. Mater. 16(910), 795–799 (2004).
[Crossref]

Sheng, Y.

B. Chen, M. Ren, R. Liu, C. Zhang, Y. Sheng, B. Ma, and Z. Li, “Simultaneous broadband generation of second and third harmonics from chirped nonlinear photonic crystals,” Light Sci. Appl. 3(7), e189 (2014).
[Crossref]

Skettrup, T.

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, J. M. Hvam, K. Pedersen, F. Laurell, H. Karlsson, T. Skettrup, and M. Belmonte, “Second-harmonic imaging of ferroelectric domain walls,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73(13), 1814–1816 (1998).
[Crossref]

Smith, A. V.

Smith, G. B.

A. A. Earp and G. B. Smith, “Evolution of plasmonic response in growing silver thin films with pre-percolation non-local conduction and emittance drop,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 44(25), 255102 (2011).
[Crossref]

Solé, R.

J. J. Carvajal, V. Nikolov, R. Solé, J. Gavaldà, J. Massons, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Crystallization region, crystal growth, and characterization of Rubidium Titanyl Phosphate codoped with Niobium and lanthanide ions,” Chem. Mater. 14(7), 3136–3142 (2002).
[Crossref]

Sutherland, D. S.

A. I. Maaroof and D. S. Sutherland, “Optimum plasmon hybridization at percolation threshold of thin film near metallic surfaces,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 43(40), 405301 (2010).
[Crossref]

Tanner, D. B.

C. L. Mueller, M. A. Arain, G. Ciani, R. T. DeRosa, A. Effler, D. Feldbaum, V. V. Frolov, P. Fulda, J. Gleason, M. Heintze, K. Kawabe, E. J. King, K. Kokeyama, W. Z. Korth, R. M. Martin, A. Mullavey, J. Peold, V. Quetschke, D. H. Reitze, D. B. Tanner, C. Vorvick, L. F. Williams, and G. Mueller, “The advanced LIGO input optics,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 87(1), 014502 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Théodore, F.

Thiele, I.

D. Lehr, J. Reinhold, I. Thiele, H. Hartung, K. Dietrich, C. Menzel, T. Pertsch, E. B. Kley, and A. Tünnermann, “Enhancing second harmonic generation in gold nanoring resonators filled with lithium niobate,” Nano Lett. 15(2), 1025–1030 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tserkezis, C.

Tünnermann, A.

D. Lehr, J. Reinhold, I. Thiele, H. Hartung, K. Dietrich, C. Menzel, T. Pertsch, E. B. Kley, and A. Tünnermann, “Enhancing second harmonic generation in gold nanoring resonators filled with lithium niobate,” Nano Lett. 15(2), 1025–1030 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Vasudev, A. P.

W. Cai, A. P. Vasudev, and M. L. Brongersma, “Electrically controlled nonlinear generation of light with plasmonics,” Science 333(6050), 1720–1723 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Voloch, N.

A. Arie and N. Voloch, “Periodic, quasi-periodic, and random quadratic nonlinear photonic crystals,” Laser Photonics Rev. 4(3), 355–373 (2010).
[Crossref]

Vorvick, C.

C. L. Mueller, M. A. Arain, G. Ciani, R. T. DeRosa, A. Effler, D. Feldbaum, V. V. Frolov, P. Fulda, J. Gleason, M. Heintze, K. Kawabe, E. J. King, K. Kokeyama, W. Z. Korth, R. M. Martin, A. Mullavey, J. Peold, V. Quetschke, D. H. Reitze, D. B. Tanner, C. Vorvick, L. F. Williams, and G. Mueller, “The advanced LIGO input optics,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 87(1), 014502 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wagner, F. R.

Weinreich, G.

P. Franken, A. E. Hill, C. W. Peters, and G. Weinreich, “Generation of optical harmonics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 7(4), 118–120 (1961).
[Crossref]

Williams, L. F.

C. L. Mueller, M. A. Arain, G. Ciani, R. T. DeRosa, A. Effler, D. Feldbaum, V. V. Frolov, P. Fulda, J. Gleason, M. Heintze, K. Kawabe, E. J. King, K. Kokeyama, W. Z. Korth, R. M. Martin, A. Mullavey, J. Peold, V. Quetschke, D. H. Reitze, D. B. Tanner, C. Vorvick, L. F. Williams, and G. Mueller, “The advanced LIGO input optics,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 87(1), 014502 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xie, Z. D.

H. Y. Leng, X. Q. Yu, Y. X. Gong, P. Xu, Z. D. Xie, H. Jin, C. Zhang, and S. N. Zhu, “On-chip steering of entangled photons in nonlinear photonic crystals,” Nat. Commun. 2(8), 429–434 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xu, P.

H. Y. Leng, X. Q. Yu, Y. X. Gong, P. Xu, Z. D. Xie, H. Jin, C. Zhang, and S. N. Zhu, “On-chip steering of entangled photons in nonlinear photonic crystals,” Nat. Commun. 2(8), 429–434 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yraola, E.

E. Yraola, L. Sánchez-García, C. Tserkezis, P. Molina, M. O. Ramírez, J. L. Plaza, J. Aizpurua, and L. E. Bausá, “Controlling solid state gain media by deposition of silver nanoparticles: from thermally- quenched to plasmon-enhanced Nd3+ luminescence,” Opt. Express 23(12), 15670–15679 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Sánchez-García, M. O. Ramírez, P. Molina, F. Gallego-Gómez, L. Mateos, E. Yraola, J. J. Carvajal, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, C. de Las Heras, and L. E. Bausá, “Blue SHG enhancement by silver nanocubes photochemically prepared on a RbTiOPO4 ferroelectric crystal,” Adv. Mater. 26(37), 6447–6453 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Yraola, P. Molina, J. L. Plaza, M. O. Ramírez, and L. E. Bausá, “Spontaneous emission and nonlinear response enhancement by silver nanoparticles in a Nd3+-doped periodically poled LiNbO₃ laser crystal,” Adv. Mater. 25(6), 910–915 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yu, X. Q.

H. Y. Leng, X. Q. Yu, Y. X. Gong, P. Xu, Z. D. Xie, H. Jin, C. Zhang, and S. N. Zhu, “On-chip steering of entangled photons in nonlinear photonic crystals,” Nat. Commun. 2(8), 429–434 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zayats, A. V.

N. Kauranen and A. V. Zayats, “Nonlinear plasmonics,” Nat. Photonics 6(11), 737–748 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zhang, C.

B. Chen, M. Ren, R. Liu, C. Zhang, Y. Sheng, B. Ma, and Z. Li, “Simultaneous broadband generation of second and third harmonics from chirped nonlinear photonic crystals,” Light Sci. Appl. 3(7), e189 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Y. Leng, X. Q. Yu, Y. X. Gong, P. Xu, Z. D. Xie, H. Jin, C. Zhang, and S. N. Zhu, “On-chip steering of entangled photons in nonlinear photonic crystals,” Nat. Commun. 2(8), 429–434 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhu, S. N.

H. Y. Leng, X. Q. Yu, Y. X. Gong, P. Xu, Z. D. Xie, H. Jin, C. Zhang, and S. N. Zhu, “On-chip steering of entangled photons in nonlinear photonic crystals,” Nat. Commun. 2(8), 429–434 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Adv. Mater. (3)

E. Yraola, P. Molina, J. L. Plaza, M. O. Ramírez, and L. E. Bausá, “Spontaneous emission and nonlinear response enhancement by silver nanoparticles in a Nd3+-doped periodically poled LiNbO₃ laser crystal,” Adv. Mater. 25(6), 910–915 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Sánchez-García, M. O. Ramírez, P. Molina, F. Gallego-Gómez, L. Mateos, E. Yraola, J. J. Carvajal, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, C. de Las Heras, and L. E. Bausá, “Blue SHG enhancement by silver nanocubes photochemically prepared on a RbTiOPO4 ferroelectric crystal,” Adv. Mater. 26(37), 6447–6453 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. V. Kalinin, D. A. Bonnell, T. Alvarez, X. J. Lei, Z. H. Hu, R. J. Shao, and H. Ferris, “Ferroelectric lithography of multicomponent nanostructures,” Adv. Mater. 16(910), 795–799 (2004).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, J. M. Hvam, K. Pedersen, F. Laurell, H. Karlsson, T. Skettrup, and M. Belmonte, “Second-harmonic imaging of ferroelectric domain walls,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73(13), 1814–1816 (1998).
[Crossref]

H. Karlsson, F. Laurell, and L. K. Cheng, “Periodic poling of RbTiOPO4 for quasi-phase matched blue light generation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 74(11), 1519–1521 (1999).
[Crossref]

L. Mateos, L. E. Bausa, and M. O. Ramírez, “Two dimensional ferroelectric domain patterns in Yb3+ optically active LiNbO3 fabricated by direct electron beam writing,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(4), 042910 (2013).
[Crossref]

Chem. Mater. (1)

J. J. Carvajal, V. Nikolov, R. Solé, J. Gavaldà, J. Massons, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Crystallization region, crystal growth, and characterization of Rubidium Titanyl Phosphate codoped with Niobium and lanthanide ions,” Chem. Mater. 14(7), 3136–3142 (2002).
[Crossref]

J. Cryst. Growth (1)

L. K. Cheng, L. T. Cheng, J. Galperin, P. A. M. Hotsenpiller, and J. D. Bierlein, “Crystal growth and characterization of KTiOPO4 and isomorphs from the self-fluxes,” J. Cryst. Growth 137(1–2), 107–115 (1994).
[Crossref]

J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. (2)

A. A. Earp and G. B. Smith, “Evolution of plasmonic response in growing silver thin films with pre-percolation non-local conduction and emittance drop,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 44(25), 255102 (2011).
[Crossref]

A. I. Maaroof and D. S. Sutherland, “Optimum plasmon hybridization at percolation threshold of thin film near metallic surfaces,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 43(40), 405301 (2010).
[Crossref]

Laser Photonics Rev. (1)

A. Arie and N. Voloch, “Periodic, quasi-periodic, and random quadratic nonlinear photonic crystals,” Laser Photonics Rev. 4(3), 355–373 (2010).
[Crossref]

Light Sci. Appl. (1)

B. Chen, M. Ren, R. Liu, C. Zhang, Y. Sheng, B. Ma, and Z. Li, “Simultaneous broadband generation of second and third harmonics from chirped nonlinear photonic crystals,” Light Sci. Appl. 3(7), e189 (2014).
[Crossref]

Nano Lett. (2)

D. Lehr, J. Reinhold, I. Thiele, H. Hartung, K. Dietrich, C. Menzel, T. Pertsch, E. B. Kley, and A. Tünnermann, “Enhancing second harmonic generation in gold nanoring resonators filled with lithium niobate,” Nano Lett. 15(2), 1025–1030 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Metzger, L. Gui, J. Fuchs, D. Floess, M. Hentschel, and H. Giessen, “Strong enhancement of second harmonic emission by plasmonic resonances at the second harmonic wavelength,” Nano Lett. 15(6), 3917–3922 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nanotechnology (1)

J. N. Hanson, B. J. Rodriguez, R. J. Nemanich, and A. Gruverman, “Fabrication of metallic nanowires on a ferroelectric template via photochemical reaction,” Nanotechnology 17(19), 4946–4949 (2006).
[Crossref]

Nat. Commun. (1)

H. Y. Leng, X. Q. Yu, Y. X. Gong, P. Xu, Z. D. Xie, H. Jin, C. Zhang, and S. N. Zhu, “On-chip steering of entangled photons in nonlinear photonic crystals,” Nat. Commun. 2(8), 429–434 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Nanotechnol. (1)

H. Aouani, M. Rahmani, M. Navarro-Cía, and S. A. Maier, “Third-harmonic-upconversion enhancement from a single semiconductor nanoparticle coupled to a plasmonic antenna,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 9(4), 290–294 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Photonics (1)

N. Kauranen and A. V. Zayats, “Nonlinear plasmonics,” Nat. Photonics 6(11), 737–748 (2012).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Mater. (1)

Y. Guillien, B. Menaert, J. P. Feve, P. Segonds, J. Douady, B. Boulanger, and O. Pacaud, “Crystal growth and refined Sellmeier equations over the complete transparency range of RbTiOPO4,” Opt. Mater. 22(2), 155–162 (2003).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. (1)

J. A. Armstrong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, and P. S. Pershan, “Interactions between light waves in a nonlinear dielectric,” Phys. Rev. 127(6), 1918–1939 (1962).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

P. Franken, A. E. Hill, C. W. Peters, and G. Weinreich, “Generation of optical harmonics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 7(4), 118–120 (1961).
[Crossref]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

C. L. Mueller, M. A. Arain, G. Ciani, R. T. DeRosa, A. Effler, D. Feldbaum, V. V. Frolov, P. Fulda, J. Gleason, M. Heintze, K. Kawabe, E. J. King, K. Kokeyama, W. Z. Korth, R. M. Martin, A. Mullavey, J. Peold, V. Quetschke, D. H. Reitze, D. B. Tanner, C. Vorvick, L. F. Williams, and G. Mueller, “The advanced LIGO input optics,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 87(1), 014502 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Science (1)

W. Cai, A. P. Vasudev, and M. L. Brongersma, “Electrically controlled nonlinear generation of light with plasmonics,” Science 333(6050), 1720–1723 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (4)

P. Ferraro, S. Grilli, and P. De Natale, Ferroelectric Crystals for Photonic Applications, 2nd ed. (Springer, 2013).

L. Deyra, X. Délen, G. Mennerat, P. Villeval, F. Balembois, and P. Georges, “ Second harmonic generation at 515 nm in RTP with temperature insensitive and non-critical phase matching,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers Congress, G. Huber and P. Moulton, eds. OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper AM4A.39.
[Crossref]

E. D. Palik, Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids (Academic Press, 2002).

S. A. Maier, Plasmonics: Fundamentals and Applications (Springer, 2007).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 SEM images of Ag nanostructures obtained on the polar surface of RTP after different photodeposition times. (a) Ag nanocubes (time < 2 min), (b) elongated prism-like shaped Ag nanoparticles (type A structures) (time 4-8 min) and (c) large Ag aggregates (type B structures) (times ≥ 8 min). The scale bars corresponds to 200 nm. (d) Experimental and (e) simulated far field extinction spectra for type A structures. (f) Experimental and (g) simulated far field extinction spectra for type B structures.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 SHG collected at the domain wall surfaces in backscattering geometry in plasmonic-RTP nonlinear crystals. (a) Schematics of the process and SHG intensity spatial maps of bare periodically poled RTP (bottom), hybrid RTP/type A silver nanostructures (middle) and hybrid RTP/type B complex aggregates (top). For the sake of comparison the SHG intensity corresponding to bare RTP and type A metallic structures have been multiplied by a factor 5. (b) SHG spectra recorded at a single domain wall surface for bare RTP (black), hybrid RTP/type A (blue) and hybrid RTP/type B structures (red).
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Experimental SHG intensity enhancement factor as a function of the Ag photodeposition time. The two regimes observed are marked with different colours. The low enhancement regime (blue colour) corresponds to type A nanostructures whose plasmonic response is resonant with the SHG wavelength. The red colour highlights the high enhancement regime, associated with the type B complex aggregates, for which the plasmonic response is resonant with the NIR fundamental radiation. In this case the SHG response is quadratically boosted. The dashed line is a guide for the eye. The inset shows the scheme of levels of the SHG process.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Calculated near-field intensities for the Ag structures modelled at the fundamental (840 nm) and SH (420 nm) wavelengths 5 nm below the RTP surface. (a) and (b) Electric field enhancement for two representative type A structures corresponding to elongated nanoparticles 80 and 120 nm long (width 60 nm), excited by a plane wave at 840 nm and 420 nm respectively. (c) and (d) Electric field enhancement at the same wavelengths for type B Ag structures. The arrows mark the direction of the incident electric field. In all the panels, the electric field enhancement is depicted with the use of the same colour scale. The scale bar corresponds to 50 nm.

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